23/01/2017 Inside Out London


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Hello there. I'm Matthew Wright. You're watching Inside Out London.


Here's what's coming up on tonight's show.


With HS2 about to get the green light from Parliament,


we find out what impact the rail link could have


I'm worried what they're doing to it.


I'm so scared at the destruction of this perfect habitat.


Some are calling it a scandalous waste of public money.


Tonight we ask why the cost of West Ham's new stadium


As far as I can see, there is no end to taxpayers' money


being used to prop up this white elephant.


And we go behind the scenes of a London icon.


You think of the thousands of people that travel over


the bridge every day, and through the bridge,


and none of them are aware of this massive space that exists here.


Plans for HS2, the high-speed railway between Euston


and Birmingham, are due to get the green light


If things go to plan and then work on the ?56 billion project is due


The trouble is, High Speed Rail may have an environmental cost and,


the construction work could prove very damaging indeed.


Naturalist and broadcaster Mike Dilger


has been to Ruislip to find out more.


I am at Broadwater Lake and I am in wildfowl heaven.


Just looking out there I can see tufted duck,


pochard, shoveller, mallard, in addition to cormorant,


This is an SSSI - a Site of Special Scientific Interest.


It s a haven for thousands of birds that breed here,


feed here and spend the winter in quiet solitude.


This site is managed by the local wildlife trust.


Tim Hill is the conservation manager.


Tim, on a day like today we re seeing Broadwater Lake at its best.


It s one of the most important places in the Colne Valley


because a lot of birds come to this undisturbed refuge from


way beyond this site from up in Rickmansworth down


towards the Thames because it is so quiet and undisturbed.


Undeniably important for birds. What about other wildlife?


The River Colne just behind us here and the lake itself


are important feeding grounds for Daubenton bats - the water bats.


They come here because of the insect life.


But this tranquil spot will soon be home to a construction site.


HS2 plan to build a 3km serpentine bridge through the Colne Valley.


The cutting edge 250mph trains will link the route


reducing journey times by half an hour.


We certainly don't feel it's progress when there s


going to be such devastation to the local environment.


As we sit, where will it go through Broadwater Lake?


So the viaduct will start just beyond the site here and it


will come through in an arc just clipping the bottom corner of


Broadwater Lake and in the distance there across the River Colne


and then through the woodland at the back and into Buckinghamshire.


The wildlife trust believes the construction phase


of the viaduct alone will lead to the disappearance


There's a six-year construction period. Obviously during that time


there will be huge amounts of noise, dust, disturbance and


Potentially devastating to the birds that seek refuge on Broadwater Lake.


MUSIC: Moonlight Sonata by Beethoven


Visitors like Dougal and Toby, who come here every


How do you feel about the impending development?


Can t put it into words really. I can t imagine what this place


is going to be like with great big trains thundering through here.


I ve got a nice list of wildlife that I have


The other important species is the eels.


They are red list, critically endangered, and they manage to swim


all the way here from the Sargasso Sea.


They live up to 30 years in this habitat down this river.


To take this site away for so long is appalling.


I'm so scared at the destruction of this perfect habitat.


This end of the lake is a really important refuge.


There is sailing at the top of the lake which means the ducks


are squeezed into the bottom end and with the noise of construction


for that length of time we are really concerned that


all those wildfowl will be squeezed from both sides


and they will have to find somewhere else to go.


HS2 believes the birds here will adapt to the changes


and says it's set to deliver the greenest railway in the UK.


Where we touch on the Site of Special Scientific Interest


we have a plan for four hectares of wetland re-creation


There won't be the effects that the Wildlife Trust


What are your thoughts about HS2 taking environmental


We don't really think that HS2 have recognised the true impact


of construction and the ongoing running of the railway.


Just a few yards from the lake is Battlesford Wood,


an ancient woodland, which is hundreds of years old.


I'd say it's 250 to 300 years old and it's bed and breakfast


for a whole host of woodland birds and home to probably hundreds


This is an island nature reserve in its own right.


So, Richard, what s so special about this block of wood?


It s got a wide variety of different species, of trees,


different ages of trees, fallen dead wood and fungi


But this area of ancient woodland will soon be lost to the HS2 route.


Although there is less than one hectare here in total


in the 34 woodlands affected there s going to be 30 hectares of ancient


woodland lost-the equivalent of 49 football pitches.


But HS2 believe this loss can be compensated for.


Along the line of the route, yes, we will have 30 hectares that


are affected. We will translocate or move the ancient woodlands soils


from the ancient Woodlands we effect and place that on new ground


perspective we will get to a bigger perspective we will get to a bigger


and better outcome. They are giving the impression that


by translocating soil that will be mimicking ancient woodland


but of course that s not. HS2's response to the loss


of ancient woodland is that they will plant five


hectares for every one lost ? how do We feel it should be at 30 to one


and that would give the appropriate This is setting a precedent


for development in the UK so we feel it should give the ancient woodland


the respect it deserves. As a naturalist, my greatest fear


is what projects like HS2 We already live in one of the most


nature-depleted countries in the world, particularly


in and around London. The State of the Nature report out


recently suggested one in every ten and one of those is


the much-loved hedgehog. Although it may look a bit unkempt,


overgrown, it really The Regent Park is the last park


in Central London to have hedgehogs. We ve probably got 30


or so but 25% of them live I understand the scrubland but the


car park? It does seem slightly odd


but actually it provides a real connectivity between all


the scrublands and we've used GPS But HS2 plan to use this car


park to store lorries making it a danger


zone for hedgehogs. The reason we need to


have the lorries there is to service We will create an access tunnel


that will enable those hedgehogs to continue to thrive and still be


able to use the space. All we are asking them to do


is look for alternatives. If HS2 come here for 20 years


we are saying goodbye I'm back at Broadwater Lake


and dusk is steadily approaching and I'm watching little egrets


coming into roost in those Any day now HS2 will be given


the go-ahead to build what's clearly But along the way there


are definitely going to be some losers - and you know what? I m


looking right at them. We run the bridge as many things, as


a working bridge, tourist attraction, events location, but the


biggest responsibility we have is maintaining the reputation of the


nation's icon. More than four years


on from the 2012 Games, the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, has


ordered an investigation for West Ham's new home


in the converted Olympic Stadium. The club itself ? which earns


?100 million a year has contributed less


than 1/20th of the refit costs. It was an investigation by BBC


London which first shed light on this situation ? and tonight


Mark Jordan has further revelations about what some are now calling


a scandalous misuse of public money. It's the stadium that made


London proud in 2012. But West Ham's Karren Brady was no


apprentice when she was called She nailed the deal to make it


home for the Hammers. There are skeletons in the closet


for both Labour and Conservative Just painting it Claret


and blue doesn? stop In 2015 we exposed the secrecy,


the stadium's soaring costs. And in this show, it


seems, no-one gets fired! So I'm back to investigate the


soaring price of our Olympic legacy. 17 months ago, campaigners asking


questions about A secret contract made


with taxpayers' money! I think it was collective


embarrassment over We fed off each other's


determination to get some answers. Since our last investigation,


a tribunal finally forced the full We now have those details


AND an even bigger taxpayers' bill. It's led London's mayor


to launch an inquiry. We need to find out how


we got to where we are. We too have questions


for both West Ham and The London Legacy Development Corporation


but both declined an interview. How much do YOU think it cost


to turn this perfect, "used once" Olympic grade stadium


into a football venue? But fans from rival teams have been


tracking the soaring refit bill. We started the campaign,


it was ?170 million. It stayed for a long time at ?272


million as the alleged final bill. But the final bill turns


out to be ?321 million! West Ham paid just ? million


towards that conversion ? less This club earns around ?100 million


a year just in TV rights. Many critics say West Ham got


the deal of the century. Lots of people will be asking


questions about how it's possible for a stadium that cost ?320 million


to transfer from Olympic to football and has cost the football club just


?15 million and an amount of rent Two days after the mayor


announced his inquiry, the stadium's London Legacy


Development Corporation It's a long way from when Boris


Johnson promised taxpayers a profit as he signed off West Ham's 99-year


lease at ?5 million a year rent. This is something that


will now make money - I'm told in excess of ?10


million a year. But those profits are


nowhere to be seen. Boris moved on to become our


Brexiteer Foreign Secretary. Leaked documents currently doing


the rounds at City Hall suggest taxpayers will be picking up


the bill for years to come. As far as I can see there is no end


to taxpayers' money being used They have effectively


been given this stadium The money is mounting


up, the losses. I wouldn't be surprised if we get


rid of a billion on this thing. Team Coe, Jowell and Livingstone


ordered an athletics-only stadium. With that being built,


Boris Johnson then changed the plan to a multi-use stadium,


to include football, You only have to watch a TV home


renovation show to know that the golden rule to staying


on budget is to make a plan, or changing midway that


cost the taxpayer dear? Politicians making


decisions about buildings is an interesting one,


shall we say? There was a clear vision


for what the stadium Once you start messing around


with stuff you may as well knock it It's a big, bold decision


but sometimes, take the pain up front.


Say you got it wrong. It's when you try to justify it


and justify it and the costs In Singapore they did


it oh-so-differently. Designed from day one


for seats to reconfigure London Stadium admits


such tech here is now Your builder will say


thank you very much, that will now cost you double


the whole project. For sports promoter


and former chairman of Leyton Orient Barry Hearn,


the die was cast. A white flag went up from LLDC under


instruction from Mayor Boris Johnson "I don? want this to


be MY white elephant. I've inherited a problem."


Which is true. So Boris got his


multi-purpose stadium. Taxpayers, NOT West Ham,


pay each year to manually install these scaffold-like seats over


the running track. This year's took ten days,


working round the clock. As Boris thought this stadium


will make a profit. Now we find the retractable seats that


were supposed to cost ?300,000 to move


are now going to cost At the London Assembly,


any regrets from those Surely you? look back on that


and think we could have Look, if we knew the seating issue


was going to happen, we would have announced


a bigger figure. But I can apologise


if you like but I don't think But it's an unfortunate


consequence of what's happened. Nor is anyone apologising


that the public are getting the bill for added security,


after clashes like this. This makes it harder to find a brand


willing to part with millions The fact that the stadium


operators pay for security, I think Boris saw light at the end


of the tunnel and unfortunately for him, that light is a train


coming towards him. Back at the London Assembly,


someone is in for a grilling. You don't have to pay


anything for policing? Well, I pay ?5 million a year that


covers all those costs. We got a glimpse of


Karren Brady defending her You can afford to pay ?20.5 million


in a transfer fee and I think police officers come


a bit cheaper than that. No, I have already covered it


in the ?2.5 million that I pay. That covers the cost of policing,


security, maintenance, electricity, I know, you have


asked me three times. I suspect most Londoners would feel


the same way about it. Dr Gillian Evans has tracked


London's Olympic legacy, All balls were in their court


and so they could dictate the terms of the deal because the alternative,


after all that drama and saga, would have been a white elephant -


and that was unthinkable. THE most successful legacy


programme in Olympic history. The stadium IS alive and helping


regenerate the whole area. Come summer, world athletics


and concerts take over. They remain confident the stadium


will one day pay its way. But so far, it's taken over


?300 million of public money. No-one is going to put


hand up in politics Tower Bridge has got to be one


of the most distinctive. Late last year, the Bridge closed


down for three months for essential maintenance


work ? But it did give Inside Out


the opportunity spend time behind the scenes


and find out what goes into running one of the world's most


famous river crossings. Well, from a personal point of view,


it's hard not to be head over heels It's a symbol of the nation,


it's a symbol of London, and it's something that a lot


of people hold very We run the bridge as many things -


as a filming location, as a tourist attraction,


as an events venue, as a working bridge,


but the biggest responsibility we have is maintaining


the reputation of the nation's icon. Over the years we have


been repairing little parts of the bridge,


as they become damaged, but the bridge was starting to look


like a patchwork quilt so it was time to undertake


a substantial project. We closed the bridge on 1st


of October this year at 1201. We shut off the access


North and South. We worked 24/7 at the start


of the project so we had to have We couldn t afford to have a slow


start just on a project like this. If you took this job and put


it in a quiet location in any other place in the UK,


it would be pretty straightforward, but you're very much in the public


eye and then the fact that it is a lifting bridge,


under an Act of Parliament, that makes what is coming


from a pretty straightforward process into quite a complicated,


challenging one, but it makes it a very interesting, unique


project for us to work on. by the work, because the works


was organised around bridge lifts. Even if it was just with 24 hours'


notice, we ve always been able Many years ago, back in 1894,


when the bridge was first opened, it was usually just the master


of the vessel, would just give the bridge driver a wave


and the bridge would be opened. Bridge lifts are completely


free of charge. It's through an Act of Parliament


that we have a legal obligation All vessels have to notify us


in writing, 24 hours in advance, and then half an hour before


the bridge lift we will contact the master of the vessel,


making sure everything is on schedule, and then,


once that has been established, we will do a safety check


on the bridge, with the safety crew. And then when the vessel comes


in sight, the bridge driver will commence with the bridge lift,


closing the road gates and pedestrian gates,


then he will unlock the bridge, Well, we are stood at the moment


on the Tower Bridge glass floor. This has been in place now


for around two years. It has been one of the big


success stories of the What we are seeing at the moment


is the work taking place directly beneath our feet


and the bascules being resurfaced. I've been privileged enough to take


some very interesting and exciting people around the bridge,


including Her Majesty the Queen, but one that will always stick


in my mind was taking David Bowie We went down to the bascule


chambers, and showed him the space down there,


and before he left he said to me, "Chris, this is a fantastic space,


it's been so interesting, and I'll be back.


I want to do something down there." And obviously very sadly we'll never


find out what that something was. But what we have been able to do,


last year, we started up bascule chambers concerts so we were able


to have publicly-ticketed concerts and, as you can imagine,


with the space being as atmospheric as it was that really


added to the performance MUSIC: Im Abendrot


by Richard Strauss The bascules are the two leaves


of Tower Bridge which you can lift up to let tall boats go past,


and the bascule chambers is where the massive 450-tonne


counterweights swing - So when the bridge is at ease,


you can fill the chamber You're still attached to London,


you're very much in London, you're in one of the most iconic


buildings of the world, but from And you think of the thousands


of people that travel over the bridge every day,


and through the bridge on the river, and none of them are aware of this


massive space that exists here. So all of the sounds that you hear,


be it passing traffic, passing river boats,


or the sounds of the bridge itself, you can't deny them so you have


to embrace them in your concert. And when you hear new music


performed in a space like this, which is so resonant,


and so special, and so Victorian, it really lifts you and the whole


experience is really magical. MUSIC: Sweet Child of


Mine. which is I am proud to say,


and we put that down to a lot Personally working on this project


is something that I believe will stay with me for life.


It's not often you work on a Grade I-listed


structure like this. Especially just the whereabouts,


the history behind it, MUSIC: Music For


The Royal Fireworks. I used to walk to work every day


and see cyclists, bobbing along through all the different potholes,


and uneven road surface that we had. Well, now, that has been completely


refreshed and hopefully that has made a big difference in terms


of people's day-to-day commute What an uplifting place


for a concert ? right in the dark


bowels of Tower Bridge! Well that's just about


all for tonight s show. let's have a quick look at what's


coming up on next week s programme. With 400 new tower blocks


in the pipeline, we ask ? is London


becoming the new Dubai on Thames? building skyscrapers does not


improve the lot of the average Londoner. The flats are much too


expensive. We reveal the dark secrets buried


on this deserted island And how London s newest museum


is wowing the crowds. It was a first for design. It has


been growing and moving into other areas.


And that s it for this week s Inside Out London.


Don t forget, if you missed any of tonight s programme


and want to catch up on iPlayer, then just head to our website.


Thanks very much for watching. I ll see you again next week.


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