05/03/2018 Beyond 100 Days


05/03/2018

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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You're watching Beyond 100 Days.

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Italy's election produces only

radical options for the Eurozone's

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third-largest economy.

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Italian voters said no

to traditional parties

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and yes to populist groups.

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Where that leaves

the country isn't clear.

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Both the main anti-establishment

leaders say they have won

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the right to govern,

but actually it could take

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weeks to sort this out.

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Donald Trump claims the US

is getting ripped off by virtually

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every country in the world,

as he begins to outline his

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America First trade

tariffs strategy.

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Also on the programme:

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A major security incident declared

in Salisbury in the UK,

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after the poisoning of a Russian man

who once spied for Britain.

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And Gary Oldman wins his

first Oscar for best actor

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in Darkest Hour, with thanks

to his 99-year-old mother.

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I say to my mother, thank you for

your love and support.

Put the

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kettle on. I am bringing Oscar home.

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Get in touch with us

using the hashtag #Beyond100Days.

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Hello and welcome.

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I'm Katty Kay in Washington.

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Christian Fraser is in London.

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It may take weeks of haggling

to sort out who will lead the next

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Italian government and which

parties will be in it.

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But one thing seems clear -

it will be difficult to form any

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government without the insurgent

Five Star Movement.

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The results show Five Star has

become the biggest party,

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winning one in three

of the votes cast this weekend.

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Their leader Luigi Di Maio says they

now have a resposibility to govern.

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Meanwhile, the right-wing Lega

secured 17.4% of the vote.

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More than Forza Italia,

the party of the former

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Prime Minister, Silvio

Berlusconi, on 14%.

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The ruling Democratic Party

suffered its poorest showing ever

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in national elections with 18.7%,

continuing the Europe-wide collapse

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of the traditional centre-left.

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That is the poorest showing ever for

them in national elections.

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And there's been a high-profile

resignation - late today,

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the Democratic Party leader

Matteo Renzi resigned as leader

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in view of his party's

poor election result.

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TRANSLATION:

It's obvious

that after this I will

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leave my post of leader

to the Democratic Party,

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and I've already

asked the chairman, Matteo Orfini,

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to call a national assembly

to start the procedure.

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This will happen at the end

of the stage of the new

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parliament forming and

the new Government forming.

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Let's cross to Rome and our

colleague Karin Giannone,

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who has been covering

the election for us.

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It has been a pivotal night for Five

Star but still a very divided

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country.

Yes, if you look at the map of the

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results, it is really incredible to

see the absolute divide, and just

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how strong the south of Italy has

voted for the Five Star Movement. It

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seems that the South has voted along

economic lines while the North are

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going for Lega and the centre-right,

thinking about immigration and Italy

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being at the forefront of the

migrant crazes, 600,000 people are

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riding on Italian shores of the last

few years. -- migrant crisis. There

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are parts of the south of Italy

where youth unemployment is above

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50%. Prospects for the young are

very poor and there is so much

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disillusionment with Government and

with the North and the European

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Union, and the traditional parties,

with posterity, with so many things

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like the painfully slow growth after

Italy's double-dip recession, that

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people in the South have really been

looking elsewhere. They have turned

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to the Five Star Movement, promising

hope for the young people. It

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promises a universal Basic income of

$800 per month and it says it will

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help find young people away our

starting families. Add to that that

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huge lack of trust you find in the

South in traditional politicians.

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They see them as easily bought and

corruptible. They use the word

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meaning thieves when they talk about

politicians, so the freshfaced Luigi

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Di Maio, only 31 years old, from

near Naples, he offered hope and the

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chance to give the traditional

parties a bloody nose. Another

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interesting development over the

weekend, this is what people are

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voting for in the north. They had a

visitor over the weekend in the form

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of Donald Trump's former chief

strategist Steve Banning, paying a

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visit. I am majority your divinity

pictures of him enjoying himself in

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front of the fountain. He put his

support behind the successful leader

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of the North. He shares the same

kind of politics, radical right-wing

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populism, Donald Trump, when the

other one visited him during the

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election campaign in 2016 said he

would like to see him one day become

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Italian Prime Minister. That

prospect could actually now be a

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strong possibility. Matteo Renzi

Lega is now the biggest party in the

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coalition which has come first in

this Italian general election.

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Amazing. Steve Bannon in Italy.

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Giampiero Massolo is the President

of Fincantieri Spa,

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the fourth-biggest ship-building

company in the world.

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he has served in the Italian

government for intelligence

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and foreign services.

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He joins us now. Looking forward to

what kind of coalition could emerge

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from this election result, what do

they Lega from the right and the

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Five Star, and I think it's hard to

define where they come from, but

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what other United on and what could

they agree on to form a Government

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together's what other United and?

First of all, too early to call what

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kind of coalition it would be they

could form because it is right into

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the arms of the president of the

Republic according to the

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constitutional systems, so too

early. But of course there are some

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similarities between Lega and Five

Star, chiefly about immigration and

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about the controls of law and order.

And about certain interventions of

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the state in economy. But they are

not at all the same thing, actually.

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I was hearing somebody speaking

before saying that we have here a

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radical right or extreme right. But

this is not exactly as it is. We are

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still in the frame of the

centre-right far as Lega is

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concerned and stony framework of

constitutional system as far as the

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Five Star Mov Movement is concerned.

But of course there are relevant

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norms from the selections. The

Democratic Party were very low and

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the Five Star very high. The

centre-right, well... But they are

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all within the system. There is no

major changes or foreign policy in

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European policy. The framework is

there.

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OK, thank you very much for that

view from there.

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If I may add one thing, that...

Sorry to interrupt, but we will cut

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back chore because we want to take

you to Salisbury where the police

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are holding a press conference. This

is about suspected poisoning of a

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man who was convicted in Russia of

spying for Britain. Let's listen in.

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Both are currently in a critical

condition in intensive care. Because

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we are still at the early stages of

the investigation, we are unable to

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ascertain whether or not a crime has

taken place. A major incident,

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however, has been declared today,

and a multi-agency response has been

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coordinated. Alongside our partner

agencies, we are conducting

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extensive enquiries to determine

exactly what led to these two people

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falling unconscious, and clarify

whether or not any criminal activity

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has taken place. This has not been

declared as a counterterrorism

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incident and we would urge people

not to speculate. However, I must

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emphasise though we retain an open

mind and we continue to review this

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position, we have access to a wide

range of specialist resources and

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services are helping us to

understand what we are or are not

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dealing with at this time. The focus

at this moment is in trying to

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establish what has caused these

people to become critically ill and

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we are working with partners to

prioritise and ensured they were

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received the most appropriate

treatment timely. We'll continue to

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appeal to any members of the public

who may have information in relation

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to this incident and contact us via

the 101 system or if it is urgent by

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999. We will reassure the public

that incidents like this are taken

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extremely seriously and we currently

do not believe there is any risk to

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the wider public. We would like to

take this opportunity to thank

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members of the public who have

assisted us so far and respected the

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cordons which remain in place in

Salisbury. Thank you very much.

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Hello, I am the chief executive here

at Salisbury District Hospital. My

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name is Cara Charles-Barks. In

conjunction with partners we have

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declared a major incident in

response to the incident which took

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place yesterday with two individuals

concerned. I can confirm they are

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being treated here at Salisbury

District Hospital and

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air-conditioned remains critical. In

terms of impact on the hospital we

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have been advising people today to

continue to attend to the routine

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operations and appointments and

continue to advise them to do so. We

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will contact any patients if we

require them not to attend. Our

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accident and emergency department

remains busy this evening and busy

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as it has been today. Understandably

this is to do with the weather

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conditions last week as well but we

have the walk-in centre on Avon

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Avenue, Avon approach, and it will

remain open until 10pm. A&E is for

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true emergencies and you should seek

normal advice via 101, or the

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walk-in centre, rather than coming

to A&E.

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Heard from what's your police about

the suspected poisoning of a man

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convicted of spying for Britain. A

lot we do not know. And as I say,

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there is a lot we do not know,

whether he has been poisoned or

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whether he may have been poisoned

with something, but people's minds

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come back to Litvinenko and

everything that happened there,

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particularly with areas being sealed

off.

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This looked up when it was declared

a major incident and talk about an

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unknown substance being involved,

but as soon as it became clear to us

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at the BBC that a man was Sergei

Skripal, it instantly changed the

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complexion of this. This is a former

Russian intelligence officer

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convicted in Russia for spying for

MI6, court in 2010. In 2006,

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Alexander Litvinenko, another former

Russian intelligence officer, was

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poisoned in London, in a case by

radioactive substances and ended up

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dying. Immediately, the residents

with case of Alexander Litvinenko.

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He was a double agent?

No, Alexander Litvinenko was

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addressing security officer who left

then came to the UK and worked in

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the UK in opposition to Putin's

regime. Sergei Skripal is different

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because he was more of the double

agent working for MI6 while being a

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Russian intelligence officer. He was

in Russian eyes a traitor to their

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intelligence service, supplying

secrets to MI6. He was convicted of

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this and sentenced to 13 years but

only spent four years in prison

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before he was swapped out in this

rather dramatic spy swap. He was

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pardoned at that time when he was

swapped out and I think he has kept

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a low profile and expectation on his

part would have been that he was

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safe. We do not know at this moment

whether he was definitely poisoned

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or who did it but certainly because

of this context, the suspicion will

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certainly be that there could've

been a Russian in this.

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There are links to New York, yes?

I would ask you about the woman

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involved. What we know that her? We

have had his name mentioned in her

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name not mentioned yet. I understand

she is much younger.

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We don't know whether she is a

relative of some type to Sergei

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Skripal and that is not clear yet.

But we also know she is critically

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ill as well in hospital and was with

him, than it appears on a park bench

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after members of the public saw them

unwell and by the time the police

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got there they had lost

consciousness. But American link is

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that the spy swap had most of the

people who were swapped in 2010

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being Russian agents caught in

America by the FBI, including one,

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Anna Chapman, who had been in London

and then New York. They were caught

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by the FBI, accused of espionage and

the deal was they were swapped out

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for for spies who was serving time

in Russian prison. One of those was

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Sergei Skripal.

There has been conversation on

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social media in the past hour as

this story was breaking, Gordon,

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from people who were involved,

former US intelligence officer

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saying, the Brits have been cautious

about their attitude to Russia so

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far because Britain is basically

ground zero when it comes to these

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kind of spy battles between the West

and Russia. Is that an accurate

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portrayal?

Bigot is extraordinary...

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Could this be an example of that?

We had Alexander Litvinenko who was

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killed and I think probably on the

orders of by the mere Putin himself,

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and there were other unexplained

deaths in the UK of Russians which

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many people have believed to have

been suspicious. There is one

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inquest due next month into someone

where there is this question about

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whether he was poisoned or not, a

Russian businessman who had a lot of

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information about tax affairs, and

had been in some cases under

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suspicion for that. So I think

certainly there will be questions.

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If a Russian link is proved and that

is what it turns out to have been,

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about whether Britain has done

enough to deter such activity. Did

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it do enough after the Alexander

Litvinenko case to deter the

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activity? As I said, still too early

to know what because of the

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poisoning is, but the questions are

already being asked.

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Yes, plenty more to come on that

story, no doubt. And even now.

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Those pictures we saw, the latest

pictures we have got in, of people

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in the green suits, the hazardous

materials suits, those were the

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people who... This is why we think

it may have been poisoning because

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you don't wear those suits unless

there is a substance you yourself

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don't want on your skin. Let's move

on.

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Wars have unintended consequences -

that's as true of trade wars

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as military battles.

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This week the European Commission

will discuss raising taxes

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on American imports in retaliation

for President Trump's threat

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to slap tariffs on foreign

steel and aluminium.

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The EU trade commissioner

told the BBC that

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Levi jeans and bourbon -

both products made in Trump

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supporting states -

were on a draft list of goods that

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could be hit.

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In a tweet, President Trump appeared

to suggest that Canada and Mexico

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could win exemptions

from his planned tariffs in exchange

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for concessions of their own.

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It's a point he reiterated in

the Oval Office, and, while saying

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there wouldn't be a trade war,

he pressed why he made

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this decision.

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People have to understand

our country, on trade,

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has been ripped off by virtually

every country in the world,

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whether it's friend or enemy.

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Everybody, China, Russia and people

we think are wonderful,

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the European Union, we can't do

business with them -

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they have trade barriers that

are worse than tariffs.

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And joining us now from Seattle

is Gary Locke, who served as US

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Commerce Secretary under

President Obama and then

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US Ambassador to China.

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Thank you for joining us,

ambassador. A lot of people have

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complained about China's trade

practices particularly when it comes

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to steal and unfair trade practices,

but to what extent will America or

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the current administration should

itself in the foot if it imposes

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these tariffs on allies? The

European Union, mentioned there, the

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Canadians as well...

Actually in a trade war nobody wins

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and everyone loses. Both the workers

of the affected industries up and

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down the economic spectrum, as well

as the consumers, who ultimately

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will pay more for those goods and

services. This means they have less

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money in their pockets for vacations

and medical care, and children's

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college education. Nobody wins in a

trade war.

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President Trump seems to be trying

to protect the steel and aluminium

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industries in the United States, old

industries, at the same time as we

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had the spectacle of China moving

rapidly ahead in new industries. Is

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there a disconnect between what the

president is trying to do and the

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realities of the global economy is

going?

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The is trying to get back at China

it will not work because China now

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in Port-au-Prince into the US not as

much aluminium and steel -- China

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now imports into the US not as much

aluminium and steel as before. It

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will raise the cost of production

for so many other industries and

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goods in America that rely on these

imports from Europe and from Canada

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and elsewhere. It will make the cost

of producing those things much more

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expensive, which might lead to lower

sales and therefore cutbacks in

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employment. The jobs that might be

gained to benefit the industries,

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the metal industries in America,

could be outweighed by the job

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losses in so many other sectors.

Ultimately the consumer as well. At

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the same time, China is really

trying to focus on innovation and

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the new industries of the future,

such as artificial intelligence and

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Robotics, that is where America

needs to spend more time and energy.

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Certainly we need to address some of

the inequalities and some bombs

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without trade agreements or a lack

of trade agreements. -- we need to

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address some of the inequalities and

problems with our trade agreements

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or lack thereof. We must understand

that everybody loses in a trade war

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and we must really focus on the

industries of the future.

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On this side of the pond the

Europeans are trying to work out

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whether this is policy or not. Of

course, a lot is policy by tweet. I

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will show you what the commerce

secretary said yesterday. Listen to

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this.

Whatever his final decision is is

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what will happen. What he has said,

if he says a bit different, it will

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be something different.

You see the point. If he says

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something different, it will be

something different. Is it policy or

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not policy?

We just never know what to expect

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from this particular president. He

says one thing about restricting

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guns and chastising members of

Congress and saying they are afraid

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of the NRA and the next day he will

meet with the NRA and completely

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backed down himself. I think this

statement or the policy on imposing

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tariffs on steel and aluminium

caught many people off guard, and

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the administration is not ready to

roll out the new policy. There was a

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lot of debate within the White House

exactly what our policies should be

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and what the details of the tariffs

might be, and as to who they would

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apply to and in what amount, whether

there would be some exemptions. So

0:20:490:20:53

his announcement caught everybody

off-guard and he is also saying that

0:20:530:20:56

there will be no exemptions, no

exemptions. And many of our allies

0:20:560:21:02

who would be most affected will not

be exempted from these tariffs. So

0:21:020:21:06

we must wait and see where the

policy is ruled out.

0:21:060:21:10

OK, thank you very much, ambassador.

I heard it this weekend from people

0:21:100:21:15

in the administration, even they

were taken by surprise by this

0:21:150:21:18

announcement.

0:21:180:21:19

The Academy Awards held its 90th

ceremony last night,

0:21:190:21:21

with the event dominated by calls

for greater equality

0:21:210:21:23

in the film industry,

for minorities and for women.

0:21:230:21:25

The winner of best actress,

Frances McDormand, used her

0:21:250:21:27

acceptance speech to call on every

female nominee to stand up

0:21:270:21:30

as a showcase of the female

talent in Hollywood.

0:21:300:21:36

Fantasy romance The Shape of Water

took four awards, including

0:21:360:21:38

Best Film and Best Director

for the Mexican film-maker

0:21:380:21:40

Guillermo del Toro.

0:21:400:21:41

Gary Oldman won Best Actor

for his performance

0:21:410:21:46

as Winston Churchill

in Darkest Hour -

0:21:460:21:48

and another notable British win,

The Silent Child, starring

0:21:480:21:52

six-year-old deaf girl Maisie Sly -

won best live-action short.

0:21:520:21:56

We have talked about it on the

programme last week and we will talk

0:21:570:22:00

about it this week. Well done to

her.

0:22:000:22:03

Congratulations to Maisie.

0:22:030:22:07

And joining us now from New York

is Larry Hackett, former

0:22:070:22:09

Editor of People Magazine.

0:22:100:22:12

It was a very long Oscars ceremony

this time around and did the best

0:22:120:22:15

films win?

I think so. It was long but what is

0:22:150:22:20

new? It is always long. It gets

longer every year. I think so. They

0:22:200:22:25

had a tricky time this year.

Obviously whatever the pictures or

0:22:250:22:30

the performances were it was all

overshadowed by the Harvey Weinstein

0:22:300:22:33

news and the Me Too movement. They

also had several award shows leading

0:22:330:22:39

up to this where they had people

wearing black at the Golden globes

0:22:390:22:44

and other events at the sag awards.

I think the issue would be how they

0:22:440:22:48

will treat this issue and how will

be compelling television having seen

0:22:480:22:51

them already, and by the way, the

films and performances. They managed

0:22:510:22:55

to do a decent job I think.

Interesting that a lot of the films

0:22:550:22:59

have not been the big blockbusters

the mass audience films of the year.

0:22:590:23:04

Is that increasingly the way the

Oscars are going, to niche films not

0:23:040:23:09

many people see?

It is an surprisingly, I was

0:23:090:23:12

surprised by this statistic as well,

that The Shape Of Water is the best

0:23:120:23:17

box office performing film in the

past five years since our goal which

0:23:170:23:21

made a lot of money. But after the

Miramax and Weinstein 's era, when

0:23:210:23:28

you had artistic in the best

picture, like The Artist, it has

0:23:280:23:32

been a trend for a long time.

Despite the fact that many people

0:23:320:23:36

had seen the shape of water, it was

a reversal of the trend. In the case

0:23:360:23:42

of Three Billboards Outside Ebbing,

Missouri, again, a movie not very

0:23:420:23:47

much seen, and Darkest Hour with

Gary Oldman, pictures which I think

0:23:470:23:51

were more popular.

Did I read right that The Shape Of

0:23:510:23:57

Water is the first science fiction

film to win the Best picture? Is

0:23:570:24:01

that right?

I can't say that the show but I

0:24:010:24:03

would not be surprised.

Science-fiction and comedy in

0:24:030:24:08

particular are not what the academy

like to recognise and they don't

0:24:080:24:12

seem Oscar worthy. As much as things

change, they stay the same. Even

0:24:120:24:15

small arthouse pictures, that wine

stain and Miramax had championed,

0:24:150:24:20

things like The King 'S Speech, very

dramatic things with a capital D and

0:24:200:24:28

that is what wins. Everything

released in the last year... This

0:24:280:24:32

particular year there was a movie

like Get Out which was arguably the

0:24:320:24:37

most inventive film of year but

released last category, and I would

0:24:370:24:40

defy you to find Oscar winner the

least before September of any given

0:24:400:24:43

year. That is not how the system

works. It might change because of

0:24:430:24:49

the demise of Weinstein and Miramax

and the kind of people who make

0:24:490:24:52

these movies but science-fiction and

comedy are not the kind of pictures

0:24:520:24:55

the academy likes to recognise and

never have been.

0:24:550:24:59

To talk to you and thank you very

much indeed for bringing us up to

0:24:590:25:02

speed with the Oscars. Did you watch

it?

0:25:020:25:07

Yes, I managed to make about an hour

or so and it is long and even by our

0:25:070:25:11

standards, the middle of the night,

I am surprised you're calling The

0:25:110:25:15

Shape Of Water a science-fiction

movie because I thought there was a

0:25:150:25:17

love story.

You were not at the Oscars but at

0:25:170:25:21

the Grid iron on Saturday night.

Yes, the Washington equivalent is

0:25:210:25:25

not quite as glamorous, although it

was a white stripe fancy dinner with

0:25:250:25:29

the president not as glamorous as

the Oscars.

0:25:290:25:34

How did he get on with the jokes?

Did he like them?

0:25:340:25:37

I thought he went well and went off

script after five minutes and went

0:25:370:25:40

into a campaign speech. The first

five minutes of his speech were

0:25:400:25:44

good.

0:25:440:25:45

This is Beyond 100

Days from the BBC.

0:25:450:25:47

Coming up for viewers on the BBC

News Channel and BBC World News...

0:25:470:25:52

Eight has finally been delivered to

Syria's Eastern Ghouta. BBC was

0:25:520:25:58

there as the convoy began its

journey.

0:25:580:26:03

Passports, some are more valuable

than others with Visa free travel.

0:26:030:26:07

Could it be yours?

0:26:070:26:08

than others with Visa free travel.

Could it be yours?

0:26:080:26:10

More to come.

Good evening and obviously nowhere

0:26:100:26:12

near as cold as it was last week.

Milder conditions have spread to

0:26:120:26:16

most parts of the UK. Still called

across northern areas and

0:26:160:26:20

particularly in Scotland where we

have had more snow falling today.

0:26:200:26:24

Wintry looking seen here and

contrast that with something that

0:26:240:26:28

looked much more like spring, with

some sunshine today at Walton on

0:26:280:26:34

Thames in Surrey. We have lost the

beast from the east, the Colts

0:26:340:26:38

leathery and wind, and our error is

tending to come the South. Drawing

0:26:380:26:42

in milder air across most of the UK,

clearly seeing where it is still

0:26:420:26:47

cold. Low-pressure dominates our

weather at the moment and within

0:26:470:26:50

that area of low pressure this

weather system here, tracking its

0:26:500:26:55

way northwards, and that is

producing the rain. That rain is

0:26:550:26:58

still quite happy and it is moving

northwards into the colder air, so

0:26:580:27:01

we will get some snow over the tops

of the Pennines and Cumbrian fells,

0:27:010:27:05

but more especially later in the

night back into Scotland over the

0:27:050:27:09

hills. As it turns drier to the

south, with no wind, it will turn

0:27:090:27:14

misty but a lot of low cloud and

typical temperatures overnight

0:27:140:27:18

around to Celsius or three Celsius.

A risk of frost perhaps. In the

0:27:180:27:21

morning the wettest weather across

the northern half of the UK,

0:27:210:27:25

becoming confined more to Scotland.

A mix of rain, sleet and snow of

0:27:250:27:29

health should brighten up northern

England and Northern Ireland.

0:27:290:27:33

Sunshine in the south-west and

extreme south-east, with one or two

0:27:330:27:37

showers. Through the middle it might

be cloudy and a range of temperature

0:27:370:27:41

is, three or four Celsius, central

and northern Scotland and wet

0:27:410:27:44

weather, ten or 12 Celsius in

southern part of England and Wales.

0:27:440:27:46

Low-pressure in charge as we had

into the middle part of the week.

0:27:460:27:50

Nothing much is moving at all,

really. That weather front bringing

0:27:500:27:54

showers and that one in the north

keeps the wetter weather going. More

0:27:540:27:58

towards the Highlands and Islands

and again there will be snow over

0:27:580:28:00

the hills. This across England and

Wales, a breeze picking up that will

0:28:000:28:05

help to break up the cloud a bit

more. The chance of a bit more

0:28:050:28:08

sunshine but there could be some

showers around, one or two Sharp

0:28:080:28:11

ones as well. Still lighter winds

across central and southern

0:28:110:28:14

Scotland, and rain in Northern

Ireland with average is no better

0:28:140:28:17

than seven Celsius. Disciplining

averages on Wednesday and sing on

0:28:170:28:21

Thursday but at least some sunshine

round and that wet weather clinging

0:28:210:28:24

to the far north-west of Scotland,

with showers coming into England and

0:28:240:28:27

Wales. That be heavy. -- those could

be heavy.

0:28:270:28:38

This is Beyond 100 Days, with me,

Katty Kay, in Washington.

0:30:070:30:09

Christian Fraser's in London.

0:30:090:30:11

Our top stories:

0:30:110:30:12

What next for Italy?

0:30:120:30:14

Matteo Renzi resigns as leader

of the governing Democratic Party

0:30:140:30:17

amid the political deadlock.

0:30:170:30:21

A major security incident declared

in Salisbury in the UK,

0:30:210:30:24

after the suspected

poisoning of a Russian man

0:30:240:30:25

who once spied for Britain.

0:30:250:30:29

Coming up in the next half hour -

0:30:290:30:31

Syrian government forces

continue their onslaught

0:30:310:30:33

against the rebel enclave

of Eastern Ghouta,

0:30:330:30:34

even as an aid convoy is allowed in.

0:30:340:30:39

Let us know your thoughts

by using #Beyond100Days.

0:30:390:30:45

An aid convoy has delivered

supplies to people

0:30:520:30:53

inside Syria's Eastern Ghouta -

for the first time since a major

0:30:530:30:56

bombardment by pro-government

forces began two weeks ago.

0:30:560:31:01

The United Nations said

it hoped the 46 lorries

0:31:010:31:04

would provide food

to around 27,000 people.

0:31:040:31:05

Shelling and artillery fire

have continued in the region,

0:31:050:31:08

despite a UN-backed ceasefire.

0:31:080:31:11

Our Middle East editor,

Jeremy Bowen,

0:31:110:31:16

was with the convoy

as it set off

0:31:160:31:18

for Eastern Ghouta

and sent this report.

0:31:180:31:21

46 lorries moved through

some of the most dangerous territory

0:31:210:31:24

around Damascus

to get into Eastern Ghouta.

0:31:240:31:27

The Syrians refused to let them take

in some surgical and trauma kits,

0:31:270:31:31

but they carried food and medical

supplies for 27,500 people.

0:31:310:31:36

It was a start.

0:31:360:31:39

We need to be sending convoys

at least three times a week

0:31:390:31:42

to a besieged area such

as Eastern Ghouta,

0:31:420:31:44

where there are serious

shortages of medical equipment,

0:31:440:31:48

medical supplies,

food and nutrition

0:31:480:31:49

for nearly 400,000 people

trapped on the inside.

0:31:490:31:55

The lorries moved through

the final Syrian army checkpoint

0:31:550:31:58

at the edge of Eastern Ghouta.

0:31:580:32:03

The fact this convoy has moved

shows Assad's confidence.

0:32:030:32:08

Syrian armed forces are pressing

into Eastern Ghouta that way,

0:32:080:32:12

of course, with their

Russian allies.

0:32:120:32:18

And if they win, and at the moment

that's the way it appears to be,

0:32:180:32:21

President Assad will have scored

a significant victory,

0:32:210:32:23

because, for the first time

since the war started,

0:32:230:32:26

he will have secured his capital.

0:32:260:32:33

The enclave has been controlled

by Islamist militias since 2012.

0:32:330:32:38

Some militias are negotiating,

0:32:380:32:39

and there is talk of a deal -

but not yet.

0:32:390:32:45

The UN's call for a ceasefire

has been ignored.

0:32:450:32:47

Syria's president says the west is

lying about the humanitarian crisis.

0:32:470:32:53

The UN Secretary-General calls

Eastern Ghouta "hell on earth".

0:32:530:33:02

Allahu Akbar!

0:33:020:33:12

Casualties go to a network

of underground clinics.

0:33:120:33:14

A doctor working in one of them

0:33:140:33:16

didn't think the convoy

would change anything.

0:33:160:33:19

What can a small convoy help us?

0:33:190:33:23

What can it benefit us?

0:33:230:33:25

It's including some food

and some limited materials.

0:33:250:33:31

It doesn't have enough

for a few people for a few days.

0:33:310:33:38

It's a densely populated area

0:33:380:33:41

where there's no escape

from the grown-ups' war.

0:33:410:33:45

Jeremy Bowen, BBC News, Damascus.

0:33:450:33:54

Terrible pictures from Eastern

Ghouta.

0:33:540:33:56

Counter-terrorism experts

from around the world will be

0:33:560:33:58

gathering here in London

tomorrow to discuss,

0:33:580:34:00

among other things, the threat

posed by the Islamic State group.

0:34:000:34:02

Much of the focus at

the Counter Terror Congress will be

0:34:020:34:05

on policing, but it is in Syria

where the recent progress

0:34:050:34:08

against IS has been undermined.

0:34:080:34:10

Thousands of Kurdish fighters

that made up the backbone

0:34:100:34:12

of the Syrian Democratic Forces,

have diverted to the battle in Afrin

0:34:120:34:18

where Kurdish militia have been

facing attacks from Turkey.

0:34:180:34:20

The SDF is the most effective force

on the ground in Syria.

0:34:200:34:23

And the allies need the Kurds

to finish the fight.

0:34:230:34:26

Joining us now

is Jennifer Cafarella,

0:34:260:34:28

a senior intelligence planner at

the Institute for the Study of War.

0:34:280:34:36

Thanks very much for coming in, I

know you have been studying what is

0:34:370:34:40

happening in Syria. To what extent

has the coalition campaign against

0:34:400:34:44

Islamic State been halted because

the Kurds have effectively left the

0:34:440:34:49

fight to defend their brothers in

arms?

The offensive has been halted,

0:34:490:34:53

and for the kind of relocation of

forces that you indicated. This post

0:34:530:34:56

is a very real challenge not only to

the coalition's ability to finish

0:34:560:35:03

anti-Isis operations, which have not

concluded, but to hold the territory

0:35:030:35:07

taken from Isis thus far. There is a

real risk that Isis will exploit

0:35:070:35:12

thinning defensive lines in eastern

Syria in order to re-surge.

How much

0:35:120:35:17

pressure can the White House put on

Turkey to make sure they go back

0:35:170:35:21

into the fight against Islamic

State?

The key will be to

0:35:210:35:26

de-escalate the wider confrontation

between Turkey and Kurdish

0:35:260:35:28

insurgents inside of Turkey and the

wider region. Turkey regards the

0:35:280:35:32

American and coalition local

partner, the YPG, as a branch of the

0:35:320:35:37

wider PKK Kurdish insurgency, which

is of course fighting inside Turkey.

0:35:370:35:41

Until or unless the US is able to

broker a deal with respect to that

0:35:410:35:46

wider conflict, I expect that we

will actually not be able to

0:35:460:35:50

de-escalated tactically between

Turkey and the local partner inside

0:35:500:35:53

Syria. These issues cannot be fully

separated.

Donald Trump said last

0:35:530:35:57

week that ice is ground has largely

been recaptured, 100%, he said, but

0:35:570:36:03

they are on the run. How many are on

the run, and where might they be

0:36:030:36:07

going?

Sure, so of course assessing

the actual fighting strength of Isis

0:36:070:36:13

has always been one of the most

difficult things to do, certainly

0:36:130:36:17

from unclassified information. We

know that Isis remnants in Iraq and

0:36:170:36:21

Syria are still fighting. They are

conducting low-level assassinations,

0:36:210:36:25

suicide bombings in both countries,

and in Syria they actually have been

0:36:250:36:29

taking some terrain from pro-regime

forces so definitely still a threat

0:36:290:36:35

there, despite the fact that most of

the major urban centres have been

0:36:350:36:39

retaken. Globally, we are also

witnessing Isis resurgence. What

0:36:390:36:46

happened is that so many of the

foreign fighter flows that had been

0:36:460:36:49

going to Iraq and Syria have

redirected, and we have resurgent

0:36:490:36:53

Isis presents across-the-board -

from Libya to Somalia, Yemen, and

0:36:530:37:00

increasingly indication that foreign

fighters are flowing into Southeast

0:37:000:37:03

Asia, places like the Philippines.

When it comes back to the Kurds, why

0:37:030:37:07

are they so crucial to the fight?

Why can't they be replaced by Syrian

0:37:070:37:12

Arab fighters, for instance?

The

Kurds have been much more combat

0:37:120:37:16

capable, in part because they have

stricter discipline and a more

0:37:160:37:19

efficient command structure that

makes them a much more reliable

0:37:190:37:22

partner in the near-term than the

Arab forces that have not been

0:37:220:37:27

meaningfully mobilised. That is

until the US started providing

0:37:270:37:34

support, so the Kerdasa be more

battle hardened and more effective

0:37:340:37:36

militarily.

-- the Kurds are more

battle hardened. It is fascinating,

0:37:360:37:44

the extent to which Washington

cannot just pick up the phone to

0:37:440:37:47

Ankara and say, listen, we need

those Kurdish fighters or we will

0:37:470:37:50

see a resurgence, as in the past, of

extremist groups like Islamic State

0:37:500:37:55

in the region, and they don't have

the pressure over Erdogan to do

0:37:550:37:58

that.

It is fascinating, because it

has happened before, in 2001, when

0:37:580:38:03

they were fighting Al-Qaeda in

Afghanistan, they had them cornered

0:38:030:38:06

and let them escape, and we know

what happened next. Tomorrow in

0:38:060:38:11

London, you have got about 300 of

the world's most eminent security

0:38:110:38:15

experts gathering to swap, you know,

ways to defeat terrorists in Europe

0:38:150:38:21

and around the world, and we will

hear from some of the best

0:38:210:38:25

counterterrorism experts on the

planet, but they can only do so

0:38:250:38:28

much, and if what they are looking

to is the people on the battlefield

0:38:280:38:32

to round these people up there they

don't have to deal with them once

0:38:320:38:35

they come back to Europe. It will be

interesting to watch what they say

0:38:350:38:39

tomorrow, we will cover that. One of

Vladimir Putin's first moves and

0:38:390:38:46

coming to power 18 years ago was to

bring TV channels under state

0:38:460:38:50

control. Since then, Russia has been

accused of taking the information

0:38:500:38:55

war abroad, using Charlton and it

relates public opinion on social

0:38:550:38:57

media.

-- trolls. Our Moscow

correspondent Sarah Rainsford

0:38:570:39:04

reports.

0:39:040:39:14

This was Viktor's life

for over 20 years.

0:39:270:39:29

Here in Siberia, he created

a popular independent TV channel,

0:39:290:39:31

but three years ago,

TV2 was taken off air.

0:39:310:39:33

Officially, it was a license

dispute, but Viktor

0:39:330:39:35

is sure it was political.

0:39:350:39:37

The channel annoyed

everyone in power locally.

0:39:370:39:38

The team saw that as their job.

0:39:380:39:40

But reining in the free

press was one

0:39:400:39:42

of Vladimir Putin's first

moves as president.

0:39:420:39:43

Far from Moscow, TV2 was

one of the last survivors.

0:39:430:39:46

TRANSLATION:

It's obvious we were no

threat here in Tomsk.

0:39:460:39:48

But the authorities

are constantly afraid.

0:39:480:39:49

Afraid of revolution or losing

control, they want to control

0:39:490:39:52

everything, but that's impossible.

0:39:520:39:53

And they don't trust anyone.

0:39:530:39:57

Now Russia's information war

has moved onto the internet,

0:39:570:39:59

so we travel to one

of the key battle grounds.

0:39:590:40:05

From St Petersburg,

the Kremlin's been accused

0:40:050:40:07

of using the internet

to manipulative opinion

0:40:070:40:09

not just at home but abroad.

0:40:090:40:14

This place has become notorious

as Russia's troll factory.

0:40:140:40:18

It's mostly empty now, up for rent,

but a criminal indictment

0:40:180:40:26

in the United States claims staff

here were deployed as an online army

0:40:260:40:30

to sow discord and influence

voters in America.

0:40:300:40:33

Ludmila shows me the blog

of one of the fake characters

0:40:330:40:35

she helped to create.

0:40:350:40:37

She leaked information

from inside the troll factory

0:40:370:40:39

that exposed how it worked.

0:40:390:40:43

Her focus was Russian language

content,

0:40:430:40:44

and she tells me the trolls

operated in shifts,

0:40:440:40:46

ordered to produce up to 80 posts

on social media every single day.

0:40:460:40:54

TRANSLATION:

It's a huge machine.

0:40:540:40:56

I'd see thousands of posts

appearing under every news story

0:40:560:40:58

right before my eyes.

0:40:580:41:01

If a troll spoke about America

or Ukraine, it had to be negative.

0:41:010:41:05

If it was Putin or Russia's

military, it was positive.

0:41:050:41:07

Bloggers got written instructions

what to present

0:41:070:41:09

and the conclusions

that people should draw.

0:41:090:41:17

And it seems the trolls

are still operating.

0:41:170:41:21

We've been told that the troll

factory has moved here to this

0:41:210:41:25

premises, so I'm just going to see

if any of these people in

0:41:250:41:28

the smoking shelter opposite

actually work there

0:41:280:41:29

and what they can tell me.

0:41:290:41:37

This man tells me

he's seen them here

0:41:370:41:39

and he doesn't like what they do.

0:41:390:41:42

Inside, we met a representative

of one firm named in

0:41:420:41:44

the US indictment, but he wouldn't

comment on camera about its work.

0:41:440:41:50

Back in Siberia,

Viktor and his wife show me

0:41:500:41:52

how easily the traditional

media have been tamed.

0:41:520:41:54

When there were mass protests

against closing TV2,

0:41:540:41:57

state-run channels

ignored them completely.

0:41:570:41:57

Information is being controlled now,

even weaponised, and

0:41:570:41:59

under Vladimir Putin, this couple

see no chance of that changing.

0:41:590:42:09

Sarah Rainsford, BBC News, Tomsk.

News from around the world now.

0:42:150:42:26

The German Chancellor,

Angela Merkel, says it's important

0:42:260:42:28

for the newly agreed coalition

to get to work quickly.

0:42:280:42:30

She promised to maintain prosperity

at home and said the new government

0:42:300:42:33

would work towards a strong Europe,

along with France.

0:42:330:42:35

The new coalition will be comprised

of Mrs Merkel's CDU party

0:42:350:42:38

and the Social Democrats.

0:42:380:42:40

China has announced

0:42:400:42:41

it's raising its military budget

to 1.11 trillion yuan

0:42:410:42:44

or $175 billion dollars

for the coming year.

0:42:440:42:48

The figure, an 8% increase on

last year, was announced

0:42:480:42:50

as the annual meeting of parliament

got under way in Beijing.

0:42:500:42:53

It comes as delegates are expected

to vote on a proposal

0:42:530:42:56

to remove the two-term limit

for the presidency later this week.

0:42:560:43:00

Slovakia's President has called

for a radical government reshuffle

0:43:000:43:03

or new elections to rebuild

public trust after the murder

0:43:030:43:06

of a journalist and his fiancee.

0:43:060:43:08

Andrej Kiska said the murder

of Jan Kuciak had created

0:43:080:43:11

"enormous mistrust" in the state

and that the government

0:43:110:43:15

of Prime Minister Robert Fico had

done nothing to reassure the people.

0:43:150:43:21

British cyclist Bradley Wiggins

and Team Sky have strongly rejected

0:43:210:43:23

claims that they used drugs

to enhance performance -

0:43:230:43:25

rather than just

for medical reasons.

0:43:250:43:30

A report by British MPs has

concluded that the rules were not

0:43:300:43:33

broken, but that they were in effect

abused, to help Sir Bradley become

0:43:330:43:36

the first British rider

to win the Tour de France in 2012.

0:43:360:43:43

Back now to the trade war

which is brewing

0:43:430:43:45

after President Trump announced

he would be introducing

0:43:450:43:49

stiff tariffs on imports

of steel and aluminium.

0:43:490:43:52

It's not just the usual

critics but members of Mr Trump's

0:43:520:43:55

own party who are speaking

out against the decision.

0:43:550:43:57

Here was Republican Senator

Lindsey Graham yesterday.

0:43:570:44:04

China is winning, and we are losing

with this tariff regime. We are

0:44:040:44:08

letting China off the hook,

punishing the American consumer and

0:44:080:44:13

our allies. Go after China, not the

rest of the world.

We are joined by

0:44:130:44:21

BBC's North America correspondent

Nick Bryant, is this the thing that

0:44:210:44:24

will divide the Republican Party

finally from Donald Trump? They have

0:44:240:44:27

stuck with him so far.

There was a

lot of talk earlier in the about how

0:44:270:44:33

the Republican Party had become the

Trump party in the aftermath of the

0:44:330:44:36

tax cuts that were passed before

Christmas, but there is a definite

0:44:360:44:41

difference, a definite divergences

between the Republican Party

0:44:410:44:44

establishment, for a long time now

has been free trade, determine and

0:44:440:44:50

leak free trade. If you look at the

origins of Nafta, the trade

0:44:500:44:55

agreement that Donald Trump eights,

you find it in Ronald Reagan's

0:44:550:44:59

campaign for the presidency. George

HW Bush pushed Nafta as well, put

0:44:590:45:03

into effect by Bill Clinton, but it

was a Republican idea, and you are

0:45:030:45:08

getting pushed back from not only to

be like Lindsey Graham, a golf

0:45:080:45:12

partner of the president, but people

like the house speaker, Paul Ryan.

0:45:120:45:16

His office today was circulating an

article to journalists pointing out

0:45:160:45:21

the damage that tariffs could do to

the American economy.

The

0:45:210:45:25

interesting thing, Nick, is that the

Republicans were saying, we will be

0:45:250:45:30

able to use trade and the strong

performance in the market and the

0:45:300:45:33

good job figures, and the tax

reform, we will be able to use all

0:45:330:45:37

of that when we go to the midterms

later in the year, and that will

0:45:370:45:41

overcome some of the low approval

ratings that the president has. But

0:45:410:45:46

if you start to undermine the

economy, doesn't that take away

0:45:460:45:49

something that has been a real USP

for them at the ballot box?

That is

0:45:490:45:55

exactly right, and that is one of

the concerns being voiced by senior

0:45:550:45:59

senators like Orrin Hatch, for

instance, of Utah, a staunch Trump

0:45:590:46:03

ally who says this is a tax on the

American people which will lead to

0:46:030:46:08

increased prices at supermarkets.

And who will be damaged by that? The

0:46:080:46:12

American economy and us in the

mid-term elections. The Europeans

0:46:120:46:14

have been very careful about what

they will target in retaliation.

0:46:140:46:23

Jean-Claude Juncker of the European

Commission saying, Levi jeans,

0:46:230:46:26

Harley-Davidson motorbikes, and

also, what was the other one?

0:46:260:46:33

Bourbon, I thought you would

remember that, Nick!

- got bourbon!

0:46:330:46:39

Clearly drinking too much of it

already!

Carefully selected!

That is

0:46:390:46:47

the whole point, why is it

important? It is made in Kentucky,

0:46:470:46:50

the home of Mitch McConnell, the

Senate Majority Leader.

0:46:500:46:56

Harley-Davidson are built in

Wisconsin, the home of Paul Ryan,

0:46:560:46:59

and that is a key battle ground

state, one of the rust belt states

0:46:590:47:04

that Donald Trump won.

Harley-Davidsons are also

0:47:040:47:08

manufactured in Pennsylvania, and

battle ground state. The Europeans

0:47:080:47:10

also digesting them and suggest in

game may go after orange juice,

0:47:100:47:16

Florida, and other key battle

ground. -- the Europeans also

0:47:160:47:21

suggesting they may go after orange

juice.

Not stupid, those European

0:47:210:47:25

trade negotiators! Christian, I

spoke to some of the over the

0:47:250:47:31

weekend from the White House is

said, basically, all the chaos you

0:47:310:47:35

have read about in the papers over

this tariff announcement, it is true

0:47:350:47:38

and also. This has caused a lot of

friction and the White House.

Chaos

0:47:380:47:45

works, that is the whole point.

0:47:450:47:53

How valuable is your passport? We

will be ranking the highest, that is

0:47:530:47:56

still to come.

0:47:560:48:00

The Prime Minister is urging

developers to up their game

0:48:000:48:04

and build more homes in England.

0:48:040:48:06

She said penalising developers

who delay building on their land

0:48:060:48:08

should help to deal

with the shortage of properties.

0:48:080:48:10

Labour described the

measures as feeble.

0:48:100:48:12

Here's our home

editor, Mark Easton.

0:48:120:48:18

The Prime Minister donned the hi-vis

today, determined to show

0:48:180:48:20

she's tackling what she describes

as a housing crisis.

0:48:200:48:24

But Theresa May's

not the first senior Tory

0:48:240:48:26

to get her shoes muddy

on a building site.

0:48:260:48:29

Remember him?

0:48:290:48:32

And him?

0:48:320:48:33

And him?

0:48:330:48:35

Today, the PM had the big builders

and developers in her sights,

0:48:350:48:38

blaming some of them for putting

profit before their patriotic duty

0:48:380:48:42

to restore the dream

of home ownership.

0:48:420:48:44

The bonuses paid to the heads

of some of our biggest developers

0:48:440:48:47

are based not on the number

of homes they build,

0:48:470:48:50

but on their profits or share price.

0:48:500:48:51

I expect developers

to do their duty.

0:48:510:48:59

Among possible planning reforms

is the idea that developers

0:48:590:49:09

with a reputation for not building

homes fast enough

0:49:100:49:12

might be denied planning

permission by councils.

0:49:120:49:14

Not only do house-builders

make returns to their shareholders,

0:49:140:49:16

we are also cross-subsidising almost

half of the affordable housing

0:49:160:49:18

in this country every single year.

0:49:180:49:20

For Conservatives,

home ownership is central

0:49:200:49:21

to their vision for housing.

0:49:210:49:22

The Prime Minister today said

she met young voters at the last

0:49:220:49:25

election angry to get on the ladder.

0:49:250:49:28

But 24-year-old Tessa says focusing

on ownership is missing the point.

0:49:280:49:35

I don't even think about affording

something like that,

0:49:350:49:38

because the price is so high anyway,

so I don't know

0:49:380:49:40

how I would get the deposit together

in order to buy one,

0:49:400:49:43

even if it was available.

0:49:430:49:45

Some Conservatives want the Treasury

to relax borrowing rules so councils

0:49:450:49:48

and housing associations

can build many more

0:49:480:49:49

genuinely affordable homes.

0:49:490:49:50

Others see the priority

as protecting England's

0:49:500:49:52

precious green landscape.

0:49:520:49:54

It is a surprise perhaps

0:49:540:49:56

the Prime Minister didn't think

it wise to wear a hard hat today.

0:49:560:49:59

Mark Easton, BBC News.

0:49:590:50:02

You're watching Beyond 100 Days.

0:50:070:50:09

What kind of trade deals

might the UK strike,

0:50:090:50:11

free of the restrictions

of European Union?

0:50:110:50:14

Of course, a lot of depends on where

the Brexit negotiations end up.

0:50:140:50:17

But it's good to know that

potential future trading partners

0:50:170:50:20

outside the EU are eyeing up the UK

and ready to do business.

0:50:200:50:24

Australia is one such country.

0:50:240:50:26

The High Commissioner to the UK

says Australia would never

0:50:260:50:30

cede its sovereignty over trade

to another group of countries.

0:50:300:50:33

And he believes that Britain should

take heart from Australia's example.

0:50:330:50:35

They have already secured

trade deals with China

0:50:350:50:37

and the United States.

0:50:370:50:41

The High Commissioner,

Alexander Downer,

0:50:410:50:42

joined us a short time ago.

0:50:420:50:45

I asked him what the impact might be

of the UK staying in a customs

0:50:450:50:52

union.

Well, I'm not sure what

people mean by a as distinct from

0:50:520:50:57

the, that is probably just a

political difference without a big

0:50:570:51:01

difference of substance, but if the

UK was in the customs union,

0:51:010:51:07

remained in the customs union, and

obviously would not be able to

0:51:070:51:10

negotiate trade arrangements with

other countries, so all of our focus

0:51:100:51:13

would be on negotiations with the

European Union. I mean, we would put

0:51:130:51:18

our efforts just into Brussels, we

wouldn't bother with London, because

0:51:180:51:22

London would have contract and out

its trade policy to the EU, that

0:51:220:51:26

would be the consequence.

At the

moment, Australia represents, let's

0:51:260:51:30

face it, a small portion of

Britain's total trading

0:51:300:51:35

relationship, something like around

2% - are you suggesting that after

0:51:350:51:39

Brexit that number will increase

significantly in a way that could

0:51:390:51:42

help the British economy perhaps

replace some of the trade deals with

0:51:420:51:48

the EU?

British trade has been

diverted away from countries like

0:51:480:51:51

Australia, so I suspect, on leaving

the European Union, Britain's trade

0:51:510:51:57

patterns would change a little as it

negotiated not just a

0:51:570:52:01

patterns would change a little as it

negotiated not just a free-trade

0:52:010:52:01

agreement with the EU

so it could

0:52:010:52:05

negotiated not just a free-trade

agreement with the EU

so it could go

0:52:050:52:09

from 2% up to something like 7%?

I

am not going to predict at all, it

0:52:090:52:14

is not the diktat of a politician or

diplomat to say what the trade would

0:52:140:52:17

be, but it was once 7%, it is now

about 2%. I am not sure, 1-2%, and

0:52:170:52:25

obviously there is potential to grow

that very substantially.

You said

0:52:250:52:31

that Australia would never contract

out its trade policy, the

0:52:310:52:34

regulations under of its internal

economy. -- the regulation and

0:52:340:52:41

management of its internal economy.

You already have deals with China

0:52:410:52:45

and the US, even though the European

Union doesn't. But how do you

0:52:450:52:48

balance the interests of those two

massive partners when they diverged?

0:52:480:52:53

It is not a problem at all. We

export into, say, China, we have to

0:52:530:52:59

meet Chinese standards. When we

export to the United States, we meet

0:52:590:53:03

American standards. Whether we have

agreements with them or not. If the

0:53:030:53:09

United Kingdom is outside of the

customs union, it can do that. If it

0:53:090:53:13

is inside, it will have no say at

all over the agreements that are

0:53:130:53:18

negotiated on its behalf by the

European Union. I mean, that is not

0:53:180:53:21

a matter for us, that is just what

will happen.

To finish, are you

0:53:210:53:26

optimistic about the chances of a

trade deal with the EU, knowing what

0:53:260:53:33

you know about these negotiations?

It is difficult to negotiate with

0:53:330:53:36

the EU, but I'm optimistic that we

will get a trade agreement with the

0:53:360:53:40

EU, and we have begun that process

in any case. From our point of view,

0:53:400:53:44

we would be happy to negotiate a

bilateral agreement with the UK if

0:53:440:53:49

the UK genuinely leaves the European

Union. If you remain in the customs

0:53:490:53:52

union and the single market, you are

basically remaining in the European

0:53:520:53:57

Union but without any say in the

decision-making processes. It is up

0:53:570:54:01

to you if you want to do that. We

would never do that.

High

0:54:010:54:06

Commissioner, thank you very much.

Pleasure.

0:54:060:54:11

Ask many people what their most

prized positions are

0:54:110:54:14

- wife, children, home perhaps -

certainly one of mine,

0:54:140:54:17

besides my family of

course is my passport.

0:54:170:54:24

In fact, I have two.

course is my passport.

0:54:240:54:26

It's an essential tool of our trade

and when you travel so much,

0:54:260:54:29

you come to realise just how

valuable these maroon,

0:54:290:54:31

navy or green books are.

0:54:310:54:35

And some are more valuable

than others

0:54:350:54:38

when it comes to visa-free travel,

according to a new global ranking.

0:54:380:54:41

Japanese and Singaporean

passport holders

0:54:410:54:43

offer the greatest travel freedom.

0:54:430:54:45

If you hold one of these passports,

0:54:450:54:48

you're now able to travel to 180

countries without a visa.

0:54:480:54:51

The latest is Uzbekistan.

0:54:510:54:55

It's interesting, Katty,

because last month Uzbekistan lifted

0:54:550:54:58

visa requirements for Japanese

and Singaporean nationals,

0:54:580:55:01

which puts them ahead of Germany.

0:55:010:55:07

Before the shift it was number one,

now it's number two.

0:55:070:55:16

And they tied for third -

Denmark, Finland, France, Italy,

0:55:160:55:23

Sweden, Spain and South Korea with

visa-free travel to 178 countries.

0:55:230:55:26

At the other end of the end

of the scale,

0:55:260:55:28

Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.

0:55:280:55:32

I suppose it is not surprising.

Which nationalities have you got?

0:55:320:55:42

They are both British!

I have a

British passport, and I'm applying

0:55:420:55:49

for a Swiss passport, I was hoping

that would be on the list. How many

0:55:490:55:53

Japanese people go to Uzbekistan on

holiday?

Not easy to get a Japanese

0:55:530:55:57

passport either!

My son was born

there, he

0:55:570:56:01

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