13/03/2018 BBC World News America


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13/03/2018

In-depth reports on the major international and US news of the day with Katty Kay.


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This is BBC World News America.

0:00:060:00:09

Reporting from Washington,

I'm Laura Trevelyan.

0:00:090:00:10

He's fired.

0:00:100:00:12

Rex Tillerson is out

as Secretary of State,

0:00:120:00:15

the latest departure

from the turbulent

0:00:150:00:16

Trump administration.

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My commission as Secretary of State

will terminate at midnight, March

0:00:220:00:26

the

0:00:260:00:26

will terminate at midnight, March

the 31st.

0:00:260:00:29

As Britain demands answers

from Russia over the poisoning

0:00:290:00:31

of a former spy and his daughter,

President Trump declares the US

0:00:310:00:34

is with Britain all the way.

0:00:340:00:39

He lost his mother to cancer and now

seven-year-old Noah is using his

0:00:390:00:43

personal journal to help others.

0:00:430:00:50

Welcome to our viewers on public

television here in America,

0:00:590:01:01

and also around the world.

0:01:010:01:03

There was yet another

high profile exit from

0:01:030:01:06

the Trump White House today,

as the Secretary of State Rex

0:01:060:01:08

Tillerson was fired by tweet.

0:01:080:01:11

Donald Trump used his favourite

platform to announce that

0:01:110:01:13

Mr Tillerson would be replaced

by the CIA Director Mike Pompeo.

0:01:130:01:18

Mr Tillerson famously refused

to deny that he had once

0:01:180:01:21

called his boss a moron.

0:01:210:01:23

He spoke today of maintaining

continuity at the State Department.

0:01:230:01:30

What is most important is to ensure

an orderly and smooth transition at

0:01:300:01:35

a time the country continues to face

significant policy and national

0:01:350:01:40

security challenges.

0:01:400:01:41

Rex Tillerson speaking earlier.

0:01:410:01:42

Now, the build up to his departure

as secretary of state

0:01:420:01:44

had been a long one.

0:01:440:01:46

Our North America Editor

Jon Sopel explains.

0:01:460:01:51

Rex Tillerson was flying back

overnight to Washington

0:01:510:01:53

from a long trip

0:01:530:01:54

to Africa when the normally

buttoned-up Secretary of State cut

0:01:540:01:57

loose with journalists,

but unbeknown to him,

0:01:570:02:00

the President had signed his death

warrant and it would be

0:02:000:02:02

death by tweet.

0:02:020:02:05

"Mike Pompeo, director

of the CIA, will become

0:02:050:02:07

our new Secretary of State.

0:02:070:02:11

He will do a fantastic job.

0:02:110:02:12

Thank you to Rex Tillerson

for his service."

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But Tillerson is not on Twitter

so excuciatingly it fell

0:02:140:02:17

to his chief of staff

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to ring him and inform them

of his demise, only this after this

0:02:200:02:24

from the President.

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I wish Rex a lot of good things,

I think he will be very happy,

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much happier now, but I really

appreciate his service.

0:02:300:02:36

Tillerson's fate was probably

sealed a long time ago

0:02:360:02:39

when he apparently called

the President a moron,

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a claim the Secretary of State

did not exactly deny.

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I'm not going to deal

with petty stuff like that.

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I mean, this is what I don't

understand about Washington.

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I'm not from this place,

but the places I come

0:02:540:02:56

from we don't deal with that kind

of petty nonsense.

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Then there was the public

undermining of the Secretary

0:02:590:03:01

of State by the President,

sending family members to do some

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of the work that would normally be

done by America's top diplomat,

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and public shaming

on Twitter like this.

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"I told Rex Tillerson,

our wonderful Secretary of State,

0:03:110:03:14

that he's wasting his time trying

to negotiate

0:03:140:03:16

with little rocket man".

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The new man will be Mike Pompeo,

currently head of the CIA.

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He recently spoke to the BBC.

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On most things, he's firmly

aligned with the President,

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but on Russia he acknowledges

the threat they continue

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to pose to US elections.

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I have every expectation

that they will continue to try to do

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that, but I'm confident America

will have a free and fair election,

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and will push back in a way

that is sufficiently robust

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that the impact they have

on our election won't be great.

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Tillerson and Trump never gelled,

the former CEO of Exxon

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was a corporate titan but he's

now political roadkill.

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Surely the place with the lowest

life expectancy anywhere

0:03:560:04:00

in the world, being a member

of the Trump Administration.

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Jon Sopel, BBC News, Washington.

0:04:030:04:07

For more on Rex Tillerson's firing,

0:04:070:04:10

I'm joined now by the BBC's

State Department Correspondent

0:04:100:04:12

Barbara Plett-Usher.

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Rex Tillerson was sacked in the most

undiplomatic way possible. But what

0:04:170:04:23

did you think what the nature of his

response when giving that statement

0:04:230:04:26

to reporters?

He was quite measured

and and and Mr Trump and from the

0:04:260:04:31

moment he came into the State

Department he has talked about what

0:04:310:04:34

he calls his values honesty and

honesty and integrity and respect.

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He mentioned those again today in a

statement and urged State Department

0:04:370:04:41

officials to abide by those things

into in the word kindness, which I

0:04:410:04:44

think was quite a contrast because

he didn't get any of that from his

0:04:440:04:47

boss.

Rex Tillerson also saddened

that the parking statement that if

0:04:470:04:51

Russia continues on his current

path, it will become increasingly

0:04:510:04:55

isolated. The topic where he clashed

with the president. What that meant

0:04:550:04:58

to be a shot across the bow?

Possibly. He had already spoken

0:04:580:05:03

critically on Russia on his way back

from Africa. He also said I've been

0:05:030:05:07

trying to work with the Russians on

issues of mutual concern for the

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past year and have not got very far.

They have taken a pivot towards in

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aggressive stance and his statement

today about the troubling behaviour

0:05:140:05:18

from Russia and that it was going to

isolate itself and continue in this

0:05:180:05:22

way in Washington needed to respond,

he seemed to be sending a real

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message that his boss does not

stand.

People that he would be soft

0:05:250:05:29

on Russia because of his length with

Russia because it came from an oil

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company. On North Korea, Richarlison

was mocked by the President for

0:05:320:05:37

pursuing a diplomatic pot but now

Donald Trump may have a sit down

0:05:370:05:41

with Kim Jong-Un. Did he lay the

groundwork?

I think you could say he

0:05:410:05:46

did. He would then started the

policy to isolate North Korea

0:05:460:05:51

diplomatically and economically,

which seem to have borne some fruit

0:05:510:05:56

and help to set the stage for Kim

Jong-Un's diplomatic overtures and

0:05:560:06:00

he moved Mr Trump towards the policy

but he himself said negotiations are

0:06:000:06:06

whole other ball game and said

coming back from Africa come he is

0:06:060:06:10

the best delete them because I have

experience creating conditions for

0:06:100:06:13

bringing to the parties together

with success. That may have been a

0:06:130:06:17

last-minute pitch for his job now

that we looked at a hindsight but we

0:06:170:06:20

know that he will be leading them.

Thank you for joining us. -- he will

0:06:200:06:25

not be leading them.

0:06:250:06:26

For more on how this Cabinet

shake-up could affect the workings

0:06:260:06:29

of the US government,

my colleague Katty Kay and spoke

0:06:290:06:31

earlier with William Cohen,

former US Secretary of defence.

0:06:310:06:33

That was for our programme

Beyond 100 Days.

0:06:330:06:39

Give us some sense, Secretary Cohen,

the importance of the role of the

0:06:390:06:45

Secretary of State. How much did

they change like this reflect a

0:06:450:06:49

change in American policy?

It really

depends on the President of the

0:06:490:06:52

United States. What delegation of

authority the president gives to a

0:06:520:06:56

Secretary of State. It is clear from

this relationship in the beginning

0:06:560:07:00

that President Trump did not give

full authority to Rex Tillerson. And

0:07:000:07:06

that was indicative from the very

beginning, they had disagreements on

0:07:060:07:10

a variety of other issues and their

styles are very different. Rex

0:07:100:07:13

Tillerson come from a corporate

world where if there is a process.

0:07:130:07:17

President Trump comes from his own

world where there is no process. The

0:07:170:07:21

more of a chaotic environment in

which decisions are made on impulse.

0:07:210:07:25

Without great consequence given to

what we saw.

How much does a matter,

0:07:250:07:32

the relationship between the

Secretary of State and the secretary

0:07:320:07:34

of defence? We understand

Richarlison had a good relationship

0:07:340:07:36

with General Mattis. You were

secretary of defence, Albright was

0:07:360:07:44

splendid's secretary, how much did

that matter?

It was very important.

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State and defence sometimes disagree

on major issues. It is important

0:07:490:07:53

that the secretary of defence and

state work together. We did, it was

0:07:530:07:57

a wonderful relationship. In this

case, I expect that Mr Pompeo will

0:07:570:08:04

work very well with Secretary

Mattis. Both our military men, Mike

0:08:040:08:09

Pompeo, first in the class at West

Point, having served in the

0:08:090:08:12

military. I don't think there'll be

any big of opinion. Maybe difference

0:08:120:08:17

of style in terms of how they go

about resolving any differences.

0:08:170:08:22

That was William Cohen speaking

with my colleague Katty Kay earlier.

0:08:220:08:26

President Trump says the US

is with Britain all the way

0:08:260:08:30

following the poisoning of a former

russian spy in the UK,

0:08:300:08:33

so Downing St said today

after a phone call between Mr Trump

0:08:330:08:36

and Theresa May.

0:08:360:08:38

And the President agrees

with the Prime Minister that Moscow

0:08:380:08:41

must provide 'unambigious answers',

on why a Soviet made nerve agent

0:08:410:08:43

was used in the poisoning.

0:08:430:08:45

Russia has denied any involvement,

but the incident has

0:08:450:08:47

created a global backlash,

as our Diplomatic Correspondent

0:08:470:08:50

James Landale reports.

0:08:500:08:53

It began as a brutal attack

on the streets of Salisbury,

0:08:530:08:56

the poisoning of a former Russian

intelligence officer

0:08:560:08:59

and his daughter, that

the UK blames on Russia.

0:08:590:09:02

But it's become a global diplomatic

row, with Britain looking for allies

0:09:020:09:05

in its confrontation with Moscow.

0:09:050:09:09

British ministers meeting again

to discuss the case have given

0:09:090:09:12

the Kremlin until midnight

to explain how a nerve

0:09:120:09:14

agent developed in Russia

ended up in Britain.

0:09:140:09:18

If the response is incredible,

they are promising extensive

0:09:180:09:21

measures against Russia.

0:09:210:09:27

This is a brazen attempt to murder

innocent people on UK soil.

0:09:270:09:32

Policemen still in hospital,

overwhelmingly likely or highly

0:09:320:09:35

likely the Russian state

was involved, and the use of this

0:09:350:09:40

nerve agent would represent

the first use of nerve agents

0:09:400:09:43

on the continent of Europe

since the Second World War.

0:09:430:09:48

As part of a huge diplomatic

effort across Europe,

0:09:480:09:53

British officials told the chemical

weapons watchdog in the Netherlands

0:09:530:09:55

that Russia was implicated

in the use of chemical weapons.

0:09:550:09:58

Germany, France and other

allies offered support

0:09:580:10:01

without attributing blame,

but Donald Trump at least appeared

0:10:010:10:03

to accept Russia might be involved.

0:10:030:10:13

As soon as we get the facts

straight, if we agree with them,

0:10:130:10:16

we will condemn Russia or whoever

it may be.

0:10:160:10:18

Russia is already subject

to sanctions because of its

0:10:180:10:20

interventions in Ukraine and Crimea.

0:10:200:10:21

Ministers insist these damage

Russia's economy but their impact

0:10:210:10:24

on Moscow's behaviour is doubtful.

0:10:240:10:26

Crucially, these are largely EU

sanctions, the UK can't

0:10:260:10:29

impose them on its own.

0:10:290:10:33

So, what unilateral options

is the Government considering?

0:10:330:10:37

Some of Russia's 58 diplomats

in London could be expelled but that

0:10:370:10:40

might promote a tit for tat

expulsion of British diplomats.

0:10:400:10:46

Wealthy Russians in London

with links to the Kremlin could face

0:10:460:10:49

financial sanctions and travel bans,

but who and how?

0:10:490:10:52

There could be tougher laws to crack

down on Russian officials guilty

0:10:520:10:55

of human rights abuses,

and Russian TV stations

0:10:550:10:58

like RT could be targeted.

0:10:580:11:01

The regulator has already warned it

could lose its licence.

0:11:010:11:05

Here at the Foreign Office,

they are also investing a lot

0:11:050:11:08

of effort and diplomacy in trying

to bring international

0:11:080:11:11

pressure to bear on Russia,

but the bar is high.

0:11:110:11:13

Russia has a veto at the UN and some

EU countries are reluctant

0:11:130:11:17

to contemplate yet more sanctions.

0:11:170:11:22

To date, the Russian Embassy said

accusations of involvement

0:11:220:11:24

in the Salisbury attack

were groundless as diplomats

0:11:240:11:27

promised retaliation

against any new sanctions.

0:11:270:11:31

Russia is not a country to be spoken

to in the language of ultimatums.

0:11:310:11:35

I think it is high time

the UK learned that.

0:11:350:11:41

But unless Moscow gives Britain

a satisfactory answer by midnight,

0:11:410:11:44

some Russian diplomats here might be

clearing their desks very soon.

0:11:440:11:48

James Landale, BBC News.

0:11:480:11:53

For more on this unfolding drama,

I spoke earlier with John Sipher,

0:11:530:11:56

a former member of the CIA's

Senior Intelligence Service,

0:11:560:11:58

who served in Russia.

0:11:580:12:04

You know the Russians well, when

they denied all involvement and say

0:12:040:12:08

this is groundless, what does that

really mean?

It means nothing. Putin

0:12:080:12:13

is a checkers, which means his KGB

past, original Russian KGB. They are

0:12:130:12:19

taught to deny and lie in these

things. We have seen in a consistent

0:12:190:12:25

pattern of this when the shut down

the Malaysian aeroplane for example

0:12:250:12:27

decent little green men into

Ukrainian to cover Crimea. They also

0:12:270:12:32

lie and say they didn't do it. We

are seeing a similar pattern here.

0:12:320:12:36

What do you make a President Trump,

who was rather silent yesterday, but

0:12:360:12:40

today he is saying that Russia

should have unambiguous answers

0:12:400:12:45

provided to all these questions? Is

that tough enough?

It is not tough

0:12:450:12:50

enough by itself. It is good that he

said that because he has been quite

0:12:500:12:53

before these things. But we have

seen in the past how we reacted to

0:12:530:12:57

the Crimea Take-over and how we

reacted to the push of chemical

0:12:570:13:00

weapons in in Syria and the murder

in London. In the attack against our

0:13:000:13:06

system in the United States, there

hasn't been a serious response and

0:13:060:13:12

therefore, Putin being a bully,

pushes and places until he is pushed

0:13:120:13:15

back.

As an expert in Russia, you

were serving with the CIA, what do

0:13:150:13:20

you think an effective response

would be to this poisoning by

0:13:200:13:24

Britain and the US and Nato?

First,

I think the Western allies have to

0:13:240:13:28

be together on this. I want to be

careful because as an officer we are

0:13:280:13:32

not policy makers. It is not up to

us to say what should be done but

0:13:320:13:36

clearly some sort of joint activity.

The things important to Mr Putin are

0:13:360:13:40

staying in power and his money.

Something that affects of those

0:13:400:13:44

things will matter whether it's

abuses for the children, Russian

0:13:440:13:49

sports teams coming around, boycott

of the World Cup, something that

0:13:490:13:54

matters to Putin. -- when the

British are setting this deadline,

0:13:540:14:01

does that mean anything in Moscow? I

don't think so. They will not admit

0:14:010:14:04

this. It's pretty clear. They will

try to find other ways to move out

0:14:040:14:09

of it and if the allies allow them

to, they will get away it.

With the

0:14:090:14:14

CIA hat on what message do you think

the Russians are trying to send out

0:14:140:14:18

or what message does that send out,

the poisoning of a former spy there

0:14:180:14:22

in Britain?

Adjusting to me that the

poisoning of this person in

0:14:220:14:26

particular, I would have played him

hi on the hierarchy of his enemies,

0:14:260:14:31

Putin. He has medically he considers

the factors traders and they don't

0:14:310:14:34

go after them. However, Mr Sergei

was exchanged in a negotiation at

0:14:340:14:41

the ten citizens in the United

States were arrested red-handed. I

0:14:410:14:45

am surprised that he was hit, there

could be a reason for that, trying

0:14:450:14:50

to send a specific signal or his GR

you pass and military pressure but

0:14:500:14:55

there is some piece missing here.

The fact they went after him so

0:14:550:14:59

brazenly in London suggests to me

there is more to the story.

Thank

0:14:590:15:03

you for joining us.

0:15:030:15:04

In other news...

0:15:040:15:09

British police are investigating the

death of an exile from the country.

0:15:090:15:13

Nikolai Glushkov, who's been found

dead at his home in London.

0:15:130:15:16

A former director at the airline

Aeroflot, Glushkov left Russia

0:15:160:15:18

after being convicted of fraud.

0:15:180:15:21

Officials say there's no

evidence linking the death

0:15:210:15:23

to poisoned Russian spy,

Sergei Skripal.

0:15:230:15:25

You're watching BBC

World News America.

0:15:250:15:30

Still to come on tonight's

programme: Donald Trump has been

0:15:300:15:33

California dreamin',

about border walls, as he views

0:15:330:15:35

prototypes on his first visit

to the state as president.

0:15:350:15:45

Investigators in Nepal

are still trying to work out

0:15:450:15:48

what caused a plane crash

in which at least 49 people died.

0:15:480:15:51

A Bangladeshi plane crashed

on landing at Nepal's

0:15:510:15:53

airport in Kathmandu.

0:15:530:15:55

The airline has blamed

air traffic control,

0:15:550:16:01

Rajini Vaidyanathan has more.

0:16:010:16:02

A day on from a plane crash

which claimed so many lives

0:16:020:16:05

and survivors are starting

to recount the final moments before

0:16:050:16:07

the aircraft came down.

0:16:070:16:10

Sanam Shakya remembers it making

an emergency landing.

0:16:100:16:15

TRANSLATION: After the forced

landing it eventually stopped.

0:16:150:16:17

For a while we were not

sure what happened.

0:16:170:16:19

When I looked around I heard people

panicking and screaming.

0:16:190:16:25

For the families of those on board

there is still a desperate wait.

0:16:250:16:28

Many are in hospital

seriously injured.

0:16:280:16:32

TRANSLATION: On Sunday I had

a conversation with my son.

0:16:320:16:35

He said he was coming

in on the night flight and asked me

0:16:350:16:38

and my wife to come to the airport.

0:16:380:16:40

So on Monday we arrived

at the airport at 5am

0:16:400:16:43

and stayed until 8pm.

0:16:430:16:46

Two planes came, but my

son's did not arrive.

0:16:460:16:52

This devastating air crash has left

two countries in mourning.

0:16:520:16:56

TRANSLATION: The whole

of Nepal has come to a halt.

0:16:560:16:58

This has been a big,

tragic incident.

0:16:580:17:00

We are very saddened by it.

0:17:000:17:04

TRANSLATION: I have told

the Prime Minister of Nepal that any

0:17:040:17:07

sort of assistance they need,

Bangladesh is always

0:17:070:17:09

ready to provide.

0:17:090:17:10

We will assist.

0:17:100:17:12

Most of the passengers

were from our country so I am

0:17:120:17:14

expressing my condolences to those

who died and their families.

0:17:140:17:19

The cause of the crash

is still unknown.

0:17:190:17:22

The airline and airport

authorities have pointed

0:17:220:17:24

the finger at each other.

0:17:240:17:26

But the airline's chief

executive said that whatever

0:17:260:17:28

the cause was, he was sorry.

0:17:280:17:31

Once again lives have been lost

in a plane crash in this

0:17:310:17:36

mountainous terrain,

Nepal's worst since 1992.

0:17:360:17:46

Just after news broke that he had

fired his Secretary of State,

0:17:550:18:01

President Trump headed

West for his first trip

0:18:010:18:03

to California since taking office.

0:18:030:18:04

Politicians there have been

critical of his policies,

0:18:040:18:06

from climate change to immigration.

0:18:060:18:07

Last week, the administration filed

a lawsuit saying California's

0:18:070:18:10

protections for illegal

immigrants are unconstitutional.

0:18:100:18:16

Earlier, my colleague Katty Kay

spoke with Xavier Becerra,

0:18:160:18:18

California's Attorney General,

for her programme Beyond 100 Days.

0:18:180:18:28

Attorney General, your state has the

biggest economy in the United

0:18:280:18:32

States. Is it odd that it has taken

the president this long to visit

0:18:320:18:36

California?

If you go by past

experience, definitely is because

0:18:360:18:43

most presidents from Roosevelt

forward have always made effort to

0:18:430:18:47

visit California, not just early but

often. I'm not sure why Donald Trump

0:18:470:18:51

has waited so long since they can

learn so much about what makes a

0:18:510:18:55

nation successful. We are at the

economic engine the country, but

0:18:550:19:01

were also the six largest economy in

the world come close to passing

0:19:010:19:03

Great Britain as the fifth economic

power in the world.

Maybe I can give

0:19:030:19:09

you a suggestion about why. You are

very Democratic state and see my

0:19:090:19:14

President Trump's supporters as the

hotbed of the political resistance.

0:19:140:19:18

He doesn't like the politics of

California, simple as that, isn't

0:19:180:19:21

it?

Maybe it is a he talked, we act,

maybe it's that he talks success, we

0:19:210:19:29

show success. All I know is that

California creates more jobs than

0:19:290:19:32

any other state. We are number one

in manufacturing, agriculture,

0:19:320:19:39

technology, hospitality,

entertainment, we graduate more

0:19:390:19:42

people from colleges than any other

state in the nation. That is a

0:19:420:19:46

pretty good record of success that I

would hope that not just a nation,

0:19:460:19:49

but every state will want to

emulate.

Are concerned that the

0:19:490:19:53

president has the capacity to head

back against economic success,

0:19:530:19:58

whether it's by building a wall with

Mexico, he is looking at prototypes

0:19:580:20:03

today, or whether it's by taking

action against California cities, so

0:20:030:20:07

cost insurers it is, that protect

undocumented people living in the

0:20:070:20:11

country?

Best sanctuary city. I

believe the lie lie will be on our

0:20:110:20:18

side, not just history. I, the law.

The institutions that we have in

0:20:180:20:23

this country are strong, I believe

they can withstand the winds from

0:20:230:20:27

Washington, DC and Donald Trump can

say what he likes, it is whether the

0:20:270:20:31

federal government has the right to

do these things under the law. So we

0:20:310:20:34

will see Donald Trump in court

whether it's on the border wall, or

0:20:340:20:38

his attempt to cars states like

California to do his bidding on

0:20:380:20:42

immigration enforcement enforcing

our public safety officers to do

0:20:420:20:48

immigration. We're not in the

business of deportation, we are in

0:20:480:20:52

the business of Public safety. We

are prepared to abide by the loss

0:20:520:20:55

and let the institution of our

governments how and when Donald

0:20:550:20:58

Trump can act.

What is that actually

mean? You say that you are prepared

0:20:580:21:02

to fight back against some of the

things the president has proposing,

0:21:020:21:07

clamping down on people who are in

the country illegally and clamping

0:21:070:21:11

down on building a wall but he is

the president. What can you do about

0:21:110:21:15

that? You cannot stop them from

building a wall with Mexico.

We can

0:21:150:21:20

stop them from doing those things

that fall within the federal

0:21:200:21:25

government's province, the

responsibility of the federal

0:21:250:21:27

government. We recognise that.

Immigration enforcement is a federal

0:21:270:21:32

responsibility. But even with

immigration enforcement you must do

0:21:320:21:34

it according to the Constitution.

When Donald Trump tries to violate

0:21:340:21:39

people's constitutional rights, we

can step in and we have. So far we

0:21:390:21:43

have proven that onto many

occasions, Donald Trump has violated

0:21:430:21:47

the very last he supposed to

enforce. That is why today the

0:21:470:21:51

dreamers, the individuals in young

people in America horse waiting for

0:21:510:21:53

status code Donald Trump decided to

deport by cancelling the programme,

0:21:530:21:59

are still here and the fact that the

programme remains in effect because

0:21:590:22:03

of a core challenge that we

instituted and we had a nationwide

0:22:030:22:06

injunction stopping Donald Trump

from terminating the DACA programme.

0:22:060:22:10

We are so dim on the border wall and

we will see with echoes and will try

0:22:100:22:14

to do what we can to defend the

rights and the people in California

0:22:140:22:18

and see whether the girls. -- and

see where that goes.

0:22:180:22:26

Now many of us have journals

where we write down our feelings,

0:22:260:22:28

but for seven-year-old Noah Orion,

the pages became a place to express

0:22:280:22:31

himself when his mother

was sick with cancer.

0:22:310:22:33

When she died last fall,

his drawings became a way

0:22:330:22:36

to illustrate his grief.

0:22:360:22:37

Now his journal is being made

into a book - with the proceeds

0:22:370:22:40

Recently we spoke to

Noah about the project.

0:22:400:22:42

It is a book where you express your

feelings about each date you have.

0:22:420:22:49

I was like how can I make a book

where I can just Dunn like one of

0:22:520:22:59

those journals.

Noah created this

journal, or to delete idea he came

0:22:590:23:04

up with on his own. A good day

version and a bad day version.

A bad

0:23:040:23:09

day would be like when something

goes wrong. A good date would

0:23:090:23:14

basically be holidays, winning video

games. But if you cannot find a good

0:23:140:23:21

day or a bad day in that day, you

don't have to write about that.

0:23:210:23:27

About five years ago, said he was

diagnosed with breast cancer. She

0:23:270:23:31

was diagnosed at stage four. --

Sandy was diagnosed.

Who is said

0:23:310:23:36

the?

My mum. She was a real trooper

when we found out. She went camping

0:23:360:23:41

with us one time.

We've always had a

conversation in a family about how

0:23:410:23:50

to support your feelings or write

them down. When Sandy started to get

0:23:500:23:57

sick it was something we talked

about a lot.

Dad saw me with these

0:23:570:24:01

and said that is awesome.

I wanted

to show him that his bright idea

0:24:010:24:05

that help people.

0:24:050:24:13

He said something to me today that I

was really great. He I want people

0:24:180:24:22

to know that they can make a

difference and they can help even if

0:24:220:24:27

they are only seven years old. I

thought that was really a sweet

0:24:270:24:29

thing.

I feel awesome that I can

contribute. And help them to not

0:24:290:24:36

have the same thing we want to.

I

know his mum would be so proud of

0:24:360:24:42

what he has accomplished. I know she

would be really proud of what he is

0:24:420:24:45

doing.

0:24:450:24:49

No is an inspiration to us all.

Thank you for watching BBC.

0:24:490:24:54

I'm Laura Trevelyan.

0:24:540:25:00