05/12/2017 Beyond 100 Days


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05/12/2017

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You are watching beyond 100 days,

Donald Trump tells Israelis and

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arrow partners that he's planning to

move the US Embassy to Jerusalem,

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the decision altering years of

American foreign policy and setting

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back efforts to broker the Middle

East peace deal. There could be

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dangerous consequences for making

good on his campaign pledge, the

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Palestinian leader warns Donald

Trump, maybe it is not so bad after

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all, the barbican party decides to

support Roy Moore in Alabama! A

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dramatic U-turn, but many never lost

the faith.

People are trying to

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labour him as a paedophile, and that

word is trying to spread like

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wildfire. -- label.

I don't believe

it. In the last few minutes, Russia

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has been banned from taking part in

the 2018 Winter Olympics.

Also on

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programme: can Prime Minister

Theresa May salvage Brexit talks, it

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seems it is all coming down to the

language. And, a presidential pitch,

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we will look at the music associated

with the White House, providing a

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soundtrack to diplomacy. Get in

touch with us using the hashtag.

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Key American allies are warning

President Trump not to move the US

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embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. We

expect the announcement from the

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White House tomorrow and it is

already prompting concerns

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internationally, a move fraught with

political conversations. Donald

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Trump has been engaged in extensive

telephone diplomacy, calling leaders

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from the region. France and Iraq

have warned against the plan but it

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looks likely the US president will

recognise Jerusalem as Israel's

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capital. Joining us now, North

America editor, John Sobel. Why is

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he doing this now, he has so many

issues on his plate internationally,

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it is not an issue you hear the base

talking about?

He has long made a

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pledge, he said he wanted to move

the embassy from Tel Aviv to

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Jerusalem in his campaign.

-- Jon

Sopel.

He said he wanted to

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recognise Jerusalem as the capital

of Israel. A lot of people I have

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spoken to who have been part of the

thinking process, they say he

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started with a very limited amount

of knowledge, has been a steep

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climbing curve to get him to this

point, but it looks like he wants to

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go ahead with making good on the

pledge. And it is bringing an

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extraordinarily response back, some

of which you have outlined. He spoke

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with the Jordanian king, the

speaking with the Jordanians, it

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will undermine efforts to the peace

process, and inflaming Muslims and

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Christians alike. Saudi Arabia has

said it will have a detrimental

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effect. The arrow bleak, dangerous

measure that would have

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repercussions. In the past, Donald

Trump has ignored warnings like

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that, about America in the climate

change deal. Will he ignore all

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these warnings? That is what we

don't know.

Who is it in America

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pushing him to do this?

A sizeable

lobby has wanted this measure to be

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taken back, the eight pack group,

the pro-Israel lobby, is behind

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this. -- Apac. And many Christian

groups are very supportive of Israel

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and feel it is an important message

that must be sent, but against all

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that, he will be totally aware of

just how many people are saying this

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is a dangerous move, the status of

Jerusalem, what happens after you

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have negotiated a settlement, not

before.

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A man riding point on this, his

son-in-law, Jared Kushner, a man who

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is not exactly steeped in foreign

policy experience.

Know, one of the

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more eyebrow raising things that we

got to learn about when Donald Trump

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said his son-in-law would deliver

the ultimate deal of peace in the

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Middle East. As I say, I have heard

from people who have been in

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conversations with him, that he is

immensely charming but when

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questioned on the detail of Middle

East peace policy, he can become

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rather brittle and does not want to

get involved in some of the detailed

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conversations about it. This is an

immensely thorny issue that

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diplomats around the world and in

America have been trying to deal

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with, ever since the formation of

the state of Israel in 1948 and they

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come back to some of the same issues

every time. What happens to the US

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embassy? What happens to work the

capital is situated? Those issues

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are not easy to resolve.

Those are

crucial issues indeed, the thoughts

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of our Middle East correspondent

now, from Jerusalem, on why this is

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such a sensitive issue for both

sides.

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Israel sees Jerusalem as its eternal

undivided capital, it has long been

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a source of frustration that there

is not recognition of its full is

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referring to over the city.

Palestinians want East Jerusalem as

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the future independent state's

capital. It has been the consensus

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for a long time that the status of

the city should be decided in a

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negotiated peace deal between Israel

and the Palestinians. -- that there

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is not recognition of sovereignty.

It was captured in the Middle East

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war, annexed in a move that is not

recognised internationally, so that

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is all the sensitivities, and at the

moment, all countries that have an

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embassy in Israel, they keep them in

or close to Tel Aviv and have

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consulates in Jerusalem, this is a

big departure by Donald Trump.

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Joining us now, Dennis Ross, served

as Middle East adviser to multiple

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administrations, now at the

Washington Institute for

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International responsibility, are

these mutually is elusive, advancing

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the peace process and moving the

embassy to Jerusalem.

Not

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necessarily but it depends upon how

it is done, if it is done as though

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it is a move that will be made over

time, number one, if it is done in a

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way that the president says clearly,

this is not prejudging the final

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status of the city, that still must

be negotiated, the ancient

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boundaries, Palestinian claims, all

that must be resolved in

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negotiations. If he frames the issue

that way, we can manage it then.

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We'll have to see what he says when

he makes the announcement but there

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are concerns among Palestinians that

this looks like President Trump has

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accepted the Israelis position on

one of the key final status issues.

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There is no issue more sensitive or

provocative than Jerusalem. The

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Palestinians... They cannot appear

to be conceding the issue of

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Jerusalem without ever having had a

chance to, in a sense, make their

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case, in negotiations, ensuring

their position is represented.

I am

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an old cynic(!) armour king salmon

of Saudi Arabia, tells Donald Trump

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that transferring the US embassy to

Jerusalem is a dangerous step that

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would inflame feelings... And yet,

Jared Kushner, on the ground, spent

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a lot of time with the Crown Prince,

there is no way, surely, that the

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United States would take a decision

like this without Saudi Arabia being

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involved. That is the line we get

from Reuters news agency.

It would

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be shocking to say the least if the

US make this decision without

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running it by the Saudis in advance.

It is quite possible that in fact,

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when Jared Kushner was seeing the

Crown prince, that this issue was

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not joined. One of the best ways to

ensure that you manage this issue

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would have been in a sense to

preview it and refute it in advance

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with all your Arabic partners. And

basically, elicit what would be

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their suggestions about how to frame

this decision, give them time

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themselves to adjust to it and

create a public posture on it which

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allows them to have an explanation.

What you do not want to do with the

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arrogant and especially the Saudis

is denied them their cover on an

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issue that is so sensitive to them.

You do not want to put them into a

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position where they have to walk

away from us, because we will need

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them in any effort that is designed

to break the stalemate between

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Israelis and Palestinians.

We should

not underestimate how dangerous this

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is, according to reports in the

Washington Post, the word has gone

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out to embassies in the region that

they need to increase security.

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Again, did not quite hear that...

There are concerns in US embassies

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around the world about security as a

response to this announcement.

I

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think that it is a prudent course of

action, to put yourself in a

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position where you anticipate that

there could be an effort by the

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enemies of peace to miss portray

this and suggest that in fact, this

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is already conceding all giving the

issue of Jerusalem away, taking away

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from the arrows what they see as

being a core interests of various.

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It is not surprising that some may

try to foment backlash and violence

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against it, it is a prudent course

to ensure security measures have

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been taken.

Thank you very much for

coming in. Countries around the

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world often say this issue is

terribly important to them, as you

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were suggesting, not always as

important as they might suggest. In

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the course of this programme, we

will talk about a couple of thorny

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issues, Middle East peace process,

Middle East, and also Ireland and

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the Northern Irish issue, two issues

which we may have thought would have

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been resolved over the course of the

last decade(!) but which are still

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with us and still cause an enormous

amount of headaches!

It is we only

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have one hour here, how long do we

have...

LAUGHTER.

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To deal with these...

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Some Russian athletes who can prove

that they are clean will be able to

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appear in South Korea, under a

neutral flag.

Thanks sponsored

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doping at the Sochi Olympics.

The

president of the International

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Olympic committee has delivered the

decision at a press conference just

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a short time ago.

Russian Olympic

community is suspended with

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immediate effect. Clean Russian

athletes will be able to participate

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at the Winter Olympics under strict

conditions in 2018. These invited

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athletes will participate in

individual or team competitions

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under the name Olympic athlete from

Russia. They will have the acronym,

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OAR and they will compete with a

uniform bearing this name and under

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the Olympic flag. The Olympic anthem

will be played in any ceremony. No

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official of the Russian Ministry of

sport will be accredited for the

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Olympic Winter games in 2018.

I'm

joined by a correspondent from the

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BBC's Russia network, those who pass

the drugs test, presumably, they

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will compete as Olympic athlete from

Russia... How will that go down at

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home?

It is hard to know what will

happen. We are awaiting reaction

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from the Kremlin, even though it is

quite late in Russia. I guess, if

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the decision will be taken, and

there is a possibility that Russia

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may decide to boycott the games, of

course there will be a lot of

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pressure on individual athletes to

follow that decision. Of course, at

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the same time, if you athletes

before the decision was taken have

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said that they are eager and ready

to compete under a neutral flag.

Did

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that at the World Championships.

Exactly, some received harsh

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criticism at home, others said they

are doing the right thing, but

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whichever decision is going to be

taken by the Kremlin, there will be

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a lot of pressure on each athlete.

I'm just reading here, from the

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president of the Russian Bobsleigh

Federation, he has told Reuters he

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is shocked, Russian state television

has already said they will not show

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the Winter Olympics in Russia...

Does this kind of a ruling by the

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IOC to say certain amount of

embarrassment, does it leads to the

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decision that we ought to change the

way we treat athlete and the doping

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issue?

At the moment, I would say,

mostly, it produces outrage, people

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are furious, state television uses

harsh words, describing the

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situation... Actually, this was the

main active which was given by state

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television over the past few months,

they have said, old allegations are

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no evidence behind it, all politics.

They keep repeating those words.

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Popular opinion needs to that side

rather than thinking, what would

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have happened, and their reaction --

and, at the moment, the man whose

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whistle-blowing taught us a lot

about Russian doping techniques, he

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is called a traitor.

Thank you very

much for joining us.

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One of the mysteries of the Senate

race in Alabama has been why

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evangelicals are so keen

to stick with the Republican

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candidate Roy Moore.

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After all he's been accused by 8

women of sexually harassing them

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when they were teenagers,

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one of the women says

she was just 14.

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So how do evangelical voters

square these accusations

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with their own faith?

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What's their argument for sticking

with a candidate who's accused

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of molesting a child?

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The BBC's Barbara Plett Usher has

been to Alabama to find out.

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On a Sunday morning in Alabama,

almost everyone goes to church, and

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more than half the state's

Christians are white evangelical

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Christians, they see it as holding

the line against moral decay. But,

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they are standing with Roy Moore,

despite allegations of immoral

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behaviour. Karen is a long-time

supporter, the accusations of sexual

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misconduct sound to her like a

political smear campaign, coming as

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they did one month before the Senate

election.

I think people are trying

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to label him as a paedophile, that

word is trying to spread like

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wildfire, and I do not believe it.

Would you change your support for

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him if they turned out to be true?

If there was proof.

But the way you

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describe it...

There cannot be

proved. There cannot be proved,

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unless he admitted it, I guess.

He

certainly has not, in effect calling

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the victims liars, is using the

pulpits to issue the denials.

Let's

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have a word of prayer.

They are not

looking for proof here because he's

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one of their own, a champion of

their fight against issues like

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abortion and sex marriage.

If you

are going to be public in your

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endorsement of Jesus, expect

opposition.

-- same-sex marriage. He

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believes political power is needed

to restore America's Christian

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groups.

We have seen this country

going to the left, leaving things it

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never did the first 200 years of

this country's existence, a lot of

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that is fed by Hollywood and things

like that. He's one of the few that

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I have met, that I have voted for,

that you can count on, when he gets

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in there, that he will do what he

said he would do.

Roy Moore has a

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loyal following here in the bible

belt, the reputation as a crusader

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for traditional values, but there

are plenty in Alabama who say he is

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not there are kind of question. A

diverse coalition of Christian

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leaders felt compelled to speak out

in response to the evangelical

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support for Roy Moore and they are

not the only ones. Colin Hansen is a

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conservative evangelical who says he

cannot vote for either candidate.

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The only reason we have this

conversation right now is because

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both candidates are extreme in one

way or another.

He is talking about

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abortion, Roy Moore's opponent, Doug

Jones, supports no restrictions at

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all. But there are also damaging

combo mice is made by Roy Moore's

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abortus.

The real question, for

Evangelicals, is there any single

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thing that a Conservative or

Republican candidate could do that

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would make you not vote for him...!

And I have not yet heard an answer.

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The election has become a showcase

for the link between religion and

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politics and the power this has two

shape Washington but it has also

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forced a spiritual debate about the

essence of Christianity in America's

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Conservative heartland.

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STUDIO:

Mr Moore is not the only US

politician in the spotlight.

0:17:490:17:52

Today the longest standing member

of Congress, Democrat John Conyers,

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announced he's retiring.

0:17:540:17:55

He is being investigated

for sexual abuse,

0:17:550:17:57

though he insists that's not

why he's going.

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The 88-year-old is a veteran

of the civil rights movement but now

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he's leaving under a cloud

of suspicion and his

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legacy will be tainted

by the manner of his departure.

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There have been a series

of accusations against him

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from former staff members.

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David Catanese

reports for US News

and World report and joins me now.

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I suppose it is no surprise that

John Conyers had to go, is the

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movement that happened in America's

corporate society now moving into

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politics? Will we see politicians

increasingly held to account?

I

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think so but it will be

case-by-case, Senator Al Franken of

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Al Franken has been accused and is

not stepping down. The difference

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has been that in corporations in the

media, these guys have bosses. In

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politics, the only boss is the

ballot box, and in the case of John

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Conyers, there was... Nantyglo see

put pressure on him, and that became

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unsustainable for him, to stay in

that seat, especially because

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Democrats believe they can win back

the house and he would be a

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lingering distraction if he said he

was staying on.

Another exception,

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Roy Moore, looks like he's getting

the support not just of the

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president but the Republican Party

has decided to finance him again.

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Why have Republicans who just three

weeks ago were so determined to say,

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this guy is no good, he is a stain

on the Republican Party, this is not

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what our values are, suddenly

falling in line.

Three weeks ago

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they use that to pressure him to get

out, they said, we will not support

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you, if you win, we will expel you,

that was supposed to be a threat to

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move him out but it did not work...

He went underground to an extent,

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got away from the media, and then...

Sort of distracted by all these

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other allegations that came on with

other politicians, other men in the

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media full. Now the polls look

better for him. The answer to your

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question, they think he could win

and that becomes a much more

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difficult question, if he wins and

is there, than to go through a

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Senate and ethics investigation and

expel him, they have to deal with

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that, it is very uncomfortable for a

lot of Republicans.

The Senate

0:20:050:20:09

Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has

said, if he is elected, Roy Moore

0:20:090:20:12

will face a Senate ethics

investigation immediately.

A

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colleague of hours were saying they

did this with Donald Trump, after

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the access Hollywood takes, there

was distance, condemnation, and then

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they went and rallied behind him

again.

Absolutely, waiting it out,

0:20:230:20:31

for the campaign of Roy Moore, they

thought they could wait this out, if

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these accusations dropped yesterday

or today and it would have been a

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week-long story, then I think it is

a different race and it becomes much

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more difficult for Roy Moore to make

it through that storm, but because

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of the media cycle, because this

happened three weeks ago, sad to

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say, attention was diverted to other

things! And then you had a

0:20:510:20:55

Republican base have problems with

Doug Jones, more of his record got

0:20:550:21:01

exposed, particularly on abortion,

like your package pointed out. They

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knew it was a confluence of that.

This is still a competitive race,

0:21:050:21:09

only a couple of points, looks

close, most Republicans now that I

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speak to think why more is going to

pull this out.

This is from Michael

0:21:130:21:19

Steele, former RNC chairman, tweet

here, Republican, of course, he

0:21:190:21:24

says, or refusal to acknowledge that

you have endorsed an alleged

0:21:240:21:28

paedophile for the sake of a vote

tells me Roy Moore will be a trump

0:21:280:21:31

puppet...

0:21:310:21:34

He went on to say on MSNBC that they

will pay a price for this, the

0:21:350:21:43

Republicans, that the Democrats will

explore what they have done in

0:21:430:21:45

Alabama.

Yes, that is true, I have

seen press releases from state

0:21:450:21:50

Democratic parties around the

country asking Republican

0:21:500:21:53

candidates, do you stand with Roy

Moore or do you stand with Mitch

0:21:530:21:57

McConnell? That will be a question

that I think Democrats opposed to

0:21:570:22:01

every Republican, but I also think,

if he wins, you will have some

0:22:010:22:05

Republican voices saying he needs to

be expelled, the chairman of the

0:22:050:22:11

national Republican committee,

called for his expulsion, if he won

0:22:110:22:14

the seat, I asked his office twice

yesterday, does he stand by that

0:22:140:22:20

statement? They did not get back to

me. Some of these Republicans will

0:22:200:22:24

be pressured if Roy Moore is seeded,

to move on with the investigation

0:22:240:22:30

and move to expel him.

Thank you

very much for joining us, so

0:22:300:22:34

interesting.

On the Eurostar back

from Brussels today, I have been

0:22:340:22:40

following your tweets, all of the

tweets of our colleagues, and I have

0:22:400:22:44

also been reading BBC online. I have

picked up something that relates to

0:22:440:22:47

what you have been talking about,

and it is about the fear that women

0:22:470:22:51

who were coming forward now have

about a backlash. You can tell that

0:22:510:22:57

I have been on the Eurostar. Tell us

what you think is happening.

It is

0:22:570:23:03

interesting, quite a controversial

issue to even raise, Christian,

0:23:030:23:07

surprisingly so, women do not want

to look like they are appeasing

0:23:070:23:11

harassers in this particular moment

but there is a fear of a backlash

0:23:110:23:14

and a fear that full is accuses will

be publicised and that could

0:23:140:23:18

undermine all the other women who

come out with allegations. We saw

0:23:180:23:22

that with the Washington Post story

a couple of weeks ago. Also a fear

0:23:220:23:26

that corporations and mail bosses

could stop helping women in the

0:23:260:23:32

workplace, they may want to stop

having meetings alone with them or

0:23:320:23:36

dinners alone or stop inviting them

to meetings, I have already heard

0:23:360:23:40

corporate executives say this,

Frankie, it'll be to employ a man,

0:23:400:23:44

hire a man, than a young woman. That

would mean that women in the

0:23:440:23:49

workforce would be at a disadvantage

and the last thing we want is for

0:23:490:23:52

women to be hurt by the movement.

There is concern that there will be

0:23:520:23:55

a backlash against...

You think the

very weight of harmony women are

0:23:550:24:01

involved at the moment could

eventually get men saying, well...

0:24:010:24:06

Men have said to me, I am sure you

have heard this, goodness, I cannot

0:24:060:24:11

say you look good, I cannot come in

your appearance, otherwise I will be

0:24:110:24:14

done for harassment. Being said in a

jokey way but the fear is that tends

0:24:140:24:19

to present if there is a sense of

overreach, if men feel they are

0:24:190:24:23

condemned just because they are men,

that could come back to her women.

0:24:230:24:27

Let's move way up to space! LAUGHTER

As fresh a perspective is possible

0:24:270:24:32

on this programme. Christian loves

space stories, this is something

0:24:320:24:37

just for him.

0:24:370:24:47

These series of photos were taken

from the International Space Station

0:24:520:24:54

and show the northwest

corner of Australia.

0:24:540:24:56

The images were actually stitched

together into a time-lapse video.

0:24:560:24:58

They show the inland areas

near Port Hedland and Broome,

0:24:580:25:01

before heading towards South

Australia.

0:25:010:25:02

The pictures were taken by the

Italian astronaut, Paulo Nespoli.

0:25:020:25:04

Here he is in the middle.

0:25:040:25:06

Over the weekend he was missing

Italian food so much that NASA

0:25:060:25:09

sent up the ingredients

for a pizza party.

0:25:090:25:11

Quite literally out of this world.

0:25:110:25:18

You know how eet ees,

when you are away from mama.

0:25:180:25:23

LAUGHTER.

0:25:230:25:27

Must be the most inventive beliefs

pizza delivery service in the

0:25:270:25:31

history of the world! -- most

expensive pizza delivery service.

0:25:310:25:35

Having been the Italian, I think you

need to spend the doe... Maybe that

0:25:350:25:39

is what you need to do, going into

zero gravity!

0:25:390:25:47

This is Beyond 100

Days from the BBC.

0:25:470:25:49

Coming up for viewers on the BBC

News Channel and BBC World News,

0:25:490:25:52

will there be more handshakes

by the end of the week?

0:25:520:25:55

Can the British Prime Minister find

a Brexit deal and one

0:25:550:25:58

that will satisfy the EU

and her Northern Ireland partners?

0:25:580:26:00

And White House harmonies,

0:26:000:26:01

the music that's defined

the American presidency.

0:26:010:26:06

Looking forward to that.

0:26:060:26:11

Another rather grey but mild day for

many of us, here is one of the

0:26:110:26:14

weather watcher pictures:

0:26:140:26:16

pretty quiet, that is not going to

last, the reason the swell of cloud

0:26:190:26:23

in the Atlantic is the next named

storm on the horizon, Storm

0:26:230:26:27

Caroline, West effects of which will

be felt in northern Scotland on

0:26:270:26:31

Thursday, we will get to that in a

moment. Overnight, turning breezy

0:26:310:26:34

across the UK, quite windy in

north-west Scotland, wet throughout

0:26:340:26:39

the night. Patchy light rain and

drizzle, Wales, western England.

0:26:390:26:44

Away from north-west Scotland,

places will be dry and cloudy, there

0:26:440:26:47

is a flow of mild air coming in from

the South South West. For Wednesday,

0:26:470:26:51

much of England and Wales will stay

dry, patchy drizzle perhaps over the

0:26:510:26:55

week

hills, writer breaks to the

east, for Northern Ireland and into

0:26:550:27:00

Scotland, outbreaks of rain, some

spots, eastern Scotland, especially

0:27:000:27:05

Moray and Aberdeenshire, should stay

dry. Maybe 13, 14 Celsius. Wind

0:27:050:27:11

freshening all the while, gales

developing, going into Wednesday

0:27:110:27:15

evening and Wednesday night. Worse

to come coming in for Thursday.

0:27:150:27:19

Storm Caroline passes to the north.

Closer to the centre of the

0:27:190:27:23

low-pressure, a stronger wind,

repeatedly across northern Scotland,

0:27:230:27:28

where we will probably see gusts

around 80 mph. Some pretty strong

0:27:280:27:32

gusts can be felt elsewhere in

Scotland, parts of Northern Ireland

0:27:320:27:35

and northern England. We will keep

you updated. All the while, we will

0:27:350:27:40

see it turning colder from the

North, with a band of school e-rain

0:27:400:27:44

pushing its way through, showers

turning increasingly wintry in the

0:27:440:27:47

cold air, all the way from the

Arctic as Storm Caroline moves away.

0:27:470:27:52

Cold air plunging south across the

UK, Thursday night, into Friday, we

0:27:520:27:56

will see some snow showers around,

particularly across northern and

0:27:560:28:00

western parts of the UK. I see in

places as Friday begins. Blizzards

0:28:000:28:06

into Highland Scotland. -- icy

places. Sunshine to come, will not

0:28:060:28:11

do much for the temperature. -- with

a band of squally rain. We have

0:28:110:28:22

Storm Caroline on the way, wet and

windy weather around. Particularly

0:28:220:28:26

in Scotland. Snow and ice there in

the week.

0:28:260:28:31

This is Beyond One Hundred Days,

with me Katty Kay in Washington -

0:30:070:30:10

Christian Fraser's in London.

0:30:100:30:11

Our top stories.

0:30:110:30:13

The Palestinian, Egyptian

and Jordanian leaders are warning

0:30:130:30:15

President Trump that moving the US

embassy to Jerusalem would damage

0:30:150:30:21

the Middle East peace process.

0:30:210:30:30

Russia is banned from the Winter

Olympics but denies any wrongdoing.

0:30:300:30:39

The US Special Counsel,

0:30:390:30:40

Robert Mueller, is reported to have

asked Germany's Deutsche Bank

0:30:400:30:42

to provide information on accounts

held by President Trump

0:30:420:30:44

and his family.

0:30:440:30:45

Coming up in the next half hour.

0:30:450:30:47

Can a president of the

United States even be tried

0:30:470:30:49

for obstruction of justice?

0:30:490:30:50

The White House lawyer has

sparked quite a debate.

0:30:500:30:53

Billy Bush lost his job

after the infamous Access Hollywood

0:30:530:30:55

tape with Donald Trump.

0:30:550:30:56

Now he's speaking out

on the president's comments.

0:30:560:30:58

Let us know your thoughts

by using the hashtag

0:30:580:31:00

'Beyond-One-Hundred-Days'.

0:31:000:31:02

Special Prosecutor Bob Mueller has

subpoenaed Deutsche bank

0:31:020:31:04

for information on accounts held

by Donald Trump and his family.

0:31:040:31:40

Deutsche Bank is Trump's biggest

lender - and it does a lot

0:31:400:31:43

of business in Russia.

0:31:430:31:53

There is some argument that the

president is not subject to

0:32:050:32:09

indictment while still in office. I

think it is clear that

0:32:090:32:14

indictment while still in office. I

think it is clear that the president

0:32:140:32:15

can commit a federal crime just like

any other citizen in this country.

0:32:150:32:22

Well this is as much of a political

process as a criminal process and in

0:32:220:32:30

the case of Watergate the Republican

party was prepared to go against its

0:32:300:32:35

own president.

This is the ultimate

distinction between the impeachment

0:32:350:32:39

process, which is in the hands of

the Congress, and the criminal

0:32:390:32:43

justice process which is in the

hands of professional prosecutors.

0:32:430:32:51

Ultimately President Nixon, the

Republican support he had in the

0:32:510:32:54

House of Representatives evaporated

when he was required to turn over

0:32:540:32:59

the damning tapes that showed that

he was up to his armpits in a

0:32:590:33:04

conspiracy to obstruct justice. The

same might be true with respect to

0:33:040:33:08

President Trump because he still has

more oil Republicans in the House of

0:33:080:33:12

Representatives who might shield him

from the consequences of any

0:33:120:33:15

misconduct he is found to have

engaged in and I think the key to

0:33:150:33:19

this is what Mueller decides to do

with the evidence he has.

We had

0:33:190:33:28

Michael Moore on yesterday and he

described Mueller is the kung fu

0:33:280:33:33

master of prosecutions, he knows how

to apply pressure and when. So at

0:33:330:33:38

the beginning of his investigation

he seems to have focused on the

0:33:380:33:44

periphery and now he is going after

the money, looking at Deutsche Bank.

0:33:440:33:48

What is the president going to do

about that?

I think the president

0:33:480:33:52

has said that could be a red line

and that might be perhaps the

0:33:520:33:57

strongest demonstration of the

president being worried about what

0:33:570:34:04

Mueller could find in probing the

financial relationships that

0:34:040:34:06

connecting craps through Deutsche

Bank to some of the Russian

0:34:060:34:11

oligarchs. I think perhaps that is

what I would call the consciousness

0:34:110:34:16

of guilt and normally in this line

of work you find the more someone

0:34:160:34:23

complains about a line of

investigation but more likely it is

0:34:230:34:26

that there is something a person

does not want to be uncovered.

Where

0:34:260:34:31

do you stand on the tweet he sent

out at the weekend pretty much

0:34:310:34:34

accepting that he knew that general

Flynn had lied to the FBI, do you

0:34:340:34:38

think that in itself has

implications for the president in

0:34:380:34:44

terms of obstruction of justice?

I

think it does and the president is

0:34:440:34:50

his own worst enemy, in the

Washington Post a couple of months

0:34:500:34:56

ago after his first week in which he

admitted the reason he had fired

0:34:560:35:00

James Comey was he wanted to bring

an end to the Russian investigation,

0:35:000:35:05

now he has apparently admitted he

knew that his national security

0:35:050:35:09

adviser Mike Flynn had committed a

federal felony lying to the FBI

0:35:090:35:15

before the president asked James

Comey to give Mike Flynn a pass and

0:35:150:35:21

that the president then fired James

Comey when he refused to professes

0:35:210:35:26

loyalty and to yield to the

president and his encouragement to

0:35:260:35:30

drop the case. I think this latest

one makes the case of obstruction of

0:35:300:35:35

justice that much more clear and

compelling. And I would think under

0:35:350:35:41

normal standards the president would

be in jeopardy.

Obviously you're not

0:35:410:35:47

inside the country investigation but

you know how they work, and I'm sure

0:35:470:35:51

that you could read the legal team

leaves, how serious doesn't look to

0:35:510:35:56

you for the president from a

criminal charges point of view at

0:35:560:35:59

the moment?

Forgetting the politics

for the moment. Well one element is

0:35:590:36:04

did his conduct run foul of the

elements of the criminal federal

0:36:040:36:11

statutes specifically. I think the

evidence we now have suggested he

0:36:110:36:13

did. The second question is whether

as his lawyers say the president

0:36:130:36:19

really cannot commit a crime,

because he's the chief executive of

0:36:190:36:23

the country, I think that is nothing

short of nonsensical. As was

0:36:230:36:30

established in the Nixon tapes case,

the president as everyone else is

0:36:300:36:33

subject to the law. The trickiest

question is whether the president

0:36:330:36:38

may be indicted and charged with a

crime while still in office. As

0:36:380:36:42

opposed to having to wait until he

has left office. I think that is

0:36:420:36:47

where the rubber meets the road. My

own view is that a president is

0:36:470:36:52

subject to indictment while still in

office and that is separate from the

0:36:520:36:56

impeachment process.

No doubt we

will be returning to this. Thank

0:36:560:37:00

you. Well if you look at the last

ten days it has been a pretty good

0:37:000:37:10

ten days for the president, tax

reforms have got to the committee

0:37:100:37:14

stage and into the Senate and then

what else, something else as well.

0:37:140:37:21

The Supreme Court yesterday upheld

his ban on visas for Muslim

0:37:210:37:30

countries. It looks like the tax

reform Bill will pass. You could

0:37:300:37:34

make a strong case that we're

closing year on a high for the

0:37:340:37:38

president. Roy Moore may get elected

so they hold the Senate majority,

0:37:380:37:43

more good news for him. I should

point out though we have had recent

0:37:430:37:48

polling in the last few days and his

approval ratings, which were around

0:37:480:37:52

the summer around 38%, have slipped

around 34%. So those numbers not do

0:37:520:37:57

any better at the moment.

0:37:570:38:02

Theresa May is under growing

pressure to find a way forward

0:38:020:38:05

after Brexit talks broke down

on Monday over the future

0:38:050:38:07

of Northern Ireland's

border with the Republic.

0:38:070:38:09

A deal on this first phase

of negotiations has to be in place

0:38:090:38:12

before next week's summit so talks

can move on to trade.

0:38:120:38:16

The UK opposition Labour party has

called Theresa May's

0:38:160:38:19

efforts an embarrassment.

0:38:190:38:21

Now, former Tory leader

Iain Duncan Smith says it's nearly

0:38:210:38:23

time to walk away from the talks

altogether - as our political editor

0:38:230:38:27

Laura Kuenssberg reports.

0:38:270:38:30

You can shake hands

as much as you like.

0:38:300:38:36

Are you confident of a deal?

0:38:360:38:37

But it does not mean

there will be a deal,

0:38:370:38:41

the Spanish leader one of dozens

she has to get onside.

0:38:410:38:45

There are a couple of issues we need

to work on, but I will be

0:38:450:38:49

reconvening in Brussels

later this week.

0:38:490:38:59

It is this band she needs right

now, the DUP's ten MPs,

0:39:020:39:05

feeling their power in every step.

0:39:050:39:08

They refused to back Theresa May's

deal in Brussels over Ireland border

0:39:080:39:15

which they fear will put

Northern Ireland on a different path

0:39:150:39:18

to the rest of the UK.

0:39:180:39:19

The text we were shown late

yesterday did not translate

0:39:190:39:22

what we had been told in general

conversations into reality.

0:39:220:39:24

Would you be willing

to see the deal fail?

0:39:240:39:27

We do not want to see the talks fail

and we do not want to see no deal,

0:39:270:39:32

we want a sensible Brexit.

0:39:320:39:41

Yesterday's collapse provoked

arguments on all sides

0:39:410:39:43

with some believing Scotland,

Wales and some sectors

0:39:430:39:45

of the economy should get special

status but in Dublin a clear

0:39:450:39:50

message, no budging,

clinging to the agreement

0:39:500:39:55

that the North and south mirror

each other's regulations.

0:39:550:39:57

The ball is in London's

court, the Prime Minister

0:39:570:40:00

and the European Commission

and negotiating teams have

0:40:000:40:01

asked for more time.

0:40:020:40:06

Number 10 believes it could be back

on by the end of the week,

0:40:060:40:09

sorted by Christmas.

0:40:090:40:10

But the failure yesterday meant

a barrage of attacks in the Commons.

0:40:100:40:13

What an embarrassment.

0:40:130:40:23

If the price of the Prime

Minister's approach

0:40:240:40:26

is the break-up of the union

0:40:260:40:27

and reopening of bitter divides

in Northern Ireland

0:40:270:40:29

the price is too high.

0:40:290:40:30

The suggestion we might depart

the European Union but leave one

0:40:300:40:33

part of the UK inside the single

market and customs union

0:40:330:40:36

is emphatically not something the UK

Government is considering.

0:40:360:40:46

But there is no agreement

in cabinet about what happens next.

0:40:460:40:56

A former leader telling the BBC it

might be time to walk away.

0:40:560:41:00

It is a game played out over power

and the answer boils down

0:41:000:41:03

to who will call the shots on this?

0:41:030:41:07

Right now, we have to say not good

enough, we cannot pay this price.

0:41:070:41:12

You are saying to Brussels,

back off, or we will walk?

0:41:120:41:16

The statement is more

straightforward, you need to change

0:41:160:41:21

this process and to back off,

otherwise we get on with

0:41:210:41:23

other arrangements.

0:41:230:41:27

The Prime Minister and DUP are yet

to talk directly today.

0:41:270:41:32

Theresa May is not in total control

of her relationships

0:41:320:41:34

with friends or rivals.

0:41:340:41:40

We have been speaking

to Lord Trimble, former

0:41:400:41:43

First Minister of Northern Ireland

and one of the architects

0:41:430:41:45

of the Good Friday Agreement.

0:41:460:41:47

I asked him why the language

in yesterday's document outlining

0:41:470:41:49

a deal on the Border,

had been so important?

0:41:490:41:58

The Irish government behaved

yesterday and as I understood today

0:41:580:42:01

as if what was being discussed was

something that was going to have the

0:42:010:42:04

regulatory arrangements common to

Northern Ireland, Republic of

0:42:040:42:10

Ireland into the future and that is

not the position of the British

0:42:100:42:13

Government as I understand it. I

understand this regulatory alignment

0:42:130:42:17

is only going to apply to existing

cooperative arrangements and not any

0:42:170:42:23

future ones and does not have

general application. A hugely

0:42:230:42:27

different position. And it is that

difference that causes the problem

0:42:270:42:31

because the Irish brief, the

journalists who came away with the

0:42:310:42:38

briefing saying that this was going

to apply generally and that caused

0:42:380:42:42

huge difficulties for the DUP.

Some

people would say this is pretty

0:42:420:42:48

great stuff, regulatory alignment,

what does mean but it is fundamental

0:42:480:42:51

to what Brexit is all about because

the Brexiteers here in London have

0:42:510:42:57

not yet had a conversation within

cabinet about what kind of Brexit we

0:42:570:43:01

will have, what kind of future

trading relationship we will have.

0:43:010:43:04

So if you set the terms for Northern

Ireland before knowing whether rest

0:43:040:43:08

of the UK is going, you're asking

the DUP to take an extraordinary

0:43:080:43:14

leap into the dark.

You're asking

the British Government then to agree

0:43:140:43:18

to something before they have

reached negotiations, this goes back

0:43:180:43:22

to something which we should perhaps

have been firmer with the beginning

0:43:220:43:27

because the EU proposals as to how

the negotiations would proceed were

0:43:270:43:31

not terribly good. And the huge

mistake was to put negotiations on

0:43:310:43:39

the future trading relationship

right at the end of the queue where

0:43:390:43:41

it should have been right at the

front of the queue because it is the

0:43:410:43:44

big issue. And the other issue of

how to deal with the Irish border is

0:43:440:43:52

secondary because until we know what

the trading arrangements are,

0:43:520:43:56

whether there will still be

terrorists and the nature of those

0:43:560:44:00

tariffs, whether they will be other

provisions, the cynic would say this

0:44:000:44:03

was done by the European Commission

to put maximum pressure on the

0:44:030:44:09

British Government. That is not a

sensible way to proceed. That has

0:44:090:44:14

contributed to the present

difficulties.

It is almost 20 years

0:44:140:44:18

since you helped negotiate the Good

Friday agreement. This issue of the

0:44:180:44:25

border, as raising tensions between

nationalists and unionists and

0:44:250:44:28

Dublin, perhaps not surprising to

you but I wonder if you think there

0:44:280:44:32

is a border solution that would

satisfy all the parties involved.

We

0:44:320:44:37

could wrap it up as soon as we know

what the trading arrangements are.

0:44:370:44:42

Whose fault was it then that talks

broke down yesterday?

Well

0:44:420:44:47

personally I think the Irish

briefing, the briefing to the press,

0:44:470:44:53

the British press, resulted in them

running with stories on Monday

0:44:530:45:00

morning which were dynamite as far

as unionists were concerned. That

0:45:000:45:05

was the problem. You could criticise

Downing Street in that having seen

0:45:050:45:10

that that was happening they should

have taken some action.

Lord Trimble

0:45:100:45:16

there. So reports that too May could

return to Brussels as early as

0:45:160:45:21

Wednesday, did that suggest to you

that she's had some kind of a

0:45:210:45:25

breakthrough with the DUP in these

negotiations or is she just going to

0:45:250:45:31

talk to EU members?

I was there last

night working for the News Channel

0:45:310:45:37

until a quarter past nine, Brussels

time, and she left after her meeting

0:45:370:45:43

with Donald Tusk around that time.

So she had been in discussions for

0:45:430:45:47

about eight hours. And they were not

able to find a way through. I'm sure

0:45:470:45:52

they've had conversations today with

the DUP. The thing this tells us,

0:45:520:45:56

she sets her horizons by the end of

the week, not looking at the future

0:45:560:46:01

of the trade relationship at the

moment but looking step-by-step. How

0:46:010:46:07

to get to the next phase. Exactly

and she has to keep all these

0:46:070:46:11

different groups onside, the EU

Commission, the DUP, her

0:46:110:46:15

backbenchers and cabinet and so up

until now she has had no substance

0:46:150:46:20

of discussion within cabinet about

what the future looks like and not

0:46:200:46:24

difficult to see why. And the issue

of language, it is fundamental

0:46:240:46:28

because whether the rules state

aligned, running on twin tracks if

0:46:280:46:35

you will, or whether they do not

diverge, that is absolutely

0:46:350:46:39

fundamental to what Brexit is going

to be about. And we have not even

0:46:390:46:43

have that discussion within the UK

yet so I do not know how you can set

0:46:430:46:46

the rules for the DUP in Northern

Ireland if you do not know where the

0:46:460:46:51

rest of the UK is going.

And the

clock is ticking. Some breaking news

0:46:510:46:56

coming in about a German train, a

passenger train that has run into a

0:46:560:47:00

freight train crusted Dusseldorf.

German police saying 50 people may

0:47:000:47:08

have been injured in that train

crash. That is the first we are

0:47:080:47:11

hearing about it. Train colliding a

freight train crusted Dusseldorf. We

0:47:110:47:16

will bring you more detail as we get

it.

0:47:160:47:28

Spain's Supreme Court has

withdrawn a European

0:47:330:47:35

arrest warrant for

the

0:47:350:47:36

sacked Catalan regional

leader, Carles Puigdemont

0:47:360:47:37

who fled to Belgium.

0:47:370:47:38

Mr Puigdemont and four former

ministers are wanted in Spain

0:47:380:47:40

on charges of inciting a rebellion.

0:47:400:47:42

Two wildfires in Ventura County,

on the outskirts of Los Angeles,

0:47:420:47:45

are threatening three cities

in southern California.

0:47:450:47:46

At least 150 buildings north of LA,

0:47:460:47:48

including a psychiatric hospital,

have already been destroyed.

0:47:480:47:50

And another quarter of a million

homes are without power.

0:47:500:47:52

The former Georgian president

Mikheil Saakashvili has been

0:47:520:47:54

freed by his supporters,

shortly after being

0:47:540:47:56

arrested in Ukraine.

0:47:560:47:57

There were chaotic scenes

in the capital Kiev

0:47:570:47:59

in the moments after his arrest.

0:47:590:48:00

Mr Saakashvili repeated calls

for Ukraine's parliament to impeach

0:48:000:48:02

President Petro Poroshenko.

0:48:020:48:06

This is Beyond One Hundred Days.

0:48:060:48:08

Still to come.

0:48:080:48:09

White House harmony -

the sounds through the centuries

0:48:090:48:11

that we associate with the American

presidency.

0:48:110:48:19

Here in the UK, treating type-two

diabetes costs the NHS billions

0:48:190:48:21

of pounds a year and can lead

to serious complications

0:48:210:48:24

for the patients.

0:48:240:48:25

The condition is normally controlled

with medication but a new trial -

0:48:250:48:28

carried out in Newcastle and Glasgow

- has shown that it can be reversed

0:48:280:48:31

through dieting and weight loss.

0:48:310:48:34

Our Health Correspondent

James Gallagher reports.

0:48:340:48:38

Isobel Murray thought she was facing

a lifetime of Type 2 diabetes,

0:48:380:48:42

but she's lost more than four stone

on the trial and has now completely

0:48:420:48:47

changed her relationship with food.

0:48:470:48:48

Her disease is in remission.

0:48:480:48:50

It's freedom to live your life again

and know that you're not in that

0:48:500:48:54

cycle any more and know that I can

control this, and I will

0:48:540:48:57

never go there again.

0:48:570:49:00

She spent 17 weeks drinking these.

0:49:000:49:04

They're nutritionally balanced

soups and shakes to help

0:49:040:49:06

trigger weight loss.

0:49:060:49:09

And that's it, there's 200 calories

in a glass and you're allowed

0:49:090:49:12

four of them every day.

0:49:120:49:16

That's just sweet, really,

but that's your lot,

0:49:160:49:17

for up to five months.

0:49:180:49:24

The pancreas is critical

in Type 2 diabetes.

0:49:240:49:26

If excess body fat is stored

around the organ, then it

0:49:260:49:29

reduces the production

of the hormone insulin.

0:49:290:49:33

That leads to levels of sugar

in the blood getting

0:49:330:49:36

dangerously out of control.

0:49:360:49:39

Losing weight makes the fat cells

disappear and the pancreas

0:49:390:49:42

work properly again.

0:49:420:49:45

Doctors say 46% of patients

on the trial put their

0:49:450:49:47

Type 2 into remission.

0:49:470:49:50

We now have clear evidence that

weight loss of 10 or 15

0:49:500:49:53

kilograms is enough to turn

this disease around.

0:49:530:49:56

It's hugely exciting that we can do

that in routine practice,

0:49:560:49:59

with ordinary nurses,

ordinary dieticians,

0:49:590:50:01

ordinary GPs and ordinary patients.

0:50:010:50:11

I don't feel like a diabetic because

I don't think about it any more.

0:50:130:50:16

I've got my life back.

0:50:160:50:17

She says if she can beat

Type 2, then anyone can.

0:50:170:50:20

James Gallagher, BBC News.

0:50:200:50:28

Billy Bush has again reiterated

the authenticity of the leaked

0:50:280:50:31

"Access Hollywood" tape,

in which President Trump is heard

0:50:310:50:33

to make crude comments about women.

0:50:330:50:36

The TV host - who was with

Mr Trump at the time -

0:50:360:50:39

said there was no doubt

over his remarks.

0:50:390:50:41

Take a look at this.

0:50:410:50:47

Last week for some reason he came

out with that is not my voice on the

0:50:470:50:53

tape. You cannot say that, I was

there, you were there, that is your

0:50:530:50:59

voice on the tape. 20 women do not

get together and say it would be fun

0:50:590:51:03

to take down a powerful guide

together. I said OK, you're

0:51:030:51:08

reopening wounds, enough is enough,

stop playing around with up that

0:51:080:51:17

upset him. -- with people's lives.

Billy Bush was fired by NBC News

0:51:170:51:26

after the tape came out because they

felt he had been enabling the

0:51:260:51:30

president in the Commons that he was

making. There is some speculation

0:51:300:51:36

that all the things Billy Bush is

doing at the moment, he has exposed

0:51:360:51:40

a lot of these sexual harassment

cases in the New Yorker magazine,

0:51:400:51:44

some kind of retrospective

rehabilitation going on on his part

0:51:440:51:50

is the allegation.

0:51:500:51:55

Whether it is hail to the chief

or a current day tune -

0:51:550:51:58

music has always played an important

role at the White House.

0:51:580:52:01

It can be heard accompanying

historic events and even offering

0:52:010:52:03

a soundtrack to diplomacy.

0:52:030:52:04

Now a new book is looking

at the role music has played

0:52:040:52:07

during each president's time

in office and how it has

0:52:070:52:09

developed over the centuries.

0:52:090:52:11

Jane O'Brien has gone to meet some

of those behind the instruments.

0:52:110:52:20

Founded by an act of Congress signed

by President John Adams in 1798 the

0:52:210:52:27

United States Marine band has

provided music for the White House

0:52:270:52:30

and the president ever since.

I feel

the weight of history every day,

0:52:300:52:35

when you set foot inside the

executive office and have the

0:52:350:52:41

responsibility to set the tone for

whatever event is happening at that

0:52:410:52:45

time is exhilarating. There is a

sense of electricity inside the

0:52:450:52:49

White House and many times that is

driven by music.

Music at the White

0:52:490:52:57

House, the title of subject of a new

book, it is shaped by more than two

0:52:570:53:01

centuries of tradition and the

personal taste of the Presidents.

0:53:010:53:09

Thomas Jefferson played violin, John

Quincy Adams played the flute, many

0:53:090:53:12

presidents have played the piano

from Truman and Nixon, a wonderful

0:53:120:53:16

story of Richard Nixon playing the

piano and we all know of Bill

0:53:160:53:21

Clinton and the saxophone.

Early

performances took place behind

0:53:210:53:33

closed doors but in recent decades

technology has ensured that the

0:53:330:53:37

White House is indeed the American

stage. President Harry Truman

0:53:370:53:42

demonstrated his musical skills in a

televised tour of the White House.

0:53:420:53:58

The arts were heavily promoted under

President John F. Kennedy. But it

0:53:590:54:03

was Ronald Reagan who began regular

televised performances in the 1980s.

0:54:030:54:08

And at times music has made history,

not merely accompanied it.

In 1985

0:54:080:54:13

Prince Charles and Princess Diana

had taken the city by storm so John

0:54:130:54:22

Travolta wanted to dance with

Princess Diana but did not know the

0:54:220:54:26

protocol. He was assured it would be

fine and then we have that beautiful

0:54:260:54:30

image of them dancing in the grand

foyer of the White House and the

0:54:300:54:33

picture went across the globe.

As

American music evolved from its

0:54:330:54:40

European routes so to have the range

of performances, the Marine band,

0:54:400:54:45

the oldest continuing music group in

the US, has more often than not

0:54:450:54:49

provided the soundtrack of

diplomacy.

Good to see Bill Clinton

0:54:490:54:59

they're playing his saxophone. I can

also play and a bit of a tingle on

0:54:590:55:07

the ivories!

I guess you could bring

those in if you really wanted to.

0:55:070:55:15

What about Donald Trump? I do not

think he plays but it is amazing,

0:55:150:55:21

Eisenhower, Clinton, Adams, all

played musical instruments. Perhaps

0:55:210:55:25

a reflection of a different era

where everyone played a musical

0:55:250:55:28

instrument.

If you do not have Fox

News, you have to do something!

0:55:280:55:38

Let's move on.

0:55:380:55:43

Coming up next on BBC World News -

Ros Atkins is here with

0:55:430:55:46

Outside Source and for viewers

in the UK - we'll have the latest

0:55:460:55:49

headlines from Sean Ley.

0:55:490:55:51

For now - from Katty Kay

in Washington and me

0:55:510:55:53

Christian Fraser

in London - goodbye.

0:55:530:55:57

I will be in Los Angeles tomorrow.

0:55:570:56:01