03/08/2017 Outside Source


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03/08/2017

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Hello, I'm Karin Giannone, this is Outside Source.

:00:08.:00:09.

In the days after he took office back in January,

:00:10.:00:12.

Donald Trump spoke to a number of world leaders.

:00:13.:00:16.

Now, transcripts of some of the conversations have been

:00:17.:00:18.

Venezuela's chief prosecutor opens an investigation into claims

:00:19.:00:26.

of fraud during the weekend's election of a new assembly.

:00:27.:00:32.

The head of the Libyan National Army warns Italian ships that approach

:00:33.:00:35.

Libyan waters without permission that they'll be repelled.

:00:36.:00:45.

And in the past few minutes, Paris St Germain have confirmed the

:00:46.:00:52.

signing of Brazilian striker Neymar on a five year contract.

:00:53.:01:07.

The Washington Post has released transcripts of conversations

:01:08.:01:14.

between Donald Trump and other world leaders from days

:01:15.:01:16.

The first is between the President and Mexico's

:01:17.:01:19.

Trade, the war on drugs, and of course, the wall -

:01:20.:01:23.

Mr Trump spent his campaign promising that Mexico

:01:24.:01:31.

would pay for a wall on the America's southern border.

:01:32.:01:37.

Let's go over to our Washington correspondent. How did all this

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emerge? It was transcript of conversation which happened in the

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first month of his presidency, leaked to the Washington post who

:02:19.:02:22.

published the entire transcript and their analysis of it. That was

:02:23.:02:26.

earlier today. We had heard details of this conversation, shortly after

:02:27.:02:33.

they took place, Donald Trump talking about bad people in Mexico

:02:34.:02:38.

dealing drugs with the president, and the fact that his conversation

:02:39.:02:42.

with the Australian Prime Minister Turnbull was less than friendly. The

:02:43.:02:46.

Trump administration denied some of this at the time, but now we have

:02:47.:02:51.

the physical transcript of what they said. And the details pretty much

:02:52.:02:56.

bear out those early reports. You mention Australia, let's turn to

:02:57.:03:03.

that. The conversation with the Australian Prime Minister Malcolm

:03:04.:03:05.

Turnbull, soon after it took place, it was leaked to the media that it

:03:06.:03:11.

was heated. It was over a promise by Obama for the US to take in more

:03:12.:03:16.

than a thousand asylum seekers held by Australia in detention centres.

:03:17.:03:19.

The transcript says that Mr Trump says that will make us look bad. I

:03:20.:03:24.

am calling for a ban were I'm not letting anyone in, and we take 2000

:03:25.:03:28.

people, this is going to kill me. After a long back and forth, the

:03:29.:03:30.

call and ended apparently with this. I remember at the time those reports

:03:31.:03:48.

that Donald Trump up the phone down and that was strenuously denied?

:03:49.:03:56.

Donald Trump himself tweeted that it was fake news and reports he has an

:03:57.:04:00.

unfunny conversation, he described as civil in his. Now we see the

:04:01.:04:09.

transcript, we see the truth. They sign off with pleasantries but you

:04:10.:04:13.

can tell the tone of it was not particularly friendly. Turnbull

:04:14.:04:22.

tried to explain his resettlement programme, and Donald Trump didn't

:04:23.:04:26.

seem to have a firm grasp on it. It wasn't 2000 people being resettled,

:04:27.:04:34.

it was 1250. As Turnbull told Trump, the US have the ability to not take

:04:35.:04:38.

any, just reviewing them and deciding who to take. It seems like

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Trump did not get a good briefing going in, that could be because the

:04:42.:04:45.

reports we had that the state Department was not involved in many

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of these phone conversations that Trump had with foreign leaders in

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his early days of the administration. Anthony, there is a

:04:52.:04:56.

wider point which David Frum of the Atlantic makes about this...

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Here's The Atlantic's David Frum: "Anybody who has access to this

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transcript also has access to many other secrets.

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Trusted people are breaking career-long habits to thwart Trump."

:05:06.:05:08.

The implication there that there could be more where this came from?

:05:09.:05:16.

There could be. This is not the first leak of sensitive national

:05:17.:05:20.

security information that has got out of the Trump administration. And

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even people on the Democratic side, from the Obama administration, have

:05:25.:05:29.

looked at this and would have thrown a bit if this happened in the Obama

:05:30.:05:35.

administration actual transcripts of private dialogue between foreign

:05:36.:05:41.

leaders. So yeah, it is evidence of the fact that there are people who

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have access to sensitive information trying to undermine the Trump

:05:46.:05:48.

presidency. The White House and Trump in particular point of this as

:05:49.:05:52.

another example why leaks need to break down. But then because we have

:05:53.:05:56.

it in our hands, we can get it and it does give an interesting insight

:05:57.:05:59.

into how Donald Trump operates behind the scenes. Thank you,

:06:00.:06:01.

Anthony in Washington. Venezuela's chief prosecutor has

:06:02.:06:05.

opened an investigation into claims of fraud during the weekend's

:06:06.:06:07.

election of a new assembly to The announcement came just hours

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after the company that carried out the vote,

:06:10.:06:13.

claimed the government had President Nicolas

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Maduro denies this. Let's hear from Katie Watson in

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Caracas. Just remind us why the Attorney General wants to do this,

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what are the claims? The claims are that the vote on Sunday, the numbers

:06:37.:06:40.

were inflated, the government said more than 8 million Venezuelans

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voted for the constituent assembly. But the voting company says actually

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that was inflated by around 1 million. That is being generous,

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that some people, some independent polls, saying the number was far

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lower than that. But President Maduro is defiant, saying 10 million

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Venezuelans want to vote but 2 million were held back by fires,

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barricades and bombs. So he is justifying it saying these numbers

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are correct. That is the fallout, the government is being accused of

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fraudulent voting and the government says it's not true. So they want to

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carry out a full investigation, how much power will she has and how will

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she be able to do what she wants? Luisa Ortega is one of Maduro's

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biggest critics, she is not a popular figure. The support she will

:07:40.:07:44.

have for this, well, we have already heard from the head of the electoral

:07:45.:07:48.

authorities saying that the comments on the voting London based company

:07:49.:07:55.

were baseless and irresponsible. And the government seems to be ignoring

:07:56.:08:00.

this. The government too much won't listen to Luisa Ortega on this one.

:08:01.:08:08.

They are convinced that this vote was fair and they will inaugurate

:08:09.:08:11.

the delegates on Friday afternoon, as planned. The opposition boycotted

:08:12.:08:17.

the selection, it went ahead anyway. What does the opposition plan to do

:08:18.:08:24.

now? They have been trying to hold a rally at the same time as the

:08:25.:08:28.

inauguration, it was meant to happen today but the inauguration got put

:08:29.:08:32.

back so that the rally back as well. On Friday, around midday, they will

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hold the rally from several points in parts of Caracas. This is what we

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have seen over the last few months, we have seen protests that have

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often turned violent and the government standing firm saying they

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are not going to be changing their tack. So we are as far removed from

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dialogue as a consensus as possible, two sides, the opposition and the

:08:56.:08:59.

government, do not see eye to eye and neither side looks like they are

:09:00.:09:04.

prepared to talk about it. Katie, thanks very much. Katie Watson in

:09:05.:09:07.

Caracas. In the last few minutes, we have

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heard the world record transfer of Neymar from Barcelona to Paris St

:09:14.:09:21.

Germain has gone ahead. Let's go to the BBC sports Centre, is the deal

:09:22.:09:29.

done? It is. Our sources say the 25-year-old Brazilian national

:09:30.:09:32.

Neymar has signed a five-year deal, in excess of $260 million, just let

:09:33.:09:37.

that sink in! That is a quarter of $1 billion. A press conference is

:09:38.:09:45.

due at 11:30am GMT on Friday, around 15 million dollars -- 50 million

:09:46.:09:50.

dollars more, which was Paul Pogba who moved from Juventus to Man

:09:51.:09:54.

United a year ago. He will earn more than $53 million a year, this is

:09:55.:09:59.

where it gets bizarre. The Spanish hierarchy at La Liga is represented

:10:00.:10:05.

and BSD were acting unlawfully. They urge them to abide by the rule. So

:10:06.:10:17.

what happened? Later on Thursday, Neymar's BSD paid the full amount at

:10:18.:10:23.

Barcelona's offices on Thursday. If you've got it, flawed it. He has to

:10:24.:10:28.

be pretty good to justify the money. What do Paris St Germain had to out

:10:29.:10:36.

of him? They want to win the Champions

:10:37.:10:46.

League. They have come close, in the quarterfinals, and with Neymar one

:10:47.:10:50.

of the big players with the three up front in Barcelona with Suarez in

:10:51.:10:54.

there and of course Lionel Messi, he will take away from that and become

:10:55.:10:59.

a great player in his own right. Paris Saint Germain hope he will

:11:00.:11:02.

spearhead their campaign in Europe and win the Champions League. How

:11:03.:11:07.

much hurt pride is there on Barcelona's part? I think there was

:11:08.:11:11.

a huge amount of lost pride. The fans have come out with signs of

:11:12.:11:17.

traitor. Because you look at what he has done and he has put up messages

:11:18.:11:22.

on Instagram, this is a huge deal. It is a huge move the Neymar. He

:11:23.:11:27.

came from Los Santos in 2013, he has problems with taxes and maybe he

:11:28.:11:36.

sees this as a clean break moving to PSG. Barcelona supporters won't

:11:37.:11:40.

forget this in a hurry. They have a new coach this year, Valverde, so

:11:41.:11:44.

difficult times and at the state of the season, where'd you get a player

:11:45.:11:49.

like Neymar? The La Liga season starts shortly. We will speak lately

:11:50.:11:52.

about other sport, thank you. So what will Neymars

:11:53.:11:56.

transfer mean for football? For more on this the BBC has been

:11:57.:11:58.

speaking with a number of experts. Firstly - here's football

:11:59.:12:01.

agent Sky Andrew. Neymar is one of the best players in

:12:02.:12:08.

the world. Under normal circumstances, a super team would

:12:09.:12:13.

not sold to a super-team, but he had a buyout clause. Of ?200 million,

:12:14.:12:21.

that's incredible. It's good for Qatar, because they are making a

:12:22.:12:24.

statement and people will start talking about Qatar and dump macro

:12:25.:12:30.

in a sort of positive manner and the focus is on them. -- Qatar and PSG.

:12:31.:12:37.

They are getting an astronomical amount of money for a player, as

:12:38.:12:43.

many would see it. No other team is capable of doing this, not even big

:12:44.:12:47.

teams in the UK can spend over ?400 million on a player. Everyone will

:12:48.:12:53.

ask some of the questions about financial fair play. But Qatar are

:12:54.:13:00.

involved with PSG. They have been involved in Barcelona, say they will

:13:01.:13:01.

make this work. Football agent sky Andrew talking

:13:02.:13:04.

before the deal was finalised. Kieran Maguire explaining the case

:13:05.:13:20.

Paris Saint Germain may put forward PSG top justify

:13:21.:13:23.

spending so much money have deals with commercial companies

:13:24.:13:33.

for Neymar. And also funding his contract. Look at him at the product

:13:34.:13:40.

-- as a product, Neymar has 170 million followers on Instagram,

:13:41.:13:43.

Twitter and Facebook. That is more than Manchester United Real Madrid.

:13:44.:13:51.

He is an individual brand were a hell of a lot of money. And PSG will

:13:52.:14:00.

want as much of a share of image rights as possible, to offset the

:14:01.:14:04.

cost of his employment. So the deal is done.

:14:05.:14:10.

Stay with us on Outside Source - still to come.

:14:11.:14:13.

We're in Alaska - 400 kilometres inside the Artic Circle where people

:14:14.:14:16.

are worried about moves to allow more oil drilling.

:14:17.:14:21.

The Bank of England has downgraded its growth forecasts

:14:22.:14:23.

for this year and next - and warned the UK economy

:14:24.:14:26.

will remain "sluggish" because of uncertainty surrounding

:14:27.:14:28.

Britain's future relationship with the European Union.

:14:29.:14:29.

The Bank's Governor, Mark Carney, said the uncertainty

:14:30.:14:31.

had influenced markets, business investment and consumer

:14:32.:14:33.

spending following the vote in June last year.

:14:34.:14:43.

Financial markets, particularly sterling, marked down in the UK's

:14:44.:14:48.

relative prospects quickly and struggling. How cells look through

:14:49.:14:51.

Brexit related uncertainties initially. -- households look

:14:52.:14:56.

through Brexit. But the consequences of the fall of sterling has squeezed

:14:57.:15:01.

real incomes, and they have cut back on spending, slowing the economy.

:15:02.:15:04.

Businesses have been somewhere in between. Since the referendum, they

:15:05.:15:09.

have invested much less aggressively than usual in response to an

:15:10.:15:11.

otherwise very favourable environment.

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You're watching outside source from the BBC newsroom. Our top story...

:15:36.:15:38.

Transcripts of conversations President Trump had with world

:15:39.:15:40.

leaders after he took office have been published by

:15:41.:15:43.

The US-based lawyer for the widow of late Nobel laureate Liu Xiaobo's

:15:44.:15:48.

has filed a formal complaint to the United Nations

:15:49.:15:50.

over what he described as her "enforced disappearance".

:15:51.:15:56.

Poet Liu Xia has been "held incommunicado in an unknown location

:15:57.:15:59.

by Chinese government authorities" since July 15th, the day

:16:00.:16:01.

of her husband's funeral, the lawyer said in a statement.

:16:02.:16:08.

Dozens of firefighters have battled a blaze

:16:09.:16:09.

at Tokyo's Tsu-kiji fish market, the world's largest and one

:16:10.:16:12.

of the capital's most popular tourist sites.

:16:13.:16:16.

The fire was in the outer part of the market -

:16:17.:16:19.

which is packed with informal restaurants.

:16:20.:16:22.

The inner part of the market - where most seafood wholesalers

:16:23.:16:25.

are located and tuna auctions are carried out at dawn -

:16:26.:16:27.

Any Italian ships approaching Libyan waters without

:16:28.:16:37.

That order came from this man - Khalifa Haftar -

:16:38.:16:40.

head of the Libyan National Army, who controls most of eastern Libya.

:16:41.:16:45.

He was responding to Italy's decision to send boats to Libyan

:16:46.:16:48.

waters to stop migrants crossing the Mediterranean.

:16:49.:16:50.

It has had a mixed reception from Libya's two governments.

:16:51.:16:53.

The one based in Tobruk in the east which supports Field Marshall Hafta-

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opposes the decision- whereas the other based in Tripoli

:16:57.:16:58.

in the West and backed by the un-says it will cooperate.

:16:59.:17:03.

coming from all over Africa - to make that dangerous

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journey from Libya's coast, across the mediterranean,

:17:12.:17:16.

More than 94,000 migrants have made the crossing since January.

:17:17.:17:22.

Italy is also putting forward other measures to stem

:17:23.:17:28.

the flow of migrants- Richard Galpin has more.

:17:29.:17:46.

At the start of the migrant crisis, the Italian Navy used to play

:17:47.:17:50.

But now its mission is to enter Libyan territorial waters to help

:17:51.:17:55.

the Libyan coast guard spot migrant boats as they set sail,

:17:56.:17:57.

The abrupt change of mission was given the go-ahead

:17:58.:18:02.

Most politicians clearly wanting an end to the crisis.

:18:03.:18:11.

The goal of the Italian government is to stem the flow,

:18:12.:18:13.

bring it close to zero and basically tweak the Turkey deal and adapted

:18:14.:18:17.

to the situation in Libya but get the same result,

:18:18.:18:21.

which is to bring a flow which is in the hundreds

:18:22.:18:24.

Almost 100,000 migrants have reached Italy so far this year.

:18:25.:18:33.

Other EU countries were supposed to have taken many of them.

:18:34.:18:36.

So large numbers are applying for asylum here, putting

:18:37.:18:41.

the government under pressure with elections looming next year.

:18:42.:18:49.

Now the Italian Navy's sophisticated radar will enable the Libyan coast

:18:50.:18:52.

guard to stop many migrant boats before they leave Libyan

:18:53.:18:55.

That is sparking alarm amongst human rights organisations.

:18:56.:19:06.

There is automatic detention of irregular migrants in centres

:19:07.:19:13.

where people are systematically abused, and it is completely

:19:14.:19:22.

unclear how the Italian government think that these people would be

:19:23.:19:31.

protected after disembarking Libya with the key

:19:32.:19:32.

assistance of the Italian government.

:19:33.:19:36.

Italy is also imposing restrictions on boats used by charities

:19:37.:19:38.

It is feared fewer ships will now be in the key areas,

:19:39.:19:47.

and already this year more than 2000 migrants have drowned.

:19:48.:19:50.

A cash-flow analysis seen by South African MPs suggests

:19:51.:20:04.

South African Airways is running out of money.

:20:05.:20:06.

It's asking for another big bail-out from the country's government.

:20:07.:20:09.

Take a look at this from Nancy Kacungira

:20:10.:20:14.

South African Airways has run out of money, but no one can really say

:20:15.:20:20.

they didn't see this coming. Even though South Africa itself is a big

:20:21.:20:24.

air travel market, the airline has made a loss every year for the last

:20:25.:20:28.

seven years. That is due to high costs and many depths. The airline

:20:29.:20:33.

says things could improve by October but only if they get help now. They

:20:34.:20:39.

need a $60 million bailout, and the planes looked good in the adverts

:20:40.:20:44.

but they are expensive to keep in the sky. South African Airways's

:20:45.:20:49.

long haul fleet is mostly made up of gas guzzling aeroplanes, which are

:20:50.:20:53.

quite fuel inefficient, a disadvantage considering that their

:20:54.:20:56.

fuel costs in Africa are much higher than average. The airline says they

:20:57.:21:01.

have a plan to turn things around, but analysts have been crunching the

:21:02.:21:05.

numbers, and say that to take an injection of up to $1 billion over

:21:06.:21:07.

the next three years. Workers at the Nissian plant

:21:08.:21:08.

in the US state of Mississppi are taking part in a landmark vote ,

:21:09.:21:11.

which has already been described as 'one of the nastiest anti-union

:21:12.:21:14.

fights' in US history. Michelle Fleury reports

:21:15.:21:17.

from Canton, Mississippi. Nissan has launched this major and

:21:18.:21:28.

Thai union campaign threatening and intimidating workers.

:21:29.:21:33.

We don't know what they are offering. We have a plan that we

:21:34.:21:40.

have do struggle and fight us to have the right to vote. The fight to

:21:41.:21:47.

form a union at the Nissan factory in canton, Mississippi. We are

:21:48.:21:53.

battling against not for the right to vote or not vote, but the right

:21:54.:21:58.

to manipulate or lie to each other. For 14 years, workers at the Miss

:21:59.:22:09.

Nissan plant have been engaged with a battle to form a union.

:22:10.:22:14.

Mississippi has been hostile to unions, but this time workers had

:22:15.:22:20.

they have a chance. I want to have health and safety, equal

:22:21.:22:27.

opportunities... I got heard on the line and I've been dealing with that

:22:28.:22:30.

the whole time. It's been a real process. I think the union would

:22:31.:22:36.

really stand up for us. But not everyone wants the union. It's the

:22:37.:22:43.

best thing to happen to the state of Mississippi, so we are campaigning

:22:44.:22:48.

hard to keep the union out. We don't need outsiders to tell us what we

:22:49.:22:54.

want doing. To get its message across, Nissan posted anti-union

:22:55.:22:57.

messages in the factory, now landing them in trouble with the Labour

:22:58.:23:05.

relations board. The company denied allegations of this, saying they had

:23:06.:23:10.

a right to know their perspective. For those that know the South's

:23:11.:23:15.

troubled past, it's not just about workers right but civil rights. When

:23:16.:23:24.

blacks would vote, someone would come with a hood bearing a cross.

:23:25.:23:30.

Now they come by, saying we are going to close the union and the

:23:31.:23:35.

plan. The union is hoping to turn past failure into success. Victory

:23:36.:23:40.

here might like the spark for the US labour movement across the South.

:23:41.:23:45.

Hyperloop One - it's the futuristic transport system that shoots pods

:23:46.:23:50.

or capsules at very high speeds through tunnels.

:23:51.:23:52.

Take a look at the latest test in the Nevada desert.

:23:53.:24:05.

this is the beginning and the dawn of a new era of transportation. The

:24:06.:24:48.

first new major form of transportation in 100 years, it will

:24:49.:24:51.

basically change the way we live, where we work and make the world a

:24:52.:24:59.

much smaller place in turning cities into natural spot.

:25:00.:25:14.

Back to the breaking news and the last half hour, Neymar has completed

:25:15.:25:21.

his world record transfer to Paris St Germain. He has signed a five

:25:22.:25:26.

year contract with the French club. The 25-year-old Brazilian early

:25:27.:25:32.

broke his contract with Barcelona by paying a 264 million dollar buyout

:25:33.:25:38.

clause. There was a hiccup earlier which delayed things somewhat, the

:25:39.:25:44.

club Barcelona previously said they would report our St Germain to Uefa,

:25:45.:25:49.

football's governing body in Europe, for a breach of rules but that seems

:25:50.:25:53.

to have been resolved. The deal has been done. The image has been

:25:54.:25:58.

removed from the stadium in Barcelona already. More sport coming

:25:59.:26:00.

up on the programme, stay with

:26:01.:26:01.