23/05/2012 Daily Politics


23/05/2012

Andrew Neil and Jo Coburn are joined by Jeremy Browne and Andy Burnham to discuss the growth summit in Brussels and the European Court's decision to allow prisoners the vote.


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Good morning, folks. This is the Daily Politics. Today's top story:

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It should we be waving farewell to plan A and embracing plan B? How do

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you stimulate growth without borrowing even more? That is the

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$64 billion question. After the G8 get together in the

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USA which resolved nothing, European leaders meet in Brussels

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tonight in yet another attempt to sort it all out. We will have the

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latest but don't hold your breath for a breakthrough.

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Get your bunting out, it is the last PMQs before the Jubilee and a

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rather long recess. Is this man in a hard hat the

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Socialist? And are you depressed over

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impending eurogeddon and the possible grexit? If you are,

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chillax. Let me guess, nobody has a clue what I am talking about. For a

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change! What does that mean? How much do we spend every year on

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education?! All that and more coming up in the next 90 minutes of

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should the award-winning television. You do not need to be at the Cannes

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Film Festival, but I wish I was. You just need to be at home

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watching BBC Two because we have some wannabes on the programme

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fighting it out for the leading actor award. Brad Pitt, eat your

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heart out. Jeremy Browne, a Lib Dem. And the shadow health secretary,

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Andy Burnham. Welcome to you both. Let's turn our attention to Iran.

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Diplomats are meeting in Baghdad today to discuss their nuclear

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programme. Israel along with America has views to rule out a

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pre-emptive strike on their nuclear facilities. Senior ministers in the

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UK have taken legal advice on what role if any Britain might play in

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the event of an attack on Iran by Israel, America or by both. Is it

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true that senior Lib Dems have been getting together to discuss what

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your party's position would be if an attack took place? I think we

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have to plan for every possible scenario. That is the Government as

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a whole, but also each individual political party, which needs to

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think through what its response would be. So we are going through

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those contingency planning exercises. But we do not wish for

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that end. Nobody does. We hope the talks are successful. We agree with

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the Iranians. They say they don't want to clear weapons and we don't

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want them to have them. The question is how we get to that

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point and that is what we are trying to achieve. I get that the

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Government is doing contingency planning, they do that all the time.

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The National Security Council, that is part of their function. But what

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about a political party getting together? The Lib Dems are not

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doing contingency planning. You are working out what your response as

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the party would be. I understand the point that you are making but I

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think you are magnifying it. So you have met? We have our own party

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mechanisms were discussing big issues that are potentially

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contentious. Including Iran? pleading Iran. And what conclusion

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have you come to? -- including Iran. We have not come to a conclusion as

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such, because we are discussing their thinking, which is true of

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other areas as well. There is no view at all? I think one of the

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things that the party is interested in discussing is that there are so

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many different aspects of what the impact would be on the wider Middle

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East, on oil supplies, on human rights. There are all kinds of

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features of this very difficult situation. I think people will want

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to discuss that. It would be hugely disruptive and a massive moment for

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foreign policy if it gets to the worst case scenario. It would be

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strange political parties only started thinking about their views

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on the subjects if and when that day arrives. Is it possible to say

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what Labour's response would be if there was an attack on Iran?

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don't think it is possible to say that today. This weekend there was

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a worrying development. A senior figure in the Iranian military was

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talking about for annihilation of Iran. -- full annihilation. That is

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the first time a military figure has used that kind of language.

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That is the language of a nuclear attack. I find that very worrying

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indeed. Jeremy is absolutely right. Of course parties will discuss

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these things in private, and the Government will discuss these

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things in private. That is apparently what happened at the

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National Security Council last week. The surprising thing is the

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decision to brief that the conclusions of the National

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Security Council on the day that very important talks are taking

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place in Baghdad. The question I would be interested in hearing from

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Jeremy Browne on, is why the Government is interested in doing

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that today? It seems to be a deliberate move and it has raised

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the temperature and made it less likely for the talks to be

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successful. How do you answer that? I am not aware of how that came to

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be in the media and on the BBC this morning so I cannot discuss the

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communications of it. We are looking at how we can make the

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talks successful and that requires us to have a very tough and unified

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diplomatic stance on EU sanctions on oil, for instance. I was in

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Japan and South Korea last week, and they have difficulties with oil

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imports. They need to import it to keep their economies going and they

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import from Iran, so we are conversing around the globe about

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how we can keep the club on the Iranians in that way but also

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keeping the door open to political settlement. This is political

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policy, and it is boiler plate stuff, to be honest. Let's cut to

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the chase. If there is an attack on Iran, which is nothing to do with

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us, but if there is and the Iranians move to close the Straits

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of the news, where huge amount of the oil is taken out, do we join

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with the Americans to keep it open? -- the Straits of Hormuz. I cannot

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speculate on that. 20% of the world's oil goes through those

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straits. The impact on the global economy would be a massive one, if

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that happened but me idly speculating will not help. It does

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not help, so let's move on. The David Cameron once said that

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giving prisoners the vote made him feel physically ill and it has

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never been a popular plan. In February, 2011, MPs rejected the

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idea by 234 votes to 22. Yesterday the European Court of Human Rights

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upheld a ruling that a blanket ban on inmate voting is unlawful. They

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said the Government has six months to come up with changes. This does

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not mean that all prisoners will be given the vote. The court has said

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that each state has a wide discretion as to how it regulates

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the ban. If the Government does not change the law, they could be

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liable for millions of compensation payments. This paved the way for

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further constitutional clash between Parliament and the European

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Court, with MPs arguing that the UK Parliament should be sovereign.

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Dominic Raab, welcome to the programme. What is your reaction to

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that ruling being upheld? It is important to put it in some context.

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In my view, this is an abuse of judicial power. There is no right

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to prison are voting in the Convention and this is something

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they have made up along the years. -- prison are voting. It is not the

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first time we have seen this, with Abu Qatada, and a range of

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decisions. The coalition is trying its best to negotiate reform with

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the Strasbourg court, but in the Brighton declaration we have not

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seen a mandate for that kind of change. What people will be asking

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is what is the diplomatic safeguard of continuing abuses of this

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judicial power? I think the answer lies with Parliament. I think

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Parliament will oppose this measure again. Do you think that should

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happen? Another vote to demonstrate that MPs feel as strongly as they

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did when that vote was taken last year? The process for implementing

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the judgment means that the technical requirement is to

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introduce a bill. That will happen anyway. Parliament will have to

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have a say on that bill. Within six months? The introduction has to be

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within six months. My suggestion would be that there should be a

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free vote on that and I think we should let Parliament decide. That

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would allow the Government to go back to Strasbourg. They should say,

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look, we introduced the bill but our democratically elected

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representatives said no because this was not envisaged and the

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public do not support it. What would happen? Would Strasbourg come

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back and say that you did not vote? With an unmanaging this democracy

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in that way? I think that is unlikely. I think they have backed

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themselves into a constitutional corner on this. You don't think

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that they can impose their will on us? Parliament has been told that

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if Britain does not comply, then we could be open to compensation cases.

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First of all, there is no enforceability in UK law of those

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compensation awards. This is a question of political Jaws, in the

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same way that we have the political choice to implement it. So David

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Cameron should put it on this? democracy it is not just a

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political show where we fudge the difference between the elected and

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the legislature. Let the elected write the law of the land, which

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would comply with the judgment and send a clear message to Strasbourg.

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We need to draw a line in the sand on this. That is the way you

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interpret it. That is a fact. but the Europeans are seeming to

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expect changes to be made to that blanket ban. Is there any option

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that you would support if for instance there was some sort of

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limit put on prisoners who are convicted for two years, whereby

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they could have the vote? First of all, there is no blanket ban.

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Remand prisoners do not forfeit their votes. They view it as a

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blanket ban. What is the threshold at which a forfeiture should

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happen? There is no better threshold than a custodial one. The

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court looks very seriously at the severity of the offence. I can't

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think of a better one, so the short answer is no. What do so to that

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scenario that he has set out, that there should be another

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parliamentary vote? There should be a free vote and if it is voted

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against yet again, then that is it, we should say fingers up to Europe?

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There are two separate issues that people can float. -- conflict.

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Should prisoners have the right to vote and should we refuse the

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sovereignty of the European Parliament? But do you think the

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Parliament should push this as far as it can? We have already voted

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against Europeans imposing their will hear. We want other countries

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to abide by European Court rulings. We voluntarily are part of that

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arrangement, that organisation. I think that we are in an invidious

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position if we choose to take the position of not abiding by those

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Rawlings ourselves, but it is difficult. -- and those rulings. I

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have no personal appetite for prisoners to vote at the moment,

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but the Government might think it is wise to come up with a

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compromise option along those lines. Do you think the Government should

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comply? No. I think the court has crossed the line with this one and

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we should take a stand. It is not acceptable to intrude on domestic

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policy. I always agree with the anti-European rhetoric, -- I do not

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always agree. And I do not want this to be seen in that way. I

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think there is an important issue of principle here and I would not

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want to play party politics. Together we should send a clear

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message back to Strasbourg. support the convention. I want us

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to stay with the convention. But unless we have some democratic so I

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got on the abuse of judicial power, the voices of those calling on us

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to withdraw... It is a question of sovereignty. I support the Human

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Rights Act, and I think it does not help always will the Court to be

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undermined. It is doing itself no favours with this ruling.

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Britain is found to be in breach of human rights, surely we have to

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abide by that ruling. I don't think so. It is the clear will of the

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British Parliament. There is no fundamental right enshrined in that.

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The must be a point in which the Strasbourg court is so outside its

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mandate that there must be a democratic safeguard. It is built

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into the convention because their rulings are not directly forcible

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in UK law and we should rely on that. Blanket ban? If the British

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Parliament voted to say that all prisoners who get more than a six-

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month sentence will lose the right to vote, and if you get six months,

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only very few of them will be in prison when there is a general

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election, we would have complied with the ruling. We will be back

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within two years with them saying that is not good enough. All right,

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they have given a very wide discretion. The Italian ruling said

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that it was fine. With the greatest respect, the Strasbourg court

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behave like a drunk that cannot walk in a straight line. Look at

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other judgments. It changes its mind each time, two steps forward

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and one back. The goalposts keep shifting and this is not going to

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solve that problem. That is a case for not being part of it altogether.

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But how do they regulate the ban? Just before they tell us we have to

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give prisoners the right to vote. Would that not be good enough, six

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months? Then you comply and only those convicted for short terms are

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given the vote. That is a potential outcome that is no doubt being

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You won't tell us if you are going to... It was Lib Dem policy, no?

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You won't tell fuss you are going to back prisoners' votes. It won't

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solve the problem. Tphouf sense from Strasbourg that they would

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stop there. That's the key point. We would end up kicking the can

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down the road again. Also, can I just name the other countries where

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prisoners can't vote. Armenia, Bulgaria, Estonia, Slovakia...

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What's the point there? Are you happy? You lose rights to

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participate in society. Any non- European examples like America,

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Australia. What about the Commonwealth? We have just run out

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of time! I was quite enjoying that. European leaders gather tonight in

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Brussels for an informal dinner, I am sthaour will be lavish, to

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discuss thousand promote economic growth across not just the eurozone,

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but the whole of the European Union. Of course, tonight's soiree will be

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a far cry from the stringent, dare I say, dour formalities of the G8

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at Camp David at the weekend. Here they are taking a solemn,

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formal stroll in the woods in Maryland.

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Sitting around at Camp David formally sorting out the euro.

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Obviously, not at all enjoying the fresh air as they buckle down.

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And formally, sombre, they soberly watched the football. That's David

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Cameron being told he has won a Daily Politics mug. He was very

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happy. Then he was told it's a game with a

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round ball. And he said really, I don't remember that at Eton? Only

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one can imagine the scenes tonight in Brussels at what's meant to be

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an informal event. The former ambassador to the US, Christopher

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Meyer, is here to discuss it. Let me surprise our viewers,

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nothing will be decided at this dinner tonight. I think nothing

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will be decided at this dinner tonight. Let's move on! Time for

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Prime Minister's questions! There is a lesson here, Merkel and hol

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Londone -- Hollande have been close to each other the last few days, at

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the summit in Chicago, at the G8, there is a possibility of a dirty

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deal between them, which they will then announce the surprise of

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everybody around the table tonight. I think it's unlikely, but it's a

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possibility. What will the elements of that dirty deal be? Even my

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cryst alball is getting cloudy, some kind of understanding about

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what is meant by growth, and by strengthening the firewall between

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Greece and the rest of the... done, off to the races? I don't

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think. Even if they have come up with a form of words, if you can't

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act together at least you can write words together. If they come up

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with a form of words, it will be full of fudge anyway and we will go

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on to the next stage of the crisis, which is going to get hotter before

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June 17th and the Greek elections. They'll have a nice dinner tonight.

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And they'll say we can't decide anything until the proper summit,

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which is next month. Another meeting next month. If the number

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of meetings determine the success, the eurozone would be the most

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successful economy in the world, wouldn't it? I take your point.

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There is a bit of an institutional inertia and we are reaching...

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not commit to anything on the Daily Politics this morning! Have Have hu

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a little injection! It what happens if you have been in the tpoufs so

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long -- Foreign Office for so long! There is a fork in the road moment

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where the country of the eurozone are going to have to decide to get

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closer together or envisage the breakup and that's a big moment.

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It's such a big decision that it's being deferred because it's easier

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to discuss than to resolve it. is right in Labour's view, or even

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in your personal view of Labour policy, on the issuing of euro

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bonds which would be bonds, credits, loans issued with the whole of the

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eurozone on it, rather than just individual countries? That's for

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them, for the eurozone to decide. I think... This may surprise you, but

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you have obviously had the same injection. I understand, the clue

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is in the name eurozone bonds. is right between who? I wanted your

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view on the matter. We are clearly on the side of growth. We have

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argued consistently since this began that the Cameron-Osbourne

:20:05.:20:10.

policy - let me answer the question. Clearly has run its course. Is that

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yes or no? I think they've got to be considered. The danger is at the

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moment we are having a situation where individual countries are

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being picked off. The eurobond I think is an idea that needs now to

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come forward and they can't keep prevaricating. That's what you are

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doing, you won't tell me if you are for or against them. It's not for

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me to say to the eurozone whether they should go this way. Clearly

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they need to take decisive action to get get growth going. Without

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having a view, let me tell you what is going to happen, is the Germans

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will say no, because if you neutralise the issuing of credit

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across the eurozone, into eurozone bonds the price of German bonds

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would have to rise and they would become liable for the other euro

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bonds issued by Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal and Ireland. In a

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sense, ambassador, it isn't going to happen. It may happen. But I

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think the pips are going to have to squeak even tighter than they are

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already. It's unlikely to be tomorrow - tonight t could be

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tonight, but I very much doubt it. It's only when Athens is in flames

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that maybe the power of the argument to neutralisation will

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prevail. What is your view? Into it may --. It may happen the bottom

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line commit splt to keep the eurozone together and it's hard to

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see how you can cope it together without the sharing of risk.

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word from Berlin is if Greece has to go, it has to go. They're bound

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to say that up to the very last moment when they may change their

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mind. As I said, it could well be before June 17th. Do you follow

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German politics? A bit. How much detail are you going to ask me?!

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are not going to test you. Mrs Merkel has just lost in the biggest

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region. She faces an election in 2013. No German leader is going to

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go to the people and say by the way, you are securing Greek, Italian,

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Spanish debt and by the way, you will be paying more for your own

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debt. It's an extremely hard sell. It's the consequence of being in a

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single currency. They've only the small countries with them. They've

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the Netherlands and some Scandinavian countries. Behind

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Francois Hollande you have Spain, Italy, really two big kind of camps

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doving here on the Dishdasha developing on the -- camps

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developing on the issue. It's become a cheap line in the press

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that the Germans are isolated. Mrs Merkel isolated for the first time,

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normally the French and Germans go to these things togts, -- together.

:22:53.:22:57.

How seriously should we take that and can't the Germans be afford to

:22:57.:23:01.

be isolated if they want to be? Well, it is actually it's an

:23:01.:23:06.

historic development, for the first time we see the Germans either

:23:06.:23:09.

completely isolated as they were at the G8, apparently or almost inside

:23:09.:23:18.

the EU EU EU-eurozone. They can afford, if up to the point the

:23:18.:23:21.

argument prevails because the Germans won't do what is necessary

:23:21.:23:25.

the whole ediface will come crashing down. You are right, it's

:23:25.:23:31.

a hard sell in an election year in 2013 but coy see a situation which

:23:31.:23:34.

Merkel could go to those elections and say Germany has achieved it's

:23:34.:23:40.

destiny, we have saved Europe. She could turn the argument. Could I

:23:40.:23:45.

point out that this whole euro crisis started because all these

:23:45.:23:49.

club Med countries were able to borrow unlimited amounts of money

:23:49.:23:53.

at record low interest rates because the bond markets treated

:23:53.:23:58.

all the individual members of the eurozone as if they were equally

:23:58.:24:04.

safe. If you move to euro bonds where they are all guaranteed by

:24:04.:24:10.

the Germans, what will stop them borrowing like mad? I mean, at the

:24:10.:24:15.

moment the issue is... That's what Germans are worried about. When you

:24:15.:24:18.

asked would me sign up and that's the issue, what are conditions

:24:18.:24:24.

attached to public spending and the... The German attachment to

:24:24.:24:26.

keeping this together is a big political factor in Germany, as

:24:26.:24:32.

well. How long before Hollande's honeymoon ends and by autumn he is

:24:32.:24:35.

forced to introduce his own austerity programme? Are you asking

:24:35.:24:42.

me? Yes, I am looking at you! were a French President I wouldn't

:24:42.:24:47.

start down that path. May have said it in the campaign. I may be saying

:24:47.:24:50.

it now but what I actually do will be carefully calibrated because

:24:50.:24:58.

after all he worked for M erbgs itterand. We will have to leave it

:24:58.:25:06.

there. We have obviously solved everything. We know our leaders are

:25:06.:25:10.

a smart lot, after that I am not sure, sartorially, as well as

:25:10.:25:13.

intellectually but I can't help thinking they pushed the boat out

:25:13.:25:17.

at the G8 and we like to reward effort. We have decided to give a

:25:17.:25:22.

Daily Politics mug to the best turned out global leader. Is it our

:25:22.:25:26.

own David Cameron with his chillaxed grey number?

:25:26.:25:31.

Could it be the European Council President, lovingly known as little

:25:31.:25:36.

Herman Van Rompuy on this programme, with his splendid salmon pink V-

:25:37.:25:46.
:25:47.:25:49.

neck or possibly the Japanese premiere, Yoshihiko Noda, with his

:25:49.:25:53.

man-about-town top? Our mug goes to Herman Van Rompuy. No longer the

:25:53.:25:59.

so-called low grade bank clerk look, take that, Nigel Farage! You don't

:25:59.:26:05.

have to spend time and money on knitwear and treufrps to Camp David

:26:05.:26:11.

-- treufrps to Camp David to win a mug. You can do it right here.

:26:11.:26:21.
:26:21.:26:22.

Let's see if you can remember when # The time has come to push the

:26:22.:26:32.
:26:32.:26:41.

I know that standards have slipped over the last few years in

:26:41.:26:46.

Washington, but for a lawyer you are remarkably cavalier with any

:26:46.:26:56.
:26:56.:27:28.

To be in with a chance of winning that Daily Politics mug you don't

:27:28.:27:32.

have to get a salmon pink sweater, send your answer to our special

:27:32.:27:36.

quiz e-mail address. You can see the full terms and

:27:36.:27:43.

conditions on our website. Right, it's coming up to midday

:27:43.:27:48.

here. Summer has arrived in London. I hope it's where you are, too.

:27:48.:27:54.

Let's look at Big Ben. There is a glorious May Day here, it can only

:27:54.:27:57.

mean one thing, Prime Minister's questions on the way and Nick

:27:57.:28:01.

Robinson is here. The last questions for three weeks. You have

:28:01.:28:05.

been talking about the National Security Council in London, talking

:28:05.:28:09.

about Iran and consequences if it's attacked. I don't know if you saw,

:28:09.:28:15.

but we heard from Jeremy Brown confirming what you are telling me

:28:15.:28:19.

that Lib Dems have been meeting to decide a party line. This is a

:28:19.:28:21.

potential coalition breaker. Remember, of course most people

:28:21.:28:24.

will care much more about other things, the potential loss...

:28:24.:28:29.

it happens. A war in the Middle East, oil that could go up to $200

:28:29.:28:33.

a barrel. It's worth spelling out some of those, because when we talk

:28:33.:28:36.

about this story it would wipe any other story we are talking of,

:28:36.:28:39.

completely out of our memories, frankly, if this were to happen.

:28:39.:28:42.

But, in political terms it's a potential coalition breaker. The

:28:42.:28:46.

Liberal Democrats, we know, opposed the war in Iraq. In large part

:28:46.:28:49.

because they believed it was illegal under international law. If

:28:49.:28:54.

Britain were asked by the Americans and Israelis to play some role,

:28:54.:29:00.

lend a base, use the Royal Navy to police where so much of the oil

:29:01.:29:04.

travels through, give diplomatic support. First question, legal or

:29:04.:29:08.

illegal? Well, it's a question that's being discussed now by

:29:08.:29:11.

Ministers, by Government law officers, in part, because they're

:29:11.:29:15.

trying to prepare the ground for something that may come from

:29:15.:29:21.

outside and could do the coalition irreparable harm. Having tried and

:29:21.:29:23.

failed to get answers to these questions from our guests, I will

:29:23.:29:27.

come to what is obviously a much bigger question, much, much bigger

:29:27.:29:35.

than Iran, and it's this - is Vince Cable a socialist? You weren't

:29:35.:29:41.

expecting that! I don't think he is. He is a social Democrat. Tphefs the

:29:41.:29:44.

party before he joined the Liberal Democrats. Before he was that the

:29:44.:29:48.

Labour Party. He is a socialist? The Labour Party have some

:29:48.:29:56.

socialists in. If he is not a socialist, could you name a problem

:29:56.:30:00.

Vince Cable has ever confronted with which a solution was more

:30:00.:30:04.

Government money or just more Government? I think - I have worked

:30:04.:30:08.

a lot with Vince and think a lot of the media analysis of Vince's

:30:08.:30:12.

thinking is far too simplistic just to say he is left-wing. He is in

:30:12.:30:18.

favour of open markets, free trade, kpre to say to say -- competition.

:30:18.:30:22.

He is an interesting figure in terms of his sort of political and

:30:22.:30:27.

economic views. But they're too simply caricatured as left-wing.

:30:27.:30:31.

What's the buzz? The buzz is that this is about a debate at the heart

:30:31.:30:34.

of the coalition about whether to deregulate. I happen to think

:30:35.:30:37.

that's not true. I don't think there is a central argument between

:30:37.:30:40.

the Chancellor and the Prime Minister and the Business Secretary.

:30:40.:30:45.

I actually think, and perhaps far more revealingly, this is what in

:30:45.:30:49.

military terms you call a blue on blue, parts of the Tory right...

:30:50.:30:55.

This is the Beecroft report, argument around freeing up deraeg

:30:55.:31:00.

lating -- deregulating the labour market, making it easier to hire

:31:00.:31:10.
:31:10.:31:11.

and fire. A story that has run in The Telegraph. We need to go

:31:11.:31:20.

Thank you, Mr Speaker. I had meetings with ministerial

:31:20.:31:24.

colleagues and others and I will have further such meetings later

:31:24.:31:29.

today. People in Staffordshire recognise that the Government needs

:31:29.:31:34.

to take difficult decisions to deal with the deficit, but does the

:31:34.:31:36.

Prime Minister a shiver about what would have happened if he did not

:31:36.:31:45.

have a credible fiscal package? think it is worth while listening

:31:45.:31:49.

to what the managing director of the IMF said yesterday. She said

:31:49.:31:55.

this. When I think back myself to May, 2010, when the UK deficit was

:31:55.:32:01.

at 11%, and I try to imagine what the situation would be like today

:32:01.:32:05.

if no such fiscal consolidation programme had been decided, I

:32:05.:32:09.

shiver. That is what she said. We should remember who is responsible

:32:10.:32:17.

for leading that situation. Dublin the national debt, a record deficit,

:32:17.:32:22.

a catastrophic inheritance, for which we have not had an apology. -

:32:22.:32:32.
:32:32.:32:34.

- doubled national debt. Mr Speaker, Mr Speaker, Adrian Beecroft, the

:32:34.:32:39.

Prime Minister's adviser, says the law should be changed to allow

:32:39.:32:43.

employers to fire people at will. The Business Secretary says it is

:32:43.:32:47.

the last thing Government should do. Who does the Prime Minister agree

:32:47.:32:52.

with? We need to make it easier for businesses to grow, for businesses

:32:52.:32:58.

to take people on, for businesses to expand. The Beecroft Report,

:32:58.:33:01.

which I Commission, had a number of excellent ideas that we are taking

:33:01.:33:05.

forward. We are doubling the qualifying period for unfair

:33:05.:33:09.

dismissal. We are accepting businesses with less than 10 people

:33:09.:33:16.

from EU regulations. We are exempt in them from health and safety. We

:33:16.:33:19.

are defaulting on no fault dismissal but only on a micro

:33:19.:33:24.

businesses. It was a good report and it is right that week take for

:33:24.:33:29.

of its best measures. The Prime Minister did not answer the

:33:29.:33:34.

question. -- it is right that we take forward its best measures.

:33:34.:33:39.

Adrian Beecroft made a proposal that employers should fire their

:33:39.:33:46.

employees at will. The people behind him think that the B --

:33:46.:33:50.

Beecroft Report is the bee's knees. The people over there think it is

:33:50.:33:55.

bonkers. The Business Secretary has been going round saying it. We just

:33:55.:33:58.

want to know where the Prime Minister stands and who he agrees

:33:58.:34:04.

with. It is rather sad that he did not listen to my answer. Yes, we

:34:04.:34:09.

have evidence on no fault dismissal for micro businesses. We are not

:34:09.:34:11.

proceeding with it for other businesses and that is the position.

:34:11.:34:17.

I know he worries about being fired at will for being incompetent.

:34:17.:34:23.

wonder how long it took him to think that one up! Mr Speaker, the

:34:23.:34:27.

Prime Minister says that he is consulting on the proposal. This is

:34:27.:34:32.

what the author of the proposal, Adrian Beecroft, said. Some people

:34:32.:34:36.

will be dismissed simply because their employer does not like them.

:34:36.:34:43.

While this is that, I believe it is a price worth paying. -- this is

:34:44.:34:47.

sad. That is what they used to say about unemployment. Is he really

:34:48.:34:52.

telling us that with the record numbers out of work that sacking

:34:52.:34:59.

people for no good reason is a price worth paying? He might

:34:59.:35:02.

welcome that inflation and unemployment is falling and

:35:02.:35:11.

discover -- this Government has cut the deficit by 25%. We are cutting

:35:11.:35:16.

regulation by �3 billion. We are scrapping 1500 regulations. We are

:35:16.:35:21.

looking at introducing fees for employment tribunals. We aren't

:35:21.:35:26.

taking all of these steps, which led to the greatest number of small

:35:26.:35:31.

business start-ups in the country last year. -- we are taking all of

:35:31.:35:34.

these steps. He cannot agree to this because he is in the pocket of

:35:34.:35:39.

the trade unions. In case he is not noticing this, his Business

:35:39.:35:44.

Secretary does not support the proposals. What double-standards.

:35:44.:35:50.

Oh, yes. When it comes to ordinary workers who wants to make it easier

:35:50.:35:54.

for employers to sack them. When it comes to Andy Coulson and the

:35:54.:36:00.

culture secretary, it is all about second chances. Can the Prime

:36:00.:36:03.

Minister tell us what impression he thinks it gives about his

:36:03.:36:08.

Government that the commission's advice from a multi-millionaire who

:36:08.:36:12.

recommends making it easier to sack people on low pay, at the same time

:36:12.:36:16.

as giving people like him tens of thousands of pounds in a

:36:16.:36:21.

millionaire's tax cut? I tell you what we do on this side of the

:36:21.:36:25.

House. We commission a report, except the bit we agree with a

:36:25.:36:29.

project the bits that we do not. What he does is take instructions

:36:29.:36:33.

from his trade union paymasters and he cannot accept any changes. He

:36:33.:36:37.

asks what we are doing for the poorest people in our country. It

:36:37.:36:40.

is this Government taking 2 million people out of income tax and

:36:41.:36:45.

increasing tax credits for the poorest. We have more people in

:36:45.:36:49.

work with 600,000 private sector jobs and we have frozen council tax.

:36:49.:36:54.

His record was completely the opposite. This is not about the

:36:54.:37:00.

trade unions. It is about millions of people... It is about millions

:37:00.:37:06.

of people up and down this country, in fear of their jobs. The only

:37:06.:37:09.

answer this Prime Minister has is to make it easier to sack them.

:37:10.:37:15.

This proposal is a symbol of the Government's failure on growth. We

:37:15.:37:18.

are in a double-dip recession. Unemployment is high, businesses

:37:18.:37:24.

are going bust, bad retail figures today. Doesn't the Prime Minister

:37:24.:37:29.

understand how out of touch he sounds to families when he said

:37:30.:37:33.

last week that things are moving in the right direction? I have to tell

:37:33.:37:37.

him that this is about the trade unions and I will tell you why. He

:37:37.:37:42.

is getting �900,000 from Unite and they are threatening a bus strike

:37:42.:37:48.

in the Olympics. What have we heard from him? Silence. He is getting

:37:48.:37:51.

�400,000 from the GMB union, holding a baggage handlers strike

:37:51.:37:55.

over the Diamond Jubilee union. Absolute silence from him. People

:37:55.:38:02.

need to know that we have two parties on this side of the House

:38:02.:38:07.

acting in their national interest and that side of the House acting

:38:07.:38:11.

in the trade union interest. Let's talk about donations. On March 21st,

:38:11.:38:15.

the Chancellor cut the top rate of income tax and then the money comes

:38:15.:38:19.

flooding in from the Tory millionaire donors. It tells you

:38:19.:38:23.

all you need to know about this Government. They stand up for the

:38:23.:38:26.

wrong people. He may have changed the image of the Tory party but the

:38:26.:38:31.

reality has not changed. Tax cuts for millionaires, making it easier

:38:31.:38:38.

to sack people. The nasty party is back. It is this Government that

:38:38.:38:43.

has cut corporation tax, that set up the enterprise zones, that his

:38:43.:38:46.

reform under planning law, that has boosted the apprenticeships, that

:38:46.:38:53.

has scrapped the jobs tax. That cut taxes for 24 million people. It is

:38:53.:38:57.

only Labour, only Labour, who think the answer is more borrowing, more

:38:57.:39:01.

spending, more debt. Exactly the problems that got us into this mess

:39:01.:39:10.

in the first place. We will have more, but it will be from Mr David

:39:10.:39:19.

Mowat. Thank you, Mr Speaker. In 1993, the IRA bombed Warrington,

:39:19.:39:23.

killing two small boys and injuring 50 others. Last week a memorial

:39:23.:39:27.

plaque with the scrap value of �40 was stolen. The Government has

:39:27.:39:32.

already legislated to prevent the sale of scrap-metal for cash. Would

:39:32.:39:37.

the Prime Minister consider further legislation that the theft of

:39:37.:39:42.

memorials such as this is an aggravating factor? You make an

:39:42.:39:46.

important point. The whole country was shot by the theft of that the

:39:46.:39:49.

moral and everybody remembers the Warrington bombing and the people

:39:49.:39:56.

that died. -- that memorial. We have legislated and we are doing

:39:56.:39:59.

everything we can to sort out the problems of the scrap-metal trade.

:39:59.:40:04.

I will look at the suggestion of an aggravated offence. Any Court is

:40:04.:40:12.

able to hand out the exemplary sentences because the public is

:40:12.:40:19.

appalled by what has happened. There are two ways of measuring

:40:19.:40:23.

youth unemployment. The first definition includes both full and

:40:23.:40:27.

part-time students, which is just over 1 million. The second, the

:40:27.:40:32.

claimant count, stands at 466,000. Youth unemployment is clearly too

:40:32.:40:36.

high on either measure, but I know it rose by 40% under the previous

:40:36.:40:41.

Government. Recently it fell by 17,000 in the last quarter. If you

:40:41.:40:44.

look at the claimant count and include people on out of work

:40:44.:40:46.

schemes, then a number of unemployed young people has fallen

:40:46.:40:53.

since the election. The number of young people unemployed, and

:40:53.:40:57.

employed, and with less opportunities in my constituency

:40:57.:41:05.

greatly increased in the last year. -- under employed. We are setting

:41:05.:41:08.

up attacks forced to deal with this increasing scourge. Will the Prime

:41:08.:41:12.

Minister commit the active participation of every Government

:41:12.:41:16.

department in our task force's work? I will certainly do that

:41:16.:41:19.

because there is vital work to be done to help unemployed young

:41:19.:41:22.

people. What we are finding with all of the schemes that we have,

:41:22.:41:26.

the work programme and the youth contract, that the most useful

:41:26.:41:28.

thing will be the work experience scheme because it gives young

:41:28.:41:33.

people a real leg-up, an experience of the workplace, and removes some

:41:33.:41:36.

of the disadvantages they face against older workers. We are

:41:36.:41:40.

finding that it has a better record than other schemes and I hope that

:41:40.:41:43.

he will be able to pioneer that in his constituency with the help of

:41:43.:41:50.

all the agencies, as he says. my right honourable friend the

:41:50.:41:55.

figures released last week showing that since May, 2010, at the number

:41:55.:41:58.

of people waiting for an operation on the National Health Service has

:41:58.:42:05.

fallen by over 50,000? Does this not demonstrate that our commitment

:42:05.:42:09.

to increasing health funding and our health reforms are beginning to

:42:09.:42:14.

bear fruit? I am grateful to my honourable friend for that question.

:42:14.:42:18.

We did make an important, difficult decision, that while other budgets

:42:18.:42:22.

were being cut, we would protect the NHS budget. That was not

:42:22.:42:26.

supported by the party opposite. The fact is that we now have the

:42:26.:42:31.

best ever performance for patients waiting after 18 weeks. The numbers

:42:31.:42:36.

waiting 26 weeks and 52 weeks have also reached record lows. If we

:42:36.:42:39.

look at average waiting times for in-patient and out-patient, they

:42:39.:42:43.

are lower than they were in 2010. The party opposite asked whether

:42:43.:42:47.

the test should be the number of people waiting over 18 weeks, and

:42:47.:42:53.

if that was the test, we passed with flying colours. Just over a

:42:53.:42:57.

year ago, the Prime Minister launched his flagship export

:42:57.:43:01.

Enterprise's finance guarantee scheme. We now learn that only five

:43:01.:43:05.

companies have benefited from that scheme. Hard-working businesses in

:43:05.:43:10.

Birmingham who would like to participate are quite keen to know

:43:10.:43:14.

who the five lucky companies are and why the scheme has been such a

:43:14.:43:19.

dismal failure? I will certainly right to the honourable lady

:43:19.:43:22.

because the truth is that export scheme has been rolled into the

:43:22.:43:27.

export guarantee scheme more generally, and the amount of export

:43:27.:43:30.

support is massively up on their last election in terms of billions

:43:30.:43:36.

of extra money that is being spent. -- the last election. Exports

:43:36.:43:46.
:43:46.:43:46.

compared with 20 tent were up 12% last year as well. -- 2010. Will

:43:46.:43:52.

you join me in congratulating the parent partnership conference where

:43:52.:43:56.

27 local authorities were represented? If we are serious

:43:56.:43:59.

about strengthening our society, then providing psychotherapeutic

:43:59.:44:05.

support for families that are struggling to bond with their new

:44:05.:44:10.

babies is absolutely key. Does he agree? I know the right honourable

:44:10.:44:14.

lady speaks with considerable experience, having set up an

:44:14.:44:17.

agreement in Oxfordshire that is having a major impact. All the

:44:17.:44:21.

studies show that real disadvantage for children kicks in right from

:44:21.:44:24.

the moment they are born, if they do not get the love, support and

:44:24.:44:29.

help that they need. That is why the projects that she is talking

:44:29.:44:34.

about and expansion of the Health visitors' scheme, 4200 extra health

:44:34.:44:38.

visitors, can make a real difference. And I also point out of

:44:38.:44:42.

the measures we took last week, to make sure parents get proper

:44:42.:44:45.

contact and information from the midwife before and after the child

:44:45.:44:48.

is born, so we do everything to remove the disadvantage in the

:44:48.:44:53.

early months and years. Will the Prime Minister give an undertaking

:44:53.:44:56.

that he will not succumb to the tick tack from the European Court

:44:56.:45:02.

of Human Rights in relation to prisoners voting? And will he stand

:45:02.:45:05.

up for the resolution that was passed in his House by an

:45:05.:45:09.

overwhelming majority? When you stand up for the sovereignty of his

:45:09.:45:14.

House and the British people? -- will he stand up? The short answer

:45:14.:45:19.

is yes. When you go to prison, you lose certain votes, including the

:45:19.:45:22.

right to vote. Crucially this should be a matter for Parliament

:45:22.:45:26.

to decide and not a foreign court. Parliament has made his decision

:45:26.:45:36.
:45:36.:45:37.

Today in my constituency a new facility for engineering,

:45:37.:45:40.

manufacturing and export of electronics in which Stafford is a

:45:40.:45:43.

world leader. Following the news of the first trade surplus in motor

:45:43.:45:47.

vehicles for more than 30 years, what measures does my right

:45:47.:45:51.

honourable friend consider to be essential to continue and increase

:45:51.:45:56.

investment in manufacturing? Well, I very much remember visiting

:45:56.:46:00.

there when I contested his constituency, rather unsuccessfully

:46:00.:46:05.

in 1997. What is essential for manufacturing, engineering and

:46:05.:46:07.

technology-based businesses like that is the support that we are

:46:07.:46:12.

giving to apprenticeships where we achieved over 450,000

:46:12.:46:15.

apprenticeship starts last year. Also, the lower rate of corporation

:46:15.:46:18.

tax and the links between our universities and these new centres

:46:18.:46:23.

to make sure technology goes into our businesses and makes them world

:46:23.:46:29.

beating. If you look at our exports, not just overall up 12% last year,

:46:29.:46:35.

tpwou India, China, they're up 20, 30, 40%.

:46:35.:46:38.

Mr Speaker, the Prime Minister pledged to give England's great

:46:38.:46:44.

cities a seat at the heart of Government. Yesterday, Labour took

:46:44.:46:48.

control of Birmingham City Council. The first thing the new council did

:46:48.:46:52.

was to agree to ask the Prime Minister to receive a delegation

:46:52.:46:58.

from the council and Birmingham's MPs on a fair deal for Birmingham.

:46:58.:47:01.

Will the Prime Minister make good his pledge and agree to meet with

:47:01.:47:05.

that delegation? Of course I am happy to meet with

:47:05.:47:08.

leaders of Birmingham City Council as I meet with leaders of councils

:47:08.:47:12.

up and down the country. I think what is important is focusing on

:47:12.:47:16.

what needs to be done in Birmingham to drive economic growth and to

:47:16.:47:20.

make sure that you provide good services, but I very much hope the

:47:20.:47:23.

new council will match the record of the old council in providing

:47:23.:47:33.
:47:33.:47:33.

value for money. In Blackpool we are awaiting the

:47:33.:47:39.

sentencing of two parents who have pleaded guilty this week to keeping

:47:39.:47:43.

their ten-year-old son in circumstances in a coal bunker. At

:47:43.:47:46.

the same time, the charity Action for Children has highlighted the

:47:46.:47:55.

fact that the law on child neglect dates from 1933. The demands of

:47:55.:47:58.

modern parenting, does the Prime Minister agree it is time to ask

:47:58.:48:02.

the law commission to look at this law once again?

:48:02.:48:06.

He is right to raise this. It was a completely shocking case and for

:48:06.:48:09.

anyone to try and understand how a parent could treat their child in

:48:09.:48:14.

that way, it is just completely unfathomable. I will look at what

:48:14.:48:17.

he says about the law commission and modernising the law. I would

:48:17.:48:20.

make this point, that in terms of dealing with these appalling cases

:48:20.:48:24.

of child neglect and where families have completely broken down, we do

:48:24.:48:28.

have so many agencies currently working on this, including

:48:28.:48:31.

crucially, social workers, and the most important thing is for there

:48:31.:48:35.

to be a real system of passing on information and passing on concerns

:48:35.:48:38.

rapidly and then acting on those concerns, just passing another law

:48:38.:48:42.

won't make up for the common sense and action that we require our

:48:42.:48:48.

agencies to deliver. Can I thank the Prime Minister and

:48:48.:48:52.

the Chancellor for joining with so many of their colleagues yesterday

:48:52.:48:58.

in abstaining in voting against the save Bianca amendment and ask, give

:48:58.:49:01.

than 65% of the public want to see caps on the cost of credit when

:49:01.:49:06.

Ministers will finally give in and do something about ending loan

:49:06.:49:10.

sharking in the UK. We have this new new pow forethe agency which

:49:10.:49:14.

has been established and also the OFT has powers, so it's very

:49:14.:49:21.

important to talk to those agencies and make sure they can act.

:49:21.:49:24.

The local council tax frozen for two years, the lowest inflation

:49:24.:49:27.

rate in three years and biggest monthly fall in local unemployment

:49:27.:49:34.

in five years, is great news for jobseeker's, pensioners and savers.

:49:34.:49:38.

Does my right honourable friend agree that although times are tough

:49:38.:49:41.

and much still needs to be done, this Government and this country

:49:41.:49:49.

are on the right track? Clearly we do face difficult

:49:49.:49:52.

economic times and will go on to talk about the plans required in

:49:52.:49:56.

Europe. What we have to do in this country is rebalance our economy

:49:56.:49:59.

that had become overreliant on the public sector, on financial

:49:59.:50:02.

services, not fairly spread around the country, and we need a growth

:50:02.:50:06.

of the private sector, of manufacturing, technology and need

:50:06.:50:09.

it more fairly spread across the country, including in the area he

:50:09.:50:13.

represents. What you see from the employment figures is yes, a

:50:13.:50:17.

decline in public sector employment which frankly, would be inevitable,

:50:17.:50:22.

whoever was in power, but the 600,000 net new jobs in the private

:50:22.:50:25.

sector shows some firms are expanding and growing and we must

:50:25.:50:30.

be on their side. Unemployment in Hartlepool in the north-east is

:50:30.:50:38.

higher now than in May 20 so. -- 2010. How much of that is gown to

:50:38.:50:41.

his -- down to his Government policy as soon as. The last

:50:41.:50:43.

Government excluded from the unemployment numbers people who

:50:43.:50:47.

were on temporary employment schemes. We included those people,

:50:47.:50:51.

people on the work programme are included in the unemployment

:50:51.:50:56.

numbers. We measure these things accurately and if you compare like-

:50:56.:51:03.

for-like, youth unemployment has fallen since the election.

:51:03.:51:06.

Britain has an excellent track record in scientific research and

:51:06.:51:09.

development, despite historically low levels of funding. For this to

:51:09.:51:13.

continue and to continue to drive so much economic growth, sustained

:51:13.:51:16.

funding is required. Can the Prime Minister assure me that this will

:51:16.:51:19.

be delivered for this parliament and the next comprehensive spending

:51:19.:51:23.

review? Obviously, I can't bind the hands of the next spending review,

:51:24.:51:26.

but we did make an important decision in this comprehensive

:51:26.:51:30.

spending review, which was to protect the science budget T would

:51:30.:51:33.

have been an easy target for reductions and perhaps we could

:51:33.:51:35.

have spent that money on politically more attractive things

:51:35.:51:39.

but we decided to take the long- term view to save the science

:51:39.:51:43.

budget because it's a key part of Britain's future.

:51:43.:51:47.

It was recently announced 800 frontline police officers will be

:51:47.:51:51.

cut in Wales. While the chair of the Welsh Police Federation that's

:51:51.:51:56.

going to be closer to 1600, equivalent of the entire Gwent

:51:56.:52:00.

police force, who is right? truth is whoever was in Government

:52:00.:52:05.

right now would be having to make cuts to police budgets. That's what

:52:05.:52:10.

the Labour - the Labour Party has committed to a cut in the police

:52:10.:52:14.

budget. We have made reductions. The key to having police officers

:52:14.:52:17.

on the street is cut paperwork, reform pensions and deal with pay

:52:17.:52:20.

issues. We have the courage to do that and his party should support

:52:21.:52:29.

it, as well. Last weekend network of Brighton

:52:29.:52:33.

and Hove invited friends around Europe to campaign against what

:52:33.:52:38.

they call weatherley law. Will he condemn the Green Party support for

:52:38.:52:41.

squatters and welcome the criminalisation of squatting?

:52:41.:52:45.

certainly support what he says. I think this law was long overdue. I

:52:45.:52:48.

think it's very important that home owners have proper protection from

:52:48.:52:51.

people effectively stealing their property which is what squatting is.

:52:51.:52:55.

It is a criminal act. It's now a criminal offence.

:52:55.:53:04.

Last week it was revealed that officials at the UKVA received

:53:04.:53:09.

bonuses. Given the queues at airports, 100,000 files have been

:53:09.:53:16.

archived by the UKBA and 185 people have absconded. Can I ask the Prime

:53:16.:53:21.

Minister does he agree in future we should be rewarding success, not

:53:21.:53:26.

failure? I completely agree with the honourable gentleman. There is

:53:26.:53:30.

absolutely no place in the modern civil service for a presumption of

:53:30.:53:33.

good performance. I do believe in actually paying people bonuses if

:53:34.:53:37.

they perform well and meet targets. But if they don't perform well and

:53:37.:53:40.

don't meet targets, they shouldn't get a bonus. In terms of Heathrow

:53:40.:53:43.

and our airports, I think it's vitally important that we continue

:53:43.:53:47.

to make progress. This is an urgent issue for Britain. It's vital for

:53:47.:53:51.

our trade, vital for inward investment that people have a

:53:51.:53:54.

decent experience when they arrive at our airports. We have a new

:53:54.:53:58.

control room opening at Heathrow this month. There's extra 80 staff

:53:58.:54:05.

for peak times at Heathrow. An extra 480 people during the Olympic

:54:05.:54:08.

Olympic period. I am still not satisfied we need to do more more

:54:08.:54:14.

including this week and next week to get on top of this problem.

:54:14.:54:17.

constituency is relieved to learn this Government has already cleared

:54:17.:54:22.

one quarter of the record irresponsible deficit left by the

:54:22.:54:30.

party opposite. They understand that you cannot keep spending what

:54:30.:54:35.

you do not earn. But what they would also like to know is has the

:54:35.:54:40.

Prime Minister received just one quarter of an apology?

:54:40.:54:45.

He makes a good point and I notice that the party opposite didn't

:54:45.:54:49.

really want to go near the International Monetary Fund today,

:54:49.:54:53.

perhaps that's because of something else the director general said

:54:53.:54:57.

yesterday, you have to compare the British deficit situation against

:54:57.:55:00.

other countries which experienced severe deficit numbers, did not

:55:00.:55:05.

take action right away, and are now facing very, very stressful

:55:05.:55:08.

financing terps that is putting their situation in jeopardy. He

:55:08.:55:12.

would have been in jeopardy if we hadn't taken the brave steps we

:55:12.:55:19.

took. Very necessary they were, too. The Electoral Commission figures

:55:19.:55:26.

show the Conservatives got over �500,000 already this year from

:55:26.:55:30.

people attending secret soirees at Downing Street or Chequers. Is the

:55:30.:55:38.

reason the Prime Minister is out of touch and listens to these clicques,

:55:38.:55:41.

rather than decent hard working people like those in Scunthorpe?

:55:41.:55:44.

There is a big difference between the money that the Conservative

:55:44.:55:48.

Party raises from business and individuals and the money Labour

:55:48.:55:53.

get from unions. The money that the Labour Party gets from unions

:55:53.:55:57.

determines your policies, sponsors your members of parliament, and

:55:57.:56:07.
:56:07.:56:09.

elects your leaders. They own you, lock, stock and block vote.

:56:09.:56:13.

Order! Order. I am quite certain Conservative backbenchers wish to

:56:13.:56:22.

hear Mr Steven Williams. Mr Speaker, the coalition

:56:22.:56:31.

Government has restored order and stability to the public finances.

:56:31.:56:35.

And is therefore won us international confidence, is it not

:56:35.:56:39.

now the right time in order to put renewed effort and vigour into

:56:39.:56:43.

returning growth into the economy by the Government facilitating and

:56:43.:56:46.

guaranteeing investment in housing and infrastructure?

:56:46.:56:50.

I think the honourable gentleman is entirely right and I am sure he

:56:50.:56:53.

welcomes the enterprise zone in Bristol and also the support for

:56:53.:56:56.

the animation and television industries. What we need to do,

:56:56.:57:01.

both in Britain and Europe, is to combine the fiscal deficit

:57:01.:57:04.

reduction which has given us the low interest rates with an active

:57:04.:57:08.

monetary policy, with structural reforms to make us competitive, and

:57:08.:57:12.

with innovative ways of using our hard-won credibility which we

:57:12.:57:22.
:57:22.:57:30.

wouldn't have if we listened to the muttering idiot sitting opposite me.

:57:30.:57:40.
:57:40.:57:49.

Order, order. I am very worried about the health

:57:49.:57:53.

of the Health Minister who is so overexcited he might suffer a

:57:53.:57:56.

relapse and I am a compassionate chap. I don't want that to happen.

:57:57.:58:03.

The Prime Minister will please withdraw the word "idiot", it's

:58:03.:58:07.

unparliamentary. A simple withdrawal will suffice. Of course,

:58:07.:58:11.

I will replace it with a man who left us this enormous deficit and

:58:11.:58:21.
:58:21.:58:29.

financial crisis. Thank you, Mr Speaker. After six

:58:30.:58:32.

months in Government the Prime Minister announced that his

:58:32.:58:38.

Government had created 500,000 private sector jobs. After two

:58:38.:58:43.

years he's now giving us the figure of 600,000 since the election. Why

:58:43.:58:47.

has the rate of growth slowed down so much?

:58:47.:58:52.

Well, there were 100,000 extra people in employment over the last

:58:52.:58:57.

quarter. In the last two months we have seen repeated falls in

:58:57.:58:59.

unemployment and increases in employment. I would have thought

:59:00.:59:05.

the honourable lady would want to welcome that.

:59:05.:59:11.

Mr Speaker, with unemployment down in Lancaster last week, I visited A

:59:11.:59:16.

and G precision engineering, a company of only 40 employees, who

:59:17.:59:22.

supply the hawk jet, high precision work nationally and internationally

:59:22.:59:27.

and told me they turned two work experience places into full-time.

:59:27.:59:29.

Does this show that things are moving in the right direction in

:59:30.:59:32.

Lancashire? I am grateful for what he says. I

:59:32.:59:38.

am sure he will be pleased as well with the order that BAE Systems

:59:38.:59:41.

have for Hawk aircraft today from Saudi Arabia, which is more good

:59:41.:59:47.

news for British jobs and British investment and British Aerospace.

:59:47.:59:52.

Some of our constituents would be hungry today if it was not for the

:59:52.:59:58.

work of Food Bank and similar organisations. If current trends

:59:58.:00:01.

continue, Food Bank reckon by the next election they will be feeding

:00:01.:00:07.

half a million of our constituents. Might I ask the Prime Minister,

:00:07.:00:10.

before he completes his engagements today, he might plan what the

:00:10.:00:15.

Government might do to counterthis terrible trend and and report back

:00:15.:00:19.

to the House? First of all, let me join the right honourable member in

:00:20.:00:24.

welcoming what Food Bank do and the work and I visited one of the sites

:00:24.:00:30.

myself to see what they do. What is absolutely vital in these difficult

:00:30.:00:33.

economic types we do what we can to protect the poorest people in our

:00:33.:00:36.

country and that's why we have we have frozen council tax, increased

:00:36.:00:40.

basic state pension and we uprated benefits in line with inflation

:00:40.:00:44.

which has protected people who need protection the most. Yes, we have

:00:44.:00:50.

had to cut the tax credits from those people on 30, 40, 50,000 but

:00:50.:00:57.

increased tax credits that the poorest people receive.

:00:57.:01:00.

The Prime Minister and I might not agree about everything but we agree

:01:00.:01:03.

with certain things, for example, we both agree I should never be

:01:03.:01:08.

promoted. One thing that we also agree about is that the necessary -

:01:08.:01:11.

need to put public sector pensions on a sustainable and affordable

:01:11.:01:16.

footing. But in that context, judges are being asked to pay 2% of

:01:16.:01:21.

their salary towards their pension, whereas the taxpayer pays 33%.

:01:21.:01:24.

That's neither affordable nor sustainable. Given the increases in

:01:24.:01:27.

pension contributions we are expecting from other lower paid

:01:28.:01:30.

public sector workers, will the Prime Minister make sure we apply

:01:30.:01:36.

the same tests and same requirements on judges, too?

:01:36.:01:40.

Well, my friend makes an important point. I would say is that judicial

:01:40.:01:45.

judicial pensions have always been treated separately because of what

:01:45.:01:49.

judges do for our country. But in terms of public sector pensions

:01:49.:01:56.

more generally, what we have managed to do... Order. A reply to

:01:56.:02:00.

a serious question. Let's hear it with with with a degree of respect

:02:00.:02:05.

and restraint. What we have done with public

:02:05.:02:09.

sector pensions more generally is reduce by half the future cost but

:02:09.:02:13.

while maintaining a public sector pensions system that's more

:02:13.:02:16.

generous than people are able to access in the private sector. As

:02:16.:02:26.
:02:26.:02:33.

for his earlier remarks, I have plans for the honourable gentleman.

:02:33.:02:39.

Mr Speaker... Order! The House will be relieved to know I don't intend

:02:39.:02:46.

to go into any of that but I want to hear Mr McCann. Mr Speaker,

:02:46.:02:53.

prison officer, abused young men in centre before he was prosecuted and

:02:53.:02:56.

sentenced for some of his crimes. A constituent who was abused by

:02:56.:02:58.

Husband has given me information which suggests that senior figures

:02:59.:03:04.

in the establishment knew what was going on. The CPS refuses to pursue

:03:04.:03:07.

these matters and and indeed the Home Office has sought to issue

:03:07.:03:10.

compensation payments. Mr Speaker, young men were detained by the

:03:11.:03:13.

state and abused by the state. Does the Prime Minister agree that a

:03:13.:03:16.

full inquiry is necessary to ensure that justice is done and a seen to

:03:16.:03:19.

be done? Well, I think the first thing that

:03:19.:03:22.

the honourable gentleman should do and I am sure he already has, is

:03:22.:03:27.

make sure that any evidence he has of abuse or of coverups of abuse or

:03:27.:03:30.

compliance with abuse is given to the Crown Prosecution Service and

:03:30.:03:37.

given to the authorities so it can be properly investigated. The home

:03:37.:03:39.

affairs select committee looked into this issue and and made a

:03:40.:03:43.

number of recommendations, so I will look carefully at what the

:03:43.:03:45.

honourable gentleman said and see if there is more advice I can

:03:45.:03:54.

PMQs comes to an end and you will not see it for three more weeks so

:03:54.:04:00.

I hope you enjoyed it. The front bench was dominated by the Beecroft

:04:00.:04:05.

Report and the labour market. We will come back to that. David

:04:05.:04:12.

Cameron described the Shadow Chancellor as a muttering idiot and

:04:12.:04:15.

he was forced to withdraw it because that is not parliamentary.

:04:15.:04:20.

It was not a fulsome withdrawal, I think. There are questions about

:04:20.:04:24.

how much wine they had had to drink following the story at the weekend

:04:24.:04:28.

about him having four glasses on a Sunday but last time I looked, this

:04:28.:04:32.

was Wednesday. I doubt he has a glass of everything before PMQs,

:04:32.:04:36.

but he will be furious with himself because he allowed Ed Balls to get

:04:36.:04:41.

under his skin it yet again. Interesting that there were no Lib

:04:41.:04:47.

Dems sitting next to David Cameron today. The big story was what the

:04:47.:04:52.

Prime Minister had to say about the European Court ruling that Britain

:04:52.:04:56.

cannot continue with its blanket ban on no votes for prisoners. That

:04:56.:05:02.

it has to come up with some kind of formula, which excludes some but

:05:02.:05:06.

includes others. The Prime Minister said he wanted no truck with what

:05:06.:05:12.

European Court of Human Rights. He wanted no truck with doing that on

:05:12.:05:19.

this very programme, and Andy Burnham agreed with that. Looks

:05:19.:05:22.

like we are heading for a major clash between Westminster and the

:05:22.:05:25.

Strasbourg court. We will talk about that as well because it will

:05:25.:05:29.

be in the news for the rest of the day. What are you thinking? There

:05:29.:05:34.

was a flurry of emails at the end because the muttering idiot, and

:05:34.:05:38.

came towards the end. This is pathetic politics, says Jonathan

:05:38.:05:42.

Paxton of Bedfordshire. PMQs should be about debating policy and

:05:42.:05:46.

finding out what is going on in Parliament. Perhaps he has not been

:05:47.:05:50.

watching recently! Rick Morris and says that David Cameron is losing

:05:50.:05:58.

the plot if he is resorting to language like muttering idiot.

:05:58.:06:02.

Adrian Beecroft attracted most of your comments. His questioning is

:06:02.:06:12.
:06:12.:06:12.

poor. Beecroft is talking about overall reforms leading to higher

:06:12.:06:18.

levels of employment overall. The tension between the Tory left wing

:06:18.:06:22.

and the Liberal Democrats is rising and David Cameron appears to be the

:06:22.:06:26.

startled rabbit between the headlights. And when his David

:06:26.:06:31.

Cameron going to answer a question? He never gives an answer and always

:06:31.:06:40.

resorts to Sidey Commons and being offensive. And -- snide comments.

:06:40.:06:46.

And this, the media have whipped this up. What we do a thing like

:06:46.:06:56.

that? Never! -- would we? This is something that we have not whipped

:06:56.:07:02.

up. The low surrender vote. We have a situation now where the European

:07:02.:07:06.

Court has said, ruling on an Italian case, that it is not for us

:07:06.:07:11.

to say which prisoners should have the vote and which should not. But

:07:11.:07:16.

a blanket ban on all prisoners is against the European Convention of

:07:16.:07:19.

Human Rights. It is up to the British Government and we have six

:07:19.:07:23.

months to come forward with proposals designating which

:07:23.:07:28.

prisoners should and which should not, if you wish. Both Labour and

:07:28.:07:31.

Conservatives are seen in to say that they are not on. They are

:07:32.:07:36.

declaring war on the Court, and saying it is a foreign court is

:07:36.:07:40.

very provocative. Believers in the European Convention on Human Rights

:07:40.:07:43.

would say that this is not foreign and was created in large part

:07:43.:07:47.

thanks to a British initiative after the war to make sure that

:07:47.:07:50.

human rights were spread in the countries that formally had

:07:50.:07:57.

despotic regimes. That is a provocative thing to say. It might

:07:57.:08:01.

force Nick Clegg as the minister responsible, which she is, or his

:08:01.:08:07.

deputy, conveniently, because Nick Clegg might be rather busy, to

:08:07.:08:11.

explain why he is not sticking with what he sold Parliament a few

:08:11.:08:15.

months ago. The official line from that dispatch box was that this is

:08:15.:08:19.

their legal obligation to give some prisoners a vote, and it is the

:08:19.:08:23.

right thing to do because it stops Britain being sued and prisoners

:08:23.:08:27.

getting compensation, the implication being that those of you

:08:27.:08:30.

that don't like prisoners voting will dislike them being given huge

:08:30.:08:34.

sums of money because they have not got the vote. And the Government

:08:34.:08:40.

has a legal international obligations. The Prime Minister has

:08:40.:08:47.

torn that up and says he does not care and Parliament has made its

:08:47.:08:54.

view clear. This begs questions for the Attorney-General, the top near

:08:54.:08:58.

in the Government. He has always said that it is the law. You might

:08:58.:09:04.

not like it. But we have to go along with them. Further thoughts?

:09:04.:09:09.

We are in unprecedented territory, I think. We have been in the stand-

:09:09.:09:14.

off with the European Court before. I sent my clear feelings out

:09:14.:09:19.

earlier. But having seen that PMQs I clear feeling was that the

:09:19.:09:27.

language was not helpful from David Cameron. -- my feeling. His comment

:09:27.:09:32.

to Ed Balls was not prime- ministerial. This will not help the

:09:32.:09:35.

matter. He is not popular with his own backbenchers at the moment so

:09:35.:09:40.

this could be read need for them. think this is what it was designed

:09:40.:09:49.

to do. -- red meat for them. actually think it puts off people

:09:49.:09:53.

like me that think that this is not unacceptable intrusion into British

:09:53.:09:58.

politics. Your thoughts? A thought the Prime Minister may be

:09:58.:10:02.

Government's position very clear. The only thing I would add to that

:10:02.:10:08.

is that I sometimes think we have a debate in Britain about human

:10:08.:10:10.

rights, as though human-rights were intrinsically a bad thing, a

:10:10.:10:17.

foreign imposition. We should allow ourselves to get into the mindset

:10:17.:10:20.

that we set an international example in terms of human rights

:10:20.:10:24.

law. We should not feel defensive about human rights, as if they are

:10:24.:10:31.

an alien imposition. We have done a documentary for the BBC on this,

:10:31.:10:35.

and Winston Churchill was behind the original convention, a very

:10:35.:10:41.

right-wing Tory Home Secretary was as well. But I don't think they

:10:41.:10:46.

ever envisaged that it would be used to give prisoners votes.

:10:46.:10:53.

incarceration, you surrender rights. You go a cross that line, and you

:10:53.:11:02.

surrender your rights. Non all of Dems agree, but I do agree. In --

:11:02.:11:07.

not all of the Lib Dems agree. We should not sound like we have lost

:11:07.:11:12.

faith in the rights of individuals to have their human rights upheld.

:11:12.:11:18.

Let go back to Adrian Beecroft. I assume Labour's in position is that

:11:18.:11:22.

you are against all of the proposals in the report? They are

:11:22.:11:26.

some things worth considering. I do not have a blanket opposition to

:11:26.:11:30.

everything that this man says, but let's go back to the thing that is

:11:30.:11:34.

causing controversy, unfair dismissal. His proposal to have

:11:34.:11:39.

this ability for companies to fire people but with a small payment,

:11:39.:11:43.

can this be the response to what we have been through? That the most

:11:43.:11:47.

powerful people in society can pull the rug from people at the bottom?

:11:47.:11:51.

If that is where we are going, that is not the country I want to live

:11:51.:11:54.

in. The Government has changed it so that you can basically fire at

:11:54.:11:59.

will for up to two years after hiring somebody. If you do not know

:11:59.:12:03.

after two years if somebody is any good, you should not be an employer.

:12:03.:12:07.

It seems to me that the problem is not supplied, but a lack of demand

:12:07.:12:16.

in the British economy. -- not supply. I want is the protection

:12:16.:12:19.

for people at work but I think flexible labour markets are a big

:12:19.:12:23.

asset. We have one of the most flexible labour markets. We are

:12:23.:12:28.

talking about unemployment. The reason youth unemployment is at 21%,

:12:28.:12:34.

too high, and we want it to be lower, but it is 50% in Spain and

:12:35.:12:41.

Greece, from memory. I think it is important to have employee

:12:41.:12:44.

protection, but we do not want to be in a position in this country

:12:44.:12:48.

when employers are deterred from employing people because they

:12:48.:12:54.

feared that they cannot reorganise their work force. The Labour Party

:12:54.:12:58.

has the right to hire and fire his whole team not based on well, not

:12:58.:13:07.

on any objective criteria. The job creation scheme! On the principle

:13:07.:13:10.

of being inside the tent but not out, and I will not give the exact

:13:10.:13:14.

quote, but he has to hire some people for the Shadow Cabinet.

:13:14.:13:20.

Their more PMQs for three weeks and a big story on the European Court.

:13:20.:13:25.

-- no more PMQs. Yes, I think it will be a big story. We have not

:13:25.:13:33.

talked about the muttering idiot stake when. I -- statement. I don't

:13:33.:13:39.

think people realise that the microphones are very direction will.

:13:39.:13:45.

This is not a technology point. You only here what is switched on and

:13:45.:13:52.

you do not hear the extraordinary amount of noise that there is. What

:13:52.:13:59.

Ed Balls does, it is the equivalent of what they call sledging in

:13:59.:14:05.

cricket. Ed Balls tries to put him off. He finds a new story that is

:14:05.:14:09.

awkward about drinking wine at the weekend and keeps on saying it. And

:14:09.:14:19.

it works. We have to talk more about economic growth. We are

:14:19.:14:24.

sledging ourselves! Thank you, Nick Robinson. Enjoy the Jubilee.

:14:24.:14:30.

can't wait. I will be celebrating in the Republic of the United

:14:30.:14:35.

States. The First Republic! Have you had enough of the recession,

:14:35.:14:40.

the eurozone crisis and this talk of austerity? Would you like to

:14:40.:14:43.

fast forward to a golden era of growth? George Trefgarne thinks

:14:43.:14:51.

that to do so we need to rewind to another era. Here is his soapbox.

:14:51.:14:57.

An implement, dole queues, poverty and misery. -- unemployment. It

:14:57.:15:01.

must be the 1930s. But the view of this decade as a destitute period

:15:02.:15:07.

is a myth. Of course the mood was depressing in 1931, and there were

:15:07.:15:10.

pockets of severe poverty throughout the decade in Britain.

:15:10.:15:20.
:15:20.:15:28.

But there is also another story to If you were a a Lufhwaffe pilot a

:15:28.:15:33.

huge new building would have Serbed -- serveded as a useful navigation

:15:33.:15:37.

aid. Completed in 1933, just in time for the world's first National

:15:37.:15:42.

Grid to be switched on, bringing electricity to every home in the

:15:42.:15:47.

land, Battersea power station is a classic example of the sort of

:15:47.:15:50.

infrastructure investment and technical innovation which took

:15:50.:15:54.

place at the time. By the middle of the decade, a British boom was

:15:54.:15:59.

under way. Neville Chamberlain was Chancellor.

:15:59.:16:03.

He might be reviled now for his subsequent role in appeasing the

:16:03.:16:09.

Nazis, but he was surprisingly good at running the Treasury. This

:16:09.:16:16.

Budget, which I introduced today, has been made possible by sound

:16:16.:16:20.

finance on the part of the Government and by hard work on the

:16:20.:16:26.

part of the people. About 2.8 million new homes were

:16:26.:16:30.

constructed as suburbs expanded. Car and aircraft production boomed.

:16:30.:16:35.

And firms like Austin and Morris were internationally famous names.

:16:35.:16:40.

Unemployment fell by almost a half between 1932 and 1937.

:16:40.:16:45.

The economic recovery they stphau the 1930s is in sharp contrast to

:16:45.:16:49.

the rather flimsy recovery we have experienced today. So what lessons

:16:49.:16:55.

can we learn? Well, I think there are five steps we need to take to

:16:55.:17:02.

restore the economy to health. Spending cuts work. A 10% cut in

:17:02.:17:05.

unemployment benefit and civil service salaries helped balance the

:17:05.:17:09.

Budget. But this must be offset by an effective cheap money policy

:17:09.:17:15.

based on low interest rates, so the private sector can invest to expand.

:17:15.:17:19.

Confidence in the financial system must be restored and in the 1930s

:17:19.:17:26.

there were several high profile trials as crooks who thrived were

:17:26.:17:31.

brought to book. Tax cuts work. In his Budget of 1934 Neville

:17:31.:17:34.

Chamberlain was able to cut income tax for the low paid and for

:17:34.:17:38.

families. Finally, press on with welfare

:17:38.:17:43.

reform. The 1930s governments didn't do enough for the long-term

:17:43.:17:47.

unemployed. The truth is that all financial crises, even the current

:17:48.:17:51.

one, will come to an end, as long as we are prepared to learn the

:17:51.:18:01.
:18:01.:18:05.

And George is with us now. You have pointed to some of the upsides as

:18:05.:18:08.

you say by the mid-1930s, some of the investment that you say was

:18:08.:18:12.

going on. But you don't balance that with the economic pain that

:18:12.:18:17.

was obviously suffered at the 1920s, into the 30s, do you accept that,

:18:17.:18:21.

high unemployment, businesses going to the wall? What I tried to do in

:18:21.:18:27.

writing this paper was to - we all have opinions about how to restore

:18:27.:18:29.

economic growth, I thought let's find evidence of what worked in the

:18:29.:18:32.

past and it is true at the beginning of the 1930s there was

:18:32.:18:37.

terrible unemployment. There was effectively a double dip recession

:18:37.:18:41.

first the Wall Street crash then a crisis in Europe and then drastic

:18:41.:18:44.

spending cuts over here. So, there was about three million unemployed,

:18:44.:18:48.

it was about roughly speaking 15 or 20% of the workforce at the

:18:48.:18:53.

beginning of the decade. But I suppose if you look at what other

:18:53.:18:56.

people have said, for instance, the Shadow Chancellor, saying those

:18:56.:18:58.

policies then that were introduced in terms of spending cuts were

:18:58.:19:03.

wrong and that's why those unemployment figures and businesses

:19:03.:19:09.

- were so high? One of the reasons I wrote this is I was struck by how

:19:09.:19:13.

Ed Balls always brings up the 1930s, he is a bad historian. It's simply

:19:13.:19:17.

not true. He has his facts wrong. Which bit wasn't true? He is

:19:18.:19:21.

questioning the policies at the time what were made it so bad, not

:19:21.:19:24.

that the recovery happened. There was a financial crisis, the Wall

:19:24.:19:27.

Street crash and other banking crisis in Europe. Those were the

:19:27.:19:31.

really big contributors to the big unemployment at the beginning of

:19:31.:19:35.

the decade. But then Britain, unlike America, and I think Andrew

:19:35.:19:39.

said this before, people always think of the 1930s and think of

:19:39.:19:42.

America, but in Britain there was a strong economic recovery. Do you

:19:42.:19:46.

think that was as a result of cutting as harshly as they did then,

:19:46.:19:49.

that was the right policy? It was part of the policy but it was

:19:49.:19:55.

offset by some very important softening aspects. One was a

:19:55.:19:58.

restructure of the national debt and the debt conversion, which is

:19:58.:20:01.

one of the biggest events of the time. They had low interest rates.

:20:01.:20:05.

They had a huge house building boom. They had amazing new industries

:20:05.:20:08.

from aircraft, car production, that sort of thing. Do you agree with

:20:08.:20:14.

this report published last week which called the debate on public

:20:14.:20:19.

spending in the UK a phoney austerity, that actually the rate

:20:19.:20:23.

is not fast enough. I do agree with that, but they haven't done enough

:20:23.:20:27.

to try and create growth. I think the Labour Party have said some

:20:27.:20:30.

important things on this. The Government is not focused enough on

:20:30.:20:33.

growth. It's simply focused on deficit reduction. What do you sty

:20:33.:20:37.

that? I don't think it's an either- or with austerity and growth.

:20:37.:20:42.

Everybody wants growth, apart from a few people in the Green Party.

:20:42.:20:47.

Let me talk - we have kept Bank of England base rate at half a percent

:20:47.:20:49.

for I think over three years, the whole time in this Government. We

:20:50.:20:54.

have cut income tax, in fact we have removed about 2 million people

:20:54.:20:58.

from income tax altogether. Allowed them to spend more of their money.

:20:58.:21:01.

The Deputy Prime Minister is interviewed today about

:21:01.:21:05.

infrastructure, spending, we are making improvements in education

:21:05.:21:09.

system. Would you like interest rates to be cut even further?

:21:09.:21:14.

much lower they can they can go from half a percent. We are in - we

:21:14.:21:18.

are spending over �300 million a day of public money, borrowed money,

:21:18.:21:23.

on stimulus for the economy. So there are all kinds - as well as

:21:23.:21:25.

all things we are talking about earlier, which is about making sure

:21:26.:21:29.

that we attract inward investment, increase trade with fast growing

:21:29.:21:35.

mark nets Asia. Tkrbg -- markets in Asia. There's something slightly

:21:35.:21:41.

different I want to ask Andy, about the issue of the trials for those

:21:41.:21:47.

financial people who were blamed for what happened, in part n the

:21:47.:21:51.

1930s, do you think something like that would have helped here? It has

:21:51.:21:55.

been happening to a degree, there's parliamentary inquiries, the media

:21:55.:21:58.

looking at great detail. People have lost honours. Do you think

:21:58.:22:01.

there should have been more of that? The public want to see those

:22:01.:22:03.

responsible held to account, no doubt about that. I agree with some

:22:04.:22:07.

of the things George was saying. The tax cut issue is obviously

:22:07.:22:11.

something we would agree with, we said the VAT increase last January

:22:11.:22:16.

was damaging. I would say that's one of the things that's not helped

:22:16.:22:19.

and tipping us back into recession. You are possibly in danger of

:22:19.:22:23.

rewriting history a bit yourself, in America, they had two new deals

:22:23.:22:26.

and the feeling was they stopped them too early and the States went

:22:27.:22:30.

back to recession at the end of the 30s. I have to say thank you very

:22:30.:22:39.

much. Andrew, what are you doing? Sorry,

:22:39.:22:48.

I was chillaxing there! Very funny, I fell for it.

:22:48.:22:54.

Let's go to Adam. The last few weeks has seen the

:22:54.:22:59.

proliferation of a plethora oria of new words related to the news. This

:22:59.:23:02.

hat is full of them, let's find out if any are catching on with the

:23:02.:23:12.
:23:12.:23:16.

What did you get? Chillax. Does he seem like a chillaxed person, David

:23:16.:23:19.

Cameron? He does, with his rolled up sleeves, no tie. It represents

:23:19.:23:27.

everything that's wrong with the world. The simple word? Yeah, it's

:23:28.:23:32.

just, you know, it's just not right. Have you heard that word? I have,

:23:32.:23:39.

but I am trying to remember where from. You said you were a viewer of

:23:39.:23:44.

the Daily Politics. I know, I know. It's embarrassing. What does that

:23:44.:23:54.
:23:54.:23:55.

mean? Twitter for Italian? Remode. What does that mean? I have no idea.

:23:55.:23:58.

It's actually the word the department for transport used for

:23:58.:24:01.

us changing our way we get to work during the Olympics.

:24:01.:24:04.

Oh, yes, it all makes perfect sense now!

:24:04.:24:12.

Also known as walking. Oh, right! Yes, I can see that. Have you heard

:24:12.:24:20.

that word? No. Would you like to guess what it means?

:24:20.:24:24.

Do you know what it means? Greeks exit out of the euro,

:24:24.:24:28.

perhaps? Correct. You are the first person to get it. What do you think

:24:28.:24:34.

of that as a word? I think it's quite cool actually.

:24:34.:24:42.

I think it will become very much a real word in a few days, I think.

:24:42.:24:46.

Geuro. Have you heard of that? That's basically a parallel

:24:46.:24:50.

currency for Greece, because of the economic problems. OK. Do you think

:24:50.:24:59.

it's going to catch on? Not really. What is sweatworking? I am guessing

:24:59.:25:03.

it's working really hard until you break out in sweat. It's instead of

:25:03.:25:08.

a meeting, you go to the gym with your colleague. Fantastic! Do you

:25:08.:25:14.

know what it means? Haven't a clue. You are tkpwog get fired! Oh, no.

:25:14.:25:24.
:25:24.:25:25.

Producer guidelines? It's The hat is empty, and it urns out a lot of

:25:25.:25:29.

the words we have been using every day the public don't even know what

:25:29.:25:36.

they mean. Oh, dear. Nice hat. Joining us now from

:25:36.:25:42.

Oxford the associate editor of the Oxford English dictionary and in

:25:42.:25:46.

the studio Quentin Letts. Isn't it one of the strengths of the English

:25:46.:25:50.

language that we keep on adding new words to it, that's what keeps it

:25:50.:25:54.

alive? It's what keeps me in work. Here we are monitoring the language

:25:54.:25:58.

and people have been adding words for political reasons, and for

:25:58.:26:03.

other reasons, for centuries. It's a very creative language. But do

:26:03.:26:06.

you think the pace of modern life and developments, are we also

:26:06.:26:10.

seeing the pace of new words on the up, as well? I think two things

:26:10.:26:13.

have changed, more people are speaking English and the world is

:26:13.:26:19.

much more interconnected, so you might have a sort of political wag

:26:19.:26:23.

decides to coin a word in his newspaper column and it goes around

:26:23.:26:27.

the world so everybody can pick up on it. We are more interconnected

:26:27.:26:29.

and more of us speaking English so that's going to make us more

:26:29.:26:34.

productive of new words. So many words we take for granted now, even

:26:34.:26:44.

OK comes from President van Burin. Chattering classes. Dog whistle

:26:44.:26:48.

politics a few years ago. Bromance just two years ago. It no longer

:26:48.:26:53.

seems to be the case. But these things can acquire a political

:26:53.:26:58.

potency and chillax will probably never again be thought of in

:26:58.:27:00.

Britain without people thinking about David Cameron. It takes us

:27:00.:27:05.

right back to the early days of Cameroonism when he launched his

:27:05.:27:09.

leadership bid for the Conservative Party and we all went to a place

:27:09.:27:13.

where there was aromatherapy music playing and I am not sure it's

:27:13.:27:18.

actually that damaging to him because you could argue that Harald

:27:18.:27:24.

Macmillan chillaxed, he happened to read Trollope. David Cameron

:27:24.:27:28.

allegedly plays computer games. Thank goodness we could have Prime

:27:28.:27:35.

Minister who does do that, rather than bungs mobile phones at the top

:27:35.:27:40.

of stumps. What's to happen before the word gets into the dictionary

:27:40.:27:47.

then? Like chillax. It's online. It's an older word than you might

:27:47.:27:52.

think. What about omni-shambles? have been monitoring that, that's

:27:52.:27:55.

rather newer. We have to collect evidence and see that the word has

:27:55.:28:03.

become established in the language. What should get in? I wish tax cuts.

:28:03.:28:08.

We seem to have forgotten that one. Omni-shambles, I am not sure, it's

:28:08.:28:13.

too long and doesn't seem... I like it. The other word used is

:28:13.:28:23.
:28:23.:28:30.

unrepeatable. That's not going to get into the dictionary. Stitch and

:28:30.:28:34.

Butch, anyone, any idea about that?? All right, it's a gather of

:28:34.:28:41.

people who knit and gossip at the same time. I am right!

:28:41.:28:46.

I am going to get the knitting tomorrow. We are going to give you

:28:46.:28:51.

the answer to question the -- guess the year. The answer was 2005.

:28:51.:28:57.

Press the button now. What's going to happen now? You disappear.

:28:57.:29:04.

is the winner. Mike Dodsworth from Huddersfield, it's your mug. Thank

:29:04.:29:08.

Andrew Neil and Jo Coburn with coverage of Prime Minister's Questions and the latest political news, interviews and debate. They are joined by foreign office minister Jeremy Browne and shadow health secretary Andy Burnham to discuss the growth summit in Brussels and the European Court's decision to allow prisoners the vote.


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