04/07/2011 GMT with George Alagiah


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The former Bosnian Serb military commander makes a disruptive


appearance at the International War crimes Tribunal in the Hague.


Ratko Mladic was removed from court after arguing with the judge and


refusing to answer charges of genocide and war crimes. The court


orders that you be removed from the courtroom. Could security police


escort Mr Mladic out of the court room? This is not a court! Who are


you?! You were not allowing me to A welcome to GMT. I am Naga


Munchetty. Also in the programme, divisions of Libya in the spotlight


as Russia and NATO hold talks. Poised to become the first female


Prime Minister of Thailand, Yingluck Shinawatra announces her


plans for the country. It is 12:30pm London, 6:30pm in


Bangkok and 1:30pm in the Netherlands where the former


Bosnian Serb Butler military commander Ratko Mladic has appeared


in front of the International War crimes court in the Hague. But --


military commander. It was a brief appearance as he was removed from


port after -- removed from court after disrupting proceedings and


refusing to enter a plea. The International Criminal Tribunal


was now in session. From the outset, the judges were in for a difficult


morning in court. Remove your cab, please. Not for the first time,


General Mladic tried to insist on wearing a cap in court. Mr Justice


Alphons Orie was having none of it. Could Mr Mladic be assisted in


taking off his cap? Thank you very much. General Mladic was also


reprimanded for communicating with the public gallery. Mr Mladic, if


you continue to address the public gallery, rather than the chamber,


as I said before, matters will be taken. TRANSLATION: Mr Alphons Orie,


I am not underestimating you in any way. I hear better in my left ear


and eye and called on my head. Let me put my cap on. Half of my body


is not functioning. I'm not underestimating you in any way. I


want to communicate with their in a humane way. You were trying to


impose impossible conditions on me. A lawyer I do not want. I'm just


going to look at you. The Attorney appointed by the court to represent


Ratko Mladic had been told he was not wanted. TRANSLATION: This


morning, when he came to the tribunal, General Mladic refused to


communicate with me and he did not want me to be present here this


morning. General Mladic said he wanted to appoint two Attorneys


himself. TRANSLATION: Know, no, I am not going to listen to this.


atmosphere became more heated when he refused to listen to the judge.


TRANSLATION: You were talking in vain and I will not listen to this.


Mr Mladic, Mr Mladic... The court orders that you be removed from the


courtroom. Could security police escort Mr Mladic out of the court


room? It was a session of extraordinary legal confrontation.


One that was not totally unexpected. TRANSLATION: This is not a court.


Who why you? Ratko Mladic was taken out of the Court and later pleas of


not guilty were entered on his behalf.


Some of the other stories making headlines around the world today, a


British soldier has gone missing from his base in Afghanistan.


Military sources say he left the base in central Helmand province


alone on Monday morning at his disappearance is described as


highly unusual. The soldier's family has been informed. More on


this from the Afghan capital. Quentin Sommerville is in Kabul.


What has happened here? As he said in the introduction, this has been


described as highly unusual. A soldier left the base this morning


in the early hours of darkness. He left the base alone and soldiers


never do that in that part of the province, where there are still


many Taliban surrounding the area. It is a very dangerous area.


Soldiers always go on patrol together. Certainly, they never


leave alone. It was an unplanned departure from the base. He


disappeared. There is a major search and rescue operation using


for the soldier. At the same time, the Taliban in the area have told


the BBC that they have captured a foreign soldier in this vicinity


and that he was killed in an exchange of gunfire with


international troops. The Taliban often make exaggerated claims and


we have had no confirmation of that incident from the international


security mission. They are saying that they are looking for the


soldier and that the family have been informed of his disappearance.


Authorities have not been able to confirm if any gun battles took


place with the Taliban? They have denied that a gun battle took place.


One military source here says that soldiers do not behave like this,


they do not just wander off in hostile territory in the middle of


the night. There is confusion as to what he is -- has taken place here


and where or why the soldier left, twice he decided to leave alone at


this time. As I said, his family have been informed but beyond that,


there are few other details. The MoD has been confirming that he is


a British soldier. From sources in that part of the province, we have


heard that there is a large operation going on, that the


international mission is throwing everything they have at trying to


find the soldier. Even Afghans sources, the army is involved in


the search. -- Afghan sources. The European Union is sending


almost $15 million worth of emergency food aid to North Korea,


where it says more than 500,000 people are at risk of dying from


malnutrition. The European Commission says that it has agreed


unprecedented right to monitor how the food is delivered, including


unrestricted access to make random checks.


The Burmese pro-democracy leader on sand shoes she is making her first


trip outside the main city of Rangoon since her release last year.


-- and San Suchi. She's making a trip to an ancient temple city who


has -- with one of her sons, who has described the trip as a holiday.


In theory, and San Suchi is free to travel.


Reports from the City of Hamma in Syria say that tanks have moved


away from the city. Residents say the tanks are moving war -- moving


north towards the province of Idlib. Dozens were arrested in Hamma on


Sunday, two days after the largest anti-government demonstration in


the city. Still to come:, the latest on the


winner of Thailand's general election. Also... TRANSLATION: If


we destroy the forest, there will be no shade. There will be wind and


the ground will overheat and burn up. That is my fear. A warning from


Amazonian tribes people as the Brazilian government assesses a


Fforest code designed to protect its great rainforest. -- a forest


code. Time for the business news with Aaron Heselhurst. Greece,


perhaps(!)? Lot of development. UN officials have made -- given the


thumbs-up for money to be released to Greece. That means that Athens


can pay off some of its debt over the summer. However, there is a


spanner in the works, possibly, because Standard and Poor's, the


global credit rating agency says that the current rescue package, in


their eyes, would be deemed as a default. Eurozone officials have


been trying to avoid a word. They're talking about the plan to


rollover debts, meaning that instead of collecting the money


owned -- odes to those banks, they would put it back into Greece for


longer term debt. How significant is his warning? Unfortunately, it


is pretty significant. Effectively, it scuppers the plan. It is back to


the drawing board for the European politicians and their banks, to


come up with a plan that would not cause a default. The problem with a


default, the classic creditor situation, when these agencies, out


with this term, it has lots of repercussions. And we know as those


report -- and we know those repercussions. Greece will not be


able to borrow money. Back to the drawing board. We will be talking


about this for longer. When we do chat, I get upset with our phone


bills. You and the rest of us. People who go on the Continent use


the phones and come back to face bills of hundreds or thousands of


pounds. We know that European officials have been working at


bringing those prices down. In the last four years, Robin -- roaming


charges have dropped by 60% but it is still three times more expensive


to use this abroad than at home. This week, a big announcement on


European officials, how to shrink that gap. We are expecting a double


whammy hits against the mobile industry. They will continue


regulating prices but they have a new trick. The price caps have been


successful to a certain extent. we do not think we're going to be


able to bring down the prices sufficiently through regulating the


prices. Ultimately, in order to bring prices down significantly and


in a sustainable way, we need to have more competition in the market.


Just to say, they're looking at a proposal about when you go to


France, subscribing to a local French company using your telephone


number. The markets are all up around the globe off the back of


those great manufacturing numbers, rebounding from the United States.


We want to hear what do you think. Get in touch. The best way to do


You can watch highlights from the You're watching GMT. Here are the


headlines: Thrown out of court, the former Bosnian Serb leader Ratko


Mladic is ejected from the War crimes Tribunal in the Hague after


he refused to plead and continued to interject.


The deadlock on the battlefield and Libya has prompted countries


outside the NATO led coalition to look for a negotiated solution to


the conflict. Moscow has been one of the more out spoken advocates of


negotiations. The Russian President and the head of the NATO alliance,


Anders Fogh Rasmussen, are discussing the Libyan conflict at a


summit. Jacob Zuma, who has been trying to find a diplomatic


solution and the country, has also been invited for a meeting with the


Russian president. We can speak now to Dmitri Babich, who is in Moscow,


a political analyst at the Russia Profile magazine. Russia is


accusing NATO of going beyond the UN mandate. What would the Russian


government like to see from NATO? think Russia does not want to


create a precedent when other countries decide for a sovereign


country its future fate. Russia has no sympathy for Colonel Gaddafi,


president Medvedev has called him basically a criminal a number of


times. But Russia also does not want to see other countries


intervening directly in Libyan affairs. The recent acknowledgement


by France that it provided weapons to the Libyan rebels was very badly


received in Moscow. Russia will probably try to look for a


negotiated solution, and that is what the Russian envoy in the


region is trying to achieve. What evidence is there that negotiations


with Libya are working? Well, it's so far, we have not seen anyone


doing any serious efforts to get the negotiations on course. The


rebels have rejected all negotiations. Mr Gaddafi has a


reputation, but we're not dealing only with him. A large part of the


population, especially around Tripoli, does not want to live


under the opposition so hastily recognised by France and Britain.


Probably these people should also be listen to. What is Russia


fearing when it comes to the current NATO action? What do they


think will happen? Is it possible that the rebels will gain a victory,


and what will happen next? Russia has its own experience with civil


war. We know they only end with negotiated solutions. If just one


side wins, as it was in Russia in 1818 and 1920, then the civil war


will continue in a covert form. That is what Russia basically fears


for Libya. All civil wars should end with its associated solutions.


Obviously, the position should also be a little more open about plans,


and personnel. We do not know the names of all the members of the


transitional council. Does Russia accept that without NATO action,


there are civilians who were being wounded and victimised by a


Gaddafi's forces and without NATO, this would have continued? Well, it


is a problem from the past. We will not know -- we do not know what


would have happened if NATO had not intervened. Russia is very


concerned about the plight of civilians and that is why Russia


voted, basically abstained during the vote on Resolution 1973. But


Russia does not want the same situation to happen in Syria, and


Russia is afraid that obviously NATO is going beyond what was


agreed in that resolution, that Russia and China basically


abstained during the vote. They did not vote. Dmitri Bavidge, thank you


Within the next few months, the Brazilian government is going to be


considering relaxing the forest code. Farmers and businesses want


to be allowed to cultivate more of their land. But environmentalists


say the code should be strengthened, not weakened. The lungs of the


world, where millions of trees absorb carbon dioxide and save the


planet from more dramatic changes to weather patterns. The forest is


home to countless species. But years of deforestation have left


them vulnerable, as farmers clear the land to provide pasture for


their join and to grow cash crops. The indigenous tribes here say


their traditional way of life is and a threat.


TRANSLATION: Today, everybody is destroying the forest all round. I


do not want this. I told many people that if we destroy the


forest, there will be a great wind and a ground will overheat and burn


up, that is my fear. This gives you a good idea what deforestation


actually looks like. Over there, as far as the eye can see, virgin


rainforest. But right here, next to the road, land that has been


cleared illegally. If what has happened around here is anything to


go by, within the next few years, those cattle will have gone, all of


this will be used for growing soya. Some big multinational food


producers work close to the Amazon. Cattle produced beef, soya and corn


produce food for cattle. More than a third of the world's meat exports


come from Brazil. People are producing more Cotton, because of


the demand of countries which are growing and do not have enough food.


Brazil has land, it has the technology, and of course, we're


going to take advantage of that. is corn harvest time now, and with


food prices at record levels, farmers want to expand, to grow


more. The world needs more food, and they're more than happy to


provide it. The forest code says that here, close to the Amazon,


farmers can cultivate only 20% of the land they own. The other 80%


has to be left untouched, to protect the forest. That's what


they want change. There is talk of an amnesty for farmers who have


illegally cleared their lands. They will be required to buy forested


land somewhere else and leave it untouched. I feel cheated, because


80% of my money is tied up in protecting the environment for the


rest of the world, but I don't get anything out of it.


Environmentalists want the laws to be strengthened to protect all this.


But there is enormous pressure from business interests, who want to be


able to develop the land. The government says it will veto any


proposal which threatens the rain forest. But the next few months


will be a crucial test - can Brazil, with its booming economy, really


protect the environment? To Thailand now, where Yingluck


Shinawatra is poised to become the first female Prime Minister of the


country. The 43-year-old is the youngest of nine children. Her


brother, Thaksin, is the former Prime Minister. Up until now she


has been a managing director of several firms. She has never held a


government post before. And she has never run for office before


yesterday. It has led to some critics questioning her experience.


Our correspondent has been covering the election from the thyme capital,


Bangkok, and she sent this report. This is history in the making in


Thailand, the country's first female Prime Minister. She is the


youngest sister of are arguably the most divisive and influential


politician in the country, Thaksin Shinawatra, the former Prime


Minister, a man ousted by a military coup in 2006. For her


supporters, this is the moment they have worked hard for. Thailand has


seen a turbulent few years, and it wants to put the problems of the


past behind it. TRANSLATION: She is like a nice


person, a person who can accept both sides. It is like she can help


calm down the political situation. But trying to do that could be


tough, if Yingluck Shinawatra allows her brother to return to


Thailand. He is living in self- imposed exile in Dubai, escaping a


corruption conviction for which he could face two years in jail. There


are concerns that Thaksin might use his sister's victory to stage a


comeback. I am not in a hurry to go back. I


want reconciliation to happen first. If there is reconciliation, and I


am part of the solution, I will be there. Any return of Thaksin


Shinawatra to Thailand would almost certainly be unacceptable for the


Democratic Party and for the military. It could make an already


tense political situation even worse. That would only make it


harder for Thailand's new government to get on with the job


of bringing this nation back together again and healing


Thailand's when did democracy. -- wounded democracy. We can speak


now to Voranai Vanijaka, of the Bangkok Post. Do you believe


Yingluck Shinawatra is qualified to lead the country as Prime Minister?


I believe she is. A lot of people have said that she does not have


the political experience, it is true, she is a novice in politics.


However, should be surrounded by a lot of veteran politicians, who can


handle a lot of policies for her. Her opponents have said adamantly


that she is not very bright in the first place. Whether she is or not,


we cannot say. However, what she does have is perhaps what Thailand


needs right now, the magic of a leader. She looks pretty, she


symbolises a kindness and gentleness. It has helped the party


to become very popular in the past two months. She is able to reach


people, and the people seem to warm to her. That is one reason why the


party has won by a landslide. This could be a good thing for Thailand.


She could be a leader who can pull everyone together. How do you think


she will be received internationally? It depends on whom


she chooses as her Foreign Minister. So far, in interviews with the


foreign press, she does find. Of course, there are accusations of it


being scripted, which of course is true, but that will come with


experience. Again, she's surrounded by people who know what they're


doing. And of course, the most important foreign policy issue in


Thailand right now is our conflict with Cambodia over the region. But


we all know that her party has a special relationship with that


country, so that conflict might work out in a way which the Thai


people would accept. What about the fact that she's leading a coalition


government - what problems might that cause? I don't think that will


be a problem. The party got an absolute majority, but she's going


to find smaller parties to make a coalition with. There is a


political move. She's going to pull in some other parties to push the


opposition into a corner. But how party by itself, it already has an


absolute majority. Is the appointment of Yingluck Shinawatra


seen as a fresh start for Thailand? There has been much talk about the


so-called Tideland Inferno, can people put this behind them?


Thailand. It is still fresh in people's memories. However, since


we are here, the fact that her party won by a big majority, that


does a lot to help the situation. It means that they have been given


a mandate by the people. The people have spoken, and they have spoken


International news and intelligent analysis going live to the heart of the day's top global story, presented by Naga Munchetty. Featuring exclusive reports from BBC World News correspondents based around the world, plus up-to-the-minute global business news.

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