07/11/2011 Inside Out North West


07/11/2011

Presented by Tony Livesey. Simon O'Brien reports on how 100 years after Liverpool's 'Bloody Sunday', the family of one victim is calling for his name to be cleared.


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Transcript


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Hello, this week I am at the home of the famous witches.

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We also find out the spooky goings on in the region don't end here.

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Tonight, we investigate the impact the new rush of cockle pickers has

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on a Lancashire coastline. should we have big boat taking our

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living? We are not happy. 100 years after Liverpool's Bloody Sunday,

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the family of one victim calls for his name to be cleared.

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somebody to be shot twice in a -- in the head, by a soldier, that

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sold in knew what he was doing. why young Jack killer is pumping

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new blood into the North West Cockling is back in the headlines.

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It is a story of the thought had gone away after the disaster in

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Morecambe Bay in 2004 when 23 Chinese cockle pickers died.

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Who would have thought that a simple sand bank could have caused

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so much trouble. I am standing here off the coast of live them. It is

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cockles that I have been discovering and this is the scene

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of much drama. Lytham is a quiet town on the

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Lancashire coast with a small fishing industry. There were full-

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time fishermen here and tell September, when they experienced a

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modern gold rush. A cockle bed which had been closed

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for 20 years were certainly reopened by the Inshore Fisheries

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and conservation authority. As word got out that the bed had more than

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�8 million worth of cockles, hundreds of fishermen descended on

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live them. They have come in a bath tubs. They sailed down there on a

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plank of wood. Paul has been fishing the coast since he was 16.

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He passed the checks necessary to obtain a permit for fishing for

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cockles. There was an -- phase normally four or five of us that

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has worked here. It is an eye- opener for the residents to find

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hundreds of men on the beach. looks fairly safe and tranquil but

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this estuary is treacherous. It is tidal and the EC can come in very

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quickly. There are Sandbanks to navigate and four in experienced

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cockers, the rescue services have been called out 26 times. Either

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bodes broken down or overloaded boats that have taken on water.

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People must be taking risks then? Some have. Birds are overloaded

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with people and cockles. -- boat's. Does that mean that they can run

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into danger quickly because they are ill equipped? It can go wrong

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quite quickly for them, particularly if the weather changes.

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The boat's are low in the water and if the weather picks up, if they

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take on water, things go down quickly. As the number of rescues

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increase, the authorities feared a repeat of the 2004 tragedy which

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happened in Morecambe Bay when 23 Chinese cockle pickers drowned.

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Last Tuesday, they ran exclusive checks on the fishes and their

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equipment. If you have no life jackets, you will not be going out.

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Half of the boats were stopped because they were not safe and the

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skippers were not qualified. have discouraged a number of

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illegal cockle us from going out. In doing so, we have improved the

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safety issue. We are not knowing -- naming them that they come without

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licences. They go out in little boats and shouldn't be on the river.

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If the bailiffs were here doing their job, they wouldn't be going

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out. There was more anger on Wednesday when it was announced

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that the bed would be closed to fishermen and dredgers would be

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brought in to Hoover up the cockles. The main complaint is with the

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ecosystem, it will be decimated. don't believe in dredging because

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it destroys them. We will have to find something else to do for a bit.

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Other people will be out of work, not just me. That bed will be going

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dead. There will be nothing of living of it. Why should we have

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big boat taking our living. --? We are not happy, that is all we have

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to say. Rob is a cockle trade here, buying them in love them to export

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to Spain. He said they would be disastrous for the environment and

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local jobs. If we were to use that bode for dredging, it would end

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somewhere towards �1 million in that period of time. I am prepared

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not to use that boat because it would do that much damage to the

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cockle bed, not just for now but for the future. It is not the way

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to do it. On Friday the Minister for Fisheries said he would

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reconsider this plan. However, the bank would still close. To close it

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like this, I am sorry. We are not bothered, as long as it opens again.

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Their last fishing day will be on Sunday. The locals were not happy.

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Very surprised, I was not at the meeting. He indicated three to four

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days that it would take for the emergency by Lars -- by-laws to be

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put in place. It is something that I don't know about. The decision

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has been taken. The leader of the council says it will keep piracy at

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its utmost. If I see anyone cockling on that bed, I will report

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them. Very disappointed, I thought they would come up with a better

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solution and close it. It will put me out of work. Work is hard to get

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and I will have to go back to the struggling with the shrimps. Many

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voiced their fear that while licensed fishing -- fishermen will

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obey the order, many, like these Polish workers, will continue

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fishing without permits. Have you been here the whole season? Yes.

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Yesterday, Rob, the cockle trader, took me out on his boat for the

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final time. With cockles reaching prices of �600 a tonne, it is a

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lucrative business and even today, they are still taking risks. I

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heard that's used one out here. Is that true? Yes, with a wet suit.

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Isn't that dangerous? No, if you can swim. We have to see the water

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before we go. It seems the actions of a few have put hundreds out of

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work. There is a lot of idiots. Nobody checks in the car park.

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Nobody is checking the permits. From today, the bank is closed. A

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decision will be reviewed on 6th December but many believe it will

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remain closed for months. Do you feel disappointed? Yes and No.

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Disappointed because it is closing but not disappointed in the fact

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that if there was going to be left open, it would be dredged.

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Truthfully, it is the better of the two evils. All the fishermen I met

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covering this story believe they need a permanent workable solution.

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Every time a bed has been opened. There has been of 500 down here.

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The fishing is on an industrial scale. All these people have come

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and massacred the cockles. Then it all goes quiet for a year or two.

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This has been going on for 12 years and nothing has been sorted out.

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The Senate set signals the end of another day and Chapter. -- the

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sunset. Anyone caught here cockling will be issued with a halt --

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healthy fine. It remains to be seen if there will act as a strong

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enough deterrent. Coming Up, a doctor who did it for

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Cardiff, can Dracula bring in a new generation of tourists to

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Mention Bloody Sunday and most people think about the killings of

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13 civilians by the British army in Londonderry in 1972. But in

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Liverpool, Bloody Sunday is connected with another event 100

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years ago. In August 1911 the army opened fire on a civilian protest,

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killing two men and injuring three others. Simon O'Brien's been

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finding out more about the incident and new calls for the victims to be

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This and wasn't -- this wasn't just a crisis. They were actually

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shooting and killing people. It was supposed to be peaceful.

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In the summer of 1911, the nation was in the grip of industrial

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strife. A strike by transport workers had paralysed the railways

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and in Liverpool striking dockers and seamen were also blocking the

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port. In a desperate attempt to keep goods moving, the Home

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Secretary, Winston Churchill, ordered the army onto the streets

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to protect freight convoys. In Liverpool, where there was strong

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support for the strike, there was resentment about the deployment of

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troops and police from outside the city. It was against this backdrop

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that a huge crowd gathered in St George's Square on August 13 to

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listen to trade union leaders. 100,000 people have come to the

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centre of Liverpool this afternoon. That fella is Thomas Mann, leader

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of the Transport Workers' Union. Hundreds of thousands of people

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gathered to hear them talk. We are gathered here today to win

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this terrible battle against the employee ing curses and the state.

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But shortly after he's finished talking, this area would resemble a

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battlefield with hundreds lying bleeding and wounded, Liverpool

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historian, Ron Noon, says it was no exaggeration when one commentator

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wrote that the country was near to Two men were shot dead. This is

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their story, largely untold for 100 years.

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Ron Noon says it was no exaggeration.

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Wages had declined, they cut wages even further. There was discontent

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about the extent to which the gap between the rich and poor was

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widening. One of the things we need to be

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aware about is the extent to which they were not only troops stationed

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in Liverpool, there were also police that were brought in,

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including the Birmingham police. Once you start bringing out side

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Bobbi's, there is a difference in terms of attitudes. The authorities,

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be police over-reacted. By nightfall, 95 people had been

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arrested and hundreds hospitalised. Bloody Sunday, triggered outbreaks

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of violence which resulted in the army opening fire two days later,

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killing two and wounding three others.

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The shooting happened in North never pull when an angry mob

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attacked soldiers as courting prisoners arrested on Bloody Sunday

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to jail. A large crowd gathered here on the

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corner of a Prince Street and Foxhall Road.

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Word spread that they prison convoy was passing through. The mob pelted

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it with bricks and missiles. Two men lay dead, three others were

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shot and 10 were hospitalised. The only thing that marks this scene is

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what was once the local pub. The shootings provoked an outcry.

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There were calls for an investigation into the deaths of

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John Sutcliffe and Michael Prendergast.

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There was a dispute. Any sector workers were re instated and the

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threat of revolution disappeared with the heatwave. What about those

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deaths? A public inquiry? An emergency debate? Nothing, except

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an inquest where it took a jury three minutes to return their

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verdict of death by a homicide. One man, Professor Sam Davies, has

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investigated the case and is convinced both men were innocent

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victims of an unofficial shoot-to- kill policy.

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John Sutcliffe lived around the corner here. He had come out to

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close the shutters on his house. He was shot on this corner. Two shots

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to the head. He died in hospital. The other fatality occurred further

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up the road. He lived over the other side of the canal. I imagine

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he must have come out on the bridge, came out like other people. He

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shouted at the troops. He said, "soldiers, women and children, stop

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to it --. Shooting.". There was another shooting in Plan A Aspley

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days later. They cast fresh doubts about the official version of

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events in Liverpool. -- plan They said he deserted because he

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refused the shoot to kill. They were going to court martial him for

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this offence. I went to the National Archives and looked at the

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Home Office record. Mr Churchill, the deputy... We should make as

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little as possible of this case. We do not want it to be. He was only

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court-martialled and tried on a military offence and given two

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weeks in prison. He was also surprised to discover that many of

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the original documents about their shootings have since been destroyed.

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It is interesting that a lot of the evidence, there was in those files,

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has been destroyed. I wonder whether there was a certain things

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that were too incriminating and not released. We asked civil liberties

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lawyer, Pete Weatherby, to re- examine some of the evidence, to

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find out whether he thought the verdicts were surprising. They hint

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that the authorities were concerned about losing control and the

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possibility of there being a general strike, which was talked

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about in a public rally of the day. One thing they should have been

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investigated is whether that influence the actions of the

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authorities and effectively led to them taking the gloves are off.

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centenary of Bloody Sunday was commemorated in August and wreaths

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laid at the scene of the shootings in Liverpool. Sam Davies traced the

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descendants of one of the victims, John Sutcliffe. We knew that

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somebody in the family had been shot dead that was innocent. We

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knew he was only 20. We were told from a young age that he was shot

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closing their shutters. We have known that from being very young. I

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personally think, for somebody to be shot twice in the head, by a

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soldier, that soldier knew what he was doing. Now all this time has

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passed, one question that comes to my mind, this is a personal family

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tragedy but 100 years ago. Do you feel that the past is better left

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alone for now it is coming out into the public domain, do you feel you

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would like to see more done about this? I think we would like to see

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his name cleared. It is important that people know what has gone on

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with our history because we have to stop it happening in the future. It

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is only thanks to things being brought a light, that the

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Government have to think twice before they put the heavy hand in.

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Like many of the poor at the time, John Sutcliffe, who was to have

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been married three weeks later, was buried in an unmarked grave. They

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are now plans for a memorial plaque to be put up where he was killed.

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Normally when I researched history, you don't get emotionally false but

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this is terrible what happened here, this is not right and it has been

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hidden from history. -- emotionally involved. Something has to be done

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to compensate these people who I absolutely believe were innocent

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bystanders who were shot. The north-west has a reputation for

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all things supernatural. Sums say it began here in Pendle with the

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famous witches. As a gem has been discovering in

:19:58.:20:07.
:20:08.:20:08.

Liverpool, there is a new arrival on the horror scene. -- as Gemma.

:20:08.:20:12.

Liverpool's famous The Liver Birds may have a rival attraction.

:20:12.:20:22.
:20:22.:20:29.

Reports are coming in at that a vampire is looking in in this case,

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:20:39.:20:39.

You should behave in accordance off the noble tradition of the

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Dracula's. You happy to come further forward? This is the former

:20:52.:20:57.

hall which used to help children with learning difficulties. Now it

:20:57.:21:02.

is home to the BBC children's flagship series which has moved its

:21:02.:21:06.

entire production to the city. It is a major coup for Liverpool and

:21:06.:21:15.

shows the pulling power. We relocated to the north-west.

:21:15.:21:20.

They have a highly skilled production based as well as an

:21:20.:21:30.
:21:30.:21:49.

interesting range of locations. 2006. Young Dracula became a hit.

:21:49.:21:59.
:21:59.:22:16.

Being a vampire is your destiny. The show has now been revamped.

:22:16.:22:21.

The filming of the series began in Liverpool in May and has been

:22:21.:22:26.

created -- a new jobs have been created. Our previous regular cast

:22:26.:22:31.

were already established in the show. They are from all over the UK.

:22:31.:22:35.

Our crew on North West based and split between Liverpool and

:22:35.:22:45.
:22:45.:22:54.

Manchester. The former school has a great role

:22:54.:23:04.
:23:04.:23:13.

to play. Can you tell us your character names? I played five --

:23:13.:23:23.

Vladimir. I play Erin. What is it about? You do it because I will

:23:23.:23:30.

give too much away. It follows Vladimir who is the son of Count

:23:30.:23:36.

Dracula. In the first series, it was about fitting into society and

:23:36.:23:40.

trying to get my dad are to have trouble. In this series, we have

:23:40.:23:46.

settled down and he is a fully fledged a vampire. He has taken on

:23:46.:23:53.

responsibilities of being be chosen one. There is a lot of weight on

:23:54.:24:03.
:24:04.:24:35.

his shoulders. I am quite enjoying it because a lot of my family live

:24:36.:24:42.

up here. For me, it has been great because I can get a good Sunday

:24:42.:24:52.
:24:52.:25:00.

lunch when I am a peer. I get to see my family a lot. The studio is

:25:00.:25:09.

so large and we have all the quarters here. The only thing we go

:25:09.:25:19.
:25:19.:25:20.

out for is the exterior shots. We got very lucky coming here.

:25:20.:25:25.

You can't tell me what to do any more. You can't define my eight --

:25:25.:25:35.
:25:35.:25:41.

define me, I am your father, don't The team are hoping their arrival

:25:41.:25:44.

in the Liverpool will have a similar impact on the local economy.

:25:44.:25:50.

It happened in Cardiff when the BBC moved torch would and Dr Who to the

:25:50.:25:56.

city. It is a creative investment and get

:25:56.:26:02.

jobs in the media sector. When a big film comes to town, they can

:26:02.:26:06.

spend half a million pounds in a couple of days. That wealth goes

:26:06.:26:14.

across the city. Days catering facilities, right the way across

:26:14.:26:24.
:26:24.:26:27.

the board. It brings money into the economy. This is the exterior of

:26:27.:26:37.
:26:37.:26:42.

the school. By the magic of television, we come out here.

:26:42.:26:45.

outside was too small, was on a main road and it didn't have that

:26:46.:26:55.
:26:56.:27:12.

impact. We were lucky to find this close by. What other Liverpool

:27:12.:27:16.

locations have you used during filming? During the filming we have

:27:16.:27:19.

used the Stanley Docks, that is a huge docks, one of the biggest

:27:20.:27:23.

tobacco warehouses. We have used that as the slayer's lair. You call

:27:23.:27:30.

yourself a slayer? Have you actually killed a vampire? Yes.

:27:30.:27:36.

COMPUTER: True. In this series, most of the narrative lent itself

:27:36.:27:39.

to being at the school, with the exception of Stanley Docks in

:27:39.:27:43.

Liverpool and also the centre of Liverpool. In future series, we

:27:43.:27:47.

would like to get the narrative to have our vampires out and mixing

:27:47.:27:50.

amongst the community, so we can see more of the famous Liverpool

:27:50.:27:54.

sights. In terms of working on the show, you're drawn to the

:27:54.:27:56.

mysterious and slightly darker architecture that Liverpool has to

:27:57.:28:06.
:28:07.:28:15.

offer. Walking around as a tourist or a newcomer to the city, I am

:28:15.:28:18.

very much struck by the massive range of architecture the city has

:28:18.:28:26.

to offer. That is what we would like to capitalise on next time

:28:26.:28:30.

around. It is not quite Transylvania yet, but it is

:28:30.:28:40.
:28:40.:28:41.

seriously getting there. Put them away. I am back next Monday. Have a

:28:41.:28:45.

Simon O'Brien reports on how 100 years after Liverpool's 'Bloody Sunday', the family of one victim is calling for his name to be cleared.

Jemma Gofton discovers how Young Dracula is pumping new blood into the North West economy.


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