07/03/2018 Beyond 100 Days


07/03/2018

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Beyond One Hundred Days.

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A nerve agent was the weapon, say

British authorities investigating

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the attempted murder of a Russian

spy and his daughter.

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The two remain critical

after collapsing

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in a public park in Salisbury,

England on Sunday.

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The Kremlin continued to deny any

involvement.

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Another major departure

at the White House.

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This time it is the president's top

economic advisor who is stepping

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down after a rift over tariffs.

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Also on the programme..

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A private message is on its way

from Pyongyang to the US.

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We speak to a top American

diplomat on whether this

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could be a breakthrough.

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I'm so glad I had a bad day at work.

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And I take up an unsettling

new sport - axe throwing.

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Find out about the new craze

making its way from Canada.

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Get in touch with us

using the hashtag

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'Beyond-One-Hundred-Days'.

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Hello and welcome -

I'm Christian Fraser in London,

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Jane O'Brien is in Washington.

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It's now known that a nerve agent

was used in an an attempt to murder

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a Russian spy and his daughter

earlier this week.

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British counter terrorism

police say Sergei Skripal

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and his 33-year-old daughter Yulia

were specifically targeted.

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The unnamed substance was so potent

that a police officer who was first

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to respond is also now in a serious

condition in hospital.

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Moscow has denied any links

to the attempted murder

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of the former double agent.

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And the UK government says it

continues to keep an open mind

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while the investigation unfolds.

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But the method employed, in a public

area, with such a toxic agent,

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will only fuel concerns

that there was some

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state involvement.

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Tom Symonds reports.

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Sergei Skripal was a man

with a shadowy past.

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Relatives said he feared it

would catch up with him

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but he was using his own name,

living a normal life, popping into a

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corner shop last month

for milk and bacon.

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Tonight, he and his daughter

are gravely ill and now, the police

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have revealed why.

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In summary, this is being treated

as a major incident

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involved attempting murder

by the administration

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of a nerve agent.

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As you know, these two people remain

critically ill in hospital.

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Sadly, in addition,

a police officer who

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was one of the first

to attend the scene

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and respond to the incident is

now also in a serious

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condition in hospital.

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Counter-terrorism officers are being

advised by public health agencies,

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they say there is no obvious

outstanding risk and, they are

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trying to work out what the Skripals

were doing in Salisbury after

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arriving on Sunday.

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Police are investigating

reports that Sergei

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Skripal had lunch with a woman

at this Italian restaurant.

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They were behaving

strangely, she had dark

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hair, resembled his daughter

Yulia in this picture.

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But police have already

seized this CCTV footage

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from just before 4pm.

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A man and a blonde haired

woman heading to the

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area where the family were taken

ill on a park bench.

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An eyewitness who saw

that has told us...

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The girl was pretty,

blonde hair, I couldn't see

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her face very well because

she was leant on him.

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Blonde hair, dark hair,

detectives will need to sort

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through a mass of eyewitness reports

and CCTV, to establish the truth.

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The Government was briefed

on the inquiry today.

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We need to keep a cool head

and make sure that we

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collect all the evidence we can,

and we need to make sure

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that we respond not to rumour

but to all the

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evidence that they collect.

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And then, we will

need to decide what

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action to take.

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But life in central Salisbury is now

dominated by the response to the

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suspected poisoning.

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At lunchtime this,

after a woman appeared

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to have been taken ill at

the offices next to the restaurant.

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Police would not discuss why there

was such a huge emergency response.

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But with two lives in jeopardy at

the local hospital, it is clear why

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the risk has to be taken seriously.

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In a few minutes we will speak to

the former chair of the UK joint

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intelligence committee to get her

thoughts on this developing story.

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Here in Washington,

the revolving door of

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the White House is spinning again.

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The latest to go is

the president's chief

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economic adviser Gary Cohn.

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Last week it was one

of his most trusted confidents,

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Hope Hicks, who resigned

seeking new opportunities.

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She was his fourth director

of communications.

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Another to go was the political aide

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Rob Porter who was removed

following allegations

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of domestic abuse.

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Gary Cohn was always

fighting a losing battle.

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When it came to trade

he was the free-market globalist

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fighting the President's instinct

for protection and tariffs.

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In the end something had to give.

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Any other leader might question

why so many people seem

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unable or unwilling to stay

on the job.

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But Donald Trump seems to relish

the constant change.

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So many people want to come in,

I have the choice of anybody.

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I could take any position

in the White House

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and I'll have a choice of the ten

top people having to do with that

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position.

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Everybody wants to be there.

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And they love this White House

because we have energy like

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rarely before.

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And joining us now

in Washington is our

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North America Correspondent Nick

Bryant.

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Gary Cohn was an interesting figure,

seen by some as a Democrat in their

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Republican administration but plenty

saw him as a moderating influence.

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Exactly, this is the most

consequential departure we have seen

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for that reason. Gary Cohn was seen

by Wall Street is a reassuring

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figure in a White House in turmoil

and moderating endurance as well,

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someone we believe persuaded Donald

Trump not to declare that China was

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a currency manipulator and persuaded

him to renegotiate Nafta rather than

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getting up the entire agreement. He

has been trying to rein in the

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protectionist impulses of Donald

Trump and of course those

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protectionist impulses have found

expression in the past week with his

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plan to impose tariffs on aluminium

and steel which have sparked the

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possibility of this global trade

war. And that it was bought was the

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final straw for Gary Cohn.

The

lifeblood of the Republican party is

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free trade and business, how much

influence will Republicans now have

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on this in the White House without

Gary Cohn?

Well over the past week

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boosting the triumph of the economic

nationalist, the most well-known was

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Steve Bannon and he has gone of

course. He was the former chief

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medical strategist and there are

economic nationalist left. Peter

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Navarro was one of them coming he

once wrote a book called death by

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China. And the Republican party has

long been the party of free trade.

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Evangelical about capitalism. One of

the reasons for the liberalisation

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of trade policy around the world is

that if modes capitalism and the

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world and they believe free trade is

good for business. Many senior

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Republicans made the case that a

trade war is something the US

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consumers and manufacturers will pay

for. In the supermarkets and car

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dealerships. But Donald Trump is not

persuaded by that, he has vacillated

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on a lot of policies including gun

control that he has been consistent

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on this promise to renegotiate trade

deals and to stop America being

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taken advantage of by foreign

trading partners. That was the

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message that resonated during the

2016 campaign especially in the rust

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belt but got the presidency. With

the promise that he is determined to

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keep with the intimidation of these

tariffs.

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For more on the impact of

Gary Cohn's departure we are joined

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now by Douglas Holtz Eakin,

who was an economic advisor

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in the administration

of George W Bush and is now

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President of the

American Action Forum.

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Thank you for joining me. He went

through all this with President

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Bush. And Teresita tried to impose

work overturned. Do you think that

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the same could happen to these?

Almost certainly, one of the most

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frustrating aspects of this episode

is they will be costs, direct costs

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in the steel consuming industries

that will outweigh the benefits.

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Costs in the form of trade

retaliation and degradation of the

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world trading system and no benefits

in the end because the WTO will save

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these are a violation and have to

go.

Even if they do go away can

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confidence in the US as trading

partner the restored question mark I

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think it has been shaken, I think an

enormous amount depends on the

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outcome of the Nafta negotiations.

If that lands successfully with a

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tripartite agreement with the

modernised Nafta that will be

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against a lot of the rhetoric from

the president on the campaign trail.

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And for the betterment of the North

American trading establishment.

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Wilbur Ross said today, commerce

Secretary, that he's not looking for

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a trade war but sensible relations.

Today I looked at the list that the

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Europeans are providing and seems

they are already in the bunker. The

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provisional list that they will

supply to EU member states, US goods

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that they will target, steel and

industrial products, agricultural

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products, peanut butter, orange

juice. It does not bode well.

It

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does not and this is why their words

do not match the actions. It is not

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that it is a hypothetical

retaliation, it happened before and

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I was in the White House then, they

put up a list and promised it will

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happen again. And it is a very

measured retaliation. It takes a

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look at the scale of damage to

Europeans, it matches that damage on

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US exporters and says OK, do you

want to go forward. If they were

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paying attention to that and wise

enough to scale back or drop it, the

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Europeans would also scaled back and

that would be the right outcome.

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Maybe Donald Trump will look at

figures today, the American trade

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deficit swollen to its widest level

in almost a decade. So maybe he is

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correct and other countries are

taking the Mickey out of the United

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States.

I think any sophisticated

analysis of the trade deficit

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focuses on the mismatch between US

investment and savings as a nation.

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That is the fundamental determinant

of why we had the trade deficit.

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There's no tariff policy that would

change that and some of the things

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that the president has accomplished,

his big tax cuts, larger deficits

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and faster growth will almost

certainly widen that deficit. So

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he's doing to frustration if he

believes these policies will narrow

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the trade gap. - do to frustration.

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Returning to our main story and be

suspected poisoning of Sergei

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Skripal and his daughter.

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For more on this, let's speak

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to Baroness Pauline Neville-Jones -

she's the UK's former chair

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of the Joint Intelligence Committee

and was a security minister

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at the time of the spy swap in 2010

when Sirgei Skripal was transported

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from Russia to the UK.

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What does the implication of the

police saying that this is a nerve

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agent because I understand they're

not especially easy to store or to

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move.

I think we will have to have

further analysis. But

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move.

I think we will have to have

further analysis. But I think most

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people would conclude that it would

be a very concerted and organised

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operation likely to be in the hands

of state to achieve that kind of

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operation. So it does look like a

Russian effort.

As the former

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security minister of course you

would know which kind of groups have

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these nerve agents. I know that

Sarin gas is more commonly available

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but this appears to be a very

sophisticated and potent nerve agent

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and that is not something that crime

groups would get their hands on

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necessarily?

Not easily. You have to

be careful about making an

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accusation before we have full

evidence. But it does point in the

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directions of being an operation by

Anna stayed.

Just to speak about the

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slight dashed this by swap, you are

in position when what kind of

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negotiations went on in the

background customer -?

Seven

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protocols would have applied and you

would not expect him to be the

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target of an operation of this kind.

But we also have statements that

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appear to have been made by

President Putin about people who

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fell into that category. So you

cannot necessarily conclude that the

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normal protocol would necessarily

operate.

I suppose what will

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surprise some people are there are

easier ways to kill someone who is

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considered to be a traitor of the

state. You could push them out of

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the window, shoot them, whatever. It

just seems to me using a nerve agent

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in public in a city really is like

using a hammer to kill an insect.

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Just a public way to do something.

Why would they do that?

You could

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say the same about Litvenenko. And I

think there is a kind of right in a

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particularly sophisticated and

unpleasant method of doing things.

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-- pride. If you're going to put

this kind of thing into a country is

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easier than the kind of controls we

have on weapons and knives and so

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on. So I think it is part of the

style.

Thank you very much.

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Diplomats from North Korea are

thought to have the communication to

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give to the USA. Yesterday resident

Trump said John Yang seemed sincere

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in its willingness to discuss the

possibility of denuclearisation.

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He claimed tougher sanctions had

brought North Korea to this point.

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Well one man who has been

at the table with Pyongyang before

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is Chris Hill, the

former US Ambassador

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to South Korea and he joins us now.

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Is there anything different about

this new overture customer it seems

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like deja vu all over again but what

is different is Kim Jung un has

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never said anything like this and

suggested his nuclear programme is

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on the bargaining table so this is

new.

And out of respect and

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cooperation with the South Korean

think that the Trump administration

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needs to hear this through and see

if there's something there.

What

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more could they give in order to

facilitate the talks?

For the Trump

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administration first of all I think

they made some harsh words but I

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think it is important to keep

sanctions on. In fact there are some

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sense that perhaps the sanctions

have had some role in perhaps

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changing the North Koreans. So I

would hold tough on those but be

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willing to work with the South

Koreans and possibly get some kind

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of conversation and even negotiation

going. So it is very important that

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they be cautious but not churlish

about this.

You talk about having a

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conversation and I just wonder who

they would get to have that

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conversation. United States has lost

its South Korean ambassador who was

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really the expert and his supposed

replacement has withdrawn his

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negotiation. - withdrawn his

application.

Well that is correct,

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so it is a good question. I hope

they're not thinking Jared Kushner

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at this point but certainly they

must start to staff up that State

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Department and I think this special

envoy should be in the State

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Department and hope there is a real

effort because you can't have

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diplomacy without diplomats. That is

precisely what this administration

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has been trying to do.

Present Trump

said it is his rhetoric has done

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this, he could be correct and maybe

the North Koreans and Chinese have

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moved because of this.

Whatever

happens he is going to claim credit

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and that is fine. I think the South

Koreans are working with him to give

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him credit so that is fine. The

question is how to go forward,

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whether we can find something new in

this and whether we can do something

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about this terrible situation on the

Korean peninsula.

Does the

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involvement of South Korea help or

complicate negotiations?

I think

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South Korea looks at North Korea

through a lens that is a bit

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different from the way Americans

look at the issue. It is different

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and I think we need to be respectful

of the fact that the South Koreans

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live literally in the shadow of some

14,000 artillery tubes. We need to

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understand when they talk about

peace and security on the Korean

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peninsula is something affecting

them and their children. So they

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have a different vantage point and

not at all helpful when Americans

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call them week or whatever. We need

to stand close with them right now.

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Thank you for joining us. Not much

trust on either side but one to

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watch.

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A BBC journalist has alleged

that she was sexually harassed

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by the senior Russian politician

Leonid Slutsky.

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Farida Rustamova, from

the BBC's Russian Service,

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is the third journalist to openly

accuse Mr Slutsky of

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improper behaviour.

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The BBC is in possession

of a recording of the incident,

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which was captured on a dictaphone.

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Mr Slutsky denies the claims.

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An outspoken archbishop

of El Salvador, who was shot dead

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in 1980 as he celebrated mass,

is to be made a saint,

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according to the Vatican.

0:19:480:19:50

Archbishop Oscar Romero denounced

repression and social

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injustice in his country as it

descended into civil war.

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No one was ever convicted

for his killing.

0:19:540:19:59

Coca-Cola is to make

an alcoholic drink.

0:19:590:20:02

The 125-year-old American company

says it wants to cash

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in on a growing trend in Japan

for a fizzy, flavoured drink mixed

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with a local spirit.

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And that it will be

targeting a specific part

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of the Japanese market.

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And some incredible

pictures to share with you

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from a volcano in southern Japan.

0:20:190:20:23

A series of powerful

eruptions has created

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a huge volcanic plume,

which is now three-thousand

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metres high.

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Authorities are warning people not

to approach the area.

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We've been talking a lot about trade

during this program -

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particularly when it comes to steel

exports from Canada.

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But there are a number of other

things the Canadians have

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introduced to the world -

Justin Beiber, maple

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syrup for instance.

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And now we have axe throwing.

0:20:520:20:59

It's a new trend that reportedly

started with our neighbours

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in the north and is trying to -

quite literally -

0:21:020:21:04

find its mark here in Washington.

0:21:040:21:07

Of course, I had to give it a try.

0:21:070:21:12

If you've had a bad day at work

or maybe you've fallen out

0:21:120:21:16

with your partner or burned a cake,

I don't know.

0:21:160:21:18

But what better way to ease

the tension and get rid of some

0:21:180:21:22

of that pent-up aggression than lob

an axe at a wall!

0:21:220:21:26

It's not like the

normal thing to do.

0:21:260:21:30

Let's go do something

I could end my life with today!

0:21:300:21:33

So when it comes to this,

everybody can kind of come

0:21:330:21:37

and experience something new.

0:21:370:21:38

It's a bonding experience.

0:21:380:21:39

And it's a lot of fun.

0:21:390:21:42

Now, step on your right foot.

0:21:420:21:43

Give it a good go.

0:21:430:21:44

Take it up.

0:21:440:21:45

Step.

0:21:450:21:48

Well, I hit the target.

0:21:480:21:49

You did hit the target.

0:21:490:21:51

That's a start.

0:21:510:21:52

It's really not that dangerous.

0:21:520:21:53

As long as you don't throw

like a crazy person.

0:21:530:21:56

And just try to have some fun.

0:21:560:21:58

Axe throwing is becoming

alarmingly popular in the US

0:21:580:22:02

having made its way

across the border from Canada.

0:22:020:22:05

There's even an axe throwing league.

0:22:050:22:07

That is quite a medal

you've got there.

0:22:070:22:09

How did you win it?

0:22:090:22:12

I threw it, I won this by throwing

large axes at the wall eczema

0:22:120:22:21

How did you do it,

because I'm hopeless.

0:22:210:22:23

What is your top tip for me?

0:22:230:22:25

I go with the two-handed

style, overhand.

0:22:250:22:26

No wrist action, that's

a common misconception.

0:22:260:22:28

No risks involved in the throw.

0:22:280:22:29

How does this make you feel?

0:22:290:22:32

It makes me feel like a man,

with a big hairy chest!

0:22:320:22:36

Clearly my technique

needs a little polish.

0:22:360:22:42

So after half a dozen throws,

I promise I won't do

0:22:420:22:44

anything bad with this.

0:22:440:22:47

I'm exhausted.

0:22:470:22:50

The axe is getting blunt

and I still haven't hit the target.

0:22:500:22:53

But, it's great fun.

0:22:530:22:55

And I'm so glad I've

had a bad day at work!

0:22:550:23:04

And so the night wore on.

0:23:040:23:07

Come on!

0:23:070:23:10

Once you've mastered

the basics there's no limit

0:23:100:23:12

to what you can do with an axe.

0:23:120:23:15

And then there's that golden moment

when it all comes together.

0:23:150:23:20

Yes!

0:23:200:23:27

Jane O'Brien, BBC News,

axe throwing queen of Washington.

0:23:270:23:37

Are you serious, there's nothing you

cannot do with the axe. Promise me

0:23:370:23:44

you will never show that video. I

have this image of being pinned to

0:23:440:23:55

rotating board with Katty Kay trying

to throw it at me.

Well the last

0:23:550:23:59

thing she said to me was to keep him

in line. Whatever it takes. Axe

0:23:590:24:07

throwing, you name it. And the last

time we spoke you with throwing

0:24:070:24:12

pizza dough. So I think that I win.

Not a axe.

Was it fun? Tremendous

0:24:120:24:24

fun, real adrenaline buzz. I have to

say ambassador Chris Hill left the

0:24:240:24:29

studio rapidly. He was there a

minute ago and suddenly he was not.

0:24:290:24:32

I just think you should all be

worried.

I imagine it is a bit like

0:24:320:24:38

screaming, scientists say it is good

for you to scream and let it all

0:24:380:24:42

out. The axe might be a good tonic.

Another story from China, state

0:24:420:24:50

media encouraging men and women to

settle for someone who is kind of OK

0:24:500:24:56

when choosing to marry. What they're

saying in newspapers is that people

0:24:560:25:03

are picky and they need to be less

fussy when it comes to picking a

0:25:030:25:07

partner. Apparently it follows

concerns about the low birth rate

0:25:070:25:10

the country for that newspaper

estate to many single people have an

0:25:100:25:14

idealised view of love that leads

them to reject people who are

0:25:140:25:18

perfectly reasonable partners. What

do you reckon, if you do not like

0:25:180:25:26

them you could just get rid of them

with an axe X Mac.

0:25:260:25:37

This is Beyond 100

Days from the BBC.

0:25:370:25:39

Coming up for viewers

on the BBC News Channel

0:25:390:25:41

and BBC World News -

Saudi's crown prince is on the charm

0:25:410:25:44

offensive in London -

with this visit to the UK

0:25:440:25:47

although it is a controversial one.

0:25:470:25:48

And the Stormy Daniels saga -

how a legal technicality

0:25:480:25:50

might allow this adult film actress

to tell all about an alleged

0:25:500:25:53

affair with Donald Trump.

0:25:530:25:54

That's still to come.

0:25:540:25:57

Good evening. There is a bit of snow

in the forecast tonight. Nothing

0:26:080:26:14

like the snowfall we had a week ago.

It will only be small areas of the

0:26:140:26:20

country affected. But some parts of

the Midlands could see some

0:26:200:26:25

additional snowfall tonight. It does

not look like much but it causes

0:26:250:26:32

showers to Darren together into a

slightly more organised area of rain

0:26:320:26:37

or snow. Meanwhile we continue to

see showers across parts of Northern

0:26:370:26:42

Ireland and western Scotland. But

further south we have much of the

0:26:420:26:46

rain and the snow. The snowfall

mostly reserved for higher ground,

0:26:460:26:52

the hills and mountains of Wales,

the North Midlands, parts of north

0:26:520:26:56

England. But later in the night it

may be that we see some snow

0:26:560:27:01

temporarily to those lower levels.

Temperatures falling away to

0:27:010:27:06

freezing or below across the

northern half of the country.

0:27:060:27:11

Further south not so cold. But we

could see some snow across the

0:27:110:27:18

Midlands and the north of England

and Wales. That could cause some

0:27:180:27:22

disruption of your BBC local radio

station will keep you up to date.

0:27:220:27:28

This area of snow and rain slides

away very quickly and then not a bad

0:27:280:27:34

day for many with some spells of

sunshine and just a scattering of

0:27:340:27:37

showers. And relatively mild

compared with what we had a week

0:27:370:27:42

ago. Highs of seven in Aberdeen, 10

degrees in London. Then on Friday

0:27:420:27:48

dry weather around, some showers in

the North, wintry over higher ground

0:27:480:27:53

and data during the day wet weather

pushing across the Channel Islands

0:27:530:27:57

and into the south-west of England.

Pretty heavy rain developing

0:27:570:28:02

courtesy of a frontal system pushing

its way north during Friday night

0:28:020:28:08

into Saturday. All driven by low

pressure. But with that out of the

0:28:080:28:13

west we develop a southerly wind

which brings in some pretty mild air

0:28:130:28:17

as we go through the weekend. So for

the weekend pretty mild, double

0:28:170:28:24

digits in the South and some rain at

times.

0:28:240:28:30

This is Beyond 100 Days,

with me Christian Fraser in London.

0:30:060:30:08

Jane O'Brien is in Washington.

0:30:080:30:10

Our top stories:

0:30:100:30:12

Police reveal that the former

Russian spy who collapsed

0:30:120:30:14

in Salisbury, England was poisoned

by a very rare nerve agent.

0:30:140:30:19

Another major departure

at the White House.

0:30:190:30:21

This time, it is the President's top

economic advisor stepping down

0:30:210:30:24

after a rift over tariffs.

0:30:240:30:27

Coming up in the next half-hour:

0:30:270:30:30

Fishing and finance -

the European Council gives more

0:30:300:30:32

details about what sort of trade

deal the EU would like in

0:30:320:30:35

a post-Brexit Britain.

0:30:350:30:38

Saudi's Crown Prince

arrives in the UK.

0:30:380:30:39

He meets the Prime Minister and has

lunch with the Queen,

0:30:390:30:42

but there are those not rolling

out the welcome mat.

0:30:420:30:46

Let us know your thoughts

by using the hashtag #beyond100days.

0:30:460:30:51

The British government has set

down plenty of red lines

0:30:590:31:02

in this Brexit negotiation.

0:31:020:31:03

Today, it was the turn

of the European Union.

0:31:030:31:06

In Luxembourg, they have

published draft guidelines

0:31:060:31:08

for the negotiations

of a future relationship.

0:31:080:31:11

The European Council President,

Donald Tusk, said the EU wants

0:31:110:31:16

a free-trade agreement with

zero-tariffs goods and reciprocal

0:31:160:31:18

access to fisheries.

0:31:180:31:20

But the document provides little

detail on financial services.

0:31:200:31:26

In London, the Chancellor

of the Exchequer, Philip Hammond,

0:31:260:31:28

said any deal that didn't encompass

Britain's service sector -

0:31:280:31:31

which includes banks -

would not be viewed as a fair deal.

0:31:310:31:35

Our UK political editor,

Laura Kuenssberg, reports.

0:31:350:31:41

A different Mansion House.

0:31:420:31:45

This time, in a Luxembourg garden.

0:31:450:31:47

But there's strife ahead,

even in this, the most

0:31:470:31:50

tranquil surroundings.

0:31:500:31:55

The European Union

revealed its response

0:31:550:31:56

to Theresa May's plans for Brexit.

0:31:560:31:59

It will make it more

complicated and costly

0:31:590:32:00

than today, for all of us.

0:32:010:32:05

This is the essence of Brexit.

0:32:050:32:10

A pick-and-mix approach

for a non-member state

0:32:100:32:12

is out of the question.

0:32:120:32:14

We are not going to

sacrifice these principles.

0:32:140:32:18

It is simply not in our interest.

0:32:180:32:23

Unfortunately, and we have to know,

there will be be no

0:32:230:32:26

winners after the Brexit.

0:32:260:32:27

Both sides will be losing.

0:32:270:32:33

The EU has been united

with that gloomy message.

0:32:330:32:40

But it was only on Friday

the Prime Minister said she wanted

0:32:400:32:43

an ambitious trade partnership

where the bloc but accepted

0:32:430:32:45

compromises would be made.

0:32:450:32:46

So how do the two sides compare?

0:32:460:32:48

The EU guidelines of a possible deal

say there will be negative

0:32:480:32:51

economic consequences.

0:32:510:32:52

And, while the Prime Minister

said all agreements mean

0:32:520:32:54

picking and choosing,

the EU insists the UK can't cherry

0:32:540:32:57

pick the bits of the EU it likes.

0:32:570:33:07

But the unions accepted

the goal of a trade deal

0:33:070:33:13

where there are no tariffss

but controversially,

0:33:130:33:14

only if the EU keeps access

to fish British waters.

0:33:140:33:17

Crucially there is space to budge.

0:33:170:33:21

The document says if the UK

positions were to evolve,

0:33:210:33:24

the union will be prepared

to reconsider its offer,

0:33:240:33:28

and there is the chance of brokering

a limited deal over services,

0:33:280:33:31

including the giant money machine

of the City of London.

0:33:310:33:33

Where the Chancellor shrugged off

the Brussels position.

0:33:330:33:35

They are very skilled

and disciplined in the way

0:33:350:33:37

they carry out negotiation.

0:33:370:33:40

It doesn't surprise me remotely that

what they have set out this morning

0:33:400:33:44

is a very tough position.

0:33:440:33:47

But Labour claims the Government's

approach is all over the place.

0:33:470:33:57

We can change the tone

into one of mutual respect

0:34:000:34:02

and we can get the deal

that

0:34:020:34:04

will protect the economy and jobs.

0:34:040:34:05

There are big gaps between

what the Government wants

0:34:050:34:08

and what the EU is willing to give.

0:34:080:34:09

And it is clear, it is easier

for Brussels not Westminster to call

0:34:090:34:15

the shots, but in this long,

tortured process, today is not

0:34:150:34:20

a moment of political panic.

0:34:200:34:24

It is clear from both sides

0:34:240:34:25

and from these guidelines, there

is a real conversation to be had.

0:34:250:34:31

President Trump is facing more

pressure from within

0:34:310:34:33

the administration and from outside.

0:34:330:34:34

It's emerged porn actress

Stormy Daniels is taking legal

0:34:340:34:36

action to have a non-disclosure

agreement about her alleged

0:34:360:34:38

relationship with Donald

Trump declared void.

0:34:380:34:43

Stormy, whose real name

is Stephanie Clifford,

0:34:430:34:45

claimed to have had an affair

with Mr Trump in 2006 and 2007.

0:34:450:34:50

The President's personal lawyer has

admitted paying Ms Clifford money

0:34:500:34:54

before the Presidential election,

but denies the pair ever

0:34:540:34:56

had a relationship.

0:34:560:35:00

Joining me now to discuss any legal

jeopardy this could put

0:35:000:35:03

the President in is Jonathan Turley

from George Washington University.

0:35:030:35:12

Thank you for coming in. This is a

story that's been rumbling on for

0:35:120:35:17

some time, so how does this court

challenge change it?

It really

0:35:170:35:23

involves a couple of surprising

details, one is that the president

0:35:230:35:26

was using a fake name during these

negotiations over what Stormy

0:35:260:35:30

Daniels refers to as the hush money.

His attorney, a man called Colin,

0:35:300:35:36

also used in a shoot name in all of

these fake corporate entities to cut

0:35:360:35:41

this deal. She is essentially saying

that the agreement is now invalid

0:35:410:35:46

for two reasons, and one is that the

president never signed it, in either

0:35:460:35:51

his real or fake name, and second,

and this is probably the stronger

0:35:510:35:55

argument, that the President's

lawyer has nullified the agreement

0:35:550:36:00

because he spoke publicly. The

agreement also says quite clearly in

0:36:000:36:03

a court document that she said she

had a year-long affair with the

0:36:030:36:09

president, something his attorney

has denied. That isn't just some

0:36:090:36:16

tabloid magazine, but a court

document, where she is under

0:36:160:36:20

obligations to be true.

It all

sounds a bit of a mess. What do you

0:36:200:36:24

make of the way this has been

handled by the attorneys in the

0:36:240:36:30

White House?

Any controversy

involving a porn star called Stormy

0:36:300:36:34

is probably not going to turn out

well, so it's definitely not a good

0:36:340:36:38

thing. This could be a serious

threat. John Edwards, who ran for

0:36:380:36:44

president, was indicted when a third

party paid off essentially a woman

0:36:440:36:48

he was having an affair with, and

she ultimately bore a child with

0:36:480:36:50

him. He was indicted and stood for

criminal campaign finance violation

0:36:500:37:01

charge. Bill Clinton followed the

same path, you had the filing of a

0:37:010:37:06

civil suit involving a relationship

before he became president, and

0:37:060:37:10

ultimately led to his impeachment

because he decided he wouldn't tell

0:37:100:37:13

the truth under oath. So these are

precarious waters for any president.

0:37:130:37:18

It was the lie that did for Bill

Clinton, wasn't it, the lie that he

0:37:180:37:23

told. What happens if Robert

Mueller, the special council, but

0:37:230:37:31

the president under oath and asks

him about this specific subject and

0:37:310:37:36

whether money changed hands. Is that

where this gets tricky for the

0:37:360:37:41

president?

It does, and that is the

high risk scenario. Because this

0:37:410:37:45

money has been alleged to be a

campaign finance violation, it falls

0:37:450:37:52

within the bailiwick of the special

council. He has been given a charge

0:37:520:37:56

allowing him to look at the election

and any crimes that arise in the

0:37:560:38:01

course of his investigation. He

could clearly ask the president not

0:38:010:38:05

only did he have this affair, but

whether this money was a quid pro

0:38:050:38:09

quo, whether it was hush money. The

president would need, like Bill

0:38:090:38:15

Clinton, to answer truthfully, no

matter what the embarrassment might

0:38:150:38:18

be. The Republicans in Congress

would be hard-pressed not to say

0:38:180:38:24

that it was an impeachable offence,

as it was for Bill Clinton.

How do

0:38:240:38:31

you think he has handled it?

Well, I

think it's interesting, in that the

0:38:310:38:39

political irony is that he might

well have survived the scandal of an

0:38:390:38:41

alleged affair with a porn actress.

He's handled allegations made

0:38:410:38:48

against him by women and, of course,

we had the tapes where he admitted

0:38:480:38:52

groping women publicly. The problem

he's in is any attempt to cover it

0:38:520:39:00

up. That, as Jonathan is saying, is

really the thing that is back to

0:39:000:39:04

haunt him. Had he just tried to

stick it out, there is all in

0:39:040:39:11

indication that this wouldn't have

affected his face, that women would

0:39:110:39:15

have continued to vote for him, and

it wouldn't have affected his

0:39:150:39:19

standing in the polls. This is the

sort of behaviour most of his

0:39:190:39:23

supporters just go, it's Donald

trump.

Like he says, I could murder

0:39:230:39:28

somebody on fifth Ave and they

wouldn't care, and maybe they don't

0:39:280:39:32

care about the consensual sex, but

perhaps they would care if there was

0:39:320:39:36

perjury or he walked into problems

over campaign finance.

Exactly, and

0:39:360:39:40

it's going to be an interesting

legal tussle.

0:39:400:39:49

Britain and Saudi Arabia are

pledging to build more than $90

0:39:490:39:52

billion worth of trade and

investment ties. The announcement

0:39:520:39:58

comes as Theresa May has met with

Mohammed bin Salman, the crown

0:39:580:40:02

prince of Saudi Arabia, who arrived

at the start of a three-day visit to

0:40:020:40:05

the UK.

0:40:050:40:07

Campaigners have been out in force

today, protesting Saudi Arabia's

0:40:070:40:09

record on human rights and the war

they've led against

0:40:090:40:12

the Houthis in Yemen.

0:40:120:40:16

But the pair have agreed a political

solution, say Theresa May's office.

0:40:160:40:23

She reminded MPs the two countries

have long-standing ties,

0:40:230:40:27

Our chief international

correspondent, Lyse Doucet,

0:40:270:40:28

is with me now.

0:40:280:40:31

I saw your interview with the

Foreign Minister yesterday. The fact

0:40:310:40:37

that Mohammed bin Salman is being

given the red carpet treatment

0:40:370:40:40

today, he had lunch with the Queen

and I think he's having dinner with

0:40:400:40:44

Prince Charles and Prince William

tonight, does that suggest that,

0:40:440:40:48

although it falls short of a state

visit, it is hugely important to the

0:40:480:40:53

UK?

To both sides, and the mention

is the United Kingdoms. Mohammed bin

0:40:530:41:03

Salman is 32. Barring some

unexpected development, and we

0:41:030:41:06

always have to expect that in the

volatile Middle East, he will be

0:41:060:41:10

King one day, and therefore Britain

will want to do with him. What

0:41:100:41:13

better time than when he is young

and when he is starting out. It is

0:41:130:41:17

first trip to Britain as crown

prince, and he has been put in

0:41:170:41:21

charge of a folio covering the in

Yemen and also social reform. I go

0:41:210:41:26

to Saudi Arabia every few months

and, in the space of a few months,

0:41:260:41:31

so much changes, but a lot doesn't

change, including the response to

0:41:310:41:35

dissent, which is always suppressed

immediately, and the war in Yemen

0:41:350:41:39

has dragged on longer than Saudi

Arabia expected. But there is a

0:41:390:41:42

close relationship. They are saying

it is more than a century long

0:41:420:41:45

relationship. The bedrock of that is

a tricky relationship, and most of

0:41:450:41:53

that trade is that defence. Britain

would to be the major suppliers of

0:41:530:41:59

arms, so it is controversial.

Dissent isn't tolerated and neither,

0:41:590:42:03

it seems is bad PR. Some

extraordinary adverts. I want to

0:42:030:42:06

show viewers a story in the God --

the Guardian written by Emily

0:42:060:42:12

Thornberry, and it was an attack on

human rights, she didn't like the

0:42:120:42:18

red carpet is being rolled out. But

the advert at the somebody has paid

0:42:180:42:21

for it, and if you drive from

Heathrow to central London today,

0:42:210:42:26

all along the route of the Mfor, you

could see billboards, bringing

0:42:260:42:31

change to Saudi Arabia, and they

have gone to some effort to make

0:42:310:42:34

sure it looks good.

They were aware

there would be billboards saying the

0:42:340:42:39

opposite, and when I went to the

Saudi embassy earlier this week,

0:42:390:42:43

they had reinforced security

measures and there was a fan going

0:42:430:42:46

around the embassy with a picture of

Mohammed bin Salman and say he

0:42:460:42:48

should not be welcomed. The fact

remains that he is popular at home.

0:42:480:42:55

He is of a generation, and the vast

majority of Saudis are of the same

0:42:550:43:02

age as him, 30 or under, and he is

bringing change, he is determined to

0:43:020:43:07

push, to pole, to drag his kingdom

into the 21st century, and it is

0:43:070:43:12

things that we take as bog-standard,

allowing women to drive and Goodison

0:43:120:43:17

on Mars, allowing women to sit in

sports in a mask, and we think, is

0:43:170:43:20

that it? He wants to make economic

change. He wants to diversify from

0:43:200:43:28

oil. There is much at stake, because

it is do or die. He knows that, if

0:43:280:43:33

Saudi Arabia doesn't change, it will

collapse. Wedge he is coming to the

0:43:330:43:36

US next week to continue the charm

offensive, presumably.

These are

0:43:360:43:44

long-standing relationships. Why

does he feel the need to consolidate

0:43:440:43:47

them in this way?

When he comes to

Washington, and I was in Riyadh for

0:43:470:43:54

President Trump's visit, his first

foreign visit as president, and the

0:43:540:43:58

strength of the relationship was on

the show. Saudi Arabia gave

0:43:580:44:04

unconditional support to President

Trump at a time where President

0:44:040:44:07

Trump was being criticised for his

travel ban, which was essentially

0:44:070:44:12

against majority Muslim countries,

when he was being criticised for

0:44:120:44:16

misogyny and everything else. I was

in Saudi Arabia at the time, and he

0:44:160:44:20

had across the board support, tinged

with, thank God President Obama is

0:44:200:44:29

gone, because there were so many

tensions. But income is President

0:44:290:44:33

Trump, who sees the main threat in

the region as Iran, that they need

0:44:330:44:39

to work together to fight terrorism,

and it is jobs, jobs, deals, deals.

0:44:390:44:46

President Trump was so excited about

how many arms deals he did when he

0:44:460:44:51

was in Riyadh, and that will

continue, that kind shoulder to

0:44:510:44:53

shoulder, the United States and

Saudi Arabia.

Always good to have

0:44:530:44:59

you in the studio. Nice to see you.

0:44:590:45:02

This is Beyond 100 Days.

0:45:020:45:03

Still to come - autonomous driving

and electric supercars.

0:45:030:45:05

We head to this year's

Geneva Motor Show to take a closer

0:45:050:45:08

look at the rides of the future.

0:45:080:45:10

Here in the UK, an 18-year-old

asylum seeker from Iraq has gone

0:45:160:45:19

on trial, accused of planting a bomb

on a London Underground train

0:45:190:45:22

at Parsons Green in south-west

London last September.

0:45:220:45:26

The jury has been told the device

was designed to cause

0:45:260:45:29

"maximum harm and carnage".

0:45:290:45:30

30 people were injured

when the bomb partially exploded.

0:45:300:45:33

Ahmed Hassan denies attempted murder

and causing an explosion

0:45:330:45:35

likely to endanger life.

0:45:360:45:38

Our home affairs correspondent,

June Kelly, has more.

0:45:380:45:41

SIRENS.

0:45:410:45:43

An autumn morning last year.

0:45:430:45:45

And today the Old Bailey heard how

an improvised explosive

0:45:450:45:48

device partially detonated

on an underground train just as it

0:45:480:45:52

pulled into Parsons Green station.

0:45:520:45:56

The partial explosion created

a large fireball in a carriage

0:45:560:45:59

carrying around 93 passengers.

0:45:590:46:02

Some were caught by the flames

and sustained significant burns.

0:46:020:46:07

The teenager on trial for the attack

was brought to court to face charges

0:46:070:46:11

of attempted murder and causing

an explosion likely

0:46:110:46:14

to endanger life.

0:46:140:46:17

18-year-old Ahmed Hassan,

an asylum seeker from Iraq,

0:46:170:46:19

is pleading not guilty.

0:46:190:46:22

When he arrived in the UK he told

immigration officials

0:46:220:46:24

that he had been forcibly taken

by the Islamic State group

0:46:240:46:27

and trained to kill by them.

0:46:280:46:31

He said he had got away

from IS and was in fear of them.

0:46:310:46:34

Today the court heard that

Hassan left his device

0:46:340:46:36

in a bucket on the train.

0:46:360:46:38

It was said to be loaded

with shrapnel to cause

0:46:380:46:41

maximum harm and damage.

0:46:410:46:43

And he had used the

volatile explosive TATP.

0:46:430:46:49

The prosecutor Alison Morgan

said of the passengers,

0:46:490:46:51

many ran in fear and panic.

0:46:510:46:52

They were fortunate.

0:46:520:46:55

Ahmed Hassan had fitted

the device with a timer.

0:47:080:47:10

He got off at the station before.

0:47:100:47:13

He was arrested 24 hours later.

0:47:130:47:17

June Kelly, BBC News,

at the Old Bailey.

0:47:170:47:20

You're watching Beyond 100 Days.

0:47:240:47:26

It is hard to overstate

the importance of the insurance

0:47:260:47:29

and banking sector to the UK economy

- over a million UK jobs, worth over

0:47:290:47:33

£120 billion to the economy -

and, as things stand,

0:47:330:47:38

London is one of the most important

financial capitals in the world.

0:47:380:47:41

So what happens after Brexit?

0:47:410:47:44

In an interview with the BBC this

week, the French economy minister

0:47:440:47:47

made clear that France does not

think financial services can be part

0:47:470:47:50

of any future EU-UK trade deal.

0:47:510:47:53

In a speech today, the Chancellor

of the Exchequer made clear

0:47:530:47:56

he thinks otherwise.

0:47:560:48:04

A trade deal will only happen if it

is fair and balances the interests

0:48:040:48:08

of both sides. Given the shape of

the British economy, and our trade

0:48:080:48:15

balance with the EU 27, it's hard to

see how any deal that didn't include

0:48:150:48:19

services could look like a fair and

balanced settlement. So I'm clear

0:48:190:48:25

not only that it is possible to

include financial services within a

0:48:250:48:28

trade deal but that it is very much

in our mutual interest to do so.

0:48:280:48:35

Well, Lloyd's of London is one

of the oldest financial

0:48:350:48:37

institutions in the City.

0:48:370:48:38

For 300 years, it has provided

insurance services across the world.

0:48:380:48:41

Katty and I have been chatting

to CEO Baroness Inga Beale

0:48:410:48:43

about Brexit, and I asked her

about the plans to move

0:48:430:48:46

a subsidiary to Brussels.

0:48:460:48:53

Over 80% of Lloyd's business comes

from outside the UK, and about 10%

0:48:530:48:57

of that comes from the EU 27. So

we've got a whole load of business

0:48:570:49:02

that will continue to be traded in

London, as it always has done. The

0:49:020:49:07

reason we are having to set up a

subsidiary in Brussels is to service

0:49:070:49:11

that piece of the business that is

just coming from the EU 27, and

0:49:110:49:15

that's about 4 billion euros of

business, and we will set up a legal

0:49:150:49:20

entity in Brussels and we will have

staff there, but a lot of the

0:49:200:49:25

activity and expertise will still

continue to sit in London. So the

0:49:250:49:27

busy, bustling underrating in the

trading room that you see behind me,

0:49:270:49:32

that will still be in existence and

it will be a key part of Lloyd's

0:49:320:49:39

business model going forwards.

What

does this mean in terms of jobs, not

0:49:390:49:44

just at Lloyds but in the insurance

market? How big a shift could it be

0:49:440:49:48

from the UK to the continent in

terms of job numbers?

We don't think

0:49:480:49:54

it will be that large. For Lloyds,

it's a small fraction of the total

0:49:540:49:58

employee base, or the total people

that work in the market. Over time,

0:49:580:50:03

it could be that more people decide

to have people situated in France or

0:50:030:50:07

Germany or Italy, because they see

business opportunity coming out of

0:50:070:50:11

it, so that's the way we are trying

to look at it, looking at it from

0:50:110:50:15

the newly -- from an opportunistic

point of view.

You have repeatedly

0:50:150:50:21

said you don't want any more

uncertainty, and you would like the

0:50:210:50:24

government to provide more certainty

to your industry. What is it that

0:50:240:50:29

you want the UK Government to do,

and how fast do you need them to do

0:50:290:50:33

it?

We have years and years of back

policies, and the life insurance

0:50:330:50:40

players and pension providers have

long-term contracts. The issue is

0:50:400:50:42

that, once we have exited the EU,

many of our firms are many insurance

0:50:420:50:50

firms will no longer be licensed and

they won't be able to service those

0:50:500:50:55

contracts, so one of our big asks is

to have certainty of being able to

0:50:550:51:00

service those contracts. That could

be provided by the regulator is

0:51:000:51:04

right across Europe, and by Europe I

include the UK regulators, they

0:51:040:51:08

could solve this, and that is of our

asks, if the government doesn't

0:51:080:51:15

negotiate some access to a single

market for financial services, the

0:51:150:51:19

regulators could still come up with

a rival option that would secure our

0:51:190:51:25

ability to service those customers.

You said that there are

0:51:250:51:28

opportunities and new in Europe. Do

you think there are worldwide?

The

0:51:280:51:34

US is by far Lloyd's largest market,

and we have long-standing

0:51:340:51:37

relationships in the US, and we

continue to see growth but, when we

0:51:370:51:41

look further afield to other

markets, Asia has a population of 4

0:51:410:51:44

billion.

You just set out right

there all of the worldwide

0:51:440:51:50

opportunities.

We believe there are,

but we've got to be able to still

0:51:500:51:55

look after our business within

Europe, so of course we spend, and I

0:51:550:52:00

spent, as a CEO, quite a bit of time

on Brexit, I have to admit, and

0:52:000:52:04

that's about defending what we have,

but any business wants to turn

0:52:040:52:09

everything they can into an

opportunity, so we must be positive

0:52:090:52:12

in our outlook. We believe there

could be good opportunities for

0:52:120:52:16

Lloyds within the whole of Europe,

including the whole way through the

0:52:160:52:21

EU countries, but also we must take

our eye off the ball of the above --

0:52:210:52:26

of the other opportunities. We've

been set up in Singapore for some

0:52:260:52:31

years, we celebrated ten years in

China last year, we set up in Dubai

0:52:310:52:36

a few years ago, and those centres

are becoming more and more important

0:52:360:52:39

for Lloyds overall global business.

0:52:390:52:46

My car didn't start this morning, so

I've got a vested interest in the

0:52:460:52:49

next piece of news.

0:52:490:52:51

Let's take you now to one

of the highlights of the car

0:52:510:52:53

industry's calendar -

the Geneva Motor Show,

0:52:530:52:55

which is on this week.

0:52:550:53:00

Maybe I could get a new car!

0:53:000:53:03

Even though the business may be

worried about the fall in diesel

0:53:030:53:06

vehicle sales and a possible trade

war with the United States,

0:53:060:53:08

there's still room to dream.

0:53:080:53:10

Our correspondent Theo Leggett

is there and had a tour of how

0:53:100:53:12

motoring might look in the future.

0:53:120:53:14

Here in Geneva, I am surrounded

by hundreds of cars which are either

0:53:140:53:17

on the market already

or soon to go on sale.

0:53:170:53:19

But what I really like about shows

like this one is you get

0:53:190:53:22

an indication of what manufacturers

think we'll be driving in a few

0:53:220:53:25

years' time so let's take

a look into the future...

0:53:250:53:30

Here we are in the future

and what do we have here?

0:53:300:53:34

This little machine is a robot taxi

because people will be living

0:53:340:53:37

in cities and they will want

to get around.

0:53:370:53:39

So come on inside.

0:53:390:53:44

Do take a seat because there

is plenty of room in here.

0:53:440:53:48

Now, one thing you might notice,

looking around, is there is no

0:53:480:53:51

driver, and that is because

this is a robot taxi -

0:53:510:53:55

it is the future, after all.

0:53:550:53:57

It is electric, it's clean,

it's green, it's an alternative

0:53:570:53:59

to buses or trams or other forms

of public transport.

0:53:590:54:03

So in one sense it is a taxi

but, remember, don't

0:54:030:54:06

complain about the driving.

0:54:060:54:08

How about this?

0:54:080:54:09

It looks like something

out of Blade Runner.

0:54:090:54:11

It's a new concept from Toyota and,

because it's from the future,

0:54:110:54:15

as you will see in the moment,

it has funky internal lighting.

0:54:150:54:17

It's also electric, self driving

but at least it does have a steering

0:54:170:54:21

wheel for when you really feel

like taking control.

0:54:210:54:25

Or how about this?

0:54:250:54:28

It's the new nucleus concept

from Italian designer house,

0:54:280:54:30

Icona, and as you can see,

it is basically a living

0:54:300:54:33

room on wheels.

0:54:330:54:36

Icona says this is not

being planned for tomorrow,

0:54:360:54:42

it's for the day after tomorrow,

it's a distant future idea -

0:54:420:54:45

but as you can see,

lots and lots of space,

0:54:450:54:47

there's a bar over there,

big seats - this one's so large,

0:54:470:54:50

you can even lie down

and have a sleep so that is

0:54:500:54:53

what I going to do, goodnight.

0:54:530:54:55

And if futuristic really

is not your thing, don't worry,

0:54:560:54:59

you can always come here

to the David Brown Automotive

0:54:590:55:02

stand where you can find

a new take on an old classic.

0:55:020:55:05

SIGHS.

0:55:060:55:07

Lovely.

0:55:070:55:14

Yes, that's more like it! My car is

in black and white as well. Not a

0:55:140:55:19

jump lead inside. All of the new

toys at the Geneva car show.

0:55:190:55:22

Before we go, take a look at these

pictures of an amazing

0:55:220:55:25

rescue in California.

0:55:250:55:30

This is my nightmare, I've just come

back from skiing with my children.

0:55:300:55:34

A five-year-old skier lost

consciousness after she was left

0:55:340:55:36

dangling from a chairlift

at the Bear Mountain Ski

0:55:360:55:38

Resort in Big Bear Lake.

0:55:380:55:42

This makes my stomach turn.

0:55:420:55:44

A ski instructor, who's

on the lift with her,

0:55:440:55:48

is holding her jacket as people

below gather with some

0:55:480:55:50

tarpaulin to allow her a soft

landing from the lift.

0:55:500:55:54

Well done to that skiing instructor.

He held on for quite some time.

0:55:540:55:58

Extraordinarily well done.

0:55:580:56:01

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