11/07/2011 GMT with George Alagiah


George Alagiah presents international news and intelligent analysis going live to the heart of the day's top global story. Plus up-to-the-minute global business news.

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Welcome to GMT. I am Naga Munchetty. Massive explosions tear through a


naval base in Cyprus. At least 12 are dead. It is thought


the blasts were triggered by a fire at a munitions dump, and were felt


Egypt's revolution at a crossroads. The protesters step up the pressure,


accusing the authorities of betraying the uprising.


It is 12:30pm in London, 1:30pm in Cairo and 2:30pm in Cyprus. That is


where huge explosions have torn through the main Greek Cypriots


naval base, killing at least 12 people and injuring dozens more.


The blast happened at the munitions store east of the country's second


city of Limassol in the south. The blast were at the fishing village


of Zygi. It has been described as a catastrophe of Le Buechel


proportions, felt as far away as the village of Mari. -- catastrophe


of biblical proportions. Nothing could a prepared local


people for this. The hot summer morning were shattered as the


munitions store packed with gunpowder exploded. The blast


ripped through the Cypriot National Guard naval base, killing and


maiming of those unlucky enough to be in its path. The force was so


powerful, homes and cars near by were seriously damaged. The sound


blew my socks off. The Glass Blew In, windows, door frames, things


fell off the shelves. It was as though a bomb has hit the place.


Officials speculate this was a tragic accident. The fire brigade


was called out to fight a while far, and as they struggled with the


blaze, there were massive explosions from the naval base. The


weapons cache had been confiscated two years ago from this ship, the


Monchegorsk, chartered by the Iranian national shipping company.


The arms left to run and were bound for Syria of the cargo was


intercepted a on suspicion it was violating a UN arms embargo on Iran.


The Tehran has always denied accusations the weapons were


intended for a militant groups like Hizbollah.


Next to the naval base is the island's main power station, also


largely destroyed. The South of cypresses in the grip of a heatwave


and possibly months of power cuts. Residents have been urged to cut


back on the use of fridges and air- conditioning. We have come up with


a plan of interrupting supply to residential areas on a rotational


basis. Basic infrastructure places like airports, hospitals, tourist


areas, industrial areas will not be affected. It is thought about 2000


tons of gunpowder exploded. Nearby farms have been devastated and the


country's President has called it a catastrophe. Many will be asking


why so much dangerous material was not stored more safely.


The blast caused extensive damage to villages near by. Stephanos


Kouratzis, a Greek photographer, has been travelling through nearby


Zygi and Mari. He is now back in Nicosia. Describe the scene. Good


evening from Cyprus. The electrical plant has been levelled. The


catastrophe is huge. The surrounding villages have been


affected. Most of it was the village of Mari. The nearby fish


farms had also some damage. Fishermen have been reporting that


dead fish are on the shores. It is quite worrying. There was an


official announcement two minutes ago that officially there are 12


dead people. The Minister of Defence and the commander of the


National Guard have both resigned. You mention that Mari is a few


kilometres away from Zygi, where the blast occurred. The damage


could have been worse if it was not for this hill. Explain more.


Between the village and the plant, there is a small hill. This is what


saved the village from a bigger disaster. It was like a field. -- a


shield. Interlocked the wave. also mention the fishermen and the


damage. They must be concerned about their income in the coming


months. These fish farms, they are the main income this time of year,


because it is summer. They will be scared of these things, and trying


to find out more. The Government does not have a full image of the


issue that has come up. I imagine this catastrophe will come clear in


coming days. Stephanos Kouratzis, thank you very much.


It has been six months since protests in Tunisia brought about a


historic revolution in the country that sparked a wave of uprisings


across the Arab region. George Alagiah is in Egypt to mark the


occasion. With the latest, George, Hull.


Thank you very much. Five months on, Tahrir Square is still very much


what it was in January and February, a place of protest. It is a place


that has now got iconic status. It toppled the presidency of Hosni


Mubarak. The fact that these people are still here tells another story.


There is growing disenchantment with the pace of change. Let me


give you an idea. This poster behind me essentially says that the


Transitional Military Council, the generals that took over the running


of the country, that they are defending Hosni Mubarak and the


people around him, saying that they have not been brought to justice.


That is what this resolution is about. One of the protesters who


has been here is Mohammed. Thank you for being with us. Tell me, in


your words, what are you still doing five months since Hosni


Mubarak fell? The regime is still here. It has not changed. Hosni


Mubarak is not here, but he is still in power. That is not what


the transitional council say. They say that the change has to come


slowly. They say that if the country went up the pace you're


wanting, it would be chaos. intermediary council wanted to make


a military movements to cut the regime, by telling the people that


they would accept the demands. Behind the scenes, everything is


still there, fake promises, accepting other man's. The regime


is still here. -- accepting their demands. That will come as a huge


surprise to people around the world to have watched the events in this


country and remember those moments in Tahrir Square on February 11th,


five months ago. They will be surprise to hear you say that


nothing has changed. You are talking to a mess. This is a mess.


We activists, and we're taking any risks. These activists me to go


back. -- needed to go back. Friday, there were many thousands


here, how long are you going to stay, and what are you going to do


to step up the pressure? I have started another movement. I'm not


eating, I have not had any food. Many people are supporting me. I


will stay like this for as long as I can, until the military council


goes away, and instead of this... I am so tired. I know. It is very hot.


Mohammed, thank you very much. I should say, it is very hot, it is


39 degrees. Egypt is not the only place. From Tunisia, which started


it all off, six months ago, right through to Libya and, of course,


Syria. There have been protests right across this Arab region. We


can go over to be written and talked to our correspondent, Owen


Bennett Jones, who has been monitoring these cocks in Syria.


Reconciliation talks, there being cold. Bring us up to date on what


is exactly happening -- they are being cold.


They're in their second day. The first day was dealing with the


general issues, and also possible changes to the constitution. Des


two is more focused. They're talking about election law. In the


evening, media law. These are big issues. The questionnaires, is


incredible? To people believe it will happen? -- the question is.


And some opposition members have not joined in with the stocks. What


are they saying? They are saying it is impossible to hold this kind of


dialogue at a time when, if people go out on the streets to express


their point of view, there can be shot and killed. That is happening,


week in, week out. We have been used to these huge protests, and


people die every Friday. Last Friday, probably 15 people died. It


is difficult to get Agora numbers. There are clashes throughout the


week. The opposition leaders in Syria, and some in exile, say it is


impossible to talk to the Government without going on. What


is your judgment on these talks, and whether or not they will come


to any sort of meaningful conclusion, as far as the demand


for change in Syria goes? As far as the Government is concerned, it is


the only show in town. They have been using force for four months


and it has not worked. This is the other track. They have a process


underway. This is a two-day meeting with an indeterminate time table


but there will be, they say, a national dialogue Conference at the


end of this which will come up with proposals for legislative change.


There is a process, but cannot work without the opposition


participating? Is it really possible that a regime that is


shooting people on the streets every week is going to be willing


to have genuinely free and fair elections, and if they lose, to


give up power? It is that kind about combat people on the


opposition side cannot see happening. -- it is that kind of


power that. You get a sense, talking there, and


talking to the protesters here, that throughout this region, that


has seen these convulsions over the last six months, there is now a new


stage. It is as if the initial protests, the initial call for


democratic change in places like Egypt and Tunisia, that in many


ways is the easy part. What comes next, the replacement, is turning


out to be much, much more difficult. That is all from Tahrir Square.


George, thank you very much. A quick look at some of the other


stories making headlines around the world today. In Russia, the hope of


finding any more survivors after a tourist boat sank in the Volga


river, are fading. More than 100 are feared dead. 80 passengers and


crew survived the accident but so far, just six bodies have been


recovered. Nearly 70 people have been killed


in a train crash in northern India. Police say more than 200 other


passengers were injured when the train derailed between the cities


of Kanpur and Anna Battke. In a further sign of worsening


relations, the United States has suspended $800 million of military


aid to Pakistan. Tensions were already beginning before Osama Bin


Laden was killed in a US raid in the country. Recently, Pakistan


expelled more than 100 US military trainers and threatened to shut


down ACA base. Still to come: More than 600


victims of the shrubbery to massacre are being re- buried on


the 16th anniversary of the killings. -- CIA base.


Aaron Heselhurst is here with the business news. It is something


we're not getting away with, alleged hacking.


Absolutely. The pressure is mounting on Rupert Murdoch's bid


for BSkyB. This is what investors are looking at. Jeremy Hunt is


saying that he is not going to be rushed into any decision. He knows


he has also written to the regulators seeking advice. All of


this, growing speculation that this takeover will be referred back to


the Competition Commission, which will involve a lengthy decision --


investigation into whether Murdoch would be a fit owner. Investors are


doing one thing because of all of this, dumping BSkyB shares. It fell


6%. It is around 700 pence per share. Let us remind ourselves, not


too long ago, it was �8.50 per share. Let us listen to the


comments made by Nick Clegg not Rupert Murdoch is now in town in


London, seeking to sort things out. I would simply say to him, look how


people feel about this. Look how the country has reacted with


revulsion to the revelation, so do the decent and sensible thing, and


reconsider. Think again, about your bid for BSkyB. I should say the


global empire News Corp as it is investors from round the world but


they are focused on one story and that is what is doing on in the UK.


They are punishing News Corp shares, they are down There is a story that


usurps this story? Is bigger than this story. I know what word meant


That C word we use round the eurozone, contagion. It is back


again. Over Italy. If we are worried about Greece, Ireland and


Portugal we should be sweating bricks when it comes to Italy. It


has the highest sovereign debt ratio reltive to its economy


outside of Greece. It has a lot of, a lot of debt indeed. Investors are


starting to punish the economy. They sold off the banks on Friday.


The interest rate that has to pay on the debt, the country, that is,


reaching dangerous levels. Listen to this. We are approaching that


zone really where they are sufficiently elevated we almost hit


whatever terms is a self full tilling prophesy who Italy can


sustain the high interest costs and that concern itself puts those


costs on an ever more upward path. So, yes, I think we are very much


in significant territory, in terms of outright yield levels and it's a


concern. And markets are down off You are watching GMT from BBC World


news. Our main headline this hour. Massive explosions tear through a


naval base in Cyprus, 12 people are dead. Dozens are injured. More than


600 victims of the Srebrenica massacre will be reburied on the


16th an versery of the killings. The remains will be taken from a


memorial cemetery where more than 4,000 massacre victims are buried.


Round 8,000 Muslims were killed by Bosnian Serb forces. Joining us


from Slovenia is the lead lawyer for the mothers of Srebrenica, a


group made up of family members of those killed in the massacre. What


are you expecting today. Thank you for joining me. Good day. Thank you


for the opportunity to discuss it. Tell me, what do you think today


will mean, to people in the town? Well, today anniversary is


different, because of the two main things. First, the general is


arrested and that gives hopes to mothers Srebrenica. Second thing is


verdict in a case which could have var good implications to our case.


It has been many years since the scenes of devastation, how have


people moved on? Well, emotions of the mothers are very mixed. First,


first impression was relief, while the hunt after Ratko Mladic is over.


Second he could show the places where their sobs and husbands were


killed and buried. And anger because of his behaviour in the


court room. That as I said, this verdict gives a hope to mother, and


we hope that we will have it on our part. What does this cemetery mean


to these families? What do they feel? Do they feel some peace will


come about for the victims? Yes, the worst thing is still looking


for revenge of your son or husband. That is the worst thing for the


mothers. They emphasise a lot of time, the most important thing is


to find remains of their relatives, who were killed in Srebrenica.


Second is to determine who is or who was responsible for it. Do they


feel the international community has done enough to bring justice to


themselves and their victims. Definitely not. Somehow they feel


to be like betrayed, because of the behaviour of the international


community. That is the reason why this verdict in which came as a


surprise, is a very good thing. Thank you very much for joining me.


The UN's High Commission forerefugees has described the


drought in east Africa as the worse humanitarian disaster in the world.


Our correspondent has been to the overcrowded refugee camp in North


East Kenya. This woman gave birth to to her daughter just four days


ago. But they are far away from home. She is from Somalia but


escape add country wracked by war and drought. So her daughter was


born in a refugee camp in North East Kenya. A victim of man and


Mother Nature. My grandparents were the last to leave. My whole family


south of Somalia. There is nothing for me or my daughter there now.


Every day cease more and more desperate people turn up at the


refugee camp, while the rains stay away. I need to know what you want.


I know. You have the power to help Somalis. And this man is charged


with their welfare. He is the UN High Commissioner for refugees,


facing one of the most difficult crises of his career. They walked


for day, I just saw a mother that lost three of her children on the


way. So this is indeed something terrible, and I believe that the


international community needs to massively support the plight, this


population to overcome the plight they are suffering. The camp is the


biggest in world. It is well over 350,000 people strong. Yet every


single day it grows and grows. 1300 people arrive here every day. They


retired, their are malnourished, and they are looking for sustenance


and they are looking for a bit of help. The camp spreads for miles.


Much of it unrel regulate and the UN's top priority is getting the


Kenyans to provide more official facilities nearby. Until then, the


camp's number will be swelled by those the drought forced into exile


and by those who were born into exile. You can get plenty more on


the situation in east Africa on the BBC News website. We have special


reports on the drought, including first hand accounts of how some of


the ten million people affected are coping. There are details on how


you can donate to the Disasters Emergency Committee. The last


American space shuttle in operation Atlantis has docked at the


International Space Station on its final mission. It has delivered


enough food to last the astronauts for a year, and will bring rubbish


back from the space station to earth. In orbit above the earth. A


moment of history as Atlantis, the last American space shuttle comes


into dock tat International Space Station for the last time. Slowly


performing a back flip so that astronaut tons station can check


for any damage to the heat tiles on the bottom of shuttle. And at


Mission Control in Houston they keep a close watch as the shuttle


makes its final approach. Atlantis arrival -- arriving. Welcome to the


space passion for the last time. will see you shortly. It is great


to be here The crew are getting ready to welcome the crew... Inside


the space station the crew wait to welcome the new visitors and first


through the hatch from the shuttle is Commander Chris Ferguson.


are you? Good. Closely followed by the other astronauts from Atlantis.


Two, one, zero. Lift off. shuttle blasted off on Friday,


climbing into the sky for the last time. Carrying with it supplies for


the space station, with enough food to last a year. The astronauts will


stay here until next week. Before their final journey home. And the


end of a programme that has lasted 30 years, as the shuttle passes


into history. The end of an era. Organisers of the Tour de France


have ban add tell kaition car from the race after it crashed into two


requireds sending them flying. Stage nine was another eventful one


with a number of riders involved in accidents. Before we take a look at


the incident. It is pretty bad, I should warn you. Have a look at


this mass crash. Four riders had to go to hospital with broken bones.


The most high profile was Alexander. He has a broken thigh bone. That is


the end of his tour and he says it is his last Tour de France. The


most shocking came 55 kilometres first on. A television car swerved


into the path of Fletcher who brought down another ryeer. The


Dutchman flew into a ditch. Fletcher had cuts to his arms and


legs but both got back on their bikes. Spain's rider won stage nine


when while the Frenchman wears the yellow Jersey. We are just about


out of time. If you have any views on the stories we are covering we


would love to hear from you. We will have our own Facebook page as


International news and intelligent analysis going live to the heart of the day's top global story. George Alagiah shares his experience as one of the BBC's most successful foreign correspondents to communicate why world stories matter to a UK and global audience.

Featuring exclusive reports from BBC World News correspondents based around the world, plus up-to-the-minute global business news.

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