06/03/2018 Beyond 100 Days


06/03/2018

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Beyond One Hundred Days.

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The facts aren't all in,

but the British Foreign Secretary

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is already warning Moscow.

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If a former spy was poisoned

by the Kremlin, Boris Johnson

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is promising a robust response.

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Sergei Skripal and his daughter

are still in critical condition

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in a hospital in Salisbury,

and counter-terrorism police have

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taken over the investigation.

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The Russian Foreign Ministry says

accusations that Moscow is behind

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this mysterious incident are "wild".

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Donald Trump welcomes news that

North Korea is ready to discuss

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giving up its nuclear weapons

and says the world is watching.

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Also on the programme:

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Hurricane Irma destroyed

lives and homes.

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Six months on, are rebuilding

efforts on track?

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We report from the

British Virgin Islands.

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The new star and her statuette.

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What's next for the profoundly deaf

six-year-old and Oscar

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winner from England who's

the toast of Hollywood?

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Get in touch with us using

the hashtag Beyond One Hundred Days.

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Hello, and welcome.

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I'm Katty Kay in Washington,

and Christian Fraser is in London.

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Sergei Skripal used to spy

for Britain for the Kremlin

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that made him a traitor.

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The question now, raised

today in Parliament, is,

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did Moscow's henchmen follow Skripal

to exile in the UK and poison him?

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The Foreign Secretary,

Boris Johnson, said today that

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Britain would respond "robustly"

if evidence of state

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involvement emerges.

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It hasn't been declared

a terrorist incident,

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but counter-terrorism police

are leading the investigation.

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From Salisbury, Tom Symonds reports.

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A father and a daughter apparently

struck down in public on a Sunday

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afternoon in Salisbury.

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The BBC revealed today that

Yulia Skripal had been

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visiting her father,

Sergei, from Russia,

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when it happened.

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They were left fighting

for their lives.

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Her eyes were just completely white,

wide-open, but just white,

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and frothing at the mouth.

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And then the man went stiff,

his arms stopped moving.

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But he was still

looking dead straight.

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CCTV images obtained by the BBC

appear to show Mr Skripal

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and his daughter walking together

at 15.47 on Sunday afternoon.

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They were heading for a small

park surrounded by shops

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in the centre of Salisbury,

called the Maltings.

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The camera which captured

these pictures is yards

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from where they were found.

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Police were called at 4:15pm

when people reported the pair

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were unconscious on a park bench.

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Last night, an Italian

restaurant nearby, Zizzi,

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was sealed by police,

followed today by a local

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pub, Bishop's Mill.

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Did someone slip something

into their food or drink?

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For the police, this is a highly

sensitive and potentially

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hazardous investigation,

not least for the officers involved.

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The key question, of course,

is what was the substance that left

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a father and his daughter in such

a terrible condition on the park

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bench covered by the tent behind me?

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There will be toxicology reports

prepared, but we understand that

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several police officers

were admitted to hospital.

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One has been kept in.

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Symptoms include breathing

difficulties and itchy eyes.

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Experts at the research

fertility Porton Down are now

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involved, testing for a wide

range of substances.

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It's from things that

are chemically toxic to things

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that are radiological,

such as what was used

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against Litvinenko.

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I think people will have an open

mind, they'll be looking

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at what's in the environment,

what's on the clothing,

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on the skin of the people,

and also what's in blood and urine

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and any other samples.

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So far, the tiny Wiltshire Police

force has led the investigation,

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but that changed today

in a significant development.

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This afternoon, the Metropolitan

Police have confirmed that,

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due to the unusual circumstances,

the counterterrorism network will be

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leading this investigation as it has

the specialist capability

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and expertise to do so.

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After all, as the Foreign Secretary

made clear in Parliament this

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afternoon, this incident could have

implications for Britain's

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relationship with Russia.

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Should evidence emerge that implies

state responsibility,

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then Her Majesty's government

will respond appropriately

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and robustly.

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Sergei Skripal was arrested in 2004,

accused of spying for MI6,

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convicted, and in 2010 handed over

to Britain as part of a spy swap.

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Sergei Skripal's wife,

elder brother and son have

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died in recent years,

the family believe in

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suspicious circumstances.

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He has been living quietly

here for some years,

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but under his own name.

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He would not have been hard to find.

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Tom Symonds, BBC News, Salisbury.

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We'll get reaction from Russia

in just a moment, but first,

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a look at what we know so far.

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Let's speak to Mark Urban,

the Diplomatic Editor

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for BBC Newsnight.

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Where have we got to with the

investigation? It is significant, as

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Tom was reporting, that counter

terrorism command has taken over. It

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is not terrorism but

counterterrorism command contains

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specialist branch which deals with

these incidents. It is also evident

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that the Foreign Secretary would not

have gone this far unless the

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government was party to some kind of

intelligence about what had gone on.

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We know, as in the case of

Litvinenko, there is a difference

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between intelligence and evidence.

They want to show that they have an

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idea, but they do not want to

obstruct or prejudice the police

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investigation, said the two things

will go on in tandem. Intelligence

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and gathering of evidence.

I was

surprised to hear that Mr Skripal

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had been living under his own name.

Does that give us some indication of

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what kind of like he has been living

for the last seven years in the UK?

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It is interesting. He came here

after this exchange for the illegal

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network that was arrested in the

United States in 2010. We know he

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had been doing things like lecturing

at military colleges, intelligence

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consulting with other agencies that

MI6 asked to get in touch with. The

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family arrangements, his daughter

and son spent most of the time in

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Russia but worth visiting

occasionally. And he was there under

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his own name, his kids were

travelling back and forth, and some

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people would argue that he felt

there was a kind of modus vivendi

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there had been reached with the

Russian authorities, he would not

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put his head above the parapet and

they would leave him and his family

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alone.

Stay with us because we will

look at the Russian reaction,

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authority saying they will

incorporate with the police

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investigation but insist they have

no information at this moment to

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share.

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The Russian Embassy

in London says the reporting

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of the incident has led

to the demonisation of Russia.

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From Moscow, here's Steve Rosenberg.

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It sounds chillingly familiar.

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Russia under suspicion of planning

and executing an attack 2,000

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miles away in Britain.

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In 2006, the target was former

Russian agent Alexander Litvinenko,

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murdered in London.

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The man Britain believes

poisoned him is Andrei Lugovoy.

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Today, he dismissed claims

that Moscow had attacked

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Sergei Skripal as propaganda.

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TRANSLATION:

Why do

they say he was poisoned?

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Perhaps he poisoned himself

or had a heart attack.

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You talk about propaganda,

but what about Alexander Litvinenko?

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The enquiry in Britain

into his death found that

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you had poisoned him,

probably on the orders

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of Vladimir Putin.

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TRANSLATION:

There was no

official investigation

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into Litvinenko's death.

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There was an attempt to accuse

Russia and a Russian citizen,

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me, of poisoning him

in Britain with polonium.

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As for the Kremlin, well,

it's been saying very little today

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about Sergei Skripal.

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President Putin's spokesman told me

earlier, "We have no information

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"about what happened.

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"We cannot comment."

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Although he did add

it was a tragic situation.

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But catching spies has become one

of Vladimir Putin's priorities.

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Yesterday, he congratulated Russia's

security service, the FSB.

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It uncovered 397 spies last year.

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Spy-mania, and now a former double

agent collapsing in Britain.

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Moscow denies any connection,

but it can only add

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to the chill in relations

between the UK and Russia.

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Steve Rosenberg, BBC News, Moscow.

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The Foreign Secretary chose to

threaten Russia with retribution.

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Looks like another anti-Russian

campaign has already been written.

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Strong words from the Russians. Why

would the pardon someone and then

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height in the UK? It is not make any

sense.

Going back to that Russian

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statement, clearly, the Foreign

Secretary would have to have certain

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information. He must've been briefed

on the certain way about this

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because it is an enormous hostage to

fortune if the Russian embassy is

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right and these denials from Moscow

right. The only thing one can say is

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a convincing alternative explanation

would have the urge pretty quickly

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in the police investigation for them

to be vindicated on this. On the

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assumption your question carries,

that this was indeed the Russians,

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this has always been seen as a way

of sending a message. The choice of

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Skripal might be a combination of

who was available to all who was

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easily findable and a desire to send

a message at a particular time,

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elections coming up in Russia, who

saw in that report the emphasis on

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catching foreign spies, retribution,

it has always been a team of

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Vladimir Putin, and it may be it was

politically convenient for him to

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have this at this time. That is all

one can say, but clearly one expects

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further evidence to merge if indeed

the implicit point the Foreign

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Secretary made today is to be

validated and proven that this was a

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Russian operation.

So, Mark, say

this ends up with that evidence

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pointing to Moscow, what would

Russia actually respond to, in terms

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of retaliation? It is hard to

believe Boris Johnson saying, I will

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not turn up at the World Cup will

make much difference.

I think,... I

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have been talking to people today,

if this is proven, and some have

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said, this is like Litvinenko only

worse, and Litvinenko has defined UK

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Russian relations for more than

decade now, so if proof emerges or

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significant evidence emerges that

Russian state operatives did this,

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it will be an enormous factor in

relations. We can also see some

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interesting possible tensions

between the UK and its European

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allies. Some of them have never been

that keen on sanctions or measures

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against Russia in the context of the

Ukraine. Imagine now, as the UK is

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on its way out of the EU, asking for

solidarity and back-up for some

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possible new measures against

Russia, it could be diplomatically

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very tough situation.

Thank you very

much for coming in, interesting to

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hear your thoughts. I have heard

people who have been intelligence in

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the US in the last day or two,

talking about this case and saying,

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this is a very British situation

that Britain seems to be in at

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ground zero in this tussle between

intelligence factions in Moscow and

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London, why is that?

Part of that

will be the money that is here in

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London. It is no secret that there

are oligarchs here and there has

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been an investment in Mayfair and

Belgravia, and there is a strong

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link between Russia and the UK

through, in this case, MI6, soaked

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former operatives come kid. But that

doesn't mean that other Russians in

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Europe do not feel concerned as

well. We know Litvinenko's brother

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in Rome feels equally uncertain

about his future more scared about

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what has happened here today. There

is a reason I think White happens

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more here.

So if money is part of

the reason, do you think money might

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be part of the response?

As Mark was

just saying, they will look at

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companies that are floated here

through the City of London and the

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sort of money swilling around in the

sort of people who come here.

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Sanctions might be one of the

issues. But if I threw this back at

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you, there are all sorts of people

here saying, we need strong action,

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but would the Americans think? They

have an American president who will

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not even introduce sanctions passed

by Congress.

We have talked about

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that a lot, this President's

attitude to Russia. This story has

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not got a huge amount of attention

here in America and that is

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interesting. Let's see if it makes

any material difference in terms of

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the White House's response to

Moscow.

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US intelligence officials

are clearly wary of North Korea's

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offer to talk about denuclearising,

saying they'd have to know a lot

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more before they can assess

whether Kim Jong-un is serious.

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The North said it was open

to talking with the United States

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if the safety of the regime

was secured.

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President Trump naturally

took to Twitter.

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It may all be false hope, he said,

but the US is ready to go

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hard in either direction!

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Meanwhile, Trump's Director

of National Intelligence said the US

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would have to know far more before

assessing whether North korea

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was serious about getting rid

of its nuclear weapons programme.

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We saw the news this morning

relative to North Korea.

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Hope springs eternal,

but we need to learn a lot more

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relative to these talks,

and we will.

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And the IC will continue to do every

possible collection and assessment

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we can relative to the situation

that exists in North Korea.

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Let's get some reaction

to this with the former

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US Defense Secretary,

William Cohen, who joins me.

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I wanted to get your reaction to

this offer from North Korea, how

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seriously do you take it?

We have

been here before. This is the same

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language they have used before, we

are prepared to talk about nuclear

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issues provided our security is

ensured. That means that we cease

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and desist from having training

exercises that we carry on each

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year, said that would be the first

demand they make. They will be

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postponed due to the Winter

Olympics, and now the schedule will

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be started again, and be postponed

that will have a negative impact. We

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have been there before. The North

Koreans have cheated before on

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agreements. We have to remember they

have been supplying allegedly

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chemical weapons to Syria, selling

weapons to Egypt, in violation of

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all the sanctions. So we are

prepared to hear what they have to

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say. But watch what President Trump

does not what he says and the same

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thing applies to the North Koreans.

But this could potentially be a

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diplomatic success story for

President Trump if it turns out that

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all this tough rhetoric, the

military preparing nurse, everyone

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is talking about here in Washington,

if that is pushed to the North

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Koreans to say, we do need to talk

seriously.

If it does, it will be a

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good thing. We will have to wait and

see, so watch what they do not what

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they say.

I want to talk about

tariffs for president is dancing on

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aluminium and steel. We have talked

about in the context of trade war

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but what about security? By the

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sitting in on these particular

meetings?

This is almost tantamount

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to firing a warning shot to the

temple. The United States is looking

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to hit China, but if we impose this

trade barrier or tariff, it will hit

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the Europeans, the Mexicans, the

Canadians are far more than the

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Chinese. This is something that most

of those in national security say is

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not a policy of development, it will

mean there will be retaliation

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against Boeing and other major

industries, agriculture. When the

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president says, trade wars are easy,

they are not. For every complex

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problem, there is an answer that is

simple, in terms of dealing with it.

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Trade sanctions at this time, the

secretary of defence understands

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that this is a bad thing for the

United States and we will have to

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wait to see whether the president

follows through. He changes his mind

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from day-to-day, maybe he will

change between now and next week.

I

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must talk to you about the suspected

poisoning of the former Russian spy

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here in Britain. A member of the

Foreign Affairs Committee said we

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are entering a new era, second Cold

War when the Russians have a new and

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sophisticated toolkit to interfere

in the West. Do you worry your own

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president is not taking this as

seriously as he showed?

I do. The

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president has done nothing in

response to the allegations and

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universal conclusion that the

Russians interfered in elections.

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Congress has passed more sanctions.

But the person has refused to

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implement them. It is very curious

as to why the president is such a

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pacifist in the face of what is

clearly an assault on the American

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integrity and sovereignty. It is

something we will have to wait on,

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but there is something wrong, why is

this dog not barking? When you see

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so much evidence, not only new

tricks, but old tricks. The poisoned

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thing was what the Russians

perfected and sometimes you need to

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trace the footprints of guilt with

the searchlight probability, and

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here the footprints will lead right

to Russian spy agencies, the

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President Putin himself.

They are

certainly watching this on both

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sides of the Atlantic.

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Six months ago, Hurricane Irma

crossed the Caribbean.

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It killed dozens of people and left

many more without homes.

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One of the worst hit was Tortola

in the British Virgin Islands.

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More than 80% of the buildings

were either damaged

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or completely destroyed.

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And so, six months on,

Aleem Maqbool has been back to find

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out how the community is recovering.

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It is shocking that,

so long after the storm,

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there are still those

living in shelters.

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They are among the thousands whose

homes were torn apart by Irma.

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We've been here, like, five,

six months and nothing.

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It seems to me that everybody

just gave up on us.

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We're just here.

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Irma was the most devastating

hurricane ever to be

0:20:310:20:34

recorded in this region,

barely a building on this

0:20:340:20:37

island was left untouched,

boats were lifted clean into the air

0:20:370:20:41

and dumped on the land.

0:20:410:20:45

Tortola now still has the signs

everywhere you look that a massive

0:20:450:20:49

storm came this way.

0:20:490:20:52

Well, even though it is desperately

needed, tourism here has suffered

0:20:520:21:00

immensely over the last six months

and they've suffered a huge blow

0:21:000:21:03

just in recent weeks,

with two of the biggest cruise

0:21:030:21:06

companies serving this area saying,

for this season, they won't be

0:21:060:21:08

bringing their ships

to the British Virgin Islands.

0:21:080:21:11

Peak season a couple of years ago,

sometimes it looks like there's

0:21:110:21:14

more boats than water.

0:21:140:21:16

You can't see the water

for the yachts.

0:21:160:21:19

It's not a good feeling, you know,

back then to compare it now.

0:21:190:21:22

It's not a good feeling.

0:21:220:21:23

The window went in.

0:21:230:21:25

The window went in and went out.

0:21:250:21:27

But light has been hard to come

by in the last six months here,

0:21:270:21:31

just ask Rita, whose home was badly

damaged by Irma and who says,

0:21:310:21:34

in this UK territory,

that she saw little aid from the UK.

0:21:340:21:40

Me have no aid, apart from the six

bottles of water I get.

0:21:400:21:44

That was it.

0:21:440:21:45

I don't have no aid.

0:21:450:21:49

It was a common perception we heard

here, that apart from the work done

0:21:490:21:52

by British troops immediately

after the storm, more

0:21:520:21:54

could have been done.

0:21:540:21:57

When we did need them to show

that we are truly a child

0:21:570:22:01

of the United Kingdom,

I think they disappointed us.

0:22:010:22:06

So it changed our view,

in terms of the relationship.

0:22:060:22:10

The governor of these islands says

he's proud of the UK's contribution.

0:22:100:22:15

We've got the electricity back on.

0:22:150:22:17

We've got businesses back open.

0:22:170:22:19

We've got all children

getting educated.

0:22:190:22:22

So we won't under estimate the scale

of the challenge still ahead of us,

0:22:220:22:25

but we've made good progress

after the last six months.

0:22:250:22:28

It's been a massive effort by people

here just to get this far,

0:22:280:22:32

but they're worried again,

the next hurricane season

0:22:320:22:35

is less than 100 days away.

0:22:350:22:37

Aleem Maqbool, BBC News, on Tortola,

in the British Virgin Islands.

0:22:370:22:47

She swapped the town of Swindon

in England for Los Angeles

0:22:490:22:52

and became one of the stars

of the Oscars.

0:22:520:22:54

Six-year-old Maisie Sly, who's deaf,

played the lead role

0:22:540:22:56

in The Silent Girl that won

the award for Best Live

0:22:560:22:59

Action Short Film.

0:22:590:23:00

Picking up the award,

writer and co-star Rachel Shenton

0:23:000:23:02

delivered her speech in sign

language as Maisie watched on.

0:23:020:23:05

Now they're planning

to make a full-length film,

0:23:050:23:07

as Colin Patterson reports.

0:23:070:23:10

A star is born.

0:23:100:23:12

Six years old and profoundly deaf,

Maisie Sly has now played the main

0:23:120:23:16

role in an Oscar-winning film,

and seems to be pretty unfazed

0:23:160:23:20

by all the attention.

0:23:200:23:22

Just tell me about your

day at the Oscars?

0:23:220:23:28

I feel happy, I felt really happy.

0:23:280:23:30

I want her to speak...

0:23:300:23:33

The Silent Child is about a deaf

girl struggling to communicate

0:23:330:23:36

as her family don't want her

to learn sign language.

0:23:360:23:40

It was made by two former stars

of the show Hollyoaks.

0:23:400:23:44

The Silent Child, Chris Overton

and Rachel Shenton.

0:23:440:23:47

It won Best Live Action Short.

0:23:480:23:51

Maisie was up on the balcony

at the Oscars with her mum,

0:23:510:23:54

while her dad watched nearby

with family and friends,

0:23:540:23:57

and this was their reaction.

0:23:570:23:59

The Silent Child...

0:23:590:24:00

SCREAMING.

0:24:000:24:03

After midnight, the winner

made her entrance.

0:24:030:24:09

And as for what's next -

well, Maisie could return

0:24:090:24:12

to the role, there are plans

to adapt The Silent Child

0:24:120:24:15

into a full length feature.

0:24:150:24:18

Absolutely extending the film's

what we would like to do next.

0:24:180:24:20

We asked Maisie what she wants to do

next and she said she wants

0:24:200:24:24

to do some colouring.

0:24:240:24:25

Which I think is

a much better answer.

0:24:250:24:27

Yeah.

0:24:270:24:28

Gold, gold colouring?

0:24:280:24:29

Probably.

0:24:290:24:30

She'll be drawing a lot

of pictures of Oscars, I think.

0:24:300:24:32

I bet she will.

0:24:320:24:33

Colin Patterson, BBC

News, Los Angeles.

0:24:330:24:40

Now, take a look at this.

0:24:400:24:44

Michelle Obama dancing

with two-year-old Parker Curry.

0:24:440:24:53

Who is she?

0:24:530:24:56

Well, she was the little girl

photographed staring up in awe

0:24:560:24:58

at the former First Lady's

new portrait in the National

0:24:580:25:02

Portrait Gallery here in Washington

DC in this famous photo

0:25:020:25:05

which was captured by

a tourist at the gallery.

0:25:050:25:07

At the time, the toddler

was refusing to turn

0:25:070:25:09

round and have her photo taken

by her mother because she seemed

0:25:090:25:12

so starstruck by the portrait.

0:25:120:25:14

It was tweeted and then retweeted

so many times it went viral quickly,

0:25:140:25:17

and now this video has

done the same.

0:25:170:25:27

That was Taylor Swift, if you didn't

know. You think I'm really that old?

0:25:330:25:38

This is Beyond 100

Days from the BBC.

0:25:380:25:40

Coming up for viewers on the BBC

News Channel and BBC World News:

0:25:400:25:43

We've more on the apparent poisoning

of a former Russian

0:25:430:25:46

spy and his daughter.

0:25:460:25:47

And what the Italian

election result tells us

0:25:470:25:49

about the country's feelings

on the EU.

0:25:490:25:50

Should Brussels be worried?

0:25:500:25:51

That's still to come.

0:25:510:26:00

We have

0:26:090:26:10

We have had contrasting conditions

across the country today. If you

0:26:100:26:13

were lucky enough to see the cloud

breaking and sunshine coming

0:26:130:26:18

through, it felt springlike at

times, but that was not the case for

0:26:180:26:22

all. Further north called story and

still further snow. The snow fairly

0:26:220:26:29

frequent across central and northern

Scotland, rain along the coast, but

0:26:290:26:36

still not particularly pleasant and

feeling quite roll out there as

0:26:360:26:39

well. We still have a combination of

snow and rain gradually drifting its

0:26:390:26:43

way northwards through the end of

the day. Elsewhere, overnight, we

0:26:430:26:47

will continue to see sky is clear,

patchy mist and fog forming, the

0:26:470:26:53

exception and the south-east where

we could see a scattering of

0:26:530:26:57

showers. Overnight lows, just below

freezing in a few places. Pockets of

0:26:570:27:02

frost here and there, we start of

tomorrow on a quieter note. A

0:27:020:27:06

combination of rain and sleet moving

its way through the Northern Isles

0:27:060:27:11

potentially, scattered showers

across western Scotland and Northern

0:27:110:27:14

Ireland. Some of these heavy at

times and a few scattered showers

0:27:140:27:18

across south-west and south-east

England, but generally speaking the

0:27:180:27:21

further inland to come, decent

spells of sunshine and temperatures

0:27:210:27:24

getting into double digits in some

places. As we move out of Wednesday

0:27:240:27:30

towards Thursday, we will start to

see this area of low pressure

0:27:300:27:35

threatening the south-west under the

influence of pressure in the north

0:27:350:27:39

which means showers never too far

away and cold here. Showers will be

0:27:390:27:43

of rain, sleet and snow with any

elevation. Elsewhere, quite quiet

0:27:430:27:49

story on Thursday, dry with

sunshine, a bit of rain moving its

0:27:490:27:52

way through the Channel Isles. As we

move out of the Channel Isles. As we

0:27:520:27:56

move out of Thursday into Friday, we

will start to notice a change. That

0:27:560:28:01

area of low pressure is likely to

squeeze up from the south-west and

0:28:010:28:03

bring a spell of wet weather. It

will stay with us as we head into

0:28:030:28:07

the weekend, but marked down to the

south, and it looks as though that

0:28:070:28:12

mild there will follow that low,

gradually pushing into the cold air.

0:28:120:28:16

However, weather fronts it's means

could see a spell of more snow as we

0:28:160:28:20

move into the weekend, but it is

likely to only be for the North and,

0:28:200:28:26

for a time, turning milder and

hopefully sunny spells.

0:28:260:28:36

This is Beyond One

Hundred Days, with me

0:30:080:30:10

Katty Kay in Washington -

Christian Fraser's in London.

0:30:100:30:12

Our top stories.

0:30:120:30:13

Counter terrorist police are now

leading the investigation

0:30:130:30:15

into the suspected poisoning

of a former Russian

0:30:150:30:17

spy and his daughter.

0:30:170:30:19

The US president welcomes

news that North Korea

0:30:190:30:21

is ready to discuss denuclearisation

- but says it could be a false hope.

0:30:210:30:27

Coming up in the next half hour.

0:30:270:30:34

Did the Eurocrats see this coming?

0:30:340:30:36

Italy's populists send

a message to the EU -

0:30:360:30:38

will Brussels take note?

0:30:380:30:40

She protested against

President Trump -

0:30:400:30:42

we meet the candidate who hopes

to become the first Muslim American

0:30:420:30:45

woman in the US Congress.

0:30:450:30:48

Let us know your thoughts

by using the hashtag

0:30:480:30:50

'Beyond-One-Hundred-Days'.

0:30:500:31:00

Whatever substance was used

to poison the Russian spy,

0:31:000:31:03

Sergei Skripal, the police response

tells us it was highly toxic.

0:31:030:31:07

So toxic, first responders

were themselves admitted to hospital

0:31:070:31:19

suffering the effects.

0:31:190:31:20

at a meeting of the national

security council.

0:31:200:31:24

Our correspondent Olga Ivshina is at

the scene in Salisbury.

0:31:240:31:30

We have areas still sealed off today

and that substance has been sent off

0:31:300:31:34

to nearby Porton Down, the chemical

laboratory.

There are still areas

0:31:340:31:43

cordoned off by police and we can

still seeing some locals quite

0:31:430:31:45

worried and asking questions both to

journalists and police trying to

0:31:450:31:50

find out what is going on and

whether their account is safe. The

0:31:500:31:55

police have reassured them the town

is safe for the people are still

0:31:550:31:59

worried because of what happened

here, definitely was something off

0:31:590:32:06

the scale for the locals. And both

of the victims remain in critical

0:32:060:32:13

condition in hospital and fighting

for their lives.

Thank you for that.

0:32:130:32:17

Well in Russia yesterday

President Putin praised the FSB

0:32:170:32:19

for their diligence in tracking down

almost 400 spies.

0:32:190:32:22

Sergei Skripal served

as an officer in Russian military

0:32:220:32:25

intelligence in the 90s,

and the early 2000s,

0:32:250:32:28

where he helped run personnel

operations in Moscow.

0:32:280:32:31

He was a high value MI6 asset.

0:32:310:32:33

Russia did pardon him in 2010,

but was he the kind of double agent

0:32:330:32:37

they could never really forgive?

0:32:370:32:40

Here's our security

correspondent Gordon Correra.

0:32:400:32:43

Does the long arm of the Kremlin

reach all the way from Moscow to

0:32:430:32:46

Salisbury in Wiltshire?

0:32:460:32:50

And if the attack on Sergei Skripal

did come from Russia, why?

0:32:500:32:54

After being released

from jail, Skripal had spent

0:32:540:32:58

the last eight years

living quietly in Salisbury,

0:32:580:33:01

but he still had enemies.

0:33:010:33:03

Sergei Skripal had been

imprisoned in Russia

0:33:030:33:08

for selling secrets to British

intelligence here at MI6.

0:33:080:33:11

It was claimed he

provided the identity

0:33:110:33:13

of hundreds of Russians operating

undercover in Europe.

0:33:130:33:18

Even though he had been

pardoned as part of a spy

0:33:180:33:21

swap his former colleagues

would still have regarded him as a

0:33:210:33:24

traitor.

0:33:240:33:28

The fact that he blew a whole range

of Russian agents, there

0:33:280:33:32

may be personal animosity there.

0:33:320:33:35

The fact that he was a British spy,

a former member of the Russian

0:33:350:33:38

military, in most Russians' minds,

it will categorise him as a traitor

0:33:380:33:46

so there will be people

who are delighted to see him dead.

0:33:460:33:51

Nobody is yet confirming

Moscow was involved, but

0:33:510:33:53

there have been other incidents

involving Russians in the UK.

0:33:530:33:56

As we have heard, most

famously Alexander

0:33:560:33:58

Litvinenko, another former Russian

spy poisoned in London's Mayfair.

0:33:580:34:04

And other figures have

aroused suspicions.

0:34:040:34:14

One died suddenly jogging in Surrey.

0:34:140:34:15

One study revealed traces

of a rare toxin in

0:34:150:34:21

his stomach and a businessman

campaigning over his death said not

0:34:210:34:23

enough has been done

to deter Russia.

0:34:230:34:25

Based on the reaction of the British

government to the murder in

0:34:250:34:28

Mayfair using nuclear material

of Alexander Litvinenko, which was

0:34:280:34:31

nothing, it basically gave the green

light to Vladimir Putin that he can

0:34:310:34:35

do whatever he wants

here and he has been

0:34:350:34:41

doing whatever he wants

for quite a while.

0:34:410:34:43

It's still too early to be sure

where this investigation

0:34:430:34:45

will go, but if the trail does

connect Salisbury to Moscow, then

0:34:450:34:48

the pressure will be on the British

government to respond.

0:34:480:34:51

Gordon Corera,

BBC News.

0:34:510:34:56

Bob Seely is a member

of the Foreign Affairs Select

0:34:560:34:58

Committee.

0:34:580:35:08

He has said before he believes

poisonous becoming the weapon of

0:35:080:35:12

choice for Moscow.

We asked him why.

They've used these weapons before

0:35:120:35:19

the United Kingdom and used them

elsewhere and they used them often

0:35:190:35:22

enough to become a significant part

of their armoury for what used to be

0:35:220:35:28

known as wet jobs, assassinations.

So radiation poisoning but also done

0:35:280:35:34

elsewhere as well, several cases in

Russia dioxins, Ukrainian

0:35:340:35:41

presidential candidate back in 2004

but others have also died from

0:35:410:35:45

dioxin poisoning. I've been talking

to people this afternoon about this

0:35:450:35:50

case and some speculate if poisoner

was used then we could be looking at

0:35:500:35:56

Italian, heavy metal which is

difficult to detect and highly

0:35:560:36:02

poisonous.

It has been reporting

today about the number of these hits

0:36:020:36:07

in London, I think a huge

investigation carried out by both

0:36:070:36:12

lead and they said 14. Do you

think...?

I'm not sure every single

0:36:120:36:23

one of those 14 is a strong case. I

think there are between nine and a

0:36:230:36:28

dozen probably that should've

investigated and why not.

That is an

0:36:280:36:32

extraordinary number of top we do

not hear a lot about it. Do you

0:36:320:36:37

think that the British Government is

covering up assassinations for

0:36:370:36:40

political reasons?

I think covering

up is too strong a word. I think it

0:36:400:36:45

is difficult to accept what is

happening even after Crimea, even

0:36:450:36:50

after the events in eastern Ukraine.

There is a reluctance to accept that

0:36:500:36:57

Russia is embarked on a new Cold War

with the West and probably has been

0:36:570:37:01

doing so since 2007 and maybe

before. They want to undermine our

0:37:010:37:07

values, reliance and institutions.

And confronting that is difficult

0:37:070:37:10

because it means getting your head

around these new forms of war. A lot

0:37:100:37:16

of these tools in fact have been

used against us and they are old

0:37:160:37:21

active measures warfare, espionage,

for the gander, assassination. This

0:37:210:37:28

was the tool and trade of the KGB

back in the 1970s and 1980s. They

0:37:280:37:34

had almost invented a new strategic

part of undermining countries that

0:37:340:37:38

they are opposed to. It is a very

significant development and I do not

0:37:380:37:42

think we have got our heads around

that and frankly have not wanted to

0:37:420:37:45

put up the longer we hold our heads

in the sand the West it will get.

-

0:37:450:37:51

worse. You heard Ross Johnson in

Parliament today saying if this was

0:37:510:37:57

proved to be Russian meddling there

could be some form of retaliation

0:37:570:38:00

perhaps scaling back UK

representation at the World Cup.

0:38:000:38:04

That does not sound so serious as

the counterattack. What could the UK

0:38:040:38:09

realistically do?

I wrote last week

to the select committee chairman who

0:38:090:38:15

are doing investigations into the

malign Russian influence and said we

0:38:150:38:18

need a common framework and common

definition and to understand these

0:38:180:38:24

spectrum of tools that the Russians

are using. From that we can have a

0:38:240:38:27

better idea of what do. I do not

think pulling out a few

0:38:270:38:31

representatives from going to the

World Cup will make a blind bit of

0:38:310:38:35

difference. I do a think sticking

another 500 troops in the Baltic

0:38:350:38:38

republics will make a difference. We

need to work out how to counter

0:38:380:38:42

malign Russian activity. Much of

that could be in terms of

0:38:420:38:46

anti-corruption measures in the UK,

pressuring Russian money in the UK,

0:38:460:38:52

using some new powers under

corruption laws. Soft power tools

0:38:520:38:56

that could be effective. But we need

to think through a strategy and have

0:38:560:39:00

not been doing that and neither has

the West. The US was cost - was

0:39:000:39:04

caught off-guard badly two years

ago. We should not be waving

0:39:040:39:08

fingers, we need to understand and

to think through the options and,

0:39:080:39:13

with some serious deterrence.

0:39:130:39:24

Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince will be

here in the UK tomorrow.

0:39:300:39:33

Mohammed Bin Salman will meet

Prime Minister Theresa May

0:39:330:39:35

and the Royal family

during his three-day visit.

0:39:350:39:37

At home he's pushing through social

and economic reforms -

0:39:370:39:39

but abroad he's been criticised over

the Kingdom's role

0:39:390:39:41

in the war in Yemen.

0:39:410:39:43

The BBC's Chief

International Correspondent

0:39:430:39:44

Lyse Doucet sat down

with Saudi's Foreign

0:39:440:39:45

Minister Adel Al-Jubeir

about the Crown Prince's trip.

0:39:450:39:47

And started by asking him

about his country's

0:39:470:39:49

military campaign in Yemen.

0:39:490:39:50

The war in Yemen was a war

that was imposed on us.

0:39:500:39:53

It was not a war that we chose.

0:39:530:40:00

It was a war to support a legitimate

government and it was a war

0:40:000:40:03

that was fought in accord with UN

principles and UN Security

0:40:030:40:06

Council resolutions.

0:40:060:40:07

We did not ask for this war,

it was a war to stop a radical

0:40:070:40:11

militia, allied with Iran

and Hezbollah, composed of 50,000

0:40:110:40:13

people from taking over

a strategically important country

0:40:130:40:15

of 28 million.

0:40:150:40:16

What would you say to

Prime Minister Theresa May

0:40:160:40:18

when she says you have to find a way

to end this war and to stop

0:40:180:40:22

the civilian casualties?

0:40:220:40:23

We have been looking for a way

to end this war from day one.

0:40:230:40:26

We have always said the solution

is a political solution.

0:40:260:40:28

We have supported

the UN special envoy.

0:40:280:40:30

The military campaign is continuing

including aerial bombardment.

0:40:300:40:32

Because the coup continues.

0:40:320:40:33

Because the Houthi lay siege

to towns and villages

0:40:330:40:35

and starve people.

0:40:350:40:36

Because the Houthi recruit

child soldiers, nine,

0:40:360:40:38

ten, 11-year-old boys,

and put them in battle.

0:40:380:40:44

Because the Houthi launch ballistic

missiles at civilians in Yemen

0:40:440:40:46

as well as in Saudi Arabia.

0:40:460:40:48

Will there be any new announcements

while you are here, any talks

0:40:480:40:50

between the Crown Prince

and the Prime Minister about finding

0:40:500:40:53

a way to end the war?

0:40:530:40:54

You talk about it,

but it never happens.

0:40:540:40:56

Because there were more

than 17 understandings made

0:40:560:40:58

and every single one of them,

the Houthi reneged on.

0:40:580:41:02

The UN appointed a new special envoy

after the resignation of the man

0:41:020:41:12

who did a great job and Mr Griffiths

is coming to the region

0:41:120:41:15

to talk to us.

0:41:150:41:16

The British have put pressure

on you so you must be expecting

0:41:160:41:19

the Prime Minster to put pressure

on you again?

0:41:190:41:21

I don't know that I

would call it pressure.

0:41:210:41:23

Britain is our ally,

we deal with Britain and we deal

0:41:230:41:26

with United States and the Emirates

and what is called the quartet.

0:41:260:41:29

And we are partners and allies

and we look for ways to come up

0:41:290:41:32

with solutions that would bring

peace and stability back to Yemen

0:41:320:41:35

and prevent Iran from having

a foothold in Yemen.

0:41:350:41:37

And prevent the Houthi

from taking over the country.

0:41:370:41:41

Britain was trying to send a message

that it is becoming global

0:41:410:41:44

as it proceeds to leave

the European Union.

0:41:440:41:46

Is Saudi Arabia going to come

with offers of investment?

0:41:460:41:50

Britain is a global power.

0:41:500:41:52

And Britain is an advanced

industrial country.

0:41:520:41:58

Britain in the EU we believe very

strongly in, Britain outside the EU

0:41:580:42:01

we believe very strongly in.

0:42:010:42:08

What you do with Brexit

is really your decision

0:42:080:42:10

and we support whatever

decision you make.

0:42:100:42:12

It will not impact our

relationship with you.

0:42:120:42:20

Interesting though is mixed reviews

with Bin Salman. Clearly what he's

0:42:200:42:31

doing at home in three months' time,

Saudi women will be able to drive

0:42:310:42:36

for the first time in the kingdom.

There are remarkable social and

0:42:360:42:39

cultural changes and even economic

changes. Trying to diversify the

0:42:390:42:44

Saudi economy.

It is a crucially

important partner for the UK.

0:42:440:42:52

President Trump and Jared Kushner

spent a lot of time in Saudi Arabia

0:42:520:42:57

and invested in them relationship.

It is an important relationships

0:42:570:43:04

this way as well so they will invest

time and it especially given that

0:43:040:43:08

they're looking to the post Wrexham

future and given the fact that Saudi

0:43:080:43:12

Arabia is moving away from oil.

There is focus now on services and

0:43:120:43:18

the new economy in Saudi Arabia and

the UK will want of that. So aside

0:43:180:43:22

from what they want to talk about

with Yemen, the economy will also be

0:43:220:43:26

important for the British side.

He

is certainly getting a red carpet

0:43:260:43:31

welcome.

0:43:310:43:41

Six months ago the European

Commission President

0:43:410:43:43

Jean Claude Junker was breathing

a huge sigh of relief.

0:43:430:43:45

In Holland and in France the far

right had been defeated.

0:43:450:43:48

Angela Merkel was back in power,

albeit with a reduced majority.

0:43:480:43:50

"The wind is back in

Europe's sails," he said.

0:43:500:43:52

But is it?

0:43:530:43:54

In Italy the success this weekend

0:43:540:43:55

of the anti-establishment Five Star

Movement and the Eurosceptic

0:43:550:43:57

Lega, poses yet another challenge

to the European project.

0:43:570:44:01

Since September there's been far

right success in Austria.

0:44:010:44:04

And in Germany the far right

AFD is now the official

0:44:040:44:06

opposition in the Bundestag.

0:44:060:44:07

SO how will Germany,

how will the EU now respond?

0:44:070:44:10

I've been speaking

to the German Chair

0:44:100:44:11

of the European Parliament's Foreign

Affairs Select Committee,

0:44:110:44:13

David McAllister.

0:44:130:44:16

I was thinking back to the State of

the Union by Jean Claude Juncker is

0:44:160:44:22

that the wind is back Europe's

sales. Now we have the five Star

0:44:220:44:28

Movement in Italy. So are you

listening or is the solution more of

0:44:280:44:33

the same?

We are listening to the

people and I would remind you more

0:44:330:44:41

than 85% of the votes in the general

election went to pro-European

0:44:410:44:45

political parties. Of course the

Italian election result is not easy

0:44:450:44:51

and a lot will now depend on the

Italian president. He is a key

0:44:510:44:55

figure. But I remain optimistic that

it will also, we will also be able

0:44:550:45:00

to form a stable government in Italy

but it may take a few months as we

0:45:000:45:05

have seen in Germany.

But I'm sure

you've seen many common pieces today

0:45:050:45:10

in the European press about the

European project is under strain

0:45:100:45:14

again. Do you think that there was

commentary pieces are fair?

Of

0:45:140:45:19

course the election result in Italy

was not what we hope for or

0:45:190:45:24

expected. I think it is a matter of

concern that such a high percentage

0:45:240:45:29

of members of the Italian parliament

are openly anti-European or at least

0:45:290:45:33

sceptic. On the other hand we must

understand in the 21st-century and

0:45:330:45:40

in a globalised world that we as

Europeans are stronger and better

0:45:400:45:42

off together. We have to explain to

our citizens why is it so important

0:45:420:45:47

that we keep the European Union and

strengthen it. This is the only

0:45:470:45:52

possibility to find eyelevel with

other global powers like the United

0:45:520:45:59

States, China or Russia.

The

European Parliament chief exit

0:45:590:46:05

negotiator has been in London today

and talking about an association

0:46:050:46:09

agreement for people who do not

understand it, what would it mean?

0:46:090:46:18

We're all in Brussels deeply regret

that the UK is turning to leave the

0:46:180:46:22

EU. But we have to move on after I

do hope that preparations will be

0:46:220:46:28

successful in the next week so we

can start the second phase of the

0:46:280:46:33

British withdrawal negotiations at

the European Council on the 22nd

0:46:330:46:36

23rd March. We all listen carefully

to the speech made by the Prime

0:46:360:46:41

Minister last Friday, she is

obviously going for a tailor-made

0:46:410:46:46

agreement. A new kind of

relationship between the EU one hand

0:46:460:46:50

and the United Kingdom on the other.

It is a very ambitious plan but we

0:46:500:46:55

all agree that we want to have good

and close neighbourly relations with

0:46:550:47:01

the UK because this country will

remain an important trade partner

0:47:010:47:04

for us and also important data ally.

Given illustrations in Europe about

0:47:040:47:12

the way the EU is run and the

directions is taking, do you think

0:47:120:47:15

it was a smart political move to put

your fellow German into a top civil

0:47:150:47:21

service job without full

transparency of how he was appointed

0:47:210:47:23

to that job?

I have read the reports

in the newspapers but this is an

0:47:230:47:30

internal matter of the European

Commission. It has not been dealt

0:47:300:47:33

with yet in the European Parliament.

One political group has asked for a

0:47:330:47:38

debate on the European Parliament

and we will have an exchange of

0:47:380:47:41

views. But at the moment I would not

comment because it is an internal

0:47:410:47:44

matter of the European Commission.

Thank you very much for your time.

0:47:440:47:59

This is Beyond One Hundred Days.

0:48:000:48:01

Still to come.

0:48:010:48:02

Taking her protests

against the President

0:48:020:48:04

all the way to Capitol Hill -

we speak to the woman

0:48:040:48:07

who could become the first

Muslim American woman in Congress.

0:48:070:48:09

Here in the UK, thousands of people

0:48:090:48:11

are without water for a third day

after frozen pipes burst in

0:48:110:48:14

the recent thaw from cold weather.

0:48:140:48:15

Homes and businesses

in London, Kent, Sussex

0:48:150:48:17

and Wales are affected -

as Emma Simpson explains.

0:48:170:48:22

A Sussex country pub with lots

of beer, but no running water.

0:48:220:48:28

Not today.

0:48:280:48:30

I'm really sorry.

0:48:300:48:31

That's all right.

0:48:310:48:32

They've been saying sorry

to customers since Saturday,

0:48:320:48:34

200 lost bookings and counting.

0:48:350:48:38

How much is this all

going to cost you?

0:48:380:48:42

Probably £6,000, £7,000 so far.

0:48:420:48:44

It's devastation.

0:48:440:48:47

We can't open and we've lost food.

0:48:470:48:50

We've lost our revenue, you know.

0:48:500:48:54

Down the road, yet more emergency

supplies for households in need.

0:48:540:48:58

Oh, we're managing.

0:48:580:48:59

You know, we're British, aren't we!

0:48:590:49:03

They were helping themselves in west

Wales, and there are still thousands

0:49:030:49:06

without water in London.

0:49:060:49:12

Here's the problem, just one of many

burst pipes still being repaired.

0:49:120:49:15

No quick-fix, but

progress is being made.

0:49:150:49:20

The big freeze has put an enormous

strain on the water network,

0:49:200:49:26

but critics say the water companies

should be investing much

0:49:260:49:30

more in improving ageing

infrastructure and making

0:49:300:49:33

the system more resilient.

0:49:330:49:36

South East Water will invest

£450 million into its infrastructure

0:49:360:49:41

from 2015 to 2020.

0:49:410:49:44

We're dealing with an unprecedented

event here due to the weather,

0:49:440:49:48

where we've seen a 25% increase

in burst and water demand

0:49:480:49:52

over a couple of days.

0:49:520:49:55

Back at the pub, the chef's

cleaning, not cooking.

0:49:550:49:59

They just want to know

when they can re-open.

0:49:590:50:04

This ale won't keep

if it's not soon, yet more

0:50:040:50:06

money being poured away.

0:50:060:50:07

Emma Simpson, BBC News, Wadhurst.

0:50:070:50:16

You're watching

Beyond One Hundred Days.

0:50:160:50:18

A record number of American

women are running

0:50:180:50:20

for Congress this year -

0:50:200:50:22

one of them could become the first

Muslim American woman ever to be

0:50:220:50:25

a US lawmaker.

0:50:250:50:28

Her name is Rashida Tlaib -

she's of Palestinian origin.

0:50:280:50:31

In 2016 she was thrown

out of a speech by then

0:50:310:50:34

candidate Donald Trump

because she was

0:50:340:50:36

protesting against him.

0:50:360:50:38

Now Rashida is running

to represent a district

0:50:380:50:40

in Detroit, Michigan

in the House of Representatives.

0:50:400:50:42

I spoke to her just

a short time ago.

0:50:420:50:45

Rashida, it's pretty clear

from the fact that you got thrown

0:50:450:50:49

out of one of Donald Trump's rallies

when he was campaigning,

0:50:490:50:51

that you don't like

the president very much.

0:50:510:50:55

Now, I was wondering to what extent

does the fact that Donald Trump

0:50:550:50:58

is President of the United States

mean that you are

0:50:580:51:00

running for Congress?

0:51:000:51:02

Well, you know, I'm

a mother, I started Mums

0:51:020:51:04

against Trump in Detroit.

0:51:040:51:08

And it's not just me

being an American Muslim

0:51:080:51:18

Arab American woman that is running

for Congress, but also me being seen

0:51:180:51:21

as a bully out there,

how my children feel

0:51:210:51:23

about themselves

growing up in America.

0:51:230:51:25

I tell a lot of people, a lot

of the families across my district,

0:51:250:51:31

that this is about electing a jury

that will impeach this president

0:51:310:51:34

and I make one heck of a juror

especially as someone with a stake,

0:51:340:51:38

with two young boys at home.

0:51:380:51:40

Trump has ignited a fire within me

that I just cant stand by silently

0:51:400:51:43

or stand outside the ring,

I need to be in the ring fighting

0:51:430:51:53

back on his un-American

policies and rhetoric.

0:51:530:51:57

You spoke there about your two sons.

0:51:570:51:59

What tangible impact has

Donald Trump becoming president

0:51:590:52:01

had on your two sons?

0:52:010:52:02

As Muslims in America?

0:52:020:52:04

You know my eldest,

who is 12 years old,

0:52:040:52:13

knowing that I'm so worried

about his safety, worried about just

0:52:140:52:17

the increase in the number

of violent acts towards people,

0:52:170:52:19

African-Americans,

Latinos, Muslim Americans.

0:52:190:52:20

And you know, I remember him coming

into my bedroom one time

0:52:200:52:23

when I was expressing concern

to his father and he said you know,

0:52:230:52:26

don't worry, if anyone ever asks

if I am Muslim I'll lie and tell

0:52:260:52:30

them I'm not.

0:52:300:52:31

And that alone, this is probably

the first time I haven't cried

0:52:310:52:34

when I told that story.

0:52:340:52:37

But that alone, of everything I've

worked as as an attorney,

0:52:370:52:40

as someone that works for civil

rights, for equality,

0:52:400:52:44

that was the most heartbreaking

moment for me as a mother.

0:52:440:52:48

I don't ever want my

child to feel he is less

0:52:480:52:50

than or that he has to hide

who he is.

0:52:500:52:54

And right now Adam understands why

I'm doing this, he jokingly says mum

0:52:540:52:58

is going to Congress to give

Donald Trump a time-out.

0:52:580:53:01

And that is exactly

what I'm trying to do.

0:53:010:53:03

Europeans have always admired

the fact that Muslims in America see

0:53:030:53:06

themselves as Americans first

and Muslims in

0:53:060:53:08

conjunction with that.

0:53:080:53:12

But I wanted to ask you why do

you think it is that there has never

0:53:120:53:15

been a Muslim American woman

in the United States Congress?

0:53:150:53:20

I think there are American Muslim

woman that are running for office

0:53:200:53:24

at local level more than ever.

0:53:240:53:26

I don't know the answer.

0:53:260:53:29

Just like I don't know why it took

I don't know how many years to get

0:53:290:53:33

an African-American man elected

to the White House.

0:53:330:53:34

But this seems to be the time.

0:53:350:53:37

I was talking to other not only

Muslim mums but Latino mums,

0:53:370:53:42

grandmothers, every one of us

when we look at this issue of having

0:53:420:53:47

someone like him in the White House,

it means so much more to us

0:53:470:53:50

than just Democrat

versus Republican.

0:53:500:53:55

For us it is about humanity,

about how our children are feeling

0:53:550:53:58

right now having someone that

attacks them every single day.

0:53:580:54:02

Thanks so much for joining me.

0:54:020:54:04

Thank you for having me.

0:54:040:54:12

In these midterms I get the

impression that women will play

0:54:120:54:16

quite a significant role, candidates

and voters.

Women have decided that

0:54:160:54:23

they vote more than men in this

country and have a disproportionate

0:54:230:54:27

influence on the results of

elections. There are more women

0:54:270:54:31

running in a selection than ever

before in an American election

0:54:310:54:34

cycle, twice as many as during the

last election cycle so hard to think

0:54:340:54:38

that some of those women will not be

elected to Congress. There still

0:54:380:54:43

disproportionately outnumbered in

both houses. We will see if she

0:54:430:54:48

makes it. Hard being a woman and a

Muslim woman in this country to make

0:54:480:54:53

your voice heard and get a leg it

into government, I suspect.

0:54:530:54:57

A woman from Western

Australia has found

0:54:570:54:59

the world's oldest known message

in a bottle, almost 132 years

0:54:590:55:02

after it was thrown into the sea.

0:55:020:55:05

Tonya Illman picked up the bottle

while going for a walk around sand

0:55:050:55:08

dunes on a remote beach.

0:55:080:55:09

Experts have confirmed

it is an authentic

0:55:090:55:11

message from a German ship.

0:55:110:55:13

The note in the bottle,

which was dated 12 June 1886,

0:55:130:55:18

was thrown from the German ship

Paula, as part of an experiment

0:55:180:55:21

into ocean and shipping routes

by the German Naval Observatory.

0:55:210:55:31

And she found out it had come from

there because she converted to

0:55:320:55:36

handwriting samples the captain had

put any major logical blog. It was a

0:55:360:55:42

69 year experiment so German ships

were selling around the world

0:55:420:55:47

touring bottles of the and marking

their notes with the name of the

0:55:470:55:51

ship and coordinate.

Amazingly

efficient exec.

0:55:510:56:02

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