13/07/2017 Outside Source


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13/07/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello, Donald Trump has been holding a press conference with Emmanuel

:00:14.:00:16.

Macron. He is making a two-day visit to

:00:17.:00:24.

France, he has been answering questions about his son and a

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meeting with the Russian lawyer. From a practical standpoint most

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people would have taken that meeting.

:00:31.:00:36.

Those comments were part of a day in the company of Emmanuel Macron. The

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Paris climate change agreement came up.

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If it happens, that will be wonderful. If not, that will be OK

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as well. The Nobel prizewinner and Chinese

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dissident has died, he spent most of the last seven years in prison.

:00:56.:01:00.

Evidence of a cross it is committed by Iraqi soldiers in Mosul has

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emerged. We will look at that in the next couple of moments.

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In 2016 a record number of environment activists were murdered,

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who will speak to our environmental correspondent about why the numbers

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are increasing. Go back to Monday of this week, one

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of the lead stories on news coverage around the world was that Iraq's

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Prime Minister had headed north from Baghdad to Mosul, to proclaim

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victory over the Islamic State group. Most has been held by them

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since 2014. But in small part it does not seem to be completely

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finished, this is a map of the city, this small area in red is in the old

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city, and we understand the authorities think there might still

:02:04.:02:07.

be is London and fighters there. Most of the city is in control of

:02:08.:02:11.

the Iraqi troops, which is helping to understand the cost of the

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victory in civilian casualties, and also what has been happening by both

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sides, but positives have been committed. Videos have emerged that

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seemed to show Iraqi security forces using extreme abuse against

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suspected Islamic State fighters. The video that has attracted the

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most attention shows men who are dressed in the Iraqi army uniform, I

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huddle of them, pulling one man that they holding captive out of a

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darkened room, taking him to the edge a cliff, there is a river

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beneath it, it is a long drop, there is a body lying below, lifeless,

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which they shoot at a couple of times. One man holds his legs, the

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other holds his arms and they swing him over the cliff. You see it is

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mobile phone footage, it is not like they were doing a professional way

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of showing this. You see the body land with a huge thud and they start

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shooting at him. Other videos that have been emerging show some really

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savage beating. It is not clear if these are supposed to be actual Isis

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fighters that have been caught or people suspected of sympathies, it

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is not clear. They emerged on a Facebook site which has been

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relatively reliable in the past. People we have spoken to, human

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rights watch, their representative, they have verified the spot where

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the first video happened. Many eyewitnesses, many other people have

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spoken of similar abuse that has been going on. What is significant

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is there has been a great concern about the militias doing this sort

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of abuse in other cities, taken over from Islamic State. They are kept

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over to the West. This appears to be the Iraqi army and the Federal

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police involved. Some might be surprised that there

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is a part of my soul that seems to be in the control of Islamic, given

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what happened on Monday. It is unclear if it is a serious holdout

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still. It might be suspected that there are fighters there, we do not

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know from eyewitnesses if the firing that is coming from helicopters is

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being answered. We are not hearing. But the Iraqi army is taking no

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chances in this landscape, this ruined lunar landscape that has been

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left in the old city. What we have heard in the past hour or so is an

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order from the Iraqi authorities that no journalist should go

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anywhere near that. Whether that is for their safety or they do not want

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them to see what is going on is an open question.

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Let's talk about the British baby Charlie Gard. An American doctor has

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been giving evidence in court today. He is 11 months old, he has a rare

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genetic condition which means the cells inside his muscle, liver and

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brain do not generate energy, so he cannot move his limbs and he is on a

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ventilator. A judge will rule on whether he can be given an

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experimental treatment. This afternoon giving evidence via

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video link from America is a doctor, who is proposing that he can treat

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him using this experimental therapy. He was asked by counsel for the

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parents what has happened since April when the original High Court

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judgment went against his parents. He has said that there is new

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evidence, this nucleoside therapy is able to reach the brain when tests

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on mice have been carried out, and it has been seen to help with muscle

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weakness. He asked what he felt the prospect of success might be. He

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said he would estimate the chance of clinically meaningful success to be

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at least 10%. That is based on evidence from nine pensions, one of

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whom has come off a ventilator. They said he has a different disorder

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from them, but he said the results so far show that should be

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clinically meaningful. The hospital says the treatment

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being offered in the US has not been given to a patient with his

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condition, and would not necessarily help him. His parents, though,

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oppose the withdrawal of life support. My colleague was tweeting

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that the judge said, ... That is perhaps a reference to the publicity

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and commentary that the case is getting, including in the US. This

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report includes a child that is receiving a similar experimental

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treatment to the one that is being offered to Charlie Gard.

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He likes to throw things on the floor. This boy is now six. He has a

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similar syndrome to Charlie Gard, that shuts down his muscles and

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organs. When he was one under half his parents were told to take their

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child home to die with dignity. They fought to get approval to get

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experimental treatment for their son. I did not care if he was the

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first human to try this medication, because they only told us he would

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die. We had already called a priest to give him the last rites, cos he

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had not opened his eyes in a queue days. But luckily we were able to

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get the approval pretty fast, and we were able to give him the

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medication. Little by little he started to get stronger. Doctors and

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the courts in the UK say Charlie Gard has suffered too much

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irreversible brain damage trees of five, and any further treatment

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could cause insignificant harm. This child is extraordinary for so many

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reasons. At the forefront of the campaign to keep him on life-support

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is an anti-abortion pastor from Washington, DC. The group that

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gathered hundreds of thousands of signatures is also American, and two

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American congressmen are trying to pass registration to give him

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American citizenship so he can get treatment in the US. I realise these

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are hard issues, but we have to stick to these bright lines and make

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sure that parents are the default decision-makers, because if we

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don't, all of the little babies in the world are in deep trouble.

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Donald Trump weighed in as well. The story has become political here,

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with some on the right saying it shows why having a nationalised

:09:32.:09:34.

health system is bad. In the first year of living was good. Those on

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the other side say Donald Trump is being hypocritical, showing

:09:41.:09:43.

compassion to a British family while his party tries to pass health

:09:44.:09:46.

legislation that could seriously endanger American children. He is

:09:47.:09:51.

persuading over the biggest medical cuts we have ever seen, as well as

:09:52.:09:55.

this fundamental and radical restructuring of the programme that

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kids rely on. This will shred the safety net that children have been

:10:00.:10:04.

relying on for many years. It is probably the most important issue

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for children in decades. This American father's only concern was

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fighting to keep his son alive. He understands better than anyone what

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Charlie Gard's parents are going through. He told he should let his

:10:20.:10:25.

child died when their is a promise that he could be saved.

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Much more information on this and on those proposed health care reforms

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in the US online now. Let's turn to our sport, and

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Wimbledon. This appointment for those of us in the UK, Joanna

:10:50.:10:56.

concert is out, beaten by Venus Williams, but last night you were

:10:57.:11:00.

calling Roger Federer a fine wine who keeps getting better, the same

:11:01.:11:06.

description would work today? Absolutely, you mentioned a British

:11:07.:11:10.

player disappointed, but it was either a good day or a bad day,

:11:11.:11:13.

depending on which side of the pond you are. Venus Williams showed, as

:11:14.:11:20.

we talked about, age is but a number. At 37 she powered her way

:11:21.:11:26.

into her ninth Wimbledon final, she is the oldest female player into a

:11:27.:11:30.

final berth and Martina Navratilova finished runner-up in 1994. She

:11:31.:11:36.

played superbly to win 6-4, 6-2 and end Johanna Konta's probes of being

:11:37.:11:41.

the first British woman in a Wimbledon singles final in 40 years.

:11:42.:11:47.

It was a tight contest. Williams working her way to victory with

:11:48.:11:50.

smarter serving and more effective returns of. She is into her first

:11:51.:11:56.

final since 2009. Joining her in the final will be Garbine Muguruza, the

:11:57.:12:05.

14th seed thrashed the unseeded Slovakian 6-1, 6-1 in 64 when it is

:12:06.:12:10.

to advance to her second Wimbledon final. She has previous with the

:12:11.:12:15.

Wimbledon -- with the Williams family, she was runner up to Serena

:12:16.:12:20.

in 2015, before beating her to win the French Open in 2016. That is her

:12:21.:12:26.

only major so far. She was in the zone on Thursday, despatching her

:12:27.:12:33.

opponent in ruthless fashion. Just a quick reminder, we have touched upon

:12:34.:12:37.

Roger Federer, it is the men's semifinal on Friday, he is bidding

:12:38.:12:41.

for a record eighth Wimbledon title, against Tomas Berdych, while Sam

:12:42.:12:48.

Querrey will take on Marin Cilic. A couple of tasty ties on Friday.

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It is the men's semis on Friday, the women's final on Saturday, the men's

:12:54.:13:00.

final on Sunday. I was looking at the BBC Sport

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Twitter feed, I saw this clip of Wayne Rooney. Everton are in

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Tanzania, part of their pre-season tour, Wayne Rooney has left

:13:11.:13:13.

Manchester United, gone back to the club where he made his debut many

:13:14.:13:17.

years ago, and this is a great moment.

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When really has a look up, he scores a fantastic goal!

:13:27.:13:32.

Wayne Rooney is back scoring again, with an Everton shirt on. You can

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get that clip now online from the BBC, supplied by Everton TV. The

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Tanzania and fans enjoyed that. In a minute, we will play the latest

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report from the BBC's China editor, she has been going along the

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historic silk Road, which China is investing around ?1 trillion into to

:13:55.:14:00.

recreate. Google talk about the route, and she will report from

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Poland this time. If you have taken a trip to the

:14:10.:14:12.

Natural History Museum recently, you will have been greeted by Gard the

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dip in focus, standing proud. But now another creature is taking

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centre stage, the skeleton of a giant blue whale called Hope. But

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fans of Dippy, do not worry, he is heading on a tour of the UK.

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It is the biggest creature that is known to have existed. Once driven

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to the point of extinction, but now saved by human collaboration. The

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blue whale is a Natural History Museum iconic display, and it has

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been named Abdullah two hope. It represents the ability of man to use

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rational evidence and good science to make decisions that will affect

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the future. We think it is a message that is important at this time.

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Hence the reason to call her Hope, hope that we will make the right

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decisions based on clear evidence. The whale was beached off the coast

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of Wexford in south-east Ireland in 1891. It has been on display in one

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of the museums Galleries for more than 100 years, and it has been a

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huge challenge to move it. The 25 metre skeleton of this young female

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fills the entire length of the entrance hall of the museum. The

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skull alone weighs more than a tonne. Its lower jawbone is the

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single longest bone of any animal on the planet. As visitors arrive, they

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are greeted by it swooping down towards them, as if they are the

:15:49.:15:53.

tiny krill that Wales feed upon. The whale replaces the much loved

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dinosaur, which has thrilled visitors the decade. Let's see if we

:15:58.:16:05.

can find out how long it is. I think it is great that we are going to

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take him around on tour, but we want to engage people around the UK, we

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are hoping for at least 5 million new people to become engaged when

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they see him and learn more about the history of that specimen. The

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staff believe that Hope takes the same place in our hearts.

:16:23.:16:45.

The lead story, it comes from Paris, Donald Trump has been meeting at

:16:46.:16:53.

Emmanuel Macron and has been defending his son's meeting last

:16:54.:17:02.

year with the Russian lawyer. A new report is telling us that last

:17:03.:17:06.

year saw a record number of environmental activists being

:17:07.:17:10.

killed. It comes right campaign group, you can find the whole report

:17:11.:17:17.

online. Our correspondent picked out some of the most important elements.

:17:18.:17:22.

At least 200 murders were committed globally with activists being the

:17:23.:17:26.

victims, and Brazil by far saw the most number of deaths for any

:17:27.:17:31.

individual country. Columbia saw a significant increase. 60% of the

:17:32.:17:37.

killings last year took place in Latin America and many of the

:17:38.:17:41.

victims were from indigenous communities. We are seeing attacks

:17:42.:17:49.

becoming more brazen, because so few of the cases result in successful

:17:50.:17:55.

prosecutions. I have been finding out why the numbers are so high in

:17:56.:17:57.

Latin America. It is the place where the resources

:17:58.:18:02.

are. It is where there has been difficulties about law and who owned

:18:03.:18:09.

land, most people are killed in relation to mining, logging and

:18:10.:18:16.

agribusiness, in South America, more people are killed in Brazil than

:18:17.:18:19.

anywhere else, agribusiness and logging are growing there, and

:18:20.:18:26.

indigenous people are waking up to the fact that their resources are

:18:27.:18:30.

being taken away and trying to do some fig about it. To the

:18:31.:18:33.

governments in these countries acknowledge how poor their judiciary

:18:34.:18:40.

's have been at convicting people? That is a problem, the lack of

:18:41.:18:44.

prosecutions. Columbia is different, we have had the peace process, after

:18:45.:18:49.

50 years of war, people have gone back to their homes and found other

:18:50.:18:52.

people claiming rights to their homes, which has led to conflict,

:18:53.:18:57.

there is a power vacuum, and so there is no legal authority. You are

:18:58.:19:03.

getting a lot of killings, 37 last year, and it is due to the people

:19:04.:19:06.

going back to the land and finding that organised crime have taken it

:19:07.:19:13.

over. A lot of conflict in that area that is specific to Columbia. Do we

:19:14.:19:18.

have information on the circumstances in which people are

:19:19.:19:22.

dying? Are they being targeted, or dying in the heat of the moment?

:19:23.:19:28.

People are being targeted, the most famous environmentalist killed in

:19:29.:19:34.

Honshu rose, she received 33 death threats and then was shot in her

:19:35.:19:40.

home. She was a Goldman prize winner, very well known in the

:19:41.:19:46.

country, and yet the brazen attitude of people, now feeling they can

:19:47.:19:49.

carry out these attacks in daylight and on prominent people, that is a

:19:50.:19:55.

worrying trend in this report. This week by China editor has been

:19:56.:20:02.

reporting on China's ambitious plan to recreate the famous silk Road

:20:03.:20:06.

trading group between East and West. It is thought this ambitious project

:20:07.:20:11.

will cost in the region of ?1 trillion. Well over $1 trillion. It

:20:12.:20:19.

will involve a rail link from China to the UK. Some of it will lead via

:20:20.:20:23.

India and through Nairobi, others through Central Asia and then into

:20:24.:20:31.

Europe, and into Russia. This report on Monday came from the east of

:20:32.:20:35.

China, and we played one yesterday from Kazakhstan. Today's comes from

:20:36.:20:37.

Poland. Facing West. Since the end of the

:20:38.:20:50.

Soviet in the. Eastern Europe is becoming a key piece in China's

:20:51.:20:57.

should Egypt jigsaw. This family would never sell Polish land to

:20:58.:21:05.

Chinese investors. He explains they are actually trying to expand,

:21:06.:21:09.

hoping to sell dairy products to wealthy Chinese consumers who think

:21:10.:21:16.

the grass here is greener. China could be a big Newmarket for

:21:17.:21:21.

European milk, but it is a long and computer journey from here to the

:21:22.:21:28.

breakfast table in Beijing. It is a journey he wants to risk, as dairy

:21:29.:21:37.

markets shrink in Europe. TRANSLATION: China is a big and

:21:38.:21:41.

interesting market, and we want to try it. It is like a promised land.

:21:42.:21:48.

But China's markets are still far from open. And since the global

:21:49.:21:56.

financial crisis, it has mopped up cheap assets across Europe. Now,

:21:57.:22:03.

China wants to build here and control supply chains. A big idea,

:22:04.:22:10.

driven by the state, not the market. Some economists warn that could be

:22:11.:22:18.

risky. This is planned by the state agencies, it will be implemented by

:22:19.:22:25.

state agencies. My worry that it will end up with a huge amount of

:22:26.:22:30.

bad laws, with dozens of countries involved. It could be very

:22:31.:22:37.

dangerous. China's plan is already on the assembly line. This Polish

:22:38.:22:42.

factory once made thanks for the Soviet bloc. Now it makes big as for

:22:43.:22:49.

the Chinese state company that rescued it from collapse. He hopes

:22:50.:22:56.

China's new silk Road will turn it around. We don't see the mass of

:22:57.:23:04.

orders yet. We are ready and waiting. No real difference from the

:23:05.:23:12.

bottom -- to the bottom line yet? Customers will have the need for the

:23:13.:23:17.

machines, but not yet. Europe's bid for China is still in neutral. While

:23:18.:23:25.

China is moving up a gear here. Either digging Europe out of a hole

:23:26.:23:35.

or digging that whole deeper. One of our top stories concerns

:23:36.:23:39.

China, the dissident writer and Nobel Peace Prize winner has died

:23:40.:23:44.

aged 61. He was being treated for liver cancer and spent most of the

:23:45.:23:48.

last seven years in prison. He was there because the authorities had

:23:49.:23:52.

found him guilty of subversion, but he had called for democratic

:23:53.:23:57.

reforms. The BBC has spoken to a Chinese artist about the treatment

:23:58.:24:05.

he had. Even this is not a new case. We have

:24:06.:24:10.

been through these kind of cases, one after another, but it still came

:24:11.:24:17.

as a big shock, not only because I know him, but also because he has

:24:18.:24:25.

been such a symbol for China's human rights or democratic movement. Even

:24:26.:24:36.

this hope had become deemed or darkened by his sudden death. That

:24:37.:24:43.

is why everybody feels so shocked. This is an editorial in a newspaper

:24:44.:24:51.

connected to the Chinese state, it says he was a victim led astray by

:24:52.:24:53.

the West. Thank you for watching, we will see

:24:54.:24:56.

you next week usual time. Quite a lot to talk about in the

:24:57.:25:14.

weather, so you will have to stay focused. We

:25:15.:25:16.