19/03/2017 BBC Weekend News

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The plight of the civilians of western Mosul -


a special report on the hardship after so called Islamic State.


There are chaotic scenes in Iraq's second city as the authorities


try to provide for up to half a million people.


They say they have no running water, no electricity, no access to medical


supplies and people in the queue are really afraid that the food


is going to run out before they are able to get some.


After a month of fierce fighting, we'll be live in northern Iraq


A man is arrested on suspicion of murdering a one-year-old.


North Korea's leader celebrates a successful rocket test,


but it's stoking tensions across the region.


George Osborne's latest job sparks a rethink of the rules for MPs -


the Committee on Standards meets this week.


And tributes flood in for Chuck Berry -


remembered tonight as a founding father of rock and roll.


One month on from the renewed offensive to finally re-take Iraq's


second city from so-called Islamic State.


We have a special report on the plight of the civilians of Mosul.


Many thousands have fled the fighting in the western half


of the city in recent weeks - but the half a million people


still there are facing a new battle to survive.


Amid shortages of food and other essentials,


our Middle East correspondent Orla Guerin has seen the desperation


first hand - from the edge of Al Mansur district of western Mosul.


In the clamour for help, many go empty-handed.


The gunfire from Iraqi soldiers trying to control the crowd


Survivors of the caliphate, now at risk from hunger.


Troops not keen for the chaos to be caught on camera.


In the distance, smoke from an IS car bomb.


But those who flee the fighting here, end up in overcrowded camps.


There are no good options for the people of Western Mosul.


You can see here the utter desperation in this area.


Local people here tell us, this is the first aid supplies


They say they have no running water, no electricity, no access


People in the queue are really afraid that the food is going


to run out before they are able to get some.


Barely able to walk, but with many mouths to feed,


Hamda Mohamed, whose family is living on bread and water.


I'm crying, she says, because my children don't understand


Another woman has suffered a double loss.


As the troops keep watch, there's tension in the crowd.


With the frustration building, Hatem Ahmed compares the security


What's the difference between the IS police,


The IS police beat us, and they beat us,


Is this the liberation they have brought us?


Nearby, some are returning to this battle-scarred neighbourhood.


His home was occupied by IS for three months.


He says they threatened to hang his wife because she


Isis knocked through the wall, he tells us, so they could move


Their reign of terror has destroyed the fabric of his neighbourhood.


We can never live again with those who collaborated with IS, he says.


If I catch the man who informed on my wife,


The battle for Mosul may now be in its final phase.


This ancient city emerging from modern-day barbarity.


When the caliphate crumbles, there will be much to rebuild,


And Orla joins us tonight live from Erbil in northern Iraq.


You taught there about the battle for Mosul, what sense have of how


far this offences has got to achieving it same? This has now been


dragging on for more than five months, but there is no doubt we are


seeing the dying days of IS in Mosul. The final phase of the battle


is proving to be the most difficult. But was always expected to be the


case. Iraqi troops are fighting in the old city area of western Mosul.


That is a narrow series of alleyways, and maze of streets. They


cannot move forward there with heavy armoured vehicles. They are actually


advancing on foot. One commander we spoke to a few hours ago said this


is the hardest fighting, harder by the day. There are fierce clashes


taking place. They are trying to proceed with caution, because this


area is still densely populated. They are closing in on a key


strategic objective. That is a centuries-old mosque. This was the


place where the leader of IS made his first public appearance back in


2014 after IS declared its caliphate. Today the black IS flag


is still flying at the mosque but the security forces tell us they


expect to reach it within days. If and when it is taken, it will be a


key symbolic loss for IS. The UN is warning that they expect or fear


that many more civilians will flee in the weeks ahead. They are saying


perhaps as many as 300,000. As they leave they risk being shot by IS. If


they stay they risk coming under fire from mortars, shrapnel and air


strikes. And they have to endure an increasingly dire humanitarian


situation as we ourselves have witnessed.


Police have arrested a man on suspicion of murdering a one-year


Bidhya Sagar Das - who's thought to be the toddler's


father will also be questioned over the attempted murder


of a second child - the boy's twin sister.


The top floor flat of this building in Finsbury Park


is now a crime scene, where a one-year-old boy was killed


and his twin sister was left critically injured,


in what local people describe as a brutal attack.


Police began door to door enquiries early this morning,


searching the area immediately around the property


Following closely behind were forensic teams,


bagging and sealing what could be evidence in this


It was just after 11 o'clock last night that the police were called


by neighbours, who said they had heard the children's


mother screaming that her babies had been hurt.


Do you want me to call the police or the ambulance for you?


I asked her, what's wrong, what's happening?


Police have now arrested this man, Bidhya Sagar Das.


He is believed to be the children's father.


A neighbour told the BBC that until two days ago he had been


Officers had spent the day searching for the 33-year-old,


who they say was not at the flat by the time the emergency


We expect forensic teams to work here at the flat overnight


as investigators try to piece together the moments before


the attack, in which a little boy was senselessly killed.


His sister has been operated on in an East London hospital.


We understand her condition is critical but stable.


Sangita Myska, BBC News, Finsbury Park, north London.


The final day of the US Secretary of State's East Asia tour has been


overshadowed by North Korea's announcement of a breakthrough


The North Korean leader has been pictured celebrating what he said


was a successful test, as Rex Tillerson warned from Beijing


that tensions on the Korean pensinsula are at a dangerous level.


Our China editor Carrie Gracie sent this report from Beijing.


The smiles were somewhat strained when when the Chinese president


They had intended to steady anxieties about where US-China


But as these players posed for the cameras,


With these pictures of Kim Jong Un, North Korea announced the successful


test of a new rocket engine for its space and satellite programme.


He's already warned that his nuclear missiles will soon be able


Mr Tillerson was in Asia to warn that US patience is at an end,


asking China to do more to persuade its North Korean ally


It's frustrated by North Korea's recklessness and anxious


to find common ground with the new Trump administration.


But it's also sceptical about whether more economic pressure


would force North Korea to renounce nuclear weapons.


And it's suspicious of American intentions in the region.


China wants fewer Americans in Asia, not more.


But to meet the threat from Pyongyang, US troops


And the US is deploying a new anti-missile system there.


So Kim Jong Un stole the headlines as the big powers failed again


His rocket test, a calculated message of defiance to both the US


And Carrie is live in Beijing for us.


What are the Chinese government's options in how to deal with this


latest situation from North Korea? I think it feels the options are


limited at this point. The problem is it doesn't seem North Korea as


simply a nuclear weapons problem, it sees North Korea as a strategic


problem. North Korea is the buffer for China against US strategic


rivalry, with the US system based in South Korea. However much they


loathe Kim Jong Un, and they do, they can't really let his regime


collapsed because that might possibly put a reunified career as a


US ally with US troops on China's north-east border. That is the risk


for them. That means they will support his economy and they will


resist ratcheting up economic sanctions against him in the way


that the US is now putting pressure on them to do. And cunning Kim Jong


Un knows all of this perfectly well. He knows what he has to do to


survive is to prevent a grand strategic bargain between the US and


China and go on fuelling mistrust between them. And given all that, I


think what we will see in the next couple of weeks in the run-up to the


expected summit in Florida will possibly see more show stealing


moments from North Korea like the rocket test of the weekend. Thank


you. The committee which draws up


the rules on MPs having second jobs is to meet this week,


following the appointment of the former Chancellor George Osborne


as Editor Our political correspondent


Chris Mason is here. How much concern is there over


Mr Osborne's new job? I think it's fair to say it rather


flabbergasted Westminster when this announcement was made on Friday.


Jaws were on the floor. It is practice in editable that this


latest addition to the portfolio of extra curricular activities for the


former Chancellor will provoke. I have been looking at some sums


tonight. Around 100 MPs out of 650 have some sort of other job. There


are doctors, lawyers, farmers and a dentist. The chairman of the


Committee on Standards in Public life said there is a balancing act


to be struck between time devoted to parliamentary duties and the option


of pursuing other professional interests. He said at this meeting


which will happen on Thursday they will discuss exactly that balance. I


think he is hinting at the idea that the heavy nature of the order


Osborne's diary might be stretching it it a little bit. This is just the


start of the process. George Osborne has six jobs in total. Some of them


are pretty small and don't require a huge amount of time. He says he can


manage the juggling act. This is the beginning of what could be a long


process to change the rules so it is not guaranteed rules will definitely


change. Thank you. Nicola Sturgeon has said that


an independent Scotland would apply to re-join the European Union


and would keep the pound. Scotland's First Minister also said


she was determined to hold a referendum by spring 2019 -


but the exact date might depend The Conservative leader in Scotland,


Ruth Davidson, insisted there was no need for a


referendum and said the majority The Liberal Democrat leader,


Tim Farron, has urged Conservative MPs who oppose Theresa May's vision


of Brexit to join his party. Speaking at the Lib Dems'


spring conference in York, Mr Farron accused the Prime Minister


of pursuing the same "aggressive nationalistic"


agenda as Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin and the French


National Front leader, A man's been arrested


after a Thomas Gainsborough painting at the National Gallery


was vandalised. The 1785 work, best known


as The Morning Walk, has been removed from display,


after it was attacked The NHS is facing a "mission


impossible" to meet the standards and targets required


by the Government. The organisation which represents


health trusts in England - NHS Providers - has said money


allocated for the next financial year isn't enough to meet


waiting time targets It's been a winter of


unprecedented strain on the NHS, with hospitals full -


or close to it - The budget earlier this month


included new funding for social care and investment in A


units in England. NHS providers representing hospitals


and other trusts said that may ease some of the pressure,


but there'll still be a yawning gap in the resources needed just to keep


services ticking over. This is the first time in recent NHS


history that trusts are saying they cannot deliver the key accident


and emergency and elective surgery That's before the year


has even started. That's the first time ever


that's actually happened. The warning comes after


the Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said hospitals in England should get


back to the target of seeing or assessing 95% of patients


in A within four hours. It's not going to be overnight,


but it is essential. I am expecting the NHS to return


to that target during the course NHS providers say there'll be big


increases in the number of patients in England who lose out next year


because key targets are missed. With 1.8 million waiting more


than four hours in A, and on another key bench mark,


waiting times for routine operations and procedures,


100,000 patients will wait more than 18 weeks before


their surgery takes place. The Department of Health said


the comments fail to acknowledge that the NHS has a strong plan


to improve performance - others argue efficiency should


be the top priority. And that the service can curb costs


by treating more people The NHS and social care have


had five emergency cash injections in the last two


and a half years alone. What it needs is a whole programme


of modernisation, change. I fear that another dollop


of extra money would stop It's a big debate in Scotland,


Wales and Northern Ireland Is it simply a question of money


or can the NHS transform the way it provides services as a growing


and ageing population increases the demand


for health and social care. The music world has been paying


tribute to Chuck Berry - the guitarist and songwriter who -


for many - invented rock and roll. Sir Mick Jagger said Chuck Berry had


"lit up" his teenage years and "blown life"


into the Rolling Stones' dreams. Our arts editor Will Gompertz looks


back at the life of a man All Chuck Berry classics today,


but revolutionary back in the mid-1950s, when the one-time


hairdresser from St Louis rocked America with his electrified fusion


of gospel, blues and country. He gave the kids what they wanted,


songs about the teenage dream of fast cars, hot dates


and unrestrained freedom. That's why I wrote about school,


half the young people go to school, Half of the people have cars,


I wrote about cars and mostly all of the people, if not now,


they will soon be in love. His brashness gave rock an attitude,


his guitar licks a foundation The Beach Boys, the Beatles


and The Rolling Stones are indebted to Chuck Berry,


as Mick Jagger tweeted today. "Your music is ingrained


inside us for ever". Chuck Berry makes the guitar


the rock and roll instrument. You can't lug a piano


to your friend's house but you can take a guitar and Chuck Berry uses


these riffs, these wonderful introductions in a way that


Keith Richards learned, Chuck Berry was never slow to remind


Richards who was the boss. I've been living


for 60 years with it. Is it going to be around


after we are all dead and gone? In 1962 Chuck Berry was sent


to prison for having sexual When he was released two years later


he found that his wife had left him and so to a large extent


had his songwriting mojo. He continued to perform,


duck walk and all. You can argue all day long


as to who was the father of rock music, but one thing is for certain,


Chuck Berry was there at the birth. Chuck Berry - who's


died at the age of 90. You can see more on all of today's


stories on the BBC News Channel.