Conference Special Daily Politics

Conference Special

Similar Content

Browse content similar to Conference Special. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



Afternoon. Welcome to this final Daily Politics special of the


2011AD conference season. We are live from the Conservative Party


Conference. Last year the Prime Minister told this conference the


British economy was "Out of the danger zone." This year with the


economy stagnant and the eurozone crisis heading towards a


potentially disastrous climax, Britain is back this the danger


zone. David Cameron will attempt to reassure the faithful and convince


the wider public that he has the leadership and the vision to steer


Britain through the grimmest economic outlook for the country


since the IMF bailed us out in the mid-1970s.


We will bring you all the build-up to this important speech, which we


expect to begin in about half an hour. We will bring you live and


uninterrupted coverage. At least we hope uninterrupted. Jo's in


Manchester too. As you can see, people are queuing to get into the


conference hall. I'll be outside, getting reactions to the Prime


Minister's speech. We will look back over David Cameron's year,


with former Tory leadership hopeful Michael Portillo.


Cameron's recipe for gaining power was to move the Conservatives to


the soft-centre of British politics, hugging the National Health Service


and embracing climate change. In office, he's moved away from the


middle-ground. That does not mean he'll lose the next general


election. And they toil over the final text,


but as we have discovered today, things don't always go to plan. I


will talk to a former speech writer who thinks the speech should be


If he gets his way we'll all be out of a way. How dare he suggest we


scrap the speech writer's speech. The party faithful here are waiting


to get in. It has been a low-key conference for them. They hope the


Prime Minister will fire them up and send them away with a spring in


their step. Difficult economic times is the backdrop to his speech,


as we await the Prime Minister's speech. He may go through a final,


final draft we have the warmest act. Benedict Brogan from the Telegraph


and Paul Waugh from Politics Home. I come to you, Ben, because the


Telegraph has flashed on it. You were briefed by Cameron's people


that he told us we would have to pay off our credit cards and that


was the best way to help the British economy. By this morning,


that was not the brief. What happened? After our splash emerged


and others led with it, you could tell there were anxious faces on


the Downing Street team. They were looking worried. That is not the


message they intended to get out. That is the problem with these pre-


briefing speeches, you never know which lines journalists will find


interesting. This is what happens at party conferences. In the end


the authorised version of the speech is the one he delivers from


the stage. I have not seen the rowing back in recent times as big


as this. It's hard for them to get out of. All parties do, they say


the media misunderstands. They printed out chunks of the speech


and gave it to us. They did. The key line was, that means households,


all of us are paying off... Should be paying off the credit card and


store bills. They have amended it to say that households are paying


off credit card and store card bills. Although there's no plan B


for the economy there is a plan B to change the script to make sure


he's not as out of touch as that would sound. The embarrassment for


them, and the spin doctors are running all over the place, some


tried to get into this studio when we were live on air. The


embarrassment is at a time of grim economic news a Government should


be presenting a picture of competence and conviction and a


safe pair of hands? The difficulty for David Cameron is he wants to


sound optimistic this afternoon while all around us and beyond


Manchester the world seems to be falling apart, at least


economically. That is hardly reassuring for him. The difficulty


is he has an economic challenge. On one hand he's telling people they


should be paying down their credit card bills. The message has been


we've got too much debt. At the same time the economists are


standing up say, hang on if everybody pays, we have the economy.


My impression is it is a low-key affair so far. They are in


reasonable spirits but seem apprehensive. What does he need to


do to them today? He needs to fire them up. He is a competent Speaker,


unlike Ed Miliband and Nick Clegg, he has several gears when he goes


through a speech. He can change the pace of it. He will fire them up


with this attempt to bridge the reality of the economic downturn


with the optimism of the future. It is that bridge between the realism


and optimism, he's got to convey to punters at home. He famously said


when Leader of the Opposition, "Let sunshine win the day." As I read


through my newspapers and blogs and the Tweets this morning, it was


just bad news after bad news. The recession was deeper than we


thought, growth turned out to be lower than we thought in the second


quarter of this year. Italy has defaulted, not defaulted, Italy has


had a downgrade a second time. The Greeks are going on strike. Even


Tescos of all things has made a loss for the first, or a drop in


sales for the first time in 20 years. That's a difficulty.


wonders how much optimism he can prevent when around him it looks


pessimistic. The Treasury hold the view the more serious it gets the


more it focuses the minds of the French and Germans on resolving the


Greek crisis. That requires nerves of steels, which circumstances


outside make difficult. Circumstances bond his control. The


markets take a further tumble because the eurozone leaders are


yet to show something called leadership. The Belgium bank goes


belly-up. Everything becomes worse news. There's nothing a British


Prime Minister, or very little a British Prime Minister can do.


is the difficulty. That is his opportunity today. He can say, look


I'm not veering off a debt reduction plan, we are a safe port


in the storm. He's going to say, you can't feel it yet, you can't


even really see it yet, but our policy is working and will be


working. In other words, all this rhetoric about the ship coming out


of the storm will be heavily promoted today. I am not sure


whether the public will see eye-to- eye with that. Should he, would he,


will he mention Ed Miliband? Interesting. I think he may be


tempted to ignore him. If I was him I was would nor him. He may have a


few cat jokes. Not more cat jokes. I understand there may be a cat


reference in one of the songs after he walks off the stage. Can we


agree he will not say this year Britain is out of the danger zone?


Today it is difficult to make such a statement. Thank you.


Getting our coverage of the David Cameron conference speech of 2011,


to the party faithful, it is coming up now, in froblly just over 0


minutes. He -- probably just over 20 minutes. He is probably running


late. Party leaders generally do. Some things are left behind in


Westminster. There are some treasured possessions we bring with


us. Andrew packs his cuddly toys, his iPad and I have my special


conference pen. But you, dear viewers, how would you survive a


Wednesday Daily Politics without Guess the Year. Can you remember


# The sun goes down on me # Rescue me


# Don't tell me it's not worth trying for


I know what it's like for a family when a business collapses, what


it's like when you're unemployed and you have to search for the next


job. I haven't forgotten and I never will.


# Everything I do, # I do it for you #


The UN deadline for an Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait has passed


Yes, now, to be in with a chance of winning a Daily Politics mug, send


your answer to our special quiz e- mail address, that's


[email protected] You can see the full term and conditions for Guess


the Year on our website. That's And


we will pick the winner on tomorrow's Daily Politics programme.


With me I've two Conservative MPs who I know are busy as we speak.


Bernard Jenkins and Sajid Javid. Starting you, have the big issues


been addressed? It has been -- there is something unreal about


this conference. There is a serious mood. Nobody has wanted to


undermine David Cameron. There is a serious atmosphere because we know


there is a big crisis outside. The drinks flow at the conference and


the band plays, but there is a sense that the depth is beginning


to slope a bit because we are facing challenges in the eurozone


crisis. Do you think they have been properly addressed by the


leadership? Well, there is a sense that the leadership are trying to


push the consequences of this into the future. We've an economic


problem. We've a competitiveness problem now. If the eurozone are


going to make very big changes to the way the European Union operates,


that is the moment we need to address the regulation that is


piling on from Europe and I don't think we can push this forward.


This is happening now. I'm afraid this crisis is not going to fit


into a coalition programme that waits until 2015, which seems to be


what William Hague was saying this morning. Do you agree with how that


is characterised that now is the time to act. I am not sure what


Bernard suggests the Government does. Should there be something to


reement -- pre-empt Greece from defaulting? Bernard is right in the


sense it has been a very mature conference. It has been focused on


by George Osborne and by the Prime Minister in his speech, probably in


a moment, there is no alternative to plan A. We've heard that. That


has been their strategy. What about what Bernard Jenkins is saying?


Should something be down now in terms of action? I am not sure


there is much more we can do. The euro is not a problem of our doing.


We are glad the Government has changed 18 months ago or we could


have been in a similar situation to Italy or Greece ourselves. What can


be done? What I'm saying is that the eurozone crisis is leading to a


fundamental change in the nature of the European Union. There is talk


of a treaty of the 17, and they are going to do a treaty of the Euro-


states, on their own, to do fiscal union, not requiring the signature


of any other member-state. It could take years? The problem is these


changes will be made very quickly f they are made. They profoundly


change the European Union. And ministers themselves are saying


this is going to change the way the European Union operates. Is that a


time for a referendum? No. I'm saying what the Government will


need to address is how to protect British national interests in this


eurozone, in the centre of the Euro-. Have you any -- in the senl


centre of the eurozone. Have you any suggestions for them? If the


Liberal Democrats paralyse them on this, we say, go ahead, make our


day, if you want to bring the Government down on this, this is


vital for our competitiveness to be able to get control. When we talk


about the Liberal Democrats, we also have to recognise that they


did not win a majority. We needed to form a coalition. There was no


other way around that. The Liberal Democrats have done the country a


huge service in coming to that coalition and addressing the bigish


issue of the day which was the debt and the deficit. Bernard would


agree with me, had we not got that under control our situation would


be like some of our European partners. They could be the block,


if you like on any negotiation, opportunity that comes up? I don't


think a block is a right word for it. We are in a koolgsz. The


situation is what it -- coalition. The situation is what it is. If an


opportunity arises for Britain to enter into a negotiation, of course


we should take advantage of that. We should keep our pencil sharpened.


Right here and now, what we need to assure the markets is we have a


strategy that works. The moment George Osborne sat down after his


speech, our rating was reaffirmed. We saw what happened in Italy. They


got downgraded by S and P and Moody's today. What about the Human


Rights Act? Nick Clegg made it clear, it is here to stay. What do


you think of that? On that issue Nick Clegg is wrong. We made it


clear in our manifesto that we would like to see a British Bill of


Rights which balances rights and responsibilities. That is very


important. What should the Government do to counter that from


Nick Clegg, if that is the right thing to do in your view?


The British Bill of Rights, you don't get the feeling it will


There is a sense that the absolutely overbearing weight of EU


law and human rights law is paralysing the government. We have


put this in our select committee report, no one has challenged it.


There is a real problem about making government work in this


over-regulated environment, and getting the economy competitive.


Are we going to be told we have to wait until 2015 before we can do


anything about this? I thank that is a problem. I think the Liberal


Democrats should be challenged on this -- I think that is a problem.


If they want to bring down the coalition... They haven't really


said that, they are very tied him. Does your concern reflect the Tory


backbenchers? -- tied in. coalition agreement was written 18


months ago, events have overtaken the coalition agreement. We cannot


go on living in the world as it was then, we have to tackle the


challenges now, or the whole government will become more


unpopular. How are the backbenchers feeling? Most backbenchers would


agree with what George Osborne... That is fine but are they happy? Do


they feel they are getting the government they want? By and large,


people accept that because of the coalition, there are naturally


going to be constraints. They are not happy, really? We accept that.


I would have loved to have seen an out right Conservative victory, we


didn't get it so we have frustrations like the Human Rights


Act. If we can find ways to deal with that within the constraints of


the coalition, such as what Theresa May said yesterday, that is the way


to go for it. This is a Midge Ure conversation, there is not going to


be some massive rebellion instantly -- this is a mature conversation.


We have seen it going on in the conference will between Ken Clarke


and Theresa May. I think we have got to have these conversations


because we have to address the national interest. The coalition


has to address the national interest. Somebody said to me,


hasn't it been a dull and boring confidence -- conference? I said,


if you mean there hasn't been infighting and briefings against


each other, then it has been. could have been handing out this


leaflet. Are you worried? They would say that, wouldn't they.


suppose so. You're not worried they are going off to UKIP. At salute


will not. Pick a badge. I love deficit reduction -- absolutely not.


He had first pick. I love the 50p tax rate? As a former banker, I


love banking reform. Wear them with pride. Thank you very much.


Thanks, de Gaulle is filling up, there are still plenty of seats in


what the Americans call the bleachers -- the hall is filling up.


If not a huge crowd. The bottom of the hall is full, but lots of spare


seats at the back. It is a big centre in Manchester kids, but


Labour filled it be conference in Liverpool last week. We will see


whether the Tories do the same. If you are sitting in your hotel room


in Manchester watching this, part of the delegation, you can come,


plenty of time. We have been told that the Prime Minister will now


not be on his feet before 4:40pm. But we will still be here the


moment he does -- to 40 pm. Graham Brady is the chairman of the 1922


Committee of backbench Conservative MPs, a kind of shop steward for the


backbenchers. I am a trade union leader. You look and sound like one,


I am not surprised. Why haven't your members been allowed to spend


more time discussing Europe this week? When the crisis over the euro


has been heading for climax? heard some of the members of the


1922 committee discussing just that. Why hasn't the conference been


doing it? I think conference programmes are over managed. Not a


little over manage, they are totally managed. There is no scope


for any measure of rebellion at this conference. I don't think it


is a matter of rebellion but I would like to see more debate in


party conferences, I would like to see us get back to balloted motions.


To be dangerous, isn't it? Sometimes you have to live


dangerously. You would like to go back to the days when we had


debates, motions, speakers for and against, and at the end, people


could vote. And although the conference, unlike Labour, doesn't


bind the Tory leadership, it would give you a good indication of where


the heart of the party was. I think debate is a good thing. Especially


so in these very difficult times we are facing. We are in


unprecedentedly bad economic circumstances. I think it is a good


thing that we hear different views about how we work our way out of it.


Why did you get rid of the debates? I didn't. Not you personally, the


party. Both the Labour Party and Conservative Party have been moving


to more managed conferences, and it is clearly because the party


hierarchies are concerned about what you and your colleagues do


when there is some genuine open debate. Which means it is hard for


you to complain when we don't cover the events going on in the all


enough, because frankly, what is going on in the ball these days is


either irrelevant, boring or both. Some of it is very exciting and


very interesting. As a general rule and principle, more debate in


politics, treating the public as intelligent people who can watch


disagreements and discussions between politicians without


automatically thinking there is some great split in a party. I


think we could do more of that. What is the mood among Conservative


backbenchers as regards their attitude towards the government,


and the influence that the Lib Dems have on this government? I think


there is a degree of acceptance of something which is inevitable.


There was a decision which was taken, a series of decisions taken


by the electorate. We ended up with a certain parliamentary arithmetic,


it wasn't possible to form a majority government on our own. We


would prefer to have done so. We are nonetheless, managing to


function as a government, with a degree of cohesion, especially


about the key issue of reducing the deficit, and working towards the


point where we will start to play down the national debt. Is there a


mood on the Conservative backbenches to be more robust on


Europe? I think the European picture is moving so rapidly and


changing so rapidly, it is very difficult to discern where people


are. This is one of the features of this conference, that people inside


this conference have been looking out at events, looking at the


markets, looking at what is going on in Greece, perhaps just as much


as the outside has been wanting to look in at what we are doing here.


Is there a mood for the government to be more robust on tax cuts?


think there is a question of reality. We are in this extremely


difficult position, we have to get to the position where we are


spending less... I know what the position is, we have heard it


endlessly. What I am asking for is the mood on the backbenches, what


is their attitude? I think there is a strong view in the Conservative


Party, and in the government, that if you can achieve a lower tax,


less regulated economy, it is going to be more efficient economy, which


will generate more wealth and jobs for the British people. That is


something we want to get to. Getting from where we are now to


that position is a very serious challenge. Do you want the


government to move more quickly on the backbenches will continue at


the current pace? I think what the government is starting to talk more


about, which is extremely welcome, is tackling the regulatory burden.


It is adding to regulations. We are hearing this week from David


Cameron and George Osborne, a real commitment to tackling the


regulatory burden, and that is something which is going to be


vital in the coming years. That is the other thing we can do. We have


had massive monetary stimulus and fiscal stimulus over the years, and


we are where we are. We can start to really drive down the cost on


business. What is the point of a trade union leader that has


absolutely no disagreement with the bosses? They used to say the secret


weapon of the Conservative Party was loyal to. The secret weapon of


the 1922 Committee is that generally, the conversations I have


with the Prime Minister are better conducted in private. What do you


tell the Prime Minister in private that you're not telling us on air?


That would defeat the object, wouldn't it? A very good attempt.


You're not going to tell us? course I am not going to Italy


about the private conversations with David Cameron. -- not going to


It causes considerable uncertainty, for a number of different parts of


the country. We are still out the review from Wales and Scotland. It


is a pretty radical set of changes. In some places, it creates very


profound differences. We can see David Cameron the coming out of the


hotel, here in Manchester. It is the only hotel which is behind what


we call the ring of steel in this party conferences, the security


perimeter, which means once you get through that, you can walk between


the hotel and conference centre. We are in this massive conference


centre, the Prime Minister and his wife are heading towards it. It


used to be an old Victorian railway station. The platforms and the


rails have long gone and it is a very state-of- the-art conference


centre. There is something of a piazza, the Prime Minister makes


his way here and is about to head into the Manchester convention


centre. What do you want to hear from the Prime Minister this


afternoon? What we will hear from the Prime


Minister... I really want to know what you want to hear from him.


What I want to hear will be what we pretty much will here, a realistic


assessment of the massive challenges that face the country,


face the government, faced the global economy, and that is very


important, I think people are starting to take that on board.


Then I want to see a really sharp focus on what we can do. There are


things we can't easily do, to improve the economic situation. The


things we can do, not easily, not simply, is to start driving down


the cost burden on business, and I think that is vital. Do you welcome


chance lost on's remarks, has that maybe this -- Chancellor Osborne's


remarks that the increasing has maybe gone too far. I think George


Osborne was right to make sure we would not fix a carbon price higher


than our competitors. That is the kind of thinking we need to move to.


The principal preoccupation of the government is growth. We need to


make life better and easier for British businesses. What we are


hearing is that the Conservative press office, which has uncovered


itself in glory in the past 24 hours, is saying the Prime Minister


might not be speaking until about six minutes to three, which would


be very late indeed. I have no idea why it has to be that late. It has


been in the calendar for almost a year. Although there has been last-


minute drafting and refinancing of some of his remarks about credit


cards, it does not explain why he is half-an-hour late. Maybe he will


be more on time than before, than we are briefed. You might have to


fight George Osborne for a seat with his Boundary Commission change,


is that right? No, it is not right. -- with this Boundary Commission


changed. You must never believe what you read in the press. After


the wrong steel on credit cards, you are right for they don't cross


the boundary between Greater Manchester... Is your seat safe?


would never call a seat safe. mean from the boundary changes.


There will be a sensible seat under the proposals. What is it like


running the 1922 Committee? Is it like herding cats? I thought you


weren't going to mention cats. It is fair to say that Conservative


Members of Parliament are independent people and they do not


always have an entirely uniform view. Thank you for joining us. We


are going to move on. It has been quite a 12 months for David Cameron.


A global economic crisis, riots on the streets of English cities, an


uprising in the Arab world which led to the first military adventure


of his premiership. Here is our rookie reporter, Michael Portillo,


David Cameron twos to the Conservative Party Conference with


feathers in his -- goes to the Conservative Party Conference with


feathers in his hat. The local election results were good and he's


been vindicated on Libya. All that counts for very little. There's


only one thing that really matters - the economy, stupid! Today is the


day when Britain steps back from the brink, when we confront the


bills from a decade of debt. On day one of the coalition, the


Government's commitment to bring down the deficit reassured the


markets. Unlike America, Britain still has a triple-A credit rating.


Unlike Portugal, Ireland, Greece and Spain, our Government can still


borrow cheap. The economy has stalled. The


Chancellor of the Exchequer cannot simply blame the weather. We're not


going to be blown off course. The weather had a huge effect.


George Osborne adopted a plan B the markets would wobble. Living


standards are sliding. Without economic growth, the deficit won't


shrink. It's difficult to see what he'll have to offer the voters at


the next election for all their pain.


This summer saw the worst bout of rioting for a generation. Alastair


Campbell recognised he needed to -- David Cameron recognised he needed


to sound tough. There are pockets of our society which are not just


broken, but frankly sick. If he sounded tough at home he was also


tough with Libya. Who could have imagined just 1 months ago that a


British Prime Minister would -- 12 months ago that a British Prime


Minister would permit forces so soon after Iraq and Afghanistan.


There is a clear and unequivocal basis for the deployment of


military forces and assets. David Cameron's judgment does


sometimes fail him. He was wrong- footed over the hacking scandal and


his decision to hire as his communications director the former


News of the World editor, Andy Coulson. With 20/20 hind site and


all that has followed I would not have offered him the job and I


suspect he would not have taken it. You don't make decisions in


hindsight, you make them in the present. You live and you learn,


and believe you me, I have learnt. A Prime Minister has had to wheel


and deal to meet the competing demands of Liberal Democrats and


Tories within the coalition. The Government sometimes appears to be


spinning around rather than moving forward. Its response to the Arab


Spring has been confused. The defence cuts are a mess. In an


ominous echo of the past, Euro- sceptic Tory backbenchers threaten


revolt and put strain on the coalition. The Liberal Democrats


have been responsible for some of the most dramatic U-turns.


propose to take the opportunity of a natural break in the passage of


the bill to pause, to listen and to engage. The last 12 months have


been really testing. David Cameron always looks effortlessly Prime


Ministerial. If Ed Miliband continues to lead


Labour, and continues to be disliked and thought incredible,


then David Cameron's fitness for office may prove decisive.


Cameron's recipe to gain power was to move the Conservatives to the


soft-centre of British politics, hugging the NHS and embracing


climate change. In office, he's moved away from the middle-ground.


That doesn't mean he'll lose the next general election. Margaret


Thatcher was highly unpopular. Many of her decisions were hated, but


she never lost a general election. In that, as in so many other ways,


she may be David Cameron's model. Michael Portillo there, looking at


David Cameron's year. It is a little empty out here in the hall


because everybody has gone inside, except these three delegates we


have kept behind until the speech starts. With us Kirsty Roberts, and


Roche and Mr Decisionson. We've had people -- and Mr DixoN. People have


said it is stage-managed. I am not sure if there is the party faithful


and the same response as in the past. We are now in Government and


it is a different situation. Everybody is looking forward the


future. I feel there are far more younger women being attracted


towards the party. Despite the fact that the leadership admits they


have had a problem with women voters and the poll would indicate


that as well. We are doing our best to address that. It is very


important to have a cross- representation in any party in


order to be able to represent the community as a whole. Obviously,


trying tory tract younger women into politics is -- trying to


attract younger women into politics is the thing. I am a councillor and


have a young family. It is important that people like us, with


our own reflections and we bring those to politics, which is, I


think, what some of my colleagues are experiencing. On that basis,


Kirsty, you are an IT contractor. You are out there in the world of


business, and the message that they are sending out, it is about the


future. Is the future bleak, or is it sunny uplands? I think what


we're going to see, Jo, is a message of, we need some hope.


Everyone knows we are in a tough situation at the moment. I don't


think anyone is dispuelting that. - - disputing that. The messages we


are getting through from the Government are certainly they are


taking the hard choices. They... If we had not had an emergency Budget,


for instance coming in last year, we were in serious danger of going


the same way as Greece, Ireland and some of these other economies. So,


it's not comfortable for anyone. Frankly, the Government are looking


after us. They are looking after our future now. OK, David you left


the party in 1997, when Tony Blair came into Government. You didn't go


to Labour, but you left the Conservative Party. You came back


when David Cameron come in 2005. Has he done a good job? Has he


stuck to the sort of manifesto you wanted? I think he's done a


fantastic job. I seriously mean that. I've been in the party in and


out for 40 years. I think the party is in better heart than I have


known it. Why? It's the energy. it younger? It is younger. There


are fewer here. You can see empty seats in that auditorium. That is


not very encouraging, is it? people who are here are younger and


more energy yet tick than ever. I am very impressed with the people I


have met here. On that basis, if they are younger, are they


representing, as you said, across the society? Is everybody being


made to feel welcome in the Conservative Party? We heard


earlier from one of the sketchwriters that some of the more


traditional Tories are not here in the numbers they used to be. Has


the party changed? All parties will change just as society changes.


Political parties have to reflect society. Of course there are going


to be, as you have rightly said, younger delegates here, possibly


for the first time, people who have come to politics through a


difficult previous Government and want to sea change. They are here


in order to participate rather than perhaps purely vote. They want to


engage with the party. They want to take part. It's through that that


you will sea change and the whole of society will be represented.


What about people struggling with their finances? I am sure you all


have experience, yeert yourselves or other people. How dif -- either


yourselves or other people? How difficult is it out there? From a


personal perspective and talking to my constituents the biggest concern


people have is planning for the future. Financial planning?


Absolutely. Are they spending? would like to hear something in


David Cameron's speech today to tell us what he's going to do.


People are very worried about pensions and the general market.


But I, as I said previously, I think there's a recognition,


certainly from people I speak to that decisions have had to be taken


and they were tough decisions. I think the Government, this


Government, has the strength and the courage to take those decisions.


With the Liberal Democrats, of course. Are you pleased with the


coalition? Yes, very pleased. Because they are having a good


influence? That is right. My concern right now is housing. I am


a landlord. I see house from the inside. I think the Government,


aided by the Liberal Democrats, will do something to help first-


time buyers, they have to. The market is frozen at the moment.


That's what I'm looking for. What about building houses? They have


made a play about the planning laws. Do you agree that it is being


geared more towards economic development than it is towards


saving the countryside? That has been said. The fact is with a


frozen housing market, it doesn't matter how many they propose to


build. They won't do it because there are no sales at the moment.


And that would be key for you? Absolutely. You are a doctor, what


did you think about the NHS reforms? Do you think they are in


better shape now because of what the Liberal Democrats say they


actually did in terms of a pause, do you support them or think they


should have gone quicker, faster and, you know, in a way that the


Tories initially wanted? I am speaking as an individual rather


than as a doctor. Clinical medicine and politics are two separate


things. Because there has been a pause, I think the NHS needs to


progress. If we don't amove forward.... Do you support GP


commissioning? There'll be lots of things which could benefit from


that. There'll be a step by step process. Possibly there will be


teething troubles in certain areas. Certainly I think the Government


have worked with doctors in order to try and get the very best


outcomes. So many did not support it. What about some of the


patients? Do you think they feel reassured by these savings which


have to be made to the budget? Savings will be essential. They are


not arbitrary. Unfortunately we have a very, very difficult


financial situation, and the NHS is one of the most expensive calls


upon finances. Basically I think people are more aware and patients


are more aware that money has to come from somewhere. I think,


although some people are afraid that commissioning might, this


might be a completely new area of commissioning, others feel they may


get a better service because they have a personal relationship with


their GPs and this could be a very positive outcome.


Thank you very much. We will see you after the speech, if there is


time for reaction, depending on how long it goes on for. Back to you,


Andrew. Thanks, Jo. We are waiting to know


when the speech will start. We're told it might start around 2.50pm,


which is later than the original start time we were given. I would


like to make a point and say they are probably drafting it after all


the changes. I don't think they are. I have a copy of the speech here. I


could get things underway by reading it out myself, but that is


a way to get your P45. Nick Robinson is with us. He and I will


talk for Britain.... In alternative words. This week.... You have


broken the embargo. They are watching videos in there. They are


getting the audience warmed up in time for the speech. Slightly


surprised to see a lot of empty seats at the back of this hall?


am surprised. Normally there are people who come especially for this


day, even if they have not been here for the whole of the


conference. Normally they ensure it is full. It is not. It is a sign


again of a conference, not just this, all of them actually, it


feels like the idea of conferences is almost dying. They are so


carefully stage-managed. They so work to ensure that controversy


happens in the Fringe and in the bars and not here in front of the


television cameras and microphones. It is so expensive for many people


to come to city centres, as besides a seaside resort there are fewer


and fewer activists and more and more people, whose profession,


whether lobbyists or business people come here. The chairman of


the 1922 Committee. He wanted debate and then a vote. That is why


Graham Brady is chairman of the backbench committee and not in Her


Majesty's Government. It is that view that will convince David


Cameron he should not become a minister. No party leadership wants


to wash its dirty linen in public. Of course there's a consequence to


that. If it takes out the activists' involvement, the danger


of course is the leadership don't hear the warnings of their own


grass roots who are not merely meant to be sent out to knock on


doors. They are supposed to be in touch with what the country is


thinking. What will the message be from the speech today? The message


he wants to have is not this mess they have got into, over whether


people should pay off their credit cards or not. The message he wants


is, yes, it is bleak out there. I think we'll get a starker warning


about how bleak it the economically. We have heard him talking about


staring down the barrel of a gun. We heard about him talking about


the danger posed be I the world economy. He is likely to make a


direction comparison with the banking crisis in 2008, in other


words a problem not just for Britain but of a global recession.


Labour will leap on that if that is what he does. They have talked


about creating a "safe haven" through their policies. Now they


are talking about the problem of that world recession, in which


Britain might be sucked in. But the other half of his message is meant


to be one, not so much of optimism, but a belief, if you like, we can,


the country can, I can get you The grim economic backdrop, which


has got grimmer, means that there are some things that in more normal


times would have been in this speech, that are not in this speech


now. All won't be prominent. Just a few weeks ago, I think if we'd had


sat here and said, what do you think David Cameron would do, you


would say, it has got to be about the riots. It is surely going to be


about what happened on the streets of Manchester, of Britain, I should


so the streets of England before the Scots correct me. It saves me a


lot of e-mails! And yet, I am told there will be not much on it. There


will be words about the riots, but it hasn't dominated any of the


conferences in the way that all political leaders thought it would.


You might have thought the conflict in Libya would be the dominant


theme... Which he would regard as a success. A great triumph. It will


be mentioned, but it won't dominate. The growing economic storm has


taken over from everything. The sense that politicians have, that


the public think they are not in touch with their concerns, that the


economy is not being run in a way which works for them... Which means,


interestingly, we have heard already this week, things that


sound very similar to Ed Miliband boss -- et Ed Miliband's and


previous stories. Their -- Tories. The hearing the concern that people


don't get it, that the rules work in a way that you get something for


nothing rather than something for nothing -- rather than something


for something. It is going to be uncharted territory for British


politics. This coalition has an agreement, which was done on the


basis that the worst of the recession and the financial


meltdown was over, and this is our rebuilding plan, to take us through


to the election. That agreement could well turn out, in large areas,


to be irrelevant, if we are just heading into another financial


meltdown. It doesn't give you the prescription. In a sense, let's


think of the parallel with its 2008. Alistair Darling could not say,


what does it say on a manifesto about this? They literally had to


make it up as they went along. You have to gather your experts in a


room and say, what do we do now? The advantage, if there was one, of


the crisis in 2008, many of the officials around the Prime Minister


and Chancellor were the officials who were around Gordon Brown and


Alistair Darling, so they have some knowledge about what to do about a


banking crisis. Last night, the Ten O'Clock News lead on this crisis in


a French and Belgian bank, a vast problem for that bank. But the


Chancellor was about this conference, about the hotel,


looking... Relaxed isn't the right word, but not panicky. It's when I


suggested to him, why not, people know what to do. In other words,


there is at least some sort of guide. There is some sort of


blueprint. That is what happened with the Belgian bank? Absolutely.


If it is a wider economic crisis, there is no script at all. The


coalition would have to gather and work out what it will do, and what


the Chancellor may want them to do, and whether the Liberal Democrats


will sign up to it. The other thing I have noticed, they did have a


plan whereby they thought that the political cycle and economic cycle


would go in tandem. That they got elected in 2010, they were planning


for a full five-year parliament, they would get rid of the pain in


the first years, then the growth would come back, living standards


would start to rise, there maybe a bit of a windfall if we sell back


the banks, and we are off to the races in 2015. I think we are


ripping that up now. Latest figures still show the economy growing...


Growing less. If you now take the last nine months. And you add them


together, you have zero growth. My point was, he will say, don't talk


us into a recession, we have to be careful that we did say it has


happened yet. It is deeply grim out there but we don't know the


consequences for world economic growth. You are right, the politics


was assumed to be, rather like Margaret Thatcher's first term,


very tough, the lady is not for turning was the big speech in 1981.


She contradicted the criticism of 364 economists who wrote to the


papers, then she got re-elected. Some people say Labour was divided,


some people say there was the Falklands factor. Another thing,


people's living standards were improving. Interest rates were


plummeting. She went on to win that election. The Tories who grew up in


that era, they thought, it is going to be grim, but we will get out of


it. In a nutshell, the fear is, we thought we had a lot of time but if


it is as bad and going to get worse, because of events in Europe, we


might be running out of time, even at this early stage. I think that


is right, although I don't think I'm being too generous to them to


say, if we are in a world economic recession, their thirst for will be,


what on earth do we do -- their first thought. The whole political


terms of trade change, it does not automatically fall into Labour's


lap if we end up in a real crisis. Arguably, the opposite. Governments


often say, and there was some truth for Gordon Brown in 2008-2009, that


in a moment of crisis, the country looks for leadership, it looks to


its existing leaders, and is tempted -- tempted to hold on to


those for fear of something worse for that period. It doesn't


necessarily help Labour at that stage. The key is whether people


think the Labour Party's analysis that the government contributed to


this crisis is right, and whether they think the government gains any


credit or could have "a UN something worse. Were speculating


about the political consequences of something in four years' time, but


the Prime Minister does not know what is going out and in four days'


time. The big difference between -- with 2008, Britain was at the


centre of that storm. It was a banking crisis, big banks in London.


Gordon Brown had an advantage, he was the chair of the G20, and he


used it. He used it rather brilliantly. Even his critics would


argue that would delight his policies or not, his ability to


pull people together in that G20 conference in London was something


he did very well. David Cameron, in that sense, and George Osborne,


much more spectators. It is a crisis about the eurozone and not


the British banks. They can push and argue with their colleagues,


they can't actually act. The G20 that the Prime Minister will go to,


the equivalent of the one in London, is in Cannes in the beginning of


November and I think provided the markets don't cause some horror,


that will be a key date. Chancellor has said they have to


have their ducks in a row by them. Absolutely. What was striking last


night, you get this very bad economic news, crashing markets in


Britain and on Wall Street, then you get a European Commissioner


implying that a plan is being developed. Up pops Wall Street


again, it was too late for the British stock market, but Wall


Street bounced up again, as if, somebody is in charge, good. That


is how volatile markets are at the moment. And the economic backdrop


against it put -- against which people are having to make decisions.


They are showing a video about the Prime Minister going into hospitals


and so on, which I suspect is the final build-up. We had a lot of


young people on the stage, I guess that is to compensate for the fact


there are not a lot of young people in the audience. And I think he


will say his great passion is education. There are more young


people at this conference than they used to be at Tory conferences --


than that there used to be. It is quite a long speech, it could be up


to an hour. Why do they feel the need to speak for so long? I was


speaking to a speech writer last night. There are bits of the speech


that are not very important for people in the hall, sometimes not


important for journalists or a lot of the audience watching, but they


have a value. They are sending a message, I was told, to officials


in Whitehall, that the Prime Minister cares about this. Let's


take an example, the big society. If that phrase were not in this


speech, the message goes around that he doesn't care about it any


more. So you are in a meeting as an official, and they say, we don't


need to bother, it wasn't in the speech. They go through things and


say, we must have a section. It works diplomatically. If there are


parts of the world that a Prime Minister doesn't mention, sometimes


the diplomatic immunity will say, what is going on, we thought your


guide cared. There is a function, a bit like the state of the Union


address. You have to show, this is what I care about, these are my


priorities. To say, the boss said it matters, so it does. They are


still watching a video, we are still waiting for the Prime


Minister, I am puzzled as to why this should run it so late. I have


no idea. We can joke about the redrafting, but they got that...


was a word. It can't have taken that long. When we talk about


rewriting, it did not involve any rewriting, it took a decision. Did


they say, as they were, you guys have all gone mad, you are


reporting that we want people to pay off their credit cards and that


is not what we want. Or did they acknowledge that wasn't just a view


taken by the media, but a view resonating in large parts of the


country, and then saying, to show you that is not what we meant, we


are changing the word. They know they are going to take a hit, he


nobody likes changing words in politics, but they decided to. We


can't know whether some event has happened but he feels he needs to


refer to, or argue about. It is quite a good -- big change, from


I think he is unlikely to mention Ed Miliband. They always say the


speed should be prime-ministerial and trying to speak to the country,


-- the speech should be. But I think he feels he is in politically


a strong enough place to not have to Rafal -- return fire to the Lib


Dem press, nor attack Labour. His problem is convincing the country


he has got it. He understands the problem and he knows what to do


about it. Which in a sense is why the argument over the credit card


debt, a small storm in a teacup but indicative of the problem.


reason it matters so much, and they didn't understand this, was it


suggests that people are out of touch, they think credit cards can


be paid off, when they can't. last, and the Conservative


Conference... Just as well, I was about to ask you what your


favourite colour was! I was going to telly about my favourite


instrument! We don't need to, the Prime Minister has arrived on the


stage of the Prime Minister -- the Conservative Party Conference of


2011, taking the applause of this audience. It was quite a wait for


him as well. At least they had some videos to watch, you only had me


and Nick to listen to. Here is the This week in Manchester, this party


has shown the discipline, the unity and the purpose that is the mark of


a party of government. I am proud of my team, I am proud of our


members, I am proud to lead this party. But most are all, I am proud


of you. -- most of all. You have made this week the success I


believe it has been for our party and our country. People have very


clear instructions for this government. Lead us out of this


economic mess, do it in a way that is fair and right, and as you do it,


please build something worthwhile for us and our children. Clear


instructions, clear-cut objectives, and from me, a clear understanding


that in these difficult times, it is leadership we need. To get our


economy moving, to get our society working. And in a year, the


Olympics here, when the world will be watching us, to show everyone


what Great Britain remains. But first, I want to say something to


everyone in this hall. Thank you. Despite the predictions, you won


elections all over our country this may, so let us hear it for those


great campaigns that you fought and won.


And thank you for something else, in that AV referendum, you did


Britain a service, and you kicked that excuse for a voting system off


the political agenda for a generation. So thank you for that




And next year, let us make sure we beat Ken, we back Boris and we keep


London Conservative. APPLAUSE


But you're not just winners, you are doers. This summer, as before,


Conservatives went to Rwanda, to build classrooms, to help grow


businesses, social action, that is the spirit of the modern


Conservative Party. Here, at this conference, we've been recording


audio books for the blind. Now, I looked very carefully at the books


that my colleagues choose. George knew exactly what he wanted.


He went straipbgt for The -- straight for The Man Who Would Be


King. Boris missed out. He choose - The Joy Of Cycling. There was a


book I choose. I said, Ken, this is Crime and Punishment and I want you


to read it twice!" after yesterday we should have a group reading of


Mog, the Cat. If you read that book, you will remember that Mog helps


police catch the burglar, not keep him in the country.


APPLAUSE This is a party, and ours is a


country that never walks on by. Earlier this year, some people said


to me, Libya, that is not our concern. Don't start what you can't


finish. Some people even said to me, "Arab, they don't do democracy." If


we had stood aside this spring people in Benghazi would have been


massacred. Don't let anyone say that this wasn't in our national


interest. We remember what Gaddafi did. He


was the man who gave Semtex to the IRA. He was behind the shooting of


a London police officer. He was responsible for the bombing of a


skies over Lockerbie. I say, let us be proud of what we did to help the


Libyan people take back their country.


APPLAUSE In Afghanistan today, there are men


and women fighting for Britain, as brave -- bravely as any in our


country. They come from Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland. They


have the equipment they need and we are on target to bring them home.


Theirs has been a campaign of incredible sacrifice. I know


everyone in this hall will want to send a message to everyone who


serves and has served, to those in uniform, in our armed services and


in our police. And for those not in uniform who keep us safe from


terrorism on our streets. We thank you, we salute you. We are proud of


what you do for our country. APPLAUSE


But leadership in the world is about moral strength as much as


about military might. A few months ago, I was in Nigeria, on a trade


mission. While I was there, I visited a vaccination clinic. It's


an experience I will never forget. It was very hot, basic, the lights


kept going on and off to. The rows of women cuddling their babies this


place was a God send. One of the nurses told me that if it wasn't


for British aid, many of those beautiful babies would be dead.


In four years' time, this country will have helped vaccinate more of


the world's poorest children than there are people in the whole of


England. Of course we will make sure your money goes to people who


need it most. We will do it in a way that is transparent and


accountable. I really believe, that in spite of all our difficulties,


this is the right thing to do. It is a mark of our country and our


people that we never turn our backs on the world's poorest. I believe


everyone in Britain can be proud of that fact.


APPLAUSE Leadership in tackling tyranny,


leadership in fighting poverty. When it came to that decision, to


help the Libyan people, there was something dispiriting about the


debate here in Britain. It wasn't that some people thought we


shouldn't do what we did, that is their right. That is a point of


view. It was that so many people actually


thought Britain couldn't do something like that any more. You


hear that kind of pessimism, about our economic future, our social


problems, our political system, that our best days are behind us


that we're on a path of certain decline. Well, I'm here to tell you


that simply isn't true. Of course, if we sit around and hope for the


best, the rest will leave us behind. If we fool ourselves that we can


grow our economy, mend our society, give our children the future we


want them to have, if we fool ourselvess that we can do these


things without effort, without correcting past mistakes, without


confronting vested interests and failed ideas, then no, we'll not


get anywhere. If we put in the effort. If we correct the mistakes


f we correct the vested interests and take on the failed ideas of the


past, then I know we can turn this ship around.


No-one wants false optimism. I will never pretend there are short-cuts


to success. Success will come with the right


ideas, the right approach, the right leadership. Leadership from


Government to set out the direction we must take and the choices we


must make, but leadership also from you.


The things that will deliver success are not politicians or


Government, it is the people of Britain and the spirit of Britain.


Some people say that to succeed in this world we need to be more like


India or China or Brazil. I say, we need to be more like us.


The real us. Hard-working, pioneering, creative,


optimistic, can-do. That is the spirit that has made this United


Kingdom what it is - a small country that does great things. One


of the most incredible success stories in the history of the world.


It's a spirit that I believe is alive and well today.


I see it in Tanya Sydney Roberts, the head teacher who started a free


school from scratch and it is four times over subscribed. What is her


ambition? To do it all over again. That is leadership. I see it in GPs


in Bexley who have taken control of their budgets. They have their


patients, some poorest in the country, free treatment in Harley


Street, on the NHS. That is leadership. I see it in all we saw


this summer. Dan Thomas, he watched the riots unfold on television. He


didn't sit there and think, "I'll just leave it for the council to


clear it up. "he got on the internet, he set out a call and


started a social movement. People picked up their brooms and re-


claimed the streets. The argument I want to make today is this -


leadership works. I know how tough things are.


I don't for one minute underestimate how worried people


feel, whether about making ends meet or the state of the world


economy. The truth is, right now, we need to be energised, not


paralysed by gloom and fear. Half the world is booming. Let's go and


sell to them. Many of our communities are thriefing. Let's


make the rest like them. There is so much great about our country. We


don't have to accept that success in this century automatically


belongs to others. We just have to remember the origin


of our achievements, the people of Britain taking a lead.


That is why much... APPLAUSE That is why so much of my


leadership is about unleashing your leadership.


Giving everyone who wants it the chance to seize the opportunity,


the support and above all, the freedom to get things done and


giving everyone who wants to believe it, the confidence that


working hard and taking responsibility will be rewarded,


not punished. Let us reject the pessimism.


Let us bring on the can-do optimism. Let us summon the energy and


appetite to fight for a better future for our country, Great




Now, of course, that starts with our economy.


As we meet here in Manchester, the threat to the world economy and to


Britain is as serious as in 2008, when world recession loomed. The


eurozone is in crisis. The French and the German economies


have slowed to a standstill. Even mighty America is questioned


about her debts. It is an anxious time.


Prices and bills keep going up. Petrol, electricity, the weekly


shop. On the news, it's job losses, cutbacks, closures. You think about


tuition fees, house prices, the cost of a deposit. You wonder how


our children are going to manage. Now, of course Government can help.


This one is. We've cut petrol duty. We've kept


the winter fuel allowance, cold weather payments. We have frozen


council tax this year. As George said on Monday, we'll freeze it all


over again next year too. APPLAUSE


But we need to tell the truth about the overall economic situation.


People understand that when the economy goes into recession, times


get tough. But normally after a while things


pick up. Strong growth returns. People get


back into work. This time, it's not like that.


People want to know why the good times are so long in coming. The


answer is straightforward, but uncomfortable. This wasn't a normal


recession, it was a debt crisis. It was caused by too much borrowing


by individuals, banks, businesses and most of all by Governments.


When you're in a debt crisis, some of the normal things that


Governments can do to deal with a normal recession, like borrowing to


cut taxes, or increasing spending - these things won't work because


they lead to more debt which would make the crisis worse. Why? Because


it takes risks of higher interest rates, less confidence and the


threat of even higher taxes in future. The only way out of a debt


crisis is to deal with your debts. That's why households are paying


down the credit card and the store card bills. It means banks getting


their books in order. It means Governments, Governments all over


the world, cutting spending and living within their means.


This coalition Government, Conservatives and Liberal Democrats,


Nick Clegg and I, we've led the way here in Britain.


Our plan is right. Our plan will work.


I know that you can't see it or feel it right now, but think of it


like this, the new economy we're building, it is like building a


house. The most important part is the part


you can't see. The foundations.


Slowly, but surely we are laying solid foundations for a stronger


future. The vital point is this; if you


don't stick with it, it won't work. There's something else... APPLAUSE


There's something else that we have to stick to, because we're not in


the euro, we can lay these foundations ourselves, on our own


terms, in our own way. So, let me say this, as long as I'm Prime


Minister, this country will never join the euro.


APPLAUSE And I won't let us be sucked into


endless bail outs of countries that are in the euro either. Yes, we are


members of the IMF and we have responsibilities there. When it


comes to any euro bail out mechanism, my approach is simple -


Labour got us into it and I am Of course, our Hall deficit-


reduction programme is really just one big bear out of the last


government -- Hall a deficit. -- one big bale out. We have been


subjected to a national apology Tour. Sorry for sucking up to


Gaddafi, for not regulating the banks probably for crushing civil


liberties, for failing to go green, for not building enough houses.


Sorry for the infighting that made it the most dysfunctional


government in the history of our country. But you know what, nothing.


Not a peep on the thing they really need to say sorry for. Wasting


billions and billions of your money. You know what the Shadow Chancellor,


Ed Balls, said last week? That Labour didn't spend any more money


than they had available. Hello? Ed, you spend �428 billion more than


you had available. And there is only one conclusion you can draw


from this. We must never, ever, let these people anyway India our


economy ever again. For faith -- let these people anywhere near or


our economy ever again. As before, it falls to asked to


clear up after a Labour government. -- it falls to ask. I have insisted


that we do it in a way that is fair. You can't cut the deficit the size


of ours without asking everyone to make a sacrifice, but those with


the most money are bearing the biggest burden. We have imposed a


permanent levy on the banks, we have raised taxes on people who


make their money overseas but to live here, and at the same time, we


have given will help to the poorest and most vulnerable. We are taking


it over a million of the lowest paid people out of tax or


altogether, and after the scandal of the 75p raised for pensions, we


are linking pensions to earnings so elderly people will be �10,000


better off in their retirement. Yes, this is a One nation deficit-


reduction plan from a one nation He and my friends, there is


something else that we, the Conservatives, have done. The


National Health Service is the most precious institution in our country.


The most precious institution to my family, to your family. At the last


election, it was Labour policy to cut the NHS. It was Liberal


Democrat policy to cut the NHS. It was our policy, Conservative policy,


to protect the NHS and spend more on it than this year, next year,


and the year after that, because we are the party of the NHS, and as


long as I am here, that is the way But real fairness, will fairness


isn't just about what the state spends. It is about the link


between what you put in and get out. As we debate what people get from


the state, let us remember how we generate the taxes in the first


place. So to the unions planning to strike over public sector pensions,


I say this. You have every right to protest, but our population is


ageing, our public sector pension system is unaffordable, the only


way to give public sector workers a decent, sustainable pension system,


which I want to, and to do right by the taxpayer, is to ask public


servants to work a little longer and pay a little more. That is fair.


What is not fair, what is not right, is going on strike and hitting the


very people that are helping to pay Dealing with our debts, that is


just line one, caused one of our plan for growth. We need jobs. We


are not going to get jobs by growing government, we need to grow


our businesses. So here is our growth plan. It is to do everything


we can to help businesses start to grow, to thrive and succeed. Where


that means backing off, cutting regulation, we will do that. Where


that means intervention and investment, we will intervene, we


will invest. Whatever it takes to help our businesses take on the


world, we will do it. The global economy has been transformed in


recent years. It used to take companies decades to become world


leaders. Now some of them do it in just a few years. When you step off


the plane in Delhi, or Shanghai, or Lagos, you can feel the energy, the


hunger, the drive to succeed. We need that here. There is too much,


frankly, can't do soggy mess around. We need to be a sharp, focused, can


do country. Let me say this. As we go for growth, the last thing I


want is to pump the old economy back up with a banking sector out


of control, manufacturing squeezed and prosperity confined to justify


parts of the country, and a few industries. Our plan is to build


something new, and to build something better. We can do it.


Look at what is happening in East London. Europe's financial capital


is now matched by Europe's technology capital. Facebook, Intel,


Google, Cisco, even Silicon Valley Bank. Our potential and investing


right here. The world's most famous digger, the JCB, made in


Staffordshire. Do you watch Formula 1? Ken does. Whether it is the


German Michael Schumacher, the Australian Mark Webber, what the


Brazilian Rubens Barrichello, they will have one thing in common. When


they get into that car, it is made This is the new economy we must


build, leading an advanced technology, Life Sciences,


engineering, creating, exporting. It is easy to talk about these


things, it is more difficult to deliver them. For a start, you will


not deliver it, I just dividing industries into saints and sinners.


That is not just an insult to the financial insurance companies, the


accountancy firms, the professional services that make us billions of


pounds and employ millions of people. It is just much too


simplistic. I have always argued, we need businesses to be more


socially responsible. But to get proper growth, to rebalance our


economy, we have got to put some important new pieces into place. We


have got to take action now to get credit flowing to the small


businesses that are the engine of our economy. We have got to ring-


fence the banks so that they fulfil their role of landing safely to the


real economy. We are setting up technology and innovation centres,


where scientists and academics can work with entrepreneurs to turn


brilliant inventions into successful products. We have


reformed taxation to encourage enterprise and investment in the


high-growth firms. But we are also going to have to take some


controversial decisions, and to challenge some vested interests.


When firms need to adapt quickly, to win orders, to win the contract,


we cannot go on with the rigid, outdated employment legislation of


the past. I know the critics will say, what about workers' rights? We


mustn't forget the important worker right or all, the right to have a


When in modern business you are quick or dead, it is hopeless that


our infrastructure lags so far behind Europe. That is why we need


to build a high-speed rail and we need to get the fastest broadband


network in Europe as well. When a balanced economy needs workers with


skills, we need to put an end to the old slobbery about vocational


education and training -- old snobbery. This government is


providing training for an extra 250,000 apprenticeships across this


Parliament, but we're not getting enough back from big business. So


here is a direct appeal. If you want skilled employees, we will


provide the funding, we will cut the red tape, but you have got to


show the leadership and give us the apprenticeships this country so


badly needs. Unlocking growth, rebalancing our


economy, it also requires change in Brussels. The EU is the biggest


single market in the world, it has got amazing potential, but it is


not working properly. Almost every day, I see. This new regulation


coming our way. A couple of weeks I came across this EU directive. Do


you know what it was about? Whether people with diabetes should be


allowed to drive. What an earth has this got to do with the single


market. Do you suppose anyone in China is thinking, I know what will


grow iconic, let's get those diabetics off the road. Europe has


got to wake up and the EU growth plan that I have published, that I


want to publish at every meeting, every council, every summer, that


is the alarm call that Russell needs -- Brussels needs. Our


businesses need the space to go -- grow, Mick literally our -


literally. It is hard to blame local people for imposing local


developments -- opposing local developments when we get so little


of the benefits. We are changing that. If a new manufacturing plant


is billed in your area, your council will keep the business


rates. -- built in your area. This is a low-cost plan for a localised


party. -- local list plan. People are worried about what this means


for consolation. I love our countryside and would never do


anything to put it at risk. But we have got to get the balance right.


The proportion of land in England that is currently built up his 9%.


Our - is 9%. There are businesses desperate to expand to thousands of


people but are stuck in the mud of are planning system. We are going


To those who oppose everything we do, my message is this. Take your


arguments down to the Jobcentre, because we are going to get Britain


back to work. This new economy we are building,


it must be an economy for everyone. You know the real tragedy of


Labour's economy? It is not just that it was unsustainable,


unbalanced, overwhelmed with dead, it is that it left so many people


behind. They talked a lot about opportunity, but they ripped the


ladders of opportunity away. We had an education system that left


hundreds of thousands on prepared for work. We had a welfare system


that trapped thousands in its dependency. We had an immigration


system that brought migrant workers to do the jobs we were not paying


those on welfare to do. We had a government, oh boy did we have a


government, that creamed the taxes off the boom to splurge back into


the benefits, redoubling the failure all over again. Labour, who


tell us they care so much about fairness and justice, who say they


want to hit the rich and help the poor, Labour gave us the casino


economy and the welfare society. Who is going to lift the poorest


up? Who is going to get our young people back to work? Who is going


to create a fairer society? Not you, the self-righteous Labour Party, it


will be asked, the Conservatives, who built the economy that works


for everyone and gives hope to everyone in our economy. -- in our


country. That must start with a good


education for everybody. It sounds so simple. Proper teaching, good


discipline, rigorous exams, but it is hard. It is hard, because our


education system has been effected by an ideology that instead of


insisting on every child's success, as too often made excuses for


failure. They say that poor kids Will in this community you can't


expect too much, you really must understand. I do understand. Oh,


yes, I understand. But believe me, I am disgusted by the idea that we


should aim for any less for a child from a poor background and a rich


APPLAUSE I have contempt for the notion that we should accept narrow


horizons for a black child than a white one. It is the age-old irony


of the liberal left. They practise oppression and they call it


equality. So we... APPLAUSE So we are fighting back.


Something really massive is happening in our country. There is


now a irrefruitable proof that with the right schools, right freedoms


and leadership, we can transform the education of the most deprived


children. You heard yesterday from that inspirational student from


Burlington Danes Academy in Hammersmith.


An InterCity school, deprived area, almost half of the children on free


school meals. But this year five- quarters got five good gstgss,


including English and -- gsts, including English and maths. That


is better than schools in Cambridgeshire, Sussex got last


year. Some of the most affluent counties in our country. Why?


Because the head teacher, her staff, the parents, they all rose up and


said, "We are as good as anyone. Our children can achieve anything."


Leadership works and we'll make it work in all of our schools.


APPLAUSE We're backing more head teachers to turn more schools into


academies. We want charities, entrepreneurs to come into our


education system and set up the new free schools too. Change is really


underway. For the first time in a long time, the numbers studying


those core and vital subjects, history, geography are going up.


Exams will be marked on grammar. Teachers will be able to search


bags, for weapons, alcohol, anything. It is a long road back to


rigour, but my friends, we are well on our way.


APPLAUSE And here is something else we're


going to do, in Britain today we do have a group of schools that are


utterly intolerant of failure, where 90% of pupils get five good


GCSEs, yes, private schools. You've heard me talk about social


responsibility. I want to see private schools start academies and


sponsor akam mis in the state system. Wellington does it Dulwich


does it, others can do. The apartheid between private and state


education is one of the biggest wasted opportunities in our country


today. Let it be us, the Conservative Party, who helped to


tear it down. APPLAUSE


Rigour back in learning, standards back in schools, teachers back in


control - the Conservatives are back in Government.


APPLAUSE An economy that works for everyone


means sorting out welfare and immigration as well. Welfare began


as a lifeline. For too many it has become a way of life. Generation


after generation, in the cycle of dependency and we are determined to


break it. Part of our answer is controlling immigration.


So, we put a cap on the numbers of none EU immigrants allowed to come


and work in our country. We must not lock out talent. I want the


best and brightest, entrepreneurs, students and scientists from around


the world to get the red-carpet treatment and they will. The fake


marriages, people arriving for a month and staying for year, the


criminals who use the Human Rights Act to try and stay in the country,


we are clamping down on each and every one of them.


APPLAUSE We've got to get some sense back


into our labour market and get British people back into work.


Now, for years, you have been conned by Governments.


To keep the unemployment figures down, they parked as many people as


possible on to the sick - 2.5 million, to be exact. Not


officially unemployed, but claiming welfare, no real questions asked.


Today, we're asking those questions. It turns out that of the 1.3


million people who have put in a claim for the new sickness benefit


in recent years, one million are either able to work, or stop their


claim before their medical assessment had been completed.


Under Labour, they got something for nothing.


With us, they will only get something if they give something.


If they are prepared to work, we're going to help them and I mean


really help them. If you've been out of work and on benefits for


five years, a quick session down the Jobcentre, some help with your


CV, that is not going to cut it. That will not help you. You need to


get your self-esteem and confidence back. You need training and skills,


intensive support. Previous Governments will never willing to


make a proper commitment. Were never willing to sign the necessary


cheque to get this done. Never willing to break the Treasury rules


to make it happen. We have. We have invested now so we don't pay later.


We are going to spend up to �14,000 on individual people, just to get


them trained and back into work. I know that is a lot of money, but


it is worth it. Let it be us, let it be this Government, let it be


the Conservatives that finally build an economy where no-one gets


left behind. APPLAUSE


And for most people, for most people, that means also a home of


their own. Not just any old home, but a decent


one, light and spacious. Rooms for the kids to play in. The percentage


of British people who own their own home is going down. Unless you get


help from your parents, do you know the average age of a first-time


buyer in our country today? It is Now, you hear some people say, well,


why can't we be like in Europe where everyone rents? There is


nothing to do, we don't have the money. I disagree. The failure of


the housing market is bound newspaper the debt crisis. Because


the lenders won't lend, the builders won't build and the buyers


can't buy, we are going to sort this out. We're going to bring back


the right buy your council house. We'll use that money to build new


homes. It was Macmillan who made us the home owning democracy. Margaret


Thatcher what gave us the right to buy. Let us inspire a new Tory


housing revolution. APPLAUSE


And while I'm on the subject of those great Conservative figures,


let me say this, I'm incredibly fortunate in leading this party


that I've had the full-throated, incredible support from all our


previous leaders. Michael Howard, Sir John Major and of course


Margaret Thatcher. And you know what, in this party we don't boo


our leaders, we are proud of what they've done fosh our party and


what they've -- for our party and what they've done for our country.


A few months ago, we were all shocked by the scenes on our


streets, in London and in other parts of the country. Perhaps


almost the most shocking thing is that people weren't that surprised.


There was no great call for a public inquiry to find out what has


gone wrong. Instead, what I think you could hear was the angry


insistent, overwhelming cry of a country shouting to its leaders. We


know, we know high this happened. We know what has gone wrong.


We know that if the system keeps fudging the difference between


right and wrong we'll never improve behaviour. We know as long as the


police go around with their hand behind their back we will never


make our streets truly safe. More than anything, we know that if


parents don't meet their responsibilities, their kids will


get out of control. What people were saying to us is,


"Yes, we know what has gone wrong and we want you to put it right."


One of the things that people want is speedy justice.


After the riots, those responsible were put straight into court and


tough sentences were quickly handed out.


I've made it clear to the police, the prosecution services, the


Ministry of Justice, the Attorney- General f we can do that then, let


us do it all the time, year in, year out.


APPLAUSE We all know that the problems go


deeper. That is why my driving mission in


politics is to build that bigger, stronger society.


It starts with families. I want to make this the most


family-friendly Government the country has ever seen.


More childcare, more health visitors, more relationship support,


more help with parenting. For the 120,000 families that are the most


troubled, and frankly cause the most trouble, a commitment to turn


their lives around by the end of this Parliament.


Today, I can announce this; another new focus.


There are 65,000 children in care. Do you know how many children there


are in care under the age of one? 3,660.


To you know how many children under the age of one are adopted in our


country last year? 60. This may not seem like the biggest


issue facing our country, but it is the biggest issue for these


children. How can we have let this happen? We have got people flying


all over the world to adopt babies, while the care system at home


agonises about placing black children with white families. With


the right values w the right effort, let us be the ones that end this


scandal and help these, the most vulnerable children of all.


But for me, leadership on families also means speaking out on marriage.


Marriage is not just a piece of paper, it pulls people together


through the ebb and flow of life. It says powerful things about what


we value. So, yes, we will recognise marriage and the tax


system. While also doing something else.


I stood before a Conservative conference once and I said it


shouldn't matter whether commitment was between a man and a woman or a


man and a man, or a woman and a woman.


You applauded me. Five years on, we are consulting on


legalising gay marriage. To anyone who has reservations, I say this,


yes, it's about equality, but it's also about something else -


commitment. Conservatives believe in the ties that bind us, that


society is stronger when we make vows to each other and we support


each other. So, I don't support gay marriage in spite of being a


Conservative, I support gay marriage because I am a


Conservative. We value community spirit and


social action too. We see it every day in our own lives, in our own


communities. It is one of the great things about Britain. Do you know


what? After the last five years of Labour Government the number of


people volunteering went down. Last year the decline was halted. Now


the proportion of people saying they belong strongly to their


neighbourhood is the highest for a decade.


If you're cynical, go to Wythenshawe, a few miles from here.


It used to be ravaged by crime and drugs and graffiti. Local people


opened a community hall, a gym. They got the kids off the street.


They kicked out the drug habit and the drug dealers. Of course


Government cannot legislate for this, but we can support the


leadership that makes it happen. That is why we're giving


neighbourhoods new powers to take over the running of playgrounds,


pubs and parks. It is why we're making it easier for people to give


their time and money to good causes. Why we have elected mayors. Now


we're drawing up plans to open up our public services and give more


power to people. But one of the biggest things holding people back


from playing a part in biging a bigger society is health and safety.


I was told recently about a school that wanted to buy a set of high-


lighter pens. With the pens came a warning. Not


so fast, make sure you comply with the control of substances hazardous


of health regulations 2002. Make sure you include plenty of fresh


air and hand and eye protection. You try highlighting with all of


that! This wasn't how a great nation was built. Britannia didn't


rule the waves with her armbands on. We're scaling it back. The CBR


checks, we're cutting them back. At last, let's bring some common sense


Building stronger communities, that is why we introduced National


Citizen Service. You saw it for yourself at the start of this


afternoon's session. One of the people who took part this year,


Owen Carter, wrote to me and said, this has changed my perspective of


life. You can do anything if you work hard and have a supportive


team around you. You can do anything. That is the spirit I am


talking about. That is why we are tripling the scale of National


Citizen Service, that is how we will build our big society, and


that his leadership. Next year, we are going to welcome the world for


the Olympics and the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. This two event say


a lot about Britain. Tradition and modernity, all in one. Today, we


can choose to be a country that is back on its feet and striding


forward. Paying down our debt and earning a living, getting people


off welfare and into work, breaking new ground in education with


excellence for Everyone and not a privileged few. We can be a country


where people look back on their life and say, I have worked hard,


raised a family, I am part of a community and all along it was


worth my while. We are too far from that today, but we can get there.


It is not complicated but it is not easy either, because nothing


worthwhile is easily won. But we have been told we were finished


before. They told us when we lost an empire, we couldn't find a role,


but we took on communism, we help bring down the Berlin Wall. They


called our economy the sick man of Europe but we turned this country


into a beacon of enterprise. No, Britain never had the biggest


population, the largest land mass, the richest resources, but we had


the spirit. It is not the size of the dog in the fight, it is the


size of the fight in the dock. Overcoming challenge. Confounding


the sceptics, reinventing ourselves. That is what we do, it is called


leadership. Let this time of challenge be turned into a time of


opportunity. Not sitting around watching things happen and


wondering why, but standing up, making things happen and asking,


why not? We have the ideas, we have the people, and now we have the


government that is freeing these people, backing those ideas. Let's


see an optimistic future, let's show the world some fight, let's


pull together, work together and lead Britain to better days ahead.


STUDIO: David Cameron finishes his address to the Conservative Party


Conference of 2011. He gets the immediate, almost statutory


standing ovation. Walking around the stage now, taking the applause.


He said the debt crisis was different from previous crises. And


that is why this situation seems soaked in a tractable. --


intractable. There was no mention of Ed Miliband. There had been a


debate about whether he should or not. He settled for attacking Ed


Balls instead, that always goes down well at a Tory conference. He


attacked Labour for creating a casino economy and their welfare


society. He talked a lot about school reform, he regards that as


part of the success for radical Tory reforms he is introducing, and


well fat, too. He also added the need for a new Tory revolution --


and welfare, too. So far, it seems to involve re- instituting the


right to buy. Mr Cameron, making his way through the conference hall,


taking the handshakes and applause of the party faithful. Looking at


some of the early media reaction, I would not say that the media on the


left or right are regarding this as his finest conference performance.


Quite a lot of criticism on the various tweets and from various


press commentators. Instant reactions are not always the ones


that stay with people in the end. It has been a relatively subdued


Conservative conference this year. Even this standing ovation is, by


Tory standards, quite subdued as well. It is as if they are going


through the motions. Mr Cameron looks a little tired, these are


difficult times. He didn't do well on the international scene and the


incredible the difficult international economic position


that Britain finds itself in -- he didn't dwell on. We hope to be


speaking to William Hague shortly. But me go to Johan Fredriksen, who


will get some reaction of her own. Your first impression, what did you


think? I was interested to find out he is putting such emphasis on


improving people's ability to volunteer. I am passionate about


volunteering and I feel that makes participation and integration into


society, and it makes people respect themselves and society as a


greater whole. Helping each other and the community is very important.


He did a whole section, he started with Libya, and really dedicated


the first bit of his speech to leadership. What did you think of


that? Excellent. David Cameron has an absolute Formula there. It is


not... We are not about looking to others all the time to take


responsibility. It is about taking responsibility ourselves, and I


think that is the message David Cameron was putting out. What about


you, David? Terribly impressed. I think he shows an instinct that is


really important for this country. Any policy that grab you? No, the


policy that was missing before was housing. I am so sorry. We have


almost come to the end of our programme. I'm going to have to


thank you all, thank you for rushing out, David, particularly,


and I will return to Andrew. Thanks, we have William Hague, he


has hot-footed it from the conference, welcomed. Thank you.


Last year, the Prime Minister told us the British economy was out of


the danger zone. Would it be fair to say we are back in the dangers


own? No. Are triple-A credit rating was maintained this week, at a time


when in other countries, credit ratings of banks and countries were


being reduced I think it is fair to say that the global economic danger


zone has been enlarged, but I think it would be the wrong attitude to


say we are back in the danger zone. If there is a disorderly default in


Greece, and the eurozone proves incapable of putting into place the


necessary measures to stop the contagion, we will be swept up in


that. Virtually the entire western world would be affected by that


very seriously. I have often used the analogy of the burning building


with no exits, but we have to support them in quenching the fire.


That is what George Osborne is engaged in and he was at the


finance ministers' meeting in Luxembourg last week. He has been


producing some of the ideas, as well as urging them before the


Cannes summit and the G20 summit, to take the necessary action. Of


course it involves recapitalising the banks, making sure that the


eurozone countries work closely together. If a building is burning


and there is no exits, how do you put the fire out? You have to use


all the resources you have got in there. You can't get the hoses in,


how do you get in? It may be taking the matter for a bit too far.


your metaphor. There is a serious point, there is no provision for


countries to leave the euro. The eurozone is a symptom of the wider


problem of debt and deficits in Western nations. Because of the


eurozone is not well designed, it really shows that pressure, but it


applies in the United States as well. The deficits have been too


great. It applies in this country. We are dealing with that. You have


seen the Prime Minister, a man who really gives the necessary


leadership in dealing with it. can't give leadership to the


eurozone, we are not part of it. Unlike the banking crisis in 2008,


where because of London's position, we were a central part of that, we


are spectators, or at best, sensible critics from the sideline.


We are a bit more than that. Hopefully we are sensible critics,


we are a bit more than spectators. It does involve us, and we are one


of the principal players in subscribing to the International


Monetary Fund. No Euro bail-outs, you said. No, but if the IMF takes


action, Britain is part of that. We have since Crick -- increased our


subscription to the IMF accordingly. As such a big player in the


financial world, what the Chancellor says to Britain is taken


very seriously. It has turned out as of today that the economy is not


growing. There has been no growth for nine months. Over the last year,


the economy has grown. When ministers have told us the economy


is growing, it turned out they were wrong. This economy, as of now, is


not growing. We don't have the figures for now. We have them for


the nine months to the summer. Those figures come out in the so --


the future. Are you expecting them to be growing? I am sorry, over the


last year, this economy has not grown, it has not grown since the


end of the third quarter of last year. These figures have been


revised but there has still been growth in the economy. Of course we


want the economy to grow more strongly, and that is what so many


of these measures are about. Look at the housing announcement that


the Prime Minister referred to. 200,000 more homes, 400,000 new


jobs. These are the sort of announcement necessary to help the


growth, which is no, anaemic, or of expression you want to use. --


which is low, Andy Nicol what ever expression you want to use. It is


The government is adding half a trillion pounds to its debt. One of


the things we are doing is bringing government debt under control.


are increasing it. It is going up because of the inheritance that we


have got. Everybody has agreed that what George Osborne has announced


brings down the deficit. Debt is heading for almost 1.5 trillion.


That is the total stock of debt. Why do you get to borrow more and


we are told to pay off credit cards? We don't have to borrow more.


You are borrowing more. We are saving �85 billion from government


spending, so the stock of debt will not be going up as quickly as it


would on the previous plans. We are not telling people what to do with


their credit cards. The Prime Minister said in his speech, people


have been playing down their credit card bills. Of course, an economy


that is vulnerable to high levels of debt on the personal level,


company level, bank level, government level, is very


vulnerable in this situation. Subdued conference, a bit worried?


No, I think this is a confident The fact that the biggest argument


has been over a cat shows it has been pretty successful. The party


is confident but realistic. Realistic but optimistic. A


realistic but optimistic speech. Thank you for being with us. That


brings to an end are live coverage of the conference season on 2011 on


Download Subtitles