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You're watching Beyond One
Hundred Days on PBS.
The politics of grief.
Donald Trump proposes some
restrictions on guns
but defends America's gun lobby
as great patriots.
proposals include things
the powerful National Rifle
Association is unlikely to accept.
In Washington, the head of the NRA
says the Democratic Party
doesn't believe in freedom
and dismisses calls for gun control.
To stop a bad guy with a gun,
it takes a good guy with a gun.
At an hour-long meeting
at the White House,
the President reiterated his desire
to see trained teachers
carry guns in schools.
Also on the programme:
A vote in the UN
security council to spare more
bloodshed in the Syrian enclave
of Eastern Ghoutta is
delayed by the Russians.
The UN is calling for
a 30-day ceasefire.
The demands on the waters
of the Nile are increasing.
We report from Sudan, where further
efforts to dam the river
are creating regional tensions.
Get in touch with us
using the hashtag...
Hello and welcome -
I'm Katty Kay in New York,
and Christian Fraser is in London.
A week after the school
shooting in Florida,
America's gun lobby has finally
spoken up - and it
is not compromising.
As grieving parents and traumatized
children confront lawmakers
and the President, asking
for something be done to stop
the country's mass killings,
the NRA chief is blaming Democrats.
Wayne LaPierre is defiant.
As head of the organisation that
lobbies and funds politicians
on behalf of the gun industry
he is determined to prevent any
on gun sales in the US.
But many of the teenagers,
and their parents, who've spoken up
since the Florida attack,
say the NRA is out of
with the country, and is making
schools less safe.
As usual, the opportunists wasted
not one second to exploit tragedy
for political gain.
The breakback speed of calls
for more gun control
laws and the breathless national
media, eager to smear the NRA.
to learn the finer detail
of the President's gun reforms,
but under consideration,
a proposal to arm some teachers,
raising the minimum age to buy
certain types of firearms,
and enhanced background checks.
Just a short time ago,
President Trump met with state
and local officials and had
this to say.
And I think we are making a lot
of progress, and I can tell
you there there is a tremendous
feeling that we
want get something done.
And we're leading that
feeling, I hope, but it
is a great feeling,
including at the NRA,
including with Republican senators
and hopefully Democrat
senators in Congress.
Let's get reaction
to the day's events
from Mica Mobascher.
She's a political commentator
and a member of the 2020
Trump Campaign National Advisory
Let me put a proposition to do.
Because President Trump is trusted
by Dan on us, and you are a member
of the NRA, is he actually the
president who might be able to shift
something when it comes to garner
laws, particularly around the age
which people can buy guns in the
Absolutely. The art of the
deal president is all action
orientated, and a very compelling
session he had both students and
parents, many who were grieving,
especially one man who played the
last of his daughter. This signal is
that he is open to bipartisan
decisions, and the raising of the
minimum wage for AR-15 weapons is
something that the NRA is pushing
back against, and it is something
that the White House has signalled
that the president would be open to
supporting. Additionally, I feel
that he is looking into closing
those loopholes and efficiencies in
the national instant criminal tax
system that is used when you buy it
gun, and there is a bipartisan bill,
and the president is fully behind
this. Additionally, I would be
remiss if I did not bring up the
blistering attacks, well deserved,
on the FBI, his command centre,
which is a central call centre in
West Virginia deal to pass on
details, two text they received that
Nikolas Cruz had been identified as
a clear and present danger to
himself and potentially to those
around him. The BIA has an $8.9
billion budget, it is a bloated
bureaucracy with 35,000 employees,
56 field offices, and there have
been other deficiencies in the FBI
pointed out in the past, including
the former supervisor of the
management division make make man,
who in 2009 reported to his
supervisors and two assistant at the
idyllic that they were deficiencies
and failures are political that are
interfering with national security.
We need to hold agencies like the
FBI are accountable, Donal President
Trump will do so.
There is no
question there is a different tone
coming from the president. I want to
take you back to April 20 17th at
the candidate convention. This is
what he said.
I will never ever infringe on it the
right of the people to keep and bear
He has talked about Nix, but he has
also talked about banning public
stocks, maybe automatic weapons.
LaPeirre did not letting any of
that. Addy headed for a
I am concerned that
you can buy an AR-15 weapon when you
are not old enough to buy a beer. DN
Ali is pushing background as a
raising of the 80s to purchase
firearms as an infringement on
second Amendment is, but I don't see
product complements -- brother
compromise interferes with the right
to buy a gun. I think that President
Trump has the strength of leadership
to confront this and other tough
issues, especially from the very
powerful can lobby, with 500 million
Thank you very much for
Last night, the survivors
of the school shooting took part
in a nationally televised
town hall event.
One of the stand out moments
involved 17-year old Cameron Kasky,
one of the founders
of the #NeverAgain movement,
who put this question
to Senator Marco Rubio.
Senator Rubio, can you
tell me right now that
you will not accept a single
donation from the NRA in the future?
Well, number one,
the positions I hold on
this issue of the Second Amendment,
I've held since the day I entered
office in the city of Western Miami
as an elected official.
No, the answer to the questions
is that people buy into my
agenda, and I do support
the second Amendment,
and I also support
right of you and everyone here to be
able to go to school and be safe.
Senator reviewer took to $20 million
from the NRA.
Well, let's get more reaction
from Republican Florida
State Representative Randy Fine -
he's in Tallahassee.
-- 2.3 million. Just talk to us
about Marco Rubio there. He is
talking about maybe being able to
ban high-capacity magazines. There's
anything that you would accept in
terms of restrictions on gun sales?
I would like to clear one thing up.
Everyone talks about the legislator
being bought and paid for by the
NRA. As far as I know, the NRA has
not given a single dollar to a
candid running for Florida in at
least 16 years. Those of us to be
lead in the right to keep and bear
arms, we believe it because we
believe it, not because anybody is
paying us too.
But do they put the
money in Congress, where the big
bullet scars that are taken?
just a small representative in
Florida. I think we are going to
have a comprehensive package of
reforms. It will come out in the
next few hours. It is really going
to tackle all of the issues, because
the fact remains we had all the laws
in place to catch this file killer
before it happened, yet the
Government failed in its
responsibility to do so, so why do
we keep giving this same Government
more power to solve the problem, I'm
One change to the lot that
the president has again talked about
in Washington is raising the age
that you can buy an assault weapon
from 18 to 21. That would have
changed the situation here. Nikolas
Cruz was 19. Would you support that
change to the legislation?
Cruz seems to have been sufficiently
convinced that I believe he would
have barred and find another weapon.
Just answer the question, which you
support raising the age?
I am open
to discussing it, but the question
is not an accurate one. And Florida,
it is already illegal to buy some
semiautomatic weapons until 21.
There are other magazines where it
is not. It is a simple matter of
looking at consistencies in our laws
and Father Almighty 's us transit
should be rather than some of them.
Would you also support looking at
high-capacity magazine clips, which
allows tutors to fire something like
30 bullets, are even more before the
half to pass?
I think we need to be
very careful before the infringe on
people's second Amendment rights.
And this country, we don't leave you
punish the matches because of the
mistakes of the few. They are 5
million AR-15 is in the United
States, only five had been used in
mass casualties shootings. We have
to keep in mind that the
overwhelming majority of gun owners
handle them any responsible way, and
they scared of restricting their
legs because of the actions of a few
We had from Mr LaPierre that
freedoms are being taken away. What
freedom is therefore students are
too frightened to go to school are
being protected by teachers who are
arms or who are locked up behind
The fact of the matter is
that we have to protect our kids,
and whether it is from an AR-15
someone who wants to run people of
use a pressure cooker filled with
ball bearings as happened in Boston,
we need to protect our kids. There
are things we are going to be doing.
But more important than protecting
our kids, we need to figure out what
is going on with their kids that
makes them think this is a good
idea. The high school that I would
do, we had guns hanging on the racks
of pick-up trucks 25 years ago, yet
it never occurred to anyone to use
those to shoot people. We need to
focus on the symptoms. Don't get me
wrong, but we need to focus on the
underlying issues with what is going
wrong with their children that is
making some of them believe this is
Really good of you to
spare us back some time. Thank you
very much indeed. That speech from
Mr Lucky, it was quite a job link --
that speech from Mr LaPierre, it was
quite a jaw-dropping. Time and
again, he kept referring back to
this second Amendment. We have had
an awful lot about it. It is
interesting, because this second
Amendment is what is used by people
who support gun rights and the
country to say that there should be
no restrictions on guns, but
actually four tent in the past
decade federal appeals court in the
United States have ruled that
banning assault weapons is legal
under this second Amendment, so they
have also said that the Supreme
Court has said that gun rights are
not unlimited, i:e., gone rights are
limited in the country. So, there is
a debate about these weapons of war,
one of the file in the definition of
self defence or not, because that is
what the second Amendment protects,
but that they are just used to cause
harm, and should not be in people's
hands. It seems like the courts and
the Supreme Court do think that some
restrictions on assault weapons act
constitutional, but that is not an
argument duty from the gun lobby.
The residents of Eastern
Ghouta are living
without food, water and electricity.
In one area, 80% of the population
is now living underground.
Those grim figures come from the UN,
where the Security Council
is meeting in New York and is right
now debating a draft resolution
to end the bombing of
civilians in the enclave.
The resolution calls
for a month-long truce to get
emergency supplies into the area.
But of course Russia has
the power to veto this plan,
and their ambassador has already
signalled there is no agreement.
It will not be easy.
Our Middle East editor Jeremy Bowen
has this report which does contain
some very distressing images.
What air strikes, more bombs and
more casualties. It is not letting
up. Armed rebels in eastern good has
have shelled Damascus, but enormous
damage is being done by the Syrian
Armed Forces and the Russian Alice,
deploying much more firepower in
places where civilians live and die.
Two sisters were in their home...
Warplanes bombed out building.
Now, look at home.
Getting on for 400,000
people terrified by
the sight and sound of aircraft,
are thought to be in eastern Ghouta,
which is the size of Manchester.
The Syrians insist they are
targeting terrorists but it's clear
many children are among
the wounded and the dead.
Improvised hospitals have been
set up in cellars and
basements during the years of war.
Now, though, the medics
are at full stretch.
This doctor wanted to send a message
to the people of Britain.
We never wanted the war
and we don't want to live under it.
For the sake of our
children who have been
blown to pieces, for
sake of our children
who have died of hunger,
what we have seen every day has
caused us to collapse and
We don't have anything
more to offer, we are
being bled out.
She was treating 12-year-old
Mohammed who was dying.
His mother had been cooking
breakfast for her family when three
air strikes came in.
I am here
waiting for my son to die.
At least he will be free
of pain, I prayed to God
to end his suffering.
Do we have to appeal to Azure? When
my boy dies, key will go to heaven,
but at least he will be able to eat.
I would like to die with him so that
I can look after him.
So many Syrians have
died in the war.
The killing is escalating.
And once again the world is watching
from a safe distance.
The situation clearly really
desperate Iniesta and get it at the
We can speak
now to David Ignatius,
a journalist for
The Washington Post.
He has just returned
from reporting in Syria.
Just looking at what is happening in
the conclave, if the Russians agreed
to this draft resolution for a 30
day truce, what happens to the
That was a grand airport.
This early in regime, with Russian
backing, is trying to eradicate the
rebel opposition in eastern Ghouta,
just to the east of Damascus. This
has been a stronghold of the
opposition, this is an area where
CIA backed rebels where strong. My
fear is that we are watching a
replay of Aleppo, where again, US
CIA backed forces that were active
were finally destroyed by ruthless
bombing, barrel bombing, vicious
five inbound civilian areas. That is
happening in Eastern Ghouta. The
Russian bass blackbelt want to push
as far as it can. There may be a
ceasefire, as there was often in
Aleppo, but I think they will want
to keep the momentum going.
to talk a little bad about the
carotid seen elsewhere in Syria,
because that is what you have been
looking at. You talked about the
craziness that is unfolding on the
battlefield, and I just want to give
our viewers a favourite of that
editorial. You wrote...
As you say, what we know have is
converging forces with diverging
interests. What is the policy of the
United States amid all that?
honest answer is that the policy of
the United States is confused. This
has become even more than before, a
shooting gallery. The Syrian Civil
War was catastrophic in terms of
loss of life and refugee flow, now
it is becoming a place where there
is little international proxy
warfare going on. The US with its
allies currently occupies about one
third of the country. The US has not
really decided what it wants to do
with that. This Secretary of State
Rex Tillerson has said the US forces
will remain the Ansaldi process
leads towards some kind of
transition, but that is a matter of
years away. What is the US strategy
for stabilising the situation?
Increasingly, I hear people in
Washington talking about the
importance of some kind of dialogue
involving the US, Israel, Russia and
inevitably Syrian regime. I think
the level of budget, the inability
to make any other approach to
transitional works comes means that
at some stage, the new stage will be
a change of policy.
Thank you very
much for joining us.
Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt
have set a deadline
of the end of the month
to try to resolve a long-running
dispute over the Blue Nile,
which is threatening relations
between the three countries.
Ethiopia has almost
finished building one
of the biggest dams in Africa,
to produce hydro-electric power,
but Egypt is worried it
will reduce its water supply.
Our Africa Correspondent
Alastair Leithead sent this
special report from Sudan.
The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
is almost finished.
Africa's biggest hydro-electric
power station has already bridged
And Sudan is waiting expectantly
for the cheap power that
will soon fizz across its border.
But that is not all.
The waters of the Nile transform
the Sudanese desert into a
land of plenty.
First it grew cotton,
a century ago, for British
textile mills, and now
there are vast circles of high
quality cattle feed,
mostly for export to the Gulf.
For Sudan, the great
advantage of this
new dam is to regulate
the flow of the Blue Nile.
This, at the moment,
is a dry season.
They're having to dredge just
so the pumping station
can receive water to
take to the fields.
In the wet season, the level
is as high as that platform - eight
That's what the dam
is going to change.
These are turbulent times.
Sudan's had a decade-long
deal with Egypt, but is
now at odds with its northern
neighbour over how much water the
country can use.
This is Sudan's richest man.
He owns a golf course
as well as the cattle feed farms.
For Sudan, it's wonderful.
I mean, it's really
the best thing that has
happened for a long time.
And I think the combination
of energy and
regular water levels
is a great blessing.
Cheap power to keep his cows
cool and to bring faster
development to eight Sudan emerging
from decades of crippling
But Egypt is firmly against the dam.
The regional rivalries go back
as far as the pyramids...
..the Sudanese pyramids.
Egypt was once ruled
from here, 2000 years ago.
Powers on the Nile rise
and fall, and Ethiopia's
influence is growing.
Water in general is becoming highly
politicised, not only in this
region but elsewhere,
but I think if there is always,
as in our case, between
the three countries,
if the political will is around
involving the high-up authorities
countries, I think it will work out.
But the diplomatic row
is far from settled.
Where the river's two great
tributaries meet in Khartoum, the
blue Nile from Ethiopia
supplies 85% of the water.
And so the dam, and its ability
to control the flow, is
making downstream Egypt nervous.
It is one of the top three places on
the planet most vulnerable to live
in sea level, and the problem is
that two thirds of the Egyptian
population live north of Cairo. If
you don't have water washing down
the river, then you get sallow
nation of that Delta area. So it is
not just about food, water, it is
about livelihoods. It has become a
national security issue for Egypt,
and as we have seems to these
reports, the tension is rising,
because Egypt fears that it is going
to be made more unstable by the
water that is taking upstream. OK,
Begu is some good news from Egypt.
Extraordinary footage has emerged
of the moment a policeman,
caught a little boy who was dangling
from the third floor of a building
in the city of Asyut.
You will see the panic
on the part of the officers,
as they first tried to position
a rug beneath the five-year-old,
but it all happened so quick
that he ended up falling into one
of the policemans arms.
What a catch.
Let's just take a look
again at that in slow mo.
Take a bow, that man.
The little boy, by all
accounts, was uninjured.
Here he is afterwards,
safe and sound, with some
very relieved parents.
This is Beyond
100 Days from the BBC.
Coming up for viewers
on the BBC News Channel
and BBC World News:
bonding in Buckinghamshire
senior ministers meet at the prime
minister's country residence
to try to reconcile their
differences over Brexit.
That's still to come.
It looks as though we will seek more
sunshine as we head towards the
weekend. This was the story today.
As you can see by the pictures sent
in from the Scottish Borders.
As you can see by the pictures sent
in from the Scottish Borders. After
a dreary start, the clouds broke up
from that caused, and they will have
spells of sunshine, and will
continue to take clear skies through
the evening, with the exception
being the father was. Under clear
skies and this time of year, that
only leads to one thing- a
widespread frost. Temperatures in
Northern Ireland perhaps holding up
slightly above freezing. It will be
a cloudy, grey start to Northern
Ireland and parts of Scotland. We
will also see a little bit of cloud
coming and all the deep north sea.
You can see below the cloud will
turn to linger, and also to the
Western Isles and into Northern
Ireland. For much of Wales, Central
and southern England, just a little
bit of cloud and they will seek murk
sunshine coming through. Still not a
particularly one day, but it is
going to get even colder, at this
high pressure across Scandinavia
really in the driving seat at the
moment. As we move into Saturday,
there will be more of a breeze,
particularly on the exposed coast,
that will make it feel quite fresh
out there. Hopefully, some sunshine
to compensate. And again, perhaps
Northern Ireland will have more
cloud. It'll be chilly on Saturday.
Into Sunday, almost a repeat
performance. A stronger breeze down
into East Anglia and the south-east,
making it feel much colder than the
temperatures suggest. Temperatures
around five to 7 degrees. You have
probably had that it is going to get
even colder still, with the air
originating all the way from
Siberia. Over the next few days, it
really looks as though the
temperatures and set to fall. You
can see that in the outlook.
Temperatures really struggling to
climb. You have been warned.
This is Beyond One
Hundred Days, with me
Katty Kay in New York -
Christian Fraser's in London.
Our top stories.
National Rifle Association backs
the president's call for armed
security at schools
across the United States.
The UN struggles to agree
on a ceasefire in Syria -
as government forces
continue their intense bombardment
of Eastern Ghouta for a 5th day.
Coming up in the next half hour.
Theresa May holds a war
cabinet at the prime
minister's country residence,
Chequers - to try to agree
the government's goals -
in the Brexit process.
And the secrets of success,
why no one can touch Norway
at the Winter Olympics.
Let us know your thoughts
by using the hashtag...
momentous, urgent -
pick any of those words
and they would probably
apply to what's going
on the Prime Minister's country
retreat right now.
Theresa May is surrounded
by her closest ministers
at a meeting at Chequers.
She wants unity - and a common
approach to Britain's
negotiating position with the EU.
But THOSE words - unity,
conservative, and Europe very rarely
appear in the same sentence.
Theresa May has a long
day ahead of her -
and already we're being told
the meeting could go
well into tonight.
Our political correspondent
Alex Forsyth is at Chequers
and we can speak to her now.
The consequences of not finding an
agreement has been spilled out to
everyone in the Conservative Party.
Yes there has been a growing call
for clarity, not just from MPs in
Westminster or people in the UK but
crucially also from the other 27 EU
countries. What we want and what
Theresa May's top team is here for
is to work out the more detail about
what the UK believes is a long-term
relationship with the European
Union. Joined any chance -ish in
period, the tricky part is the
trading relationship. The question
is what will replace the customs
union and single market. How closely
will the EU -- the UK be aligned to
the EU beyond Brexit and what will
some people see as what we are
prepared to trade off regarding
sovereignty to get access to these
markets. These are the kind of thing
is the senior ministers will be
discussing and continue discussing
for the next few hours, to try and
provide the clarity so many people
are calling forth.
It sounds like
they are holed up in a confined area
and have to come out with an
agreement. Given that no secret
about divisions between ministers on
these issues, if you had to stake
your fortune on some of them coming
out with something after this
meeting, we would you point it?
fortune is not that sizeable but
what we can expect from to date is
not fine detail. Firstly, the
British Prime Minister has to be
clear she does not want to conduct
these negotiations in public. She
thinks it would be damaging to give
too much away in terms of public
discourse. I think what we will
too much away in terms of public
discourse. I think what we will get
is some broad statements, perhaps
not to date but in the next week or
so when we expect Theresa
not to date but in the next week or
so when we expect Theresa May to
give more detail, fleshing out the
endgame. This is the senior level
ministers trying to work out what
they want for Brexit long term. That
is just a starting position. It then
has to be negotiated with Brussels.
Once again we hear from the EU there
can be no cherry picking. The UK
cannot have all the benefits without
the rights and obligations of the
EU. The balancing act the Prime
Minister is conducting right now,
will continue for some time.
you very much indeed. Not many
lights on inside checkers. Indeed.
Maybe it is one of those episodes of
Over the past few years there is no
doubt that institutions
in America and around the globe have
taken a beating.
charities and corporations -
all don't hold the same trust
they used to.
According to former US
Labor Secretary Robert Reich its led
to America losing its national
identity and sense of Common Good.
So can it be regained?
That's the topic of Mr Reich's
new book and he joins us
now from Washington.
Thank you for joining us. One of the
things Europeans have admired about
the United States is that people
feel American first. American
Muslims, American Christians,
American Swedes, Americans first and
foremost. Are you suggesting that
model is disappearing?
I think it is
unfortunately. The kind of
xenophobia we have seen, especially
under this administration, is the
culmination of years of decline in
the sense of we, the people. I am
not trying to exclude the rest of
the world. America was always
defined by ideals, not by the colour
of our skin or creed. America was a
set of principles and protection of
laws, freedom of the press but also
rule of law. Preciousness of
democracy. The notion that the type
-- truth was a public good. We have
seen increasingly the decline of
those norms over the years. We are
talking about public morality year.
We have to get back. The book is
about re-establishing those
As those norms
have declined, we have also seen a
rise in income inequality in this
country, stagnation for many people,
either two related?
intimately related. As more and more
of the nation's wealth and income go
to the top, most people begin
believing the game is rigged against
them. Partly because it is. People
are great wealth, large corporations
have power to get deals and
regulations which helped them but
not the average person so wages have
stagnated in the United States for
many years. 35 years in fact, even
though the economy has grown, most
of has gone to the very top. That
sense that the game is rigged, we
see it all so in Europe, it was
behind Brexit and some of the for
Brexit. In the United States it took
the form of a 2016 election which
was anti establishment which put
Donald Trump in the White House and
cause the Democratic nomination to
go to Bernie Sanders almost.
is a phenomenon to both our
countries, when it comes to trump
and Brexit, people do not shift from
whatever position needs it. If you
believed in President Trump, you
will not see eye to eye with the
other side. This is bringing
something new to politics?
become used to politics, we have now
a kind of tribal politics. It used
to be left versus right. Most people
were in the middle. Republicans
versus Democrats. Now you have
people who are very anti
establishment, anti-ruling class
that are both on the left and right.
You also have, and again Donald
Trump has brought this to the fore,
a deep anger between, from the
middle part of the country, many of
them white voters, not college
educated, not all of them but not
college educated tends to describe
most of them, anger what they call
the elites. People who are more
educated and more diverse in many
respects. That anger has seeped into
almost everything. People do not
change their positions, they are
Thank you very much for
joining us. He joined -- he worked
in the Clinton administration. There
was probably more of homogeneity in
the country. It is really from 1990
onwards we see this rising distrust,
along with the rise in income
inequality. As he said, it is
impossible not to believe they are
related. The debate is whether the
institutions in this country are
strong enough to keep the country
That was the question
around their trump election. He has
criticised the law agencies, courts
and the press but most people would
say those agencies are resilient.
The investigating are probably doing
their job as well. The institutions
are holding up. The long-term trend
of fragmentation on the side of the
Atlantic and your side, it is hard
to see how that ends. Talking of
Here in the US, the legacy
of the Black Panther
movement of the 1960s and 70s is one
of racial injustice, black
empowerment, and armed struggle.
These were mostly young,
African-American men who made
headlines with their calls for black
liberation, and their violent
clashes with police.
Now, a new exhibit in New York
focuses on 20 former
Black Panther members -
many who remain incarcerated.
The BBC's Nada Tawfik
went for a look.
It's been half a century
since the Black Panthers marched
through the streets,
with upraised fists,
crying out power to
the people in their black
berets and jackets.
Many of the black
nationalist movement's most
remain in prison today.
They are the subjects of this
new exhibition by Sophia Dawson.
I think it is really powerful
to have somebody whose
story was supposed to be forgotten
or buried under a rug, to have them
on the outside larger-than-life
in front of the people
who may be encountering
their story for the first time.
Sophia says this is a project
of both passion and protest.
For the last eight years
she has written and visited
former Black Panthers
Those letters feature
in many of the portraits.
Even the technique is a nod
to black empowerment.
I start off all in black.
It is actually an act
of protest, a political
statement and solidarity
with the Panther
and embracing that
colour black is beautiful.
I thnk it's really fun to have these
colours on a black surface.
Power to the people.
They were black revolutionaries
who openly carried weapons.
They said it was for armed self
defence against police brutality.
To the FBI the Panthers
were armed militants.
To others they were
I did not know that
free health clinics in
this country did not exist before
the Panther movement.
I did not know of the free
breakfast clubs did not
exist before the Panther movement.
Under constant pressure from law
enforcement, the movement faded.
This exhibition weaves very personal
stories with the larger societal
issues the Panthers were fighting.
Since Sophia started
painting her subjects, a number have
actually been released.
They say that the same
injustices they saw so many
years ago remain.
Sekou Odinga was a leader
of the Black Panthers in New York.
He served his time for charges
of attempted murder.
He maintains he was given a heftier
sentence for his ativism
and political beliefs.
The media always projected us
as being some kind of terrorists,
some kind of wild, violent bunch.
Unprovoked attacks on police.
They never talked
about how many black
men, women and children were dying
at the hands of the police every day
and still do.
The fight against racism
and inequality is once again
demanding public attention.
The upraised fists,
athletes taking the knee,
the Black Lives Matter movement.
Sophia believes understanding of how
past activists fought will help
today's activists pave
the way forward.
work and more people
could benefit from taking them -
that's the verdict of a major
study led by Oxford
University here in the UK.
Scientists analysed data from more
than 500 trials and looked
at more than 20 drugs -
and found they all helped patients
manage their condition.
Sima Kotecha reports.
There were times, you know, I felt
really low, to the point I didn't
want to be around anyone or anybody
or have any interaction
with family or friends.
There were times when I didn't
understand my position in life.
Jon needed help.
He was struggling to cope.
His doctor prescribed
I still think there's a lot
of stigma around it, as to,
you know, are you weak
because you take them?
Are you are a nut-nut
because you take them.
I had an image of Jack Nicholson
in One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest
at the end when he's a complete
and utter zombie and you lose
something about yourself,
something that makes you you.
And that's what I was concerned
about, you'd turn into zombie
without any feeling.
But the only way I can describe
it is that it gives you a kind
of buffer around some
of the negative thoughts
and your mind racing.
Today's report found that 21 of some
of the most common antidepressants
were more effective at treating
anxiety and depression
than dummy pills.
Those behind the report
as well as other GPs say the results
show that these tablets could help
more people cope with low moods.
For too long, healthcare
professionals have been denigrated
and slated for prescribing drugs
that they know will work.
So many patients tell us they work.
We only want to do this
for the best of our patients.
It is not about fobbing people off,
it is genuinely trying to help them.
In 2016, 65 million prescriptions
for antidepressants were issued
and the numbers are rising.
But some critics say
depression can be solved
through positive mental attitude.
You say you've been
on them for five years...
The research also outlines
which pills work best.
However, the authors are urging
people not to switch medication
before getting advice.
This is Beyond
One Hundred Days.
Still to come - A leap
into the future for the world's
oldest commercial satellite station
- as the English County of Cornwall
turns its attention to Mars.
More than a million university
students face massive
disruption for the next month
after lecturers walked out
over a pensions dispute.
They say proposed changes
could leave them £10,000
worse off every year in retirement.
But thousands of students -
who pay more than £9,000
in fees a year - say
they'll demand compensation
if their studies are disrupted.
Our Education Correspondent
Elaine Dunkley reports.
at Leeds University, lecturers out
on the picket line. Thousands of
lectures have been cancelled across
the UK, the message, give us the
pension be paid into or there will
be massive disruption.
We are likely
to lose about £10,000 a year. Vice
chancellors are earning £250,000 a
year so I have questions about why
the money should not be coming out
of their salaries and not out of her
The University say a £6
billion deficit in the scheme means
it is unsustainable and could only
be maintained by making cuts to jobs
and research. University say they
have offered a good deal but
lecturers are not convinced. The
student support the lecturers but
also worried about their future.
More than 80,000 students have
signed petitions calling for a fees
to be reimbursed.
When we signed up
to university, it was specified in
the cubicle and we would have a
certain number of hours of contact
time with our lecturers. Anything
short of that is a breach of the
contract and a breach of the £9,000.
We should be compensated for that.
think out of our £1150 loss of
This dispute is being
fought on campuses across the UK.
How it is resolved will have a
significant impact on the retirement
of thousands of lecturers and the
future of millions of students.
You're watching Beyond
One Hundred Days...
It's a nation of only 5 million
people but right now Norway
is flexing its muscle
at the Winter Games in Pyongchang.
Look at that ex-mac
With 35 medals it is leading
the pack - besting both
Germany and Canada.
So what is the secret
to their success?
The long winters, plentiful snow
or the folk saying that in Norway
people are just born with skis
on their feet?
A brief time ago I spoke
with Norway's Ambassador
to the US to find out.
ambassador, congratulations, Norway
is doing fantastically at the
Olympics. How is it that a country
of little more than 5 million people
is sweeping South Korea at the
First of all, thank you for
the congratulations. It is very nice
these days to be a Norwegian. I
think also the reason we're doing so
well has to do with the
preparations. Prior to the Olympics.
Also that skiing in Norway,
cross-country or downhill is really
popular and part of the Norwegian
culture and history and traditions.
That is also infrastructure in
Norway. This has had an important
impact on the results were seeing.
You have long winters and a lot of
snow but it has not always indicate
you have done so well. In the 2006
Olympics you were beaten by Sweden
in terms of medals. Did that cause a
moment of national introspection?
No, I don't think so. This year
Norway is doing very well and we
have been doing well also in the
past. There have also been Olympic
tournaments where we have not done
so well but this year we have won so
many medals, which really is
fantastic. That can change in the
future but now we have to be pleased
with the results so far.
Is there a
sport you have been particularly
I think the skating
was something which we hoped would
happen, the 500 metres. And it did.
I mention that because we have not
one that competition in 70 years so
that was very very nice that he was
able to win the gold medal. But in
general, I would say their Norwegian
athletes are doing fantastic. We
have to recognise what they are
doing but also to recognise the
support team around them. But
skiers, the waxing experts are also
vital in the success.
I have seen
the wonderful stories about waxing
experts, who knew the research are
critically important national
profession? You of course are
ambassador to the United States, the
US has not done so well in these
Olympics as many Americans might
have anticipated, does this put you
in a not quite position?
No, it is
not. We are friends and allies. It
is a healthy competition. Being the
Norwegian ambassador is great. My
colleague is having a harder time
than I am having for the time being.
Do you wish you were back home, what
is the atmosphere like?
very satisfied with the results but
it is also important to say that,
this is a friendly competition. It
is about sports activities. One of
the team leaders of the Norwegian
team said that, we are going to
quote here to have fun and to make
friendship and relations with other
nations. That is also an important
part of why they are competing and
an important part of the Olympic
Norway has also gone to the
Olympics to win, you did not have to
see it but thank you very much.
Thank you. Christian, you're very
smart, and instant maths. 5 million
people, they have won 35 medals, how
many medals as that per person.
clearly not very smart at all.
on a second, that is one that medal
for every 140,000 Norwegians. That
is phenomenal. Even we could get a
medal at that rate.
Yes, I could get
a medal in cross-country. I was
doing that in Andorra last week
I would like to see
you speed skating.
No, the best
performance since 1994. The UK is
currently 17th so maybe the Norway
model is the one to fall.
a population much smaller than us.
We're used to hearing
about rocket launches controlled
by NASA from Houston,
but what about missions into space
directed from in south-west England?
Well, multi-million dollar plans
have been announced to upgrade
a huge satellite dish
on the Lizard Peninsula in Cornwall
to direct missions into deep space.
It coincides with a bid
by Newquay Airport
to become an official "space hub"
for satellite launches -
putting the region firmly
on the space map, as Jon Kay has
been finding out.
NEWSREEL: Upon the fantastic dish
aerial of Cornwall's
Since the 1960s, Goonhilly has
been making history,
like receiving the first pictures
from the Telstar satellite.
..Goonhilly marks an
impressive step forward in
And now this Earth Station will be
the first place in Britain
which can direct missions
into deep space.
This is Goonhilly dish number six.
This antenna is 32
metres in diameter...
Also known as Merlin.
It rotates 360 degrees...
This one was built in the 1980s.
It beamed Live Aid around the world,
but now an £8 million upgrade means
it will be able to do
much, much more.
We will be able to send commands
to spacecraft around the moon
and around Mars, and also receive
data coming back from
the moon and Mars.
So in 2020 when a Mars
rover is on the surface
of Mars and detects life,
we could send that data back and be
received by this antenna here.
Direct to Cornwall?
Direct to Cornwall.
And Cornwall's ambitions to join
the space race don't end here.
Today passengers were flying to
Dublin and Manchester, but soon it
could be much further.
Because this county, which relies
on tourism, wants to take
things to the next level.
The airport is bidding
to turn its two-mile runway
into a commercial spaceport,
hoping for a share of
a multi-billion pound industry.
The millions for Goonhilly
are coming from the local enterprise
partnership, and some ask
if it's the best use
of public money right now.
One local baker delivering
today believes this poor county
needs to aim for the stars.
The perception of Cornwall
from a lot of people
is that it's a beautiful
place, which it undoubtedly
is, but we also need
a thriving future for people.
It would be great to see better
high-tech jobs being created
in a very much a long-term project.
More customers for you.
That would be nice.
Pasties and a giant dish.
The new Cornwall.
John Kay, BBC News, Goonhilly.
Coming up next on BBC World News -