12/12/2016 Newsnight


12/12/2016

In-depth investigation and analysis of the stories behind the day's headlines with Emily Maitlis.


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Transcript


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How much ground do they share with the nationalists of the 1930s?

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Because a lot of Europeans, you know, are conditioned, in a way,

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like border, like identity, of being proud of oneself -

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immediately a reflex kicks

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We ask if they represent fringe interests, or a real threat

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to the old order of Europe's liberal democracies.

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Newsnight learns the committee with oversight into

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Where does that leave questions of ethics and foreign policy?

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And the British farmers that are filling the post-Brexit gap left

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Clearly we haven't got enough UK workers, so we need to look to

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Not because we're taking jobs away, but

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Tonight, we look at the rise of the so-called

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They call themselves Identitarians - groups that are unafraid to talk

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about the need for national borders and cultural difference,

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who fear Islamisation in their countries and call

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They are patriots - wary of being seen as fascist,

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and reject the idea that this is a return to the

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So this evening, we ask how we should view the rise

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Or the beginning of the end of Europe's liberal democracies?

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This is the first in our series of films this week asking

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if populism is fomenting a revolution.

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Gabriel Gatehouse starts us off in Vienna.

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Governments falling to populist revolt, old certainties

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A union based on half a century of stability

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This has been a year of centrifugal forces.

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Of mainstream politics moving towards the fringes and of fringe

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groups battling to lay claim to a new centre.

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Today, Austria is on the periphery of world events.

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But we're here to meet some people who want to make

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They call themselves the Identitarian movement

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and they hold views that many would consider beyond

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You don't want us to film the way in?

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I'll tell him when he can start to film.

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But the parameters of public discourse are shifting.

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This is a group that is in the process of coming

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Fortunately we have now some younger members who are very

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affiliated with the media, cutting videos, internet and so on.

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At the moment, we are even on the way to developing an app.

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It's an app for patriots where you can find the other guys

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That's really something that happens.

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The Identitarians are in some ways different

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They disavow violence, they are articulate and tech savvy.

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They've got their own TV studio here.

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They broadcast live with fellow travellers in other European

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countries and put together videos of their publicity stunts.

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Earlier this month they scaled the statue of the Habsburg Empire's

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Maria Theresa and dressed her up in a giant burqa.

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No prizes then for guessing their views on Islam and immigration.

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Those people who came here illegally

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especially in the refugee crisis, they need to be sent back home.

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You would be sending them into a war zone.

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A lot of them didn't come from Syria to begin

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with and the others, for the others, I think

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we should create zones, and areas around Europe.

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You know that's got like really scary overtones, especially

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Zones and areas where you put people.

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The United Nations plan to create safe zones.

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You're automatically making the association is also shoving

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part of the problem, because a lot of Europeans

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are conditioned, when they hear some words, like people,

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like culture, like border, like identity, of being proud

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of oneself - immediately, kind of a reflex kicks in.

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And creates this Nazi reflex, you know?

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And people are really fed up with that.

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We left their TV studio and moved on to a local cafe.

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If they are not Nazis, I wondered, then what are they?

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I ran them through a check list of typical far right issues.

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How do you feel about people from different ethnic backgrounds

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Do you think that's odd that you don't have any gay friends?

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But do you think it's odd that you don't have any?

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You don't think Jews are running the world in a secret conspiracy?

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Ironically, it is the Jews who are most worried about

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We have a huge exodus from France, for instance.

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Jews are fleeing Europe because of Islamisation.

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And so the conversation turns back to Muslim immigration.

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Islamophobia is the new anti-Semitism, and the Identitarians

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see themselves as part of a broader cultural insurgency.

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We are a European movement, we exist in forms...

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We exist in Slovenia, we exist in the Czech Republic.

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We are overcoming old-style nationalism, chauvinistic

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nationalism, which are attacking other European countries.

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We think we have a European culture and today, in the 21st century,

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We want a Europe that maintains the national differences that

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secures our borders, that is strong in the outside but

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Would you like Austria to leave the European Union?

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I don't think at the moment we need to talk about it because Austria

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I think we can take over this whole system and turn

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Austria's Identitarian movement has only a few hundred activists.

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In last week's presidential election, voters rejected

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the candidate from the far right Freedom Party, albeit

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Across Europe, right-wing populist parties are challenging

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the old duopoly of the centre-right and the centre-left.

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Nowhere is that challenge more stark than in France,

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where the ideas of the Identitarian movement are supported by a growing

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number of influential public intellectuals.

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I am on my way to meet one of these people who provides the intellectual

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underpinnings for the Identitarians here in France.

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He is a man who was once a senior adviser to former

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Patrick Buisson sees the older European order of facing a revolt

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by a younger generation who are beginning to reject the

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And in this world view, Brexit was a tipping point.

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Scarred by recent terrorist attacks, France is increasingly preoccupied

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by the existential question of what it means to be French.

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In Lyon, as in other cities, people are leading

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And as the dream of multiculturalism loses its shine, the politics

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Generation Identitaire have their headquarters

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in a bar down one of the city's medieval sidestreets.

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They call themselves not activists but militants and claim to have 2000

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fee-paying members in more than a dozen cities across France.

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Twice a week they fan out across the city distributing hot

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soup and winter clothes to the homeless, or the European

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In the summers, they organise youth camps, where they train and exchange

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ideas with other like-minded people from across Europe,

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including Martin Sellner, the Austrian we met earlier.

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Generation Identitaire are not directly affiliated

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But they are emboldened by the prospect of a Le Pen presidency.

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And their rejection of multiculturalism goes

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further than a proposal to simply limit immigration.

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What they are proposing is, in effect, ethnic cleansing.

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They are French, they are as French as you are, they were born here.

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The more extreme views of the Identitarians are not echoed -

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officially, at least - even by the kaleidoscope of far

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right parties now vying for the centre ground.

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In France, the Netherlands, in Belgium, in Italy, and Austria.

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Martin Sellner and his friends are a small minority.

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We see ourselves as a patriotic avant-garde, who is pushing...

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Of what you can say and what you can think.

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Little by little, these ideas are being fed

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Not new ideas, but old ones, ideas that many thought had been

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Joining me now from Hungary is the sociologist and commentator

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journalist and researcher for the Quilliam Foundation.

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It is nice to hear from you both. These are not new ideas, but old

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ones. Do you think this is a new movement or something you have seen

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before? It's a renaissance of some former, but there is a new

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dimension. Increasingly we have educated people across all classes

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and all social backgrounds joining far right movements, populist

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movements and the more militant ones. What we are seeing is

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effectively a full-blown far right renaissance across Europe, or across

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the world. Is that something that scares you? Definitely. I do see a

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clear connection between the populist far right spreading hateful

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ideologies and the more militant far right, increasing the attacks are

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happening across Europe, far right terrorism is becoming a bigger

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threat at the moment than jihadist terrorism and we have seen attacks

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across the entire continent. Is that overblown? That is a hysterical

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reaction. We are continuing to talk about it is just like Hitler, the

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1930s, and we are confusing a small number of young right-wing activists

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with the broader populist impulse that is enveloping Europe which has

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got positive aspects and negative aspects. But there is a danger that

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we seem to... INAUDIBLE In many respects these people are

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the mirror image... INAUDIBLE We have terrible sound problems. We

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will try to get back to you. Identitarians, or what you want to

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call them, they claim they have been forced to accept an erosion of their

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culture and laws, and boundaries. No matter what you call this, you prove

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their point, you take things, this liberal society has decreed taboo

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and you do not let anyone express their fears. The problem about this

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becoming to do with anti-Muslim resentments, for example,

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effectively it has spread into both the militant far right movements and

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exactly the narratives that Islamist extremists are spreading, that the

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West is at war with Islam. We are seeing this cultural war. Terrorists

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who killed 70 people on the island in 2011, and the narratives of... We

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are seeing this turning into a self-fulfilling prophecy into a

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global civil war between Muslims and non-Muslims. I'm going to try and go

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to Frank. The concern is, Frank, that you are missing what is

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essentially the return of fascism, that this is near Nazism by any

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other name. -- Neo. When you think of what the 1930s and the Fascists

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represented and you compare that to INAUDIBLE

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... The uncertainty. There's a real danger. A real danger drywall. -- a

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real danger of crying wolf. I'm sorry, we are not getting a good

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enough line. Frank has broken about the promiscuous populism which

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allows the elite who have been guilty of crop politicians or

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undemocratic institutions, or badly bodies who have had too much power

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-- corrupt politicians. There is something in that? Definitely, but

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finger-pointing and Scepovic -- scapegoating is the wrong approach.

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I agree that much of this is rooted in a deep disappointment of the

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establishment, not addressing the problems that the marginalised

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majorities are facing. Is it too late? How do you see these

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movements? Gabriel looked at the movements in Vienna and Paris. The

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respondents at the moment, is this a niche interest or the beginning of a

:19:17.:19:22.

revolution? -- small movements at the moment. We are seeing online

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hate crimes and support for the Alt Right in the United States and in

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France and Austria. We are seeing a sharp rise. This is becoming more

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and more mainstream, something we need to address and I would say it

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is like having two sides of the same coin. Islamist extremists and the

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far right Kameni we don't address both of them they will both get rich

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and rich -- and the far right, and if we don't address both of them

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they will both get rich and rich. It is just a matter of time until we

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tossed a coin. What will happen by the end of the decade? I hope that

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this cultural war that both extremists and both identity

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movements are speaking about is not turning into reality, but right now

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I'm concerned by the developments on this side of the Atlantic and also

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what is happening with Donald Trump. Thanks for joining us. Apologies for

:20:29.:20:34.

not being able to get a clearer line from Budapest.

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Britain's arms deals with Saudi Arabia have long been

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a source of contention - many accuse the country

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of using those weapons to commit war crimes in Yemen,

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a country described by the DEC today as at breaking point.

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Earlier in the year, we revealed that a report

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by a parliamentary committee into Saudi arms sales was watered

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down to be less critical of the Saudi regime.

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Now, this programme has learned the committee with oversight

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Who scrutinises the arms deals, then?

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Our political editor Nicholas Watt has the story.

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The vexed question of British arms exports has been brought into sharp

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relief by the conflict in Yemen. Britain is continuing to supply arms

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to Saudi Arabia which has been accused of violating international

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human rights laws as it supports the Yemeni government infighting Shia

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rebels. Over the autumn, details of a dispute about the arms sales

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amongst senior MPs was late. -- was leaked. It was split down the

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middle. You were party to material being improperly leaked out of the

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committee proceedings which with a complex committee structure, made

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the conduct of the committee and the trust of the committee to actually

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be able to be a place where you can scratch out the issues at stake,

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without them being relayed, out to the media, producing a very one eyed

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view, on a single issue. Without the ability to consider the whole

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situation and that make the -- made the work of the committee or most

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impossible. One person called for the suspension of the arms deals.

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The second set said it would be wrong to cancel supplies until

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evidence had been at that. The row has now effectively killed off the

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committee after the impasse meant they could not produce an agreed

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report. The committee is of the view that with the machinery of

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government off the hook, it makes sense of the new select committee on

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international trade which oversees the Department for international

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trade within which arms export licensing will set, that they should

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oversee the exercise now. One member of Crispin Blunt's select committee

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disagrees. I have the greatest respect for Crispin Blunt, but on

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this issue I don't share his view. The arms control is a very

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particular issue and it goes beyond just trade and we need to take into

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is a consideration human rights and foreign policy and a range of issues

:23:27.:23:30.

that need to be looked into for what is a very particular set of issues.

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Members of other select committees also have concerns. We know there

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are individuals who are not happy with the proposal to suspend arms to

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Yemen and we have seen the government, despite the Foreign

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Secretary's comments in recent days, rolling back on those and taking a

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very pro-Saudi Arabian line. We still haven't got answers on those

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allegations of atrocities against civilians. It seems to me that we

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need a strong committee to hold the government's feet to the fire and

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that requires the participation of all four constituency committees.

:24:06.:24:09.

The current chairman of the committee on arms export controls,

:24:10.:24:15.

whose draft report called for the suspension of arms to Saudi Arabia,

:24:16.:24:20.

appears to be resigned to his fate. There needs to be scrutiny of arms

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sales and exports and this was a good format for that to happen, and

:24:26.:24:31.

in what ever Department that will fall under in the new parliament,

:24:32.:24:38.

the new Department of structure, I think that we need to make sure that

:24:39.:24:42.

some form of cake exists. Newsnight has learned that a new structure has

:24:43.:24:47.

almost been agreed amongst MPs, the new international trade select

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committee overseeing the work of Liam Fox's Department will take the

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lead in overseeing arms export licences with members from other

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select committees contributing, although in a less formal way. We

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might have people succumbed to another committee and in a cake type

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structure, from other committees, that will overview this or maybe

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they will get seconded at moments when we are looking at international

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arms sales in particular. The model is open at the moment, and we will

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see what colleagues prefer and what the ideas are and inevitably we will

:25:24.:25:27.

arrive at a conclusion at some point. Angus MacNeil says human

:25:28.:25:32.

rights will Steve be one of the main concerns as he scrutinised is --

:25:33.:25:38.

will still be one of the main concerns as he scrutinises it. I'm

:25:39.:25:45.

an SNP MP and if there is any role of undermining and downplaying human

:25:46.:25:51.

rights aspect, within the SNP and the SNP membership, my, will be felt

:25:52.:25:55.

very strongly and so that will not be happening. Not least the voice of

:25:56.:26:01.

Nicola Sturgeon who might be quite strong, as well. Boris Johnson, is

:26:02.:26:08.

comments that Saudi Arabia have been fighting proxy wars in Yemen, but

:26:09.:26:13.

Parliamentary oversight on arms export licences will soon be largely

:26:14.:26:16.

in new hands -- his comments. America has an estimated

:26:17.:26:23.

11 million immigrants living illegally in the US -

:26:24.:26:25.

a number that has broadly stabilised For many, that number represents

:26:26.:26:28.

a problem to be solved. But within America, the phenomenon

:26:29.:26:31.

of "sanctuary cities" has grown up. They represent around three dozen

:26:32.:26:34.

cities that have turned a blind eye to those there illegally -

:26:35.:26:37.

and refuse to deploy their own immigration enforcement

:26:38.:26:40.

officers to deport them. They offer, in other words,

:26:41.:26:41.

a safe space to illegal immigrants. Donald Trump - who campaigned

:26:42.:26:43.

robustly against illegal immigration on the campaign trail -

:26:44.:26:46.

has made clear he intends to cancel all federal funding to these cities

:26:47.:26:49.

in a bid to crack their policy We will end the sanctuary cities

:26:50.:26:52.

that have resulted in Cities that refuse to cooperate

:26:53.:27:03.

with federal authorities will not receive taxpayer dollars

:27:04.:27:14.

and we will work with Congress to pass legislation to protect those

:27:15.:27:16.

jurisdictions that do And can Donald Trump actually follow

:27:17.:27:20.

through on his promise Michael Hancock is

:27:21.:27:34.

the mayor of Denver, I know that Denver like New York,

:27:35.:27:51.

San Francisco, DC and Chicago is a Sanctuary city. Explain how it

:27:52.:27:57.

works. Thanks for having me. I want to make it clear Denver never

:27:58.:28:03.

formally adopted a policy to be a sanctuary city. It is commonly known

:28:04.:28:09.

in the US there is not a precise definition of what a sanctuary city

:28:10.:28:14.

is. Some cities have adopted policies, Denver has never adopted a

:28:15.:28:21.

policy to be a century city. We are an inclusive city, a city of

:28:22.:28:26.

opportunity that is welcoming and will continue to enforce the laws we

:28:27.:28:32.

have on our books, but we will not violate the constitutional rights of

:28:33.:28:35.

individuals and hold them without a warrant to hold them. Let me clarify

:28:36.:28:45.

this. Would Donald Trump stop you from getting what is it $175 million

:28:46.:28:51.

of federal money for how he interprets your actions in the city?

:28:52.:28:57.

We don't know what President-elect Trump macro will do. It is too early

:28:58.:29:03.

to estimate what his immigration policy with the. Somebody who has

:29:04.:29:08.

been elected, I know what it means to campaign on something and get

:29:09.:29:12.

into office and have to govern and the realities may shift. Denver has

:29:13.:29:18.

never formally adopted a sanctuary city position and we cooperate with

:29:19.:29:24.

the central government as regards immigration laws. You do not think

:29:25.:29:28.

his rhetoric on immigration will come true? It is important to

:29:29.:29:33.

recognise those cities follow the law and Denver follows the law

:29:34.:29:36.

regarding immigration. We will not do the job of the immigration

:29:37.:29:45.

control enforcement division. And we will not... We do not have the

:29:46.:29:50.

policing power or policing manpower to execute those laws so we have to

:29:51.:29:55.

allow the federal authorities to do that, but we will cooperate with

:29:56.:29:58.

federal government and enforce the laws as we can. For give me for

:29:59.:30:05.

coming in but President-elect Trump had a strong mandate on this issue

:30:06.:30:09.

of stopping illegal immigration. Do you have a duty to start enforcing

:30:10.:30:14.

it when America has voted for that? It is not the city government's role

:30:15.:30:22.

to enforce immigration laws. If we arrest someone for violation of our

:30:23.:30:27.

city doors we will work with federal agencies. The moment we no longer

:30:28.:30:32.

have a constitutional authority to hold that individual, that they have

:30:33.:30:37.

satisfied their duty or violation with the city of Denver, we have to

:30:38.:30:41.

release them and that is where the confusion occurs. Let's get to the

:30:42.:30:47.

spirit of what you are doing, which is broadly you are a welcoming haven

:30:48.:30:52.

for illegal immigrants under a President who has made it clear he

:30:53.:30:57.

does not agree with illegal immigration. You are at odds with

:30:58.:31:03.

the policy America has chosen. We are a city that is welcoming and

:31:04.:31:08.

inclusive, we don't believe in separating families needlessly. We

:31:09.:31:14.

believe in upholding family values and holding people accountable who

:31:15.:31:19.

violate the law. Somebody working hard, pursuing the opportunity of

:31:20.:31:23.

freedom and an opportunity of happiness in Denver, we encourage

:31:24.:31:31.

them to seated legal status but we do not believe in needlessly

:31:32.:31:37.

separating families and allowing people to remain in the inclusive

:31:38.:31:41.

city. Would it matter if the money were stopped, if you do not receive

:31:42.:31:46.

$170 million with the new administration? Along with other

:31:47.:31:52.

mayors in the country we hope and believe it will not get to that. We

:31:53.:31:57.

hope and we will work closely with the trumpet administration and

:31:58.:32:03.

develop a comprehensive path to citizenship for all immigrants and

:32:04.:32:08.

to allow these folks to be productive residents in our cities.

:32:09.:32:11.

We know there are illegal immigrants. It is not practical to

:32:12.:32:21.

think we will deport 11 million people, and to recognise that many

:32:22.:32:25.

cities including Denver have thrived economically because of the hard

:32:26.:32:29.

work and dedication of people including immigrants, in our city,

:32:30.:32:35.

who have participated in the production of our great city. We

:32:36.:32:40.

believe it is better to work closely with the Trump administration.

:32:41.:32:41.

Thanks. The Brexit vote has already

:32:42.:32:43.

begun to affect the way Some are facing a 10% shortfall

:32:44.:32:46.

in seasonal workers, according to the Farmers Union,

:32:47.:32:50.

as foreign employees are showing a reluctance to come over

:32:51.:32:55.

to the UK to find jobs. The industry is using the labour

:32:56.:32:58.

crisis to rethink the way it works and has introduced automation

:32:59.:33:02.

into the workplace in ways Here's our technology

:33:03.:33:04.

editor David Grossman. The carrot business

:33:05.:33:24.

is all about incentives. What this farm sees as the stick

:33:25.:33:30.

of Brexit threatens to dry out the supply of EU migrant labour

:33:31.:33:35.

that it relies on. And so they are turning

:33:36.:33:38.

to technology to fill the gap. Clearly we haven't got enough UK

:33:39.:33:41.

workers so we need to look But we haven't got

:33:42.:33:44.

enough UK workers. If there were enough UK workers,

:33:45.:33:52.

we wouldn't be having migrants. This is how this farm used

:33:53.:33:54.

to sort their carrots. 18 migrant workers deciding what can

:33:55.:34:01.

be Christmas dinner and what is only Now, cameras, lasers,

:34:02.:34:04.

and computers sort the veg The good news for some firms

:34:05.:34:08.

who have high levels of migration is that they are actually quite ripe

:34:09.:34:17.

for new technology so, yes, it will cost some money

:34:18.:34:20.

and needs upfront investment, but whether it is agriculture,

:34:21.:34:22.

bits of manufacturing, already you can see that those

:34:23.:34:25.

sectors are ready for new forms of technology and new forms

:34:26.:34:28.

of robots, if you like, Much more difficult is those parts

:34:29.:34:31.

of the economy that have high levels of migration but actually don't look

:34:32.:34:36.

very ripe for technology. Cleaning, domestic services,

:34:37.:34:43.

hotel work, for instance. And that is great news

:34:44.:34:53.

for places like this. It exports farm machinery all over

:34:54.:34:59.

the world and has never been busier The images from the camera are being

:35:00.:35:02.

analysed on the on-board computer. Again, this is technology

:35:03.:35:12.

that is only just ripe, using cameras and computers to do

:35:13.:35:15.

what only humans were capable of only a couple of years ago,

:35:16.:35:18.

in this case identifying and removing weeds in

:35:19.:35:21.

rows of young crops. A typical small model of the in-row

:35:22.:35:31.

weeder would do the same amount of work as a typical gang of say

:35:32.:35:34.

30 manual labourers. And although not cheap,

:35:35.:35:40.

a machine doesn't need It just sits in the shed

:35:41.:35:42.

until you need it. Well, we seem to be sitting

:35:43.:35:46.

in a nice place where There has been a trend in any case

:35:47.:35:48.

over the last few years to go more and more into more technology

:35:49.:35:57.

on farms, using this And I think it is simply

:35:58.:35:59.

focusing the mind and Because there may well be

:36:00.:36:07.

no other alternative. It's not just agriculture

:36:08.:36:19.

that is looking at automation to get around

:36:20.:36:27.

a post-Brexit shortage. The international president of UBS,

:36:28.:36:29.

the parcel delivery firm, says they will now invest more

:36:30.:36:31.

in robots in the UK than they had But some politicians and employers

:36:32.:36:35.

are pressing for a return to something like the seasonal

:36:36.:36:39.

agricultural workers scheme to allow I think there is a lot of interest

:36:40.:36:42.

in sector-based schemes. They worked pretty well

:36:43.:36:46.

in agriculture because there you had a large requirement for labour

:36:47.:36:51.

at a particular point in time. Elsewhere, you need flexibility

:36:52.:36:57.

in labour, but it is spread throughout the year,

:36:58.:37:00.

so the idea of having someone, having a group of workers over

:37:01.:37:03.

for a couple of months is not going to work for sectors like food

:37:04.:37:06.

processing and hospitality. The British economy

:37:07.:37:08.

is clearly heading for big However, some economists believe

:37:09.:37:13.

that automating away our addiction to cheap EU labour could not only

:37:14.:37:24.

help us survive this change, Anything that can encourage firms

:37:25.:37:27.

to think more about investing both in new technology and also

:37:28.:37:34.

in the skills of the existing If we can therefore start

:37:35.:37:37.

to generate more output. All right, there has to be

:37:38.:37:43.

an upfront investment cost, but generate more output

:37:44.:37:46.

without having to rely on these business models,

:37:47.:37:49.

which mean we have to bring That probably is a healthy place

:37:50.:37:51.

for the economy to move. There's lots of other debates

:37:52.:37:58.

about whether or not we should be thinking about changing the numbers

:37:59.:38:06.

of migrants coming in each year. But purely from the economic

:38:07.:38:08.

perspective, if we can boost productivity, then the Brexit vote

:38:09.:38:11.

will actually have had some positive impact in terms

:38:12.:38:13.

of kick-starting the process. In low-skilled, low-wage industries,

:38:14.:38:15.

the robots are certainly coming. The questions are, how quickly

:38:16.:38:21.

and how much will they cost? For big employers of migrant labour,

:38:22.:38:25.

the technology, the economics And that still adds up to a whole

:38:26.:38:28.

load of uncertainty. We can take you through the front

:38:29.:38:46.

pages before we go. Distressing pictures on the front of the

:38:47.:38:51.

Guardian newspaper, a final call to the world, to save Aleppo. President

:38:52.:38:59.

Assad loyalist now controlling much of the city. The same sort of

:39:00.:39:06.

picture in the Independent. We need more than two years to negotiate the

:39:07.:39:11.

Brexit deal says the Chancellor, a story suggesting he is in favour of

:39:12.:39:16.

a soft Brexit that could take up to four years. The Daily Telegraph,

:39:17.:39:22.

Christmas post strike adding to rail misery. This looks at Southern rail

:39:23.:39:27.

strikes that could find itself joined by a Christmas postal strike

:39:28.:39:31.

and the Express. An Alzheimer's story.

:39:32.:39:33.

Before we go tonight, we heard today the news that

:39:34.:39:36.

weatherman Ian McCaskill, one of the BBC's most recognisable

:39:37.:39:38.

faces in the '80s and '90s, had died.

:39:39.:39:42.

He had the special talent of making even a dreary day seem bearable.

:39:43.:39:47.

We'll leave you with a flavour of his work, the opening

:39:48.:39:49.

of his Christmas Day forecast in 1987.

:39:50.:39:51.

You've got to be really unlucky to pull your own cracker and

:39:52.:40:00.

But at least we'll be lucky with the weather.

:40:01.:40:05.

And Southport, an almost, but not quite,

:40:06.:40:11.

incredible six and a half hours of sunshine.

:40:12.:40:20.

Good evening, less than two weeks away from the big day and no sign of

:40:21.:40:28.

snow. Plenty of rain on Tuesday the first thing. Spreading northwards

:40:29.:40:34.

and eastwards and slices of sunshine in between. A

:40:35.:40:35.

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