27/02/2018 Beyond 100 Days


27/02/2018

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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You're watching Beyond 100 Days.

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Republicans in Congress meet

to discuss gun controls and come up

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with almost nothing.

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The Florida school shooting may have

shifted the public opinion

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nationwide but on Capitol Hill

resistance to new gun laws

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is as strong as ever.

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Donald Trump has proposed some

new ideas - including raising

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the age limit for gun

purchases - but Republicans

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say they aren't keen.

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They couldn't even make

five hours in Syria -

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the brief humanitarian pause to let

aid into East Ghouta

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quickly collapsed.

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Also on the programme...

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In the innner circle

of the White House, Hope Hicks

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knows more than most.

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But how much of it is

she prepared to share

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with a congressional committee?

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Singing and sliding in the snow -

fun for some, but for others

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the Arctic blast across Europe

is causing serious problems.

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Get in touch with us

using the hashtag...

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Hello and welcome.

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I'm Katty Kay in Washington

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and Christian Fraser is in London.

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Students from Parkland, Florida,

want Congress to act.

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Republicans in Congress made

it pretty clear today

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they aren't interested.

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On the issue of whether to add

new laws to restrict

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the sale of guns in America,

the Republican leadership

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is unlikely to take

up any new proposals.

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But polling in the country does

show public opinion has

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shifted on the issue -

even among Republican voters.

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Take a look at this CBS survey.

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In December last year,

29% of Republicans said

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laws covering gun sales

should be stricter.

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When they were asked the same

question again last week -

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the percentage went up to 43%.

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Or in this CNN poll -

asking the general public

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if they favoured or opposed

stricter gun laws.

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In October 2017 -

just after the mass

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shooting in Las Vegas -

52% said they favoured them

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versus 44% against.

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Compare that to now -

and 70% of those asked were in

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favour of stricter gun laws.

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Whilst those against drops to 27%.

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Those numbers seem to be out

of synch with House speaker

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Paul Ryan, speaking earlier.

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We shouldn't be banning guns

for law abiding citizens -

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we should be focusing on making sure

that citizens who shouldn't get guns

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in the first place don't get those

guns and that is why we see a big

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breakdown in the system.

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In this case there were

a lot of breakdowns.

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A short while ago I spoke

to Democratic Representative,

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Val Demings from Florida,

who previously headed

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the Orlando Police Department.

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Congresswoman, it seems pretty clear

from listening to Republicans after

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they met on the issue of school

shootings today, they are not

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prepared to do very much,

if anything at all, in terms of new

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legislation around gun

control in the country.

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Are you disappointed?

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Did you expect the shooting

at Parkland might have changed their

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minds?

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What I do expect is that the young

people who are advocating for

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change are not going away.

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These students, most

of them not old enough

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to vote yet,

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have had the blood of their friends

and their classmates

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splattered upon them.

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They are not going to let it go.

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I have been disappointed though

in the Republican's responds.

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How many more shootings?

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150,000 children in

this country have been

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exposed to school shootings.

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What I do know is

this group of young

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people will not let it go.

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This is the generation

we have taught

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when things are wrong,

you work to make them right.

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They are going to hold Republicans

and all of Congress accountable.

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It does seem those

Floridians are asking

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more than Congress is contemplating.

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Let me ask you about

the issue of mental health.

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This is something the president

has raised and your

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Republican colleagues

are

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raising as the primary issue behind

the school shootings.

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You were a former

chief police in the

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Orlando district.

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Was there something under

Florida law that you

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could have done to prevent somebody

like Nicholas Cruz from owning a

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gun?

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We need to work on our laws

because unless the person has made a

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threat against a specific person,

then it is tough to consider that

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a crime.

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When I hear the president

and the Republican

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party talk about mental

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illness, it is just a distraction.

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What we need to do is get serious

about legislation that will keep

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guns out of the hands

of dangerous people,

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those who are mentally ill,

criminals, terrorists and others.

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We have got to work

on the legislation.

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My understanding, Congresswoman,

is the bar for people who are in law

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enforcement, a police officer

like you used to be,

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to go into somebody's home

and take their weapons away

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from them, even if they are

somebody who has been

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reported as having mental

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problems, the bar for

doing that is very high.

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You may not have been able

as a police officer to take

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Nicholas Cruz's

weapons away from him.

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That is correct and that is why

we are pushing the gun violence

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restraining order act.

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It would have given

the sheriff's office and other

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law enforcement over the country

the opportunity to go

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in and temporarily remove weapons

from the home of

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someone who had made statements,

someone who exhibited behaviour that

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family members thought was a danger

to themselves or others.

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Legislation like that

would have given law

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enforcement the tools

they would have needed

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to remove those weapons.

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As a former police

officer, what do you

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make of the President's idea

of arming teachers in schools?

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It is an idea I have

heard before but when it

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comes out of the mouth

of the commander-in-chief,

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I know of nothing

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that has been proposed yet that is

more ridiculous than arming our

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teachers and our head teachers.

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I talked to several of them

in the district, they reminded me

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as a law maker that they signed up

to educate

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our children.

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They did not sign up to get

in a gunfight with an active

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shooter.

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It is the most ridiculous thing

I have heard and I hope the

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president and others

will abandon that idea.

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Congresswoman, thank

you for joining me.

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Thank you.

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Clearly there are stiff headwind is

coming from Congress. I can see

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where some of the Republicans are

coming from. They have primaries in

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the spring and they are unlikely to

get into a row of second amendment

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supporters at home. Which sort of

position as the president going to

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adopt, that is not clear.

He has

been vague, talking about doing

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something about mental health and

making it impossible for somebody to

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get Gansu has a mental health

problem. In practical terms, it is

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hard to get guns away from people.

The background checks might be

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tightened up a little bit. I think

last week there was some perception

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at looking at what is happening in

the united states and those students

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who turned up in Florida that

something new with happen. That is

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what I am sceptical about this week.

The energy in favour of tighter gun

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laws has evaporated in the country

and people, even though the hearing

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from Florida, we want more, I am

very surprised if they moved on with

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that.

It is that standpoint, guns is

solved by more guns, it is not

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understood on this site of the

continent.

Understandably.

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Before we move on, can we just

revisit this meeting the President

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had with the governors yesterday.

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You might have seen

that he was confronted during that

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meeting by the Washington State

governor Jay Inslee,

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who doesn't like the idea

of arming teachers.

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I have under stood you have

suggested this.

We recommend things

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and then they do not look good

later. I suggest less tweeting and

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more listening and let's take that

off of the table and move forward.

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We are going to watch that again but

we are going to watch it with the

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camera on president Trump. It is a

study in body language.

Watch this.

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I suggest we need more listening and

let's take that off of the table and

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move forward.

Thank you very much.

I

am going to move the microphone and

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I know where I would like to put it.

Please can you shut up now? It is

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fabulous. He did not love that, did

he?

No, I do not think the governor

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is his cup of tea. You might lock

him up with Hillary Clinton.

He

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might not get an invite back.

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The first 'five hour' ceasefire

in the Syrian enclave

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of Eastern Ghouta has

ended in failure.

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The brief pause was ordered

by Syria's ally Russia, which said,

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it would be repeated daily -

to allow civilians to leave.

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An estimated 400 thousand people

are trapped in Eastern Ghouta

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which is held by Syrian rebels,

and in the last week more than 560

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people have been killed.

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In the UK hundreds of schools have

been shut today. Yes, the weather

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front from Russia has brought snow

and strong winds but it has put

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vulnerable people at risk.

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HE SINGS.

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For some, it is an excuse

to pose a quirky video.

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But for people, and animals,

it is hard getting around

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right now in places such as Hungary.

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It is dangerous, too.

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The driver of this lorry

in Serbia was lucky.

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He was left hanging in his cabin

for two hours before being rescued.

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Even the island of Corsica,

more associated with sunny summer

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holidays, woke to this.

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In Brussels,

controversial measures to

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get homeless people

off of the streets.

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The authorities say if people

refuse to move, the police

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will detain them and bring them

to shelters like this one.

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They come here, says the volunteer.

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They have a bed and paper sheets.

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Ten people were detained

last night and slept

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here, he says.

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TRANSLATION: I realise that homeless

people really refuse to

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move.

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I worked with my colleague this

weekend to draft a decree to

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force those people to

accept accommodation.

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Rome is not itself either.

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A fight not normally

witnessed at the Coliseum.

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There hasn't been

snowed here for six

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years.

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Further east in cities like

Bucharest, schools have been closed.

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There has been major disruption

for those travelling by road and by

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rail.

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Let's get more from Syria.

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Women in Syria are being sexually

exploited by men who are delivering

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aid on behalf of the United Nations.

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The BBC has uncovered evidence that

aid workers have traded food

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and transport for sexual favours.

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There were warnings about this

abuse three years ago.

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But it seems its continuing

in the south of the country.

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Today the British foreign secretary

Boris Johnson said his government

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would not fund any agency

or international charity that failed

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to tackle the exploitation of women.

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Our diplomatic correspondent

James Landale reports.

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The fighting in Syria continues.

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Here, in rebel-held

Eastern Ghouta and elsewhere.

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And it has now emerged that some

refugees fleeing the conflict have

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faced demands for sex from local

Syrian officials delivering aid on

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behalf of international charities.

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They were withholding the aid that

had been delivered and then

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using these women for sex.

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So, this was a range

of women, there were women

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of different ages in the group.

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Some had experienced it themselves.

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Some were very distraught.

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Danielle Spencer's

an experienced aid worker.

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She heard these stories from women

who had fled to Jordan

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and they told her that many refused

to go to distribution centres

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because people would assume they had

offered their bodies for aid.

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Two charities, Care and

the International Rescue Committee,

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warned about this abuse three years

ago and tightened

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up their procedures.

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But a report from the UN

Population Fund late last

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year confirmed that sex

was still being traded for aid.

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Sexual exploitation and abuse

of women and girls has been ignored.

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It's been known about and it's been

ignored for seven years.

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This war is seven years old.

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The UN and the system,

as it currently stands,

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have chosen for women's bodies

to be sacrificed.

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The Department for International

Development said it was not aware

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of any cases like this involving UK

aid, and if there were,

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the Foreign Secretary said

the funding would be stopped.

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Obviously, we have talked a great

deal about this in the last few

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weeks since the whole business broke

with Oxfam and so on,

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and Penny Mordaunt and I are

absolutely committed

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to a zero tolerance approach.

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Can it be stopped?

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Well, we will not support

agencies that engage

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in that kind of activity.

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UN agencies and charities said

they had zero tolerance

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of exploitation, but were not aware

of any cases of abuse

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by their own partner organisations,

and one UN spokesman played down

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the reports, saying

they were incomplete,

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fragmented and unsubstantiated.

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James Landale, BBC News.

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The BBC's Diplomatic Correspondent,

James Landale reporting there -

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and he's with us now.

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It is not as if the UN has not faced

this problem before. I was saying

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last week that 13 years ago I did a

similar story. You said there were

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reports about this two or three

years ago and have not taken action.

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We did take some action. In 2015,

two eight agencies heard about this.

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The brought it to a meeting at the

headquarters. The mood of that

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meeting was we need to find out more

about this. Some then carried out

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more research, others said, we are

going to tighter our procedures,

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improved training. Clearly, others

did not take as much action because

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all the evidence is, from a report

by the United Nations itself, says

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it is still going on.

James, can I

ask you about the ceasefire, or at

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the meant to be ceasefire that seems

to be broken and the reports seems

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to be that both sides are

complaining that the other side did

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not live up to the truce on what are

you hearing and what are the chances

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this can be resumed tomorrow and

later dates?

I think there is very

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little expectation that any kind of

ceasefire, whatever kind of language

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you want to use, is going to happen.

The problem is you have got an

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illustration of the power struggles

that are going on. You have the

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international community is saying,

we want a 30 day ceasefire. You have

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the Russians saying, we want a five

hour pause each day. It is possible

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to get humanitarian aid in. You have

the Syrian regime are doing their

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own thing. What we are seeing is

there are limits on how much

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external actors can control what is

going on in the ground.

Thank you

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very much for coming in.

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Few people are closer

to Donald Trump than Hope Hicks

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who has spent today in the company

of the House Intelligence Committee

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that's investigating

Russian meddling.

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This is pretty much as close

to the President as this

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investigation can get.

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So what do we know

about Hope Hicks?

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As communications director

she is one of the most influential

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figures in the inner circle -

and only 29 years old.

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Her family are well

known in the PR world -

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she started work in 2012

with a PR firm in New York,

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and later went on to represent

Ivanka Trump's fashion brand.

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She was a political novice but very

soon was drafted into help

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on the Trump campaign.

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She has been there,

right from the beginning.

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Through the transition.

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And is now a key figure

in the Oval Office.

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Which is why she is of such interest

to Robert Mueller's team.

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She was interviewed

by him in December -

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and this is her first appearance

before the House

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Intelligence Committee.

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Specifically they want to know

about a flight on Airforce one

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last summer during which Mr Trump

dictated a statement

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about the rationale for a campaign

meeting between Trump's son Don

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and a Russian operative.

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Hope Hicks was on that flight.

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The are going to grill her on that

element of the investigation. The

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real question is how forthcoming she

is going to be.

There were mixed

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reports about this as she came out

of the enquiry today. You had some

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lawmakers saying it was boring and

no news came out of it, others was

0:18:540:18:59

saying she was and swearing

questions. Others said she was not

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and drink the questions. It is hard

to explain how close she is to

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Donald Trump. Imagine her as your

favourite niece, someone you see as

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your prodigy and the president has

kept hope Hicks very close to him

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during the campaign and during the

White House. That is why

0:19:210:19:27

investigators are keen to talk to

her. She knows pretty much

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everything. She has been in the

meetings and heard what Donald Trump

0:19:300:19:34

has said.

She was sitting on that

plane when they were working out the

0:19:340:19:38

strategy to deal with the story that

was breaking about the meeting in

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Trump Tower. The others, Steve

Bannon and Jeff Sessions, they have

0:19:430:19:51

invoked executive privilege. If she

does that again today, there is a

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problem for Congress, isn't there?

Never before have we seen executive

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privilege used in this kind of way.

Yes, it would be a problem. We have

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not heard she has done that, by the

way. It would get them in the

0:20:090:20:15

position we are the White House is

stonewalling. You have to leave it

0:20:150:20:19

up to Bob Miller how he is going to

respond to that and push to make

0:20:190:20:23

sure these people answer questions.

He wants them to answer. Let's look

0:20:230:20:29

at some other news that has come in

from around the world.

0:20:290:20:32

In a landmark ruling,

a federal court in Germany has

0:20:320:20:35

decided that cities can ban some

diesel cars in order

0:20:350:20:37

to tackle air pollution.

0:20:370:20:38

Environmental groups had brought

the case against two German cities -

0:20:380:20:41

Stuttgart and Dusseldorf,

but it will apply nationwide.

0:20:410:20:43

The measures could affect more

than nine million vehicles

0:20:430:20:45

which fail to meet EU environmental

standards.

0:20:450:20:47

The biggest cable TV operator

in the United States has made

0:20:470:20:50

a thirty-one billion dollar bid

to buy the British broadcaster, Sky.

0:20:500:20:54

The offer from Comcast - which owns

NBC and Universal Pictures -

0:20:540:20:57

is higher than an existing one

from Rupert Murdoch's

0:20:570:20:59

21st Century Fox.

0:20:590:21:06

Fox already owns 39%

of Sky and has offered

0:21:060:21:08

to buy the remainder --

but that's been opposed by Britain's

0:21:080:21:11

competition watchdog.

0:21:110:21:15

The film director Lewis Gilbert -

the British director of Alfie,

0:21:150:21:18

Educating Rita and three James Bond

films - has died at the age of 97.

0:21:180:21:21

He directed more than 40 films

during his long career -

0:21:210:21:24

and our Arts Correspondent David

Silito looks back at his life.

0:21:240:21:30

That's it, it's fine.

0:21:300:21:32

When Lewis Gilbert took

on Bond in You Only

0:21:320:21:36

Live Twice, he was already a

director with 20 films to his name.

0:21:360:21:44

He had directed Orson Welles Dirk

Bogart, but 007 with its

0:21:440:21:47

seemingly unlimited

budget was new territory.

0:21:470:21:51

I have made 25 films and I've never

been on one where this doesn't

0:21:510:21:54

ever come up.

0:21:540:21:55

If I said today, I want 5000

people flown in from

0:21:550:21:58

Tokyo, I'm sure they

would be flown in.

0:21:580:22:01

In the '50s, Lewis Gilbert had

made his name with a string of tales

0:22:010:22:05

of stiff upper lip

wartime British valour.

0:22:050:22:09

And then in the '60s, a film that

helped define a very different

0:22:090:22:12

era - Alfie.

0:22:130:22:19

My understanding of woman

only goes as far as the

0:22:190:22:21

pleasure.

0:22:210:22:22

When it comes to the pain,

I'm like every other bloke.

0:22:220:22:25

I don't want to know.

0:22:250:22:26

No, no, no, Michael,

we are going right.

0:22:260:22:29

On set, he was easy-going,

charming, unflappable.

0:22:290:22:34

A child of musical performance, he

had spent his life in show business.

0:22:340:22:37

And 17 years after Alfie, he was

reunited with Michael Caine in

0:22:370:22:40

Educating Rita.

0:22:400:22:41

I thought it was something serious.

0:22:410:22:42

After that, another

Willie Rosol adaptation -

0:22:420:22:44

Shirley Valentine.

0:22:440:22:45

-- Willy Russell.

0:22:450:22:55

Lewis Gilbert, providing some

of James Bond's greatest moments.

0:22:550:23:01

Lewis Gilbert who's

died at the age of 97.

0:23:010:23:08

You only live twice. Moon break with

Roger Moore. That was one of my

0:23:080:23:19

favourite movies.

Who is your

favourite James Bond? I love Roger

0:23:190:23:23

mirror because he used to take the

Mickey out of the genre. -- Roger

0:23:230:23:32

mirror. It has to be Sean Connery.

He could have no pictures at all and

0:23:320:23:39

listened to him all day.

Do you

think you grow up with a James Bond?

0:23:390:23:45

Mine is Daniel Craig.

We all have a

crush on Daniel Craig. I have a

0:23:450:23:51

crush on Daniel Craig as well, we

can be honest about this. He doesn't

0:23:510:23:56

own stunts and he has the greedy

atmosphere, you do not know what he

0:23:560:24:01

is thinking. -- moody atmosphere. I

must've seen his films 15 times. One

0:24:010:24:11

of the best films ever. Goldeneye is

fantastic.

Diamonds are forever. I

0:24:110:24:22

liked that film. I do like Sean

Connery. They are in black and

0:24:220:24:28

white, some of them.

Can you do it

for us?

Surely not...

No, I cannot.

0:24:280:24:37

OK. My very favourite Sean Connery

movie... This is my advice to you,

0:24:370:24:49

we are talking about the weather,

this is what people can be doing. I

0:24:490:24:58

know it is a nightmare when your

children cannot go to school. We get

0:24:580:25:03

snowflakes in Washington and all the

schools are shut. When you are stuck

0:25:030:25:07

at home with your kids, hunt for red

October. The advantages of the beast

0:25:070:25:20

from the east. That is not Sean

Connery, by the way.

0:25:200:25:23

This is Beyond 100

Days from the BBC.

0:25:230:25:25

Coming up for viewers on the BBC

News Channel and BBC World News -

0:25:250:25:29

what these photographs tell us

about modern day slavery,

0:25:290:25:31

on a main street near you.

0:25:310:25:35

You will be surprised.

0:25:350:25:38

And Usain Bolt's turns his

attention to football -

0:25:380:25:41

which club's he signed with...

0:25:410:25:42

And why?

0:25:420:25:46

We will tell you.

0:25:460:25:48

That's still to come.

0:25:480:25:55

First came the cold and then the

snow. Most of us have had snow. More

0:26:120:26:18

snow on the horizon. This picture

from Kent. On the menu, further

0:26:180:26:28

heavy snow showers in places. More

travel disruption. The wind chill

0:26:280:26:33

becomes more of an issue as well. In

the short-term, the end to the flow

0:26:330:26:40

of cold air coming in from Siberia.

You can see the extent of the cold

0:26:400:26:46

across Europe. Any snow showers will

produce accumulation. It runs from

0:26:460:26:51

east to west in the UK. Drier and

clearer across western parts. The

0:26:510:26:58

focus of the showers, into

north-east Scotland into the night.

0:26:580:27:01

Minus eight Celsius in some places.

We are concerned about these no

0:27:010:27:07

piling up. An amber Met Office

weather warning to be prepared.

0:27:070:27:15

Nasty travel conditions for parts of

the Central Belt in Scotland as we

0:27:150:27:20

go from Wednesday to Thursday, due

to the frequency and intensity of

0:27:200:27:26

the snow showers. Some spots will

get a heavy snow shower after

0:27:260:27:30

another. Scattered snow showers

around on Wednesday. These are the

0:27:300:27:36

top temperatures. The chilly night

but by day these are the

0:27:360:27:41

temperatures. This is what it feels

like in the wind, minus figures. The

0:27:410:27:47

easterly wind picks up a little bit.

This area of low pressure comes in

0:27:470:27:53

from the south, feeding moisture

into the cold air across the UK.

0:27:530:27:58

Snow showers continued Thursday and

we are going to see a spell of snow

0:27:580:28:03

in northern parts and blizzards and

icy conditions building up into

0:28:030:28:07

Friday across southern parts of the

UK. Still running into north-east

0:28:070:28:14

England and parts of Scotland. We

minted in amber warnings into first

0:28:140:28:21

date -- we maintain. This is going

into Thursday, heavy and disruptive

0:28:210:28:28

snow and another bitterly cold day.

0:28:280:28:33

This is Beyond 100 Days,

with me Katty Kay in Washington -

0:30:080:30:10

Christian Fraser's in London.

0:30:100:30:11

Our top stories -

0:30:110:30:12

As Republicans in Congress meet

to discuss gun controls

0:30:120:30:15

after the Parkland school shooting -

one Florida congresswoman and former

0:30:150:30:18

Orlando police chief gives

us her view on arming teachers.

0:30:180:30:23

I know of nothing that has been

proposed yet that is more ridiculous

0:30:230:30:28

than arming our teachers

and our principles.

0:30:280:30:34

In Syria, a temporary humanitarian

ceasefire in the rebel-held

0:30:340:30:36

territory of Eastern Ghouta

collapses on its first day.

0:30:360:30:41

Coming up in the next half hour:

0:30:410:30:44

The decades old dispute over

the name, Macedonia,

0:30:440:30:46

and why it could be an obstacle

to its future membership of the EU -

0:30:460:30:50

we hear from the Prime Minister.

0:30:500:30:52

The powerful pictures

highlighting modern day slavery

0:30:520:30:55

in cities across the world.

0:30:550:31:00

Let us know your thoughts

by using the hashtag...

0:31:000:31:03

It's not just Syria where Russia

is making it's influence

0:31:090:31:11

felt in the Middle East.

0:31:110:31:14

On Monday, Moscow vetoed a bid

at the United Nations to criticise

0:31:140:31:16

Iran for allowing its weapons to end

up in the hands of

0:31:160:31:19

Yemen's Houthi rebels.

0:31:190:31:23

For the past three years the Houthis

have been waging war

0:31:230:31:26

against the government -

backed by a Saudi led coalition.

0:31:260:31:28

10,000 people have dead and millions

have been forced from their homes.

0:31:280:31:31

Joining us now is the former US

Ambassador to Yemen -

0:31:310:31:34

Stephen Seche.

0:31:340:31:39

Thank you for coming in here. The

finger is pointed at Iran. To what

0:31:390:31:45

extent do you think Iran is

manipulating the situation in Yemen?

0:31:450:31:50

That is the case. A lot of it had to

do when Saudi Arabia ended with its

0:31:500:31:54

coalition and it was an invitation

for Iran to deepen its involvement.

0:31:540:31:59

What we have seen is clear evidence

they have been transporting missiles

0:31:590:32:04

into Yemen for use by the Houthi's.

It poses an enormous risk of

0:32:040:32:13

escalation.

In conversations I have

had with Saudi officials, what they

0:32:130:32:17

are saying is this is an existential

issue and they are resolute that

0:32:170:32:21

they will make sure there is never

has blah on the border. Is that what

0:32:210:32:32

you are hearing?

The pressures for

them or they are vulnerable to

0:32:320:32:37

ballistic missiles and incursions.

That is why they entered the region.

0:32:370:32:50

Is differential -- similar to the

war in Syria. If the US is going to

0:32:500:32:55

engage in Yemen, it has to

understand what the Houthi's want.

I

0:32:550:33:01

hope we are trying to back channel

information and there was an

0:33:010:33:08

opportunity when one of the Houthi

negotiators went to Iran where they

0:33:080:33:12

had abducted and were releasing. He

sat there with the intention of

0:33:120:33:17

being available to international

western diplomats to discuss this

0:33:170:33:22

issue.

Work there the sun watching

who talk

0:33:220:33:26

issue.

Work there the sun watching

who talk about the hypocrisy of the

0:33:260:33:28

United States in the UK. We have had

a former government minister who is

0:33:280:33:33

the only British pollen --

politician who has been to Yemen. He

0:33:330:33:37

said we are dangerously in danger of

becoming complicit in the Saudi

0:33:370:33:43

policy towards Yemen. We are arming

the Saudis.

The American government

0:33:430:33:52

is in the same position. It is

difficult to do so is the assaults

0:33:520:33:57

from the impact the air campaign has

over Yemen and the humanitarian

0:33:570:34:02

toll. It makes us less than an

honest broker when we try to speak

0:34:020:34:06

to other parties in the conflict.

We

have the White House talking about

0:34:060:34:11

the prospect of increasing its

military ties with the Saudi

0:34:110:34:14

government and they are proud they

are doing so and saying this is a

0:34:140:34:18

great opportunity for them. Is there

any concern that the Trump

0:34:180:34:23

administration could be tainted by

the Saudi's actions in Yemen and the

0:34:230:34:28

damage this is causing to civilians

in the country?

I do detect

0:34:280:34:33

concerned in their White House. We

need to do more and we have been

0:34:330:34:40

reticent to mix it up and insist

they need to do something. They

0:34:400:34:44

don't understand how deep the whole

is that they have dug for themselves

0:34:440:34:48

and they need to stop digging

immediately.

We will see if they

0:34:480:34:53

listen. Thank you very much for

coming in.

0:34:530:34:57

Slavery has many modern forms.

0:34:570:34:58

There are children who work

as domestic servants,

0:34:580:35:00

farm hands and factory workers,

bonded labourers who are tied

0:35:000:35:02

to ever-mounting debts,

victims of sex trafficking

0:35:020:35:04

who endure some horrific abuse.

0:35:040:35:07

The business of exploiting these

people is a global industry worth

0:35:070:35:09

150 billion dollars a year.

0:35:100:35:14

Perhaps as many as 40 million people

globally are trapped

0:35:140:35:17

in this modern slavery.

0:35:170:35:18

One in four victims are children.

0:35:180:35:21

Here is the story of a Nigerian man,

who came to Britain searching

0:35:210:35:24

a better life but soon ran out

of money and ended

0:35:240:35:27

up on the streets.

0:35:270:35:35

My name is tippee and I am from

Nigeria. 28 years old from Nigeria.

0:35:350:35:42

I was the victim of Modern Slavery

Bill. When I got to the UK, I have

0:35:420:35:49

some money. Before my money ran out,

I ran out of cash and I was on the

0:35:490:35:56

streets. I felt the only people who

could be of help to me were people

0:35:560:36:02

from Nigeria. I met this lady in a

salon and some of them were

0:36:020:36:11

Nigerians. They said they were going

to arrange for me to meet their boss

0:36:110:36:15

and told me what I was going to do

and that if I am very loyal to him,

0:36:150:36:20

he will sort me out. Every night, I

got to the club and they would go to

0:36:200:36:28

the toilet and when they came out,

you would give them some aftershave

0:36:280:36:33

and some spray and they were

dropping a pound or two macro

0:36:330:36:36

pounds. They would hand it over to

the boss and they took everything.

0:36:360:36:43

We were just living our lives for

this man. They never allowed me to

0:36:430:36:49

use my phone and they never allowed

me to make friends. Some signs --

0:36:490:36:56

sometimes they would hit you and use

swear words on you but I couldn't go

0:36:560:37:00

to the police because they kept

lingering and kept echoing saying if

0:37:000:37:04

you go to the police, you will be in

trouble. That scared me, that I

0:37:040:37:10

couldn't even go to the police.

0:37:100:37:15

There is currently an exhibition

'Invisible People'

0:37:150:37:17

which is touring the UK.

0:37:170:37:18

The Photographer Rory Carniegie has

recreated the lives of people

0:37:180:37:20

who are known to have been

trafficked into the UK.

0:37:200:37:23

And we'll take a look at some

of those images as we go.

0:37:230:37:26

But with me in the studio,

is the retired Court of Appeal judge

0:37:260:37:29

Baroness Butler-Sloss,

who now sits as the Co-Chair

0:37:290:37:31

of the All Party Parliamentary Group

on Human trafficking and

0:37:310:37:33

Anti-Slavery.

0:37:330:37:40

There is great awareness now around

the world about this scourge of

0:37:400:37:44

human travertine and I was listening

to a senator in Congress the other

0:37:440:37:48

day saying that what we need to do

is apply best practice across the

0:37:480:37:52

West to do with the problem. Where

do you think we can put more effort?

0:37:520:37:58

We have an extremely good Modern

Slavery Bill act passed in 2015, but

0:37:580:38:05

it has only been partially

implemented and if we can get the

0:38:050:38:08

government to get this tragedy

together and start to implement

0:38:080:38:11

parts of the Modern Slavery Bill

act, we will have made progress.

It

0:38:110:38:16

is that prosecution of people

perpetrating the crime that is the

0:38:160:38:21

problem. In 2016, there are 9000

convictions worldwide which is

0:38:210:38:25

extraordinary when you think of the

number of people being trafficked.

0:38:250:38:29

The trouble is the people who are

trafficked for a variety of reasons

0:38:290:38:33

don't want to give evidence. Also we

are not looking after them in

0:38:330:38:39

England and Wales to a degree that

makes them want to come forward and

0:38:390:38:43

give evidence and stop speaking as a

former lawyer, if you don't have

0:38:430:38:48

that good evidence, it is difficult

to get a conviction from the jury.

0:38:480:38:54

To what extent do all of us every

day as we are going about our lives

0:38:540:38:59

encounter or come across people that

are in slavery without us realising

0:38:590:39:06

it?

They walk down the street, we

don't know. One of the problems is

0:39:060:39:10

the lack of awareness among ordinary

people. The churches are beginning

0:39:100:39:14

to do some good work, particularly

the Pope and the Vatican who is

0:39:140:39:19

mobilising is people across the

world to look for this. The Church

0:39:190:39:23

of England, the Roman Catholic

Church in England are doing good

0:39:230:39:27

work but we do not know enough about

them. Even the police don't yet know

0:39:270:39:32

enough about it.

It is an industry

that is now making something like

0:39:320:39:41

$150 billion a year. Who is that

money going to?

It is at least

0:39:410:39:48

that's because trafficking of people

across the world, it is the second

0:39:480:39:53

most valuable illegal trade in the

world. It is going to those who wore

0:39:530:40:00

enslaving people. They are

traffickers right across the world

0:40:000:40:04

will stop a great many eastern

Europe, a great many the Far East.

0:40:040:40:11

Vietnamese boys are in fact brought

to England and are asked to work in

0:40:110:40:19

cannabis farms which are rented

accommodation. They are enslaved by

0:40:190:40:23

being locked in.

One of the things

you said is you need people to come

0:40:230:40:27

forward and to talk about their

experience in slavery. One of the

0:40:270:40:36

problems in this country and I

suppose it is common in the US, is

0:40:360:40:40

when they come forward, sometimes

they are returned to their home

0:40:400:40:44

countries. If they have taken great

risk to get here in the first place

0:40:440:40:48

and put themselves in the hands of

these human traffickers, they are

0:40:480:40:51

not likely to come forward if they

think they are going to be returned.

0:40:510:40:55

We are not generous to those that

have been found positively

0:40:550:40:59

identified as having been enslaved.

We ought to be much more generous

0:40:590:41:05

that they have no right to remain in

this country. It is one of the

0:41:050:41:09

things we are battling in our

Parliamentary group to try and get

0:41:090:41:14

at least a few months for people to

be allowed to stay, to find out

0:41:140:41:18

whether or not it is safe to let

them go back to their own country.

0:41:180:41:23

It is a pleasure to have you in the

studio, thank you very much.

We are

0:41:230:41:31

not generous, that sums up the

frustration of people trying to

0:41:310:41:34

combat this. You try and encourage

people to come forward and without

0:41:340:41:38

them, it is difficult to crack down

on the gangs and the groups and

0:41:380:41:43

rings perpetrating this slavery.

When they do come forwards, they

0:41:430:41:47

face the prospect of being deported.

There is some action in the US will

0:41:470:41:51

stop the head of the foreign

relations committee has pushed this

0:41:510:41:56

issue vigorously and went to Asia in

2014 and came back and were shocked

0:41:560:42:01

by what he saw. He has managed to

raise several millions of dollars

0:42:010:42:04

for this but whether that is going

to manage to break this legal logjam

0:42:040:42:08

is hard to see.

I won -- I watched

one of the hearings are countries

0:42:080:42:13

that identified as not doing enough

to tackle human trafficking, they

0:42:130:42:19

were let off the hook because

America didn't want to Paris them.

0:42:190:42:24

The other thing I was going to say

was that is different practices even

0:42:240:42:30

here in the UK. Scotland bringing in

a 90 day period after these people

0:42:300:42:36

come forward to say they have been

trafficked, they were going to care

0:42:360:42:39

for 90 days which gives them more

time. One of the real problems at

0:42:390:42:43

the moment is people who have been

victims of trafficking are

0:42:430:42:47

trafficked because they are either

put back on the street or put back

0:42:470:42:50

in the hands of these traffickers.

That is one of the things she was

0:42:500:42:56

recommending.

There is best practice

out there which needs to be shared

0:42:560:42:59

more liberally.

0:42:590:43:06

The Irish broadcaster has said a

draft legal task about the EU will

0:43:060:43:12

see Northern Ireland may be

considered part of EU customs

0:43:120:43:16

territory after Brexit. This text

will put into legal terms the

0:43:160:43:18

agreement between the UK which will

be reached last December. Some said

0:43:180:43:25

it was a fudge and we didn't have

the details and they didn't know how

0:43:250:43:29

they would avoid this hard border

between Northern Ireland and the

0:43:290:43:32

Irish Republic. They will print this

document tomorrow. 120 pages. There

0:43:320:43:37

are several things in there and it

will be dense.

0:43:370:43:47

The European Union's chief Brexit

negotiator, Michel Barnier,

0:43:470:43:49

says there are still significant

points of disagreement with the UK

0:43:490:43:51

over Britain's withdrawal

from the EU.

0:43:510:43:55

It doesn't mean that this is to be

no border between the north and

0:43:550:44:02

south and the border will be putting

the Irish Sea. It is there as a

0:44:020:44:07

backstop. Is saying they will have

the solution if they can't find

0:44:070:44:13

another way to get forward on the

Irish issue.

I was going to ask

0:44:130:44:19

whether this settled the question

but I think you have and sedate.

0:44:190:44:25

Prosecutors in South Korea

are seeking a 30-year jail

0:44:250:44:27

sentence for their former President.

0:44:270:44:29

Park Geun-hye, who is standing trial

on charges including

0:44:290:44:31

bribery and abuse of power,

was ousted last year

0:44:310:44:33

after being impeached over

a corruption scandal.

0:44:330:44:35

She's been held in custody

for almost a year.

0:44:350:44:39

A village in the Southern Germany

has decided to keep a Nazi-era bell

0:44:440:44:47

hanging in a local church.

0:44:470:44:48

The bell bears the engraving

"All for the Fatherland -

0:44:480:44:51

Adolf Hitler" above a large

swastika.

0:44:510:44:52

After months of dispute,

the church's parish council has

0:44:520:44:54

now decided to keep it,

and put up a plaque explaining

0:44:540:44:57

the bell's history.

0:44:570:45:00

Donald Trump has picked

one of his political

0:45:000:45:04

strategists as campaign manager

for his 2020 re-election campaign.

0:45:040:45:06

The Trump Organization hired

Brad Parscale in 2011

0:45:060:45:08

as a digital media guru.

0:45:090:45:11

He was asked in 2015 to create

a website for Mr Trump's

0:45:110:45:14

exploratory White House bid,

and a year later became

0:45:140:45:18

the campaign's digital director.

0:45:180:45:24

This is Beyond 100 Days.

0:45:240:45:25

Still to come...

0:45:250:45:26

Usain Bolt reveals

the mystery football club

0:45:260:45:28

he's signed for and why.

0:45:280:45:33

Heavy snow and freezing temperatures

have caused disruption

0:45:390:45:41

and treacherous driving conditions

across much of the UK.

0:45:410:45:43

In Lincolnshire, there were 20

accidents in three hours.

0:45:430:45:45

In one crash, three

people were killed.

0:45:450:45:47

Forecasters have warned of worse

weather conditions to come.

0:45:470:45:57

The East Coast had time to prepare.

Travellers had a taste of what this

0:45:570:46:01

week has in store. Lincolnshire

Police dealt with 20 accidents in a

0:46:010:46:09

three-hour period. Three people died

in a collision on A15 Edgbaston and

0:46:090:46:14

a school bus veered off the road are

deepening Saint James. In Essex, a

0:46:140:46:21

car passenger filmed 17 damaged or

abandoned vehicles alongside the

0:46:210:46:26

A120 close to Colchester. In Kent

where the county council had

0:46:260:46:33

declared a snow emergency, Grifters

worked flat out to cover as many

0:46:330:46:36

roads as possible but like traffic

overnight meant salt couldn't do its

0:46:360:46:40

work and by the time the morning

commute began, accidents and ice had

0:46:400:46:46

closed a series of routes. Drivers

posted video images of the M20 where

0:46:460:46:52

traffic was brought to a halt north

of Maidstone and The Weald. Up to

0:46:520:46:56

ten centimetres of snow fell across

Kent, Surrey and East Sussex where

0:46:560:47:00

farmers helped to keep minor roads

open. More than 300 schools were

0:47:000:47:04

closed. The village of Leeds was

completely is cut off a time as ice

0:47:040:47:12

and compacted snow was stranded cars

and lorries. Across the eastern

0:47:120:47:18

counties, traffic crawled and

travellers waited for news on

0:47:180:47:22

cancelled rail services. Operators

have run empty trains through the

0:47:220:47:25

night to keep the tracks open but

for a while, this snow defeated

0:47:250:47:29

them. Temperatures falling again.

Travelling will remain unpredictable

0:47:290:47:36

and hazardous in the coming days.

0:47:360:47:42

This week the European Commission

President Jean-Claude Junker has

0:47:590:48:01

been visiting the new prospective

members of the EU.

0:48:010:48:03

He's been on a whirlwind tour

of the western Balkan countries

0:48:030:48:06

The Republic of Macedonia,

Albania, Serbia, Montenegro,

0:48:060:48:08

Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo.

0:48:080:48:09

It's an area of Europe that has seen

more than its fair share of war -

0:48:090:48:13

and not so long ago.

0:48:130:48:14

The trip said Mr Junker's staff

is intended to serve

0:48:140:48:16

as an encouraging gesture

to these counties.

0:48:160:48:18

And one country that certainly

thinks it can benefit from EU

0:48:180:48:20

membership is Macedonia.

0:48:210:48:22

One of the things that stands in

their places their name. Greeks have

0:48:220:48:29

argued that the name, Macedonia,

represents a territorial claim of

0:48:290:48:33

Greece's northern province which is

also named Macedonia. I have been

0:48:330:48:38

speaking to the Prime Minister and I

put it to him that Greece is not

0:48:380:48:41

likely to budge on the issue of the

name.

0:48:410:48:47

We are the Republic of Macedonia. We

understand our good friends in

0:48:470:48:52

Greece. They have another part of

the country called Macedonia. Now

0:48:520:48:57

the problem is how to distinguish

between our country and the regional

0:48:570:49:01

Macedonia in the Greek side. We try

to understand completely and because

0:49:010:49:05

of that, we are in sight of

negotiations with the Prime Minister

0:49:050:49:11

in Greece. We are positive in our

way to find a solution. We are

0:49:110:49:18

prepared to accept geographical

distinction in our new name and what

0:49:180:49:25

will be used for every country. We

try to find a way how we will

0:49:250:49:31

protect the interests of our country

but the interests of Greece. We must

0:49:310:49:34

take care of each other because we

can agree on anything but our

0:49:340:49:40

institutions must vote for that and

give support for that.

The group

0:49:400:49:45

promised has made encouraging noises

but his Defence Secretary has been

0:49:450:49:50

adamant Macedonia cannot be part of

your name if you want to be a member

0:49:500:49:52

of the European Union.

They have

done that all this year. Nothing

0:49:520:49:59

moves. We have positive

recommendation since 2009 to start

0:49:590:50:04

negotiations. We have an open

invitation from Nato since 2008 and

0:50:040:50:15

we didn't become a member of Nato

and we participate in all nations in

0:50:150:50:21

Afghanistan and everywhere in the

world. There is a consensus of

0:50:210:50:26

decisions in Nato and the European

Union and we try to encourage Greece

0:50:260:50:35

that they accept.

You saying

Macedonia must be in the name

0:50:350:50:40

somewhere.

It is in our country and

Greece. The bigger party. We accept

0:50:400:50:54

it is a fact.

With countries like

yours that are trying to get up to

0:50:540:50:58

the European average, the best

talent in the country leaves for the

0:50:580:51:04

biggest western economies. We have

seen it with Bulgaria and Romania.

0:51:040:51:07

Are you worried that might happen

with Macedonia?

We have expectations

0:51:070:51:14

when to become a member of the

European Union. It is an open market

0:51:140:51:19

now. We believe in the values and

these values will be more guaranteed

0:51:190:51:25

for you to remain in our country. We

hope to improve our economy and

0:51:250:51:29

standard because we attract a lot of

foreign investors. They push the

0:51:290:51:36

economy and increase salaries.

The

Prime Minister that of Macedonia. It

0:51:360:51:40

would mean a lot to country. The

unemployment rate in Macedonia is

0:51:400:51:47

22% and they have been meeting

Finance yeas here in London and one

0:51:470:51:50

of them the European development

bank, says it will take them 60

0:51:500:51:56

years to get up to the EU GDP

average per person in Macedonia.

0:51:560:52:00

That is how far they are behind. It

is a long road for these countries

0:52:000:52:05

because they have to get their

courts in order, freedom of the

0:52:050:52:09

press, political unity in the

country. There is a lot to do. The

0:52:090:52:14

point that Jean-Claude Juncker is

making us why do we want a country

0:52:140:52:18

like that as member of the European

Union was to mark this as part of

0:52:180:52:22

the European neighbourhood and it is

not so long ago that we have war in

0:52:220:52:25

the Western Balkans and the best way

to avoid that is for them to set

0:52:250:52:29

aside political differences and

become part of the European family.

0:52:290:52:35

Their chances or have they improved

or not with Britain leaving the

0:52:350:52:42

European Union? Is there a desire of

things they have to do to get their

0:52:420:52:47

governments in order? Is there more

of a desire from the European

0:52:470:52:51

Commission to have new members?

They

would say they are already solving

0:52:510:52:55

the European problems. I have been

on the border between Greece and

0:52:550:52:59

Macedonia years ago when migrants

were flowing through the Western

0:52:590:53:05

Balkans into Europe. You want us to

be part of the solution to the

0:53:050:53:09

migrant issue but you don't want us

to be part of the European Union.

0:53:090:53:12

They would say they are an integral

part of the Security solution within

0:53:120:53:16

the European Union and that is why

they should be fast tracked.

And

0:53:160:53:21

taking the consequences of the

position they are in. This is my

0:53:210:53:27

favourite story of the day.

0:53:270:53:31

Usain Bolt who has always

harboured an ambition to be

0:53:310:53:33

a professional footballer,

posted a rather mischevious

0:53:330:53:35

tweet the other day.

0:53:350:53:36

He said he was signing

for a new football team.

0:53:360:53:39

Which got tongues wagging.

0:53:390:53:40

Today we learn that he will make

his footballing debut

0:53:400:53:42

at the Theatre of Dream,

Old Trafford in a charity Soccer Aid

0:53:420:53:45

match on the tenth June.

0:53:450:53:46

Yes the eight-time Olympic gold

medallist will captain a team

0:53:460:53:48

of international celebrities.

0:53:490:53:50

He is a massive

Manchester United fan.

0:53:500:53:51

His team will take

on Robbie Williams team to raise

0:53:510:53:54

money for Unicef.

0:53:540:53:55

Here's the promo.

0:53:550:54:04

A brand-new captain for this soccer

aid world 11.

Robbie, let me

0:54:040:54:12

entertain you. You can run but you

can't hide. Stick to singing and

0:54:120:54:19

leave the football for me.

Robbie

Williams looks like he is in good

0:54:190:54:24

health at the moment. Usain Bolt

looks a little bit alive. It will be

0:54:240:54:35

interesting to see how they move

around the pitch.

Are you saying

0:54:350:54:39

Robbie Williams looks fitter than

Usain Bolt?

Quite the reverse.

I

0:54:390:54:48

thought your eyes need testing

again.

I would wonder how you would

0:54:480:54:52

mark someone like Usain Bolt. Give

him 30 yards and see if you can

0:54:520:55:00

catch him.

Would you even go on the

pitch if you knew Usain Bolt was on

0:55:000:55:05

there.

I am a distance runner.

He's

one of the most charming characters.

0:55:050:55:11

That would be set alight. It is for

a good cause, Unicef. He is playing

0:55:110:55:19

at Manchester United and he is a big

Manchester United fan.

You made a

0:55:190:55:24

good stab at Sean Connery. Give us

the lightning bolts. You can do it.

0:55:240:55:31

I have no reputation left. Coming up

on the programme, we will have the

0:55:310:55:41

latest headlines from Carole Walker.

I will be back with some more

0:55:410:55:45

impressions tomorrow. Thanks very

much for watching.

0:55:450:55:47

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