13/07/2017 Outside Source

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Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.


Donald Trump is in Paris but the questions about his son's decision


to take a meeting with a Russian lawyer have followed the President


across the Atlantic. I do think this, I think from a practical stand


point, most people would have taken that meeting.


That was during a press conference with Emmanuel Macron. You can see


them there. Of course they have major disagreements on climate


change and the Paris Agreement. If it happens, that will be


wonderful, and if it doesn't, that will be OK too.


Nobel Prize Winner and Chinese dissident


He took part in the Tiananmen Square protests - but had spent most


The UK Government has published a bill that aims to convert all EU


It's as complicated as it sounds - we'll try to explain it.


And if you've got any questions on that or anything else we're


President Trump has begun a two-day trip to France.


Here are pictures earlier showing President Trump and his wife being


greeted by Emmanuel Macron and his wife. From there they went to the


Elysee Palace, that I were getting ready for dinner in the Eiffel


Tower. The President was taken with what happened. But before he set


off, he wanted to make clear to all of us this is not going distract me


from what is going on at home. He said I have very little time for


watching TV. He is very keen on watching TV, particularly network


new, they have held this press conference and inevitably there were


questions about Donald Trump Jr's decision to meet a Russian lawyer,


in Trump tower last year. As far as my son season concerned.


He with a wonderful young man, he took a meeting with a Russian


lawyer, not a government lawyer, but a Russian lawyer. It was a short


meeting. It was a meeting that went very very quickly, very fast, two


other people were in the room. One of them left almost immediately and


the other one was not really focussed on the meeting. I do think


this, think from a practical stand point, most people would have taken


that meeting. It is call opposition research or


even research endo your opponent. To be clear from the e-mails we saw


from Donald Trump Jr, the e-mails that press conference faced the


setting up of that meeting said that damaging information on Hillary


Clinton would be provided via a lawyer, but the information was


coming from the Russian Government as part of its support for the Trump


campaign. That is worth bearing in mind.


David Eades is covering the visit to Paris, I wanted to know if the issue


of his son was overshadowing the President's visit. I wouldn't say it


is overshadowed it really. It has been a melange of issues to address


here, that is clearly one which the White House pack is homing in on and


will be taken back and in terms of domestic politics, critically


important, but you know, there was discussion about Iraq and Syria,


very much a message of cooperation between the likes of France and the


US, there was discussion even about China, frankly and what they thought


of the Chinese leader, about climate change with Donald Trump throwing up


vague suggestion that maybe a deal can yet be done, a compromise could


be reached which is going to introduce another element of


interest to that issue, where we all thought it subsided somewhat. Then


perhaps the pithiest question was about Trump's view of France,


because in his election campaign, he was talking about Paris isn't Paris


any more because of immigration and terror threats. France can't look


after itself, and here, he nailed that issue and said you have to a


new man in charge, a new President. A great President, a strong


President, and he will make things right, and I will come back again.


So, I am sure that is what the French will pick up on. More in a


moment. Here is a tweet from Donald Trump.


The two seem to be getting on very well.


The press conference was very convivial -


these two have had major differences.


Before the French election, Donald Trump appeared to support


She was in the second round run off against Emmanuel Macron. Mr Trump


said she is the strongest on boarders.


Then of course there was the famous muscular handshake between the two


in May when they first met. It seemed to go on and on and on. And


Mr Macron said there was no no accident. He had deliberately done


this so that he could send a message.


He said it was a moment of truth. But on more fundamental matters the


men have big differences. Emmanuel Macron has been critical of Donald


Trump's decision to pull the US out of the Paris Agreement. The issue


came up in the press conference, this was Donald Trump and Emmanuel


Macron talking, but Mr Trump's response was curious to say the


least. I disagree about the reading we have of the Paris Agreement. We


have disagreements about this accord. And about the decision made


by President Trump. Something could happen with respect to the Paris


accord, we will see what happen, but we will talk about that over the


coming period of time. And if it happen, that will be wonderful, and


if it doesn't, that will be OK too. What do you make of that? Curious,


those are the G20 summits, where there was no getting away from the


fact that America was completely separate from all of the other


members of the G20, on climate change. They didn't even try to


dress it up. They had a paragraph saying this is America's situation.


The language we heard there was different. So what does David make


of that I have spoken to one or two of the Washington insiders, they


said we have heard this before, let us wait and see if anything comes on


it. Fascinating stuff, does it actually material hides? That is a


big question. A final word on the relationship between these two, they


are a curious couple. On one level they disagree on a lot. On another


there seems to be a certain chemistry. Very different characters


in many ways, as you say very different policy views in others but


these are two alpha males here, we used to have Francois Hollande and


Barack Obama, you couldn't ask for a more different ambience now, they


are obviously up in the Eiffel Tower, tucking into a dinner


together, building a relationship, and I think, it may be true to say,


Donald Trump recognises that Macron is not there to be pushed around. He


is here to stay, he is serious, he is strong and that might work well


for both men. It could be terrible, could go the other way, the feeling


is they are building rapport for the future.


Pulled up the live feed we have coming in from, there it was, it


disappeared. I was going to show you the live feed, there we go, it is


back, the live feed from Paris you can see the spotlight at the top,


that is where Emmanuel Macron and Donald Trump and their wives are


having dinner at the moment. In the Jules Verne restaurant. It has been


cleared out. Six courses apparently and they will not be short of


anything to talk about. I presume they won't be using translator, we


know Emmanuel Macron speaks excellent French. Speaks excellent


French? He speaks English too! Now one of the main stories


in the BBC News room. The Chinese dissident,


writer and Nobel Peace prize winner, He was being treated


for liver cancer. He spent most of the last


seven years in prison. And only very recently had he been


transferred to hospital. He was in prison for


what the Chinese authorities called "subversion" -


what he'd actually done is call We asked Celia Hatton


to record her thoughts on the story. The hospital said, he is just too


sick to go abroad. We can't allow that, but the real story, or an


alter mass story seems to come out from his family member, they managed


to get messages out into the outside world, saying look, Liu Ziaobo wants


to go overseas, people who were close to him told me he was really


concerned is about, he was, he knew he was going to die, he was in the


late stages of terminal liver cancer. But what he really wanted


was for his wife, the love of his life to be able to go overseas with


him, and then to be able to live a life in exile. She had been living


under house arrest since he had been awarded the Nobel peace prize in


2010 and really his last wish was to ensure her freedom.


Liu Ziaobo was important because he was able to write a road map for


what he thought should happen to China in the future. Many people


over the years have called for freedom in China, have called for


democracy, but Liu Ziaobo did it in a way that was unrelenting and


prolific, he wrote poem, essays all with the same message, calling for a


non-violent change of Government in China. An end to Communist party


rule and the birth of democracy, but the document that put him away was


called charter 08. It outlined in incredibly explicit Frank terms what


China needed to do, to become a fully formed democracy. And it


lengthy document. And it doesn't lengthy document. And it doesn't


mince words. It was Frank enough to terrify the Chinese authorities.


For years, western Governments and human rights organisations have been


calling for Liu Ziaobo 's freedom. Calling for his wife's freedom and


of course there was outrage when he died. But many people are saying


this didn't go far enough. Particularly at the G20 meeting


which was just held in Germany a few days ago, no western leader, no


world leader directly challenged Chinese President to his face, in


public, calling for Liu Ziaobo to be allowed to go overseas. Many people


are saying that is a failing, that should be a great shame to western


Governments, that they didn't go far enough, they didn't go further.


Those same people are a killing on those same Governments and


organisations to speak up again and to ensure that Liu Ziaobo 's wife is


able to go and live a life in exile. Thank you.


The UK Government has published a key part of its Brexit Stategy -


It will repeal the law from 1972 which took Britain


into what was then called the European Economic Community.


And it will transpose EU law into British law -


so the same rules apply on the day of Brexit as the day before.


But the UK Parliament will then have the power to change them.


The Brexit Secretary David Davis has called it "one of the most


significant pieces of legislation that has ever passed


We will not support the bill at second reading unless the Government


makes a fund. Aal change to address the concerns expressed by us and


other members of Parliament. I tries to do a lot in 19 clauses, I think


it will require careful scrutiny, in terms of the powers which it gives


Government and how they are to be exercised, Unamended we won't vote


for this, we will amend it. It doesn't provide the provision for


devolution of powers. Just those clips give you an idea of the


pressures coming to bear from all directions. I have been speaking to


Leila Natho. This is a numbers game. They are going to struggle to get


this bill through. The Government are saying look, this is a


technicality, we have to bring these laws back in to UK laws so we can


choose which bits which keep and tinker with and which we throw out


entirely. Already, as you heard there, we have heard from opposition


parties they do not like the bill in its current form. There are disputes


over what it means for the devolved administrations, Labour are


focussing very much on human rights legislation and they want there to


be much more a role for parliamentary scrutiny. And it only


takes a few Kvitova rebels for this bill to be derailed so I think we


will see start to see certainly over the coming months before this bill


is debated, signs of compromises on the Government's parts because, as


you say, they do not have the numbers to get this bill through.


Help me understand the opposition Labour Party's position? It supports


Brexit happening so how it is justifying being this awkward? You


are right. So Labour agreed to help the Government to start the Brexit


process triggering Article 50, the official way that Britain began its


exit from the EU. But what this provides is the first real chance


for Labour and the other opposition parties to tinker with the


government's vision for Brexit. So it provides a platform really for


Labour to say we are going to get our version of Brexit on to the stat


toad books. If you take the Charter of Fundamental Rights, the


Government saying it is not going to incorporate that charter into EU


law, it will protect rights in other ways, Labour are very clear on that,


that that is a red line for them, they want that charrer into UK law,


incorporated as it is now. And that is just one example, so what this is


coming down to is specific, now, we are into the specific policy areas,


and the specific visions of Brexit, and that is where the opposition


parties think they can play a role. If you have more questions on


Brexit, either send them my way or if you go online there is is a vast


amount of information explaining all of the elements of Brexit on the BBC


News website available do you now. Stay with us on Outside


Source - still to come. Boris Nemtsov two years ago.


for killing Russian politician, The questions of who ordered them


to do, though, remains unanswered. We will have Sarah Rainsford's


report. The Department for Transport says


the amount would have been higher, but most of the possible problem


were down strike action and high levels of staff sickness. Richards


we Court was at Victoria Station and told us how the fine was being seen.


Most people would agree it is relatively small, if you bear in


mind that southern gets about a billion pounds a year to run the


whole contract, it has to pay for the train, that is not profit, it


says it doesn't make any profit but the Government put in ?300 million


into Network Rail, so they could improve the track, and they have


given ?20 million for further improvements on the line to


Southern. If you look at scale it cost to improve rail service, then


?13 million doesn't seem very much. We are live from the BBC News room.


Donald Trump has been welcomed by Emmanuel Macron, on his two day


visit to France, and President Trump has been defending his son's


decision to meet a Russian lawyer last year. He also made some curious


comments about the Paris climate change agreement which are almost


impossible to decipher, he said perhaps there was some movement on


the issue. Some of the main storieser from BBC


World Service. This from Brazil. We've had confirmation from Lula da


Silva that the former Brazilian president will appeal


against his nine-and-a-half year In the meantime he can run


in next year's presidential Six Afghan girls who had been


refused visas will now be able to attend. The


This dashcam footage from southern China is one of the BBC's


It shows the moment a landslide struck a road.


Eight vehicles were buried - fortunately no-one lost their life.


The slide was caused by a long period of rain.


Five men convicted of murdering the Russian opposition figure


Boris Nemstov have been given long prison sentences.


Mr Nemstov was shot dead outside the Kremlin more than two years ago.


And still his family maintain whoever ordered the killing


back on The convicted killer of one of President Putin's greatest


critic. Five men from Chechnya wait to hear their sentence, this man


shot Boris Nemtsov in the back. The court was packed full, with press,


police, and relatives. All five men looked passive,


indifferent, even amused at times. As the sentence came in the gunman


wrote the word lie in the steam in front of him.


Good will be your judge this man says.


All five claim they are innocent. It took half an hour in the end to


read the verdict in this case, in the end the judge confirmed what the


jury had said, that all five men on trial for murdering Boris Nemtsov


are guilty and are going to face a long time in high security jails.


Boris Nemtsov was murdered right next to the Kremlin. His killers


trailed him for months before they struck. Their victim was once a


popular political high flyer. A regional governor and a former


Deputy Prime Minister. UnDecember President Putin he became


a sharp voice of dissent. Hours before his murder, Boris


Nemtsov was on the radio. Calling people to a protest march.


It became a march of mourning. Mourning. President Putin denounced


the murder as shameful and ordered it solved but the person who ordered


the killing is still at large. We want some answers, on the question,


who has been just the killer, who has been the perpetrator, but we


have no official answers on the question, where are organisers and


sponsors of thises a nation so is the main problem of this case. Boris


Nemtsov 's family believes the evidence leads to Chechnya where


these men are from and security figures close to the Kremlin. The


convicted killers are giving no clues.


The Chief Executive of Qatar Airways has said the airline still plans


to buy a stake in American Airlines - despite the US carrier ending


a code-share agreement between the two companies.


Michelle Fleury is covering this for us in New York.


Hi Michelle. What is a code sharing agreement? This is, I don't know if


you have gone online, you have bought a ticket, say with America,


with British Airways, but when it comes to catching the flight it is


maybe on another carrier, that is a code sharing agreement, in action,


it is allowing customers to buy a broader range of flights but through


the airline you are going through. Now this is part of a broader fight


or spat if you like, amid between American Airlines and adequate tar


airlines, Qatar airlines is trying to buy a 10% stake in American


Airlines which the board of American is not too thrilled about but there


isn't much they can do about it. At the same tie they are accused Qatar


of receiving benefits from their Government, which they say is


putting them at a disadvantage and is a asking the White House to look


at this. Is any of this political? Is this related to that at all? It


isn't related and what is interesting you have the CEO of


Qatar Airlines saying that ban it faces in the Monfils is having an


impact on profits. This code sharing agreement is not likely to have a


huge impact on Qatar airlines profit, but it shows the tensions


that exist between the carrier, and its American counterpart, and I


think it is one to watch, certainly as I mentioned American Airlines has


gone to the US Government to ask for help on this. We will talk about


Artificial intelligence has been accused of threatening everything


But it's ALSO being called the most important technology to come


So Microsoft has outlined a code of ethics for


One face near top right. Take picture. What if art intelligence


could see your world. Microsoft engineer who is blind is showing me


a new app called seeing AI. Designed to help visually impaired people. As


well as reading text, it can tell him about the people in front of


him. As sometimes he gets it wrong. 50-year-old man looking happy. I am


getting younger. This is an application close to my heart, but


the general AI we show is applicable in so many different ways.


From round the world Microsoft scientists came to London to show


off their project. Like this live translation system for


presentations. Or software which can search through


hours of closed circuit TV as well as a leader in technology, the firm


has come up with ethical principles for AI Microsoft believes we are


create AI to amplify human ingenuity. I want to endow you with


super powers. Microsoft is one of a tech giants battling to profit from


advanced in artificial intelligence which give continues skills once


restricted to humans, so they are learning to see S driverless cars


can see exactly where they go for example. They are learning to hear


what we say and to respond to it so Alexa or Sirry can respond when we


ask them to give us the new or recommend a restaurant. They are


even making judgments, on whether a scan shows a malignant or benign


Nuer n this battle over the crucial technology, Google and Facebook are


spending vast sums on research. But China refuses to be left behind.


Investing heavily to build robots that will take over from humans in


its vast factories. It looks like it is going to transform economy and


industry, make us all happier and the companies who get there first


will take the spoil, they will take the rewards, so you have to come out


loud and you have to come out strong.


Progress in artificial intelligence has been more rapid than predicted


and companies like Microsoft know they can't afford to fall behind.


Rory ends this half of Outside Source, see you in a couple of


minutes. It is that time of day we look at


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