Chris Jackson examines historic claims of sexual abuse at a Northern youth detention centre and Sarah Sturdey looks at the dangers of so called 'legal highs'.
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Welcome to Inside Out from the market town of Chesterfield.
Good evening and welcome to Inside Out. I'm Toby Foster. Tonight, we
examine claims of physical and sexual abuse at a now`defunct youth
detention centre. One man from York says his life was made a living
hell. I couldn't begin to tell you how I felt. Do I feel that way
today? Yeah, I do. Also tonight, we talk to the teenagers putting their
lives on the line by taking so`called legal highs. I literally
felt like I was going to die. And I go for a drive in a classic car
which was made in Yorkshire more than 60 years ago.
We start tonight with a shocking story stretching back decades. More
than 140 men have now come forward with allegations of physical and
sexual abuse at a former youth detention centre. Tonight, Chris
Jackson looks at why a prison designed to steer young offenders
away from a life of crime has, instead, left are so many lives in
ruin. It's always in my head. It's ruined my life, completely ruined
it. Ray Poar was 17 when he was sent to Medomsley for stealing biscuits
from a battery. The chap that went there with me didn't answer with the
title "sir" and was shouted at and I laughed and one of the officers just
punched me full in the chest, really hard. That was a wake`up call and a
shock and from then on, it was pretty much an everyday thing. You
were always prodded, punched, hit. Demolished in the 1990s, this is the
BBC's only footage of Medomsley. It was run on military lines and
staffed mainly by ex`servicemen. Come along, keep going. Smile and
look as though you're enjoying it. I've spoken to a very senior civil
servant who said that it was known in Home Office circles that the
reputation for toughness sometimes lapsed into brutality. These will be
no holiday camps and I sincerely hope those who attend them will not
ever want to go back there. Of the tough approach made Medomsley and
ideal home for the then Conservative's government ``
Conservative government's short, sharp shock experiment and when Leon
Brittain, the then Home Secretary, visited in 1985 he was pleased with
what he saw. I wanted to see how it worked out in practice and I think
we have got it about right. Medomsley was closed at the end of
the decade. Shielded for almost 20 years in a regime wage of inmates
feared they would be hit if they complained was violent rapist
Neville Husband. As a prison officer, he was in charge of the
kitchens where, for two decades, he arrayed on dozens of always. ``
preyed on dozens of boys. He pushed his body against mine and squeezed
and he was telling me, "you will do it because you could just disappear.
Nobody would care. You are just scum" . I could feel myself losing
consciousness and the next thing I can remember is him raping me. I was
woken by an officer who had noticed I had wet the bed and he told me to
get my soiled bed clothes together and made me bunny hop to the showers
naked. When I couldn't make it to the showers, I was kicked. We knew
we couldn't turn round to them and complain to them about what had
happened with Husband because they were part of it. They were the ones
that were kicking us about every day. Neville Husband and a storeman,
Leslie Johnson, were finally convicted of their crimes in 2003.
They were jailed for ten years and have since died. During the
investigation into Husband, officers who'd been at the jail gave
evidence. Medomsley was a very strict youth detention centre which
operated a short, sharp shock treatment regime. Most borstals and
detention centres were run the same way for the past 20 years. They were
very, very tough institutions. Now, decades after the jail closed, and
with more former inmates coming forward, the police have opened a
new, wide`ranging investigation into what was really going on at
Medomsley. We are seeing a huge amount of people come forward who
have been physically assaulted. When they went to this place, they were
faced with what was effectively a brutal regime and if you ended up in
the kitchens in that brutal regime, you would almost certainly be raped
and sexually assaulted. Second`team detectives are working on the
inquiry with new cases still coming in. `` 70 detectives. He was talking
about the day he went in and had his legs kicked from under him. He
described it like a concentration camp. Some of the boys would lay at
the bottom of the stairs and ask another boy to jump off the stairs
and on to their leg so they could break a leg and be removed from
Medomsley in order not to be subjected to any more beatings. The
inquiry is expected to take many more months and there are clear
objectives for the officer in charge. If people have committed
criminal offences, they should be held to account if they are still
alive. And those individuals that have come forward to the police
should find themselves in a place that is better at the end of it.
Today's approach of a far cry from the experience of Kevin Young, who
was 17 when he was raped by Husband and tried to report the crime as
soon as he was released from jail, almost 40 years ago. All efforts
were made by the police to make sure I didn't make a complaint. I was
threatened with three arrest and to be sent back to Medomsley. I
couldn't begin to tell you how I felt that day. Do I feel that way
today? Yeah, I do. So how could this have gone unreported? In the initial
investigation into Husband's sexual assaults, prison officers said it
was an open secret that boys were being abused. There will always very
strong rumours that Neville Husband was homosexual and was sexually
abusing boys that word for him in the kitchen. As soon as I arrived, I
was told by two officers that Neville Husband was a domineering
character and that he allegedly abused inmates. On a night`time,
Husband would usually keep one of the boys back with him after the
others had been dismissed. We all felt sorry for that boy. Tim Newell
was the governor at Medomsley from 1978 to 1981 and socialised with
Husband during his spell there. He even took part in place he produced.
Reports written by the governor about Husband could not have been
more different from what was really going on.
I was in complete panic. I thought he was going to kill me. He was
talking to me and saying, "nobody would ever care. If you went
missing, you could be found hanged in yourself. You could just
disappear" . I feel like I'm drowning every day, like I'm doggy
paddling. I feel like I've been crushed inside. I feel like any good
that was in me has been shredded. Tim Newell declined to speak to us
but in a statement told us he wrote the glowing reports about Husband
because he was... He added that he didn't have a particularly close
relationship with him. He said he was...
Sir Martin Narey was director`general of the service when
Husband's crimes came to light. Had you heard about a reputation for
Medomsley being tough? Yes, I started my prison career at Deerbolt
and Barnard Castle. We would get boys who had been to Medomsley when
they were younger and they would talk about how tough it was. Do I
think young people would have been knocked around at Medomsley? Yes, I
do. Is there something about the phrase "short, sharp shock" that
sends a green light to officers to give people a kicking every now and
again? I'm very clear that the short, sharp shock regime probably
encouraged to low`level physical abuse. The philosophy goes pretty
much close to saying "scare these kids straight" and I think there is
an implicit encouragement which certain individuals follow to abuse
people. Do you think those who are damaged by this deserve an official
apology? Without reservation I apologise to people at Medomsley. We
should have stopped Husband much earlier. Now 143 former inmates have
come forward, a decision on whether to press new abuse charges will be
made later in the year. Meanwhile, Ray has this message. Who worked at
Medomsley. Come and tell the truth, just the truth, regardless of what
you've done wrong. Just come forward and tell the truth.
If you'd like to get in touch with the police or speak to somebody
regarding any of the issues into night's report, there will be a
number coming up at the end of the programme.
Coming up: I take a ride in a classic car from the Bradford
company that used to be a world beater.
Now, they are called legal highs but does that mean they are really save?
The latest figures show that deaths related to these mind`altering
substances have almost doubled. We've been speaking to teenagers
here in Derbyshire who have taken legal highs. One of them was even
willing to share her experiences on the inter`net.
We take more legal highs in the UK than anywhere else in Europe. I know
the dangers and the risks. You can get them from shops, at the market,
online. It's my kind of fun. You can smoke it, injected, swallow it.
Legal high related deaths have risen dramatically. I know a lot of people
that take them. It's not just youngsters but old people, middle
aged people, as well. You can't stop them. It will not go away. So, me
and legal highs. I don't do them all the time. Coran Wright is 20 and
from Derbyshire. She records herself and other people smoking legal highs
then posts them on the inter`net. This is a pipe I bought today and
it's already wrecked. This man thinks he's sitting in a tree with a
bear. He decides to escape the bear. Here, Coran is writing up with
clockwork orange. `` lighting up. At other people don't find it so funny.
It was a big wake`up call for me. I had a chemical reaction in the
stomach which ended up rupturing the bowel. Another person committed
suicide. John Marriott believes legal highs killed three friends.
One of the substances used, mephedrone, is now banned. John says
he became a legal high addict, sleeping rough in the park and
Sutton`in`Ashfield. I was selling possessions. I wouldn't care. I
would sell anything to get it. I lost my hearing and ended up with
cancer of the neck. I don't know if that was to do with it. You don't
know what's in them. There are concerns the very phrase legal high
to describe a mind`altering synthetic demagogue is giving out
the wrong message. The experts prefer the term new psychoactive
substances or NPS. But if an NPS is banned, the manufacturers just
create another one very similar ` and that is still legal. The science
moves faster than the law but temporary bans are put in place
while tests are carried out on substances causing concern. These
packets say not fit for human consumption but is that they're only
use? Yes. It is totally irrelevant and it is a get out clause because
people selling it say if you take it you do so at your own risk. Fiona
Coope and her team of forensics scientists try to find out what is
in a new psychoactive substance. Police sent them here when they are
linked to people being ill. This has a large amount of catamenia in it.
It is a controlled substance. It is a horse anaesthetic. We bought or an
legal highs then asked Fiona's lab team to test them. We found the
packaging may be different but the contents can be exactly the same,
like these three. Modern marketing, ?10 a packet, but you just don't
know what is inside. They are things we have never seen before so we do
not have a way of easily identifying them and we have to work out what
they are. Not only are they knew to us, it means nobody knows what
effect they will have. I have had one bad experience and I thought I
was going to die. My imagination just went down. You are zoning out,
you are staring at something but not thinking anything. Your friends are
like, what are you doing? You say, I don't know. Matthew Hilton Turner is
one of the lucky ones. He was 14 when he was rushed to hospital. He
had taken legal highs with friends in the centre of Chesterfield. He
told his dad, never again. He was one of five young people found
collapsed in this area in one week after taking legal highs. I could
not breathe and I could not move. I couldn't move my arms and legs, I
thought I was going to die. Even if they ban clockwork Orange,
they reduce something else that will take its place.
Matthew's dad has learnt a lot since he thought his son was going to die.
He has been left confused and frustrated that the trade is able to
operate. I'm 55 and I can't buy more than two packs of paracetamol. The
police have to sort it out because at the end of the day it is
available online and my son could have died from it and it is legal.
Why? The government will announce in the
spring how it plans to deal with the trade in new psychometric
substances, sold not just on the Internet but in places like
so`called head shops in a town near you.
My family are not happy with me doing this. They can't stop me, it
is what I like to do for fun. There will be a time when I will just stop
everything but in the meantime I have nothing to do, I am doing my
best to find a job. I won't be doing it all my life. The trouble is,
nobody can tell Coran if her life, her mental and physical health, has
already been damaged beyond repair. I am not addicted but I smoke it all
the time. Do not go away.
60 years ago one of Yorkshire's best loved car`makers finally reached the
end of the road. For a while, Jowitt made motors capable of conquering
continents. The company stopped trading a long time ago but I found
out the passion for its vintage cars is as strong as ever.
Rolls`Royce, Jaguar and then flee. A roll call of high octane motors
which made the British car industry the MP of the world. `` Jaguar and
Bentley. But another company could have been amongst the very best if
fortune had shined on it. It is 60 years since the last of these cars
rolled off the production line. For the enthusiasts who keep their name
alive, it is a classic case of what might have been. The word
revolutionary is not out of order. It was so in advance of anything
else around. Stylistically it was very futuristic and in 1956 that was
not what the Yorkshire customer wanted. The story starts at the
beginning of the 1900. Today I am meeting the grandson of the original
owners to find out a bit more about its chequered history.
Michael, good morning. These are marvellous. Tell us what we have.
This is a 1929 with a brick ECT. `` a the key `` Dickie seat.
This is a 1927 saloon, the oldest Jowitt saloon in existence. ``
Jowett. My grandfather, William Jowett, was
in business with his brother Benjamin. They dabbled in cars and
bicycles and over the years they developed a migration free engine,
that was the big thing in the early days. They employed only 20, 30, but
it went up quickly. During the Second World War they took on more
staff and latterly they employed over 1000. They were quite a big
employer in the Bradford area. The Jowett Mark was designed to cope
with the Yorkshire Dales, no`nonsense motor world to last.
That is enough history. It is so beautiful, I would like to go out in
it if we can. By all means. Tell us a bit about what it is like
to drive. Hard work! In the 1920s the general public were not so
discerning, the car went and that was good enough! We have a big hill,
are we confident we can get up this? Shame on me for doubting. It has
already coped with far bigger challenging is `` challenges than
taxiing me around. The original owners toured Scotland in this car
with my honourable friend adults in it and all the luggage! They may not
have seen another car between here and Edinburgh.
Jowett's impact went beyond sightseeing. They helped `` helped
bring about a cultural shift in Bradford that helped many leave the
smoky sitter. `` city.
Gradually the owners of the factories moved away from their
mills and the increase in Jowett cars allowed to be very wealthy and
then the middle`class to start to be able to live outside the central
area, meaning that Bradford spreads out and gets bigger and bigger and
goes rural. In the early days Jowett were trying to stay ahead of the
game, a spirit of adventure that would lead to one of their finest
hours. In the 1920s they took on the challenge `` a challenge so
audacious that it would put Jeremy Clarkson and the Top Gear presenters
to shame. A journey across Africa when there were very few roads
there. Here is photographic evidence of the
whole journey. Basically it started when an MP called Frank Gray took it
upon himself to sell British exports, mechanical in particular,
and he issued a challenge to British car producers to make a trip across
Africa from West to East and who would take up the challenge and the
only company that did was Jowett. Would they live to regret their
bravado? They christened the vehicles wait and see because that
is what the owner said when he was asked whether it would work. They
just had an amazing confidence and it was that idea that anything is
possible. British engineering and British pluck can do it. Incredibly
the two cars drove coast`to`coast in 60 days. They had 11 rest days and
in order to have them they drove up to 40 hours at a stint. They drove
through the night as well. The roads would have been shocking survey had
to themselves out of the odd hole and mend a few breaks and punctures.
When they came back, did this translate into big sales? Yes, they
produced booklets and photographs and sent them all over the place.
They toured the distributors of Jowett cars. Through the first 50
years of its production, their hallmark was a refusal to compromise
on quality and it was this to a degree that helped with its
downfall. Immediately after the Second World War the company went
for broke. After years of secret planning they launched what could
lay claim to be Britain's most remarkable car of the time, the
Jowett Javelin. When the Javelin was first taken down to the Midlands and
London, eyebrows were being raised. Who was this Yorkshire manufacturer
producing the Jowett Javelin? It was like somebody had made attraction
engine and suddenly made a racing car. It was the first all British
postwar car and the first to have a single spanker of glass windscreen.
It is really quite different to other cars of the period, different
handling, comfortable to ride in. It has style. However good it looked
and handled, it was the wrong car at the wrong time in the wrong place.
Jowett's insistence on hand building cars at a time when mass production
was taking off took its toll. We don't think there was ever a drive
within Jowett to be a big manufacturer. They wanted to produce
a good car which performed well and attracted the buyers that it did. It
should have been the crowning glory but it was not able to be
competitive enough of the factory floor and rolled them out as quickly
and cheaply to make money, because they certainly were popular. It was
rather too expensive for the austere post`war period. In 1954 the company
through in the towel and was sold to a tractor manufacturer. Today,
thanks to the efforts of a dedicated group of enthusiasts, the memory of
those great days lives on. It is Monday night and in no warehouse
full of vintage spares the family story is coming from all circle.
Michael is a member of the Gerrit `` Jowett Car Club, helping members
around the world keep their cars on the road. It is important to keep
our heritage going, we have national rallies and we attend classic car
shows. We are very high profile for a small club. While the name Jowett
still survives, so is the chance that they may one day be reborn.
Will somebody reopen a Jowett factory? If somebody had enough
investment, they could run it in the same way that a company like Morgan
does. The potential is always there. It takes the investment of course.
That is all for tonight from here in Chesterfield. Make sure you join us
next week. We will be investigating the causes of deaths and accidents
among railway workers, asking people in Grimsby about the loss of the
spare room subsidy, also known as the bedroom tax, and finding out
about the role of the town of Newark in the English Civil War.
After that report about Medomsley, due May wants to get in touch with
people who can offer support. `` you may want to.
Chris Jackson examines historic claims of sexual abuse at a Northern youth detention centre, Sarah Sturdey looks at the dangers of so called 'legal highs' and Toby finds out about the Bradford car maker that was once a world beater.