28/01/2016 Newsnight


In-depth investigation and analysis of the stories behind the day's headlines with Kirsty Wark.

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The fear gripping women in the Americas


about the Zika virus and birth defects.


The possible links, only recently suspected,


have rapidly changed the risk profile of Zika


from a mild threat to one of alarming proportions.


We have an exclusive interview with the woman


taking on the Brazillian government to overturn the anti-abortion law.


Should the UK put a stop to Saudi arms sales


after the damning UN report on civilian casualties in Yemen?


Systematic and widespread violations of the laws of war have taken place,


committed by both sides to this conflict,


They found that 119 strikes by the Saudis have breached


international humanitarian law, that is a very damning finding.


I'll be asking the Saudi ambassador to the UN


why Saudi planes are attacking non-military targets.


All that striving and idealism and hope and progress


and science and art and conscience, and it all ends like this,


And in an exclusive television interview,


Julian Barnes talks about heroes, cowards and Vladimir Putin


on the day his novel about Shostokovich is published.


An emergency World Health Organisation meeting today in Geneva


has declared that the mosquito-borne Zika virus, linked to a surge


of a birth defect called microcephaly in the Americas,


has become a threat of alarming proportions.


A causal relationship between Zika virus infection


and birth malformations and neurological syndromes


has not yet been established - this is a very important point.


The possible links, only recently suspected,


have rapidly changed the risk profile of Zika


from a mild threat to one of alarming proportions.


The increased incidence of microcephaly


as it places a heartbreaking burden on families and communities.


nor is there a vaccine to protect against it,


and the governments of some South American countries


are advising women not to get pregnant.


This outbreak, which began in Brazil, has spread to 20 countries,


and in all the countries of South and Central America,


there are stringent anti-abortion laws,


a fact which is leading some women to call for a change in the law.


by human-rights campaigner and lawyer Debora Deniz.


Good evening to you. Good evening. How fearful are women in Brazil and


in the Americas more general about Zika? We have to name who are these


women. Basically, they are poor women from two cities and the


Brazilian north-east. It is not, generally speaking, women in


general. They have social class, they have colour. So we talk about


black women. Of course, there is tremendous fear of getting pregnant,


of knowing what will happen after the delivery. What we have at this


moment in this country is a group of women who is in fear of getting


pregnant, and not knowing what will happen during the pregnancy. And


what women, a poor woman who is pregnant, what does she do if she


has the virus? What help does she get? What is open to her? In fact,


in Brazil, abortion is a crime, so if a woman performs and macro


abortion, she goes to the jail. We have only two exceptions, to save a


woman's life and in the case of rape. A recent decision at the


Brazilian Supreme Court authorises abortion in cases of anencephaly,


another foetal malformation which is incompatible with life. In cases of


microcephaly, women have to be pregnant, but it is important to


remember that we have a social class split in Brazil, so when we talk


about abortion, writes in general, we have to remember that wealthy


women will access safe and illegal but safe abortion, and poor women


will go to the illegal market or be pregnant. So tell me, what is the


challenge were making to the Supreme Court? At this moment, we are


planning to propose a case to the Brazilian Supreme Court. We have


vast experience in the case of anencephaly and the one who was in


the leading group to propose the case, and we won in 2012, and we are


naming this case as women's rights case, and it is basically, it has


three parts. The first one is we have a Minister of health who said


that we have lost the fight against the mosquito. We would like to tell


him that we have to win the fight against the mosquito. Before you


tell me about the others, I want to ask you about the criticism being


levelled, that you are using the Zika virus and the fear about it to


change the abortion laws, that this is a bigger women's rights issue


right now. Yes, the case is not only to change the Brazilian legislation


on abortion. As I said, it is a women's rights case. Because we have


to fight against the mosquito, but we have to offer a comprehensive


sexual and reproductive health care to women. We live in a country where


poor women do not have access to contraceptives, to have the early


diagnosis of microcephaly, and abortion is only one piece of this.


And indeed with microcephaly, and the way that ejection is made, it


can sometimes be with a very late ultrasound in the eighth month of


pregnancy, when an abortion is not an option. I know, but I think that


we are moving ahead, and the moment that we have now, we can have access


to diagnosis in an early moment of pregnancy. If women have full access


to prenatal care. The problem in this country is even the diagnosis


the aid not have, so I think that you are asking me something to the


public powers, so it is probably a second moment after we will have the


case, and if we change the situation in this country. But this is not


only an abortion case, the way that we are planning it. It is more than


that. It is a women's rights case. There is a third part. We have, at


this moment, as the Minister of Help said, a new generation of children


with microcephaly. We need a strong welfare state to care for them, to


take care of them. Because many women will want to continue their


pregnancy and have a child, however damaged that child might be, because


they want that child, so presumably the welfare care is one of the most


important elements of this. Of course, but we have to consider all


the possibilities. We have to fight against the mosquito, we have to


protect women's rights. How big a moment could this be for Brazil, do


you think? Sorry? How big a moment could this be for Brazil, do you


think? Yeah. You know, this is kind of... We are living and a


conservative national congress, and this kind of scandal and corruption


that we are facing, and this is a case to reframe what we need for


public health needs. So I am not ignoring that we have a community of


disability rights that has to be with us in a case like this. Thank


you. But my point is that... Oh. I am afraid we have to ended there,


Debora Deniz, thank you for joining us from Brasilia.


At Westminster today, the Shadow Foreign Secretary


called on the Government immediately to suspend all arms sales


to Saudi Arabia following the UN report on Yemen by a panel


on civilian targets in violation of international humanitarian law.


It said that 60%, more than 2,500 civilian deaths and injuries,


What is not clear is whether any British supplied weaponry,


airplanes or bombs, were used in these attacks.


Here's our diplomatic editor, Mark Urban.


The Saudi-led coalition struck targets around Yemen again


yesterday, part of the campaign that began ten months ago.


As it has gone on, the humanitarian situation has worsened


and allegations been made of deliberate targeting


The leaked report from a UN fact-finding mission has now set out


allegations that air strikes have breached humanitarian law.


because it found that systematic and widespread violations


of the laws of war have taken place, committed by both sides


to this conflict, including the Saudi-led coalition.


They found that 119 strikes by the Saudis


have breached international humanitarian law.


Because they were targeted badly or...?


Well, the principles of international humanitarian law


require the warring parties to distinguish


between military targets and civilian objects.


We found that schools and mosques and markets and residential areas


have been hit by the Saudi-led coalition,


The report has made the British Government's position trickier.


Having long sold Saudi Arabia combat aircraft and bombs,


Britain is now finding that lucrative relationship under fire.


Given the detail of the UN panel's report and the extreme seriousness


of its findings, will the Government now suspend arms sales


to Saudi Arabia until that investigation concludes?


Mr Speaker, this is about whether the Government


is implementing its own arms-control rules.


has been to question the accuracy of that latest UN report.


The people who wrote this report didn't go there.


They are basing this on satellite technology.


That does not mean to say that we dismiss it at all,


And I commit myself to sit down with the Saudi Arabians


to make sure that we go through this with a fine-tooth comb.


But as the Foreign Secretary made clear to Newsnight,


the UK is now paying close attention to these allegations.


The Saudis deny that there have been any breaches


Obviously, that denial alone is not enough,


we need to see proper investigations.


We need to work with the Saudis to establish


that international humanitarian law has been complied with.


The pressure group Campaign Against The Arms Trade


is now preparing a legal challenge to the British


Government's export licences for weapons to Saudi Arabia.


The UK Government has failed to make sufficient inquiries as to the basis


for these Saudi assurances to enable it lawfully to conclude that,


notwithstanding the evidence to the contrary,


there is not a clear risk that military equipment


may be used in violations of international humanitarian law.


The Yemeni conflict has claimed thousands of lives


people like these amputees at a makeshift rehabilitation centre.


The UN also accuses Houthi rebels of breaching humanitarian law,


may be used in violations of international humanitarian law.


and in fighting against those irregulars


the Saudis can claim the backing of the UN resolution.


But however much they say right is on their side,


the issue of civilian casualties is becoming a big problem for them


Earlier, I spoke to Ambassador Abdallah bin Yahya Al-Moallimi,


the Saudi representative to the United Nations.


I began by asking him whether he had admitted the charge in the reports


that there had been 119 Saudi coalition air strikes in violation


of humanitarian law. We deny that we have had any raids aimed at anything


but military targets of the Houthis and the forces of the former


president. We do not know the source of the information that was provided


in the report. We believe that these sources have been mostly Houthi


related propaganda individuals and agencies. We do not think that the


team had sufficient presence on the ground to be able to document that.


These strikes included refugee camps, weddings, two hospitals,


water bottling plant, Oxfam food warehouse. If they were targets then


your bombs were aimed very badly. No, the wedding is proven to be an


erroneous report. It was a gathering of forces loyal to the president.


The Medecins Sans Frontieres, one of them we acknowledged was a mistake


and we spoke with them. Look, mistakes do happen. But the extent


of these mistakes is not as wide as it has been reported. But the point


is that 60% of civilian deaths, according to this report, 2682


people were from air launched explosives by the coalition. Is that


an acceptable number? No, it is not, and it is a hugely overestimated


number. We think that the vast majority of the civilian casualties


have been the result of arbitrary artillery shelling is by the


Houthis. So a bottling plant, Oxfam food warehouse, a refugee camp, are


you seriously suggesting that Houthis were using an Oxfam food


warehouse to house their troops? Probably not. I'm not particularly


familiar with the Oxfam food warehouse. But I'm certainly used


the bottling plant. I'm certain that what was described as a wedding


gathering was nothing but a gathering of military troops, and


many others. Can you guarantee that none of the civilian deaths in Yemen


were as a result of the use of British weaponry? I can guarantee


that all the weaponry that are in possession of the Saudi Armed Forces


and the Armed Forces of the coalition are used to target


military targets, and are used in conformity with international


humanitarian law. Why did you want the resolution for an independent


investigation into what was happening with civilian deaths in


Yemen to be shelved? We supported an alternative resolution that was


presented and suggested by the veggie debate government of Yemen.


That government itself is accused of war crimes. What have you got to


lose with an independent investigation? Surely that's what's


needed, if indeed it is a possibility that 60% of civilian


deaths are caused by explosives from the air? We can't work based on


assumptions that are made on an arbitrary basis. It is a UN


investigation. No, it is not a UN investigation. It is a report that


was collected outside of a UN mandate and it was based on


information provided by the Houthis in most cases. Let me just turn to


another aspect of this. There are at least six British military advisers


in the command and control centre for the coalition, what do they do?


I do not know, I am not willing to talk about the command and control


centre or what the military personnel do there. Would you accept


that these British military trainers would be looking to make sure no


British weaponry was used in anyway that could kill or maim civilians?


No, I don't think I would expect them to be doing that, that is the


responsibility of the Saudi Armed Forces. As far as we are concerned


it does not and whether they are British supplied, American supplied,


once they are in our possession they are Saudi weapons and weapons of the


coalition. And we intend to use them as responsibly as we possibly can


and in full conformity with international laws and regulations.


If the British military advisers advised you not to hit a certain


target, would the Saudis comply with that? That's not of anybody's


business other than the military leaders of the Saudi and coalition


Armed Forces. The reason I'm asking this is because Philip Hammond,


Foreign Secretary, came on Newsnight in September and called for proper


investigations into Saudi air strikes in Yemen and he said that


Saudi assurances of compliance with humanitarian law are not enough. I


wonder what representations the British government have made to you


following that. You would have to ask that question to Philip Hammond


and the British government. Because if it is seen to be that coalition


strikes are in violation of international humanitarian law, UK


sales of arms to Saudi would have to hold if they have been found to be


in breach of international law. And I wonder if there was a suspension


of British arms sales, how the Saudis would respond. We conduct our


activities with the utmost care and responsibility and we do not expect


any such action to be taken by the UK Government, or to be required to


start with. Ambassador, thank you very much indeed. Thank you.


Last summer, Newsnight and BuzzFeed News started a run


of reports on Kids Company, the celebrated youth-work charity,


as it ran into trouble and collapsed.


One of those reports, into allegations by former staff


members that the charity failed to report sexual abuse and violence


by clients of the charity, sparked a police investigation.


Today, the police announced that they do not have sufficient


In an interview with BBC News today, Ms Batmangeilidjh had this to say.


They behaved incredibly honourably, and they kept boundaries,


and they did their investigations based on fact.


But the fact is, when a children's charity is accused of sexually


abusing the children in its care, it's the kiss of death.


Chris Cook, who has led on this story for Newsnight, is with us.


Is this a clean bill of health now for Kids Company? If you talk to the


former leaders they have always talked about how they thought these


allegations were unfounded, even talked about some of them being


malicious, and they see this as real vindication. In more neutral terms


what has happened, Scotland Yard have been investigating for six


months and they just don't have enough evidence to mount a


prosecution. There are a couple of strands still going on, and it is


worth keeping an eye on the Charity commission, looking at the financial


side. It is worth a member in a lot of the allegations about Kids


Company, particularly the ones we published, were about the misuse of


funds, not illegal things but odd use of money. One thing from the


video we saw, she talked about the charity being accused of abusing


children in its care, I don't think anybody accuse them of that. The


issue was they heard complaints about clients of theirs and they did


not do enough with them, did not take them to the authorities. So


where does that leave all of this? They are really not vindicated on a


lot of things. This is very welcome news for the charity, but they have


warranty had a report from the National Audit Office which


questioned the use of ?40 million of public money. We have had a report


from the Public Accounts Committee of MPs that said the government put


money into what they said was a failed, expensive experiment. A new


report is expected next Monday from another committee of MPs, the public


administration committee. What is that likely to say? We don't know,


but what we can say is that they've been looking at governance of the


charity, its effectiveness. They've heard more evidence than anybody


else. They've heard cases where clients were given almost ?1000 a


week in support by the charity. They've heard evidence that perhaps


the charity didn't help nearly as many people as it said it was


helping. They've heard evidence from local authority officials about


whether it was a safe place for young people. It is worth pointing


out that the person who is likely to be reading this report is the former


chair of the trustees. Because the trustees are really going to get a


kick in, I would expect. Alan Yentob, the former creative director


of the BBC was chair of the trustees for Kids Company for more than a


decade. Thanks very much indeed. In the face of the constant


cruelties and purges of a totalitarian regime,


would you act as a hero, stand up to your oppressors,


and face the likelyhood of death? Or allow them to bend your will


to theirs and muddle through? of Julian Barnes's latest


novel, published today, about the anguished accommodations


Russian composer Shostakovich made In The Noise of Time, Barnes


questions whether for an artist, artistic survival


is possible or worthwhile, when the artist is destroyed


by shame and the betrayal of others,


especially of his fellow artists. In his only TV interview,


I spoke to him about the composer whose music


he has listened to since he was 18. And why he thinks the rise of no


platform represents the closing of the mind.


He didn't want to make himself into a dramatic character but sometimes


as his mind skittered in the small hours he thought, so this is what


history has come to. All that striving and idealism and hope and


progress and science and art and conscience, it all ends like this.


With a man standing by a lift. At his feet a small case containing


cigarettes, underwear and toothpaste. Standing there and


waiting to be taken away. In the book you discuss in a way


whether being a hero is easier Often looking at a


tyrannical state from the outside, we want


people to be heroes. But then we are also asking


for their blood when we do. And to be a hero you can throw


a bomb, you can pull a trigger, On the other hand,


in Stalin's Russia it wasn't just you who was wiped out,


it was your family, friends, So your only choice,


really, was to compromise. He paid Caesar as best


he could while keeping as much of himself, his private soul and his


music as untouched as possible. There's a scene at the beginning


of the book where he has his first meeting with power, as it was,


the forces of Stalin. And he thinks that he


is going to be purged. And he waits outside a lift


for almost a fortnight. After Lady Macbeth was condemned


he thought that he was probably What happened, oddly,


on the weekend between the Saturday and the Monday was


that the interrogator So he was sort of off


the hook for a bit. But he still thought


that he would be taken So he spent the night standing


on the landing outside his flat by the lift doors, because he didn't


want his wife and child, the trauma of having the door broken


down in the middle of the night, child taken away, perhaps


to a Soviet orphanage where she would be brought up


as a good communist and never know That was unthinkable


to him, but that was You have Shostakovich say it's easy


being a communist if you don't live And you talk about


Picasso and Sartre. One of the interesting sides


of Shostakovich is he was a great ironist and he was


also very sarcastic. He was particularly harsh


on fairweather friends, and on those he saw as helping


enforce an entrenched Stalinism. Stravinsky, whom Shostakovich


revered, they met twice, very uneasy meeting on both


occasions, Stravinsky never went to the help of any


persecuted Soviet composer. So Shostakovich's conclusion


is that you can have artistic integrity, as Stravinsky


did, and not have moral integrity. He thought that that


was a weakness of So on one hand you have


the Solzhenitsyn figure and on the other


side the Shostakovich figure, which do you think


you would have been? Oh, I think I would


have been a coward. I would have done some kind of deal


in order to keep on writing Shostakovich used to say that music


is not like Chinese eggs, it doesn't gain by being


buried in the ground He did not think that when a piece


of his was banned it would get He just thought the people


for whom it was being written The book is about truth


and freedom and conscience. I wonder if you think


now that there is artistic Well I'd be very wary about writing


a satirical novel about Putin. One of my favourite Russian sayings


which I used as an epigraph to one of my novels 20 years ago


and I repeat in the book is: Which is so wonderfully ironic


and so Russian and so Shostakovich. And they do say it,


Putin, don't they? That he is very


straightforward to deal with, and when he lies,


he lies brilliantly. But if you were in opposition


to Putin, given what has happened to Litvinenko,


would you have sleepless nights? I would, I would have


sleepless days as well. And you can understand


why they are building mansions, the rich ones,


all around North London. Which is interesting now


because there is a resurgence of interest and affection for Russia


from the British left. I don't think it's the shining city


on the hill any more. But I remember when the wall came


down, I remember being very disappointed with Western


politicians because I thought that they would say, ah,


now we can painlessly and without any fear look


at what left-wing systems had and maybe take some of the best


that they had, and some Whereas in fact when the Cold War


ended everyone was sort of high-fiving and saying "We're


the best, our system has won." Terrible consequences


in Eastern Europe, complete Pensioners who'd worked as surgeons,


say, having to go and dig I have friends in Bulgaria


who told me all about it. But you talked about being a child


of the Cold War, and having very distinct memories of


what repression really was. And I wonder if you think


that we take free speech and the attacks on


freedom of speech too Particularly on no platform


is really what I'm talking about, Actually what do you make


of the idea of no platform? I think it's crazy,


especially in academic situations where the whole point


of being young and clever and at university


is to have your views challenged and opposed,


and to have forceful figures like Germaine Greer


come and annoy you. I think no-platforming


is a very bad idea. Because you disagree


with someone about one item of thought, therefore


the rest their thinking is not only That's a kind of


closing of the mind. I don't know when there


was ever a golden age. Earlier this week,


Newsnight revealed that a number of key witnesses


to the Tory party bullying inquiry were calling for a senior official


to stand down from his role


overseeing the investigation. At first, Rob Semple


refused to do so, Our investigations correspondent


Nick Hopkins is here with the latest


on this story. Who is Rob Semple, and why is he so


important? Rob Semple runs what is called the Tory party national


convention, which represents volunteers at Lansdowne the country,


so we has a big job, and he has a place at the top table of the party.


-- volunteers up and down the country. He was also one of the


officials due to set in judgment on the bullying inquiry sparked by the


death of Elliott Johnson. The problem is that Mr Semple has been


linked with a man at the heart of the allegations of bullying, a chap


called mark Clark, and this was raising real concerns among some


witnesses who said that it is inappropriate for Mr Semple to hold


this role, he should stand down. Mr Semple was refusing to do so, and


when we spoke to Central Office earlier this week, they said they


would not ask him to do so. So what has changed? Earlier this week,


Semple was digging his heels in, when I asked whether he would stand


down, he said, no, I was one of the proposers of the independent


investigation. But that was before he saw our film on Tuesday night in


which Elliott Johnson's parents spoke very movingly about the loss


of their son, and they also said that they thought Mr Semple should


stand aside. He should do the decent thing and realise that any inquiry


conducted by the Conservative Party in which he takes apart is always


going to be questioned by the general public, people will say, how


can a man who has associated with Mark Clarke be seen to be a person


that is actually overseeing part of the inquiry? Well, hearing that


seems to have made him change his mind, and earlier today Mr Semple


released a statement in which he said, as a father myself, the wishes


of Mr and Mr Johnson are paramount to me, and after seeing their


interview on BBC TV, I have decided to recuse myself from the board


meeting that will discuss the bullying report. He also said he did


not regard that as a reflection on his own impartiality. What happens


now? I have spoken to Mr and misses Johnson tonight, they are relieved


that Mr Semple has stepped aside. They describe it as a victory for


common sense. But I think they and other witnesses to the inquiry are


wondering, I think they are slightly be willed it, why did it take the


Tory party so long to realise that this was a potential problem, and


all the way through this there have been episodes in which they have had


doubts about the independence and integrity of this inquiry. I should


also say that Mark Clarke denies all the allegations against him. Nick,


thank you very much indeed. It's been a stalwart


of military campaigns, beloved by 007,


the world's most famous spy, royalty and most farmers


in the country, the Landrover Defender


has been in production longer than any other vehicle,


the best part of 70 years. While recent iterations of the car


has become a must-have for the school run


in London's pricier postcodes, the last of the original


bone-shakers rolls off the production line


in Solihull tomorrow. that meets safety


and emission regulations, but that will hardly compensate fans


of the simple brute which could be fixed


with the blow of a hammer. Talking of which, here's motoring


editor Stephen Smith. A museum piece that people have a


soft spot for but has supposedly been overtaken by new technology.


Never thought I would be associated with anything like that. I am


talking, of course, about the Land Rover Defender, seen here being put


through its paces on a secret BBC stage where Countryfile is filmed.


-- estate. It is really about and Wenger, I should have some sheep in


the back or a party of commandos. -- about an adventure. Next time you


are late for work, it is worth remembering that nothing but nothing


gets in the way of a Land Rover. Like the Spitfire and


bread-and-butter pudding... The Defender was an all conquering


British invention thrown together by serendipity and inspired


improvisation. We took an American jeep and made it our own. It is a


bit like what the Rolling Stones did with the blues. The genius


responsible was Maurice Wilkes, who tested his Land Rover on the beach


at Anglesey. He wanted something hardy and farmers could choke up


hill farms in and repair themselves if they had to. For the lowdown on


his creation, I consulted design guru Stephen Bayley. Welcome on


board! The North face of Soho! E-group a sketch in the sand of the


day in Anglesey and said, we are going to make a better four-wheel


drive like this. -- he drew. The original one had components from the


cheap, but it is altogether more sophisticated. It is that terribly


rare example of a British product, to my mind, a central thing doing


Bush values, probity, no-nonsense. Honesty as well, this is a very


honest vehicle, there is no pretence about what it is. It is either


military equipment or agricultural plant. As it also featured on the


school run? This is the great grandparent of the notorious Chelsea


tractor. There is a direct line of descent from the Land Rover to the


popular and much derided sports utility vehicle. But no, I do not


think people use the original Land Rover Defender on school runs. It is


actually quite hard work to drive. It is not a relaxing car, the


difference is like flying in a 1948 aeroplane, you know, which was


noisy, uncomfortable and vibrated a lot. The difference between that and


an Airbus, silent, smooth and stable. You are having an authentic


1948 driving experience here. Is this the most storeyed set of


wheels in London? Jack's Series 1 Land Rover once belonged to an army


bomb disposal unit, and a vehicle and is a description was linked to


the great train robbers. -- answering. I have snapped the rear


axle, the gearbox gave up on me. That is a piano pedal, it is set on


fire twice. I have had the tail for loch outside Buckingham Palace. I


put it in the back and drove off. -- Paul off. Although it is the end of


a vehicle, it is also the end of a mentality, the Land Rover,


especially the defender, is something which is very empowering,


because with very little skill you can work on it yourself, and now


people buy vehicles with, you know, five years' warranty and then


actually replace them within that period. You know, the Defender will


go on for ever. Yes, we will all miss the Defender, high and low


alike. According to the Queen, Her Majesty herself gets about in one on


her island states, ideal for a bit of stag spotting. You cannot beat


pulling on the plus fours, climbing into the old defender and popping


out into the countryside. It feels like adventure, especially if you


have a nice flask of oxtail with you and an eyeful of red deer. But like


the man said, they think it is all Rover. It is now. The front pages,


going to the Guardian, EU steps in over Google tax row. On the


right-hand side, deal close at UK benefit kids for EU workers. The


Daily Mail, ministers promise cosy tax deal for US giants. The Daily


Telegraph, Cecil Rhodes' statue at Oxford, they say it is to stay in


place after furious donors threaten to withdraw gifts and bequests worth


more than ?1 million if it was removed. Finally, the Financial


Times, a different take on that story, David Cameron eyes compromise


over migrants benefit cuts. How significant is this, plans for


reform in Europe? Potentially very significant, because he has managed


to meld two things we have been talking about, an emergency brake on


migration and forcing people to wait four years until they can claim


benefits after they have migrated to the UK. He has merged them into one,


and emergency brake which will delay the point at which new migrants can


get benefits for four years. It is the worst of both worlds from the


perspective of Eurosceptics, because what it means is that he is


potentially negotiating a deal which means that only Brussels will be


able to tell us when the four year moratorium will come in, that will


be in the hands of the European Commission. Thanks very much indeed.


Before we go, let's go back 60 years to January 28th 1956.


grabbed his guitar and shook his hips


in front of a television camera for the first time,


on the Dorsey Brothers' Stage Show on CBS.


# Get out of that kitchen and rattle those pots and pans


# Well, roll my breakfast cos I'm a hungry man


# I believe you're doing me wrong and now I know


# Cos the harder I work, the faster the money goes


# Well, I said shake, rattle and roll


# Well, you won't do right to save your doggone soul... #


The Met Office has issued a warning for damaging gusts and winds, be


prepared for the potential for disruption, because we could see


Gast in excess of


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