30/01/2012 Inside Out South


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Hello and welcome to Inside Out. Here's what's coming up tonight.


Nearly three years after Gurkha families won the right to live in


Britain, one army town has problems. Someone is going to end up dead


definitely. They start a fight and other people start a fight and it


goes like that. Can football bring peace to Aldershot?


Everyone's worried. It is an accident waiting to happen.


Extracting energy reserves from under the south.


But will this gas bonanza cause earthquakes and contaminate our


water? We're trying to put everything in place to make sure


that nothing like this can happen again. And conservation success for


the red kite. But can you over-pamper a bird of


prey? A great spectacle or a nightmare worthy of Hitchcock?


should fine people for feeding the birds en masse. This isn't proper


management. I'm John Cuthill and Tonight we're at the Sir Harold


Hillier Gardens just outside Romsey because of this, the Gurkha


Memorial Garden. It's been nearly three years since that historic


ruling. Joanna Lumley shouting triumphantly her war cry as Gurkhas


are given the right to live in Britain. But no one could have


predicted how many Nepalese people would choose to settle in one


particular part of Hampshire. As Nick Wallis finds out, that's been


Aldershot has always been known as the home of the British army but


now some people are beginning to call it Little Nepal and not in a


good way. Since Joanna Lumley's campaign to give Gurkhas and their


families the right to settle here, thousands of people have come to


this town and the surrounding areas. It's now thought 10% of the


population is Nepalese. Not surprisingly this big influx over a


short period has brought tension, particularly amongst some of the


young people. In the local parks especially, there have been real


problems between the two communities and one local youth


worker has been watching the situation get worse. There's often


clashes, especially around public events like firework displays.


There has to be an increased police presence. There isn't any


integration or mixing going on. It tends to be a big group of Nepalese


people in the parks. Has that led to confrontations? Yes. And they


can get violent? Definitely. Every time I'm in here I have to run. You


get all the Nepalese coming up here and they start chasing us and stuff.


I've had a few fights with them at school. I was jumped at school by


seven of them. So they've come here and they take over? They've bullied


us out of our park basically. summer while riots were going on in


other parts of the country, Manor Park in Aldershot was seen as a


potential tinderbox. The police were granted a dispersal order,


allowing them to move youngsters out of the area and things did calm


down. But it seems whenever there is a big event in Aldershot,


trouble is never far away. In every funfair there's a fight going on


somewhere. There's always going to be a fight. I don't know. How bad


does it get? Three or four police vans pull up. Like, pretty bad.


When the white kids say it's you guys starting it, you're ing the


problem, what do you think? Every time different people start. It's


not just us, not just them. Everyone starts, to be truthful.


These young men, sons of Gurkha soldiers, have come here to make a


new life with their families. They have to deal with a new language


and an alien culture and many have had a hostile reception. There's


lots of white people being racist to us. It's different colours. We


have a different colour of skin. They call me by different names and


tell you to go to your own country. It's difficult actually, dealing


with them. It's clear there's a big divide


between the two communities. Suspicions, misunderstandings and


little dialogue. They just want to stick together. They don't want to


be friends with white people. older Nepalese people, they're all


right, aren't they? Nothing wrong with them. It's just the young'uns.


It's not always them starting. It's both of us. They start it


really. When we're on our own, they like to start. When we are with a


group, we like to start. Where do you see this going if something


isn't done? Someone is going to end up dead, definitely. It's not will


it happen. It's when it's going to happen and that's a definite. If we


don't stop it now or try to stop it now, it's going to just escalate


and you're going to lose a whole generation of people with


resentments towards each other. I know there's ways around it, but no


one seems to be trying to help at the moment. This man is trying to


do something. When his wife couldn't get an appointment with


the local GP because of the numbers of new Nepali patients, it was the


final straw. He started a Facebook page highlighting the problems.


actually signed the petition for the Gurkhas to come to the UK. I


just think it was ill thought out. Too many people, too fast. I wanted


to voice my concerns, rather than doing it in the pub with friends,


on a larger scale. I started a Facebook group just to see what


would happen. Over the next 72 hours we had over 1000 members join.


Despite some racist postings on the site, Sam is adamant it isn't a


platform for bigots. He wants it to be a force for good between the two


communities. Yeah, I've got three children. At the point when I


started the group, my newest son was two weeks old. I was basically


sat there on the sofa thinking is this the Aldershot I want my family


to grow up in? I don't want them to grow up in a divided community with


hate and segregation. I just wanted something to change. Like Sam,


youth worker Richard Cooper is trying to build bridges. At the


town's youth club, locals are cooking the Nepalis a traditional


English meal, curry. But the biggest challenge will be bringing


together those factions involved in confrontation. Richard thinks he


might have the answer. The beautiful game. A football match


with both sides playing together. It's not rocket science. It's food


and football, two of the most sociable, easily organised


activities you can get. The challenge is the integration part


of it. Even in a controlled football pitch environment. I've


started to notice a slight shift in viewpoints over the last couple of


weeks though. You know what, it's about time we shook hands. You say


you'd like to sort it out. What actually needs to be done? Bonding


together. Group activities. should get us all in a group. Seven


of us and seven of them. Do basketball. That's what they do,


basketball. And play football, what we do, the English people. We love


playing football. If their community wants to get us together,


I guarantee we will be the first ones to go ahead with that and be


friends. We really do want to be friends. This is a new country for


us. It's not like back home. To make more friends, that's all we


want. It's three months since the idea of the match was first


suggested. Today is the big day, but will enough people turn up? Now


the teams are going to be mixed so it's no us and them. Let's see what


sort of bridges can be built over the next 90 minutes. Marley. Yut.


Pauppu. Mika. Danu. Rhys, Harry, Nath, Jamie. I'm excited for this


game. It's going to be good. I can't wait. I didn't think it was


going to happen. We don't really play with them. It will be good to


get involved with them and that. This is one of the main boys as


well from what happened with the fights. I can't be bothered to


fight with them. I want to get on with them. You're here for one


thing and that is to play football, OK? You're on one team, one side,


with one idea, to change Aldershot. Every one of you is here to make


that choice today. All right? the teams are picked with Nepali


and white lads playing together, the spectators are getting to know


each other, too. Nice to meet you. I'm one of the dads. I take it you


are as well. Those are mine. older generation are supporting the


youngsters, keen to see new friendships made. I always loved


British people because we are here in their country so we have to


integrate with them. You deserve to be here. You deserve to be here.


That is my perception. Those are my cousins. I tell them don't fight


with British people. Try to talk to them. Try to share ideas with them.


If there are any problems with the kids on my side of it or any of my


kids or anything like that, then just give me a ring and we need to


sort things out. Yes. The match kicks off and it quickly becomes


obvious the game is more important than any feud.


It's competitive but there are no flare-ups. Months of racial tension


begin to drain away. By doing all this and everyone getting together


and playing football, everyone is changing and that. It's getting


everyone together to make a team. We play together. Nepali and white


people and we make friendship more so there won't be any trouble in


It is hoped this match will be the first of many and that these


players will form a regular team called United Rushmore, which will


compete in the local leagues. was a nice game. I got to know more


people. It's doing really well. It's going good. Firm handshakes,


eye to eye contact, a few smiles? Yes. I think a couple are all right


people when you get to know them and speak to them. If all goes well,


these lads will bring football success to the town and a positive


legacy for future generations. Fantastic. Everyone here was for


the same thing altogether. It was quite a sight. Do you think you


have bright prospects? I'm under no disillusion. It's not fixed. But we


got 25 or 30 guys that are starting a friendship. This is the future,


the future of Aldershot. You're all so proud of your town and your


choice is today. Change comes through choice. We are all here


today out of choice because you want to make a difference to the


town you're going to grow up in. This is where all the racial


Next, is fracking the answer to the South's looming energy crisis? It's


controversial. It's been blamed for causing tremors and it could be


heading our way. Scott Ellis investigates.


In America, fracking for gas is a $1 trillion industry. It's highly


profitable and highly controversial. And before long, fracking could


come to areas across the South. In West Sussex, this site in the


village of Balcombe is being considered for test drilling by


Cuadrilla, the company linked to earth tremors in Lancashire. Over


in Somerset, UK Methane has already sunk a test drill. If the site is


suitable, fracking could be used to extract the gas. If I said fracking


to you, do you know what it means? No, not fracking. I've heard it


somewhere. It sounds rude. suspect that it means something


quite unusual that you're perhaps going to tell me. Hydraulic


fracturing involves drilling thousands of feet to gas that's


trapped in deep shale rocks. Then small explosions open up cracks,


followed by the frack itself, a mixture of water, sand and


chemicals, pumped down at high pressures, helping to free up the


gas. So you need water, sand and a few chemicals. Force them into the


ground, and the gas comes up to the Fracked gas is now all the rage in


America. It's revolutionised their energy sector. 15 years ago the USA


was building liquefied natural gas terminals all round its coast. They


felt they were running short of their own gas supplies. These were


import terminals for importing the natural gas from Qatar. They have


been turned into export terminals, so America is exporting gas to


other countries, which is a phenomenal turnaround. But a lack


of regulation in America has caused a backlash. There are fears that


fracked gas has escaped into underground water supplies. The


industry denies that fracking is the only possible cause. But this


year, controversy came here to the UK, when Cuadrilla's high-pressure


fracking operations near Blackpool were followed by two earthquakes.


On the day the earthquake report was released, anti-fracking


protesters shook things up, taking this footage as they occupied


Cuadrilla's site. Cuadrilla has admitted it was highly probable


that their fracking triggered the earthquakes. They've stopped the


process while they improve underground monitoring. It is not


in our interest to have these kind of seismic events. It's time-


consuming to us. We're trying to put everything in place to make


sure that nothing like this can happen again. Fears about water


supplies being poisoned and triggering earthquakes. It's not


been a great first year for fracking in the UK. Is everybody


just exaggerating? What do the experts think about this earth-


shattering new way of releasing shale gas? Bristol has its own


earthquake study centre where they can recreate seismic activity.


Here's the brutal earthquake which struck Christchurch in New Zealand


in February, killing 181 people. And they've also monitored the two


earthquakes in Lancashire, linked to the Cuadrilla fracking process.


What we are seeing here is a simulation of the Blackpool


earthquake as a result of the fracking event. You can see it is


over. It lasted for about three seconds, very low altitude shake.


The earth moves about a centimetre, not enough to cause any structural


damage or injury. From an earthquake point of view, the vast


amount of evidence that's out there from this fracking process which


has been done around the world, is that the earthquakes that are


generated by it are very small and insignificant from a structural


engineering point of view. everyone is convinced. Richard set


up an anti-fracking group in the Mendips. It is an area where


fracking could be used to unlock gas reserves. But it's not


earthquakes that bother him. issue that I've got is the


chemicals that they pumped underground to create this


fracturing effect. What it does is they pump a mix of chemicals at


very high pressure and they pumped into the loose rock, the shale. The


gas, so to speak, fizzes out of the shale. The problem is these


chemicals are really noxious. Hundreds of thousands of people get


their water from the Mendips. If you look over there you can just


about see Cheddar Reservoir, fed by the river among other things. The


Cheddar Yeo River actually goes underground and pops out again.


What if we get chemicals leaking into there? It's too big a risk for


what is a very small gain. question you might have is what


else goes in. The industry makes no secret that chemicals are added to


the water used for fracking. In the UK, every additive has to be


It's in the city of Bath where fracking is feared most. The hot


spring waters here sustain a leisure and tourism industry which


employs thousands. It's water which falls first as rain on the Mendips.


So this is the water from the bowels of the earth? This is our


Yes, it is an acquired taste. an unusual case. The council leader


and some MPs are worried. If fracking comes to the Mendips,


might the dash for gas disrupt Bath's vital springs? In a worst-


case scenario you could have water going elsewhere. To be absolutely


truthful, we don't know the journey that the water takes to get here,


other than it takes several thousand years after falling on the


Mendips to arrive at our springs here. What we would like to see is


no fracking in any area that affects our water supply until


someone has proven to us that there is absolutely no risk. Once you


change the water flows and it stops coming, then that is an


irreversible decision. government doesn't think a


moratorium is necessary or that fracking poses a direct threat to


water aquifers. But politicians in Bath want stronger guarantees that


the city's water supply will be protected from drilling miles away


on the Mendips. So how soon before fracking comes here to the Mendips?


UK Methane have told us it could be years away. They are more


interested in fracking first in South Wales and then Kent. Then


again, this is the energy business, and things can change quickly. The


government wants to win over the public so it can expand fracking


operations in the UK. Gas burns more cleanly than coal, so it could


help to reduce emissions. It's all a question of balancing the


Finally tonight, will they be a victim of their own success? It's


taken nearly two decades to re- establish one of our most beautiful


birds of prey, the red kite. But not everyone is happy they're back


in such numbers. The Chilterns in Oxfordshire, the heart of red kite


country. Here was the first place they were reintroduced after being


wiped out by man. It's been a huge success. 20 years ago, you'd be


hard pushed to see any. Now there are nearly 700 breeding pairs.


Brassy, bold and beautiful, red kites riding thermals under blue


skies. For some people that's just not enough. Red kites favour


carrion. They're primarily scavengers. As for that old saying


there's no such thing as a free lunch? This is Friday lunchtime for


the kites, is it? That's right. How long have you been doing this?


Eight or 10 years, I suppose. did you start? When they let them


go first, there weren't many. I suppose it was a bit of a novelty.


You feed them and you start these things and then you carry on, sort


of thing. How many can we expect to get with this lot put on the floor?


Hopefully there will be 20 or more. Do you see them as something to


enjoy? Are the numbers getting too much? I like them but a lot of


people don't, do they? Really? What have we got there? Chicken? Pork?


Yes and a bit of beef. Hopefully they will come now. If you feed


them every day, they will sit here and wait for you to come with more


food. They won't even try to get anything on their own. If you feed


them now and again they try to get their own. Is that something you


decided to do as the numbers grew? Well, there's too many here at the


minute, really. They want splitting up a bit. Do you think that's


because people have been feeding them too much? Well, they do.


Everybody finds something for them. A bit of chicken waste or something.


So you never see a hungry red kite? Not really. Not round here. They


just keep coming. And just a mile or so down the road, the food just


keeps on coming. Chips, by the look of it. While the customers inside


Chris's cafe are being well fed, the red kites are licking their


beaks ready for today's tasty treat. It's only the scraps that comes off


the things. Chips, bread and butter, fried slice. Bacon, sausage. Black


pudding. Anything else. Not eggs and beans and that because that


makes it too yucky. They're supposed to be scavengers so it's


really meat. Anything that's meat is what they really want. We leave


the ribs out and the birds eat the ribs and the people eat the meat.


Now that's seriously fast food. But not everyone is happy. I think it's


wrong. I don't think people should be doing it like this. I think they


should be left alone to get on with it like the rest of life. If they


are managed properly, they will be fine, but this is not proper


management. You think perhaps a deterrent would help? Possibly. To


the extent that we should fine people for feeding the birds en


masse. Really, why? Well, we've got to try and do things right. The


countryside has to work along with everyone. I don't feel it's the


right way to manage the birds properly. You don't look in the air


and see loads of peregrine falcons or hawks or kestrals coming in and


feeding and foraging on bacon sandwiches. But you do with red


Let's not forget why red kites were brought back. Just take a look at


Instantly you can tell it's a red kite. Yes, very distinctive shape.


Those very narrow, long, outspread wings. Wingtips like fingers. The


tail forked and constantly moving. And the colour is very distinctive


as well. I think they're just magical. The fact that they've been


reintroduced from a point that they were extinct in England and now we


can see them on a daily basis, enjoying the thermals, flying


around this fantastic countryside. People have been putting food out


for red kites for years, thinking they are doing them a favour. But


what it might be doing is actually causing them to cluster in areas


where perhaps they are not as welcome as they might be. Maybe


they are breeding at a higher level in areas where they are being fed


than the area would naturally be able to sustain. So in the long


term, it may actually be doing more harm than good? That's possible. I


think a bit of feeding early on in the reintroduction probably helped


them to get to a sustainable level. But really now I think it is time


to back off and let them survive Right. No rest for the wicked. If I


want a really close up view, there is work to be done. The things I do


for Inside Out. Join Inside Out, they said. Go and see the world,


they said. What am I doing? I'm picking up old chicken from a lay-


Are you always going to feed them? Probably. We don't feed them so


much in the summer because there's more food about. But with hard


winters, it sees them through. You could say there are too many now,


can't you? Do you think they need it? Do you think they need the


chicken? When the weather is bad, I think they do. Yes.


And it doesn't take long for the Now there's no denying that that is


a spectacular sight. I've never seen so many birds of prey at one


time. There must be at least 50 up there. The question is, is that


doing them any good in the long The last thing you want is for this


to turn into a bad news story and kites being seen as a bit of a pest.


There is a danger that we are heading that way. There is.


Obviously people start reading sensationalist news stories about


children being injured by kites or kites coming down into people's


gardens. We don't want the kites to be viewed in that way. They are


wild animals, but because they have been accustomed to being fed, they


are behaving in a much more bold way than perhaps we would like them


to. All we need to do is stop feeding them and then they will go


and find their food elsewhere. It's a very easy problem to solve.


can see when they are perched in the trees. This is the man who


helped reintroduce the red kites 20 years ago. What does he think?


Would you ever have thought they would prove to be controversial?


They are causing a bit of a rumpus. I think they are causing a rumpus


because any time anyone sees masses of anything they think there are


too many. You only have to go a short way up the M40 and you will


hardly see them. They are very concentrated in this area, which is


probably because people feed them round here. That is possibly bad,


possibly good. I have no feelings about it really. That is why there


are lots around here. You can't sit on the fence. Do you think people


should feed them? They are wonderful to watch and I think it


is probably reasonably all right to feed them. If it is a really cold


winter it will be super because all of their prey is frozen solid so


they cannot eat it. All the worms that they eat go deep down. In a


really cold winter it would be ideal to feed them but the rest of


the year doesn't really matter. Years ago we did not have any red


kites, buzzards or ravens. Now we have buzzards, red kites and ravens.


That is mainly because the red kites have come back and the


poisoning has stopped. People don't persecute the birds any more. I


think it's rather nice having them all back here again. It's where


they should be. They were here 120 years ago and it's nice to have


them back. You personally, how do you feel? Pretty good about it,


And Reading University is currently running a survey on the feeding of


red kites. For more information, drop me an e-mail.


Look at that. Spring is on the way. See you next time.


Next week, the online fraudsters taking us for a ride. If I wanted


to break into your house, I would know when you were away, how long


you were gone for. Spend any time online these days and chances are


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