26/02/2018 Inside Out North East and Cumbria


26/02/2018

Have drivers got the message a year after tougher penalties for texting and driving were introduced? And celebrating the birthday of an iconic Tyneside picture house.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

Hello and a warm

welcome from Malton.

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In the next half hour -

just put the mobile away.

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That's the call from a Cumbrian

who is living with the consequences

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of drivers who use their phone

at the wheel.

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You cannot risk it because it is not

just the fact you will be heavily

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fined or go to prison,

it's the lives that get ruined.

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Can a North Yorkshire jockey help

change dangerous practice when it

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comes to the all-important weigh-in?

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If you go out and have six, seven,

eight gin and tonics and do not eat

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you will be lighter in the morning

so you think, that's great,

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I will make the weight up the next

day but then obviously it's not good

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for your head.

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And Newcastle's great survivor,

one man's vision of the picture

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palace that has survived

the test of time.

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Dixon Scott really was

a remarkable person.

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He could have built a box, a shed,

almost, with a screen in it and some

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rudimentary seats but obviously

the Tyneside is not

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like that, it is beautiful.

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I am Chris Jackson

and this is Inside Out.

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It was a heartbreaking disaster

on the M6 in Cumbria,

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and all because of one of these.

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In a split second one

man died and another

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had his life altered forever.

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One year on from a change

in the law, we ask why

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do people still use

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mobile phones behind the wheel.

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Now, when you are in your car...

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..you have really got

to keep your eyes peeled.

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Anything could happen.

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A kid could dash out in front

of you, another car could make

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a sudden manoeuvre,

and you certainly should not

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be doing any of this.

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I'm just going to let my mate know.

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Hang on.

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It's not easy looking at this.

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I can't really keep one eye

on the road and this.

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Well, you maybe just think

you will get away with it.

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After all, you could just be

going down a nice quiet road.

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Could even be stuck

in a traffic jam.

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Or maybe it's somewhere

you know really well.

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Of course it does not really matter.

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Because I am not really driving.

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But if I had been caught with this

in my hand that would mean a £200

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fine and six points on my licence.

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But if I had caused an accident

I could end up in prison.

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Those penalties doubled a year ago.

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But is anyone taking

it more seriously?

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In Carlisle, it's rush-hour.

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He is on his phone.

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That will do for me.

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PC Dan Beige is on the lookout

for drivers breaking the law.

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OK, two cars ahead of us we have got

this black Mercedes.

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Black phone, silver edge

to it and he had it

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texting in his right hand.

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Pull into there.

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Hello, mate, just jump out for us.

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Grab your phone as well, please.

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That black one with

the silver around the edges.

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Good man.

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Do you know why I have stopped you?

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Yeah, you have probably seen me put

the phone on the charger.

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So you know using a mobile phone

while you are behind the wheel

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of a car is illegal, yes?

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Yeah.

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OK.

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That was a young male

driver on his way home,

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he was texting with his right hand,

could clearly see it

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from our position.

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Can I get a vehicle check, please,

London Road, for an offence.

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You could see his attention

was drawn to his phone, he was not

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looking where he was going.

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As soon as he got out

of his car he realised why

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he had been stopped.

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But using a hand-held phone

at the wheel does not just lead

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to points and fines,

it can devastate lives.

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As Paul, from Kirby Stephen,

knows all too well.

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The best job I've ever had,

fantastic, helping people,

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being out of there.

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Bit of adrenaline kick

when things happen.

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Highways officer Paul

was on the hard shoulder of the M6

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when a car ploughed into him

and his colleague.

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All I remember is a bang

and being laid on the back

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of the recovery truck.

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I know I was in

an awful lot of pain.

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Paul spent six months in hospital

and was left paralysed.

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Fellow traffic officer

Adam Gibb was killed.

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Before the crash driver

Peter Morrison exchanged 25 text

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messages over a 23 mile

stretch of motorway.

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He was jailed for seven years

for dangerous driving.

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Whatever sentence he has

got it is not going to

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change what happened.

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Adam is gone, Julie and Matthew

are now struggling with life

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without a husband and a father.

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Even Mr Morrison's own family,

he has a wife and young child,

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you know, there are no

winners in this.

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I'm in a wheelchair

for the rest of my life

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and that is pretty much my sentence.

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This is my prison, it has

changed my life beyond recognition,

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every aspect of my life has changed.

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You cannot risk its because it's not

just the fact you will be heavily

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fined or go to prison,

it's the lives that get ruined.

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If we know it's dangerous to use

a hand-held phone at the wheel why

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do people still do it?

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This is what happened

when we took our camera out

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in rush in Newcastle.

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And in Cumbria, PC Dan Beige

has spotted another

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driver using his phone.

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There is one.

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So travelling behind this van,

I could see he had a dark grey

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mobile phone to his ear.

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You know why I have stopped you?

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Yes.

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OK, I have stopped you because.

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My boss rang me.

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Did he?

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Fair enough.

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OK.

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You are going to get

a ticket for that.

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That's fine, I understand.

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Just bear with me because we do it

all electronically and this thing

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is a little bit slow sometimes.

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As soon as we stopped the car

he admitted using a mobile phone

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and has been issued the relevant

points and fine for that offence.

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He is a professional driver,

it is in his interest to keep

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points off his licence

so all in all probably quite a good

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stop and hopefully he will take

something from it and not

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answer his phone again

while he is driving.

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I think people realise

the police are out and about,

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we are there to hopefully make

an impact and prevent accidents

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or people getting injured

and all the other things that can

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be led to with mobile

phone use at the wheel.

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It looks like the work of the police

and increased penalties could be

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making a difference.

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Figures from our five forces show

in the last year the number

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of people caught using a hand-held

phone has actually gone down.

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In 2016 officers across our region

issued more than 2700 fixed

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penalty notices in all.

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In 2017, they gave

out just over 1900 -

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a drop of nearly one third.

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Well, that's what the police say,

but I wonder what you guys think.

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Have you seen fewer people

on their phones at the wheel?

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Let's find out.

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I see it all the time.

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But there are not enough police

resources to enforce the penalty.

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The penalty change does not appear

to have had any impact.

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A worrying number of van and lorry

drivers seem oblivious to the law.

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Generally, I have seen less people

on their phones but I still see

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tractor drivers chatting on theirs.

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But if we want the number of drivers

using their phones to keep

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going down, educating the next

generation is key.

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OK, Amber, where do

you have your mobile phone today?

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In the glove box.

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In the glove box.

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Excellent.

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Why do we have that

in the glove box?

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So we have got no distractions.

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Excellent.

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Release your handbrake

for me, please.

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And we will head straight out.

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This is 12-year-old Amber's second

go behind the wheel.

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Her mum Joanne knows just how

all-consuming phones can be.

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It is just the way that

everybody is, everybody

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grows up with phones now.

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These two have both got smartphones.

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The fact that they use them

for every integral part

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of their social life and everything

they do, once they get to drive

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and I think it will be

difficult to put it down.

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Why can't some people simply

leave their phones alone?

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A lot of the time when we are

checking our mobile phones we're not

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even aware doing it.

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It has become so much

of the habit to check

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what is going on with the world

on our phones, I think we have this

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fear of missing out on information.

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It is more of a compulsion.

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It's not technically an addiction

but there is increasing evidence

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there is problematic usage

of mobile phones.

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Of course, mobile phones are no

longer just used for making phone

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calls and sending texts.

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They help us stay in constant

contact with the wider

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world through social media,

apps and the internet.

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They call it a phone,

they say it's a mobile phone

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but it's actually a miniature

computer in your pocket and it needs

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to be treated like that.

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So you would not whip

out your laptop on the motorway.

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And start rattling out an e-mail.

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What people tend to do is pull

out their mobile phone

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because they do not see that

as necessarily the same thing.

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So there are lessons for all of us

on how we use our mobile phones.

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What about the penalty

for using it at the wheel?

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Is a £200 fine and six

points on your license

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enough of a deterrent?

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No, it is not, because it

has not stopped people.

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I still see it and it

makes me so angry.

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Not just angry, it makes me

so sad and so worried.

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You need to be banned,

you need your licence

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taken off you, minimum.

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Is it all just about punishment?

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Is that going to be

enough to stop it?

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No, I think it needs to be made

socially unacceptable.

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I think people need to start blowing

the whistle on people that

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are using their phones.

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If you see this behaviour going on,

it needs pointing out.

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So would even tougher penalties

persuade more of us motorists

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to put the phone away?

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Please get in touch.

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We love to hear your views.

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The details are on screen now.

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Here in North Yorkshire,

horse racing is in the blood.

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But if you want to be a prize

jockey, you have got

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to watch your weight.

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It can be painful trying to beat

those dreaded scales, but,

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as Judy Hobson reports,

there is one rider here

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in the county who has been

in on a pioneering project to try

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and change that.

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Horse racing is part

of our national culture.

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Millions offered in prize-money,

millions more watching our biggest

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races from around the world.

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But what is it like for the riders,

the men and women at the very

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centre of the sport?

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It can be dangerous, every jockey

will have a list of broken bones,

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but most say the toughest part

of the job is the relentless

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struggle to keep the weight off.

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Keeping their weight low is

an integral part of a jockey's job.

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Because if they cannot make

the weight they will not get

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the rides, and if they

do not get the rides,

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their careers could be over.

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It is a path I once tried to pursue,

following in his footsteps of my

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dad, who was an amateur jump jockey.

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But what some of these

riders go through to shed

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Some of the lads had been flipping,

bringing their food back

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up, drinking too much.

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It is not a modern problem.

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In 1886, Fred Archer,

who had been champion jockey 12

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times, took his own life,

problems with his weight was said

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to have been a factor.

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It is a pressure that

continues to affect those

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at the very top of the sport.

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I was having hot baths and running

with sweat suits on and saunas

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and everything you should not do

I was probably doing.

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Southwell races on a cold winter's

afternoon, and the jockeys

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are weighing in before

the first race.

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Each horse has to carry

a certain amount of weight.

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Today Paul Mulrennan

is riding at nine stone.

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Not easy to achieve

when you are five foot seven.

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When I got here I had one last pound

to get off so I jumped

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in the sauna and had a shave

in there and the last

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pound just flew off.

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So I am on the weight now.

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The lighter you are the more rides

you are available for.

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But it is a daily

struggle for any jockey.

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Paul used to make weight by starving

himself and the brutally sweating

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off the last pounds.

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But other jockeys go further,

drinking alcohol to dehydrate

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them or even flipping -

a term used for making

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yourself sick.

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Keeping the weight off all year

round became so hard for Paul

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he almost gave up his job.

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Hello, Paul.

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How are you?

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You're looking good.

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Looking sharp, mate.

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Feeling good?

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Fit and well, yeah.

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Fit and well?

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But everything changed when he came

to John Moores University

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in Liverpool and met Doctor George

Wilson.

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George is a former jockey and now

heads up the world's leading

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research into how riders can

make weight safely.

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To work out Paul's minimum weight,

George uses a scanner to see how

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much body fat he's carrying.

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Overall, you are only carrying just

over 11% total of body fat.

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So, George, could Paul get down any

lower than he already is?

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Well, there is leeway for a little

bit of reduction in weight.

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We could probably take maybe one

kilo of fat off that

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but you would really be getting down

to the absolute minimum.

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Obviously, you need some fat

for many physiological reasons.

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First and foremost, we have to tell

jockeys they have to be

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realistic about the types of weights

they are trying to

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achieve to ride at.

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We offer up an individually devised

diet and nutrition programme

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and exercise programme based

upon the research, as opposed

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to the jockeys adopting these

culturally driven methods

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which obviously would not be

the best for your health.

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Because to lose weight you do not

have to sweat or starve.

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But sweating and starving has been

part of the culture and it can

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create long-term health problems.

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So today George tests how quickly

Paul can burn calories.

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This programme educates riders

in having a healthy diet combined

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with fat burning exercises.

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It's a delicate balance to keep

jockeys at their minimum weight.

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They can still make those racing

weights but they are doing it

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by eating frequently,

six times a day, staying hydrated.

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That's the absolute crux

of what we are doing here.

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From my own experience,

starvation is not great

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and dehydration is not great

and you feel terrible.

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Funded by the Racing Foundation,

this is a unique programme

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and available to every jockey.

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It has got a bigger implication

because it is not just

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for jockeys, it's for anyone.

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It can show you can eat

six times a day and,

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obviously, looking at you,

very low body fat.

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But you feel healthy?

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I feel healthy, I feel good,

I'm eating more than ever, really.

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It's McCoy, at the 15th attempt,

he wins the Grand National.

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George has helped more than 300

jockeys, including the biggest

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names in the industry.

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AP McCoy has ridden more

winners than anyone else,

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and yet he told us he regrets not

having access to this research

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early in his career.

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Unfortunately I went

there in the latter part

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of my career when I was pretty

near retirement but I went

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there because I was interested

and I think, do you know what,

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maybe I could have been so much

better if I had access to something

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like this earlier in my career.

0:16:120:16:14

It could have made me

better and last longer.

0:16:140:16:16

It could have made me

a much better jockey.

0:16:160:16:18

The average weight of a flat

jockey is about the same

0:16:180:16:21

as a 13-year-old boy.

0:16:210:16:22

Many are two stone under

their natural body weight and that

0:16:220:16:24

can cause physical problems

like weak bones.

0:16:240:16:28

But this daily battle of extreme

weight loss can also cause

0:16:280:16:31

issues with mental health.

0:16:310:16:33

Some high-profile flat jockeys

have spoken of careers

0:16:330:16:35

blighted by bulimia.

0:16:350:16:38

Others have spoken about

depression and alcoholism.

0:16:380:16:44

More importantly,

you are doing this...

0:16:440:16:52

The impact of this constant excess

weight loss on jockeys' mental

0:16:530:16:55

health is now forming part

of the research at

0:16:550:16:57

John Moores University.

0:16:570:16:58

AP McCoy says it causes

other problems, too.

0:16:580:17:00

The big problem for a jockey,

and especially a jump jockey,

0:17:000:17:05

is if the brain is starved that's

when you can do the most

0:17:050:17:11

damage when you bang your

head or when you fall,

0:17:110:17:14

if you are dehydrated.

0:17:140:17:15

To keep at his minimum riding

weight, Paul has to stick

0:17:150:17:19

to the strict routine set

by the team at

0:17:190:17:21

John Moores University.

0:17:210:17:22

It is a far cry from the old days

when Paul would starve

0:17:220:17:25

and his weight would yo-yo.

0:17:250:17:28

It was literally just get the sweat

suit on, get off running,

0:17:280:17:34

and you could be dropping anything

from, a good day would be

0:17:340:17:36

three or four pounds.

0:17:360:17:37

You would class that as an easy day.

0:17:370:17:39

Some days you would be taking

eight or ten pounds off.

0:17:390:17:42

It was just crazy what

we were doing, really.

0:17:420:17:50

Your agent will ring you and say,

you are doing eight, nine or eight,

0:17:500:17:54

ten, and a couple of days

so you just would not eat,

0:17:540:17:57

you would starve yourself, really.

0:17:570:17:58

If you go out and have six, seven,

eight gin and tonics and do not eat

0:17:580:18:02

you will be lighter in the morning,

so you think, that's great.

0:18:020:18:05

I'll make the weight the next

day but then obviously

0:18:050:18:07

it is not good for your head.

0:18:070:18:09

Paul's battle with his weight

did not just affect him,

0:18:090:18:11

many jockeys have families.

0:18:110:18:12

His wife is a former jockey

but when Paul was shedding pounds

0:18:120:18:15

by extreme sweating and starvation,

she worried about his health.

0:18:150:18:17

I thought he was going

to kill himself.

0:18:170:18:19

I mean, there was days

when he would be off

0:18:190:18:24

with the sweat suit on,

come home, the sauna would be on,

0:18:240:18:28

he would be in the sauna for an hour

and then into the bath and lying

0:18:280:18:32

on the floor exhausted and that's

even before you have

0:18:320:18:35

gone and done your work.

0:18:350:18:36

There was times when I thought,

has he been drinking?

0:18:360:18:38

Because it kind of seems

to affect your brain a little bit.

0:18:380:18:41

But he wasn't, he was

just so dehydrated.

0:18:410:18:49

So we had the chat about giving

up but Paul, luckily,

0:18:500:18:54

met George at the right time

and changed him round again.

0:18:540:18:57

It has definitely added

years onto my career and,

0:18:570:18:59

I'll be honest with you,

I probably would not be riding now

0:18:590:19:02

if I had not met George down

at John Moores University.

0:19:020:19:04

The racing industry is finally

waking up to problem.

0:19:040:19:07

There are even dieticians

at racetracks.

0:19:070:19:09

There are elements of bulimia

and the different ways

0:19:090:19:13

of losing weight for jockeys,

and that could always be the case

0:19:130:19:17

but you are trying to educates lads

who think this is a better way

0:19:170:19:20

of life, healthier way

of life, safer way of life.

0:19:200:19:24

Back at Southwell races.

0:19:240:19:27

Paul is now feeling healthy

and happy and riding

0:19:270:19:29

100 winners a year.

0:19:290:19:31

Because for him this

is what it's all about.

0:19:310:19:33

The thrill of race riding.

0:19:330:19:37

Tomorrow I'm down at Kempton,

it's an evening meeting down

0:19:370:19:39

there so it'll be an early start,

it's a bit of a trek

0:19:390:19:42

with the drive down there.

0:19:420:19:45

But I have got a couple of good

rides down there so I'm

0:19:450:19:49

looking forward to that.

0:19:490:19:49

So no rest?

0:19:490:19:50

No rest for the wicked, no.

0:19:500:19:52

It's 24/7.

0:19:520:19:57

In the age of streaming and download

it is perhaps surprising small

0:19:570:20:00

independent cinemas like this one

are in fact thriving.

0:20:000:20:02

But it has not always been easy.

0:20:020:20:04

A Newcastle, the Tyneside Cinema

is one of Britain's oldest.

0:20:040:20:06

And in its 80 years it has

survived many crises,

0:20:060:20:08

often by refusing to conform.

0:20:080:20:16

It is wonderful.

It is such a calm

voices in comparison with the city

0:20:200:20:29

outside.

I love this place.

0:20:290:20:37

outside.

I love this place.

One

always feels welcome.

It's an

0:20:370:20:42

absolute gem, beautiful.

The Arctic

open Glamour brought Hollywood glitz

0:20:420:20:46

to Tyneside but it's all an

illusion. -- Art Deco. But this

0:20:460:20:51

theatre was built for newsreels.

From America comes the staggering

0:20:510:20:57

news that Germany's giant dirigible

the Hindenburg has been completely

0:20:570:21:04

destroyed by fire.

People were swept overboard by the

0:21:040:21:10

power of watching great events on a

screen in a place like this. The

0:21:100:21:16

impact was instantaneous. It was a

captivating window on the world but

0:21:160:21:22

for £6 your ticket also brought the

event is much closer to home, from a

0:21:220:21:26

humble shepherd to the county's

upper crust.

They were all at the

0:21:260:21:31

hunt ball but a little thing like

that does not stop the members of

0:21:310:21:34

the hunt getting out early.

This Cinema is a representation of

0:21:340:21:41

his dreams, Dixon Scott was a

dreamer, a product of the

0:21:410:21:46

working-class and easier had genuine

passion for the idea of giving

0:21:460:21:50

people information, people of his

own kind information about the world

0:21:500:21:55

so they could come to a better

understanding of it.

0:21:550:22:02

Welcome to Tyneside Cinema, I am a

volunteer here and it's my pleasure

0:22:020:22:05

to show you around today. His whole

idea was to create what he

0:22:050:22:13

considered to be a Persian picture

palace, he spent time travelling in

0:22:130:22:18

Mesopotamia and Persia, Iraq and

Iran as we know them now and he fell

0:22:180:22:22

in love with the art and

architecture and design and culture

0:22:220:22:25

of that part of the world.

In an

alleyway lies a hidden treasure but

0:22:250:22:30

no glamour could save a news theatre

from the new kid on the block.

It is

0:22:300:22:40

up-to-date, it is the news of that

day, not that of several days ago

0:22:400:22:47

which previously was the case so

unusual cinemas like this lost their

0:22:470:22:53

appeal.

But the Tyneside went on regardless.

0:22:530:22:57

A brand-new boost for the

north-east.

0:22:570:23:03

In 1966 Beefeater was a news

theatre, it was the end of the News

0:23:040:23:11

cinema. -- the cinema was a news

theatre.

0:23:110:23:15

You can tell why they died, can't

you?

It is a great achievement.

0:23:150:23:28

you?

It is a great achievement.

As

audiences disappeared, the Tyneside

0:23:280:23:29

turns arthouse.

There was raised

eyebrows, they show pornographic

0:23:290:23:39

films all day but we said, no, we

don't, we short films from all

0:23:390:23:43

around the world. And to get rid of

that image took a long time.

It

0:23:430:23:50

struggled for a couple of decades

because of financial difficulties

0:23:500:23:53

but what happened was quite

remarkable, there was a hard-core of

0:23:530:23:57

people who came and felt so

passionate that they got themselves

0:23:570:24:02

organised and had a kind of sit in

and the place was packed out and I

0:24:020:24:06

think of a galvanised opinion but

this was a place worth supporting.

0:24:060:24:11

A board of trustees took over but

away from the silver screen in

0:24:110:24:17

another part of the building change

was also on the menu. In 1930 H --

0:24:170:24:25

2038 poached eggs on the cost £8 and

the coffee rooms were going a bit

0:24:250:24:29

stale but the new owner knew that

retro was the future -- poached eggs

0:24:290:24:35

cost 8p in 1938.

I first started in 1984 and it was

0:24:350:24:42

very rundown and every time you came

here there was another light bulb

0:24:420:24:49

gone off or something fallen apart.

What I wanted was to spend money on

0:24:490:24:56

doing it but I wanted people to walk

in and look at it and say it has

0:24:560:25:02

never changed.

I just love this

place.

Why? Just look around. I

0:25:020:25:11

happen to live in an Art deco block

of flats so I feel very much at home

0:25:110:25:15

here.

We came here when we were

courting.

And we used to have beans

0:25:150:25:22

on toast and it became quite a

regular thing.

People work very hard

0:25:220:25:29

to create this atmosphere.

I am sure

people feel about it like I do.

It

0:25:290:25:36

brings you back. We really love this

place, it's became a major part of

0:25:360:25:40

our lives.

Unfortunately that is completely

0:25:400:25:49

sold out. It is hard to recall just

how much the Tyneside struggled to

0:25:490:25:55

survive and how passion and

enthusiasm did not curb ambition.

0:25:550:25:59

Newcastle had its own international

film festival, but on a shoestring.

0:25:590:26:04

It is the smallest budget film

Festival budget in the world I

0:26:040:26:09

suppose. We are doing this on a

budget between 15-20,000 readers

0:26:090:26:15

must have at least 1000.

Peter

introduced a gay theme to some of

0:26:150:26:20

the festival and it brought a new

audience but was also controversial.

0:26:200:26:26

They wanted a quote, they wanted to

hear what is this about, gave films,

0:26:260:26:31

why are you showing gay films? It

was the thing that nearly got me

0:26:310:26:37

sacked. When the chips were down

there was a, you nearly ruined the

0:26:370:26:41

cinema, we will get our grant taken

away showing that stuff!

Constant

0:26:410:26:47

makeovers only papered over the

cracks. While other cinemas fell

0:26:470:26:52

victim to the wrecking ball Tyneside

brought in consultants.

0:26:520:26:55

Their advice was basically get out

the building. They described it as

0:26:550:26:59

an albatross the building and we

needed another is according to

0:26:590:27:05

increase ticket sales and the best

way to do that was build a new

0:27:050:27:09

cinema somewhere else.

Abandon the Persian palace? Dixon

0:27:090:27:12

Scott would have turned in his

grave. Instead the expanded

0:27:120:27:17

skywards, adding more screens and a

new lease of life. Ken Lodge

0:27:170:27:24

recently chose the Tyneside for his

recent premiere and they also run an

0:27:240:27:28

annual film school.

You get lost in

the music and you can be as good as

0:27:280:27:36

the dancer beside you which is

incredible. For them to be in all of

0:27:360:27:41

me, you just think, really? -- for

them to be an awe of me.

This new

0:27:410:27:52

version last week earned it the

prestigious Royal television Society

0:27:520:27:57

award.

To the recognition is

fabulous, thank you so much.

For

0:27:570:28:03

once this fiercely independent

cinema seems to have a secure

0:28:030:28:07

future, but always with one eye on

the past.

I would look at those red

0:28:070:28:12

curtains and I would say that is

what it's about.

It is the last

0:28:120:28:19

surviving news theatre operating as

a cinema in the UK and that's

0:28:190:28:22

something to be preserved. -

even

now you can even catch an old

0:28:220:28:30

newsreel and for some in Newcastle

it's a rare chance to relive some

0:28:300:28:34

all the glory days.

And Newcastle

have won the cup. Welborn,

0:28:340:28:40

Newcastle. You have done it again.

# Welborn, Newcastle.

And that is it

0:28:400:28:47

for tonight. Next week I undergo a

breathtaking experience to see just

0:28:470:28:54

how far the health service has come.

I will see you next Monday, until

0:28:540:29:00

Have drivers got the message a year after tougher penalties for texting and driving were introduced? And we celebrate the birthday of an iconic Tyneside picture house.


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