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Beyond One Hundred Days.
A nerve agent was the weapon, say
British authorities investigating
the attempted murder of a Russian
spy and his daughter.
The two remain critical
in a public park in Salisbury,
England on Sunday.
The Kremlin continued to deny any
Another major departure
at the White House.
This time it is the president's top
economic advisor who is stepping
down after a rift over tariffs.
Also on the programme..
A private message is on its way
from Pyongyang to the US.
We speak to a top American
diplomat on whether this
could be a breakthrough.
I'm so glad I had a bad day at work.
And I take up an unsettling
new sport - axe throwing.
Find out about the new craze
making its way from Canada.
Get in touch with us
using the hashtag
Hello and welcome -
I'm Christian Fraser in London,
Jane O'Brien is in Washington.
It's now known that a nerve agent
was used in an an attempt to murder
a Russian spy and his daughter
earlier this week.
British counter terrorism
police say Sergei Skripal
and his 33-year-old daughter Yulia
were specifically targeted.
The unnamed substance was so potent
that a police officer who was first
to respond is also now in a serious
condition in hospital.
Moscow has denied any links
to the attempted murder
of the former double agent.
And the UK government says it
continues to keep an open mind
while the investigation unfolds.
But the method employed, in a public
area, with such a toxic agent,
will only fuel concerns
that there was some
Tom Symonds reports.
Sergei Skripal was a man
with a shadowy past.
Relatives said he feared it
would catch up with him
but he was using his own name,
living a normal life, popping into a
corner shop last month
for milk and bacon.
Tonight, he and his daughter
are gravely ill and now, the police
have revealed why.
In summary, this is being treated
as a major incident
involved attempting murder
by the administration
of a nerve agent.
As you know, these two people remain
critically ill in hospital.
Sadly, in addition,
a police officer who
was one of the first
to attend the scene
and respond to the incident is
now also in a serious
condition in hospital.
Counter-terrorism officers are being
advised by public health agencies,
they say there is no obvious
outstanding risk and, they are
trying to work out what the Skripals
were doing in Salisbury after
arriving on Sunday.
Police are investigating
reports that Sergei
Skripal had lunch with a woman
at this Italian restaurant.
They were behaving
strangely, she had dark
hair, resembled his daughter
Yulia in this picture.
But police have already
seized this CCTV footage
from just before 4pm.
A man and a blonde haired
woman heading to the
area where the family were taken
ill on a park bench.
An eyewitness who saw
that has told us...
The girl was pretty,
blonde hair, I couldn't see
her face very well because
she was leant on him.
Blonde hair, dark hair,
detectives will need to sort
through a mass of eyewitness reports
and CCTV, to establish the truth.
The Government was briefed
on the inquiry today.
We need to keep a cool head
and make sure that we
collect all the evidence we can,
and we need to make sure
that we respond not to rumour
but to all the
evidence that they collect.
And then, we will
need to decide what
action to take.
But life in central Salisbury is now
dominated by the response to the
At lunchtime this,
after a woman appeared
to have been taken ill at
the offices next to the restaurant.
Police would not discuss why there
was such a huge emergency response.
But with two lives in jeopardy at
the local hospital, it is clear why
the risk has to be taken seriously.
In a few minutes we will speak to
the former chair of the UK joint
intelligence committee to get her
thoughts on this developing story.
Here in Washington,
the revolving door of
the White House is spinning again.
The latest to go is
the president's chief
economic adviser Gary Cohn.
Last week it was one
of his most trusted confidents,
Hope Hicks, who resigned
seeking new opportunities.
She was his fourth director
Another to go was the political aide
Rob Porter who was removed
of domestic abuse.
Gary Cohn was always
fighting a losing battle.
When it came to trade
he was the free-market globalist
fighting the President's instinct
for protection and tariffs.
In the end something had to give.
Any other leader might question
why so many people seem
unable or unwilling to stay
on the job.
But Donald Trump seems to relish
the constant change.
So many people want to come in,
I have the choice of anybody.
I could take any position
in the White House
and I'll have a choice of the ten
top people having to do with that
Everybody wants to be there.
And they love this White House
because we have energy like
And joining us now
in Washington is our
North America Correspondent Nick
Gary Cohn was an interesting figure,
seen by some as a Democrat in their
Republican administration but plenty
saw him as a moderating influence.
Exactly, this is the most
consequential departure we have seen
for that reason. Gary Cohn was seen
by Wall Street is a reassuring
figure in a White House in turmoil
and moderating endurance as well,
someone we believe persuaded Donald
Trump not to declare that China was
a currency manipulator and persuaded
him to renegotiate Nafta rather than
getting up the entire agreement. He
has been trying to rein in the
protectionist impulses of Donald
Trump and of course those
protectionist impulses have found
expression in the past week with his
plan to impose tariffs on aluminium
and steel which have sparked the
possibility of this global trade
war. And that it was bought was the
final straw for Gary Cohn.
lifeblood of the Republican party is
free trade and business, how much
influence will Republicans now have
on this in the White House without
Well over the past week
boosting the triumph of the economic
nationalist, the most well-known was
Steve Bannon and he has gone of
course. He was the former chief
medical strategist and there are
economic nationalist left. Peter
Navarro was one of them coming he
once wrote a book called death by
China. And the Republican party has
long been the party of free trade.
Evangelical about capitalism. One of
the reasons for the liberalisation
of trade policy around the world is
that if modes capitalism and the
world and they believe free trade is
good for business. Many senior
Republicans made the case that a
trade war is something the US
consumers and manufacturers will pay
for. In the supermarkets and car
dealerships. But Donald Trump is not
persuaded by that, he has vacillated
on a lot of policies including gun
control that he has been consistent
on this promise to renegotiate trade
deals and to stop America being
taken advantage of by foreign
trading partners. That was the
message that resonated during the
2016 campaign especially in the rust
belt but got the presidency. With
the promise that he is determined to
keep with the intimidation of these
For more on the impact of
Gary Cohn's departure we are joined
now by Douglas Holtz Eakin,
who was an economic advisor
in the administration
of George W Bush and is now
President of the
American Action Forum.
Thank you for joining me. He went
through all this with President
Bush. And Teresita tried to impose
work overturned. Do you think that
the same could happen to these?
Almost certainly, one of the most
frustrating aspects of this episode
is they will be costs, direct costs
in the steel consuming industries
that will outweigh the benefits.
Costs in the form of trade
retaliation and degradation of the
world trading system and no benefits
in the end because the WTO will save
these are a violation and have to
Even if they do go away can
confidence in the US as trading
partner the restored question mark I
think it has been shaken, I think an
enormous amount depends on the
outcome of the Nafta negotiations.
If that lands successfully with a
tripartite agreement with the
modernised Nafta that will be
against a lot of the rhetoric from
the president on the campaign trail.
And for the betterment of the North
American trading establishment.
Wilbur Ross said today, commerce
Secretary, that he's not looking for
a trade war but sensible relations.
Today I looked at the list that the
Europeans are providing and seems
they are already in the bunker. The
provisional list that they will
supply to EU member states, US goods
that they will target, steel and
industrial products, agricultural
products, peanut butter, orange
juice. It does not bode well.
does not and this is why their words
do not match the actions. It is not
that it is a hypothetical
retaliation, it happened before and
I was in the White House then, they
put up a list and promised it will
happen again. And it is a very
measured retaliation. It takes a
look at the scale of damage to
Europeans, it matches that damage on
US exporters and says OK, do you
want to go forward. If they were
paying attention to that and wise
enough to scale back or drop it, the
Europeans would also scaled back and
that would be the right outcome.
Maybe Donald Trump will look at
figures today, the American trade
deficit swollen to its widest level
in almost a decade. So maybe he is
correct and other countries are
taking the Mickey out of the United
I think any sophisticated
analysis of the trade deficit
focuses on the mismatch between US
investment and savings as a nation.
That is the fundamental determinant
of why we had the trade deficit.
There's no tariff policy that would
change that and some of the things
that the president has accomplished,
his big tax cuts, larger deficits
and faster growth will almost
certainly widen that deficit. So
he's doing to frustration if he
believes these policies will narrow
the trade gap. - do to frustration.
Returning to our main story and be
suspected poisoning of Sergei
Skripal and his daughter.
For more on this, let's speak
to Baroness Pauline Neville-Jones -
she's the UK's former chair
of the Joint Intelligence Committee
and was a security minister
at the time of the spy swap in 2010
when Sirgei Skripal was transported
from Russia to the UK.
What does the implication of the
police saying that this is a nerve
agent because I understand they're
not especially easy to store or to
I think we will have to have
further analysis. But
I think we will have to have
further analysis. But I think most
people would conclude that it would
be a very concerted and organised
operation likely to be in the hands
of state to achieve that kind of
operation. So it does look like a
As the former
security minister of course you
would know which kind of groups have
these nerve agents. I know that
Sarin gas is more commonly available
but this appears to be a very
sophisticated and potent nerve agent
and that is not something that crime
groups would get their hands on
Not easily. You have to
be careful about making an
accusation before we have full
evidence. But it does point in the
directions of being an operation by
Just to speak about the
slight dashed this by swap, you are
in position when what kind of
negotiations went on in the
background customer -?
protocols would have applied and you
would not expect him to be the
target of an operation of this kind.
But we also have statements that
appear to have been made by
President Putin about people who
fell into that category. So you
cannot necessarily conclude that the
normal protocol would necessarily
I suppose what will
surprise some people are there are
easier ways to kill someone who is
considered to be a traitor of the
state. You could push them out of
the window, shoot them, whatever. It
just seems to me using a nerve agent
in public in a city really is like
using a hammer to kill an insect.
Just a public way to do something.
Why would they do that?
say the same about Litvenenko. And I
think there is a kind of right in a
particularly sophisticated and
unpleasant method of doing things.
-- pride. If you're going to put
this kind of thing into a country is
easier than the kind of controls we
have on weapons and knives and so
on. So I think it is part of the
Thank you very much.
Diplomats from North Korea are
thought to have the communication to
give to the USA. Yesterday resident
Trump said John Yang seemed sincere
in its willingness to discuss the
possibility of denuclearisation.
He claimed tougher sanctions had
brought North Korea to this point.
Well one man who has been
at the table with Pyongyang before
is Chris Hill, the
former US Ambassador
to South Korea and he joins us now.
Is there anything different about
this new overture customer it seems
like deja vu all over again but what
is different is Kim Jung un has
never said anything like this and
suggested his nuclear programme is
on the bargaining table so this is
And out of respect and
cooperation with the South Korean
think that the Trump administration
needs to hear this through and see
if there's something there.
more could they give in order to
facilitate the talks?
For the Trump
administration first of all I think
they made some harsh words but I
think it is important to keep
sanctions on. In fact there are some
sense that perhaps the sanctions
have had some role in perhaps
changing the North Koreans. So I
would hold tough on those but be
willing to work with the South
Koreans and possibly get some kind
of conversation and even negotiation
going. So it is very important that
they be cautious but not churlish
You talk about having a
conversation and I just wonder who
they would get to have that
conversation. United States has lost
its South Korean ambassador who was
really the expert and his supposed
replacement has withdrawn his
negotiation. - withdrawn his
Well that is correct,
so it is a good question. I hope
they're not thinking Jared Kushner
at this point but certainly they
must start to staff up that State
Department and I think this special
envoy should be in the State
Department and hope there is a real
effort because you can't have
diplomacy without diplomats. That is
precisely what this administration
has been trying to do.
said it is his rhetoric has done
this, he could be correct and maybe
the North Koreans and Chinese have
moved because of this.
happens he is going to claim credit
and that is fine. I think the South
Koreans are working with him to give
him credit so that is fine. The
question is how to go forward,
whether we can find something new in
this and whether we can do something
about this terrible situation on the
involvement of South Korea help or
South Korea looks at North Korea
through a lens that is a bit
different from the way Americans
look at the issue. It is different
and I think we need to be respectful
of the fact that the South Koreans
live literally in the shadow of some
14,000 artillery tubes. We need to
understand when they talk about
peace and security on the Korean
peninsula is something affecting
them and their children. So they
have a different vantage point and
not at all helpful when Americans
call them week or whatever. We need
to stand close with them right now.
Thank you for joining us. Not much
trust on either side but one to
A BBC journalist has alleged
that she was sexually harassed
by the senior Russian politician
Farida Rustamova, from
the BBC's Russian Service,
is the third journalist to openly
accuse Mr Slutsky of
The BBC is in possession
of a recording of the incident,
which was captured on a dictaphone.
Mr Slutsky denies the claims.
An outspoken archbishop
of El Salvador, who was shot dead
in 1980 as he celebrated mass,
is to be made a saint,
according to the Vatican.
Archbishop Oscar Romero denounced
repression and social
injustice in his country as it
descended into civil war.
No one was ever convicted
for his killing.
Coca-Cola is to make
an alcoholic drink.
The 125-year-old American company
says it wants to cash
in on a growing trend in Japan
for a fizzy, flavoured drink mixed
with a local spirit.
And that it will be
targeting a specific part
of the Japanese market.
And some incredible
pictures to share with you
from a volcano in southern Japan.
A series of powerful
eruptions has created
a huge volcanic plume,
which is now three-thousand
Authorities are warning people not
to approach the area.
We've been talking a lot about trade
during this program -
particularly when it comes to steel
exports from Canada.
But there are a number of other
things the Canadians have
introduced to the world -
Justin Beiber, maple
syrup for instance.
And now we have axe throwing.
It's a new trend that reportedly
started with our neighbours
in the north and is trying to -
quite literally -
find its mark here in Washington.
Of course, I had to give it a try.
If you've had a bad day at work
or maybe you've fallen out
with your partner or burned a cake,
I don't know.
But what better way to ease
the tension and get rid of some
of that pent-up aggression than lob
an axe at a wall!
It's not like the
normal thing to do.
Let's go do something
I could end my life with today!
So when it comes to this,
everybody can kind of come
and experience something new.
It's a bonding experience.
And it's a lot of fun.
Now, step on your right foot.
Give it a good go.
Take it up.
Well, I hit the target.
You did hit the target.
That's a start.
It's really not that dangerous.
As long as you don't throw
like a crazy person.
And just try to have some fun.
Axe throwing is becoming
alarmingly popular in the US
having made its way
across the border from Canada.
There's even an axe throwing league.
That is quite a medal
you've got there.
How did you win it?
I threw it, I won this by throwing
large axes at the wall eczema
How did you do it,
because I'm hopeless.
What is your top tip for me?
I go with the two-handed
No wrist action, that's
a common misconception.
No risks involved in the throw.
How does this make you feel?
It makes me feel like a man,
with a big hairy chest!
Clearly my technique
needs a little polish.
So after half a dozen throws,
I promise I won't do
anything bad with this.
The axe is getting blunt
and I still haven't hit the target.
But, it's great fun.
And I'm so glad I've
had a bad day at work!
And so the night wore on.
Once you've mastered
the basics there's no limit
to what you can do with an axe.
And then there's that golden moment
when it all comes together.
Jane O'Brien, BBC News,
axe throwing queen of Washington.
Are you serious, there's nothing you
cannot do with the axe. Promise me
you will never show that video. I
have this image of being pinned to
rotating board with Katty Kay trying
to throw it at me.
Well the last
thing she said to me was to keep him
in line. Whatever it takes. Axe
throwing, you name it. And the last
time we spoke you with throwing
pizza dough. So I think that I win.
Not a axe.
Was it fun? Tremendous
fun, real adrenaline buzz. I have to
say ambassador Chris Hill left the
studio rapidly. He was there a
minute ago and suddenly he was not.
I just think you should all be
I imagine it is a bit like
screaming, scientists say it is good
for you to scream and let it all
out. The axe might be a good tonic.
Another story from China, state
media encouraging men and women to
settle for someone who is kind of OK
when choosing to marry. What they're
saying in newspapers is that people
are picky and they need to be less
fussy when it comes to picking a
partner. Apparently it follows
concerns about the low birth rate
the country for that newspaper
estate to many single people have an
idealised view of love that leads
them to reject people who are
perfectly reasonable partners. What
do you reckon, if you do not like
them you could just get rid of them
with an axe X Mac.
This is Beyond 100
Days from the BBC.
Coming up for viewers
on the BBC News Channel
and BBC World News -
Saudi's crown prince is on the charm
offensive in London -
with this visit to the UK
although it is a controversial one.
And the Stormy Daniels saga -
how a legal technicality
might allow this adult film actress
to tell all about an alleged
affair with Donald Trump.
That's still to come.
Good evening. There is a bit of snow
in the forecast tonight. Nothing
like the snowfall we had a week ago.
It will only be small areas of the
country affected. But some parts of
the Midlands could see some
additional snowfall tonight. It does
not look like much but it causes
showers to Darren together into a
slightly more organised area of rain
or snow. Meanwhile we continue to
see showers across parts of Northern
Ireland and western Scotland. But
further south we have much of the
rain and the snow. The snowfall
mostly reserved for higher ground,
the hills and mountains of Wales,
the North Midlands, parts of north
England. But later in the night it
may be that we see some snow
temporarily to those lower levels.
Temperatures falling away to
freezing or below across the
northern half of the country.
Further south not so cold. But we
could see some snow across the
Midlands and the north of England
and Wales. That could cause some
disruption of your BBC local radio
station will keep you up to date.
This area of snow and rain slides
away very quickly and then not a bad
day for many with some spells of
sunshine and just a scattering of
showers. And relatively mild
compared with what we had a week
ago. Highs of seven in Aberdeen, 10
degrees in London. Then on Friday
dry weather around, some showers in
the North, wintry over higher ground
and data during the day wet weather
pushing across the Channel Islands
and into the south-west of England.
Pretty heavy rain developing
courtesy of a frontal system pushing
its way north during Friday night
into Saturday. All driven by low
pressure. But with that out of the
west we develop a southerly wind
which brings in some pretty mild air
as we go through the weekend. So for
the weekend pretty mild, double
digits in the South and some rain at
This is Beyond 100 Days,
with me Christian Fraser in London.
Jane O'Brien is in Washington.
Our top stories:
Police reveal that the former
Russian spy who collapsed
in Salisbury, England was poisoned
by a very rare nerve agent.
Another major departure
at the White House.
This time, it is the President's top
economic advisor stepping down
after a rift over tariffs.
Coming up in the next half-hour:
Fishing and finance -
the European Council gives more
details about what sort of trade
deal the EU would like in
a post-Brexit Britain.
Saudi's Crown Prince
arrives in the UK.
He meets the Prime Minister and has
lunch with the Queen,
but there are those not rolling
out the welcome mat.
Let us know your thoughts
by using the hashtag #beyond100days.
The British government has set
down plenty of red lines
in this Brexit negotiation.
Today, it was the turn
of the European Union.
In Luxembourg, they have
published draft guidelines
for the negotiations
of a future relationship.
The European Council President,
Donald Tusk, said the EU wants
a free-trade agreement with
zero-tariffs goods and reciprocal
access to fisheries.
But the document provides little
detail on financial services.
In London, the Chancellor
of the Exchequer, Philip Hammond,
said any deal that didn't encompass
Britain's service sector -
which includes banks -
would not be viewed as a fair deal.
Our UK political editor,
Laura Kuenssberg, reports.
A different Mansion House.
This time, in a Luxembourg garden.
But there's strife ahead,
even in this, the most
The European Union
revealed its response
to Theresa May's plans for Brexit.
It will make it more
complicated and costly
than today, for all of us.
This is the essence of Brexit.
A pick-and-mix approach
for a non-member state
is out of the question.
We are not going to
sacrifice these principles.
It is simply not in our interest.
Unfortunately, and we have to know,
there will be be no
winners after the Brexit.
Both sides will be losing.
The EU has been united
with that gloomy message.
But it was only on Friday
the Prime Minister said she wanted
an ambitious trade partnership
where the bloc but accepted
compromises would be made.
So how do the two sides compare?
The EU guidelines of a possible deal
say there will be negative
And, while the Prime Minister
said all agreements mean
picking and choosing,
the EU insists the UK can't cherry
pick the bits of the EU it likes.
But the unions accepted
the goal of a trade deal
where there are no tariffss
only if the EU keeps access
to fish British waters.
Crucially there is space to budge.
The document says if the UK
positions were to evolve,
the union will be prepared
to reconsider its offer,
and there is the chance of brokering
a limited deal over services,
including the giant money machine
of the City of London.
Where the Chancellor shrugged off
the Brussels position.
They are very skilled
and disciplined in the way
they carry out negotiation.
It doesn't surprise me remotely that
what they have set out this morning
is a very tough position.
But Labour claims the Government's
approach is all over the place.
We can change the tone
into one of mutual respect
and we can get the deal
will protect the economy and jobs.
There are big gaps between
what the Government wants
and what the EU is willing to give.
And it is clear, it is easier
for Brussels not Westminster to call
the shots, but in this long,
tortured process, today is not
a moment of political panic.
It is clear from both sides
and from these guidelines, there
is a real conversation to be had.
President Trump is facing more
pressure from within
the administration and from outside.
It's emerged porn actress
Stormy Daniels is taking legal
action to have a non-disclosure
agreement about her alleged
relationship with Donald
Trump declared void.
Stormy, whose real name
is Stephanie Clifford,
claimed to have had an affair
with Mr Trump in 2006 and 2007.
The President's personal lawyer has
admitted paying Ms Clifford money
before the Presidential election,
but denies the pair ever
had a relationship.
Joining me now to discuss any legal
jeopardy this could put
the President in is Jonathan Turley
from George Washington University.
Thank you for coming in. This is a
story that's been rumbling on for
some time, so how does this court
challenge change it?
involves a couple of surprising
details, one is that the president
was using a fake name during these
negotiations over what Stormy
Daniels refers to as the hush money.
His attorney, a man called Colin,
also used in a shoot name in all of
these fake corporate entities to cut
this deal. She is essentially saying
that the agreement is now invalid
for two reasons, and one is that the
president never signed it, in either
his real or fake name, and second,
and this is probably the stronger
argument, that the President's
lawyer has nullified the agreement
because he spoke publicly. The
agreement also says quite clearly in
a court document that she said she
had a year-long affair with the
president, something his attorney
has denied. That isn't just some
tabloid magazine, but a court
document, where she is under
obligations to be true.
sounds a bit of a mess. What do you
make of the way this has been
handled by the attorneys in the
involving a porn star called Stormy
is probably not going to turn out
well, so it's definitely not a good
thing. This could be a serious
threat. John Edwards, who ran for
president, was indicted when a third
party paid off essentially a woman
he was having an affair with, and
she ultimately bore a child with
him. He was indicted and stood for
criminal campaign finance violation
charge. Bill Clinton followed the
same path, you had the filing of a
civil suit involving a relationship
before he became president, and
ultimately led to his impeachment
because he decided he wouldn't tell
the truth under oath. So these are
precarious waters for any president.
It was the lie that did for Bill
Clinton, wasn't it, the lie that he
told. What happens if Robert
Mueller, the special council, but
the president under oath and asks
him about this specific subject and
whether money changed hands. Is that
where this gets tricky for the
It does, and that is the
high risk scenario. Because this
money has been alleged to be a
campaign finance violation, it falls
within the bailiwick of the special
council. He has been given a charge
allowing him to look at the election
and any crimes that arise in the
course of his investigation. He
could clearly ask the president not
only did he have this affair, but
whether this money was a quid pro
quo, whether it was hush money. The
president would need, like Bill
Clinton, to answer truthfully, no
matter what the embarrassment might
be. The Republicans in Congress
would be hard-pressed not to say
that it was an impeachable offence,
as it was for Bill Clinton.
you think he has handled it?
think it's interesting, in that the
political irony is that he might
well have survived the scandal of an
alleged affair with a porn actress.
He's handled allegations made
against him by women and, of course,
we had the tapes where he admitted
groping women publicly. The problem
he's in is any attempt to cover it
up. That, as Jonathan is saying, is
really the thing that is back to
haunt him. Had he just tried to
stick it out, there is all in
indication that this wouldn't have
affected his face, that women would
have continued to vote for him, and
it wouldn't have affected his
standing in the polls. This is the
sort of behaviour most of his
supporters just go, it's Donald
Like he says, I could murder
somebody on fifth Ave and they
wouldn't care, and maybe they don't
care about the consensual sex, but
perhaps they would care if there was
perjury or he walked into problems
over campaign finance.
it's going to be an interesting
Britain and Saudi Arabia are
pledging to build more than $90
billion worth of trade and
investment ties. The announcement
comes as Theresa May has met with
Mohammed bin Salman, the crown
prince of Saudi Arabia, who arrived
at the start of a three-day visit to
Campaigners have been out in force
today, protesting Saudi Arabia's
record on human rights and the war
they've led against
the Houthis in Yemen.
But the pair have agreed a political
solution, say Theresa May's office.
She reminded MPs the two countries
have long-standing ties,
Our chief international
correspondent, Lyse Doucet,
is with me now.
I saw your interview with the
Foreign Minister yesterday. The fact
that Mohammed bin Salman is being
given the red carpet treatment
today, he had lunch with the Queen
and I think he's having dinner with
Prince Charles and Prince William
tonight, does that suggest that,
although it falls short of a state
visit, it is hugely important to the
To both sides, and the mention
is the United Kingdoms. Mohammed bin
Salman is 32. Barring some
unexpected development, and we
always have to expect that in the
volatile Middle East, he will be
King one day, and therefore Britain
will want to do with him. What
better time than when he is young
and when he is starting out. It is
first trip to Britain as crown
prince, and he has been put in
charge of a folio covering the in
Yemen and also social reform. I go
to Saudi Arabia every few months
and, in the space of a few months,
so much changes, but a lot doesn't
change, including the response to
dissent, which is always suppressed
immediately, and the war in Yemen
has dragged on longer than Saudi
Arabia expected. But there is a
close relationship. They are saying
it is more than a century long
relationship. The bedrock of that is
a tricky relationship, and most of
that trade is that defence. Britain
would to be the major suppliers of
arms, so it is controversial.
Dissent isn't tolerated and neither,
it seems is bad PR. Some
extraordinary adverts. I want to
show viewers a story in the God --
the Guardian written by Emily
Thornberry, and it was an attack on
human rights, she didn't like the
red carpet is being rolled out. But
the advert at the somebody has paid
for it, and if you drive from
Heathrow to central London today,
all along the route of the Mfor, you
could see billboards, bringing
change to Saudi Arabia, and they
have gone to some effort to make
sure it looks good.
They were aware
there would be billboards saying the
opposite, and when I went to the
Saudi embassy earlier this week,
they had reinforced security
measures and there was a fan going
around the embassy with a picture of
Mohammed bin Salman and say he
should not be welcomed. The fact
remains that he is popular at home.
He is of a generation, and the vast
majority of Saudis are of the same
age as him, 30 or under, and he is
bringing change, he is determined to
push, to pole, to drag his kingdom
into the 21st century, and it is
things that we take as bog-standard,
allowing women to drive and Goodison
on Mars, allowing women to sit in
sports in a mask, and we think, is
that it? He wants to make economic
change. He wants to diversify from
oil. There is much at stake, because
it is do or die. He knows that, if
Saudi Arabia doesn't change, it will
collapse. Wedge he is coming to the
US next week to continue the charm
long-standing relationships. Why
does he feel the need to consolidate
them in this way?
When he comes to
Washington, and I was in Riyadh for
President Trump's visit, his first
foreign visit as president, and the
strength of the relationship was on
the show. Saudi Arabia gave
unconditional support to President
Trump at a time where President
Trump was being criticised for his
travel ban, which was essentially
against majority Muslim countries,
when he was being criticised for
misogyny and everything else. I was
in Saudi Arabia at the time, and he
had across the board support, tinged
with, thank God President Obama is
gone, because there were so many
tensions. But income is President
Trump, who sees the main threat in
the region as Iran, that they need
to work together to fight terrorism,
and it is jobs, jobs, deals, deals.
President Trump was so excited about
how many arms deals he did when he
was in Riyadh, and that will
continue, that kind shoulder to
shoulder, the United States and
Always good to have
you in the studio. Nice to see you.
This is Beyond 100 Days.
Still to come - autonomous driving
and electric supercars.
We head to this year's
Geneva Motor Show to take a closer
look at the rides of the future.
Here in the UK, an 18-year-old
asylum seeker from Iraq has gone
on trial, accused of planting a bomb
on a London Underground train
at Parsons Green in south-west
London last September.
The jury has been told the device
was designed to cause
"maximum harm and carnage".
30 people were injured
when the bomb partially exploded.
Ahmed Hassan denies attempted murder
and causing an explosion
likely to endanger life.
Our home affairs correspondent,
June Kelly, has more.
An autumn morning last year.
And today the Old Bailey heard how
an improvised explosive
device partially detonated
on an underground train just as it
pulled into Parsons Green station.
The partial explosion created
a large fireball in a carriage
carrying around 93 passengers.
Some were caught by the flames
and sustained significant burns.
The teenager on trial for the attack
was brought to court to face charges
of attempted murder and causing
an explosion likely
to endanger life.
18-year-old Ahmed Hassan,
an asylum seeker from Iraq,
is pleading not guilty.
When he arrived in the UK he told
that he had been forcibly taken
by the Islamic State group
and trained to kill by them.
He said he had got away
from IS and was in fear of them.
Today the court heard that
Hassan left his device
in a bucket on the train.
It was said to be loaded
with shrapnel to cause
maximum harm and damage.
And he had used the
volatile explosive TATP.
The prosecutor Alison Morgan
said of the passengers,
many ran in fear and panic.
They were fortunate.
Ahmed Hassan had fitted
the device with a timer.
He got off at the station before.
He was arrested 24 hours later.
June Kelly, BBC News,
at the Old Bailey.
You're watching Beyond 100 Days.
It is hard to overstate
the importance of the insurance
and banking sector to the UK economy
- over a million UK jobs, worth over
£120 billion to the economy -
and, as things stand,
London is one of the most important
financial capitals in the world.
So what happens after Brexit?
In an interview with the BBC this
week, the French economy minister
made clear that France does not
think financial services can be part
of any future EU-UK trade deal.
In a speech today, the Chancellor
of the Exchequer made clear
he thinks otherwise.
A trade deal will only happen if it
is fair and balances the interests
of both sides. Given the shape of
the British economy, and our trade
balance with the EU 27, it's hard to
see how any deal that didn't include
services could look like a fair and
balanced settlement. So I'm clear
not only that it is possible to
include financial services within a
trade deal but that it is very much
in our mutual interest to do so.
Well, Lloyd's of London is one
of the oldest financial
institutions in the City.
For 300 years, it has provided
insurance services across the world.
Katty and I have been chatting
to CEO Baroness Inga Beale
about Brexit, and I asked her
about the plans to move
a subsidiary to Brussels.
Over 80% of Lloyd's business comes
from outside the UK, and about 10%
of that comes from the EU 27. So
we've got a whole load of business
that will continue to be traded in
London, as it always has done. The
reason we are having to set up a
subsidiary in Brussels is to service
that piece of the business that is
just coming from the EU 27, and
that's about 4 billion euros of
business, and we will set up a legal
entity in Brussels and we will have
staff there, but a lot of the
activity and expertise will still
continue to sit in London. So the
busy, bustling underrating in the
trading room that you see behind me,
that will still be in existence and
it will be a key part of Lloyd's
business model going forwards.
does this mean in terms of jobs, not
just at Lloyds but in the insurance
market? How big a shift could it be
from the UK to the continent in
terms of job numbers?
We don't think
it will be that large. For Lloyds,
it's a small fraction of the total
employee base, or the total people
that work in the market. Over time,
it could be that more people decide
to have people situated in France or
Germany or Italy, because they see
business opportunity coming out of
it, so that's the way we are trying
to look at it, looking at it from
the newly -- from an opportunistic
point of view.
You have repeatedly
said you don't want any more
uncertainty, and you would like the
government to provide more certainty
to your industry. What is it that
you want the UK Government to do,
and how fast do you need them to do
We have years and years of back
policies, and the life insurance
players and pension providers have
long-term contracts. The issue is
that, once we have exited the EU,
many of our firms are many insurance
firms will no longer be licensed and
they won't be able to service those
contracts, so one of our big asks is
to have certainty of being able to
service those contracts. That could
be provided by the regulator is
right across Europe, and by Europe I
include the UK regulators, they
could solve this, and that is of our
asks, if the government doesn't
negotiate some access to a single
market for financial services, the
regulators could still come up with
a rival option that would secure our
ability to service those customers.
You said that there are
opportunities and new in Europe. Do
you think there are worldwide?
US is by far Lloyd's largest market,
and we have long-standing
relationships in the US, and we
continue to see growth but, when we
look further afield to other
markets, Asia has a population of 4
You just set out right
there all of the worldwide
We believe there are,
but we've got to be able to still
look after our business within
Europe, so of course we spend, and I
spent, as a CEO, quite a bit of time
on Brexit, I have to admit, and
that's about defending what we have,
but any business wants to turn
everything they can into an
opportunity, so we must be positive
in our outlook. We believe there
could be good opportunities for
Lloyds within the whole of Europe,
including the whole way through the
EU countries, but also we must take
our eye off the ball of the above --
of the other opportunities. We've
been set up in Singapore for some
years, we celebrated ten years in
China last year, we set up in Dubai
a few years ago, and those centres
are becoming more and more important
for Lloyds overall global business.
My car didn't start this morning, so
I've got a vested interest in the
next piece of news.
Let's take you now to one
of the highlights of the car
industry's calendar -
the Geneva Motor Show,
which is on this week.
Maybe I could get a new car!
Even though the business may be
worried about the fall in diesel
vehicle sales and a possible trade
war with the United States,
there's still room to dream.
Our correspondent Theo Leggett
is there and had a tour of how
motoring might look in the future.
Here in Geneva, I am surrounded
by hundreds of cars which are either
on the market already
or soon to go on sale.
But what I really like about shows
like this one is you get
an indication of what manufacturers
think we'll be driving in a few
years' time so let's take
a look into the future...
Here we are in the future
and what do we have here?
This little machine is a robot taxi
because people will be living
in cities and they will want
to get around.
So come on inside.
Do take a seat because there
is plenty of room in here.
Now, one thing you might notice,
looking around, is there is no
driver, and that is because
this is a robot taxi -
it is the future, after all.
It is electric, it's clean,
it's green, it's an alternative
to buses or trams or other forms
of public transport.
So in one sense it is a taxi
but, remember, don't
complain about the driving.
How about this?
It looks like something
out of Blade Runner.
It's a new concept from Toyota and,
because it's from the future,
as you will see in the moment,
it has funky internal lighting.
It's also electric, self driving
but at least it does have a steering
wheel for when you really feel
like taking control.
Or how about this?
It's the new nucleus concept
from Italian designer house,
Icona, and as you can see,
it is basically a living
room on wheels.
Icona says this is not
being planned for tomorrow,
it's for the day after tomorrow,
it's a distant future idea -
but as you can see,
lots and lots of space,
there's a bar over there,
big seats - this one's so large,
you can even lie down
and have a sleep so that is
what I going to do, goodnight.
And if futuristic really
is not your thing, don't worry,
you can always come here
to the David Brown Automotive
stand where you can find
a new take on an old classic.
Yes, that's more like it! My car is
in black and white as well. Not a
jump lead inside. All of the new
toys at the Geneva car show.
Before we go, take a look at these
pictures of an amazing
rescue in California.
This is my nightmare, I've just come
back from skiing with my children.
A five-year-old skier lost
consciousness after she was left
dangling from a chairlift
at the Bear Mountain Ski
Resort in Big Bear Lake.
This makes my stomach turn.
A ski instructor, who's
on the lift with her,
is holding her jacket as people
below gather with some
tarpaulin to allow her a soft
landing from the lift.
Well done to that skiing instructor.
He held on for quite some time.
Extraordinarily well done.