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This is BBC World News America.
Reporting from Washington,
I'm Laura Trevelyan.
Rex Tillerson is out
as Secretary of State,
the latest departure
from the turbulent
My commission as Secretary of State
will terminate at midnight, March
will terminate at midnight, March
As Britain demands answers
from Russia over the poisoning
of a former spy and his daughter,
President Trump declares the US
is with Britain all the way.
He lost his mother to cancer and now
seven-year-old Noah is using his
personal journal to help others.
Welcome to our viewers on public
television here in America,
and also around the world.
There was yet another
high profile exit from
the Trump White House today,
as the Secretary of State Rex
Tillerson was fired by tweet.
Donald Trump used his favourite
platform to announce that
Mr Tillerson would be replaced
by the CIA Director Mike Pompeo.
Mr Tillerson famously refused
to deny that he had once
called his boss a moron.
He spoke today of maintaining
continuity at the State Department.
What is most important is to ensure
an orderly and smooth transition at
a time the country continues to face
significant policy and national
Rex Tillerson speaking earlier.
Now, the build up to his departure
as secretary of state
had been a long one.
Our North America Editor
Jon Sopel explains.
Rex Tillerson was flying back
overnight to Washington
from a long trip
to Africa when the normally
buttoned-up Secretary of State cut
loose with journalists,
but unbeknown to him,
the President had signed his death
warrant and it would be
death by tweet.
"Mike Pompeo, director
of the CIA, will become
our new Secretary of State.
He will do a fantastic job.
Thank you to Rex Tillerson
for his service."
But Tillerson is not on Twitter
so excuciatingly it fell
to his chief of staff
to ring him and inform them
of his demise, only this after this
from the President.
I wish Rex a lot of good things,
I think he will be very happy,
much happier now, but I really
appreciate his service.
Tillerson's fate was probably
sealed a long time ago
when he apparently called
the President a moron,
a claim the Secretary of State
did not exactly deny.
I'm not going to deal
with petty stuff like that.
I mean, this is what I don't
understand about Washington.
I'm not from this place,
but the places I come
from we don't deal with that kind
of petty nonsense.
Then there was the public
undermining of the Secretary
of State by the President,
sending family members to do some
of the work that would normally be
done by America's top diplomat,
and public shaming
on Twitter like this.
"I told Rex Tillerson,
our wonderful Secretary of State,
that he's wasting his time trying
with little rocket man".
The new man will be Mike Pompeo,
currently head of the CIA.
He recently spoke to the BBC.
On most things, he's firmly
aligned with the President,
but on Russia he acknowledges
the threat they continue
to pose to US elections.
I have every expectation
that they will continue to try to do
that, but I'm confident America
will have a free and fair election,
and will push back in a way
that is sufficiently robust
that the impact they have
on our election won't be great.
Tillerson and Trump never gelled,
the former CEO of Exxon
was a corporate titan but he's
now political roadkill.
Surely the place with the lowest
life expectancy anywhere
in the world, being a member
of the Trump Administration.
Jon Sopel, BBC News, Washington.
For more on Rex Tillerson's firing,
I'm joined now by the BBC's
State Department Correspondent
Rex Tillerson was sacked in the most
undiplomatic way possible. But what
did you think what the nature of his
response when giving that statement
He was quite measured
and and and Mr Trump and from the
moment he came into the State
Department he has talked about what
he calls his values honesty and
honesty and integrity and respect.
He mentioned those again today in a
statement and urged State Department
officials to abide by those things
into in the word kindness, which I
think was quite a contrast because
he didn't get any of that from his
Rex Tillerson also saddened
that the parking statement that if
Russia continues on his current
path, it will become increasingly
isolated. The topic where he clashed
with the president. What that meant
to be a shot across the bow?
Possibly. He had already spoken
critically on Russia on his way back
from Africa. He also said I've been
trying to work with the Russians on
issues of mutual concern for the
past year and have not got very far.
They have taken a pivot towards in
aggressive stance and his statement
today about the troubling behaviour
from Russia and that it was going to
isolate itself and continue in this
way in Washington needed to respond,
he seemed to be sending a real
message that his boss does not
People that he would be soft
on Russia because of his length with
Russia because it came from an oil
company. On North Korea, Richarlison
was mocked by the President for
pursuing a diplomatic pot but now
Donald Trump may have a sit down
with Kim Jong-Un. Did he lay the
I think you could say he
did. He would then started the
policy to isolate North Korea
diplomatically and economically,
which seem to have borne some fruit
and help to set the stage for Kim
Jong-Un's diplomatic overtures and
he moved Mr Trump towards the policy
but he himself said negotiations are
whole other ball game and said
coming back from Africa come he is
the best delete them because I have
experience creating conditions for
bringing to the parties together
with success. That may have been a
last-minute pitch for his job now
that we looked at a hindsight but we
know that he will be leading them.
Thank you for joining us. -- he will
not be leading them.
For more on how this Cabinet
shake-up could affect the workings
of the US government,
my colleague Katty Kay and spoke
earlier with William Cohen,
former US Secretary of defence.
That was for our programme
Beyond 100 Days.
Give us some sense, Secretary Cohen,
the importance of the role of the
Secretary of State. How much did
they change like this reflect a
change in American policy?
depends on the President of the
United States. What delegation of
authority the president gives to a
Secretary of State. It is clear from
this relationship in the beginning
that President Trump did not give
full authority to Rex Tillerson. And
that was indicative from the very
beginning, they had disagreements on
a variety of other issues and their
styles are very different. Rex
Tillerson come from a corporate
world where if there is a process.
President Trump comes from his own
world where there is no process. The
more of a chaotic environment in
which decisions are made on impulse.
Without great consequence given to
what we saw.
How much does a matter,
the relationship between the
Secretary of State and the secretary
of defence? We understand
Richarlison had a good relationship
with General Mattis. You were
secretary of defence, Albright was
splendid's secretary, how much did
It was very important.
State and defence sometimes disagree
on major issues. It is important
that the secretary of defence and
state work together. We did, it was
a wonderful relationship. In this
case, I expect that Mr Pompeo will
work very well with Secretary
Mattis. Both our military men, Mike
Pompeo, first in the class at West
Point, having served in the
military. I don't think there'll be
any big of opinion. Maybe difference
of style in terms of how they go
about resolving any differences.
That was William Cohen speaking
with my colleague Katty Kay earlier.
President Trump says the US
is with Britain all the way
following the poisoning of a former
russian spy in the UK,
so Downing St said today
after a phone call between Mr Trump
and Theresa May.
And the President agrees
with the Prime Minister that Moscow
must provide 'unambigious answers',
on why a Soviet made nerve agent
was used in the poisoning.
Russia has denied any involvement,
but the incident has
created a global backlash,
as our Diplomatic Correspondent
James Landale reports.
It began as a brutal attack
on the streets of Salisbury,
the poisoning of a former Russian
and his daughter, that
the UK blames on Russia.
But it's become a global diplomatic
row, with Britain looking for allies
in its confrontation with Moscow.
British ministers meeting again
to discuss the case have given
the Kremlin until midnight
to explain how a nerve
agent developed in Russia
ended up in Britain.
If the response is incredible,
they are promising extensive
measures against Russia.
This is a brazen attempt to murder
innocent people on UK soil.
Policemen still in hospital,
overwhelmingly likely or highly
likely the Russian state
was involved, and the use of this
nerve agent would represent
the first use of nerve agents
on the continent of Europe
since the Second World War.
As part of a huge diplomatic
effort across Europe,
British officials told the chemical
weapons watchdog in the Netherlands
that Russia was implicated
in the use of chemical weapons.
Germany, France and other
allies offered support
without attributing blame,
but Donald Trump at least appeared
to accept Russia might be involved.
As soon as we get the facts
straight, if we agree with them,
we will condemn Russia or whoever
it may be.
Russia is already subject
to sanctions because of its
interventions in Ukraine and Crimea.
Ministers insist these damage
Russia's economy but their impact
on Moscow's behaviour is doubtful.
Crucially, these are largely EU
sanctions, the UK can't
impose them on its own.
So, what unilateral options
is the Government considering?
Some of Russia's 58 diplomats
in London could be expelled but that
might promote a tit for tat
expulsion of British diplomats.
Wealthy Russians in London
with links to the Kremlin could face
financial sanctions and travel bans,
but who and how?
There could be tougher laws to crack
down on Russian officials guilty
of human rights abuses,
and Russian TV stations
like RT could be targeted.
The regulator has already warned it
could lose its licence.
Here at the Foreign Office,
they are also investing a lot
of effort and diplomacy in trying
to bring international
pressure to bear on Russia,
but the bar is high.
Russia has a veto at the UN and some
EU countries are reluctant
to contemplate yet more sanctions.
To date, the Russian Embassy said
accusations of involvement
in the Salisbury attack
were groundless as diplomats
against any new sanctions.
Russia is not a country to be spoken
to in the language of ultimatums.
I think it is high time
the UK learned that.
But unless Moscow gives Britain
a satisfactory answer by midnight,
some Russian diplomats here might be
clearing their desks very soon.
James Landale, BBC News.
For more on this unfolding drama,
I spoke earlier with John Sipher,
a former member of the CIA's
Senior Intelligence Service,
who served in Russia.
You know the Russians well, when
they denied all involvement and say
this is groundless, what does that
It means nothing. Putin
is a checkers, which means his KGB
past, original Russian KGB. They are
taught to deny and lie in these
things. We have seen in a consistent
pattern of this when the shut down
the Malaysian aeroplane for example
decent little green men into
Ukrainian to cover Crimea. They also
lie and say they didn't do it. We
are seeing a similar pattern here.
What do you make a President Trump,
who was rather silent yesterday, but
today he is saying that Russia
should have unambiguous answers
provided to all these questions? Is
that tough enough?
It is not tough
enough by itself. It is good that he
said that because he has been quite
before these things. But we have
seen in the past how we reacted to
the Crimea Take-over and how we
reacted to the push of chemical
weapons in in Syria and the murder
in London. In the attack against our
system in the United States, there
hasn't been a serious response and
therefore, Putin being a bully,
pushes and places until he is pushed
As an expert in Russia, you
were serving with the CIA, what do
you think an effective response
would be to this poisoning by
Britain and the US and Nato?
I think the Western allies have to
be together on this. I want to be
careful because as an officer we are
not policy makers. It is not up to
us to say what should be done but
clearly some sort of joint activity.
The things important to Mr Putin are
staying in power and his money.
Something that affects of those
things will matter whether it's
abuses for the children, Russian
sports teams coming around, boycott
of the World Cup, something that
matters to Putin. -- when the
British are setting this deadline,
does that mean anything in Moscow? I
don't think so. They will not admit
this. It's pretty clear. They will
try to find other ways to move out
of it and if the allies allow them
to, they will get away it.
CIA hat on what message do you think
the Russians are trying to send out
or what message does that send out,
the poisoning of a former spy there
Adjusting to me that the
poisoning of this person in
particular, I would have played him
hi on the hierarchy of his enemies,
Putin. He has medically he considers
the factors traders and they don't
go after them. However, Mr Sergei
was exchanged in a negotiation at
the ten citizens in the United
States were arrested red-handed. I
am surprised that he was hit, there
could be a reason for that, trying
to send a specific signal or his GR
you pass and military pressure but
there is some piece missing here.
The fact they went after him so
brazenly in London suggests to me
there is more to the story.
you for joining us.
In other news...
British police are investigating the
death of an exile from the country.
Nikolai Glushkov, who's been found
dead at his home in London.
A former director at the airline
Aeroflot, Glushkov left Russia
after being convicted of fraud.
Officials say there's no
evidence linking the death
to poisoned Russian spy,
You're watching BBC
World News America.
Still to come on tonight's
programme: Donald Trump has been
about border walls, as he views
prototypes on his first visit
to the state as president.
Investigators in Nepal
are still trying to work out
what caused a plane crash
in which at least 49 people died.
A Bangladeshi plane crashed
on landing at Nepal's
airport in Kathmandu.
The airline has blamed
air traffic control,
Rajini Vaidyanathan has more.
A day on from a plane crash
which claimed so many lives
and survivors are starting
to recount the final moments before
the aircraft came down.
Sanam Shakya remembers it making
an emergency landing.
TRANSLATION: After the forced
landing it eventually stopped.
For a while we were not
sure what happened.
When I looked around I heard people
panicking and screaming.
For the families of those on board
there is still a desperate wait.
Many are in hospital
TRANSLATION: On Sunday I had
a conversation with my son.
He said he was coming
in on the night flight and asked me
and my wife to come to the airport.
So on Monday we arrived
at the airport at 5am
and stayed until 8pm.
Two planes came, but my
son's did not arrive.
This devastating air crash has left
two countries in mourning.
TRANSLATION: The whole
of Nepal has come to a halt.
This has been a big,
We are very saddened by it.
TRANSLATION: I have told
the Prime Minister of Nepal that any
sort of assistance they need,
Bangladesh is always
ready to provide.
We will assist.
Most of the passengers
were from our country so I am
expressing my condolences to those
who died and their families.
The cause of the crash
is still unknown.
The airline and airport
authorities have pointed
the finger at each other.
But the airline's chief
executive said that whatever
the cause was, he was sorry.
Once again lives have been lost
in a plane crash in this
Nepal's worst since 1992.
Just after news broke that he had
fired his Secretary of State,
President Trump headed
West for his first trip
to California since taking office.
Politicians there have been
critical of his policies,
from climate change to immigration.
Last week, the administration filed
a lawsuit saying California's
protections for illegal
immigrants are unconstitutional.
Earlier, my colleague Katty Kay
spoke with Xavier Becerra,
California's Attorney General,
for her programme Beyond 100 Days.
Attorney General, your state has the
biggest economy in the United
States. Is it odd that it has taken
the president this long to visit
If you go by past
experience, definitely is because
most presidents from Roosevelt
forward have always made effort to
visit California, not just early but
often. I'm not sure why Donald Trump
has waited so long since they can
learn so much about what makes a
nation successful. We are at the
economic engine the country, but
were also the six largest economy in
the world come close to passing
Great Britain as the fifth economic
power in the world.
Maybe I can give
you a suggestion about why. You are
very Democratic state and see my
President Trump's supporters as the
hotbed of the political resistance.
He doesn't like the politics of
California, simple as that, isn't
Maybe it is a he talked, we act,
maybe it's that he talks success, we
show success. All I know is that
California creates more jobs than
any other state. We are number one
in manufacturing, agriculture,
entertainment, we graduate more
people from colleges than any other
state in the nation. That is a
pretty good record of success that I
would hope that not just a nation,
but every state will want to
Are concerned that the
president has the capacity to head
back against economic success,
whether it's by building a wall with
Mexico, he is looking at prototypes
today, or whether it's by taking
action against California cities, so
cost insurers it is, that protect
undocumented people living in the
Best sanctuary city. I
believe the lie lie will be on our
side, not just history. I, the law.
The institutions that we have in
this country are strong, I believe
they can withstand the winds from
Washington, DC and Donald Trump can
say what he likes, it is whether the
federal government has the right to
do these things under the law. So we
will see Donald Trump in court
whether it's on the border wall, or
his attempt to cars states like
California to do his bidding on
immigration enforcement enforcing
our public safety officers to do
immigration. We're not in the
business of deportation, we are in
the business of Public safety. We
are prepared to abide by the loss
and let the institution of our
governments how and when Donald
Trump can act.
What is that actually
mean? You say that you are prepared
to fight back against some of the
things the president has proposing,
clamping down on people who are in
the country illegally and clamping
down on building a wall but he is
the president. What can you do about
that? You cannot stop them from
building a wall with Mexico.
stop them from doing those things
that fall within the federal
government's province, the
responsibility of the federal
government. We recognise that.
Immigration enforcement is a federal
responsibility. But even with
immigration enforcement you must do
it according to the Constitution.
When Donald Trump tries to violate
people's constitutional rights, we
can step in and we have. So far we
have proven that onto many
occasions, Donald Trump has violated
the very last he supposed to
enforce. That is why today the
dreamers, the individuals in young
people in America horse waiting for
status code Donald Trump decided to
deport by cancelling the programme,
are still here and the fact that the
programme remains in effect because
of a core challenge that we
instituted and we had a nationwide
injunction stopping Donald Trump
from terminating the DACA programme.
We are so dim on the border wall and
we will see with echoes and will try
to do what we can to defend the
rights and the people in California
and see whether the girls. -- and
see where that goes.
Now many of us have journals
where we write down our feelings,
but for seven-year-old Noah Orion,
the pages became a place to express
himself when his mother
was sick with cancer.
When she died last fall,
his drawings became a way
to illustrate his grief.
Now his journal is being made
into a book - with the proceeds
Recently we spoke to
Noah about the project.
It is a book where you express your
feelings about each date you have.
I was like how can I make a book
where I can just Dunn like one of
Noah created this
journal, or to delete idea he came
up with on his own. A good day
version and a bad day version.
day would be like when something
goes wrong. A good date would
basically be holidays, winning video
games. But if you cannot find a good
day or a bad day in that day, you
don't have to write about that.
About five years ago, said he was
diagnosed with breast cancer. She
was diagnosed at stage four. --
Sandy was diagnosed.
Who is said
My mum. She was a real trooper
when we found out. She went camping
with us one time.
We've always had a
conversation in a family about how
to support your feelings or write
them down. When Sandy started to get
sick it was something we talked
about a lot.
Dad saw me with these
and said that is awesome.
to show him that his bright idea
that help people.
He said something to me today that I
was really great. He I want people
to know that they can make a
difference and they can help even if
they are only seven years old. I
thought that was really a sweet
I feel awesome that I can
contribute. And help them to not
have the same thing we want to.
know his mum would be so proud of
what he has accomplished. I know she
would be really proud of what he is
No is an inspiration to us all.
Thank you for watching BBC.
I'm Laura Trevelyan.