20/03/2018 BBC World News America


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20/03/2018

In-depth reports on the major international and US news of the day with Katty Kay.


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This is BBC World News America...

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Reporting from Washington,

I'm Laura Trevelyan.

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A fifth package explodes in Texas.

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Is it linked

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to the bombs in Austin?

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The President vows to track

down those responsible.

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These are sick people

and we will get to the bottom of it.

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Meanwhile the Saudi crown prince is

welcomed to the White House by the

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president. The two speak on rising

tensions with Iran.

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And...

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The last male northern white rhino

in the world is gone,

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leaving his daughter

and granddaughter as the only

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ones of their kind.

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Welcome to our viewers on public

television in America

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and around the globe.

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A small bomb exploded in a FedEx

facility near San Antonio this

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morning. The fifth this month. No

one was injured in the latest blast,

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but the death toll remains at two.

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Hundreds of federal agents

are now in the state,

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trying to find out who could be

behind these incidents and why.

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Our correspondent Gary

O Donoghue reports.

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It's becoming an all too

familiar sight in Texas.

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Another explosion, the fifth

since the beginning of the

0:01:290:01:31

month.

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Police were called to this FedEx

distribution centre around midnight,

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after a bomb exploded

on a conveyor belt.

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No one was injured.

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Investigators were saying very

little about the details.

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But were trying to

reassure the public.

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Safety is our number one priority.

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We have agents from

across the country.

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We have our national

response team here.

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We've got canine explosive

detection canines here.

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We have Intel research specialists.

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We are working hand-in-hand

with our FBI partners,

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state and local permits.

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--state and local partners.

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Sources have told local media

that the bomb contained shrapnel

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and nails, something the police

are waiting to confirm

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on the record.

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The uncertainty is creating

understandable anxiety.

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Is it going to happen again?

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Where, when, why?

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Who, who is doing this?

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I don't know.

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Very scary situation.

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At the White House, meeting

the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia,

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the president had strong words

for the situation in Texas.

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What's going on in Austin,

a great place, tremendous place,

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is absolutely disgraceful.

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So we have a lot

of power over there.

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We are looking, it

is not easy to find.

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But these are sick people

and we have to find them

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as soon as possible.

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The resources going into this

investigation are significant.

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There are hundreds of agents

on the ground, trying to determine

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some kind of motive.

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But still, it appears

the police have little by way

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of significant leads.

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In the meantime, Texas

holds its breath for

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further possible attacks.

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Gary O Donoghue, BBC News, Austin.

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For more on this, my colleague

Katty Kay spoke to former FBI

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Assistant Director Ron Hosko

a short time ago, for her

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programme Beyond 100 Days.

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Ron, this is a really curious case,

what is happening down in Texas.

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What is your read on it?

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Well, it's very concerning.

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First, we've had a round of bombs

that were what sounds

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like hand-delivered.

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Presumably to targets of the bomber.

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Specific targets, presumably

his desired victims.

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And a handful of people injured.

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And then some relative

silence for a few days.

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And now we've had some additional

bombings that have come,

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using a different methodology,

not hand-delivered,

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but one with a tripwire,

another one put into

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FedEx, the delivery

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chain for FedEx.

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And perhaps some additional ones

that are in the delivery chain

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now that are being looked

at by law enforcement.

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So the methodology has changed,

we don't know if this object has had

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these devices built

already, over time,

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or has been stockpiled,

has the additional components

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for additional devices.

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It is very scary.

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You say the subject.

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You're assuming that

it is one person.

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I am.

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You know, if we look

at bombers over time,

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they tend to be angry individuals

who have a purpose in mind.

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Whether it is, you know,

the Unabomber, certainly

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a very solitary person,

very capable, deadly,

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going to the killer of Judge Vance

and other bombers,

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other bombings in Georgia.

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And in the Florida area.

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to Eric Robert Rudolph,

the Centennial Park bomber

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who also bombed an abortion

provider in Alabama.

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These folks tend to

work by themselves.

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You don't tend to see

teams of bombers, people

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working in concert.

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So it remains to be seen.

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Maybe there are other

people, and of course

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that is what the appeal

is through the media

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by the law enforcement now,

for the public to come out and help.

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So if you are running this case,

what are the clues that

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you are looking at?

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Well, first, there are

a couple different channels

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going on right now.

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One is the forensics of the devices

that they can recover

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and the post-blast investigation.

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That is very detailed examination

of anything that came out

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of the already exploded devices.

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They are looking for DNA,

they are looking for fingerprints,

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they are looking for essentially

the bomber's signature.

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What type of initiation,

what were the explosive components

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how is it constructed,

what was the shrapnel.

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So they're looking for all that.

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They're looking at technology to see

if there's any link to the victims

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or intended victims.

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And what are you doing to try

and prevent future attacks?

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I'm doing what they're doing,

which going to be media.

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Recognising that this

is the opportunity for the best

0:06:220:06:24

partnership between law enforcement,

through the media, to the public.

0:06:240:06:31

They may have 500 agents

on the ground down there,

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but that is no match for thousands

and thousands

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of eyes of the community,

of a loved one, of a neighbour.

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Somebody who sees something

of concern and says,

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"You know who did that?

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That's my next-door neighbour.

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I see him in his garage at night."

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So that has to be leveraged,

that is what they're trying to do.

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If you see something,

saying something.

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Thanks very much for joining us.

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You're welcome.

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President Trump has welcomed Saudi

Arabia's Crown Prince to the White

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House. It was the Crown Prince's

first visit to Washington since

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becoming the heir apparent to his

kingdom lasted Jen. The two leaders

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discussed tensions with Iran and a

weapon still. President Trump tended

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a strong relationship when the US

and Saudi Arabia. For more I spoke

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to Brian, a senior fellow for the

centre for American progress.

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In the White House today sitting

next to the crown prince.

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The president said, "We have become

very for good friends

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in a short period of time."

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What is driving that?

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Well, Trump's strategy

for the Middle East,

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most of the roads on the things

he is dealing with my

0:07:390:07:42

through it.

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The Arab-Israeli peace process,

Iran and the nuclear deal.

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As well as counterterrorism.

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He has pended his strategy

heavily on Saudi Arabian

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and placed a big bet on them.

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And it maybe a bet that is

quite shaky and risky

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for a number of reasons.

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Well, the Crown Prince said

that he would be talking

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to the president about the Iran

nuclear deal, which of course

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the Saudis really want

the US to pull out of.

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How do you think the

conversation will have gone?

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Well, I think he probably would have

found a very sympathetic resident.

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It looks to me like President Trump

may be moving towards pulling

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America out of the deal.

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In my view, that

would be a bad move.

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It would isolate us

from our friends in Europe.

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And China and Russia

who are part of the deal.

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And it would probably

weaken our hand.

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But I think the Saudi Crown Prince

and President Trump agree on this.

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The the Crown Prince is here to tell

us to a story to America, isn't he,

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about how he is modernising this

kingdom, women are driving

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and so on and so forth.

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But is there any concern what you

detect within the administration

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about for example, his alleged

crackdown on corruption

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in which many of his

opponents were arrested?

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There is concern about that,

there is concern about his

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conduct of the Yemen war.

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There is concern about a blockade

against Qatar that has been

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in place for nearly a year.

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That is just within

the Trump administration.

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And this afternoon, some

in the Senate were considering

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a measure to essentially cut off US

military support to the Saudi-led

0:09:080:09:11

coalition in Yemen.

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So there are a lot of

questions about the Saudi

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Arabian America today.

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But when it comes to Yemen,

do you think that within

0:09:150:09:18

the White House itself there is real

concern about humanitarian crisis?

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Which might have been raised

with the Crown Prince?

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I don't know if President

addressed it in this

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meeting but late last year

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he voiced public concerns

about the humanitarian

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crisis in Yemen.

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Those words of concerns are shared

by people in the Pentagon and parts

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of the State Department as well.

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Unfortunately President Trump's

posture generally has

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been quite passive.

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He's offered a blank

check to Saudi Arabia.

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And I will be surprised that

if the topic came up,

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he brought it up in a way that

would use our leverage.

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The Crown Prince is also very close,

isn't he, to be resident's

0:09:580:10:01

son-in-law Anna Jared Kushner.

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What impact does that relationship

have on how US, Saudi policy is

0:10:020:10:04

developing?

In some ways this

relationship is pretty close and it

0:10:040:10:06

mirrors the Saudi system. In essence

have a close family member be the

0:10:060:10:09

main channel. Unfortunately, this

presents some challenges for some of

0:10:090:10:13

the other Cabinet secretaries who

may not be well briefed on what

0:10:130:10:16

those conversations Jared Kushner

has had with Mohammed. If the US and

0:10:160:10:21

Saudi Arabia really want to build a

stronger foundation for the

0:10:210:10:25

relationship they need to actually

institutionalize it and not make it

0:10:250:10:28

so focused on the president and his

inner circle.

The president talked a

0:10:280:10:31

lot today about the arms sales that

the US is going to make to the

0:10:310:10:34

Saudi. Is that now the fulcrum of

the economic relationship?

It is

0:10:340:10:41

now. But what I think will be

interesting as I understand the

0:10:410:10:43

Crown Prince is going to many cities

around the United States, to

0:10:430:10:47

Seattle, to California. And they are

looking to expand what has been a

0:10:470:10:52

limited military intelligence and

energy sector basis for the

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relationship and expanded to be tech

and other things. Of the arms sales,

0:10:540:10:57

that something going on for years

and they far outpaced any other

0:10:570:11:01

country that we have sold weapons

to.

Thank you so much for joining

0:11:010:11:04

us.

Great, thank you.

Currently the

US military supports the Saudi led

0:11:040:11:12

coalition rebels backed by Iran.

Today US lawmakers voted whether to

0:11:120:11:18

end US involvement, a motion that

was voted down by the Senate. BBC's

0:11:180:11:22

cheap international correspondent

has recently travelled to Yemen to

0:11:220:11:27

meet children of the conflict.

0:11:270:11:31

We travelled into

meet children of the conflict.

0:11:310:11:31

We travelled into Yemen with

meet children of the conflict.

0:11:310:11:31

We travelled into Yemen with the

Saudi. They wanted us to see the

0:11:310:11:35

suffering being inflicted by their

enemy. They took us to meet these

0:11:350:11:46

boys, robbed of their childhood.

Forced to fight alongside grown man.

0:11:460:11:57

Children and Yemen are recruited by

all sides. Especially the Houthis.

0:11:570:12:04

Passion was 13 when his best friend

was shot dead in front of them.

0:12:040:12:15

So many children, so young, have

been dragged into this destructive

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war. But even in more, there are

rules. And in Yemen, they are being

0:12:350:12:41

broken, time and again by all sides.

0:12:410:12:48

These children live in Sana,

the capital controlled by Houthis.

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Their families sought refuge

here after their home

0:12:510:12:53

was bombed by the Saudis.

0:12:530:12:56

Coalition air strikes have

reportedly caused the greatest

0:12:560:12:58

number of child casualties.

0:12:580:13:02

Six-year-old Lamees

wants them to stop.

0:13:020:13:12

There was no place to

hide for Yaya's family.

0:13:200:13:27

Five children killed,

only 17-year-old Yaya

0:13:320:13:33

and a brother left.

0:13:330:13:43

Back in government-held Marib,

these men will always live

0:13:460:13:48

with the cost of this conflict.

0:13:480:13:54

So often, it's the youngest

to lose the most.

0:13:540:13:59

These little boys are being fitted

with prosthetics at this

0:13:590:14:01

Saudi funded clinic.

0:14:010:14:05

11-year-old Abdullah mistook

a landmine for a toy.

0:14:050:14:15

Nine-year-old Ali Youssef

wants to be a goalkeeper

0:14:300:14:32

when he grows up, believing this

won't hold him back.

0:14:320:14:39

Yemen's conflict has

had a crippling effect

0:14:390:14:40

on all its people.

0:14:400:14:42

The youngest growing up

knowing nothing but war.

0:14:420:14:44

Lyse Doucet, BBC News, Yemen.

0:14:440:14:53

The suspended chief executive... He

was sickly reported in a report

0:14:530:15:05

broadcast by Channel 4 News in

Britain. Meanwhile US senators are

0:15:050:15:09

calling on Facebook to explain how

millions of its users data was mined

0:15:090:15:12

by Cambridge Analytica. For more I

spoke a short time ago to our North

0:15:120:15:16

America editor. John, what does

deny's report by Channel 4 News

0:15:160:15:23

really reveal about the role of

Cambridge Analytica and the Trump

0:15:230:15:26

campaign?

You're left with two

choices. Either they are full of hot

0:15:260:15:30

air and wind and bravado and making

stuff up among which is not a good

0:15:300:15:35

place to be, or they are telling the

truth about their role in the

0:15:350:15:39

presidential election campaign of

Donald Trump. In which case I think

0:15:390:15:42

potentially they have got a whole

heap of trouble. Now they claim the

0:15:420:15:48

whole digital campaign, attack ads,

Crooked Hillary was there they were

0:15:480:15:50

saying. The handcuffs. They say they

were the masterminds of all of that.

0:15:500:15:57

But also potentially they work were

donating between the term campaign

0:15:570:16:02

and some of the so-called superplex,

the supposedly independent bodies

0:16:020:16:06

that are meant to have nothing to do

with the campaign. It would be a

0:16:060:16:11

bleach domain breach of the

electoral law as there was a

0:16:110:16:14

bleeding between the two. That is

the suggestion they have made and

0:16:140:16:17

I'm sure Congress will want to look

at that as a side I'm what's a

0:16:170:16:22

Donald Trump would not like to

accept that cameras analytical work

0:16:220:16:25

responsible. I'm sure Donald Trump

would say I'm response will for my

0:16:250:16:30

election victory.

Indeed. There are

many questions from US Senators

0:16:300:16:34

today about how exactly Facebook

allowed Cambridge Analytica to get

0:16:340:16:39

data on so many millions of Facebook

users.

Yes. Supposedly Facebook are

0:16:390:16:45

meant to be meeting congressional

leaders tomorrow. But not Mark

0:16:450:16:49

Zuckerberg. I think the thing that

has changed now as it sorry been

0:16:490:16:55

written to Facebook saying we want

Zuckerberg here now, as soon as

0:16:550:16:59

possible. Facebook have issued a

statement tonight saying look, we're

0:16:590:17:02

still horrified that someone could

have accessed our information in

0:17:020:17:06

this way and it. I think Facebook

have got some really difficult

0:17:060:17:09

questions to answer. Not just to

Congress, but to Wall Street as

0:17:090:17:14

well. Where the share prices of

about what Facebook is doing to

0:17:140:17:23

protect people's data. And it looks

like there are big, giant holes and

0:17:230:17:28

what they have got in place.

Peggy

so much for joining us. You're

0:17:280:17:36

watching BBC World News America.

Still to come on tonight's

0:17:360:17:38

programme. The long road to recovery

importer Rico. Six months after

0:17:380:17:44

Hurricane Maria hit. Residents are

still suffering from the devastation

0:17:440:17:46

left behind.

0:17:460:17:53

The Brazilian city of Sao Paulo

is one of the most congested

0:17:560:17:59

cities in the world.

0:17:590:17:59

With more than eight million cars,

travelling just the shortest

0:17:590:18:02

distance can take hours.

0:18:020:18:07

Daily commutes can be an ordeal.

0:18:070:18:09

Traffic jams have been

known to exceed 100km.

0:18:090:18:16

But there's a new taxi service

designed to cut the congestion,

0:18:160:18:18

and it's making use

of the city's private helicopters.

0:18:180:18:21

Our South America correspondent

Katy Watson has more.

0:18:210:18:28

These are usually the preserve of

the megarich. A Sao Paulo was to

0:18:280:18:32

shake up the city government back.

Richard is giving it a shot. Only

0:18:320:18:35

going a few kilometres from the

domestic airport to his office but

0:18:350:18:38

it is a journey that on that date

could take over an hour. Order the

0:18:380:18:41

topple on your mobile app, and then

head to your nearest helipad. Easy.

0:18:410:18:46

The option of taking a fight, taking

a helicopter from a helipad right

0:18:460:18:52

next to your office and in five

minutes be in the airport, or let's

0:18:520:18:57

say in 15 minutes be in the

international airport. It is just a

0:18:570:19:00

huge advantage and it saves a lot of

time. And you can spend more time

0:19:000:19:03

here at home with their family or in

the office and productive meetings.

0:19:030:19:07

So that is actually valuable.

And

this city, said to have the biggest

0:19:070:19:13

fleet of helicopters in the world,

there is plenty of choice. The city

0:19:130:19:18

of Sao Paulo has 400 helicopters and

200 helipads. The recent economic

0:19:180:19:22

crisis in this country has been

tough on the industry. People have

0:19:220:19:26

less money and the demand for

helicopters has fallen. Which is why

0:19:260:19:30

using helicopters and more like

taxis is seen but operated as one

0:19:300:19:33

way to boost the industry once

again. The aim is to make

0:19:330:19:37

helicopters a viable alternative to

road transport. Just over $100, you

0:19:370:19:42

can fly to the international

airport. Twice the price of a

0:19:420:19:46

regular taxi, but as little of a

tenth of a journey time. For those

0:19:460:19:49

with the money, it is tempting. But

they're still the minority. Kate

0:19:490:19:53

Zlatan, BBC News in Sao Paulo. --

Katie Robinson.

0:19:530:20:01

It has been six months

since Hurricane Maria struck the US

0:20:050:20:08

territory of Puerto Rico,

and the island is still

0:20:080:20:10

suffering the consequences.

0:20:100:20:14

With hundreds of thousands of people

still without power.

0:20:140:20:21

In the first of two reports,

the BBC's Aleem Maqbool returned

0:20:210:20:23

to Puerto Rico to see how life has

changed and assess the response.

0:20:230:20:26

There are sights in Puerto Rico that

make it look like the hurricane

0:20:260:20:30

struck just yesterday.

0:20:300:20:31

Everyone has a tale of trauma

still fresh in the mind.

0:20:310:20:35

"We grabbed what we could

and ran out," she says.

0:20:350:20:38

"But everywhere was blocked.

0:20:380:20:39

We managed to get up

there and we heard the noise.

0:20:390:20:42

The house just came

away and collapsed."

0:20:420:20:52

The problem is, in six months,

little has moved on for her.

0:20:520:20:55

She and her family run pipes

from a nearby spring to get water

0:20:550:20:58

to the abandoned building

where they have been living.

0:20:580:21:00

And there is still no power.

0:21:000:21:02

So what help have they had

from the American agencies?

0:21:020:21:04

"We applied to help but we were told

we weren't entitled to any,"

0:21:040:21:07

she says, "we put in an appeal,

but we are still waiting

0:21:070:21:10

for an answer."

0:21:100:21:11

Puerto Ricans are American citizens.

0:21:110:21:12

They can go backwards

and forwards to the US

0:21:120:21:14

mainland as they please and,

crucially, they are entitled

0:21:140:21:17

to the same disaster response

from Washington as any other

0:21:170:21:19

Americans.

0:21:190:21:22

You will find very few here

who believe that is what they got.

0:21:220:21:26

The family of Raul Jimenez think

he could still be alive if there had

0:21:260:21:30

been a more urgent response.

0:21:300:21:32

After the storm, the clinic

where he got dialysis

0:21:320:21:34

was without electricity.

0:21:340:21:36

It meant patients would have

to miss treatments or wait

0:21:360:21:38

hours hoping to be seen.

0:21:380:21:42

He was in the wheelchair, quiet.

0:21:420:21:49

He died.

0:21:490:21:51

Died in the line

waiting for treatment?

0:21:510:21:53

Died in the line.

0:21:530:21:55

Any true count of the number

who were killed by the hurricane

0:21:550:21:58

will include people like Raul.

0:21:580:22:01

But, until now, the

official figure doesn't.

0:22:010:22:05

The government wants to show

some kind of numbers.

0:22:050:22:09

But it is not the reality.

0:22:090:22:19

They want us to believe

that all is OK.

0:22:190:22:21

Under pressure, the government has

ordered a recount of those

0:22:210:22:23

killed by Hurricane Maria.

0:22:230:22:24

Some estimate the new number

could be nearly 20 times

0:22:240:22:27

the original figure and,

all the while, for so many,

0:22:270:22:29

the suffering continues.

0:22:290:22:39

So much heartbreak after that

hurricane.

0:22:390:22:42

The world's last surviving

male northern white

0:22:420:22:44

rhino has died in Kenya.

0:22:440:22:45

The animal named Sudan was 45

years old and had been

0:22:450:22:48

ill for many months.

0:22:480:22:58

Now only his daughter

and grandaughter are the only ones

0:22:580:23:00

left of the subspecies in the world.

0:23:000:23:02

Alastair Leithead has this report.

0:23:020:23:12

The gene pool is already small. The

two remaining northern white rhinos

0:23:160:23:21

are his daughter and his

granddaughter. The last hope for

0:23:210:23:27

this subspecies is an IVF technique

that has never been tried. It would

0:23:270:23:29

depend on a circuit southern white

rhino.

There have over the last

0:23:290:23:35

three or four years, been attempts

to develop what are referred to as

0:23:350:23:39

artificial reproductive techniques,

in particular in vitro fertilisation

0:23:390:23:42

to recover this species. It's

massively complex and it is

0:23:420:23:47

massively expensive. It has never

been done in rhinos before. So the

0:23:470:23:50

chances of it working are probably

fairly remote.

The last of northern

0:23:500:23:56

white rhino's seen in the wild were

here in the national park. In a

0:23:560:24:02

northern Democratic Republic of

Congo. But that was many years ago.

0:24:020:24:05

They were polished as being extinct

in the wild in 2008. An epidemic of

0:24:050:24:11

bulging for rhino horn in the 1970s

and 80s wiped out many of these

0:24:110:24:14

ancient animals and Central Africa.

And gradually, those in captivity

0:24:140:24:19

have died of old age. Sudan had been

sick for some time. That put him

0:24:190:24:24

down when it was clear and illness

brought on by old age was causing

0:24:240:24:28

him pain. This is where the last two

surviving northern white rhinos

0:24:280:24:34

live. And the armed guard 24 hours a

day. Such is the continuing threat

0:24:340:24:41

to this endangered species. There

are now just 30,000 rhinos left on

0:24:410:24:44

the planet. Sudan was unusual of his

kind because he died of old age. BBC

0:24:440:24:51

News, in northern Kenya.

0:24:510:24:57

The last of the male white rhinos.

0:24:570:24:59

I'm Laura Trevelyan.

0:24:590:25:00

Thank you for watching

World News America.

0:25:000:25:03