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You're watching Beyond 100 Days.
It's happened again.
The 18th school shooting this year
in America kills 17 people.
Why can't the US fix this?
The accused gunman
is now in custody.
He'd been a student
at the Florida high school.
He went up and down the hallway,
banging and shooting
into the classrooms.
He shot through my door.
President Trump addresses
the nation, promising to tackle
the difficult issue of mental
health, but makes no
mention of gun control.
It is not enough to simply take
actions that make us feel
like we are making a difference.
We must actually make
All change in South Africa -
Cyril Ramaphosa says one
of his priorities as the country's
new President will be
to fight corruption.
Also on the programme:
The city of Compton is famous
for rap music and gang wars
but life is improving there.
We explore how.
Get in touch with us
using the hashtag #Beyond100Days.
Hello, I'm Katty Kay in Washington.
It's another of those days
that the world looks
at America and wonders,
how do they tolerate this?
There has been a school shooting
in the US on average every 60
hours so far this year.
Every 60 hours.
As parents across this country
sent their children off
to class this morning,
they wondered, is my child safe?
For too many families in south
Florida, the answer was no.
But, even as politicians
across the board said today that
mass shootings have to stop,
it seems they are
only getting worse.
For the latest, from Florida,
here's Neda Tawfik.
Running for their lives, these
panicked students fled as fast as
They realised quickly
that they were in very real danger.
This was not a drill that American
schools have rehearsed time
and again for these exact scenarios.
I have the gunshot victim.
Stoneman Douglas High
was quickly placed on lockdown.
These were the terrifying
sounds from inside.
Students huddled together, shaken,
scared, and completely helpless.
They leaned on each other
for support as the horror
unfolded in front of them.
One of my friends, I haven't heard
from him, says that shooting
Police have identified
the 19-year-old attacker
as Nikolas Cruz.
He arrived on campus heavily armed,
with a semiautomatic rifle
and several magazines of ammunition.
He also carried a gas
mask and smoke grenades.
It is clear that this
was a well-planned plot
to maximise the loss of life.
The shooter set off the fire alarm
to draw children out
of their classrooms.
Police warned that the shooter was
still at large even as the rescue
operation was under way.
Another jolt of terror, and then
relief as students realised SWAT
teams and not the shooter had
reached them first.
He went up and down the hallway
banging and shooting
into the classrooms,
he shot through my door
and broke the window.
As soon as the fire drill went
to the kids got evacuated.
Then all of a sudden we heard one
of our student government teachers
say, run as fast as you can,
and we heard a gunshot.
17 children and teachers killed,
more than a dozen injured,
being treated in local hospitals.
President Trump addressed the nation
from the White House and said
he will visit victims and local
officials in Parkland.
He said the country needed to tackle
the difficult issue of mental health
but was silent on gun control.
No child, no teacher should ever be
in danger in an American school.
No parent should ever have to fear
for their sons and their daughters
when they kiss them goodbye
in the morning.
This is the moment Nikolas Cruz was
finally arrested in a nearby town.
He evaded authorities
for almost one hour,
blending in with the swarms
of students fleeing the school.
He has now been charged with 17
counts of premeditated murder
and is being held without bail.
Authorities are piecing
together his possible motives.
He was expelled from the school last
year for disciplinary
reasons, and students
described him as troubled.
He was on the FBI's
radar since September.
He was flagged up to the agency
after he commented on a YouTube
video that he would be
a "professional schools shooter".
The FBI says they investigated
the threat but could not identify
the person behind it.
One of the safest cities
in the country, but it did not stop
it from becoming the 18th
school shooting this year.
The question that seemingly everyone
in the nation is now asking
is whether this is the new normal.
Tales of heroism are
emerging from the tragedy.
One security guard and football
coach is said to have shielded
children as the gunman fired.
He did not survive his injuries.
The kids in the community
loved him, adored him.
He was one of the greatest
people I knew.
A phenomenal man.
With each shooting, there
is the inevitable debate on gun
ownership in America.
Yet this country is more
divided than ever on how
to solve this problem.
Too many children and families.
Neda Tawfik reporting
there from Florida.
The government has now appeared in
court in southern Florida and has
been held without bail. The FBI has
conferred it got a tip about
somebody with the same name as the
shooter in September, and a white
separatist group said he had some
ties to them. -- white supremacist
For more on the investigation now
under way I am joined by Ron Hosko,
director of the FBI.
What happens when the FBI gets a tip
of the nature that it received about
somebody with the same name as the
shooter in September?
The FBI gets
dozens of tips every day. They are
looking for those tips not only for
the ability to track it back to a
source, but also from the
perspective of, is there any sort of
federal crime being committed by the
conduct, by the words of the text or
tweet, or their communication.
there hasn't been, they can't do
They can't do much other than
talk to local law enforcement
authorities that might have a piece
of jurisdiction but, if the FBI
would try and identify and run out
on every one of these tips, the FBI
would have nothing else on its
plate, and it does have much on its
plate, cyber terrorism,
We are seeing pictures
of the shooter, who has appeared in
court. I understand he appeared by
video link. It seems, in this case,
there was a YouTube page in which
somebody by the same name as that
young man said he wanted to become a
professional school shooter. Would
that language fall into the category
of something that was actionable for
Is there no set
They could maybe try and
identify him and have a
conversation, if they have the right
wee sources. They might be able to
hand it to local law enforcement if
they can trace it back to one
person. But is it actionable from a
federal prosecutor perspective? No.
What the FBI is looking for four
federal prosecution is, are there
any contingencies with the threat?
Does the person have the immediate
ability to carry out? Is it an
immediate threat? There is a
difference between this sort of
threat, even though it is later
proven that this person may be the
same may have been serious, and
e-mailing somebody or communicating
with them, I am coming to your house
to shoot you dead this afternoon and
I live three blocks away, or across
the state line, even better for the
FBI. The FBI is looking for a
federal nexus. Federal prosecutors
look closely at that, and FBI agents
make determinations on how to
allocate their time, based on the
likelihood of federal prosecution.
From what we know of this attack and
the investigation so far, what more
could law enforcement have done? Was
there anything that was missed that
should have been picked up?
what we've heard, it sounds as
though there were a number of
warning signs with this gentleman,
and this one communication the FBI
was made aware of months ago might
have been significantly enhanced by
some of the postings that have been
referred to in recent days and
weeks. They were much more
threatening and may be suggested
this person had a serious problem.
Add to that his weapon possession of
a AR-15, maybe acquisition of it. It
goes back to this see something, say
something idea. Do enough pieces,
wrote a person that start to suggest
it's real. -- pieces come around a
person. The problem for law
enforcement is we are not perfect at
predicting when words will turn to
There have been claims by a
Florida -based white supremacist
group that he had done some training
with them. How would that play into
The FBI would
look at that and they will be
working with law enforcement on
these connections. What were his
inspirations? It sounds as though he
suffered a serious loss, losing his
mother in November. Perhaps that was
life changing and started to put him
on this path. Law enforcement will
try to reconstruct the entire
picture to occlude what ever he
chooses to tell them and share, and
try and look back and say, what were
his real drivers, was a depression,
psychotic episodes, family loss,
school, the whole collection.
you for coming in.
So why does America have this
scourge that no other country does?
The lobby group for the gun
industry, the National
has formidable power
in this country.
It donates a lot of money to
politicians who oppose gun controls.
In the 2016 election campaign
cycle, the NRA spent
$54.4 million on candidates
who support gun rights.
98% of that money
went to Republicans.
Marco Rubio, the Republican senator
from Florida, tweeted last night,
Senator Rubio has received
$3.3 million from the NRA
over his political career.
President Trump was a huge
recipient of NRA support.
The group spent $11.4
million on pro-Trump ads
in the 2016 election -
and, just as importantly,
$19.8 million on ads
against Hillary Clinton.
Chris Murphy is the Democratic
senator from Connecticut.
In 2012, 20 six and seven-year-olds
were killed in his state
at Sandy Hook elementary school.
He gave an impassioned speech on the
Senate floor last night.
happens nowhere else other than the
United States of America. This
academic of mass slaughter --
epidemic slaughter, the scourge of
school shooting after school
shooting. It only happens here not
because of coincidence, not because
of bad luck, but as a consequence of
our inaction. We are responsible.
spoke to Senator Murphy a short time
President Trump mentioned the issue
of mental health, which certainly is
a problem in the United States, but
every country has people with mental
health problems. It's only America
that has this rate of school
The problem has
never been one of mental illness.
America has no greater rate of
mental illness than any other
country. What's different in the
United States is a celebratory
culture of gun violence, that
somehow green lights in these
shooters' mines, the idea of mass
violence, and access to weapons that
doesn't exist in other places. Many
people in Newtown don't think that
Adam Lansar wouldn't have bought
into that count if he didn't have
violent video games. The ease with
which people can get their hands on
AR-15s contributes to it, and that
is something which is exclusive to
the United States.
How powerful is
the National Rifle Association? What
pressure does it put on members of
The NRA remains powerful
enough to block progress. It's an
issue of political power. They have
been organising for 20 to 30 is, and
the modern anti-gun movement really
dates from Sandy Hook. We will catch
up and become stronger than them,
but it's going to be a bunch of
failures until we get success, and
that isn't unlike any other great
social change in this country.
all thought, after the awful tragedy
in Newtown in your state, things
might change, but if they didn't
change then, will it ever?
about political power. I wish it
were about people having an epiphany
that they should demand that
Congress takes steps to protect
their children and grandchildren,
but it's ultimately about creating
more activists across this country
that will show up at town halls and
flood campaign offices and work to
vote out members of Congress that
routinely vote against the 90% of
their constituents that want things
like universal background checks.
Thank you for joining me. There
seems to be a pick-up in the number
of these incidents, and it's
possible that parents across this
country start demand some kind of
action from lawmakers, but I covered
the Newtown shootings and I was
there just after the children were
killed. We thought that would change
things in America, but that would be
the catalyst for action to make sure
that school shootings stop. It
wasn't, and you have to wonder, if
it didn't happen then, will it
happen this time? All of our
thoughts go out to those families in
South Africa has a new President.
Its parliament elected
Cyril Ramaphosa to the leadership
today, bringing to an end the reign
of Jacob Zuma, who resigned
Mr Ramaphosa inherits a troubled
economy and a divided party -
but among his first items
of business, he says,
will be to fight corruption.
Our Africa editor, Fergal Keane,
sent this report from Cape Town.
In the place they call the mother
city of the Republic,
exaltation at what they felt
was nothing less than deliverance.
And, inside, the words that
signalled the arrival
of a new and very different order.
I declare the honourable
Cyril Ramaphosa duly elected
President of the Republic of South
He knew this moment was coming,
yet seemed abashed.
In his first words as President,
the tone was consciously humble.
When one is elected in this type
of position, you basically become
a servant of the people
of South Africa, and I'll seek
to execute that task
with humility, faithfulness
and with dignity as well.
That is what I will seek to do.
For now, his party enemies
are defeated and the country
is broadly behind him.
But, on the other side
of Table Mountain from Parliament,
a sense of the challenge facing
the new leader.
Here in Langa township,
they welcome Ramaphosa
but expect him to deliver
houses, jobs, services.
We are still living in sheds.
We, our mothers and fathers lived
in sheds, and we the children
and obviously our grandchildren have
to live in sheds also.
Mr Ramaphosa, we vote for him,
give him a chance and see
if he will do things better,
different than Mr J Zuma.
After years when their party
was tainted by corruption
and losing electoral support,
ANC Members of Parliament
are daring to hope.
There is a great deal of joy here,
but also expectation.
Cyril Ramaphosa will have to move
quickly to answer people's
needs on the economy and,
above all, corruption.
Fergal Keane, BBC News, Cape Town.
High expectations for Cyril
Ramaphosa, now he has to deliver.
Archbishop Desmond Tutu has become
the latest high-profile personality
to end his ties with Oxfam over
a row about sexual misconduct
by the charity's workers
in Chad and Haiti.
Meanwhile, a former Oxfam worker
at the centre of the reports has
denied paying for sex.
In an open letter, Roland van
Hauwermeiren said a reception held
at his home in Haiti was not,
as alleged, a sex party.
The US Secretary of State, Rex
Tillerson is warning the involvement
of Lebanese militant
group his brother in regional wars
will have a negative
impact on Lebanon itself.
-- Lebanese militant group
Mr Tillerson was speaking
in Beirut, where he held
talks with the president,
speaker of parliament
and the Prime Minister.
has been holding talks
with the Turkish Prime Minister.
Angela Merkel told Binali Yildirim
that Berlin wants to see
a fast judicial process
for a German-Turkish
journalist held in Turkey.
The jailing of Deniz Yucel has put
a strain on relations
between the countries,
and Mr Yildirim said he hoped
We began this programme with news
of gun violence in Florida.
A few weeks ago, I went to the city
of Compton in California to look
at how they've reduced
the number of killings.
Compton became famous
in the 1980s for gang wars.
It was one of the most dangerous
places in the country
and the birthplace of gangsta rap.
But, with better policing,
a proactive mayor and a community
that wants peace, Compton
is turning round.
Here's my report, and a warning -
there are flashing
images at the start.
Crime situation is high, it's very
busy for law enforcement. But it's a
very small percentage of people
causing the problems.
patrol with the LA sheriffs in the
city of competence. Two suspected
members of the south side Compton
Crips gang are under arrest.
would be really unsafe for them to
be in the rivals' area and, if they
they'll have to have protection
because it's almost expected for
them to be armed.
there are almost 4000 gang members
our service area is ten
square miles. So, for every square
mile we have, we have almost six
37 gangs compete for
control in a city of just 100,000
people. Compton's notorious street
gangs, the Compton Crips, the Gloves
and one other, were formed in the
1960s. Their clothes, their tattoos,
even their jewellery Walmart which
gang they belonged to. -- all
marked. Wearing the wrong colour
shirt could have, and still could,
get you killed. Today, Compton is on
the up. Compton's youthful mayor,
Asia Brown, has made it her mission
to transform the image and the
economy of the city. In 2013, early
into her first term, and after 16
killings in just four months, Asia
Brown decided to hold a crisis
meeting. She put a call out to the
Gloves and Crips to get a truce.
It's my community, I'm not afraid of
my own people, and it was
interesting to hear from them, but
they are very pragmatic, they talk
about the need for opportunities
they can access, they talked about
the barriers to their employment
because of criminal records, but I
told them, it's not about just what
can I do for you, I told them I am
willing to work with you if you are
going to make a commitment.
Fred are from rival gangs. Don is a
Blood. Fred is a Crip. If you'd come
across Dom in a street ten to 15
It would be no problem.
There would have been a fight
stabbing or shooting up
were in rival gangs?
Like I said, I
was young, and I didn't have a
understanding of life, all I cared
about was my gang and the rebels to
You would have hurt him.
He would have tried.
is also a former gang member. He
served 12 years in prison for a
string of offences, including
carjacking at gun possession. In
December 1999, he decided to turn
his life around
a of kids are
looking for something when they join
gangs. They are looking for
something. There was something
missing. The gangs cater to those
things that are missing.
almost a shared store between two
rival gangs, so a lot of people lost
their lives up here, a lot of
shootings and drive-bys.
spends most of his nights on the
streets, trying to stop conflicts
from happening or getting out of
We are going corner to
corner, communicating with those
that are always out.
For the mayor,
it's also personal. Down this quite
street is Asia's former family home.
My mother was a registered nurse and
worked overnight, and her schedule
was a bit different, and there was a
home intrusion and somebody raped
and murdered her. The loss of the
light is for a lifetime, and there
are holes that are created that can
never be filled and it gives me a
level of compassion, respect and
even inside and perspective into
what most people are dealing with.
The mayor's story isn't uncommon.
There is a level of post-traumatic
stress in this town that comes from
decades of extreme violence. But
maybe it's that shared experience
that could also drive people to end
And a reminder you can catch
the full version of that half hour
documentary on Our World
here on the BBC this weekend.
On days like today, which seem
pretty bleak in the United States
after the Florida shooting, it's
worth remembering that things can
get done, and Compton is a symbol of
that, when the mayor and Sheriff and
former gang members all decided to
work together. They can reduce the
levels of homicide in the city, and
it's extraordinary to see Compton, a
town I walked around feeling totally
safe in in the middle of the
daytime, becoming normal place where
people can recover from a level of
post-traumatic stress that they have
suffered for the last few decades,
and they have done it by coming
together, working together and
putting aside their differences.
It's good to see that happening
Now, are these the world's
Shanghai Police have released this
footage of two would-be burglars
in China attempting to break
into a shop in the early hours
of Wednesday morning.
As you can see, it's the accomplice
who comes off worse.
This is Beyond 100
Days from the BBC.
for viewers on the BBC News Channel
and BBC World News,
the ultra-processed food linked
to an increased risk of cancer,
including mass-produced bread.
What should we avoid eating?
And stock market volatility is back.
We'll be asking financial guru
Alvin Hall how best to look
after our money.
That's still to come.
it may have been milder, sunnier for
many today, but they have still been
some snow showers around, especially
in north-west Scotland. Let's focus
on the sunshine in Norfolk this
afternoon, a gorgeous afternoon.
England and Wales saw a few showers,
wintry into Northern Ireland.
Speckled cloud in the satellite
picture, indicating showers, but
bigger cloud in north-west Scotland
with frequent, heavy, wintry
showers. They continue overnight and
there will be further snow in the
hills. Blizzard is developing in the
wind. A few showers on the western
side of Northern Ireland. Elsewhere,
largely dry and clear, with a
widespread frost in the morning.
Still picking up a few showers on
Friday, particularly in north-west
Scotland during the day, so further
snow showers. One or two showers for
more than Ireland, Wales, England,
but many will be dry. Morning
sunshine and cloud increasing to the
west of the UK, leaving the best of
the afternoon sunny spells in
eastern areas and temperatures
fairly respectable, around seven to
ten Celsius, hire the further south
you are. Friday night and Saturday
morning, we are going to bring some
outbreaks of rain, sleet and hill
snow across parts of Northern
Ireland, Scotland and northern
England, running into northern
Wales, but the system weakening as
it heads south on Saturday morning.
More cloud around, temperatures as
low as this, but perhaps some fog
patches on Saturday morning, dense
in one or two spots. Overall, the
weather pattern hasn't changed much
for the first part of the weekend.
Starting with more cloud around as
northern parts. A few showers,
wintry on hills, and the best sunny
spells in southern areas, but many
of us will see sunshine at some
stage on Saturday, and temperatures
at six to 9 degrees foremost, maybe
ten or 11 in the mildest spots. More
cloud on Sunday, especially across
northern and western areas of the
UK, leaving central and eastern with
the best sunny spells. Where you
have got the cloud, dampest Risley,
but it's a bit milder on Sunday. --
damp and drizzly.
This is Beyond 100 Days with me,
Katty Kay, in Washington.
Our top stories...
President Trump says making schools
safer is a key priority as 17
people are shot dead
at a school in florida.
Democratic Senator Chris Murphy
told this programme...
Schools will only be made safer
fresh Richter- legislation. -- be
made safer through further gun
This is something exclusive to the
And in the last half
an hour, the suspected gunman
appearing in court on murder
We'll have the latest from south
Florida in a moment.
Also coming up in
the next half hour...
The ultra-processed, mass-produced
foods reportedly linked to cancer.
We have the findings of a new study.
or saintly sculpture?
One of Britain's most
divisive landmarks turns 20,
but is everyone celebrating?
Let us know your thoughts
by using the hashtag...
Returning to our main story -
the shooting at a high school
in Parkland, Florida which has left
17 people dead.
Nikolas Cruz, a 19-year-old who had
been expelled from the school, has
been charged with multiple counts
of premeditated murder.
He has appeared in court and the
judge ordered he remain in jail
without Dale. -- without bail.
For more, we can cross to the BBC's
Nada Tawfik in Parkland.
What is the latest?
The authorities here are starting to
build a profile of the shooter. It
is now known that the FBI had him on
the radar as early as September. On
social media, on YouTube video, you
declare that he would be a school
shooter. The FBI says they conducted
an investigation but were unable to
identify the person at the time, so
of course questions are being raised
about if there were opportunities
missed to prevent this tragedy. I
spoke to some students here who said
he was someone deeply troubled and
would speak about guns and killing
animals. Authorities here have also
talked about the Sheriff. Spoken
about how administrators are warned
teachers about this individual.
Again, questions being raised about
what our virginity is where missed
to prevent this. -- about what
opportunities were missed.
There are questions about what more
can be done to prevent shooters
walking on campuses with these
How does the US compare
with other countries when it
comes to gun killings
as a percentage of homicides?
In the US, it's 64%.
Compare that to Canada, where
firearms laws are much tougher,
and that figure drops
by more than half - to 30%.
Meanwhile, in England and Wales,
where citizens are not allowed
to carry any sort of
gun, it's just 4.5%.
Moving on to the top 10 countries
in which civilians own guns,
it's no surprise
where comes out top.
In America, nearly nine out of 10
people own a firearm.
With me now is in North America
editor, Jon Sopel. Is this really
the issue? The president talked
about mental health, security or in
schools. In the end, isn't the issue
of gun ownership in the country?
guess would be that incidence of
mental illness is the same in the UK
as the US. The same as France as the
US, the same in the Netherlands. So
it can't be that that explains why
there are so many more gun deaths in
the United States of America than
there are in any of those advanced
industrial nations of Europe. The
reason is guns. It is incorrigible
that anyone could argue otherwise.
There are other arguments about it.
What measures can you do to make
sure background checks are
increased? The guns of the
difference. Mental illness is not
the problem unique to the US. The
death toll from guns is unique to
the United States of America.
know this country well. I know this
is a problem other countries look at
and they think, why can't America
fix this? Everyone else seems to
average is the rate of gun crime in
their own countries. Why does
America live with this? But as you
know, it is incredibly difficult
political issue to get members of
Congress to budge on.
difficult to get them to budge on it
because largely, there are enough a
lot of gun-owners revoked. -- who
vote. A lot of people in America own
guns and a body called the National
Rifle Association is immensely poor.
Even though you have opinion polls
that say, you know what, a majority
of us favoured tighter gun laws, the
NRA is so powerful and affecting the
way that senators vote, they tend
not to vote for change. If you look
back to Sandy Hook, Barack Obama, a
Democratic majority in the house did
not get gun reform measures through.
Also, it is immensely complicated.
You can say, let's ban the AR-15
assault rifle. How do you ban what
is deemed a semiautomatic? The
Clinton Administration tried it. But
it was deemed unworkable because
there are so many variations and
nuances. You can say that there is a
total ban on handguns, like they did
in the UK, but to try and change it
by five degrees or ten degrees is
And millions of
guns in society that you would have
to bring back into the authority's
control as well. Jon Sopel, thank
you very much for joining the
Many of you watching in the US,
the UK or Europe may just have
eaten your lunch or evening meal -
did you go for something convenient
- a microwave meal, perhaps -
something savoury rounded off
by a cake?
Well, our next item might just leave
a bitter taste in your mouth.
According to research out today,
eating ultra-processed foods
could be linked to an increased
risk of cancer.
Here's our health correspondent
James Gallagher with the details.
Pizza and fizzy drinks
are ultra-processed foods,
but so too are bread
and breakfast cereals.
They are some of the nation's
favourite foods but new concerns
have been raised by French
They think the way these foods
are produced or packaged may be
raising the risk of cancer.
It may come as a surprise but around
half the foods we eat
are classed as ultra-processed.
That generally means they're made
in a factory with a huge list
of ingredients down the side
of the packet.
We know they're bad for our
waistlines, but could they be bad
for our health in other ways too?
The French study looked
at nearly 105,000 people.
They were quite young,
with an average age of 43.
The results showed a 10% increase
in ultra-processed foods was linked
to a 12% increase in the risk
of cancer, and an 11% increase
in breast cancer risk.
But critics say the term
so many foods it's hard to work out
what's really going
on, and while this research
has found hints
of a link with cancer,
it's not definitive.
So do we need to bin the bread?
We should not be panicking.
I think as all of us know,
highly processed foods like these -
so things like pizza,
crisps and chips are not
things we should be making
the main focus of our diet.
This study adds to our understanding
but it's not saying anything new,
and it certainly isn't saying
we need to throw these foods
away out of our cupboards.
Gorging on huge amounts of processed
food will make us fat
and being overweight is the biggest
preventable cause of
cancer after smoking.
For health experts, the study
is a timely reminder
we all need to improve our diets.
On average, our diets
are unhealthy in this country.
We all, on average, need to take
steps to improve our diet so, yes,
take the results of this study
seriously and make changes.
The Saxtons from Doncaster
say processed food is
a fact of family life.
You think, well, how can you avoid
food unless you grow
everything yourself basically.
I think evening is not as difficult
as the mornings, I think,
in terms of breakfasts.
That's very difficult to rule out
cereal and toast on a day-to-day
basis when you're doing the school
run and rushing to get out the door.
Any dangers lurking in these foods
are continuing to be investigated,
but eating less of this and more
of this is clearly
good for your health.
James Gallagher, BBC News.
But the doughnuts look so good!
Let's get the thoughts of Amanda
Ersell, who is a nutritionist.
She's in our London studio.
Amanda Sacker, do you think people
even know what constitutes
ultra-processed or highly processed
That's a very good point. Very
often, people don't stop to think
about it, because they are so much
part of our I trained as a dietician
many years ago. I then, we didn't
have the bread and depth of
processed foods then that we have no
that are now part of our lives. I
think people don't stop to think
about it. But if they did stop for a
few minutes, they could work out the
ones that have a long list of
ingredients on the side of the pack
and be much resemblance to the
original. For example, if you had
sweetcorn as, macabre, you could
have it like that, but if you
processed it, it would be in a can,
you could process it more and put it
in a ready meal. If you thought
about it, you can work out what is
processed. But that family made a
very interesting point. It is very
difficult to get them out of our
lifestyles because the convenient.
have four kids and in the morning,
we have cereal and toast. It is
probably very bad for us. When you
look at that study, to what extent
is it reliable? How do we know
whether the people eating the
ultra-processed foods are also the
same people who might have a
tendency to drink more, smokeless or
have other bad habits?
That is a
very good point. Scientists say we
need more studies to see these
suggested links are rare in reality.
We do to remember that people's
diets were only taken over a two-day
period. That is a small snapshot of
what we actually do. A two-day
period and then a five-year
follow-up. Although they take into
account things like smoking, weight
and exercise, and whether the women
were on the contraceptive pill or
not, they took that in account and
made statistical allowances but they
can't rule out that some of us did
not actually have an impact as well.
What it comes back to, and it is
really boring, because as a
nutritionist, I have been saying
this for many years, it comes back
to a healthy lifestyle and are
generally healthy diet. There is
absolutely no reason why you can't
have peace in our bed. One of those
nice doughnuts that you said earlier
lit tasty! But it is keeping it in
proportion and perspective.
families looking at this programme,
what is one thing they could do that
is realistic and doable that would
improve their diet and health?
can switch the very processed
breakfast serials to porridge. You
can do that night before. That is a
quick and simple switch that would
potentially cut down on salt, sugar
and improve fibre intake. There we
are. One quick swap.
I love that. I
eat porridge every morning. Amanda,
thank you for joining us on breaking
that down for us.
Choose France -
that's the clarion call
from the French President,
Emmanuel Macron, as he tries
to change international perceptions
of doing business in the country.
He's been wooing business
leaders at Versailles,
as our Paris correspondent
Lucy Williamson reports.
Maybe you're thinking that
France and business don't
really go together.
So what if we take two
minutes to tackle a few
France has has been telling
the world it's open for business.
Since Emmanuel Macron came to power,
it's loosened labour rules and cut
corporate and wealth taxes.
Welcome to France, where every week,
21 foreign companies decide
to make investments.
And they don't just come to hire
French people who spend their time
on holidays drinking cocktails.
Protection for workers has been core
policy here for decades,
but President Macron has tried
to shake France's image as a country
of public strikes, high taxes
and rigid bureaucracy.
The problem for the last,
I would say, 30 years
is that we have insisted maybe
too much on solidarity,
and if you want to be able to fund
solidarity and to help the poorest
people of the nation,
you need to have competitiveness,
you need to have strong private
companies, you need to be able
to create jobs.
Mr President, it's great to see you.
How have you been?
Last month, Mr Macron invited 140
business leaders to Versailles
for a speed networking session.
You're doing a great job.
Foreign companies invested
$50 billion in France last year,
a rise of almost 80%.
Much of that was committed before
Mr Macron's election,
but the American Chamber of Commerce
here also found that three-quarters
of their investors,
more than ever before,
thought the business
environment would improve.
Google recently announced
it was expanding its French
workforce and opening a new research
centre for artificial intelligence.
There is a little bit
of a French paradox.
The French paradox is that 80%
of the French users use the internet
every day, but only 16%
of the company sell online,
so this is really the paradox
that we are talking
about and the massive opportunity.
France's traditional economic model
has left pockets of potential to be
tapped by future investors -
what one economist called
"low hanging fruit".
And then there's Brexit.
France is keen to attract financial
firms from the City of London
after Brexit and bring them
here to its main business district
at La Defense.
It's offering more international
schools, tax cuts and the lure
of a Parisian lifestyle.
But France is still seen to be
an expensive place to do business
and there's stiff competition
from Dublin and Frankfurt.
But business leaders say
President Macron's approach has
sparked new confidence here.
After all, as France's
business agency puts it,
entrepreneur is a French
word to begin with.
Of course, if you have to move to
France, you will not be and resist
those nice croissants, which as we
have held, is a bad idea.
In other news from
around the world...
Still to come - we'll be getting
advice from a financial
guru about how we should
protect our finances ,
when stock markets take
a roller-coaster ride.
Former football coach Barry Bennell
has been found guilty of more
charges of sexual abuse of boys who
were in his care. The BBC's Danny
Savage has this for us.
I was abused by Barry Bennell as a
I am Stephen Walters. I was
abused by Barry Bennell.
Three of the 12 victims in this
case, damaged by controlling
paedophile Barry Bennell.
and weaving anonymity to shed light
on the shocking childhood
For decades, we held
our silence, just like our abuser
told us to. For decades, we lived in
told us to. For decades, we lived in
fear. We might be grown men stood in
front of you know, but we were once
Their remorseless abuser,
now 64, shook his head and laughed
as the jury returned a last guilty
verdicts today. One of football's
reading youth coaches, Barry Bennell
what with Manchester City and Crewe
Alexandra. For him, it was covered
to get close to young boys and abuse
them. A child molester on an
industrial scale so he was described
at the trial. Andy Woodward was also
abused by Barry Bennell. When he
went public, other victims broke the
silence. If other victims haven't
come forward, what would your
message to them?
I believe there is
other victims. It is up to them
whether they feel they are strong
enough to come forward but I hope
this has given them some more
courage that justice has been served
It's understood that more
than 80 other men have come forward
to say Barry Bennell abused them.
This prolific paedophile will be
sentenced next week.
You're watching Beyond 100 Days.
Financial markets around the world
are creeping up as investors look
for bargains after the big
sell offs of last week.
But many economists agree
we are heading into a period
of volatility in stock markets,
so how should we protect ourselves
against those highs and lows?
Alvin Hall is an author,
broadcaster and financial guru.
He joins now from our
New York studio.
Before we get to what we should be
doing with whatever little savings
we have, are we going to have a
continued need of volatility and is
this the new normal for 2018? I
suspect it's going to be. There are
a lot of online is out there. And
keep to the increased use of
algorithms and High Speed 3 trading.
-- and he to the increased use of
Interest rates going up,
businesses face new challenges. That
means the market will reflect those
The algorithms and
robots doing the buying and selling,
are they just exacerbating
underlying macro trends or is it
that we can no longer look at the
real economy for what the stock
market will do?
It is an interesting dance. Those
algorithms look at certain factors
and reflect the biases and beliefs
of the creators of the algorithms.
If the market goes to a certain
number, and Michael even lower than
the algorithms begins to sell. -- it
might go even lower and the
algorithm begins to sell. The
slightest sign of wage increases,
the algorithm changes and they come
up with the investment strategy.
have two kids in US colleges. I have
no disposable income! M as you have
more. To those around the world as
being how they can protect
themselves against highs and lows,
what is it you're doing?
first is look at your time horizon.
If you have money in the market, now
is the time to plot out a hat. A
friend of mine yesterday that I have
lunch with, his son is beginning
college. They put money aside, sold
stocks and put it into safer
security so that they have the next
two years coming. The other thing
you have to look at is the
composition of your portfolio. In my
case, I have a lot of high
volatility stocks. Volatility is
called stocks picked up -- stocks
beta. As the market goes down, they
drop a lot more. What I have been
doing is trimming back on some of
those stocks because I am
uncomfortable. The bottom line is
whether the volatility rises you
sleepless nights. If so, you need to
start trimming back on the stocks
that cause your portfolio to be
Lots of things cosmic
little Smyczek smack is your advice
applicable to people watching around
the world? -- lots of things cause
me sleepless nights. Is your advice
applicable to people around the
These things are connected
but you have to look at your
particular market because there
might be some unique things about
your market which causes it not to
respond the same way in the US.
Overall, I would say, yes, all these
other economies would get a call.
They all tend to move in sequence
these days. So the advice is
applicable to many people who are
looking at what they need to do with
their money today and in the next
two, 510 years.
OK, thank you very
much for joining us.
-- two, five or
That was the cleanest
advice I have had to do with my
stocks. Thank you.
Love them or loathe them -
some landmarks aren't
to everyone's taste.
Mount Rushmore here in the US most
definitely divides opinion,
as does London's iconic glass
tower, the Shard.
Even the Eiffel Tower put out some
Parisians when it was first built.
Now, one of Britain's
most popular landmarks -
once described by one art critic
as a "monstrosity" -
See what you make of it.
Here's Fiona Trott.
The unmistakable Angel of the North,
towering over the A1 in Gateshead.
It's one of the most photographed
landmarks in Britain and viewed
by 33 million people every year.
I've grown to love it.
I think people do have a very
warm feeling about it.
It's an artwork that doesn't stand
on its own as an artwork
in a gallery but it's very much part
of everyday life, in Gateshead
and in this region.
In the middle of the night 20 years
ago, the Angel of the North
made its slow journey up the A1.
It was built in Hartlepool.
Its body as long as four
Its wings wider than a Boeing 757.
People gathered at the former
colliery site in Gateshead
to watch it put in place.
An historic moment.
At first, people were sceptical.
Why an angel?
Why so monumental?
But soon they claimed it
as their own, and that's exactly
what the sculptor wanted.
The fact is it's not my Angel,
it is the Angel of the North
and that means a lot to me.
I had an idea, but it was realised,
it was made by the people
of the north-east and it comes
from that extraordinary
story of the relationship
between coalmining, iron,
engineering and that history
of the Industrial Revolution.
For many, it's a special place.
There have even been
marriage proposals here.
Local people say it's put
the north-east on the map.
Northumberland is fabulous
and the Angel I think depicts just
how good we are up here.
Well, I'm up from London and I just
wanted to see it for myself.
I've heard about it before
and, yeah, it's pretty
impressive if you ask me.
I think I didn't like it
in the beginning, I think a lot
of people would say that,
but it's really grown
on me and now I love it.
On its 20th birthday, the Angel
is preparing for a medical.
Like all structures,
its joints need to be checked
so it can stand proud
for future generations.
Fiona Trott, BBC News, Gateshead.
I am sort of reassured to hear that
her joints are ageing and she is a
lightweight -- and she is only 20. I
am a great fan of Angel of the
North. Not so much meant Rushmore...
OK, so you might have noticed
but there's been something
missing this week...
I am talking about Christian.
We tried replacing him
with Paddington Bear but it
really wasn't the same.
Paddington doesn't answer back in
the way that Britain does. -- that
In case you were wondering,
Christian's been off skiing
with his family in the Pyrenees.
That is Christian, and of those
They have had a lovely
time, no broken bones
and he will be back next week.
He is now a skiing whiz. He says he
has been watching the programme. But