31/03/2017 Inside Out South


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What happens when one of the South's busiest roads meets one of the


world's busiest landscapes? I can see a worse place.


I feel very upset. Also coming up: how people with dementia are using


music to help cope with their condition.


It makes you feel good to play because they are not worried whether


you play the wrong not anything, which happens quite a bit anyway.


And butterfly experts and enthusiasts Matthew Oates takes us


on a tour of the South. No less than 46 of the 59 species in


the UK have been found here. That is mega.


First, plans to dig a tunnel to re-route the A303 at Stonehenge have


seen some serious opposition not least by the woman who farms the


far she has refused to speak out far she has refused to speak out


publicly. Until now. We have the story.


Stonehenge is one of our top tourist attractions. That noise is the A303,


the main route from Cornwall to London.


Got 24,000 vehicles a day on this road going up to 30,000 a day in the


summer. That is not good for road users, it is not good for local


residents or the setting of this world Heritage site.


Now a ?1.4 billion scheme to re-route the road through a tunnel


and make it a dual carriageway has been given the go-ahead. You would


think that was the perfect solution, right?


It is a total catastrophe. The plans recommended by highways England and


the Government or for an eight metre high flying over just about 300


metres from where we're standing. It is a modern scar on an ancient


landscape. It breaks my heart. It breaks my heart.


So why are they so against the scheme? I have come to watch easy.


These artefacts are more than 4000 years old. This dagger is


astounding. It is difficult to see but the original had 140,000 tiny


gold studs. They were found buried with a bronze age cheating in a


grave known... He has become known as Bush Barrow man. The West End of


the tunnel is planned to pass close to his grave. These images give us


an idea of what is proposed. But what does it look like in real life?


I have come to see. This is Rachel. And Bush Barrow is on her farm. It


is one of many barrows she looks after. She sees herself as a


custodian and has adapted the way she farms around them.


Wheatgrass down a proportion of the far end of the farm because there


was archaeology. Bush Barrow is in what is known as


the down burial cemetery. Is among 40 others here.


Bush Barrow is the key monument in this cemetery.


Underneath here is still Bush Barrow man.


They took all the parts and all the gold and all the exciting bits and


pieces, so, yes, it is quite exciting to think that Bush Barrow


man are still under our feet. Where is the road going to go?


Stonehenge is over there. It will come in a tunnel south of


Stonehenge. You can see there, tunnel underneath, it will come out


opposite ours where the scores are opposite ours where the scores are


on the field. How big a road are we talking about?


Massive. For carriageway. People will say you


just do not want this on your land. I just think it is just so important


that enough consideration is given as to sensitively putting this road


in the environment. There's got to be sensitive. Not in front of Bush


Barrow man. The high value of gold found in this


Barrow make it written's richest bronze Age burial. But there was


another place close to the east end of the town of it experts are


worried. The damaged by the plan. Until recently, this area of


woodland two miles from Stonehenge had largely been ignored by


archaeologists. Its true significance is only now being


revealed. We have discovered where the


communities were living who built the first monuments at Stonehenge


under the stone change no. It was about 8000 BC. These communities


come back again and again and again all the way through to 4000 BC.


This site is not to be the longest continually inhabited place in the


UK. David led a team of archaeologists on a date yet in 2014


and they found around 32,000 pieces of worked flint and more than 1000


pieces of animal bone. But the secret of this place in the water.


It is warmed by a natural spring, meaning it's doesn't freeze during


the ice age and that brought people to settle here.


This is where we have been digging over the last ten years. The basin


behind us has got shed loads of this hunter gatherer archaeology in it.


So what percentage of those have you actually excavated and found?


A tiny percentage. We've got 23 metres square. Everywhere we did


here we are finding really important archaeology. It is almost certainly


a much bigger complex. There will be a flyover just about 300 metres from


where we're standing to the east. There will be eight metres high. If


that wasn't bad enough. The road here is going to be banked up


another seven metres. All of that logistical work will drain the


spring and take down the water table which is preserving all of these


objects which are thousands of years old.


The road has got to go somewhere, hasn't it?


It has got to go somewhere but why does it have to go here? This is one


of the most precious landscapes in the world.


So what does the man in charge of the road scheme have to say about


David and Rachel's beers? My team have visited the site with


him to see what he's saying. Across the road from here we have


got Bush Barrow and the owner of the land says having the tunnel will


actually impact on the world Heritage site.


I've met her. We're listening to what she's saying, we're listening


to all the other 9000 bits of correspondence we had to


consultation. Would you change your plans if it


does not work out? We are still in consultation and we


are analysing those consultations and taking a view on the best way


forward. Earlier this month more than 20


eminent archaeologists and historians registered their


objections to the scheme. They echoed those of Rachel and Professor


Jacks but there are also concerned Jacks but there are also concerned


that the tunnel entrance new to Bush Barrow would destroy the views of


the winter sunset, now thought to be fundamental to the stone's


positioning. The final plan for the proposed tunnel is expected in the


autumn. Building work is scheduled to start in 2020.


A little later on we will update you on one of the stories we have


brought you here on Inside Out. Also under way, our special bond with


these little beauties. Butterflies need us and need them.


Next, the power of music really can be quite remarkable. As one group of


people in Dorset has been finding out. Mark that plays the violin with


the Bournemouth University dementia Institute Orchestra. We dropped in


on rehearsals. Let's do Bolero. We have got the


concert next week on we? We will play this on the concert. Shall we


play some music? Top string. So, it goes...


Welcome to my Orchestra. Some of us have dementia and some of us are


carers. Great. Fantastic. That is Joe and


David. Their partners do not come any more but they still join us


every week. It is all a bit emotional for me at


the moment. I am sorry. I lost my husband a year ago tomorrow. But he


loved it, absolutely loved it. Didn't he? That's why I still come.


My wife came up until the end of the year. She is too ill now to come but


she spent every session just smiling and lifted by the whole thing. Great


to see her enjoying it. We have become like a family,


really, now. We don't want to give it up.


It is astonishing how it brings us all together.


There is me and my husband Mike. Can you guess which of us has dementia?


That is one of the best things about the orchestra. When we are playing,


all of that melts away. You see, dementia is difficult but it does


not mean you cannot have fun or take on new challenges. Even the violin.


One lady this week, she was thoroughly enjoying it. Her face


major turnaround of the guitar. And it was lovely. We are able to chat


together and swap, you know, how was your husband? Reassure each other


that not alone. What is happening, we are not imagining it, it is part


of the problem that we have. Everybody is so nice and also a lot


of them are in the same boat as what I am. But luckily, only got its


light at the moment. And just keeping my fingers crossed it's


doesn't get any worse. It can be very annoying because you try and


remember things and unfortunately unless it stands out, I'm afraid it


goes to the back of your mind and it can be quite annoying, I can assure


you. May she feel good. Because they are not worried about whether you


play the wrong note anything, which happens quite a bit, anyway.


Hillary also has the early stages of dementia. She does not let it get


her down. I was talking to the consultant and


I said, I keep losing memory, you know. I can't remember people's


names and it is not that bad. I was borderline. And they said, well, and


I said, can I have a scan? I said want to know what is going on. Not


sitting thinking, I just forget things. And they found that the


brain was... Shrinking, did he say?


When I see the poor people at the University I think how sad for them


because it must be a long time. They don't speak but they can smile a


little bit, you know. They don't have a conversation. You just can't


realise how they think about it or what they feel. It is just something


that is there. Several times through the week


Hillary will start chanting. I sleep and think about it. It is


not a thing that has happened on the day. We think about it other times


during the week. This is the last time. Fantastic,


well done, everybody. Today is a big day. We are putting


on a concert for a live audience. We perform regularly to prove to others


what people with dementia are capable of. Learning, performing and


drawing crowds. We might not be the greatest musicians but with the


professionals alongside as we do make a good sound.


Sometimes it goes wrong and it sounds better, if you know what I


mean. And we think, oh, can we keep that in? Inevitably, it will go


wrong. Because people are constrained they'd not been through


that whole process. But this extraordinary moment of musical


magic will come out and things will be brilliant.


Uplifting, that is all I can say. It really does a lot for you. Because


it makes you forget, or you don't think about what is happening. It


has brought me out a lot more. I'm not so withdrawn or anything like


that. I'm going to go on as long as I can I don't know what is going to


happens I just lived like to the full in that respect.


You can't tell from his drumming his ukelele but Richard is the player


with the most advanced dementia. If we are doing anything he just


sits on a chair, head on a chair, head-on chest and nods. It is just


so awful. It can be tough. It can be tough. I get quite emotional at


times. I could now but I won't let myself. Just not strong mentally,


and that isn't me, but it is the situation we are in. It's not one


you expect. It is very debilitating illness. The website everything,


wipes all memories. Holidays, nice times you have had, all gone. He is


a lovely man. So, yeah, we're just glad to be together.


It is a bit worrying for both of us if we see one that is really further


on and you think, oh, help. I hope not. Very difficult. You


surmise that you are going to be like that later. I try not to think


about that. APPLAUSE


Finally, it is just over 250 years since the famous naturalist Gilbert


White recorded the first butterfly in Hampshire.


And that is a good enough excuse to ask expats Matthew Oates to tell us


more about these colourful wonders of nature. -- expert.


Butterflies captivated me as a child and that fascination blossomed and


became my life's work. They have been admired, collected and called


it in southern England for 250 years. Each some Al-Qaeda visit as


many of the special places in which our rarer butterflies occur. To date


as a place of pilgrimage for a naturalist. They are attracted here


by the living memory of the Reverend Gilbert White, the forefather of


natural history. This is where it all started. The first record for a


butterfly in Hampshire was of a male brimstone, seen on the 8th of March


1766 by the Reverend Gilbert White, here in Selbourne in Hampshire.


White regarded the brimstone as being the harbinger of spring and


even today it is a butterfly which people diligently look out for on


the first warm days of spring. There are other familiar butterflies. We


may not know all of their names but we know them for what they are. The


souls of summer hours. I'm talking about garden butterflies like the


peacocks, small daughter -- tortoiseshell. Many of them are


specialists of central southern England. The dazzling names and


belonged to strange named families like the skippers, which are fiery


darts that was around at great speed. A rather elusive one. On the


Downs there are the exquisite blues, beautiful blue butterflies. And in


the woods, the big, bold and brassy ones. Many of these butterflies are


really quite rare and restricted to certain places due to their specific


needs and some of those places have become our nature preserves. Just


outside the village of Selbourne is this nature reserve, which is one of


the richest and best loved butterfly localities in the British Isles. No


less than 46 of the 50 species of butterfly that have recorded


regularly in the UK have been found here within the last 40 years. That


is mega. Butterflies love hot sunny weather in spring and summer. 40


years ago of course it was the long hot summer of 1976 and be briefly


experienced the Mediterranean climate. The butterflies that year


and found it. They are creatures of the sun. One particular sun loving


speciality is stand-up Nortel during the spring. Grace, the Duke of


Burgundy. I've spent many years studying this little butterfly. It


is a bug and a bully boy but it is one of my favourites. If you spend


carefully you may find the chick and carefully you may find the chick and


the Duchess together. As soon as she is ready to fly, the Duchess of


Burgundy will gravitate into a male territory. There she will be


ardently and instantly mated. There is no courtship in this species


whatsoever. Crucially, each species of butterfly needs a certain plants


PCs on which to latex. And how Grace needs cowslips and primroses. Here


in the Forest, the Duke of Burgundy became extinct three or four decades


ago but for about 150 years, the new Forest was the Premier locality in


Britain for butterfly collecting. And the old collectors during the


Victorian and Edwardian era is in particular and way into the 1950s


and early 1960s, used to come here in droves. Particularly in July.


the silver washed to Tillery and the the silver washed to Tillery and the


cream-coloured ones. And they collected draw. The Cabinet. And


they reside still in museums today. Servicing the collecting obsession


was a major local industry in the forest for about 150 years in terms


of providing board and lodging, food and drink, transport and guides and


also dealers and breeders who sold unusual specimens dead or alive too


often rather gullible collectors. In bygone days, many of the new Forest


Woods looked like this. Butterfly paradise.


After the First World War, many of the new Forest Oak Woods were felled


and be placed with fast-growing non-native conifers in their


glorious cultural experiment of which have butterflies were


unscheduled victims. The coroner for woods are too shady and otherwise


unsuitable for most butterflies. National policy has now changed,


gloriously. The policy to restore broad leave woodland long-term and


also to remove altogether some conifer plantations and restore the


land to open heathland. The open eaves of the new Forest are renowned


for their specialist flora and fauna which includes the exquisite


minuscule silver studded blue a South park jewel of a little


butterfly. There is much we can do to help our garden butterflies.


These are highly mobile creatures that drift around the countryside


and the towns constantly seeking new places in which to breed and it is


really important to give them feeding stations along their way.


And there is no better way of doing it than by grabbing but he is.


Growing this type of flower. There are even tiny patio varieties and


they work. They attract butterflies and at night, moths. Mobility is


everything to butterflies and wildlife friendly gardening really


does help that. Butterfly populations boom and bust


and ebb and flow according to the weather. But if we have learned


anything about butterflies, if the last 250 years, it is that we love


them, we care deeply about them. We value them for their beauty, for the


special places they take us to and as symbols of freedom. Butterflies


need us and we need them. Feels like spring is finally here.


Just before we go time for an update on some of the stories we have


brought you recently. I remember the intensive care unit.


Inside Out cameras were there when Inside Out cameras were there when


Meg Williamson came face to face with the driver who killed her


boyfriend. Lewis Stratford crashed through the central reservation


whilst on his mobile phone. Earlier this month, Stratford, who had


pleaded guilty to causing death by dangerous driving, was sentenced to


three years and eight months in prison. He was banned from driving


for nearly five years. Two weeks ago we revealed how some park home


owners were paying extra for maintenance charges because of


illegal the poll. -- a legal loophole. Last week that was a


they have to pay 10% commission to they have to pay 10% commission to


their site owner when they sell their home.


We have retired people. We shouldn't have to pay all this money out.


The results of a recent meeting between MPs and the Housing Minister


about possible changes to the law will be published soon. In January,


Professor Gray was on a mission to get us walking our way back to


health. He is convinced regular daily exercise will also reduce


pressures on the NHS. Call centre worker Dave was one of the


volunteers to accept a challenge. The man's son he is still walking.


He has lost barely two stone in weight and is loving his new


healthier lifestyle. And finally, remember the former circus tiger?


Last yet we followed her as she was brought over from a Belgian rescue


centre. She settled in and put on weight. Carolyn is one of the team


at the zoo. She has been doing really well. Her


personality is really starting to show now and we're getting to know


every unique cat. Complete the difference to the cat but arrived.


That is it for now and indeed for the series. We are back on BBC One


in the autumn. Until then, goodbye. Do not forget, get in touch via


e-mail or twitter if there is something you would like us to look


into. The details are on the screen. We are already out and about across


the South building for -- filming for the new series and it is always


great to hear from you.


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