13/07/2017 Outside Source

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Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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Hello, Donald Trump has been holding a press conference with Emmanuel


Macron. He is making a two-day visit to


France, he has been answering questions about his son and a


meeting with the Russian lawyer. From a practical standpoint most


people would have taken that meeting.


Those comments were part of a day in the company of Emmanuel Macron. The


Paris climate change agreement came up.


If it happens, that will be wonderful. If not, that will be OK


as well. The Nobel prizewinner and Chinese


dissident has died, he spent most of the last seven years in prison.


Evidence of a cross it is committed by Iraqi soldiers in Mosul has


emerged. We will look at that in the next couple of moments.


In 2016 a record number of environment activists were murdered,


who will speak to our environmental correspondent about why the numbers


are increasing. Go back to Monday of this week, one


of the lead stories on news coverage around the world was that Iraq's


Prime Minister had headed north from Baghdad to Mosul, to proclaim


victory over the Islamic State group. Most has been held by them


since 2014. But in small part it does not seem to be completely


finished, this is a map of the city, this small area in red is in the old


city, and we understand the authorities think there might still


be is London and fighters there. Most of the city is in control of


the Iraqi troops, which is helping to understand the cost of the


victory in civilian casualties, and also what has been happening by both


sides, but positives have been committed. Videos have emerged that


seemed to show Iraqi security forces using extreme abuse against


suspected Islamic State fighters. The video that has attracted the


most attention shows men who are dressed in the Iraqi army uniform, I


huddle of them, pulling one man that they holding captive out of a


darkened room, taking him to the edge a cliff, there is a river


beneath it, it is a long drop, there is a body lying below, lifeless,


which they shoot at a couple of times. One man holds his legs, the


other holds his arms and they swing him over the cliff. You see it is


mobile phone footage, it is not like they were doing a professional way


of showing this. You see the body land with a huge thud and they start


shooting at him. Other videos that have been emerging show some really


savage beating. It is not clear if these are supposed to be actual Isis


fighters that have been caught or people suspected of sympathies, it


is not clear. They emerged on a Facebook site which has been


relatively reliable in the past. People we have spoken to, human


rights watch, their representative, they have verified the spot where


the first video happened. Many eyewitnesses, many other people have


spoken of similar abuse that has been going on. What is significant


is there has been a great concern about the militias doing this sort


of abuse in other cities, taken over from Islamic State. They are kept


over to the West. This appears to be the Iraqi army and the Federal


police involved. Some might be surprised that there


is a part of my soul that seems to be in the control of Islamic, given


what happened on Monday. It is unclear if it is a serious holdout


still. It might be suspected that there are fighters there, we do not


know from eyewitnesses if the firing that is coming from helicopters is


being answered. We are not hearing. But the Iraqi army is taking no


chances in this landscape, this ruined lunar landscape that has been


left in the old city. What we have heard in the past hour or so is an


order from the Iraqi authorities that no journalist should go


anywhere near that. Whether that is for their safety or they do not want


them to see what is going on is an open question.


Let's talk about the British baby Charlie Gard. An American doctor has


been giving evidence in court today. He is 11 months old, he has a rare


genetic condition which means the cells inside his muscle, liver and


brain do not generate energy, so he cannot move his limbs and he is on a


ventilator. A judge will rule on whether he can be given an


experimental treatment. This afternoon giving evidence via


video link from America is a doctor, who is proposing that he can treat


him using this experimental therapy. He was asked by counsel for the


parents what has happened since April when the original High Court


judgment went against his parents. He has said that there is new


evidence, this nucleoside therapy is able to reach the brain when tests


on mice have been carried out, and it has been seen to help with muscle


weakness. He asked what he felt the prospect of success might be. He


said he would estimate the chance of clinically meaningful success to be


at least 10%. That is based on evidence from nine pensions, one of


whom has come off a ventilator. They said he has a different disorder


from them, but he said the results so far show that should be


clinically meaningful. The hospital says the treatment


being offered in the US has not been given to a patient with his


condition, and would not necessarily help him. His parents, though,


oppose the withdrawal of life support. My colleague was tweeting


that the judge said, ... That is perhaps a reference to the publicity


and commentary that the case is getting, including in the US. This


report includes a child that is receiving a similar experimental


treatment to the one that is being offered to Charlie Gard.


He likes to throw things on the floor. This boy is now six. He has a


similar syndrome to Charlie Gard, that shuts down his muscles and


organs. When he was one under half his parents were told to take their


child home to die with dignity. They fought to get approval to get


experimental treatment for their son. I did not care if he was the


first human to try this medication, because they only told us he would


die. We had already called a priest to give him the last rites, cos he


had not opened his eyes in a queue days. But luckily we were able to


get the approval pretty fast, and we were able to give him the


medication. Little by little he started to get stronger. Doctors and


the courts in the UK say Charlie Gard has suffered too much


irreversible brain damage trees of five, and any further treatment


could cause insignificant harm. This child is extraordinary for so many


reasons. At the forefront of the campaign to keep him on life-support


is an anti-abortion pastor from Washington, DC. The group that


gathered hundreds of thousands of signatures is also American, and two


American congressmen are trying to pass registration to give him


American citizenship so he can get treatment in the US. I realise these


are hard issues, but we have to stick to these bright lines and make


sure that parents are the default decision-makers, because if we


don't, all of the little babies in the world are in deep trouble.


Donald Trump weighed in as well. The story has become political here,


with some on the right saying it shows why having a nationalised


health system is bad. In the first year of living was good. Those on


the other side say Donald Trump is being hypocritical, showing


compassion to a British family while his party tries to pass health


legislation that could seriously endanger American children. He is


persuading over the biggest medical cuts we have ever seen, as well as


this fundamental and radical restructuring of the programme that


kids rely on. This will shred the safety net that children have been


relying on for many years. It is probably the most important issue


for children in decades. This American father's only concern was


fighting to keep his son alive. He understands better than anyone what


Charlie Gard's parents are going through. He told he should let his


child died when their is a promise that he could be saved.


Much more information on this and on those proposed health care reforms


in the US online now. Let's turn to our sport, and


Wimbledon. This appointment for those of us in the UK, Joanna


concert is out, beaten by Venus Williams, but last night you were


calling Roger Federer a fine wine who keeps getting better, the same


description would work today? Absolutely, you mentioned a British


player disappointed, but it was either a good day or a bad day,


depending on which side of the pond you are. Venus Williams showed, as


we talked about, age is but a number. At 37 she powered her way


into her ninth Wimbledon final, she is the oldest female player into a


final berth and Martina Navratilova finished runner-up in 1994. She


played superbly to win 6-4, 6-2 and end Johanna Konta's probes of being


the first British woman in a Wimbledon singles final in 40 years.


It was a tight contest. Williams working her way to victory with


smarter serving and more effective returns of. She is into her first


final since 2009. Joining her in the final will be Garbine Muguruza, the


14th seed thrashed the unseeded Slovakian 6-1, 6-1 in 64 when it is


to advance to her second Wimbledon final. She has previous with the


Wimbledon -- with the Williams family, she was runner up to Serena


in 2015, before beating her to win the French Open in 2016. That is her


only major so far. She was in the zone on Thursday, despatching her


opponent in ruthless fashion. Just a quick reminder, we have touched upon


Roger Federer, it is the men's semifinal on Friday, he is bidding


for a record eighth Wimbledon title, against Tomas Berdych, while Sam


Querrey will take on Marin Cilic. A couple of tasty ties on Friday.


It is the men's semis on Friday, the women's final on Saturday, the men's


final on Sunday. I was looking at the BBC Sport


Twitter feed, I saw this clip of Wayne Rooney. Everton are in


Tanzania, part of their pre-season tour, Wayne Rooney has left


Manchester United, gone back to the club where he made his debut many


years ago, and this is a great moment.


When really has a look up, he scores a fantastic goal!


Wayne Rooney is back scoring again, with an Everton shirt on. You can


get that clip now online from the BBC, supplied by Everton TV. The


Tanzania and fans enjoyed that. In a minute, we will play the latest


report from the BBC's China editor, she has been going along the


historic silk Road, which China is investing around ?1 trillion into to


recreate. Google talk about the route, and she will report from


Poland this time. If you have taken a trip to the


Natural History Museum recently, you will have been greeted by Gard the


dip in focus, standing proud. But now another creature is taking


centre stage, the skeleton of a giant blue whale called Hope. But


fans of Dippy, do not worry, he is heading on a tour of the UK.


It is the biggest creature that is known to have existed. Once driven


to the point of extinction, but now saved by human collaboration. The


blue whale is a Natural History Museum iconic display, and it has


been named Abdullah two hope. It represents the ability of man to use


rational evidence and good science to make decisions that will affect


the future. We think it is a message that is important at this time.


Hence the reason to call her Hope, hope that we will make the right


decisions based on clear evidence. The whale was beached off the coast


of Wexford in south-east Ireland in 1891. It has been on display in one


of the museums Galleries for more than 100 years, and it has been a


huge challenge to move it. The 25 metre skeleton of this young female


fills the entire length of the entrance hall of the museum. The


skull alone weighs more than a tonne. Its lower jawbone is the


single longest bone of any animal on the planet. As visitors arrive, they


are greeted by it swooping down towards them, as if they are the


tiny krill that Wales feed upon. The whale replaces the much loved


dinosaur, which has thrilled visitors the decade. Let's see if we


can find out how long it is. I think it is great that we are going to


take him around on tour, but we want to engage people around the UK, we


are hoping for at least 5 million new people to become engaged when


they see him and learn more about the history of that specimen. The


staff believe that Hope takes the same place in our hearts.


The lead story, it comes from Paris, Donald Trump has been meeting at


Emmanuel Macron and has been defending his son's meeting last


year with the Russian lawyer. A new report is telling us that last


year saw a record number of environmental activists being


killed. It comes right campaign group, you can find the whole report


online. Our correspondent picked out some of the most important elements.


At least 200 murders were committed globally with activists being the


victims, and Brazil by far saw the most number of deaths for any


individual country. Columbia saw a significant increase. 60% of the


killings last year took place in Latin America and many of the


victims were from indigenous communities. We are seeing attacks


becoming more brazen, because so few of the cases result in successful


prosecutions. I have been finding out why the numbers are so high in


Latin America. It is the place where the resources


are. It is where there has been difficulties about law and who owned


land, most people are killed in relation to mining, logging and


agribusiness, in South America, more people are killed in Brazil than


anywhere else, agribusiness and logging are growing there, and


indigenous people are waking up to the fact that their resources are


being taken away and trying to do some fig about it. To the


governments in these countries acknowledge how poor their judiciary


's have been at convicting people? That is a problem, the lack of


prosecutions. Columbia is different, we have had the peace process, after


50 years of war, people have gone back to their homes and found other


people claiming rights to their homes, which has led to conflict,


there is a power vacuum, and so there is no legal authority. You are


getting a lot of killings, 37 last year, and it is due to the people


going back to the land and finding that organised crime have taken it


over. A lot of conflict in that area that is specific to Columbia. Do we


have information on the circumstances in which people are


dying? Are they being targeted, or dying in the heat of the moment?


People are being targeted, the most famous environmentalist killed in


Honshu rose, she received 33 death threats and then was shot in her


home. She was a Goldman prize winner, very well known in the


country, and yet the brazen attitude of people, now feeling they can


carry out these attacks in daylight and on prominent people, that is a


worrying trend in this report. This week by China editor has been


reporting on China's ambitious plan to recreate the famous silk Road


trading group between East and West. It is thought this ambitious project


will cost in the region of ?1 trillion. Well over $1 trillion. It


will involve a rail link from China to the UK. Some of it will lead via


India and through Nairobi, others through Central Asia and then into


Europe, and into Russia. This report on Monday came from the east of


China, and we played one yesterday from Kazakhstan. Today's comes from


Poland. Facing West. Since the end of the


Soviet in the. Eastern Europe is becoming a key piece in China's


should Egypt jigsaw. This family would never sell Polish land to


Chinese investors. He explains they are actually trying to expand,


hoping to sell dairy products to wealthy Chinese consumers who think


the grass here is greener. China could be a big Newmarket for


European milk, but it is a long and computer journey from here to the


breakfast table in Beijing. It is a journey he wants to risk, as dairy


markets shrink in Europe. TRANSLATION: China is a big and


interesting market, and we want to try it. It is like a promised land.


But China's markets are still far from open. And since the global


financial crisis, it has mopped up cheap assets across Europe. Now,


China wants to build here and control supply chains. A big idea,


driven by the state, not the market. Some economists warn that could be


risky. This is planned by the state agencies, it will be implemented by


state agencies. My worry that it will end up with a huge amount of


bad laws, with dozens of countries involved. It could be very


dangerous. China's plan is already on the assembly line. This Polish


factory once made thanks for the Soviet bloc. Now it makes big as for


the Chinese state company that rescued it from collapse. He hopes


China's new silk Road will turn it around. We don't see the mass of


orders yet. We are ready and waiting. No real difference from the


bottom -- to the bottom line yet? Customers will have the need for the


machines, but not yet. Europe's bid for China is still in neutral. While


China is moving up a gear here. Either digging Europe out of a hole


or digging that whole deeper. One of our top stories concerns


China, the dissident writer and Nobel Peace Prize winner has died


aged 61. He was being treated for liver cancer and spent most of the


last seven years in prison. He was there because the authorities had


found him guilty of subversion, but he had called for democratic


reforms. The BBC has spoken to a Chinese artist about the treatment


he had. Even this is not a new case. We have


been through these kind of cases, one after another, but it still came


as a big shock, not only because I know him, but also because he has


been such a symbol for China's human rights or democratic movement. Even


this hope had become deemed or darkened by his sudden death. That


is why everybody feels so shocked. This is an editorial in a newspaper


connected to the Chinese state, it says he was a victim led astray by


the West. Thank you for watching, we will see


you next week usual time. Quite a lot to talk about in the


weather, so you will have to stay focused. We