13/02/2018 Beyond 100 Days


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13/02/2018

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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You're watching beyond 100 days, the

US is close to making a decision on

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how to act against North Korea. Then

along hearing at the Senate, top

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intelligence chiefs are applying

global threats to America. North

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Korea and Russia topped the list.

The head of the FBI contradicts the

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White House's version of events

surrounding Rob Porter, the White

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House aide accused of domestic

violence. We will get the views of

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former CAA chief Leon Panetta. The

online fight against terrorism has a

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new weapon. It is software that

immediately blocks jihadists videos

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from being uploaded. Bagpipes,

tartan and, yes, a pony that baits.

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The colourful backdrop for Prince

Harry and Meghan Markle on their

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first official visit to Scotland.

Clear

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welcome. I felt like Cormack had

swallowed the US Capitol today, the

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world would have lost the entire top

rank of US intelligence services.

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It's OK, it didn't happen, instead

the top six officials and the FBI,

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the CIA and NSA sat before senators

for three hours and delivered a

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sobering assessment of threats

facing the US which they say are

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urgent, serious and real. They want

about North Korea and China and

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asked the question went down this

impressive line of America's top

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intelligence brass, every one of

them agreed that Russia has not

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stopped interfering in American

democracy. Which is pretty striking

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because these men report directly to

President Trump and he has yet to

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hold a cabinet level meeting on

Russian meddling.

Friendly, the

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United States is under attack. Under

attack by entities that are using

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cyber to penetrate virtually every

major action that takes place in the

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United States. Persistence aren't

disruptive cyber operations will

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continue against the United States

and our European allies using

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elections as opportunities to

undermine democracy, so this court

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and undermine our values.

Leon

Panetta has helped many post,

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including director of the CIA and

White House director chief of staff

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under President Clinton. The message

from those intelligence chiefs in

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the Senate today was clear. This has

been perfect, if this still a threat

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and it will continue being a threat

to American elections and yet the

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president has not yet held a cabinet

level meeting on this issue. Why the

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disconnect?

Everyone is asking that

question, particularly after the

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testimony today which made clear

that Russia is continuing to do

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exactly the same thing they did in

2016 elections, which is to

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undermine a relic to election

institutions and it's extremely

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important that the president must

address this issue because, frankly,

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if he doesn't send a message to the

Russians that this is unacceptable,

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then in many ways it's an open

invitation to the Russians to come

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in and do exactly what they did in

2016. This is a critical national

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security issue that the president of

the United States has two face.

The

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message seems to beat in Moscow, go

ahead because nothing has been said

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by Donald Trump.

Vladimir Putin

understands that message. He is

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someone who, if he senses weakness

on the part of an Baseri, will take

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advantage of it. I think right now,

he senses weakness, that is what got

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him into crime, into Ukraine, into

Syria, and to the 2016 election and

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now this year because not facing any

kind of deterrence or defence, it's

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almost an open invitation to to

again coming and attack our

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institutions.

The argument from the

White House might be, you are all

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exaggerating this night, there is no

evidence that Russia actually

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changed the outcome are affected the

outcome of the American election and

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being interviewed on the French

election and Marine Le Pen was not

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elected.

The president of the United

States needs to listen to those

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intelligence chiefs. They are the

ones who testified today and they

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made very clear that the Russians

are going to attack our election

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institutions. That is a serious

issue that the president of the

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United States has to address.

Let's

turn to another serious issue they

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raised in the hearings, that North

Korea and it was interesting to hear

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director courts seeing that a

decision is near on what to do about

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North Korea. What is that decision,

do you think?

I understand you not a

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of the CIA and the longer secretary

of the fence. I wish I knew. I think

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the question that has always

confronted this president and other

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presidents is, do you continue a

policy of deterrence and containment

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and hope that by increasing the

pressure you can force North Korea

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to the negotiating table, or do you

resort to some kind of military

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pre-entry attack. The reason the

military option has never been used

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is because the consequences of that

are horrendous. It could take us

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into a nuclear war. For that reason,

I would hope that the decision is

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how do we open the door to

negotiations with North Korea now

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that South Korea has at least laid

some of the groundwork for that kind

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of negotiation.

The decision making

how we might learn that. I want to

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you something that the director of

the CAA said during that hearing.

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Listen to this.

Her analysts remain

concerned that Kim Jong Un is not

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hearing the full story, that those

around him are providing that I are

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providing him with the tenuous

nature of his position

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internationally and domestically.

Is

this speculation from the director

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of the CIA or do you think American

intelligence is good on what North

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Korean leader Kim Jong and has

access to, information he's getting.

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What's happening them?

I would think

that what Mike Pompei said today is

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based on intelligence we are

receiving with regards to what Kim

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Jong Un is thinking and what he's

doing.

Human sources on what we have

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inside North Korea?

Without going

into the sources, I can't help but

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leave that there is better

intelligence by then try to

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understand what North Korea is up

to.

You were chief of staff under

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President Bill Clinton, so I have to

ask you about what is happening in

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the White House at the moment and

the situation surrounding Rob

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Porter, the White House aide who

stepped down after allegations of

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domestic violence. What have you

made of this White House's handling

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of the story over the past seven

days?

I think the deputy press

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secretary, when he said the White

House has made mistakes on the

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handling of this whole issue, was

correct. We haven't seen him

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recently but I think he was right.

This has been handled badly from the

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very beginning and as they try back

and fill in all the questions that

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have been asked, they are getting

themselves deeper and deeper in

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trouble. I think they ought to be

upfront, admit the mistakes that

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have been made and say it will not

happen again.

The current White

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House chief of staff, General John

Kelly, who holds the job you use to

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hold, said in an interview with the

Wall Street Journal that he did

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everything correctly.

It's hard to

believe they didn't make mistakes

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because they had information on Rob

Porter, testified to by the FBI

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director today, that, in fact, that

information was provided as early as

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November of last year and yet nobody

acted on that information.

Somebody

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dropped the ball. I want to show you

numbers that we have pooled on the

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amount of turnover in this

administration of staff compared to

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previous administrations and you can

see in there.

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9% under President Obama, 34%

turnover in this administration in

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its first year.

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What does that suggest to you, they

are not competent, they haven't got

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good people, there is not good

management, the people don't want to

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work there?

I think it's trouble on

all fronts because what it indicates

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to me is that initially when the

administration came in, they had a

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very haphazard process in terms of

how they hired people to work on the

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White House staff. That's reflected

in the fact there are so many

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interim security clearances that

have not been completed and the very

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fact that there has been that much

churn tells me it's very difficult

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to attract good quality people to

then staff and that is troubling.

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President Clinton told you up during

his administration basically to come

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in and bring a bit of adult

supervision, and was also an

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administration that had a certain

amount of chaos in the early years.

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If the Trump administration were to

call you up and ask what you have to

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do, we have to stabilise this and

it's turning into some sort of soap

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opera in terms of personnel. What

would you tell them to do?

I think

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John Kelly has done a good job in

trying to put some kind of

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structured into place, a chain of

command, better discipline in terms

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of the way the staff operates,

better control over policy but has

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difficulty is that he still dealing

with a very unpredictable principle,

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the president of the United States.

The President Trump is willing to

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meet discipline, it makes it tough

to call together the staff under of

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that everybody is going in the same

direction.

Of course you are a

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Democrat, is the call came, would

you take it and give some advice?

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California for me is a very nice

place to be right now.

That is why

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you keep your watch on California

time! Thank you for coming into the

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studio. Ryan Christie, for an

adviser to George Dubya Bush, we

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have talked of an that are not as

chaotic, you saw the numbers,

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clearly much less turnover in that

administration knew worked on. Less

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turnover in the Clint Clinton

attrition but a huge turnover in

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this administration. Is this what is

going on, improper vetting and a

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lack of talent in the White House?

I

think it's likely the case here. I

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can certainly tell you when we came

out and they want and the president

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Bush administration, there was

already a system in place of how do

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you set the staff at higher the

staff, how do you recruit staff and

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a secretary said moments ago, there

was very little organisation thought

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on how President Trump would staff

his administration and if you don't

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have the staff in place and they

don't know who they are reporting to

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and what they should do, it often

means chaos in suits.

The

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administration seems to have cut out

in the early days a lot of people it

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might have fired because they didn't

want people necessarily who were

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very tied to Washington and on the

foreign policy side they did not

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want people who had in any way

criticised Donald Trump when he was

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running as a candidate. That leaves

you a pretty small vanish, doesn't

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it?

Issued us. From a who work in

the White House, if you have

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insulted President Trump said he is

not a competent leader or hold his

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leadership and aggression, you are

on the list. There are on the list.

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They're not that many people in

Washington, DC, Republican or

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Democrat, who have the experience

working in the White House. It's

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very stressful, very hard work and

you need people who know how it

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should be done and if you limit your

White House staff and you limit your

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foreign policy staff, the State

Department and other posts, you are

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really putting the country at a

disadvantage.

What do they have to

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do now over the Rob Porter story so

doesn't keep dominating on the news

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coverage?

'S poor chief of staff

will said you served with the

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closure for the president of the

United States for the pleasure and

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it came been cut and when you make

it too. Somehow this year need to

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rule, some people have to take

responsibility for this. They have

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to say, Mr President, for the good

of the country and your

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administration, I'm leaving.

Leon

Panetta says he is happy being 3000

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miles away in California. If the

call came to you, please serve in

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this administration and give us

adult supervision, would you take

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it?

I love my home state of

California and my wife who is out

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there in San Francisco. Let's put it

this, I have been giving them cancel

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on the site and the notion of going

inside those gates, muscles

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illustrious bakers, but I'm happy in

California.

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How to curtail the power of

extremist propaganda on the Internet

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is something the UK Government is

asking itself? It's unveiling an

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online tool powered by artificial

intelligence and it says it can

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accurately detect jihadists content

and block it from being viewed.

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There are concerns that groups like

Islamic State could that these

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methods in order to new audiences.

Our media editor has the story.

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Militaristic, cinematic and off the

shop with high-level production

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values, these propaganda videos for

Islamic State this post her and

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hatred. They are easy to find on the

Internet right now. One is a

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jihadists new Andy Ellis is

legitimate the deal. The creators

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claim the technology, which is

obviously secret, can spot 94% of

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ODIs contact online with an accuracy

of 99.95%. The technology

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distinctions between news and

extremism. Examples of the one on

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the right with high probability to

be vetted by a human.

We are looking

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to try to remove this content from

the public. If it requires somebody

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to have ten passwords is propagated

browser before they can get access

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to safe as a win. It means it can't

just be shared between them are for.

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Attention has focused on Twitter,

Google and Facebook but this

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technology will tell if platforms.

Islamic State reporters used over

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400 unique platforms last year, 145

of them for the first time. Like

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other forms of modern media,

terrorist propaganda has now shifted

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online. What is so striking about

this new tool is that it is funded

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by government rather than technology

firms and it is covered by

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artificial intelligence. It is an

admission that machines rather than

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manpower will be most effective and

finding and removing extremist

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material online. One from a

jihadists who works in counter

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radicalisation says terrorists will

always find new methods to find new

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audiences and the platforms have to

be willing to take action. The big

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players in this area are taking a

lot of action but the smaller

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companies, they are not necessarily

prepared to play ball with

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government some test because they

are suspicious or assembly is

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regarded as being part of

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. It's not clear how widely the

technology will be taken by the

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government says its instinct is to

collaborate with industry.

We're not

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went to rule out taking legislative

action if we have to do it but I

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remain convinced that the best way

to take real action. To have the

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best outcomes is to have an industry

led form like the one we have got.

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Technology and government pressure

can reduce harm but it is a war

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without end.

There is always a concern that the

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terrorists will manage to stay one

step ahead with technology. I listen

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to the Senate hearing this morning.

They spoke about Russia, China and

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North Korea and there was little

mention of the threat of so-called

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Islamic State. It seems to be

something people are not so focused

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on here. Let us look at the economy.

If you do not like risk you should

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not probably invest in the stock

market right now. The Dow Jones last

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week had its two greatest losses in

history but it bounced back and the

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markets have traded up in the last

couple of days. So is it going to

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last, this volatility? We can talk

about this.

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Should I put the $150 in the stock

market?

Based on coffee break, you

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might need it. On the stock market,

it's not rocket science in this

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regard, money has been almost three

and when that's the case people buy

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stuff and as interest rates rise,

they might by Leicester and will

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have an effect on asset prices,

including the stock market. A better

0:18:470:18:57

rate of return with Westwick

comparatively than how the situation

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with a couple of years ago, so there

will be some transference from bonds

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to stocks on the stock has had a

wild run, they needed some

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adjustment. In that regard itself as

long as it doesn't tank from here.

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When money is free, people borrow

money. I borrow money to buy my

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house and my car and whatever it is

I want to buy but country borrows

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money is as well, the USA has

borrowed a lot of money and in a

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borrowing frenzy at the moment, they

are piling up debt. You are from the

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Republican party, conventionally the

party of fiscal discipline and

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responsibility. The Republicans are

still believed that deficits are a

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bad thing?

I think they believe

that, the question for Republicans

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and Democrats is that you have the

will to act on it? We have a country

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where we are $20 trillion in debt

officially but a few add all the

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things of books at $60 trillion. If

it is a Bankview would be

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investigating at shutting it down.

The day of reckoning is coming but

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unfortunately both Republicans and

Democrats have their heads in the

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sand and frankly the public is

giving it a shoulder shrug these

0:20:040:20:08

days and the public isn't ready,

sadly, for a discussion on how we

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will fix this.

As you mentioned

interest rates could rise, which

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means my mortgage will get expensive

in the country yet and that will get

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more expensive, is that the day of

reckoning for America?

I think it's

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good to be when you have so much of

our budget focused on interest on

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debt and interest rates go up and

that begins to boil over ability to

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keep our finances in some sort of

reasonable or depth and could

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trigger all consequences.

I'm

disappointed in this Congress, ball

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size for shrugging their shoulders

for what is an obvious problem. A

0:20:420:20:47

lot of exuberance has been about

among investors thinking is a very

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good times and the like what the

administration is doing, one thing

0:20:500:20:54

they don't like the prospect of as a

trade war. This morning, President

0:20:540:20:58

Trump talked about the prospect of

tariffs on quarters on steel and

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aluminium coming from Asia and South

Korea in particular. What would the

0:21:040:21:09

business community make of that?

I

think they would say trade wars are

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not good as shown by herstory. Even

Republicans don't like them!

They

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would also say this, it's OK to try

to get a better deal is and how much

0:21:170:21:22

of what President Trump is

threatening is going to be

0:21:220:21:25

implemented or symbolically

implemented as opposed to holistic

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were implemented. If just

symbolically and doesn't trigger a

0:21:280:21:31

trade war and we get a better deal.

That's not a bad thing because the

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United States has been in some bad

trade deals and improving them is a

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good strategic goal.

Thanks much for

coming in. Let's take a quick look

0:21:390:21:44

at other news that's been going on

around the world. The Israeli Prime

0:21:440:21:49

Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu has

confirmed that police are

0:21:490:21:52

recommending his indictment in a

corruption probe. He has been

0:21:520:21:57

questioned several times since the

start of 2017 and has spoken on

0:21:570:22:01

Israeli television denying any

wrongdoing. The Dutch Foreign

0:22:010:22:03

Minister has resigned after

admitting he lied about meeting

0:22:030:22:07

Vladimir Putin in 2006. He has said

he has hurt Vladimir Putin planning

0:22:070:22:14

aggressive Russian expansion and

admitted on Monday that he'd head

0:22:140:22:18

the account second-hand but

maintained the content was true.

0:22:180:22:21

Here's what he told Dutch members of

Parliament.

0:22:210:22:23

TRANSLATION:

So as not to burden the

position of the Minister of foreign

0:22:260:22:30

affairs, I see no other option than

to offer my resignation today to His

0:22:300:22:34

Majesty the King.

The leadership of

South Africa get an ANC has called

0:22:340:22:39

on the embattled President Jacob

Zuma to resign for the sake of the

0:22:390:22:43

country. He has so far refused to

go, he is due to hold a news

0:22:430:22:47

conference on Wednesday. He had told

his party he wanted to stay in power

0:22:470:22:51

for another 3-6 months.

0:22:510:22:55

It's, Royals moment, Prince Harry

Meghan Markle have made their first

0:22:580:23:01

official joint visitors call and as

part of a round of official

0:23:010:23:04

engagements in the run-up to their

wedding in May. This is the fourth

0:23:040:23:07

appeal as the couple have made since

their engagement was announced in

0:23:070:23:09

November. Edinburgh Castle and

welcome to Scotland on a date when

0:23:090:23:18

the temperature was barely above

zero.

0:23:180:23:23

A day, then, for a good

warm overcoat and there

0:23:230:23:26

was Meghan Markle, wrapped up

in the very thing.

0:23:260:23:28

The coat, patterned

in tartan green and blue.

0:23:280:23:30

Offering a welcome, the band

of Her Majesty's Royal Marines

0:23:300:23:34

Scotland and the regimental mascot

of the Royal Regiment of Scotland,

0:23:340:23:36

a Shetland pony with sharp teeth.

0:23:360:23:44

Watch Harry's left hand.

0:23:440:23:45

Oh, nearly got him!

0:23:450:23:46

Harry moved on, ring finger

intact and Meghan amused.

0:23:460:23:48

Bang went the one o'clock gun,

out came the thoughtfully-provided

0:23:480:23:52

ear plugs and as Harry and Meghan

gazed over the city, those who'd

0:23:520:23:57

come to see them were positive.

0:23:570:24:00

I got to meet Meghan today

and she is absolutely beautiful.

0:24:000:24:03

I'm so excited for them to be

here in Edinburgh today.

0:24:030:24:07

They're the future of the Royal

family, Meghan and Harry

0:24:070:24:09

and William and Kate,

they're the future.

0:24:090:24:12

This has been another important

introduction on the Meghan Markle

0:24:120:24:15

familiarisation tour

of the United Kingdom.

0:24:150:25:10

The union, of course,

is a sensitive issue,

0:25:100:25:13

You have the young lady who is going

to be a princess who is half African

0:25:200:25:26

American and that is extraordinary.

It shows that the monarchy are

0:25:260:25:30

coming up to date and recognise that

a lot of young people like the

0:25:300:25:35

monarchy.

Do you think they will be

as much interest as we had with Kate

0:25:350:25:40

and William?

Absolutely, it will be

a lot of fun to watch.

I do not

0:25:400:25:47

trust you to make the tea! Coming up

for viewers on the BBC News Channel.

0:25:470:25:56

Considering the successor to the

Queen as head of the Commonwealth,

0:25:560:25:59

the BBC learned it may not

necessarily be the heir to the

0:25:590:26:02

throne. And the changing face of

clowning.

0:26:020:26:09

throne. And the changing face of

clowning.

0:26:100:26:13

Over the last 24 hours we've seen

heavy rain and significant snow in

0:26:140:26:18

places. Beautiful scenes here in the

Scottish Highlands. In the next 24

0:26:180:26:24

hours we have more of those weather

elements. Another weather system

0:26:240:26:31

showing its hand in the Atlantic.

That will start to slide in during

0:26:310:26:38

the rest of this evening and

tonight. Ahead of that the wind

0:26:380:26:43

picking up, gales in some western

spot. And it could start to bring in

0:26:430:26:48

some snow especially over higher

ground in Northern Ireland.

0:26:480:26:54

Temperatures generally dipping down

to freezing or below. So the frontal

0:26:540:26:59

system pushing in in the first part

of tomorrow. Cold enough for some

0:26:590:27:05

snow across northern areas initially

to quite low levels. Those snow

0:27:050:27:11

levels tend to become increasingly

confined to higher ground but not

0:27:110:27:18

before we've seen a covering of up

to 12 centimetres across some high

0:27:180:27:23

ground in the north-west of

Scotland. And further south we could

0:27:230:27:27

see five, seven centimetres of snow.

Northern Ireland by this stage

0:27:270:27:34

brightening up and then cloud and

patchy rain across parts of Wales

0:27:340:27:38

and the south-west of England. Then

we take this band of sleet and snow

0:27:380:27:46

east through the day. Behind that

things begin to brighten up and we

0:27:460:27:51

introduce something a little bit

milder. Moving out of Wednesday the

0:27:510:27:59

weather system moves off into the

near continent but low pressure is

0:27:590:28:04

still in charge and delivering some

wintry showers. The further south

0:28:040:28:10

you come, fewer showers and more in

the way of dry weather. In the

0:28:100:28:17

sunshine in the South, ten or 11

degrees in London. Still colder

0:28:170:28:23

further north but into the weekend

and beyond, things should turn mild

0:28:230:28:29

for just about everyone. Some

quieter weather on the way.

0:28:290:28:41

This is Beyond One Hundred Days,

with me Katty Kay in Washington -

0:30:140:30:17

Our top stories.

0:30:170:30:18

In a long Senate hearing,

intelligence agencies say Russia has

0:30:180:30:20

never stopped trying to meddle in US

politics - and is a threat

0:30:200:30:24

to November's mid-term elections.

0:30:240:30:25

The former CIA chief

gave us his reaction.

0:30:250:30:31

The president needs to listen to his

intelligence chiefs. They are the

0:30:310:30:35

ones who testified today and they

made clear that the Russians are

0:30:350:30:38

going to attack the election

institutions in this country.

0:30:380:30:42

The British government

unveils an online tool,

0:30:420:30:44

powered by artificial intelligence,

that it says can accurately detect

0:30:440:30:47

jihadist content and stop

it from being viewed.

0:30:470:30:51

Coming up in the next half hour.

0:30:510:30:59

Would the Irish economy suffer if no

Brexit deal is reached?

0:30:590:31:01

We hear the concerns

for Ireland's Border communities.

0:31:010:31:03

As support for the US President

weakens among women -

0:31:030:31:06

we check in with Latinas For Trump -

are they standing by their man?

0:31:060:31:09

Let us know your thoughts

by using the hashtag

0:31:090:31:11

'Beyond-One-Hundred-Days'.

0:31:110:31:19

The Commonwealth is sometimes called

a 'post-colonial club.'.

0:31:190:31:21

This hang over from

the British Empire

0:31:210:31:24

includes among others, Canada,

0:31:240:31:25

Malta, Kenya and Pakistan and it

turns out they all have views

0:31:250:31:28

on who should be their monarch.

0:31:280:31:31

It's an organisation with 53 members

states and membership is voluntary.

0:31:310:31:36

It covers about 2-point-4

billion people - a third

0:31:360:31:38

of the world's population.

0:31:380:31:39

It's responsible for

the Commonwealth Games -

0:31:390:31:41

the next one due to be held

on the Gold Coast in

0:31:410:31:44

Australia in April.

0:31:440:31:45

Queen Elizabeth is the head

of the Commonwealth -

0:31:450:31:48

seen here last Friday,

accepting The Gambia's application

0:31:480:31:50

to become a member once again.

0:31:500:31:53

But who will succeed her?

0:31:530:31:55

The BBC has learned

that the Commonwealth has secretly

0:31:550:31:57

begun considering who will be

the next head of the organisation.

0:31:570:32:02

The issue is hugely sensitive

because the role is not hereditary -

0:32:020:32:05

and will not pass automatically

to the Prince of Wales,

0:32:050:32:07

on the Queen's death.

0:32:070:32:11

In a moment, we'll get

the thoughts of Dr Sue Onslow -

0:32:110:32:13

the deputy director of the Institute

of Commonwealth Studies -

0:32:130:32:16

but first, let's hear

from our Diplomatic Correspondent,

0:32:160:32:18

James Landale, in Westminster.

0:32:180:32:26

This seems almost treasonous to even

discuss who should take over from

0:32:260:32:31

the Queen!

Absolutely right, it is

hugely sensitive. And not a debate

0:32:310:32:36

that people want to have publicly.

Since I wrote the story this morning

0:32:360:32:40

there have been a lot of people not

answering their telephones and

0:32:400:32:44

insisting this is not what is going

on. What is happening, everyone

0:32:440:32:49

knows that the Queen is 91, and

there is a big summit of

0:32:490:32:55

Commonwealth heads of government in

the UK and a couple of months. They

0:32:550:32:57

note that the issue will come up in

the margins. So people are beginning

0:32:570:33:01

to think about that because as you

say it is not automatically the

0:33:010:33:08

Prince of Wales who takes over. So

the question is what should happen.

0:33:080:33:13

If you talk to most people who have

seen your leadership roles in the

0:33:130:33:16

Commonwealth they will say there is

no plausible alternative to the

0:33:160:33:20

Prince of Wales but should he

automatically get it, should you set

0:33:200:33:24

up a new system so it is

automatically the head of state of

0:33:240:33:27

UK or should we just give the job to

the Prince of Wales and delay the

0:33:270:33:32

long-term decision for another time.

I had no idea this was so

0:33:320:33:37

complicated. He gets to be the

automatic leader, head of the

0:33:370:33:43

Commonwealth 15 I think, of the 53

countries, so why can they not just

0:33:430:33:48

all do the same thing.

He gets to be

head of state in those countries but

0:33:480:33:52

not automatically the head of the

Commonwealth of which those

0:33:520:33:55

countries are a member. It is that

complicated. So essentially what

0:33:550:34:01

they have to do is to work out

should we just make a one-off

0:34:010:34:04

decision or should they set up a new

procedure. The problem, the reason

0:34:040:34:10

there is uncertainty is back at the

moment it would just be a decision

0:34:100:34:13

made by the people who happen to be

heads of the Commonwealth

0:34:130:34:16

governments at the time when the

Queen goes. And there is a degree of

0:34:160:34:20

uncertainty about that. I think when

people talk about the future of the

0:34:200:34:25

Commonwealth and where it the focus

should be they also need to talk

0:34:250:34:29

about the ceremonial leadership.

Thank you very much.

0:34:290:34:32

Let's get the thoughts

of Dr Sue Onslow -

0:34:320:34:35

the deputy director of the Institute

of Commonwealth Studies.

0:34:350:34:41

We know that the Queen is popular as

head of the Commonwealth. What do

0:34:410:34:45

they make of Prince Charles, do we

have any sense of that?

The Prince

0:34:450:34:53

of Wales has been stepping into the

role representing his mother for

0:34:530:34:57

some years now. Of course he

represented her of the Commonwealth

0:34:570:35:02

Heads of Government Meeting in Sri

Lankan in 2013 mark and by all

0:35:020:35:05

accounts he did an excellent job in

difficult circumstances. He also

0:35:050:35:11

stepped in to her position hosting

Commonwealth events and more and

0:35:110:35:15

more he has assumed a supportive

role to her unique position as head

0:35:150:35:19

of the Commonwealth. But I agree

that there is discussion privately

0:35:190:35:25

about the possibility of the future

head. These have been going on for

0:35:250:35:31

some time, I can think of some

discussion going on in the 1990s to

0:35:310:35:36

try to resolve this particular

issue. So this is not a new issue

0:35:360:35:41

for the Commonwealth to consider but

it is becoming shall we say more

0:35:410:35:46

important given the advancing age of

the Queen.

In a way if you think in

0:35:460:35:50

the sweep of history no one really

can take the place of the Queen in

0:35:500:35:55

terms of the Commonwealth because

she has bridged those eras, she has

0:35:550:36:01

come out of the camp colonial era

and been there for so long, known so

0:36:010:36:04

many head of state and she knew the

world when it was a very different

0:36:040:36:08

place and the Commonwealth had so

much more importance in the world.

0:36:080:36:12

You are right because the

Commonwealth has evolved since 1949.

0:36:120:36:20

And the Queen, her position

originally as a symbolic

0:36:200:36:25

representation of the free

Association of the original eight

0:36:250:36:26

member states. Now to the 53 member

associations. Of course she stepped

0:36:260:36:33

into the role that had been occupied

by her father because he had been

0:36:330:36:39

originally king, Emperor and then

when India became independent and

0:36:390:36:44

other sub Asian countries acquired

independence from the UK, by 1949

0:36:440:36:49

the monarch then formed this

symbolic representation with

0:36:490:36:53

continued free association. And yes

there was this differentiation

0:36:530:36:59

between the British monarch as head

of state, its constitutional

0:36:590:37:04

responsibilities for the other 15

Commonwealth countries and the

0:37:040:37:07

separate role as head of the modern

Commonwealth. Although there appear

0:37:070:37:12

to be points of connection and

crossover fundamentally they're

0:37:120:37:16

different responsibilities. The

Queen has generally been unique, it

0:37:160:37:20

is very much a People's Association

and by her own particular stamp, her

0:37:200:37:26

authority and her own commitment and

input and enjoyment of the

0:37:260:37:30

Commonwealth she has also evolved

with it. These will be very big

0:37:300:37:33

shoes to fill.

Thank you very much.

Lovely pictures there of the Queen

0:37:330:37:43

in the earlier days of her reign.

0:37:430:37:46

Let's take a look at some of

the other news making the headlines.

0:37:460:37:49

The president of Haiti has condemned

the actions of staff

0:37:490:37:51

from the British charity,

Oxfam, after the charity admitted

0:37:510:37:54

some of its employees used

prostitutes in the country.

0:37:540:37:56

President Jovenel Moise accused

the staff in question

0:37:560:37:58

of using an earthquake eight years

ago to sexually exploit

0:37:580:38:00

people in need.

0:38:000:38:02

Prostitution is illegal

in the country.

0:38:020:38:12

Rescue teams in the Pacific island

state of Tonga are assessing

0:38:290:38:31

the extent of the damage

after Cyclone Gita hit

0:38:310:38:34

the capital, Nuku'alofa.

0:38:340:38:35

Many buildings have been destroyed,

including a Catholic church

0:38:350:38:37

and the main parliament building.

0:38:370:38:38

Thousands of Tongans

are in evacuation centres.

0:38:380:38:40

The North Korean leader,

Kim Jong-un, has praised South Korea

0:38:400:38:42

for its 'very impressive'

and 'sincere' efforts

0:38:420:38:44

in hosting his sister,

during the opening of the Winter

0:38:440:38:46

Olympics.

0:38:460:38:47

He made the comments

after a delegation from the North

0:38:470:38:50

returned from a three-day visit

to the host city of the Winter

0:38:500:38:52

Olympics, Pyeongchang.

0:38:520:39:01

Ireland's Taoiseach Leo Varadkar has

said he will work hard

0:39:010:39:03

with the British government to avoid

a 'hard border' after Brexit,

0:39:030:39:06

but the UK's now commited to ending

both the current Single Market

0:39:060:39:09

and the Customs Union and so it's

hard to see that's going to work?

0:39:090:39:12

A new report shows Ireland's economy

could suffer a 7% hit as a result

0:39:120:39:15

of a no-deal Brexit.

0:39:160:39:17

So what do the changes ahead mean

for the people of Ireland?

0:39:170:39:20

One man staring the situation

in the face, is Fergus O'Dowd,

0:39:200:39:23

a Fine Gael politician

representing the Border

0:39:230:39:28

consituency of Louth.

0:39:290:39:30

He joins me from Dublin.

0:39:300:39:36

Thank you for joining me. What you

make of this new economic assessment

0:39:360:39:41

report showing a 7% hit if there is

no deal but pretty much a hit under

0:39:410:39:46

any circumstances even if there are

variations of staying in the customs

0:39:460:39:50

union but not the customs union or

vice versa.

I looked at all the

0:39:500:39:56

options between a so-called soft

Brexit, as much as we can between

0:39:560:40:00

the UK and Europe and Ireland as we

have now and the hard Brexit where

0:40:000:40:04

there is no deal. The worst scenario

is a growth rate of 2.2% and that

0:40:040:40:10

the economy would lose out something

like 18 billion by 2030. A huge

0:40:100:40:17

problem for everyone and

particularly for ourselves. And the

0:40:170:40:20

point is delighted that the

Taoiseach before Christmas, Leo

0:40:200:40:26

Varadkar and Theresa May didn't

reach consensus that the worst

0:40:260:40:28

option of all is nothing if is

arranged properly there would still

0:40:280:40:36

be as Theresa May reiterated

yesterday, a border without any

0:40:360:40:43

friction between North and South

which is hugely important.

Do you

0:40:430:40:50

think that that is what is going to

happen, that they really will be no

0:40:500:40:53

infrastructure on the border between

North and South that could limit the

0:40:530:40:59

movement of people or goods?

That is

what we want, obviously what we

0:40:590:41:03

really want is, we accept the UK is

leaving Europe but we want as close

0:41:030:41:08

as possible relationship between

Britain and Europe as they have now,

0:41:080:41:14

as close as possible. It is best for

them and best for us. Why should

0:41:140:41:18

Britain suffer, why should the parts

that voted mostly for Brexit

0:41:180:41:23

suffered the greatest lost and why

should our country be plunged into

0:41:230:41:26

difficulties as a result of this.

Let's work together.

It is what the

0:41:260:41:34

British people voted for in the

referendum. If there is no

0:41:340:41:37

infrastructure on the border I still

do not understand how goods will be

0:41:370:41:42

controlled going from Europe to the

rest of the UK. Because if they can

0:41:420:41:47

get across that border they can get

into the rest of the UK.

The problem

0:41:470:41:51

is two thirds of our exports go

through the UK, that is by

0:41:510:41:57

container. But the problem is if you

have a hard Brexit or a Brexit where

0:41:570:42:01

you're not part of the customs union

that means every lorry going north

0:42:010:42:06

or south must have spent something

like 400 UK sterling to be able to

0:42:060:42:14

go through the bureaucracy even

digitally. So it will be a huge

0:42:140:42:18

expense. You have 30,000 people

travelling north and south each day

0:42:180:42:24

to work. 1.2 million vehicles every

month passing north to south. If you

0:42:240:42:29

have delays, customs, police stops,

it is going to significantly and

0:42:290:42:37

adversely affect obviously

transport, commerce, agriculture and

0:42:370:42:42

ordinary people in the course of

their daily lives. We do not want

0:42:420:42:45

that to happen and it will not help

anyone north or south if we go

0:42:450:42:49

there.

Thank you very much. All the

speculation seems to be this will be

0:42:490:42:58

claimed as a technological solution

but how long that will take to put

0:42:580:43:02

in place if there is an open border

between the Republic and Northern

0:43:020:43:05

Ireland. That is what people do not

know.

0:43:050:43:11

This is Beyond One Hundred Days.

0:43:110:43:12

Still to come.

0:43:120:43:17

Why the future of clowns are under

threat as they celebrate 250 years

0:43:170:43:21

of slapstick comedy.

0:43:210:43:24

The former football coach,

Barry Bennell, has been found guilty

0:43:240:43:27

of multiple sex offences,

against young boys in the 1980s.

0:43:270:43:32

Bennell, who's 64, had denied 48

charges, including indecent assault

0:43:320:43:36

and serious sexual assaults,

but the jury convicted him on 36

0:43:360:43:39

counts, and has asked for more time

to consider seven others.

0:43:390:43:44

During the trial prosecutors

described him as a 'predatory

0:43:440:43:47

paedophile', who molested young boys

on an 'industrial scale'.

0:43:470:43:50

Danny Savage reports

from Liverpool Crown Court.

0:43:500:43:55

Barry Bennell, a football

coach who abused many

0:43:550:43:58

young boys in his charge.

0:43:580:44:01

Today, he was convicted of sexually

assaulting boys aged

0:44:010:44:03

between eight and 15.

0:44:030:44:06

He was the gatekeeper

to a dream world in football,

0:44:060:44:09

but his victims had to silently

suffer horrific abuse.

0:44:090:44:14

His trial heard he was a child

molester on an industrial scale.

0:44:140:44:17

This afternoon, he was found guilty

of assaulting ten of the 11 boys

0:44:170:44:21

this trial centred on.

0:44:210:44:24

The jury haven't yet reached

a decision on a number of other

0:44:240:44:27

charges and will continue

their deliberations tomorrow.

0:44:270:44:31

He abused the boys at his homes,

one of which was in this

0:44:310:44:34

Derbyshire village.

0:44:340:44:35

He had arcade games and exotic pets

and always had a reason

0:44:350:44:39

for them to stay over.

0:44:390:44:40

His victims were associated

with Crewe and Manchester City,

0:44:400:44:43

where he was involved

in the junior setups.

0:44:430:44:47

He was said to have been

treated like God at

0:44:470:44:49

Manchester City's Maine Road ground.

0:44:490:44:52

In court, it was said Bennell

had groomed the parents

0:44:520:44:55

of the complainants

so he could carry on the abuse.

0:44:550:44:58

He offered no evidence

in his defence, but his barrister

0:44:580:45:01

accused some of the men,

who were boys at the time,

0:45:010:45:04

of inventing stories about him

and jumping on the bandwagon.

0:45:040:45:09

Today, the 64-year-old,

who has appeared throughout the case

0:45:090:45:11

via video link, shook his head

as the guilty verdicts

0:45:110:45:13

were returned.

0:45:140:45:17

Some of his victims were in tears,

hearing finally that the man who'd

0:45:170:45:20

abused them when they were little

boys has been convicted.

0:45:200:45:30

Elections are underway

for a new President

0:45:450:45:47

for the world's clowns -

with a Briton among

0:45:470:45:49

the front runners.

0:45:490:45:57

David Sillito has more.

0:45:570:46:07

This face is old-fashioned,

in a way, now.

0:46:070:46:10

Hands up if you

couldn't care less...

0:46:100:46:12

Over the years the clown numbers

have dropped in shows.

0:46:120:46:16

Once upon a time, every

circus had its own troupe.

0:46:160:46:18

ARCHIVE FOOTAGE VOICEOVER:

As always, the clowns

0:46:180:46:20

bring down the house.

0:46:200:46:22

The facepaint, the big shoes,

they were the heart of circus

0:46:220:46:24

heritage, but the wigs and grease

paint are in decline.

0:46:240:46:31

Maybe it's the clown horror films,

but on this anniversary year

0:46:310:46:34

there is a big issue for the man

hoping to be World Clown President.

0:46:340:46:40

I didn't realise there

was democracy in clowning.

0:46:400:46:44

There is quite a lot of democracy

and quite a lot of politics as well.

0:46:440:46:47

What are the issues at the moment?

0:46:480:46:49

You've already highlighted

the main question we asked,

0:46:490:46:51

are people scared of clowns?

0:46:510:46:55

It is the big issue.

0:46:550:46:57

Even here in the heart of clowndom,

more and more clowns are giving up

0:46:570:47:00

on looking like clowns.

0:47:000:47:04

If you had seen me back in 1973

when I first started coming here,

0:47:040:47:08

then you would have seen

a completely different face.

0:47:080:47:12

You don't look like proper clowns.

0:47:120:47:14

THEY HUFF.

0:47:140:47:18

Children, over the years have got

a little bit wary of clowns.

0:47:180:47:23

But there is a fightback against all

this anti-clown prejudice.

0:47:230:47:27

I am PC Bibbledy Bobby

or Bibbledy Bob the Clown,

0:47:270:47:31

the regional director

for the World Clown Association

0:47:310:47:33

for Europe and the whole of Africa.

0:47:330:47:35

I thank you.

0:47:350:47:37

Yes, there really is

a regional clown director.

0:47:370:47:40

You press people, you

like a negative story.

0:47:400:47:42

Positivity does not sell.

0:47:420:47:45

So unfortunately we keep being busy,

we keep getting work,

0:47:450:47:48

and you are obsessed with the fact

that we might not be getting work

0:47:480:47:51

because of silly films.

0:47:510:47:53

I stood corrected.

0:47:530:47:55

It seems there is, still,

a lot of clown love out there.

0:47:550:47:58

But clown politics?

0:47:580:48:00

I had a chat with Elsie

Fanackerpants...

0:48:000:48:04

It is only when it gets to meetings,

it can get quite heated.

0:48:040:48:08

There are clown meetings?

0:48:080:48:09

There's a committee...

0:48:090:48:10

SHE LAUGHS.

0:48:100:48:13

I couldn't take it seriously...!

0:48:130:48:17

So Elsie won't be running

for World Clown President.

0:48:170:48:20

But someone has to.

0:48:200:48:22

Because when it comes

to the future of clowning,

0:48:220:48:24

there is a lot to think about.

0:48:240:48:34

Now every week we listen to

politicians give their assessment of

0:48:420:48:48

the jobs being done so far by

President Trump.

0:48:480:48:52

Denise Galvez is a founder member

of Latinas for Trump

0:48:520:48:54

and joins me now from Miami.

0:48:540:48:59

An issue I imagine you are looking

at and some of your fellow

0:48:590:49:04

supporters are looking at is the

question of immigration. It has not

0:49:040:49:07

been resolved between Democrats and

Republicans perhaps no surprise. The

0:49:070:49:14

president has suggested a pathway to

citizenship for almost 2 million

0:49:140:49:20

young people brought to the United

States illegally by their parents.

0:49:200:49:22

Is that something you would support?

Absolutely, let's give him credit

0:49:220:49:27

for bringing it to the forefront. We

had the opportunity back in 1995 and

0:49:270:49:33

he shares the same sentiment

President Clinton shared back then

0:49:330:49:37

and here we are arguing the details

of Whitley Wood should be a

0:49:370:49:42

completely partisan immigration

reform package will be all come to

0:49:420:49:47

the table and finally agree.

There

are other members of his

0:49:470:49:55

conservative base who hate the idea

of people here illegally having any

0:49:550:50:00

path to citizenship?

That is

catering to the extreme and I think

0:50:000:50:05

the majority of us here are quite

moderate on immigration. We agree

0:50:050:50:12

with some sort of path whether it

takes five years, eight years, and

0:50:120:50:15

what it looks like, what transition

looks like is important to us. But

0:50:150:50:19

that they should have a path to

citizenship I think we all agree on.

0:50:190:50:23

And so does his core. What would you

like to hear more of and blasts off

0:50:230:50:28

from the White House?

I would like

to hear less about the memos, I

0:50:280:50:36

think that is just distracting us

from actual policy-making. I think

0:50:360:50:40

to me it is tantamount to high

school gossip. I think he just

0:50:400:50:46

released today his infrastructure

plans so I think we should start to

0:50:460:50:51

pay attention to the details of that

and how it will help with the

0:50:510:50:56

economy which I think is so

important. We're still feeling the

0:50:560:50:59

results of the tax credits and the

tax reforms. So we need to focus I

0:50:590:51:05

think on that and less on all the

bipartisan rhetoric.

He has been in

0:51:050:51:12

office for a year now and we have

not spoken to you for a while, can

0:51:120:51:16

you give him a grading?

I would give

him a B+. Only because I wish he

0:51:160:51:23

would let things sit more. I think

he reacts too much to criticism from

0:51:230:51:30

the media and when he has had really

crucial wins he should've let them

0:51:300:51:35

stand alone instead of getting into

some argument about something on

0:51:350:51:38

Twitter or at the latest Trump

bashing that takes place all day

0:51:380:51:44

long.

You're focused on the mid-term

elections in November and trying to

0:51:440:51:51

get Republicans in Florida elected.

One group suffering, that the

0:51:510:51:59

president is seeing a lack of

support amongst is women.

So that it

0:51:590:52:06

something that we are championing

here locally and I'm trying to use

0:52:060:52:12

the voice of pettiness to support

more women. Right here locally we

0:52:120:52:21

have an important election, district

27 and many women are in the race, I

0:52:210:52:26

think we need to separate the true

candidates from some of those just

0:52:260:52:31

doing it as a career move. Seafood

is going to be best to represent

0:52:310:52:35

women in Congress we are losing a

strong woman in that district. So

0:52:350:52:42

right now I wish we could focus more

on the mid-term elections especially

0:52:420:52:48

in Florida and pay less attention to

all the bipartisan rhetoric on TV

0:52:480:52:53

and the media.

Thank you.

0:52:530:53:00

And our political analyst

Ron Christie is back with me now.

0:53:000:53:03

The mid-term elections, we've heard

talk of a tsunami in favour of

0:53:040:53:12

Democrats, then the tax reform was

passed and it seemed the Republicans

0:53:120:53:18

were doing better. How do you see

them shaking up now?

One thing I've

0:53:180:53:24

learnt in politics is to not pay too

much attention to the opinion polls

0:53:240:53:26

this early. I think the House of

Representatives could be in play, a

0:53:260:53:35

number of Republicans from moderate

districts are retiring, almost 40

0:53:350:53:40

not coming back so the question for

me is can the Democrats field

0:53:400:53:45

candidates in these districts that

can be competitive. And I think that

0:53:450:53:49

they can.

What is the key for the

president and the Republican party

0:53:490:53:53

in these mid-term elections, is it

expanding their appeal or making

0:53:530:53:58

sure that base we keep hearing about

actually turns out to vote?

It is

0:53:580:54:02

keeping that case and keeping them

voting. It is a referendum

0:54:020:54:08

essentially on the president. You

will see a loss typically in the

0:54:080:54:12

range of 25 seeds for the party in

power. Republicans control

0:54:120:54:16

everything in Washington so if

you're Donald Trump or Paul Ryan

0:54:160:54:20

Mitch McConnell you will say to

people you need to stick with us.

0:54:200:54:25

And of course it is only February

but we also talk about the elections

0:54:250:54:29

early because you need to start

raising the money early. Before we

0:54:290:54:33

go just to show these pictures,

watching the Winter Olympics sees

0:54:330:54:37

many competitors reaching new

heights.

0:54:370:54:46

But Swiss freestyle skier,

0:54:460:54:47

Fabian Bosch, has taken that meaning

to a whole different level.

0:54:470:54:50

Here he is clinging

to an escalator in Pyeongchang.

0:54:500:54:52

The daring 20-year-old isn't due

to compete until the weekend -

0:54:520:54:55

I bet his team mates are just glad

he landed with both feet

0:54:550:54:58

firmly on the ground.

0:54:580:55:02

There he goes, he makes it look so

easy. There are many sports in the

0:55:020:55:08

Olympics I do not want to try and

that is one of them.

He is a

0:55:080:55:12

daredevil! You and I have much more

sense.

His team-mates must be

0:55:120:55:22

furious! Favourite sport so far in

the Winter Olympics?

The women's

0:55:220:55:27

snowboarding, awesome stuff.

Chloe

Kim was fantastic. 17 years old. But

0:55:270:55:35

I have to confess as a mother I just

get so sad every time one of them

0:55:350:55:40

falls down, it heartbreaking. Of

course I am a big skier and

0:55:400:55:49

Christian is of course skiing this

week and we are all worried about

0:55:490:55:52

him. He is going to take a medal!

0:55:520:55:56

Coming up next on BBC World News -

Karin Giannone is here

0:55:560:55:59

with Outside Source and for viewers

in the UK - we'll have the latest

0:55:590:56:02