The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.
Browse content similar to 28/02/2018. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!
You're watching Beyond 100 Days.
Jared Kushner is in charge
of relations with China,
Mid East peace and reinventing
the US government.
It's a huge, difficult brief
for someone who has just had
their security clearance downgraded.
The President's son in law may find
it harder to tackle those tasks
now he can't even see
top secret intelligence.
The children of Parkland return
to school, two weeks to the day
after a gunman walked
in and killed their friends.
I think eventually it
will be normal again,
but not the same normal
it was before, it will probably be
a new type of normal because those
17 people aren't going to be there.
Evangelist Billy Graham becomes only
the fourth private citizen
in America to lie in honour
in the US Capitol.
Also on the programme:
Is the UK being backed into a corner
over the Irish border?
We've the details of the EU's
controversial Brexit proposal
for Northern Ireland.
Rallying the royals,
Prince Harry and Meghan Markle
appear with the Duke and Duchess
of Cambridge, setting
out their charitable work.
Get in touch with us
Hello and welcome -
I'm Katty Kay in Washington
and Christian Fraser is in London.
Jared Kushner, the President's
wunder-kid son in law,
is not having a good day.
His White House security clearance
has been downgraded meaning
he no longer has access
to top secret information.
And, a report in the Washington
Post, describes how Jared's
business interests are seen
by foreign leaders.
US intelligence authorities have
picked up conversations in China,
Mexico, the UAE and Israel that show
officials there think
they can manipulate the 37-year-old
The Post report was written
by Shane Harris their national
I spoke to him earlier.
Spell out this story for us,
according to your reporting US
intelligence has overheard or
somehow got information that some of
America's allies are looking at
Jared Kushner and thinking he's got
the countries see our that he has a
lack of experience in government and
foreign policy so I naivete as one
White House press and it to us. As
well as his own complex business
history and particularly financial
issues he has in the form of large
debt on a property in New York City
that the company, his family real
estate company owns. There is about
a $1.2 billion debt on that company
which comes due and we understand
people are looking that is leveraged
they may able to use. We don't know
precisely what these people said
about that but I think what a number
of our sources have concerns about
is that they may have seen that as a
way to try to engage Jared Kushner
in some kind of business related
transaction separate from his
official capacity but in order to
try to influence him in an official
Is it your understanding that
US intelligence has intercepted in
some way reports from officials from
China and Mexico and the UAE and
Israel discussing plans around Jared
Kushner or a waste that plate?
is correct, in the course of
intelligence gathering which we do
an allies and others raised in the
United States these conversations
were picked up and we know there
were conversations Jared Kushner had
on his own while he was in the White
House with officials in some foreign
countries and those conversations he
did not report internally through
normal protocol to senior officials
in the White House.
that not reporting conversations
with pollen officials is something
which in the normal course of events
seizure security clearance denied.
It would be a huge problem when
you're trying to obtain security
clearance and if you had clearance
that is right, it would be an issue
to go outside of the normal channels
and do that. We understand the
National Security adviser HR
McMaster find out when he came into
office earlier in 2017 that Jared
Kushner was having sidelined
conversations are not reporting them
and he was taken aback by this.
There were concerns Jared Kushner
might be freelancing foreign policy.
So how big a problem is this for
It's a big problem in terms of
the foreign contacts he has had. The
immediate resolution, his security
clearance level has been downgraded.
He is now at secret and it's our
understanding that the foreign
conversations he had with foreign
people was not reporting was a
reason he could not obtain a final
top-secret security clearance.
this force him out of the White
I don't know how he can
continue to do the jobs in his
portfolio with only this level of
clearance but that is up to the
Joining us now with his analysis
is our political analyst
Ron Christie, a former advisor
to George W Bush.
You of course went through the
security clearance procedure when
you worked in the George W Bush
administration, do you think if
Jared Kushner did not happen to be
the son-in-law he would still be in
the White House given these security
He would have been gone a
long time ago. This is an intensive
process, this is something, they
look all the way back to when you
are in elementary school and they go
forward, they say did Ryan Christie
tell the truth, about where he lived
and worked? Some of the
conversations he had over the
durations of his life. What we have
here is he had an interim top-secret
clearance, one of the highest levels
you can get, to have that brought
down, anyone else would have been
What is the practical impact
on him and his ability to do his job
now he has lost the top-secret
His access to information
and his access to the present. There
will be several times during the day
were the White House chief of staff
would say OK this is top-secret
everybody if you do not have it what
out. Now you have an assistant to
the president, he will have two W
out the room all the time and will
not be in the room a lot of the
Embarrassing nothing else?
get it, last night I got an e-mail
from 35,000 feet, how about that? In
that e-mail you said the fact that
Donald Trump elected not to keep
Jared Kushner at that level because
it was a decision for the chief of
staff, should tell you something?
have to be careful about what I is
injured and where I send it because
you will call me on it. But this is
significant, it is significant that
the president was briefed by his
chief of staff who in turn had been
briefed by the White House counsel
and said here is what we find out.
In my opinion there is something
substantial to have here and they
said Mr President this is why we
have made this recommendation for
Jared Kushner to be demoted and the
fact that the president did not
overrule his White House counsel and
chief of staff tells you there is
The fact that
Donald Trump brought his children
into the White House and they were
seen by foreign governments as the
weak link tells you a little bit
about how this White House is being
It does and this is why you do
not bring your children into the
family business if the family
business is politics. You need to
have close and candid advice from
your advisers but you have to be in
a position, the pleasure of you in
the White House could end long
before you like it to be. If this
was not the President's son-in-law
we would be talking about him being
shown the door a long time ago.
see how much longer he lasts, thank
you for coming in.
If he is shown
the door what difference will it
make, what has he achieved?
reminds me of a story in 1960,
Eisenhower was asked what has
Richard Nixon achieved in your
administration, Eisenhower thought
for a moment and then said give me a
week and I might be able to think of
one. It's hard to think of some
solid contribution, China, Mexico,
the Mexican president has just
cancelled a visit to the naked state
which is highly embarrassing, which
Jared Kushner has achieved. Tame
What effectively he
has access to is stuff that will be
leaked to the front page of
newspapers. You cannot do the jobs
on his plate with the intelligence
he has access to. Organically when
you look at the problem, this is a
problem of the President's on making
because they did not hand the Rob
Porter thing properly so they had to
look at background clearance and
this is what you get when you bring
your children in.
Maybe it's worth
reminding ourselves that this is not
normal. Having your son-in-law and
daughter as an adviser, this has not
happened before in American politics
and maybe there is a reason for it
and perhaps Jared Kushner came in
full of confidence and said he could
do all these things but you do not
bring your kids into the White House
when you are the president
particularly when they have various
financial dealings and shadows
hanging over them.
As the US Congress dithers,
American companies are taking
action to restrict guns.
Today Dick's Sporting Goods,
one of the largest sporting
retailers in the country,
announced these steps in the wake
of the Florida school shooting.
The chain will no longer sell
Nor sell firearms
to anyone under 21.
And it will no longer sell
high capacity magazines.
crackdown was announced
on the morning that students
in Parkland returned
to class for the first time
since the shooting at their high
school - in which 17
people were killed.
We followed one teenager who talked
about what it was like going back.
They don't want us to bring
backpacks today, we are not going to
really be using them because we are
not going to be doing much, it's all
about healing. Going back to school
for the first time in about two
weeks it feels really weird. Not
that one. I will bring this one. I
get nervous because I am frightened
it will happen again. I know the
chances are that it will not but I
am going to have that feeling for
maybe the first week or two. Is it
going to fit in the small and tiny
bag, that is the question? I think
eventually it will be normal but not
the same normal it was before, it
will be a new type of normal because
those 17 people are not going to be
there. It's going to be reared,
going on and not seeing the coach at
all the sports events, it's going to
the building where the incident
occurred is currently shut down.
There is a huge fence around it and
it has a police presence so we
cannot go in there. So we are going
to be squished together in certain
rooms, some of our rooms have been
It's not going to be the same but
it's going to be OK.
Let's get more from our
North America Correspondent Nada
Tawfik in Parkland.
These children have been so eloquent
and have campaigned hard on the
issue of gun control, but two weeks
on this is the moment where they
have to walk through the door of the
classrooms and face up to the awful
things they went through?
absolutely. This has been an
emotionally draining day for many of
those students. Behind me they
walked this long stretch to the
school entrance and were greeted by
teachers and police officers who
gave them high fives to raise their
spirits and welcome them back. I
spoke to one student after school
and she said she had a very hard
time, crying, having to be led into
the class with the help of her peers
and seeing her teachers cracking
with emotion while they tried to
remain strong. One student wears a
red ribbon and he said that, to him,
symbolises that the students here
have been empowered and have a voice
in this national and state debate
here about gun control. They say
they do feel they have made a
difference. You see it with
companies abandoning the NRA, today
a major retailer saying they will no
longer sell assault rifles, Dick's
sporting goods. There is a new
approach and how they speak to these
children, they are a force to be
reckoned with because they do not
shy away from being blunt about how
they feel. That was the main
takeaway today, the students trying
to get back to some sense of
normality but also feeling hopeful
because her voice has made a small
difference but the difference
Kill McAfee have moved
a lot of people and a lot of emotion
to deal with, thank you.
If a solution to the Irish border
question cannot be found
during the Brexit negotiations
the EU says the border with the UK
should effectively be
placed in the Irish sea,
annexing Northern Ireland
from the rest of the UK.
A legal text published today,
which seeks to spell out the terms
of a divorce agreement,
proposes a "common regulatory
area" between Northern
Ireland and the Republic.
It also demands the UK makes
Europe's highest court the ultimate
arbiter in future Brexit disputes.
Theresa May told parliament
they were "demands no UK prime
minister could ever accept".
Our Europe Editor,
Katya Adler reports.
In the historic process
in which the UK leaves the EU,
this is a big moment -
the first legal draft
of the UK's exit treaty.
So how is it possible,
you might ask, to have a draft
withdrawal agreement already
when Brexit negotiations
are still ongoing?
Well, this 120-page document
is the European Commission's
understanding of what has been
agreed to date with the UK and of
what it still wants to be agreed.
So in here, we see that divorce
issues which were discussed,
but not finalised, before Christmas.
The rights of EU citizens
within the UK and UK citizens
in the EU after Brexit.
Also, the financial settlement,
the so-called Brexit Bill.
And to the Irish border.
Also in here, the transition
agreement, but no details
of a future EU-UK trade deal,
because those talks
haven't even started yet.
The document's paragraphs
on Northern Ireland
are particularly controversial.
The EU's chief Brexit negotiator
came out today to defend them.
We have applied imagination
and creativity, to find a specific
solution to the unique challenge
that Brexit poses for the protection
of the Good Friday Agreement.
Mr Barnier said three options had
been agreed with the UK to avoid
the reintroduction of a hard border
between Northern Ireland
and the Irish Republic,
but he said the UK hadn't yet come
forward with details.
So his backstop solution involves
Northern Ireland remaining
in a customs agreement with the EU
and in parts of the single market.
You must also be aware
of the potentially explosive
effect in the UK of this
Northern Ireland protocol.
Is this perhaps
intentional, on your part?
I'm not trying
to provoke or create shock waves.
I want these negotiations
to be a success.
But let me remind you that it was
the UK's decision to leave and,
as I've said from the beginning,
nobody should underestimate
the consequences of this action.
But the Prime Minister
was having none of it.
The draft legal text
the Commission have published
would, if implemented,
undermine the UK Common Market
and threaten the constitutional
integrity of the UK by creating
a customs and regulatory border down
the Irish Sea, and no UK Prime
Minister could ever agree to it.
The Prime Minister and the EU
do agree a hard border
between Northern Ireland
and the Irish Republic must be
avoided, but the Prime Minister's
negotiating position is complicated
by the Government's reliance
for Parliamentary support
on Northern Ireland's Democratic
If we didn't leave the EU to oversee
the break-up of the United Kingdom,
it would be catastrophic
economically, never mind
politically, for Northern Ireland
to cut off from its biggest market.
But this is not
where the story ends.
This document is a first draft,
to be amended by EU member states,
then negotiated with the Government
- which has plenty to say about it.
Katya Adler, BBC News, Brussels.
Is politicians spend a lot of time
talking about this and they came to
some kind of agreement, is this a
case of when you come to an
agreement which is basically a fudge
and they called it regulatory
alignment, when you put the details
on at the fudge falls apart?
point you have to put it into legal
text. We were at the summit in
December and they said they had
found an agreement on full
alignment, no border between North
and South. What Michel Barnier is
saying is this is the logical
extension, that if you reach no deal
you have to put the border somewhere
and although they don't spell it out
it would have to go in the Irish
Sea. Its highly provocative to
suggest you are going to effectively
annexed part of the United Kingdom,
mess with the internal market of the
UK and the constitutional
arrangement between the UK and
Northern Ireland and that is
hardening attitudes on both sides.
So is there a sense amongst
Brexiteers in the UK today, watching
on social media for example, that
this was deliberately provocative on
the part of Michel Barnier?
so, if you look at the social media
feeds of people who voted remain
then it says surely this is what the
government expected, and indeed John
Major set out today that the
question was always the there. David
Davis with some justification has
said if you put the cart before the
horrors and talk about the Ireland
issue as part of the divorce
proceedings rather than part of the
solution and trade agreement then
you will always arrive at this
point. Both sides feel they have
facts on their side if you will but
it's something I think has hardened
positions today in both camps.
Theresa May left in no easy position
at all. He is often
He's often described
as America's pastor and today
a ceremony was held
the US capitol to honor Billy Graham
- who is now lying there in honour.
Graham died last week at the age
of 99 but since then he has been
remembered for his impact
around the globe.
He preached the gospel in 185
countries and territories
and he prayed with every US
president from Harry
Truman to Barack Obama.
Today President Trump was among
those paying his respects
and delivering remarks.
an ambassador for Christ who
reminded the world of the power of
prayer and the gift of God 's grace.
Today we say a prayer for our
country, that all across this land
the Lord will raise up men and women
like Billy Graham to spread a
message of love and hope to every
precious child of God.
enormous honour for a private
citizen to be placed in Capitol
Hill, only four before.
Capitol Hill police officers who
were shot in attack were placed
there in honour and Rosa Parks, the
civil rights leader who defied the
bus segregation ban. We should
clarify, we are saying he is lying
in honour and not lying in state
because he was not a political or
military figure but he was someone
who united the country at a
different time when, he was somebody
who Republican and Democratic
presidents went to and prayed with
and you wonder in this very divided
time who could fill that kind of
Severe weather is
Severe weather is causing
Severe weather is causing problems
Severe weather is causing problems
across the United Kingdom and
Scotland's first ever red snow
warning has come in to place. It
urges people to take action now to
keep safe. Amber warnings are in
place for other parts of Scotland
and northern and eastern England.
It's been revealed that a murdered
Slovakian journalist was probing
alleged political corruption with
points to the Italian mafia. He was
shot dead at home. The Slovakian
Prime Minister has appealed for
information and is offering a 1
million euros reward.
Championship surfer Mike Fanning who
vigorously fought off a great white
shark during competition retires
next month. The 36-year-old
nicknamed white lightning, he won
three world titles and will hang up
his surfboard in March saying he has
lost his drive to compete on a
Meghan Markle has joined
Prince Harry and the Duke
and Duchess of Cambridge
for their first official
They were setting out their vision
for the future work of their
personal charitable organisation.
It's called the Royal Foundation
which Ms Markle will officially
join after her wedding
to Prince Harry in May.
Our Royal Correspondent
Nicholas Witchell reports.
They are the foursome who will take
the Royal family forward
for decades to come.
And on stage together
for the first time, they talked
about their mission.
William said it was to build
on what his parents
and grandparents had achieved.
Hold on to the values that have
always guided our family,
but seek to engage in public life
in a way that was updated
and relevant for our generation.
focused on the newcomer,
Meghan Markle underlined
the relevance of her agenda talking
about female empowerment.
You'll often hear people say,
"You're helping women
find their voices."
And I fundamentally disagree
with that, because women don't
need to find a voice.
They have a voice, they need to feel
empowered to use it,
and people need to be
encouraged to listen.
And I think, right now,
in the climate that we're seeing
with so many campaigns,
I mean, Me Too and Time's Up,
there is no better time
than to really continue to shine
a light on women feeling empowered,
and people really helping to support
them, men included in that.
Meghan said she was looking forward
to hitting the ground running
after her wedding.
Sitting next to her,
her future sister-in-law.
So how is it working as a foursome?
Working as family does have
its challenges, of course it does.
The fact that everyone's laughing
means that everybody knows
exactly what it's like.
But, look, you know,
we're stuck together
for the rest of our lives, so...
This is true.
Togetherness at its finest.
Togetherness, yeah, yeah.
Together and seeking
to make a difference.
Nicholas Witchell, BBC News.
Imagine if we had to say that, stuck
together for the rest of our lives.
Initially it said just 100 days and
now we are beyond 100 days! Who
How many more hundreds and
hundreds but congratulations to
them, they look happy.
family in good hands by all counts.
This is Beyond 100
Days from the BBC.
Coming up for viewers
on the BBC News Channel
and BBC World News:
Same party, different politics -
the Brexit warning from a former
British Prime Minister
to Theresa May, but is
Sir John Major's intervention
too little, too late?
And white out - we've more
on the wild wintry weather that's
freezing over the UK and Europe.
The 'beast from the east'
is going nowhere fast.
That's still to come.
This week has got ever colder,
Everson Neuer and parts of Scotland
bearing the brunt of the heaviest
snow. Met Office warnings, this red
area covering much of the central
belt, the highest level of warning,
snow piling up, dangerous situation
particularly for anyone still
travelling but the advice is not to.
This amber area through the rest of
north-east Scotland and East of
England, further snow showers will
add to the accumulations we've got.
Elsewhere scattered snow showers,
there will be clear spells but as we
take a closer look at this snow
running, we have put totals, some
spots will get even more than Nasa
by the time it's all said and done.
This very serious situation
considers into the morning.
Increasing cloud, tempters maybe not
as low as they were last night but
it's bitterly cold overnight,
another severe frost and it fields
colder in the wind. Into tomorrow
those showers continue to affect
Scotland, a few elsewhere but
starting to see outbreaks of snow
rather than just snow showers across
parts of southern England during
Thursday then reaching parts of
Wales as well. The wind picks up
with this as well. Look at that in
Cardiff, feeling like -11 at times.
And things could get quite dangerous
as we run through Thursday evening
and night into south-west England
and Wales, an area of low pressure,
this wind pushing moisture and
North, the snow turning heavier,
drifting in the wind as well, the
amber warning on through Thursday
evening and night, the situation
could go downhill quite quickly,
quite icy as well, some spots into
Friday, further south less cold
starting to move in but that brings
a risk of freezing rain. On through
Friday we have an area of snow
affecting England and Wales into
Northern Ireland so quite widely we
will be seeing centimetres in places
with an impact on travel and we
still have snow showers running into
Eastern Scotland. It's still
bitterly cold and colder in the
This is Beyond 100 Days, with me,
Katty Kay, in Washington.
Christian Fraser's in London.
Our top stories.
One of President Trump's top
advisers and son-in-law,
Jared Kushner, has his White House
security clearance downgraded -
thought to be linked
to his business dealings.
A warning on Brexit from a former UK
Prime Minister who urges Theresa May
to put country before party and not
rule out a second referendum.
No-one can truly know what the will
of the people may then be,
so let Parliament decide or put
the issue back to the people.
Also coming up in
the next half hour.
Three years of fighting,
millions are starving and a civil
war that threatens to get worse -
we've a special report
from inside Yemen.
The capital Sanaa is
the prize in this war -
the Houthis want to keep it,
the ousted government wants it back.
But to take the fight into this
historic, densely-populated city
would be a bloody urban battle.
Let us know your thoughts
by using the hashtag
There's nothing unusual about splits
in the Conservative Party,
but it is highly unusual
for a former Prime Minister
to criticise his successor.
Today Sir John Major said
Theresa May was guilty of "bad
politics" over Brexit.
And he accused his fellow
Conservatives of putting
party politics above
the national interest.
Sir John wants Theresa May
to guarantee a free vote
for Conservative MPs when the final
Brexit deal is eventually
put to Parliament.
His interjection comes ahead
of the Prime Minister's speech
on Friday in which she will set
out her opening,
There was a majority for
There was a majority for Brexit.
There was a majority for Brexit.
There was a majority for Brexit. But
There was a majority for Brexit. But
there was no overwhelming mandate to
ignore the reservations of 16
million voters who believe it will
be a harmful change of direction for
our country. Brexit has been the
most divisive issue of my political
lifetime. It has divided not only
the four Nations of the UK but
regions within those nations. It has
divided political parties,
colleagues, families, friends and
the young from the old. As the
ballot box showed us very clearly on
referendum day. I believe the
government should take a further,
very brave and bold decision. I
believe they should invite
Parliament to accept or reject the
final outcome on a free vote. I know
the instinct historically of every
government is to oppose free votes.
But the government should we the
advantages of having one very
carefully. They may find it is in
their own interest to do so. There
are some very practical reasons in
favour of a free vote. Brexit is a
unique decision. It will affect the
lives of the British nation for
generations to come. And if it
flops, there will be the most
A short while ago we spoke to former
and leading Brexit campaigner,
Iain Duncan Smith.
And I put it to him
that Sir John Major,
a former UK Prime Minister,
attacking a sitting
Prime Minister from his own party
is quite unprecedented.
It is always advisable for people
who have left the job they are in to
keep their own council as much as
possible and they haven't got
anything to say that is helpful.
What he does say is Brexit is such a
fundamental change in direction for
the UK that it makes sense to offer
a free vote to Conservative MPs, it
is smart politics because it puts
the onus on Parliament rather than
the Conservative Party if it goes
I do find this surprising,
this is a Prime Minister, who during
the Maastricht debates insisted on a
very strict whip and we were not
given any free votes and a bunch of
Conservative MPs had the whip taken
off them and were kicked out of the
party for a period for disobeying
the whip and voting against and then
people were dragged in on ambulances
and all sorts to various votes in a
very strict three line whip. I do
find this a little bit strange, the
Prime Minister, John Major when he
was Prime Minister, was less than
kind or helpful over those who
apparently had issues of conscience.
I don't agree with them and I think
the government policy is to deliver
on the vote of the British people,
they had a vote and he and others
may not like it but the British
people voted and they said they
wanted to leave and we have to
deliver on that. It was made clear
at the time by all of those
including him that you must leave
the Customs Union and single market
and therefore they all knew what
they were voting on.
said no UK Prime Minister could
accept what the EU has set out today
on Ireland and the border issue.
They question why they are
surprised, we talked about the
agreement in December and there
seems to have been movement together
in December it towards a solution.
We seem to be back where we were
No because the view of
the European Union commission and
Ireland is playing political games
with an important issue. The reality
is there is a report from the
European Union in Parliament that
says there is no need to go down
this road, no need for a hard border
with border posts and everything
else, in that report they make it
clear that technology is there for
us to make this very relaxed and
straightforward and if we manage to
control and get after illegal arms
and illegal drugs crossing the
border by dealing with the Irish
Gardai and police service away from
the border, it is even easier to
deal with legitimate products
crossing the border. There is no
need and this has been conjured up
for one reason only, the idea is to
use this as a stick to beat a dog to
tell the British government they
have to leave Ireland in the Customs
Union and get us to change our mind.
It will not happen and there is no
need for a hard border.
social media earlier, that was Iain
Duncan-Smith and we have been
getting some tweets from people who
say, this is making Ireland suffer
because of decisions were taken in
England, in the rest of the UK, and
they will have a country divided
because of Brexit?
That is a feeling
that is felt acutely in Ireland but
then you have to go back to the Good
Friday Agreement, and effectively,
symbolically, there was a
triple-lock because he had three
parties involved, you had the Irish
government, you have the people of
Northern Ireland, both Protestant
and Catholic, and the UK government.
Only because of that triple-lock,
Ireland, in the end, removed its
claim to Northern Ireland and
Catholics play their rightful place
within the UK. And I think both
sides, the Irish and British side,
are sensitive to that issue. Last
night, the European affairs
spokesman for Fine Gael in Ireland
was asked 34 times on the BBC when
the border was going to go and he
did not want to say that it was
going to go in the Irish Sea. At all
costs! He understands that if it is
seen that Northern Ireland starts to
drift back towards Ireland, that
undermines the Good Friday
He sees that as
controversial, you made the point
that the John Major intervention was
not welcomed by many entries Theresa
May's circle but we should put this
in context because John Major
chooses his words carefully and has
moments -- his moments to intervene.
He would say, I felt I had to say
something that this crisis point?
is not the only former Prime
Minister, Tony Blair has his own
initiative which he is trying to
push for the government, to put
Brexit to one side, ultimately. But
a soft Brexit if it has to be.
People like Iain Duncan Smith would
say, he did not allow a free vote on
my street and he warned us about
these things back in the 1990s and
many decisions that he took, on the
exchange rate etc, proved to be
folly so he does not have a very
good record on the sort of things.
John Major is no stranger to have --
having our former Prime Minister
intervened on his watch.
On Tuesday's programme we spoke
about the catastrophic
conditions in Yemen,
one of the Arab world's poorest
countries, devastated by civil war.
Now we have a special report
from inside the country, almost
three years since the Saudi-led
coalition launched its first air
strikes against the Houthi
rebels in Yemen, sparking
an all-out armed conflict.
The situation is so bad,
the UN now says it's become
the world's worst man-made
humanitarian disaster and right now,
more than eight million
people across Yemen
are at risk of starvation.
The BBC's Chief International
Correspondent Lyse Doucet
sent us this report.
High above the Arabian Peninsula,
just off the coast of Yemen.
Saudi Arabia and its allies
have ruled these skies
since the war began.
And they control the seas below.
These shipping lanes
are a vital gateway
for the world's energy supplies.
And a smuggling route
for illicit goods.
Among them, the Saudis say,
weapons that Iran supplies
to Yemen's Houthi fighters.
We land on board a Saudi warship.
bound for the port.
Most of Yemen's imports flow through
there but it is in Houthi hands.
Saudis are on the look out
for suspicious vessels.
We meet the captain,
whose mission is a crucial
front line in this war.
Operational rules are to treat
all vessels as suspicious?
A Naval blockade has
been lifted for now.
It had obstructed vital medicine,
food and fuel from reaching
Yemenis in desperate need.
But this war grinds on.
And on the ground,
it is Yemen's army who are
battling Houthi fighters.
Advancing slowly on hostile terrain.
Mountain by mountain.
Seizing strategic heights
of the approach to the capital.
The capital, Sanaa,
is the prize in this war.
The Houthis want to keep it and
the ousted government wants it back.
To take the fight into
the heart of this historic,
densely populated city,
it would be a bloody urban battle.
All roads in this war
lead to this capital.
Yemeni forces and their allies
have an ambitious plan.
Surround Sanaa and force
the Houthis to surrender.
But their enemy is well entrenched.
Supported by Iran, the Houthis
are well trained and well supplied.
Ballistic missiles have reached
the heart of the Saudi kingdom.
And fear is part
of their arsenal also.
Hundreds of journalists
and political opponents have been
Many have fled.
In a government-controlled area,
we meet 27-year-old Abbas.
Posting comments on social media.
He tells us, they hung me
up, tortured me until
I fell unconscious.
When he woke up he couldn't move.
Imagine, he says, in
a second you cannot walk.
What can I be now?
But Yemenis live with other fears.
This is the impact of the Saudi air
strike in a neighbourhood close
to the Defence Ministry.
The Saudi-led coalition has been
pounding enemy positions.
Armed with the most sophisticated
weaponry from allies
like Britain, the US and France.
The Saudis insist civilians
are not a target.
But they are being hit.
This family, like many
others, lost their home
in a coalition bombing.
They had taken refuge here.
We are begging for help,
cries this woman.
Yesterday my three
children did not eat.
I am ill, always ill.
Neither dead nor alive.
It is hard to escape from this war.
It has pushed these families
from place to place.
At this temporary settlement
they are digging in.
Trying to make a new home
from the little they now have.
The Arab world's poorest nation now
a battle ground for regional powers
in a Middle East which grows
ever more combustible.
Saudi Arabia and Iran know
they are playing with fire.
In the next half hour
President Trump will be hosting
Democratic and Republican lawmakers
at the White House to discuss
the issue of gun control.
In the wake of the Parkland shooting
there have been a number
of proposals but will Congress take
action or simply hit gridlock?
Back with us is Ron Christie.
President Trump has called singer
Republicans, some who have
proposals, to come to the White
House to see if anything can be
Where would you put your
fortune? I think you will find an
initiative to extend the age of long
guns, from 18 to 21. Will
Republicans agree to that? Possibly,
the President seems very inclined to
want to do this, I think he can get
enough moderate Republicans, over a
third of Republicans are retiring
from office and if you can get them
in a coalition with Democrats, that
Christian NRA has made
it clear they don't like that.
Republicans don't really know where
the President is, he has put forward
a lot of proposals but they are
facing in the primaries, the second
Amendment supporters, energy on the
left, do they want a fight over the
They don't and
this is perilous for Republicans, as
you have identified, on one hand
they are strong proponents of the
second Amendment, the right to bear
arms, but there is a new atmosphere
here, that these school shootings,
something has to be done and
politically we are looking at this
from the prism of politics and
Republicans don't want to be seen as
standing on the sidelines when the
President and Democrats are trying
to do something.
The story that came
out from the sports chain, how
significant is that?
the corporate sector? That is
significant, this organisation said
we will no longer sell high-capacity
magazines, this type of armament, we
in the private sector are taking an
affirmative step because we don't
want these guns were people who
should not have them.
Thank you very
This is Beyond 100 Days.
Still to come - 'Snowverload'.
We've some of the best pictures
from around Europe and the UK -
as the Arctic blast
of weather really bites.
Here in the UK, they've been
big high street names
for more than 30 years -
but now Toys "R" Us
and the electrical chain Maplin
have both collapsed.
Emma Simpson reports.
# With toys in their millions
# All under one roof
# It's Called Toys'R'Us!...#
It was a force to be reckoned with,
pulling in shoppers
with its American-style megastores.
Today, the Magic's long gone.
Some stores were already
closing to cut costs.
But it wasn't enough.
It's a shame, but it's not
probably a great surprise.
It's been on the cards for a while.
Because I've four children,
grown up now, but we always used
to come here for their toys,
so it's a shame.
So what went wrong for Toys'R'Us?
They are too reliant on these
large out-of-town stores.
But a lot of the problems
are actually self-inflicted.
They overlooked the importance
of online, where about 40%
of toy sales take place.
And perhaps more importantly,
they've neglected their stores.
Toys'R'Us has been struggling
for years, a business way down
by huge amounts of debt.
Its American owners filed
for bankruptcy protection
in the States last autumn.
And today, this toy story ended
with the UK chain effectively
running out of cash.
And tonight, the man tasked
with rescuing it told me
that wouldn't be easy.
Whilst we're going to make every
effort to sell the business,
I think realistically
there is a small chance that
someone will come through.
And if they do, it will be
for parts of the business,
and certainly not for the business
as a whole, and certainly not
in its existing format.
Maplin also collapsed today
with more than 200 stores.
It blamed a slowdown in consumer
spending and higher costs.
It's been a bleak winter
for many retailers.
Today, two big casualties,
and thousands of jobs on the line.
The shops are still trading,
but for how much longer?
Emma Simpson, BBC News.
You're watching Beyond 100 Days
and we're watching Italy
because voters there will be
going to the polls on Sunday
to elect their next government.
A new voting system means
a coalition on the right
is highly likely led
by Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia.
That said, polls suggest
the Eurosceptic, anti-establishment
Five Star Movement will be
the single most popular
party among voters.
Immigration is the key
issue in the election.
I have been speaking to one
of their MP's Manlio Di Stefano,
about where his party currently
stands on the issue?
We want to take care of all those
who have the right to stay, asylum
seekers, persecuted people, all of
this, and to do that we need to fix
the internal problems so we are
asking in a strong way, 12 mandatory
quotas around the 27 countries and
internally intently, all around the
8000 cities we have.
are you because in the past you said
you wanted to hold a referendum on
the single currency?
We never said
that the European Union has to be
destroyed, this was storytelling
that was made to attack us. We are
always saying that we think to be
European, we want to be European but
with this currency and the way that
all economic system is managed, the
European Union will collapse. Can
you imagine that were under the same
currency but we don't have the same
taxation between countries? Can you
remember that every month there is a
big Italian enterprise that moves to
Slovakia and Poland, to Hungary,
because they find better taxation,
maybe 15 or 20 points under the
Italian one. If we don't have the
same rules we cannot be the same
Either reform or do away
To reform the economic
system is the only way to keep the
European Union alive. We are sceptic
that the Eurozone, but with the EU.
We can fix one of them to save the
It is true that the new
electoral rules that have come in a
few months ago. You going into
The other parties will
prevent that? The day that Mr Renzi
and Mr Berlusconi draft of this law,
it was ten points higher than right
now, therefore to be in want to
create a coalition like they did in
2014 and a second government
together, but now everything has
changed so in any way, you will have
the numbers, they will have to
consider as as fundamental. I don't
know if we will have the numbers to
create our own government alone. But
surely they will not do at the same.
It will be like... Our proposal to
create a coalition on a specific
programme will be the only decision
for this country.
I was reading a
piece in the Washington post looking
at Germany and young voters who are
fed up with the establishment
coalition politics. They don't want
people making big copper misers.
They are moving towards Populist
parties on both ends of the
spectrum. Particularly the far
right. I wonder if you could see
parallels between what has happened
in Germany recently and this
election in Italy?
illustrate the parties, you have got
Five Star Movement at the top and
these will be coalitions after the
weekend, the one at the bottom,
Forza Italia, Silvio Berlusconi
cannot be the Prime Minister because
he was banned after his things in
the court and he is a kingmaker
potentially with brothers of Italy
with fascist roots, and we also have
Lega and this smaller group, and the
question is whether Silvio
Berlusconi can rein in the hard
right sentiments are some of those
parties, particularly when it comes
to migration and security. He maybe
starts to look to the party on the
centre-left, the Democrats, for a
grand coalition or whether it is our
supply arrangement on different
issues. But certainly, Five Star
Movement are big force and the
problems are not going away.
Now, we've been talking about it
enough - and as we've been seeing,
the Beast from the East is hitting
the UK in a big way.
There's a very serious side to this
storm, but we've been getting
some incredible pictures
of the Arctic blast.
Here's a time-lapse of the snow
falling over London -
you can see the dome
of St Paul's Cathedral disappearing
as the weather system moves through.
This is the view of our building,
New Broadcasting House,
and a special camera fixed
across the road - it even has
wipers to clean the lens.
And of course, the view
of the Houses of Parliament,
just down the road.
Cold enough for you, Katty?
We should ban the phrase, based from
the east! But this is serious.
Children have got farms in the
country and people are vulnerable,
losing livestock. We have a family
in Scotland who are farmers and they
have been Scotland -- have been
suffering. And young people around
the country. It is a very serious
storm. And it is not going anywhere
I've had a look through some
of those pictures too
and I particularly like these
ones from Cornwall.
A smooth way to travel here -
no travel disruption on a snowboard,
or a quad bike, for that matter.
In Norfolk, here's a couple who just
hopped on their skis.
You should have tried that this
What did you do?
I'm going to go one better
in the bravery stakes, Katty -
and the Irish are a hardy bunch.
Take these brave swimmers taking a
dip. Certifiable definition! This is
Galway Bay on the West Coast. Very
popular with the locals. This was me
walking in this morning. There is an
unhealthy interest in whether I am
wearing my leggings. I am wearing my
long johns. This was out of my
window this morning. Your office has
never looked quite so romantic! I am
working on double shift tonight. I
will be here right through the
night. I will not get home! Because
people could not make it in. I am
hard-core. I will be with you
through the night.
Back same time
through the night.
Back same time tomorrow.
through the night.