17/05/2017 Outside Source


17/05/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.

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Donald Trump in under increasing pressure as he faces

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the most serious allegations of his Presidency.

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He's accused of trying to stop an FBI investigation

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into links between his former National Security

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But the President has come out fighting.

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No politician in history - and I say this with great surety -

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has been treated worse or more unfairly.

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They're demanding an independent commission into the Trump

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But the people who voted for the President in

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The media is left-wing, Democrats, they do not want to see him do well.

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Nada Tawfik has sent us a report from Nashville where she's been

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Emmanuel Macron has unveiled the new French government.

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It's gender balanced and politically diverse.

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And in Outside Source Sport, the fallout over the decision not

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to give Maria Sharapova a wild card in the French Open continues.

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Donald Trump has always relied on his core base for support.

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Most politicians who get to the top or near to it do need a core base of

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But according to two recent polls that support is slipping.

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This from Politico and Morning Consult shows

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his approval has sunk to a new low of 42%.

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That is as low as approval ratings have gone. This is a completely

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Again his approval is at a record low - 36%.

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Both polls were conducted before the latest controversies.

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Tim Malloy from Quinnipiac University says it is the erosion

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of white men, white voters without college degrees

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and deepening concerns about Trump's honesty,

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intelligence and level headedness are red flags that the

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administration simply can't brush away.

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They are also red flags that are hard to respond to because some of

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these are reactions to Donald Trump's personality.

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Earlier I spoke with Elizabeth Price Foley, a professor of law

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at Florida International University, about whether Mr Trump's

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alleged actions constituted obstruction of justice.

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She said people were overreacting to the sacking of Jim Foley. But some

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people are saying he may have obstructed

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The statutes require a very specific mindset. But even more important, as

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a lawyer, as a textual matter, the statutes simply do not apply for

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various reasons. There are several different obstruction statues. Some

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prohibit corrupt influence of ground Jewry 's or court officials. Some

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require physical use of force or threats of use of physical force.

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Some require a quid pro quo bribery attempt and even the broadest

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obstruction statute, which is section 1505 of the United States

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code would not apply because it uses very specific language that requires

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a pending proceeding, which means a pending court or quasi court action,

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which is simply not applicable here. Nonetheless the president issued a

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tweet saying to Jim Komi, do not think that leaking because it would

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not be a good idea. You could say that was threatening. If this memo

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exists and if it is true that he told James Komi to let the

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investigation go, whether it was technically obstruction of justice

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or not, it was not a good idea, was it? No, but those are two different

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things. One is prudent behaviour for a politician and the other is what

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is legally prohibited by written laws. Yes, although there is an

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obstruction statute that prohibits threatening behaviour, again it only

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applies to threats to ground Juror or a official. His reactions may be

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reprehensible or showed poor judgment, but in terms of technical

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violation of Justice statues it has not occurred under the facts as we

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know right now. I assume he will face some pretty serious political

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fallout for his lapse of judgment again. But isn't the lesson that we

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learned from Richard Nixon that with President and senior politicians it

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is not just about the law, it is about politics as well. When they

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start intertwining, even though an offence has not been proven, it

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could still prove fatal politically? It certainly can. Politics to play a

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role certainly an talk about impeachment. But in article two of

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the Constitution impeachment is reserved for conviction of high

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crimes and misdemeanours. So, for example, President Nixon resigned

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because the evidence showed that he had in fact violated several

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criminal statutes at that point. The evidence was somewhat overwhelming

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that if prosecutors chose to prosecute, he would have been

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successfully prosecuted and convicted. In order to avoid that

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embarrassment he resigned for the good of the country. President

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Clinton was impeached by the House, although not ultimately convicted by

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the Senate, because of his lying under oath to a ground jury which is

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prohibited by a perjury statute. So even historically when there have

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been threats of impeachment, it has been because there has been

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overwhelming evidence of criminal activity, as there should be as

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activity, as there should be as required by our Constitution.

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Here's Nada Tawfik with some of Mr Trump's supporters there.

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In Nashville it is the twang of the guitar that moves this music city.

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And unlike Washington politics is not the topic in the buyers. In the

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capital of country music the tune is spelt out the concerns of

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finding love. And those who voted everyday

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They view the headlines as simply image of the White House in crisis.

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They view the headlines as simply noise. You cannot tell me all these

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leaks that come to almost daily, hourly, are not because people are

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trying to subvert this president? The near daily revelations,

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including how the president has possibly interfered with the

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investigations into his associates' ties to Russia, do not raise red

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flags to his supporters. Obviously we care whether he is colluding with

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the Russians and trying to affect the election and if real hard

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evidence comes out about that, then we will have to reassess. But in

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terms of Donald Trump, he is doing exactly what he has done for the

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last year and people love him for that. When you speak to Donald

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Trump's most ardent supporters, their views on the man they elected

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have not changed. Instead they are convinced that the constant leaks

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and revelations are part of a concerted effort to undermine his

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presidency. Phil Valentine hosts a conservative talk show, directed at

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those who do not trust the mainstream media. He says Donald

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Trump needs only to worry about delivering on his campaign promises.

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If he does not cut captors and lower the corporate rate and do the things

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he said he would do in his campaign, there will be trouble. What has

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these hockey fans on pins and needles is whether the national team

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will reach the Stanley cup. The conservatives here have no fears

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about President Trump. The media is Democrats, left-wingers, they do not

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want to see him do well or America do well, they want to give America a

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way. The things they are saying our total lies. The media blows things

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out of proportion. There is no doubt the President's approval rating is

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taking a hit, but there is no sign of an erosion of trust from his

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supporters, they feel empowered by his presidency and his defiance.

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Let's go to Anthony Zurcher in Washington.

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First, here is a message from Tony watching in Chicago. He says how

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many Republicans are speaking about this story and which ones are

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raising the prospect of impeachment? Can you help Tony out? We are

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hearing from the leaders of the Republican Party, Mitch McConnell,

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the speaker in the Senate, we have not had a lot of Republicans speak

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out about impeachment. A congressman has called out for an independent

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enquiry, he is from Michigan. He seems to be a constant Donald Trump

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critic, but a lot of Republicans are keeping their heads down. This is a

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question from David watching in Milton Keynes. I'm sure we have no

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idea if the Russians recorded the meeting. I think Vladimir Putin was

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joking when he was making comments on Russian television earlier today

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about having a transcript and giving it over to the US. I do not think

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the US wants that and I do not think Donald Trump wants his help right

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now. Then in London is asking this, if we are talking about impeachment,

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what would be the next steps? Impeachment would start in the House

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of representatives in a committee that would hold hearings and draft

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articles and hold a vote and it would go to the floor of the House

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of representatives. A simple majority and it goes to trial and

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Senate. First it would start in a committee and would require

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Republicans getting on board because they have the majority in the House.

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We are way away from that? Very far away. We have not seen a break in

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the Republican ranks yet that would require that. Ross is asking, what

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is the deal with the Donald Trump bashing? I hope we are not doing

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that, we are doing and reporting on what we have. The story of the leaks

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is hardly being mentioned. We did discuss the leaks yesterday, but in

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terms of what happened in the oval office, can we say categorically

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whether it was appropriate or not? We do not know. Right now we have a

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word of a memo that James Comey wrote. We have not heard from Comey

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himself about what happened. We have Donald Trump in the White House

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flatly denying what took place. We really do not know. We do not know

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whether he had gone up to James Comey and said, back up. That is

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highly inappropriate. Donald Trump is James Comey's boss. Maybe if

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Donald Trump as a citizen says one thing, but as a president what he

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says carries a lot of weight particularly with an investigation

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by the FBI. Anthony is in Washington and I am in

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London. Let's turn to spot. Real are currently in second place,

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level on points with Barcelona. Let's go to Tulsen Tollett

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at the BBC Sport Centre. Who else would the opening two goals

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for the club, Cristiano Ronaldo. He was on target twice with a left foot

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in this game. Just when Celta Vigo got back into which it was 2-1

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minute later. Real Madrid are away to Malaga on Sunday. As it stands,

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if it remains as it is, 3-1. With a victory at the weekend it would mean

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they win the Spanish title. Very exciting, thank you.

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Yesterday on OS sport, we talked about Maria Sharapova not

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It would have been her first Grand slam since a 15-month doping ban.

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Well, since then the Women's Tennis Association chief executive has

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I don't agree with the basis for their decision.

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There are no grounds to penalise any player beyond the sanctions set

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forth in the final decisions resolving these matters.

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If this is what it takes to rise up again, then I am in it

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No words, games, or actions will ever stop me from

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If only she'd brought the same commitment to reading the e-mails

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that advised her of a change to the list of banned medications.

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She didn't, she tested positive and was suspended.

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Coming up: We are talking about Chelsea Manning who has been

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released from a military prison where she has been serving a prison

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sentence for the last seven years. We will bring you the latest on

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that. There's a warning about a squeeze

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in living standards today. It follows official figures that

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show the cost of living - inflation - is outstripping wages

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for the first time in three years. Meanwhile another set of figures

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show that unemployment has fallen Here's our economics

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editor Kamal Ahmed. A business fair in Leeds and good

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news for jobs. Firms hiring plenty of people as economic growth remains

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positive. We have just employed a new manager and we have also

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employed new ground staff. At this moment in time on our company

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was this low was in 1975. The price posted. The

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of a pint of milk was 7p, but it was of a pint of milk was 7p, but it

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incomes growth is falling. Let's also an era of high inflation

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incomes growth is falling. Let's look at the more recent history of

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pay and rising prices in Britain. If we go back to the year 2000, you can

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see that earnings were consistently above the rate of inflation. On

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average people were better off. That came to an abrupt halt in 2008 when

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the financial crisis hit. Wages fell sharply and inflation rose as things

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like the cost of petrol went up. That led to this long period of pay

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squeeze. That did not come to an end until September, 2014. Until today

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wages have stayed above the cost of living, but the gap has been closing

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and today those lines crossed. Individual incomes on average are

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going down again. The big question for 2017 is whether wages respond to

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those two big pressures, fast rising inflation and very low unemployment.

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If they do not, we will see the pay freeze continue for some time and

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that is concerning. Is there a spark to the UK economy, away to produce

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more wealth from the hard hours we work? That relies on productivity

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going up, but the figures are down again. Until that problem is solved,

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the danger of a continued income freeze remains.

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This is Outside Source live from the BBC newsroom.

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President Trump has come out fighting after a week of damaging

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reports. He says no politician has ever been treated worse by the

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media. Let's take a breather from American politics and tell you about

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the new French government. The new French government

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has been announced. Women have been appointed to 11

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of the 22 positions, including those of defence,

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health and labour ministers. Secondly, Emmanuel Macron has been

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good to his word and recruited For example, here are

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the new economy, justice One is a socialist, another

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a centrist, another form the right The Republicans, by

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the way, aren't happy. The secretary general

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of Republican party says any of its members in the government

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will be kicked out. On French politics we often

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turn to Henri Astier He explained whether this

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was a surprising move. Usually the announcement of a new

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government after a presidential election is boring. People who are

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interested in who is in and who is out, who has been fast tracked will

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be interested, but usually it follows a fairly predictable script.

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The main event is the presidential election. After that you have a

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government that is nominated. A few weeks later the party of the

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president has got momentum and wins the legislative election and there

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we go. But now the announcement of the Cabinet is interesting. Why?

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Because the president has no party, odd does not have a party in

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parliament. He is creating one and he has got nothing in Parliament. So

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the announcement of this government is all about laying the groundwork

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towards the legislative election which will allow him to have a

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Parliamentary majority. Can a cabinet like that pulled from across

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the political spectrum be cohering in the way it pursues an agenda?

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That is the challenge. It really speaks to his whole outlook. He says

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the old left- right divide is over. We want to work with people, the

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moderates from the right and the centre, and the rest will be on the

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extreme. He wants to divide and rule his opponents on the right and left

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and work with them and he wants to create this big space in the centre

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and that is what this government is all about. It reminds me of the

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1990s and Tony Blair and Peter Mandelson talking about the third

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way. Yes and what Emanuel Macron stands for is this third way. He has

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got a Prime Minister who is on the centre-right. It is very important

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because his main challengers will be on the right. The left is in

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disarray and he does not need to divide it any more, that is already

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done. He wants to divide the right and he has done that and he has also

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given one of the leading jobs, the economy, to a centre-right figure.

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It was a pleasure to get him on, we will be talking to him again as

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Emanuel Macron goes about his business.

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She was jailed for leaking confidential documents to Wikileaks

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when she was an intelligence analyst for the US army.

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She's been released - Barack Obama commuted her sentence

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Amongst the information she passed to Wikileaks were hundreds

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of thousands of diplomatic cables like this one, published

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in the Guardian newspaper, detailing how diplomats were told

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to gather intelligence on the UN leadership.

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There was also this - video footage of an Apache

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helicopter killing 12 civilians in Baghdad in 2007.

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Rajini Vaidyanathan has been at the prison where Ms Manning spent

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Chelsea Manning was released under the cover of darkness in the early

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hours of this morning from the military prison here at Fort leave

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and wide in Kansas. She spent seven years inside, some of that in

:22:37.:22:40.

solitary confinement. Even though she was given a dishonourable

:22:41.:22:44.

discharge from the US military as part of her sentence, she will

:22:45.:22:47.

actually remain in active service and without pay and that is because

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her lawyers are appealing her conviction. While that appeal

:22:53.:22:56.

process takes place, she will stay on the US Army's books. Her

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supporters have hailed her a hero and the whistle-blower, but it is

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important to note that Chelsea Manning's release has divided

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opinion in America with many people, including Donald Trump, labelling

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perpetrated the compromised American security. Let's turn to Aleppo and

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we want to tell you what BBC Arabic has been doing with Nasa. It has try

:23:25.:23:28.

to document the impact of the six-year war on the city by looking

:23:29.:23:34.

at it from the sky. This is what Aleppo looked like in January 20 12.

:23:35.:23:40.

This video was released to show how the amount of light given off by the

:23:41.:23:46.

city decreases as the war increases and that is because of damage to the

:23:47.:23:54.

electrical grid. You may well recall last government forces made

:23:55.:23:58.

significant gains and the rebels had to leave and tens of thousands of

:23:59.:24:04.

civilians were also evacuated. BBC Arabic has been speaking to some of

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those people who fled the city about the experience of losing light.

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That report ends this edition of Outside Source. If you have a

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smartphone you can download the BBC app. All the latest information we

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will publish online from the BBC newsroom. I will see you tomorrow.

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Goodbye.

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