In-depth reports on the major international and US news of the day with Katty Kay.
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Welcome to our viewers on public
television here in the US,
and also around the globe.
Police in Austin Texas say they now
believe a serial bomber is behind
four explosions which have killed
two people since early March.
The latest explosion on Sunday night
appears to have been
triggered by a tripwire,
which police say shows
a "higher level of skill"
than the previous bombs.
Gary ODonoghue reports from Austin.
Latest attack was different, not
parcel bombs, but seemingly a device
left on the sidewalk and triggered
by some kind of trip wire as two
young men walked by custom
trip wire, it changes things, it is
more sophisticated, it is not
targeted to individuals, we are very
concerned that with trip wires, a
child could be walking down a
sidewalk and hit something, so it is
very important that here in Austin,
if anyone sees anything suspicious,
you do not go near that package, you
immediately call law enforcement so
we can get bomb techs out there to
deal with the suspect package.
latest victims have significant
injuries but are stable and
hospitals. The police say so far
they have no suspects.
clearly dealing with what we expect
to be a serial bomber based on the
similarities between what is now the
fourth to vice, and again as we look
at this individual and the pattern
and what we are looking at here,
will have to determine if we see a
specific ideology behind this.
specific ideology behind this.
The bomber's first
specific ideology behind this.
The bomber's first victims
specific ideology behind this.
The bomber's first victims were
specific ideology behind this.
The bomber's first victims were
black and prominent African-American
families, leading to suspicions it
could be a hate crime. But the
indiscriminate nature of last
night's attack, where both victims
were white, means that the
authorities do not know what
motivation they are dealing with.
For more on these bombings,
I spoke earlier with Jack Tomarchio,
who was an official
at the department
of homeland security.
What does it tell us about this
investigation that there are now
about 500 federal agents on the
Well, Right now the federal
agents are trying to harvest
evidence. You have four separate
explosive devices. The first three
seen to be of similar construction.
And the last one, of course, had a
different attack mode our two. It
was detonated by tripwire. What the
federal authorities are doing right
now is they are trying to harvest
evidence. So, for example, is there
any biometric evidence at the site?
When these things blow up, certainly
the device is destroyed, at its not
destroyed in such a way that it
doesn't exist any more. So they will
look to see if there is any
fingerprints, are there any DNA,
possibly, on bows on -- on those
pieces of debris. They will try to
match that up, and try to understand
how they were constructed, was at
construct off the internet? Did this
individual has any special
engineering skills or use any
special tools? This will hopefully
point to an identity. The other
thing they will look at, what was
the explosive made of, what was the
raw material, and where did it come
from? Did it come from a hardware
store or a chemical supply store? If
it did, they will stop Comey around
the Austin area looking for that.
Austin police are saying that they
are dealing with a serial bomber
here. How does that change the
nature of their investigation?
it does a couple of things. Totally
it's very dangerous. You have an
individual that is may be motivated
by a political motive, may be
motivated by a personal grudge
against the city or his neighbours.
And now they are going to look for
an individual that is, I would say,
highly organised, fairly
intelligent, probably very
intelligent, and is now probably
somewhat enjoying this. A lot of
these serial bombers, serial
killers, they consider themselves to
be a little step up, actually, than
most of your average criminals. I
think of an individual like the you
know bomber, a very smart guy, a
mathematics graduate from Harvard
University who thought he was the
smartest guy in the room. They want
to understand his motivation, not
only what he used to bill the actual
bomb but what might have motivated
him to do this.
How will they find a
motive, do you think?
Well, that the
tough part. They are really going to
have to piece this evidence together
and they are going to have to
around for individuals that may have
heard them think, maybe somebody
knows somebody who has sprouted
something off, they have got a lot
of work to do here, and we don't
even know if this is related to
terrorism what overseas terrorism or
domestic terrorism or just some guy
that has a bright, they just don't
know that right now.
Uber is suspending driverless car
tests in the US and Canada
after a self-driving vehicle struck
and killed a woman in Arizona.
It's the first time a self-driving
car has been involved
in a fatal collision,
and raises questions over
the future of the technology.
For more, I spoke earlier
with Dave Lee, who's
outside Uber headquarters.
Dave, what are Uber saying about
this crash and the investigation?
Well, first of all, Cooper has
expressed its condolences about what
happened. -- Uber. This 49 year-old
woman was walking across the road
with her bike in the early hours of
Monday morning in Arizona when the
car struck her and she later died
from the injuries she sustained in
that incident. Uber say they are
co-operating fully with the
investigation into what happened.
And as part of their agreement to
test this technology in Arizona,
they agreed to keep very detailed
logs of how the cars act. Precisely
for reasons and incidents such as
this one, they will be able to go
back and see exactly what may have
happened. As you mentioned, as we
understand it, this is the first
pedestrian to be killed by this
technology, and I think it could
have the potential to greatly alter
the public reception of something
that already makes people slightly
nervous, I have to say.
Uber saying anything at all about
their timetable for rolling out
these driverless cars, and what this
accident does do that?
timetable for driverless cars has
always been fairly foreign to the
future. They've started testing
driverless fleets in Arizona -- far
into the future. They were testing
them in San Francisco as well in
2016. Up until now, they have always
had a human driver behind the wheel,
somebody ready to take control
should anything go wrong. That was
the case in this incident as well.
At Uber has told us that it was in
full autonomous mode, the car's
computer was dealing with all
aspects of the driving. This may be
a setback to the roll-out of
driverless cars, however people who
work on this technology say, if you
look at the bigger picture, despite
incident like this one, on the whole
it should make driving safer.
Lee, thank you.
Russia's presidential election
did not provide real choice,
say international observers,
because of restrictions
on who could run.
Vladmir Putin easily won a fourth
term in Sunday's run-off
with 76% of the vote,
beating seven other rivals.
Setting a conciliatory
tone after his victory,
Mr Putin vowed to work with other
nations in resolving
The BBC's Richard Galpin has more.
emerging triumphant yet again. In
front of his supporters in Mosquera
Lozano. -- in Moscow last night,
allowing election -- an election
from which any serious opposition
candidates have been excluded.
Today, the Russian media, most of
which is controlled by the Kremlin,
also revelling in his appointment as
president for another six years. And
yet, CCTV footage from polling
stations posted on social media here
tells a different story. Often
latent rigging. These women stuffing
ballot boxes -- of latent rigging.
There are reports of hundreds of
violations during the boat.
Officials say the violations this
time were far fewer than in the last
election. And Mr Putin is already
concentrating again on the big
issues of state, including the
crisis with Britain over the
poisoning of the Skripals. He is
adamant that the Kremlin was not
behind the attack. Kuggeleijn yellow
it is rubbish, drivel, nonsense, to
think that Russia would do something
like that aired of the presidential
election and the World Cup. This
respected academic told me it would
have made no sense for the Russian
state to have been involved in the
The last thing that Putin
needs right now is to have another
problem, not even with the United
Kingdom, but with the West at large.
My assumption has always been that
after the elections he would start
making cautious steps in the
direction of some kind of limited
So, if not the
Kremlin itself, some here believe it
should -- could be connected to the
murky world of powerful factions
swirling around the president, those
determined to keep Russia I selected
from the West. Richard Galpin, BBC
News, Moscow. -- to keep Russia
For more, my colleague Katty kay
spoke earlier with Angela Stent,
an expert in Russian politics
who teaches at
That was for the BBC's
Beyond 100 Days programme.
You have written recently that
institutions in Russia have rarely
been as insignificant as they are
today over the course of the last
100 years. Does that mean that
Vladimir Putin is therefore much
Well, he is certainly
at the moment, this is a highly
personalised system and he appears
to be very powerful now. He has just
won 76% of the road. Even if there
was ballot stuffing and some
cheating, he is definitely popular.
He appears to be very popular. But
going forward, if this is indeed his
last term, you start to get people
manoeuvring for succession, you
start to get people questioning what
is happening. But right now, and I
would say for the next year or two,
he will indeed be very powerful
white I want to pick up on that,
Angela. There is a term
Russia, he will have served 24 years
at the end of this. Will his
priorities shift because there is a
jostling for power?
priorities should shift to economic
reform, strengthening the economy
and making sure that people's
standard of living doesn't fall and
the people around him don't start
grumbling more. But it's not clear
that he really will do anything. The
other possibility is a more
assertive foreign policy. If you go
back to the pre-election speech he
made a couple of weeks ago, it had?
Part to it. One was economic reform
and the other was showing of nuclear
weapons and basically telling the
US, we can invade any think any
weapons that you have, and don't
mess with us. You didn't listen to
us beforehand so listen to us now.
wonder if history and his worldview
ensures that he really does like the
way that things are drifting at the
moment, going back to a Cold War,
and an era, really, where Russia and
the Soviet bloc was all powerful. As
if you think back to where he was as
an FSB agent, everything was
collapsing, there was chaos. There
might have been more democracy, but
there wasn't a strong economy.
his goal has been to get the outside
world to Russia as if it were the
subject union, a great superpower,
powerful, people should respect and
fear it -- as if it were the Sobhi
at union. He is well on his way to
achieving that, despite an economy
that is not reduction in well,
crumbling infrastructure, the
demographics, he has been able to
project Russian power.
context to what extent does
interfere and in elections around
the world, in the West in
particular, and the spy story in the
UK, costed you part of blood
It certainly will
be part his legacy, double
constitute blood Armia Prutton's
legacy. There are a number of
European and American groups that
look favourably upon Putin, this
will be part of his legacy.
Deploying these tactics, poisoning,
and very tough tactics which were
deployed in Sobhi at times too but
with greater intensity now.
That was Angela Stent,
speaking earlier to my colleagues
Katty Kay and Christian Fraser.
You're watching BBC
World News America.
Still to come on tonight's
programme: Having their day
in court, but not in jail.
How opioid addicts are getting
a new chance at this courtroom
in Upstate New York.
Surgeons in London have restored
the sight of two patients
with one of the most common
forms of blindness.
The team at Moorfields Eye Hospital
inserted human embryonic stem cells
in the back of the patients' eyes
to treat age-related degeneration.
Fergus Walsh reports.
Before his pioneering
Douglas Waters was completely blind
in his right eye.
Now he can see.
Everyone wanted to go
outside when the...
Rain finally stopped.
So, this is an amazing
improvement, Mr Waters.
I just couldn't believe it.
And each morning, I picked things
out in the bedroom to look
at, out of the garden.
I'd do this.
And it's unbelievable.
I'm really chuffed,
I suppose you could say!
And so is his surgeon.
Two patients with age-related
macular degeneration had
the sight-restoring treatment
at Moorfields Eye
Hospital, in London.
We are able to show
that we could take someone that
could not read at all,
that could not see the book
that they were supposed to be
reading from, and taken them
to reading around 60-80 words
per minute with their
normal reading glasses.
For us, this is a
And it could help other
patients with age-related
who can lose all
their central vision.
So what causes AMD?
Well, if we open the eye,
the macular is at the back.
It's the part of the retina
responsible for central vision.
Now, if we pull out a section,
here are the light-sensitive cells,
the rods and cones.
AMD is triggered when a crucial
layer of support cells -
seen here in green -
As a result, patients gradually
lose the ability to read
or to recognise faces.
Douglas, who's 86, says
the stem-cell therapy has given him
Fergus Walsh, BBC News.
President Trump flew
to New Hampshire on Monday to roll
out his plan to address
the nation's opioid crisis.
He's calling for increased law
enforcement, improved public
awareness, and that wall
with Mexico to stop the drugs
from entering the US.
Mr Trump also wants
the stiffest of penalties
for major drug traffickers.
We can have all the blue ribbon
committee is we don't get tough on
the drug dealers, where wasting our
time. But remember that, where
wasting our time. And that toughness
includes the death penalty.
CHEERING AND APPLAUSE
Well, if tougher penalties are one
side of this debate,
the other is giving treatment
to those addicted to opiods.
And in the city of Buffalo,
New York, the country's first opioid
court is providing what could be
a model for the rest of America,
as Nada Tawfik reports.
Thank you, please be
This unremarkable court room
in upstate New York might just be
America's best defence against this
badly drug crisis. The goal here in
the nation's first open your court
is basic yet ambitious, to keep
people alive. When offenders who
appear in court are addicts, the
judge immediately put their case on
I'm going to release due today
and I need you to report here
tomorrow so we can go over
everything about drug treatment.
longer viewed as criminals, they are
given help and a chance to have
their charges dropped or reduced.
think we've made a tremendous
mistake in the 60s, 70s, 80s and
90s, which is locking people up. It
didn't work. And we're not going to
make that same mistake now, we have
the Mussa Chamaune to show that you
cannot lock up an addiction, the
second that they walk out of jail
they are going to go back to the
Participants are given
treatment within hours. They agreed
to drug test, a curfew, and daily
court appearances. The judge knows
that often this court can be the
only support system that some people
have. Having them check in daily and
trying to form a personal bond is a
way of keeping them on track.
Carly has been clean for
two months since starting the
programme. She was arrested for drug
and session and says she has used
prescription pills and heroin for
over a decade. In one weekend alone,
she was revived three times after
overdosing. Finally she feels like
herself against a pillar when you
are in jail or on the streets, you
to correctional officers,
you are a dog to drug dealers, you
really don't have any value or
self-worth, you don't have any sense
of self at all. Like when somebody
looks at you and actually cares
about what are going through in your
life, what your problems are, how
can we help you, it reminds you that
deep inside there is a person, you
know, that needs and deserves love.
Carly is trying to develop a plan
for the day when she no longer has
to check in with the court. She
hopes to have a career in criminal
justice, just like Judge Hannah,
himself a recovering addict.
only difference between me and the
individuals you saw today is one
thing, time. Once they have us
long-time clean as I have, they can
accomplish anything like.
is too early to draw firm
conclusions, in Buffalo they already
think it is a success. The number of
deaths has significantly decreased
come and that has other cities
The US midterm elections are months
away, but we already know
that there will be more than twice
as many female candidates running
for Congress compared to 2016.
This comes nearly a century
after women fought and won
the right to vote.
Author Elaine Weiss' new book,
The Woman's Hour, explores
the struggle behind the ratification
of the 19th Amendment,
guaranteeing that right.
She joined me earlier.
Elaine, you handed this manuscript
in the very day before the 2016
election, and even though Hillary
Clinton didn't win, is an jaw book
store very timely?
I think it is. It
has -- isn't your book very timely.
It is the story of how our democracy
is improved and expanded and it is a
story about women making a
difference in the political spear.
They were not handed the vote, they
had to demand it and they had to
fight for it. So, in this time, a
sort of brought political time here
in America, I think it really speaks
volumes about what sort of fight for
rights we have a historical legacy
of fighting for. We need to be doing
that again now.
What I find so
interesting about your book is the
way you reveal it was actually women
who were against women getting the
vote. How intense was that
It was very intense.
Because the right to vote was never
just a political issue. It became a
cultural issue, a social issue, for
some people even a moral issue,
about what women's role sites should
be. And so the anti-suffragists, the
women and is suffragists, thought
that women being able to vote,
entering into the political sphere,
would destroy the family. They would
tear off their aprons and run out
and want to go to work and do also
the things that were not considered
proper. And so there's great passion
on both sides, because it's almost
like what we call the cultural wars
now, it's much more complicated than
just a political decision.
Fascinating. You detail in the book
how the battle for women to get the
vote came all the way down to one
young male lawmaker in the state of
Tennessee. How did his mother
influence his pivotal vote?
his mother, Mrs Harry Burn, he's 24
years old, the youngest legislator
in Tennessee, in his freshman term
-- this is Harry Burn. His mother is
a very well read woman, she lives on
a small farmhouse, but she urges,
she writes a letter to him and says,
I want you to stand up and support
women. It is only right, it is only
justice. He has that letter in his
pocket and he changes his vote.
does the right thing! In Britain,
the women who fought for the folk
are household names -- who fought
for the vote are household names
like Emmeline Pankhurst. Why is that
not the case in the United States
with these women?
Fadli to say, it
is not. We know some of the pioneers
-- sadly to say. It is usually about
as wide as our knowledge extends.
What I wanted to do in this book is
to talk about the second and third
generation suffragists who brought
the ball over the finish line and
won the vote for American women. It
took seven decades here, seven
decades of ceaseless work, and these
are the women who finally carried it
through. And I hope they will become
household names. And to put some
monuments up to them to honour them
in other ways, as we approach the
centennial of American women getting
the vote in 2020.
Elaine, thank you
so much for joining us.
A long fight for women's equality.
Remember, you can find more
on all the days news at our website.
Plus, to see what we're working
on at any time, make sure to check
out our Facebook page.
I'm Laura Trevellyan.
Thank you for watching
World News America.