07/12/2017 Beyond 100 Days


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07/12/2017

Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London return to report on the events that are shaping the world.


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This is Beyond 100 Days.

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The Palestinian group Hamas has

called for a third "intifada" -

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following President Trump's decision

to recognize Jerusalem

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as the capital of Israel.

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The UN Security Council is expected

to meet on Friday for talks demanded

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by the Western powers.

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GUNFIRE

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There have been violent

protests in Ramallah,

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Jerusalem and Bethlehem.

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The leader of Hamas says the peace

process has been "buried forever."

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Al Franken bows to the pressure

of his Senate colleagues and says

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he's stepping down following a raft

of allegations he touched

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women inappropriately.

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Today, I am announcing that

in the coming weeks I will be

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resigning as a member

of the United States Senate.

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In California, dry weather

and gusting winds are

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spreading wildfires further.

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Already 100,000 people have been

driven from their homes.

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Also on the programme:

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Bitcoin is on a roll.

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The digital currency

is surging but could this

0:01:050:01:06

boom simply be a bubble?

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It's always been a culinary treasure

- now it's a cultural one as well.

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The art of pizza making in Naples

is given world heritage status.

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Get in touch with us using

the hashtag Beyond-One-Hundred-Days

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Hello and welcome.

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I'm Christian Fraser in London.

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Jane O' Brien is in Washington.

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The US State Department had

warned its diplomats of the likely

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repercussions in the Middle East,

if Donald Trump recognised Jerusalem

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as Israel's capital.

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And sure enough there were clashes

today in Ramallah, Bethlehem

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and East Jerusalem,

between Palestinians

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and the Israeli security forces.

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Dozens of people have been injured.

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In Gaza the leader of Hamas called

for a third intifada.

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The UN Security Council

will meet on Friday.

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Britain, France China and Russia

have all expressed concern over

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Donald Trump's announcement.

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Our Middle East Correspondent

Yolande Knell reports.

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Palestinians today

preparing their own message

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for President Trump,

venting their anger over his

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recognition of Jerusalem

as Israel's capital.

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Clashing with Israeli

soldiers in the West Bank.

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Meanwhile in Gaza, the Islamist

Hamas leader, Ismail Haniyeh,

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upped the ante - demanding

a new uprising, or intifada.

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So far, fiery rhetoric hasn't

ignited protests on a grand scale,

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but these Palestinians in Ramallah

really fear their chances

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of having an independent state,

with East Jerusalem as its capital,

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could now be stamped out.

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He's making it only one

side, and they're taking

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the opinion of the Israelis.

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This has ended the two-state

solution, you know, the dream

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for us as Palestinians.

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Palestinians see the changes

in US policy on Jerusalem

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as a huge setback.

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Donald Trump may say

he is still committed to helping

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them end their conflict with Israel,

but here they say he is

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no broker for peace.

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Meanwhile in Jerusalem the Israeli

prime minister was jubilant.

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TRANSLATION:

President Trump on

himself forever with the history of

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our capital.

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His name will now be proudly

displayed among other names

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in this city's glorious history.

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Many Israelis share his gratitude

that the president has delivered on

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a long-time promise,

recognising, he said,

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the reality on the ground.

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TRANSLATION:

Trump is a man who was

sent from heaven to say the right

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things at the right time.

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But there are also

concerns about violence.

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On one hand I think

he needed to do that.

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On the other, I am a realist.

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This contested city is at the heart

of divisions between

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Israel and the Palestinians

which President Trump

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insists he wants to mend.

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With more demonstrations planned,

hopes of that seem remote.

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Yolande Knell, BBC News, Jerusalem.

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For the latest we can speak

to our correspondent Tom Bateman,

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who is in Jerusalem.

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TOM, THE SITUATION THAT MEN ARE

PALESTINIANS FACE TODAY IN GAZA AND

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THE WEST BANK IS BAD, perhaps even

worse than it was in the 1980s, but

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how likely is that they could or

would even want to mount another

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intifada.

Making predictions in what

is such a volatile region is

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incredibly difficult, but I think

the evidence we have to go on so far

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is after President Trump's

declaration yesterday, what has

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happened the day have been serious

clashes. However, at this stage, we

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are not at the scale of clashes that

we saw, for example, over the

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summer, when there was a serious

crisis over access to one of the

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very sensitive holy sites in the

city of Jerusalem. That had been

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triggered after the killing of two

Israeli policeman very close to that

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place. We will have to wait

particularly until tomorrow, because

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Fridays are always big days when it

comes to protest here, so that will

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be a key moment to watch and get a

sense of how much this is inflaming

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ordinary people and see how prepared

they are to go out and protest. All

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of the noise around this,

particularly from Arab and Muslim

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countries in the region, has been

that this is an unacceptable

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violation of international law,

something of course that the

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Americans, the Israelis refute. But

of course, because it focuses on

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Jerusalem, because there is that

whole issue of the key holy places

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within that, we know that small

changes on the ground in those

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places can lead to further violence.

Tom, how are people preparing for

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tomorrow? Is never a lot of extra

security evident yet?

The Israeli

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military sent extra battalions into

the West Bank today, so it looks as

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though that will continue. I think

there is a sense that the warning

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from how mass is being taken

seriously in terms of the

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preparations that are being made,

but I think there is something, if

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you like, of a ritual to the way

that these protests tend to work,

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and where they tend to be focused.

So, I'm sure the Israeli security

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forces will be focusing on the usual

areas. Today was interesting. I

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mean, you know, across towns and

cities in the West Bank and on the

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Gaza border, there were clashes in

the odd city. I was there around

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lunchtime, and there were protests,

the armed border police dispersing

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people. Again, nothing like the

scale that we saw, for example,

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during the summer. If the old city

becomes more of a focus again, it

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has the potential to raise tensions

and add to the sense of volatility.

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Tom Bateman, in Jerusalem, thank you

for joining us.

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Let's get the thoughts

of William Cohen, who served

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as the US Secretary of Defense

during Bill Clinton's

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administration.

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Thank you for joining me. How do you

think that this decision will affect

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the peace process?

Well, I'm not

sure there is a process any longer.

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I had been in favour for years of

having a two state solution,

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believing that the Palestinians were

entitled to have their own state

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with their own form of Government

and live side by side in peace with

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the Israelis. That may have been a

mirage. Whatever it is, it is gone,

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in my judgment, because central to a

final solution for the status of

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Jerusalem was whether or not the

Palestinians would have east

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Jerusalem as their capital. That has

been taken off the table now. At

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least, it appears to be, unless

President Trump has something in

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mind for Jerusalem, and maybe he was

only referring to West Jerusalem. I

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think it will be difficult to walk

back. I think we had put our hand on

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the scale for the Israelis and not

the Palestinians, so I am not sure

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they can sustain a third intifada.

You have a difference of opinion in

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the Middle East in terms of the

countries who are more concerned

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about Iran than they are about the

plight of the Palestinians, so for

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me, it looks like a blues- lose

proposition for the Palestinians and

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win- win for the Israelis, because

the more they demonstrate in a

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violent way, the more the Israelis

will say, that is the reason we need

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more settlements and push the

Palestinians away so they don't

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threaten us. I think it is

problematic for the Palestinians,

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and I think it will be troublesome

going forward with a process. I

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think the recent one now.

Work about

the reaction from other countries in

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the reason? Is Palestine still a

unifying force?

Less so. The

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prospect of a round being a

revolutionary country spreading its

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ideology and trying to destabilise

other parts of the Middle East, that

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is a primary concern on the part of

many Arab countries that I travel

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to. So I'm not sure that the

Palestinian cause will be for most

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in their mind. I think they are

working very closely with the

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Israelis against Iran.

Secretary

Cohen, we were just talking before

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the programme, Jane and I come about

the last time the Western powers at

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effectively called an emergency

meeting at the UN security council

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to scold the Americans, probably

just before the Iraq war, right?

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Does it matter and will it make any

difference, whatever they discuss on

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Friday?

I don't think so. I think

the United States has made its own

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policy decision. It was a political

decision, obviously, not a

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diplomatic one. The president made a

promise to the Christian

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evangelicals and to many of the

Jewish population in the United

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States. Israel has a voice in our

political process. The American

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people don't have a voice in Israeli

politics. It is clear that President

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Trump is not going to be dissuaded

at this point. He said, I am in

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favour of declaring Jerusalem the

capital of Israel. I don't think

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there is anything that can be done

to make changes mind or to mitigate

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it.

We talked yesterday about the

role that Saudi Arabia would have

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played in this. Do you buy into this

theory is that is doing the rounds

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that the Palestinian issue is an

inconvenient issue for the Crown

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prince, and his issue is really the

proxy war with Iran?

At least

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verbally, the leaders of the Arab

countries will be very much against

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this decision. On a practical level,

again, the fear of a run and of the

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need to modernise Saudi Arabia and

other countries is going to be the

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dominant thing. The thing to be

concerned about going forward is,

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what kind of state will Israel

become? Will it continue to be a

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democracy? If you have one state

solution, do you have one man, one

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vote? If you don't have that, does

that make you a democracy or

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something to a theocracy? That is

something that will have to unfold

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to see whether United States stands

in relation to Israel under those

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circumstances. We have had a former

prime minister warning about having

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an apartheid country. It is pretty

strong language. But you have a

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division of opinion inside Israel

about what complications could be

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and where the conflict could be in

future.

Thank you very much for

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joining us, William Cumming. It is

interesting, as he says, this is

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clearly a domestic decision. This is

the president saying, I stick to my

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promises, don't follow convention.

It is red meat to his base.

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It certainly is, and it begs the

question of whether or not

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fulfilling a campaign promise is

what the consequences. Also, how did

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the president come to this position?

Who is influencing him? We have

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heard talk of a casino magnate who

is campaigning very much on this

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issue, whispering in the era Donald

Trump, and he has had dinners in the

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White House with him. We know he has

been very much in favour of this

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decision. It raises the question.

Then he spent $35 million on the

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Trump campaign, bought himself a

seat on the stage at the

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inauguration?

That's right, he did.

And again, it raises the question of

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who the president is listening to.

We know that he likes to surround

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himself with informal advisers,

friends, family. Is this something

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that again he has decidedd -- he has

decided to listen to?

It comes down

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to the role of the State Department,

doesn't it.

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Hundreds of houses have been

destroyed and 200,000 people have

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been forced to flee after fast

moving wildfires continue to spread

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in southern California.

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The blazes have reached

the Pacific Ocean and impacted

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the state's main coastal highway.

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Firefighters have been working

around the clock but with winds

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reaching 75 miles per hour

the flames are spreading fast.

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The BBC's James Cook

is in the communities impacted

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outside of Los Angeles and filed

this report.

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The American west was

never really tamed.

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The weather here was always wild

and dangerous, and after years

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of drought it now

seems worse than ever.

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This is the largest and most

destructive of the blazes, in

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Ventura County north of Los Angeles.

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Last night it looked

as if a volcano was erupting,

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the hillside glowing like lava.

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And with daylight the

damage became clear.

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The tinder dry ground turned to ash.

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Swathes of Southern

California now look like

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this, the fire swept

through here rapidly, charring

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everything in its path and turning

this area into a wasteland.

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It only consumed

vegetation here, down in

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the valley below now

they are worried about homes.

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In the exclusive

Los Angeles suburb of

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Bel-Air yesterday

they attacked the fires

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aggressively, working hard

to

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save scores of homes.

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The house will be on fire soon,

unlike what are you

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talking about?

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You said it was far away last night.

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He was like, don't look outside,

a whole mountain was

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on fire.

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Celebrities such as the musician

Lionel Richie and the

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socialite Paris Hilton were among

those forced to flee.

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Every firefighting

aircraft in the United

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States has been summoned to

California and they are making a big

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difference.

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We are not quite out of the woods

yet but here in daylight

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we will do everything we can to hit

it hard, fast and safely,

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and then we will look to see

by the end of

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the day what we can do in terms

of providing information.

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In times of crisis,

extraordinary moments of

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compassion.

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Here, a man runs to rescue a rabbit.

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He seems in distress

but one little life has

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been saved.

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At least four major fires

are burning across the state.

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More fierce winds are forecast

and worst may be to come.

0:16:090:16:18

And just moments ago I spoke

with James in southern California.

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James, I guess all eyes are on the

weather forecast - what forecast is

0:16:250:16:30

there for relief from the winds?

Actually, the weather forecast has

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improved. The National Weather

Service here in the United States

0:16:360:16:40

has said this morning here in

California that its worst fears have

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not been realised, that the

conditions that it had feared would

0:16:430:16:47

materialise, which would have seen

gusts of up to 80 mph in quite a

0:16:470:16:52

number of places where the fires

were burning, has not in fact

0:16:520:16:56

happened because of the combination

of air in the atmosphere. That

0:16:560:16:59

doesn't mean that the danger is

over. There is still a significant

0:16:590:17:06

danger across large parts of

Southern California, and there is

0:17:060:17:08

the potential for the wind to

increase later today. These dry,

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gusty winds that come down from the

desert could whip up the fire

0:17:150:17:20

through the canyons, and those are

still forecast, just not at the same

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intensity as previously forecast.

The pictures have been dramatic -

0:17:250:17:29

can you give us an idea of how

destructive this has been?

It has

0:17:290:17:34

been exceptionally disrupted. We are

on the outskirts of a town in the

0:17:340:17:41

valleys just north of Los Angeles,

and the roads are all but deserted.

0:17:410:17:45

The occasional car is coming past,

but people are not going about their

0:17:450:17:49

day-to-day lives. Ash is falling and

making it quite unpleasant to stand

0:17:490:17:58

here. You can see smoke in the sky

behind me. Not just here, but even

0:17:580:18:06

into Los Angeles itself, there are

several major fires burning, at

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least four, in Southern California,

one of them in the very exclusive

0:18:100:18:14

suburb of Bel-Air in Los Angeles,

where those who have had to flee

0:18:140:18:19

include Lionel Richie and Paris

Hilton. We have also seen vineyards.

0:18:190:18:26

I watched yesterday as fire burnt in

a vineyard owned by media mogul

0:18:260:18:31

Rupert Murdoch. The helicopters were

very quickly on top of that and

0:18:310:18:36

prevented it reaching the property.

The firefighters have done really

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very well, watching them over the

last few days.

James, thanks for

0:18:390:18:43

joining us.

0:18:430:18:47

Germany's SPD Party has voted

to enter into talks with Chancellor

0:18:470:18:50

Angela Merkel's conservatives.

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They'll be looking at whether to

renew their grand coalition

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that ended in September.

0:18:540:18:55

The party's leader - Martin Schulz -

had initially ruled out

0:18:550:18:57

rejoining the alliance,

but softened his stance

0:18:570:18:59

after Mrs Merkel's attempts

at building a coalition with two

0:18:590:19:01

other parties collapsed.

0:19:010:19:04

The first visit to Greece

by a Turkish head of state for more

0:19:040:19:07

than 60 years has got off

to a tense start.

0:19:070:19:10

Turkey's President Erdogan and Greek

prime minister Alexis Tsipras

0:19:100:19:12

swapped pointed remarks

about their countries relations

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since World War One.

0:19:140:19:15

But the two have agreed

to confidence-boosting measures.

0:19:150:19:23

The UN Security Council has

expressed its concern about reports

0:19:230:19:25

of migrants being sold

into slavery in Libya.

0:19:250:19:27

Stories of slavery and abuse have

been emerging in recent days.

0:19:270:19:30

Migrants trying to reach Europe have

spoken of being held by smugglers

0:19:300:19:33

and forced to work for little

or no money.

0:19:330:19:41

In the end, the pressure

was too much.

0:19:430:19:45

Today Al Franken took to the Senate

floor and announced he's

0:19:450:19:47

retiring after allegations

of sexual misconduct.

0:19:470:19:49

But the lawmaker from Minnesota

didn't go without defending his

0:19:490:19:51

record and taking a swipe

at the president.

0:19:510:19:53

More than 30 Democratic senators -

including almost all his female

0:19:530:19:56

colleagues in the chamber -

had called on him to step down.

0:19:560:19:59

Seven women have accused him

of groping and sexual harassment.

0:19:590:20:01

Here's some of what he had to say.

0:20:010:20:11

Today, I am announcing

that in the coming weeks

0:20:110:20:13

I will be resigning

as

0:20:130:20:14

a member of the

United States Senate.

0:20:140:20:22

I, of all people, am aware

that there is some irony in the fact

0:20:220:20:25

that I am leaving while a man

who has bragged on tape about his

0:20:250:20:28

history of sexual assault sits in

the oval office, and a man who has

0:20:280:20:34

repeatedly preyed on young girls

campaigns for the Senate with the

0:20:340:20:39

full support of his party.

0:20:390:20:49

And for more on Senator Franken's

announcement we are joined now

0:20:490:20:52

by our political analyst

Ron Christie, who served

0:20:520:20:54

as an advisor to George W Bush.

0:20:540:20:59

Ron, thanks for coming in. He's not

admitting anything, and he's making

0:20:590:21:04

it very clear that he is resigning

under pressure. Is this a rush to

0:21:040:21:09

judgment or a turning point?

I think

it is a turning point. You found

0:21:090:21:16

yesterday an overwhelming majority

of colleagues saying it was time to

0:21:160:21:19

step aside and move beyond what has

become a distraction for the Senate.

0:21:190:21:23

This is all about politics. Right

now, the Democrats want to be in a

0:21:230:21:28

position where they can take the

moral high ground and say that John

0:21:280:21:32

Connors has retired, Al Franken is

leaving the Senate, and now the

0:21:320:21:39

Republicans have Roy Moore in

Alabama and Donald Trump in the Oval

0:21:390:21:42

Office, but the Democrats are

addressing these allegations

0:21:420:21:45

seriously.

Will it put pressure on

the Republicans? At the moment, they

0:21:450:21:49

can't do much about Roy Moore in

Alabama.

Not in the short term.

0:21:490:21:54

Listen carefully to what Mr Franken

had to say today. He said he would

0:21:540:21:57

retire within the next few weeks. We

have an election in Alabama on shoes

0:21:570:22:03

they, and Senate leadership has

indicated that if Mr Moore wins, we

0:22:030:22:06

will have a situation where the

ethics committee will begin their

0:22:060:22:09

investigation. I bet if Roy Moore

wins on Tuesday, Franklin says --

0:22:090:22:19

Franken says, I will stick around

and have my day if he is having his.

0:22:190:22:24

What do you think of Newt Gingrich's

tweet saying the other day that

0:22:240:22:28

Franken was voted by 1 million

people from Minnesota. They picked

0:22:280:22:32

him for the Senate in 2014. He's got

a point, hasn't he? Everyone is

0:22:320:22:43

innocent until proven guilty, why

not let it take its course through

0:22:430:22:46

the ethics committee?

There are the

political optics and illegal ones.

0:22:460:22:53

Mr Franken did not get his day in

court or get to face his accusers.

0:22:530:22:58

He did not have that legal momentum

to move forward one way or the

0:22:580:23:02

other, but this is all about

politics. The 2018 cycle is just

0:23:020:23:07

around the corner. The Democrats are

trying to retake the House of

0:23:070:23:13

Representatives and in 2018, you

begin the start of the 2020

0:23:130:23:17

presidential election cycle. What

the Democrats didn't need was a

0:23:170:23:21

political albatross around their

neck in the form of Senator Frank in

0:23:210:23:26

-- Senator Franken. From a legal

perspective, it looks that he was

0:23:260:23:30

rooted out. From a political

perspective, it was too much for the

0:23:300:23:35

Democrats to handle.

He didn't go

down without a fight. He talks about

0:23:350:23:39

the irony of Trump being in the Oval

Office, and he has faced the

0:23:390:23:45

allegations of Roy Moore, who could

be elected to the Senate. He has

0:23:450:23:48

made a point before he left.

What

you didn't hear in his farewell

0:23:480:23:52

speech to the Senate was an apology.

He talked about people from

0:23:520:23:56

Minnesota, about one of his mentors,

a former senator, but he didn't talk

0:23:560:24:02

about addressing the allegations

directly and apologising for the

0:24:020:24:05

conduct that allegedly took place

before he came to the Senate. So

0:24:050:24:09

what we have is a day about

politics. I would add that there was

0:24:090:24:13

only one Republican member of the

Senate on the floor as the speech

0:24:130:24:16

was going out, and who was that but

the outgoing senator from Arizona.

0:24:160:24:25

The Republicans are taking a victory

lap, if you will, and saying, now we

0:24:250:24:30

have got one of our hardest

detractors against the Republican

0:24:300:24:34

party out of the Senate.

Thank you

for joining us. Just reading

0:24:340:24:41

responses to the tweets he sent out

last night. Lots of people did not

0:24:410:24:44

want him to go. It was a different

situation to the Harvey Weinstein

0:24:440:24:48

allegations, which were of a much

more serious nature.

It is and it

0:24:480:24:52

isn't. There is a process to go

through here, and I think there are

0:24:520:24:57

two mag distinct issues. We keep

comparing Al Franken to avoid more.

0:24:570:25:01

Roy Moore has not been elected yet,

but Al Franken had been elected and

0:25:010:25:07

was in the Senate. He was

representing the institution of the

0:25:070:25:10

Senate, and that is why the

leadership and his colleagues had so

0:25:100:25:14

much say over why he should step

down, and calling on him to resign,

0:25:140:25:18

because at the end of the day, they

are concerned about upholding the

0:25:180:25:23

integrity of the Senate. That is

what makes this distinct.

OK, Al

0:25:230:25:27

Franken is gone. We focus on Alabama

next week. This is Beyond 100 Days

0:25:270:25:35

from the BBC.

0:25:350:25:37

Coming up for viewers on the BBC

News Channel and BBC World News:

0:25:370:25:40

We'll be live in Ramallah

where there's been violent reaction

0:25:400:25:42

to Trump's decision to move the US

embasssy to Jerusalem.

0:25:420:25:45

And who's that journalist first

to a story about pizzas

0:25:450:25:47

getting UNESCO recognition?

0:25:470:25:49

Yes, that's me ten

years ago in Naples.

0:25:490:25:51

That's still to come.

0:25:510:25:54

Storm Caroline still blowing hard in

the far north of the country, but

0:26:120:26:15

the winds are coming down now. We

have had gusts in excess of 90 mph

0:26:150:26:19

in the very far north of Scotland.

In the lowlands, closer to 50-60

0:26:190:26:24

mph. That storm is moving out into

the Norwegian Sea. With the wind

0:26:240:26:33

swirling around, on the backside of

Caroline here, we will see winds

0:26:330:26:37

coming out of the Arctic. This is

very cold air, and with that comes

0:26:370:26:42

the threat of snow. We have been

talking about snow showers all day.

0:26:420:26:46

Over the next few days, we will be

dealing with snow almost anywhere

0:26:460:26:50

across the UK. Deceiving, already

snow increasing across Scotland and

0:26:500:26:55

Northern Ireland, the north-west of

England, into Wales and parts of the

0:26:550:26:58

Midlands as well. It could be a

problem first thing in the morning.

0:26:580:27:06

In areas close to the coast, it is

more likely to be rain and sleet.

0:27:060:27:11

Take it steady first thing in the

morning first thing, particularly

0:27:110:27:15

across northern and western parts of

the UK. In Scotland, in the north,

0:27:150:27:18

which is often the case, that is

where we will see most of the snow.

0:27:180:27:24

All day, still blizzards across the

hills of Scotland. Out to sea, gale

0:27:240:27:28

force winds. You will see snow

around Belfast, the north-west of

0:27:280:27:33

England, Wales, parts of the

Midlands as well. In the south-west,

0:27:330:27:37

I think it will be mostly sleet.

Across the moors, there will be

0:27:370:27:42

snow. Close to the coast, Plymouth,

more likely to be rain and sleet.

0:27:420:27:46

Through the day, the showers will

get heavier. Notice, not too many of

0:27:460:27:52

them close to the east coast, the

south-east and the South. 5-10

0:27:520:27:57

centimetres in some spots, most of

it across northern Scotland. I won't

0:27:570:28:01

say which town or city will get the

snow, but is it -- because it is

0:28:010:28:06

virtually impossible to predict.

Those could be 10-20 miles across

0:28:060:28:10

town could hit -- 10-20 miles across

and could hit one town and miss

0:28:100:28:18

another. Barely above freezing in

the north of the country on

0:28:180:28:23

Saturday. On Sunday, a potentially

larger area of snow across central

0:28:230:28:27

Britain. Still some uncertainty

about that. Stay June. -- stay

0:28:270:28:34

tuned.

0:28:340:28:37

This is Beyond 100 Days with

Christian Fraser in London and Jane

0:30:110:30:15

O'Brien in Washington. A mass call

for a new intifada following

0:30:150:30:21

President Trump's decision to

recognise Jerusalem as president --

0:30:210:30:24

capital of Israel. Senator Al

Franken has resigned after admission

0:30:240:30:30

see touched women inappropriately.

In 2010, a bitcoin was worth 8

0:30:300:30:35

cents. Today it would fetch you over

one another than $75,000. Why is it

0:30:350:30:45

currency you can't hold? It took

Unesco eight years to agree there is

0:30:450:30:51

an art to the pizza. Why is mine all

thin? After five minutes of watching

0:30:510:30:58

me have a go, they may just

reconsider.

0:30:580:31:01

Do let us back know your thoughts.

Beyond 100 Days is the hash tag.

0:31:010:31:11

There's been clashes

in the Gaza Strip and across

0:31:140:31:16

the occupied West Bank,

following President Trump's

0:31:160:31:20

recognition of Jerusalem

as Israel's capital.

0:31:200:31:21

At least 31 Palestinians

have been injured.

0:31:210:31:25

Mr Trump's announcement reverses

decades of US policy on the issue.

0:31:250:31:29

Let's get more on this

now from Omar Shakir.

0:31:290:31:33

We can now crossed a Republican

congressman in Virginia, formerly a

0:31:370:31:42

Navy SEAL. Thank you for joining us.

With your military experience in the

0:31:420:31:50

middle East, really you know better

more than anybody else, is it really

0:31:500:31:53

worth risking the turmoil, the

potential turmoil, in order to

0:31:530:31:57

fulfil a campaign promise?

It's not

just a campaign promise. Past

0:31:570:32:05

Presidents said this too. This is

American policy. We should take

0:32:050:32:10

every effort necessary to protect

people, as should host nations

0:32:100:32:16

around the Middle East. The reality

is it is American policy. For those

0:32:160:32:19

who want to do harm, those who are

terrorists, they don't get a vote on

0:32:190:32:25

American foreign policy. We should

not be intimidated by that. Should

0:32:250:32:28

we take all precautions to protect

people? No question about that.

0:32:280:32:33

There are some long-standing folks

who agree. Some don't. I get that.

0:32:330:32:38

But this is the right thing to do.

This is what we believe. Folks who

0:32:380:32:44

want to do harm, they don't get a

vote on American foreign policy.

Is

0:32:440:32:48

this administration still committed

to the peace process and brokering a

0:32:480:32:51

deal, and more importantly, to a two

state solution?

I don't know exactly

0:32:510:32:57

where they are. I know they are

committed to getting a deal. It is

0:32:570:33:00

important to understand that right

now there is no deal. Who do you

0:33:000:33:06

negotiate with? You mentioned Gaza

and the West Bank. The Palestinian

0:33:060:33:10

Authority control the West Bank. The

fourth -- the folks in Gaza are

0:33:100:33:16

controlled by Hamas. It is not a

bilateral negotiation. It is

0:33:160:33:20

trilateral. There is no deal. Quite

frankly, something like this, an

0:33:200:33:25

American position that has been

taken, and I agree with the

0:33:250:33:29

President, I'm glad he had the

courage to do it, but this does

0:33:290:33:32

create a shake-up, an opportunity to

change the dynamic because the peace

0:33:320:33:37

process has been stagnant for

decades. We will continue to do the

0:33:370:33:40

same thing and get the same results.

Chuck Schumer and Nancy Pelosi, the

0:33:400:33:46

Minority leaders, they are going to

the White House today. This was a

0:33:460:33:49

meeting put off last week. Is it

possible they can avoid a government

0:33:490:33:53

shutdown?

There is no question. I

think a government shutdown should

0:33:530:33:59

be and will be avoided. I think that

is going to happen. Obviously there

0:33:590:34:03

was a rift the last time they were

supposed to be there. Let the

0:34:030:34:08

viewers decide who's fault that was.

The responsible thing to do is keep

0:34:080:34:11

the government going. I'm confident

we will get a deal.

The deadline is

0:34:110:34:16

the weekend. If it were to happen

again, it would have serious

0:34:160:34:21

ramifications for the Republicans,

wouldn't it? Jabri congress, you

0:34:210:34:24

have the White House, you were to

blame in 2013, surely you can't let

0:34:240:34:28

it happen again?

I don't think it is

good for anyone. In terms of who

0:34:280:34:34

gets the blame, who knows? Who knows

who the American people will blame?

0:34:340:34:38

Either way it is irresponsible. It

is not the right thing to do. I

0:34:380:34:41

think we will come together, the

president, Nancy Pelosi, Chuck

0:34:410:34:45

Schumer, they will get a deal and

continue to fund the government.

0:34:450:34:49

Nobody wants the government to shut

down.

0:34:490:34:51

Thank you. For more on the fallout

regarding Jerusalem, we can speak to

0:34:510:34:57

or Mercia Kear. -- Omar Shakira.

0:34:570:35:01

He's the Israel and Palestine

Director for Human Rights Watch,

0:35:010:35:03

and joins us now from Ramallah.

0:35:040:35:05

Can I get your reaction to what you

have seen today in Ray Mallon and

0:35:050:35:10

east Jerusalem?

We have seen a

degree of frustration from all parts

0:35:100:35:18

of society. We have seen a

generalised strike were businesses

0:35:180:35:22

were shut in protest at the

declaration by Trump. We also saw

0:35:220:35:26

schools closed, demonstrations

throughout the West Bank and Gaza,

0:35:260:35:32

not just in big cities but smaller

towns and villages. We expect more

0:35:320:35:37

demonstrations tomorrow.

What do you

make of the call from the Hamas

0:35:370:35:43

leader for a third intifada?

I think

we need to look at the underlying

0:35:430:35:48

dynamics, what is taking place right

now. You have Israel and its 51st

0:35:480:35:54

year of the occupation. It has

controlled east Jerusalem and the

0:35:540:35:59

entire West Bank and Gaza Strip

through repression,

0:35:590:36:04

institutionalised discrimination,

systematic rights abuse. When you

0:36:040:36:06

look at Israeli policy, in Jerusalem

it has been a two-tiered

0:36:060:36:13

discriminatory system that treats

Palestinians separately and unequal.

0:36:130:36:16

What is significant about the

announcement by the Trump

0:36:160:36:19

administration is that for the first

time, when no other country

0:36:190:36:23

recognises Israel's annexation of

east Jerusalem, which is occupied

0:36:230:36:28

territory under international law,

you see a decision which essentially

0:36:280:36:33

epitomises a policy the Israeli

government has had in Jerusalem. I

0:36:330:36:37

think the root cause of frustration

throughout the occupied Palestinian

0:36:370:36:41

territory is the ongoing Israeli

occupation and the human rights

0:36:410:36:47

implications of its conduct in its

51st year.

As you point out, Israel

0:36:470:36:53

has controlled Jerusalem for a

number of decades. What could

0:36:530:36:57

actually change on the ground?

This

decision won't change really the

0:36:570:37:04

underlying status quo on the ground.

The reality you have today, while

0:37:040:37:09

Israeli officials talk about a

unified city of Jerusalem,

0:37:090:37:13

effectively you have one set of

rules for Jewish inhabitants and one

0:37:130:37:18

set of rules for Palestinians.

Israel explicitly set out as a

0:37:180:37:25

policy goal maintaining a Jewish

majority in the city. On one hand

0:37:250:37:31

this doesn't change the status quo.

But it does provide some

0:37:310:37:36

legitimisation from a major global

power for these unlawful practices.

0:37:360:37:41

Already today in the Israeli press

you have reports a planned expansion

0:37:410:37:45

of settlements, which is a war crime

under international law, within East

0:37:450:37:50

Jerusalem. The United States for

many decades has failed to exercise

0:37:500:37:54

a productive role in reining in

Israeli human rights abuses and

0:37:540:37:58

pressing Israeli leaders to put

forward an agenda more focused on

0:37:580:38:02

human rights. This may only give

more impetus for a right-wing

0:38:020:38:05

Israeli government to push forward

with its unlawful practices.

0:38:050:38:08

Thank you very much.

Vice President Mike Pence is in

0:38:080:38:14

Jerusalem in 11 days. It will be

interesting to see if the

0:38:140:38:17

Palestinians decide to meet him.

It certainly will. All eyes on that

0:38:170:38:23

meeting for sure. A lot riding on it

and a lot of interesting where

0:38:230:38:26

Donald Trump will go next with his

policy on the Middle East.

0:38:260:38:29

Let's talk about bitcoin.

0:38:290:38:32

The digital currency Bitcoin has

broken the $16,000 mark,

0:38:320:38:34

extending the online only

currencies record-breaking surge.

0:38:340:38:35

It's surged over the past week,

jumping by more than 50% in value.

0:38:350:38:40

The cryptocurrency began

the year below $1,000,

0:38:400:38:41

but continues to rise

despite warnings by one economist

0:38:410:38:44

who described it as a dangerous

speculative bubble -

0:38:440:38:49

fuelling worries there

could be a crash.

0:38:490:38:52

Let's talk to our business

correspondent, Samira Hussain,

0:38:520:38:54

who is in New York.

0:38:540:38:59

What is actually causing this surge?

It is interest. People are becoming

0:38:590:39:07

more interested in bitcoin. It is

sort of gaining a little bit more

0:39:070:39:11

legitimacy within the financial

community. We have indexes like the

0:39:110:39:15

Chicago Mercantile exchange giving

out futures, which is giving it a

0:39:150:39:21

bit more legitimacy. We see more

financial institutions starting to

0:39:210:39:25

pay attention to it. That, coupled

with the fact that we have just seen

0:39:250:39:30

this meteoric rise in the value of

bitcoin... Today it went to 16,000

0:39:300:39:36

500. At the beginning of the year it

was less than a thousand. Those

0:39:360:39:41

people who got it early hours pretty

pretty. -- earlier are sitting

0:39:410:39:49

pretty pretty.

How useful is this

currency? What can people do with

0:39:490:39:55

it?

Right now, in its infancy at the

beginning there were thoughts about

0:39:550:39:59

using it to be able to do regular

transactions. We were even in

0:39:590:40:06

conversation today in the office

about how some of our local shops

0:40:060:40:09

would accept bitcoin. But now it is

not really used for that. You're not

0:40:090:40:13

going to go in and buy a soft drink

with a $16,000 note. Now people are

0:40:130:40:20

really looking at it more as an

investment peace. And in some

0:40:200:40:24

instances people are thinking it is

a better investment than gold. That

0:40:240:40:29

said, there are some titans within

the financial community that have

0:40:290:40:31

expressed a lot of misgivings. One

suggests it is a Ponzi scheme,

0:40:310:40:38

another suggests it is another tech

bubble and it is going to burst.

I

0:40:380:40:43

wonder how safe it is? There was a

report today that $68 million of

0:40:430:40:48

bitcoin was hacked open an account

in Slovenia today. Surely

0:40:480:40:53

governments are looking to regulate

it and if they do surely the bubble

0:40:530:40:57

will burst?

Governments are looking

to try and regulated, but on the

0:40:570:41:02

flip side you could also say regular

currency is often act as well. Other

0:41:020:41:08

information is often hacked. Hacking

is certainly an issue that crosses

0:41:080:41:12

every single industry right now. The

big thing with bitcoin is that it is

0:41:120:41:18

not regulated in terms of it's not

backed by a central bank. Each

0:41:180:41:23

transaction actually has to go

through each individual computer. So

0:41:230:41:27

it's really lengthy and it's really

involved. But that is really part of

0:41:270:41:31

the reason why people like it. It is

decentralise. It is more of this

0:41:310:41:36

community idea. I think that is part

of the attraction.

0:41:360:41:39

Thank you very much for your

thoughts. There is a collective

0:41:390:41:43

dropping on heads on desks at the

moment. Why didn't I buy some

0:41:430:41:48

bitcoin? I was looking to the price

in July 2010, it was 8 cents. That

0:41:480:41:53

would have bought you, for a couple

of copy, 12.5 bitcoins. Do you know

0:41:530:41:59

how much they would be worth today?

$220,000.

My goodness. Why didn't

0:41:590:42:07

you do it?

I wish I had paid more

attention in those IT classes. That

0:42:070:42:11

would have done it. Move on.

0:42:110:42:15

The European Union has set a

deadline of Sunday, for Theresa May

0:42:150:42:18

to make an acceptable offer

on the Northern Ireland border ahead

0:42:180:42:21

of the Brexit summit next week.

0:42:210:42:22

In the last hour, we have seen

reports that the Irish side think

0:42:220:42:25

progress is being made.

0:42:250:42:26

The European Council President,

Donald Tusk, is to make a statement

0:42:260:42:29

early tomorrow morning.

0:42:290:42:31

The Prime Minister finds

herself between a rock

0:42:310:42:33

and a hard place at the moment.

0:42:330:42:35

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has

warned any Brexit deal must

0:42:350:42:37

respect the promises made

during the EU referendum campaign.

0:42:370:42:40

I'm joined by Times

columnist Iain Martin.

0:42:400:42:45

It has been an interesting week. The

DUP row is really focused attention

0:42:460:42:52

within the party about a

conversation many people think we

0:42:520:42:56

should already have had?

Yes, the

incident on Monday where they were

0:42:560:43:00

expected to get a deal and it

collapsed at the last minute because

0:43:000:43:05

Theresa May had not properly

consulted the Democratic Unionists,

0:43:050:43:09

which depends first surviving in

government, that has provoked a

0:43:090:43:14

conversation in the Conservative

Party about whether she can release

0:43:140:43:18

arrive -- really survive, even if

possibly there may be a move before

0:43:180:43:25

Christmas or maybe in January. What

had been the established view that

0:43:250:43:28

she would be the person to see

through Brexit for all of her

0:43:280:43:34

floors, that political mismanagement

on Monday in Brussels, in relation

0:43:340:43:38

to the DUP, has met Tories think

again.

It is a tricky issue because

0:43:380:43:43

she has to keep the train on the

tracks. The strategy she has picked

0:43:430:43:50

his to keep the Cabinet together.

She has not lost a major vote, she

0:43:500:43:55

has not had a rebellion. In one

sense she has played it right. In

0:43:550:43:59

another sense she keeps moving from

crisis to crisis purely because she

0:43:590:44:02

has not had that conversation?

Yes,

it is very tough. Even people who

0:44:020:44:07

are critics of Theresa May will

admit she is a decent, honourable

0:44:070:44:12

person, who has inherited this and

is doing her level best to deal with

0:44:120:44:16

it. But I think the problem is that

if you think of politics on both

0:44:160:44:20

sides of the Atlantic, you think of

great deal makers like LBJ, or you

0:44:200:44:25

think of how Thatcher would have

handled this, Jim Callaghan in the

0:44:250:44:28

1970s. They have -- had political

difficulties but they had a basic

0:44:280:44:36

sense of political management,

curiosity and an ability for

0:44:360:44:39

deal-making that she doesn't seem to

have. And the operation around in

0:44:390:44:42

Number 10 is very depleted. Tory

morale is very low. It looks as

0:44:420:44:48

though they will probably progress

to the next stage and the signs to

0:44:480:44:52

neither optimistic, but it has once

again got people thinking in Tory

0:44:520:44:56

circles about whether they should

make a change. It is not easy to

0:44:560:44:59

make that change. They would have to

remove her very quickly. Would they

0:44:590:45:03

hold a Tory leadership election? All

of that is moot and unknown at this

0:45:030:45:08

stage.

Could you make an argument

for her that she gets all the

0:45:080:45:12

criticism and the European Union

gets non-? I have been banging the

0:45:120:45:17

drum saying, look, if the DUP, with

all the Unionist interest, wanted to

0:45:170:45:21

stay close to the mainland, the

European Union miss read Ed. If they

0:45:210:45:26

Inc you can fix the Irish issue

without sorting out what sort of

0:45:260:45:30

relationship you have with the EU.

They have put the cart before the

0:45:300:45:34

horse macro -- horse?

Yes, they

have. The Irish border is not just

0:45:340:45:42

an unusual border, it has been an

unusual border since 1921, 90 23. A

0:45:420:45:48

common travel area was agreed, then

there were the troubles and then

0:45:480:45:51

peace. It was an area the European

Union struggles to understand. It

0:45:510:45:57

will not fit a logical legal

pattern. There is gone to have to be

0:45:570:46:03

a compromise. I think the failure of

Theresa May was to felt -- was to

0:46:030:46:10

fail to communicate that. When her

officials thought he had a deal, she

0:46:100:46:13

didn't do the basic business of

checking that the Unionists were

0:46:130:46:16

squared. Ulster Unionists are very

paranoid about being sold down the

0:46:160:46:22

river, particularly by English

politicians that they fear do not

0:46:220:46:28

necessarily understand the nuances

of Northern Ireland politics. You

0:46:280:46:30

can understand them being jumpy. The

mishandling of it, some of the

0:46:300:46:34

details they learned from Twitter,

spooked them. They pulled the plug

0:46:340:46:39

on Monday. That is not a situation

the Prime Minister should find

0:46:390:46:43

herself in.

Ian Martin, thank you.

Come back and see us Maxim.

0:46:430:46:47

This is Beyond 100 Days.

0:46:470:46:48

Still to come...

0:46:480:46:49

Neopolitan pizza gains

world heritage status.

0:46:490:46:51

So next time you take that

slice, just consider it

0:46:510:46:53

a cultural experience.

0:46:530:46:59

And make sure you go for the real

deal rather than Christian's

0:46:590:47:02

version!

0:47:020:47:05

It's the the largest and most

expensive warship ever built

0:47:080:47:11

for the Royal Navy, and today

the Queen commissioned

0:47:110:47:13

HMS Queen Elizabeth

at a ceremony in Portsmouth.

0:47:130:47:15

It cost more than £3 billion

to build, and has become

0:47:150:47:18

the flagship of the fleet,

as Jonathan Beale reports.

0:47:180:47:20

A day of pride for the Royal Navy

and for the nation.

0:47:200:47:30

The Queen has already named her.

0:47:310:47:34

Today she made her first visit

on board to commission

0:47:340:47:38

HMS Queen Elizabeth into service.

0:47:380:47:39

Almost lost in the cavernous hangar,

still waiting for aircraft.

0:47:390:47:43

But for the Queen, this ship already

holds a special place in her heart.

0:47:430:47:46

As the daughter, wife

and mother of naval officers,

0:47:460:47:53

I recognise the unique

demands our nation asks of you,

0:47:530:47:59

and I will always value my special

link with HMS Queen Elizabeth,

0:47:590:48:04

her ship's company

and their families.

0:48:040:48:09

The raising of the White Ensign

means she's now legally recognised

0:48:090:48:11

as a Royal Navy warship.

0:48:110:48:13

Over the past few months,

HMS Queen Elizabeth and her 700 crew

0:48:130:48:16

have been testing her at sea.

0:48:160:48:19

She's the first of two new carriers.

0:48:190:48:22

Russia has already described her

as a large convenient target,

0:48:220:48:26

but the Government insists

she will be a potent

0:48:260:48:28

weapon and symbol of

British military power.

0:48:280:48:33

This isn't just the largest warship

ever built for the Royal Navy,

0:48:330:48:36

it's also the most expensive,

costing more than £3 billion.

0:48:360:48:41

The F-35 jets that will eventually

fly off her will cost billions more

0:48:410:48:44

and this at a time when the defence

budget is under severe pressure,

0:48:440:48:50

with the prospect of further cuts.

0:48:500:48:53

Today the only cuts being made

were to the elaborate cake,

0:48:530:48:56

made to mark the occasion,

but the Navy is having to consider

0:48:560:49:00

axing other ships in the fleet.

0:49:000:49:03

They still believe it's worth it.

0:49:030:49:09

You're watching Beyond 100 Days.

0:49:160:49:20

Now many of us appreciate a great

pizza, but now the pies crafted

0:49:200:49:23

in Naples have been given world

heritage status by Unesco.

0:49:230:49:26

They join a distinguished list,

which includes flamenco

0:49:260:49:28

dancing and the tango.

0:49:280:49:31

So what goes in to making

the perfect slice?

0:49:310:49:36

Before we came on the programme,

I joined the expert pizza-maker

0:49:360:49:40

Diego Liguori for a crash course.

0:49:400:49:44

OK.

The right shape. Kind of. Yeah.

OK.

Then you just flop it.

Like

0:49:440:50:03

this?

Yeah.

It has not it. How is

that? There is a hole! There is a

0:50:030:50:15

hole! Look!

Never mind.

Let me see

yours. OK. OK. Why is mine thinly?

0:50:150:50:36

Mine is oblong. -- thin.

You have

two treated like a girl, a little

0:50:360:50:46

bit delicate.

You Italians and the

girls! The hole is getting bigger.

0:50:460:50:51

It doesn't matter about the hole.

OK. OK.

One more. Put it down like

0:50:510:51:01

that.

OK. This one? OK.

Another one

here.

OK. OK. Shall I get some

0:51:010:51:21

flower this time?

Like this. Then

flip it up.

Like that? And then flip

0:51:210:51:42

it up.

Get it into a pizza shape.

Right. And now I spin it? OK.

0:51:420:51:58

Getting better now. Much better than

before.

0:51:580:52:02

There we go.

Hey, look at that.

That

is it.

That is pretty good. I did

0:52:050:52:19

quite a bit of that.

That is so much

better.

Grade. If this doesn't work

0:52:190:52:26

out on the show, I can come and work

with you?

0:52:260:52:29

Please! Don't give up the day job.

0:52:290:52:34

Diego is with us in the studio.

0:52:340:52:36

So too the owner the London

pizzeria in which he works,

0:52:360:52:39

Serena Sarnataro.

0:52:390:52:41

What does it mean to have UNESCO

recognition for the Neapolitan

0:52:410:52:46

pizza?

I will let Diego replies to

this. It means a lot to him.

0:52:460:52:54

Basically we are just very proud of

it. After 300 years of history we

0:52:540:52:58

made it. I do feel very happy. I

think I speak for all the pizza

0:52:580:53:03

chefs around the world. The

Neapolitan Anna pizza chefs made it.

0:53:030:53:09

They made it. It has been a

renaissance. When I was in Rome ten

0:53:090:53:15

years ago I went to Natalie to where

it all started in 1889, and I made a

0:53:150:53:21

pizza there. -- Napoli. This was ten

years ago there were trying to get

0:53:210:53:25

recognition. The reason was that you

get so many pale imitations around

0:53:250:53:30

the world. The robbery pizza.

The

pineapple!

Jane likes pizza. What is

0:53:300:53:39

it about the ingredients that make

it such an incredible pizza?

It is

0:53:390:53:45

what is at the base of the

Mediterranean food and what we

0:53:450:53:48

actually eat every day. It is very

simple. It is tomato, basil,

0:53:480:53:57

mozzarella... And it is where it is

sourced. It is in Italy, where we

0:53:570:54:03

grow these very simple ingredients.

Because of the sunshine, the

0:54:030:54:09

location, the ground, everything,

our ground is so fertile. It is so

0:54:090:54:11

good. It is really simple and

straightforward.

I have to go here.

0:54:110:54:22

I have to ask both of you as

experts, what is wrong with putting

0:54:220:54:27

pineapple on pizza? I believe the

world is actually divided by this

0:54:270:54:31

very issue.

I thought it was the

data when I first saw it on a pizza

0:54:310:54:40

14 years ago in the UK. It is

unthinkable because it is fruit, I

0:54:400:54:45

think. It just doesn't go!

Diego is

grimacing. You only serve to Peter

0:54:450:54:52

Senior restaurant. They queue out of

the door. -- pizzas. Do you get a

0:54:520:55:01

reaction from people when they come

in?

Yes, some people say, where is

0:55:010:55:06

the pepperoni? Can I have some

chicken? We only make margarita. The

0:55:060:55:16

margarita was made by a chef who

came to visit Naples.

The colours of

0:55:160:55:21

the Italian flag.

The marinara was

made for the sailors who came back

0:55:210:55:27

from the sea. That was very simple.

Put together very quickly.

When you

0:55:270:55:33

on mozzarella? See how puritanical I

am now that I have spent time in

0:55:330:55:44

Italy making one. Now I know my

stuff. I know even what sort of

0:55:440:55:48

cheese you put on it.

Words fail me.

0:55:480:55:54

Congratulations. Thank you both for

coming in. We will be back at the

0:55:540:55:58

same time on Monday. Thank you

DJ-ing in Washington.

0:55:580:56:01