Conference Special Daily Politics

Conference Special

Similar Content

Browse content similar to Conference Special. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



Morning folks. Welcome to this final Daily Politics conference


special with the Tories in Birmingham. It's our last special


of the autumn, the party conference season of 2012. And all eyes today


on the Prime Minister, sink or swim. Do or decline. David Cameron will


warn that Britain is in a new global race and needs to raise its


game to survive. After the Prime Minister's birthday


balti with Sam Cam last night Mr Cameron makes his speech to


conference in around half an hour's time. We will bring it to you live


here on BBC2. Party members are already filling


up the conference hall, that's our live shot from Birmingham. They're


getting ready to hear their leader. We will be talking to the Culture


Secretary, Maria Miller, Business Minister Michael Fallon and former


Tory Chancellor, Norman Lamont. And Adam will test the mood of the


Conservative Party's foot soldiers. What do you want to hear today?


the Conservatives, Tory values, and also the good work they've done.


They've taken tough decisions for the long-term view for society and


Britain. All that's coming up before 1.00.


With us for the duration, former Conservative Chancellor Norman


Lamont. Welcome back to our show. So, David Cameron will get to his


feet around 11.30, maybe after this morning, he is going to finish the


Tory conference. It's been sombre and downbeat, like the economy, he


is struggling to revive in the last few minutes the Prime Minister's


made his way from the conference hotel into the conference centre.


He's expected to talk for around 50 minutes. Looks like he will be


painting with a broad brush from the bits that have already been


officially leaked to the media. Britain may not be in the future


what it has been in the past, he will warn conference and the


country, unless it's prepared to take difficult, and painful


decisions. Among which he naturally includes the coalition's policy of


cutting the deficit. So much, so predictable. But also a more


personal touch when he talks about his late father, and his son, Ivan,


who died over three years ago aged six after battling epilepsy and


cerebral palsy. Back to policy. Speaking to the BBC this morning,


the Foreign Secretary, William Hague, was also on about the UK


facing a choice. The risk is we don't keep up with the world


changing. The world's changed in a significant way over the last few


years and people know that. It's more intensely competitive.


Countries that have grown economies like China, India, Brazil, do


present a more competitive challenge. So, are we going to do


what we have been setting out at this conference and the last two


years, revamping our education system, bringing down business


taxes or go back to borrowing a load of money that we haven't got


which was really the only recipe at last week's conference? That's the


choice. Thafrs the foreign haebg. -- that


was the Foreign Secretary. We are told he was one of the arc


architects of this conference and the mood it should have. Back to


the politics of decline? I think what this conference is about,


about two things, as one of the ladies you interviewed said.


Firstly, it's about reconnecting with the Conservative Party,


emphasising that the Government holds conservative values. The


reason is that inevitably, within a coalition, David Cameron has a


difficult task of having to pay attention to the Liberal Democrats,


as well. Unfortunate compromises have to be made. He has to face two


ways at once and has to assure two audiences, the country that he is


doing what is in the country's interest and the party that there


are Conservative values at the heart of this Government and that


he is a true Conservative. So the Conservative Party faithful need to


be reassured that a Conservative Prime Minister is a Conservative?


The Government has been making compromises, obviously, with the


Liberal Democrats. They understand that, the party faithful aren't


stupid. People do not always understand. They forget the


difficulty that David Cameron faces day-to-day in running a Coalition,


also sorts of compromises have to be made and the party need to be


reassured that the party wants to win an outright majority at the


next election, that we are on course to do that, that the economy


will revive. He is not very popular with the back benches and the the


party faithful, is he? I think this anxiety about, are the Liberal


Democrats having too big a say, you know, does exist but people don't


really see the pressure he is under in two directions. It's very


difficult task to do, actually. the personal bit, why talk about


his father, why talk about the sad loss of his son? He's been leader


of the Conservative Party now for seven years. If he doesn't think we


know him by now, we will never know him. Well, I suppose that is what


people think the public expect and want to hear. Politics has to come


personal, very touchy-feelly. you like that? I am not sure I


would do it in that particular way but I don't have his particular


background. I have noticed that all leaders of all - I don't know if


you have been watching, I am sure you have, the US presidential


election. It's quite extraordinary the extent... Is that a good thing,


we want to bring that to British politics? We are not going quite as


far as Mitt Romney's six-year-old son waving to the convention. I


don't think is a good thing. It's good to have you aboard with us, we


will talk more. Yes, David Cameron got a big task ahead, of course,


let's get a sense and flavour of the mood at conference and talk to


Kevin Maguire from The Mirror and Quentin Letts of the Daily Mail.


Norman Lamont was talking there about the compromises made in


Coalition from the Liberal Democrats for David Cameron, but


what about his birthday yesterday having to sit through Boris's


thunderous speech and having to prepare his own? Yes, Boris was


unexpectedly loyal. Everyone was waiting for the rappier to be


wielded and that didn't happen. Going back to what Lord Lamont was


saying, there is a reason that David Cameron isn't universally


popular with his parliamentary party. He doesn't have the powers


of patronage. He can't give out jobs. He can't because necessary a


Coalition. In the same way as a leader of the country, he can't


spend money. He doesn't have that power of patronage. Politics is


very different at the moment from what we have had in the last 15


years when it was splurge time and when Prime Ministers could give out


lots of jobs to their mates. It's very different now for Cameron. He


doesn't have that power. That is why it's so important, that's why


he has to fill in the time, the air time, by talking about his personal


story and his beliefs. This is what happens when politicians can't


spend money. I think that's great, as a right-winger, it's a relief


they're not spending our money. That's what the Tories haven't done


this week. They haven't been giving away lots to the electorate, good


for them. As well as having to deal with his own party and obviously


the Liberal Democrats, he's now answering Ed Miliband, Kevin


Maguire, and trying to reclaim the centre ground. He found money for a


council tax bauble, so there's money when they want it. You are


quite right. Ed Miliband staked out the centre ground. The


Conservatives say that's not true, he is actually on the left and that


is true to some extent but David Cameron himself this week has moved


to the right and he's done than with a harder message on welfare


and unemployment rights, even shooting those huskies he used to


hug. He is in Tory tribe here where they're not entirely confident in


him and he has to reassert his authority, that's what he has to do


and the reason he talks about his father is he knows it humanises him.


When you are given a much tougher message and you are going to look


like the nasty party, you talk about your family and Ed Miliband


did it, Gordon Brown used to do it, Tony Blair went so far to have a


baby in Downing Street to prove he was a family man. We might be


cynical in the media but voters like it. There was a little bit of


an opportunity for David Cameron to enjoy his birthday, he went out for


a curry with Sam Cam and the birthday cake that I recognised.


The photograph of all those loyal aides laughing hard. But can I come


back to my rant earlier, there was a missed opportunity today, the


Culture Secretary, Maria Miller, gave a speech, it's the most


vaccous piece of work I have heard for a long time. She has a


responsibility, a duty, to talk to us about the culture that she


believes in and the possibilities of the wider cultural world.


did she misthe opportunity? All she talked about... She's not very


good! She talked about the Olympics and Union Jack, feeble. She should


be talking about the brilliant possibilities of culture as a


Conservative for culture to draw up - to give opportunities to the poor


and she didn't do that. That's the problem that the Tories have got.


They've no cultural soul. You will have a chance to watch her again,


because we are interviewing her later in the programme. Good luck!


So, something for to you look forward to. Kevin Maguire, what


about the G-word - growth? Is that going to be talked about is there a


sense the sunny uplands will come in the future? A lot will be, the


tough decisions, blame Labour, he presents himself as a broom. We saw


Boris Johnson was more of a Dyson sucking up the good news. He will


present himself as I am the man that will take you through, there


is light at the end of the the tunnel, we will be OK if you stick


with me and take this terrible medicine. Growth will below, living


standards aren't going to soar, but 12 months' time could be a


different narrative for David Cameron. All right, thank you I


think we are going to speak to you after the speech. So go and get


your seats. Now, David Cameron may have been treated to a curry at a


Birmingham balti house last night but we think he is probably miffed


his wife didn't get him what he really wanted. He is desperate to


get his hands on one of these. Cheers. A Daily Politics mug.


all nick it, you know! I know. But as regular viewers of this


programme will know you can't buy these mugs, no, you have to steal


them! You have to win them in our competition. Mrs Cameron, it's not


too late but you will have to work out when this happened, like


# for the day I die # I am going to touch the sky


# Strong enough to hold the weight of time


# Love enough to leave some of us Yeah, Blair, what are you doing?


# I don't feel like dance dancing What do you do with a problem like


# It's Chico time. # To be in with a chance of winning,


send your answer to our special quiz e-mail address. You can see


the full terms and conditions on our website.


So, David Cameron David Cameron has made his away across to the


conference centre from the hotel. There he comes, this is a few


minutes ago. Hand in hand with Sam Cam, as she's known to her friends,


the the Prime Minister's wife. Suitably dressed in blue for the


Conservative Party conference. The Prime Minister looking relaxed, or


attempting to look relaxed. He's done this six times before, this is


his 7th speech as leader of the Conservative Party and that takes


him to the secure area of the conference. He is going to start


speaking, we think, in around about 15 minutes' time. We can now talk


to the Business Minister, he's been on this programme more than me, I


think, Michael Fallon, live from Birmingham. Welcome, Mr Fallon. Now


you are a Minister I think this is the first time we have talked to


you, say something, Michael, so we know you are there. I am here.


do you agree with Norman Lamont that Mr Cameron needs to reconnect


He has been meeting the Tory faithful. The Tory faithful like to


hear it straight. They will hear that from him in a few moments'


time. This is a serious speech. We face some quite serious challenges


and we can come through them. are in decline at the moment, is


that correct? No. He is saying we face some very serious challenges,


not least from the newly-emerging economies of the Far East. We have


to take the tough decisions. That means no longer spending on


unaffordable public sector pensions, or welfare systems, but only


concentrating on the future. He is going to say, "We are in a global


race today." That means an hour of reckoning for countries like us.


Sink or swim. What are the tough decisions has he got to take to


stop the decline? These countries that we are competing with don't


have the great deficits that we inherited, they don't have welfare,


unreformed welfare systems, they don't have huge public sector


pension liabilities. We have started to take those decisions. We


need to go on getting the benefit system under control. We need to go


on taking the tough decisions and only spend public money on the


future, investing in infrastructure, roads, railways, power stations. If


we do that, and reforming our school system and so on, if we do


that we can face up to these challenges and get through. He is


going to say, "The Conservative Party is for everyone." It echoes


the one nation theme that your party used to champion but Mr


Miliband seems to have run-off with your clothes. Is it a mistake, or


is it not a mistake to allow the opposition to dictate the terms of


political trade for you? Well, you know, we have always been a one-


nation party. That was coined by a Conservative, by Disraeli, 100


years ago. We have always lived up to that. We have been a party of


North and South, white, Black, Asian and so on. We have always


been proud to be a National Party. I don't think Mr Miliband can claim


that. He is not well represented in the South of England. He is still


in the pocket of the trade unions. He is not leading a one-nation


party. David Cameron is. Hold on. You have only got one seat in


Scotland. You regularly poll 14% of the vote. You have a handful of


seats in Wales. You have no seats in any major northern city. In what


way are you a one-nation party? have more parliamentary seats in


Wales. We are trying to come back in Scotland. Long-term, we have


been in decline, so have Labour. Labour are on the way back now.


Well, we have both been losing share to the Scottish National


Party. We have always put ourselves over as a one-nation party.


Miliband can't do that because his party is financed by the trade


unions and his policy-making is dominated by the trade unions. He


was elected by the trade unions. opposed to hedge funds and private


equity like your own party? One man, one vote, every member had a vote.


That wasn't true... I'm talking about the money? It was the trade


union vote that decided it should be Ed Miliband and not David


Miliband. We give every single member of our party one vote.


Nobody can buy our party. Are you in favour of gay marriage? Well, we


are consulting on gay marriage... I'm asking you. Well, fine. I don't


want to see, speaking personally, I don't want to see ever the Churches


forced to accommodate gay marriage ceremonies if they don't want to do


so. If we change the law, we have to be sure they can't be compelled


to do that in future. That is what they are most concerned about.


you in favour of civil gay marriage? Well, I need to be very


satisfied on that particular point, that they are not going to be


forced to conduct a marriage ceremony, whether they are


Catholics, or Church of England, or whatever, inside a church. At the


Spectator Party Conference Party last night, Cabinet Ministers were


talking about how they could get Andrew Mitchell to step down as


Chief Whip, some even talking on the record like Iain Duncan Smith.


Will he survive to the weekend? Look, I was at the party last night.


I didn't hear anybody talking about Andrew Mitchell. He has apologised


for what he said. The police officer concerned in that incident


has accepted the apology. We should all move on. I really don't think


that is the most important thing that you can find from this


conference. Let me tell you what Iain Duncan Smith said. He said,


talking of the possibility that maybe he should be sent to be High


Commissioner of Rwanda, he said, "Yeah, good idea, there are no


gates in Rwanda!" That is on the record. I ask again, will Mr


Mitchell survive the week? Look, I'm not sure that was on the record.


I think you are re-telling tittle- tattle from drinks parties at a


Conference. This Conference has been debating some serious issues.


What Andrew Mitchell may or may not have said three weeks' ago hasn't


been the big topic of conversation here. He has apologised. The police


officer has accepted the apology. We should move on. His job is


secure? Look, the Prime Minister has said that it is over now. We


should move on. The apology has been accepted. He shouldn't have


lost his temper like he did. But the apology has been accepted now.


I don't think there is much more to it than that. OK. I notice you


didn't say his job was secure. We will leave it there. Enjoy Prime


Minister's Speech. God forbid we should report tittle-


tattle on drinks parties! They are online, sometimes the only


way you can find out is by what he calls "tittle-tattle".


Now, it's not been a terrific year for the Conservatives one way and


another. With U-turns over the Budget, fallout from the reshuffle


and that embarrassing story about plebs. Of course, we here have


covered it all in glorious technicolor. You can always rely on


us. To the review of the past 12 months. We have hired our own


expert critic to gave us his If the last 12 months was turned


into a film, what would we call it? The Hills Are Alive With The Sound


of Europe? Or Carry On Up The The year started so well for David


Cameron when he stood up to Europe and vetoed the fiscal treaty. As


the year wore on, there was public frustration at the lack of progress


on the economy. There was also a worry that the coalition seemed to


be squabbling on everything, from House of Lords reform, to wealth


taxes. There were the dizzying number of U-turns which raised


questions about the Government's competence. And then, of course,


there was the big event, the Budget, which reinforced the sense that the


Conservative Party was a party of the rich. Not only are Cameron and


Osborne two posh boys who don't know the price of milk, they are


two arrogant posh boys who show no remorse, no contrition and no


passion to want to understand the lives of others. That is their real


crime. The real hammer blow for David Cameron was Nick Clegg's


decision to withdraw support for changes to the constituency


boundaries. After failing to get his treasured goal of Lords reform,


the Deputy PM torpedoed a plan that would have given the Tories 20


extra seats at the next election. Cameron accepted Clegg's act


because he knows Clegg is probably only Liberal Democrat Leader who


can keep the coalition on track. David Cameron's great fear is that


the Lib Dems will conclude that only Vince Cable can restore their


party's fortunes and Cable's heart is very much on the left. Up until


now, David Cameron's leadership has been secure. There hasn't been an


alternative. Some people are beginning to wonder whether the


Olympotastic Mayor of London might be that alternative. Boris has won


in a Labour-leaning city twice. Once in the middle of a recession.


If David Cameron can't improve things, and if Boris can get into


Parliament, then suddenly, just perhaps, all bets are off. You did


win more medals than France! Yes. And more medals than Germany and


Australia! More medals, ladies and gentlemen, more medals per head,


more medals than any country on Earth. Above all, you brought home


the truth about us and about this country. When we put our minds to


it, there is no limit to what Britain can achieve. David


Cameron's now absolutely determined for his Government to be about much


more than cuts. In the reshuffle, he put Ministers in all the key


economic departments, absolutely focused on delivery, delivery,


delivery. He still needs a plan that is bolder. He needs to have a


plan that shows that he is rising above the squabbles of the


coalition. And he needs an agenda that looks equal to the big


challenges of our times. The last time the Conservatives won


a general election was in 1992. Then, John Major didn't just focus


on economic prosperity, but sharing that prosperity, too. He convinced


the British people that we wouldn't just benefit the already-haves, but


that everyone would benefit - blue collar workers included. The other


similarity is Labour was led by someone who didn't look prime


ministerial. In more ways than one, 1992 should be David Cameron's


model. Tim Montgomerie.


Norman Lamont, how worrying is it when former Welsh Secretary told a


fringe meeting this week that the Conservative Party's losing its


reputation for competence? There have been, obviously with the


Budget and with the railway fiasco, there have been a number of


unfortunate things. The most important thing is the economy, the


economy, the economy. And the budget deficit reduction programme.


I know people get bored out of hearing this said again and again.


The Government don't have the luxury of forgetting about it. It


is the central problem facing the country, facing the Government.


Ordinary people may forget about it, but the Government can never forget


about it. There won't be real growth, increasing prosperity


unless that programme continues. Therefore, I think boring though


sometimes journalists may consider it, it is very important for the


Government to repeat the message about the huge crisis and deficit,


the huge debts that they were left. All right. Thank you.


Only a few minutes to go before the Prime Minister gets on his feet.


Can we dip into the Hall? You can see they are showing a video. It is


BBC policy - that is not a video - otherwise it is slow-moving! They


do show videos in the run-up. It is the BBC policy not to show videos


of any of the party conferences. The hall will be full. this is what


they live for, the delegates. We get excited by it, too. Nick


Robinson is there for us. Welcome. Great to talk to you. We have a


rough idea that the country is in decline unless we take the tough


decisions and we are taking the tough decisions, that is what he is


going to say, isn't it? Well, that is part one of it. Part two is the


more upbeat bit. There were a deliberate attempt to say, "You may


not like the Conservatives, but they are gritty, they are realistic,


they are being honest with you about what the problems facing the


country is." That is why you got the sort of speech you got from the


Chancellor. That is why you got the briefings that made the headlines


in this morning's newspapers. I think what you will find is that


the Prime Minister tries to speak more to the slogan at this


Conference - Britain can deliver. Having tried to claim the credit


for being open about the scale of the problems the country faces, he


then needs to add a gloss of optimism, if you like, that Britain


is capable of delivering and, to use a phrase that I am told he will


use again and again, aspiration nation - trying to identify himself


with the aspiration of ordinary hard-working people and to say, if


they can be liberated, the country will revive, too. To what extent


does the Prime Minister have to reconnect with his own supporters,


many of whom, as you will have discovered there, are not happy


with either him or the way the Government is going? Well, quite a


lot of that has already taken place, Andrew. Why did we move from hug a


hoodie to bash a burglar, despite the fact there have been three


legal changes already to do what the one announced yesterday was


about, despite the fact there are only a handful of cases involved?


Why? It pleases the Tory faithful and it pleases the Tory press and


generates good headlines. Why did the Prime Minister stop warning his


party about obsessing about Europe and talk rather a lot about the


fact that he had a big speech coming up and that he was


increasingly minded, not in this Parliament, but in the future, to


talk about Europe and to hold a referendum on Britain's future


relationship with the EU? Again and again, we have seen this. Welfare.


Why did he not specify the tax rises on the rich and yet specify


the cuts that he was looking for in welfare and identify himself with


the people who are angered by going off to work early in the morning


and seeing the curtains closed in the home of someone who is


unemployed and not working? Again, because he is trying to reconnect


with the party faithful. Most of that work he will stand up hoping


it's been done and will try and present himself to his party as the


guy who looks and sounds like a Prime Minister, doing the right


For many of the early years of Mr Cameron they didn't use that


language at all, so why have they gone back to it? Because they've


got a problem. I think it's absolutely right to highlight that


and notice that. It is precisely because Labour have moved on to


this turf of one nation and talked about the children who don't get to


go to university, the children who do want training and an


apprenticeship, the children who worry about get ago job and getting


their first home. It's precisely because Labour have identified that


group and because David Cameron, partly because of Andrew Mitchell,


allegedly referring to plebs, partly because of that 50p tax cut,


partly because of the demeanour of the people at the top of the


Conservative Party, has become associated once again as Tim was


saying, with being the party of the rich, it's for that reason that


David Cameron feels the need to put up front and centre his


identification with the people he will call the aspirers, the


strivers. You mentioned Andrew Mitchell, have you heard any


rumblings among senior Conservatives about his future as


Chief Whip? Absolutely, I have spoken to senior cabinet Ministers


who say if it had been anybody else they would have been sacked


straightaway. They believe it was a mistake of the Prime Minister not


to sack Andrew Mitchell. They think Mr Mitchell's position is not


sustainable in the long-term and they believe that a way will be


found to get him out of his job, but long after the press will be


able to claim they've got a scalp. There is a widespread view at this


conference that Andrew Mitchell is desperately damaged as Chief Whip,


as enforcer of discipline, but there is no expectation that will


lead to that job in Rwanda that Iain Duncan Smith was apparently


joking about at a party last night. Thank you. I hope Michael Fallon


was listening to you there. You mentioned, he has to send them away


with a spring in their step, more upbeat parts of the speech, what's


the upbeat bit? Well, I think it's trying to convince the country that


the Olympic spirit that after all Boris Johnson talked about in the


last few moments Lord Coe has been talking about on the stage of this


conference, remember he was originally an aide to William Hague,


we always remember the running and we remember the Olympics. But many


people forget that he was a Conservative MP and effectively


Chief of Staff for William Hague. He will try and tap into that sort


of can-do spirit that Boris Johnson talked about, trying to convince


people the country has proved it's capable of getting out of the mess


it's in. The other interesting thing he will do is try to extend


the narrative of this Government away purely from deficit reduction.


He will try and link other reforms, welfare reforms, reforms to the


schools, as all part of, if you like, getting Britain fit for what


he calls the global race. In effect, that whole message of the Olympics,


which is believing that the country is capable of it, taking the


measures necessary to get the country like an athlete, fit for


the competition, acknowledging the scale of the task, and then a note


of optimism at the end, that at least is the aim. Whether he will


pull it off is a different thing, but that's what I am told is the


aim. This is a speech that will be much Morecamber Ron than we have --


more Cameron than we have seen before. Steve Hilton, a guy much


more edgy than David Cameron, always urging him to go a little


bit further, always wanting him to challenge the party, he's emigrated


and that's producing a change in David Cameron's rhetoric. Thank you


for that. Let's go straight to Birmingham and


listen to the Prime Minister, David Cameron, address the Conservative


In May 2010, this party stood on the threshold of power for the


first time in more than a decade. We knew then that it was not just


the ordinary duties of office that we were assuming. We were entering


into Government at a grave moment in the modern history of Britain.


At a time when people felt uncertainty, even fear. Here was


the challenge - to make an insolvent nation solvent again. To


set our country back on the path to prosperity that all can share in,


to bring home our troops from danger while keeping our citizens


safe from terror, to mend a broken society. Two and a half years later,


of course I can't tell you that all is well, but I can say this:


Britain is on the right track. APPLAUSE As Prime Minister, it has


fallen to me to say some hard things and to help our country face


some hard truths. All of my adult life, whatever the difficulties,


the British people have at least been confident about one thing, we


have thought we can pay our way. That we can earn our living as a


major industrial country and we will always remain one. It has


fallen to us to say that we cannot assume that any longer. Unless we


act, unless we take difficult, painful decisions, unless we show


determination and imagination, Britain may not be in the future


what it has been in the past. Because the truth is this, we are


in a global race today. And that means an hour of reckoning for


countries like ours, sink or swim, do or decline. To take office, to


become the Government at such a moment is a duty and an honour. And


we will rise to the challenge. Today, I want to set out a serious


argument to this country about how we do that. About how we compete


and thrive in this world. How can we make sure that in this century,


like the ones before, Britain is on the rise? Nothing matters more.


Every battle we fight, every plan we make, every decision we take is


to achieve that end. Britain on the rise. Now the challenge before us


is daunting, I have confidence in our country. Why? Because Britain


can deliver. We can do big things. We saw it this summer. The Jubilee,


the Olympics, the Paralympics, the best country in the world and let


us say it, with our Queen, the finest Head of State on earth.


APPLAUSE I was recently trying to think of


my favourite moment of that extraordinary summer. Was it


telling President Hollande that no, we hadn't cheated at the cycling,


our wheels weren't rounder than anyone else, we just peddled faster


than the French?! No. For me it was seeing that young woman who swam


her heart out for years, nine training sessions a week, two hours


at a time, my best moment was putting that gold medal around the


neck of Ellie Simmonds. APPLAUSE And you know something, I am so


grateful for what those Paralympians did. When I used to


push my son Ivan around in his wheelchair, I used to think that


too many people saw the wheelchair and not the boy. I think today more


people would see the boy and not the wheelchair and that's because


of what happened in Britain this summer. APPLAUSE


And the Olympics showed us something else, something important.


Whether our athletes were Scottish, Welsh, English, or from Northern


Ireland, they draped themselves in one flag. APPLAUSE Now there was,


of course, one person who didn't like that. He is called Alex


Salmond. I am going to go and see him on Monday to sort out that


referendum on independence by the end of 2014. Because there are many


things I want this Coalition Government to do, but what could be


more important than saving our United Kingdom? So let's say it, we


are better together, we will rise together and let us fight that


referendum with everything we've got. APPLAUSE


There are so many people to thank for this summer, those that won the


bid, those that built the stadia, those that ran the Games, that


national hero, that Conservative hero you heard from, Seb Coe. What


a giant he was this summer. APPLAUSE


But, of course, there is also the man who put the smile on all our


faces, the zinger on the zip-wire, the Conservative Mayor of London,


our own Boris Johnson. APPLAUSE And those Games-Makers, those


extraordinary Games-Makers. I have spent three years trying to explain


the Big Society. They did it beautifully in just three weeks and


I want to thank them for that, as well. APPLAUSE APPLAUSE


Now, there is another group of people who stepped into the breach


this summer and we in this party, we never forget them. Our Armed


Forces have been on the ground in Afghanistan now for over ten years.


433 men and women have paid the ultimate price and made the


ultimate sacrifice. Just last weekend, there was a memorial


service for one of the fallen and the eulogy said this: All that they


had they gave, all that they might have had, all that they had ever


been, all that they might ever have become. Beautiful words. Painful


words. Words we should never forget when we send our young men and


women into harm's way to work on our behalf. And for all those who


serve, and for their families, I repeat the commitment I made when


this Government came to office. By the end of 2014, all UK combat


operations in Afghanistan will have come to an end. Nearly all our


troops will be home. Their country proud, their duty done. And let


everyone in this hall stand and show how profoundly grateful we are


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 56 seconds


for everything they've done. To meet the challenges that our


country faces, we must have confidence in ourselves. Confidence


as a party. We've been in office two and a half years now, and we've


done some big, life-changing things. Just ask Clive Stone. I met him


years ago when we were in opposition. He had cancer and he


said to me, the drug I need, it's out there but they won't give it to


me because it's too expensive. Please, if you get in, do something


about it. And we have. A new cancer drug fund that's got the latest


drugs to more than 21,000 people and counting and there is a reason.


There is sa reason we could do that. It's because we made a big decision


to protect the NHS from spending cuts. No other party made that


commitment. Not Labour. Not the Liberal Democrats. Just us, the


Conservatives. To all those people who said we'd bring the NHS down, I


would say this: You've got a point. I will tell you what's down,


waiting lists down, mixed wards down, the number of managers down,


bureaucratic targets down, hospital infections down. What's up? The


number of doctors, the number of dentists, midwives, the number of


operations carried out in our NHS. Let no one be in any doubt, this is


the party of the NHS and that is the way it's going to stay.


We made another big decision too in these difficult times. That was to


go on saving lives abroad. I know some are sceptical about our aid


budget. But picture the scene. You are in a health centre in Kinshasa.


You see the child with a needle in her arm being injected with a


yellow fever vaccine. That is the difference between living and dying.


How can anyone tell me that's a waste of money? Since we have


gathered here in Birmingham on Sunday, British aid money has


vaccinated 130,000 children around the world. 130,000 children. YOU,


the Conservative Party, helped to do that and you should be proud of


what you have done. Here's something else this party's


done in Government. Last December I was at a European Council in


Brussels. It was 3.00am, there was a treaty on the table that was not


in Britain's interests. And there were 25 people around that table


telling me to sign it. But I did something that no other British


leader has ever done before. I said no, Britain comes first, and I


APPLAUSE So my friends, we are doing big


Conservative things. For years people said, "You'll never reform


public sector pensions, the trade unions won't stand for it." We have


done it. For years people said, "Benefits are out of control,


there's nothing you can do about it." Because of our welfare cap, no


family will be getting more in benefits than the average family


earns. For years people said... APPLAUSE For years people asked,


"Why can't we get rid of those radical preachers who spout hatred


about our country, living off the taxpayers?" Theresa May has done it.


She's got Abu Hamza on that plane and out of our country to face


justice. APPLAUSE So be proud of what we've done


already. Two million of the lowest paid workers being taken out of


income tax altogether. Over 18 million households helped with a


freeze in their council tax - and we're freezing it all over again


next year, too. These are big Conservative things, delivered by


this Government, made possible by this party. We can deliver. We can


do big things. The Olympics reminded us how great it feels to


be successful. But we must not let that give us a warm glow or a false


sense of security. All over the world, countries are on the rise.


Yes, we've been hearing about India and China for years. But it's hard


to believe what is happening in Brazil, in Indonesia, in Nigeria,


too. Meanwhile, the old powers are on the side. What do the countries


on the rise have in common? They are lean, fit, obsessed with


enterprise, spending money on the future - on education, incredible


infrastructure and technology. And what do the countries on the slide


have in common? They're fat, sclerotic, overregulated, spending


money on unaffordable welfare systems, huge pension bills,


unreformed public services. I sit in those endless meetings in


Brussels where we talk forever about Greece. On the other side of


the world, China is growing so fast they are creating another economy


the size of Greece every three months. I'm not going to stand here


as Prime Minister and allow this country to join the slide. My job -


our job - is to make sure that in this 21st Century, as in the


centuries that came before, our country, Britain, is on the rise.


And here, here we know how that is done. It is the collective result


of individual effort and aspiration. The ideas you have, the businesses


you start, the hours you put in. Aspiration is the engine of


progress. Countries rise when they allow their people to rise. In this


world, where brains matter more, where technologies shape our lives,


where no-one is owed a living, the most powerful resource we have is


our people. Not just the scientists, the entrepreneurs, the engineers,


not just the teachers, the parents, the nurses, but all our people,


including the poorest, those who have never had a chance, never had


a job, never had hope. That's why the mission for this Government is


to build an aspiration nation. To unleash and unlock the promise in


all our people. And for us, for us Conservatives, this is not just an


economic mission - it is a moral one. It's not just about growth and


GDP. It is what has always made our hearts beat faster - aspiration,


people rising from the bottom to the top. Line one, rule one of


being a Conservative is that it's not where you come from that counts,


it is where you're going. We have been led... APPLAUSE


We've been led by the daughter of a grocer, the son of a music hall


performer, by a Jew when Jews were persecuted, by a woman when women


were side-lined. We don't look at the label on the tin, we look at


what's in it. Let me put that another way. We don't preach about


one nation but practise class war. We just get behind people who want


to get on in life. APPLAUSE That's right. The doers, the risk-


takers. The young people who dream of their first paycheck, their


first car. Those people who are ready and willing to work hard to


get those things. While the intellectuals of other parties


sneer at people who want to get on in life, we here salute you. They


call us the party of the better-off. No. We are the party of the want to


be better-off, those who strive to make a better life for themselves


and we should never ever be ashamed of saying so. APPLAUSE This party,


our party, it has a great heart. But we don't like wearing it on our


sleeve. Conservatives tend to think, "Let's just get on with the job and


help people and not bang on about it. It is not our style." There is


a problem with that. It leaves a space for others to twist our ideas


and distort who we are: The cartoon Conservatives who don't care. My


mission from the day I became leader of this party was to change


that. Yes, to show that the Conservative Party is for everyone,


north or south, black or white, straight or gay. But above all, it


was to show that Conservative methods are not just the way we


grow a strong economy, but the way we build a "big society". That


Conservative methods are not just good for the strong and the


successful, but they are the best way to help the poor, the weak and


the vulnerable. It is not enough for us to know our ideas are right.


We have to explain why they are compassionate, too. Here is what we


are up against. We say we've got to get the private sector bigger and


the public sector smaller. Our opponents call it "Tory cuts,


slashing the state." No, it is the best way to create the sustainable


jobs people need. APPLAUSE We say help people become


independent from welfare. Our opponents call it, "Cruel Tories


leaving people to fend for themselves." No, there is only one


real route out of poverty and that is work. We say of course you have


to insist on a disciplined, rigorous education for your


children. Our opponents say, "Elitist Tories, old-fashioned and


out of touch." No, a decent education is the only way to give


all our children the chance they need to start in this world.


APPLAUSE The reason we want to reform


schools, to cut welfare dependency, to reduce Government spending is


not because we are the same old Tories who want to help the rich,


it is because we are the Tories whose ideas help everyone - the


poorest the most. A strong private sector. Welfare that works. Schools


that teach. These three things are essential to helping our people to


rise. They are essential to our success in this world. Labour will


fight each and everyone of them every step of the way. These three


things are not just the battleground for Britain's future,


they are also the battle lines for the next election and it is a fight


we've got to win for our party, for our country, but above all for our


nation's future. APPLAUSE So to help our people rise, the number


one, we need an economy that creates good jobs. We need


businesses of every size, in every type of industry, in every part of


the country - investing and taking people on. There are some basic


things they need in order to do that. They need low interest rates.


They need confidence that it is worth investing because the


customers will be there, whether at home or abroad. Getting the deficit


down is essential for both those things. That is why our deficit


reduction plan is not an alternative to a growth plan, it is


the very foundation of our growth plan. It is the only way we'll get


Britain on the rise. Now I know that you are asking whether our


plan is working. And here's the truth: The damage was worse than we


thought, and it's taking longer than we hoped. The world economy -


especially in the eurozone - has been much weaker than expected in


the past two years. When some of o your big trading partners, -- some


of your big trading partners like Ireland, Spain, Italy are suffering,


they buy less from us. That hurts our growth and it makes it harder


to pay off our debts. Here is the crucial thing you need to know. Yes,


it is worse than we thought. Yes, it is taking longer. But we are


making progress. Thanks to the grit and resolve of George Osborne, we


have a cut a quarter off the deficit in the past two years - 25%.


That has helped keep our interest rates at record low levels. Keeping


mortgages low. Leaving more money in your pockets. Giving businesses


more confidence to invest. Creating more jobs. And if you don't believe


me, just look at the job creation figures. Since this Government took


office, over one million new jobs have been created in the private


sector. That is more - net - in the last two years than Labour managed


in ten years. APPLAUSE Now, the Labour politicians who got


us into this mess say they have a different way out of it. They call


it Plan B and it goes like this: We should stop worrying about deficit


reduction, borrow more money and spend it to boost the economy. It


sounds so reasonable when you put it like that. Let me tell you why


it's not. Right now, while we've got a deficit, the people we're


borrowing money from believe that we'll pay it back - because we have


set out a tough plan to cut spending and to live within our


means. That is why our interest rates are amongst the lowest in the


world, even though the deficit left to us by Labour was one of the


highest in the world. If we did what Labour want, and watered-down


our plans, the risk is that the people that we borrow money from


will start to question our ability and resolve to pay off our debts.


Some might refuse to lend us any money at all. Others would only


lend it to us at higher interest rates. That would hurt the economy


and it would hit people hard. If you have a mortgage of �100,000,


just a 1% increase in interest rates would mean an extra �1,000 to


pay each year. Labour's plan to borrow more is actually a massive


gamble with our economy and our future. It would squander all of


the sacrifices we've already made. Let me put it like this. We are


here because we spent too much and borrowed too much. How on earth can


the answer be more spending and I honestly think that Labour


haven't learned a single thing. When they were in office their


answer was always, borrow more money. Now they're out of office


it's borrow more money. Whatever the day, whatever the question,


whatever the weather, it's borrow more money. Borrow, borrow, borrow.


Labour, the party of one notion - borrowing! APPLAUSE


There are times I wonder whether they know anything about the real


economy at all. Did you hear last week what Ed Miliband said about


taxes? He described a tax cut as the Government writing people a


cheque. I hope you don't mind, I just want to explain it for him. Ed,


this is how it works. When people earn money, it's their money. Not


the Government's money, it's their money. APPLAUSE


Don't interrupt, I don't want him to lose the thread. Then the


Government takes some of it away in tax. So, if we cut taxes, we're not


giving them money, we're taking less of it away. OK? Got it?


APPLAUSE You know what, while we are on it, who suffers when the


wealthy businessman goes off to live in Geneva? Not him. It's those


who want to work, because the jobs, the investment, the growth will go


somewhere else. APPLAUSE Now we promised that those with the


broadest shoulders would bear the biggest burden, and with us the


rich will pay a greater share of tax in every year of this


parliament than in any one of the 13 years under Labour. Under Labour.


APPLAUSE We haven't forgotten what it was


like under Labour. We remember who spent our golden legacy, who sold


our gold, who busted our banks, smothered our businesses, racked up


debts, who wrecked our economy, ruined our reputation, who risked


our future. Who did this? Labour did this and our country should


never forget it. APPLAUSE Now get our country on the rise, to


get Britain on the rise, we need a whole new economy. More


enterprising, more aspirational. And it is taking shape already. We


are getting back our entrepreneurial streak. Last year


the rate of new business creation was faster than any other year in


our history. Let me repeat that. The rate at which new businesses


started, faster last year than ever before. We are making things again.


We had a trade surplus in cars for the first time in almost 40 years.


And it's not just the old industries that are growing, it's


the new ones. We are number one in the world for offshore wind. Number


one in the world for tidal power. We have the world's first green


investment bank. Britain leading, Britain on the rise. We're showing


we can do it. Look at the new investment that's coming in. In the


last two years, Google, Intel, Cisco, the big tech firms. They've


all set up new bases here. And we are selling to the world again.


When I became Prime Minister, I said to the Foreign Office, those


embassies you have got, turn them into showrooms for our cars,


department stores for our fashion, technology hubs for British


startups. Yes, you are diplomats and as William said in that


fantastic speech you are the best on the globe but you need to be our


country's salesforce. APPLAUSE And when we look at what's


happening, in just two years our exports to Brazil up 25%, to China


up 40%, to Russia up 80%. There are so many opportunities in this world.


I want to tell you briefly about just one business that is really


seizing them. It's run bay guy called Alastair Lukies. He and his


partner saw a world with almost six billion mobile phones but two


billion bank accounts. They saw this huge gap in the market and


they started a mobile banking firm, helping people in the poorest parts


of the world manage their money and start new companies, using their


mobile phones. He has been with me on trade missions all over the


world. And his business is booming. Back in 2010 when we came to office,


they employed about 100 people. Now it's more than 700. Back then they


were nowhere in Africa. Nowhere in Asia. Now they're the global player


with one million new users every month. So don't let anyone tell us


that Britain can't make it in this world. We are the most enterprising,


buccaneering, creative, dynamic nation on earth. APPLAUSE


And to those who question whether it's right for me to load up a


plane with business people, whether we are flying to Africa, Indonesia,


the Gulf or China, whether we are taking people from energy, finance,


technology, or yes, defence, I say this - there is a global battle out


there to win jobs, orders, and contracts and in that battle I


believe in leading from the front. APPLAUSE


But to get our economy on the rise, there's a lot more that we need to


do. Frankly, there's a lot more fights to be had. Because there are


too many people out there that Wye call the yes-but-no people, the


ones who say yes, our businesses need to expand, but no, we can't


reform planning. It's simple. For a business to expand, it needs places


to build. If it just takes too long, they'll will just build elsewhere.


I visited a business the other day that wanted to open a big factory


right outside Liverpool. But the council was going to take so long


to approve the decision that they're now building that factory


on the continent. They're taking hundreds of jobs with them. If we


are going to be a winner in this global race, we have got to beat


off this suffocating bureaucracy once and for all. APPLAUSE


And then there are those who say, yes, of course we need more housing,


but no to every development, and not in my back yard. House-building


isn't just a vital engine of our economy, it goes much, much wider


and bigger than that. It's OK for my generation, many of us have got


on the ladder. But do you know the average age that someone buys their


home today, without help from their parties? It is 33 years old. We are


the party of home ownership and we cannot let this go on. So yes,


we're doubling the discount for buying your council house, we are


helping first-time buyers with 95% mortgages. But there's something


else we need to do, and that's accept that we need to build a lot


more houses in Britain. There are people, young people who work hard,


year after year, but they're still living at home. They sit in their


childhood bedroom looking out the window, dreaming of a place of


their own and I want us to say you are our people, we are on your side,


we will help you achieve your dreams. APPLAUSE


If we want our people to rise so Britain can rise, we must tackle


welfare. Here are two facts for you. Fact one - we spend �80 billion a


year on welfare for working age people. Not pensions, just welfare


for working age people. That's one in eight of every pound that the


Government spends. Fact two - more of our children live in households


where nobody works than almost any other nation in Europe. Let me put


it simply, welfare isn't working, and this is a tragedy. Our reforms


are just as profound as those of Beveridge 60 years ago. He had his


great evils to slay, squalor, ignorance, want, idleness and


disease. Here are mine - first, unfairness. What are hard-working


people who travel long distances to get into work and pay their taxes


meant to think when they see families, individual families,


getting 40, 50, 60,000 of housing benefit to live in homes that these


hard-working people could never afford themselves? It is an outrage


and we are ending it by capping housing benefit. APPLAUSE


The second evil - injustice. Here is the choice that we give our


young people today. Choice one - work hard, go to college, get a job,


live at home, save up for a flat. As I have just said, that can feel


like forever. Choice two - don't get a job. Sign on. Don't even need


to produce a CV when you do sign on. Get housing benefit, get a flat,


and then don't ever get a job or you will lose a load of that


housing benefit. We must be crazy. This is what we've done. Now you


have to sign up a contract that says do you your bit, and we'll do


ours. It requires you to have a real CV and makes clear you have to


seek work and take work or you will lose your benefits. APPLAUSE


and we are going to look at ending automatic access to housing benefit


for people under 25, too. Let me put it like this, if hard-working


young people have to live at home while they work and save, why


should it be any different for those who don't? APPLAUSE


The next evil - bureaucracy. Sign on, sign here. Come back in a


fortnight. Repeat as required. What does this do for the guy who's been


out of work for years, even decades, who's playing computer games all


day, living out some fantasy because he hates his real life? For


people like like him we have to do something new and we are. The work


programme takes the money we are going to save from getting people


off the dole, and it uses it to get them into work with proper training.


We're prepared to spend up to �14,000 on one individual to get


them into work and already almost 700,000 people have got on to the


Work Programme. I want us to be clear in this party, in British


politics today it is this party that's saying no one is a write-off,


no one is hopeless, and with Iain Duncan Smith leading this


revolution let us be the party that shows there is ability and promise


in each and everyone of our citizens. APPLAUSE


And just one more thing on welfare. You know our work experience


programme, where we give young people a chance to work in a


supermarket, a shop, or in an office? Here's what one trade union


official said about it. I quote: The scheme belongs back in the 19th


century, along with Oliver Twist and the workhouse. It is nothing


short of state-sponsored slavery. What a snobish, appalling, outdated,


wrong-idea to the work. We are giving them a chance. What's is


cruel is not asking something of people, it's when we ask nothing of


them. Work isn't slavery, it's poverty that is slavery. Let us,


the modern compassionate Conservative Party who are the real


champions of fighting poverty in To help people rise, to help


Britain rise, there is a third - crucial - thing we must do. Educate


all our children. And I mean really educate them, not just pump up the


grades each year. In maths, in science, the reading, we've fallen


behind, not just behind Germany and Canada, but behind Estonia and


Australia, too. This is Britain's real School Report and it reads


"must do better". Now you have heard of pushly parents, sharp-


elbowing their way to a better education for their children. This


is a push lish Government. My approach is very, very -- pushy


Government. My approach is very, very simple. I have two children in


primary school. I want for your children what I want for mine. To


go to schools where discipline is strict, where expectations are high


and where no excuses are accepted for failure. I don't want great


schools to be the preserve of those that can pay the fees or buy the


nice house in the catchment area. I want those schools to be open to


every child in every neighbourhood. The reason I know that every child


can go to a school like this is because with this Government, more


and more new ones are opening. You have heard from some of them this


week, not just the 79 new free schools with over 100 more to come,


but you have heard from some of the 2,000 academies we have helped to


create. These are state schools given all the freedoms and carrying


all the high expectations of private schools. That is my plan.


Millions of children sent to independent schools, independent


schools in the state sector. APPLAUSE It is a genuine revolution


that's under way. The Harris Academy in Peckham has increased


the number of students getting five good GCSEs from 12%, when it was


under local authority control, to almost 90% now. The transformation


has been astonishing and you know what, the methods have been


Conservative. Smart uniforms, teachers in suits. Children taught


physics, chemistry and biology, not soft options. Children set by


ability with excellence applauded, extra resources for those in need


but no excuses for slacking. When you see as a parent schools like


that, it prompts one question: Why can't every school be that way? Why


can't all our children have those chances? It is not because parents


aren't ambitious enough. Most of these schools are massively


oversubscribed. It is because the old educational establishment, the


left-wing local authorities, the leaders of the teacher unions, the


Labour Party theorists, it is because they stand in the way. When


we saw a badly-failing school in Haringey and we wanted to turn it


into an academy, the Labour authority, the Labour MP and the


teacher unions all said no. When inspirational teachers and parents


in Hammersmith, in Norwich, in Bristol, in Wigan, when they wanted


to open free schools, the left-wing establishment said no. When we have


proposed more pay for good teachers, getting rid of bad teachers, longer


school days to help children learn, flexible school hours to help


parents work, less nonsense about health and safety, the left-wing


establishment have said one thing - no. You know what? When you ask why


is a school failing, why aren't the children succeeding, you hear the


same thing over and over again. What can you expect with children


like these? These children are disadvantaged. Of course, we want


to tackle every disadvantage, but isn't the greatest disadvantage of


all being written off by those so in hock to a culture of low


expectations, that they have forgotten what it is like to be


ambitious, to want to transcend your background, to overcome


circumstance and succeed on your own terms? It's that toxic culture


of low expectations - that lack of ambition for every child - which


has held this country back. I can tell you... APPLAUSE Let me tell


you a thing or two about Michael Gove and I. We are not waiting for


an outbreak of sanity at the headquarters of the NUT. We are not


waiting for some great embrace of aspiration in the higher reaches of


Labour before we act. Because our children can't wait. So when people


say please slow down your education reform so somehow adults can learn


to adjust to them, I say no. I want more free schools, more academies,


more rigorous exams, more expected of every child in every school. To


those who say - and some do - he wants children to have the kind of


education he had at his posh school. You know what I say? Yes, you are


absolutely right. I went to a great school. I want every child to have


that sort of education! APPLAUSE I'm not here to defend privilege,


I'm here to spread it. APPLAUSE I don't have a hard luck story. My


Dad was a stockbroker from Berkshire. LAUGHTER It's only when


your Dad's gone that you realise - not just how much you miss them -


or how much you really love them - but how much you really owe them.


My Dad influenced me much more than I ever thought. He was born with no


heels on his feet, with legs that are about a foot shorter than they


were meant to be, but he never complained even when he lost those


legs later in his life. Because disability in the 1930s was such a


sigma, he was an only child. Probably a lonely child. But my Dad


was the eternal optimist. To him the glass was always half-full.


Usually with something fairly alcoholic in it! LAUGHTER When I


was a boy, I remember once going for a long walk with him in the


village where we lived, and we walked passed the church he


supported all his life and passed the village hall where he took part


in long Parish Council meetings. He told me what he was most proud of.


It was simple - working hard from the moment he left school and


providing a good start in life for his family. Not just all of us, but


helping his Mum, too, when his father ran off. Not a hard luck


story, but a hard work story. Work hard. Family comes first. But put


back into the community, too. There is nothing complicated about me. I


believe in working hard, caring for my family and serving my country.


There is nothing complicated about what we need today. This is still


the greatest country on Earth. We showed that again this summer. 22nd


in world population. Third in the medals table. But it's tough. These


are difficult times. We're being tested. How will we come through


it? Again, it's not complicated. Hard work. Strong families. Taking


responsibility. Serving others. As I said on the steps of Number Ten


Downing Street before walking through that door, "Those who can


should, those who can't we will always help." The job of this party,


this Government, is to help bring out the best in this country.


Because at our best we are unbeatable. We know Britain can


deliver because we have seen it time and time again. This is the


country that invented the computer, defeated the Nazis, started the web,


sauf off the slave trade, unravelled DNA, fought off every


invader for a thousand years. We even persuaded the Queen to jump


out of a helicopter to make the rest of the world smile. There is


nothing we can't do. Can we make Britain the best place in the world


to start a business, grow a business and to help that business


take on the world and win? Yes. Can we the people, the people who


invented the welfare state in the first place turn it into something


that rewards efforts, helps keep families together and really help


the poorest with a new start in life? Yes. Can we take our schools


and turn our students that will take on the brightest in the world?


Yes, of course we can. Let us here in this hall, here in this


Government, together in this country make this predge, let's


build an aspiration nation. Let's get Britain on the rise. Deficit,


paid down. Tough decisions, taken. Growth, fired up. Aspiration,


backed all the way. We know what it takes to win, to win in the tough


world of today, to win for all our people, to win for Britain. So


let's get out there and do it! APPLAUSE


STUDIO: The Prime Minister has finished speaking. He had it all


written down this time. We were able to time it quite carefully. He


is calling his wife up on to the stage as he takes the applause. The


aspiration nation, that was the theme of the Prime Minister's


speech. And like all politicians, he used the Olympic analogy, the


country had done so well in the Games, he wanted to compete as a


nation in the new global race with new emerging economies and markets


springing up all over the globe. He made sure to name-check Afghanistan


and our troops there, calling for applause for the work they are


doing and for the lives that have been lost there. There was a


standing ovation for over one minute. He said they weren't the


party of the rich. Interestingly, without naming it, he said he had


gone to a posh school, he wasn't going to apologise for that. He had


a great education and he wanted everyone else to have as good an


education as he had. He of course had a side-swipe at Labour, having


gone for the one-nation theme last week. He talked of Labour saying


they may preach about one nation, but they practise class war. And he


said Labour was the party of one- notion, which was borrowing. So


just looking at the words, it was a well-constructed speech, as Mr


Miliband's was. It will have gone down well with the party faithful


there. He struck the right chords, it was something that they wanted


to hear. A slightly different David Cameron to the one that became


leader in 2005, when there was barely a green mention.


We are going to get some expert reaction. First, we want to hear


the people who matter - that's you. The e-mails?


Yes, there was a lot of praise for the delivery of the speech. "The


pressure against David Cameron to deliver a strong speech, he has


done that. Full of detail. While answering the critics."


Gary, got to hand it to the guy, a fantastic speech, expertly


delivered. When it comes to speechifying, Cameron is making


Miliband look like an amateur." "Some good digs over one-nation.


Very solid on the economy and telling the truth. This has


substance and policy and he is doing well." This from Amanda,


"Voters are interested in the economy and not in David Cameron's


family. We need jobs that pay well." This from Peter, "David


Cameron said the Conservative Party should be proud about saving


hundreds of children's' lives through international aid. No, no,


no, the money belongs to the British people, not the


Conservative Party. The British people should be proud." This from


Kath, "Does David Cameron think we are all nit wits? Labour - borrow,


borrow and borrow. What are the Conservatives doing? Borrow, borrow


and yet more borrowing." Is that enough borrowers?


Give me your instant reaction? thought it was well-crafted. What


it did was to take the hard messages and marpry them with the


tender messages -- marry them with the tender messages. We can only


get out of the economic problems we have through hard work, through


tackling welfare abuse and this is the way to relieve poverty. Work is


the answer to poverty. In that sense, it was a very balanced


What's new about saying work is the way? That's what, whether he


delivered it or not is not for me to decide but Gordon Brown thought


work was the way. What's different? As I said at the beginning, what


this this speech was about, was about reconnecting with the


Conservative Party, emphasising Conservative values, emphasising


that the Coalition is doing Conservative things and not just


doing the bidding of the Lib Dems. That's what it was really all about.


All right. Let's go straight back to Birmingham to our political


editor, Nick Robinson. Give us your impressions. David Cameron doesn't


do the great stirring conference oratory. At times I felt it was


like a head teacher delivering an address to the school or a Church


of England vicar delivering a sermon. A lot of it he was trying


to teach the audience, look, this is very hard, he was saying, to the


Conservative Party and to the country. The whole tone of it


really was, I know we are not where we hoped to be as a party, as a


country, I know we haven't sorted out the deficit and got growth in


the way that I had dreamed of doing. But we can do it. Trying to capture


once again as we have seen throughout this conference season,


that Olympic spirit. But it was very, very short, in fact absent of


new policies. What it was really doing was an appeal to the country,


saying, look, the reason we are dealing with the deficit, with


welfare, dealing with the schools, is because if we don't the country


is sunk. It will lose the competition, the great global race


as he described it, not just against the famous big developing


countries like China and India, but countries he has visited in weeks


and months, Mexico, Brazil, and others. Interesting how much of the


speech was defined by other events and other speeches, whether it's Mr


Miliband's speech last week talking about one nation or the continuing


problems with Andrew Mitchell and the sense of a posh Minister


referring to a policeman as plebs. The Prime Minister went out of his


way to try to deal with all these issues, he had to deal with what


people are saying about him and his party. In that sense it was pretty


defensive. They say this about us, but we say that. They say this


about us, but we say the other. Again and again he was having to


deal, as you say, with the suggestion that he was privileged,


the suggestion that he was elitist, the suggestion that the Tories


didn't care about the poor and again and again he had to pose


those phrases and try and answer them. I would be very surprised


indeed if we don't see on YouTube by the end of the day someone's


who's cut together him using the phrases. Rich, posh, privileged.


They'll edit them together and say there you are, it's coming out of


his own mouth. If they weren't going to, they're going to now! I


am sure you put an idea in people's minds. I get a sense that whether


it reasonates on the country, we can't tell that at the moment, it


probably - I got a feeling, you can tell us, I got a feeling it was


going down well with the Tory faithful in the hall. Yes,


interesting, I choose today not to sit - I often stand at the edge and


I had a seat on a row of a group of Conservatives. They rather quietly


kept saying "yes, that's right", there was that sense, like a sermon.


Let's get clear, this is not a Michael Heseltine or Neil Kinnock,


the sort of speakers that get the hair up on the back of your neck,


who really create that revivalist rally, if you like that President


Obama can do. He doesn't try to do it. He is not capable of doing it.


He hasn't just done it. What he did instead is that that sort of sense


in the Conservative Party of them saying that's right, I agree with


that, thank goodness he said it. It's very kpwhrrb, -- English, if


you like and David Cameron in that sense was being himself. It is


interesting, I said before the speech, that Steve Hilton, the guy


who went for the rhetoric, who told him to talk about sunshine and


hugging trees and hoodies and the rest, he's gone and with it all


that sort of rhetoric has gone, as well. Yes, we got the phrase that


he hopes will stick on, I am not convinced it will last long, I have


to say, aspiration nation. He was trying to make a gesture about


talking to people who want their homes and their jobs and saying


that he may be privileged but -- he wants to spread that privilege than


restrict it. The phrase is one, like so many political phrases, it


may not last that long. Aspiration nation sounds like a track from a


house music album. It reveals the nightclubs you go to! I am the one


putting these videos together, as well! Nick, I suggest to you this,


he can make all the speeches he wants. He can have all the


aspiration he wants. He can strike all the right chords as he sees it.


But unless growth comes back to this economy and unless there is a


sense that the pain has been worth it, unless people's living


standards start to rise again instead of falling as they do now,


he runs out of time to have any hope of winning an overall majority.


I think that's right. I think he knows that's right. I think that's


why in some ways the most striking passage of the speech for me was


not any attempt at soaring rhetoric, nothing that got applause in the


hall, there was a moment where I think what he was trying to do is


look down the lens as I am doing now and speak to people directly at


home or in their offices. When he said, look, it wasn't supposed to


take this long, it wasn't supposed to be this difficult. We had hoped


to be doing much better. Not his exact phrases, but the sentiment


what he was trying to do is reach out to the country and say, look I


do get this, you know, I am aware this wasn't exactly how it was


supposed to go. But we are on the right track. Let's keep going.


Remember, elections only have about one or two slogans and we are on


the right track, don't turn back, is one of the slogans that


governments always use. Oppositions always say, time for change. In a


way, I think you got what are likely to be the key election


phrases in this speech. That sense of, we are not there but we are


getting there, don't change. Again what he described as the battle


ground, the battlelines of the next election, you know, are you in


favour of these sorts of welfare cuts, or are you against? In favour


of those sort of school reforms, are you against? Are you in favour


of cutting the deficit by cutting spending, or are you against? He


was writing a script for the next two years of politics, not one that


jumps off the page now, but will write the advertising slogans and


speeches for a long time to come. Indeed I am sure that's right.


Thank you for that and all your help during the party conferences,


it's been great to have you. Yes, let's get a sense of how Mr


Cameron's speech went down with the party members. Adam's with some now.


Hi there. Have we got the aspiration nation, does that make


these the aspiration delegation? Let's find out. What did you reckon


of the speech? Very inspiring speech. We came to Birmingham and


everyone thought we were going to and divided party. Here we are,


backing Boris, backing Dave, backing George, we are here going


forward for the country. What did you think about that phrase


aspiration nation? I think Cameron has shown us that we are an active


party. We do what we say we are going to do. We just don't talk


about it. He has given us objectives for the future. With his


clear leadership we can do them. Who next? Marks out of ten? It's


going to be ten out of ten. That's the best best speech I have heard


our Prime Minister do ever. It was aspiration as our friends have said,


he talked about the nation. We are all in this together. It's all


walks of life. It's given everybody that inspiration and opportunity.


The Prime Minister didn't talk the country down. It was Britain on the


rise. It was a fabulous speech. did warn about that sink or swim


moment. Who wants to tell me what the mood was like in the hall.


Electric. I honestly think that it's the messiah Britain needed.


Cameron is the Messiah. That Britain needed and we have it in


David Cameron. Britain's going to go from strength to strength. I


want to say, I am a Muslim councillor and I want to tell you


that Islam teaches Conservativism, it's a home for them to join the


Conservative Party, because we can be successful together. A nice


political broadcast there. Are you going to talk to us live? Marks out


of ten for your boss's speech? solid nine. This is a Prime


Minister that's going to lead to us victory at the next election. It


was a solid performance. It was a very, very good speech indeed.


of your backbench colleagues have been calling for more measures on


growth, I didn't really hear any. In my experience there are a lot of


successful small engineering and manufacturing businesses in my


constituency. Georgiev has been to -- George Osborne has been to my


constituency. I think they're pleased with the reduction deficit


measures giving them confidence to win more business and this has to


be a private sector-led recovery. My part of the world we are doing


our bit to help with that growth that we need. Chris Kelly, the MP,


thank you. Now you are a councillor. I am. Marks out of ten for the


speech? Chris gave it nine out of ten. It would have been ten, if he


promised a referendum on the EU. I thought he was going to mention


something in his speech. He ducked the issue which disappointed me. I


would have liked him to go further on Europe. How How angry are you


about that? I am disappointed because he had been hinting a few


days ago there would be some kind of vote and that's what he's been


leading us to believe and there was nothing. I was waiting to hear that.


A bit disappointed. Interesting. Thank you. A female delegate, at


last! What did you think about the Prime Minister talking about his


son and his late father? I thought it really touched a chord. It was


really intense and emotional. It wasn't something that was


unnecessary, it really gave something to the speech. I didn't


feel like it was being added in for simply his own - his own


experiences are really important. It was good. Who saw Boris


yesterday? Who would like to compare the two? Difficult to


compare those, very different styles. Which one did you prefer?


couldn't possibly comment. Boris entertainment factor, 11. But


statesmanship, it was Mr Cameron. You have all been entertaining,


thank you for talking to us. Conference has been packed up, back


to the studio. Well, of course... The Messiah he


was saying! The Daily Politics was on air when he came back. Thank you


for that religious reference. David Cameron will be thrilled. Exactly,


I am thrilled. Before we move on, picking up on that point, which


speech did you prefer? Did you prefer Boris or did you like David


Cameron's more? For a Prime Minister, David Cameron's was


obviously the best. There's a surprise! I am not saying Boris one


day can't be leader but I would like to see him as Minister first.


Some of the other things mentioned there, on the referendum on Europe,


was it a mistake not to talk about it in the speech? He has hinted


about it all week. There is a lot of talk about it. Why not put it in


the speech? He might have put it in the speech. I imagine he is going


to return to that. He has mentioned it several times. He's been


trailing his coat on this, saying either a referendum or something at


the time of the election. Most people want a referendum, not a


reference to it just in the manifesto. They definitely want to


have a choice on the ballot paper for each person to make. On the


issue of austerity, this wasn't all about austerity, this was about


aspiration. But as one of the delegates there said, where were


the growth, or was asked, where were the growth policies? Should


there have been more specifically about this is what we are going to


do to achieve that growth that's been eleading us? -- eleading us. I


know all the time people are calling for growth passages, --


packages, the reality is you can't attach a car to a jump lead and it


goes off. Economies are not like a car in a snow storm. The most


important thing, in my opinion, is actually first getting the deficit


down. This is a real threat to us. We sometimes forget that other


countries have reduced their deficits far quicker than we are.


We are going gradual about it. When people talk... Because they haven't


cut enough? No, I think the Government's programme is properly


calibrated. But what's happening in the eurozone, for example, they're


reducing their deficits much faster than we are. We could be left


looking quite exposed. I think the Government's approach is designed


to be balanced, both to allow the growth to happen, but also to get


the deficit down. OK. Thank you. Let's go back to Birmingham and the


Culture Secretary Maria Miller, recently joined the Cabinet and


joins us from Birmingham. Welcome to the Daily Politics. The Prime


Minister's theme was that Britain's on the rise again. Isn't the harsh


truth the only thing we are sure that is on the rise is that the


deficit is on the rise again? think what we have just had from


the Prime Minister is an immensely powerful speech, setting out the


true battle ground that we need to move forward on, talking about how


we become a globally more competitive nation through things


like welfare reform, educational reform, but also making sure that


Britain is a great place to do business. What's the answer to my


question, that the deficit is on the rise again? Well, the answer to


your question is that we have cut the deficit by a quarter. That was


last year. It's rising again. you know, it's early days in this


year. We have got the plans in place to make sure we get the


deficit under control. Unfortunately, we heard from Labour


last week that they would do more to increase the deficit in the


future. That may or may not be true, I am not talking about Labour. I am


talking about you. Are you telling viewers that in this financial year


the deficit will be smaller than it We need to make sure the financial


year comes to an end. You will know that the financial figures were


reviewsed recently for last year. What you need to be looking at -


what the whole nation will be looking at - is what the Prime


Minister has been setting out as our real battlegrounds for fighting


the next two years to get Britain back on track so that it is the


competitive nation we need it to be. We are dealing with a global


economy now. It is no good looking at our near neighbours. We need to


be looking on a global level as to how we become a nation that can


succeed and not get left behind. That is powerful and will resonate


beyond Birmingham. Mr Cameron said that the Tories are for everyone,


North or South, black or white. It is hardly going to work if your


Conservative Leader in Scotland describes 90% of Scots as


"scroungers"? What David Cameron was talking about today was true of


this party. You saw the reaction in the Hall. We are all about the


party of aspiration. We are about giving people that opportunity for


the future. Coupled with that, we have to make sure we have a


farewell fair state. The work that Iain Duncan Smith has been doing


has really made sure that that would be a reality. If you are the


party of one nation, how does your own leader in Scotland describe 90%


of Scots as living off the state, net-takers from the state? One-


nation is making sure we give those people that were written off by the


last Government a real chance. That is where the Work Programme, 3,000


more people into work as a result of the effectiveness of that


particular policy, shows that when we have got the right support in


place we can really make a difference and perhaps working with


the Scottish Government we need to make sure that even more people in


Scotland have that opportunity, too. Mr Cameron said it is time to sink


or swim. What are we doing at the moment? Well, what we are doing is


clearly setting out the battleground for the future of this


country. Are we sinking or swimming as we set out this battleground?


is about swimming in a competitive global world. That is why it is so


important that we are putting in the sort of infrastructure that I


was talking about earlier today, making sure that 4G is brought


forward by six months, making sure we have super-fast broadband,


making sure that all of that infrastructure is in place so we


cannot only attract international business, but retain it as well. I


think that is a story of swimming. Maybe. But sometimes swimming


against the tide. You have been in power for two-and-a-half years. Why


haven't we got 4G now? New York has it. I can get it there. Why haven't


we got it? Well, for two-and-a-half years we have been making sure we


can work with the operators to put 4G in place. Why haven't we got it?


Never mind - stick with 4G, Minister. 4G is a key to a lot. Why


has your Government failed to deliver and finds itself behind so


many other countries when it comes to the new state-of-the-art


technology? What you will know is that we will be bringing in 4G in


the first half of last year - first half of next year. That is six


months in advance of where it was supposed to happen. These are


complex negotiations. It is not just about 4G. Making sure that we


have got connectivity up-and-down the country is all about our-of-


�500 million investment in super- fast broadband for rural areas as


well. Altogether, we are pressing forward in a way that is


impressive... We know the case. We are wondering when you are going to


get it to us. Let me come on to Leveson now. You are not in a


position to give us an opinion. Do you accept that you may come down


in favour of statutory regulation of the press? Well, the important


thing is if you have asked somebody to do a report, that you wait and


listen to what it says before you come to a final conclusion. That is


what the Government will be doing. Do you accept the principle that


you may proceed to statutory regulation of the press? Well, I


think what we have seen throughout the Leveson Inquiry is the sort of


evidence which shows us that things have been an enormous problem in


the past. I think the whole event has touched the nerve of the nation.


What we need to do now is make sure that we wait, Lord Leveson is doing


an important and fundamental report. We need to wait for those findings.


Then the Government will respond to that. All right. Thank you very


much for joining us. While we were talking to the


Minister, the BBC is now reporting that the proposed merger, probably


the biggest merge ner the history of the world -- merger in the


history of the world between British Aerospace and EADS is off.


What is your reaction to that? not surprised. Shareholders of


British Aerospace probably were going to vote against it and I


should think the board of the company were very conscious of that


and of investor anger. Do you think the Government will in some ways be


relieved that it is not going to happen? They might well be. British


Aerospace has become increasingly American and it was going to be


very difficult to have this tie-up. It makes it very difficult for


British Aerospace, despite all the pitfalls that a merger could


produce with the French and the German governments, British


Aerospace is a huge company, it stays on its own, but it's


dependent on defence contracts from the United States and from Britain.


Both countries are cutting their defence budgets? That's right. Of


course, there will be other defence contracts elsewhere in the world.


There are rising defence budgets in Asia in particular. British


Aerospace is going to have to meet that challenge. So our future, the


future of the company depends on selling more arms to dictators in


the developing world? It involves selling them to the Third World.


They are not all dictators in South East Asia. There are quite a few of


them. Dictators tend to be the big arms pirates? We sell to people


that we regard as our friends and I'm sure they will have to look for


new markets. Thank you. How is the speech going to be


written up in tomorrow's papers? Kevin McGuire and Sam Coates join


us. You have a few good slogans - Britain on the rise, we are on the


right track. Any of those catch your eye? Yes, stick with me. He


sounded like a slightly harsher Margaret Thatcher. It wasn't a bad


effort for mid-term. There's one - there's two noticeable absences.


One was "coalition". The second one is - I'm fairly certain he did not


praise the police, despite those two police officers that were


killed in Greater Manchester. That is unheard of. That is another nail


in the coffin of Andrew Mitchell. While we are talking about it, we


have heard that it's been talked about fairly openly at the


Conference about Andrew Mitchell's future. Does it look as if his


cards are marked? We haven't been told that he is going, but there is


is a lot of chatter about it. I thought one indicator was that


quite a lot of the speech was designed to address the question of


whether or not the Conservative Party was a party that looked down


on people as plebs or not. David Cameron should have spent a large


chunk of the speech from defending that. Kevin McGuire, he did manage


to do that fairly effectively, answer the critics about the Tory


Party being just a party for the rich, that he is a Prime Minister


that was somehow privileged, more privileged than most people in the


country. He did address all those concerns? It's a toxic word for him


- he wouldn't use "Eton" again. So he wouldn't say where it was. You


wait until April and disabled kids are losing money and his welfare


cuts. It will be harder for him to do it then. Everybody knows Ed


Miliband isn't a class warrior. When times are tough, when he is


coming up with that tax cut, it looks bad for him. If you take him


at his word in the Hall, he made a good fist of it. If you analyse it,


it looks less good for him. What about the narrative? Has a


narrative been - he's been talking about it before - did it come


through strongly on school reform, on welfare savings? Oh yes,


completely. What was interesting is that they are - some of David


Cameron's aides are saying what we saw today was a speech that


provides you with the theme for the election. This is very much the


template. What was interesting was, yes, he did the one-nation


Conservative, he sought to address those questions. He did another big


and interesting thing. He talked about Britain at the crossroads.


Effectively, things are getting better, don't let the other side


mess it up. To inject fear into the debate quite this early could be


taken as a defensive sign. It is interesting about just how much


this speech was about answering the questions set by other people. I


felt he was seeking to address the questions that have been raised in


the media, the questions that have been railzed by his opponent. I


thought -- raised by his opponent. I thought he did so fluently.


message "stick with us", Kevin McGuire, at what is a difficult


crossroads, and he put that notion in people's minds about Labour


borrowing, borrowing, borrowing. Simple message, that he hopes will


stick in people's minds? Yes, and a very good joke on the idea of


Labour as a one-nation party, one notion - more borrowing, that is


very good. If Labour is going to have any chance of winning, they


have to win the argument they have lost for five years and that is


what caused the financial crisis? Was it spending on schools and


hospitals and public spending? Or was it the financial collapse?


David Cameron plays it back every time on to Labour's public spending.


Labour has not got an effective answer to that. Until they win a


five-year-old argument, they will struggle to win in 2015. Let's


rewind, we have the SNP Conference coming up. Over the last three


weeks, give a very brief synopsis, the state of the parties, which


leader has emerged triumphant? an odd party conference season. We


are half-way through a five-year fixed term Parliament. There is a


question about why we need to have these conferences at all. The


simple answer is they make money for the political parties. Nick


Clegg, as he always does, didn't face any dramatic challenge at his


party. There is a big question with him over whether or not he can go


into the next election truly saying he is equidistant with the Tory


Party. Fluent but question marks there. Labour I think, Ed Miliband


railzed an answer to some of -- raised an answer to some of the


questions that have been asked about him. He convinced those in


the Hall that he did have what it takes to be a future Prime Minister.


All right. Thank you both. Enjoy the last few moments.


Multiple sources confirming the EADS-BA aerospace deal is off.


Now time for Guess The Year. Press that button.


Jim Carberry from Stirling. Well done. That is it. Thanks to


Norman Lamont and to all of our guests. The One O'Clock News is


Download Subtitles