07/08/2017 Outside Source


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07/08/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello, this is outside source, we begin in South Africa. The Speaker

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of the parliament there has made a big announcement. I therefore

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determined that voting on the motion of no-confidence in the president on

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the 8th of August 2017 will be by secret ballot. We will be explaining

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why that is so important. After fresh UN sanctions over its recent

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missile tests, north Korea hits back. We want to make clear that the

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worsening situation on the Korean peninsula, as well as other nuclear

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issues caused by the United States. These pictures show a type of seed

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bug, they may look tiny but we have some pictures that really aren't for

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the squeamish that aspect of the damage they can do. A 16-year-old

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Australian ended up in hospital after earning counter with them. And

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we'll bring you the latest twist in Venezuela's political crisis, a

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search is underway after ten man who escaped after attacking a military

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base. If you want to get in touch, as always, the hashtag is BBC and

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west. -- BBC OS. Hello, welcome to putter outside

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source. We start the programme in South Africa because, well, there's

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been some surprising news there. There will be another vote of

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no-confidence in President Jacob Zuma, but earlier, the speaker of

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parliament pointed to a really crucial difference this time. She

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said this is good to be a secret ballot. And she said that this is to

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ensure a credible outcome. Here's our Johannesburg responded. The move

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took many by surprise and inject a new element into the proceedings in

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Parliament against President Jacob Zuma, where the ANC has always

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enjoyed a healthy majority. This decision is therefore in the best

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interests of the country. The speaker is required to guard the

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procedures of this house and to ensure that the outcome of this very

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important vote is credible. The secret ballot was seen as the best

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option for members of Parliament to vote without being intimidated and

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the call for a vote of no-confidence in President Jacob Zuma was

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initiated by opposition parties after the president sent nine

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members of his cabinet in a -- sacked nine members of his cabinet

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in a controversial reshuffle which saw the country being economic or

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downgraded. It's a choice between whether you spend with Jacob Zuma or

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whether you spend against -- stand against Jacob Zuma. Invisible

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choice, you stand for the interests of South Africa you don't. I think

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many parties have communicated that they feel a strong confidence saying

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they want to devote. We are convinced that the ANC members will

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do the right thing. It is an opportunity for them to demonstrate

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that they, too, are tired of corruption in this country. Hundreds

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of people who marched out of Parliament have welcomed the move.

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Every person camps. That is what we are practising. -- every person

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camps. It is not just about one person commits about the greater

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good. What you see today in Roger like the DC tomorrow, people want

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change and ideally, they want change through constitutional means,

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through the courts of law, not through a violent response. And the

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decision today was in line with what the expectation of what the

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countries. I'm not surprised that she decided in favour of a secret

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ballot. Because that is a democracy at its best. The question, though,

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is well ANC MPs help President Zuma keep his job at show him the door?

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This isn't Jacob Zuma's first vote of no-confidence, it's good to be

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his eight, in fact. But it is going to be a secret one. But let's find

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out why it is crucially important. Let's join the online editor of

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Power FM in Johannesburg. This different this time round, isn't it?

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A secret ballot, what does that mean? Essentially, it means that ANC

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parliamentarians who have to vote according to a whip system, they

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have to vote according to the party line, are technically able to vote

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whichever way they choose without any repercussions. This opens the

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gate for possibly defying the president, who is popular inside and

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outside the party. Explained to us, remind us why we have got to the

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stage? Why is he so unpopular now? President Zuma is the third

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president of the democratic South Africa, effectively, and he has had

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many personal scandal. The biggest of which was using taxpayer money,

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offered 250 million rands of money, and his personal residence, an

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upgrade to his personal residence. It became a focus point to a lot of

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South Africans. At the same time, there was a controversy about his

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closeness to a particular business family who came from India, and have

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been very internet and directing state contracts to their own

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businesses and have made enormous money. This is caused enormous

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consternation and operate within the South African public and political

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sphere. If the vote goes against him, what is the next step? What

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happens? What happens if the vote goes against him, which a lot of

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people still think is unlikely, is that effectively, the entire

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cabinet, although ministers, would have to resign and a lot of our

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parliamentarians. They would have to hold a special elections. And the

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speaker, who made the decision to have a secret ballot, would

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effectively be president, acting president, for a couple of weeks

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while the process took place. Given that Jacob Zuma was always going to

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stand down by 2019, what you read into this vote of confidence in this

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secret ballot? I think that in many ways, South Africans are impatient.

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They cannot wait for 2019. It's a long time away and they crucially --

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very crucially, economies in a frightening place. We have had

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several downgrades from international rating agencies, which

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is affecting all kind of things in our economy, most of all, the

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unemployment rate. If things keep going as they are boring, we're

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likely to lose 1 million more jobs in the next year or so, which could

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be devastating for economy. We have had extremely high unemployment. So

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there is a sense of urgency. Particularly because of the

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collections with this family I spoke about, people are concerned about

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further looting of state resources and weakening of state institutions

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that are meant to protect public funds and accountability. Digital to

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you, thank you very much, as always. We will of course continue to

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monitor what takes place in that secret ballot. -- nice to talk to

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you. We are going to turn to the United States now, because the city

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of Chicago has filed a lawsuit to prevent the Trump Ministry from

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withholding funding from so-called century cities. -- the Trump

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administration from withholding funding from so-called sanctuary

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cities. This announcement was made by the city bus nightmare, let's

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have a listen -- the city's Maher, let's have it wasn't what he has to

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say. We will not allow our police officers to become political pawns.

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Chicago will not allow residents have their fundamental rights by

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Lizzie. And Chicago will never drinkers are status as a welcoming

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city. At are I spoke to they reasoned that if they are dealing

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with an document of residence of the cities, it is best if they don't

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drink it information to law enforcement, the other services come

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into contact with people, it is best not to turn that information to

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immigration services because that would force people into the shadows

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rather than encouraging them to interact with city services

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committee have a population that will not call the police when there

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is a crime, a population that want to cut health services or education

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because of their immigration status, it creates essentially a shadow

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publishing in the city that is more prone to crime or health issues.

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That is their viewpoint. The ministry can's viewpoint is that

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immigration is the law of the land as far as residency goes, if someone

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in commits a crime or interact with police and don't have residential

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status, they should be handed over to the federal Government. Guest --

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Jeff Sessions announcement is that they're going withhold funds from

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any city that does not give access to public jails when they are

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holding an undocumented worker, does not share information with federal

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30s and does not inform the federal Government within 48 hours when they

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are releasing an undocumented worker are great back into the population.

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The bill is in perspective, this is a $3.2 million federal grant that

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goes to Chicago. -- to put this in perspective. Chicago's total budget

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per year is $9.8 billions, so it is more of a principal fight than

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talking about significant money for Chicago. The news of this lawsuit

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comes in the middle fodder is supposed to be a 17 day working

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holiday for President Trump. But as we are seeing from his productivity,

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he says... Welcomer for more analysis on this, we return to

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Anthony. I asked him why Mr Drogba peers so content on making the point

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-- Mr Trump appears so intent on making appointees working vacation.

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I think is sensitive to criticism that he's taking a vacation,

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particularly after he treated when President Obama take athletic

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vacations, criticising Barack Obama for taking time off. So I think he

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right thing a bit at accusations of hypocrisy. But he and his wife has

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been insistent that is to doing work, that the White House is going

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at the renovations right now so we had to vacate the premises, and

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while he is in New Jersey, his resort of complex there, you still

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taking meetings and phone calls, he spoke to the president of South

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Korea. He is going to New York next week to have more meetings. He's a

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very active attempts to maintain the perception he is working. Even the

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report the golf course yesterday. You reckon? Do stay with us here on

:11:57.:12:04.

outside source. Celcer come, in Venezuela, a search for ten men who

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escaped with weapons after an attack on a military base. More on that

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shortly. There are renewed warnings of a

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postcode lottery for women trying to obtain IVF treatment on the NHS.

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Figures from a health campaign group show a drop of nearly 50% of the

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number of areas offering three full cycle is. Our correspondence

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explains. This trend has been known about for a while but it has really

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accelerated the progress of restriction of IVF availability in

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England. Of the 209 clinical groups, NHS groups in each area he pay for

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your health care. In 1929 will only offer one cycle of IVF -- 129 will

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only offer a one cycle and five don't provide any at IVF at all. The

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clinical regulator recommends three full cycles of IVF for women up to

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the age of 40. So there's areas I mentioned current meeting that

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standard. And some areas have restricted it to 30-35s, not up to

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40. These numbers have increased over the last six months.

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Welcome, you're watching Outside Source live from the BBC newsroom.

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Earlier story is Tuesday'svote of no-confidence in South African

:13:34.:13:37.

President Jacob Zuma, will be by secret ballot. It is being seen as a

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test of unity within the governing African National conference as

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senior figures become increasingly critical of the leader. -- African

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National Congress. Other stories: A team of 15 volunteer firefighters on

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Sicily have been accused of fraud. It is alleged that they claimed

:13:59.:14:01.

state payments for particular far as they themselves had started. That is

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BBC World Service. The Government have killed three people and wounded

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to others on a popular beach in north-western Mexico, officials say.

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And one of our most watched videos is of these areas. This is a talent

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in remaining with the animals had been leaving the mountains to

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scavenge for food and local homes. -- in local loans.

:14:27.:14:32.

Our next story is about a British model who was allegedly kidnapped in

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the Italian city of Milan and then held captive for nearly a week. She

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has returned to her home in the UK. Let me show you Chloe, she is just

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20 years old and was apparently taken by a criminal gang to this

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small place in Italy. It's a small town just about Turing. The plan was

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to try to auction Chloe off as a sex slave on the dark web. And a Polish

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man who lives in the UK has been arrested. Our correspondent has sent

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this report from Milan. Held captive inside this isolated Italian

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farmhouse. The bizarre and elaborate kidnap allegation centres on how

:15:21.:15:23.

20-year-old model Chloe from south London was duped into leaving the UK

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for a photo shoot in Milan. Went inside this fake studio, she said to

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have been slashed by three men and injected with the drug cattlemen. --

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snatched by three men forced up she was bundled into this bag, placing

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the boot of a car and driven away. While she was held captive in this

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house behind me, the police statement said she was tied to

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furniture, it has of course, where the -- while the kidnappers tried to

:15:52.:15:54.

sell her on the dark web and embrace a ransom. The farmers are surrounded

:15:55.:16:00.

by abandoned houses, with only one neighbour. Anderson, personal, I saw

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this Englishman -- TRANSLATION: First of all, a sort this

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Englishman. Then there was a full full. -- a Volvo. The authorities

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say she was eventually released by one of her captors and driven to the

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consulate in Milan. A Polish national living in the West Midlands

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has been arrested in connection with kidnap and extortion. Chloe is now

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back in the UK. She has spoken briefly to reporters. I have been

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through a terrifying experiences. I feared for my life, second by

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second, minute by minute, hour by hour. I'm grateful to the Italian

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and UK authorities for they have done to secure her release. Milan is

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a magnet for aspiring models, were the dangers of unscrupulous agencies

:16:54.:16:56.

have all been clear. But this case has shocked the baffled

:16:57.:17:00.

investigators here, you're still try to piece together exactly what

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happened. Let's turn to Venezuela now with the hunt is on for ten men

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after the escaped from an attack on military base.

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This attack took place, you can see, in Valencia. It is the

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country'sthird largest city and it happened in the early hours of

:17:17.:17:20.

Sunday morning. Boot rebels were killed, when injured, seven

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arrested. -- boot rebels were killed. The president congratulated

:17:24.:17:29.

the Army for stopping the attack from turning into a full uprising.

:17:30.:17:35.

TRANSLATION: I would congratulate the Armed Forces for the immediate

:17:36.:17:38.

reaction they had against the terrorist attack to stop a week ago,

:17:39.:17:41.

we beat them with votes, and today, we beat the terrorism with bullets.

:17:42.:17:46.

We can have a look at a bit of video which was posted online of this

:17:47.:17:53.

particular attempt. There, you can see, visited up just hours after the

:17:54.:18:00.

new, controversial assembly held its first session and apparently showed

:18:01.:18:03.

soldiers declaring an uprising against President Maduro's Kaufman.

:18:04.:18:09.

People responded to the uprising responded with their own

:18:10.:18:12.

demonstration but police say there are quickly dispersed with tear gas.

:18:13.:18:17.

Let's speak to a reporter who joins us live from Sao Paulo. It's

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difficult understand who these people work, where they soldiers,

:18:22.:18:24.

where the rebels? Fill us in on who they were. I think the fine detail

:18:25.:18:32.

is still very sketchy, as you say. Now, the people in the video say

:18:33.:18:36.

they are part of the 41st Brigade which is based in Valencia. Mr

:18:37.:18:42.

murder room has dismissed back, and said they were restless. --

:18:43.:18:48.

President Maduro has dismissed it. But they say they were civilians and

:18:49.:18:52.

one man was a deserter. That has been dismissed by the Government but

:18:53.:18:58.

to get an idea of what actually happened on Sunday was pretty hard.

:18:59.:19:02.

To put it mildly, President Maduro is having a challenging time. If

:19:03.:19:06.

these are from the Army, how significant is this to him? It might

:19:07.:19:11.

reveal some cracks beginning to appear but I mean, his predecessor,

:19:12.:19:16.

chav is, make sure that the loyalists did support him within the

:19:17.:19:30.

army. -- Chavez. And the army so says there is unconditional loyalty

:19:31.:19:33.

to President Maduro, that has been stated several times. At the same

:19:34.:19:38.

time, the opposition has tried to win them over in an unofficial

:19:39.:19:43.

referendum against the constituent assembly, which was voted in just

:19:44.:19:46.

over a week ago, which was so controversial. The opposition did

:19:47.:19:48.

ask people whether they would be happy for the army to defend the

:19:49.:19:52.

Constitution, the opposition attracted a kind of win them over.

:19:53.:19:56.

But as it stands, the army still remains loyal to Mr Mejia go. But

:19:57.:20:10.

the -- loyalty President Maduro. The loyalty has been tested? The country

:20:11.:20:14.

is divided, every time something like this happens, it comes back to

:20:15.:20:18.

the fact that it was either a mysterious train to get involved,

:20:19.:20:22.

foreign involvement, and that has been a theme throughout nor does

:20:23.:20:30.

President Maduro, time but also in President Chavez's time, foreign

:20:31.:20:32.

intervention is not welcome in Venezuela. That is what we have

:20:33.:20:38.

heard. And after this uprising on Sunday, we have heard once again

:20:39.:20:42.

that it was foreign powers try to get involved that were behind this

:20:43.:20:45.

uprising. Thank you very much. The whole of Venezuela being tested

:20:46.:20:50.

there. That's 20 business. A letter by an

:20:51.:20:54.

anime to Google employee has sparked a row about diversity at the

:20:55.:20:59.

Company. -- letter by an unnamed Google employee. The letter said

:21:00.:21:06.

that the lack of female tech leaders was partly due to biological causes

:21:07.:21:11.

and men have higher driver status. Google says that this does not

:21:12.:21:16.

encourage that viewpoint -- it does not encourage that viewpoint and

:21:17.:21:19.

that diversion and it considered a fundamental part of its culture.

:21:20.:21:23.

Doctor Sue Black as an adviser to the Government on digital services

:21:24.:21:27.

and this is what she had to say. I read these opinions throughout my

:21:28.:21:31.

career. Data using text, I've had so many people say this kind of thing

:21:32.:21:37.

to me. -- 30 years in tech. But it's great that we have these forums, we

:21:38.:21:41.

have the intellect which we didn't have many years ago, we can discuss

:21:42.:21:47.

these things. I'm very happy -- via the internet. I'm happy we can

:21:48.:21:51.

discuss this. I've been teaching coding for nearly 30 years now.

:21:52.:21:55.

Citing urges men to do more science and engineering type stuff and

:21:56.:21:59.

doesn't record wouldn't so much. -- society encourages. We need to

:22:00.:22:02.

encourage women and girls into the area.

:22:03.:22:06.

The car-maker has lacked is looking to raise a further $1.5 billion to

:22:07.:22:10.

fund production of its mass-market electric car. Let's speak to let's

:22:11.:22:19.

bring her back. Michelle is joining us live from New York. Explain just

:22:20.:22:25.

why it has led needs this extra cash? Manufacturing hell, that is

:22:26.:22:34.

the words that Elon musk, the founder of the electric car maker,

:22:35.:22:39.

used a couple of weeks ago when describing the challenges ahead

:22:40.:22:45.

facing the company. It's trying to ramp up production of its model

:22:46.:22:48.

three, meant to be its mass-market electric car. To do that, it will

:22:49.:22:52.

require a lot of cash and in anticipation of that, the company

:22:53.:22:56.

has come out and is trying to raise money, essentially by writing IOUs

:22:57.:23:02.

and convince investors to buy those IOUs. In total, destroying to raise

:23:03.:23:08.

$1.5 billion. The company has about $3 billion in cash in hand. They

:23:09.:23:17.

expect to use 2 billion of those issues. If you can imagine, the cost

:23:18.:23:21.

of buying equipment, space, factories, getting all of those

:23:22.:23:23.

technologies done, so it can fulfil the order as it has received. We're

:23:24.:23:27.

talking about money, of course. What do investors say about this?

:23:28.:23:38.

Correction has the next. The -- reaction has been mixed. But the

:23:39.:23:43.

company says results have been better-than-expected. People had

:23:44.:23:45.

been kind of indicating that this would be an issue going forward, in

:23:46.:23:51.

the next year or so. Some people are in favour, feeling that the

:23:52.:23:54.

company's product in message is such that it can deliver and that

:23:55.:23:59.

investors in Tesla will just have to get used to this idea of high birth

:24:00.:24:04.

rate, as people on Wall Street quality. Others are more sceptical,

:24:05.:24:12.

one famous short selling is betting against the company. I think when

:24:13.:24:16.

you're talking about this new technology, there are questions as

:24:17.:24:19.

to whether they can deliver. Thank you very much. We will turn to

:24:20.:24:26.

Australia, Melbourne's Brighton Beach. I have to warn you, you

:24:27.:24:30.

should look away when I tell you about what we are going to show you

:24:31.:24:36.

because on Brighton beach, this rather horrible thing happened to a

:24:37.:24:42.

particular teenager late at night. There he is in hospital, but have a

:24:43.:24:46.

look at his legs. I did one you to look away. His legs were covered in

:24:47.:24:52.

blood after they were attacked by, well, eating away frankly, by tiny

:24:53.:24:58.

creatures in DC. The boy's father went on to the beach and had a look

:24:59.:25:02.

at what happened and this is what he found. He threw some meat into the

:25:03.:25:13.

sea, to cut out and on a microscope, he saw these tiny creatures. Green

:25:14.:25:15.

Bay artists have said they are likely to have been see these and

:25:16.:25:21.

these are tiny and discouraging marine animals. -- marine

:25:22.:25:27.

biologists. I walked up to the water, salt what was thought was

:25:28.:25:31.

sent covering my ankles and cough, she could of quite violently and it

:25:32.:25:39.

came off. -- I shook it off. I walked across the sand, but 20

:25:40.:25:43.

metres, to be my phone is on, looked down and no desire blood all over my

:25:44.:25:48.

ankles. I didn't know what to think, it was a bit of a shock random thing

:25:49.:25:53.

to see. I wasn't expecting it at all. No one has seen anything like

:25:54.:25:55.

it or anything before. So that has been interesting. But everyone has

:25:56.:26:03.

been really supportive and everything, which is then

:26:04.:26:04.