Presented by Tony Livesey. Simon O'Brien reports on how 100 years after Liverpool's 'Bloody Sunday', the family of one victim is calling for his name to be cleared.
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Hello, this week I am at the home of the famous witches.
We also find out the spooky goings on in the region don't end here.
Tonight, we investigate the impact the new rush of cockle pickers has
on a Lancashire coastline. should we have big boat taking our
living? We are not happy. 100 years after Liverpool's Bloody Sunday,
the family of one victim calls for his name to be cleared.
somebody to be shot twice in a -- in the head, by a soldier, that
sold in knew what he was doing. why young Jack killer is pumping
new blood into the North West Cockling is back in the headlines.
It is a story of the thought had gone away after the disaster in
Morecambe Bay in 2004 when 23 Chinese cockle pickers died.
Who would have thought that a simple sand bank could have caused
so much trouble. I am standing here off the coast of live them. It is
cockles that I have been discovering and this is the scene
of much drama. Lytham is a quiet town on the
Lancashire coast with a small fishing industry. There were full-
time fishermen here and tell September, when they experienced a
modern gold rush. A cockle bed which had been closed
for 20 years were certainly reopened by the Inshore Fisheries
and conservation authority. As word got out that the bed had more than
�8 million worth of cockles, hundreds of fishermen descended on
live them. They have come in a bath tubs. They sailed down there on a
plank of wood. Paul has been fishing the coast since he was 16.
He passed the checks necessary to obtain a permit for fishing for
cockles. There was an -- phase normally four or five of us that
has worked here. It is an eye- opener for the residents to find
hundreds of men on the beach. looks fairly safe and tranquil but
this estuary is treacherous. It is tidal and the EC can come in very
quickly. There are Sandbanks to navigate and four in experienced
cockers, the rescue services have been called out 26 times. Either
bodes broken down or overloaded boats that have taken on water.
People must be taking risks then? Some have. Birds are overloaded
with people and cockles. -- boat's. Does that mean that they can run
into danger quickly because they are ill equipped? It can go wrong
quite quickly for them, particularly if the weather changes.
The boat's are low in the water and if the weather picks up, if they
take on water, things go down quickly. As the number of rescues
increase, the authorities feared a repeat of the 2004 tragedy which
happened in Morecambe Bay when 23 Chinese cockle pickers drowned.
Last Tuesday, they ran exclusive checks on the fishes and their
equipment. If you have no life jackets, you will not be going out.
Half of the boats were stopped because they were not safe and the
skippers were not qualified. have discouraged a number of
illegal cockle us from going out. In doing so, we have improved the
safety issue. We are not knowing -- naming them that they come without
licences. They go out in little boats and shouldn't be on the river.
If the bailiffs were here doing their job, they wouldn't be going
out. There was more anger on Wednesday when it was announced
that the bed would be closed to fishermen and dredgers would be
brought in to Hoover up the cockles. The main complaint is with the
ecosystem, it will be decimated. don't believe in dredging because
it destroys them. We will have to find something else to do for a bit.
Other people will be out of work, not just me. That bed will be going
dead. There will be nothing of living of it. Why should we have
big boat taking our living. --? We are not happy, that is all we have
to say. Rob is a cockle trade here, buying them in love them to export
to Spain. He said they would be disastrous for the environment and
local jobs. If we were to use that bode for dredging, it would end
somewhere towards �1 million in that period of time. I am prepared
not to use that boat because it would do that much damage to the
cockle bed, not just for now but for the future. It is not the way
to do it. On Friday the Minister for Fisheries said he would
reconsider this plan. However, the bank would still close. To close it
like this, I am sorry. We are not bothered, as long as it opens again.
Their last fishing day will be on Sunday. The locals were not happy.
Very surprised, I was not at the meeting. He indicated three to four
days that it would take for the emergency by Lars -- by-laws to be
put in place. It is something that I don't know about. The decision
has been taken. The leader of the council says it will keep piracy at
its utmost. If I see anyone cockling on that bed, I will report
them. Very disappointed, I thought they would come up with a better
solution and close it. It will put me out of work. Work is hard to get
and I will have to go back to the struggling with the shrimps. Many
voiced their fear that while licensed fishing -- fishermen will
obey the order, many, like these Polish workers, will continue
fishing without permits. Have you been here the whole season? Yes.
Yesterday, Rob, the cockle trader, took me out on his boat for the
final time. With cockles reaching prices of �600 a tonne, it is a
lucrative business and even today, they are still taking risks. I
heard that's used one out here. Is that true? Yes, with a wet suit.
Isn't that dangerous? No, if you can swim. We have to see the water
before we go. It seems the actions of a few have put hundreds out of
work. There is a lot of idiots. Nobody checks in the car park.
Nobody is checking the permits. From today, the bank is closed. A
decision will be reviewed on 6th December but many believe it will
remain closed for months. Do you feel disappointed? Yes and No.
Disappointed because it is closing but not disappointed in the fact
that if there was going to be left open, it would be dredged.
Truthfully, it is the better of the two evils. All the fishermen I met
covering this story believe they need a permanent workable solution.
Every time a bed has been opened. There has been of 500 down here.
The fishing is on an industrial scale. All these people have come
and massacred the cockles. Then it all goes quiet for a year or two.
This has been going on for 12 years and nothing has been sorted out.
The Senate set signals the end of another day and Chapter. -- the
sunset. Anyone caught here cockling will be issued with a halt --
healthy fine. It remains to be seen if there will act as a strong
enough deterrent. Coming Up, a doctor who did it for
Cardiff, can Dracula bring in a new generation of tourists to
Mention Bloody Sunday and most people think about the killings of
13 civilians by the British army in Londonderry in 1972. But in
Liverpool, Bloody Sunday is connected with another event 100
years ago. In August 1911 the army opened fire on a civilian protest,
killing two men and injuring three others. Simon O'Brien's been
finding out more about the incident and new calls for the victims to be
This and wasn't -- this wasn't just a crisis. They were actually
shooting and killing people. It was supposed to be peaceful.
In the summer of 1911, the nation was in the grip of industrial
strife. A strike by transport workers had paralysed the railways
and in Liverpool striking dockers and seamen were also blocking the
port. In a desperate attempt to keep goods moving, the Home
Secretary, Winston Churchill, ordered the army onto the streets
to protect freight convoys. In Liverpool, where there was strong
support for the strike, there was resentment about the deployment of
troops and police from outside the city. It was against this backdrop
that a huge crowd gathered in St George's Square on August 13 to
listen to trade union leaders. 100,000 people have come to the
centre of Liverpool this afternoon. That fella is Thomas Mann, leader
of the Transport Workers' Union. Hundreds of thousands of people
gathered to hear them talk. We are gathered here today to win
this terrible battle against the employee ing curses and the state.
But shortly after he's finished talking, this area would resemble a
battlefield with hundreds lying bleeding and wounded, Liverpool
historian, Ron Noon, says it was no exaggeration when one commentator
wrote that the country was near to Two men were shot dead. This is
their story, largely untold for 100 years.
Ron Noon says it was no exaggeration.
Wages had declined, they cut wages even further. There was discontent
about the extent to which the gap between the rich and poor was
widening. One of the things we need to be
aware about is the extent to which they were not only troops stationed
in Liverpool, there were also police that were brought in,
including the Birmingham police. Once you start bringing out side
Bobbi's, there is a difference in terms of attitudes. The authorities,
be police over-reacted. By nightfall, 95 people had been
arrested and hundreds hospitalised. Bloody Sunday, triggered outbreaks
of violence which resulted in the army opening fire two days later,
killing two and wounding three others.
The shooting happened in North never pull when an angry mob
attacked soldiers as courting prisoners arrested on Bloody Sunday
to jail. A large crowd gathered here on the
corner of a Prince Street and Foxhall Road.
Word spread that they prison convoy was passing through. The mob pelted
it with bricks and missiles. Two men lay dead, three others were
shot and 10 were hospitalised. The only thing that marks this scene is
what was once the local pub. The shootings provoked an outcry.
There were calls for an investigation into the deaths of
John Sutcliffe and Michael Prendergast.
There was a dispute. Any sector workers were re instated and the
threat of revolution disappeared with the heatwave. What about those
deaths? A public inquiry? An emergency debate? Nothing, except
an inquest where it took a jury three minutes to return their
verdict of death by a homicide. One man, Professor Sam Davies, has
investigated the case and is convinced both men were innocent
victims of an unofficial shoot-to- kill policy.
John Sutcliffe lived around the corner here. He had come out to
close the shutters on his house. He was shot on this corner. Two shots
to the head. He died in hospital. The other fatality occurred further
up the road. He lived over the other side of the canal. I imagine
he must have come out on the bridge, came out like other people. He
shouted at the troops. He said, "soldiers, women and children, stop
to it --. Shooting.". There was another shooting in Plan A Aspley
days later. They cast fresh doubts about the official version of
events in Liverpool. -- plan They said he deserted because he
refused the shoot to kill. They were going to court martial him for
this offence. I went to the National Archives and looked at the
Home Office record. Mr Churchill, the deputy... We should make as
little as possible of this case. We do not want it to be. He was only
court-martialled and tried on a military offence and given two
weeks in prison. He was also surprised to discover that many of
the original documents about their shootings have since been destroyed.
It is interesting that a lot of the evidence, there was in those files,
has been destroyed. I wonder whether there was a certain things
that were too incriminating and not released. We asked civil liberties
lawyer, Pete Weatherby, to re- examine some of the evidence, to
find out whether he thought the verdicts were surprising. They hint
that the authorities were concerned about losing control and the
possibility of there being a general strike, which was talked
about in a public rally of the day. One thing they should have been
investigated is whether that influence the actions of the
authorities and effectively led to them taking the gloves are off.
centenary of Bloody Sunday was commemorated in August and wreaths
laid at the scene of the shootings in Liverpool. Sam Davies traced the
descendants of one of the victims, John Sutcliffe. We knew that
somebody in the family had been shot dead that was innocent. We
knew he was only 20. We were told from a young age that he was shot
closing their shutters. We have known that from being very young. I
personally think, for somebody to be shot twice in the head, by a
soldier, that soldier knew what he was doing. Now all this time has
passed, one question that comes to my mind, this is a personal family
tragedy but 100 years ago. Do you feel that the past is better left
alone for now it is coming out into the public domain, do you feel you
would like to see more done about this? I think we would like to see
his name cleared. It is important that people know what has gone on
with our history because we have to stop it happening in the future. It
is only thanks to things being brought a light, that the
Government have to think twice before they put the heavy hand in.
Like many of the poor at the time, John Sutcliffe, who was to have
been married three weeks later, was buried in an unmarked grave. They
are now plans for a memorial plaque to be put up where he was killed.
Normally when I researched history, you don't get emotionally false but
this is terrible what happened here, this is not right and it has been
hidden from history. -- emotionally involved. Something has to be done
to compensate these people who I absolutely believe were innocent
bystanders who were shot. The north-west has a reputation for
all things supernatural. Sums say it began here in Pendle with the
famous witches. As a gem has been discovering in
Liverpool, there is a new arrival on the horror scene. -- as Gemma.
Liverpool's famous The Liver Birds may have a rival attraction.
Reports are coming in at that a vampire is looking in in this case,
You should behave in accordance off the noble tradition of the
Dracula's. You happy to come further forward? This is the former
hall which used to help children with learning difficulties. Now it
is home to the BBC children's flagship series which has moved its
entire production to the city. It is a major coup for Liverpool and
shows the pulling power. We relocated to the north-west.
They have a highly skilled production based as well as an
interesting range of locations. 2006. Young Dracula became a hit.
Being a vampire is your destiny. The show has now been revamped.
The filming of the series began in Liverpool in May and has been
created -- a new jobs have been created. Our previous regular cast
were already established in the show. They are from all over the UK.
Our crew on North West based and split between Liverpool and
Manchester. The former school has a great role
to play. Can you tell us your character names? I played five --
Vladimir. I play Erin. What is it about? You do it because I will
give too much away. It follows Vladimir who is the son of Count
Dracula. In the first series, it was about fitting into society and
trying to get my dad are to have trouble. In this series, we have
settled down and he is a fully fledged a vampire. He has taken on
responsibilities of being be chosen one. There is a lot of weight on
his shoulders. I am quite enjoying it because a lot of my family live
up here. For me, it has been great because I can get a good Sunday
lunch when I am a peer. I get to see my family a lot. The studio is
so large and we have all the quarters here. The only thing we go
out for is the exterior shots. We got very lucky coming here.
You can't tell me what to do any more. You can't define my eight --
define me, I am your father, don't The team are hoping their arrival
in the Liverpool will have a similar impact on the local economy.
It happened in Cardiff when the BBC moved torch would and Dr Who to the
city. It is a creative investment and get
jobs in the media sector. When a big film comes to town, they can
spend half a million pounds in a couple of days. That wealth goes
across the city. Days catering facilities, right the way across
the board. It brings money into the economy. This is the exterior of
the school. By the magic of television, we come out here.
outside was too small, was on a main road and it didn't have that
impact. We were lucky to find this close by. What other Liverpool
locations have you used during filming? During the filming we have
used the Stanley Docks, that is a huge docks, one of the biggest
tobacco warehouses. We have used that as the slayer's lair. You call
yourself a slayer? Have you actually killed a vampire? Yes.
COMPUTER: True. In this series, most of the narrative lent itself
to being at the school, with the exception of Stanley Docks in
Liverpool and also the centre of Liverpool. In future series, we
would like to get the narrative to have our vampires out and mixing
amongst the community, so we can see more of the famous Liverpool
sights. In terms of working on the show, you're drawn to the
mysterious and slightly darker architecture that Liverpool has to
offer. Walking around as a tourist or a newcomer to the city, I am
very much struck by the massive range of architecture the city has
to offer. That is what we would like to capitalise on next time
around. It is not quite Transylvania yet, but it is
seriously getting there. Put them away. I am back next Monday. Have a
Simon O'Brien reports on how 100 years after Liverpool's 'Bloody Sunday', the family of one victim is calling for his name to be cleared.
Jemma Gofton discovers how Young Dracula is pumping new blood into the North West economy.