10/11/2011 GMT with George Alagiah


10/11/2011

George Alagiah presents international news and intelligent analysis going live to the heart of the day's top global story. Plus up-to-the-minute global business news.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 10/11/2011. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

A serious warning from the European Commission - economic growth in the

:00:09.:00:15.

eurozone is at a standstill. With growth in Germany forecast to slow

:00:15.:00:19.

down, the commission says it is time for action. The recovery in

:00:19.:00:29.
:00:29.:00:29.

the European Union has now come to a standstill. There is a risk of I

:00:29.:00:39.
:00:39.:00:39.

knew recession unless action is taken.... -- there is a risk of

:00:39.:00:46.

another recession. Welcome to GMT. Also in the

:00:46.:00:53.

programme: Dozens still trapped as Turkey's earthquake zone is hit by

:00:53.:00:56.

a massive aftershock. Nine people were killed.

:00:56.:01:00.

A hidden world of Afghanistan's women - we have a special report on

:01:00.:01:04.

whether life has got any better ten years on from the fall of the

:01:05.:01:14.

Taliban. In Brussels, the European Union's

:01:14.:01:17.

economy commissioner has just thrown a verbal grenade into what

:01:17.:01:22.

is already a pretty explosive economic crisis. Olli Rehn says

:01:22.:01:26.

that growth in the EU has stalled and there is a risk of another

:01:26.:01:32.

recession. The numbers support it. The latest forecasts in Germany

:01:32.:01:41.

predict growth of less than 1%. Add to that the crisis in Italy and

:01:41.:01:45.

that in Greece, and you can see where it is coming from.

:01:46.:01:48.

As the eurozone is enveloped by a storm of uncertainty, there is

:01:48.:01:52.

intense debate about the way forward. Will Italy's Prime

:01:52.:01:57.

Minister stepped down as promised? And how much longer will it take

:01:57.:02:03.

greased to form a new government? The IMF is seeking clarity.

:02:03.:02:09.

Political clarity. It is much needed in Greece, in Italy. There

:02:10.:02:16.

is clearly some rumours, expectations, trepidation. No-one

:02:16.:02:22.

really understands always going to come out as the leader and when.

:02:22.:02:25.

And I think that confusion is particularly conducive to

:02:25.:02:28.

volatility. In Greece there are more talks

:02:28.:02:34.

under way to end the power vacuum. Lucas Papademos was seen arriving

:02:34.:02:38.

this morning. He looks likely to avoid -- to replace George

:02:38.:02:41.

Papandreou was Prime Minister. But time is short.

:02:41.:02:45.

In Italy people have been left guessing what they are politicians

:02:45.:02:49.

will do to resolve the crisis. There have been efforts to calm the

:02:50.:02:55.

money markets after borrowing costs rose to levels that most of you as

:02:55.:03:04.

unsustainable. Elsewhere in Europe there is a mood of anxiety about

:03:04.:03:09.

what is happening in Italy. current state is a clear and

:03:09.:03:12.

present danger to the eurozone, and the moment of truth is fast

:03:12.:03:16.

approaching. If the leaders of the eurozone want to save their

:03:16.:03:20.

currency then they, together with the institutions of the eurozone,

:03:20.:03:26.

must act now. In Brussels the latest forecast, delivered by the

:03:26.:03:32.

European Union's monetary affairs chief, is one of gloom. This

:03:32.:03:39.

forecast is, in fact, the last wake-up call. The recovery in the

:03:39.:03:42.

European Union has now come to a standstill. There is a risk of

:03:43.:03:52.

another recession unless determined action is taken. There is fresh

:03:52.:03:56.

talk of that two-speed Europe and changes to treaties. But there are

:03:57.:04:02.

no detailed plans and the President of the European Commission says

:04:02.:04:07.

that a split of the European Union simply will not work.

:04:07.:04:11.

Our correspondent is in Athens, where Grace's president is expected

:04:11.:04:14.

to make an announcement about the government, we think, in the next

:04:14.:04:21.

few minutes or so. Mark, I wonder if there is any indication of what

:04:21.:04:27.

this indication might be? It really is just a matter of time

:04:27.:04:30.

before the signals come from the president's office. I am just being

:04:31.:04:36.

told that we are getting an announcement. An announcement has

:04:36.:04:43.

just come as we have been on air. It says that Lucas Papademos is now

:04:43.:04:46.

the new Prime Minister of Greece. That has come in the last 30

:04:46.:04:51.

seconds. He was the front runner, we thought it was all but certain,

:04:51.:05:01.
:05:01.:05:04.

then there were several spanners in the works. He seems to have

:05:04.:05:10.

negotiated behind the scenes to stay in office for longer. He also

:05:11.:05:16.

seems to have accepted that the current finance ministers should

:05:16.:05:22.

stay in place. This country will now begin anew interim national

:05:22.:05:26.

unity government with one priority, and that is to vote through the

:05:26.:05:31.

latest bail-out package for Greece so that it can receive its next

:05:31.:05:41.
:05:41.:05:44.

vital instalment of a bail-out loan. Without that money, bankruptcy and

:05:44.:05:47.

default could spread shock waves through the eurozone.

:05:47.:05:51.

Lucas Papademos has a technocratic background. How much confidence

:05:51.:05:58.

will there be that he can deal with all the infighting that goes on in

:05:58.:06:04.

Athens? Well, he has one distinct advantage and it is this - he will

:06:04.:06:07.

be leading a national unity government, a government that

:06:07.:06:11.

brings together the different political factions that have

:06:11.:06:15.

paralysed this country for the last few days during these coalition

:06:15.:06:20.

talks. That is a began vantage to have over George Papandreou. The

:06:20.:06:29.

other advantages that he is not George Papandreou. -- that is a big

:06:29.:06:35.

advantage. He will have the confidence of Europe's leaders.

:06:35.:06:38.

Against him is the fact that he is a banker and bankers are not

:06:38.:06:41.

exactly the most popular of professionals here at the moment.

:06:41.:06:46.

He will have a tough task. A bail- out package will require of him to

:06:46.:06:50.

push through more austerity measures. We saw how the reached

:06:51.:06:54.

boiling point here with demonstrations on the streets of

:06:54.:06:59.

Athens. We will expect more of that under his premiership. Thank you.

:06:59.:07:05.

Just a reminder that, in the last couple of minutes, we have heard

:07:05.:07:15.
:07:15.:07:15.

that Lucas Papademos is to head a new Greek government. That has come

:07:15.:07:19.

from the president's office in Athens.

:07:19.:07:25.

I am joined by a journalist from the Economist. We are watching the

:07:25.:07:29.

news on rattling as it happens. What is your reaction to that? He

:07:29.:07:34.

is a technocrat, a former banker, now taking charge of events in

:07:34.:07:42.

Greece. I think the first in to say -- the first in to save it has

:07:42.:07:45.

taken an in orders at -- an enormous amount of time for Greece

:07:45.:07:49.

to form a unity government in this crisis, even though it seemed

:07:49.:07:59.
:07:59.:08:00.

obvious who the replacement would be for George Papandreou. With so

:08:00.:08:03.

much pressure on Greece and an offer of new finance, they have not

:08:03.:08:10.

been able to get it together. you accept that that is true but

:08:10.:08:15.

now, going forward, they appear to have agreed to a government of

:08:15.:08:19.

national unity and, therefore, it should looked different going on.

:08:19.:08:23.

think it is a positive sign. It remains to be seen if he is able to

:08:23.:08:26.

do the difficult things that need to be done in Greece are to put the

:08:26.:08:29.

economy back on a sure footing and keep Greece in the euro. Until we

:08:30.:08:34.

see signs of that, people will continue to worry. I wish him well.

:08:34.:08:38.

We have a real indication of how high the stakes are today. Olli

:08:39.:08:45.

Rehn, the European economy commissioner, used the word

:08:45.:08:52.

recession. I am not surprised by that. The numbers could be really

:08:53.:08:55.

bad next year. Shehzad Tanweer worries. There is a short-term

:08:55.:08:59.

worry about market panic, the break-up of the euro, what happens

:08:59.:09:05.

to Italy and so on. Then a more medium term panic around the fact

:09:05.:09:09.

that, in order to keep countries like Greece in the euro, they are

:09:09.:09:13.

going to have to implement some tough austerity packages. Where is

:09:13.:09:18.

the growth going to come from if countries on the periphery of the

:09:18.:09:23.

eurozone are tighten their public finances? You mentioned Italy. We

:09:23.:09:28.

have kind of, we hope, sorted out Greece with a new government. There

:09:28.:09:35.

is still a political crisis in Italy. Greece is a relatively small

:09:35.:09:39.

problem. It accounts for about 2% of the eurozone's GDP. Italy is

:09:39.:09:44.

another thing altogether. It is a huge economy. Its sovereign debt

:09:44.:09:49.

market is the third largest in the world, after America and Japan.

:09:49.:09:53.

There is no big bank in the world that does not have major exposure

:09:53.:09:57.

to Italy. When people start to panic about Italy, as in the last

:09:57.:10:05.

few days, we are all worse off. Let us take a look at some of the

:10:05.:10:08.

other stories making headlines around the world. At least nine

:10:08.:10:11.

people have been killed and up to 100 more are believed to be trapped

:10:11.:10:17.

in rubble after an earthquake hit eastern Turkey, causing buildings

:10:17.:10:25.

to collapse. The earthquake struck the city of Van. Survivors are

:10:25.:10:31.

being found but many more are still trapped. Just over two weeks ago an

:10:31.:10:36.

earthquake hit the same region, killing more than 600 people.

:10:36.:10:42.

Joining me from Istanbul is our correspondent the stop Jonathan,

:10:42.:10:48.

what can you tell us on the latest on the rescue mission? They are

:10:48.:10:53.

still drilling holes into the hotel that collapsed. They still not know

:10:53.:10:59.

many -- how many people are inside. Some have managed to send messages

:10:59.:11:04.

out by a mobile phone. They think the current number is around 37 who

:11:04.:11:09.

were staying there. But it is a busy hotel and have a lot of people

:11:09.:11:16.

working and having meetings there when it collapsed. They have been

:11:16.:11:24.

pulling out one or two people every hour. A total of 27 people have

:11:24.:11:27.

been rescued so far, including a two Japanese workers who came to

:11:27.:11:32.

help with the earthquake last month. Tragically, one of those workers, a

:11:32.:11:36.

doctor, died from his injuries after he was rescued this morning.

:11:36.:11:44.

His colleague is safe and suffering minor injuries in hospital.

:11:44.:11:49.

Thank you very much. The Israeli Supreme Court has

:11:49.:11:57.

upheld the rape conviction of the country's former president, Moshe

:11:57.:12:02.

Katsav. He is expected to begin serving his prison sentence next

:12:02.:12:08.

week. He was found of raping an assistant while he was a cabin

:12:08.:12:13.

isn't -- a Cabinet minister. The South African National con --

:12:13.:12:21.

the South African National Congress has fired its Youth League leader,

:12:21.:12:25.

Julius Malema. A coal mine accident in south-west

:12:25.:12:29.

China has killed at least 20 workers and left more than 20

:12:29.:12:35.

others trapped. It was caused by I gas leak. Hundreds of rescuers are

:12:35.:12:39.

trying to free the trapped workers. It is the latest in a string of

:12:39.:12:47.

back should -- accidents in China's Mining Industry.

:12:47.:12:50.

In Britain, the executive chairman of News International, James

:12:50.:12:57.

Murdoch, has accused two former executives at the News of the World

:12:57.:13:03.

of misleading MPs over who knew what about for hacking at the paper.

:13:03.:13:09.

This is his second appearance at a parliamentary committee after

:13:09.:13:11.

discrepancies in the evidence he gave over the summer.

:13:11.:13:17.

Still to come: As violence continues in Syria, we hear from a

:13:17.:13:27.
:13:27.:13:34.

resident of the embattled city of Osh. -- Homs.

:13:34.:13:43.

We have just heard about the new Prime Minister being announced in

:13:43.:13:50.

Greece. Turning to Italy, the Italians have a bond auction today,

:13:50.:13:57.

haven't they? What will that tell us? The crunch to it was what kind

:13:57.:14:05.

of interest rates the Italian government have to pay. On one year

:14:05.:14:10.

bonds be paid over 6%. Last month they paid 3.5% interest rate on

:14:10.:14:14.

that. That gives you a flavour. This is because investors are

:14:14.:14:19.

losing confidence in Italy's ability to attack it -- tackle its

:14:19.:14:24.

debt. One former bond trader told me that things are going to get

:14:24.:14:28.

even tougher, particularly on ten- year bonds. At the level we're

:14:28.:14:38.
:14:38.:14:38.

talking about, it is seven to 8%. The cost is two euros for every 5

:14:38.:14:43.

euros of revenue that you receive. You are paying 40% adjusted your

:14:43.:14:47.

borrowing cost of all your income. The worst part is, if we are

:14:47.:14:52.

looking at Italian growth of 0.5% in the next year or so, the

:14:52.:14:56.

question is: Where is the money going to come from? That is the

:14:56.:14:59.

issue. A lot of people are speculating that the European

:14:59.:15:02.

Central Bank will have to do more. It has been buying bonds but many

:15:03.:15:06.

people say that is not enough. The Germans do not want that because

:15:06.:15:12.

they say it will increase inflation. Part of the way out of the crisis

:15:12.:15:16.

is what these countries can do to get their books in order -

:15:16.:15:22.

austerity packages. Portugal has a vote on its austerity package.

:15:22.:15:26.

is right. The parliament is debating it for next year. Portugal

:15:26.:15:30.

has already had a bail-out, but really the measures that people are

:15:30.:15:34.

having to stomach are very difficult and our correspondent

:15:34.:15:44.
:15:44.:15:44.

The cuts are very deep. For example, the most controversial measure has

:15:45.:15:49.

been the removal of holiday and Christmas pay for most public

:15:49.:15:53.

sector employees and for many state pensioners. That is a one-seventh

:15:53.:15:58.

cut in annual income. That was deeper than some had expected. Many

:15:58.:16:03.

tax rises. Other spending cuts which will affect pretty much

:16:03.:16:07.

everyone here. That is an example of how bad things have got for some

:16:07.:16:10.

of how bad things have got for some people in Portugal. I want to show

:16:10.:16:15.

you the market reaction, not only to the European zone difficulties,

:16:15.:16:21.

but other issues out there in the markets. You can see the FTSE is up

:16:21.:16:28.

by 30 points. Asian markets, a good deal weaker. That is before the

:16:28.:16:38.
:16:38.:16:47.

D this is GMT from BBC world news. The headlines: Lucas Papademos is

:16:47.:16:52.

named as Greece's new Prime Minister. He will head a coalition

:16:52.:16:59.

Government until early elections in February. A dire warn from the

:16:59.:17:02.

European Commission - economic growth in the eurozone is at a

:17:02.:17:06.

standstill and urgent action is needed.

:17:07.:17:14.

South Korea is holding its National College entrance exam this Friday.

:17:14.:17:19.

The pressure for academic success is fierce. Many young Koreans find

:17:19.:17:25.

when they graduate there are not enough jobs to go around. They are

:17:25.:17:30.

now urging them to opt for vocational training instead. There

:17:30.:17:35.

are not many excuses for arriving late to Korea's National College

:17:35.:17:39.

entrance exam. This is the one day of the year when the Government

:17:39.:17:43.

changes flight schedules and even holds up the morning rush hour to

:17:43.:17:47.

give students the best possible chance. University is seen as

:17:47.:17:51.

crucial here. 80% of school leavers now go on to higher education.

:17:51.:18:01.
:18:01.:18:02.

That's causing a problem. This boy is taking a different

:18:02.:18:06.

route. At 17 he has decided he wants to be a chef. Rather than

:18:06.:18:10.

cramming for the university entrance exam, he is learning

:18:10.:18:14.

practical skills at a vocational high school. Today's lesson, read

:18:14.:18:19.

bean noodles. My mum and my dad, they didn't want

:18:19.:18:26.

me to go to this school. In our culture, in Korea, man was not

:18:26.:18:33.

supposed to cook in the kitchen. I really want it. People around me,

:18:33.:18:38.

they told me, you shouldn't do that, you know. That's one of the reasons

:18:38.:18:42.

why I choose culinary because I didn't want to be like normal

:18:42.:18:52.
:18:52.:18:54.

students. The Government wants more students to think like Woonmo.

:18:54.:18:59.

The dilemma for South Korea is with 80% of its students going to

:18:59.:19:04.

university there are not enough top jobs to go around. Many of the gad

:19:04.:19:09.

watts end up unemployed -- graduates end up unemployed. The

:19:09.:19:13.

President has been promoting a new scheme to give those with work

:19:13.:19:17.

experience the same benefits and status as those with degrees.

:19:17.:19:23.

This is what he's up against - parents who will do almost anything

:19:23.:19:29.

to get their child into university. At Seoul's main Buddhist temple the

:19:29.:19:36.

price of your off spring's success is 100 bows a day, every day since

:19:36.:19:39.

July. TRANSLATION: I am here for my granddaughter. The Government is

:19:39.:19:43.

wrong to discourage people from learning. I would have liked to

:19:43.:19:50.

have gone to university myself. It was not possible in my day. Ju-sung

:19:50.:19:56.

Eun is old enough to remember the days before democracy. For her and

:19:56.:20:01.

many others here, fear for ending up on the wrong side of a two-tier

:20:01.:20:07.

system still runs deep. The Arab League is preparing for a meeting

:20:07.:20:12.

on Saturday when they will consider what they say is Syria's failure to

:20:12.:20:17.

implement a peace plan agreed last week. They are split over the key

:20:17.:20:23.

issues. On Wednesday, opposition leaders who favour dialogue were

:20:23.:20:27.

pelted with eggs as they tried to hold talks with the Arab League at

:20:27.:20:32.

its headquarters in Cairo. They had to turn back. The Syrian National

:20:32.:20:36.

Council, mainly led by opposition leaders outside the country wants

:20:36.:20:40.

no dialogue, just regime change. Well, the Syrian uprising was

:20:40.:20:45.

inspired by the revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia. Protests began

:20:45.:20:50.

in March, with raltlys calling for freedom in Deraa. -- rallies

:20:50.:20:54.

calling for freedom in Deraa. Several people were killed when

:20:54.:20:59.

forces opened fire. The protests and violence spread to many towns

:20:59.:21:05.

and cities. The central city of Homs emerged as what activists call

:21:05.:21:10.

"the capital of the revolution." The UN says there have now been at

:21:10.:21:17.

least 3,500 hundreds in the country. Here in the studio I am joined by

:21:17.:21:21.

Helen Abdul Dayem, a former resident of Homs, who lived there

:21:21.:21:25.

until her family was caught up in the revolution. I say caught up in

:21:25.:21:29.

the revolution. In fact it was your son who was shot. Yes, he was shot.

:21:29.:21:34.

Actually, as a family, in general, we were very active in the

:21:34.:21:41.

revolution. My son went out on the first demonstration. Specifically

:21:41.:21:44.

after children were tortured. There was a demonstration that came out

:21:44.:21:49.

on the road to Hama. We considered these boys very brave to even dare

:21:49.:21:56.

to do that. It's very iron-fisted regime in Syria and you dare not.

:21:56.:22:01.

should say your son is back here in Britain and he's fine. He's fine.

:22:01.:22:05.

Presumably you're still in touch with people in Homs, are you?

:22:05.:22:09.

What are you hearing? Absolutely unbelievable stories. Empty houses

:22:09.:22:17.

are now being taken over. Smashed. Troops are moving into empty houses

:22:17.:22:22.

now. Snipers on the roof top. I have friends who are trying to get

:22:22.:22:26.

out now, a particular friend of mine actually has tickets to leave

:22:26.:22:31.

the country and cannot even get out of the area where we lived in,

:22:31.:22:36.

because it's very close to where the snipers are on the roof. She

:22:36.:22:41.

cannot even leave her house. there any sign, do you think, that

:22:41.:22:45.

these - I have just talked about the Arab League in discussions - is

:22:45.:22:50.

there any sign this is a regime willing to listen to anybody? Is it

:22:50.:22:55.

in the end going to have to be the phase many people are using -

:22:55.:22:58.

revolution? "I Think it is a revolution. It has been a

:22:58.:23:02.

revolution for a long time. would call it a revolution? I would

:23:02.:23:08.

from a long time ago. These are the bravest people I have ever seen,

:23:08.:23:13.

daring to go p against this regime, who are ruthless, heartless,

:23:13.:23:20.

vicious, torturing children. Raping women. It just doesn't stop. They

:23:20.:23:26.

will fall. I believe we've got, from Homs, a physician, a dock who

:23:26.:23:32.

has been witnessing the unrest. For -- a doctor who has been witnessing

:23:32.:23:36.

the unrest. For his safety we will just call him Dr Abdullah. What can

:23:36.:23:41.

you tell from the patients you see and the kind of injuries you are

:23:41.:23:48.

dealing with? So, can I start from what happened today? Today, more

:23:48.:23:54.

than 50 tanks are surrounding the hospital right now. They are

:23:54.:23:58.

preventing all the medical supplies to come into the hospital. We just

:23:58.:24:08.
:24:08.:24:09.

got a phone call from there that someone dying from his collar. He

:24:09.:24:15.

died because they would not let blood get into the hospital. I am

:24:15.:24:19.

so sorry, but we have to leave it now Dr Abdullah and of course here

:24:19.:24:22.

in the studio, Helen Abdul Dayem. Thank you too for your time. Thank

:24:22.:24:28.

you very much. Now, the European Union has blocked

:24:28.:24:32.

the release of a documentary on Afghan women in jail for what are

:24:32.:24:37.

called moral crimes. The EU said it decided to withdraw the film, which

:24:37.:24:41.

it commissioned because of very real concerns for the women who are

:24:41.:24:48.

portrayed in the film. Human rights workers say it is important to lift

:24:48.:24:52.

the lid on Afghan judicial practises.

:24:52.:25:02.
:25:02.:25:04.

A glimpse inside a hidden world. Badam Bagh, a women's prison. Many

:25:04.:25:09.

have been jailed for so-called moral crimes, like running away

:25:09.:25:14.

from forced marriages or violent husbands.

:25:14.:25:19.

This woman is here because she was raped. When she reported the attack

:25:19.:25:29.
:25:29.:25:42.

She remains a prisoner behind these walls. She dared to tell her story

:25:42.:25:47.

in a documentary. The European Union has decided not to release it.

:25:47.:25:52.

They say it fears for the safety of those who were filmed. Human rights

:25:52.:25:57.

workers say many of the woman in jails like this are guilty of

:25:57.:26:01.

nothing. They were victims of violence, abused first by their

:26:01.:26:05.

husbands or relatives and then by the judicial system itself.

:26:05.:26:11.

Some are now serving long sentences, thanks to corrupt judges and police.

:26:11.:26:15.

Human rights workers want their stories to be told.

:26:15.:26:21.

I think it's very important that people understand that there are

:26:21.:26:24.

these extraordinary horrific stories happening now, ten years

:26:24.:26:28.

after the Taliban Government, ten years after what was supposed to be

:26:28.:26:37.

a new dawn for Afghan women. many, that new dawn has not come.

:26:38.:26:41.

International news and intelligent analysis going live to the heart of the day's top global story. George Alagiah shares his experience as one of the BBC's most successful foreign correspondents to communicate why world stories matter to a UK and global audience.

Featuring exclusive reports from BBC World News correspondents based around the world, plus up-to-the-minute global business news.


Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS