02/11/2016 BBC World News America


02/11/2016

Comprehensive news and analysis with Katty Kay.


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young crowd, just the fate of the world basically." BBC world News

:00:00.:00:09.

Reporting from Washington, I'm Katty Kay.

:00:10.:00:16.

As polls tightening, Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton tell their

:00:17.:00:22.

supporters not to take anything for granted.

:00:23.:00:33.

Two police officers are ambushed and killed in Iowa.

:00:34.:00:35.

The suspect has a history of confrontations with authorities

:00:36.:00:37.

and is now in custody. And using dance to draw attention

:00:38.:00:40.

A famous choreographer is hoping her latest production

:00:41.:00:49.

The candidates are now crisscrossing the country in a critical stage of

:00:50.:01:08.

the campaign which will lead them to the White House, and for Donald

:01:09.:01:11.

Trump it is all about Florida, and that is where he was today.

:01:12.:01:16.

If Hillary Clinton were to be elected it would create

:01:17.:01:21.

an unprecedented and protracted constitutional crisis.

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Haven't we been through a lot with the Clintons?

:01:26.:01:32.

Hillary Clinton will hit the Key western states of Arizona and

:01:33.:01:38.

Nevada, but the current president was campaigning on her behalf in

:01:39.:01:41.

North Carolina. He left little doubt about how important it was for

:01:42.:01:46.

people to get to the polls. I hate to put pressure on you, but the fate

:01:47.:01:49.

of the republic rests on your shoulders. The fate of the world is

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teetering and you, North Carolina, I don't have to make sure that we push

:01:59.:02:05.

it in the right direction. That is quite a burden to the Asian people.

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-- that is quite a burden for those young people.

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For more on the state of the race and those crucial swingstates both

:02:17.:02:19.

nominees are vying to win, I spoke a brief time

:02:20.:02:22.

ago with Alex Altman, Washington Correspondent

:02:23.:02:23.

The president is the anyone having fun in this campaign. He has had a

:02:24.:02:29.

good time, needling Donald Trump, telling people they can do better

:02:30.:02:35.

than this. -- the only one having fun. He also said it was a question

:02:36.:02:42.

of voting for Hillary Clinton to protect the Obama legacy. That is

:02:43.:02:47.

the centrepiece of the Clinton campaign, they are trying to

:02:48.:02:50.

reassemble the coalition which Obama has built by turning out his panic

:02:51.:02:57.

and African-American voters -- Hispanic. I was in North Carolina

:02:58.:03:05.

yesterday. Everyone was talking about the fact there is early voting

:03:06.:03:09.

and the number of African Americans voting early is down on 2012 and

:03:10.:03:16.

2008. Will they turn out in the numbers that she needs? The same

:03:17.:03:22.

case in Florida. It remains to be seen, difficult to pass early voting

:03:23.:03:26.

numbers, because you know people are going to the polls but you don't

:03:27.:03:30.

know the percentage of people who will be given to the polls on

:03:31.:03:33.

election day and you don't know who they are voting for. -- driven. What

:03:34.:03:41.

about the map at the moment? Over the last week we have spoken about

:03:42.:03:44.

e-mails and WikiLeaks, and she had bad news with Obama care price

:03:45.:03:50.

spikes. It has been a bad week for the Clintons, but it is not ready

:03:51.:03:58.

changed. Donald Trump still has a task on his hands. In some of the

:03:59.:04:03.

key battle ground state, we are seeing the race tightening and

:04:04.:04:06.

Donald Trump is catching up. Could he turn enough voters to get to 270?

:04:07.:04:16.

Still unlikely? The race is tightening, but at the same time

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there are very few polls that have shown Donald Trump making inroads in

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some of the firewalls that Clinton has built. Wisconsin. Yes, states

:04:26.:04:32.

which have never shown Donald Trump in the lead, Colorado, Virginia, the

:04:33.:04:38.

Clinton campaign feels very good about them. Donald Trump is doing

:04:39.:04:42.

better in the Midwestern battle grounds, but he needs to make

:04:43.:04:47.

inroads and there are states he needs to win, Florida, North

:04:48.:04:52.

Carolina, North Carolina is a state that the Clinton team feels very

:04:53.:04:56.

good about. She has an advantage when it comes to the electoral map.

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You can't say this map >> STUDIO: -- you can't say this race is boring,

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right? That is right. Well, among the few issues which has

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broken through in this election is the loss of American jobs

:05:13.:05:15.

and what to do about it. The concerns are pronounced

:05:16.:05:18.

in the state of West Virginia where for decades

:05:19.:05:20.

coal has been king. Now the industry is suffering

:05:21.:05:22.

and Hillary Clinton's call to move away from fossil fuels is causing

:05:23.:05:24.

concern and driving support The BBC's Michelle Fleury has

:05:25.:05:27.

been to Boone County, The Appalachian mountains

:05:28.:05:30.

of West Virginia, with its thick canopy of trees, it's hard

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to believe this is the heart In just seven years,

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coal production in the David Green lost his coal

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job in April. The mines is for the money

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and the guaranteed money. I mean, you get good

:05:45.:05:51.

wages, a little risky, I would not support Hillary because

:05:52.:05:54.

she is dead against the coal. And Donald is the best

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of the two evils. Many here feel left

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behind, forgotten. Coal jobs have been crushed

:06:08.:06:12.

by technology, cheaper natural gas With each mine closure

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and each bankruptcy, there have been more jobs lost,

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and that's meant more pain Pro-coal West Virginia used to be

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out-and-out unionised But Bill Clinton was the last

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Democratic presidential Nowadays folk here are

:06:29.:06:34.

turning to Donald Trump. There's a lot of talk in these parts

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of President Obama's war on coal. Many, like out of work miner

:06:41.:06:48.

Bo Copley, blame him Well, when you have a president

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who says we're not going to make it illegal to mine coal,

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but we're going to bankrupt people if they want to use coal-fired power

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plants, it's pretty personal here. And when you have a candidate

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who says things like, we're going to put a lot of coal

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businesses and coal miners out of business,

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that's very personal here. Many people in the region feel

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abandoned by politicians, even those fighting against the coal

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industry like activist Maria Gunnoe. We built this country,

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we built this country from the coal that's been mined out of the ground

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that has made the steel and powered this country,

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throughout this country. And we are owed something more

:07:28.:07:32.

than the pollution and the poverty. Few here expect the coal industry

:07:33.:07:41.

to return to its glory days. But Donald Trump is offering hope

:07:42.:07:44.

to a group who don't feel politicians in

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Washington speak for them. Michelle Fleury, BBC

:07:51.:07:53.

News, West Virginia. That is a complaint from a lot of

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Americans who have suffered a loss of Manor factoring jobs. --

:08:07.:08:10.

manufacturing. Well, whoever wins the White House -

:08:11.:08:15.

one of the most urgent challenges awaiting them will be working out

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to deal with Russia. Relations between Washington

:08:19.:08:21.

and Moscow haven't been this tense Our Moscow correspondent

:08:22.:08:23.

Steve Rosenberg reports. Three American presidents

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with one thing in common. They've all had to deal

:08:26.:08:31.

with this man. Vladimir Putin, the face of Russian

:08:32.:08:35.

politics for more than 16 years. He started out, or so it had seemed,

:08:36.:08:41.

America's friend. But smiles turned to suspicion

:08:42.:08:46.

when the Kremlin launched a crackdown on political

:08:47.:08:51.

opponents, like this tycoon. The US grew disillusioned

:08:52.:08:55.

with the Russian leader and he Over the invasion of Iraq,

:08:56.:08:57.

and Washington's unilateral withdrawal from the

:08:58.:09:04.

antiballistic Missile Treaty. At one point, the US

:09:05.:09:17.

and Russia did try to When anti-government street

:09:18.:09:20.

protests erupted in Russia, Vladimir Putin claimed that

:09:21.:09:24.

Washington was behind them. He said the same about

:09:25.:09:36.

Ukraine's revolution. The US condemned Moscow

:09:37.:09:37.

for annex in Crimea, While, over Syria, US -

:09:38.:09:39.

Russia tensions have reached Today, the image read Amir Putin

:09:40.:09:42.

projects to the world a strong leader who believes he is right

:09:43.:09:46.

and America's wrong, a Russian president who wants

:09:47.:09:51.

to change the balance of power So, how will the new man or woman

:09:52.:09:54.

in the White House deal with that? By cooperating with the Kremlin,

:09:55.:09:59.

says Donald Trump. If we get along well,

:10:00.:10:01.

that would be good. He'd rather have a puppet

:10:02.:10:10.

as president of the United States. Hillary Clinton is more

:10:11.:10:14.

hard line on Russia. The Russians have engaged in cyber

:10:15.:10:22.

attacks against America that you encouraged espionage

:10:23.:10:30.

against our people, that you are willing

:10:31.:10:32.

to spout the Putin live. But history shows that once

:10:33.:10:34.

an election is over, rhetoric gives And the reality is there needs to be

:10:35.:10:37.

a dialogue between a US President And there is no sign

:10:38.:10:41.

of Vladimir Putin vacating that Iraqi forces are closing in on the

:10:42.:11:04.

Islamic State stronghold of Mosul and they are now moving street to

:11:05.:11:09.

street, clearing areas of Islamic State militants who have been

:11:10.:11:12.

putting up a fierce resistance. Aid agencies have warned that civilians

:11:13.:11:19.

are in danger and it is not clear how they are going to escape.

:11:20.:11:26.

We are on the outskirts of the city, and the city centre is that way.

:11:27.:11:31.

As you can see, the road is now full of dozens and dozens,

:11:32.:11:35.

possibly hundreds of families who have been living under the yoke

:11:36.:11:37.

Many of them have been asked to leave for their own safety,

:11:38.:11:45.

many of them want to leave, because for them it's

:11:46.:11:47.

For many of these women that you're seeing here,

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this is the first time they've been out of their homes

:11:52.:11:53.

Some of the women we've spoken to said they couldn't even go up

:11:54.:11:58.

onto the roof tops to hang out washing for fear of being punished

:11:59.:12:01.

These people have been trapped between two warring parties

:12:02.:12:04.

Immediate peace isn't an immediate prospect.

:12:05.:12:12.

But at least life for many of them will be a little better soon.

:12:13.:12:15.

The big question is, where do they go now?

:12:16.:12:21.

A quick look at other news from around the world.

:12:22.:12:25.

There have been more chaotic scenes in Hong Kong's legislative assembly,

:12:26.:12:27.

as two newly-elected members who were banned from the chamber

:12:28.:12:30.

They evaded security guards and attempted to read

:12:31.:12:36.

Last month, their attempt to take the oath was discounted

:12:37.:12:39.

because they displayed a banner stating "Hong Kong is not China".

:12:40.:12:43.

A report into corruption allegations against South African President

:12:44.:12:45.

Jacob Zuma has recommended a commission of inquiry be

:12:46.:12:47.

The report has been made public amid mounting pressure

:12:48.:12:54.

Protestors marched towards the presidential office

:12:55.:13:00.

in the capital Pretoria earlier, demonstrating

:13:01.:13:01.

against what they call government corruption.

:13:02.:13:04.

Members of staff at Amnesty International's Moscow office say

:13:05.:13:07.

it has been sealed off by city officials.

:13:08.:13:09.

They claim that the locks have been changed and power shut off.

:13:10.:13:12.

The human rights group says it was given no warning

:13:13.:13:15.

but hoped there was "a simple administrative explanation".

:13:16.:13:17.

Amnesty has in the past complained of harassment

:13:18.:13:18.

Police in the US say they have captured a suspect

:13:19.:13:57.

following the fatal shootings of two police officers.

:13:58.:13:59.

Both men were killed in the city of Des Moines

:14:00.:14:03.

while sitting alone in patrol cars during the night -

:14:04.:14:06.

officials describe it as ambush-style attacks.

:14:07.:14:07.

Here's Aleem Maqbool with the details.

:14:08.:14:09.

In the early hours of the morning responding

:14:10.:14:10.

to reports of gunshots, police officers found one

:14:11.:14:12.

of their own colleagues dead in their patrol car.

:14:13.:14:15.

Shortly afterwards another discovery, just two miles away,

:14:16.:14:17.

a second officer shot while sitting in his car.

:14:18.:14:19.

The suspect who was caught several hours after the killings has been

:14:20.:14:34.

named as 46-year-old, Scott Michael Green.

:14:35.:14:35.

After several hours he turned himself in.

:14:36.:14:41.

He was walking down the road, flagged down a DNR employee

:14:42.:14:44.

presented his driver's license to him, told him to call 911.

:14:45.:14:47.

From there the reponding officers took him into custody.

:14:48.:14:54.

This is where the first police officer was found shot dead and you

:14:55.:15:00.

can see the tributes. Across the road is a high school football field

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and we believe just two weeks ago Scott Green was ejected from their

:15:04.:15:08.

fall waving a Confederate flag in front of black spectators. -- from

:15:09.:15:14.

their for waving. You're on private property

:15:15.:15:19.

you're on school property and we're asking you to leave

:15:20.:15:24.

at this time. Green posted a video online just two

:15:25.:15:31.

weeks ago showing him arguing He had been thrown out of a football

:15:32.:15:34.

stadium for waving Confederate flag The attacks illustrate the dangers

:15:35.:15:38.

to police in America. 51 officers have been killed

:15:39.:15:41.

across the good judiciary alone. What the attack is unlikely to do,

:15:42.:15:43.

is change the debate on the wide A subject that has barely registered

:15:44.:15:47.

this election season. A completely senseless killing.

:15:48.:16:01.

Coming up, we look ahead at the move to legalise marijuana.

:16:02.:16:06.

There have been violent clashes between Orthodox Jews and protestors

:16:07.:16:08.

A group called Women of the Wall is campaigning for the right

:16:09.:16:12.

of women to perform the same rituals as men at the holy site.

:16:13.:16:15.

From Jerusalem, here's Yolande Knell.

:16:16.:16:23.

Marching into the old city of Jerusalem, to reach the holiest

:16:24.:16:26.

But this wasn't just the usual monthly protest

:16:27.:16:39.

They were joined by a large group of international supporters and top

:16:40.:16:52.

rabbis from the reform and Conservative

:16:53.:16:54.

With many women holding up the scrolls of the Torah.

:16:55.:17:01.

When orthodox Jews tried to stop them reaching the Western Wall,

:17:02.:17:03.

there was pushing and shoving, and tempers flared.

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"It's undignified", says this orthodox worshipper.

:17:06.:17:06.

"It is divisive and creates a national feud and I think

:17:07.:17:09.

that is what some of these people want".

:17:10.:17:11.

According to orthodox beliefs women should pray in a separate area

:17:12.:17:14.

from men at the wall, and they shouldn't sing,

:17:15.:17:16.

read out from holy texts or wear religious garments.

:17:17.:17:18.

It is a long-standing row but many thought it was over at the start

:17:19.:17:22.

of this year when the Israeli cabinet approved a new space

:17:23.:17:24.

It is about time the Prime Minister implemented the deal.

:17:25.:17:33.

That this is one wall for the entire Jewish people and we all

:17:34.:17:37.

Campaigners believe new arrangements haven't yet been enforced

:17:38.:17:45.

because of pressure from ultraorthodox parties.

:17:46.:17:50.

But they say the issue of equal prayer rights won't go away

:17:51.:17:53.

and is causing a rift amongst Jews around the world.

:17:54.:18:10.

As the US counts down to Election Day - it's not

:18:11.:18:12.

just the new president who will be picked.

:18:13.:18:15.

Voters in five states, including California will decide

:18:16.:18:17.

on whether or not to legalise the recreational use of marijuana.

:18:18.:18:19.

Four other states will consider joining the growing number

:18:20.:18:22.

For more on the potential impact, the BBC's James Cook has gone

:18:23.:18:26.

to Colorado which led the way in this growing movement.

:18:27.:18:28.

This is a tour bus with a twist.

:18:29.:18:34.

No gazing at the Rocky Mountains for these visitors.

:18:35.:18:41.

They have come to the Mile High City to get stoned.

:18:42.:18:45.

Recreational marijuana use has been legal here for two years.

:18:46.:18:49.

It is a new way of life. Welcome to a different Colorado.

:18:50.:18:52.

Puff by puff, Americans are rehabilitating a drug

:18:53.:18:54.

ARCHIVE: The police narcotics detail raids New York City Fields

:18:55.:19:08.

of the insidious weed known as marijuana.

:19:09.:19:10.

Within a period of ten years the narcotic weed has become

:19:11.:19:12.

Today that "insidious weed" is a legal medicine in 25 states

:19:13.:19:18.

and four others allow smoking for fun.

:19:19.:19:19.

That is something that cannabis consumers have dealt

:19:20.:19:24.

We have been looked down upon and treated as lesser,

:19:25.:19:29.

We raise more money than alcohol taxes do and we don't

:19:30.:19:33.

This is marijuana manufacturing on a massive scale.

:19:34.:19:40.

And it is a business which has huge potential

:19:41.:19:43.

to create not just profits, but taxes, as well.

:19:44.:19:48.

But the chief prosecutor here in Denver says

:19:49.:19:50.

He has a message for voters elsewhere, "Don't end up

:19:51.:19:56.

Because you've got a guinea pig out there and it's called

:19:57.:20:06.

And why don't you see what happens? Why rush into this?

:20:07.:20:10.

You're making a public policy decision which can have

:20:11.:20:12.

an impact on an entire generation of Americans.

:20:13.:20:19.

But in the California sun it's another story.

:20:20.:20:25.

The town of Desert Hot Springs fancies itself as a marijuana maker.

:20:26.:20:30.

Big plantations are in the works, and the price of this

:20:31.:20:33.

This back portion of my property right here is going...

:20:34.:20:36.

Jason is one of those hoping to cash in.

:20:37.:20:38.

There's 180,000 square feet approved just a couple of hundred

:20:39.:20:40.

And that is simply for medical use to begin with.

:20:41.:20:49.

If it becomes procreational. Yes.

:20:50.:21:01.

This will be a multi-million dollar business?

:21:02.:21:04.

But marijuana is not quite out of the shadows.

:21:05.:21:07.

Federal law still brands it as dangerous and prohibitive.

:21:08.:21:09.

That may have to change as state after state just says no

:21:10.:21:12.

something which is moving very fast in America, as many states see how

:21:13.:21:30.

much they are making in terms of money in Colorado.

:21:31.:21:36.

Now, anyone who loves loves dance will be no

:21:37.:21:39.

stranger to Debbie Allen - an award winning actress

:21:40.:21:41.

and choreographer who made her name in the 1980s hit, Fame.

:21:42.:21:43.

She's also helped many young people escape gang life in LA

:21:44.:21:46.

Some of them are now staring in her latest show, Freeze Fame,

:21:47.:21:50.

which takes on gun violence in the US.

:21:51.:21:52.

Jane O'Brien went behind the scenes at the Kennedy Center for a look.

:21:53.:21:59.

Los Angeles is the setting for Freeze Frame.

:22:00.:22:04.

A call for action to tackle one of America's most intractable

:22:05.:22:07.

During rehearsals at the Kennedy Center, the show's creator

:22:08.:22:20.

Debbie Allen instils the cast with a sense of mission.

:22:21.:22:22.

We have an opportunity now to really change some minds.

:22:23.:22:30.

An award-winning choreographer, director and actor,

:22:31.:22:35.

Debbie Allen wrote Freeze Frame in 2013, initially to draw attention

:22:36.:22:38.

to the lives of children blighted by LA gang violence.

:22:39.:22:41.

But the production has since evolved to reflect mass

:22:42.:22:44.

shootings across the country, and more recently the

:22:45.:22:46.

tension between black communities and police.

:22:47.:22:50.

A complex problem that Debbie Allen says needs trust

:22:51.:22:52.

It's interesting, we were doing the show in Los Angeles.

:22:53.:23:02.

I got so many letters from young people that thanked me,

:23:03.:23:05.

they said they never thought about the police that way.

:23:06.:23:09.

Because there is a scene, which I call a cop rap,

:23:10.:23:12.

where the policeman says, what am I supposed to do?

:23:13.:23:26.

Allen is no stranger to using art is a tool

:23:27.:23:28.

She has already influenced many young lives

:23:29.:23:31.

32-year-old Dion Watson was a teenager when he joined.

:23:32.:23:35.

Having people in my family associated with gangs,

:23:36.:23:37.

it was kind of harder for me to stay away from it,

:23:38.:23:40.

but luckily my guardian angel, Miss Debbie Allen, she took me at 16

:23:41.:23:44.

when I was just about to make that decision on which way to go.

:23:45.:23:49.

Especially this show, Freeze Frame, it is so big to my life,

:23:50.:23:52.

It is the story of so many kids that grew up where I grew up.

:23:53.:24:00.

This production will make you think and make you smile and I think it

:24:01.:24:07.

will cause you to act and do something.

:24:08.:24:11.

There are 30,000 gun related deaths every year in the United States,

:24:12.:24:14.

but the gulf between those who want to exercise their right

:24:15.:24:16.

to bear arms and those who want to limit it seems

:24:17.:24:19.

Freeze Frame makes the case for finding a compromise.

:24:20.:24:30.

Debbie Allen, changing lives in Los Angeles and bringing a great show to

:24:31.:24:35.

the United States. It looks fantastic.

:24:36.:24:38.

Well, that brings today's show to a close but you can find much

:24:39.:24:41.

more on all the day's news at our website.

:24:42.:24:43.

The poll of polls, and our analysis from around the country.

:24:44.:24:50.

And to reach me and most of the BBC team simply go to Twitter -

:24:51.:24:53.

From all of us here at World News America, thank

:24:54.:24:58.

you for watching and please tune in tomorrow.

:24:59.:25:10.

It seems like fireworks going off every evening,

:25:11.:25:11.

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