19/12/2016 Daily Politics


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Hello, and welcome to the Daily Politics.


Christmas cheer could be in short supply


if you want to use a post office, train or plane this week.


So, how serious are the latest round of strikes?


And how should the Government respond?


There's been a mass walk-out in the Stormont Assembly


in Northern Ireland this morning, where First Minister


Arlene Foster is facing a vote of no-confidence over


I am the only candidate who has pledged to defeat Isis.


We'll be talking about this unusual campaign to win election


It's been a roller-coaster of a year.


We'll look back at the pictures that have defined 2016,


and ask what the year ahead could have in store.


And with us for the whole of the show are the Conservative


And, having failed in our bid for a Christmas Day special


to replace a rerun of Dad's Army, this is the penultimate


No need to answer, that's more of a rhetorical question.


First today, let's talk about the wave of strikes


hitting a range of services in the run-up to Christmas.


Postal services, railways and airlines are all affected,


which could add up to a miserable time for many members of the public


and has sparked renewed calls for the Government to do more


to curb the impact of strikes, following claims that at least some


Around 3,000 staff at hundreds of Crown Post Offices,


the larger branches usually located in high streets,


are expected to strike today, tomorrow and on Saturday,


in a dispute over jobs, pensions and branch closures.


UK airports are also set to be hit by a 48-hour


strike from December 23rd, with about 1,500 check-in staff,


baggage handlers and cargo crew involved in a row over pay.


In a separate dispute, some cabin crew at British Airways


have also called strikes for Christmas Day and Boxing Day.


Meanwhile, strikes continue on Southern Rail services today,


with conductors from the RMT union beginning two days of walk-outs.


So, how close are we to a Christmas of discontent?


Well, the number of working days lost to workplace


disputes is up this year, but industrial unrest is still very


low by historical standards, and only a fraction of the levels


The Conservatives have already introduced the Trade Union Act


in May, delivering their manifesto pledge of strike ballots having


to achieve a 50% turnout in order for industrial action to go ahead.


Ministers also introduced a minimum threshold of at least 40% support


for industrial action in "important public services" like health,


But not all of the strikes taking place this month are covered by this


Some Conservative MPs are calling on the Government to go further,


and introduce stricter laws on strike action.


And there were questions about whether some of the strikes


were politically motivated, after a video emerged


of one union leader, the RMT president Sean Hoyle,


saying unions were seeking to "bring down the Tory Government"


and "replace the capitalist system with a socialist order."


Suella Fernandes, do you think these strikes are justified in the run-up


to Christmas? Identity top I think the unions are holding a gun to the


head of the management and, actually, the commuters and baby but


you need to use our postal service. Hundreds of thousands of people are


going to be affected severely by these strikes. My constituency in


Fareham, I hear from communities every day who are suffering. They


can't get to work, can't get home to see their families and are in the


middle of this dispute which is now unfair and disproportionate. Do you


agree with your colleague, David Lammy, Meg Hillier, chair of the


Public Accounts Committee, who has suggested the unions need a bit of a


wake-up call and the impact of the strike action could be shooting


themselves in the foot? I do want to make a generalised statement about


the unions because, actually, in each situation you've got something


very different. With Southern Rail, frankly the government should have


done something about the nightmare of a company now making huge profits


but running a line terribly and obviously now in a very disagreeable


situation and this stuff. BAE, it is about a deal struck in 2010 and what


a percentage of those who are on the airlines, their terms and


conditions, which are not fantastic by anyone's standard and the


situation with Royal Mail, which is not really about the government, is


an internal dispute. So are those strikes justified? I don't know the


detail of the Royal Mail situation. What about the RMT or the athletic


train drivers? Is it justifiable for them to be still on strike? -- Aslef


train drivers. I am deeply frustrated with Southern Rail so, in


a sense, the mess, I think, sits with the Government. It really


should act. But what about the unions? The row is about who closes


the doors! I understand a third of our rail franchise, the doors are


closed by the driver. It feels like, obviously, an incidental dispute but


it is serious to the terms and conditions of the conductors. And


surely it is down to the company to have actually resolved this strike


and the company that hasn't invested, Southern Rail, and hasn't


actually got enough staff to cover these disputes, or even when there


are no dispute, they don't have enough staff, it seems, to actually


be on the trains. Do you think they don't bear any responsible to? The


fact is that these strikes are... No jobs are going to be lost, no wages


are going to be cut, there is no safety issue. The independent


regulator has said there is no safety issue, despite what the


unions say. Do you think the company has any responsibility? These


strikes could end tomorrow if Aslef and the RMT called them off. That's


where the fault lies. It is not the Government's fault. The whole


responsible as he is politically motivated and unfair. So you don't


think the committee has any responsibility? You may make the


accusation that it is politically motivated. Isn't it politically


motivated, though, David Lammy? We can listen to the RMT president Sean


Hoyle and what he said about whether politics is involved.


The great newspaper the Times, they did a spread the


other week where they were talking about the left trying to bring the


Government down and it had the National Shop Stewards


Network, the RMT, other left-wing organisations,


coordinating to bring the Government down.


Any trade unionist with any sense wants to bring down this bloody


working-class-hating Tory government.


He couldn't have been clearer, could he? It is politically motivated, so


says Sean Hoyle. Is he right? There is no surprise that the union of


Crow has deep animosity towards a government that has pursued


austerity. I don't think it is surprising that his agenda, of


course, is to bring down the government. That's the position of


the RMT. Is that fair on union members, to use that union to pursue


an agenda to bring down the government... I don't think that's


news. But is it right, is it fair that travellers on these trains are


suffering because unions have gone on strike, motivated by the


political agenda of the union leaders? I think you've got to


distinguish between a stated RMT position, and the RMT is not


affiliated to the Labour Party, so they've always been in a very


strong, extreme position, and this dispute, and in the end, when Suella


Fernandes says it has nothing to do with the government, this is a


company that has made 100 million. Its profits have gone up by 27 and


was the worst rail franchise country. It should be in the control


of the mayor, Sadiq Khan wants it and we find out the Chris Grayling


doesn't want to do it because he is a Labour mayor so what is the


Government doing about this franchise which is out of control


and causing huge chaos to the south and to London? Think of our GDP and


how it is affected. The fact is, there is no reasonable basis for


this strike action. Unions say that is not the case. They say there are


safety issues. And we see what their motivation is, to bring down the


government. Has Southern Rail been a successful franchise? Southern Rail


has... There have been a lot of problems with cancellations, delays


and poor service, absolutely, and this is a dispute between unions and


the management. The Government can take action but that takes a long


time. We need action now and the way it can stop now is if the unions


call off the strike and if Labour condemns this action. It is


unsurprising that Aslef pays ?100,000 to the Labour Party and yet


Jeremy Corbyn will not come out and criticises an acceptable strike


action. What did you think of the letter Chris Grayling wrote a Boris


Johnson to say that he wouldn't be happy, in 2013, for the suburban


rail lines to be given to a Labour mayor, but it was politically


motivated, to use your words? Ideology became involved over a


decision over who should run the suburban rail lines. This is a


dispute between the company and the management and the unions and the


Government has assisted to try and ensure negotiation. As far as I


know, those talks are not taking place today and yet industrial


action is proposed. What about Suella Fernandes's point that you


could condemn the strike and of Jeremy Corbyn came out and condemn


the strike action, particularly on Southern Rail, that would actually


help bring it to" book she didn't answer your question. You're not


answering my now. It is crystal clear in the letter, she didn't


answer it. In relation to the strike itself, there is a genuine dispute


about who should shut the doors when you accept that two thirds of our


train doors are shut by conductors. The bottom line is, this franchise


is failing and the Government have failed to act. People are suffering


and the Government has failed to act, so it's not just a situation


between management and the union. Let's talk about some of the


suggestions about what might be done because Chris Grayling said he


wasn't ruling anything in or out and the Conservative MP Chris Gayle has


suggested new laws to make strikes reasonable and proportionate, things


like maintaining a 50 cents level of service when strikes take place in


public infrastructure and making it mandatory to attend mediation talks


at Acas when a strike is ongoing. Would you support that? I did the


Government can take action and it takes a long time to get act of


Parliament through the Lords and we need action now. We need to look at


lots of options. We need to consider what is right. The trade unions act,


which has gone through the last parliament, was very effective in


trying to limit some of the powers of the unions. Southern Rail passed


the threshold that was required so would you like to go further? I


think what needs to happen is that the unions take responsibility and I


accept that the effect of their actions is unfair, disproportionate


and unacceptable. And you want to repeal the trade union act. You


would make it even easier to strike. Strikes are down compared to the


1970s and 1980s. That was a long time ago and they were not good


decades.. Why are we wasting time taking bill through parliament on


trade unions when, relative to where we were in the 1970s, nothing like


the scale of strikes. It is much harder to strike in Britain. Yes,


we've got problems and disputes but that will always happen between


those who run public franchises and those who work for them. That is


part of the grist. We shouldn't just dismiss strikes as politically


motivated when there are genuine issues between terms that could


change within companies and that is certainly the case with BA. We will


leave it there. We are going to go to Stormont and


told our correspondent because there has been a walk-out in the Northern


Ireland assembly and let's try and get some of the background and talk


to Mark Devonport. What actually happened? Arlene Foster, the First


Minister, has been able to make a statement but that was after other


members of the Assembly walked out. We've had a lot of drama here at


Stormont. The background to this is this renewable heat scandal, which


is set to potentially cost the Northern Ireland taxpayer ?400


million over the next 20 years. The reason our First Minister Arlene


Foster has been in the firing line is that she was the Minister in the


department responsible for this scheme when it was introduced in


November 20 12th. There has been growing concern, both in the media


focus on this and public attention, about this. It has come to a head


here today and she went ahead and made a statement setting out her


version of events but the reason that was controversial is that we


have a very particular kind of power-sharing here, whereby she is


meant to act in no way, shape or form without the approval and


authority of the Deputy First Minister, Martin McGuinness, and he


didn't want her to go ahead with that statement and thinks something


more of the nature of a judicial inquiry is required and that's why


there was a walk-out. What about her standing as First Minister?


Obviously, there were calls for a vote of no-confidence in Arlene


Foster. What has this to her leadership? I think politically, she


is undoubtedly damage, as is the stability of the Stormont Coalition


but she can still stay on because under the Stormont rules, to have


her excluded from office, and that is what opposition politicians were


asking for, you need a majority of both nationalists and unionists and


on her own, Arlene Foster can still command a majority of unionists. She


has enough members of the legislative assembly in the DUP to


stave off any attempt so any kind of motion that will be heard this


afternoon will have a symbolic impact, rather than a practical one,


but it is a seriously damaging impact on the Stormont power-sharing


Coalition. Thank you very much. Now to the latest part in our series


looking at the issues faced by key Government departments


in the run-up to Brexit. We've already covered


the Home Office, the turned our attention to another


department that was created It's the Department For Business,


Energy And Industrial Strategy. The Business Secretary's top protein


will be to ensure British firms benefit from free trade deals and


continued access to the single market after Brexit. His recent


glitter to Nissan provided enough reassurance to the Japanese giant to


not just maintain but expand UK production. What other sectors will


require similar guarantees? A central plank of the vote Leave


campaign was Brexit would allow us to be rid of many EU regulations.


Now ministers will have to decide which should go while maintaining


access to export markets. This possibility for employment law rests


with the business department. Will ministers looks to change rules


governing time limits on working hours and rights for temporary


workers? Will London remain an international arbitration centre?


Some believe leaving the EU will provide an opportunity to amend


English law emanating from the EU that could make the UK more


attractive for international arbitration.


The UK has led the way on reducing harmful emissions but will Brexit


give the UK a chance to reset its policy? Potentially moving away from


the complex EU carbon trading programme. The EU sets stringent


targets for production of renewable energy across member states. Our


climate change at goes even further so Brexit won't lead to a reversal


but it will mean the UK won't be response both are cutting more if


other countries in the EU failed to meet obligations.


The EU requires member states to recycle 50% of household


waste by 2020 whilst Scotland and Wales have similar targets set by


their governments but England does not. Leaving the EU could give


ministers leeway to be more lenient. These are some of the issues for the


Government as we move ever closer to triggering article 50 on our x it


from the EU by next March. And we're joined now


by a former Business Secretary, the former Lib Dem MP,


Vince Cable. No one knows what exactly was in the


glitter to the Nissan but if you had been Business Secretary what would


you have written? Or what Nissan wanted and the


current minister wants, all the supply chains want, is an assurance


they can remain within a customs union arrangement because that


doesn't just exempt them from tablets but means they don't have


the bureaucracy associated with the so-called rules of origin. Something


like that must have been in the glitter.


Does he have the power to do that, Greg Clark, when we know nothing has


been ruled in or out in terms of negotiation?


Nissan seems to have been persuaded. They are very smart operators. The


argument going on in Government and even Doctor Fox the ultra among the


Brexiteers, seem to accept a customs union arrangement is necessary. He


has cited Turkey as a role model. Whether it can be done on a sectoral


basis, we don't know. That is pretty top of the lift for Greg Clark.


Is that what you have written or given more assurances?


That isn't the only thing, but one of many.


Quite a few key industries to depend on single market rules, we are


talking about life sciences, pharmaceuticals, a key issue is a


common testing standard which operates at European level.


Things like that throughout our industries which are critical to


retain. Will it be the first of many letters


written to industries in different sectors?


It looks as if the Government is going down that road, piecemeal


guarantees for particular industries. I was told they have 95


sectors they are working on. It begins to look unmanageable.


We have no idea how the EU will react.


They recognise most of our key export industries to depend on EU


rules. Is that how you see it? To keep


businesses in the UK is an assurance they will be in a customs union even


though we weren't make the free trade deals the gun that has talked


about? It is great news and a vote of


confidence in the British economy Nissan has committed to maintaining


their plants in Sunderland, 150,000 jobs staying here. Other businesses


have made real commitments, defying the negative predictions.


What was promised to them? I don't think promises, I am not


party to those negotiations. It is really clear Theresa May has


said she wants Britain to be a leader in free trade and we want a


pro-market strategy. Greg Clark is in favour of making


Britain competitive in terms of regulation, allowing more


productivity and competition. We can only do that because we have


an opportunity for Brexit. I don't think what Vince says is


right. Both are not compatible.


There is no way companies like Nissan will commit themselves to


expanding their operations in the UK unless they are exempted from


bureaucracy. That thinking is clear. The idea by


leaving the EU we will have less regulation actually goes contrary to


the way the arguments are going. One thing Britain will get out of


leaving, it is a positive thing, it's to interrupt corporate


takeovers and apply tougher rules in the public interest, something


Theresa May wants to do, the Daily Mail is keen to do it. We need it


for our science -based industries. This is more national controlled


than less European. Let us look at red tape, you say you


want to be free from EU regulation. Six months on you properly have a


list. Which otherwise you would like to


see the end? The import tariffs, not quite


regulation. There are 2000 costing ?3 billion a year. That price gets


taken on by the consumer. Products coming into the customs


union from outside the EU which... Let us talk about regulations. The


Leave campaign talked about the yards of EU regulation they wanted


to get rid of, which would you like to get rid of?


I am glad the ports directive will not go ahead, one example of an


unhelpful, ill thought out directive which would have damaged our ports


which the trade unions were against, which were anti-competitive.


The reach chemicals directive which would have burdened our biochemical


industries. But that has already been


implemented. A damaging directive. Placing huge


costs on that sector in this country.


She is saying there will be some, they may be here but they will be


dumped. It is interesting to see which will be.


They are common standards for the chemical industry. If you get rid of


common standards how do British chemical kind is toucher -- how do


British chemical industries trade in Europe?


We have a chance to decide what those regulations will be as opposed


to being imposed. We can, our parliaments, our


decision-makers, will have a say. We negotiated them, I was involved,


we reached a common decision, that is how the EU functions.


Do you agree, even if some regulations are dumped, others come


in their place, at least the UK will have decided, we will have taken


back control? Yesterday, Liam Fox refuse to fall


at leaving the customs union. It is argued we have to leave the customs


union and I suspect Nissan and other manufacturers will be out the door


because they will be subject to tariffs.


How would you do free trade deals if...


I am not in the Government. They are making these rules up as we go


along. What is the point of having a fancy


trade department striking free trade deals if Liam Fox says we might be


staying in the customs union? Why will Europe give us this pic and


make steel? Let us let us listen to Liam Fox.


There would be limitations on what we could do in terms


of tariff setting, which would limit what kind of deals you would do.


But we want to look at all the different things.


I hear people talking about hard Brexit and soft Brexit


as though it's a boiled egg we're talking about.


So Turkey, for example, is in part of the customs union


What we need to do before we make final decisions


How do you interpret that? There will be people like David Lammy who


say that was an indication we are not going to leave the customs union


or we will opt back into certain sectors that might make it easier


for agriculture or financial services. You are clear we are


leaving the customs union. I would like us to gain all the


benefits of the freedom to strike trade deals.


I think Liam Fox is right, at this stage, there are lots of options. It


is not a binary choice. Theresa May has been right in setting out the


fact there are many options and we will have to consider what is best


for Britain. Did he really say anything, Liam


Fox? What did he really say?


Nothing is what he said. He talked about it not being binary. The man


who before Somerset we are striking out free trade deals, now talking


about staying. They are making it up as they go along.


44% of our exports are to the EU, we should be very worried.


Let us return to regulation, and employment laws, we are bound by


European standards. Should the Government rollback


limits on working hours? It needs to be considered in the


mix. We need to take into account the needs of our employees,


businesses and industries. Different sectors have different needs for


their workforce. That needs to be part of a


discussion. Do you agree?


We have spent five years looking at this. The working Time directive was


a risk but Britain got an opt out. There are bits we have opted.


Are we suggesting we suggesting we go back to junior hospital doctors


having a 100 hour week? There is no appetite for that. The


agency workers directive, there was unhappiness in business. They agreed


a deal with the trade unions. They don't want to reopen that.


There was little in employment law is considered so I must Britain has


to get out. On climate change, the UK has been


ahead of its European neighbours on cutting carbon emissions. There has


been criticism of the effectiveness of the carbon trading programme.


Does Brexit allow us something new? Britain led the way with the climate


change act. The biggest cost on British business


is the carbon price floor introduced by... It was not a European measure.


Some say it doesn't work. So there is an opportunity for the


UK to do something? The Government could change, it


would be retrograde, would be to get rid of the radiation on coal-fired


power stations. If the Government wanted to undo the 30 years of work


and bring back coal instead of gas, that is one of their freedoms they


could gain. Most of the measures are already


British. Before we let you go, any plans in


the New Year for a return to politics?


I am working with my party already, I have helped in the by-election.


I may well get involved. Standing? I am already the candidate


in Twickenham. You may see me back as an MP.


Thank you. According to one popular theory,


voters around the world have this year rejected


the so-called "liberal elite". It's a distrust of this group


of affluent and powerful people that is said to be the driving force


behind some of 2016's biggest electoral upsets,


with the possible exception of Ore But our next guest, Ryan Shorthouse,


director of the Conservative think-tank Bright Blue,


says it's time for the liberal metropolitan elites


like him to strike back. Here's the life lesson that


I and countless others learned Work hard at school, go


to university and chase your dream But when you successfully do


all of this, you get lambasted for being a member


of the liberal metropolitan elite. And being against the elite,


specifically the liberal metropolitan elite, is now such


a common and winning narrative The left have prodded at this,


arguing that only an elite have prospered from years,


decades, of neoliberal orthodoxy. This is not true on a whole host


of things - education, Most people's lives have got better


and most people, apart from those who are still struggling,


are generally happy. But, surprisingly, those


on the right have indulged in this nonsense, too,


arguing that a disconnected and decadent elite have imposed


social liberalism and political But this idea of an elite


versus the people is a Marxist myth. It's simply not true


that society has become an elite and people,


both with united Every day in the newspapers,


for example, politicians And denouncing the existence


of an elite is indulging in class If a member of an elite has acquired


their position undeservedly, If someone in the elite behaves


irresponsibly or anti-socially, But just being a member


of the elite is not something These are people who excel


in a particular field. The right should want more


people to join the elite, You know, we shouldn't sneer


at or stereotype anybody and that includes people who live in cities


and have done well in life. What's wrong with a popular revolt,


a revolt against the status quo? People will be taking back control


of their lives. Well, I know this might not make me that popular...


Don't worry about that! The anti-elite story has been so


dominant and winning this year in western politics that I think we


need to expose it for what it is. It is quite ugly. We shouldn't blame


complexes were problems on any particular social group -


immigrants, the white working class and the liberal metropolitan elite.


It's the stuff of angry, ugly tribalism. The second thing to say


is, it is just that there is a kind of elite behind the scenes pulling


all these strings, imposing a dystopia on everybody. Every day in


the newspapers, we see businesses against government, government


against businesses. For example, government is trying to introduce a


higher minimum wage and an apprenticeship love. This doesn't


sound like an Ely all in it together imposing their agenda on everybody.


Let me put that if Suella Fernandes. This rather ugly, if it is a revolt


against the status quo and blaming immigrants or blaming your


neighbours or blaming the liberal metropolitan elite, it's an angry


reaction and is not actually true. I think representing a constituency


which is outside metropolitan elite area, speaking to my constituents on


a daily basis, their concerns are about the impact of uncontrolled


immigration on wages, jobs and services and I think, for them, they


need a voice for that and I feel that sometimes members of this


elite, this metropolitan group, do not take those concerns enough and


there is a disconnect between some of the voices that we hear and


actually people who are voting with their feet on the ground. Are you


standing up for the liberal metropolitan elite, David Lammy? The


liberal metropolitan elite, if it exists, is a long way from


Tottenham, where average incomes are about ?20,000, where you certainly


can't buy a house in a regular job. In fact, you probably can't even do


that if you're a junior consultant in London. So, in a sense, I'm with


you, I don't like the tribalism, but I do think that the Westminster


village and successive governments - this runs across knowledgeable


parties - are detached from quite significant sections of the


population and that's not a north/ south thing because I represent that


-- recognise that representing Tottenham, but there is a detachment


where the concerns of many people have not been addressed. Is it the


fault, though, of what we call the liberal metropolitan elite? Ryan


says in his film but just because people have been successful, they


may live in a city, may have acquired wealth and a certain


status, is it their fault that your constituents and Suella Fernandes's


constituents are feeling this disconnect? We got to examine the


liberal in that. There liberal games but we got on 20th century in terms


of rights that I would welcome but we've had a liberal laissez faire


economy in which many people have got rich but the majority have not,


wages have stagnated and you can't get on in life and access the good


life. I hold your party responsible for a lot of that but that's the


consensus that shut people out. Do you accept that, that actually it is


liberalism's fault? Some of the problems constituents are suffering


from today or complaining about is the result of liberalism, but it has


been foisted on them to some extent, being told what to believe and what


to think, particularly with the issue of immigration, that it is


always a good thing, and not everyone agrees with that? Actually,


the elite, which is the Government, technically, which has been in power


since 2010, has wanted to control immigration so it's untrue that


we've had uncontrolled migration. The Government have sought ways to


reduce it. But they've failed. They have failed to meet the target it up


I think that target is indiscriminate and not the best way


to control migration but you look at polling. Most Londoners, for


example, most people in the higher social groups, one some form of


control of migration. So it's not true that Londoners think very


differently from the rest of the country. That's a myth. On your


point about liberalism, I agree that people have certainly been left out,


there is a minority of people who feel left behind, and that requires


clever policy-making. I don't get the fault of liberalism. Over the


past few decades, on most indicators - education levels, health


standards, living standards - the majority of people in this country


have got better and someone will probably tell me I am out of touch


and don't understand how everyone else is living, but I can't talk to


everybody, but the Office for National Statistics does an annual


survey and asks how satisfied people are with their lives and most people


are generally or fairly satisfied. I want to take you to MPs and you've


got different constituencies but you are privately educated barrister, a


graduate of Harvard who became a London MP, you went to a private


girls' schooling pinna, where I was brought up, you may not be


metropolitan or liberal but you are part of the elite, aren't you? I did


not go to state school. I went to a very, very good state school. I've


been to Harvard law school. Of course I am part of an elite group.


My income puts me in part of an elite group but believe me, from the


working class background I've got, I've got many family members who


have not benefited in the way I have. What about you? This is about


aspiration. I come from a working-class background in Wembley,


where my father was unemployed for many years and we've had to struggle


as a family. But I'm a Conservative because I believe it is about rising


up the ladder of opportunity and true meritocracy, through hard work


and endeavour, it doesn't matter where you come from, the


Conservative Party values enable people to start where ever they are


and to realise their potential. You will both be sticking up for the


liberal metropolitan elite, then? I'm with you on immigration but I


think that probably there are some liberal, particularly the economic


liberal, arguments that are problematic to huge swathes of the


country. We have to end it there but thank you very much.


Now, even politics usually stops for Christmas.


And it's nearly time for the Parliament and even


the Daily Politics to pack up for a week or so.


But let's have a quick look at what's happening in the last few


Theresa May will deliver a statement to the commons this afternoon


to tell MPs about her trip to Brussels for last week's meeting


Tomorrow, the Prime Minister gives evidence to the Liaison Committee -


that's the super-committee made up of the heads of all the main


care and, of course, Brexit.


Tuesday sees the last Daily Politics of the year.


And the Commons also rises for the Christmas break.


Peers linger on until Wednesday, when you can also see the final


ministerial outing for Lord Freud, who is stepping down as an unpaid


Work And Pensions Minister after more than six years.


Friday sees the release of the Christmas singles


Will the cover of You Can't Always Get What You Want,


recorded in memory of murdered MP Jo Cox, get to number one?


And on Saturday, Theresa May will release her first Christmas


We're joined now by Kate Devlin from the Herald.


And Christopher Hope from the Telegraph.


They are probably demob happy! Crist of hope, what do you think the


challenge will be for Theresa May in the New Year? One word, Brexit. It


all starts really the second or third week of January when the


government will probably lose its appeal in the High Court in the


Supreme Court and then it is a race against the clock to try to get this


vote through the Commons and Lords to trigger Article 50. Then we are


almost straight into this great repeal bill, which will be the bill


of all bills, the mother or legislation, looking at repealing or


shifting EU law for Europe into this country, about 40% of all laws are


made in Europe and that will all have to get into one massive bill


about a foot deep. It will be an epic. You sound like you are looking


forward to it! What about Jeremy Corbyn? The polls of Babe grim


reading recently for the Labour Party, 17 or so points behind the


Tories, although an opinion poll today seems to but that gap at the


close at about seven points. What does he have to do? It is quite


strange to Jeremy Corbyn. In some ways he has backed himself into a


corner. One thing he probably does have to do is rely on strife with


his own backbenches because that is currently what Corbyn and his


supporters are claiming is the reason for these opinion polls being


so bad and were that to fall away without a rise in the opinion polls,


I think a lot of serious questions would be asked. He's also got quite


serious elections, local council elections, coming up next summer and


he probably needs to do a little bit better in those than he did last


year. That said, to his detractors, he didn't do as badly as was


expected last year. If the opposition isn't posing a huge


threat to Theresa May at the moment, that is what they feel certainly in


Conservative headquarters, is the threat going to come from within the


Tory party? Almost certainly, yes. You've seen George Osborne doing


very well on the Andrew Marr programme yesterday, Nicky Morgan


and other big beasts on the Tory backbenchers will start to sharpen


their clause once this whole issue of Brexit starts to get in the House


of Commons and they've got a mandate to start talking about it. I imagine


these guys in the Commons will support triggering Article 50 by the


end of March but the real battle starts in the summer, when you can


amend this huge bill, this great reform bill, great repeal bill,


however you put it. I totally agree with Kate, Jeremy Corbyn has become


irrelevant -- has to become relevant but that will take a few years and


in the meantime, the Tory backbenchers will flex their


muscles. What about the relaunch the Jeremy Corbyn in the New Year? When


everyone talks about a relaunch, you think they are in trouble. Very


true, and it's not usually a good thing to have said about someone,


especially when you consider what the relaunch are supposed to be


about, it is supposed to be about tapping into an idea of


authenticity, anti-politics, which has been incredibly popular this


year. We've seen it in a lot of popular campaigns. I would suggest


it is probably a fake authenticity, certainly from the likes of Donald


Trump presenting himself as a man of the people when he's a billionaire


businessman. And of course when you are going for authentic, relaunch is


kind of the kiss of death. Let's look back. Christopher hope, give me


your thoughts on -- 2016. I think it is the year of the peasants' revolt


it up if you think about 1381 when what Tyler marched on the capital,


it is basically that, the voters were told not to vote for Brexit by


politicians, most politicians, most ecologists, all the boss is big


companies, celebrities, everyone said, don't do it, and the people of


Britain gave a massive up yours to the establishment. I think it is


rather a moving moment, the fact that people felt they could say, no,


you are the servants of the people, you do what we say, we are going to


leave the EU. I think it's been an amazing year, which I will never


forget. I don't think anyone will ever forget it. What about your view


of 2016, Kate? I agree with Chris, it is a year in which everything has


been dominated by politics. I was very excited at the start of the


summer when Northern Ireland qualified for euros for the first


time in my living memory. Of course, a couple of weeks later we were put


out by Wales, two days after the referendum, leading to the joke at


home that Wales had but Northern Ireland out of Europe twice in one


weekend. The Christmas break! Now, we've already talked about some


of the year's biggest elections, that's the EU referendum and the US


presidential vote, But now, we're going to talk about


one you might just have missed. And that's the elections


for this year's delegates to One candidate from Durham University


swept to victory with this rather unusual pitch to his


fellow students. I'm running to be an NUS delegate


at this year's conference. Here are the pledges I'm


going to deliver for you. I pledge to construct


a giant statue. A giant statue of NUS


president Malia Bouattia so that students in Durham can see


how vitally important I pledge to cut back


the foliage so that our beautiful students' union building


is even more visible. I pledge to make sweeping


sw-sw-sweeping agrarian reform - a national priority.


Vote for to me to take out the rubbish.


I am the only candidates who has pledged to defeat Isis.


But, seriously, if you vote for me, I will vote against all irrelevant


grandstanding, self-aggrandising, self-defeating NUS policies that


only serve to discredit students as a whole.


And Tom Harwood, who won election as a delegate to the NUS conference


thanks in part to that campaign video, joins us now.


Congratulations. You are trying to poke fun at the state of student


politics, what are your issues? The NUS doesn't represent students


anymore. It is run by a narrow group of


people who come from a narrower spectrum of opinion who are not


representing the issues that matter to students.


You are trying to undermine the NUS? They do a good job themselves, with


their banning of newspapers on campuses, with their boycotting of


Coca-Cola because they have factories in Israel. The issues


which have nothing to do with the lives of students.


Students must have supported some of those issues?


That is a good point, the NUS sees itself as a legislator. Most


students see it as irrelevant, only 4% bothered to turn out. At Durham


we had delegates who have had identical opinions for years. As


soon as I ran my campaign, turnout was up 200%. People who are offered


a change go for it. Students have always campaigned on


global issues whether or not they could affect change. That is what


being a student in student politics is about. Many heads of the NUS have


gone on to be politicians. What is wrong with that?


Nothing is wrong with campaigning on global issues but you need to pick


the avenue to do it. Don't present -- Don't pretend to


represent all students. What are you going to do, put your


money where your mouth is and go along to conference with this?


Absolutely. I said as long as we are in the NUS I will work hard to make


it slightly less terrible. My weight is pushing forward


democratic reforms, hopefully one member one vote through.


The current resident has faced accusations of anti-Semitism and has


said some distasteful things, calling the University of Birmingham


a Zionist outpost for example. I hope to get more representative


people. What you think of his view of the


NUS? I am reluctant to get dragged into


student politics at seven -- Except to say I am with you in part.


I wasn't hugely involved in student politics at university. I found a


certain group of people would hijack a cause, political careerists in


their own party. I recognised that. Some of the anti-Semitism that has


gone on particularly I think is very worrying.


Do you support what Tom is trying to do.


I know there are some real issues around the cost of student housing.


That is something you would hope to see the NUS is taking up much


louder. It has campaigned on expensive


housing. The NUS is undermined on legitimate


issues when it uses covers as a platform to call for bringing down


the Government as every single president seems to do.


Sometimes perhaps they should focus on presenting a broader spectrum of


student opinion. Sadly, the NUS has lost credibility


and legitimacy because of a Kabbalah of people who do not represent the


body of students and have given it a bad name.


I was involved in student politics and saw it as a great opportunity to


learn more. It was an opportunity, it was fun,


we campaigned, helped in elections. Do you have any support?


Nationally? I won a landslide victory at Durham.


Generally there was a 300% increase in turnout but it was only 10%. I am


trying to highlight this. Up and down the country more people


are emulating campaigns like this. We might see a good batch of


antiestablishment delegates at the conference in April.


Thank you. Now, are you getting a bit tired


of hearing news programmes talking Because, at about this


time every December, that have defined the year,


as seen through the lens of the chief political photographer


of the Press Association. And he's had plenty


to keep him snapping. Welcome. What is your image of the


year? It is a hard one. A picture at the


beginning of the campaign in April. David Cameron, Paddy Ashdown and


Neil Kinnock, in a phone bank, making calls, campaigning. It was so


early, I think David Cameron thought... I don't think it was a


problem for him. Everyone is quite relaxed. It was a good campaigning


picture, a lot of fun. It changed as the campaign went on.


I don't think we would have seen that later closer to June the 23rd.


They all looked as if they were having fun representing the


different parties. Physical photographers are


effectively flies on the wall. You said it did get more uptight as the


months passed. On the subject of the campaigns,


with the results, talk us through one of the pictures you took the


morning after? First of all, 4am, I was with Nigel


Farage. I soon realised I needed to move and find out where Nigel Farage


was, and at four Rayaheen was declaring the result himself. He


came out punching the air, a very strong picture of him.


He looks pleased. He took no encouragement to do that.


He had been making his victory speech since 3:30am.


How things change. We did that. Suddenly a couple of hours later the


Prime Minister announced he would resign.


An hour later, the press conference with Boris Johnson and Michael Gove.


It was difficult to know where to be. Do I find where David Cameron


is? Boris? The results caught us by surprise. Where do I need to be now?


A busy morning. How would you describe the atmosphere? Where were


you on the night when the result came through?


I was in my constituency for the vote. The vote came through at 3am.


It became clear my considers the voted to leave the EU. I was with my


campaign is, I drove to London in the early hours and went to the Vote


Leave headquarters. Another big story, the reaction of


Jeremy Corbyn for a second time. How did that compared to last year?


I thought it would be the same but it wasn't. Last year, a huge


fanfare, a big deal, in central London. Lots of triumphalism. It


ended up with a rally in a pub around the corner.


This year, it was over in 15 minutes, Saturday morning. The


announcement would be at 12 noon. All done very quickly. They wanted


to get it out of the way before conference.


What about your recollection of the second?


I didn't engage. I found the biggest story of the year was Brexit. At the


time I felt very low that the Labour Party were caught up in this. I


didn't engage. I had engaged big-time in Brexit.


For me, the photo has to be of Michael Gove and Boris Johnson, who


should be celebrating, but are standing there like schoolboys who


have wrecked the room, looking really sombre and depressed at what


they have created. That is what struck me, at that news


conference, thinking they would come on with a certain amount of


smugness. They walked on ashen faced. The whole 20 minute press


conference, the same mood throughout. This was odd. They were


in shock. Some said they were thinking, what have we done? I don't


think that was the case. I think the result may have caught them by


surprise. An hour before David Cameron had announced he had


resigned. Maybe that had shocked them. They did not want to appear


victorious having lost their leader. Shock was the word for many during


these events. We can show you the Changing of the


Guard at number ten. You had a classic photo of David


Cameron and his departure. Here he is announcing he is going.


We had seen him come out with his resignation speech on the 24th of


June. This is the moment he left. The same day we knew Theresa May


would walk in. He/she is going in.


I did that picture an hour after photographing David Cameron.


I photographed him from the side because I realised his close


advisers were close to tears. I focused on them.


All the time I was concerned about getting inside number ten. I knew


she would be front page next day. Thank youth are taking us through


those key moments. And to our guests.


The One O'Clock News is starting over on BBC One now.


I'll be here at noon tomorrow for the last


Hello, I'm Charlie Brooker. Please join me for 2016 Wipe,


looking back at a year containing nothing but hard Brexit,


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