07/09/2017 Outside Source

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Hello, I'm Karin Giannone, welcome to Outside Source.


At least 10 people are dead after Hurricane Irma wreaked


The extent of the destruction in Barbuda is unprecedented. I am of


the view that Barbuda is barely habitable.


Irma is still a category 5 hurricane - and next it's heading


And the UK parliament begins debating a bill that will transfer


EU laws into British law after Brexit.


As Hurricane Irma continues to devastate the Caribbean,


its current course takes it on to Florida at the weekend.


It is predicted to to weaken slightly, but emergency


and evacuation procedures are already in place.


Let us talk to our correspondent in Miami. How bad are they expecting


things to get there? Today the authorities have really ratcheted up


the alarms about the hurricane getting to Miami and South Florida


on Sunday and Saturday and possibly through Monday as well. Today there


is a hurricane watch for the whole South Florida area and the latest


development is that they extended the evacuation zones in the Miami


Dade County and now we have a lot more people who need to go out of


their houses because it is not safe for them to stay. Florida, no


stranger to hurricanes, how are people reacting to this storm? South


Florida and the whole state, it is not strange thing during hurricane


season. The Erma hurricane, because of the characteristics that it has,


it has really scared people, I have seen, since Monday until today, very


long lines for gasoline stations and even the police here needed to


escort trucks with counselling for people to fill up their tanks. There


is no water available at the department stores or supermarkets


and people are trying to get away. I've seen a lot of confusion and a


couple of days ago about what to do. A lot of people now made the


decision about getting out of the state or at least going into the


inland zones of the state. How much help can Florida and the state


expect to receive from a federal level and what have we been hearing


from President Trump about what is coming? President Trump said today


that Florida was prepared for Irma, he has maintained contact and being


in touch with the governor and he approved the emergency for the


state. We have to remember that the state of Georgia also issued an


emergency today for the city of Savannah. It is not really an


exclusive thing to Florida and I am sure that the authorities on a


federal level will be paying attention to this as they did with


Harvey in Texas. Thank you very much.


British MP's have started discussing a bill described


by Prime Minister Teressa May as an "essential step"


The bill will convert all current EU legislation into UK law -


as European law will no longer apply.


Brexit Secretary David Davis opened the debate in parliament.


When I introduced the European union notification with drawl bill


earlier, I said it was just the beginning, the beginning of a


process to ensure that the decision made in June last year is honoured


and today we begin the next step in their historic process of honouring


that decision. Put simply, this bill is an essential step, whilst it does


not take us out of the European Union, that is a matter for the


Article 50 process, it ensures that on the day that we lead, businesses


know where they stand, workers' rights are upheld and consumers


remain protected. This bill is vital to ensuring that as we leave, we do


so in an orderly manner. Let us talk to Ian Watson, he described it as


vital but how much trouble might this bill run into? Quite a lot. But


not immediately. It was the initial debate today and the opposition made


their position clear saying it was effectively a power grab by


ministers because although it cuts and pastes existing legislation into


British law, it would give ministers sweeping powers to change those laws


for two years after Brexit. The Labour opposition has been


criticising that will oppose the bill and try and vote against her


but I do not think it will have the numbers and Parliament to defeat it,


that vote will have the numbers and Parliament to defeat it, that vote


will, Monday. In the vote will not come until midnight on Monday, there


will be a heated debate and because of the way that Parliament works,


that is one stage in this process. Then the bill will go into further


stages of scrutiny, eight days perhaps of discussions and at that


point unless the government gives ground on those sweeping powers, it


is possible that some Conservative members of Parliament might vote


against some aspects of the spell. I think they will get the bill through


but it will not be unamended. The opposition will have a chance to


Harry the government and make their case. This is just one piece of the


Brexit jigsaw. There has to be separate legislation with a


government intends to change European law on immigration, customs


and trade, there will be a whole range of separate bills between now


and 2019 with the government might struggle because it has such a


narrow majority. If it does start to hit hurdles, how much concern might


we see in Brussels? We did not hear positive noises from there today.


Not exactly. A couple of things happened, first of all the chief


negotiator said he was disappointed in the attitude towards settling the


bills. He says it is not a divorce bill, it is agreeing to pay up or


was already committed. Minutes were publish which criticised the chief


Brexit negotiator, David Davis, apparently the President of the


European Commission questioned his stability. The Prime Minister said


he is doing a very good job, he had to make that debate in Parliament,


but from the point of view of the government, they want to see an


orderly exit but they are having difficulty moving the European Union


on to the next stage of the bushy Asian is. They will have some


difficulties even if they get the legislation through, the time will


be spent trying to make sugar people on their own side are happy as they


go forward and then they have an additional problem, the substance of


the negotiations and ultimately, there will be a vote on the outcome


of those in Parliament. Thank you very much.


Let's head back to Germany now, because the country's general


election is just under three weeks away.


Hi. As I was alluding to earlier, immigration is one of the big issues


in this election campaign. There is one reason above all others that


that is the case. Going back to 2015, the peak of the migrant crisis


in Europe, you will remember hundreds of thousands of people were


coming into the West of Europe and Angela Merkel decided to introduce


an open door policy and hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers came


into Germany. It became a dominant political issue here for Angela


Merkel and also for her critics. Inevitably in the big leaders debate


on Sunday night, Angela Merkel against Martin Schulz, Angela Merkel


was asked about this issue. TRANSLATION: What could I have done?


I am familiar with this scenario is being discussed. Using water cannons


against thousands of people, is that the way you think that things can be


solved? I don't think so. We have a 3000 kilometres border and we had to


address the causes of migration. And a reminder that one of the reasons


why Martin Schulz, the leader of the social Democrats struggled to land a


punch on Angela Merkel during that debate was that it is because he has


a similar position to her on that issue of immigration. Something,


senior Islamic figures said was plain into the hands of the right


wing AFD who criticise Angela Merkel's policy on this. Look at


this story from the view of one man who has experienced it. Callard came


to Germany from Afghanistan ending up in a town not to four -- not too


far from Cologne. This is his story. I can stay in my new home. I found a


job here. Since last year, a lot of things


change. We do not know anything and we cannot speak with anyone. All the


people are looking at us and I do not feel comfortable. I will try to


be quiet and do not say anything, because we are scared, we do not


know about the rules. They don't have any stress when I go on the


bus. I think it is because, I can speak German now. My application as


a refugee was rejected by the federal office for refugees and that


was a very big shock for me. I tried to be on time, in my work, ie once


them to be satisfied. Now I am happy and everything is


good. I get along with the new situation. My son goes to the


kindergarten, we have a friend who comes to my home and teaches my wife


German. When we came to Cologne 18 months


ago to look at this issue, we knew that immigration would matter in the


political discourse of Germany, particularly running up to the


selection, we just did not understand how. 18 months and we are


getting a clearer picture. I have been speaking to a political


scientist here in Cologne for his analysis of how that decision by


Angela Merkel in 2015 is impacting on what is happening now. Dialogue


after 2015 became very rough, what we can see is that since then, we


have a rise of the right -- the populist party and she changed


dialogue in Germany. She is totally anti-immigration, she is totally


against the idea of a liberal democracy and tried to come into the


German Parliament and will get around about 10% at this moment.


When I was here 18 months ago, 10% would have been disappointing for


quite a few people in the AFD because there was an expectation


make a breakthrough, so perhaps we should be telling the story that


there has not been a rise like we expected. You're absolutely right.


In the high times they got around 15% in the opinion polls but then it


went down, out of the reason that the number of refugees is going down


very strongly in the last few months and the reason why that has


happened, Angela Merkel made a deal with the turkey and other countries.


The AFD would also say if you look at the main parties, Angela Merkel's


party and the social Democrats, they are basically the same. They have


similar policies on the big issues of the day. You can see why that


argument almost works. It is not only the AFD who are saying that, it


is sometimes the left party, out of the reason that the Christian


Democrats came first in the last few years and even the social Democrats


went towards the centre, they are coming closer to each other


politically and there are some differences, but Bill main


differences. Perhaps it all really comes down to personality and on


personality, German seemed to like Angela Merkel. They still like


Angela Merkel and I think the reason why they like is that she is very


calm in her politics, that she is dealing very calmly with problems


and that she has the possibility to bring different factions together.


She can govern with the Liberals, the Greens and the social Democrats.


We have covered the Dutch elections where we saw the freedom parties


saying that the mainstream parties at the same. It quite different way,


Donald Trump won the White House because he said I am not a


politician. The Brexit vote was related to that sentiment as well


and we have this in a different form here in Germany with the AFD in


particular on their right wing but also the far left party saying that


the main parties all agree on the main issues. On September the 24th,


we will find out how many Germans have decided to go with the more


extreme parties. Stay with us on Outside


Source - still to come. And a change in the transfer window


for clubs in the Premier League. Tulsen Tollett will


be here to explain. How likely we are to be


the victims of crime? The BBC has launched a new online


tool called the crime calculator which can tell you how likely


you are to be a victim of crime. It's been launched in


conjunction with the Office for National Statistics,


whose figures suggest that there is a gap between how


we perceive the risk of crime, Our Home Affairs Correspondent


Dominic Casciani reports. We watch it on TV, it's


in the papers, and we talk Surveys show many of us fear that


crime is growing nationwide. The BBC's crime calculator gives


you a more accurate idea So here in Reading, were people's


perceptions on target? Friends Omar and Victor


are soon off to university, and they have both been


victims of crime. My friend here, Victor,


he had his bike stolen from this But you personally, you never had


anything specific like a bike stolen I got my mobile nicked


here as well, actually. So how does Omar compare


to the national average? A higher risk of being


a victim of robbery, I didn't expect that, actually,


for that to come out if I'm Statistics show that young men


are more at risk of crime. But as you get older,


you actually become safer. Yeah, that is quite surprising,


because you might expect older people to be more vulnerable


to certain types of crime. The truth is, that as we get older,


we live gentler and safer lives. We learn how to protect


ourselves from crime. June, from the bowls club,


has been a victim of online fraud. So how likely is she to be a victim


of face-to-face crime? The calculator shows that people


like her have a low risk. It's absolutely brilliant,


I can rest in my bed Most of us get on with our daily


lives without being too concerned about crime in our neighbourhoods,


but official figures show that there is a real perception


gap between the sexes. Men are the most likely victims,


yet they worry the least. Women worry more, even though


they are often safer Official surveys show that our fear


of crime is influenced by the media, and what we see in the wider


world around us. We cannot know for sure whether it


will happen to us because many victims and offences simply are not


included in the figures. But most experts still say that we


are safer than we used to be. This is Outside Source live


from the BBC newsroom. Hurricane Irma has left


a trail of destruction across the Caribbean -


and it's still going strong as it heads towards Turks and Caicos,


the Bahamas and the US mainland. English Premier League clubs have


voted to change the closing date It comes off the back of what has


been a record breaking transfer Let us talk to our correspondent


adds the BBC Sport Centre. What is the reason for the change? The clubs


have voted in favour of amending the transfer window. It was normally the


31st of August and many of the European leagues are around the same


time, give or take an hour or two. The Premier League have decided, 14


clubs from next season, have decided to close the window on the Thursday


before the start of the new Premier League campaign. The vote was not


unanimous. Manchester United and Manchester City, two of the clubs


who were opposed to it, but Richard Scudamore believes it is something


that the clubs want. Enough of the clubs felt that they wanted to get


to the first day of the season knowing who was then their squad,


knowing who they have bought without the uncertainty that follows. The


idea that match one they can be playing against a player and then


the second match they could be playing against the same player,


following a transfer. Fundamentally, our clubs thought it was wrong and


for a whole host of reasons, I think that is really the nub of it.


Something this does do is that puts the Premier League clubs at a


disadvantage other clubs are still able to buy players for longer. The


Premier League clubs can still sell during the period but they cannot


buy. It will influence the other leagues especially in Spain and


France. Venus Williams last the final at the Australian open the


Shia and she takes on Sloane Stevens in the coming hours. She is playing


in her first Grand Slam following an absence due to a foot injury.


Madison Keys is playing her good friend Coco Vandeweghe. Thank you


very much for bringing us up-to-date.


Israeli jets have attacked a site in the west of Syria -


MAP This is where it says rockets struck - Masyaf -


it's also where Western powers suspect chemical weapons


That could be significant - because yesterday,


UN human rights investigators said they had concluded that


a Syrian Air Force jet was responsible for a chemical


attack in this town - Khan Sheikhoun - in April,


The Syrian government says it destroyed its entire


Israel hasn't commented - but we do know they've carried out


Earlier I spoke to Rasha Qandeel, who presents Newsnight


Actually, the timing, as many analysts might think, today is not a


coincidence. This is not the first time an escalation takes place on


the borders between Israel, Syria and Lebanon and it might be like a


proxy strike in favour of the United States, as today as well, the UN


reports about the Khan Sheikhoun chemical attack which took place


last April. Today it is becoming public and it is published for the


public and took place on Twitter. It is a massive report, that everyone


has been waiting for, to be published for the public. Israel has


crossed the borders to strike and missile bound for the Hezbollah


militant group and that means a lot. To cross the towards Syria and


strike for something that we call a cosmetic strike, this might mean


that is really striking on the half of the United States or it means


that it is striking to alert the international community that is


really is angry about something and they will probably move to take


action. It is sending out a strong message. As far as Syria was


concerned, it was supposed to have given up chemical weapons. It denies


it was involved in this attack in Khan Sheikhoun but yet the UN stuck


to its guns and says it was behind it. The problem with the attack in


Khan Sheikhoun is that it came very fast, the strike that the United


States took, right after this attack, all the investigations have


been held by France and Turkey and Turkey is one of the main players in


the Syrian battle at the moment. It cannot be considered very neutral in


the battle at the moment and probably, neither Syria nor Iran or


has balaka, backing President Assad can consider, Turkey, the United


States, and France neutral players. The problem with Khan Sheikhoun


taking place last April is because it came first, the air was crowded


with air strikes from everyone. Let us end the programme, we have an


update on those hurricane 's, three currently in the Atlantic and the


Caribbean area. Jose, that is following close behind Irma. It has


been upgraded to a category three, maximum winds of 195 kilometres per


hour. We are keeping a close eye on that. We will be back at the usual


time on Monday. Thank you for watching. Goodbye.