01/11/2016 BBC World News America


Comprehensive news and analysis with Katty Kay.


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A bit of a breeze, some showers in Scotland. The most buzz are fine,

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crisp, sunny day. Thursday and Friday more cloud and staying the

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chilly side. This is a special edition

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of BBC World News America. Reporting from Charlotte,

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North Carolina I'm Katty Kay. Iraqi forces enter Mosul

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and meet fierce resistance Our correspondent is with them

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as they reach the city limits. The ground is treacherous. It is

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laced with IEDs and it illustrates how hard and difficult this final

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stage of the battle will be. This is just day one inside Mosul.

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Only one week to go before America votes in one of the most

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extraordinary elections in its history - and states

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like North Carolina are getting a lot of attention.

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It may be hard to believe but elections used to be

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At one bakery they are dusting off an old recipe

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Welcome to our viewers on Public Television in America,

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Two years after being driven out by so called Islamic State the first

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Iraqi forces have re-entered Mosul and tonight are within

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The assault, now in its third week, involves hundreds of troops

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in heavily-armoured vehicles and there are concerns for the more

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than a million civilians thought to be trapped inside Mosul.

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Our correspondent Ian Pannell and cameraman Darren Conway

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are the first Western broadcast team to enter the city.

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Slowly and relentlessly, the territory of the so-called caliphate

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is being taken back. It is almost 2.5 years since the militants swept

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across these planes with ease. Today, it is the turn of Iraqi

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special forces. The troops have advanced close to the city of Mosul.

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We have heard a whistling sound overhead. It is sniper fire or

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gunfire coming in from Islamic State. The troops have just come

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down. They are trying to respond and stop the shooting coming in.

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Few expected they would advance this far, this fast, but the closer they

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get to Mosul, the resistance grows. We are now just literally a few

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hundred meters from the outskirts of Mosul with counterterrorism forces.

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They have come up against resistant and over the last few days we are

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constantly hearing the sounds of rounds coming in, rocket propelled

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grenades as well as automatic weapons fire. They are targeting a

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number of buildings where they think Islamic State is based. When it is

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safe they will move on to Mosul itself. There are thought to be a

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million people trapped between the warring parties, with nothing but a

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white flag for defence. Many fear and mass civilian exodus may lie

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ahead. This is the moment the troops entered the outskirts of Mosul. It

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is hard to exaggerate how dangerous this was. Islamic State fighters on

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the skyline barely seem to care that the troops are advancing. But that

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does not mean they are not prepared to defend the city or fight to the

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death. The counterterrorism forces have been moving through Mosul to

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the outskirts for the last few hours and the most incredibly stiff

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resistance. We have seen a number Isis fighters moving around,

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carrying rocket propelled grenades. There have been incoming attacks.

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And a lot of gunfire. The ground is treacherous. It is laced with IEDs

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and it illustrates how hard and difficult the final stage of the

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battle will be. This is just day one inside Mosul. This is the road the

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troops must now take. It leads to the centre of the city. A dark and

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dangerous route into the heart of the caliphate of Islamic State.

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They are making advances, but it is clearly going to be tough.

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It's almost impossible to talk to people trapped inside Mosul -

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with Islamic State militants banning satellite dishes and mobile phones.

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But some are managing to communicate with the outside world.

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Orla Guerin reports from Northern Iraq.

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A snapshot of Mosul, silent, besieged, braced for the assault.

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See how IS have hidden an anti-aircraft gun under a bridge.

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A resistance group, called the Mosul Brigades, secretly

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Others are resisting by daring to speak.

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The airwaves of Alghad radio station, meaning tomorrow, are open

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We can't say where it's located or identify the staff,

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they've received death threats from the jihadis.

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We join the presenter in studio as listeners phone

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Callers say they are in danger not just from IS, but also from air

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Off-air, another caller told us that many in the city were waiting

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for a chance to take revenge on the jihadis.

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He said life was unbearable and he had to speak out,

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And, God forbid, if they discovered you making this call,

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The station says these days it's getting more calls from Mosul,

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a sign that the captive city is recovering its voice.

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Well, a week from today American's will pour into polling stations

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to cast their ballots in the US presidential election.

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Where we are here in North Carolina could be critical -

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no Republican since Eisenhower has won the White House

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Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump will both be here this week.

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Polls show the race tightening across America - which means

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Our North America Editor Jon Sopel has the latest

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All our Presidents... Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton both launched

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their campaigns in June, June 2015 that is, and they have been going at

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it nonstop ever since. Today, Donald Trump was in Pennsylvania. Hillary

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Clinton is now on her way to Florida for a busy day's campaigning. And

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now there is just one week to go. This is where the marathon turns

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into a sprint as the candidates hurtle round the key swing states

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which will determine this election. So what are the key swing states?

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They are Florida and North Carolina in the south, and Ohio and

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Pennsylvania in the industrial north. For Donald Trump to have a

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path to victory he needs to win all four. But successive polls suggest

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houri Clinton has comfortable leads in North Carolina and Pennsylvania.

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And that is why in the battle to get the keys to this place, the FBI

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intervention may have given Donald Trump momentum but has not

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decisively shifted the race. Hillary Clinton is still winning where she

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needs to. I was calling to see if we have support for Hillary Clinton?

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You also need a ground game. Here too in conventional terms, Hillary

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Clinton is better placed. This is her team working in another swing

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state, Nevada. She has far more staff, more offices and more money.

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Though Donald Trump may not have the infrastructure, that did not matter

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in the race to become the Republican nominee when he saw off all his

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opponents. It is worth underlining in many states that early voting has

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already started, either via postal ballots or polling stations open in

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early. It is estimated that around 24 million Americans have already

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voted. On a nationwide average that is around 20% of the likely turn out

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in this election. That number is far higher in early voting states, many

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of them key battle grounds. And the figures of registered Republicans

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and registered Democrats going to vote shows a slight edge for Hillary

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Clinton. In trying to explain this race, American political pundits

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have started using the phrase of a British Prime Minister in the 1960s.

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Harold Wilson's commented that a week is a long time in politics. In

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this helter-skelter white knuckle ride, indeed it is, and who knows

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what will happen next? It feels like a long time too. We

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are in North Carolina. This is the front page of the Charlotte

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Observer. Everyone is here this week. Bill Clinton, Donald Trump,

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Barack Obama, all coming to this state. 15 electoral college votes

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makes it valuable and it is a swing state. It has voted Democrat,

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Republican, Democrat in the last three elections. What will it do

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this time? For more on the close race here

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in North Carolina I spoke a brief time ago with the Democratic Mayor

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of Charlotte, Jennifer Roberts and asked about the candidates'

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focus on her state. I tell you in North Carolina, we get

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up close and personal because we have had numerous visits from both

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presidential candidates, from the Vice President candidates and the

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First Lady. We are paying close attention. It looks like Hillary

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Clinton will win North Carolina but the Paul Farbrace close. It depends

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on a lot of things. It depends on turnout, what the weather is like an

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election day, whether people are deterred from the polls. But it

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looks like Hillary is ahead. It has gone Republican, Democrat,

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Republican, we do not know which way to go this time around, why does

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North Carolina swing so much? We have state with a lot of diversity

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and that includes rural and urban counties. If you look at our city

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centres they are largely Democratic, like Charlotte, and they have

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Democratic mayors. If you look at rural areas where people are more

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self-reliant and they don't need government resources so much and

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they tend to be more Republican. Our registration numbers if you look at

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the whole state are almost 50-50. So a lot does depend on turnout. What

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motivates voters depends on what the top issues are at the time and how

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people feel in their pocket books. Let's talk about Charlotte, your

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city. Let's look at the view behind you, it is booming, there is a lot

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of construction going on. But back in September when a black man was

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shot by a police officer here, the city exploded in race riots. What

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did that say about race relations in your community? I think Charlotte is

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a microcosm of the discussion in the country as a whole about equality.

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We know we have a history of not being equal. Women got the vote

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later, African-Americans got the vote later, that have been laws

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restricting African-Americans' access to things in our past and

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this is still a part of who we are. We in Charlotte are working hard to

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eliminate that gap and to bring opportunity to every corner of our

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city, including minorities and women, small businesses, large

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businesses. We are working hard to do that but we know it is an aspect

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of our city. That was the mayor Jennifer but speaking earlier.

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Now we've heard a lot about division in this election but probably too

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little about what will bring the country together to tackle

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I've gone to meet one local pastor here who is trying to change that

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by welcoming all races and all political parties

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For those of us who have been Christians for a long time, here is

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a question. Why does Jesus save us? This man is a former NFL player who

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gave up football for faith. He opened the transformation church in

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2010 on Super Bowl Sunday. When you are preaching you tell your

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congregation you are not voting? It makes people mad. We have idolised

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politics. In the 1980s there was a phenomenal job of shaping

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republicanism as following Jesus. He knows the trials of being black in

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North Carolina. Two years ago he was pulled over by police with his son

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in the car. A policeman got behind us, pulled on his high beams for

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over a mile and then pulled us over and asked what are you doing here?

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Now, I am a grown man with growing children. You don't ask a grown man

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what he is doing. I am an American citizen who paid taxes for your free

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way on which you are driving. You do not ask me what I am doing. I am

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driving home after preaching the gospel but we fit a particular

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profile. I have to look at my 13-year-old son and say put your

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hands on the back of the drive of side seat, looking in the eyes and

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say yes sir, no sir. I did not respond with what was in my heart, I

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responded to make sure we got home. Derwin opened his church to get

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races together. That makes it different here. A lot of people in

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the south are supporting Donald Trump? That is the great thing about

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the United States of America. We are free to vote on our conscience. For

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those in the congregation who wary Trump shirt I give them a high five

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and I love them because what brings us together is more than what

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divides us. His office is a tribute to his two passions, God and

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football. No pastor's office is complete without a football! North

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Carolina is changing fast with newcomers shaken up traditional

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racial lines. It makes a beautiful mixture but it requires humility

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which requires love and requires standing in the shoes of another.

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You're watching BBC World News America.

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Still to come on tonight's programme:

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It's not just the US watching the presidential election closely.

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We go to Japan where all eyes are on the potential impact there.

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Italy's most powerful earthquake since 1980 has left

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More than 4,000 of them have been moved to hotels, and ten

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The anxious journey back to what they had left behind. Every so

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often, they have to stop for someone to clear the road. Eventually, they

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find what they are looking for. Italian farmers reunited with the

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livestock that is their livelihood. Angelo has his herd back, but not

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his home. I moved the herd here a week ago. There were cheap there.

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They can go up there, behind that hill. They can go over there. The

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area is enormous, so it saddens me to sell up. But there is nobody left

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here, so I have no choice. Italy's most powerful earthquake since 1980

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has left more than 15,000 people homeless. Local sports halls have

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been turned into temporary shelters. Officials estimate it will cost

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around $9 billion to rebuild the wrecked towns and villages. The

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damage includes the medieval basilica of Saint Benedict which

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stood for more than 600 years. It is our culture and our story, our

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roots. Seeing the basilica collapse was truly bad, like ending a story.

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The sun may continue to shine in this mountainous region, but winter

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is coming and they will need more than tents. Shipping containers will

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be brought in before Christmas with temporary wooden homes available by

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spring. Longer-term challenges are protecting these towns and villages

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which have proved so vulnerable to enormous devastation.

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America's elections get so much attention because they have a big

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In Japan they are watching closely to see what it will mean

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for the security alliance between the two countries.

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Since World War 2 the US has based tens of thousands of troops in Japan

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and it's protected under the US nuclear umbrella.

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The BBC's Rupert Wingfield Hayes reports.

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F-15 fighter jets roar above a Japanese island. This has been an

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America's and thinkable aircraft carrier in Asia. I am now standing

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on the south-west coast of Okinawa and behind me is the East China Sea.

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If you take the drone art, that off to the west there is the giant

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academia airbase, the largest US air forces in the in the western

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Pacific. If we turn the drone to the north, over on top of the hill there

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is a Marine Corps base. The US presence here on Okinawa is

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enormous, and as Donald Trump likes to remind us, it is also extremely

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expensive. There are nearly 50,000 US personnel based in Japan, and

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another 25,000 Japanese working on these US bases. In the first

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presidential debate, Mr Trump said they should be paying us, because we

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are providing tremendous service and we're losing a fortune. That true?

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This man is chairman of the Okinawa garrison forces labour union. Does

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he think his members are getting a free ride on the US taxpayer?

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TRANSLATION: Trump really has no clue. The Japanese government is

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paying to lease these areas. Japan also pays the salaries of all the

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Japanese working on US bases in Okinawa. It also pays to collect the

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city and water bills. Japan pays around 2 billion US dollars a year

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towards the cost of keeping American forces here. A lot of people here

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want that to stop. These protesters are blocking a truck from getting to

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a construction site for a new US base. They say the burden of hosting

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so many US troops here is just too high. So does that mean they support

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Donald Trump? TRANSLATION: Mr Trump makes lots of radical comments and

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even talks about removing all the US bases from Okinawa so I am a bit

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hopeful but at the same time I am worried he will bring trouble if he

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becomes the US president. TRANSLATION: I guess it is a good

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thing. But when you listen to what he says, I have a big question about

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him. I worry about human rights. I worry if he is going to make the

:21:44.:21:48.

right decision as a human being. These people may want the US to go,

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but that does not mean they want Donald Trump to be president. If

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Japan had a vote, it would go to Hillary Clinton.

:21:58.:22:01.

It's perhaps hard to imagine now but American presidential elections

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used to be festive occasions and here in North Carolina

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one bakery is working to revive that tradition

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Baking - and booze - used to go hand in hand

:22:15.:22:18.

Here's a look at how the tradition is being carried on today.

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An election cake is a colonial era cake. It is a celebratory cake which

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was once attached to voting places and polling places. In some of the

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original recipes we found, there would have been 30 courts of flour,

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so you can imagine this entire bowl filled with flour. That would have

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only been one of the components of this cake. Election cake was

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intended to feed a lot of people, the masses. This is our sourdough

:22:57.:23:03.

culture. You want to make sure it is very bubbly and active. Make sure

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you beat the butter very, very well. You want to add the eggs one at a

:23:10.:23:15.

time when you continue to beat the butter and sugar. We mix it at low

:23:16.:23:19.

speeds so it does not owe the mix the flour. We want to avoid getting

:23:20.:23:26.

a tough cake. This is the final step, carefully

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folding in the booze soaked fruit and sherry. It's now fight

:23:31.:23:40.

Christmas, doesn't it? The most important part of baking is to be

:23:41.:23:45.

present. You want to attend to every process. It is a cake which takes at

:23:46.:23:50.

least a day, sometimes two days to make, so you can give it the proper

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time it needs and you have a beautiful, beguiling cake. Hours is

:23:56.:24:04.

a female owned and led business. Since the cake was once baked by

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women who could not vote, we thought it was an interesting way to show

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how gender dynamics have shifted over time. The electoral process was

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something which was celebrated. There are a lot of bad feelings

:24:17.:24:20.

around this election, and I think we forget how lucky we are to live in a

:24:21.:24:25.

country where there are presumably peaceful elections. The great

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American take-off, that is what we need to make the election more fun.

:24:33.:24:36.

Well, that brings today's show to a close but you can find much

:24:37.:24:39.

more on all the days news at our website.

:24:40.:24:44.

The polls are still up in the air, too tight to say how the race will

:24:45.:24:49.

go. I am on Twitter. For all of us here in Charlotte,

:24:50.:24:53.

North Carolina thank you for watching World News America,

:24:54.:24:56.

and please tune in tomorrow.

:24:57.:25:01.

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