03/08/2017 Outside Source

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Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.

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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins, this is Outside Source.


In Venezuela there's been an explosive accusation


In the days after he took office back in January, double spoke --


Donald Trump spoke to a number of world leaders. Those transcripts


have been released. Denmark are through to the final of the women's


European Championships, will they face favourites England or hosts


Holland for the trophy on Sunday? And we will find out what Scottish


whiskey has got to do with Brexit. One of the leading thinkers in the


Anglican Church, the Archbishop of Canterbury is currently in a visit


to Uganda. This report from now. Above the lush plains of Uganda, two


archbishops are on a mission, heading north towards refugee camps


on the border with South Sudan. The welcome they receive here is


rapturous. But the conditions are horrendous. May I come in? Thank


you. The whole family sleeps here, it's very tough. It is horrible.


There are nearly 1 million South Sudanese living in camps like this,


after fleeing a brutal civil war with many families rushing to the


border carrying only their children. God loves especially the refugee,


the alien, the widow, the orphan. And that means he loves you,


especially. While the archbishops of one mind in their for these


refugees, there is another issue about which they are deeply divided.


And it concerns not one country in one continent but the entire unity


of the Anglican Communion. That number is almost 80 million


Christians in 165 Nations. Should you not be in the middle, your


Grace... These conservative Evangelicals walked out on a global


gathering of archbishops last year after the American Episcopal church


voted to endorse same-sex marriage. He says the Bible teaches that


marriage is between a man and woman, and that the growing Ugandan church


will not remain in fellowship with those who support same-sex unions.


The next meeting of Anglican leaders is in October. You have been invited


to the meeting in October. Will you be attending? No. I have made it


clear I am not attending because of the position the Church of Ghana


holds. And that is that her sexuality is wrong? -- homosexuality


is wrong? You were asking about refugees, now you are focusing on


that subject. I do not want to continue. He says he remains


committed to the Anglican union and will not be pulling the Ugandan


church out. Although we have differences of agreement, of


opinion, over issues around human sexuality, when we were dealing with


refugees we were exactly on the same page.


Archbishop Justin Molby concluded his visit I praying for peace and


reconciliation in South Sudan. A prayer he probably repeated


privately for the church that he leads. Martin Beshir, BBC nears in


northern Uganda. England have been taking on the


Netherlands in the Euro championship. The game has just


about finished. Tell us what's happening. I'm afraid to report for


England fans that they have lost this semifinal 3-0. The third goal


went on in the stroke of that time, see you can probably still here the


cheers behind me. Vivien Medina gave the Netherlands the lead in the


first half and only one team in women's Euro semifinal history have


come back from a goal down at half-time to win and that was


Germany in 2009. It was not to be on this occasion. Danielle Vande Dong


scored the second goal for the Netherlands, and the third was just


said has gone on. England unfortunately for their supporters


waved their worst performance for the most important match of all.


They had conceded just one goal in the tournament up until this point,


scoring 11. It seemed the dream was alive. England chasing their first


ever major trophy in the women's competition. They reached the final


of this tournament in 2009, losing to Germany. Then the semifinals of


the World Cup two years ago. This was the time that they expected


themselves to go one step further. Now the Netherlands, the host, have


had a fine tournament as well but they were the underdogs for this


match. The big question was always could the 30,000 strong crowd behind


us here proved the difference and pull them through? It seems it did.


They produced an inspired performance with that first goal in


the first half really creating an amazing atmosphere, then two goals


to wrap it up. Really disappointing for England, they will now lick


their wounds on this defeat because the Netherlands go on to face


Denmark in the final, Denmark who beat Austria earlier this evening on


penalties, 3-0 on penalty kicks. It will be a Netherlands against


Denmark final, England go home and this party here is just getting


started for the hosts. Thank you, David. A disappointing


night for England. Boxing great Vladimir Klitschko has


been announcing his retirement from the sports just months after his


highly publicised bout against Britain's Anthony Joshua. Let's go


over to the BBC sport Centre. Quite a career? Absolutely. World


champion, held the title from 2006 to 2015. You mention our fight


against Anthony Joshua, it could have gone his way in April when they


fought a Wembley, that much of a Wembley was one of the greatest of


all time. Unfortunately for Vladimir Klitschko it was he who did not pick


up the win on that occasion. There was talk of a rematch between them


in Las Vegas this year but Klitschko has decided he is actually going to


hang the gloves up. The man who was the Olympics heavyweight champion,


turned lamb and -- jam professional that year. Age catches up with all


of us at some point, whether male or female, but he had the best nickname


in boxing, Doctor steel hammer. He can speak four languages and holds a


Ph.D. In sports science and he knows a thing or two. And brains. Over two


cricket, turning to Australia's cricketers, finally reaching a pay


agreement. The Ashes will go ahead because huge victory for the


country's female athletes. Huge for the females, they go for around 7


million Australian dollars, around 53 million in pay when it comes to


handing out money. That pay dispute has been finished since the end of


June, so it has taken so long. Both sides did not want to give anything


away. There was talk of a mediator coming in. As it is, 230 players


across both the men and women's have been effectively unemployed since


that previous five-year agreement expired at the end of June. The


biggest thing to come out of this is the damage to the grassroots game,


that will need to be repaired, but the Ashes goes ahead. The two Test


series against Bangladesh goes ahead. Of course, the most


successful women's team, having won six World Cup, they got knocked out


in the semifinals recently. It is great news all round, and hopefully


it builds through to the grassroots and gets them through to that side


as well. Thank you very much. The US government is considering


plans to allow more oil exploration in the Arctic ocean,


overturning a ban put In response - a coalition of native


rights and conservation groups have called it unconstitutional


and launched legal action. One indigenous group in northern


Alaska could feel the greatest impact of any drilling -


our Environment Correspondent Claire Marshall travelled 500 kilometres


north of the Arctic Circle, The climate is changing,


and the ice that covers Here the conflict between


the natural world and the business This town is the furthest north


in the United States, so remote it is cut off by road


from the rest of the country. The Inupiat call the


ocean their garden. And this is where they store


the harvest of whale meat. If that's kidney put it


on top of the heart. This is an ice cellar dug


out of the permafrost, It helps to sustain them


during the long Arctic winter. As your mouth starts to warm it up,


it softens up like chocolate. It's a richness you can't


get from anything else. Don't try and chew it real fast,


just kind of let it dissolve I don't mind the meat,


I don't mind the meat of it, We use white because


the whales can see colour. She takes us to


a feast on the beach. The Inupiat have hunted the bowhead


whale in their sealskin boats Now Donald Trump intends


to reverse the ban on drilling And many are afraid they will


lose their way of life. I honestly want to be at the shore


and tell him no, you can't. I mean, just imagine if there


were to be a big spill in the ocean. None of this would be


happening right now. But like the rest of Alaska,


this town is almost Taxes on the industry in other


parts of the country pay for the infrastructure and every


Alaskan gets a yearly cash dividend. Fred Brower believes


that oil is the only way So there's an opportunity


to coexist together. And an opportunity for not only


industry to thrive but also We are closer to the North Pole


here than we are to Washington, DC. But the White House has its eyes


firmly fixed on this region. It is an unstable world


and what lies beneath this ice could be crucial to the energy


security of the United States. But drilling here would be very


risky, just as it is risky to hunt. Armed in case of polar bears,


some other hunters take us out The Arctic is warming twice as fast


as anywhere else on the planet. Most scientists agree that oil,


a fossil fuel, is helping Maybe we should start looking ahead


for something that's more renewable. Maybe wind in the winter


and solar in the summer. Traditional Inupiat


dances tell the stories Donald Trump and his


decisions may well be woven Stay with us on Outside


Source - still to come. We're going to look at why


Scotland's whisky producers are in such good spirits as we move


nearer to Brexit. A surgeon who was jailed


after carrying out unnecessary breast operations has


had his sentence increased. The Court of Appeal ruled that


Ian Paterson's initial fifteen-year jail term was unduly lenient


and raised it to 20 years. That's now been


increased to 20 years... Tracy and Deborah, two


of Ian Paterson's victims. News of the higher sentence was just


what they'd hoped for. The increase has given


the right message. But 20 years, to me,


at least he'll serve Court of Appeal judges said no


sentence could properly reflect the suffering of Paterson's


patients, and they ruled he should The Government lawyer who challenged


the original sentence said The substantial increase


in the sentence, to 20 years, sends out a clear message


to the wider community that our system will not tolerate


such egregious breaches of trust. Paterson, seen here


before his sentencing, mutilated patients after deceiving


them into unnecessary surgery. He watched today's hearing


by videolink from prison, at times shaking his head


when details of his That angered John,


who was in Court today. He was talked into a double


mastectomy by Paterson. Still shaking his head in disbelief,


still muttering to himself when he doesn't agree with what's


being said about him. It makes me wonder if 30 years


would be enough for him to find anything within himself that doesn't


say, oh, I'm completely Tracy and Deborah weren't part


of the criminal case, but they aren't hundreds more


of Paterson's victims are seeking damages from the hospitals


where the rogue surgeon worked. A court hearing is due


in a few months' time. A benefit cheat has been sent to


jail. Mark Lloyd received thousands of pounds in personal independence


payments. Transcripts of conversations


President Trump had with world leaders after he took


office have been published Marcus Hutchins, the British


computer expert who helped shut down a world-wide cyber attack that


crippled the NHS, has been arrested in the US -


and charged by the US Department Let's go over to Dave in Lee San


Francisco for more. Remind us first of Marcus Hutchins is. Marcus


Hutchins is a 23-year-old British man, he inadvertently became


something of a cyber hero in May when he registered an Internet


domain name with the intention of tracking a huge cyber attack, the


WannaCry attack which affected the NHS and many other institutions. He


wanted to track that that actually managed to inadvertently shot it


down. He was heralded as being very useful in stopping the spread of


that very troubling a cyber attack. Now it appears he has been arrested,


we understand he was arrested at Las Vegas airport, he was travelling


home from a hacking conference which took place last week, he has been


arrested and he has been charged with six counts relating to a


different type of malware called Chronos. Chronos was able to steal


banking details from its victims. The FBI accused Marcus Hutchins of


being instrumental in creating and distributing that strain of malware.


So this indictment relates to incidents dating back to 2014, 2015?


Yes. The first instance of that attack being known in 2014. It


resurfaced in 2016, and it was not until now that we have heard more


information about that attack the coming public. In the documents


released by the FBI today, they said Marcus Hutchins was a key part of


that. It's worth saying many security experts have been on


Twitter this afternoon with complete disbelief at this news. One


prominent expert said it sounds like the FBI has made a terrible mistake.


There is a hearing coming up, we are likely to hear more about specifics


of what Marcus Hutchins is alleged to have done, but for the time being


a very surprising turn for someone who like I say, just in May was


heralded as a cyber hero. To recap, what do we believe will happen to


him now? He is being held somewhere where we do not know, a centre in


Nevada somewhere, he has been transferred from there. We do not


know where he is being held now. Of course it is up to the FBI to make


their case as to why they feel he is responsible. Often as we have found


in many instances, the creators of this virus software is, this


malware, it's very hard to pinpoint exactly where the root cause is.


It's quite a task to do that, but judging by the court documents the


FBI have put out today, they seem pretty certain. We are yet to hear


the defence from Marcus Hutchins. Thanks, and well done for


persevering despite the unintended interruption!


Michelle Carter, the young American woman who urged her boyfriend


to commit suicide, has been sentenced to two and


She was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in Massachusetts


after he boyfriend, Conrad Roy, killed himself when


We can cross now to Rajini Vaidyanathan in Washington.


This was a very controversial and very distressing case. In that trial


she was convicted last month, the judge decided she was guilty of, as


you say, in voluntary manslaughter, in terms of encouraging her


boyfriend Conrad Roy's suicide. The court was presented with dozens of


text messages that she sent him, I will share too with you now. In one


she said, hang yourself, jump off a building, stab yourself, I don't


know, there's lots of ways. In another she asked, how hard are you


going to try? Ultimately she was on the phone to Conrad Roy when he was


in a car park, and tried to poison himself with carbon monoxide. He was


having second thoughts and found Michelle Carter, she encouraged him


despite having second thoughts to take his own life and he died after


that. Today, his father spoke before the courts during that sentencing


hearing, describing his son as his best friend. His father said


Michelle Carter exploited my son 's weakness and used him as a pawn in


her own well-being. The judge did say that she was a bright lady,


mindful of her actions, and that's why he decided to sentence her to


two and a half years. She only has to serve 15 months of those in


prison. She will be getting some rehabilitation. The family of Conrad


Roy did want her to get between 7012 years in prison. Thank you very


much. -- between seven and 12 years. So what's Scottish whisky


got to do with Brexit? Well, for one thing during the EU


referendum many of the country's producers were big supporters


of the remain campaign. But now it seems many have


had a change of heart - buoyed up by the prospect of one-off


trade deals with countries like India where they currently


face massive tariffs. Our Scotland editor, Sarah Smith,


has been talking to some of them. The barley, the water, the weather


make Islay malts unique, and on this small island,


whisky is very big business. Almost 90% of Scotland's amber


liquor is exported overseas, so Brexit will certainly


be felt here. Small distilleries like Kilchoman


don't want to lose the protected status for Scotch whisky offered


by EU law and they worry about the bureaucracy that leaving


the single market might entail. Whereas it was very easy


to export into Europe, it's now going to be a little


bit more difficult. And certainly, for smaller


companies, I think that will have an impact,


because of the amount of people that we have to comply


with all the new regulations. Many of the island's distilleries


are owned by big firms that But they're now eyeing


up the opportunities The whisky industry is hoping


to expand sales in countries outside the EU, countries like India,


for instance, which currently slaps a whopping great


150% tariff on Scotch. If a new bilateral trade


deal could eliminate or slash those tariffs,


sales would increase enormously. The UK Government can't


guarantee tariff-free trade, but say there is now


the opportunity to try. As part of this new arrangement,


in a post-EU world, where we're negotiating the tariffs,


we're not bound in by EU terms, we're able to negotiate our own


terms, and getting the right deal for the whisky industry


is one of our priorities. Scotch whisky is a valuable product,


contributing about ?5 billion a year to the UK economy,


supporting 30,000 jobs and making It's an industry that


first feared Brexit, and now hopes to make it


work for them. Once we leave the EU,


we would be the UK negotiating free And so, that simplifies


the negotiations, to a degree. And so, yes, we hope that it will be


easier for the UK to negotiate a free-trade deal with,


for example, India. Much of Scotland's economy relies


on this water of life. And they're now looking


beyond the shores of Europe to try Just before we go let's bring you up


with the news, in the past hour Neymar has completed his world


record transfer to Paris St Germain. He has signed a five-year contract


with the French club, the 25-year-old Brazilian earlier broke


his contract with Barcelona, he paid that $264 million buyout clause, he


is going to earn around 45 million euros a year. That is 865,000 euros


a week. Outside Source will be back at the same time on Monday, thank


you for watching. Low pressure is in control at the


moment. While that remains the case, we are going to struggle to see much


in the way of settled summer weather. It