Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London return to report on the events that are shaping the world.
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Beyond One Hundred Days.
Saying that all challenges
demand new approaches,
President Trump recognises Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel.
He says it would be folly to assume
repeating the same old policies
would produce better results.
In the past hour Mr Trump says he's
made the decision to move the US
embassy to Jerusalem in an attempt
to advance the peace process.
It is time, to officially recognise
Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
The plan sparks protests -
and Palestinians, who also claim
Jerusalem as theirs, are seething.
Leaders the world over criticise
Mr Trump's announcement-
the Pope calls Jerusalem a city
sacred to Jews,
Christians and Muslims.
Also on the programme.
What is the big picture for Brexit?
The PM under mounting pressure
to explain to colleagues
and her critics the kind
of deal she wants.
An outpouring of grief
in the French-speaking world -
the man known as their Elvis,
Johnny Hallyday, dies
at the age of 74.
Get in touch with us using the
Hello and welcome -
I'm Katty Kay in Los Angeles
and Christian Fraser is in London.
President Trump likes
to do things differently.
As he announced his decision
to recognise Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel it appeared
to be as much about his desire
to break with former US presidents,
as about the policy itself.
Mr Trump said many Presidential
candidates had promised to move
the US embassy to Jerusalem -
but none had followed through.
There's been a lot of criticism
of this change in US policy
but Mr Trump insisted it will help
the peace process, not hinder it.
I have judged this course of action
to be in the best interests of the
United States of America and the
pursuit of peace between the
Palestinians and Israeli. It is a
long overdue step to advance the
peace process and work towards a
lasting agreement. Israel is a
sovereign nation with the right like
every other sovereign nation to
determine its own capital.
Acknowledging this is a fact, is a
necessary condition for achieving
This decision reflects the
President's commitment to an ancient
but enduring truth to fulfilling his
promises and to advancing peace. The
decision is an important step
towards peace. For there is no peace
that does not include Jerusalem as
the capital of the state of Israel.
It is in direct contradiction of the
most basic requirements of peace, it
violates international law and shows
total bias in favour of Israel. It
shows an accommodation of illegal
annexation of Jerusalem.
Let's bring in Dr Michael Oren now -
he's the Deputy Minister in
the Israeli Prime Minister's Office
and former ambassador to the US.
He joins us now from Jerusalem.
The Secretary General of the UN says
Jerusalem is still a final status
issue, it was made clear there is no
alternative to the two state
solution so what has really changed?
It is a great day for the people of
Israel and Jewish people worldwide,
it is the date we have waited 70
years since the creation of the
state and many days a day we have
waited for for the past 2000 years.
Having a sovereign state here in our
homeland and the capital, are
eternal and undivided capital
Jerusalem be recognised by the
greatest power on earth as our
capital, truly a great moment. Many
things have changed, in previous
administrations every time Israel
built a brick on a brick somewhere
in the city that had not been part
of West Jerusalem before 1967,
Israel was condemned for building
illegal settlements. I experienced
that first-hand during the Obama
years as ambassador. That will not
happen any more. One symbolic change
is for the tens of thousands of US
Israeli citizens whose children are
born in Jerusalem, their American
passports will no longer safe place
of birth Jerusalem but Jerusalem,
Israel. I listened to what the
Secretary General said and the
president was clear that the final
borders of Jerusalem would be
determined through negotiation. And
we would welcome the chance to sit
with the Palestinians but so far
they have refused to sit with us.
Well the French president said the
decision was regrettable that France
does not approve of and goes against
international law and all the
resolutions of the UN Security
Council. So he is reinforcing the
point made by the UN
Secretary-General. The building of
settlements on occupied land in East
Jerusalem will still be a violation
of international law.
President Trump said. International
law is determined by the United
Nations which condemns Israel more
frequently than all countries
combined on earth. I do not think
the UN is a good source to quote
when dealing with Israel. It is
important as the major ally and key
mediator in relationship with the
Arab world, United States has set
down a marker. I think more broadly
the president has proven to
sometimes incredulous world that he
stands by his word. Not just in the
Middle East peace process but other
issues sets the -- such as the North
Korean nuclear programme.
And Moustafa Barghouti -
a member of the Palestinian
Legislative Council -
joins us now live from Ramallah.
There has been a huge condemnation
from the Arab world as well as from
Palestinians to the decision by Mr
Trump but to some extent do you feel
abandoned by other Arab countries
over this issue?
No, no. I think now
Mr Trump has allied himself with
Israel. The secretary-general of the
United Nations has just rejected
what he did. The President of did.
But are they actually going to do
-- president of France.
They will do a lot and you will see
us doing a lot. His speech was
Zionist, he was completely
anti-peace. He has just reported his
own peace initiative before it is
born. So things are clear, were not
worried and not isolated. On the
contrary I think the picture is
clear about our hands are now free
from all commitments that prevented
us from taking serious measures like
preferring Israel to the
International criminal Court,
joining UN agencies regardless of
what Mr Trump things. He can keep
the money he has given to
Palestinians, it is not important.
But we will not accept what he did,
we will stand up for our rights and
stand-up for our rights in
You may well stand up for
them and I understand you're taking
some comfort from what people are
said but the reality is that Mr
Trump would not make this decision
if he had not squared it with his
key allies in the region including
Saudi Arabia whatever the crown
prince may be saying and that seems
to be a recognition that you must
I think any Arab leader
whoever he is that dares to support
what Mr Trump has just announced
will pay a very high price in front
of his people. This is not a small
issue. This is Jerusalem. You know
what it means to millions of
Muslims. You know what it means to
millions of Arabs. They are playing
with fire. And they're trying to
destabilise the area. That is why
the UN Secretary-General said what
he did. Responsible leaders of the
world are recognising that this was
a ridiculous act and has just harmed
the peace process. It has killed the
peace process. From now on do not
talk about Jerusalem, about
refugees. So what do we talk about,
this is the end of the so-called
There are groups in
the Palestinian territories calling
for three days of rage, a senior
Palestinian, do you encourage or
I encourage it very
much. What we mean by rage is
popular, non-violent resistance and
demonstrations, not violence but
peaceful demonstration similar to
what we did in July. It is peaceful,
non-violent. And it will be a
struggle such as what Gandhi did
India, Martin Luther King and the
United States. Non-violent
resistance and also boycotting with
investment sanctions against the
Israeli occupation and the apartheid
system. What President Trump did
today will harm the future of both
Palestinians and Israelis. This man
was reckless and did not care about
Israelis or Jewish people or
Palestinians but only about his own
interests. As usual.
Thank you very
much for coming on. A lot of
reaction coming in for top this is
my Mahmoud Abbas, let us listen in.
This escalates the
struggle in our area. Our region is
now facing difficult times. War is
that I never ending. And we
confirmed our conviction that we
reject that. Brothers and sisters
during the last few days we have
been in contact with many of the
neighbouring leaders of neighbouring
countries to unite our position, the
international position, as regards
the Jerusalem situation and the
rights of the Palestinian people in
determining to have our right and
just peace based on a state of
Palestine. An independent state on
the occupied land.
Mahmood at last
there. Speaking a few moments ago.
Let's get reaction to that from the
former American envoy to the Middle
East under the Obama administration.
When the Donald Trump made the
announcement to move the American
Embassy to Jerusalem he made the
point that two decades of policy of
not recognising Jerusalem as the
capital of Israel had not worked and
so it was worth trying something
new. Does he have a point?
I do not
think that is a significant factor
in the reasons for not achieving a
two state solution. As of yet. I
think the statement was unnecessary
and unwise. I think it is heartening
that he did not rule out a
Palestinian capital of a sovereign
Palestinian state in East Jerusalem,
indeed he explicitly said no
decision has been made with respect
to boundaries in Jerusalem or on the
borders. And so while this was not a
necessary step I do not think it has
to be a fatal step. It does setback
his own policy, American policy
under several presidents, of trying
to achieve a serious direct
negotiation between Israelis and
Palestinians which will lead to an
agreement. Already very difficult as
many others have noted. This will
make it more difficult as the
worldwide reaction from Arab leaders
and other allies of the United
States have shown. But it does not
entirely preclude them.
at why the president might have
chosen to do this now in a broader
Middle East context, I'm sure there
is some speculation in Washington
that this is really about Iran,
siding with the Israelis and getting
the Saudis on board as well. In
order to provide a counterweight to
Iran. Do you accept that as a
I have no way of knowing
whether that is the reality. But
there are many other ways to
directly confront Iran than this
that I think would be much more
useful. One would be for the
president to support the US and
other allies, the nuclear agreement
with Iran and to take further steps.
I do think that this should be said,
Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
It is going to be the capital of
Israel, there can be no doubt
whatsoever about that. The real
question is whether alongside Israel
there can be an independent
sovereign Palestinian state with its
own capital in East Jerusalem. That
is the issue, a very difficult
issue. The United States has
previously not prejudged major
issues because our policy is to
leave it to negotiations with the
partners. This pre-judgement makes
it more difficult in the future
because both parties will now ask
for judgment in their favour. It
makes it more difficult to get into
negotiations and it remains in my
judgment of paramount interest both
to Israelis and Palestinians that
there be a two state solution and I
think we have to keep our eyes and
interests focus on that.
continue to talk a lot about
Jerusalem through the programme but
another boldly played in Northern
Ireland, you may have been following
politics in the UK that you might be
aware the first phase of the Brexit
negotiation has unravelled because
the Irish government does not want
the border between North and South
of the DUP do not want to split away
from the mainland UK. Does that
dishearten you that after all the
work you have put into the Good
Friday agreement that suddenly some
of it is coming to the fore again?
On the day that I announced the
agreement not quite 20 years ago, I
said in the very same statement that
by itself the Good Friday agreement
did not guarantee peace or stability
or genuine reconciliation. But it
made them possible. I predicted
there be difficulties in the future.
For future leaders to deal with. I
think it is up to these leaders now
to do what those brave men and women
did back in 1998 and bridge the
differences and come to an agreement
in the interests of the larger
society. Both communities, all
people in Northern Ireland. It does
not make any sense for them to
continue to dig in their heels and
take intractable and on movable
positions. One a lot is at stake.
Not just the dynamic of Brexit but
internal relations within Northern
Ireland which are exacerbated by
that. Personally I believe a
decision by the people of the UK was
democratically taken and must be
respected. I think it will rebound
adversely on the interests of the UK
but the danger is it will also harm
the people of Ireland both in the
Republic and the North. I hope the
leaders in Northern Ireland and the
UK and Ireland will take steps to
prevent damage from spreading across
all of the people's of both of those
Good to get your
perspective, thank you.
The UK WILL pay the £50 billion
Brexit bill whether there's
a deal with the EU or not.
So said the British Chancellor
Phillip Hammond today.
Several hours later
Downing Street intervened.
"Nothing is agreed until
everything is agreed -
and that applies to the financial
settlement" - their statement said.
So what is happening?
It's pretty unclear.
There was a phone call today
between Theresa May and the DUP -
to try and get negotiations
back on track.
But no sign of a breakthrough
Our Deputy Political Editor,
John Pienaar reports.
Three, two, one...
Theresa May need some comfort
and joy, in the Cabinet
in her party, in Ireland,
north and south.
If only everyone could sing
from the same hymn sheet on Brexit.
Her message, start trade talks,
we could all get what we want.
We aim to deliver
this as part of our
overall trade deal between
the United Kingdom and the European
Theresa May's troubles.
Brexit negotiations in a shambles.
This government is clearly
not fit for the future.
Tory Brexiteers are ramping
up the pressure, too.
They say no more concessions.
Will she apply a new coat of paint
to her red lines, because
I fear on Monday they were beginning
to look a little bit pink?
If we have a problem,
would it help if I came
over to Brussels with
you to sort them out?
The DUP heard Mrs May's pledge
to preserve the union but
want more guarantees Brexit means
the same deal for the whole UK.
Can you give a specific
nothing will be done that creates
any barrier constitutionally,
between Northern Ireland and
the rest of the United Kingdom?
Mrs May was on the phone
to the DUP leader today
but still no sign of
agreement, and in Dublin a clear
threat, Ireland's leader wants a
promise of free trade and no hard
north-south border and he would veto
the start of trade talks
technically's EU summit.
If it is impossible
to move to phase two next
week because of the problems that
have arisen, we can pick it up in
the New Year.
The Prime Minister spoke to him
on the phone today as well
and still no sign of another meeting
The president of the
European Union, Jean-Claude
Juncker's spokesman went so far
today as to say his boss wanted to
prevent Mrs May's
government from collapsing.
So how clear if Britain's
future after Brexit?
Not at all according
to the Brexit Secretary today.
He told MPs Brexit would
have an impact on business so
great there was no
point in predictions.
Look at the chairrman's face.
So there isn't one, for example,
on the automotive sector?
No, not that I'm aware of.
I think it will be
no to all of them.
And a new cause for
Brexiteer Tories to complain.
The Chancellor says Britain
won't shirk its divorce
bill, deal or no deal.
That's just not a credible scenario.
That's not the kind
of country we are and
frankly it would not make us
a credible partner for future
But Theresa May's team
says there will be no
deal including cash
Brexit is agreed.
Tonight, goodwill is in short
supply in the Cabinet.
I am now eight time zones away from
you in Los Angeles, the other side
of the planet almost and looking at
London from here it looks like an
unholy mess. Nothing seems to be
working as it should be. I do not
know if it is political malpractice
that they cannot do it, because the
team is not strong enough or whether
it was just something that was not
There are so many
conflicting parties. I think some
people watching will say it is
unbelievable that Theresa May and
the Cabinet has not yet had a
conversation about what type of
Brexit they want. But it is not
unbelievable because not having that
conversation and allowing Theresa
May to keep the show on the road, we
know there is a yawning chasm within
the Cabinet between Philip Hammond
and Michael Gove and Boris Johnson
and what kind of Brexit Britain is
going to have, whether it will stay
closely aligned to the EU or there
will be dead virgins and it goes its
own way. So by delaying the
discussion she has delayed the
potential bust ups or chaos that may
ensue. The thing I would say is in
all the difficulties so far, she has
not been losing votes or ministers
over Brexit, she has just about
contain the rebellion. The big
question comes when they have that
discussion and everyone puts the
cards on the table.
All help may
break loose. It is simple, when you
disagree with your wife, much better
not to talk about it. Sweep it under
The Cabinet go to bed on
a row every night!
President Putin says Russian
athletes can still participate
in the Winter Olympics
as individuals, despite the IOC's
decision to ban Russia
from the games in South Korea next
Meanwhile Mr Putin has
announced that he will seek
re-election in March 2018.
If successful, that would extend
his presidency to 2024.
a century of statehood.
Parades are being held in cities
and towns across the country to mark
a hundred years since Finland
from Russia in 1917.
Finland joined the EU in 1995.
France's biggest rock star
Johnny Hallyday has died
after a battle with lung cancer.
Known to many in France
as 'our Johnny', the singer sold
about 100-million records
and starred in a number of films
in a career that began in 1960.
He was 74.
Incredible. When I went to Paris I
have to confess I did not really
know who he was. I had heard of him
and my producer looked at me as
standard and then I had to put the
story together on him and there was
a quote in the American newspaper
saying he was the biggest rock star
you have never heard. And then I
realised how big this guy is in
France. He once had a concert of the
Eiffel Tower and there were 750,000
people there. And they tell me today
in France that they are treating
this like the death of Victor Hugo,
he is that big.
Of course he never
made it in America. He never managed
to break through.
Very much an icon
in the French-speaking world.
This is Beyond 100
Days from the BBC.
Coming up for viewers on the BBC
News Channel and BBC World News -
high security for a terror plot
trial in the UK - a man is accused
of trying to bomb Downing Street
and kill Theresa May.
And a sign of the times -
the silence breakers on sexual
harassment are collectively named
as 'person of the year'.
That's still to come.
We have a stormy 24 hours ahead and
buy this time tomorrow the focus
switches from the wind to more snow
and ice. The reason why, from
Caroline tomorrow passing to the
north of Scotland, northern Scotland
having the strongest winds but windy
everywhere and as it moves away we
drag much colder air south across
the UK with snow showers going
through Thursday night into Friday
morning. So in the next couple of
days, this is the picture through
the night, Gail is developing
overnight in western parts, severe
gales in north-west Scotland by the
end of the night. Focusing on the
win tomorrow, Scotland and Northern
Ireland seeing the strongest gusts
especially in the north of Scotland.
Some in northern Scotland close to
80 miles an hour. They will cause
travel disruption and also
destructive winds elsewhere in
Scotland and parts of Northern
Ireland. The Met office has an amber
be prepared warning in force for
northern Scotland with gusts in
excess of 80 miles an hour and a
yellow beware warning for the rest
of Scotland and parts of Northern
Ireland with gusts of around 60, 70
mph again having an impact on
travel. Windy across the UK during
Thursday, outbreaks of rain for
south-east England. And a lot of
sunshine to come. But the showers
following in across the UK,
temperatures training. And turning
increasingly to snow going into
Thursday evening, blizzards in
Highland Scotland for a time and all
parts on Thursday night run the risk
of some snow showers. Going into
Friday the most frequent in northern
and western parts of the UK. It
stays windy on Friday so snow
showers, I see in places to start
the day. Factoring in the wind it
will feel bitter, feeling several
degrees below zero. Still some
wintry showers around going into the
weekend. Then an Atlantic weather
system going our way on Sunday, into
the cold air, producing sleet and
snow in places. That is one to watch
and we will keep you updated.
This is Beyond 100 Days,
with me Katty Kay in Los Angeles -
Christian Fraser's in London.
Our top stories: President Trump has
ignored warnings from around
the world and recognised Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel -
saying planning starts now to move
the US embassy there from Tel Aviv.
Angry Palestinians in the Gaza Strip
burn American and Israeli flags
and pictures of President Trump,
demonstrating against the move.
The Palestinian president Mahmoud
Abbas gave this response.
The Palestinian president Mahmoud
Abbas gave this response.
constitutes a demolition of all the
efforts which have been made to
Coming up in the next
half hour: A chorus
of Democratic Senators come forward
saying their colleague Al Franken
should resign after allegations
of sexual misconduct.
Meanwhile Time Magazine
is celebrating a sign of the times -
the silence breakers on sexual
harassment are collectively named
as 'person of the year'.
Donald Trump Jr talks to
the House Intelligence Committee -
Let us know your thoughts
by using the hashtag.
A man has appeared in court
here in London accused of plotting
to assassinate the Prime Minister
in a bomb and knife
attack on Downing Street.
Twenty-year-old Naa'imur Zakariyah
Rahman is alleged to have planned
to bomb the security gates,
before attacking Number ten
with a knife and suicide vest
in an attempt to kill Theresa May.
Here's the BBC's, June Kelly.
Counterterrorism detectives moved
in on these two men last week.
Yesterday they were charged and this
morning, amid high security, came
their first court appearance.
One is accused of planning
to strike at the
heart of the British government
and assassinate Theresa May.
He is Naa'imur Zakariyah
Rahman on the left.
In the dock with him
was Mohammed Aqib Imran.
In court came the outline
of the prosecution case.
Naa'imur Zakariyah Rahman is 20
years old and told the court he was
He is accused of
planning to detonate an
improvised explosive device,
in other words a bomb, here at the
Downing Street gates.
In the chaos that would
follow, it is alleged
that equipped with suicide vests,
pepper spray and a knife,
he wanted to get down
street to number ten
and killed the Prime Minister.
street to number ten
and kill the Prime Minister.
He was arrested last Tuesday in this
Road in west London.
It is claimed that he had two inert
explosive devices in his possession.
He is also accused of
helping his co-defendant,
Mohammed Aqib Imran,
to prepare ter Avest acts.
It's claimed he was
planning to travel
abroad to help IS fighters.
Yesterday the head of MI5
briefed the cabinet
about the security situation.
Nine Islamist inspired
plots are said to have
been thwarted this year.
The next hearing in this latest case
will be in two weeks' time.
Chris Phillips is a former
senior police officer
and counter-terrorism expert.
He warns "thousands could be killed"
in a devastating terror attack -
and wants the government
to introduce tougher measures.
Obviously that case, we can't talk
specifically about it, but we have
another alleged part in Lancashire
today, a man circulating the address
of Prince George's School, two cases
that really undermine the fact there
are so many threats. That is the
reason why the Manchester Arena
bomber slipped through the net.
Absolutely. I don't think people
around the world realise just how
big this problem is. You do if you
live in Baghdad or somewhere like
that where you are having bombs on a
regular basis, but I do not think
the West in particular quite
understand the difficulties that the
police and security services have
got to begin with, but then actually
the sheer numbers of people that
How many are we talking?
the UK alone, 20 odd thousand people
that we are a bit worried about,
then a further two or 3000 people on
a list which is, we are very
worried. If you know police
resources, you cannot follow an
individual without using 24 to 30
police officers per 24 hours. There
are not enough police officers in
the world to do that. That's just in
the UK. In the free movement of
Europe, that's exacerbated. The
numbers in France and Belgium are
President Trump says
we have to get tough. How do you do
that? If you are listening to a guy
an attack on his as I want to do X,
Y, see, you know his intent but he
does not get round to it, what do
you do with that person?
rhetoric. We have to get tough. The
rhetoric of what Trump is saying is
more on them focus on the people
from the border coming over to
attack us. That's not the problem we
face, the problem we have is people
within our communities, our
countries, and that's all countries
across the world, who are willing to
die and kill their colleagues and
friends and the people that are
around them. That is such a
difficult thing to deal with. We
have to go, we are a western
democratic society, we have to go by
the law of the land. You cannot lock
people up before charge. Unless you
have evidence, evidence that will
persuade a court of law to evict
someone is quite difficult.
so frustrating, isn't it, when you
know the threat is there?
the numbers, Mr Phillips, the
numbers you suggest, 20,000 people
in the UK alone who police would
like to keep an eye on. I wonder if
you think this is really a question
of money. You know this, since the
attacks of 911 here in the US, the
budget by Homeland Security has
expanded enormously. It has become
the third rail of American politics
finances. Is it really a question of
money, being able to follow all the
people you'd to follow?
definitely not. You have to have the
resources to deal with the level of
the threat. Talking about the UK,
the government will tell you they
have an ample funds and to the
counterterrorism units, but
generally in police across the board
there's less money. Officers have
been taken away from all sorts of
duties. You have a situation where
people will get the intelligence
that. The attacks, they are not
there any more. -- the people who
will get the intelligence that stop
the attacks are not there any more.
What you do to stop a terrorist
attack is happening is to prevent
it, that's by getting intelligence
on people, getting behind the right
That sort of
thing, but once they've got the
bomb, the car or the vehicle to
attack people, it's too late. All
you can do is reduce the number of
Good to see you. Come
back and talk to us some more, good
to have you.
Germany's Foreign Minister Sigmar
Gabriel says the Trump
administration increasingly views
Europe as a "competitor or economic
rival" rather than an ally.
He made the comment as US Secretary
of State Rex Tillerson
is in Brussels for meeting with EU
and Nato officials.
The EU's top diplomat
Federica Mogherini also made it
clear the European Union sees
the Trump administration's proposals
on Jerusalem as a threat
to peace in the Middle East.
We would talking yesterday about how
things are going pretty well the
Donald Trump here in the US, in
terms of economics, wages are
picking up, the stock market doing
well, his Muslim man has been upheld
by the Supreme Court and he's got
tax reform group. -- Muslim ban. But
when you take America abroad, when
it has to deal with its allies in
Europe, you get an enormous amount
of fish back. The German Foreign
Minister saying we are overturning
70 years of the status quo, or 70
years Europe and the US had been on
the same side acting as allies, now
he feels the US administration is
easier as a competitor. There is
this huge disconnect between what
the world feels about this
administration, how it interacts
with it, and the way its policies
deal with this administration, and
the way Mr Trump is betraying things
What was interesting about
the dynamics of that meeting
yesterday, and I have been to plenty
of these in the EU, is that she
treated Rex Tillerson as though he
were the Russian Foreign Secretary.
It was a very straight statement,
that we do not agree with Jerusalem
and the decision you are making, we
are not having any questions, then
she walked out. Possibly the
Europeans think, well, here is a man
who did them looks like a dead man
walking. He may not be in a job in
several weeks' time so why are we
wasting our time on this and
decisions we don't agree with? I
thought I was really apparent in the
body language yesterday. -- that was
16 Democratic senators
say their colleague Al Franken
should resign following multiple
allegations of sexual misconduct.
He has apologised and
acknowledged the misconduct.
But now another woman
has come forward.
Senator Franken will make
an announcement tomorrow -
though his office isn't saying
what it's about.
For more I am joined
by our North America
reporter Anthony Zurcher.
I looked at these numbers this
morning, nine Democratic senators,
know up to 23, or whatever number
questioned said. There a snowball
effect on the Democrats seem to have
decided they cannot have this in
their own camp and they want him
It was pretty remarkable how
quick it happened. A Democratic
senator from Hawaii, from your two
of the first. Then a woman after
women in the Senate, and there are
quite a few women Democratic
senators, came to say he had
resigned. Then the male joined them,
including Peres, the chair of the
Democratic National committee. This
has become a snowball. Most are
expecting now he cannot withstand
the sort of pressure, and that he
will resign. -- came out to say he
has to resign.
Do you get the sense
they want this out of the way before
the election in Alabama, so they can
claim on the high ground on this and
force the Republicans to take a
I think that's a good
point. John Connors resigning
yesterday, the longest serving
Democratic member in the House of
Representatives, Al Franken, it
makes it easier for them to
criticise Roy Moore. It was
interesting also to see Mitch
McConnell, the seventh Republican
majority leader, not to say he did
not believe Al Franken can
effectively serve the people of
Minnesota. -- Senate Republican
Earlier he had said that more and
more, the Republican in Alabama
facing allegations of sexually
assaulting a 14-year-old, that he
should step aside, but then after
Donald Trump came down in favour of
Roy Moore, the Republican National
committee has begun putting money
back into the campaign. We saw Mitch
McConnell back off from that and say
it's up to the people of Alabama to
decide. The Democrats are setting up
a stark contrast, saying they are
dealing with our Frank and while Roy
Moore has been embraced by
Republicans. You have to remember,
Al Franken, John Connors, is safe
Democratic seats that will be
replaced in all likelihood by
Democrats. It's an easy move for the
Democrats to say, yes, they should
step aside, because it is not
costing them a prize Democratic
seats in a closely divided Senate.
That was exactly the point I was
about to make. The Democrats can
look like they are being holier than
now over this one but let's face it,
this is Minnesota. There is no way a
Republican is going to be elected in
Minnesota, they are safe.
exactly. There is a democratic
governor of Minnesota so he will
seemingly appoint a Democrat to
replace. Let's remember this is not
over here, if we think these are the
only allegations that are going to
come out about politicians on both
sides of the aisle, I think this is
a much bigger problem than just a
handful that we've seen so far.
There is going to come a point, I'm
fairly certain, that Democrats are
going to be able to prove their
principles and show that this is not
just posturing, this is what they
There is certainly
something bigger happening. Thank
Can a hashtag be a person?
Time magazine seems to think so.
It's marking the women
behind the #metoo movement
as their persons of the year.
Mr Trump was also on the short list
but fell short to the women who've
highlighted sexual harassment
The movement has now
spread beyond the US.
And it's that
collective global voice
which prompted Time Magazine to name
the Silence Breakers
as person of the year.
Susanna Schrobsdorff was one
of the Time editors who worked
on the cover story she joins us now.
Was this an easy pick?
personally, it was, because I was
lobbying heavily for it. But yes, we
really did consider all the people
that are on the runners-up list, or
at least the top three, and Donald
Trump is in his own main part of the
influence that went into the
eventual choice, because his
election, I think, is one of the
first catalyst of the movement that
became Me Two, women standing up.
Just to make the point, time names
its Person of the year not with a
value judgment, this is not the best
or worst Person of the year, just
the person you feel has had the most
influence will stop.
recently silence breakers are the
person of the year this year is
because you are looking at which
people have influenced most of the
world as much of world as we can
evaluate from our purchase here in
New York City. What we found is that
social norms are changing, what was
acceptable yesterday is no longer
acceptable today. It happened
because singular women stepped out,
and I think you said in an earlier
segment about Al Franken, that this
becomes a snowball effect. First one
person steps forward, then another.
More people are emboldened, and what
you have then is a tipping point.
You go back. We talked to a lobbyist
in California who said we can't all
be crazy, and we can't all be liars,
there are just too many of us.
That's what got us to this decision,
there are just too many women coming
forward into many fields with two
real a sense of urgency to it.
Apologies if I interrupted you, you
might have heard me asking if we had
Mr Trump's tweet. I wanted to refer
to it. This is the Tweety sent
before you have made your decision.
Was he on the list and was he a
He was, the
President of the United States is
always, could always be the person
of the year, he is one of the most
powerful men in the world is not the
most powerful man in the world. But
truth be shot, the cover for this
issue was five days before he set
Interesting position, wasn't it? A
sign of this moment we are in. There
is this fear of a backlash, that's
why some concern about our Franken
has about, we have to give these
accuses the benefit of the doubt but
also make sure their stories hold
water. I think that's why there's
been with our Frank and has taken a
certain amount of time, people
wanted to check out these stories,
but once we see a pattern, which is
what we have seen when all the cases
of men who've lost their job, it's
the pattern you look for. Most men
just accused of one instance of
sexual harassment, more harassment,
more and more people come forward
accusing the same man.
thinking it was rather an
inauspicious start to the year for
women, that you had the first woman
candidate for either party defeated
by a man who had been alleged to
have sexually abused when, and then
you go full circle all the way
around this. It shows, as we talked
about on this programme so much,
that Twitter can be divisive and can
cause pain but can also be a form
for social good. Imagine if you had
had Twitter in the days of the civil
rights movement, imagine what you
could have done then will stop this
has snowballed in the space of two
or three months into an enormous
global movement. That is reflected
by the front cover of Time magazine
today, so that is a good thing.
would add to that, the number of
women who are running for political
office in the US, record numbers of
women who said they would like to.
Here in California, more
than a thousand firefighters
are battling huge wildfires.
Hundreds of buildings have already
been destroyed and 12-thousand
homes are under threat.
The fire is burning about 80
kilometres north of Los Angeles.
Nearly 30-thousand people have been
forced from their homes.
You can smell it in the air today.
This is Beyond 100 Days.
Still to come: We talk to the former
official White House
photographer Pete Souza,
about his collection of favourite
images from his time
behind the scenes during
One of the oldest and most complete
skeletons of our ancestors has been
unveiled in South Africa.
Scientists have spent
20 years excavating
and preparing the skeleton,
known as "Little Foot",
and they estimate the fossilised
remains are more than three
and a half million years old.
Andrew Harding reports
They found her skeleton in these
deep caves outside Johannesburg.
She'd been lying here
for almost four million years,
trapped in the rock.
Today, Little Foot finally emerged -
after 20 painstaking
years of excavation.
These bones had a very,
very fragile, flaky
surface, many of them.
And it was like trying
to extract a pie with flaky
pastry out of concrete
without damaging the pie.
We had to do this properly,
we had to do it slowly.
Yes, it took more than 20 years
of my life, but I feel younger
and stronger for it!
So, these are the caves
where Little Foot was found.
The theory goes that she was walking
along the surface, fell
down into the caves,
and was covered
by sediment and rock.
Millions of years later,
scientists in the 1980s and 1990s,
in a series of extraordinary
across her remains and slowly
managed to piece them back together.
Her skeleton shows
she was in her 30s.
She probably lived in the trees,
and crucially, she was more
like us than like an ape.
So the pictures you see in books
of our ancestors gradually getting
up off of all fours and walking
along in a stooped manner,
that's all nonsense.
They were upright when
they were in the trees,
and they were upright
when they came down to the ground.
And now they're us?
Unearthed in these caves then,
a vital addition to our own
complicated family tree.
Andrew Harding, BBC
News, South Africa.
You're watching Beyond 100 Days.
Pete Souza is the the man
behind this iconic photo -
featured on TV and newspapers
round the world: this
was President Obama and his security
team being briefed on the killing
of Osama bin Laden
in the Situation Room,
back in 2011.
Mr Souza captured it while he was
White House photographer.
He now has a new book out -
'Obama: An Intimate Portrait'.
I've been speaking to him.
It's a real pleasure to read the
book, and when you look at the
pictures of President Obama in it,
you see a man who was very
comfortable in himself.
which made my job easier. You have a
photographic subject, if you really
the presence of me and my camera did
not in any way affect how he went
about his business. That's what
David Otunga hopes for in a subject.
It's also the people he's within the
White House. The people he's
meeting, he seems to put them at
ease. That's why you get this
extraordinary images that you
I think that's true. I
tried to be as unobtrusive as
possible, I think try to put people
at ease, not interrupt what they're
doing. Not use the flash, a major
drive, be as quiet as occurred as I
You've worked with two
presidents, President Reagan and
Obama. What makes them different?
Probably their age, number one.
President Reagan was in his mid to
late 70s when I was photographing
him, in the 1980s. President Obama
came into office door in his 40s.
The age factor was definitely a big
part of it.
If you could pick one
picture from the book, which would
Oh my gosh, that's hard to
do. I mean, one, not sure if it's
the one, but the one with a little
African-American boy touching his
head, seeing if his haircut feels
like his. I think that one resonates
with a of people.
That moment, can
you tell us more about that?
little boy's Mimas jig of
Philadelphia, I think he was four at
the time, he'd come into the Oval
Office with his parents to do a
family photo. His parents was
leaving for another post. The man
had said, Jacob has a question for
you Mr President. -- the little
boy's name was Jacob Philadelphia.
It was whispered that his friend had
told him that his haircut looked
like the President's. Then the
president just leaned over and said
go ahead and touch it, and little
Jacob touched his head. It resonated
with people because here is this
four-year-old African-American kid,
touching the head of the president
of the United States, who looks like
him. It also tells you something
about President Obama, and that at
the behest of a four-year-old he
would bend over and let this little
kid touch his head.
There is another
picture which for me is a moment of
history, this picture of Elmer
Pippin, a mother of one of the
victims of a church bombing 50 years
ago. She had been given this
Congressional medal of honour. You
conscious when taking these pictures
that this is perhaps a signpost to
I think the fact of the
matter is, any person who becomes
president of the United States, it's
a historical time. Certainly I was
aware of the fact that he was the
first African-American president,
but that was not in my head every
day. The picture that you referred
to, the thing I like about this
picture is, she wanted to say
something privately to the
president. Which is why he leaned
down, because she wanted to whisper
what she had to say, so it was a
private conversation, that other
people in the room did not hear.
he ever tell you what that was?
It was just that moment,
as a photographer, G spot that
You have to be aware of
everything that's happening.
are spot that moment.
What about President Obama and his
family. A lot of your photographs of
the girls, and Michelle. They are as
comfortable in your presence as...
It just seems a very normal family
Yeah, I think because
they did get to know me, I was the
de facto family photographer. I
would cover a lot of their family
events. Over time, Sasha and Milly
got to be comfortable when I was
around. -- Sasha and Malia.
that picture of them playing in the
I love that picture, the girls
were still fairly young. Sure
enough, the president came outside
of one point, played in the snow
with the girls, it pictured that you
referred to is in the Rose Garden, I
think Sasha is about the girl rose
garden -- is about to throw a
snowball at him.
Do you keep in
I do, I spoke to him last
Monday. Every time a president
leaves office, the weight of the
world is off your shoulders, so I
think is a lot more relaxed than he
was when he was at the White House.
A great pleasure to talk.
Such a trip down memory lane seeing
those photographs, I used to go to
the Wesselingh occasionally for
interviews and they had those photos
on all the walls, they were taken
out but the one they never rotated
out was the one with the president
bending down to the little boy could
touch 's hair. That one always be
The suspense in this
situation room, quite extraordinary
with Hillary Clinton with her hand
over her mouth.