07/09/2017 Outside Source


07/09/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 07/09/2017. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Karin Giannone, welcome to Outside Source.

:00:08.:00:10.

At least 10 people are dead after Hurricane Irma wreaked

:00:11.:00:16.

The extent of the destruction in Barbuda is unprecedented. I am of

:00:17.:00:30.

the view that Barbuda is barely habitable.

:00:31.:00:32.

Irma is still a category 5 hurricane - and next it's heading

:00:33.:00:34.

And the UK parliament begins debating a bill that will transfer

:00:35.:00:39.

EU laws into British law after Brexit.

:00:40.:01:01.

As Hurricane Irma continues to devastate the Caribbean,

:01:02.:01:03.

its current course takes it on to Florida at the weekend.

:01:04.:01:06.

It is predicted to to weaken slightly, but emergency

:01:07.:01:08.

and evacuation procedures are already in place.

:01:09.:01:16.

Let us talk to our correspondent in Miami. How bad are they expecting

:01:17.:01:25.

things to get there? Today the authorities have really ratcheted up

:01:26.:01:30.

the alarms about the hurricane getting to Miami and South Florida

:01:31.:01:34.

on Sunday and Saturday and possibly through Monday as well. Today there

:01:35.:01:40.

is a hurricane watch for the whole South Florida area and the latest

:01:41.:01:45.

development is that they extended the evacuation zones in the Miami

:01:46.:01:50.

Dade County and now we have a lot more people who need to go out of

:01:51.:01:53.

their houses because it is not safe for them to stay. Florida, no

:01:54.:01:59.

stranger to hurricanes, how are people reacting to this storm? South

:02:00.:02:06.

Florida and the whole state, it is not strange thing during hurricane

:02:07.:02:14.

season. The Erma hurricane, because of the characteristics that it has,

:02:15.:02:21.

it has really scared people, I have seen, since Monday until today, very

:02:22.:02:27.

long lines for gasoline stations and even the police here needed to

:02:28.:02:33.

escort trucks with counselling for people to fill up their tanks. There

:02:34.:02:39.

is no water available at the department stores or supermarkets

:02:40.:02:42.

and people are trying to get away. I've seen a lot of confusion and a

:02:43.:02:48.

couple of days ago about what to do. A lot of people now made the

:02:49.:02:52.

decision about getting out of the state or at least going into the

:02:53.:02:57.

inland zones of the state. How much help can Florida and the state

:02:58.:03:01.

expect to receive from a federal level and what have we been hearing

:03:02.:03:11.

from President Trump about what is coming? President Trump said today

:03:12.:03:14.

that Florida was prepared for Irma, he has maintained contact and being

:03:15.:03:18.

in touch with the governor and he approved the emergency for the

:03:19.:03:22.

state. We have to remember that the state of Georgia also issued an

:03:23.:03:27.

emergency today for the city of Savannah. It is not really an

:03:28.:03:31.

exclusive thing to Florida and I am sure that the authorities on a

:03:32.:03:34.

federal level will be paying attention to this as they did with

:03:35.:03:39.

Harvey in Texas. Thank you very much.

:03:40.:03:41.

British MP's have started discussing a bill described

:03:42.:03:43.

by Prime Minister Teressa May as an "essential step"

:03:44.:03:45.

The bill will convert all current EU legislation into UK law -

:03:46.:03:50.

as European law will no longer apply.

:03:51.:03:52.

Brexit Secretary David Davis opened the debate in parliament.

:03:53.:04:01.

When I introduced the European union notification with drawl bill

:04:02.:04:08.

earlier, I said it was just the beginning, the beginning of a

:04:09.:04:12.

process to ensure that the decision made in June last year is honoured

:04:13.:04:17.

and today we begin the next step in their historic process of honouring

:04:18.:04:23.

that decision. Put simply, this bill is an essential step, whilst it does

:04:24.:04:26.

not take us out of the European Union, that is a matter for the

:04:27.:04:30.

Article 50 process, it ensures that on the day that we lead, businesses

:04:31.:04:35.

know where they stand, workers' rights are upheld and consumers

:04:36.:04:41.

remain protected. This bill is vital to ensuring that as we leave, we do

:04:42.:04:46.

so in an orderly manner. Let us talk to Ian Watson, he described it as

:04:47.:04:51.

vital but how much trouble might this bill run into? Quite a lot. But

:04:52.:04:57.

not immediately. It was the initial debate today and the opposition made

:04:58.:05:02.

their position clear saying it was effectively a power grab by

:05:03.:05:07.

ministers because although it cuts and pastes existing legislation into

:05:08.:05:11.

British law, it would give ministers sweeping powers to change those laws

:05:12.:05:18.

for two years after Brexit. The Labour opposition has been

:05:19.:05:21.

criticising that will oppose the bill and try and vote against her

:05:22.:05:24.

but I do not think it will have the numbers and Parliament to defeat it,

:05:25.:05:28.

that vote will have the numbers and Parliament to defeat it, that vote

:05:29.:05:30.

will, Monday. In the vote will not come until midnight on Monday, there

:05:31.:05:34.

will be a heated debate and because of the way that Parliament works,

:05:35.:05:39.

that is one stage in this process. Then the bill will go into further

:05:40.:05:44.

stages of scrutiny, eight days perhaps of discussions and at that

:05:45.:05:47.

point unless the government gives ground on those sweeping powers, it

:05:48.:05:53.

is possible that some Conservative members of Parliament might vote

:05:54.:05:58.

against some aspects of the spell. I think they will get the bill through

:05:59.:06:03.

but it will not be unamended. The opposition will have a chance to

:06:04.:06:06.

Harry the government and make their case. This is just one piece of the

:06:07.:06:14.

Brexit jigsaw. There has to be separate legislation with a

:06:15.:06:18.

government intends to change European law on immigration, customs

:06:19.:06:21.

and trade, there will be a whole range of separate bills between now

:06:22.:06:27.

and 2019 with the government might struggle because it has such a

:06:28.:06:33.

narrow majority. If it does start to hit hurdles, how much concern might

:06:34.:06:40.

we see in Brussels? We did not hear positive noises from there today.

:06:41.:06:46.

Not exactly. A couple of things happened, first of all the chief

:06:47.:06:53.

negotiator said he was disappointed in the attitude towards settling the

:06:54.:06:57.

bills. He says it is not a divorce bill, it is agreeing to pay up or

:06:58.:07:03.

was already committed. Minutes were publish which criticised the chief

:07:04.:07:10.

Brexit negotiator, David Davis, apparently the President of the

:07:11.:07:13.

European Commission questioned his stability. The Prime Minister said

:07:14.:07:18.

he is doing a very good job, he had to make that debate in Parliament,

:07:19.:07:22.

but from the point of view of the government, they want to see an

:07:23.:07:25.

orderly exit but they are having difficulty moving the European Union

:07:26.:07:28.

on to the next stage of the bushy Asian is. They will have some

:07:29.:07:32.

difficulties even if they get the legislation through, the time will

:07:33.:07:35.

be spent trying to make sugar people on their own side are happy as they

:07:36.:07:40.

go forward and then they have an additional problem, the substance of

:07:41.:07:45.

the negotiations and ultimately, there will be a vote on the outcome

:07:46.:07:47.

of those in Parliament. Thank you very much.

:07:48.:07:50.

Let's head back to Germany now, because the country's general

:07:51.:07:53.

election is just under three weeks away.

:07:54.:07:55.

Hi. As I was alluding to earlier, immigration is one of the big issues

:07:56.:08:12.

in this election campaign. There is one reason above all others that

:08:13.:08:17.

that is the case. Going back to 2015, the peak of the migrant crisis

:08:18.:08:21.

in Europe, you will remember hundreds of thousands of people were

:08:22.:08:24.

coming into the West of Europe and Angela Merkel decided to introduce

:08:25.:08:29.

an open door policy and hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers came

:08:30.:08:35.

into Germany. It became a dominant political issue here for Angela

:08:36.:08:41.

Merkel and also for her critics. Inevitably in the big leaders debate

:08:42.:08:47.

on Sunday night, Angela Merkel against Martin Schulz, Angela Merkel

:08:48.:08:52.

was asked about this issue. TRANSLATION: What could I have done?

:08:53.:08:56.

I am familiar with this scenario is being discussed. Using water cannons

:08:57.:09:02.

against thousands of people, is that the way you think that things can be

:09:03.:09:07.

solved? I don't think so. We have a 3000 kilometres border and we had to

:09:08.:09:13.

address the causes of migration. And a reminder that one of the reasons

:09:14.:09:19.

why Martin Schulz, the leader of the social Democrats struggled to land a

:09:20.:09:22.

punch on Angela Merkel during that debate was that it is because he has

:09:23.:09:27.

a similar position to her on that issue of immigration. Something,

:09:28.:09:33.

senior Islamic figures said was plain into the hands of the right

:09:34.:09:37.

wing AFD who criticise Angela Merkel's policy on this. Look at

:09:38.:09:44.

this story from the view of one man who has experienced it. Callard came

:09:45.:09:48.

to Germany from Afghanistan ending up in a town not to four -- not too

:09:49.:10:00.

far from Cologne. This is his story. I can stay in my new home. I found a

:10:01.:10:03.

job here. Since last year, a lot of things

:10:04.:10:21.

change. We do not know anything and we cannot speak with anyone. All the

:10:22.:10:28.

people are looking at us and I do not feel comfortable. I will try to

:10:29.:10:32.

be quiet and do not say anything, because we are scared, we do not

:10:33.:10:40.

know about the rules. They don't have any stress when I go on the

:10:41.:10:46.

bus. I think it is because, I can speak German now. My application as

:10:47.:11:00.

a refugee was rejected by the federal office for refugees and that

:11:01.:11:12.

was a very big shock for me. I tried to be on time, in my work, ie once

:11:13.:11:18.

them to be satisfied. Now I am happy and everything is

:11:19.:11:37.

good. I get along with the new situation. My son goes to the

:11:38.:11:47.

kindergarten, we have a friend who comes to my home and teaches my wife

:11:48.:11:49.

German. When we came to Cologne 18 months

:11:50.:12:05.

ago to look at this issue, we knew that immigration would matter in the

:12:06.:12:09.

political discourse of Germany, particularly running up to the

:12:10.:12:12.

selection, we just did not understand how. 18 months and we are

:12:13.:12:17.

getting a clearer picture. I have been speaking to a political

:12:18.:12:23.

scientist here in Cologne for his analysis of how that decision by

:12:24.:12:26.

Angela Merkel in 2015 is impacting on what is happening now. Dialogue

:12:27.:12:34.

after 2015 became very rough, what we can see is that since then, we

:12:35.:12:42.

have a rise of the right -- the populist party and she changed

:12:43.:12:50.

dialogue in Germany. She is totally anti-immigration, she is totally

:12:51.:12:55.

against the idea of a liberal democracy and tried to come into the

:12:56.:13:03.

German Parliament and will get around about 10% at this moment.

:13:04.:13:09.

When I was here 18 months ago, 10% would have been disappointing for

:13:10.:13:11.

quite a few people in the AFD because there was an expectation

:13:12.:13:15.

make a breakthrough, so perhaps we should be telling the story that

:13:16.:13:20.

there has not been a rise like we expected. You're absolutely right.

:13:21.:13:25.

In the high times they got around 15% in the opinion polls but then it

:13:26.:13:32.

went down, out of the reason that the number of refugees is going down

:13:33.:13:37.

very strongly in the last few months and the reason why that has

:13:38.:13:41.

happened, Angela Merkel made a deal with the turkey and other countries.

:13:42.:13:48.

The AFD would also say if you look at the main parties, Angela Merkel's

:13:49.:13:53.

party and the social Democrats, they are basically the same. They have

:13:54.:13:57.

similar policies on the big issues of the day. You can see why that

:13:58.:14:04.

argument almost works. It is not only the AFD who are saying that, it

:14:05.:14:12.

is sometimes the left party, out of the reason that the Christian

:14:13.:14:18.

Democrats came first in the last few years and even the social Democrats

:14:19.:14:22.

went towards the centre, they are coming closer to each other

:14:23.:14:26.

politically and there are some differences, but Bill main

:14:27.:14:30.

differences. Perhaps it all really comes down to personality and on

:14:31.:14:35.

personality, German seemed to like Angela Merkel. They still like

:14:36.:14:38.

Angela Merkel and I think the reason why they like is that she is very

:14:39.:14:43.

calm in her politics, that she is dealing very calmly with problems

:14:44.:14:50.

and that she has the possibility to bring different factions together.

:14:51.:14:54.

She can govern with the Liberals, the Greens and the social Democrats.

:14:55.:15:05.

We have covered the Dutch elections where we saw the freedom parties

:15:06.:15:07.

saying that the mainstream parties at the same. It quite different way,

:15:08.:15:14.

Donald Trump won the White House because he said I am not a

:15:15.:15:19.

politician. The Brexit vote was related to that sentiment as well

:15:20.:15:22.

and we have this in a different form here in Germany with the AFD in

:15:23.:15:27.

particular on their right wing but also the far left party saying that

:15:28.:15:33.

the main parties all agree on the main issues. On September the 24th,

:15:34.:15:39.

we will find out how many Germans have decided to go with the more

:15:40.:15:43.

extreme parties. Stay with us on Outside

:15:44.:15:49.

Source - still to come. And a change in the transfer window

:15:50.:15:52.

for clubs in the Premier League. Tulsen Tollett will

:15:53.:15:55.

be here to explain. How likely we are to be

:15:56.:16:00.

the victims of crime? The BBC has launched a new online

:16:01.:16:02.

tool called the crime calculator which can tell you how likely

:16:03.:16:05.

you are to be a victim of crime. It's been launched in

:16:06.:16:09.

conjunction with the Office for National Statistics,

:16:10.:16:11.

whose figures suggest that there is a gap between how

:16:12.:16:12.

we perceive the risk of crime, Our Home Affairs Correspondent

:16:13.:16:15.

Dominic Casciani reports. We watch it on TV, it's

:16:16.:16:18.

in the papers, and we talk Surveys show many of us fear that

:16:19.:16:22.

crime is growing nationwide. The BBC's crime calculator gives

:16:23.:16:26.

you a more accurate idea So here in Reading, were people's

:16:27.:16:28.

perceptions on target? Friends Omar and Victor

:16:29.:16:31.

are soon off to university, and they have both been

:16:32.:16:34.

victims of crime. My friend here, Victor,

:16:35.:16:39.

he had his bike stolen from this But you personally, you never had

:16:40.:16:41.

anything specific like a bike stolen I got my mobile nicked

:16:42.:16:48.

here as well, actually. So how does Omar compare

:16:49.:16:52.

to the national average? A higher risk of being

:16:53.:16:54.

a victim of robbery, I didn't expect that, actually,

:16:55.:16:56.

for that to come out if I'm Statistics show that young men

:16:57.:17:03.

are more at risk of crime. But as you get older,

:17:04.:17:12.

you actually become safer. Yeah, that is quite surprising,

:17:13.:17:17.

because you might expect older people to be more vulnerable

:17:18.:17:22.

to certain types of crime. The truth is, that as we get older,

:17:23.:17:25.

we live gentler and safer lives. We learn how to protect

:17:26.:17:29.

ourselves from crime. June, from the bowls club,

:17:30.:17:34.

has been a victim of online fraud. So how likely is she to be a victim

:17:35.:17:37.

of face-to-face crime? The calculator shows that people

:17:38.:17:40.

like her have a low risk. It's absolutely brilliant,

:17:41.:17:42.

I can rest in my bed Most of us get on with our daily

:17:43.:17:45.

lives without being too concerned about crime in our neighbourhoods,

:17:46.:17:57.

but official figures show that there is a real perception

:17:58.:17:59.

gap between the sexes. Men are the most likely victims,

:18:00.:18:03.

yet they worry the least. Women worry more, even though

:18:04.:18:06.

they are often safer Official surveys show that our fear

:18:07.:18:09.

of crime is influenced by the media, and what we see in the wider

:18:10.:18:14.

world around us. We cannot know for sure whether it

:18:15.:18:17.

will happen to us because many victims and offences simply are not

:18:18.:18:20.

included in the figures. But most experts still say that we

:18:21.:18:23.

are safer than we used to be. This is Outside Source live

:18:24.:18:26.

from the BBC newsroom. Hurricane Irma has left

:18:27.:18:41.

a trail of destruction across the Caribbean -

:18:42.:18:46.

and it's still going strong as it heads towards Turks and Caicos,

:18:47.:18:48.

the Bahamas and the US mainland. English Premier League clubs have

:18:49.:18:55.

voted to change the closing date It comes off the back of what has

:18:56.:18:58.

been a record breaking transfer Let us talk to our correspondent

:18:59.:19:14.

adds the BBC Sport Centre. What is the reason for the change? The clubs

:19:15.:19:21.

have voted in favour of amending the transfer window. It was normally the

:19:22.:19:28.

31st of August and many of the European leagues are around the same

:19:29.:19:33.

time, give or take an hour or two. The Premier League have decided, 14

:19:34.:19:39.

clubs from next season, have decided to close the window on the Thursday

:19:40.:19:44.

before the start of the new Premier League campaign. The vote was not

:19:45.:19:51.

unanimous. Manchester United and Manchester City, two of the clubs

:19:52.:19:56.

who were opposed to it, but Richard Scudamore believes it is something

:19:57.:19:59.

that the clubs want. Enough of the clubs felt that they wanted to get

:20:00.:20:03.

to the first day of the season knowing who was then their squad,

:20:04.:20:07.

knowing who they have bought without the uncertainty that follows. The

:20:08.:20:12.

idea that match one they can be playing against a player and then

:20:13.:20:15.

the second match they could be playing against the same player,

:20:16.:20:20.

following a transfer. Fundamentally, our clubs thought it was wrong and

:20:21.:20:27.

for a whole host of reasons, I think that is really the nub of it.

:20:28.:20:31.

Something this does do is that puts the Premier League clubs at a

:20:32.:20:37.

disadvantage other clubs are still able to buy players for longer. The

:20:38.:20:42.

Premier League clubs can still sell during the period but they cannot

:20:43.:20:47.

buy. It will influence the other leagues especially in Spain and

:20:48.:20:53.

France. Venus Williams last the final at the Australian open the

:20:54.:20:58.

Shia and she takes on Sloane Stevens in the coming hours. She is playing

:20:59.:21:05.

in her first Grand Slam following an absence due to a foot injury.

:21:06.:21:14.

Madison Keys is playing her good friend Coco Vandeweghe. Thank you

:21:15.:21:19.

very much for bringing us up-to-date.

:21:20.:21:21.

Israeli jets have attacked a site in the west of Syria -

:21:22.:21:24.

MAP This is where it says rockets struck - Masyaf -

:21:25.:21:29.

it's also where Western powers suspect chemical weapons

:21:30.:21:31.

That could be significant - because yesterday,

:21:32.:21:40.

UN human rights investigators said they had concluded that

:21:41.:21:42.

a Syrian Air Force jet was responsible for a chemical

:21:43.:21:45.

attack in this town - Khan Sheikhoun - in April,

:21:46.:21:47.

The Syrian government says it destroyed its entire

:21:48.:21:50.

Israel hasn't commented - but we do know they've carried out

:21:51.:21:54.

Earlier I spoke to Rasha Qandeel, who presents Newsnight

:21:55.:21:58.

Actually, the timing, as many analysts might think, today is not a

:21:59.:22:17.

coincidence. This is not the first time an escalation takes place on

:22:18.:22:22.

the borders between Israel, Syria and Lebanon and it might be like a

:22:23.:22:29.

proxy strike in favour of the United States, as today as well, the UN

:22:30.:22:34.

reports about the Khan Sheikhoun chemical attack which took place

:22:35.:22:38.

last April. Today it is becoming public and it is published for the

:22:39.:22:44.

public and took place on Twitter. It is a massive report, that everyone

:22:45.:22:47.

has been waiting for, to be published for the public. Israel has

:22:48.:22:57.

crossed the borders to strike and missile bound for the Hezbollah

:22:58.:23:01.

militant group and that means a lot. To cross the towards Syria and

:23:02.:23:10.

strike for something that we call a cosmetic strike, this might mean

:23:11.:23:15.

that is really striking on the half of the United States or it means

:23:16.:23:20.

that it is striking to alert the international community that is

:23:21.:23:25.

really is angry about something and they will probably move to take

:23:26.:23:30.

action. It is sending out a strong message. As far as Syria was

:23:31.:23:35.

concerned, it was supposed to have given up chemical weapons. It denies

:23:36.:23:40.

it was involved in this attack in Khan Sheikhoun but yet the UN stuck

:23:41.:23:44.

to its guns and says it was behind it. The problem with the attack in

:23:45.:23:49.

Khan Sheikhoun is that it came very fast, the strike that the United

:23:50.:23:54.

States took, right after this attack, all the investigations have

:23:55.:23:58.

been held by France and Turkey and Turkey is one of the main players in

:23:59.:24:04.

the Syrian battle at the moment. It cannot be considered very neutral in

:24:05.:24:09.

the battle at the moment and probably, neither Syria nor Iran or

:24:10.:24:17.

has balaka, backing President Assad can consider, Turkey, the United

:24:18.:24:22.

States, and France neutral players. The problem with Khan Sheikhoun

:24:23.:24:26.

taking place last April is because it came first, the air was crowded

:24:27.:24:32.

with air strikes from everyone. Let us end the programme, we have an

:24:33.:24:36.

update on those hurricane 's, three currently in the Atlantic and the

:24:37.:24:41.

Caribbean area. Jose, that is following close behind Irma. It has

:24:42.:24:49.

been upgraded to a category three, maximum winds of 195 kilometres per

:24:50.:24:54.

hour. We are keeping a close eye on that. We will be back at the usual

:24:55.:25:00.

time on Monday. Thank you for watching. Goodbye.

:25:01.:25:02.