26/02/2018 Beyond 100 Days


26/02/2018

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You're watching Beyond One

and

Hundred Days.

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Russia blinks, just a little,

in Syria, allowing a brief daily

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truce to get humanitarian aid

in East Ghouta.

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From tomorrow, for 5

hours, there will be

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a humanitarian pause -

but today the bombing continued

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and more civilians were killed.

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The United Nations pressured

Moscow to allow some

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relief after 500 people,

including children, were killed

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in the area last week.

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Brexit will mean Brexit -

says the government -

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but the opposition is less resolute

- today the Labour party

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in

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laid out its vision

with closer ties to the EU.

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Also on the programme.

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From gun control reform to Brexit -

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as politics becomes ever more

polarised on both sides

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of the Atlantic we go looking

for the common ground.

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Six months on from surviving

for the common ground.

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Hurricane Harvey we meet the Houston

residents trying to rebuild

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their homes and their lives.

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Get in touch with us

using the hashtag

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'Beyond-One-Hundred-Days'.

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Hello and welcome -

I'm Katty Kay in Washington

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and Christian Fraser is in London.

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For five short hours tomorrow,

the thousands of people trapped

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in East Ghouta will be able

to leave their underground

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shelters and seek relief.

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Aid will go in, the wounded will get

treatment and people

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will be allowed to leave.

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The pause will continue daily.

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This small reprieve comes

because Russia has given

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in to pressure from an international

community horrified by the images

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of suffering we have seen

in the rebel held enclave.

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It's an important concession given

the ongoing bombardment

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of the rebel-held enclave.

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Reports suggest more than 500 people

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were killed last week alone.

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For more on how things

are playing out on the ground,

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we can speak to Linda Tom

from the UN's Office

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for the Coordination

of Humanitarian Affairs.

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She joins us now from Damascus.

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on.

The reasonable conditions have

to be in place for aid workers to go

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on, do you think five hours is a big

enough window?

We welcome the UN

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resolution for this sensation of

facilities which should last at

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least 30 days. We are calling to see

that resolution implemented now. It

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is critical we can reach people in

need and our UN and had --

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humanitarian partners can get to

people in need. We are ready to do

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that now in order to help people.

You have the people who are ready to

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go in and you have the need?

That is

correct. We came here to Syria along

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with our partners and we are working

together in order to respond to the

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needs of people. But we need the

access. The supplies are ready. The

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teams are ready on the ground. As

soon as conditions allow, we are

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ready to provide aid.

The last time

aid got him was two weeks ago and

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the situation has deteriorated since

then. His five hours enough to give

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people assistance?

The needs in

Eastern Ghouta are enormous. There

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are 400,000 people there. Some of

those areas have been besieged for

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many years. That means that people

are not only deprived of humanity

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mean access but they cannot go in

and out. It means that is a lack of

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food, nutrition supplies, lack of

medicine. And the hospitals are

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working on a shoestring. Some of

their equipment is no longer

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functioning because of the lack of

electricity or damaged by the

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fighting.

Do you trust the Syrian

government to stick by this brief

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humanitarian window everyday?

Of

course we are hopeful. The UN team

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is here and our partners are here.

We hope to deliver humanitarian

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assistance. In the last 48 hours, we

have received reports of military

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operations, resulting in the death

of at least 30 people which includes

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women and children. In the meantime,

attacks on Damascus from Eastern

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Ghouta have also continued.

You said

you welcome the security council

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decision, can I put you what the

chairman of the medical cheer of

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relief said, I am embarrassed for

the UN Security

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how do you react to that?

We would

have to say this situation is

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horrendous. Hospitals in Eastern

Ghouta were impacted with the

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shelling. The hospitals have had to

go out of service. We have not had

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access and the February 14. Even

then we were only able to bring in a

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small amount of aid, not enough for

what was needed. Prior to that it

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was over 70 days since we had been

able to reach Eastern Ghouta.

Thank

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you very much for joining us from

Damascus.

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Joining me now is our North America

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correspondent, Nick Bryant.

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You were at the United Nations last

week when they were debating this

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resolution. This is a Russian

dictator to humanitarian resolution

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were looking at?

Yes, this is not

Russia adhering to the ceasefire

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solution. The Russian Ambassador

raised his hand in support of it on

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Saturday but this is a Russian

initiative. The humanitarian

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resolution was a call for a 30 days

of cessation of hostilities. The

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Russians are calling for a five

hours on Tuesday. So a convoy

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contriving get some medical

evacuation in place. This is not

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abiding by the resolution but this

is the Russians showing they are in

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charge. They are the most

significant presence on the ground

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and we will decide what happens, not

the UN.

We live in a Darwinian

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universe. If our body continues to

be dysfunctional, eventually

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governments are going to look at the

Security Council and see it is not

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effective?

The French ambassador

said that very starkly last week

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ahead of the vote. He said this is a

moment of truth for the Security

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Council to show it has credibility.

He even said if it failed to act, it

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could sound the death knell of the

United Nations itself. You have

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people like Linda Thom who are on

the ground, UN professional staff

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who are ready to go, just waiting

for the green light from the UN

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Security Council and that has been

blocked repeatedly on Syria by

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Russia. Now the green light but

Russia still says they cannot take

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action because we do not think the

conditions are right for a

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ceasefire. We will decide if it

happens or not. It does make the UN

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but irrelevant but you feel sorry

for UN professional staffers who are

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ready to go in there and deliver aid

but are being hamstrung by their

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Security Council and mainly by

Russia.

Thank you very much.

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That is no guarantee that outside of

the five hours that the attacks will

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not carry on. Five hours does not

give anyone a lot of time.

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There are no tariffs on goods

or services that move

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between the United Kingdom

and the EU.

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The Customs Union that binds

all EU member states,

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ensures frictionless trade

across internal borders -

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and it also sets a common tarrif

on imports that come into Europe

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from non EU members.

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The quid pro quo is that Brussels

negotiates the external trade deals

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on behalf of its 28 members.

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Post Brexit, that may change,

the British Prime Minister

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says the UK will be leaving

the customs union and taking back

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control of its own trade deals.

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Today the opposition Labour party

attempted to set a clear dividing

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line between their position -

and the one Theresa May will seek

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to establish on Friday.

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Mr Corbyn's been speaking to our UK

Political Editor, Laura Kuenssberg.

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All of the noises from

the European Union on this have been

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that if we want to have a customs

arrangement with them,

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they set the rules.

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There would be 27 countries

against us, we wouldn't have a say.

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They have interests in this country,

we have interests in Europe.

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There is an interest all around

in not sending this country off

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into a sort of Donald Trump style

of Transatlantic Trade

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and Investment Partnership

economy dominated by tax

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cuts and deregulation.

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We're not going to do that.

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Chris Morris from the BBC's

Reality Check is with us.

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A lot of concern in Britain at the

moment because we do not know what

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the government plan is. How did it

relate to business and the customs

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union?

Yes, it is a big issue for

many companies based in the UK

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because they have become used to

having, as you described, this

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tariff free access for the whole of

the European market. When she bought

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goods, you can move them across

borders without any other payment of

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tariffs. A lot of companies rely on

that with what they called

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just-in-time manufacturing. I have

been looking in particular at the

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car industry.

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This is the BMW factory in Oxford

mentioned by Mr Corbyn where they

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make the Mini.

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Its components cross EU

borders multiple times.

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A crankshaft cast in

France crosses to a

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plant in Warwickshire

to be finished.

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And then goes back to Austria to be

built into an engine

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which then comes back to Oxford

to be put in a completed car.

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Half the cars built

in Oxford are then

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exported back to the EU

and it is all tariff free.

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The government argues the problem

with a customs union is you cannot

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negotiate during trade

deals around the world.

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A key part of taking back control.

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It is true you are constrained,

you cannot alter tariffs on goods.

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You can still do goods and services.

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And on harmonising

regulations with other

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countries.

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Labour says it still wants to be

involved alongside the

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EU, negotiating any trade deal

in the national interest.

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Is it trying to have

its cake and eat it?

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Business leaders are

still looking for more

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clarity.

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Being in the customs union

is a hassle-free solution.

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There are different

types of customs union.

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What we heard Jeremy Corbyn saying,

is not all of the details, we need

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to get more before business know.

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Every time I think I understand

Brexit something happens and I

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confused again. Just to clarify for

me, what is the difference between

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Labour's position that the

government?

The government is

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talking about a customs arrangement

which does not mean much, he can be

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anything. A customs union is a

technical term in the world of trade

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talks. What the Labour party is

saying is that we will stay in a

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customs union, otherwise businesses

will suffer. The government says you

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then cannot do deals around the

world. That is not quite true

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because you can do some trade deals.

What you cannot do is deal in goods

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because you cannot change that

tariff rate which is set by being in

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the customs union. You can still do

deals and services and with third

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countries which harmonise

regulations so there are some things

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you can do but it makes it more

difficult.

Thank you very much

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indeed. That is probably a majority

in parliament in favour of a customs

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union but for the government to be

beaten on it and move towards

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Labour's position that would have to

be enough Tory rebels to move

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towards Jeremy Corbyn's position

which he set out today. The simple

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arithmetic is that unless the DUP,

if they move or if enough Tory

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rebels move then that could happen

but it is very unlikely. It is

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likely when it comes to vote that

the government will set up as a

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confidence motion and will -- and

the rebels will have cold feet.

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Thank you very much for that

explanation. I think we have done it

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for today until the next one.

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President Trump today met Governors

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at the White House to talk

about the Florida school shooting.

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Over the weekend several

US companies reduced

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their ties to the NRA -

America's powerful gun lobby group.

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In the long televised

meeting Mr Trump once again

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criticised law enforcement officers

for the way they handled

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the shooting - and suggested

he would have been braver

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than the armed guard who failed

to confront the killer.

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I got to watch some deputy sheriffs

performing this weekend.

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They were not exactly

medal of honour winners.

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The way they performed

was frankly disgusting.

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I really believe you don't know

until you are tested.

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But I really believe

I would run in there,

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even if I didn't have

a weapon and I think

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most of the people in

this

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room would have done that too.

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The gun debate has been

ferocious this past week -

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with one side attacking the other

ever since the Parkland shooting.

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It has revealed the extent of tribal

loyalty in the country

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on this divisive issue.

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President Trump today

stressed mental health

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concerns over gun control.

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The two issues have almost become

shorthand for which side

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you are on in the US -

and compromise seems

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further away than ever.

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According to a new book

it is just one area of growing

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separation in the US.

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The author, Amy Chua, joins us now.

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Thank you for coming in. Is

gun-control symbolic of what you

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call political tribalism gone right

in the US?

It is a perfect example.

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Human beings are all tribal but the

problem is that tribalism has taken

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over the American political system.

When you are tribal, you see

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everything through the lens of your

tribe and facts don't matter. Logic

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does not matter. You take the

position of whatever your tribe says

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and this prevents us from having

important discussions and

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gun-control is this. People in the

country divided into two camps,

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hurling horrible freezes at each

other. Literally, in this political

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tribalism, the other side is

immoral, the enemy. A motive

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language. You want children to die.

It is not just gun-control but every

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issue in the United States,

immigration, climate change. Has the

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internet exacerbated this?

Definitely, internet, social media.

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There are studies I described that

people actually get physical

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pleasure from seeing the other side

suffer. This is terrible. It takes

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effort to get a lot of clicks, if

you start annoying the other people

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and scapegoating the other side.

Even in countries like Iraq, it is

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the same dynamic, you can whip up a

lot of sentiment by tapping into

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these primal instincts.

In colonial

times, Britain used this idea to its

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advantage. It used to pick out the

smaller tribes in particular

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countries and put them in power and

of course they stayed loyal because

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they were fearful of the bigger

tribes. How does that relate to

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foreign policy today? Does the

United States understand the tribal

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conflict -- condition of every

country on the planet?

Absolutely. I

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specifically compare the United

States to Britain, Great Britain was

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a master of divide and rule. They

know about the different tribes and

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religions for us strategic ends. The

US, because of our unusual history

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of successful assimilation has been

the opposite. We tend to be blind to

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the group identities that matter

most to people on the ground. You

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have Germans, Hungarians, Japanese,

they all become Americans in one

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generation. We think that democracy

is the panacea. We think if we bring

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elections, that will smooth out

problems but in fact, democracy has

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exacerbated the conflict over and

over.

If you look at women, white

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woman in America, the majority of

them voted for Donald Trump ahead of

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Hillary Clinton and yet there are

plenty of white women across America

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who hate Donald Trump.

I think there

are sound bites out there which are

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confusing what is happening in

America. While of course that is a

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lot of coding, Trump is coming back

and saying let us go back to the

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America we used to know. But there

is another piece of those which is

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white on white resentment. It is

mostly educational difference which

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has split the white majority in

America. The rhetoric and resentment

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between the coastal elite, whites in

the cosmopolitan cities, well

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educated and whites in the

heartland, men and women, you will

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see it is like two Americas.

So

fascinating. We could talk about

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this for a long time but we have to

leave it there. Come back and join

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us again.

Thank you so much for

having me.

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Six months ago we

watched as a massive

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storm hit Houston, Texas.

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It took a couple of days

for the full scale of

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the devastation to emerge.

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Hurricane Harvey killed 68 people.

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40,000 more had to

flee from their homes

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as the water poured in.

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The devastating floods

sparked questions

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about the city's preparedness -

it is not, after all,

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the first time Houston,

which sits on the Gulf of Mexico,

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has suffered a disaster like this.

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Laura Trevelyan reported the story

for us in August and has

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returned for this report.

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Houston underwater.

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This was the catastrophic flooding

caused by Hurricane Harvey.

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As record rainfall saturated

the city, deluging neighbourhoods

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and turning lives upside down.

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You know you're home?

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Yeah, we're home, baby.

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It's an emotional moment for Gloria,

clutching Snoopy as she shows us

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where she was rescued

from while the floodwaters rose.

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It was devastating.

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I just couldn't believe it.

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I am still looking at it

and it's still hard.

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Gloria's home of nearly 20 years

was uninhabitable and she did not

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have flood insurance,

like thousands of others in Houston.

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Now Gloria is living

in a hotel paid for by

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the Federal Emergency Management

Agency.

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But she does not feel safe.

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The other night I have to barricade

myself in here every night

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because that is so much

going on out there.

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Prostitution every night.

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Guys are driving by one night,

they shot about eight times

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towards this hotel and I had to get

on the floor.

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Volunteers from a Houston charity

are helping rebuild Gloria's home.

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Hopefully she can return in March.

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Federal officials are trying to help

the 4500 Houston families

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like Gloria's's get back home.

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People do expect someone to fix it.

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Fema's role is not that,

we want to help everybody,

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every way we can as quickly

as we can.

0:21:500:21:55

But in doing that we also have to be

mindful of the taxpayer dollars

0:21:550:21:58

that we are spending.

0:21:580:21:59

Here is how this well-to-do suburb

west of Houston looked

0:21:590:22:02

when I was here in August.

0:22:020:22:04

The neighbourhood was deliberately

submerged as officials let water out

0:22:040:22:07

of the nearby reservoir

to stop it overflowing.

0:22:070:22:10

Dan and Virginia Reid did not have

flood insurance and they are

0:22:100:22:13

still trying to rebuild.

0:22:130:22:15

Six months on, we are

still not home yet.

0:22:150:22:20

We vacillate between wondering do

we want to be in this house or do

0:22:200:22:24

we just want to start

over somewhere else?

0:22:240:22:28

As Houston recovers from the impact

of Harvey, the next hurricane season

0:22:280:22:31

is only four months away.

0:22:310:22:36

This is a sprawling coastal city

with bayous like this

0:22:360:22:39

which are vulnerable to flooding.

0:22:390:22:40

So is anything being done to defend

Houston against future hurricanes?

0:22:400:22:45

It's important for the city

to take steps to mitigate

0:22:450:22:48

the risk of flooding,

which means if they are living close

0:22:480:22:51

to a bayou, the bayou

needs to be expanded.

0:22:510:22:55

Or there needs to be more detention

basins put in place.

0:22:550:22:59

Hurricane Harvey destroyed

homes and lives.

0:22:590:23:02

Though Houston is rebounding,

the road to recovery is a long one.

0:23:020:23:12

Of course there are questions about

whether or not enough is being done

0:23:160:23:20

in Huston but when you compare what

is happening in Puerto Rico where

0:23:200:23:25

they still do not have electricity

and access to basic services, the

0:23:250:23:30

devastation was far worse. There are

a lot of people there are saying

0:23:300:23:34

what about us? We have been

forgotten because we are less

0:23:340:23:43

politically important to the White

House.

You can actually juxtapose

0:23:430:23:45

these, Florida, Huston, Puerto Rico.

Who got the most help? Yes. Shall we

0:23:450:23:51

move on. Let us talk about the most

important issue of the day.

0:23:510:24:01

Now it's only 4 weeks

to go until Easter.

0:24:010:24:03

There's a warning today

0:24:030:24:04

that the traditional Hot Cross Bun

may be in short supply -

0:24:040:24:07

or at the very least not

contain as many raisin

0:24:070:24:09

and sultanas this year.

0:24:090:24:10

It's all down to world shortages.

0:24:100:24:12

The wholesale price

0:24:120:24:13

of dried fruit has been pushed up

this year by the wildfires

0:24:130:24:16

we reported on in California

in October and November.

0:24:160:24:19

Which means we are more

reliant here in the UK

0:24:190:24:22

on the sultanas from Turkey.

0:24:230:24:24

And when there is a shortage

of supply of course, prices go up.

0:24:240:24:27

40 per cent since September.

0:24:270:24:37

In the unintended consequences of

globalisation, when we reported on

0:24:380:24:46

those fires, we never projected

forward and thought this would have

0:24:460:24:50

an impact on hot cross buns. Yes,

these are supposed to be eaten on

0:24:500:24:59

Good Friday. For those who do not

know, it is a spicy barn and they

0:24:590:25:04

are traditionally eaten on Good

Friday. In our household, the air in

0:25:040:25:09

the bread then all the time. The

stock food for our children.

They

0:25:090:25:17

were invented in the 14th century by

a monk, how did that monk get his

0:25:170:25:26

reasons? Not from California ISM.

I

think I might have a ransom. Do you

0:25:260:25:36

know the difference between reasons,

sultanas and currents?

You are such

0:25:360:25:42

an know it all. Sultanas are dried

white grapes. Reasons are dried

0:25:420:25:52

black rapes. I would presume the

monks grew their own grapes.

0:25:520:25:59

This is Beyond 100

Days from the BBC.

0:25:590:26:01

Coming up for viewers

on the BBC News Channel

0:26:010:26:03

and BBC World News -

when you're the president's senior

0:26:030:26:05

advisor and daughter,

where do you draw the line

0:26:050:26:07

between family and business?

0:26:070:26:14

Very cold weather and it has been

well talked about, now it

0:26:140:26:19

Very cold weather and it has been

well talked about, now it is here.

0:26:190:26:21

Already some of us have had snow

showers or snow flurries. Bitterly

0:26:210:26:26

cold day from Siberia running across

much of Europe and the UK. This

0:26:260:26:33

pressure from the south will come

into the cold air and make it more

0:26:330:26:37

widespread. The first part of the

night, snow showers to the east. Two

0:26:370:26:46

things to notice, this line inside

East Anglia and this area is now

0:26:460:26:50

running north-east up to Yorkshire

and into the Midlands and into at

0:26:500:26:56

least in Scotland as well. These

areas most likely to see disruptive

0:26:560:27:01

snow going into the morning. The Met

Office Hazzard amber warning in

0:27:010:27:07

Forss versus looks, and the London

area. Another amber warning for

0:27:070:27:13

parts of Yorkshire, north-east

England's, perhaps ten centimetres

0:27:130:27:20

of snow, wet snow as well so

accumulating rather than blowing

0:27:200:27:24

around like powdery snow. Disruption

as possible in some spots. Some snow

0:27:240:27:29

in parts of Wales. Further snow

showers on Tuesday. Some sunny

0:27:290:27:35

spells around, some in the West. The

showers will stay dry. It will feel

0:27:350:27:41

colder than the temperatures

suggest. Ahead to Wednesday, this

0:27:410:27:45

area of concern is moving north.

Into eastern England and Northern

0:27:450:27:58

Shortland, # northern Scotland. You

can see the showers moving in as we

0:27:580:28:02

go through Wednesday. Some spread

all the way from east to west across

0:28:020:28:07

the UK, reaching parts of Northern

Ireland. Feeling cold and in these

0:28:070:28:12

temperatures suggest when you factor

in the winter. It feels well below

0:28:120:28:16

freezing and the wind gets even

stronger. This area of low pressure

0:28:160:28:21

is coming into the cold air from the

size. There is a risk of heavy

0:28:210:28:28

disruptive snow spreading north,

making blizzards as well.

0:28:280:28:38

This is Beyond 100 Days,

with me Katty Kay in Washington -

0:30:100:30:12

Christian Fraser's in London.

0:30:120:30:13

Our top stories.

0:30:130:30:15

Vladimir Putin, a key ally

of the Syrian regime orders a daily

0:30:150:30:19

humanitarian pause in the fighting

to allow civilians to leave.

0:30:190:30:24

Nigeria deploys extra troops

and planes to search for 110

0:30:240:30:27

schoolgirls believed to have been

abducted by Boko Haram last week.

0:30:270:30:34

Coming up in the next half hour.

0:30:340:30:36

The UK's Labour Leader Jeremy Corbyn

sets out key details

0:30:360:30:38

of his party's Brexit policy -

he wants the UK to negotiate

0:30:380:30:41

a new customs union with the EU.

0:30:410:30:43

Braving the beast from the East -

Europe shivers as the Siberian blast

0:30:430:30:46

hits - how long will it last?

0:30:460:30:54

Let us know your thoughts by using

the hashtag Beyond 100 Days.

0:30:540:31:04

The Nigerian airforce is scouring

the north East of the country

0:31:040:31:07

looking for 110 girls

who were kidnapped from

0:31:070:31:10

a school last Monday.

0:31:100:31:13

Four years after Boko Haram took

more than 270 girls in Chibok -

0:31:130:31:16

this latest kidnapping got very

little global attention.

0:31:160:31:19

And yet the same Islamist militant

group is thought to be responsible.

0:31:190:31:23

So let's remind you

what Boko Haram is.

0:31:230:31:25

It's been around since 2002.

0:31:250:31:28

They follow a strict

interpretation of the Koran,

0:31:280:31:30

opposing Western style education.

0:31:300:31:33

The military operations began

in 2009, and they've been focused

0:31:330:31:36

on the north-eastern part

of the country.

0:31:360:31:38

The US has listed it

as a terrorist organisation.

0:31:380:31:47

Of the 276 schoolgirls the group

took from Chibok in 2014,

0:31:470:31:49

100 of them are still missing.

0:31:500:31:51

That same year, copying the tactics

of the Islamic State,

0:31:510:31:54

they set up their own caliphate

in areas under Boko Haram's control.

0:31:540:31:57

A regional coalition -

made up of troops from Nigeria,

0:31:570:32:00

Cameroon, Chad and Niger -

has recaptured most

0:32:000:32:01

of the besieged region.

0:32:020:32:06

But Boko Haram militants

continue to operate

0:32:060:32:08

and with some effectiveness

in the country's north.

0:32:080:32:15

Let's get the thoughts

of Linda Thomas-Greenfield,

0:32:150:32:17

who was assistant secretary of state

for African affairs.

0:32:170:32:19

She joins me in the studio.

0:32:190:32:24

Why did he get so much attention on

the previous group of girls that

0:32:240:32:29

disappeared and this story has

almost passed us by?

It is a

0:32:290:32:35

difficult question. This kind of

terrorism in Africa does not get the

0:32:350:32:38

same attention that terrorism gets

elsewhere.

Chibok was shocking. I

0:32:380:32:51

was under the impression that the

Nigerian Government had been

0:32:510:32:56

effective against Boko Haram. What

does it say about the organisation

0:32:560:32:59

that it can still do this?

The

organisation has made every attempt

0:32:590:33:04

to let the world know that they are

still out there and they are still

0:33:040:33:09

having an impact in Nigeria. It is

important that the Nigerian

0:33:090:33:13

Government continues its efforts to

go after Boko Haram and stop the

0:33:130:33:17

carnage they are causing in northern

Nigeria.

0:33:170:33:22

When you talk about the group IDC

does not have the same focus as

0:33:220:33:26

Islamic State. In 2015 it was cited

as the most deadly organisation in

0:33:260:33:33

the world, why has the United States

not got to grips with this group?

It

0:33:330:33:37

is not the United States. You cannot

blame the US for this terrorist

0:33:370:33:44

activity. There are a lot of

terrorist organisations that are

0:33:440:33:48

demanding attention and the world is

focused on Syria, and is not focus

0:33:480:33:53

on Africa. The Nigerian Government

and the press in particular needs to

0:33:530:33:57

make sure that you get the news out

that this is still happening in

0:33:570:34:04

Africa and it is having a major

impact.

I know that it was a focus

0:34:040:34:11

after 2014, and it has affected a

huge area of Western Africa. This is

0:34:110:34:19

a very big group across an awful lot

of countries.

Can you hear me?

No, I

0:34:190:34:29

lost you.

We have had a

communications failure. One of the

0:34:290:34:37

critical issues in Africa is trying

to get more girls into education, as

0:34:370:34:42

there a knock-on impact in families

been reluctance to send their

0:34:420:34:46

children to school?

That is my

biggest worry, in an area where

0:34:460:34:50

girls education is not given the

attention it should get and girls

0:34:500:34:54

are not being sent to school, and

girls are now being sent to school,

0:34:540:34:58

to have them televised sends a very

negative message. My biggest concern

0:34:580:35:03

is that parents will start having

second thoughts about sending their

0:35:030:35:07

girls to school. We have to work

with the Nigerians to address this

0:35:070:35:12

issue because the education of girls

is extremely important.

0:35:120:35:20

We were getting mixed messages from

the Nigerian Government. This is

0:35:200:35:25

behind some of the fact that the

story has not been reported earlier.

0:35:250:35:31

Look at the global attention on

Chibok, and some of those girls were

0:35:310:35:35

recovered.

The president put out each week the

0:35:350:35:43

other day saying it was a national

disaster, perhaps that explains why

0:35:430:35:48

they are doubling their efforts at

the moment.

0:35:480:35:53

The British Government is seeking

to reassure the devolved governments

0:35:530:35:59

that taking backing control of power

from Brussels does not

0:35:590:36:01

amount to a Westminster power grab.

0:36:010:36:03

David Liddington who is

Theresa May's number two, says

0:36:030:36:05

the nations of the United Kingdom

need to work as one

0:36:050:36:07

to secure the best possible

trade deals post Brexit.

0:36:070:36:09

The Cabinet Office Minister has

promised to strengthen

0:36:090:36:11

and enhance powers for Wales,

Scotland and Northern Ireland.

0:36:110:36:15

The vast majority of powers

returning from Brussels he says

0:36:150:36:19

will be returned to the devolved

nations and he explained why

0:36:190:36:22

he believed that would work well

for the whole of the UK.

0:36:220:36:30

Our new proposal reflects the

seriousness of our desire to strike

0:36:300:36:34

agreements with devolved

governments, our seriousness about

0:36:340:36:37

delivering more powers to Scotland,

Wales, Northern Ireland, while at

0:36:370:36:42

the same time making sure there are

no new barriers for people across

0:36:420:36:46

the nations of the United Kingdom so

families can continue to buy and

0:36:460:36:50

sell freely, businesses will not

face extra bureaucracy and higher

0:36:500:36:56

costs, so people face minimal

disruption and maximum certainty

0:36:560:36:59

that things can carry on as normal.

0:36:590:37:01

Stephen Gethins is the SNP's

spokesperson on matters

0:37:010:37:03

to do with the Europe.

0:37:030:37:04

We caught up with him

a short time ago.

0:37:040:37:08

I asked him if they believe when and

if the UK gets freedom to negotiate

0:37:080:37:13

trade deals Westminster will act in

the interests of the entire UK.

On

0:37:130:37:18

the point of the Prime Minister

talking about leaving the customs

0:37:180:37:21

union and single market we know from

the Government's order analysis that

0:37:210:37:24

that would be devastating for jobs

and the economy in each and every

0:37:240:37:30

part of the UK. Although it would

not be good for our partners

0:37:300:37:32

elsewhere in Europe and further

afield that would be even worse for

0:37:320:37:37

businesses and the economy in the

United Kingdom, including Scotland.

0:37:370:37:40

What we think is that those areas

that are devolved to the Scottish

0:37:400:37:46

Parliament should remain the

responsibility of the devolved

0:37:460:37:50

administrationss and that is

something that was promised to us by

0:37:500:37:54

the UK Government during the EU

referendum.

What David Luddington

0:37:540:37:58

has said today is that to protect

the UK internal market and to meet

0:37:580:38:04

international obligations there

should be one set of common rules

0:38:040:38:07

that would apply to these trade

deals and he is saying that if you

0:38:070:38:11

devolve some of the crucial things

that are up for negotiation in the

0:38:110:38:14

trade deal you make it more

complicated, and you undermine the

0:38:140:38:20

entire UK economy.

I am not sure why

he is making the case in that way,

0:38:200:38:24

does not make sense. The Scottish

Government has ready said on some

0:38:240:38:29

issues, issues that were the

responsibility of the EU, like food

0:38:290:38:34

labelling, maybe it makes sense to

have a go at this at a pan UK level,

0:38:340:38:39

but the Scottish Parliament has got

a clear set of responsibilities, and

0:38:390:38:43

if you look at the Tory party's

economic mismanagement and a

0:38:430:38:46

disastrous is taking us down, I

trust the Scottish Parliament is

0:38:460:38:50

more with the Scottish economy and

making sense on the economy for the

0:38:500:38:55

entire UK, than I trust the UK

Government at the moment. We were

0:38:550:38:59

promised that we would be given all

the powers that we have got, they

0:38:590:39:04

would be a powers bonanza for

Scotland, therefore I want to see a

0:39:040:39:09

dual where the Scottish economy can

thrive, or at least the least worst

0:39:090:39:13

option, that includes keeping the

powers we have got, although there

0:39:130:39:17

will be some areas from work with

the United Kingdom, but also other

0:39:170:39:21

areas where we were promised powers,

such as over immigration. Scotland

0:39:210:39:25

needs immigration, freedom of

movement is a good thing, that is

0:39:250:39:29

yet another broken promise from the

Conservative Party Government and

0:39:290:39:33

they break their promises this

crucial areas cable break.

Says on

0:39:330:39:37

other areas. And editors, in your

words a power grab, then what?

If it

0:39:370:39:46

is a power grab the Scottish

Parliament should have responsible

0:39:460:39:49

to you over these areas and in terms

of what happens in the future of the

0:39:490:39:53

Scottish Parliament is preparing

legislation. Also there has to be a

0:39:530:39:57

legislative consent motion that goes

through the Scottish Parliament

0:39:570:40:00

because the Westminster Parliament

is not able to legislate over areas

0:40:000:40:04

that are the responsibility of the

Scottish Parliament. Not just from

0:40:040:40:09

the SNP but the other parties in the

Scottish Parliament, we know that

0:40:090:40:12

the plant as they stand are not

acceptable to the Scottish

0:40:120:40:16

Parliament and different that

legislative consent motion would not

0:40:160:40:19

be given.

Very good to talk to you.

Thank you for being with us.

0:40:190:40:28

Divisions within the fabric of the

UK, the Government has got quite a

0:40:280:40:32

challenge.

0:40:320:40:33

Censors in China are erasing online

criticism of the announcement

0:40:330:40:36

that the president, Xi Jinping,

could stay in power indefinitely.

0:40:360:40:38

The phrase "two term

limit" has been blocked.

0:40:380:40:41

As has "Winnie the Pooh" -

the lovable British bear character

0:40:410:40:43

Xi is often compared to.

0:40:430:40:46

This comes after the Communist Party

proposed removing presidential

0:40:460:40:50

conditions, which limits

presidencies to two five-year terms.

0:40:500:40:54

Let's get more on this

with the author Yukon Huang who's

0:40:540:40:57

from the Carnegie Endowment

for International Peace.

0:40:570:41:03

There was quite a backlash against

this announcement with people online

0:41:030:41:07

in China saying they would be

compared to North Korea, this is

0:41:070:41:10

what the neighbours are doing, it is

too much like an authoritarian

0:41:100:41:15

regime will are you surprised by the

backlash and surprised by the

0:41:150:41:20

crackdown on social media?

Not

surprise. Those who put their faith

0:41:200:41:26

on the fact that China is moving

forward with stable political

0:41:260:41:32

evolution, including term limits for

the presidency, are disappointed.

0:41:320:41:36

Those who are still hoping for

progress and social and economic

0:41:360:41:43

objectives, it remains to be seen

whether this will help or hurt that

0:41:430:41:48

process.

It does look like Xi

Jinping is amassing considerable

0:41:480:41:51

power in the country and he wants to

keep it.

Ybor City but in a

0:41:510:41:56

particular way, the presidency as

itself does not have power. -- he

0:41:560:42:04

wants to keep it in a particular

way. What does that mean that he

0:42:040:42:10

wants the title of president for

more than the term, he wants to make

0:42:100:42:15

the Constitution paramount in

guiding China in the future.

I

0:42:150:42:22

suppose when he looks at the

instability in the West, in

0:42:220:42:25

so-called stable countries, Brexit,

Mr Trump, the rise of the far right,

0:42:250:42:33

his focus on continuity and

stability, you can understand why

0:42:330:42:36

you might want to fix himself in

position in some time.

This has made

0:42:360:42:41

it easier. He points to the West,

disorder, divided and Parliament,

0:42:410:42:47

inability to move forward, the

vision for the last three - five

0:42:470:42:52

years, more prosperous, more

powerful on a global sense, this

0:42:520:43:00

aggregation of power gives both time

and authority to meet these kind

0:43:000:43:03

long-term objectives.

What does it

mean in geopolitical terms, how does

0:43:030:43:10

it affect relationships across the

globe of years there for the long

0:43:100:43:13

term?

Jonah's advantage in terms of

foreign policy making is that they

0:43:130:43:20

can think in terms of decades

whereas the West is often driven by

0:43:200:43:23

election cycles. The advantage of

China in terms of foreign policy.

0:43:230:43:36

That's probably strengthens his

hand. Thank you for joining us.

0:43:360:43:44

I've while ago we talked about Xi

Jinping wanting to seize this moment

0:43:440:43:48

because they saw Donald Trump as an

opportunity, while the world was

0:43:480:43:53

distracted, they could move forward

with amassing a certain amount of

0:43:530:43:57

power and expanding global outreach.

That is also the point that was just

0:43:570:44:01

me dear, you get Democrat and

Republican governments and there is

0:44:010:44:07

flip-flop in international

relations, he is there for the long

0:44:070:44:10

term, that is a long path ahead, and

that will make China more

0:44:100:44:15

competitive on the world stage.

Unless there is a backlash against

0:44:150:44:18

this consolidation of power that he

is doing.

0:44:180:44:24

The UK's was senior counterterrorism

officer has revealed that for attack

0:44:240:44:29

plots were foiled last year. He

described the threat from far right

0:44:290:44:35

terrorism as organised and

significant and said he wanted to

0:44:350:44:38

highlight the recent growth of

right-wing terrorism.

We have always

0:44:380:44:43

had right-wing groups who organise

protests and hate crime and a degree

0:44:430:44:51

of criminality. Occasionally in the

past we have had lawn actors

0:44:510:44:56

committing right-wing terrorism but

what we have no is a degree of

0:44:560:44:59

organisation. 18 months ago the Home

Secretary declarant National Action

0:44:590:45:10

a terrorist organisation. They are

home-grown white supremacist

0:45:100:45:14

terrorist organisation, that has to

be a matter of concern that we have

0:45:140:45:18

that degree of organisation here,

and that reflects in number of

0:45:180:45:22

arrests and the fact we are now

announcing a combination of

0:45:220:45:27

organised and individuals acting

that has led to four plots being

0:45:270:45:31

foiled last year.

0:45:310:45:34

A mother and her three children have

narrowly escaped a fire in Houston.

0:45:340:45:38

Dramatic pictures show how

firefighters managed to get them out

0:45:380:45:46

after their apartment caught fire.

0:45:470:45:48

Officials say no one was hurt

and everyone accounted for.

0:45:480:45:50

Germany has moved a step

closer to ending months

0:45:500:45:52

of political deadlock.

0:45:520:45:53

Chancellor Merkel's Christian

Democrats have approved

0:45:530:45:55

a planned coalition.

0:45:550:45:57

But their proposed partners,

the Social Democrats,

0:45:570:46:00

still need the deal cleared

by their membership.

0:46:000:46:09

Several senior European Union

politicians have condemned

0:46:090:46:10

the killing of a Slovak

investigative journalist.

0:46:100:46:12

Jan Kuciak recently reported

on alleged tax fraud involving

0:46:120:46:14

a luxury property development,

with links to Slovakia's

0:46:140:46:16

interior minister.

0:46:160:46:17

Both the minister and

developer deny wrongdoing.

0:46:170:46:25

If one thing is certain

about Mr Trump it's that he likes

0:46:250:46:28

to surround himself with his family.

0:46:280:46:30

People like Jared Kushner, his son

and in law, and Ivanka Trump,

0:46:300:46:36

his daughter and senior

White House advisor.

0:46:360:46:38

But what happens when

lines are blurred?

0:46:380:46:39

Can there ever really be

a distinction between personal

0:46:390:46:42

and professional relationships

when your father is President

0:46:420:46:46

of the United States?

0:46:460:46:50

Here's Ivanka talking to NBC's

0:46:500:46:51

Peter Alexander in South Korea.

0:46:510:46:58

Do you believe your father's

accusers? That is an appropriate --

0:46:580:47:03

that is not an appropriate question

to ask. He has stated there is no

0:47:030:47:10

truth to it. That is not a question

you would ask many other daughters.

0:47:100:47:16

I believe my father. I know my

father.

0:47:160:47:20

The problem is that many other

daughters do not also have what is

0:47:200:47:25

basically a political position in

the White House as an adviser to the

0:47:250:47:29

president of the United States and I

am not sure you could have it both

0:47:290:47:33

ways, have that title, access to

information and state secrets,

0:47:330:47:37

because she went to South Korea, to

talk about new sanctions against

0:47:370:47:43

North Korea, that suggests high

level of access, and then to say

0:47:430:47:48

that the question cannot be asked.

He has got to make an appointment to

0:47:480:47:55

the Civil Aviation Authority.

The

federal aviation authority.

The

0:47:550:47:59

equivalent of the Civil Aviation

Authority. He is proposing his own

0:47:590:48:05

personal pilot, someone who he has

known for years, to a position, you

0:48:050:48:10

could question whether he has the

know-how and experience to do a job

0:48:100:48:14

like that. That is not the first

time that a nominee that has the

0:48:140:48:17

bridge followed by Mr Trump was

questioned for his experience.

The

0:48:170:48:21

pilots in question, Donald Trump

used to sit on the runway, sometimes

0:48:210:48:27

the airline would be delayed, he

used to say, if only you had a pilot

0:48:270:48:35

running the authority you would not

have these delays. It is an

0:48:350:48:40

indication of how he likes to

surround himself once again with

0:48:400:48:44

people who come from his inner

circle.

0:48:440:48:46

This is Beyond 100 Days.

0:48:460:48:48

Still to come -

An icy-cold Colosseum -

0:48:480:48:50

Rome sees snow for the first time

in six years and other European

0:48:500:48:53

cities are bracing for more of it.

0:48:530:49:00

Five people are now known to have

died in a large explosion

0:49:000:49:03

in Leicester last night,

which destroyed a building

0:49:030:49:06

in the middle of a parade of shops.

0:49:060:49:08

Five others remain in hospital,

one is said to be in

0:49:080:49:10

a serious condition.

0:49:100:49:11

Emergency teams have been searching

through the wreckage,

0:49:110:49:13

as Sima Kotecha reports from

Leicester.

0:49:130:49:22

Plumes of smoke

billowing into the sky.

0:49:220:49:24

Last night an explosion.

0:49:240:49:30

A shop and the flat

above it were destroyed.

0:49:300:49:32

Flames shot up into the air.

0:49:320:49:35

Towering over the

surrounding buildings.

0:49:350:49:38

I heard a big bang.

0:49:380:49:40

The owner of the shop

was inside at the

0:49:400:49:43

time.

0:49:430:49:45

I didn't know what was that

and I found myself on the floor.

0:49:450:49:49

Eyes open.

0:49:490:49:52

Looking up.

0:49:520:50:02

Half of my body was

under the, how to say,

0:50:020:50:05

bricks and rubble.

0:50:050:50:06

How do you feel?

0:50:060:50:08

I don't know how to tell you.

0:50:080:50:08

Never I feel how I am now.

0:50:080:50:12

Well, the shop was a Polish

supermarket and had

0:50:120:50:14

only been operational since January.

0:50:140:50:17

Firefighters today spent hours

wading through rubble, trying to

0:50:170:50:18

find survivors.

0:50:180:50:25

Police have confirmed

that five people died

0:50:250:50:26

inside the building and several

are in hospital with injuries.

0:50:260:50:28

But there could be more.

0:50:280:50:29

We can't confirm exact numbers.

0:50:290:50:34

We are working on the possibility

there could be people

0:50:340:50:38

still within the building

and we will sweep

0:50:380:50:48

through with our teams

to

0:50:480:50:49

make sure that we have located

everybody that could be in there.

0:50:490:50:52

Investigators will start

looking for the cause

0:50:520:50:54

of the explosion, once

the

0:50:540:50:55

search and rescue effort ends

and the area is declared safe.

0:50:550:51:05

You're watching Beyond 100 Days.

0:51:060:51:08

Heavy snow is falling

0:51:080:51:09

in the UK and Europe as cold winds

from Siberia sweep

0:51:090:51:12

across the continent.

0:51:120:51:16

The so-called beast from the east

is bringing freezing temperatures

0:51:160:51:18

and disrupting transport -

forcing the cancellation of train

0:51:180:51:20

services and flights.

0:51:200:51:30

Rome has seen its first snow in six

years while other cities in Germany,

0:51:310:51:39

France, Sweden and Austria have

also been blanketed.

0:51:390:51:43

Authorities are warning more

freezing weather is on the way.

0:51:430:51:53

BBC Weather's Louise Lear joins me.

0:51:540:52:04

In the wind it is called, who

called?

0:52:110:52:17

It is going to get colder. In Russia

temperatures had fallen 2-40, it is

0:52:170:52:25

that called air coming from Siberia

that is affecting all of Europe. It

0:52:250:52:29

is a significant late winter

service.

0:52:290:52:33

You have got some graphics about the

beast from the East.

0:52:330:52:36

We have been forecasting this for

over one week. Most people should be

0:52:360:52:40

aware that is coming. It is called

air coming right out of Siberia. The

0:52:400:52:47

high pressure is sitting across

Scandinavia and that wins circulate

0:52:470:52:51

in a clockwise direction sucking

that called you in.

0:52:510:52:54

Normally we get it from the other

direction? When it is low pressure

0:52:540:52:59

at the go anticlockwise but we are

and the influence of that high.

0:52:590:53:03

At the moment we have significant

snow across the Ukraine, Bulgaria,

0:53:030:53:07

Romania. And you can see those snow

showers across Italy as well. But

0:53:070:53:16

look at what is happening in Iberia.

Portugal and Spain.

0:53:160:53:22

Is that snow? It is, across the

Pyrenees and into France. The

0:53:220:53:31

Portuguese met surface. Strong winds

and buzzards.

0:53:310:53:48

I am glad I did not have to look at

your leggings.

0:53:490:53:59

I have two as to what extent this is

an impact of climate change?

0:53:590:54:04

We are heading into March. The

diplomatic answer for that one is

0:54:040:54:14

that it is difficult to take one

specific set of events and apply

0:54:140:54:23

that to climate change. We have seen

some extreme weather that it has

0:54:230:54:28

actually been quite mild in new look

for part of the winter and across

0:54:280:54:32

into that unites States you will

have seen some extreme weather, it

0:54:320:54:36

has been bitterly cold, and in New

York one week ago I was talking

0:54:360:54:42

about a record-breaking heat for

February. They brought an 80 year

0:54:420:54:47

record with temperatures as high as

26 degrees.

0:54:470:54:50

It was like some of the other day.

We were all out in T-shirts. How

0:54:500:54:58

many of these extreme events do you

need in one season before you can

0:54:580:55:02

definitively say this is an impact

of climate change?

0:55:020:55:06

If I could predict that I would not

be sitting here doing this job, I

0:55:060:55:10

would be far higher up in the

echelons.

0:55:100:55:19

How long this is going to last in

Europe? At the moment the signs are

0:55:190:55:24

that it will be here for at least

one week and even into next week we

0:55:240:55:28

are still going to seek significant

calls but a little less calls.

0:55:280:55:33

Beginning of March, first week of

meteorological spring, it looks like

0:55:330:55:40

there is nothing particularly

springlike until the middle of next

0:55:400:55:42

week.

That beast from the East might be

0:55:420:55:47

suffering from a performance crisis,

it has to live up to the billing it

0:55:470:55:51

as hard, everybody is shivering and

looking at the forecasts, but it

0:55:510:55:55

could be pretty cool this week.

Just really glad he does not flash

0:55:550:56:00

your legs on television.

0:56:000:56:04

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