Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping the world.
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Beyond One Hundred Days.
A huge earthquake hits
Iran and Iraq, killing
more than 400 people.
6000 more are injured -
the vast majority on the Iranian
side of the border.
The moment the tremor struck.
It's the deadliest quake in Iran
in more than a decade.
President Trump is wrapping
up his trip to Asia with an embrace
with some of the world's most
While at home, the Senate majority
leader says its time for Roy Moore
to quit the Alabama Senate race.
Moore fires back that it's
McConnell who should go.
Also on the programme...
The UK Government makes a concession
on Brexit. Parliament is guaranteed
a vote on the final deal before the
UK leaves the EU.
His creative genius
gave us the Mona Lisa.
Now a new book explores the life
of Leonardo da Vinci -
who brought art and science together
with amazing results.
Get in touch with us using
the hashtag Beyond One Hundred Days
I'm Katty Kay in Washington.
Christian Fraser's in London.
It was 9.20pm on Sunday
when the earth
started to shake.
A time most people in that northern
border region of Iran and Iraq
would have been at home,
perhaps already in bed.
The tremor was huge -
killing more than 400 people,
a toll that's expected to rise.
Now they're trying to pull people
from under the rubble but the rescue
operation is being hampered
by landslides and power cuts.
The epicentre of the quake -
which measured 7.3 -
was about 30 kilometres
south of Halabja.
One of the worst hit
areas was Sarpol-e Zahab,
as James Robbins reports.
The moment the Earth
starts shaking violently.
A man runs for his life
from the control room of this dam,
as massive boulders
are hurled around outside.
The dam wall was not breached
but elsewhere devastation.
In Iran, the border town
of Sarpol-e Zahab was hit hardest.
As entire walls collapsed,
many families did manage
to flee their homes,
but others were crushed or buried.
At a local hospital, there were many
stories of narrow escape.
from the balcony down.
The earthquake was very strong.
shattered the window, which fell
on me and it wounded my hand
and my face.
Rescue has been made more difficult
by the mountainous terrain.
Iranian authorities are pouring
resources in but landslides
and power cuts are slowing both
rescue efforts and the task
of establishing the full
extent of casualties.
This quake was 7.3 in magnitude,
and happened in a known danger zone.
The surface of the Earth is made
up of tectonic plates,
and in this case the Arabian plate
has been moving roughly northwards
against the Eurasian plate
at a rate of two centimetres,
just under an inch a year.
Forces build up and eventually
are very suddenly released
with devastating effect.
The destruction in Iran is greater
than in neighbouring Iraq,
where a major rescue operation
is also underway.
The BBC's correspondent is there.
This area is one of the hardest hit
in Iraq by Sunday's earthquake.
We are told seven people were inside
this home when it collapsed.
Two of them were killed
and others were injured.
Several other buildings suffered
similar damage to this one,
but fortunately they seem to be
the exception rather than the rule,
and most of the other homes
in the region managed to withstand
the impact of the earthquake.
For the survivors,
night-time is the toughest.
In rapidly falling temperatures,
families are huddled around fires.
Even where buildings are intact,
fear of after-shocks
will keep people outdoors.
James Robbins, BBC News.
Spare a thought for the families
caught in the aftermath of the
The President of the Philippines
compares himself to Hitler,
and states publicly he would
like to slaughter three million drug
users in his country.
Which makes the sight
of Donald Trump sitting and smiling
next to him quite incongruous.
It certainly gives Rodrigo Duterte
a certain stature at home.
The two met on the last leg
of Mr Trump's Asia trip.
During which Mr Trump faced some
uncomfortable questions -
about his relationship
with Vladimir Putin -
en route to the Philippines he told
reporters that the Russian President
had assured him he,
"Absolutely did not meddle
in our election, he did not do
what they are saying he did.
"Every time he sees me
he says I didn't do that.
And I believe - I really believe -
that when he tells me
that, he means it."
At the same time Mr Trump criticised
several former top US
intelligence officials -
saying they were political hacks.
Even for Mr Trump, appearing to give
President Putin more credence
than US agencies is a problem,
so it's little surprise
that he was forced to quickly
qualify his comments.
What I said, I'm surprised
there is any conflict on this.
What I said there is I believe
he believes that amount is very
What I said there is I believe
he believes that and it is very
important for somebody to believe.
I believe that he feels
that he and Russia did not
meddle in the election.
As to whether I believe it or not,
I'm with our agencies,
especially as currently constituted
with their leadership.
Well, it's not entirely clear
what the President believes.
But one of the former US
intelligence chiefs who Mr Trump
dismissed is quite clear
about what he thinks is going on.
It demonstrates to Mr Putin that
Donald Trump can be played by
foreign leaders, who are going to
appeal to his ego and to try to play
upon his insecurities,
which is very, very
worrisome from a national
For more on the President's trip
we can turn to Bill Richardson
who formerly served as US Ambassador
to the UN and joins us today
from Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Do you agree with Mr Brennan when he
says he thinks Mr Trump can be
played and foreign leaders know
Yes, I agree with Director
Brennan Amber two other directors
that are career officers, they are
intelligence officers, not political
hacks, which is what the president
called them. It is clear the
president sided with Vladimir Putin,
just Putin saying I was not
involved, I did not meddle, against
a billions of dollars we spend on
intelligence and conclusive proof
there was Russian meddling. This is
disturbing. Cabinet level officers
being dismissed by the president of
the United States.
For the record,
you are a Democrat and served a
Democratic president but how unusual
is it for an American president to
appear to give more credibility to a
foreign adversary than his own
nonexistent. I do not think it has
happened before. I have been around
a long time and do not recall
Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Barack
Obama, President Clinton, the two
Bushes questioning the intelligence
community. Yes questioning them on
conclusions but not at the expense
of a country many consider not just
a strategic competitor, but in
occasional areas Russia is our
enemy. We have vast differences on
Iran, Syria and vast differences on
Ukraine, or many fundamental issues,
arms control, right now. This is not
just unusual, it has never happened.
That is what is disturbing. You will
have spent time at the UN talking
about North Korea and we were told
ahead of the trip north Korea was
the priority for the president so
how do you square rich with the idea
he wants to bring them back to the
table with this to eat over the
weekend? He says the North Korean
leader keeps calling him old. He
says that, I would never call him
short and fat. He says...
How will that insulting tweet bring
North Korea back to the table?
not. North Korea, I have dealt with
them many years and been there eight
times and personal insults, they
react negatively. They are a country
like many Asians who want to save
face and personal relationships are
important. I do not like the
president of the United States
insulted and he has been insulted by
the North Koreans, though
questioning whether saying you are
old as an insult... I am old. My
worry is that he had a reasonably
good effort on North Korea on this
trip. He was uniting countries
against North Korea and he has
patched up a little bit the
relationship with South Korea and
with Japan it is good. China did not
work. China is not willing to put
maximum pressure on North Korea,
although they have a bit. This Tweet
makes everything fall apart at the
end. It is like no progress has been
made in a potential diplomatic
solution, which I think is the only
way out on this.
thank you. Always good to see you.
There has been a lot of business
done on the trip but do you think in
the process of what is it, 12 days
on the trip, he has done anything to
enhance America's role in Southeast
It was interesting, Christian, I was
getting in touch with Asia experts
and they said at the moment we are
talking about the Tweet and the old
and the fat and shorten fat and
Vladimir Putin but historians will
look back at this trip to Asia, the
longest and a quarter of a sentry by
an American president and see
something different, they will see
it as a shift, the moment America
did not go to Asia and act as a
world leader and it was president
she -- president Xi. It is not clear
what America got out of this trip
and if you had to say who was the
most important player over the 12
days, it was not Washington, it was
Beijing and other countries in Asia
are looking to Beijing. Not so much
looking to the United States and
that is a big shift.
How often on this programme do we
talk about photo opportunities that
go wrong that these big events? This
is the Asia conference in the
Philippines. They start... They are
standing not knowing what is going
on and then they have the crossover
handshake. I have sympathy with a
president here, but then I look and
see what has gone wrong. A schoolboy
error. He is standing too close to
the neighbour on the right and then
you have to reach over. A schoolboy
error. Look at that. The grimmest
tells you he knows it, as well. Yes,
stand in the middle -- the grimace
tells you. And next are taller
people. You have to get tactics
right in a crossover handshake!
The moment I saw the photograph I
knew you would bring it up on the
Ever since the Brexit vote,
MPs on all sides of the Commons have
been demanding a vote
on the final agreement.
Today the government appears to have
offered a major concession.
The Brexit Secretary David Davis
says a vote on the deal
will be guaranteed by
a new piece of legislation.
Labour has called it a climbdown.
Leila Nathoo joins us
now from Westminster.
I suppose it comes down to what
constitutes a meaningful vote and
piece of legislation.
There has been
much debate over the term meaningful
and the opposition, Labour, calling
for a meaningful vote for sometime
but the government had always
promised there would be some
Parliamentary say on the final
Brexit deal, there would be a moment
after the deal was agreed between
the UK and Brussels where Parliament
can have its say. That vote would
always be a kind of seal of approval
or rejection and if it was rejected,
it was not clear what would happen
because there was no facility the
government said to sense the UK
Government back to the negotiating
table. Now, the government have
offered another vote over and above
the initial vote in principle, to
say there is going to be a piece of
legislation that can be scrutinised,
including all the terms of the deal,
so EU citizens' right, the financial
settlement, the transitional period,
that Parliaments, the Commons and
the Lords, can scrutinise but not
answer still on what would happen if
Parliament rejected the deal. They
would be no opportunity to really
send back Theresa May, David Davis
to the negotiating table in Brussels
and so the risk is anyone voting
against the deal at that time would
affect of the vote for no deal.
Can I ask the question a lot of
viewers would ask that is in the
end, does this vote mean there is a
chance the result of the Brexit
referendum could be reversed?
does not sound like it. No. The
government has been cleared it is
not a vehicle, mechanism to try to
stop Brexit. What it is is an
overture to Conservative
backbenchers, who are uneasy about
certain parts of Brexit, about the
process. There is a piece of
legislation going through Parliament
now which MPs are using to try to
tinker with the process of Brexit,
with the government approach. This
offer of more legislation down the
line, the final say over the
agreement is a gesture, to get the
potential rebels on side, who had
been demanding there would be a
separate piece of legislation, among
other things. I do not think this is
opening the door to Brexit not
happening and it certainly does not
look like the end of the story in
terms of Parliamentary arguments
over how Brexit take shape.
you. Tensions in the Cabinet 's
surface this weekend with a letter.
It was leaked from within number 10
urged the Prime Minister
to remain faithful to
the referendum vote.
The letter published this weekend
called on Mrs May to act
with pragmatism without diluting
the ambition of the UK to be
a "fully independent self-governing
country by the time of the next
The letter goes on...
"We are profoundly worried that
in some parts of government
the current preparations are not
proceeding with anything
like sufficient energy.
We have heard it argued by some
that we cannot start preparations
on the basis of no deal -
a not too subtle dig
at the Chancellor Phillip Hammond.
And it finishes...
We all want you to push your agenda
forward with confidence.
It's now reported that 40 MPs
from Theresa May's own party
are ready to sign a letter of no
confidence in her leadership.
Only 48 would be needed
to trigger a vote.
And so earlier today,
I talked to Graham Brady -
chairman of the powerful 1922
Committee of Tory backbenchers -
whose job it would be to deliver
that letter of no confidence
were it written.
The claim that there are 40
colleagues ready to call
for a no confidence vote,
wasn't, as far as I could tell,
supported by any source
that was quoted, so I would treat it
with considerable caution,
but in terms of the process,
if we were ever to reach a point
where 15% of the parliamentary
Conservative Party, currently 48
Members of Parliament,
wrote to me asking for a confidence
vote to be held, it would be
incumbent upon me to arrange such
a vote as soon as could be
The other letter that was in
the newspapers this weekend
was from Boris Johnson
and Michael Gove, which we are led
to believe was then trying to direct
the Prime Minister towards a hard
Brexit, or that was the way
it was interpreted.
Could it also be seen another way,
that they felt it necessary to write
a letter asking her to lead?
I would say in that regard
there is nothing unusual in Cabinet
ministers sending memos to the Prime
This is part of the normal flow
of business within government.
What should not happen is for such
a confidential memo to be put
in the public domain.
I do not think that was done
by the Prime Minister,
I do not think it was done
by the Foreign Secretary
or Mr Gove, either.
So I think clearly somebody has
leaked a piece of private
correspondence in order
to create mischief.
But if she was leading
and in leading had chosen a cabinet
that was cohesive are not divided
over the aims of Brexit,
then first of all Boris Johnson
and Michael Gove would not have seen
reason to send the letter
and secondly it wouldn't be leaked
by someone within number 10,
presumably trying to undermine them.
Ultimately the Prime Minister leads
the government and she set that
clear vision of an outward looking,
free trading Britain that engages
closely with our European friends.
When you look at this cabinet, two
resignations in little over a week.
Damien Green, the Deputy Prime
Minister, still under investigation,
and Boris Johnson under pressure
for his comments about
There are lots of people who say,
why doesn't the Prime Minister
lead from the front,
clear out the cabinet
and have a new start?
I would like to have a quiet couple
of weeks in British politics.
It would make a welcome
change at the moment.
There have been a lot of things that
have happened over recent weeks,
many of them completely unexpected,
things which are not
within the power of this
Prime Minister or any
Prime Minister to control.
It would be a bad time in my view,
when you have had some necessary
changes that have been forced
by events, it would be a bad time
to just plunge into still greater,
more far reaching changes.
Would you agree it is good always
to have a Foreign Secretary
who reads his briefs?
Of course, but Boris Johnson
is somebody who is immensely able,
who has a great personality,
projects to lots of people
and I'm sure has projected
to a lot of people around
the world, as well.
I don't think he would say that
episode was the finest moment.
Christian, I told you I was in
England visiting family and I read
the papers and came away confused
about the status of Boris Johnson
because last week we spoke about the
mess up he made about Iran and he
has apologised, if he said anything
that put in jeopardy the British
prisoner in Iran. And yet, he is
issuing what seems to be an
ultimatum to the Prime Minister. Are
the fortunes of the Foreign
Secretary up or down?
I think they are down today because
he has been forced into an apology
of sorts in the Commons.
How does he think he has the power
to issue ultimatums to the Prime
Minister? Probably he and Michael
Gove, since they campaigned hard for
Brexit, it is incumbent on them to
make the argument for the Brexit
side and if it goes downhill it
reflects badly on them and
presumably their future in Cabinet
are linked to that and there are
people who feel the Prime Minister
has not grasped the nettle and is
trying to keep all sides in the
Cabinet together and at the expense
of the negotiations so that might be
the reason they wrote the letter
that the fact it was leaked from
number 10, presumably by somebody
who wanted to undermine them proves
how divisive it is the divisions
that are within Canada.
Almost -- within the Cabinet.
Global carbon dioxide emissions
are projected to rise
for the first time in four years.
Scientists at a United Nations
climate conference in Germany say
the main cause of the expected
growth has been greater use of coal
in China as its economy expanded.
They're warning that levels of CO2
need to be reduced before 2020
if we are to limit dangerous global
warming this century.
Here's our science
editor David Shukman.
For more than a week now,
the people of Delhi have
been suffering in air
that has become toxic.
Smog created by countless
engines burning fossil
fuels, including coal.
Coal is one of the biggest sources
of pollution worldwide.
Power stations such as this one
in Poland belch out gases
including carbon dioxide,
and despite promises to clean up,
emissions are actually increasing.
For countries in the path
of devastating hurricanes,
like the ones that struck
the Caribbean earlier this year,
this is depressing.
Because global warming may bring
more extreme weather.
And it seems to them that little
is being done to stop it.
This is very worrying for us.
I would hate to say that it
sounds a death knell,
but it translates into that,
given this summer we have had such
an active hurricane season.
We know what Irma and Maria
did to the region.
This new research finds that more
and more carbon dioxide
is being released from power
stations, factories and different
forms of transport.
And this matters because the gas
traps heat in the atmosphere.
This graph shows how emissions
of carbon dioxide have risen over
almost three decades.
In the last few years,
they have been levelling off,
which was seen as a positive sign.
But this year, there has suddenly
been an increase of 2%.
So what is happening and who is to
blame around the world?
In America, emissions of carbon
dioxide have fallen slightly
and that is despite President Trump
wanting to leave
the Paris agreement.
they are on course
to be down as well.
But in China they are up,
as the economy picks up
and more coal is burned.
Climate scientists say it is vital
that less coal is used
if we are to have any chance
of heading off the worst
of global warming.
But President Trump is promoting
the coal industry and he wants
America to help other countries
to use it.
There are countries that have said
that coal is going to be
part of our energy mix
for the foreseeable future, many
in Asia and some in Africa as well.
And they have been clear that
because coal is going to be part
of their energy mix in the future,
they want support for
cleaner coal technology.
There is now a battle over a fuel
that many economies rely on.
There are plans to make
coal cleaner, to use it
without releasing carbon dioxide.
But this is not much of a reality
so far and, in the meantime,
there are warnings that emissions
need to fall rapidly,
not rise, as they are now.
Donald Trump only sent a fledgling
group to the climate conference in
Germany, smaller than they would
normally send, but there has been
representation from the White House
about clean coal, a cleaner fossil
fuel that they say must be part of
the global warming solution. But it
was interrupted. We have pictures of
protesters who went to the
presentation. I understand it was
quite noisy. Let's have a look.
34, natural gas, 35.
SINGING. I was
told noisy, not tuneful.
That is quite a protest. And quite
coordinated. You think nothing is
going to happen and suddenly the
room stands up. There are people who
are mayors, people from states
represented, but the White House in
particular sent a smaller group and
looks -- look at what happened when
they did try to make a presentation.
A roomful of protesters. They will
have to vet the invitations.
This is Beyond 100
Days from the BBC.
Coming up for viewers on the BBC
News Channel and BBC World News -
the warning from European business
leaders to the British Prime
Minister - what they say is at stake
if progress isn't made on reaching
a deal, and fast.
And what does the Last Supper
tell us about Davinci?
We speak to the author who's just
written about the life
That's still to come.
That's still to come.
It is being cold across the UK with
frost around and mountain snow. A
nice picture from the Highlands.
Tomorrow, a little milder will stop
not a lot. Some of us will have a
cold start to the day but overall,
what will happen is cold air sitting
on top of us will be pushed away and
milder and Atlantic air will come
in. There is a lot of cloud,
outbreaks of rain across the North.
In the south this coming night,
relatively dry and temperatures
dipping down to single figures. In
Scotland in the morning, we are
expecting sunshine and this is where
the best of the weather will be on
Tuesday, certainly from the lowlands
northwards. Colder in the Glens. The
central part of the UK, where we
have a weather front, cloud and the
light outbreaks of rain, around 10
degrees. In the south, perhaps
brightness first thing but overall,
it will be a pretty grey day across
England, Wales and to an extent
Northern Ireland. The weather front
across the UK during Tuesday. A fair
bit of cloud, apart from Scotland
and maybe the far north of England.
I expect Newcastle will have
sunshine. Temperatures a little bit
higher than the last few days when
they have been into single figures
across the country. Tuesday night,
we are in for a foggy night.
Potentially. The early hours of
Wednesday could be murky with
reduced visibility almost anywhere
across the UK. Particularly across
the southern half of the country. Mr
and Fogg could be a problem for
early-morning commuters on Wednesday
and fog might linger.
We are holding on to temperatures of
12-13d. On Thursday, rain in western
areas and in the south, temperatures
getting up to 13 degrees.
This is Beyond One Hundred Days,
with me, Katty Kay in Washington.
Christian Fraser's in London.
Our top stories:
More than 400 people are dead
and thousands injured
after a powerful earthquake strikes
near the border
between Iran and Iraq.
Coming up in the next half hour:
Roy Moore should quit
the Alabama Senate race -
that's the call of Senate Majority
leader Mitch McConnell after
allegations of sexual misconduct.
The Church of England says kids
should be able to wear what they
want without judgment.
Let us know your thoughts
by using the hashtag
Beyond One Hundred Days.
As time passes with no
concrete progress in
the Brexit negotiations -
yet, business leaders appear to be
getting more and more nervous.
The tensions in Theresa May's
government are intensifying this
week ahead of a vital vote
on the Brexit Bill, and after two
of her cabinet ministers -
Boris Johnson and Michael Gove -
sent her a forthright letter
demanding that she shape up a bit
when it somes to Brexit.
They've called for a transitional
deal that preserves the status quo,
after Britain leaves the EU
in March 2019.
I am joined in the studio
by Miriam Gonzalez, a lawyer
and former EU trade negotiator.
The major complaint from business
leaders is that they want more
certainty and clarity in the next
few weeks, but the point is this
still got to go to a vote in the EU
Parliament, 27 countries have to
agree, there has to be agreement in
the UK Parliament. Should you not
just robbed prepare for the worst
and hope for the best?
the worst is always a good thing. In
terms of hoping for the best, the
businesspeople want the government
to do something which is more than
just hoping and it does its real
technical negotiating homework. They
are asking for two things, one of
them is certainty and clarity. The
other thing they are asking for is
more energy, more progress. Very
little has happened in one year, and
they just want to see more
indication from the government of
what it is exactly they will be
I say the worst-case
scenario. That be how remained
sealed. Brexiteers might say, if we
walk and there is no deal, that is
the best scenario. Listen to Sir
James Dyson, who was speaking to the
BBC this weekend. He says going to
the WTO rules and walking away from
Europe might be a good thing.
percent of our growth are stewards
outside the EU. But we have already
fallen off a cliff as company
because we already pay a tariff into
Europe. Yet we are one of the
fastest-growing companies in Europe.
One of the fastest-growing
manufacturing companies in Europe
outside the EU, the single market,
the customs union, trading under WTO
That is very much a minority
view and not the view of most of
businesspeople who are represented
at the meeting with the Prime
Minister today. It makes the news
when he says something like that! I
do not think this is a matter of
confidence. Royals will be very
different and so were tariffs. It is
very easy to calculate company by
company what the difference between
operating within the single market
and the customs union is an
operating not only outside that but
operating with WTO only rules.
Everyone can calculate that and that
is why many businesses are anxious.
The level of anxiety has risen a lot
over the last few weeks. That is
taking into account the biggest
issue we still have on the table,
which is the transition period.
There is a lot of misunderstanding
as to what the transition period is.
Businesses calling for a standstill.
But the government has put on the
table is not a standstill. It is the
wind down process that is within
Article 50 which is very different
to a standstill. Business needs to
understand is a bag gap.
hearing Europe has moved on from the
whole Brexit process, they are not
thinking about Britain any more. To
what extent is that not the case for
European businesses? The genuinely
concerned at the moment?
businesses and politicians would all
hope to have an agreement with the
UK. They did want any of this! This
has happened to them, and they are
simply reacting to what has happened
in the UK. There is will to try to
get to an agreement, but the ball is
in the UK Government's court. We
just need to know what the UK
So what are the
chances of turning this from what
some business leaders are calling a
lose lose into a win-win for both
The very first thing we need
is to understand exactly what the
plan is, what the trade framework is
that the government wants to put on
the table for negotiations, and that
is the very first step. We still do
not know. More than one year after
the Brexit referendum, we still do
not know exactly what type of
agreement the UK Government once.
Once they put that on the table,
negotiations can start, and I am
sure it would be with goodwill.
Everybody has to lose if we do not
have an agreement.
Thank you very
much for coming, do come back and
talk to us more. There will be
plenty to talk about! Here is
something I do not understand.
Businesses say they want clarity but
in this instance, even if they get
clarity from London and the British
side, the then still have to go
through the whole European side
where you've got 27 countries
involved, and that could still be
That was the
experience of the Canadians. They
negotiated for many years to get
this deal. It is not the sort of
deal the UK has now within the
single market and Customs union, but
when that went to the vote of the 27
countries, I think Belgium voted
against it, the smallest part of the
European Union. You have to face
facts are that, when this goes
through the process in October if
they get there and as soon as
October, there may be some countries
who do not like the deal, and there
will certainly be dissenting voices
within the European Parliament, and
both have to agree to it.
look other news now. Boris Johnson
has said the MPs that Nazanin
Zaghari-Ratcliffe had been training
journalists but now the government
admits she was visiting family and
has called on Iraq to release on
Today marks two years
since the terrorist attacks
by Islamist militants in Paris,
in which 130 people
lost their lives.
The French President Emmanuel Macron
heard tributes at each site.
His visit took him to Bataclan
nightclub, where 89 people
were killed when gunmen stormed
a rock concert just after the Eagles
of Death Metal had begun performing.
The band returned to Paris to take
part in today's commemoration.
The solution for Catalonia may be
something for other than
independence. The Spanish Prime
Minister has been campaigning. He
says regional elections next month
will help end what he called the
havoc. Bob Geldof says he is handing
back the freedom of the city in
Dublin because the same honour was
given to Aung San Suu Kyi. The Irish
musician and humanitarian activist
described the treatment of the
revenger Muslims matter ethnic
The Majority Leader of the US
Senate Mitch McConnell has become
the latest to say it is time
for Roy Moore to step
aside as a candidate
for an Alabama Senate seat.
It comes after allegations
in the Washington Post that Moore
initiated sexual contact with a 14
year old when he was in his 30s.
Today another woman is coming
forward to say she was assaulted
by Moore as a minor.
But the firebrand judge denies
the allegations and is threatening
to sue the Washington Post.
With us now is the BBC's
North America Editor Jon Sopel.
This is some fairly obscure or
special election in Alabama but it
is suddenly getting an awful lot of
attention because sex?
It is about
sex and the battle between the
establishment Republican party, who
do not like Roy Moore one little
bit, and firebrands who are keen and
pushing Roy Moore to be the standard
bearer for a new type of
republicanism in Washington. We had
Mitch McConnell coming out today,
saying he should step aside. Till
now people have been saying, if it
is the women's allegations proved
correct, who will prove or disprove
it? Why would you disbelieve the
women? And you have had Roy Moore
firing back, the person who should
step aside is Mitch McConnell! He
has failed Conservatives and must be
Beyond Earth row, this
also says something about the leaves
of paedophilia on Alabama because
Republican leaders have been saying
even if he did do this, I would
still vote for him because he's not
transgressions and they may be
apologetic. The abuse of a
14-year-old, I wonder what they
think it was the own daughter who
was the subject of such attention?
Maybe they would take a rather
different view on it. But it shows
just how polarised politics are you
would say, there was a bit of an
indiscretion with a 14-year-old, but
more important we get a Republican
in the Senate than we do someone who
may have an unsavoury past.
stick that the Roy Moorside is
wielding, he has been elected to
various offices within Alabama, this
is just come out now?
trying to play that. But what is
fascinating as well as the various
scenarios that have been sketched
out for what might unfold next,
which is fascinating. You could have
a writing candidate, you could agree
that Republican eggs would be a
better person, the you write their
name on the ballot, and a senator
wins a seat by that way. The other
way suggested is that the Senate, he
gets appointed, wins the election,
goes to the Senate, the modern
inquiry, say, not the person, start
again, and the process goes back to
zero. The more intriguing one, the
Machiavellian mind, is that the seat
is available because Jeff Sessions,
the Attorney General who Donald
Trump has described as we can not
good at doing his job, goes back to
being the senator for Alabama and
hey, presto! You have both
created... Solve the problem of Roy
Moore and got rid of the guy you do
not like as Attorney General! It is
the house of cards on steroids
Never heard that before! And
that is why we have the programme!
That is quite a scenario, that is
You heard it here first!
Exactly. I was going to ask you
whether Roy Moore was the best
option, but clearly not!
I think it
would be tricky. Who else has
recognition? You would have to be
pushed to find another Republican.
Roy Moore is still ten points ahead,
and that is in a poll taken since
these allegations surfaced. 40% of
Alabama Christian evangelicals say
they were still vote for him despite
these allegations. We do do have
some religious figures coming out
and saying, this business of 40
years ago, total red herring, what
did we learn from the Catholic abuse
crisis? It it's a very long time for
the victims of harassment and abuse
to come forward. They seem to be
saying, give these women the benefit
of the doubt. Good news, we will go
down to Alabama to cover this
election, so that should be a fun
This is Beyond One Hundred Days.
Still to come:
The biographer who gives new details
on da Vinci and his works.
From "Four Weddings and a Funeral",
to "Love Actually" and "Bridget
Jones's Diary" he's played
many leading roles.
But in his latest film,
Hugh Grant has been cast
as a self-obsessed, washed up actor.
How did he feel about
being offered the role
of the villain in Paddington 2 -
and the prospect of being
overshadowed by a much loved bear?
What is so special about that bear?
He's a wonderful
character, isn't he?
Well, it's funny, number one,
and it's moving, number two.
And it manages not to be
schmaltzy, which is,
I think, really difficult.
Especially when the whole philosophy
of the film is "be nice to everyone,
be tolerant," you know.
It would be really easy to go yucky.
Just putting you on hold.
But I don't want to.
It's only a haircut, Nelson.
There's nothing to be afraid of.
Come in, take a seat.
We'll go somewhere else.
And an actor playing an actor -
did you enjoy that?
Yes, well, I loved that.
I was able to dip into the dim,
distant past of my career,
when I did do theatre
and met characters not entirely
unlike Phoenix Buchanan,
the guy I play in this film.
He was a big West End star,
and became such a narcissist
that he couldn't bear
working with anyone else.
He's Phoenix Buchanan.
Dad's celebrity client.
I suppose you know who I am?
You're a very famous actor.
Or used to be.
Now you do dog food commercials.
This will be me, in ten years' time.
You think it will?
What about the dog food adverts?
That is his big gig, at the moment.
Hugh, really, dog food adverts?
Well, you never know,
you never know.
I started with adverts.
My career in the '80s was writing
and acting in radio commercials,
including dog food.
Actually, no - we did spoof dog food
- for Red Stripe lager.
The Church of England is saying that
people should be able to dress
however they like.
Dressing up is not just a favourite
activity for the reception class
at this London church primary
school, it's also part
of the curriculum designed
to encourage individuality
and discourage bullying.
The Church of England has
updated its advice for its 4700
schools to protect children who may
be considering transition
from one gender to another.
Being an individual is very
important and respecting everybody's
right to be an individual is very
important to us.
So if children aren't themselves
then they cannot be free
to learn and that's key.
The new guidelines say children
should be allowed to try many cloaks
of identity without being labelled
and that a child may choose
the tutu, princess's tiara,
or a fireman's helmet
without expectation or comment.
Today's guidance is designed
to prevent bullying in schools
like this but, on the issue of human
sexuality, there is deep division
within the Church of England
and some Evangelical Christians see
today's announcement as an attempt
to erode the authority
of the Bible and embrace
an ever-changing culture.
What people expect the Church
of England to do is to set forth
the framework for living as set out
in the Bible.
That we're all made wonderfully
in the image of God,
male and female, and the Church
of England today seems
to have failed in its duty
to say that to the nation.
But the Archbishop of Canterbury,
who expressed his support
for the new guidance in writing
and on social media,
rejects this criticism,
saying no child should be diminished
by being reduced to
a stereotype or a problem.
Steve Jobs, Albert Einstein
and Benjamin Franklin -
they are a few of the towering
figures that author
Walter Isaacson has captured
in his acclaimed biographies.
Now he has set his sights
on Leonardo da Vinci.
Using Leonardo's notebooks
and drawings he shows how
the intersection of art and science
led to a new world of innovation.
For more on this creative genius
and the works which have been
enjoyed by millions, Mr
Isaacson joins us now from New York.
I knew of course that da Vinci had
such a broad reach but I did not
realise how broad until I picked up
your book, astronomy, astrology,
music, military, it was almost as if
the paintings is an afterthought for
He wants to learn about
everything. He sees the patterns of
nature. When he turned that
unnerving master of becoming 30
years old, he writes a job
application to the Duke of Malang,
and it is 11 paragraphs long. The
first ten paragraphs all about
engineering, I can build great
buildings and make weapons of war
and divert rivers. Only in the 11th
paragraph does he say you can paint
as well as anyone. I think it
enjoyed trying to do everything, and
that is what made him the
Then he did also
merge the two. I loved the story in
the book about the process he went
through to produce perhaps the most
famous painting ever painted and the
most famous smile ever painted, that
of the Mona Lisa.
When I looked at
his notebooks, I realised he is
curious about everything and wants
to know every muscle that touches
the lips and which nerves control
those muscles. He dissects the human
eye to show that when you look at
something directly, you see the
black-and-white detail, but on the
edges of your retina, you see
colours and shadows. He is able to
make that smile of the no Mona Lisa
interactive. If you stare at the
tiniest black-and-white details on
the corner of her lips, they are
straight, but the shadows and
colours go up, and over 16 years he
is doing the tiniest of brush
strokes so that it becomes an
emotional painting that interacts
with us. That is why you have to
love both his science and his
anatomy and his optics as well as
his eye to see why he was so
creative and innovative.
saying that, when he dissected
faces, he was actually looking at
how the muscles were working? Is
that the secret as to why this
painting flirts with us?
It is one
of the many secrets. Also the way
the optics work. But there are 16
pages in this notebook where he
dissects every muscle of the face
and how it works. He even discovers
things you a night could discover if
we were more observant, like all
bottom lip is a muscle which is why
you out on your own, but your top
lip is not an independent muscle, it
so you cannot pout out, don't try
this now, you will look silly on
television, but it is why Leonardo
loved every aspect of science and
We were just looking at
pictures of a man which is on the
back of the book, but you also had a
chance to come over here to Windsor
to look at the Royal collection and
the drawings and the Royal
collection. How did you get there
and what did you find when you
looked at the drawings?
Castle has the greatest collection
of the notebook pages from Leonardo
on anatomy, the foetus in the womb,
for example, that beautiful drawing.
They showed how he made most
distinction between art and science.
I was very lucky to meet some of the
people involved in the duration,
Martin Clayton is a great expert on
Leonardo, so I was able to see some
of his drawings, and in other places
study other notebook drawings. But
England is very lucky. It probably
has the greatest collection of
Leonardo's drawings and the virgin
of the locks in the National
You are writing a book
that, if Leonardo da Vinci had been
alive today, he probably would have
been diagnosed with a DD! We would
not be able to comprehend or contain
Leonardo was always
very distracted. He was obsessively
focused at times. He had depression
and anxiety, but also very elated at
times. When people ask me, did he
have a DD or OCD? I say, you are not
supposed to pull down the diagnostic
manual and think, how would we have
treated him or what regiment would
we have put on? Maybe we would have
done that but I doubt we would have
had the Mona Lisa if so. It was good
he was able to deal with his angels
and dragons without his life.
Clearly he would still be
appreciated. I think Sotheby's has a
painting of his going on sale today
that is expected to fetch even more
than you can afford!
credit to Christies. It will
probably go for 115 million dollars.
It is the last Leonardo in private
hands. In Salvador Monday, you see
this beautiful crystal orb and you
see the imagination use it him
getting the crystal right but not
distort Jesus' robes because he's
showing the miraculous quality of
Jesus' stewardess of this world. And
the hand being very sharp because
Leonardo knows that the sharpness
makes it look like the hand is
coming out to you. This is why he's
so creative and why we learn from
Love it! Brilliant. It is
always good to talk to you, thank
you very much indeed for coming on
the programme. Fabulous! They were
enormously tolerant of da Vinci, you
was gay, left-handed, born out of
wedlock and still manage to an
engineering job. Amazing. An amazing
that today he is just as appreciated
and valuable as he was back then. We
will try the experiment, which is
worthy of Leonardo da Vinci. It is a
time space experiment and it is to
with whether you can blow out a
candle on your birthday cake or the
way from London. You blow, and we
will see what happens! Go on. Blow
to my right, I have been told. You
didn't even have two! It went out!
Happy birthday, Christian. I will
eat a bit and you will tell me how
delicious it is! 25, never been
kissed today. I did get a chocolate
cake like that from the team this
morning to have my copy. And I have
had very nice messages from our view
was. I hope you enjoy the cake! We
have to admit the Christian is still
ridiculously young, talented, not
quite da Vinci -esque, but if we
give him a few more years, he will
be up there selling something for
$100 billion at Christie 's, not
Sotheby's. Kristian, my friend,
happy birthday, it is so much fun
working with you. And stay young! Do
you is this tomorrow? Yours, and we
will celebrate it tomorrow! I want a
really big cake!