18/06/2014 Newsnight


Jeremy Paxman presents his last Newsnight.

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The Government of Iraq has now formally asked the United States for


military help to resist the Islamist rebels who plunged the country into


Civil War. As ISIS tries to capture bits of the all-important oil


industry, what would it mean for the world economy if they succeed? Here


in Baghdad the fighting in the oil refinery is causing a lot of people


to wonder whether Iraq is heading for break-up and there be a war


between Sunnis and Shias. After Ed Miliband finds himself in another


fine mess, Peter Mandelson explains where his unique appeal to voters


lies. This is the most stupid he assignment, I have done warzones


easier than this. I did this as a special favour. Well, you get the


idea. And we're in Uruguay to see how Luis Suarez is going to beat


England tomorrow. The Iraqi Civil War is now so


intense and the position of the Iraqi Government so powerless that


it has frantically sought American military intervention. No judgment


on that yet from the White House, though the fact that Iraq's main oil


refinery has been the scene of serious fighting, and the scale of


an insurgency out of all proportion to the number of insurgent, both


point up the gravity of the crisis. First up we join the BBC's world


affairs correspondent in Baghdad. What is the mood in the capital


there? Well there is an awful lot of anxiety Jeremy both here and wider.


I went down to the holy city of Kerbal today and an awful lot of


anxiety there. People talking about the possibility of open Civil War,


and the danger from the entire region, not just Iraq. People are


very worried indeed. It doesn't look now nearly so much as though Baghdad


might fall. There were Government ministers here last week who thought


it would. That doesn't seem to be on the cards so much now. This is a big


Shi'ite city and you know there is only 15,000 of these ISIS


characters. I just don't think they are up for capturing an entire city


or perhaps even entering it. It is still very, very worrying. The


biggest worry of all is this possibility that Iraq might split up


into its constituent parts. How seriously is that worry taken? Very


seriously because you know if the division comes, then what does Iran


do? Well it would be terribly tempted to swallow up, I suspect,


the Shi'ite rump of Iraq. The Kurds would go their own way, they have


been pretty much any way. But what happens to the Sunnis? That's a


small relatively small sliver of land alongside the Syrian border, is


it big enough? Is it possible it could exist on its own? Nobody


knows. It is really, really very disturbing. John, thank you very


much indeed. Well our diplomatic editor has spent the day looking at


how big the ISIS insurgency really is, and how equipped the Iraqi


Government have to deal with it? After the shock of the Sunni


onslaught, Iraq is fragmenting. Kurdish troops fighting today near


Kirkuk have also taken their chance to carve out a bigger territory for


themselves. But in Baghdad, the Prime Minister insists that lost


ground can be recovered. TRANSLATION: We will teach them


lessons and deal them blows and we will deal with those who think that


they can defeat the political process and the national unity and


defeat Iraq. The Iraqi army still has several outposts in the north.


With fighting continuing in Tal Afr, and where there is a key oil


refinery, and Samarra, key shrines are there. Although there are the


outskirts of Bakuba, there has been no significant advance in recent


days. While the situation has stablised and Iraqi forces are being


massed to counter-attack, what are the chances of them regaining


ground? I would counsel Prime Minister Al-Maliki, although he


wouldn't accept it, to replace the military commanders he has put in


charge of the Iraqi forces with more competent leadership. When the


United States were there we worked with the Iraqi Government to put in


place competent military leaders, regardless of their sect or


ethnicity. But since the end of 2011 when US forces were withdrawn from


Iraq, Prime Minister Al-Maliki has packed the Armed Forces with


political cronies. In effect he has created a force that is very loyal


to him and won't launch a coup, but can't fight effectively as well. If


the Iraqi army is going to be used to regain control of the Sunni


Triangle it is going to have to be much more competent and willing to


fight than it is right now. But if the army's generals are a losing


bunch, its ranks are now being swelled with thousands of


enthusiastic volunteers. Most of them are Shia, and the presence of


an Iranian general, the Revolutionary Guard's chief covert


operator has convinced many Iraqi Sunnis that the plan is to form a


Shia army. I think he comes to Iraq to ensure that those who are


supporting Iran, or those who have been working with Iran will stay in


line and will not deviate. He wants to ensure that the influence of Iran


will be maintained and strengthened. I think that was his main aim of


coming. The chances of ISIS storming Baghdad are remote, instead the


security forces are bracing themselves for an increase in truck


bombs, launched from nearby Sunni towns. If that sounds like a return


to the bad old days of a few years back, so does the idea of American


air strikes. One Iraqi minister called for them today, but there is


little enthusiasm for the idea among the US military. Every time you


conduct military action there are political implications. It would be,


I think, a grave mistake to launch air strikes now before the political


situation on the ground has been clarified. The Government of Nouri


Al-Maliki has been part and parcel of the problem in Iraq, with its


highly-authoritarian and sectarian nature, if we were to support


Al-Maliki now with air strikes we would simply be taking his side in


this political struggle within Iraq. But while Baghdad tries to find its


response, the enemy has a vote too. ISIS paraded its captured army kit


today in Baji, the first order of priority for groups like this could


be snuffing out the remaining army posts, and today they have attacked


beleaguered troops at the nearby refinery, which produces 40% of


Iraq's petrol and now looks set to fall. What effect could all this


potential disruption have on oil supplies and there by affects upon


the world economy, with us is our economics correspondent. What are


the markets making of all of this, they are the first indication? So


far the market reaction to these terrible pictures to Iraq has been


relatively calm. The price of oil is now above $114 a barrel, that is the


highest since last September, but not the sort of big move we have


often seen in turmoil in the Middle East. It is not like the $120 during


the Arab Spring. There is a couple of reasons for that, firstly the


vast majority of Iraqi oil production is in the south and the


east of the country and hasn't been impacted. Secondly, Saudi Arabia at


the moment has a lot of spare capacity. If Iraqi production is


disrupted they can bring that on stream. The bigger worry about the


long-term picture. How worried should we be about that? The initial


reaction in the last few days has been calm. What people in the oil


industry are starting to fret about is the long-term picture. At the


moment Iraq produces about 3. 5 million barrels of oil a day. That


is about 4% of total world supply. But over the next 20 years that 3. 5


million barrels a day is expected by international observers to rise to


8. 5 million barrels a day. That is a huge driver of future oil supply.


Five million barrels a day. That is roughly the amount of oil that the


UK, Germany and Holland use every day. That is a big gap to fill up if


Iraq is not capable of bringing it on stream. If it doesn't come on


stream, and people are doubting it with the talk of Civil War and the


split, there is a huge problem for the world economy, and big gap in


supply and prices rise. But most importantly there is a terrible


problem for Iraq, because increasing oil supply, trebling it over the


next 20 years the key to really boosting their GDP and increasing


prosperity in that country. So people are getting very, very


concerned at the moment. Thank you. In Washington the Iraqi ambassador


to the United States is on the line and here in the studio we have the


Kurdistan regional Government's high representative to the UK. Ambassador


may I start with you please, is your Government capable of defeating


these rebels without outside military assistance? We are some


what confident that the work we will do will have a significant impact,


however we also know that we need immediate support to accelerate that


process and provide us with areas of capability, such as air supremacy,


which we currently don't have, so we need that support now. So you can't


cope? Alone it will take more blood, it will be vicious, it will be


dirty. What we are saying is that we need the support of the United


States and other countries, because of the urgency of the ground and the


type of enemy we are facing. How is it, talking about this enemy, that


such an apparently smaller force should have been able to take so


much of your country? There is a lot of reflection now going on within


the military infrastructure, we have changed some of the high commands,


maybe more will follow. But what we are saying is that is an issue for


us to discuss with our partners as to how we can beef up and relook at


our military capabilities. But the threat is an immediate threat now.


So your military was inept, that is the problem is it? The military was


developed, it is a new military, the military has been working with the


United States. We had the US forces there until 2011, the military had


no air force, and no infantry, the intelligence gathering was still


fragile. These are all capabilities which we are trying to develop in a


new state. That is with the viciousness of the situation, the


spillover from Syria, these are all factors that have adversely impacted


us. So your military was incapable. What help do you want from Iran? We


are asking for help from the United States. Would you like help from


Iran? There are bigger regional issues to discuss. But what we are


saying is the strategic framework agreement we have is with the United


States. The United States is our key partner of choice in developing our


military in with other areas of co-operation, this is what our focus


is on. Of course Iran is operating already within Iraq isn't it? In


what sense? The all quad Al-Qud Brigade? I'm not aware of that. We


will come back to you in a moment or two, but would you like military


assistance from Britain as well? What do you mean from Britain as


well. Would you like air support from Britain? No, no. Certainly not.


The key capability we are asking for is for the United States to stand by


us as our strategic framework agreement, talking about the


integrity of Iraq. Now we have a serious situation, it is not a


puritily only Iraqi domestic situation, it is a regional threat.


That is the urgency and the depth of that challenge is. We will come back


to you in a moment or two, I hope. Can you tell us where the Government


of Kurdistan stands on all of this? Well, from our perspective, this is


a crisis on three fronts. It is a humanitarian crisis. We have tens of


thousands of refugees who have fled to Kurdistan from Mosul. It is a


security crisis, as ambassador has said. It is a crisis that affects


not only Iraq, all of Iraq, is in mortal danger. It affects the


region, it affects the gulf and even further afield. And it is a


political crisis too in Iraq. We have seen many pictures of your


fighters engaging the ISIS forces, for whom are they fighting? The


Peshmurgeres' primarily role is to protect the Kurdish people and the


region. We have gone to the areas outside the Kurdistan region which


are part of Kurdistan to protect the people there and key strategic


infrastructure as well. Does that mean they are fighting to support


the Government of Iraq, the central Government? Kurdistan is part of


Iraq, according to the constitution, the Peshmurgeres are part of the


Iraqi defence forces, we are defending the people of Iraq. By


means of the central Government? How do you mean, by means of the central


Government? These forces owe their loyalty to the Government of


Kurdistan, which is part of the constitutional arrangement in Iraq,


do they there by owe their loyalty to the Government of Iraq Nouri


Al-Maliki, I would say the current Government would find it hard to


find loyalty. We have not been shy pointing out repeatedly over the


past few years that the Government in Baghdad has been sectarian, has


been devisive and marginalising the Sunni Arab community and has tried


to keep the Kurdish community and the Kurdish leadership out of


decision making. We have been very frank about that and called for a


change of Government. Your country is quite close to breaking up isn't


it ambassador? The country is at a critical test, it needs its partners


and its international countries who are involved in its development


after 2003. It has been fragile in the politics, now we need to really


look at that. But we also know that the wealth of Iraq is, can help in


the development, but the politics needs to be looked at and the threat


is immediate. One further point, you and President Assad have a common


enemy in ISIS, are you now allied therefore effectively with President


Assad? We are facing an immediate threat in our own country. We are


dealing with that ourselves. The situation in Syria has never helped


us. We hope that the situation is addressed regionally, the players


who are involved in the fight against terrorism have to work


closely together. To that extent I think we are dealing with a


situation in Iraq ourselves. Thank you both very much indeed. Time for


what is the point of Ed Miliband chapter 5, it is not as if he's in


power and having to take unpopular decision. It is not as if he has


committed the country to unpopular wars. It is not as if there is the


faintest breath of scandal about him, and yet a year out from the


next general election polls show he has the appeal oa flatulent dog in a


lift. And Labour voters are unlikely to want to vote for him. We get the


baron Peter Mandelson of Foy's opinion next. First we have this


report. This must be a head-scratching


moment for Ed Miliband. It is not as if he hasn't produced radical


policies, big thoughts, brave ideas, he has had no contentious foreign


policy, no bloody wars, his entire focus has been on those squeezed by


recession, and yet his personal poll ratings continue to plum new depths,


with less than a year to go. The party of today feels very different


to that coined in the mid-1990s as new Labour. The party whose


transformation began a decade earlier when Peter Mandelson was


working for Neil Kinnock. For too long the Labour Party has viewed


television as our persecutor, I want to use television as our tool and


servant. We shall be presenting ourselves and putting across our


policies and making sure that our spokesmen get the coverage that they


can communicate directly with the people. As a sign of their


rebranding, the Labour Party adopted the red rose, Neil Kinnock was a


keen gardener, Peter Mandelson, legend has it, insisted on the long


stem. It was a sign that old style socialism was passed, the red flag


as both symbol and song relegated to the backend of conference. In other


words, this is where the soapbox would end, and the courtship would


begin. Our party, new Labour, our mission new Britain, new Labour, new


Britain. LINEBREAK APPLAUSE Peter Mandelson, ongside Blair,


Brown and cap women took Labour and the failed state and took it into


Labour the new brand. Out went the state, in went the party friends


with business and celebses, the party that could crucially befriend


the upper-classes and seize the centre ground of politics. But the


messenger was not universally popular. Peter Mandelson would at


times go by the nom de guerre Bobby, he was often toxic within his own


party. He gained a reputation has one of new Labour's most ruthless


operators, media savvy, but not always friendly. There were those


within the party and outside it who would cheer his downfall when it


came. He resigned from Government, not once but twice. It was the


Mandelson-Campbell spin that gave Labour its shiny new coat as well as


its cloak of darkness. The way in which Alastair has conducted his


operations when he was in Downing Street, when he bullied and lied his


way across our political life, consistently, did more to lower the


tone of our political life, our public life, than anything else. And


it is perhaps that legacy that has confounded Ed Miliband. A leader


that at times doesn't seem to know whether he's coming or going, who


poses with a paper one day and apologises next. Tomorrow Team


Miliband will announce major policy reforms, among them the end of


jobseeker's allowance with the aim of getting those with little


training or education into work. The man at the centre may yet struggle.


Those around him know the journey from new Labour to what he calls a


one-nation Labour Government, they still have a long way to go. With us


now is baron Mandelson, the political Prince of Darkness who


helped create new Labour and whose career has encompassed spells around


the cabinet table in several departments, including business and


Northern Ireland. Do you think Ed Miliband is the best leader your


party could have? In my view he is the leader we have and therefore the


leader I support and somebody who I believe is capable of leading the


party to victory. The best possible leader? Let me, if you don't mind,


just step out of the way you framed this. We have a year to go between


now and the election. In the coming days and weeks and months, the


Labour Party will be bringing forward a whole series of quite


forward-looking policies. Having policies, though, without those


being drawn together into a convincing and vivid narrative. A


story about yourself, who you are, what you stand for, what you are


going to do for people in the country is not enough. You have


really got to put all this, draw it all together, connect the policies,


link them back to the leader and give people a real sense of where


you are going and what you are going to do. Let me put it the other way,


why is he so much worse a leader than Tony Blair? He's a different


leader, Jeremy. I mean Tony Blair was consciously moving the Labour


Party to the centre ground, away from ideology, away from the


either/or of British politics. The either you are sort of for the poor


or you are for the rich, or either for the person who works on the


factory shop floor, or you are for the executive floor and the


boardroom. You are either for Britain or for Europe. What Tony


Blair did was to replace either/or with "and". He produced a different


form of consensual politics that appealed right across the spectrum


of the centre ground, leading it from the left, but consciously


making that appeal across the centre ground. Ed Miliband is choosing a


different course. It isn't working? What people around him would say is


that what needs to do, or what he is doing for the Labour Party and the


left is what Mrs Thatcher did for the right in the 1970s and 80s. If


that is the case why do 43% of Labour voters according to the


latest poll want to see a change of leader? Bring these people on and


ask them, Jeremy. I haven't been asked by any opinion pollster. You


are a man who knows what is going on in politics? What I know that is


going on is Ed is trying to approach politics in a rather different way


from the way which Tony Blair and new Labour approached it. Do you


think it is working? It may work, it may well be successful. I would say


to you that electoral arithmetic is probably on his side. Do you think


that it would be more effective were he seen to be more probusiness? I


think that he has confused the party's message to business. What he


needs to do is embrace the model of a market-based economy where we are


supporting business success, but where we also want to see a socially


inclusive society with principles and social justice, where we are


creating opportunities for people and leaning against inequalities in


society in everything we do. How has he muddled the message? Let me make


the point. He places a great deal of emphasis on the last of those


positions, the social justice, the fairness, the leaning against


inequality. I think that's absolutely right for a Labour leader


to do so. But he also has to balance that with an explanation of how we


are going to bring about economic growth, how we are going to create


jobs and how we are going to create conditions in Britain for business


to grow and thrive. Which he hasn't done yet? Which he has a year to do.


Which he hasn't done yet? He has a year to do. When you look at the way


people in this country regard politics and there is a profound


disenchantment, I'm sure you would agree, a profound disenchantment


with politics and politician, do you accept any of the brain for that?


Well I think the condition of politics in Britain today is much


weaker than it was 25 years ago. I think politicians are trusted less.


Before you? Politicians are trusted less, that's true. People vote less,


they support the mainstream parties less than they did 25 years ago, and


institutions of central and local Government are not held in such high


esteem. But the reason for that, I would say, is to do with the


profound impact of economic and social changes on our country. And


you don't accept any responsibility for that? I'm not quite sure what


charge you are levelling at me. The charge is you got to work on the way


that politics happened in this country, you put an emphasis upon


spin, you put an emphasis on presentation, you buckled down a


really tight control on how the party is operated and the


consequence of that is people are disenchanted because the stock


response has become "you can't trust politicians". I'm not going to


apologise to you and anyone else for making the Labour Party more


presentable and putting it in a better light. But I never made the


mistake of confusing good communications and good policies. To


me you can only have good communications flowing from good


policies. You have to have a very real sense of what you stand for and


what you are going to do for the country. And no number of photo


opportunities, or sound bites, however effective and attractive


will substitute for that sense of mission that a political party has


got to convey to the public. But the appeal of someone like Nigel Farage


is that he's not part of a mainstream party, isn't it? I think


it is. Because you have a Government which isn't popular and a position


which is not strong enough. For the reasons that I have expressed for


which I believe the opposition has a year to put right. So Ian though


many of the people who voted for UKIP the other week, polls


subsequently say they neither like or agree with UKIP, and nonetheless


voted for Nigel Farage in order to send a message to the main parties.


It is one they have to receive and respond to. How much do you think


that the public opposition to politics, politicians, the political


process, is to do with the fact that your friends in Government took us


into that war in Iraq? I think Iraq does haunt British politics. It is


not yet behind us, and I know that many people in the country believe


that when the invasion and occupation of Iraq took place, some


how the gates of hell were raised to release all that civil strive and


all that carnage. I know that there are people who believe that we are


sewing at what we reaped. I don't happen to believe it is as simple as


that. As a Labour member of parliament, who followed his


Government's lead at the time and voted for it, I'm not now going to


join Tony Blair's chorus of critics. So you still think it was the right


decision? I think that on reflection you could judge that it was a


mistake. But this is the crucial point I would make to you, if it was


a mistake it was a mistake honestly made. I do not believe, I do not


believe that either Tony Blair or the Government as a whole, as some


people claim, took the country to war on a lie. I think that's


unacceptable and I don't think it is true. Tony Blair was saying even


this week that it was still the right thing to do. Do you think he


has gone a bit nuts? No I don't think he has gone a bit nuts. I


think he's fully entitled to defend his position. I also happen to think


he's right to say that where as 25 years ago, when you started on this


programme, we had the sort of relative certainties of the Cold War


to deal with, we now have the terrible uncertainties of Jihadism,


of radical Islam, he is right to point up the dangers of that, and


he's right to galvanise and mobilise people to take the action, to adopt


the policies to deal with it. Peter Mandelson thank you very much. Now,


time for the periodic delight of an interview with the Mayor of London,


Boris Johnson. These occasions have a habit of veering from the


pedestrian to the extraterrestrial. This time we thought we would jump


in part way through on a bicycle, the I a parent pretext was a


discussion about cycling in London. Some idiot, I foremeet if it was me


or a producer decided to do it on a tandem. Due to cuts the BBC has


downsized its fleet, and the only one we could get hold of was


manufactured some time before the dinosaurs were wiped out. Jeremy. I


have got this wonderful vehicle. Have you ever ridden one of these?


No I haven't. Not since I was a child. I think the chances of


staying upright are slim? Not since I was a child. That is fantastic.


Look at that. I know you want to go on the front, let's have a practice


round here first? We better do this. Are we sured for this insured for


this? I wouldn't have thought so. I thought with the safer cycling


initiative we wouldn't have to think about that? Stand still, I don't


want to knock it over. Crikey Moses. I don't know what that is, the


camera. I have just kicked that. Ready, steady go. Christ, this is a


nightmare! Are you sure about this old man. You are steering. I am


steering. I hope. Watch out, watch out. Is your sadd all right, you see


that twists. I see, yeah, yeah. Is that meant to twist. Maybe you have


a sideways bottom Boris. Have you got any brakes Boris? No hardly,


brilliant, keep going. It is your leadership Boris. I feel it is going


well, oops! This is the most stupid assignment, I have done warzones


that are easier than this! I did this as a special favour to you


because I care about you so much Jeremy, you are a landmark of our


culture and I wanted to show you how delightful it is to cycle in London.


It is not delightful to cycle in London, it is a bloody nightmare?


This is I must say the most difficult machine I have tried to


cycle on. Newsnight pro-Kurd this. This is like being the back half of


a pantomime horse? It is. Crikey. Well done, you are doing good. This


is death. Don't give up now! Good afternoon. People screaming "there's


Boris" does it happen a lot? A lot. Normally they shout "you Tory


tosser"! Watch out, there is a Banksy. It is a real Banksy!


Preserved culture. Jesus Christ there's the police. I'll do the


talking, I'll do the talking, all right. You leave it to me. I have


been here before! Good afternoon! Good afternoon. OK. I looked at the


figures earlier, there is nearly 5,000 people killed on, or injured


on bicycles sorry, every year? The total number of serious injuries was


457 last year. And the number of those killed was exactly the same,


even though cycling continues to rise. Good afternoon. Where are you


on helmets Boris? # Rain drops keep falling on my head


# Dee-dee-de-de. Where are you on helmets? I'm pro. Didn't you hear


the neurosurgeon say the other day? I'm not a mandatory helmet user, I


don't believe they should be compulsory, but I wear one, I


generally wear one. We are getting off here. Full marks. Well done.


Smash it up a bit more, come on. Thanks, sorry. It is a horrible


bike, isn't it? It is a real bastard isn't it! Boris I would like to ask


you why the Barclays bike scheme has been such a failure? What do you


mean. It is such a howling success. Why are they giving up sponsoring


it? Just so we get some clarity on that, it is the most successful bike


hire scheme in the world. The bikes are rubbish and the company


sponsoring it are giving it up? The bikes are beautiful. They are


lumbering, uncomfortable? Compared to that thing it is the Rolls-Royce.


Compared to a 1901 tandem they are. Isn't the real problem here is they


are known not as Barclays banks, but Boris bikes, which is a misnomer,


because it wasn't your idea? In fact it was the bicycle was invented, or


I think the metal... We don't want the history of bloody bicycles?


Dennis Johnson! Was he an, ancestor of yours? I claim without much


authenticate proof. The hard is Shard is there, what do you make of


it? It looks like a cocktail stick with a pickled onion. It is


foreign-owned? I think actually you will find it is... It is a monument


of vainity? It is filling up and monument to confidence in the London


economy. How many Londoners are living in that building? In that


building so far not a lot. But I can tell you that in London as a whole,


by volume sales to foreigners, including the Irish, by the way and


all other EU nationals are only running at 6%. The issue for London


now is how do we make sure that this sense of, that we don't encourage or


have any more of this sense of he is strangement between London and the


rest of the UK, because people feel that London is incredibly


successful. It is a separate country isn't? It isn't, it is absolutely


integral to the whole of the economy of the UK. To give you one example,


tourism which generates about ?19 billion for the UK economy, 63% of


all tourists to Britain come to London first. What I'm trying to get


over to you is what is good for London is good for the whole of the


UK economy. Do you want to cycle back to City Hall? This is Jeremy's


valedictory programme. I want to say on behalf of Jeremy's many, many


admirers that there will be a lot of people who are very sad to see him


go. He has kept the nation entertained, if not always awake!


For many, many years, and has been an adornment to broadcasting. That


is quite enough from you Boris, come on. Bloody hell Boris this is a


nightmare. Watch out team, watch out. OK, I'm following you, with gut


and determination Jeremy, here we go. We're on the wrong side of the


road. No, it is a one way street. I have Mr Paxman on the back I have to


take exceptional care. I'm carrying the last remaining one-nation


Conservative in the BBC. It is a precious cargo. You have to watch


out for aggressive drivers. Ease off a bit, that is good, well done.


Don't take your hand over Boris, don't wave, don't do anything silly.


That's good, we need the money shot, we will crash into this bolard! I


think it was your idea. Right turn here Jeremy, right turn. OK. Good


evening, hello. Good evening. Here we go! Well done. Well that was


Boris Johnson. Now Michael Howard, did you? No Jeremy I didn't, but


feel free to ask another 11 times. No that is fine, thank you very


much. Moving on he can land expects, the country's footballers must live


their World Cup match against Uruguay tomorrow or return early


from Brazil. Easier said than done, the country has a population,


although only a bit bigger than Greater Manchester, yet it has won


the World Cup twice, once more than England have managed. Their squad


includes Luis Suarez, the Liverpool striker was Player of the Year in


the Premier League although he has also a less glittering reputation


for biting lumps out of opponents. This piece contains some flash


photographyer It is not quite World Cup fever,


World Cup bit of a high temperature more like. It is not that the people


are indifferent, far from it. But like English fans they have seen


their team lose the opening match of the tournament. Tomorrow is do or


die. A lot rests on Liverpool's Luis Suarez. Gifted but controversial. He


seems to embody the national football philosophy, "guts,


ferocity, fighting spirit". Newsnight dropped in on a typical


office to gauge the mood. This ad for a finance company revels


in Suarez's bad boy image. His hypercompetitiveness, even his habit


of diving. Some people are on the pitch, they think it's finito! The


signature Uruguayan combo of guile and grit has served the country


well. The team won the first-ever World Cup on home soil back in 1930,


beating Argentina. The old centinary stadium has seen better days. You


see the replica of the jewels JulesRemet. The man who tends the


honours here, he shares a name with the England skipper. 15-times the


American cup, two Olympic Games, two World Cups, I can't explain. It is a


miracle. Football is just your life. We asked a young sports analyst to


account for this success in a country of just over three million


people. It is like a religion we have, it is a feeling we have since


the very, very little kids. We are born with football. I mean the first


gift you got when you are a boy is a ball. Yes, these are the deceptively


charmings to the who -- tots who grow up to put their opponents on


the back foot. At four or five they are encouraged to play for fun, at


least at first. This football nursery produced a certain Suarez L,


and this is the man who discovered him. What was it about him that made


him special? TRANSLATION: He was fast, very fast, he scored a lot of


goals and would dribble past everyone and then score. How did you


help Suarez develop? I taught him how to dribble and pass the ball to


his team-mates. Players have to learn to pass to each other. In the


beginning he was a bit too individual, but as he went through


the system he grew as a player. You weren't responsible for teaching him


the biting as well were you? No, no, no. The training ground of Uruguay's


top club, where Suarez came as a teenager, it is spartan by the


standards that players or Chelsea at Manchester City are used to. But for


a time it was home for the rookie. How often have you heard it said of


some future superstar of the game that he lived, ate and slept


football. That was pretty much literally the case for the young


Luis Suarez, here in his digs at the club, he could tuck up and dream of


international star dem beneath his team's own coverlet. As well as


Suarez's huge talent, there were discipline issues. It is claimed he


once head butted a referee. TRANSLATION: It is not really like


that, he burst out from between two or three players and collided with


the referee head on. While you could say he was a bit wound up about the


way the match was going, the actual collision was just an accident. At


all events Suarez was given a red card. Perhaps only in Uruguay could


a youthful ban like that be linked to a gunman attempting a hit on


investigative journalist, there is no suggestion that Luis Suarez


himself was involved in any crime. TRANSLATION: This incident resulted


in the referee making a formal complaint with his union and the


Uraguayan Football Association. Because of this the President of


Uruguayan youth football tried to cover up Suarez's behaviour. 11 days


after this complaint I was shot on my doorstep, this whole episode was


orchestrated by the President of Uraguayan youth football who wanted


to protect Suarez at that time. The hit man that was contracted was made


to kill me. But he was remorseful at the last moment. When he pointed his


gun at my head he changed his mind and shot me in the leg. The gunman


was convicted and sent to prison over the failed hit, as was the


soccer official who paid for it. To quote Bill Shankley's old addage, in


Uruguay football is not a matter of life and death, it is more important


than that. What of the measuring -- mercurial Suarez himself, I tracked


him down as a guest in a celebration for the Queen's birthday. There is a


great expectation, and I think if the game can be played well, a clean


game, and exciting with lots of goals I think whatever the result we


will be able to live with it. And you want England to win? I want


England to win. You are allowed to say that? I don't know if I I am,


but I want England to win. Soon the talking will stop about who is the


best team on paper or cardboard. And once glittering careers may enter a


new phase. That's it, in the tradition of


deranged news anchors I ought to ask you all to go to your windows throw


them up and scream "I'm mad as hell and I'm not going to take it any


more", this is England so I will say thank you for watching Newsnight, I


hope you continue to enjoy it, good night and goodbye.


# I'd like to build # The world a home


# And furnish it with love # Grow apple trees


# And money bees # And snow white


# Turtle doves # I'd like to teach the world to


sing # In perfect harmony


# I'd like to hold it in my arms # And keep it company


# I'd like to see the world for once # All standing hand in hand


# And hear them echo through the hills


# For peace throughout the Tomorrow's weather more of the same,


I don't know why they make such a fuss about it.