03/08/2017 Outside Source


03/08/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.

:00:08.:00:09.

In Venezuela there's been an explosive accusation

:00:10.:00:15.

In the days after he took office back in January, double spoke --

:00:16.:00:28.

Donald Trump spoke to a number of world leaders. Those transcripts

:00:29.:00:36.

have been released. Denmark are through to the final of the women's

:00:37.:00:40.

European Championships, will they face favourites England or hosts

:00:41.:00:42.

Holland for the trophy on Sunday? And we will find out what Scottish

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whiskey has got to do with Brexit. One of the leading thinkers in the

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Anglican Church, the Archbishop of Canterbury is currently in a visit

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to Uganda. This report from now. Above the lush plains of Uganda, two

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archbishops are on a mission, heading north towards refugee camps

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on the border with South Sudan. The welcome they receive here is

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rapturous. But the conditions are horrendous. May I come in? Thank

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you. The whole family sleeps here, it's very tough. It is horrible.

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There are nearly 1 million South Sudanese living in camps like this,

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after fleeing a brutal civil war with many families rushing to the

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border carrying only their children. God loves especially the refugee,

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the alien, the widow, the orphan. And that means he loves you,

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especially. While the archbishops of one mind in their for these

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refugees, there is another issue about which they are deeply divided.

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And it concerns not one country in one continent but the entire unity

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of the Anglican Communion. That number is almost 80 million

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Christians in 165 Nations. Should you not be in the middle, your

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Grace... These conservative Evangelicals walked out on a global

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gathering of archbishops last year after the American Episcopal church

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voted to endorse same-sex marriage. He says the Bible teaches that

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marriage is between a man and woman, and that the growing Ugandan church

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will not remain in fellowship with those who support same-sex unions.

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The next meeting of Anglican leaders is in October. You have been invited

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to the meeting in October. Will you be attending? No. I have made it

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clear I am not attending because of the position the Church of Ghana

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holds. And that is that her sexuality is wrong? -- homosexuality

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is wrong? You were asking about refugees, now you are focusing on

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that subject. I do not want to continue. He says he remains

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committed to the Anglican union and will not be pulling the Ugandan

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church out. Although we have differences of agreement, of

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opinion, over issues around human sexuality, when we were dealing with

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refugees we were exactly on the same page.

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Archbishop Justin Molby concluded his visit I praying for peace and

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reconciliation in South Sudan. A prayer he probably repeated

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privately for the church that he leads. Martin Beshir, BBC nears in

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northern Uganda. England have been taking on the

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Netherlands in the Euro championship. The game has just

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about finished. Tell us what's happening. I'm afraid to report for

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England fans that they have lost this semifinal 3-0. The third goal

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went on in the stroke of that time, see you can probably still here the

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cheers behind me. Vivien Medina gave the Netherlands the lead in the

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first half and only one team in women's Euro semifinal history have

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come back from a goal down at half-time to win and that was

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Germany in 2009. It was not to be on this occasion. Danielle Vande Dong

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scored the second goal for the Netherlands, and the third was just

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said has gone on. England unfortunately for their supporters

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waved their worst performance for the most important match of all.

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They had conceded just one goal in the tournament up until this point,

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scoring 11. It seemed the dream was alive. England chasing their first

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ever major trophy in the women's competition. They reached the final

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of this tournament in 2009, losing to Germany. Then the semifinals of

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the World Cup two years ago. This was the time that they expected

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themselves to go one step further. Now the Netherlands, the host, have

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had a fine tournament as well but they were the underdogs for this

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match. The big question was always could the 30,000 strong crowd behind

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us here proved the difference and pull them through? It seems it did.

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They produced an inspired performance with that first goal in

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the first half really creating an amazing atmosphere, then two goals

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to wrap it up. Really disappointing for England, they will now lick

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their wounds on this defeat because the Netherlands go on to face

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Denmark in the final, Denmark who beat Austria earlier this evening on

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penalties, 3-0 on penalty kicks. It will be a Netherlands against

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Denmark final, England go home and this party here is just getting

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started for the hosts. Thank you, David. A disappointing

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night for England. Boxing great Vladimir Klitschko has

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been announcing his retirement from the sports just months after his

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highly publicised bout against Britain's Anthony Joshua. Let's go

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over to the BBC sport Centre. Quite a career? Absolutely. World

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champion, held the title from 2006 to 2015. You mention our fight

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against Anthony Joshua, it could have gone his way in April when they

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fought a Wembley, that much of a Wembley was one of the greatest of

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all time. Unfortunately for Vladimir Klitschko it was he who did not pick

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up the win on that occasion. There was talk of a rematch between them

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in Las Vegas this year but Klitschko has decided he is actually going to

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hang the gloves up. The man who was the Olympics heavyweight champion,

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turned lamb and -- jam professional that year. Age catches up with all

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of us at some point, whether male or female, but he had the best nickname

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in boxing, Doctor steel hammer. He can speak four languages and holds a

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Ph.D. In sports science and he knows a thing or two. And brains. Over two

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cricket, turning to Australia's cricketers, finally reaching a pay

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agreement. The Ashes will go ahead because huge victory for the

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country's female athletes. Huge for the females, they go for around 7

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million Australian dollars, around 53 million in pay when it comes to

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handing out money. That pay dispute has been finished since the end of

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June, so it has taken so long. Both sides did not want to give anything

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away. There was talk of a mediator coming in. As it is, 230 players

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across both the men and women's have been effectively unemployed since

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that previous five-year agreement expired at the end of June. The

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biggest thing to come out of this is the damage to the grassroots game,

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that will need to be repaired, but the Ashes goes ahead. The two Test

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series against Bangladesh goes ahead. Of course, the most

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successful women's team, having won six World Cup, they got knocked out

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in the semifinals recently. It is great news all round, and hopefully

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it builds through to the grassroots and gets them through to that side

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as well. Thank you very much. The US government is considering

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plans to allow more oil exploration in the Arctic ocean,

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overturning a ban put In response - a coalition of native

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rights and conservation groups have called it unconstitutional

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and launched legal action. One indigenous group in northern

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Alaska could feel the greatest impact of any drilling -

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our Environment Correspondent Claire Marshall travelled 500 kilometres

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north of the Arctic Circle, The climate is changing,

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and the ice that covers Here the conflict between

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the natural world and the business This town is the furthest north

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in the United States, so remote it is cut off by road

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from the rest of the country. The Inupiat call the

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ocean their garden. And this is where they store

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the harvest of whale meat. If that's kidney put it

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on top of the heart. This is an ice cellar dug

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out of the permafrost, It helps to sustain them

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during the long Arctic winter. As your mouth starts to warm it up,

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it softens up like chocolate. It's a richness you can't

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get from anything else. Don't try and chew it real fast,

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just kind of let it dissolve I don't mind the meat,

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I don't mind the meat of it, We use white because

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the whales can see colour. She takes us to

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a feast on the beach. The Inupiat have hunted the bowhead

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whale in their sealskin boats Now Donald Trump intends

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to reverse the ban on drilling And many are afraid they will

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lose their way of life. I honestly want to be at the shore

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and tell him no, you can't. I mean, just imagine if there

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were to be a big spill in the ocean. None of this would be

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happening right now. But like the rest of Alaska,

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this town is almost Taxes on the industry in other

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parts of the country pay for the infrastructure and every

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Alaskan gets a yearly cash dividend. Fred Brower believes

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that oil is the only way So there's an opportunity

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to coexist together. And an opportunity for not only

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industry to thrive but also We are closer to the North Pole

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here than we are to Washington, DC. But the White House has its eyes

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firmly fixed on this region. It is an unstable world

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and what lies beneath this ice could be crucial to the energy

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security of the United States. But drilling here would be very

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risky, just as it is risky to hunt. Armed in case of polar bears,

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some other hunters take us out The Arctic is warming twice as fast

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as anywhere else on the planet. Most scientists agree that oil,

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a fossil fuel, is helping Maybe we should start looking ahead

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for something that's more renewable. Maybe wind in the winter

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and solar in the summer. Traditional Inupiat

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dances tell the stories Donald Trump and his

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decisions may well be woven Stay with us on Outside

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Source - still to come. We're going to look at why

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Scotland's whisky producers are in such good spirits as we move

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nearer to Brexit. A surgeon who was jailed

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after carrying out unnecessary breast operations has

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had his sentence increased. The Court of Appeal ruled that

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Ian Paterson's initial fifteen-year jail term was unduly lenient

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and raised it to 20 years. That's now been

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increased to 20 years... Tracy and Deborah, two

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of Ian Paterson's victims. News of the higher sentence was just

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what they'd hoped for. The increase has given

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the right message. But 20 years, to me,

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at least he'll serve Court of Appeal judges said no

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sentence could properly reflect the suffering of Paterson's

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patients, and they ruled he should The Government lawyer who challenged

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the original sentence said The substantial increase

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in the sentence, to 20 years, sends out a clear message

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to the wider community that our system will not tolerate

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such egregious breaches of trust. Paterson, seen here

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before his sentencing, mutilated patients after deceiving

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them into unnecessary surgery. He watched today's hearing

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by videolink from prison, at times shaking his head

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when details of his That angered John,

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who was in Court today. He was talked into a double

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mastectomy by Paterson. Still shaking his head in disbelief,

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still muttering to himself when he doesn't agree with what's

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being said about him. It makes me wonder if 30 years

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would be enough for him to find anything within himself that doesn't

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say, oh, I'm completely Tracy and Deborah weren't part

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of the criminal case, but they aren't hundreds more

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of Paterson's victims are seeking damages from the hospitals

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where the rogue surgeon worked. A court hearing is due

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in a few months' time. A benefit cheat has been sent to

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jail. Mark Lloyd received thousands of pounds in personal independence

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payments. Transcripts of conversations

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President Trump had with world leaders after he took

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office have been published Marcus Hutchins, the British

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computer expert who helped shut down a world-wide cyber attack that

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crippled the NHS, has been arrested in the US -

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and charged by the US Department Let's go over to Dave in Lee San

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Francisco for more. Remind us first of Marcus Hutchins is. Marcus

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Hutchins is a 23-year-old British man, he inadvertently became

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something of a cyber hero in May when he registered an Internet

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domain name with the intention of tracking a huge cyber attack, the

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WannaCry attack which affected the NHS and many other institutions. He

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wanted to track that that actually managed to inadvertently shot it

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down. He was heralded as being very useful in stopping the spread of

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that very troubling a cyber attack. Now it appears he has been arrested,

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we understand he was arrested at Las Vegas airport, he was travelling

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home from a hacking conference which took place last week, he has been

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arrested and he has been charged with six counts relating to a

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different type of malware called Chronos. Chronos was able to steal

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banking details from its victims. The FBI accused Marcus Hutchins of

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being instrumental in creating and distributing that strain of malware.

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So this indictment relates to incidents dating back to 2014, 2015?

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Yes. The first instance of that attack being known in 2014. It

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resurfaced in 2016, and it was not until now that we have heard more

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information about that attack the coming public. In the documents

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released by the FBI today, they said Marcus Hutchins was a key part of

:18:22.:18:25.

that. It's worth saying many security experts have been on

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Twitter this afternoon with complete disbelief at this news. One

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prominent expert said it sounds like the FBI has made a terrible mistake.

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There is a hearing coming up, we are likely to hear more about specifics

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of what Marcus Hutchins is alleged to have done, but for the time being

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a very surprising turn for someone who like I say, just in May was

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heralded as a cyber hero. To recap, what do we believe will happen to

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him now? He is being held somewhere where we do not know, a centre in

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Nevada somewhere, he has been transferred from there. We do not

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know where he is being held now. Of course it is up to the FBI to make

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their case as to why they feel he is responsible. Often as we have found

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in many instances, the creators of this virus software is, this

:19:20.:19:22.

malware, it's very hard to pinpoint exactly where the root cause is.

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It's quite a task to do that, but judging by the court documents the

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FBI have put out today, they seem pretty certain. We are yet to hear

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the defence from Marcus Hutchins. Thanks, and well done for

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persevering despite the unintended interruption!

:19:39.:19:45.

Michelle Carter, the young American woman who urged her boyfriend

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to commit suicide, has been sentenced to two and

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She was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in Massachusetts

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after he boyfriend, Conrad Roy, killed himself when

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We can cross now to Rajini Vaidyanathan in Washington.

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This was a very controversial and very distressing case. In that trial

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she was convicted last month, the judge decided she was guilty of, as

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you say, in voluntary manslaughter, in terms of encouraging her

:20:15.:20:20.

boyfriend Conrad Roy's suicide. The court was presented with dozens of

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text messages that she sent him, I will share too with you now. In one

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she said, hang yourself, jump off a building, stab yourself, I don't

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know, there's lots of ways. In another she asked, how hard are you

:20:34.:20:37.

going to try? Ultimately she was on the phone to Conrad Roy when he was

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in a car park, and tried to poison himself with carbon monoxide. He was

:20:44.:20:47.

having second thoughts and found Michelle Carter, she encouraged him

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despite having second thoughts to take his own life and he died after

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that. Today, his father spoke before the courts during that sentencing

:20:58.:21:01.

hearing, describing his son as his best friend. His father said

:21:02.:21:05.

Michelle Carter exploited my son 's weakness and used him as a pawn in

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her own well-being. The judge did say that she was a bright lady,

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mindful of her actions, and that's why he decided to sentence her to

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two and a half years. She only has to serve 15 months of those in

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prison. She will be getting some rehabilitation. The family of Conrad

:21:23.:21:27.

Roy did want her to get between 7012 years in prison. Thank you very

:21:28.:21:29.

much. -- between seven and 12 years. So what's Scottish whisky

:21:30.:21:35.

got to do with Brexit? Well, for one thing during the EU

:21:36.:21:37.

referendum many of the country's producers were big supporters

:21:38.:21:40.

of the remain campaign. But now it seems many have

:21:41.:21:42.

had a change of heart - buoyed up by the prospect of one-off

:21:43.:21:45.

trade deals with countries like India where they currently

:21:46.:21:48.

face massive tariffs. Our Scotland editor, Sarah Smith,

:21:49.:21:52.

has been talking to some of them. The barley, the water, the weather

:21:53.:22:03.

make Islay malts unique, and on this small island,

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whisky is very big business. Almost 90% of Scotland's amber

:22:07.:22:08.

liquor is exported overseas, so Brexit will certainly

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be felt here. Small distilleries like Kilchoman

:22:11.:22:13.

don't want to lose the protected status for Scotch whisky offered

:22:14.:22:16.

by EU law and they worry about the bureaucracy that leaving

:22:17.:22:18.

the single market might entail. Whereas it was very easy

:22:19.:22:24.

to export into Europe, it's now going to be a little

:22:25.:22:26.

bit more difficult. And certainly, for smaller

:22:27.:22:29.

companies, I think that will have an impact,

:22:30.:22:33.

because of the amount of people that we have to comply

:22:34.:22:37.

with all the new regulations. Many of the island's distilleries

:22:38.:22:39.

are owned by big firms that But they're now eyeing

:22:40.:22:42.

up the opportunities The whisky industry is hoping

:22:43.:22:46.

to expand sales in countries outside the EU, countries like India,

:22:47.:22:50.

for instance, which currently slaps a whopping great

:22:51.:22:53.

150% tariff on Scotch. If a new bilateral trade

:22:54.:22:57.

deal could eliminate or slash those tariffs,

:22:58.:23:00.

sales would increase enormously. The UK Government can't

:23:01.:23:10.

guarantee tariff-free trade, but say there is now

:23:11.:23:12.

the opportunity to try. As part of this new arrangement,

:23:13.:23:16.

in a post-EU world, where we're negotiating the tariffs,

:23:17.:23:19.

we're not bound in by EU terms, we're able to negotiate our own

:23:20.:23:22.

terms, and getting the right deal for the whisky industry

:23:23.:23:26.

is one of our priorities. Scotch whisky is a valuable product,

:23:27.:23:31.

contributing about ?5 billion a year to the UK economy,

:23:32.:23:35.

supporting 30,000 jobs and making It's an industry that

:23:36.:23:37.

first feared Brexit, and now hopes to make it

:23:38.:23:45.

work for them. Once we leave the EU,

:23:46.:23:52.

we would be the UK negotiating free And so, that simplifies

:23:53.:23:55.

the negotiations, to a degree. And so, yes, we hope that it will be

:23:56.:23:58.

easier for the UK to negotiate a free-trade deal with,

:23:59.:24:02.

for example, India. Much of Scotland's economy relies

:24:03.:24:07.

on this water of life. And they're now looking

:24:08.:24:11.

beyond the shores of Europe to try Just before we go let's bring you up

:24:12.:24:29.

with the news, in the past hour Neymar has completed his world

:24:30.:24:34.

record transfer to Paris St Germain. He has signed a five-year contract

:24:35.:24:38.

with the French club, the 25-year-old Brazilian earlier broke

:24:39.:24:44.

his contract with Barcelona, he paid that $264 million buyout clause, he

:24:45.:24:49.

is going to earn around 45 million euros a year. That is 865,000 euros

:24:50.:24:56.

a week. Outside Source will be back at the same time on Monday, thank

:24:57.:24:57.

you for watching. Low pressure is in control at the

:24:58.:25:12.

moment. While that remains the case, we are going to struggle to see much

:25:13.:25:17.

in the way of settled summer weather. It

:25:18.:25:18.