27/01/2014 Inside Out Yorkshire and Lincolnshire


Chris Jackson examines historic claims of sexual abuse at a Northern youth detention centre and Sarah Sturdey looks at the dangers of so called 'legal highs'.

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Welcome to Inside Out from the market town of Chesterfield.


Good evening and welcome to Inside Out. I'm Toby Foster. Tonight, we


examine claims of physical and sexual abuse at a now`defunct youth


detention centre. One man from York says his life was made a living


hell. I couldn't begin to tell you how I felt. Do I feel that way


today? Yeah, I do. Also tonight, we talk to the teenagers putting their


lives on the line by taking so`called legal highs. I literally


felt like I was going to die. And I go for a drive in a classic car


which was made in Yorkshire more than 60 years ago.


We start tonight with a shocking story stretching back decades. More


than 140 men have now come forward with allegations of physical and


sexual abuse at a former youth detention centre. Tonight, Chris


Jackson looks at why a prison designed to steer young offenders


away from a life of crime has, instead, left are so many lives in


ruin. It's always in my head. It's ruined my life, completely ruined


it. Ray Poar was 17 when he was sent to Medomsley for stealing biscuits


from a battery. The chap that went there with me didn't answer with the


title "sir" and was shouted at and I laughed and one of the officers just


punched me full in the chest, really hard. That was a wake`up call and a


shock and from then on, it was pretty much an everyday thing. You


were always prodded, punched, hit. Demolished in the 1990s, this is the


BBC's only footage of Medomsley. It was run on military lines and


staffed mainly by ex`servicemen. Come along, keep going. Smile and


look as though you're enjoying it. I've spoken to a very senior civil


servant who said that it was known in Home Office circles that the


reputation for toughness sometimes lapsed into brutality. These will be


no holiday camps and I sincerely hope those who attend them will not


ever want to go back there. Of the tough approach made Medomsley and


ideal home for the then Conservative's government ``


Conservative government's short, sharp shock experiment and when Leon


Brittain, the then Home Secretary, visited in 1985 he was pleased with


what he saw. I wanted to see how it worked out in practice and I think


we have got it about right. Medomsley was closed at the end of


the decade. Shielded for almost 20 years in a regime wage of inmates


feared they would be hit if they complained was violent rapist


Neville Husband. As a prison officer, he was in charge of the


kitchens where, for two decades, he arrayed on dozens of always. ``


preyed on dozens of boys. He pushed his body against mine and squeezed


and he was telling me, "you will do it because you could just disappear.


Nobody would care. You are just scum" . I could feel myself losing


consciousness and the next thing I can remember is him raping me. I was


woken by an officer who had noticed I had wet the bed and he told me to


get my soiled bed clothes together and made me bunny hop to the showers


naked. When I couldn't make it to the showers, I was kicked. We knew


we couldn't turn round to them and complain to them about what had


happened with Husband because they were part of it. They were the ones


that were kicking us about every day. Neville Husband and a storeman,


Leslie Johnson, were finally convicted of their crimes in 2003.


They were jailed for ten years and have since died. During the


investigation into Husband, officers who'd been at the jail gave


evidence. Medomsley was a very strict youth detention centre which


operated a short, sharp shock treatment regime. Most borstals and


detention centres were run the same way for the past 20 years. They were


very, very tough institutions. Now, decades after the jail closed, and


with more former inmates coming forward, the police have opened a


new, wide`ranging investigation into what was really going on at


Medomsley. We are seeing a huge amount of people come forward who


have been physically assaulted. When they went to this place, they were


faced with what was effectively a brutal regime and if you ended up in


the kitchens in that brutal regime, you would almost certainly be raped


and sexually assaulted. Second`team detectives are working on the


inquiry with new cases still coming in. `` 70 detectives. He was talking


about the day he went in and had his legs kicked from under him. He


described it like a concentration camp. Some of the boys would lay at


the bottom of the stairs and ask another boy to jump off the stairs


and on to their leg so they could break a leg and be removed from


Medomsley in order not to be subjected to any more beatings. The


inquiry is expected to take many more months and there are clear


objectives for the officer in charge. If people have committed


criminal offences, they should be held to account if they are still


alive. And those individuals that have come forward to the police


should find themselves in a place that is better at the end of it.


Today's approach of a far cry from the experience of Kevin Young, who


was 17 when he was raped by Husband and tried to report the crime as


soon as he was released from jail, almost 40 years ago. All efforts


were made by the police to make sure I didn't make a complaint. I was


threatened with three arrest and to be sent back to Medomsley. I


couldn't begin to tell you how I felt that day. Do I feel that way


today? Yeah, I do. So how could this have gone unreported? In the initial


investigation into Husband's sexual assaults, prison officers said it


was an open secret that boys were being abused. There will always very


strong rumours that Neville Husband was homosexual and was sexually


abusing boys that word for him in the kitchen. As soon as I arrived, I


was told by two officers that Neville Husband was a domineering


character and that he allegedly abused inmates. On a night`time,


Husband would usually keep one of the boys back with him after the


others had been dismissed. We all felt sorry for that boy. Tim Newell


was the governor at Medomsley from 1978 to 1981 and socialised with


Husband during his spell there. He even took part in place he produced.


Reports written by the governor about Husband could not have been


more different from what was really going on.


I was in complete panic. I thought he was going to kill me. He was


talking to me and saying, "nobody would ever care. If you went


missing, you could be found hanged in yourself. You could just


disappear" . I feel like I'm drowning every day, like I'm doggy


paddling. I feel like I've been crushed inside. I feel like any good


that was in me has been shredded. Tim Newell declined to speak to us


but in a statement told us he wrote the glowing reports about Husband


because he was... He added that he didn't have a particularly close


relationship with him. He said he was...


Sir Martin Narey was director`general of the service when


Husband's crimes came to light. Had you heard about a reputation for


Medomsley being tough? Yes, I started my prison career at Deerbolt


and Barnard Castle. We would get boys who had been to Medomsley when


they were younger and they would talk about how tough it was. Do I


think young people would have been knocked around at Medomsley? Yes, I


do. Is there something about the phrase "short, sharp shock" that


sends a green light to officers to give people a kicking every now and


again? I'm very clear that the short, sharp shock regime probably


encouraged to low`level physical abuse. The philosophy goes pretty


much close to saying "scare these kids straight" and I think there is


an implicit encouragement which certain individuals follow to abuse


people. Do you think those who are damaged by this deserve an official


apology? Without reservation I apologise to people at Medomsley. We


should have stopped Husband much earlier. Now 143 former inmates have


come forward, a decision on whether to press new abuse charges will be


made later in the year. Meanwhile, Ray has this message. Who worked at


Medomsley. Come and tell the truth, just the truth, regardless of what


you've done wrong. Just come forward and tell the truth.


If you'd like to get in touch with the police or speak to somebody


regarding any of the issues into night's report, there will be a


number coming up at the end of the programme.


Coming up: I take a ride in a classic car from the Bradford


company that used to be a world beater.


Now, they are called legal highs but does that mean they are really save?


The latest figures show that deaths related to these mind`altering


substances have almost doubled. We've been speaking to teenagers


here in Derbyshire who have taken legal highs. One of them was even


willing to share her experiences on the inter`net.


We take more legal highs in the UK than anywhere else in Europe. I know


the dangers and the risks. You can get them from shops, at the market,


online. It's my kind of fun. You can smoke it, injected, swallow it.


Legal high related deaths have risen dramatically. I know a lot of people


that take them. It's not just youngsters but old people, middle


aged people, as well. You can't stop them. It will not go away. So, me


and legal highs. I don't do them all the time. Coran Wright is 20 and


from Derbyshire. She records herself and other people smoking legal highs


then posts them on the inter`net. This is a pipe I bought today and


it's already wrecked. This man thinks he's sitting in a tree with a


bear. He decides to escape the bear. Here, Coran is writing up with


clockwork orange. `` lighting up. At other people don't find it so funny.


It was a big wake`up call for me. I had a chemical reaction in the


stomach which ended up rupturing the bowel. Another person committed


suicide. John Marriott believes legal highs killed three friends.


One of the substances used, mephedrone, is now banned. John says


he became a legal high addict, sleeping rough in the park and


Sutton`in`Ashfield. I was selling possessions. I wouldn't care. I


would sell anything to get it. I lost my hearing and ended up with


cancer of the neck. I don't know if that was to do with it. You don't


know what's in them. There are concerns the very phrase legal high


to describe a mind`altering synthetic demagogue is giving out


the wrong message. The experts prefer the term new psychoactive


substances or NPS. But if an NPS is banned, the manufacturers just


create another one very similar ` and that is still legal. The science


moves faster than the law but temporary bans are put in place


while tests are carried out on substances causing concern. These


packets say not fit for human consumption but is that they're only


use? Yes. It is totally irrelevant and it is a get out clause because


people selling it say if you take it you do so at your own risk. Fiona


Coope and her team of forensics scientists try to find out what is


in a new psychoactive substance. Police sent them here when they are


linked to people being ill. This has a large amount of catamenia in it.


It is a controlled substance. It is a horse anaesthetic. We bought or an


legal highs then asked Fiona's lab team to test them. We found the


packaging may be different but the contents can be exactly the same,


like these three. Modern marketing, ?10 a packet, but you just don't


know what is inside. They are things we have never seen before so we do


not have a way of easily identifying them and we have to work out what


they are. Not only are they knew to us, it means nobody knows what


effect they will have. I have had one bad experience and I thought I


was going to die. My imagination just went down. You are zoning out,


you are staring at something but not thinking anything. Your friends are


like, what are you doing? You say, I don't know. Matthew Hilton Turner is


one of the lucky ones. He was 14 when he was rushed to hospital. He


had taken legal highs with friends in the centre of Chesterfield. He


told his dad, never again. He was one of five young people found


collapsed in this area in one week after taking legal highs. I could


not breathe and I could not move. I couldn't move my arms and legs, I


thought I was going to die. Even if they ban clockwork Orange,


they reduce something else that will take its place.


Matthew's dad has learnt a lot since he thought his son was going to die.


He has been left confused and frustrated that the trade is able to


operate. I'm 55 and I can't buy more than two packs of paracetamol. The


police have to sort it out because at the end of the day it is


available online and my son could have died from it and it is legal.


Why? The government will announce in the


spring how it plans to deal with the trade in new psychometric


substances, sold not just on the Internet but in places like


so`called head shops in a town near you.


My family are not happy with me doing this. They can't stop me, it


is what I like to do for fun. There will be a time when I will just stop


everything but in the meantime I have nothing to do, I am doing my


best to find a job. I won't be doing it all my life. The trouble is,


nobody can tell Coran if her life, her mental and physical health, has


already been damaged beyond repair. I am not addicted but I smoke it all


the time. Do not go away.


60 years ago one of Yorkshire's best loved car`makers finally reached the


end of the road. For a while, Jowitt made motors capable of conquering


continents. The company stopped trading a long time ago but I found


out the passion for its vintage cars is as strong as ever.


Rolls`Royce, Jaguar and then flee. A roll call of high octane motors


which made the British car industry the MP of the world. `` Jaguar and


Bentley. But another company could have been amongst the very best if


fortune had shined on it. It is 60 years since the last of these cars


rolled off the production line. For the enthusiasts who keep their name


alive, it is a classic case of what might have been. The word


revolutionary is not out of order. It was so in advance of anything


else around. Stylistically it was very futuristic and in 1956 that was


not what the Yorkshire customer wanted. The story starts at the


beginning of the 1900. Today I am meeting the grandson of the original


owners to find out a bit more about its chequered history.


Michael, good morning. These are marvellous. Tell us what we have.


This is a 1929 with a brick ECT. `` a the key `` Dickie seat.


This is a 1927 saloon, the oldest Jowitt saloon in existence. ``


Jowett. My grandfather, William Jowett, was


in business with his brother Benjamin. They dabbled in cars and


bicycles and over the years they developed a migration free engine,


that was the big thing in the early days. They employed only 20, 30, but


it went up quickly. During the Second World War they took on more


staff and latterly they employed over 1000. They were quite a big


employer in the Bradford area. The Jowett Mark was designed to cope


with the Yorkshire Dales, no`nonsense motor world to last.


That is enough history. It is so beautiful, I would like to go out in


it if we can. By all means. Tell us a bit about what it is like


to drive. Hard work! In the 1920s the general public were not so


discerning, the car went and that was good enough! We have a big hill,


are we confident we can get up this? Shame on me for doubting. It has


already coped with far bigger challenging is `` challenges than


taxiing me around. The original owners toured Scotland in this car


with my honourable friend adults in it and all the luggage! They may not


have seen another car between here and Edinburgh.


Jowett's impact went beyond sightseeing. They helped `` helped


bring about a cultural shift in Bradford that helped many leave the


smoky sitter. `` city.


Gradually the owners of the factories moved away from their


mills and the increase in Jowett cars allowed to be very wealthy and


then the middle`class to start to be able to live outside the central


area, meaning that Bradford spreads out and gets bigger and bigger and


goes rural. In the early days Jowett were trying to stay ahead of the


game, a spirit of adventure that would lead to one of their finest


hours. In the 1920s they took on the challenge `` a challenge so


audacious that it would put Jeremy Clarkson and the Top Gear presenters


to shame. A journey across Africa when there were very few roads


there. Here is photographic evidence of the


whole journey. Basically it started when an MP called Frank Gray took it


upon himself to sell British exports, mechanical in particular,


and he issued a challenge to British car producers to make a trip across


Africa from West to East and who would take up the challenge and the


only company that did was Jowett. Would they live to regret their


bravado? They christened the vehicles wait and see because that


is what the owner said when he was asked whether it would work. They


just had an amazing confidence and it was that idea that anything is


possible. British engineering and British pluck can do it. Incredibly


the two cars drove coast`to`coast in 60 days. They had 11 rest days and


in order to have them they drove up to 40 hours at a stint. They drove


through the night as well. The roads would have been shocking survey had


to themselves out of the odd hole and mend a few breaks and punctures.


When they came back, did this translate into big sales? Yes, they


produced booklets and photographs and sent them all over the place.


They toured the distributors of Jowett cars. Through the first 50


years of its production, their hallmark was a refusal to compromise


on quality and it was this to a degree that helped with its


downfall. Immediately after the Second World War the company went


for broke. After years of secret planning they launched what could


lay claim to be Britain's most remarkable car of the time, the


Jowett Javelin. When the Javelin was first taken down to the Midlands and


London, eyebrows were being raised. Who was this Yorkshire manufacturer


producing the Jowett Javelin? It was like somebody had made attraction


engine and suddenly made a racing car. It was the first all British


postwar car and the first to have a single spanker of glass windscreen.


It is really quite different to other cars of the period, different


handling, comfortable to ride in. It has style. However good it looked


and handled, it was the wrong car at the wrong time in the wrong place.


Jowett's insistence on hand building cars at a time when mass production


was taking off took its toll. We don't think there was ever a drive


within Jowett to be a big manufacturer. They wanted to produce


a good car which performed well and attracted the buyers that it did. It


should have been the crowning glory but it was not able to be


competitive enough of the factory floor and rolled them out as quickly


and cheaply to make money, because they certainly were popular. It was


rather too expensive for the austere post`war period. In 1954 the company


through in the towel and was sold to a tractor manufacturer. Today,


thanks to the efforts of a dedicated group of enthusiasts, the memory of


those great days lives on. It is Monday night and in no warehouse


full of vintage spares the family story is coming from all circle.


Michael is a member of the Gerrit `` Jowett Car Club, helping members


around the world keep their cars on the road. It is important to keep


our heritage going, we have national rallies and we attend classic car


shows. We are very high profile for a small club. While the name Jowett


still survives, so is the chance that they may one day be reborn.


Will somebody reopen a Jowett factory? If somebody had enough


investment, they could run it in the same way that a company like Morgan


does. The potential is always there. It takes the investment of course.


That is all for tonight from here in Chesterfield. Make sure you join us


next week. We will be investigating the causes of deaths and accidents


among railway workers, asking people in Grimsby about the loss of the


spare room subsidy, also known as the bedroom tax, and finding out


about the role of the town of Newark in the English Civil War.


After that report about Medomsley, due May wants to get in touch with


people who can offer support. `` you may want to.


Chris Jackson examines historic claims of sexual abuse at a Northern youth detention centre, Sarah Sturdey looks at the dangers of so called 'legal highs' and Toby finds out about the Bradford car maker that was once a world beater.

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