In-depth investigation and analysis of the stories behind the day's headlines with Kirsty Wark.
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The government calls out Russia,
blaming the Kremlin for a reckless
and destructive cyber
attack on Ukraine which was designed
to spread across Europe.
Are we already engaged
in a cyber war with Russia,
and how dangerous could it get?
It's deniable, it's semipublic, it
includes the publicity. The fact I'm
speaking about this right now is
probably in the interest of the
attacker because it scares people,
so if undermining deterrence and
it's very difficult to respond to.
We'll be debating
whether the Russian threat
is real or imagined.
The FBI was warned that
Nikolas Cruz, charged with 17 counts
of premeditated murder,
was potentially a school shooter
after he left a comment on YouTube.
He was a member of a white
The Parkland Florida massacre left
17 dead and many more injured.
If Cruz was such a threat, why
was he able to hide in plain sight
and wield a deadly semi-automatic
I'll be joined by two
people, each of whom has a personal
close connection with a massacre,
one at Virginia Tech,
the other Columbine.
Headlines today screaming the danger
of this food and that -
all the cause of cancer -
but is the constant
We try to separate the science
from the static noise.
And a special preview of a brand
new work by the dancer
and choreographer Akram Khan,
the final solo performance
by the man who invented his
own language of dance.
The UK government took the unusual
step today of directly condemning
Russia for a cyber attack,
publicly blaming the Russian
government for spreading a virus
which swept across Europe last June.
The so-called Notpetya
attack hit companies,
including British ones,
after initially targeting Ukraine.
This unprecedented public
accusation against the Kremlin
by the government also includes
the threat of "imposing
costs on those who would
seek to do us harm."
You'll remember that this follows
last month's irregular
and apparently unsanctioned
statement by the Defence Secretary
Gavin Williamson that a Russian
cyber attack could cause "thousands
and thousands" of deaths
by crippling energy supplies.
Tomorrow, the annual
conference opens in Munich -
a conference that Theresa May
will be addressing -
where the Kremlin will be
on the radar.
So is Russian cyber warfare now
a clear and present danger to us?
Here's our Technology
Editor, David Grossman.
Conflict on rush-hour's doorstep.
The war in Ukraine is brutal but on
However, Russia is doing
battle using other means.
Ukraine and Russia are obviously
in a situation that
can only be described as war
and open conflict and the digital
attack, cyber attack
component plays a major role.
We've seen the boundary,
you know, attacking the
electric grid in the Ukraine.
We've seen several
major attacks there.
We've seen high powered pieces
of attack tools that haven't been
tested anywhere else.
The concern is that Ukraine
is a test-bed for cyber attacks that
and US targets later on.
Nato defence ministers
were in Brussels today for a summit,
trying to deal with a world
where the line
between war and peace is so blurred,
partly because attacks are deniable.
The UK Defence Minister Gavin
Williamson though today explicitly
accused the Russian government
of waging cyber war on the West.
It's no longer about
the warfare that
we'll fight on land, sea and air.
Increasingly, it's about in
cyber and space as well.
So Nato has to adapt.
This raid by Ukraine cyber crime
unit on a computer company
last summer was an attempt to shut
down a virus called Notpetya.
The company was an unwitting host
but the virus spread around its
clients shutting down companies all
over Europe including in the UK and
it was this attack that the UK has
now specifically blamed Russia four.
It was an attack that
destroyed all data on
10% of Ukraine's computers.
Ukraine is a country
of 40 million people.
10% of all its computers
The attack spread extremely quickly,
globally, probably cost the
world economy something
beyond £1 billion.
It was so bad.
Just to make it real for people, it
affected the production of, done is
for two weeks, it affected shipping
of cookies, it nearly broke down
worldwide shipping. It was huge.
At the time, many
suspected Russia but to
publicly accuse them
of mounting the Notpetya
attack is, according
observers, a significant
The CIA made a similar statement in
January and the Ukraine did at the
It's one time to identify the
Russian government as a cyber
aggressor, it is another thing to do
something about it. It is unclear
what the statement today was meant
to do, other than set the scene
ahead of the conference in Brussels,
and to send a strong message to
Moscow. However, there have been
many similar messages in recent
months with no effect. The problem
with a threat like this is that it's
not just about protecting computers
and networks, but damage is also
seen in a country's morale.
can cause a minor harm but they are
implemented for political attack
because they get a significant
amount of press coverage and
therefore have, if you like, a bit
of a terrorising effect. It's an
effective psychological tool, it's
almost psychological warfare we are
looking at here.
The ease with which
a government can use computers to
strike its adversaries without
warning or reckoning makes the world
a more tense place. Russia responded
to the UK's government 's accusation
with a predictable denial, the strip
posted the strong message has been
sent and apparently ignored -- the
supposedly strong message has been
sent and apparently ignored.
David Grossman there.
We did ask to speak
to the Russian Government -
they didn't give us anyone
to interview, but the Russian
embassy did say that there was no
evidence that they held any
responsibility for the Notpetya
cyber attack, and that
the accusations made
by the British Government were part
of a continuing campaign aimed
at the stigmatisation of Russia.
We also asked the British government
under the programme but they
declined as well.
Joining me now is Dmitry Linnik,
former Head of Radio Russia's London
bureau, Edward Lucas,
journalist and author
of The New Cold War: Putin's Threat
to Russia and the West and,
from Munich, Laura Galante,
a cyber security expert and senior
fellow at the Atlantic Council
international affairs thinktank.
Good evening to you all. If I could
begin with you, Laura, does rusher
have the capability to do a lot of
cyber damage or a lot of minor harm?
We've seen Russia undertake a
variety of different operations from
standard espionage conducted over
cyber operations all the way up to
critical infrastructure attacks and
then the most recent Notpetya
attack, which focused on the
financial sector and then had a lot
of externalities, which we have just
covered. Russia is taking the
approach of ratcheting up the types
of operations they are willing to
undertake in cyberspace and they've
had both the technical and
about the technical component. But
damage can actually do? -- what
damage can actually do?
the Ukraine example of the power
grid going down in 2015 and again in
2016. With both of those operations,
large parts of the country's power
grid went down and black energy, the
malware behind this, was traced back
to likely be Russia military and
what's been difficult to see in the
West in terms of the capability that
Russia has here is the lack of 100%
certainty around how these tools are
deployed. And what we are constantly
faced with is this legalistic
tendency that we naturally have in
the West to want to say, here is the
100% level of factual evidence that
leads to this. But cyber doesn't
lend itself to that type of
analysis. We can look at the
evidence, who is likely to benefit
from this, what sort of evidence in
the malware and the tools is
available to explain who's behind it
and then what was the effect that is
achieved? With the Ukrainian power
grid attacks, the effect was both
psychological in the Ukraine and
also a warning shot to the West to
say that critical infrastructure,
this is something that will be
Thank you very much there.
Dmitri, if it wasn't rusher, who was
I've no idea. I have no evidence
to suggest that Russia didn't do it.
But I would like evidence as Laura
just said to support these very
But as Laura
said, in cyber warfare, that is
harder to do but the black energy
malware was traced back to the
Whether it was or
wasn't, I'm not a computer expert,
but I have read the use of computer
experts who disagreed with that. But
as Laura suggested, on the balance
of probabilities, is that how we lob
accusations at Russia, at the
Kremlin, at the country? I don't
think that's the right way to go
Do you think then that the
British government has been reckless
itself then in making that public
think the British government in
particular has been accusing Russia
over the years of the most
ridiculous things like Russia is a
threat to Nato, a country that
spends 10% of the Nato budget.
Edward Lucas, it plays into the idea
that we think of Russia in a Cold
War context, a pariah and so-so, but
as Dmitry Sirs and Laura said, there
isn't a bout of evidence, it is
no. Estonia had its power crippled
and a senior executives admitted
that it was guys in his office that
had carried it out. Admittedly, it
was a fairly crude attack.
It was a
psychological attack as well?
was, and Putin has made jokes about
attacks on the American system,
saying if it wasn't as it was
somebody like us. You have to be
The contributor in the film
was saying that even discussing this
is the destabilising thing the
attacker once in setting this off.
Is this about flexing muscles?
Dmitry rightly pointed out, Russia
is a lot weaker than the West when
the West is united. Russia's main
aim is to play divide and rule and
use what in the jargon is called
asymmetric weapons, weapons that a
weak country can use quite
successfully against the strong one
and cyber is a good example of that.
Laura, on the psychological impact
of this, why would Vladimir Putin
want to be seen or even be talked
about as the aggressor?
two goals here and his primary
audience is internal, it's domestic.
He has two figure out how to keep
popularity and keep his position.
And part of that requires showing
Russia's strength. If Russia can
chip away at Western alliances, as
Ed is referring to, if it can chip
away at the sense that the West is
the place where freedom of speech
and freedom of press have created
these liberal democracies that RE
model, then Putin wins internally.
And Putin is very aware that the end
of the Soviet Union in his mind is
based on the attraction of the West
and in his mind, the false
attraction of the West. The more
he's able to chip away at what the
West from a Russian population the
more his strength will be in showing
Russia's ability to go toe to toe
with the West. Whether that is in
the last elections, though there is
a lot of evidence that the Russian
military were behind that, this is
how Putin is able to show his people
that Russia is ten feet tall and
able to project power on the
Dmitry, does it
make you think well of Putin
domestically and abroad when he
spoken about in these terms?
a very novel approach to the problem
I have just heard from Laura. That's
not the way it is played out in
Russia all viewed in Russia. We are
talking about a bigger problem. For
more than ten years the West has
been manufacturing an enemy out of
Russia and as you...
But my point
is, who else has two game from an
attack on Ukraine?
speculative, but it's those that
undermined the two-way relationship
between Europe and Russia, between
the West and Russia.
Edward, we are
not talking about clean hands when
it comes to America. If Russia is
that the game, others are at the
game, Americans and the Chinese?
Yes, all countries engage in
espionage and certainly America ran
a targeted attack on the Iranian
nuclear programme. Many people would
say that was a much better way than
trying to bomb Iran's nuclear
programme. The point here is that
Russia's cyber weapons are being
deployed in a reckless way. If they
were simply spying...
Is he right
that it could kill thousands if they
attack the energy system?
power grid shutdown in Britain,
there would be terrible disruption,
probably people would die. I
actually think the American power
grid is more vulnerable than the
British one because it's less
resilient. The fundamental point
here is that Russia is showing its
medals -- muscles and we don't
really have an answer. We could do
really, as we should be seizing
Thank you very much indeed.
Donald Trump said today that "no
child should be in danger
in an American school."
So why was the 19-year-old,
Nikolas Cruz, who had links
with a white supremicist group
and had been flagged to the FBI
as a potential risk,
able to get into the school
which had expelled him,
and allegedly massacre 17 people
with an assault weapon?
The US President said today that
"we are committed to working
with local leaders to tackle
the difficult issue of mental
health", reminding people that
in February last year Donald Trump
signed a law revoking an Obama era
regulatory initiative that made it
harder for people with a mental
illness to buy a gun.
The Parkland school shooting
in Florida is the 18th incident this
year at an American school
where a weapon has been discharged.
In the era of mobile phone
technology, students recorded
the aftermath of the deadly shooting
at the school in an affluent town
of 30,000 an hour from Miami.
Put your phones away.
Put your phones away.
In a cruel twist, the school
was reportedly planning an active
shooter drill in just a few weeks...
Across the US television
networks, since Columbine
and Sandy Hook, school shootings
have made far too many headlines.
The president made his early
response on Twitter.
So many signs that the
Florida shooter was
mentally disturbed, even expelled
from school for bad and erratic
Later, Donald Trump made
a television appeal directly to
children in America but made
no mention of guns.
To every parent, teacher
and child who is hurting so
badly, we are here for you, whatever
you need, whatever we can do to ease
We are all joined together
as one American family and
your suffering is our burden also.
The news that the FBI were warned
that orphan Nikolas Cruz could be
dangerous, the fact
that he was a member of a white
nationalist group and that
apparently he was not
allowed on campus wearing a backpack
all point to a lack of any
into a clearly disturbed individual.
Law enforcement agents say that Cruz
bought a semiautomatic
assault weapon legally a year ago.
AR15-style weapons have been used
in several school massacres.
They're the consumer
version of the M-16 and
there are 8 million of them
in American hands, but will there be
any appetite in the White House
to outlaw the weapon that has killed
so many schoolchildren?
Rather than debate the rights
and wrongs of US gun laws again,
instead, we're going to talk
to two people intimately
and directly involved in two
prior mass shootings.
Joining me from Denver
is Tom Mauser, the father
of a victim of the 1999 Columbine
massacre, and in Blacksburg
the author Lucinda Roy,
who is a professor at
Virginia Tech University
where she taught the gunman
responsible for the 2007 shooting.
Thank you both very much for joining
First of all, Tom
Mauser, I imagine every day is a
hard day that doesn't make it worse
when you are reminded by yet another
shooting in a school?
takes you back to that day and you
can just imagine what those parents
are going through because you went
through it as well.
And when you
look at the profile of Nikolas Cruz,
orphaned, I gather he recently lost
his mother. Disruptive, expelled
from school, apparently not a road
in the area and even backpack, on
the YouTube saying he wanted to be a
professional school shooter. It must
break your heart that nothing was
able to be done to stop him?
right. He fits the profile. This is
the profile of someone who is
troubled and dangerous and yet we
did nothing about it.
What do you
think is the problem, a lack of
coordination, a lack of clear, a
lack of concern about what has
happened previously in order to try
to make sure it doesn't happen
Yeah, I think there is a lack
of coordination, in some cases
between the police and the schools
and other organisations that need to
know what is going on. And is also a
sense of there is nothing we can do
it anyway. Because it could affect
his rights. And as a result we are
paralysed and we have law
enforcement to feel there is not
much they can do about cases like
this, to stop it but that's not
Your son Daniel was so cruelly
killed, I wonder what parents of
calling -- Columbine did to make
sure it never happened again and I
wonder if eventually it just fell on
I think some changes were
made, certainly law enforcement
learned they had to go into the
schools against an active shooter,
not just wait outside like they did
at Columbine. Schools are more
prepared for these attacks. But in
terms of stopping them and keeping
guns away from people who make these
attacks, no, very little has been
Yet we have President Trump
speaking directly to the children of
America saying he will make school
safe but no talk of guns. The White
House which presumably does not want
to change the right to bear arms.
That's right. The president made it
into that office with a lot of
support from the National Rifle
Association. He is not going to
speak badly about guns and so long
as we are not speaking of guns as
part of this issue we won't get
Thank you very much...
Sorry, I want to turn it to Lucinda
Roy. You taught the man who went on
to kill 32 people at Virginia Tech,
Seung-Hui Cho. You taught him and
you had fears and worries, what
I reported the student to
a number of different entities at
the University including law
enforcement and Dean of students and
so on because I knew it was very
difficult for there to be consensus
about what needs to be done so I
always tried to make sure I got as
many people involved as possible.
But take us through why you were so
concerned about the student.
was a student who was 23, 22 years
old, he had not spoken much since he
was two years old. He suffered from
something called selective mutism
which meant he did not speak out
loud often in social situations but
he also seemed very angry, and he
wrote an angry poem about class and
I did not think it was safe to leave
him in the class. The only option I
had was to try to work with myself
which is what I did. But things have
changed that time. For the most part
you can get help for students but
the trouble is you can still only
get it for a couple of days off them
and then they can come back to the
classroom because there is not
enough support for mental health and
not enough funds for it. So unless
we try to look at that as well as
the gun issue we will still be in
I can see the Tom Mauser is
nodding in agreement with you. You
have a situation Lucinda Roy where
you have a student who kills 32
people and the drama and the whole
college must be horrific, yet I
imagine if you debate the right to
have a gun and number of students in
the university would still say we
believe it is the American way and
part of identity, so you have that
Many of the
students did lobby for guns and
wanted to have the right to bring
guns to campus so they could defend
themselves. In fact to the NRA tries
to stoke that kind of thing as much
as possible. It can be difficult to
try to get some communication
through the noise and make sure
people understand as long as America
is in denial it will keep
slaughtering its children which is
exactly what is happening.
happens with each one, after
Columbine happened, after Sandy
Hook, everybody says this will be
the tipping point, this will be the
one which kick-starts a change in
American culture and it never
happens. I wonder if you think there
might be a generational change, that
some of the children, social media
as well, seeing these terrible
massacres, might adopt a different
attitude going forward, what do you
That is true, I go around the
country talking about troubled
students and campus safety and one
thing I have understood is that this
is the first lockdown generation.
It's so ridiculous that adults still
think they cannot talk with young
people about this because young
people live it every day and they
are incredibly brave and they know
something needs to be done because
they are living in classes that are
terrorist sites so we have to do
something. What is inspiring is to
see how many young people are coming
forward to make sure things will
Let me put that to you Tom
do you notice a sea change in the
younger generation, the generation
wench went to the horror of
I do see that, especially
young people are asking and should
be asking is this the kind of world
I want to live in? The gun lobby in
America is seeing the only way to be
safest to have more guns, teachers
with guns, people carrying concealed
weapons, openly carrying weapons,
it's the only way to be safe. I
think they are asking themselves
that question, is this the country
we want to live in?
Thank you both
Later in the programme
we preview Akram Khan's
final solo performance.
This soldier is formerly a dancer.
That's the character I'm playing.
He's presenting a classical recital,
Indian classical dance recital.
But first, we're constantly
bombarded with headlines about
what does or doesn't cause cancer.
In the last year alone
we've been told that:
Hot tea - causes cancer.
Bacon - causes cancer.
Potatoes - prevent cancer.
Flip flops - cause cancer.
And coffee and alcohol both
prevent and cause cancer
The latest of these
warnings came today.
'Ultra' or highly-processed foods
like mass-produced breads,
chocolate bars, sweets,
fizzy drinks, chicken nuggets
and instant soups and noodles
are pushing up cancer rates,
we were told.
What are we to make of all this?
Are we to heed the warnings,
or take it all with a pinch of salt?
Joining me now in the studio
is Deborah Ashby, the incoming
president of the Royal Statistical
Society and Head of the School
of Public Health at
Imperial College London.
Thank you for joining us, what do
you think when you see those
My heart sank because I
thought here is another good study
that we need being completely
But you think we
need good studies and there were
nuggets in that study, not chicken
need studies because it's reasonable
to try to explore what about our
diet might lead to cancers are heart
disease or anything else. We cannot
do experiments where we get people
to do one rather than the other so
we collect data on people, observe
what they are doing. It's the best
way we've got to get a handle on it.
But to then take that and say that
causes cancer you should stop eating
that causes panic or people say I
don't believe any of it.
That is the
danger. I wonder if you can take
that right back to say, you cannot
say something causes cancer, but
when you look at tobacco, was that
moment when you finally were able to
That is a good
example because it first observed
that lung cancer rates were going up
and people started to say what was
it about them, what other changes
which are going on? There was an
observational study of doctors,
looking at their smoking habits and
we began to observe that tobacco was
linked to cancer. It took a long
time to follow that through and
clearly understand the size of the
problem, let alone burrow down and
see which chemicals are causing it.
It takes decades to go from that
first observation to get the truth.
There are things is not causing
cancer then causing the diseases
which lead to other things,
trans-and sugars for example. It's
not that the jury is out and sugar,
sugar is just bad, is that right?
don't know that evidence terribly
well myself but there are
observational studies and sugar has
benefits in some ways, but it is
probably fairly empty but it is the
observational studies which help us
burrow down. For something like
smoking and cancer it's a huge
effect so we can see it early and
get to the bottom of it. Other
things were looking at a relatively
subtle and that is why it takes
It is interesting, so much
work done in Cancer Research and I
wonder if you would ever again with
anything be able to have a moment
like the tobacco moment?
I think on
that there was
that there was not one moment where
it suddenly fell into place. People
looked at it and looked at the
studies, people who smoke may also
drink, how do you pick which one of
those it is? I think it's a slower
crawl of evidence, each study is a
brick on the wall and it's not one
moment where you think are half
if you are a lay person and not able
to read the statistical data, what
are you to believe and what did you
make of it and what you to do?
thing I think look beyond the
headlines. The headlines are often a
brief snippet to get you to read it
and sometimes the over egged it. The
first thing is read, a lot of the
journalism today has been good,
talking about the caveats. If you're
not sure what to do go to a
reputable charities, Cancer Research
UK, NHS advice gives good stuff.
They will have looked that the sum
total of the evidence and thought
about it and thought what do we know
and what is the best advice? But do
not react sharply to one study.
Thank you very much indeed.
Akram Khan is an award-winning
choreographer and dancer,
one of the most exciting talents
working in the dance world today.
Newsnight's had privileged
access to his latest show,
Xenos which gets its world premiere
in Athens next week.
In May it will have
its British equivalent
at London's Sadlers Wells.
Xenos is a milestone for Akram Khan
- he'll retire from full length solo
performing after it.
With the work still in development,
he gave Katie Razzall his insights
into the creative process
and much more.
We are still developing material.
And the way I create sometimes
is I create a whole load
of crap and within that,
there's some good stuff,
but you still create it and then
you start to replace the crap
with good stuff.
Otherwise you don't begin anywhere.
Let's get the structure and at least
we have some kind of spine,
some kind of journey that goes
from A to Z and then
we flesh out the dance.
And that's what you're doing now?
That's what we're doing now.
Akram Khan's methods
are worth a listen.
For almost two decades,
this dancer and choreographer has
created some of this country's
most imaginative works.
Newsnight had early sight
of his latest, Xenos,
as it was evolving in a rehearsal
space in central London.
It will be Khan's last ever
full-length solo performance.
The heart of Xenos is really
following this story of this Indian
soldier who fought for the Brits.
It's the very early scene before
he gets taken into war.
This soldier is formally a dancer
and that's the character I'm playing
and he is presenting a classical
classical dance recital.
4 million men from Britain's
colonies fought in World War I and
in this centenary year,
Khan is honouring their often
Xenos also feels a political work,
which speaks to his
view of Britain now.
Xenos is a Greek word which means
stranger or foreigner and of course
it then expands into xenophobia,
the word xenophobia.
It's a symptom that was there before
the First World War.
It was the same symptom before
the Second World War.
And that symptom's returned.
And it's quite frightening,
to be honest with you,
and so I'm in a place where I wanted
to explore what I'm feeling,
what a stranger feels like.
You know, I was born
and brought up in London.
I never really felt that much
a foreigner or a stranger.
I somehow felt more of a foreigner
in Bangladesh when I used to return
back for wedding parties
or somebody's birth
or somebody's death.
My parents would take me back
and I felt very British, somehow.
And here, there was a period
during the 80s and 90s
when I was working at my dad's
restaurant as a waiter
and we faced some racism.
I feel very...
I feel very brown right now.
I never thought about colour before.
Is that because of direct things
that have happened to you or is it
a feeling about a changing sense
of our country?
I think it's not a direct
feeling to me, towards me,
but it's this feeling of being brown
is really more about the way
the country's being led,
our country's being led.
It's all building walls again.
The reason for why perhaps
consciously Xenos came about, this
piece, was because of my reaction
to what is happening.
Akram Khan's a storyteller at heart,
his chosen vehicle a unique blend
of contemporary and Indian dance.
Do you even know what it is to be a
He won an Olivier award
for this work, Desh,
an exploration of his ancestral
homeland in Bangladesh and his
relationship with his father.
His show Dust graced
Glastonbury's Pyramid stage and Khan
himself performed at the Olympic
opening ceremony with Emile Sande.
Pushing dance into new realms,
he collaborated with artist
Anish Kapoor for this show
Cash and others.
The likes of dancer Sylvie Guillem,
actress Juliette Binoche
and sculptor Anthony Gormley have
also joined forces with Khan.
At the age of 43, the physical
rigours of dancing are taking
their toll but when he started out,
it was the only way
he could express himself.
I was always afraid of talking
because I grew up in a society,
a Bangladeshi community,
that was highly driven
in an academic sense.
They all turned out, all my friends
turned out to be doctors, dentists
for some reason, lawyers, engineers.
I couldn't fit into my community in
that way because I felt that
whenever I spoke, it would just
sounds silly. I won a competition at
school, a disco competition, and it
was the first time that people in my
class, the students in my class knew
my name. And people seemed to listen
and suddenly people went, oh, well
done for winning the competition. I
saw you doing Michael Jackson or
Do you feel you're at that
stage? This is your last full-length
downhill now, absolutely.
Physically it's taken
its toll, and so I'm very emotional
about this transition. I think most
dancers would be. I'm sure they are.
Is it sadness or more complicated
I think it's much more
complex than that because this is,
you know, my body's been my voice
and my strength. That's the way I
from February 21st.
-- And you can see Xenos
performed at Sadlers Wells
from February 21st.
Now, we want you to sleep well
tonight but tomorrow's headlines are
not going to help with that. If
those two went as bad as they could
get, on the front page of The Times,
shampoo is as bad a health risk as
That's all for this evening -
but before we go, it's been 20 years
since the Angel of the North first
spread its wings over Gateshead.
Given its iconic status now,
it's easy to forget that at the time
of its construction,
it wasn't without its troubles -
and some local opposition.
We thought it was as good
a reason as any to show
Sir Anthony Gormley's steel totem.
Start song at last
My lonely days are over. And life is
like a song.
Oh, yeah, yeah.