14/02/2018 Beyond 100 Days


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14/02/2018

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Beyond One Hundred Days.

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Jacob Zuma plays hard to oust

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in South Africa but his hours

in power appear numbered.

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In a rambling television interview

he says he's done nothing wrong

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and is being victimised.

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We're being plunged into crisis. But

I'm sure my comrades, my leaders,

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would regret.

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Two scandals engulf the White House

- one involves a porn star,

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the other an alleged wife beater.

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We'll cover both.

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Boris Johnson says Brexit

is a reason for hope not fear -

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calling it the liberal project

of the age.

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This Valentine's day,

we get tips from the experts

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on how to make love last.

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Get in touch with us using the

hashtag 'Beyond-One-Hundred-Days'.

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Hello and welcome -

I'm Katty Kay in Washington.

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Hours after police raided his home

Jacob Zuma of South Africa gave

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along television interview

protesting his innocence.

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He's has come under increasing

pressure to step down amid numerous

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allegations of corruption.

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Our Africa Editor, Fergal Keane,

sent this report from Pretoria.

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In Pretoria, seat of the presidency,

rumours rippled all morning.

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The president might

be about to resign.

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But when he did speak to the state

broadcaster it was a defiant,

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defensive appearance.

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Zuma, the victim.

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What have I done?

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I have explained many

times that this process,

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there is nothing I have done wrong.

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This is policy.

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What people are suggesting

is the youth phenomenon.

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What is the problem?

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And there was some

unsettling language.

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A warning to those

who were ousting him.

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The leadership of the ANC,

if it is not careful,

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they might actually cause a bigger

problem than we think.

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At the same time in Cape Town,

ANC MPs were meeting to decide

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whether they would support a motion

of no-confidence to

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drive Jacob Zuma from power.

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The decision came quickly

and was decisive.

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We are now proceeding,

we have asked the Chief Whip

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to proceed with a motion

of no-confidence tomorrow.

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So that President Zuma is then

removed, so that we can proceed

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to elect President Ramaphosa.

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Pressure had been growing

on the President from early morning.

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This was a police raid

on the compound of his friends,

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the Gupta family, who are accused

of acquiring billions in state

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assets through their connections

with the president and his family.

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Seemingly untouchable until now,

criminal charges may be imminent.

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If ever you wanted proof

of the changed political

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temperature, this is it.

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The police seem at last to have

found their courage.

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So straight on, down here.

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This neighbour giving

police the address of

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another Gupta property.

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People are angry.

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This is the headquarters

of South Africa's executive branch,

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the place from which Jacob Zuma has

ruled the country for

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the last nine years.

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But by tomorrow night,

in all likelihood, South Africa

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will have a new president.

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These are the dying hours

of the age of Zuma.

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Fergal Keane, BBC News, Pretoria.

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Let's speak to the BBC's

Pumza Fihlani in Pretoria.

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Jacob Zuma saying he has done

nothing wrong and he is a victim.

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The ANC saying by Freddie Woodward

could be swearing in a new

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president. What will happen between

now and Friday?

-- the ANC saying by

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Friday. Well the ANC seems to have

an ace up their sleeve, if the

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president does not resign by end of

business today they are prepared to

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table the motion of no-confidence

tomorrow in Parliament. And the ANC

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has the majority of seats in

parliament and also opposition

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parties have indicated their winning

to vote with the ANC on this. So

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tomorrow we will be seeing a united

effort between the ANC and

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opposition parties to get Jacob Zuma

out by Friday and bring in their new

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guy.

So the interview today from

Jacob Zuma, was that a bid knowing

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that he is going to try to restore

his legacy somehow?

That was a very

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bizarre interview, many people

saying they do not understand why he

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seems confused, he spent nearly an

hour explaining that he feels he has

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done nothing wrong. He played the

victim, some people have said, he

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insists he has been targeted. So

very much some people say it was an

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opportunity to take the country into

his confidence but instead coming

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across as defined in someone

completely out of touch with what

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South Africans want to see happen

and people within his own party have

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been demanding should happen.

Thank

you very much. We will be watching,

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a big moment of transition there.

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We couldn't decide where to start

on White House news today -

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with the story about the porn star

of the latest on the

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alleged wife beater.

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So here's what's new on Rob Porter -

the House Oversight Committee

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today announced it's

going to investigate how this

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White House aide got

through the vetting process.

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And now the lawyer for Mr Trump said

he paid a porn star a lot of money

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before the election in 2016. He said

he used his own funds to facilitate

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the payment to Mr Stephanie Clifford

who goes under the stage name of

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Stormy Daniels. She claims to have

had an affair with Mr Trump, a

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charge he denies. Mr Cohen says now

that the Trump administration or the

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campaign know about the transaction

but the statement raises questions

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not to mention the odd eyebrow. Here

to help us sort it out is Ron

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Christie. You a lawyer, do you often

make payments of to somebody as if

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you do, I would love to hear it!

Not

on Valentine's Day, I want my wife

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to stay married to me! This is so

unusual and the language used by the

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law is strategic and careful. Not

saying they're admitting guilt or

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innocence but just the settlement

payment that has nothing to do with

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the Trump organisation or Donald

Trump. Really? I think there is more

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fired than smoke here. A 130,000

dollar payment before the election,

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trouble.

I'm tempted to say just

another day in the White House! But

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this is not normal by the standards

of most administrations here in the

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US.

None of this. I think if you

deleted the name Donald Trump and

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instead of the name of any other

president, of the previous 44, and

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that there has been a pay-out to a

porn star of $130,000, a can of

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scandal about someone alleged to

have beaten his two previous wives

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and why the White House was not able

to clear this up properly and still

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has not. This has been going on now

for a week. It is extraordinary. And

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if this statement from Michael

Cohen, the long-standing law of

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Donald Trump, was meant to clear up

any doubts about Stormy Daniels, why

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was the payment made. Have other

payments being made of a similar

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nature. Stormy Daniels previously

alleged relationship with Donald

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Trump and said that is not true any

more, what she paid for a

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non-disclosure agreement. There are

a pile of questions that are

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relevant for people to say you are

focusing on the big issues of the

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day, I'm sorry, payment to a former

porn star of $130,000, a month

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before the election, were you not to

be covering that you would not be

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doing your job.

I have a few

questions about that as well, what a

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name, Stormy Daniels. And that is

what my friends the vice president

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has said about the handling of the

other case, the issue of Rob Porter

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accused of beating his wife and now

of course let go from the White

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House.

This administration has no

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tolerance for domestic violence. Nor

should any American. As I said and

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as the White House has said, I think

the White House could have handled

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it better.

So why has Mr Trump said

exactly those words?

You got me.

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First of all the vice president, the

White House is building and is not a

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person so when you said the White

House it is the president who has

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not handled properly. -- handled it

properly. He should have said you

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will be fired immediately if these

allegations are lodged against you

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but this is what happens when you

have people in the White House who

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are not political experts and trying

to manage a storm.

Why can the White

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House not get its facts straight on

this?

Again to give you the same

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answer, it is beyond me. You will

thought the key players would sit

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down and think what is the timeline,

let's be straight forward and that

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there be no further questions, full

disclosure and then we move on.

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Instead of which you had varying

disclosures about what was known and

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when it was known and that always

arouses suspicion of journalists.

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You had the of staff John Kelly

telling Wall Street Journal we did

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things right. You now have the vice

president saying no we did not. And

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so you're still left with

contradictory accounts and the house

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oversight committee saying we will

have to look into this. This is a

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story, no one realistically outside

of a very small circle had heard of

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Rob Porter, I doubt he was a

household name in his own household

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and suddenly now what we have been

talking about for a week. And the

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only distraction we have is Tech

three. -- is Stormy Daniels.

Take

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your pick of scandals and as we have

said any other White House and this

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would have been huge headline news

and yet as we said earlier when it

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comes to Donald Trump it is like,

yes, of course.

Just another day in

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the neighbourhood, just Donald Trump

being Donald Trump or stop the

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reality TV star on the highest state

in the world. If this had been

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Barack Obama or President Bush you

would have had people on either side

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of the political divide saying

impeachment, investigation. But

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Donald Trump it is like, what else

is new.

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It's hard not to have sympathy

for lawmakers who are trying to get

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things done on Capitol Hill

but instead have all

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this to deal with.

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A brief time ago I spoke with

Democratic Senator Amy Klobuchar.

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You know, when chaos

goes on, it is always

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harder to get a job done.

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Because you want people really

focused on what we see something

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incredibly important

with the mid-term elections

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in America only 264 days away.

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And that is that we need to not make

ourselves as vulnerable

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to foreign interference,

specifically Russian

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interference, in our election.

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And all six intelligence chiefs

including the CIA and the FBI

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from the Trump administration

testified under oath that in fact

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they believe that Russia

is going to try this again

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and that they actually

could be bolder.

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And that is the words of

the National intelligence director.

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And yet the president has not yet

held a Cabinet level

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meeting on this issue.

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To what extent does this actually

have to come from the President

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on down rather than just relying

on the intelligence communities

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to stop this from happening again?

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Exactly, this involves

so many different agencies.

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It involves Homeland

security for infrastructure,

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it involves election assistance,

it involves the Justice Department.

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And that is why when they admit it,

and I appreciate the honesty

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that there really had not been any

inter-agency work,

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that is really troubling.

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And that is why Republican Senator

Langford and I have stepped

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into this void along

with Senator Harris

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and Senator Lindsey Graham and said

at least let's put some short-term

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funding to help this state

to bolster their election equipment,

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to get paper back-up audit so that

in fact if you have a paper ballot,

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you're able to have a back-up

in case there is a hack.

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And also that we designate people

in each state that can get

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immediate information,

classified information,

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from Homeland security

if they see hacks developing.

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There are 21 different

states where the Russians

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attempted to hack in.

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So while you and your colleagues

are doing this important work

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in the Senate, the house oversight

committee has now said

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it is going to investigate

the security clearance process

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for Rob Porter, the aide

who was accused by both his

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wives of beating them.

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How concerned are you that somebody

is working in the White House

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in this way, close to the president,

who had not got security clearance

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and perhaps for these reasons?

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Well, of course I'm concerned.

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This is a very important position

and the first story was heard,

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that it was just taking too long

which made no sense to me

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because yes, there is a backlog

and we need to work on that,

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but for certain key positions

at the highest levels,

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you can triage those

and do those faster.

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We see it with US attorneys

all the time, we see it with federal

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judges all the time,

three months, four months

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or things like that.

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And so then we heard the truth

yesterday from Christopher Wray,

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the FBI director, who in fact

testified that this was done

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basically last spring.

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And so now they have another answer

to give us and that is how did this

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happen because you do not have

all these people on temporary

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clearance when you want to have them

have actual clearance.

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Do you think the White House

didn't want to know?

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I have no idea, I cannot

read their minds.

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I just know again this

is contributing to the chaos

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when we have the Dream Act right

in front of us, with a deadline,

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or 800,000 kids are

going to be deported.

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As well as dealing with

the immediacy of the budget

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and what we just discussed,

the threats to our election.

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Thank you very much for joining me.

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Thank you, it's great to be on.

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Boris Johnson has made

a characteristically counter

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intuitive argument for Brexit,

calling it the liberal

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project of our age.

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Since the vote to leave

the EU is often seen

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as part of the populist,

nationalist wave that brought

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Donald Trump to power,

it was a noteworthy twist.

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The foreign secretary said

he recognised the feelings of grief

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and alienation amongst those

who wanted Britain to remain

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in the EU, but he urged

people to stay positive.

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I said to my Remainer friends,

actually quite numerous bunch of

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them remaining, more people voted

for Brexit than have ever voted for

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anything in the history of this

country. And I just say in all

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candour if there were to be a second

vote I really think it would be

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another year of turmoil and

wrangling and feuding in which the

0:15:420:15:45

whole country would be the loser.

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In a press conference

following the speech,

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European Commission President

Jen-Claude Juncker was asked

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about a reference Boris Johnson had

made to the 'European Super-state'.

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Some in the British political

society are against the truth,

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pretending that I am

a stupid, stubborn Federalist.

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That I am in favour

of a European superstate.

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I'm strictly against

a European superstate.

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We're not the United

States of America.

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We are the European Union.

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Which is a rich body because we have

these 27, 28 nations.

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The European Union cannot be built

against European nations.

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So this is total nonsense.

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I'm joined now from Brussels

by the Economist's Europe

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Correspondent Tom Nuttall

and from Westminster by our Chief

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Political Correspondent Vicki Young.

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Let me start with Westminster, the

UK position on Brexit, is it any

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clearer after the landmark speech by

Boris Johnson?

He did speak about

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the transitional implementation

period, the time after we leave at

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the end of March next year when

subject to negotiation there will be

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a period of time where nothing much

changes. And he clarified his

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position on that saying although he

was making the broader argument for

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divergence from the European Union,

during that particular time he would

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be perfectly happy for the UK to

abide by EU law. So some

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clarification on that but generally

this is what Downing Street

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described as a rallying cry. It felt

at times like the speeches that

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Boris Johnson made as he went around

the country on the famous Boris bus

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as it became known. It was similar

to all of that. It was this note of

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optimism saying there are great

opportunities out there and nothing

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to be fearful about. But no detail.

Downing Street would say this is the

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first in a series of speeches and we

will hear from Theresa May at the

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weekend when she makes a big speech

in Munich on security. And the

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number of other speeches as well or

more detail will be laid out. But

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certainly some of the Conservative

Party are still frustrated because

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the answers to some of the difficult

practical questions we still do not

0:18:010:18:05

have.

And what about the reaction

from Brussels? Will this speech have

0:18:050:18:15

any impact?

In a word, no. I think

the feeling here is they have seen

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enough speech-making in London from

the various different factions in

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the Conservative Party and what they

have been waiting for since the last

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phase of negotiations in December is

a specific concrete negotiating

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stance from the British Government

that they can get their teeth into

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so they can begin to negotiate the

future relationship. In March, next

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month, the European Council, the

heads of government of the EU will

0:18:450:18:48

produce guidelines for that next

phase of negotiations. And one

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Eurocrat said to me if they do not

start hearing soon from the UK about

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what the government wants in these

negotiations then they will simply

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have their position written for them

by Europe.

Well it sounds as if they

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will get a whole round of other

speeches. Did they see this speech

0:19:070:19:11

by Boris Johnson really about being

about the Brexit process or just

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about Boris Johnson and his own

political ambitions?

Safety say I

0:19:150:19:20

think it is the latter. Boris

Johnson is a man who less than two

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years ago compared the EU ambitions

to those of Napoleon or Hitler so

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he's not blogged on a specially

kindly here. Reddish politics is

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followed closely here as you would

imagine. The Brexit negotiators are

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familiar with the position occupied

by Boris Johnson in the British

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political firmament and also who is

likely to listen to him. They know

0:19:430:19:48

there's a big divide in the UK on

this issue and people on the

0:19:480:19:52

Redmayne side the debate are

unlikely to pay much attention to

0:19:520:19:57

Boris Johnson. So from that you draw

the conclusion that Boris Johnson is

0:19:570:20:04

talking about Boris Johnson.

That is

certainly how it is seen here.

0:20:040:20:08

Classic Boris, a lot of colourful

remarks about not going back to a

0:20:080:20:14

diet of spam and cabbage. A lot of

praise for two May, he kept

0:20:140:20:17

referring to his friend Theresa May

and yet if this is as Tom suggested

0:20:170:20:23

about his own political ambitions,

what is the subtext?

I think a lot

0:20:230:20:27

of this will be about Boris Johnson

simply because of the fact that he

0:20:270:20:31

was the face of the Leave campaign.

No doubt about that. He was the one

0:20:310:20:36

who went round the country on a bus

emblazoned with the promise to bring

0:20:360:20:42

back thousands of pounds for the

National Health Service, the Brexit

0:20:420:20:44

dividend as he called it. He now

acknowledges that money might have

0:20:440:20:49

to be split among some other things

as well such as housing. But I think

0:20:490:20:53

that he wants to get over this

optimistic vision, he did not say

0:20:530:20:58

they had not been enough of that but

he certainly feels that. That we got

0:20:580:21:03

so caught up in the process that

there is no one talking about the

0:21:030:21:07

bigger global vision that the UK

will not be inward looking but

0:21:070:21:10

outward looking. That is about

making our way in the whole world

0:21:100:21:15

and making the most of these

opportunities out there. That

0:21:150:21:20

certainly has been something that

has been missing at the partly

0:21:200:21:22

because Theresa May was perhaps on

the remain side. But I think what he

0:21:220:21:30

does is that he brings that sense of

confidence and optimism but of

0:21:300:21:35

course it is answers that people are

after and I think the crucial factor

0:21:350:21:39

here is just over a year away from

leaving. And if you're running a

0:21:390:21:44

business in the UK or in the EU you

will want to know some of the

0:21:440:21:48

answers to these difficult questions

about customs unions, about single

0:21:480:21:51

market and also EU citizens, about

nailing down exactly what happens.

0:21:510:21:58

So all of that still needs to be

decided. But the friends of Boris

0:21:580:22:03

Johnson would say that is not what

today was all about.

Thank you very

0:22:030:22:06

much. Some other stories making the

headlines around the world. An

0:22:060:22:15

important aid convoy has reached is

to near the Syrian capital Damascus.

0:22:150:22:23

Nine UN trucks have now delivered

enough food, health and supplies for

0:22:230:22:27

more than 7000 people. It is the

first aid convoy to enter the rebel

0:22:270:22:33

held enclave since last November.

The US secretary of state Rex

0:22:330:22:37

Tillerson has demanded that Iran and

bringing back forces pull out of

0:22:370:22:39

Syria where they have been

supporting President Assad. They

0:22:390:22:42

made the demand at a news conference

in Jordan in response, a senior

0:22:420:22:46

Iranian official said it is the US

but should withdraw its forces from

0:22:460:22:52

the country.

0:22:520:22:56

Some advice for all you couples

on this Valentine's Day -

0:22:560:22:58

give and take, talk to each other,

and say "I love you."

0:22:580:23:01

These are some of the keys to having

a long and happy relationship -

0:23:010:23:05

according to four couples who have

become experts on the matter.

0:23:050:23:10

It's give and take, isn't it?

0:23:100:23:11

Jean gives, and I take!

0:23:110:23:15

I love that. I think part of that is

humour. Ron Christie, what do you

0:24:350:24:42

think. They were all laughing

together. I think I drive my husband

0:24:420:24:47

mad and sometimes he drives me mad

but at least he makes me laugh a

0:24:470:24:50

lot.

No question, I think you're

lucky when you get to marry your

0:24:500:24:54

best friend. You're going to laugh

and cry together and have fun.

So

0:24:540:24:59

what did you give your wife for

Valentine's Day?

Since she is in

0:24:590:25:06

California today we're celebrating

on Friday but there are a lot of

0:25:060:25:08

flowers and a lot of romance coming

up this Friday.

I think you should

0:25:080:25:14

send some of that my direction! My

husband gave me a card and I will

0:25:140:25:18

buy him flowers on the way home, a

little bit remiss of me but I

0:25:180:25:23

promise there will be something.

Happy Valentine's Day to all of you.

0:25:230:25:26

This is Beyond 100

Days from the BBC.

0:25:260:25:28

Coming up for viewers on the BBC

News Channel and BBC World News.

0:25:280:25:31

Women should not go sleeveless

if they want to get on according

0:25:310:25:34

to a former Canadian PM - not a view

these women apparently share.

0:25:340:25:39

And British ski jump legend Eddie

"The Eagle" says Team GB

0:25:390:25:42

are complaining too much about

the cold weather at the Olympics -

0:25:420:25:45

we'll hear from the man himself.

0:25:450:25:46

That's still to come.

0:25:460:25:56

Good evening. It has been another

day of rain for some and snow for

0:26:100:26:15

others. The weather Watchers have

been capturing the scenes, this from

0:26:150:26:21

Aberdeenshire with quite a lot of

snow. Further south it was mainly

0:26:210:26:25

rain and fairly happy at that. In

Worcestershire for example. You can

0:26:250:26:30

see this area of cloud that has been

bringing snow to northern areas and

0:26:300:26:36

rain further south. All tied up with

this area of low pressure to the

0:26:360:26:41

North West. Going through the

evening we slowly pushed the wet

0:26:410:26:45

weather away from eastern parts of

England. Behind that some clearer

0:26:450:26:52

skies, wintry showers in Northern

Ireland and Scotland. Temperatures

0:26:520:26:56

close to freezing although not as

cold further south. And that theme

0:26:560:27:01

continues tomorrow. Low pressure up

to the North West, and North

0:27:010:27:05

westerly wind in northern areas so

still some cold air but a subtle

0:27:050:27:10

change in the wind direction down

towards the south bringing some

0:27:100:27:15

milder air across southern areas. As

well as the milder air we have quite

0:27:150:27:19

a lot of sunshine through the day.

Just the deflating Sharon possible.

0:27:190:27:25

More showers as you look further

north, one across parts of Wales.

0:27:250:27:34

These showers could be wintry. In

the West of Scotland once again some

0:27:340:27:42

significant snow over the higher

ground. And the wind pretty brisk

0:27:420:27:47

across north-western areas as well.

Chile in the north, five or 6

0:27:470:27:51

degrees for Glasgow and Aberdeen but

further south, nine, ten or 11. On

0:27:510:27:58

Friday high-pressure in the South

West will have an influence on

0:27:580:28:02

southern parts of the British Isles.

Across much of England and Wales

0:28:020:28:06

Friday looks like a dry day with

goods for the sunshine. But we

0:28:060:28:11

continue to seek showers across

Northern Ireland and Scotland and

0:28:110:28:14

hill snow as well. Becoming a bit

more persistent into the afternoon.

0:28:140:28:19

Still pretty mild in the South and

even further north temperatures

0:28:190:28:23

creeping up a little bit. The mild

weather spreads further north

0:28:230:28:27

heading into the weekend. A lot of

dry weather around but the chance of

0:28:270:28:30

some rain in places on Sunday.

0:28:300:28:33

This is Beyond 100 Days,

with me Katty Kay in Washington.

0:30:080:30:10

Our top stories: South Africa's

political crisis comes to a head -

0:30:100:30:13

President Zuma refuses to resign,

but parliament will

0:30:130:30:15

decide his fate tomorrow.

0:30:150:30:18

Fears that one of the worst flu

outbreaks to hit the United States

0:30:180:30:21

and Canada in a decade

hasn't peaked yet.

0:30:210:30:25

The Kremlin denies any knowledge

of the Russian mercenaries killed

0:30:250:30:27

in a US air strike in Syria.

0:30:270:30:31

Eddie the Eagle criticises

Winter Olympic athletes

0:30:310:30:33

for complaining about the cold -

we'll hear from the man himself.

0:30:330:30:37

Let us know your thoughts

by using the hashtag #beyond100days.

0:30:370:30:41

Right now, the United States

is in the grips of one of the worst

0:30:490:30:53

flu seasons in a decade,

and it's not over yet.

0:30:530:30:55

At least 63 children have died

from the illness and tens

0:30:550:30:58

of thousands have been hospitalized.

0:30:580:31:00

Across the border in Canada, 130

deaths are being blamed on the flu.

0:31:000:31:03

So what is making this

season so intense and what

0:31:030:31:05

precautions can be taken?

0:31:050:31:08

Joining me now is Anthony Fauci,

Director of the National Institute

0:31:080:31:11

of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

0:31:110:31:18

Thank you for joining me. How bad is

this flu season?

It is very bad.

0:31:180:31:29

Looking at the time from when we

started recording these kinds of

0:31:290:31:34

numbers, it clearly is the worst

seasonal flu we have had so far.

0:31:340:31:40

There have been more

hospitalisations, there has been

0:31:400:31:43

more serious disease, more

widespread disease than we have

0:31:430:31:47

seen. At first it resembled the

2014-15 seasonal flu, but in the

0:31:470:31:54

last few weeks it has surpassed that

in intensity and seriousness.

And I

0:31:540:32:00

would assume it still has a few more

weeks to run?

We were hoping that

0:32:000:32:06

the last report would've shown her

plateau, but to our dismay the last

0:32:060:32:11

report that came out shows that it

is still escalating. Hopefully in

0:32:110:32:17

the next couple of weeks we will see

a turning around but it is still on

0:32:170:32:21

the way up.

What symptoms are people

suffering from, what should we watch

0:32:210:32:27

out for?

Influenza is a unique

infection. People get upper

0:32:270:32:33

respiratory infections and

incorrectly said they have the flu

0:32:330:32:35

when they have some sneezing is,

some coughing, some upper

0:32:350:32:41

respiratory problems. The flu is the

stomach disease. When you get

0:32:410:32:46

influenza you know you have that,

you have aches, pains, high fever

0:32:460:32:50

and you feel almost like you got hit

by a truck. You feel like you really

0:32:500:32:57

need to get to bed. You get

respiratory symptoms, but the real

0:32:570:33:03

component of influenza that

distinguishes it from a normal

0:33:030:33:06

respiratory infection is the

systemic nature, the fever, the

0:33:060:33:13

chills, the aches and pains.

Does

the vaccine, and a lot of people now

0:33:130:33:18

get the flu vaccine, has it not

helped with this particular strand?

0:33:180:33:25

It does help, but that isn't

optimal. It is always better to get

0:33:250:33:30

vaccinated than not get vaccinated

because some degree of protection is

0:33:300:33:34

better than none. If you look at

what we are starting to see, we

0:33:340:33:38

don't know until the end of the

year, but the vaccine efficacy does

0:33:380:33:45

not seem to be optimal, it is rather

low.

Why don't we know what kind of

0:33:450:33:51

vaccine to produce a particular

year's strand of flu this --?

We had

0:33:510:34:04

mishap something happened this year

that's... Most of the vaccine that

0:34:040:34:09

is distributed in the knighted

States and Canada is made by growing

0:34:090:34:13

the virus in eggs so that we can

make it into a vaccine. What

0:34:130:34:19

happened this year is that when the

virus was put into the eggs to make

0:34:190:34:23

it for a vaccine in order to adapt

itself to growing well in eggs the

0:34:230:34:29

virus mutated. That is not

unexpected, but this time it mutated

0:34:290:34:35

and that part of the virus that is

essential to induce protection with

0:34:350:34:38

the vaccine. It turned out to be an

accidental mismatch because the

0:34:380:34:45

virus for one reason or another

mutated in a way that made it not

0:34:450:34:49

very well matched to what you wanted

in the vaccine.

Thank you very much

0:34:490:34:54

for joining me. I'm so glad we could

it covered the story because there

0:34:540:35:00

have been really bad pictures,

hospitals overwhelmed. I didn't get

0:35:000:35:11

the flu shot but I wish I had.

0:35:110:35:14

The Kremlin has denied any

knowledge of Russian

0:35:140:35:16

mercenaries fighting in Syria,

after a number of its citizens

0:35:160:35:19

were among those killed in a US-led

airstrike in the east

0:35:190:35:21

of the country.

0:35:210:35:22

America says it killed more

than a hundred fighters

0:35:220:35:24

in the strikes last week.

0:35:240:35:26

The Russian mercenaries

are said to have been hired

0:35:260:35:28

by private military firms,

backing Syrian

0:35:280:35:29

pro-government troops.

0:35:290:35:30

Steve Rosenberg reports from Moscow.

0:35:300:35:33

Just two months ago,

Vladimir Putin flew to Syria

0:35:330:35:35

to declare mission accomplished.

0:35:350:35:36

He told his troops the motherland

was proud of them, and ordered

0:35:360:35:39

many of the soldiers home.

0:35:390:35:44

But Russians are still

fighting in Syria.

0:35:440:35:46

And it's not just their regular

forces who are suffering casualties.

0:35:460:35:54

These men are amongst

what is reported to be a large group

0:35:540:35:57

of Russian mercenaries

who were killed in the Syrian

0:35:570:36:00

Serbian province of Deir Ezzor one

week ago, the result of air

0:36:000:36:02

and artillery strikes

by the US-led coalition.

0:36:020:36:09

Among those killed

was Stanislav Matveyev.

0:36:090:36:10

He went to fight in eastern

Ukraine, and was then

0:36:100:36:12

hired to fight in Syria.

0:36:120:36:17

"They were sent into

battle like animals,

0:36:180:36:20

without any protection",

his widow says.

0:36:200:36:21

"The Russian government should seek

revenge for the sake of the wives

0:36:210:36:24

and their children".

0:36:240:36:31

And what's the Kremlin

saying about this?

0:36:310:36:33

Not much.

0:36:330:36:35

And the reason the Kremlin has made

little comment about this

0:36:350:36:38

is that the Russian authorities have

never spoken before publicly

0:36:380:36:40

about Russian mercenaries in Syria,

or about the private military

0:36:400:36:42

companies believed

to be recruiting them.

0:36:420:36:52

And that's why these

reports of casualties

0:36:540:36:56

are so embarrassing for Moscow.

0:36:560:36:57

Presidential candidate

Grigory Yavlinsky says

0:36:570:36:58

the mercenaries have no legal basis

for being in Syria,

0:36:580:37:00

and are a danger to Russia.

0:37:000:37:06

When you have in the country some

structures which are almost

0:37:060:37:09

military structures,

and you have no control on them,

0:37:090:37:11

it's dangerous for the country,

it's dangerous for the people,

0:37:110:37:14

it's even dangerous

for the president.

0:37:140:37:18

Up till now, this has been

the public face of Russia's

0:37:180:37:21

military operation in Syria.

0:37:210:37:24

The Kremlin would have preferred

to keep it that way.

0:37:240:37:26

Steve Rosenberg, BBC News, Moscow.

0:37:260:37:33

Other stories making

headlines around the world:

0:37:330:37:38

The Zimbabwean opposition leader

Morgan Tsvangirai has died

0:37:380:37:40

in South Africa at the age of 65.

0:37:400:37:42

Mr Tsvangirai was being

treated for cancer at

0:37:420:37:44

a hospital in Johannesburg.

0:37:440:37:45

Mr Tsvangirai spent many years

opposing the rule of Robert Mugabe.

0:37:450:37:48

The news was announced

by officials from his party,

0:37:480:37:50

the Movement for Democratic Change.

0:37:500:37:53

NATO defence ministers have gathered

for a two-day meeting in Brussels,

0:37:530:37:55

with national military budgets high

on the agenda.

0:37:550:37:57

The US and Turkish defence ministers

are also expected to meet,

0:37:570:38:00

as there've been tensions over

the two nations' differing

0:38:000:38:02

tactics in Syria.

0:38:020:38:06

The Israeli prime minister,

Benjamin Netanyahu has called

0:38:060:38:08

a corruption investigation

against him "biased"

0:38:080:38:10

and "full of holes".

0:38:100:38:17

The police say they have

evidence of bribery,

0:38:170:38:19

fraud and breach of trust.

0:38:190:38:20

Mr Netanyahu denies the allegations.

0:38:200:38:21

Key coalition partners say they're

standing by Mr Netanyahu for now.

0:38:210:38:25

Former Canadian Prime Minister Kim

Campbell has been criticised

0:38:280:38:30

for suggesting female broadcasters

lose credibility when they go

0:38:300:38:32

sleeveless on air.

0:38:320:38:35

She was tweeting in response

to an article discussing appropriate

0:38:350:38:38

attire for public speaking.

0:38:380:38:41

Ms Campbell says

studies show it's true.

0:38:410:38:43

But it hasn't stopped

some of the world's most

0:38:430:38:45

influential women from putting

their arms on display.

0:38:450:38:50

Well, for more, I'm joined now

from New York by Izzy Grinspan.

0:39:280:39:31

She's a Senior Editor

at New York Magazine's

0:39:310:39:33

fashion section The Cut.

0:39:330:39:39

What do you make of all of this?

It

seems to me that it is all a symptom

0:39:390:39:47

of the impossible standard that

women are held to. If they don't

0:39:470:39:51

look like they had dressed up to

present themselves, then they are

0:39:510:39:57

faulted, but if they had any sort

of... This article suggested that if

0:39:570:40:02

there was any skin on display than

that as a distraction and women

0:40:020:40:06

should be held accountable to bad.

It seems to me that there is no way

0:40:060:40:11

to win.

Because of woman don't dress

up when they appear in public they

0:40:110:40:16

get denigrated, if they do they told

they are lacking credibility.

0:40:160:40:21

Absolutely. Are being judged by

conflicting standards. I think the

0:40:210:40:25

best thing to do is just forget

about the standards.

I suppose the

0:40:250:40:31

argument would be if you put on her

suit and dressed in a way, then

0:40:310:40:36

people are paying more attention to

what you say and you have more

0:40:360:40:40

gravitas, but maybe that is just a

definition of gravitas that is more

0:40:400:40:44

male than female.

Yes, that is what

was happening in the 1980s when

0:40:440:40:49

women were joining the workforce in

droves. There was movement of

0:40:490:40:54

wearing shoulder pads, suits, trying

to dress like men. In the end is it

0:40:540:41:01

doesn't quite work the same way

because we have outdated standards

0:41:010:41:06

that dressing like a man is the

basic bottom line and anyway that

0:41:060:41:12

you deviate from that is considered

a deviation so there is no way for

0:41:120:41:18

women to win. He will still be

judged on a different standard to.

I

0:41:180:41:28

tried those shoulder pads in the

1980s it didn't work for me! If you

0:41:280:41:33

are are trying to mimic men's

standards of competence, leadership,

0:41:330:41:38

we will never get there, because we

are not men and we do have a

0:41:380:41:43

different standard. Right. What

about the history of this? I

0:41:430:41:48

remember there was a time in the

1990s in the United States when

0:41:480:41:52

women stop wearing stockings on

television than that was seen as

0:41:520:41:58

scandalous. It seems every time we

remove the stockings, remove the

0:41:580:42:04

gloves, perhaps, than credibility

gets questioned.

Yes, and then it

0:42:040:42:09

starts to seem normal, it stops

being an issue. There are still

0:42:090:42:14

places in Washington where women are

expected to wear stockings, so it

0:42:140:42:18

depends on the Millie Dowler toss-up

it used to a scandal if you didn't

0:42:180:42:26

wear gloves in public. Standards are

constantly changing.

Do you think we

0:42:260:42:31

will get to a stage when this will

no longer be an issue, what women

0:42:310:42:35

wear will be commented on?

I would

love to hope so. The generation

0:42:350:42:42

coming of age right now is

interested in self expression and

0:42:420:42:46

would not bat an eyelid at a

newscaster of wearing a giant very

0:42:460:42:51

green coat or something because they

like the idea of people expressing

0:42:510:42:56

themselves. Hopefully that will get

carried into society.

Thank you for

0:42:560:43:02

joining me. I have been wearing a

sleeveless dress to read this

0:43:020:43:10

programme, so I hope that hasn't

undermined my credibility!

0:43:100:43:14

And if you want to read more

of my thoughts about whether women

0:43:140:43:18

have the right to bear arms,

you can find my article

0:43:180:43:20

on the subject at bbc.com/news.

0:43:200:43:21

Just head to the US

& Canada section.

0:43:210:43:28

This is Beyond One Hundred Days.

0:43:280:43:29

Still to come: She was shown out

of the West Virginia legislature

0:43:290:43:32

but it's only opened the door

to a flood of donations.

0:43:320:43:35

We speak to the woman

at the center of controversy.

0:43:350:43:37

Emma Watson has been speaking at her

shock, describing there was no

0:43:480:43:53

system in place to help woman he had

been sexually harassed. BAFTA is

0:43:530:44:00

looking at changes that could tackle

the problem.

0:44:000:44:11

This Sunday, it's the Bafta Awards.

0:44:110:44:13

And ahead of British film's

biggest night of the year,

0:44:130:44:15

the industry has announced

a brand-new plan aimed at tackling

0:44:150:44:18

both sexual harassment and bullying.

0:44:180:44:19

It's a direct response

to the Harvey Weinstein allegations.

0:44:190:44:21

You can talk!

0:44:210:44:22

You can talk!

0:44:220:44:23

Well, of course he can talk!

0:44:230:44:25

Emma Watson was one of the many

actresses asked for her input.

0:44:250:44:27

These principles are important

because up until recently

0:44:270:44:29

there were no guidelines,

there was no protocol for someone

0:44:290:44:32

that had been sexually harassed

in the entertainment industry.

0:44:320:44:34

And I know this to be a fact

because I have asked for principles,

0:44:340:44:38

I've asked to see guidelines,

and no one could give them to me.

0:44:380:44:45

To change this more than 40

organisations including BAFTA

0:44:450:44:47

and the British Film Institute

worked on a set of eight principles

0:44:470:44:50

which they want to be

used across the film,

0:44:500:44:52

television and video

Games industries.

0:44:520:44:56

So what will actually change?

0:44:560:44:58

Every production must employ two

people trained to handle any

0:44:580:45:00

accusations of harassment.

0:45:010:45:04

A dedicated phone line

will open in April offering

0:45:040:45:06

free confidential help.

0:45:060:45:08

And BFI funding will only

be given to projects

0:45:080:45:10

committed to the changes.

0:45:100:45:14

This isn't about a set

of commandments, it's about a set

0:45:140:45:17

of principles which everybody has

willingly and with huge

0:45:170:45:19

enthusiasm signed up to.

0:45:190:45:24

At last month's Golden Globe Awards

almost all actresses wore black

0:45:240:45:27

to show solidarity for the Time's Up

campaign, calling for change.

0:45:270:45:32

The same is expected at the BAFTAs.

0:45:320:45:35

Those behind today's announcement

hope that such a stand will not

0:45:350:45:38

be needed next year.

0:45:380:45:39

Colin Paterson, BBC News.

0:45:390:45:45

You're watching Beyond

One Hundred Days...

0:46:010:46:02

A woman from West Virginia has found

herself at the centre of global

0:46:020:46:06

interest after being thrown out

of the state's legislature

0:46:060:46:08

for highlighting links

between politicians and big oil

0:46:080:46:10

and gas corporations

during a public hearing.

0:46:100:46:11

Lissa Lucas had prepared a testimony

on a bill that would allow gas

0:46:110:46:14

companies to drill on minority

mineral owners' land

0:46:140:46:16

without consent, but was stopped

from finishing and escorted out.

0:46:160:46:19

We'll hear from Lissa

just a moment - first,

0:46:190:46:21

here's a clip from the session.

0:46:210:46:22

People who were going to be speaking

in favour of this bill will be paid

0:46:220:46:26

for by the industry and the people

voting on this bill will also be

0:46:260:46:31

paid by the industry. I have to keep

this short because the public only

0:46:310:46:36

gets a minute and 45 were as

lobbyists can throw a gale at the

0:46:360:46:43

Marriott hotel. I haven't finished.

Drag me off them.

0:46:430:46:55

Lissa joins us now

from West Virginia.

0:46:550:47:01

Lissa, when you get that speech

specifically about deregulation of

0:47:010:47:06

the energy industry, did you think

you would be escorted out? No, that

0:47:060:47:12

was surprising! They allegedly came

along and shut down your microphone,

0:47:120:47:17

is that right?

Yeah. It came back on

briefly and then went back. They

0:47:170:47:22

even moved the microphone away. What

did they tell you, what was the

0:47:220:47:27

reason they gave?

No personal comments. So no comments

0:47:270:47:36

about deregulation of the energy

industry, why are they personal

0:47:360:47:41

comments?

That was my question, that

is why I continue despite the fact

0:47:410:47:45

that they didn't want to hear it. To

me those comments are not... Those

0:47:450:47:54

comments are not personal, they are

public information. They may not

0:47:540:47:59

necessarily be common knowledge, but

there wasn't some new information

0:47:590:48:02

that nobody had ever seen before.

Just go on the Internet. West

0:48:020:48:09

Virginia is a state that has a lot

of coal mining this White House

0:48:090:48:15

deregulated the coal-mining

industry. How many people are there

0:48:150:48:21

in your state who would sympathise

with your concerns about

0:48:210:48:25

deregulation?

I think everyone does.

If you are a coal miner you want a

0:48:250:48:31

job, but you also want your kids to

be able to play in the creek. I

0:48:310:48:38

think it is a false dichotomy to

suggest that you are either going to

0:48:380:48:43

have coal or gas would you will have

nothing.

Tell us what happened after

0:48:430:48:50

you give that speech and after that

video clip went viral I sat in the

0:48:500:48:58

boy a for a while.

I saw that there

were some reports suggesting I was

0:48:580:49:04

thrown out of the building, but they

were really nice, they just went and

0:49:040:49:08

sat in the Fourier. When I got my

purse and keys again out of the

0:49:080:49:17

Chambers I went down and had

breakfast, a drove home, I struggle

0:49:170:49:23

to get the video uploaded and that

was basically my evening. I remember

0:49:230:49:30

looking and seeing that I had gotten

a few hundred dollars and I thought,

0:49:300:49:36

wow, I have $300, hurray! That was

Friday night! Since then, that you

0:49:360:49:43

have raised $50,000.

The only I'd

may not have had the impact they

0:49:430:49:49

intended.

0:49:490:49:55

We have been reporting during this

programme that President Trump has

0:49:550:49:58

been under increased scrutiny due to

his silence on domestic violence.

0:49:580:50:05

That is after Rob Porter stepped

down, one of his aides due to

0:50:050:50:10

domestic abuse allegations. The

president has spoken now.

0:50:100:50:22

I am opposed to domestic violence

and everybody here knows that.

0:50:220:50:28

Totally opposed to domestic violence

of any kind it almost wouldn't have

0:50:280:50:32

to be said so now you hear it but

you all know it. Thank you all very

0:50:320:50:37

much.

So President Trump there are

pronouncing domestic violence. It is

0:50:370:50:44

something you wanted him to do. Does

this clear up this issue for the

0:50:440:50:49

White House?

No, this is something

that should have been said a week

0:50:490:50:53

ago. The president could have

entered this. The president nor has

0:50:530:50:59

unfortunately put himself in a

situation where he will have more

0:50:590:51:02

rather than less scrutiny.

He looked

frustrated to me there haven't and

0:51:020:51:07

to those questions.

No question.

When you have the press yelling at

0:51:070:51:11

you like that it is frustrating,

particularly when the president

0:51:110:51:17

doesn't want to answer something. He

does not want to talk about himself

0:51:170:51:21

and domestic violence, even though

this is something to do with his

0:51:210:51:24

staff, not him directly.

0:51:240:51:30

The weather has been among one

of the many talking points

0:51:300:51:32

of the Winter Olympics

in Pyeongchang - the extreme cold

0:51:320:51:35

and wind have led to some events

being postponed and complaints

0:51:350:51:37

from some athletes.

0:51:370:51:38

Earlier this week, Team GB's slope

snowboarder Aimee Fuller crashed out

0:51:380:51:41

on her final jump to finish 17th -

here she is speaking

0:51:410:51:44

about what she faced.

0:51:440:51:49

As I was in the air, disgust lifted

me, went under my feet. I am happy

0:51:490:51:54

to be in one piece. It was so

annoying because it was so, so

0:51:540:52:02

close, it it was within inches of

being a decent scoring run and the

0:52:020:52:09

wind took me.

0:52:090:52:11

But isn't it normal

0:52:110:52:12

for the Winter Olympics to be

0:52:120:52:15

like this?

0:52:150:52:17

Eddie the Eagle -

the British hero of

0:52:170:52:19

the Calgary Olympics in 1988 -

seems to think so.

0:52:190:52:21

I spoke to him a little earlier.

0:52:210:52:26

Eddie, the wind is super-strong, it

is really, really cold and

0:52:260:52:32

Pyeongchang, that you are saying

that all of these athletes should

0:52:320:52:35

stop complaining and just start

competing?

I think so, yes. I don't

0:52:350:52:41

know if it is the athletes

themselves complaining or just being

0:52:410:52:45

funny, but they are winter athletes,

it is winter, it is cold and they

0:52:450:52:52

are probably trained in worse

conditions than the Desert the --

0:52:520:53:00

than it is at the moment. They

should man up and get on with it,

0:53:000:53:05

really.

What if it is dangerous,

though?

As a former ski jumper, wind

0:53:050:53:14

is critical for ski jumping so I can

understand as a ski jumper that, but

0:53:140:53:21

for a lot of the other sports it is

not so important. Also, the wind can

0:53:210:53:26

be your best friend as well as your

worst enemy. If it is gusty the

0:53:260:53:33

athletes should be training in those

kind of conditions to get used it as

0:53:330:53:37

well, so I am surprised that the

aren't training in those kind of

0:53:370:53:41

conditions. The officials will ever

gets to dangerous will say no

0:53:410:53:48

competition, but that is up to the

officials, not the athletes.

30

0:53:480:53:53

years after you competed in Calgary,

there is a film that came out to

0:53:530:53:58

produce a couple of years to go.

This film shows that you were pretty

0:53:580:54:02

tough when you were a competitor.

In

Calgary we have lots of wind

0:54:020:54:10

problems. They cancelled a lot of

the training for the ski jump

0:54:100:54:13

because of the high winds. From one

point there were going to move the

0:54:130:54:19

ski jumping from Calgary to thunder

bay. Then all of a sudden we got one

0:54:190:54:24

clear day and they've jumped

straight into the competition and it

0:54:240:54:27

might be like that here in South

Korea. The film, they did a great

0:54:270:54:30

job with the film. I was a strong

character and just get on with that,

0:54:300:54:36

really. Whatever the conditions, get

out there and do it.

I hadn't lived

0:54:360:54:42

that you stayed in a mental hospital

at one point when you were

0:54:420:54:45

competing, because it was cheap!

Yes, I slept on the back of my car,

0:54:450:54:52

in cow sheds, prescription food out

of bins, slept in a mental hospital

0:54:520:54:57

in Finland. I stayed in the mental

hospital when I got the letter from

0:54:570:55:01

the British Olympic organisation to

say congratulations, you have been

0:55:010:55:05

picked to go to Calgary.

Did they

think you should have been one of

0:55:050:55:10

the inmates?

I managed to get out!

They probably did think I was an

0:55:100:55:18

inmate! I did manage to fly to

Calgary and compete, but it was a

0:55:180:55:22

very strange experience staying in

that mental hospital.

Your life has

0:55:220:55:26

been full of strange experiences!

Temp two, thank you for joining me.

0:55:260:55:34

How great is edit the evil? Arbil

Olympian, bearer. President Jacob

0:55:340:55:42

Zuma is due to address the nation

any time now. Here is the scene in

0:55:420:55:48

Pretoria. He will make some kind of

statement. We'll bring you that.

0:55:480:55:54

Coming up next on BBC

World News: Karin Giannone

0:55:540:55:56

is here with Outside Source

and for viewers in the UK,

0:55:560:55:58

we'll have the latest

headlines from Ben Brown.

0:55:580:56:00