09/01/2017 Outside Source


Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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Hello. Welcome to Outside Source. Donald Trump is planning to keep it


in the family. He wants his son-in-law Jared Kushner to become a


senior adviser at the White House. We are starting to get details of an


operation against Islamic State in Syria. There have been protests


outside the Turkish parliament over plans to give the president more


power. We will explain his arguments and those against. We will also


update you on the cold snap in Central and Eastern Europe.


Thousands of refugees and migrants are getting caught up in this, as


well. Also, Cyprus may be on the road to unification. We will tell


you how it might work and whether it could happen.


Donald Trump is planning to appoint his son-in-law as a senior adviser.


It's expected to be announced this week. Jared Kushner is married to


his daughter if anchor Trump. America does has an antimatter that


is law. It was introduced in 1967. Evidently, Mr Trump doesn't believe


his choice contravenes this. Is that a widely held view? While it might


be unusual, it is not illegal. I wouldn't say it was widely held. A


lot of ethics lawyers have said this law covers the White House in


addition to the executive office outside the White House agencies and


Cabinet. If you look at the language, it says agency, the White


House might not be an agency. It is a grey area that the Trump team


seems to be exploiting. Jared Kushner is a real estate investor


and he may well have met a Chinese firm with close connections to the


government and they discussed a development in Manhattan. Nothing


wrong with that if you are a businessman but it gets more


competitive if you are advising the president. The same concerns have


been brought up against Donald Trump with his far-flung real estate


empire. Jared Kushner has had a lot of investments in New York and he


has to divest some of the conflict interest laws that don't apply to


Donald Trump but do apply to him. The question is whether he will do


enough to avoid these conflicts of interest. What about the process of


approving the choices Donald Trump has made. The Democratic Senate


leader is not happy with the pace of hearings. He says, ... Jamming them


into a couple of days makes no sense. They need a thorough and


thoughtful betting. Clearly, he is on the other side of the political


divide. Is it unusual the way this has been scheduled? A number of


Obama cabinet picks were confirmed on inauguration day but there is a


strategy here by the Republicans. They are going harder than past


administrations have, trying to jam a bunch of hearings into the same


day. Two tomorrow, another four on Wednesday with hopes that opponents


can't focus on one particular nominee and have them make


headlines. In fact, Donald Trump is holding his press conference on when


state and that will dominate the headlines rather than these


hearings. One of the most political websites in the US was previewing


the people Donald Trump is bringing in and it used the phrase, a motley


crew of political neophytes and would-be insiders". How would you


categorise this new establishment? It is a strange blend. To call it a


motley crew but then include literal insiders like congressmen price and


Jeff Sessions who is going to be Justice Department Attorney General,


combine them with Stephen Bannon, A conservative media personality.


Folks who have hitched their stars to Donald Trump's wagon early and


are being rewarded. It is a restructuring of power in


Washington, DC. Trump has his own people and the establishment here


will have to adjust to it. The question is whether they can adjust


to Washington. A lot of them don't know how things work here yet. We


appreciate you taking as through it. We will be talking to Anthony again


later in the sports section. In the BBC newsroom, a story is allocated


to a journalist who writes it up and files copy so different outlets,


radio, TV, digital can use the copy to inform the stories they tell. We


spotted this not long ago from Sebastian Usher. It is about the US


confirming special forces have mounted a raid against so-called


Islamic State. He is telling is that the raid was on a Sunday and in the


east of Syria. We can call our journalist right in the middle of


work. Sebastian Kehl et al is more. We have had confirmed in the past


few hours that the raid has happened. We haven't had much more


detail. The raid took place on Sunday in this area that is largely,


controlled by IS. The elite force was tasked with going after the


leaders of IS and intelligence gathering. Activists on the ground


have reported that around 25 jihadists were killed in the


operation. Others have said it is a gross exaggeration. Eyewitness


reports in the past day or so have said that the operation began on


Sunday afternoon, at least four helicopters were involved. The


special operations forces were parachuted down and they may have


intercepted a car that they believed to have IS leaders in it. There is


some dispute what happened after that. Whether it was a case of


taking out and killing those jihadists or whether some were


captured and taken away from the country. The Pentagon spokesman has


denied that anyone was taken. There has also been a source that has said


that there is a prison which may have been targeted and prisoners may


have been held by IS that have now been released. There have been very


few operations like this in the conflict. They tried one in Raqqa a


Fuser go -- a few years ago but it didn't work and those involved


either died or were executed. Officials in the USA have said that


it is usual not to make a big fuss about it but we will wait to see


what else comes out. I am surprised they have told us. I think they had


to because so much has come out. Also, in terms of PR, the US has


become a bystander in Syria having previously led from the front. The


Russians have really come to the forefront. I think the US would like


to remind Russia and the rest of the world that they are very much


involved in the battle against IS and they have suggested that the


Russians aren't as interested in that as they say they are. This will


be useful for them to make that point. Thank you for that, Sebastian


Kehl. In a few moments, we will turn to Central and Eastern Europe where


cold weather has claimed a number of lives. Thousands of refugees are, in


some cases, living in tents which is of course causing grave concern.


Here in the UK, Theresa May has set out a new strategy to improvement of


health services in England. She says it is time to bring a transformation


in attitudes towards psychiatric issues. To change the way we view


mental illness is so striving to improve mental well-being is seen as


natural, positive and good are striving to improve physical


well-being. For too long, mental nurse has been a hidden injustice in


our country, shrouded in a completely unacceptable stigma and


dangerously disregarded as a secondary issue to physical health.


Left unaddressed, destroys lives, separates people from each other and


deepens the divisions within our society. Changing this goes right to


the heart of our humanity, to the heart of the kind of country we are,


the attitudes we hold and the values we share.


Life here in the BBC newsroom. Our lead story comes from Washington.


Donald Trump is planning to appoint a son-in-law Jared Kushner as a


senior adviser to the White House. Some of the major stories from the


World Service. Israel has held the funerals of force or just killed in


a lorry attack in Jerusalem on Sunday. Israeli officials say they


believe the driver was a supporter of Islamic State. In Iran,


preparations continue for the funeral of the former president.


Thousands of people are expected to turn out. He died on Sunday at the


age of 82. It's not been much fun trying to get around London today. A


24-hour tube strike resulted in chaos for commuters. 114 of the


city's Underground stations were closed. At least 20 people have lost


their lives because of the cold in Central and Eastern Europe. Here are


the pictures that have come into the newsroom in the last few hours. This


is atrocious conditions in Serbia. Migrants are trying to get into


warehouses to shelter. Temperatures have been as low as -28 degrees in


Belgrade. In Istanbul, traffic has been snarled up, flights cancelled,


disrupting thousands of passengers and commuters. These are pictures


from the Greek island of Lesbos. They are not easy to make out under


the snow but there are lots of tents in these camps and refugees are


living in them. There are concerns for the people's welfare for those


who are having to call them hold in these conditions. This is the Red


Cross. The situation is really bad. We have double the amount of people


the islands can accommodate. People are living in, not in decent


conditions for this winter, nor in general. So, yes, they are suffering


and the situation is quite bad. These tents that the people are


living in our very much ad hoc or temporary in nature. There's not


enough space to put full containerised camps in place. The


heating itself creates problems. The fire risks when people start burning


whatever they can find to keep them warm is also an issue. They should


we moved out from the islands as soon as is in. A great deal of focus


on the forecast. The good news is the worst is past. We have to look


at the Jet stream. Fast wins six miles up in the atmosphere, a big


undulating, meandering pattern that allows warm air to get up into the


Arctic and cold air to plunge into the Mediterranean, in this case.


Over the last 24 hours, we've seen that supply of cold air cut-off. We


have a pool of cold air sat over Eastern Europe at the moment but


they by day it is going to get a little bit less cold. Time for


business, starting in Detroit where the motor show is underway.


Particular interest in where companies are making cars, all


because of Donald Trump's sharp criticism of countries investing in


Mexico. That is precisely what BMW is doing. It doesn't seem worried by


what the reaction might be. Here is one of its executives. We have


strong relationships with governments around the world. The


car industry is a global integrated industry in many countries and as a


result we have those relationships in place and this plant in Mexico


will come on stream in about 24 months from now at the start of


2019. Where we supply product to from that plant remains to be seen.


We are very flexible. It is part of global capacity rather than one that


will ultimately only supply one or two markets. It will supply many,


many markets for the three series product. BMW settled on its plans.


Free at Chrysler has some other news. Very different from BMW. Fiat


Chrysler has announced 2000 jobs here in the United States investing


$1 billion to revamp production of some of its big cars and trucks in


Ojai and Mitch Egan. That comes on the heels of the Ford announcement


last week that they are not going to be in Mexico but putting money here


in the United States. That really drew praise from President-elect of


Trump and says it is part of the reason his America first policy that


these companies are putting money in manufacturing here in the United


States. I can see some tweets about a VW executive being charged. A


momentous moment. VW had this massive emissions scandal last year.


The US Justice Department has arrested one executive. Here in the


United States. He was charged for his role in the emissions scandal.


This is really significant because it was an executive that was charged


but because the public had faced criticism during the financial


crisis for not holding executives of banks responsible for their role in


the crisis, we are seeing that the Justice Department is really going


after VW executives. Thank you very much indeed. Over the last week, we


have been reporting from the consumer Electronics show in Las


Vegas. Chinese firms have been very visible. It's fair to say that there


was a time when the reputation for Chinese firms was for copying


Western companies and producing cheap knock-offs. This is changing.


This show defines the trends for many years to come. Chinese


companies are determined to be seen as innovators and not imitators.


This began life as net flicks for China but is now diversifying into


hardware. They have moved into the US market. It is putting its brand


on everything from electric cars to smartphones. We went from not making


televisions to being the number one supplier in the US market. We are


here showcasing our North American products. Another Chinese company


building momentum, now the third biggest smartphone maker in the


world. Last year, the company was handed a gift when Samsung suffered


a setback. The disastrous note seven phone that was catching fire in


people's pockets. Was that an opportunity for you? It gave as


absolutely more opportunity to be in the markets. In the past, Chinese


companies had a reputation for dealing ideas and copying them. Is


that true? Despite the relentless optimism


there are reports that LeEco is struggling to pay its bills. And


there are some signs that it is still copying Western design. I


wouldn't actually say that. There is a lot of innovation in our products.


Western companies have found it difficult to break into China but


the reverse journey may be easier with quality design and cheaper


prices and Chinese firms providing a real challenge to the West's egg


players. -- egg players. -- big players. Ten years ago, Apple


launched the iPhone. Here it is. The shiny new iPhone unveiled here. You


can go on the Internet, use e-mail, even play film and video. Who would


queue up at 7am on the streets of San Francisco? Apple fans, that's


who. One wants to know the latest products as soon as they are


announced. The man who revived the company wasn't about to undersell


the event. We are going to make history today. Steve jobs has spent


years wondering if you could combine a phone with the iPod. Now, he has.


It is supposed to bring Apple design and computing skills to a whole new


generation. You might think it's just another new phone but Apple


fans were almost hysterical with excitement. That was our report ten


years ago. Rory has a blog post today reflecting on it, he was


worried he might have exaggerated its importance but time has proved


him right. Cyprus has been divided since 1974 but today talks started


in Geneva and they may change that. The original split was caused by


Turkey invading. The Turkish edit was in response to a coup by Greek


Cypriot nationalists. Whichever way you look at it, this is what we have


ended up with. Northern Cyprus home to Turkish Cypriots and the southern


to Greek Cypriots. There seems to be optimism this time. Here is the UN


special envoy for Cyprus. We have two leaders, one in the south and


one in the North who really want this to work. They have faced many


obstacles and still have some to face but they have demonstrated a


degree of will and leadership that we haven't seen for a long time in


the Cyprus and that is the main reason. The second reason is the


neighbours including Greece and Turkey appear to be willing to help


even more this time. I will be frank and say that I don't think everybody


will go along with them. This is dividing communities. There are


strong voices on both sides actively arguing against reunification on


nationalist grounds. But there is a real potential for these leaders,


once they have struck a deal, if we are successful here and in the


coming period, that they will be able to convince the majority it is


the right thing to do because there is also tiredness and fatigue in the


island over the internal division that most people have been


experiencing for most of their lives. Rebecca grew up in the


southern part of Cyprus. If these talks are to succeed what are the


main obstacles to overcome? The first one is territory. The endgame


is to hopefully have a federation with two states in the Cyprus. The


car is the Greek Cypriot population is a lot bigger than the Cypriot


Turkish population, there is an understanding that the Greeks would


have to gain some territory so they would have two figure out the line


where that would fall. The second issue is property. It is really


emotional. In the south of Cyprus, everybody knows families who had to


flee their land. The question of compensation for that has always


been a big sticking point. The third one is also very feeble Ryall.


30,000 Turkish troops in the north of Cyprus. The Turkish Cypriots want


them to stay, the Greek Cypriots do not. Fourth, the Turkish Cypriots


want a rotating presidency. What would happen at the end of the


Geneva part of the process? Hopefully, if the Turkish Cypriot


leader and the Greek Cypriot leader make headway on those issues, the


UK, Turkey, and Greece would join the talks. That would then go to


referendums amongst each community in Cyprus. Do people in Cyprus want


this to happen? It is very divisive. Liberals on both sides have been


trying to promote by communal ties. On both sides, you have those who


don't want it to happen. They have been accused of fear mongering.


Moderate Cypriots on both sides have real concerns. They are related to


security and what would become to Cyprus in the international order


after this. The main thing is, Cypriots have been here so many


times before. They need to wait and see what the settlement by the


before they take their decision. You can get much more background on why


Cyprus became divided and why people think it could be brought back


together on the BBC News app and website. A reminder of the lead


story, it's understood that Donald Trump intends to appoint his


son-in-law Jared Kushner as a senior adviser at the White House. Albee


back with you in a couple of minutes time. -- I will be back with you.


There's been a lot of weather happening right the way around the


world in recent days. In the southern Thailand, severe