27/01/2014 Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire


27/01/2014

Chris Jackson examines historic claims of sexual abuse at a Northern youth detention centre and Sarah Sturdey looks at the dangers of so called 'legal highs'.


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Transcript


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Welcome to Inside Out from the market town of Chesterfield.

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Good evening and welcome to Inside Out. I'm Toby Foster. Tonight, we

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examine claims of physical and sexual abuse at a now`defunct youth

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detention centre. One man from York says his life was made a living

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hell. I couldn't begin to tell you how I felt. Do I feel that way

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today? Yeah, I do. Also tonight, we talk to the teenagers putting their

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lives on the line by taking so`called legal highs. I literally

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felt like I was going to die. And I go for a drive in a classic car

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which was made in Yorkshire more than 60 years ago.

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We start tonight with a shocking story stretching back decades. More

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than 140 men have now come forward with allegations of physical and

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sexual abuse at a former youth detention centre. Tonight, Chris

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Jackson looks at why a prison designed to steer young offenders

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away from a life of crime has, instead, left are so many lives in

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ruin. It's always in my head. It's ruined my life, completely ruined

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it. Ray Poar was 17 when he was sent to Medomsley for stealing biscuits

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from a battery. The chap that went there with me didn't answer with the

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title "sir" and was shouted at and I laughed and one of the officers just

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punched me full in the chest, really hard. That was a wake`up call and a

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shock and from then on, it was pretty much an everyday thing. You

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were always prodded, punched, hit. Demolished in the 1990s, this is the

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BBC's only footage of Medomsley. It was run on military lines and

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staffed mainly by ex`servicemen. Come along, keep going. Smile and

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look as though you're enjoying it. I've spoken to a very senior civil

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servant who said that it was known in Home Office circles that the

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reputation for toughness sometimes lapsed into brutality. These will be

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no holiday camps and I sincerely hope those who attend them will not

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ever want to go back there. Of the tough approach made Medomsley and

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ideal home for the then Conservative's government ``

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Conservative government's short, sharp shock experiment and when Leon

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Brittain, the then Home Secretary, visited in 1985 he was pleased with

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what he saw. I wanted to see how it worked out in practice and I think

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we have got it about right. Medomsley was closed at the end of

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the decade. Shielded for almost 20 years in a regime wage of inmates

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feared they would be hit if they complained was violent rapist

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Neville Husband. As a prison officer, he was in charge of the

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kitchens where, for two decades, he arrayed on dozens of always. ``

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preyed on dozens of boys. He pushed his body against mine and squeezed

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and he was telling me, "you will do it because you could just disappear.

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Nobody would care. You are just scum" . I could feel myself losing

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consciousness and the next thing I can remember is him raping me. I was

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woken by an officer who had noticed I had wet the bed and he told me to

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get my soiled bed clothes together and made me bunny hop to the showers

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naked. When I couldn't make it to the showers, I was kicked. We knew

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we couldn't turn round to them and complain to them about what had

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happened with Husband because they were part of it. They were the ones

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that were kicking us about every day. Neville Husband and a storeman,

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Leslie Johnson, were finally convicted of their crimes in 2003.

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They were jailed for ten years and have since died. During the

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investigation into Husband, officers who'd been at the jail gave

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evidence. Medomsley was a very strict youth detention centre which

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operated a short, sharp shock treatment regime. Most borstals and

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detention centres were run the same way for the past 20 years. They were

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very, very tough institutions. Now, decades after the jail closed, and

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with more former inmates coming forward, the police have opened a

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new, wide`ranging investigation into what was really going on at

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Medomsley. We are seeing a huge amount of people come forward who

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have been physically assaulted. When they went to this place, they were

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faced with what was effectively a brutal regime and if you ended up in

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the kitchens in that brutal regime, you would almost certainly be raped

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and sexually assaulted. Second`team detectives are working on the

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inquiry with new cases still coming in. `` 70 detectives. He was talking

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about the day he went in and had his legs kicked from under him. He

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described it like a concentration camp. Some of the boys would lay at

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the bottom of the stairs and ask another boy to jump off the stairs

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and on to their leg so they could break a leg and be removed from

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Medomsley in order not to be subjected to any more beatings. The

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inquiry is expected to take many more months and there are clear

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objectives for the officer in charge. If people have committed

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criminal offences, they should be held to account if they are still

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alive. And those individuals that have come forward to the police

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should find themselves in a place that is better at the end of it.

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Today's approach of a far cry from the experience of Kevin Young, who

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was 17 when he was raped by Husband and tried to report the crime as

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soon as he was released from jail, almost 40 years ago. All efforts

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were made by the police to make sure I didn't make a complaint. I was

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threatened with three arrest and to be sent back to Medomsley. I

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couldn't begin to tell you how I felt that day. Do I feel that way

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today? Yeah, I do. So how could this have gone unreported? In the initial

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investigation into Husband's sexual assaults, prison officers said it

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was an open secret that boys were being abused. There will always very

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strong rumours that Neville Husband was homosexual and was sexually

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abusing boys that word for him in the kitchen. As soon as I arrived, I

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was told by two officers that Neville Husband was a domineering

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character and that he allegedly abused inmates. On a night`time,

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Husband would usually keep one of the boys back with him after the

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others had been dismissed. We all felt sorry for that boy. Tim Newell

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was the governor at Medomsley from 1978 to 1981 and socialised with

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Husband during his spell there. He even took part in place he produced.

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Reports written by the governor about Husband could not have been

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more different from what was really going on.

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I was in complete panic. I thought he was going to kill me. He was

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talking to me and saying, "nobody would ever care. If you went

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missing, you could be found hanged in yourself. You could just

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disappear" . I feel like I'm drowning every day, like I'm doggy

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paddling. I feel like I've been crushed inside. I feel like any good

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that was in me has been shredded. Tim Newell declined to speak to us

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but in a statement told us he wrote the glowing reports about Husband

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because he was... He added that he didn't have a particularly close

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relationship with him. He said he was...

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Sir Martin Narey was director`general of the service when

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Husband's crimes came to light. Had you heard about a reputation for

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Medomsley being tough? Yes, I started my prison career at Deerbolt

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and Barnard Castle. We would get boys who had been to Medomsley when

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they were younger and they would talk about how tough it was. Do I

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think young people would have been knocked around at Medomsley? Yes, I

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do. Is there something about the phrase "short, sharp shock" that

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sends a green light to officers to give people a kicking every now and

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again? I'm very clear that the short, sharp shock regime probably

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encouraged to low`level physical abuse. The philosophy goes pretty

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much close to saying "scare these kids straight" and I think there is

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an implicit encouragement which certain individuals follow to abuse

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people. Do you think those who are damaged by this deserve an official

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apology? Without reservation I apologise to people at Medomsley. We

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should have stopped Husband much earlier. Now 143 former inmates have

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come forward, a decision on whether to press new abuse charges will be

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made later in the year. Meanwhile, Ray has this message. Who worked at

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Medomsley. Come and tell the truth, just the truth, regardless of what

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you've done wrong. Just come forward and tell the truth.

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If you'd like to get in touch with the police or speak to somebody

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regarding any of the issues into night's report, there will be a

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number coming up at the end of the programme.

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Coming up: I take a ride in a classic car from the Bradford

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company that used to be a world beater.

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Now, they are called legal highs but does that mean they are really save?

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The latest figures show that deaths related to these mind`altering

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substances have almost doubled. We've been speaking to teenagers

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here in Derbyshire who have taken legal highs. One of them was even

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willing to share her experiences on the inter`net.

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We take more legal highs in the UK than anywhere else in Europe. I know

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the dangers and the risks. You can get them from shops, at the market,

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online. It's my kind of fun. You can smoke it, injected, swallow it.

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Legal high related deaths have risen dramatically. I know a lot of people

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that take them. It's not just youngsters but old people, middle

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aged people, as well. You can't stop them. It will not go away. So, me

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and legal highs. I don't do them all the time. Coran Wright is 20 and

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from Derbyshire. She records herself and other people smoking legal highs

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then posts them on the inter`net. This is a pipe I bought today and

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it's already wrecked. This man thinks he's sitting in a tree with a

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bear. He decides to escape the bear. Here, Coran is writing up with

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clockwork orange. `` lighting up. At other people don't find it so funny.

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It was a big wake`up call for me. I had a chemical reaction in the

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stomach which ended up rupturing the bowel. Another person committed

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suicide. John Marriott believes legal highs killed three friends.

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One of the substances used, mephedrone, is now banned. John says

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he became a legal high addict, sleeping rough in the park and

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Sutton`in`Ashfield. I was selling possessions. I wouldn't care. I

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would sell anything to get it. I lost my hearing and ended up with

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cancer of the neck. I don't know if that was to do with it. You don't

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know what's in them. There are concerns the very phrase legal high

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to describe a mind`altering synthetic demagogue is giving out

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the wrong message. The experts prefer the term new psychoactive

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substances or NPS. But if an NPS is banned, the manufacturers just

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create another one very similar ` and that is still legal. The science

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moves faster than the law but temporary bans are put in place

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while tests are carried out on substances causing concern. These

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packets say not fit for human consumption but is that they're only

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use? Yes. It is totally irrelevant and it is a get out clause because

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people selling it say if you take it you do so at your own risk. Fiona

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Coope and her team of forensics scientists try to find out what is

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in a new psychoactive substance. Police sent them here when they are

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linked to people being ill. This has a large amount of catamenia in it.

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It is a controlled substance. It is a horse anaesthetic. We bought or an

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legal highs then asked Fiona's lab team to test them. We found the

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packaging may be different but the contents can be exactly the same,

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like these three. Modern marketing, ?10 a packet, but you just don't

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know what is inside. They are things we have never seen before so we do

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not have a way of easily identifying them and we have to work out what

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they are. Not only are they knew to us, it means nobody knows what

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effect they will have. I have had one bad experience and I thought I

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was going to die. My imagination just went down. You are zoning out,

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you are staring at something but not thinking anything. Your friends are

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like, what are you doing? You say, I don't know. Matthew Hilton Turner is

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one of the lucky ones. He was 14 when he was rushed to hospital. He

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had taken legal highs with friends in the centre of Chesterfield. He

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told his dad, never again. He was one of five young people found

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collapsed in this area in one week after taking legal highs. I could

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not breathe and I could not move. I couldn't move my arms and legs, I

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thought I was going to die. Even if they ban clockwork Orange,

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they reduce something else that will take its place.

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Matthew's dad has learnt a lot since he thought his son was going to die.

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He has been left confused and frustrated that the trade is able to

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operate. I'm 55 and I can't buy more than two packs of paracetamol. The

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police have to sort it out because at the end of the day it is

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available online and my son could have died from it and it is legal.

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Why? The government will announce in the

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spring how it plans to deal with the trade in new psychometric

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substances, sold not just on the Internet but in places like

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so`called head shops in a town near you.

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My family are not happy with me doing this. They can't stop me, it

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is what I like to do for fun. There will be a time when I will just stop

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everything but in the meantime I have nothing to do, I am doing my

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best to find a job. I won't be doing it all my life. The trouble is,

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nobody can tell Coran if her life, her mental and physical health, has

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already been damaged beyond repair. I am not addicted but I smoke it all

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the time. Do not go away.

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60 years ago one of Yorkshire's best loved car`makers finally reached the

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end of the road. For a while, Jowitt made motors capable of conquering

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continents. The company stopped trading a long time ago but I found

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out the passion for its vintage cars is as strong as ever.

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Rolls`Royce, Jaguar and then flee. A roll call of high octane motors

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which made the British car industry the MP of the world. `` Jaguar and

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Bentley. But another company could have been amongst the very best if

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fortune had shined on it. It is 60 years since the last of these cars

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rolled off the production line. For the enthusiasts who keep their name

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alive, it is a classic case of what might have been. The word

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revolutionary is not out of order. It was so in advance of anything

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else around. Stylistically it was very futuristic and in 1956 that was

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not what the Yorkshire customer wanted. The story starts at the

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beginning of the 1900. Today I am meeting the grandson of the original

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owners to find out a bit more about its chequered history.

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Michael, good morning. These are marvellous. Tell us what we have.

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This is a 1929 with a brick ECT. `` a the key `` Dickie seat.

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This is a 1927 saloon, the oldest Jowitt saloon in existence. ``

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Jowett. My grandfather, William Jowett, was

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in business with his brother Benjamin. They dabbled in cars and

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bicycles and over the years they developed a migration free engine,

:20:37.:20:40.

that was the big thing in the early days. They employed only 20, 30, but

:20:41.:20:47.

it went up quickly. During the Second World War they took on more

:20:48.:20:51.

staff and latterly they employed over 1000. They were quite a big

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employer in the Bradford area. The Jowett Mark was designed to cope

:20:57.:21:02.

with the Yorkshire Dales, no`nonsense motor world to last.

:21:03.:21:08.

That is enough history. It is so beautiful, I would like to go out in

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it if we can. By all means. Tell us a bit about what it is like

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to drive. Hard work! In the 1920s the general public were not so

:21:36.:21:38.

discerning, the car went and that was good enough! We have a big hill,

:21:39.:21:51.

are we confident we can get up this? Shame on me for doubting. It has

:21:52.:21:56.

already coped with far bigger challenging is `` challenges than

:21:57.:22:04.

taxiing me around. The original owners toured Scotland in this car

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with my honourable friend adults in it and all the luggage! They may not

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have seen another car between here and Edinburgh.

:22:14.:22:18.

Jowett's impact went beyond sightseeing. They helped `` helped

:22:19.:22:24.

bring about a cultural shift in Bradford that helped many leave the

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smoky sitter. `` city.

:22:29.:22:36.

Gradually the owners of the factories moved away from their

:22:37.:22:42.

mills and the increase in Jowett cars allowed to be very wealthy and

:22:43.:22:46.

then the middle`class to start to be able to live outside the central

:22:47.:22:50.

area, meaning that Bradford spreads out and gets bigger and bigger and

:22:51.:22:55.

goes rural. In the early days Jowett were trying to stay ahead of the

:22:56.:22:59.

game, a spirit of adventure that would lead to one of their finest

:23:00.:23:07.

hours. In the 1920s they took on the challenge `` a challenge so

:23:08.:23:11.

audacious that it would put Jeremy Clarkson and the Top Gear presenters

:23:12.:23:16.

to shame. A journey across Africa when there were very few roads

:23:17.:23:20.

there. Here is photographic evidence of the

:23:21.:23:27.

whole journey. Basically it started when an MP called Frank Gray took it

:23:28.:23:35.

upon himself to sell British exports, mechanical in particular,

:23:36.:23:39.

and he issued a challenge to British car producers to make a trip across

:23:40.:23:45.

Africa from West to East and who would take up the challenge and the

:23:46.:23:51.

only company that did was Jowett. Would they live to regret their

:23:52.:23:59.

bravado? They christened the vehicles wait and see because that

:24:00.:24:04.

is what the owner said when he was asked whether it would work. They

:24:05.:24:10.

just had an amazing confidence and it was that idea that anything is

:24:11.:24:14.

possible. British engineering and British pluck can do it. Incredibly

:24:15.:24:21.

the two cars drove coast`to`coast in 60 days. They had 11 rest days and

:24:22.:24:28.

in order to have them they drove up to 40 hours at a stint. They drove

:24:29.:24:33.

through the night as well. The roads would have been shocking survey had

:24:34.:24:39.

to themselves out of the odd hole and mend a few breaks and punctures.

:24:40.:24:47.

When they came back, did this translate into big sales? Yes, they

:24:48.:24:53.

produced booklets and photographs and sent them all over the place.

:24:54.:24:57.

They toured the distributors of Jowett cars. Through the first 50

:24:58.:25:04.

years of its production, their hallmark was a refusal to compromise

:25:05.:25:08.

on quality and it was this to a degree that helped with its

:25:09.:25:12.

downfall. Immediately after the Second World War the company went

:25:13.:25:16.

for broke. After years of secret planning they launched what could

:25:17.:25:20.

lay claim to be Britain's most remarkable car of the time, the

:25:21.:25:28.

Jowett Javelin. When the Javelin was first taken down to the Midlands and

:25:29.:25:33.

London, eyebrows were being raised. Who was this Yorkshire manufacturer

:25:34.:25:41.

producing the Jowett Javelin? It was like somebody had made attraction

:25:42.:25:46.

engine and suddenly made a racing car. It was the first all British

:25:47.:25:51.

postwar car and the first to have a single spanker of glass windscreen.

:25:52.:25:58.

It is really quite different to other cars of the period, different

:25:59.:26:06.

handling, comfortable to ride in. It has style. However good it looked

:26:07.:26:11.

and handled, it was the wrong car at the wrong time in the wrong place.

:26:12.:26:16.

Jowett's insistence on hand building cars at a time when mass production

:26:17.:26:21.

was taking off took its toll. We don't think there was ever a drive

:26:22.:26:27.

within Jowett to be a big manufacturer. They wanted to produce

:26:28.:26:33.

a good car which performed well and attracted the buyers that it did. It

:26:34.:26:40.

should have been the crowning glory but it was not able to be

:26:41.:26:45.

competitive enough of the factory floor and rolled them out as quickly

:26:46.:26:48.

and cheaply to make money, because they certainly were popular. It was

:26:49.:26:57.

rather too expensive for the austere post`war period. In 1954 the company

:26:58.:27:04.

through in the towel and was sold to a tractor manufacturer. Today,

:27:05.:27:08.

thanks to the efforts of a dedicated group of enthusiasts, the memory of

:27:09.:27:13.

those great days lives on. It is Monday night and in no warehouse

:27:14.:27:18.

full of vintage spares the family story is coming from all circle.

:27:19.:27:23.

Michael is a member of the Gerrit `` Jowett Car Club, helping members

:27:24.:27:27.

around the world keep their cars on the road. It is important to keep

:27:28.:27:34.

our heritage going, we have national rallies and we attend classic car

:27:35.:27:40.

shows. We are very high profile for a small club. While the name Jowett

:27:41.:27:46.

still survives, so is the chance that they may one day be reborn.

:27:47.:27:51.

Will somebody reopen a Jowett factory? If somebody had enough

:27:52.:27:58.

investment, they could run it in the same way that a company like Morgan

:27:59.:28:02.

does. The potential is always there. It takes the investment of course.

:28:03.:28:13.

That is all for tonight from here in Chesterfield. Make sure you join us

:28:14.:28:18.

next week. We will be investigating the causes of deaths and accidents

:28:19.:28:23.

among railway workers, asking people in Grimsby about the loss of the

:28:24.:28:29.

spare room subsidy, also known as the bedroom tax, and finding out

:28:30.:28:33.

about the role of the town of Newark in the English Civil War.

:28:34.:28:45.

After that report about Medomsley, due May wants to get in touch with

:28:46.:28:54.

people who can offer support. `` you may want to.

:28:55.:28:59.

Chris Jackson examines historic claims of sexual abuse at a Northern youth detention centre, Sarah Sturdey looks at the dangers of so called 'legal highs' and Toby finds out about the Bradford car maker that was once a world beater.


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