12/02/2018 Inside Out London


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12/02/2018

Chris Rogers finds out how London aid workers are making a difference to Burma's refugee crisis. And Mark Jordan finds out why the jumbo jet is still the queen of the skies.


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LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Sean Fletcher,

you're watching Inside Out London.

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Here's what's coming

up on tonight's show.

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We expose how the fake fur you're

being sold could be made

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from foreign factory-farmed animals.

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These animals are kept in filthy,

cramped cages, they are killed

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in the most horrendous ways,

and all for the sake

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of a decoration.

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How London aid workers are trying

to save lives in the world's

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largest refugee camp.

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We've just been talking

to another lady who's just

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taken 11 days to travel

here after watching

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her husband get shot.

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It's really horrendous stories,

and they really need our help.

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And why 50 years on,

the iconic jumbo jet

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is still the queen of the skies.

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It was wider, bigger, taller,

everything you can think of.

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Faux or fake fur is all the rage

this winter, from the bobbles

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on hats to the trim on coats,

and for many of us it's an ethical

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choice to buy imitation fur rather

than the real thing.

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But an Inside Out investigation has

revealed that some of the supposedly

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fake fur we're being sold

is actually from real animals,

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slaughtered in overseas factories.

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Alex Bushill has this

exclusive report.

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Think animal fur and chances

are you think designer,

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luxurious, expensive.

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You might also think

cruel and barbaric.

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That's why so many of us choose faux

or fake fur to adorn our clothes.

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But how many of us can

tell the difference?

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Not sure, feel like I'm

flummoxed with it.

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Would change my mind

and say that one was real.

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Tonight I'm going to reveal how

we are being misled and sold a lie.

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How the rag trade the length

and breadth of London may have been

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flooded with imported farmed animal

fur masquerading as fake fur.

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Our investigation starts

here, Camden Market.

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One of the most famous

markets in the world.

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28 million people come

here every year, 100,000

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each weekend, all drawn

here by its vibrant street fashion.

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Armed with a secret camera,

we joined the crowds

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looking for a purchase.

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A coat with a fur trim.

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Is this real fur or fake fur?

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According to the price it's fake.

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Because if it was real, it would be

£300 or £400.

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It's definitely fake fur, yeah?

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Definitely fake one, yeah.

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The price is fake one, of course.

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I don't want to buy

if it's real fur.

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No, no, real is very expensive, sir.

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Real is very expensive.

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100%, yeah?

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100%, yeah.

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100% fake fur?

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101%.

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And here is the coat we just bought,

it even has a label

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saying 100% polyester.

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So clearly no animal fur here?

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Only one way to find out.

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Dr Phil Greaves is the country's

leading micro fibre expert.

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We asked him to run all the tests

needed to find out for sure if this

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was real fur or faux fur.

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What is it?

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It's animal fibre as it's got

this structural feature

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which only animal fibres have.

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It's got an external margin

of scales, an internal

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medullary structure,

pigment within the fibres,

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it consists of two coats

and the fibres are tapered

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towards the tips.

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So that's 100% certain?

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100%.

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But which animal species exactly?

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We asked him to run more tests.

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While we wait for those results

to come back, it's worth

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remembering what we were told

when we bought that coat.

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At 30 quid it's so cheap

it has to be fake fur.

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A lot of people think for is

expensive and would look at a £10

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hit and not think for a second it

was real. We encourage people not to

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sleepwalk into buying real for and

supporting such an apartment

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industry.

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Her charity has even gone

undercover themselves,

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filming this footage

of what they describe

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as battery fur farms in China.

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In the cages, row after

row of racoon dogs.

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The Humane Society has long

campaigned to highlight the issue

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of cheap imported real

fur, which they say

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is now produced to such

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an industrial scale at farms

like this that the price has dropped

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to rock bottom.

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That's why they say these

hides could easily be

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bound for a high street

or market near you.

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So just how bad is the

problem here in London?

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It's time to go bargain-hunting

again with our secret camera.

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This time, the length

of London from here,

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Shepherd's Bush Market,

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to Stratford Market in the east.

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In all we filmed 17 shops

and stalls, again and again

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they told us it was fake

fur when it wasn't.

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I don't think it's real, man.

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Nothing in this shop

is meat out of an animal.

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It's like a fake fur,

so it looks real, but it's not real.

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And again in Shepherd's Bush Market.

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It's not real.

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Take me to court.

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Take you to court, yeah?

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Take me to court over

it but it's not, 100%.

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And then in Stratford,

again we were misled.

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This time the fur she sold us even

had traces of cat hair.

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It's synthetic items,

you know, it's not real.

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Real can't be for this

price, you know.

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We were even told by one stall

holder that animal rights were top

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of her list as she sold us real fur.

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I wouldn't sell it if it was real

because I love animals.

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The thought of an animal being

killed just to put a bobble on you.

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But that's exactly what she has done

- her garment had mink fur on it.

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And that coat we were fist sold,

well, that's racoon dog.

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And the tests are back for the rest

of the clothes we bought as well.

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It found everything

you sent me had animal fur.

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Ranging from rabbit, to mink,

to racoon dog, to fox.

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None of these are labelled

as being made from animal fur.

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And I think the parallel

is if a vegetarian bought burgers

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and found they were made from real

meat, there would be

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an outcry ? well, this

is a similar thing with fur.

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Julie is a vegetarian,

a vegan, in fact.

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She complained that this

hairclip had a pompom that

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looked suspiciously real.

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She was reassured by

the shop they weren't.

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They were.

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Mink fur, in fact.

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If I did buy that, wearing it

thinking it was faux fur,

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makes me really ill.

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I'd feel really sick.

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I know what they go

through and it's not worth it.

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The Humane Society says Julie is far

from alone in complaining

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about being mis-sold real fur.

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It's an appalling act to mislead

a would-be ethical consumer

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into buying a product

from an industry which causes such

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enormous suffering to millions

and millions of animals,

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animals kept in tiny wire

cages, fed on waste,

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denied veterinary care,

all for a frivolous pompom

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or a trim on a coat.

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So she's clear the supply chain has

been undermined by cheap real fur.

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We wanted to test that

thought for ourselves.

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That's why we've come here

to Commercial Road in east London.

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I've had a tip-off that this is one

of the places to best understand how

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it is that the supply chain may now

have been overrun with cheap,

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imported real fur.

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Many of the wholesalers here supply

shops and stalls across London.

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So, pretending we wanted stock

for our own market stall,

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we went into a wholesaler.

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It's a family run business

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and many of the items

contain real fur here.

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The manager then tells us we can

dupe customers who only want

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fake fur to buy real fur instead,

using the tags as a ploy.

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Just say, I don't know.

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It doesn't say anything

on this, so I can only

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tell you it's faux fur.

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Later when challenged he explained

that this is common practice

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amongst other wholesalers.

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A trick of the trade.

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The law is the same for wholesalers,

shops and stall holders -

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you can't mislead people

to secure a sale.

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So what do those who mis-sold us

real fur have to say for themselves?

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Remember this lady?

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Well, we caught up with her,

and while showing me photos of stray

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cats she said she'd taken in,

she gave me this reply.

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I honestly didn't realise it had

real fur in it at all.

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I bought it from my supplier

that I had been doing

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business with for years.

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And I had it in the shop and wasn't

aware that it contained

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real fur or anything.

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And now we've told you it

has, how do you feel?

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I'm extremely upset,

I'm a staunch animal lover.

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We asked everyone who sold us real

fur as faux fur to explain.

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Some simply didn't

comment, like these two.

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So we don't know if they

themselves were victims,

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duped by their suppliers.

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Others like this lady

said she was shocked,

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relied on the label and was assured

by her supplier it wasn't real fur.

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She's now removed

the items from sale.

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Others like this stall holder said

they had wrongly assumed

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it was manmade and had never

intended to mislead.

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That's all of little comfort

to anyone who may have inadvertedly

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bought real fur instead of faux fur.

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A Parliamentary inquiry has just

been announced to look

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at this specific issue.

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Our investigation will form part

of the evidence it looks at.

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So, how do those punters feel

when I tell them that they too have

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been tricked into thinking the fur

was fake when it wasn't?

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What would you say if I

told you that was cat?

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I have two cats, that

would make me very sad.

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That is ? that's cat fur.

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No, it's not!

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How do you feel about that?

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Horrible, I don't want

to touch it again.

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Really annoyed, I'd be so upset.

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So wilfully misled, or sold a lie?

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Perhaps just an innocent mistake?

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You decide.

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Again and again in markets

across London we were duped

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into buying fake fur that was real.

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Time now to shut up shop.

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The question is, what to

do with all this fur?

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And here it is all bagged

up and ready to go,

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straight in the bin.

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Alex Bushill reporting there.

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Now then, still to come on tonight's

show:

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You had no ideal for the first

landing how high up you were. It was

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like a block of flats.

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Three London aid workers have

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travelled out to one of the world's

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largest refugee camp in Bangladesh,

which in recent months has become

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home to hundreds of thousands

of Rohingya Muslims fleeing

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persecution in neighbouring Myanmar.

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The workers filmed some

heart-breaking video diaries

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of their efforts to help some

of the desperate refugees.

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Chris Rogers has the story.

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I should warn you that some

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of the content in his

report is distressing.

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Our London aid workers

are heading into the world's

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largest refugee camp.

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This is home to more than 800,000

Rohingya Muslim refugees.

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And thousands keep crossing

the border, escaping persecution

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in Buddhist-dominated Myanmar.

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Dr Ramiz Momeni,

Genevieve Jones-Hernandez

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and Sarah Wade have travelled

the world helping refugees.

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But nothing can prepare them

for what lies ahead,

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all of which they capture on camera.

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We're on our way now

to the Myanmar refugee camp.

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It is a restricted site,

it's controlled by the army.

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I've had a few comments

here and there obviously asking me

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if I am doing the right thing,

leaving a toddler behind

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for a period of time,

but ultimately he's surrounded

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by family, friends.

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You know, this is why I work

for charity, I work for charity

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because I want to help people

who really need it.

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There isn't anywhere else that any

of us would rather be

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because the need is so great here.

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This is the gateway to the camp,

where aid workers register

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and refugees receive essentials.

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There are 6000 that's come

in in the last three days.

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What it is that they receive here

is a bag with a bucket and I guess

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some building essentials.

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The Humanitas charity are heading

deep into the camp where there is no

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aid to set up a medical centre.

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We are walking to set

up our clinic where no-one else,

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no-one else has reached yet,

so obviously it's going to be tough.

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I'm speechless in terms of how far

this extends into this land.

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It just goes on and

on and on forever.

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The next day, word

spreads help has arrived.

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But can a small team of aid

workers from London cope

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with this many patients?

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They have to prioritise women

and children suffering from lack

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of food, disease and injuries

from their journey to the camp.

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He has got a child who hasn't

eaten for three days

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and has bad diarrhoea.

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Some children have been

born on the 800 mile

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trek from in Myanmar.

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Hundreds of others have

been born in the camp.

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This is a newborn baby that was born

yesterday and they tied

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the umbilical cord with just

a piece of rope.

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They are just in incredible

pain with these sores

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all over their heads and really dry

skin and cracked skin

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over their body, so we were,

you know, literally just rubbing

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them down with Vaseline and cream

just to sooth that pain.

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Today, like, it's been nonstop

and they are shivering,

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coughing, throwing up.

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It's just, it's...

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I don't know, I can't, seriously.

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Every day the team manage

to see around 80 patients,

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but with hundreds of thousands

needing help they move their clinic

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around the camp, trying to reach

as many as they can.

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Their mother did not make the trip

so she had to pass her baby

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onto her bigger baby to bring here.

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The baby is ten and a half days

and hasn't been breast fed.

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There are so many babies,

newborns 14 days old,

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don't have any food, starving.

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It's an underweight baby.

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She was prescribed vitamins just

for her but not for the baby.

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Honestly, it's like the baby's

dying, so we've just organised

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for her to get go and get referred

because she needs to go to

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the hospital and for that she needs

to have her ID card.

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And then straight after her we've

just been talking to another lady

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who's just took 11 days to travel

here after watching

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her husband get shot.

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It's really horrendous stories

and they really need our help.

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Do you know why she had to leave?

0:16:150:16:21

Yes, they came here

because they are torturing them.

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What's her name?

0:16:230:16:27

She is 13 years old.

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Does she remember what happened

before she came here?

0:16:280:16:34

These people drove them away.

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She saw that houses are being

torched and killing happening,

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so this is why she came here.

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The Myanmar government

strongly denies it is

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persecuting the Rohingya.

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The UN describes their treatment

as ethnic genocide.

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I'm just fascinated by how

resilient these people

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are with their cooking,

their survival.

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They've got a car battery I think

connecting themselves up

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to a little bit of electricity,

they've got their

0:17:140:17:16

firewood over there.

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Some families have lived here

for years, in a stateless world,

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stuck on the border of two countries

that do not want them.

0:17:250:17:30

I'm going to continue

to see the patients we saw

0:17:300:17:33

yesterday and check up,

and then we're going head

0:17:330:17:35

all the way down there

for the second part of the day.

0:17:350:17:44

So, tell her that we are very sorry

that she lost the baby.

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I think we expected to turn up

and be working alongside a lot more

0:17:490:17:53

organisations or volunteers.

0:17:530:18:03

Her pulse is very low so we're just

rushing to the hospital we got these

0:18:040:18:08

newly arrived Rohingya

with severe, severe dehydration.

0:18:080:18:14

There is an absolute lack

of aid for these people.

0:18:140:18:18

Larger, international aid

organisations complain Myanmar has

0:18:180:18:22

blocked aid convoys and staff

reaching the refugee camp.

0:18:220:18:31

It's time for the team head home,

but more refugees arrive,

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in biblical numbers.

0:18:350:18:38

All of these people tired, sick,

hungry and yet to reach their final

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destination in this camp

and set up home.

0:18:420:18:44

It's not so much as of a difficult

thing to be here, I think it'll be

0:18:440:18:48

more of a difficult thing to leave

knowing that we are leaving these

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people in such a dire situation.

0:18:510:18:55

Somehow they're incredible and,

you know, the way I see it,

0:18:550:18:58

we're here to be a positive

influence, you know,

0:18:580:19:03

so we have to come with energy,

come with smiles, come

0:19:030:19:06

with balloons, bubbles

as well as the medicine,

0:19:060:19:09

show them that people care.

0:19:090:19:19

Half a century ago Heathrow Airport

was frantically preparing

0:19:220:19:24

for the invasion of an American

giant that promised flying for all.

0:19:240:19:29

London was the very first

destination of the 747 jumbo jet ?

0:19:290:19:33

a craft nearly three times the size

of existing airliners.

0:19:330:19:39

Now, 50 years on, with the very last

American-owned 747 bidding

0:19:390:19:43

farewell to Heathrow,

Mark Jordan has been

0:19:430:19:45

tracking down the pioneers

of the iconic Queen of the Skies.

0:19:450:19:54

Aviation history this winter

as United flew the last American

0:19:540:19:58

owned 747 out of Heathrow.

0:19:580:20:02

Around the world the jumbo jet's

been saying goodbye to some

0:20:020:20:05

of the five billion they've flown.

0:20:050:20:09

We are so sad to see her leave.

0:20:090:20:11

Journey's end, as many come to rest

in desert boneyards.

0:20:110:20:19

Going to miss you, girl.

0:20:190:20:27

50 years ago the jumbo jet was born.

0:20:270:20:30

I've been tracking those pioneers

that made London the first

0:20:300:20:34

destination of the 747.

0:20:340:20:37

I'm taking one of its

first British pilots

0:20:370:20:39

from prototype to today's 747.

0:20:390:20:44

It was quite a challenge to fly

the airplane efficiently

0:20:440:20:46

without breaking all the engines!

0:20:460:20:54

And catch me if you can -

bound for London, that

0:20:540:20:57

world-first flight.

0:20:570:20:58

So this is you on the first flight?

0:20:580:21:00

Yes.

0:21:000:21:01

Born 1968, an age of

space, speed and size.

0:21:010:21:07

Apollo, Concorde and the jumbo.

0:21:070:21:13

As Duxford's amazing

British Aircraft collection shows,

0:21:130:21:16

Britain was a jet-age pioneer,

but its biggest

0:21:160:21:18

aircraft held just 150.

0:21:180:21:21

The 747 was going to take 400.

0:21:210:21:25

Before the jumbo, a round trip

between London and New York was over

0:21:250:21:28

£5000 in today's money.

0:21:280:21:32

Without the 747 it had been

a rich man's occupation.

0:21:320:21:37

It reduced the cost of flying

in effect to a level

0:21:370:21:40

where the ordinary person

could afford to fly.

0:21:400:21:43

For many months, London Airport has

been preparing for the day

0:21:430:21:49

when the first doors

of the jumbo open.

0:21:490:21:51

I remember as crew walking

step by step looking up,

0:21:510:21:55

and the closer we got

the bigger it got.

0:21:550:22:00

I remember thinking,

how are we going to do this?

0:22:000:22:04

Seats as far as you could see,

it was very frightening.

0:22:040:22:09

Overwhelming!

0:22:090:22:10

The 747 is coming in a big way.

0:22:100:22:13

Every country you went to,

crowds standing watching it come in.

0:22:130:22:17

As test flights and tours created

jumbo mania at Heathrow,

0:22:170:22:22

Britain's BOAC sent their man,

Hugh Dibley, to America

0:22:220:22:25

to learn how to fly a jumbo.

0:22:250:22:29

No simulators ? just the real thing!

0:22:290:22:32

I think there were about ten of us

on the flight deck watching this.

0:22:320:22:36

You have no idea for

the first landing how high

0:22:360:22:42

up from the ground - it really

was like landing a block of flats!

0:22:420:22:49

Also, the wheels are a long

way behind you, wheels

0:22:490:22:51

still over the grass.

0:22:510:22:52

Yes, it was very nice to look

down on the peasants

0:22:520:22:55

and the mini jets below!

0:22:550:22:57

As Hugh grappled with his flying

block of flats, designers got

0:22:570:23:01

to work on ocean liner style

interiors in every colour.

0:23:010:23:07

When the British Airline starts

using jumbo jets in May,

0:23:070:23:09

the glam girls who fly in them

will have a complete new wardrobe.

0:23:090:23:16

We've brought Hugh back to Heathrow

with Al Bridger, BA's top 747 pilot.

0:23:160:23:22

Slightly different to

what you are used to.

0:23:220:23:24

Well this is a big

change, of course.

0:23:240:23:26

Flatbed seats.

0:23:260:23:27

Americans have retired

the 747 for smaller more

0:23:270:23:30

fuel efficient craft,

BA revamped these even larger modern

0:23:300:23:33

ones for five more years.

0:23:330:23:39

So this is the bit you have come

to see ? flight deck.

0:23:390:23:43

It's all by screen whereas we had

clockwork instruments.

0:23:430:23:52

Back in the day Boeing installed

revolutionary autopilot.

0:23:520:23:55

But BOAC didn't trust it so put

in their own sextants!

0:23:550:24:00

The things used by sail

ships to read the stars.

0:24:000:24:04

The first three jumbos

for BOAC had a sextant mount

0:24:040:24:07

in case the automatic

navigation didn't work.

0:24:070:24:17

Modern 747s are a long way

from the jet engines

0:24:180:24:21

Hugh had to deal with.

0:24:210:24:22

We were having six

engine changes per week.

0:24:220:24:32

Engine failures were routine.

0:24:330:24:37

You had to watch it all the time

as there were occasions when it

0:24:370:24:42

didn't work very well.

0:24:420:24:42

Wheras these are so reliable.

0:24:420:24:43

But it was Pan Am that made that

world inaugural flight

0:24:430:24:46

from New York to London.

0:24:460:24:47

From a photo of the crew,

0:24:470:24:48

I finally track down Elise in Oslo.

0:24:480:24:52

Hello, amazing to meet you!

0:24:520:24:57

So this is you on that first flight.

0:24:570:25:03

Just after landing in London,and me

between the captains.

0:25:030:25:05

Does the hat still fit?

0:25:050:25:06

Yes.

0:25:060:25:08

But the glitz of that very first

flight was tarnished

0:25:080:25:10

by those jet engines.

0:25:100:25:13

Something happened for take off,one

of the engines heated up, some

0:25:130:25:16

said they saw flames but the captain

decided to go back to the terminal.

0:25:160:25:25

The world's press watched

the worlds biggest jet return.

0:25:250:25:33

Some clearly had Titanic fears.

0:25:330:25:35

Some people went off aircraft

and said never again

0:25:350:25:37

and never came back.

0:25:370:25:38

About 30 passengers never came back.

0:25:380:25:43

Seven hours later, those remaining

took off on what's became one

0:25:430:25:46

of the safest aircraft in the world.

0:25:460:25:48

It was very quiet when we took off.

0:25:480:25:52

Nervous?

0:25:520:25:56

Of course, it was a new thing.

0:25:560:26:01

So, we decided to start

serving champagne.

0:26:010:26:11

Our purser told us,

0:26:120:26:14

keep serving champagne ?

they wont know if they are in

0:26:140:26:21

They landed safe

0:26:210:26:22

but late at Heathrow.

0:26:220:26:23

In the early days Pan Am and BOAC

left for New York at the same time

0:26:230:26:28

with their new jumbos.

0:26:280:26:29

The race was on.

0:26:290:26:30

They had a flight to New York

and it was always a little

0:26:300:26:34

competition to get there.

0:26:340:26:35

We always managed to get away

first, we always managed

0:26:350:26:38

to get to Kennedy first.

0:26:380:26:42

Nothing has changed!

0:26:420:26:46

And here's the funny thing.

0:26:460:26:48

When Boeing created the 747

they thought it a mere stop gap

0:26:480:26:50

before supersonic travel took over.

0:26:510:26:52

But Concorde came and went.

0:26:520:26:53

The jumbo is still here.

0:26:530:26:59

But for how much longer?

0:26:590:27:06

This month Delta flew America's very

last passenger 747 to its graveyard.

0:27:060:27:10

This is where the whales come

to rest when they are

0:27:100:27:13

done with their job.

0:27:130:27:14

If you are flying a 747 400

you are flying every pilot's dream.

0:27:140:27:17

What a way to say goodbye

to the airplane and create

0:27:170:27:19

a memory for our wedding.

0:27:190:27:21

I'm going to cry

because it's so sad.

0:27:210:27:23

We kind of grew up on this airplane.

0:27:230:27:24

When the airplane goes

to the boneyard everybody signs

0:27:240:27:27

it and puts a little

something saying farewell.

0:27:270:27:30

This plane will hold

our heart forever.

0:27:300:27:37

Oh, I think one's heart aches to see

any machine being broken up

0:27:370:27:40

Oh, I think one's heart aches to see

any machine being broken up,

0:27:400:27:44

especially the 747.

0:27:440:27:45

When one thinks back to the time

when we had such great times.

0:27:450:27:48

And it allowed so many people

to fly all over the world.

0:27:480:27:55

Mark Jordan there.

0:27:550:27:57

I can still remember when I first

travelled on a jumbo jet.

0:27:570:28:00

Truly, an amazing experience!

0:28:000:28:02

Well that's about all

for tonight's Inside Out.

0:28:020:28:05

Before we go, though,

let's have a quick look at what's

0:28:050:28:08

coming up in our next programme

in two weeks' time.

0:28:080:28:13

The only Way is up -

is building on our rooftops

0:28:130:28:16

the solution to London's housing

crisis?

0:28:160:28:21

The combination of building in the

aerospace but doing it when all the

0:28:210:28:25

work is done off-site, so it

minimises inconvenience. It has to

0:28:250:28:27

be an exciting concept.

0:28:270:28:30

Why hiring a professional 'friend'

to help with your court case

0:28:300:28:32

could do more harm than good.

0:28:330:28:36

They are clogging the courts, they

give false hope to people.

0:28:360:28:42

And that's it for this

week's Inside Out.

0:28:420:28:47

just head to our website

bbc.co.uk/insideout -

0:28:470:28:50

just click on London.

0:28:500:28:53

Thanks very much for watching,we'll

be back on air in two weeks' time

0:28:530:28:57

time, I'll see you then.

0:28:570:29:00

Alex Bushill exposes how the 'fake' fur you're buying could be made from foreign factory-farmed animals. Chris Rogers finds out how London aid workers are making a difference to Burma's refugee crisis. And Mark Jordan finds out how, after 50 years, the jumbo jet is still the queen of the skies.