Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London return to report on the events that are shaping the world.
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This is Beyond 100 Days.
The Palestinian group Hamas has
called for a third "intifada" -
following President Trump's decision
to recognize Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel.
The UN Security Council is expected
to meet on Friday for talks demanded
by the Western powers.
There have been violent
protests in Ramallah,
Jerusalem and Bethlehem.
The leader of Hamas says the peace
process has been "buried forever."
Al Franken bows to the pressure
of his Senate colleagues and says
he's stepping down following a raft
of allegations he touched
Today, I am announcing that
in the coming weeks I will be
resigning as a member
of the United States Senate.
In California, dry weather
and gusting winds are
spreading wildfires further.
Already 100,000 people have been
driven from their homes.
Also on the programme:
Bitcoin is on a roll.
The digital currency
is surging but could this
boom simply be a bubble?
It's always been a culinary treasure
- now it's a cultural one as well.
The art of pizza making in Naples
is given world heritage status.
Get in touch with us using
the hashtag Beyond-One-Hundred-Days
Hello and welcome.
I'm Christian Fraser in London.
Jane O' Brien is in Washington.
The US State Department had
warned its diplomats of the likely
repercussions in the Middle East,
if Donald Trump recognised Jerusalem
as Israel's capital.
And sure enough there were clashes
today in Ramallah, Bethlehem
and East Jerusalem,
and the Israeli security forces.
Dozens of people have been injured.
In Gaza the leader of Hamas called
for a third intifada.
The UN Security Council
will meet on Friday.
Britain, France China and Russia
have all expressed concern over
Donald Trump's announcement.
Our Middle East Correspondent
Yolande Knell reports.
preparing their own message
for President Trump,
venting their anger over his
recognition of Jerusalem
as Israel's capital.
Clashing with Israeli
soldiers in the West Bank.
Meanwhile in Gaza, the Islamist
Hamas leader, Ismail Haniyeh,
upped the ante - demanding
a new uprising, or intifada.
So far, fiery rhetoric hasn't
ignited protests on a grand scale,
but these Palestinians in Ramallah
really fear their chances
of having an independent state,
with East Jerusalem as its capital,
could now be stamped out.
He's making it only one
side, and they're taking
the opinion of the Israelis.
This has ended the two-state
solution, you know, the dream
for us as Palestinians.
Palestinians see the changes
in US policy on Jerusalem
as a huge setback.
Donald Trump may say
he is still committed to helping
them end their conflict with Israel,
but here they say he is
no broker for peace.
Meanwhile in Jerusalem the Israeli
prime minister was jubilant.
President Trump on
himself forever with the history of
His name will now be proudly
displayed among other names
in this city's glorious history.
Many Israelis share his gratitude
that the president has delivered on
a long-time promise,
recognising, he said,
the reality on the ground.
Trump is a man who was
sent from heaven to say the right
things at the right time.
But there are also
concerns about violence.
On one hand I think
he needed to do that.
On the other, I am a realist.
This contested city is at the heart
of divisions between
Israel and the Palestinians
which President Trump
insists he wants to mend.
With more demonstrations planned,
hopes of that seem remote.
Yolande Knell, BBC News, Jerusalem.
For the latest we can speak
to our correspondent Tom Bateman,
who is in Jerusalem.
TOM, THE SITUATION THAT MEN ARE
PALESTINIANS FACE TODAY IN GAZA AND
THE WEST BANK IS BAD, perhaps even
worse than it was in the 1980s, but
how likely is that they could or
would even want to mount another
Making predictions in what
is such a volatile region is
incredibly difficult, but I think
the evidence we have to go on so far
is after President Trump's
declaration yesterday, what has
happened the day have been serious
clashes. However, at this stage, we
are not at the scale of clashes that
we saw, for example, over the
summer, when there was a serious
crisis over access to one of the
very sensitive holy sites in the
city of Jerusalem. That had been
triggered after the killing of two
Israeli policeman very close to that
place. We will have to wait
particularly until tomorrow, because
Fridays are always big days when it
comes to protest here, so that will
be a key moment to watch and get a
sense of how much this is inflaming
ordinary people and see how prepared
they are to go out and protest. All
of the noise around this,
particularly from Arab and Muslim
countries in the region, has been
that this is an unacceptable
violation of international law,
something of course that the
Americans, the Israelis refute. But
of course, because it focuses on
Jerusalem, because there is that
whole issue of the key holy places
within that, we know that small
changes on the ground in those
places can lead to further violence.
Tom, how are people preparing for
tomorrow? Is never a lot of extra
security evident yet?
military sent extra battalions into
the West Bank today, so it looks as
though that will continue. I think
there is a sense that the warning
from how mass is being taken
seriously in terms of the
preparations that are being made,
but I think there is something, if
you like, of a ritual to the way
that these protests tend to work,
and where they tend to be focused.
So, I'm sure the Israeli security
forces will be focusing on the usual
areas. Today was interesting. I
mean, you know, across towns and
cities in the West Bank and on the
Gaza border, there were clashes in
the odd city. I was there around
lunchtime, and there were protests,
the armed border police dispersing
people. Again, nothing like the
scale that we saw, for example,
during the summer. If the old city
becomes more of a focus again, it
has the potential to raise tensions
and add to the sense of volatility.
Tom Bateman, in Jerusalem, thank you
for joining us.
Let's get the thoughts
of William Cohen, who served
as the US Secretary of Defense
during Bill Clinton's
Thank you for joining me. How do you
think that this decision will affect
the peace process?
Well, I'm not
sure there is a process any longer.
I had been in favour for years of
having a two state solution,
believing that the Palestinians were
entitled to have their own state
with their own form of Government
and live side by side in peace with
the Israelis. That may have been a
mirage. Whatever it is, it is gone,
in my judgment, because central to a
final solution for the status of
Jerusalem was whether or not the
Palestinians would have east
Jerusalem as their capital. That has
been taken off the table now. At
least, it appears to be, unless
President Trump has something in
mind for Jerusalem, and maybe he was
only referring to West Jerusalem. I
think it will be difficult to walk
back. I think we had put our hand on
the scale for the Israelis and not
the Palestinians, so I am not sure
they can sustain a third intifada.
You have a difference of opinion in
the Middle East in terms of the
countries who are more concerned
about Iran than they are about the
plight of the Palestinians, so for
me, it looks like a blues- lose
proposition for the Palestinians and
win- win for the Israelis, because
the more they demonstrate in a
violent way, the more the Israelis
will say, that is the reason we need
more settlements and push the
Palestinians away so they don't
threaten us. I think it is
problematic for the Palestinians,
and I think it will be troublesome
going forward with a process. I
think the recent one now.
the reaction from other countries in
the reason? Is Palestine still a
Less so. The
prospect of a round being a
revolutionary country spreading its
ideology and trying to destabilise
other parts of the Middle East, that
is a primary concern on the part of
many Arab countries that I travel
to. So I'm not sure that the
Palestinian cause will be for most
in their mind. I think they are
working very closely with the
Israelis against Iran.
Cohen, we were just talking before
the programme, Jane and I come about
the last time the Western powers at
effectively called an emergency
meeting at the UN security council
to scold the Americans, probably
just before the Iraq war, right?
Does it matter and will it make any
difference, whatever they discuss on
I don't think so. I think
the United States has made its own
policy decision. It was a political
decision, obviously, not a
diplomatic one. The president made a
promise to the Christian
evangelicals and to many of the
Jewish population in the United
States. Israel has a voice in our
political process. The American
people don't have a voice in Israeli
politics. It is clear that President
Trump is not going to be dissuaded
at this point. He said, I am in
favour of declaring Jerusalem the
capital of Israel. I don't think
there is anything that can be done
to make changes mind or to mitigate
We talked yesterday about the
role that Saudi Arabia would have
played in this. Do you buy into this
theory is that is doing the rounds
that the Palestinian issue is an
inconvenient issue for the Crown
prince, and his issue is really the
proxy war with Iran?
verbally, the leaders of the Arab
countries will be very much against
this decision. On a practical level,
again, the fear of a run and of the
need to modernise Saudi Arabia and
other countries is going to be the
dominant thing. The thing to be
concerned about going forward is,
what kind of state will Israel
become? Will it continue to be a
democracy? If you have one state
solution, do you have one man, one
vote? If you don't have that, does
that make you a democracy or
something to a theocracy? That is
something that will have to unfold
to see whether United States stands
in relation to Israel under those
circumstances. We have had a former
prime minister warning about having
an apartheid country. It is pretty
strong language. But you have a
division of opinion inside Israel
about what complications could be
and where the conflict could be in
Thank you very much for
joining us, William Cumming. It is
interesting, as he says, this is
clearly a domestic decision. This is
the president saying, I stick to my
promises, don't follow convention.
It is red meat to his base.
It certainly is, and it begs the
question of whether or not
fulfilling a campaign promise is
what the consequences. Also, how did
the president come to this position?
Who is influencing him? We have
heard talk of a casino magnate who
is campaigning very much on this
issue, whispering in the era Donald
Trump, and he has had dinners in the
White House with him. We know he has
been very much in favour of this
decision. It raises the question.
Then he spent $35 million on the
Trump campaign, bought himself a
seat on the stage at the
That's right, he did.
And again, it raises the question of
who the president is listening to.
We know that he likes to surround
himself with informal advisers,
friends, family. Is this something
that again he has decidedd -- he has
decided to listen to?
It comes down
to the role of the State Department,
Hundreds of houses have been
destroyed and 200,000 people have
been forced to flee after fast
moving wildfires continue to spread
in southern California.
The blazes have reached
the Pacific Ocean and impacted
the state's main coastal highway.
Firefighters have been working
around the clock but with winds
reaching 75 miles per hour
the flames are spreading fast.
The BBC's James Cook
is in the communities impacted
outside of Los Angeles and filed
The American west was
never really tamed.
The weather here was always wild
and dangerous, and after years
of drought it now
seems worse than ever.
This is the largest and most
destructive of the blazes, in
Ventura County north of Los Angeles.
Last night it looked
as if a volcano was erupting,
the hillside glowing like lava.
And with daylight the
damage became clear.
The tinder dry ground turned to ash.
Swathes of Southern
California now look like
this, the fire swept
through here rapidly, charring
everything in its path and turning
this area into a wasteland.
It only consumed
vegetation here, down in
the valley below now
they are worried about homes.
In the exclusive
Los Angeles suburb of
they attacked the fires
aggressively, working hard
save scores of homes.
The house will be on fire soon,
unlike what are you
You said it was far away last night.
He was like, don't look outside,
a whole mountain was
Celebrities such as the musician
Lionel Richie and the
socialite Paris Hilton were among
those forced to flee.
aircraft in the United
States has been summoned to
California and they are making a big
We are not quite out of the woods
yet but here in daylight
we will do everything we can to hit
it hard, fast and safely,
and then we will look to see
by the end of
the day what we can do in terms
of providing information.
In times of crisis,
extraordinary moments of
Here, a man runs to rescue a rabbit.
He seems in distress
but one little life has
At least four major fires
are burning across the state.
More fierce winds are forecast
and worst may be to come.
And just moments ago I spoke
with James in southern California.
James, I guess all eyes are on the
weather forecast - what forecast is
there for relief from the winds?
Actually, the weather forecast has
improved. The National Weather
Service here in the United States
has said this morning here in
California that its worst fears have
not been realised, that the
conditions that it had feared would
materialise, which would have seen
gusts of up to 80 mph in quite a
number of places where the fires
were burning, has not in fact
happened because of the combination
of air in the atmosphere. That
doesn't mean that the danger is
over. There is still a significant
danger across large parts of
Southern California, and there is
the potential for the wind to
increase later today. These dry,
gusty winds that come down from the
desert could whip up the fire
through the canyons, and those are
still forecast, just not at the same
intensity as previously forecast.
The pictures have been dramatic -
can you give us an idea of how
destructive this has been?
been exceptionally disrupted. We are
on the outskirts of a town in the
valleys just north of Los Angeles,
and the roads are all but deserted.
The occasional car is coming past,
but people are not going about their
day-to-day lives. Ash is falling and
making it quite unpleasant to stand
here. You can see smoke in the sky
behind me. Not just here, but even
into Los Angeles itself, there are
several major fires burning, at
least four, in Southern California,
one of them in the very exclusive
suburb of Bel-Air in Los Angeles,
where those who have had to flee
include Lionel Richie and Paris
Hilton. We have also seen vineyards.
I watched yesterday as fire burnt in
a vineyard owned by media mogul
Rupert Murdoch. The helicopters were
very quickly on top of that and
prevented it reaching the property.
The firefighters have done really
very well, watching them over the
last few days.
James, thanks for
Germany's SPD Party has voted
to enter into talks with Chancellor
Angela Merkel's conservatives.
They'll be looking at whether to
renew their grand coalition
that ended in September.
The party's leader - Martin Schulz -
had initially ruled out
rejoining the alliance,
but softened his stance
after Mrs Merkel's attempts
at building a coalition with two
other parties collapsed.
The first visit to Greece
by a Turkish head of state for more
than 60 years has got off
to a tense start.
Turkey's President Erdogan and Greek
prime minister Alexis Tsipras
swapped pointed remarks
about their countries relations
since World War One.
But the two have agreed
to confidence-boosting measures.
The UN Security Council has
expressed its concern about reports
of migrants being sold
into slavery in Libya.
Stories of slavery and abuse have
been emerging in recent days.
Migrants trying to reach Europe have
spoken of being held by smugglers
and forced to work for little
or no money.
In the end, the pressure
was too much.
Today Al Franken took to the Senate
floor and announced he's
retiring after allegations
of sexual misconduct.
But the lawmaker from Minnesota
didn't go without defending his
record and taking a swipe
at the president.
More than 30 Democratic senators -
including almost all his female
colleagues in the chamber -
had called on him to step down.
Seven women have accused him
of groping and sexual harassment.
Here's some of what he had to say.
Today, I am announcing
that in the coming weeks
I will be resigning
a member of the
United States Senate.
I, of all people, am aware
that there is some irony in the fact
that I am leaving while a man
who has bragged on tape about his
history of sexual assault sits in
the oval office, and a man who has
repeatedly preyed on young girls
campaigns for the Senate with the
full support of his party.
And for more on Senator Franken's
announcement we are joined now
by our political analyst
Ron Christie, who served
as an advisor to George W Bush.
Ron, thanks for coming in. He's not
admitting anything, and he's making
it very clear that he is resigning
under pressure. Is this a rush to
judgment or a turning point?
it is a turning point. You found
yesterday an overwhelming majority
of colleagues saying it was time to
step aside and move beyond what has
become a distraction for the Senate.
This is all about politics. Right
now, the Democrats want to be in a
position where they can take the
moral high ground and say that John
Connors has retired, Al Franken is
leaving the Senate, and now the
Republicans have Roy Moore in
Alabama and Donald Trump in the Oval
Office, but the Democrats are
addressing these allegations
Will it put pressure on
the Republicans? At the moment, they
can't do much about Roy Moore in
Not in the short term.
Listen carefully to what Mr Franken
had to say today. He said he would
retire within the next few weeks. We
have an election in Alabama on shoes
they, and Senate leadership has
indicated that if Mr Moore wins, we
will have a situation where the
ethics committee will begin their
investigation. I bet if Roy Moore
wins on Tuesday, Franklin says --
Franken says, I will stick around
and have my day if he is having his.
What do you think of Newt Gingrich's
tweet saying the other day that
Franken was voted by 1 million
people from Minnesota. They picked
him for the Senate in 2014. He's got
a point, hasn't he? Everyone is
innocent until proven guilty, why
not let it take its course through
the ethics committee?
There are the
political optics and illegal ones.
Mr Franken did not get his day in
court or get to face his accusers.
He did not have that legal momentum
to move forward one way or the
other, but this is all about
politics. The 2018 cycle is just
around the corner. The Democrats are
trying to retake the House of
Representatives and in 2018, you
begin the start of the 2020
presidential election cycle. What
the Democrats didn't need was a
political albatross around their
neck in the form of Senator Frank in
-- Senator Franken. From a legal
perspective, it looks that he was
rooted out. From a political
perspective, it was too much for the
Democrats to handle.
He didn't go
down without a fight. He talks about
the irony of Trump being in the Oval
Office, and he has faced the
allegations of Roy Moore, who could
be elected to the Senate. He has
made a point before he left.
you didn't hear in his farewell
speech to the Senate was an apology.
He talked about people from
Minnesota, about one of his mentors,
a former senator, but he didn't talk
about addressing the allegations
directly and apologising for the
conduct that allegedly took place
before he came to the Senate. So
what we have is a day about
politics. I would add that there was
only one Republican member of the
Senate on the floor as the speech
was going out, and who was that but
the outgoing senator from Arizona.
The Republicans are taking a victory
lap, if you will, and saying, now we
have got one of our hardest
detractors against the Republican
party out of the Senate.
for joining us. Just reading
responses to the tweets he sent out
last night. Lots of people did not
want him to go. It was a different
situation to the Harvey Weinstein
allegations, which were of a much
more serious nature.
It is and it
isn't. There is a process to go
through here, and I think there are
two mag distinct issues. We keep
comparing Al Franken to avoid more.
Roy Moore has not been elected yet,
but Al Franken had been elected and
was in the Senate. He was
representing the institution of the
Senate, and that is why the
leadership and his colleagues had so
much say over why he should step
down, and calling on him to resign,
because at the end of the day, they
are concerned about upholding the
integrity of the Senate. That is
what makes this distinct.
Franken is gone. We focus on Alabama
next week. This is Beyond 100 Days
from the BBC.
Coming up for viewers on the BBC
News Channel and BBC World News:
We'll be live in Ramallah
where there's been violent reaction
to Trump's decision to move the US
embasssy to Jerusalem.
And who's that journalist first
to a story about pizzas
getting UNESCO recognition?
Yes, that's me ten
years ago in Naples.
That's still to come.
Storm Caroline still blowing hard in
the far north of the country, but
the winds are coming down now. We
have had gusts in excess of 90 mph
in the very far north of Scotland.
In the lowlands, closer to 50-60
mph. That storm is moving out into
the Norwegian Sea. With the wind
swirling around, on the backside of
Caroline here, we will see winds
coming out of the Arctic. This is
very cold air, and with that comes
the threat of snow. We have been
talking about snow showers all day.
Over the next few days, we will be
dealing with snow almost anywhere
across the UK. Deceiving, already
snow increasing across Scotland and
Northern Ireland, the north-west of
England, into Wales and parts of the
Midlands as well. It could be a
problem first thing in the morning.
In areas close to the coast, it is
more likely to be rain and sleet.
Take it steady first thing in the
morning first thing, particularly
across northern and western parts of
the UK. In Scotland, in the north,
which is often the case, that is
where we will see most of the snow.
All day, still blizzards across the
hills of Scotland. Out to sea, gale
force winds. You will see snow
around Belfast, the north-west of
England, Wales, parts of the
Midlands as well. In the south-west,
I think it will be mostly sleet.
Across the moors, there will be
snow. Close to the coast, Plymouth,
more likely to be rain and sleet.
Through the day, the showers will
get heavier. Notice, not too many of
them close to the east coast, the
south-east and the South. 5-10
centimetres in some spots, most of
it across northern Scotland. I won't
say which town or city will get the
snow, but is it -- because it is
virtually impossible to predict.
Those could be 10-20 miles across
town could hit -- 10-20 miles across
and could hit one town and miss
another. Barely above freezing in
the north of the country on
Saturday. On Sunday, a potentially
larger area of snow across central
Britain. Still some uncertainty
about that. Stay June. -- stay
This is Beyond 100 Days with
Christian Fraser in London and Jane
O'Brien in Washington. A mass call
for a new intifada following
President Trump's decision to
recognise Jerusalem as president --
capital of Israel. Senator Al
Franken has resigned after admission
see touched women inappropriately.
In 2010, a bitcoin was worth 8
cents. Today it would fetch you over
one another than $75,000. Why is it
currency you can't hold? It took
Unesco eight years to agree there is
an art to the pizza. Why is mine all
thin? After five minutes of watching
me have a go, they may just
Do let us back know your thoughts.
Beyond 100 Days is the hash tag.
There's been clashes
in the Gaza Strip and across
the occupied West Bank,
following President Trump's
recognition of Jerusalem
as Israel's capital.
At least 31 Palestinians
have been injured.
Mr Trump's announcement reverses
decades of US policy on the issue.
Let's get more on this
now from Omar Shakir.
We can now crossed a Republican
congressman in Virginia, formerly a
Navy SEAL. Thank you for joining us.
With your military experience in the
middle East, really you know better
more than anybody else, is it really
worth risking the turmoil, the
potential turmoil, in order to
fulfil a campaign promise?
just a campaign promise. Past
Presidents said this too. This is
American policy. We should take
every effort necessary to protect
people, as should host nations
around the Middle East. The reality
is it is American policy. For those
who want to do harm, those who are
terrorists, they don't get a vote on
American foreign policy. We should
not be intimidated by that. Should
we take all precautions to protect
people? No question about that.
There are some long-standing folks
who agree. Some don't. I get that.
But this is the right thing to do.
This is what we believe. Folks who
want to do harm, they don't get a
vote on American foreign policy.
this administration still committed
to the peace process and brokering a
deal, and more importantly, to a two
I don't know exactly
where they are. I know they are
committed to getting a deal. It is
important to understand that right
now there is no deal. Who do you
negotiate with? You mentioned Gaza
and the West Bank. The Palestinian
Authority control the West Bank. The
fourth -- the folks in Gaza are
controlled by Hamas. It is not a
bilateral negotiation. It is
trilateral. There is no deal. Quite
frankly, something like this, an
American position that has been
taken, and I agree with the
President, I'm glad he had the
courage to do it, but this does
create a shake-up, an opportunity to
change the dynamic because the peace
process has been stagnant for
decades. We will continue to do the
same thing and get the same results.
Chuck Schumer and Nancy Pelosi, the
Minority leaders, they are going to
the White House today. This was a
meeting put off last week. Is it
possible they can avoid a government
There is no question. I
think a government shutdown should
be and will be avoided. I think that
is going to happen. Obviously there
was a rift the last time they were
supposed to be there. Let the
viewers decide who's fault that was.
The responsible thing to do is keep
the government going. I'm confident
we will get a deal.
The deadline is
the weekend. If it were to happen
again, it would have serious
ramifications for the Republicans,
wouldn't it? Jabri congress, you
have the White House, you were to
blame in 2013, surely you can't let
it happen again?
I don't think it is
good for anyone. In terms of who
gets the blame, who knows? Who knows
who the American people will blame?
Either way it is irresponsible. It
is not the right thing to do. I
think we will come together, the
president, Nancy Pelosi, Chuck
Schumer, they will get a deal and
continue to fund the government.
Nobody wants the government to shut
Thank you. For more on the fallout
regarding Jerusalem, we can speak to
or Mercia Kear. -- Omar Shakira.
He's the Israel and Palestine
Director for Human Rights Watch,
and joins us now from Ramallah.
Can I get your reaction to what you
have seen today in Ray Mallon and
We have seen a
degree of frustration from all parts
of society. We have seen a
generalised strike were businesses
were shut in protest at the
declaration by Trump. We also saw
schools closed, demonstrations
throughout the West Bank and Gaza,
not just in big cities but smaller
towns and villages. We expect more
What do you
make of the call from the Hamas
leader for a third intifada?
we need to look at the underlying
dynamics, what is taking place right
now. You have Israel and its 51st
year of the occupation. It has
controlled east Jerusalem and the
entire West Bank and Gaza Strip
systematic rights abuse. When you
look at Israeli policy, in Jerusalem
it has been a two-tiered
discriminatory system that treats
Palestinians separately and unequal.
What is significant about the
announcement by the Trump
administration is that for the first
time, when no other country
recognises Israel's annexation of
east Jerusalem, which is occupied
territory under international law,
you see a decision which essentially
epitomises a policy the Israeli
government has had in Jerusalem. I
think the root cause of frustration
throughout the occupied Palestinian
territory is the ongoing Israeli
occupation and the human rights
implications of its conduct in its
As you point out, Israel
has controlled Jerusalem for a
number of decades. What could
actually change on the ground?
decision won't change really the
underlying status quo on the ground.
The reality you have today, while
Israeli officials talk about a
unified city of Jerusalem,
effectively you have one set of
rules for Jewish inhabitants and one
set of rules for Palestinians.
Israel explicitly set out as a
policy goal maintaining a Jewish
majority in the city. On one hand
this doesn't change the status quo.
But it does provide some
legitimisation from a major global
power for these unlawful practices.
Already today in the Israeli press
you have reports a planned expansion
of settlements, which is a war crime
under international law, within East
Jerusalem. The United States for
many decades has failed to exercise
a productive role in reining in
Israeli human rights abuses and
pressing Israeli leaders to put
forward an agenda more focused on
human rights. This may only give
more impetus for a right-wing
Israeli government to push forward
with its unlawful practices.
Thank you very much.
Vice President Mike Pence is in
Jerusalem in 11 days. It will be
interesting to see if the
Palestinians decide to meet him.
It certainly will. All eyes on that
meeting for sure. A lot riding on it
and a lot of interesting where
Donald Trump will go next with his
policy on the Middle East.
Let's talk about bitcoin.
The digital currency Bitcoin has
broken the $16,000 mark,
extending the online only
currencies record-breaking surge.
It's surged over the past week,
jumping by more than 50% in value.
The cryptocurrency began
the year below $1,000,
but continues to rise
despite warnings by one economist
who described it as a dangerous
speculative bubble -
fuelling worries there
could be a crash.
Let's talk to our business
correspondent, Samira Hussain,
who is in New York.
What is actually causing this surge?
It is interest. People are becoming
more interested in bitcoin. It is
sort of gaining a little bit more
legitimacy within the financial
community. We have indexes like the
Chicago Mercantile exchange giving
out futures, which is giving it a
bit more legitimacy. We see more
financial institutions starting to
pay attention to it. That, coupled
with the fact that we have just seen
this meteoric rise in the value of
bitcoin... Today it went to 16,000
500. At the beginning of the year it
was less than a thousand. Those
people who got it early hours pretty
pretty. -- earlier are sitting
How useful is this
currency? What can people do with
Right now, in its infancy at the
beginning there were thoughts about
using it to be able to do regular
transactions. We were even in
conversation today in the office
about how some of our local shops
would accept bitcoin. But now it is
not really used for that. You're not
going to go in and buy a soft drink
with a $16,000 note. Now people are
really looking at it more as an
investment peace. And in some
instances people are thinking it is
a better investment than gold. That
said, there are some titans within
the financial community that have
expressed a lot of misgivings. One
suggests it is a Ponzi scheme,
another suggests it is another tech
bubble and it is going to burst.
wonder how safe it is? There was a
report today that $68 million of
bitcoin was hacked open an account
in Slovenia today. Surely
governments are looking to regulate
it and if they do surely the bubble
Governments are looking
to try and regulated, but on the
flip side you could also say regular
currency is often act as well. Other
information is often hacked. Hacking
is certainly an issue that crosses
every single industry right now. The
big thing with bitcoin is that it is
not regulated in terms of it's not
backed by a central bank. Each
transaction actually has to go
through each individual computer. So
it's really lengthy and it's really
involved. But that is really part of
the reason why people like it. It is
decentralise. It is more of this
community idea. I think that is part
of the attraction.
Thank you very much for your
thoughts. There is a collective
dropping on heads on desks at the
moment. Why didn't I buy some
bitcoin? I was looking to the price
in July 2010, it was 8 cents. That
would have bought you, for a couple
of copy, 12.5 bitcoins. Do you know
how much they would be worth today?
My goodness. Why didn't
you do it?
I wish I had paid more
attention in those IT classes. That
would have done it. Move on.
The European Union has set a
deadline of Sunday, for Theresa May
to make an acceptable offer
on the Northern Ireland border ahead
of the Brexit summit next week.
In the last hour, we have seen
reports that the Irish side think
progress is being made.
The European Council President,
Donald Tusk, is to make a statement
early tomorrow morning.
The Prime Minister finds
herself between a rock
and a hard place at the moment.
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has
warned any Brexit deal must
respect the promises made
during the EU referendum campaign.
I'm joined by Times
columnist Iain Martin.
It has been an interesting week. The
DUP row is really focused attention
within the party about a
conversation many people think we
should already have had?
incident on Monday where they were
expected to get a deal and it
collapsed at the last minute because
Theresa May had not properly
consulted the Democratic Unionists,
which depends first surviving in
government, that has provoked a
conversation in the Conservative
Party about whether she can release
arrive -- really survive, even if
possibly there may be a move before
Christmas or maybe in January. What
had been the established view that
she would be the person to see
through Brexit for all of her
floors, that political mismanagement
on Monday in Brussels, in relation
to the DUP, has met Tories think
It is a tricky issue because
she has to keep the train on the
tracks. The strategy she has picked
his to keep the Cabinet together.
She has not lost a major vote, she
has not had a rebellion. In one
sense she has played it right. In
another sense she keeps moving from
crisis to crisis purely because she
has not had that conversation?
it is very tough. Even people who
are critics of Theresa May will
admit she is a decent, honourable
person, who has inherited this and
is doing her level best to deal with
it. But I think the problem is that
if you think of politics on both
sides of the Atlantic, you think of
great deal makers like LBJ, or you
think of how Thatcher would have
handled this, Jim Callaghan in the
1970s. They have -- had political
difficulties but they had a basic
sense of political management,
curiosity and an ability for
deal-making that she doesn't seem to
have. And the operation around in
Number 10 is very depleted. Tory
morale is very low. It looks as
though they will probably progress
to the next stage and the signs to
neither optimistic, but it has once
again got people thinking in Tory
circles about whether they should
make a change. It is not easy to
make that change. They would have to
remove her very quickly. Would they
hold a Tory leadership election? All
of that is moot and unknown at this
Could you make an argument
for her that she gets all the
criticism and the European Union
gets non-? I have been banging the
drum saying, look, if the DUP, with
all the Unionist interest, wanted to
stay close to the mainland, the
European Union miss read Ed. If they
Inc you can fix the Irish issue
without sorting out what sort of
relationship you have with the EU.
They have put the cart before the
horse macro -- horse?
have. The Irish border is not just
an unusual border, it has been an
unusual border since 1921, 90 23. A
common travel area was agreed, then
there were the troubles and then
peace. It was an area the European
Union struggles to understand. It
will not fit a logical legal
pattern. There is gone to have to be
a compromise. I think the failure of
Theresa May was to felt -- was to
fail to communicate that. When her
officials thought he had a deal, she
didn't do the basic business of
checking that the Unionists were
squared. Ulster Unionists are very
paranoid about being sold down the
river, particularly by English
politicians that they fear do not
necessarily understand the nuances
of Northern Ireland politics. You
can understand them being jumpy. The
mishandling of it, some of the
details they learned from Twitter,
spooked them. They pulled the plug
on Monday. That is not a situation
the Prime Minister should find
Ian Martin, thank you.
Come back and see us Maxim.
This is Beyond 100 Days.
Still to come...
Neopolitan pizza gains
world heritage status.
So next time you take that
slice, just consider it
a cultural experience.
And make sure you go for the real
deal rather than Christian's
It's the the largest and most
expensive warship ever built
for the Royal Navy, and today
the Queen commissioned
HMS Queen Elizabeth
at a ceremony in Portsmouth.
It cost more than £3 billion
to build, and has become
the flagship of the fleet,
as Jonathan Beale reports.
A day of pride for the Royal Navy
and for the nation.
The Queen has already named her.
Today she made her first visit
on board to commission
HMS Queen Elizabeth into service.
Almost lost in the cavernous hangar,
still waiting for aircraft.
But for the Queen, this ship already
holds a special place in her heart.
As the daughter, wife
and mother of naval officers,
I recognise the unique
demands our nation asks of you,
and I will always value my special
link with HMS Queen Elizabeth,
her ship's company
and their families.
The raising of the White Ensign
means she's now legally recognised
as a Royal Navy warship.
Over the past few months,
HMS Queen Elizabeth and her 700 crew
have been testing her at sea.
She's the first of two new carriers.
Russia has already described her
as a large convenient target,
but the Government insists
she will be a potent
weapon and symbol of
British military power.
This isn't just the largest warship
ever built for the Royal Navy,
it's also the most expensive,
costing more than £3 billion.
The F-35 jets that will eventually
fly off her will cost billions more
and this at a time when the defence
budget is under severe pressure,
with the prospect of further cuts.
Today the only cuts being made
were to the elaborate cake,
made to mark the occasion,
but the Navy is having to consider
axing other ships in the fleet.
They still believe it's worth it.
You're watching Beyond 100 Days.
Now many of us appreciate a great
pizza, but now the pies crafted
in Naples have been given world
heritage status by Unesco.
They join a distinguished list,
which includes flamenco
dancing and the tango.
So what goes in to making
the perfect slice?
Before we came on the programme,
I joined the expert pizza-maker
Diego Liguori for a crash course.
The right shape. Kind of. Yeah.
Then you just flop it.
It has not it. How is
that? There is a hole! There is a
Let me see
yours. OK. OK. Why is mine thinly?
Mine is oblong. -- thin.
two treated like a girl, a little
You Italians and the
girls! The hole is getting bigger.
It doesn't matter about the hole.
One more. Put it down like
OK. This one? OK.
OK. OK. Shall I get some
flower this time?
Like this. Then
flip it up.
Like that? And then flip
Get it into a pizza shape.
Right. And now I spin it? OK.
Getting better now. Much better than
There we go.
Hey, look at that.
That is pretty good. I did
quite a bit of that.
That is so much
Grade. If this doesn't work
out on the show, I can come and work
Please! Don't give up the day job.
Diego is with us in the studio.
So too the owner the London
pizzeria in which he works,
What does it mean to have UNESCO
recognition for the Neapolitan
I will let Diego replies to
this. It means a lot to him.
Basically we are just very proud of
it. After 300 years of history we
made it. I do feel very happy. I
think I speak for all the pizza
chefs around the world. The
Neapolitan Anna pizza chefs made it.
They made it. It has been a
renaissance. When I was in Rome ten
years ago I went to Natalie to where
it all started in 1889, and I made a
pizza there. -- Napoli. This was ten
years ago there were trying to get
recognition. The reason was that you
get so many pale imitations around
the world. The robbery pizza.
Jane likes pizza. What is
it about the ingredients that make
it such an incredible pizza?
what is at the base of the
Mediterranean food and what we
actually eat every day. It is very
simple. It is tomato, basil,
mozzarella... And it is where it is
sourced. It is in Italy, where we
grow these very simple ingredients.
Because of the sunshine, the
location, the ground, everything,
our ground is so fertile. It is so
good. It is really simple and
I have to go here.
I have to ask both of you as
experts, what is wrong with putting
pineapple on pizza? I believe the
world is actually divided by this
I thought it was the
data when I first saw it on a pizza
14 years ago in the UK. It is
unthinkable because it is fruit, I
think. It just doesn't go!
grimacing. You only serve to Peter
Senior restaurant. They queue out of
the door. -- pizzas. Do you get a
reaction from people when they come
Yes, some people say, where is
the pepperoni? Can I have some
chicken? We only make margarita. The
margarita was made by a chef who
came to visit Naples.
The colours of
the Italian flag.
The marinara was
made for the sailors who came back
from the sea. That was very simple.
Put together very quickly.
on mozzarella? See how puritanical I
am now that I have spent time in
Italy making one. Now I know my
stuff. I know even what sort of
cheese you put on it.
Words fail me.
Congratulations. Thank you both for
coming in. We will be back at the
same time on Monday. Thank you
DJ-ing in Washington.