In-depth investigation and analysis of the stories behind the day's headlines with Kirsty Wark. The grief, anger and unanswered questions of the Grenfell Tower disaster.
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Who were they? Almost two days later we don't know the basic thing. What
we do now is it will be more than the 17 officially counted. He tried
to call his family back home in Syria. He said, the fire has reached
me now. I am going to die. Tell my mum and my father, I love them.
How was this building made into a literal death trap?
How many more buildings like it are out there?
The explosion might have happened at one o'clock,
So in half an hour, 13 floors already on fire.
There's to be a public inquiry, so we may not have proper answers
How many different safety concerns have been bubbling under
Group upon group have been lining up to tell the government
that they need to make a review of building regulations and we've
seen building regulations ministers time and time again saying,
And the Prime Minister comes without cameras in tow but only
Is this, like Hurricane Katrina, becoming a defining
We'll ask the leader of Kensington and Chelsea council.
To those of us who have not experienced the trauma
that the residents and families of Grenfell Towers are suffering,
their loss in unimaginable but we sense their rising anger
that they were dealt a dreadful hand.
They lived in a building which was quite simply, not safe.
Repeated pleas by residents and warnings that something awful
The burning building now charred against the blue sky,
may come to symbolise the moment there was a shift in society,
There are so many who have lost loved ones and seen things
no-one should ever see, others who have survived
with life changing injuries, and many who still await news.
Let's get a sense of the mood on the ground.
Joining us from West London is, Derek Wilson, pastor
at the Christian Centre Trust Tabernacle, who has helped
Good evening, Derek Wilson. Tonight, so many people are still missing
their loved ones. Who is helping them tonight? I think what is
happening, reality is beginning to set in. Really, there are no more
survivors. At this time, there is a lot of frustration, a lot of anger
of what has happens, that could have been prevented. And as you are
saying, the realisation for many people that they will have lost
members of their family and eagerness to find some information.
Information we seem to be getting very, very slowly? Absolutely. It is
shocking. What is more shocking is that this industry report that was
released two years ago and was the council's notifier. It could have
been prevented. It just fell on deaf ears and that is why you are getting
the frustration and be anger at this time in the community. Do you think
enough is being done by the council. I know there are so many emergency
centres that have set up, your own church is one, is enough being done
by the council? Well, this is what needs to be answered. There is some
tough questions and some tough answers from this enquiry that needs
to come out. What I mean tonight, pastor, is there enough council
workers on the ground helping, or is it all volunteers? Is the council in
control of the situation? Now there is, because where we have our
church, the food and clothing are beginning to shift at this time. By
tomorrow, I believe everything should be moved out of the buildings
to a central place where those who need it, can get access to it. Are
all the residents who have been saved from the tower, are they being
housed locally, are they being looked after locally? They are still
in temporary accommodation. They are in the Westway, the indoor tennis
court, they need to be housed as soon as possible. Thank you very
much indeed, pastor. Well throughout the day our reporter
Katie Razzall has been in the shadow of Grenfell Towers,
speaking to people who lost loved ones, and others whose
friends and family members are still unaccounted for and also
getting a feel for the solidarity Yesterday, in the afternoon, we were
accommodated. This is where I live, 571. Until the early hours of
Wednesday morning, this man lived in Grenfell Tower. Now his home is a
hotel. He is haunted by what he saw that night and the neighbours but
could not have survived. Being in the building for this many hours, of
course you are not alive. He showed me his videos of the fire. This is
when I phoned my mum. I think I phoned my mum at 1:30am. By then it
is really on fire. He was leaving the cinema with his sister when his
mother called from home to save their block was ablaze. He found her
after an agonising wait. I tried to go inside the building to save my
mum. I saw a firefighter going in at the same time and he stopped me and
said, only people can come out, nobody is allowed in. I said, my mum
is in there. I ran and the first person I saw was my mum. I was so
happy. Happiness and laughter lasted -- lasted for ten to 20 seconds.
People were on the phone talking to their kids, they're why. One man was
telling his wife what to do. We told him to put a wet towel over her
mouth and her daughter's mouth and get on the floor. To help with the
gas, to help with the explosion. Did they get out, do you think? No.
Newsnight understands from a firefighter, they knew after 11am
yesterday morning they would be unlikely to find any more survivors.
It was the worst they had seen in all their years of firefighting.
Block of around 600 hundred inhabitants from diverse
backgrounds, still smoking today. Most of them were Muslims from
Turkey, Somalia, there were English people, black people, black Muslims.
What do we know of who lived in Grenfell Tower. This rainy and bone
man lived in flat ten on the third floor, a floor below where the fire
started. Other survivors include on the ninth sorry, this Moroccan
family who fled when one of them smelt smoke and woke up to see
flames outside. From the 11th floor, this lady who escaped with her
husband and three children when a friend called to tell her of the
fire. It is the poor souls who are missing or dead who keep this man
awake at night. I cannot close my eyes when I know people died in
front of me. You saw it, they do? Yes, I saw people jumping out from
the building. Not one or two, many. Couldn't avoid looking at them.
Yesterday we heard other family on the 21st floor. A 20-year-old with
his parents, brother and sister. There were rumours on social media
the family is dead. Officially, they are still missing. This from a
friend today. It breaks my heart because social media is going out
and things are confirmed. Those messages are going to his family and
friends and it is distorting everything. No one in the tower has
been confirmed. On the 14th floor lived Syrian brothers. University
student Mohammed Alhajali was overwhelmed by smoke while his
friends escaped. It was confirmed he perished after a phone call home to
Syria. He was terrified, he was scared. He had hoped the emergency
services would get to him. Two hours later, he phoned to say the fire has
reached me now. I am going to die. Goodbye to my mum and my father, I
love them. That was the last message from him. The names and faces of the
missing residence of the tower gives a snapshot into a diverse and
tight-knit community. This 79-year-old from the Philippines.
And this month, was about to win an award for his work as a security
guard. The Italians who moved into the 23rd floor three months ago and
this five-year-old who was lost in in the chaos of the evacuation. This
is a community anxiously waiting for news of loved ones and friends. They
were warned today, the police fear they may never identify all of those
who have been killed. Well, this has gone beyond a local
tragedy and become a event that has touched people
across the whole country. And along with that spotlight has
come intense scrutiny of whether politicians at a national
level have done enough in the past But it was also the tone
of the response that drew attention. Theresa May was pictured
meeting the leaders of the London Fire Service,
while Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn was filmed
mingling with local people. Our political editor
Nick Watt is here. Nick, how's the political
response going down? How has that political response been
judge? There is those who say it could provide a defining image of
her Premiership. One Tory MP said the Prime Minister is behaving how
she behaved in the election. Her limitations are there for everybody
to see. When Theresa May visits the scene of a tragedy, she always goes
out of her way to ensure she is not a burden on the emergency services.
This was a private visit, there were no cameras and there were limited
discussions with the emergency service leaders and volunteer
leaders, but there was no meeting with the residents. As I understand
it, the Prime Minister wanted to hear directly, on the ground what
had happened, before deciding what to do. She had been told the fire
had spread in a strange, unpredictable and volatile way and
when she heard that, she said there are huge questions to be answered
and so later on, she announced there will be a judge led public enquiry
and she says that will report properly. Thank you very much.
Nick Paget-Brown is the Conservative leader of Kensington
Good evening. When will you last in Grenfell Tower? I went to the
opening of the dale boxing club last summer, just after the end of the
refurbishment of the tower. We were delighted, not only had we found
more homes in the tower through a judicious conversion of certain
rooms, but we got the boxing club, so I went to a happy opening. So not
up the tower? In the tower, up a level, then when the refurbishment
was completed, we went into a flat further up to look at the new
kitchen and heating system and the new windows. At that stage you were
aware of concerns about the refurbishment? Some residents were
very concerned about the whole concept of the refurbishment. Some
residents were pleased it addressed the problems they had with heating,
either being hot or cold. We had invested ?10 million to deal with
their problems. We will know more about what will go wrong in the
public enquiry, there are certain things we can talk about now because
this is your area and things will have to move quicker than the public
enquiry, one assumes. How many towers in Kensington and Chelsea
have similar cladding? As far as we know, there are no other towers
without cladding. No other old towers have modern cladding? As far
as I am aware no other towers in Kensington and Chelsea have that
particular form of cladding. You won't be putting cladding on like
that with the same components in the future? No. How many towers do you
have without sprinklers? That will vary, according to what the fire
inspection requires they have. New towers do have sprinklers, some old
towers don't, how many old towers don't? Some of the old towers before
the 1970s won't have integral sprinklers. I cannot give you a
number. You have not checked up since the fire? We have looked at
the London Fire Brigade to check on all the towers and make sure all the
safety in all the towers, if they can give is the assurance we need
that all of those towers are saved and comply with fire standards and
regulations. We will talk about wrinkles in a
moment but in the refurbishment, did you consider retrofitting
sprinklers? I did not consider that, but what you try to do when you are
refurbishing is contain a fire within a particular flat so that the
Fire Service can evacuate that flat, deal with the fire. Do you wish now
that you had splinters? Because from the black canal house case, in 2013,
the coroner wrote to the governor saying that retrofitting of speakers
may now be possible at lower costs than had previously been thought.
And a report said they reckon that Grenfell Tower could have been
retrofitted with sprinklers which would have helped with this fire for
?200,000. And we know the residents were talking about the issues of
sprinklers. Why was retrofitting sprinklers not considered? Because
there was not a collective view that all the flats should be fitted with
sprinklers because that would have delayed and made the refurbishment
more destructive. Delay would have been less important than having a
fire? We're talking retrospectively after the most enormous tragedy.
Many residents felt that we needed to get on with the fitting of
boilers and heating systems and to retrofit more would delay the
building and that sprinklers were not the answer. Do you regret that?
I regret anything that we might have done differently that would have
avoided the tragedy. But right now, when talking about the response
right now, and we know this from residents, they have been put in a
local hotel last night, and they were not told until lunchtime
whether they would be able to stay there. They were not told whether
they would be allowed to have food, and they were told the council would
come and they did not come. The truth is that you cannot cope with
this. I am being honest and I think that we have coped with it as well
as we can after eight tragedy of this dimension. We have host people.
But you do not have the council workers to deal with traumatised
families. You promised the council would come to see them but you
cannot deal with that when people are grief stricken. We have three
emergency centres and we have councils... It is about people you
are housing and you said you would visit them and nobody has visited.
My understanding is that housing officials are and will visit them
but there are issues about people... You feel is to look after them once
and you are feeling to look after them twice. I hope that we are not,
I hope we are fitting them into safe temporary accommodation while we are
working out the long-term challenges they face. -- you were feeling to
look after them once and you are feeling to look after them once.
Theresa May did not meet residents today, because of security concerns.
Is that not a dreadful error of judgment? All I can talk to you
about is what the local authorities doing to improve the lives of
people. She is your conservative leader. Should she have met
residents, should she should she not? She did not meet residents
because she did not want to interfere with the work of the
emergency services. That would not have interfered. I have met people
within the emergency centres and I am delighted to welcome anybody,
including the Secretary of State, and they will meet residents and
here the problem. We have asked the government for help with more
housing accommodation. We need to house people permanently, not just
temporarily. David Lammy this morning alleged that this was
corporate manslaughter. Do you recognise that possibility? I think
that is a matter for the enquiry and I will not comment on any of these
allegations because I think that would be the wrong thing to do. I
understand it and I appreciate it but I think my job is to make sure
that the borough, and those people whose lives have been devastated, I
need to focus my energies on them and I do not want to be brought into
political slanging matches. Let's look at the national picture.
Chris Philp is the Conservative MP for Croydon South.
Andy Slaughter is Labour's shadow housing minister.
His Hammersmith constituency is adjacent to Grenfell Tower.
First of all, a lot of high-rises were built under various
government's watches. How many decades old buildings do not have
sprinkler systems? Many will not have sprinkler systems and the
recommendation on retrofitting which we have heard from 2013 has not been
implemented. In fact it was rejected. The lack house disaster
was on Labour's watch and they did not pursue the recommendation. --
the Lakanal House disaster. It is a political issue. It is. And to
correct you on that point, the coroners letters came out in 2013
and they are the ones that were not permitted. I think the issue here is
that this is on a completely different scale to any previous
fire. So we have a situation where you have in the space of 15 minutes,
the fire spreading from one corner of the block to the entire block.
But in lots of Labour councils throughout the land there are
buildings which have been required. There are also building that do not
have Spengler systems. -- buildings which have been reclad. Is there
going to be an assessment made to see what problems there might be?
The truth of the matter is that if buildings are reclad in materials
similar to this, that could be problems. That is the priority
question. Many councils like my own, I'm doing the assessment right now
and I expect to report tomorrow but this has to be a job for central
government. Cannot wait for a public enquiry to make these analyses of
whether there are other tower blocks at risk. That has to be our number
one priority. Even if their rent any, people will be worried that
there are. Thank you. Turning to you, Chris, John and Neil from the
Fire Service regulations have said that the relations were resisted
because no body was dying in these buildings. Did Grenfell Tower have
to happen before people would take action? A meeting was set to occur
when the election was called. But four years, four years? 2013 and
2017. The truth of the matter is that if something similar had been
found in an aircraft, because of cladding that was not suitable or
the fact that sprinklers were not fitted, it would be shut down, but
the problem is that people who do not have any power lives in these
high-rise buildings and nobody listens to them. Going back to the
coroners report, one of the recommendations was that the
Secretary of State right to social housing providers asking them to
consider fitting sprinkler systems and Eric Pickles did that
straightaway. Some councils responded immediately. But some
wanted the central government to allow them to carry more debt? The
building we are looking adhere had a ?10 million refurbishment very
recently and I have seen the figures. It would have only cost
?200,000 to put in sprinklers, and it was not a question of money, it
was a question of priorities. Something extraordinary clearly
happened in that building and we need to find out as a matter of
urgency exactly what it was. Was at the cladding, the lack of
sprinklers, was it something else? Whatever happened in the building,
we need to make sure that it never happens again. But as well as that,
somebody unusually will have to carry the can. I think is that
public enquiry, led by a judge appointed by the Lord Chief Justice,
so completely independent and able to call any witness, if they find an
individual or corporate body failed in their duty, then clearly
prosecutions should follow. But that is something that the public enquiry
will have to look at and report upon. What do you think the
government should do in the interim? In the interim, it has to do with
two things. They have to give reassurance to the hundreds of
thousands that lived in tower blocks that they are safe but it also has
to give assurances to the people who live around Grenfell Tower, who are
justifiably very angry that their concerns have not been listened to.
Setting up that enquiry, it has to be open and transparent and people
have to be persuaded, as they are not at the moment, that it is going
to find the truth and if people are responsible, they must be punished.
There will be an early interim report after a couple of months, and
if there is any critical failings, like if the cladding is highly
flammable, which was suggested, we need to know about that in a matter
of weeks. And move people out of the buildings. If other buildings have
that dangerous cladding, immediate action will need to be taken in a
matter of weeks and months. You are suggesting that if there is similar
cladding on other buildings, people should be moved out immediately. If
it is flammable, yes. Let's talk about Theresa May. We understand
that she did not want to interrupt the work of the emergency services
or volunteers, but she chose not to meet residents. It was cited as
being for security concerns. People could have met her in private, and
it would have been perfectly safe to meet people. Did you think that
showed somebody that was showing a compassionate side? I'm not sure if
it was just security concerns. I think she was keen not to intrude
and cause disruption at a time of anxiety and grief. The people
concerned were still searching for loved ones. Is it not important to
have the Prime Minister show she cares? She is trying to be practical
and talk to the emergency services, to find out what needs to be done
rather than grandstanding. I am sure she will meet families but the day
after they have lost their loved ones, the last thing you need is the
Prime Minister of the country elbowing her way in. To be honest, I
have spent a few days down there with Jeremy Corbyn. People did not
think he was intruding, they thought he was showing simple human sympathy
and kindness. Thank you both very much indeed.
The Public Inquiry will take evidence from all manner of experts,
contractors, councillors, emergency services,
community organisations, politicians and hopefully residents,
but it doesn't take a public inquiry to say that a review of building
regulations covering fire safety was promised by Theresa May's
chief of staff last year but has not been published.
The reason for that review was the fatal Lakanal House fire
in 2009 a multi-storey block in which six people died.
The coroner in the Lakanal House Inquest said that the government
should encourage providers of high rise housing to consider
retrofitting sprinkler systems - there was none in Grenfell -
and there are 4000 tower blocks in the UK that
We'll be talking to the lawyer for the Lakanal residents in a second.
But first, last night our policy editor Chris Cook reported
on details of the material with which Grenfell was cladded.
He's been looking more closely at this issue.
One of the most important questions to answer quickly is,
how many other buildings are at risk from fires
of the sort that devastated the Grenfell Tower.
Right now, that's a very hard question to answer.
To really understand the tragedy that
unfolded this week in Kensington, it may help to appreciate a success
Back in 2012, there was a major fire on the 17th
A pensioner's flat was completely destroyed.
It was contained by the walls and floors and the external
So the fire brigade were able to get here
and stop it from getting into any other flats.
A personal tragedy was prevented from becoming a much
One explanation for why the fire spread so quickly in
the Grenfell Tower was that the fire appears
to have spread over the outside of the building
That's insulation added to the exterior of the building
This broad design of cladding is in wide use.
You pin a layer of insulation material to the outside of the
Then add a waterproof layer to guard against the weather.
It was this outer layer that Newsnight
revealed yesterday, was of a design that
wasn't as fireproof as it might have been.
But experts have also called into question whether there's
Not with Grenfell Tower in particular,
but with materials being used in general in cladding.
The Fire Protection Association has been
conducting tests on widely used insulation material, for example.
Typically, we will fill a wheelie bin with cardboard, plastic bottles
and normal stuff you see in a normal recycling bin.
We put it up against the cladding and set fire to it.
You get some initial charring, but within a very short space
of time, the fire has got into the expanded
Theresa May today announced an enquiry.
Whether we take enough care to keep such
combustible material safely boxed in is one of the questions it
I am today ordering a full public enquiry into this disaster.
We need to have an explanation of this.
We owe that to the families, to the people
who have lost loved ones, friends and the homes
One of the first questions, though, is how widespread is the
sort of arrangement we saw at the Grenfell Tower
Where we've seen the widespread insulation of buildings,
retrospective insulation of buildings, is generally
The insulation materials of choice tend to be combustible or
It's very rare that I'm seeing installed in
residential accommodation noncombustible insulation material.
We may have problems because we are quite slow
I'm absolutely amazed that your regulations haven't been looked
at for over ten years, as I understand it.
With all of the developments happening with
materials, we see some of these fires that
are occurring around the world, we have lessons that we learn
from other countries, new materials that are being developed,
A 10-year plus review of regulations, I don't think
But there's been resistance in Whitehall to
regulation reform and in part, it's because
Conversations we've had with officials at DCLG, very recently
have pointed out that people aren't dying in these buildings.
And so, while no one was dying, it didn't matter?
Group upon group have been lining up to
tell the government they need to make a review
A full explanation of the tragedy will
The fire penetrated the building very deeply, so why didn't its
internal fire brakes hold the fire back?
Do we need sprinklers in more buildings?
Sophie Khan acted as lawyer for the residents group
of the Lakanal House fire in 2009 in which six people died.
Went you saw the fire, it must have brought back all the mammaries? Did,
and questions have to be asked that after how a very detailed inquest,
and a report to the government, why this could happen again? Is the
right way a public enquiry? No, the right way is inquests. The families
have a right to participate, they have a right to cross-examine upper
questions to the experts and able to get their own experts if the coroner
gets permission. The coroner is independent of the government. In a
public enquiry, it is very much government lead. And ice right in
saying no way, any resident family member take place in a public
enquiry? Not in a public enquiry, very limited rules in a public
enquiry, it is government-controlled, government
outcome. Was this unavoidable? 100%. The sprinklers, even though it
wouldn't have said the building, I think it would have said the
individuals inside the building. It would have given them time to get
out. The building, I I believe, would have perished. Is it your
experience that residents Association are not listened to?
Yes, but also the fire assessments, we have to look at the fire
assessments. Here, there is a fire issue, not just a council we need to
look at. What whether Fire Brigade doing? The refurbishments have been
done, what tests did they do on the building? But these are questions
the residents will not be able to ask in the public enquiry. In your
view, is this an intended consequence of the public enquiry or
do you think it is worked out a position that if the government goes
for a public enquiry and not an inquest, they will be not subject to
the same scrutiny? That is correct. In an inquests, they lose control of
what a jury verdict will do. And I jury will come out with narrative
verdicts which may be difficult for the government... One of the other,
you cannot have both? Only one or the other. Would you urge the
residents to kick up a fuss? Yes, they should be demanding an inquest
from the government to say, this isn't the right way, we don't want a
public enquiry, we want an inquest. I am concerned why the Prime
Minister came out to say so quickly, public enquiry. What does she know
that needs to be heading? Thank you very much.
The tragedy of Grenfell Tower has all but blotted out
the post election turmoil, delaying any deal negotiations
between the tories and the DUP to prop up Theresa May.
Nor does the shape of the impending Brexit negotiations,
and questions over an all party team punch through the still
In fact it's hard to focus on the fact that there was a general
election exactly a week ago, but now there are extraordinary
details emerging of the way that that election was played,
or rather mis-played by Theresa May and her now sacked
I'm joined by our political editor Nick Watt.
The negotiations between the government and the DUP are still
ongoing. Arlene Foster stepped back yesterday after the fire but they
are still talking. Downing Street can be confident the confident will
support the Queen's Speech and that is why they were able to announce
the Queen's Speech will take place next Wednesday. But they are not
there on the second part of the deal, support and supply. The
Treasury's job is to ask difficult questions. The reason why the reason
may is having to talk to a party with just ten MPs because her
election gamble failed. I have spent the last few days just trying to
work out what exactly happened in that election campaign.
She was Britain's new iron Lady who would deliver
Threats against Britain have been issued.
And tackle deep injustices overlooked by generations
And then against the better instincts of this
most cautious politician, she took the gamble of her life and failed.
Are you stepping down Mrs May? Clearly this was a catastrophe of a
campaign. She had given people a choice, told them to choose her and
then she had. She wasn't strong and stable. Theresa May has apologised
to Tory MPs who believed the Prime Minister and her tiny, and now
former circle of advisers to await the selection in the finest
tradition, a blame game is underway. Insiders who toiled away here at
Tory HQ have identified two fundamental flaws with the campaign.
There was no clear line of authority between the main figures. Nick
Timothy and Fiona Hill and the Australian polling guru, Sir Lynton
Crosby. And then, there was what has been described as complacency. The
Number Ten in a circle never feared they would lose this election so
they never took Jeremy Corbyn seriously. After a less than
friendly welcome, the defining moment of the campaign came in the
wake of the manifesto launch. Within days, Theresa May was forced to
embark on a hasty U-turn over the electoral pledge, the so-called
dementia tax. Newsnight understands the two Cabinet minister is with
responsibility for social care, Jeremy Hunt GIB Javad, were only
informed of the policy in the 24 hours before the launch of the
manifesto. Instead, the social care section drew on initial work from a
green paper led by a Cabinet minister who co-authored the
manifesto. I have been told other Cabinet ministers were consulted on
those parts of the manifesto related to their briefs. But ministers were
only given a copy of the whole manifesto, shortly before the launch
and about 20 minutes before the media. Even the head of the Prime
Minister's policy board wasn't consulted. I wouldn't expect in a
snap election, get signed off by Cabinet and goes through a series of
negotiations, presumably and discussions. I wouldn't expect to be
holding the pen on the last draft. But I didn't see any draft. I think
there was a culture in the campaign, we, the five or six of us are going
to do this. There was this huge policy on the controversial issue of
social care and how to fund it. And obviously fraught with political
risk that they don't seem to have checked in research, they don't seem
to have squared it with people in the party and it landed like an
unexpected bomb right in the Tory heartland. I think people were
looking for a middle way. There must be a middle way between the Jeremy
Corbyn approach. Here is the cookie jar, help yourself, the rich will
pay. And us, we will take your kid's school meals away, which we had to
explain, that is not the case. We will take your grandparent's house
away, which also wasn't the case. I closed the last page and felt this
sinking feeling, the manifesto is supposed to offer hope and a
brighter future to people. This does not love the above. It literally
tells people, your life is going to be really bad if you vote for this
manifesto. Within days of the manifesto launch, and irritated
Prime Minister said that a cap would be introduced. Nothing has changed,
nothing has changed. This featured in early work of the Green paper but
it wasn't in the manifesto because it hadn't been finalised. It turned
out voters were so confused they asked Labour to explain the
manifesto from the Tories. People were worried about how they would
heat and whether they would be able to keep their homes. Member of
Theresa May's inner circle feel deeply bruised over the fallout of
the manifesto. On social care, they said the Prime Minister was
motivated by fairness. Why should a young person living in the North
subsidise the care costs of a pensioner living in the South in a
house worth ?1 million. It is a choice between strong and stable
leadership under the Conservatives... One of the aspects
of the campaign was the disappearing act performed by one of the central
messages, Theresa May's strong and stable leadership. The strong and
stable thing worked for about two days, resonated for two days, then
people were sick of it because it was literally repeated. I don't know
when that was dropped. I know with our local campaign, we dropped
saying it very quickly because of the reaction we got. That was
probably the way it was dropped around the country bag other
candidates as well. Lynton Crosby was the author of this message and
he is also blamed for the highly personal attacks on Jeremy Corbyn.
This dismayed one of the architects of the Tory modernisation project.
There was an attempted character assassination, which I think was
quite likely to do what it did, repel far more people than it
attracted. Lynton Crosby has told friends about his frustration with
the campaign, puts one old friend thinks he will recover. You win some
and lose some. It shouldn't affect his reputation. For what he does, he
doesn't make the speeches. He doesn't choose the Shadow Cabinet or
the Cabinet, he isn't involved in that side of it. For what he does,
he does that pretty professionally. But it is no guarantee that you are
always going to win an election. Theresa May is now fighting to keep
the Tories in office and avoid another election. Amid widespread
agreement among her MPs that she needs to stand down before then, one
senior figure says the party should develop a more positive outlook with
an emphasis on schools and skills. I think this very narrow shrill,
divisive partisan insistence that Brexit was ever think, quite a hard
Brexit message. I think people started to think, if that is the
Conservative Party, if it thinks everything will be solved by Brexit,
it isn't in tune with us. I think the campaign let Theresa May down.
That speech on the streets of Number Ten last year achieved huge approval
across the country. Theresa May had thought by now, she would be
settling back into Downing Street with an emphatic electoral mandate.
Instead, the legacy of her troubled campaign is a new life as the
surprise leader of a minority government. And this negotiations
with a minor party and even factions within her own Cabinet to ensure the
survival of her government. We leave you with some
of the messages written on the wall outside Latymer Christian Centre
in the last two days. They reflect the grief that has
engulfed that part of London, and also the quite anger of people
still looking for answers. Good evening. A cold front moved
across the country introducing fresh air today and that is good news in
terms of the feel through the night. More comfortable for trying to
sleep. There will be