06/12/2017 Outside Source


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06/12/2017

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LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source.

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America has become the first country

to recognise Jerusalem

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as the capital of Israel.

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Israel is a sovereign nation with

the right, like every other

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sovereign nation, to determine its

own capital.

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As you'd expect, Israel

has welcomed this.

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Arab countries haven't -

nor have the Palestinians.

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These actions are a destruction of

all the efforts to achieve peace.

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The decision is tantamount to the US

abdicating its role as a peace

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mediator.

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We'll be live at the White House -

and Lyse Doucet here's

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in the BBC newsroom with me.

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We'll also talk about the

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Democratic Republic of the Congo -

more people have had

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to flee their homes there

than anywhere else in the world this

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year - including Syria.

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We'll look at the

conflict causing this.

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Time Magazine has named the women

who spoke out against sexual abuse

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and harassment as its Person

of the Year.

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Donald Trump came in second place.

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And look who's decided to run

for President, again.

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BBC Russian will give

us their analysis.

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Donald Trump has kept

his campaign promise -

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and formally recognised Jerusalem

as Israel's capital.

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I have judged this course of action

to be in the best interests

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of the United States of America

and the pursuit of peace

0:01:450:01:48

between Israel and the Palestinians.

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This is a long overdue step

to advance the peace

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process and to work

towards a lasting agreement.

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Israel is a sovereign nation.

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With the right, like every

other sovereign nation,

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to determine its own capital.

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Acknowledging this as a fact

is a necessary condition

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for achieving peace.

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America will also be

moving its embassy from

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Tel Aviv to Jerusalem -

though that may actually

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take years to do.

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Palestinian President

Mahmoud Abbas responded

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to the decision a short time ago.

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These actions are destruction to all

the actions to achieve peace. The

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decision is paramount to the US

abdicating its role as a peace

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mediator. These measures will be

looked upon favourably as by the

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extreme mixed groups that operate in

our region.

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Israel's Prime minister though,

has welcomed the news.

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We are profoundly grateful

for the president, for his

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courageous and just decision.

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To recognise Jerusalem

as the capital of Israel

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and to prepare for the opening

of the US Embassy here.

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This decision reflects

the President's commitment

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to an ancient but enduring truth.

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To fulfilling his promises

and advancing peace.

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The President's decision

is an important step

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towards peace.

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For there is no peace that doesn't

include Jerusalem as

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the capital of the state of Israel.

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This raises many questions, one of

them is why President Trump is doing

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it now. Here is Barbara Plett Usher.

I think the main reason the

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president made the announcement was

pretty clear in his speech, he said

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previous presidents have failed to

deliver on campaign promises to move

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the embassy, I am delivering so that

is what is behind this. Its domestic

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politics, he made the promise and

wanted to do it. But because of US

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law the presidents every six months

had to sign a waiver which will keep

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the MC in Tel Aviv for security

reasons which meant every six months

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Donald Trump would have to confront

the fact he was not keeping his

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promise and that frustrated him very

much so we understand that is what

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drove this discussion for

recognising Jerusalem as the capital

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of Israel and basically he wanted

this very much despite the advice of

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his national security officials who

were worried about security

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implications.

I understand the

general idea of a candidate wanting

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to keep his promises but his

position, the embassy being in

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Israel, why does that matter to his

core supporters in America?

Those he

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was responding to were strongly

pro-Israel groups, evangelical

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Christians who are quite a big force

and American dues on the right-wing

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the spectrum. And some wealthy

donors. It has a certain amount of

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power he was responding to. Also

Congress is in favour of this, they

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voted for this move to take place in

1995 which is why every six months

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the president says we will not do it

for security reasons. It's a

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bipartisan consensus. Broadly

speaking I think most Americans are

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not walking around asking why the

embassy is not in Jerusalem.

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Israel has always regarded

Jerusalem as its capital -

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but no other country has recognised

it as such.

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That's why you'll find embassies

in and around Tel Aviv.

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East Jerusalem is a

particularly contentious.

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It was annexed from Jordan in 1967

and Israel has built dozens

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of settlements there -

but it's not recognised by other

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countries as part of Israel.

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For their part, the Palestinians

want East Jerusalem

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as the capital of a future

Palestinian state.

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Here's Yolande Knell

in Jerusalem with more context

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on today's decision.

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Jerusalem. This ancient city lies at

the very heart of the Israel

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Palestinian conflict. We have seen

many times how just a small change

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on the ground here can quickly lead

to a flare-up anti-violence. So what

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happens here really does matter.

Jerusalem has got great religious

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significance of course. Head old

city has some of the holiest sites

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are Muslims, Christians and Jewish

people but it has great political

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significance as well.

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Most Israelis see Jerusalem as their

eternal undivided capital. Not long

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after the modern State of Israel was

created in 1948 years early

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Parliament was set up in the west of

the city. But it wasn't until the

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1967 war with neighbouring Arab

countries that Israel captured East

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Jerusalem, including the old city.

It later annexed it in a move that

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is not recognised internationally.

Israeli leaders often vent their

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frustration that there is not a

recognition of full Israeli

0:07:210:07:24

sovereignty over Jerusalem

particularly from international

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allies.

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Of course Palestinians see things

starkly different play. They want

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East Jerusalem as their capital.

That is part of the long-standing

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international formula for peace year

known as the two state solution.

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Basically the idea that an

independent Palestinian state would

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be created alongside Israel, along

the boundaries which existed before

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1967. It is written up in UN

resolutions. About one third of

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people Jerusalem are Palestinian,

some of them coming from families

0:08:030:08:06

which have been here for centuries.

And there are lots of ongoing

0:08:060:08:11

tensions particularly over the

expansion of Jewish settlements in

0:08:110:08:14

the east of the city. They are seen

as illegal under international law

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that Israel disagree.

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For decades the international

community has been saying any change

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in the status of Jerusalem can only

come about as part of a negotiated

0:08:290:08:33

peace deal. So for now all countries

with embassies in Israel keep them

0:08:330:08:37

in or near to Tel Aviv and they have

consulates in Jerusalem.

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Reaction to this has been as strong

as it's been predictable.

0:08:420:08:45

Saudi Arabia says it's a "a flagrant

provocation to Muslims".

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Egypt's President is urging

Donald Mr Trump "not to complicate

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the situation in the region".

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And the leaders of Turkey

and Jordan addressed the issue

0:08:560:08:58

at a joint press conference.

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There is no alternative to the two

state solution and Jerusalem is key

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to any peace agreement, it is key to

the stability of the entire region.

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TRANSLATION:

Nobody has the right to

play with the destiny of billions of

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people for the sake of personal

ambitions. Such a step will only

0:09:210:09:24

play into the hands of terror

groups.

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I spoke to Lyse Doucet our

Chief International Correspondent

0:09:270:09:29

about what this means

for the peace process.

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The history of the peace process and

it has to be said failed peace

0:09:370:09:42

process is symbols matter as much a

substance. When it comes the symbol

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is no greater symbol of the attempt

to find a solution to one of the

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most intractable conflict anywhere

in the world, Jerusalem. Jerusalem

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is not, it is not just one of the

most coveted and controversial

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pieces of real estate anywhere in

the world, it's also a symbol of the

0:10:050:10:10

desire, you had from King of Jordan,

the two state solution, to have an

0:10:100:10:17

Israeli and Palestinian state side

by side with each having part of

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Jerusalem as the capital. But the

way Israel describes it is the

0:10:200:10:29

eternal undivided capital. They want

to say it will help the peace

0:10:290:10:35

process but for now there is only

anger and anxiety, this is not how

0:10:350:10:39

you restart the peace process. Will

it somewhere down the line? There

0:10:390:10:44

have been so many setbacks and this

is just another one but it is huge.

0:10:440:10:49

Mac with a bass seeing this means

America cannot be the mediator any

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more, but critics will say they have

always been towards the Israeli side

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anyway.

There has been one constant

in the peace process and that is

0:11:010:11:05

America, it's the only outside power

acceptable by both sides because

0:11:050:11:10

it's always been seen by the

Palestinians, notwithstanding the

0:11:100:11:15

criticism, that the tilted towards

the Israelis,, that they had the

0:11:150:11:19

will and the power to do something

about it. I think this decision will

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make them think twice. I think in

the long run they will find it hard

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to find a replacement because Israel

will not accept anyone else and

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after this move today they will not

accept anyone but the United States

0:11:310:11:38

is the main outside player.

We were

talking to you in Saudi Arabia,

0:11:380:11:43

Donald Trump would have known this

would upset them, how damaging do

0:11:430:11:47

you think this is?

Jared Kushner

working on this process, he has

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been, he made three secret trips,

did not consult the State Department

0:12:000:12:06

about it, had talks with the Crown

Prince of Saudi Arabia. We

0:12:060:12:10

understand most of it was to discuss

the ideas were peace process. New

0:12:100:12:14

ideas. No doubt he would have been

told about this decision. It's

0:12:140:12:20

especially tricky for the Saudis

because the Saudi king is the

0:12:200:12:26

custodian of the two holiest shrines

for Islam and the third one is in

0:12:260:12:29

Jerusalem.

Much more information on

the BBC website. We will bring the

0:12:290:12:44

up-to-date as more people have had

to flee their homes.

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The Brexit Secretary has been

accused of gross negligence

0:12:520:12:55

after admitting that the government

has not tried to calculate

0:12:550:12:57

the effect Brexit might have

on the British economy.

0:12:570:13:02

Speaking before the Brexit

committee, Mr Davis said

0:13:020:13:04

the usefulness of such assessments

would be "near zero"

0:13:040:13:07

because of the scale of change

Brexit is likely to cause.

0:13:070:13:16

Do not draw the conclusion that

because you used the word impact you

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have written an impact assessment. I

took it, that they were looking for

0:13:190:13:26

a quantitative economic forecast and

that is not there. We haven't done

0:13:260:13:32

that. What is there is the size of

the industry, the employment and so

0:13:320:13:37

on. That's important and of course

it describes the effect of the

0:13:370:13:41

policy. The government of course is

looking at the effect of the

0:13:410:13:44

potential policies but it hasn't

written an impact assessment.

0:13:440:13:47

This is Outside Source live

from the BBC newsroom.

0:14:010:14:03

Our lead story:

0:14:030:14:04

President Trump has overturned

decades of US policy and recognised

0:14:040:14:07

the disputed city of Jerusalem

as Israel's capital.

0:14:070:14:14

Let's get some of the main stories

from the World Service.

0:14:140:14:18

More than 200 countries at a UN

conference in Kenya have signed

0:14:180:14:21

a statement saying the use throwaway

plastic must end.

0:14:210:14:27

One of Brazil's most-wanted men been

arrested in a security operation

0:14:270:14:30

in Rio involving 3,000 police

officers and soldiers.

0:14:300:14:33

Rogerio Avelino da Silva is accused

of drug-trafficking,

0:14:330:14:35

extortion and murder.

0:14:350:14:45

France's most famous rock star -

Johnny Hallyday -

0:14:490:14:52

has died at the age of 74.

0:14:520:14:54

He was inspired after seeing

footage of Elvis Presley -

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and he went on to sell around

100 million records over 50 years.

0:14:560:15:05

Here's something I didn't

know until today -

0:15:050:15:07

more people have had

to flee their homes

0:15:070:15:09

in the Democratic Republic

of Congo than in Syria,

0:15:090:15:13

Yemen or Iraq.

0:15:130:15:16

It's estimated on average over 5000

have done so every day this year.

0:15:160:15:24

The Norwegian Refugee Council says

"It's a mega-crisis.

0:15:240:15:26

The scale of people fleeing

violence is off the charts".

0:15:260:15:30

It's because of violence -

primarily in the provinces Kivu,

0:15:300:15:33

Kasai and Tangan-yika.

0:15:330:15:43

These are pictures from Tanganyika.

0:15:430:15:44

They show a burnt out village.

0:15:440:15:45

The violence is springing

from chronic political

0:15:450:15:47

instability and competition

for scarce resources.

0:15:470:15:49

A delay in holding Presidential

elections is increasing tensions.

0:15:490:15:57

These are displaced people

who've been sheltering

0:15:570:15:59

in a church following attacks

on their community.

0:15:590:16:03

Such violence has prevented many

families from accessing their land.

0:16:030:16:08

In fact over 7 million people lack

a reliable supply of food -

0:16:080:16:11

and a cholera outbreak has

killed 600 people.

0:16:110:16:15

On top of this, very little

international money is being pledged

0:16:150:16:17

to help these people.

0:16:170:16:22

Here's one of the victims

of the violence.

0:16:220:16:29

TRANSLATION:

I spent three days in

the forest before reaching a

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village. People had fled from the

village I reached, I did not know

0:16:330:16:37

where my husband and children had

gone. Three days later I found ten

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of my children but I am still

missing one of them and my husband.

0:16:410:16:47

There is more

0:16:470:16:49

The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza told

us more from Nairobi.

0:16:490:16:51

the problems are not new, this

conflict has been going on for

0:16:540:16:58

several years and it's simply about

militia groups trying to control

0:16:580:17:01

territory.

We have seen thousands of

internally displaced peoples over

0:17:010:17:08

the years and this has intensified

over the last few months because of

0:17:080:17:15

the uncertainty surrounding the

elections which were supposed to be

0:17:150:17:17

held this year but the president has

now pushed them to December next

0:17:170:17:23

year. Many militia groups have now

targeted government installations,

0:17:230:17:29

they have been targeting government

officials and all this violence has

0:17:290:17:33

led to this massive displacement.

0:17:330:17:36

Time magazine has announced its 2017

Person of the Year.

0:17:360:17:39

In fact it's people of the year.

0:17:390:17:41

They're all women who shed light

on sexual harassment and abuse.

0:17:410:17:43

The headline reads

"the Silence Breakers -

0:17:430:17:45

The Voices that launched

the movement".

0:17:450:17:50

There's the activist Adama Iwu,

actress Ashley Judd,

0:17:500:17:56

singer Taylor Swift,

strawberry picker Isabel Pascual and

0:17:560:17:58

former Uber engineer Susan Fowler.

0:17:580:18:04

You can also see here the arm

of a woman who came forward

0:18:040:18:07

but chose to stay anonymous.

0:18:070:18:13

The article reads: "The women

and men who have broken

0:18:130:18:15

their silence span all races,

all income classes,

0:18:150:18:17

all occupations and virtually

all corners of the globe....

0:18:170:18:21

They're part of a movement

that has no formal name.

0:18:210:18:23

But now they have a voice."

0:18:230:18:31

Those making the selection not

unaware that if these people came

0:18:310:18:37

first the person who came second,

Donald Trump, boasted of sexually

0:18:370:18:40

assaulting a woman.

0:18:400:18:43

And third, Xi Jinping.

0:18:430:18:44

Nada Tawfik's in New York.

0:18:440:18:48

I was saying it is only two months

since the Harvey Weinstein story

0:18:480:18:52

came out but it feels like a lot

longer because of the profound

0:18:520:18:57

implications which followed?

Yes,

absolutely. I along with some of my

0:18:570:19:02

colleagues here in the office

predicted this would be the

0:19:020:19:05

selection because unless you have

been living under a rock the last

0:19:050:19:08

few months have seen such a powerful

iconic men across several

0:19:080:19:13

industries, whether it is Harvey

Weinstein in Hollywood, Charlie Rose

0:19:130:19:18

in media, Kevin Spacey in Hollywood,

powerful men across the political

0:19:180:19:25

spectrum, Roy Miller, Alf Franklin,

Republicans and Democrats, being

0:19:250:19:28

accused of sexual assault. Men and

women coming to the forefront, they

0:19:280:19:34

spoke to dozens of women across

several industries and they all

0:19:340:19:38

expressed the same emotions, first

the sense of shame then the sense of

0:19:380:19:42

empowerment, that it was not their

fault and they needed to speak out,

0:19:420:19:46

the anger and feuding which led them

to break her silence. It was

0:19:460:19:50

interesting to read different

accounts from Time magazine because

0:19:500:19:53

you get the sense this is not just a

moment in time, it is a movement. We

0:19:530:19:58

have seen that today as well, it

will carry on to have repercussions.

0:19:580:20:03

I think it was a choice which does

not surprise many that they went

0:20:030:20:08

with these silence breakers for

Person of the year that had the most

0:20:080:20:11

impact culturally.

Perhaps explain

how significant this choice is,

0:20:110:20:19

people really do care about it?

This

is a choice that has implications of

0:20:190:20:27

two affected events in this country

for better or worse. So President

0:20:270:20:31

Trump for example won last year, he

has been very vocal in the past

0:20:310:20:36

about wanting to get on the list and

people have mistakenly thought that

0:20:360:20:40

is an honour and that's not

necessarily so. Adolf Hitler and

0:20:400:20:44

other controversial figures have

been on the magazine. But it does

0:20:440:20:53

put a spotlight on those they think

are the most influential and if you

0:20:530:20:56

look at the short list for example,

you had Kim Jong-un, Robert Miller,

0:20:560:21:00

Colin Kaepernick who started the

National campaign against police

0:21:000:21:07

brutality in this country, it is a

nod to those who are the most

0:21:070:21:10

influential.

Thank you, toxin.

0:21:100:21:15

This skeleton has become

known as "little foot" -

0:21:150:21:17

and today it's been unveiled.

0:21:170:21:18

It's over 3 million years old -

and is one of the oldest

0:21:180:21:21

human skeletons.

0:21:210:21:25

It found in caves,

north-west of Johannesburg.

0:21:250:21:27

And it's thought this

was a young girl

0:21:270:21:29

who fell into the cave.

0:21:290:21:34

This was important because it shows

our ancestors lived across a far

0:21:340:21:37

wider area than previously.

0:21:370:21:41

The other well known skeleton

of this age was found in Ethiopia.

0:21:410:21:45

It became known as Lucy.

0:21:450:21:51

Andrew Harding has this report form

South Africa on what else we're

0:21:510:21:54

learning from these skeletons.

0:21:540:21:56

They found her skeleton in these

deep caves outside Johannesburg.

0:21:560:21:59

She'd been lying here

for almost four million years,

0:21:590:22:02

trapped in the rock.

0:22:020:22:06

Today, Little Foot finally emerged -

astonishingly intact,

0:22:060:22:10

after 20 painstaking

years of excavation.

0:22:100:22:16

These bones had a very,

very fragile, flaky

0:22:160:22:19

surface, many of them.

0:22:190:22:26

And it was like trying

to extract a pie with flaky

0:22:260:22:28

pastry out of concrete

without damaging the pie.

0:22:280:22:30

We had to do this properly,

we had to do it slowly.

0:22:300:22:33

Yes, it took more than 20 years

of my life, but I feel younger

0:22:330:22:36

and stronger for it!

0:22:360:22:39

So, these are the caves

where Little Foot was found.

0:22:390:22:42

The theory goes that she was walking

along the surface, fell

0:22:420:22:45

down into the caves,

and was covered

0:22:450:22:47

by sediment and rock.

0:22:470:22:49

Millions of years later,

scientists in the 1980s and 1990s,

0:22:490:22:53

in a series of extraordinary

coincidences, stumbled

0:22:530:22:57

across her remains and slowly

managed to piece them back together.

0:22:570:23:02

Her skeleton shows

she was in her 30s.

0:23:020:23:05

She probably lived in the trees,

and crucially, she was more

0:23:050:23:08

like us than like an ape.

0:23:080:23:12

So the pictures you see in books

of our ancestors gradually getting

0:23:120:23:15

up off of all fours and walking

along in a stooped manner,

0:23:150:23:18

that's all nonsense.

0:23:180:23:20

They were upright when

they were in the trees,

0:23:200:23:22

and they were upright

when they came down to the ground.

0:23:220:23:25

And now they're us?

0:23:250:23:26

Yes, now they're us.

0:23:260:23:29

Unearthed in these caves then,

a vital addition to our own

0:23:290:23:33

complicated family tree.

0:23:330:23:36

Andrew Harding, BBC

News, South Africa.

0:23:360:23:44

Ford is attempting to crack

the Chinese market - again.

0:23:440:23:47

This time with as partnership

with Alibaba - which is vast

0:23:470:23:50

online retail operation.

0:23:500:23:51

The idea is simple -

Alibaba will help Ford

0:23:510:23:53

sell its cars online.

0:23:530:24:03

Sounds simple but I expect it would

be more complicated than that.

It

0:24:040:24:09

certainly will be but Ford has

already made a big commitment to say

0:24:090:24:13

they will push electric cars in

China, the biggest market with the

0:24:130:24:18

biggest appetite because China

themselves have said they want to

0:24:180:24:21

start having a lot more electric car

is on the streets. Enter Alibaba. We

0:24:210:24:29

are talking about trying to disrupt

the way cars are being sold and it

0:24:290:24:34

is interesting because it's a

conversation which often comes up in

0:24:340:24:39

the United States, people saying we

need to change the way we sell cars.

0:24:390:24:43

I think a lot of people will watch

this very closely.

In terms of

0:24:430:24:49

American car manufacturers and their

performance in China have they been

0:24:490:24:52

able to get a sizeable foothold in

the market?

They are trying but

0:24:520:24:58

there is a lot of complications.

There are lots of success stories

0:24:580:25:06

but the complexities with which they

have to do work in China, we saw

0:25:060:25:11

Tesla saying they will not partner

with a Chinese company locally and

0:25:110:25:15

will just go at it alone which is

something we don't really see often

0:25:150:25:21

except, in fact, we have almost

never seen it when it comes to car

0:25:210:25:24

makers in China.

Very interesting,

thank you, we will be getting more

0:25:240:25:30

details on that arrangement between

Alibaba and Ford on Thursday so we

0:25:300:25:33

will watch out for that. That's the

first half, the lead story here that

0:25:330:25:39

Donald Trump has confirmed what we

were discussing yesterday, that

0:25:390:25:44

America will recognise Jerusalem as

the capital of Israel and will start

0:25:440:25:48

the process of moving the American

embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

0:25:480:25:52

I will be back with you with more of

the biggest global stories from the

0:25:520:25:56

BBC newsroom and a couple of

minutes.

0:25:560:25:58

The United States looking at its

first significant cold spell of the

0:26:100:26:15

season, bitterly cold conditions

penetrating as far south as the deep

0:26:150:26:20

South and Northern Mexico. They

called air behind this area of low

0:26:200:26:25

pressure which swept through, this

active cold front cleaving south and

0:26:250:26:29

east and as the called air moves as

far south as Northern Mexico it is

0:26:290:26:33

likely to turn some of it into sleet

and snow off high ground, you can

0:26:330:26:37

see the extent of the blue

indicating that cold, there will be

0:26:370:26:46

showers and Lake effect snow across

the north-east, rain sleet and snow

0:26:460:26:51

into parts of Texas and New Mexico

and across the West it is dry and

0:26:510:26:55

sunny but strong Santa Ana winds

across parts of California fuelling

0:26:550:27:00

the devastating wildfires. In south

Asia a more dry picture across the

0:27:000:27:10

North West one or two showers left

in its wake but other than that it's

0:27:100:27:14

a dry story. We are keeping a

watchful eye in the Bay of Ben

0:27:140:27:18

Balfour that system which could

develop into a tropical storm and

0:27:180:27:22

move north into the direction of

north-east India and parts of

0:27:220:27:25

Bangladesh. You can see emphasis on

dry and sunny and very warm weather.

0:27:250:27:35

A cross into Europe high-pressure is

the dominating feature, a lot of

0:27:350:27:39

fine and dry weather, mist and fog

problems in places but also strong

0:27:390:27:44

winds tracked across the north of

Europe with an area of low pressure

0:27:440:27:47

bringing disruptive winds, a lot of

marine transport being interfered

0:27:470:27:53

with. Another area of low pressure

moving, storm Caroline which will

0:27:530:27:59

bring disruptive winds to the

Northern half, Thursday and Friday,

0:27:590:28:05

tightly packed isobars as the

weather front clears southwards,

0:28:050:28:15

unlike away from the south East

winter showers, single figure values

0:28:150:28:23

across the North and the West,

double-figure values until the end

0:28:230:28:27

of the day. Blue colour is taking

over as the storm moves away and be

0:28:270:28:32

open the floodgates to the Arctic so

it looks very cold as we head

0:28:320:28:35

towards Friday and the weekend,

bitterly cold if you add only wind,

0:28:350:28:40

significant snow showers but good

spells of sunshine, 3-6dC, add only

0:28:400:28:49

wind and it will feel cold. Storm

Caroline could bring disruption then

0:28:490:28:53

it turns much colder to end the week

with the risk of snow and ice.

0:28:530:28:57

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source.

0:30:070:30:09

America has become the first country

to recognise Jerusalem

0:30:090:30:11

as the capital of Israel.

0:30:110:30:17

Israel is a sovereign nation with

the right, like every other

0:30:170:30:21

sovereign nation, to determine its

own capital.

0:30:210:30:25

As you'd expect, Israel

has welcomed this.

0:30:250:30:27

Arab countries haven't,

nor have the Palestinians.

0:30:270:30:31

TRANSLATION:

These actions are a

destruction of all efforts to

0:30:310:30:35

achieve peace and the decision is

tantamount to the US abdicating its

0:30:350:30:38

role as a peace mediator.

0:30:380:30:40

In California, huge wildfires have

destroyed hundreds of buildings

0:30:400:30:42

and continue to threaten

over 12,000 homes.

0:30:420:30:47

We've got a report on the Alabama

Senate candidate accused of sexual

0:30:470:30:51

misconduct and the evangelical

voters standing by him.

0:30:510:31:00

Is there any single thing a

conservative Republican candidate

0:31:000:31:02

could do that would make you not

vote for him? I haven't heard that

0:31:020:31:07

answer.

0:31:070:31:08

Your questions are always welcome.

0:31:080:31:09

#BBCOS is the hashtag.

0:31:090:31:14

We talked about the California

wildfires yesterday.

0:31:290:31:34

These are latest pictures.

0:31:340:31:35

First, this is from Ventura County.

0:31:350:31:39

You get an idea of the scale. And

you can see the commuters on the

0:31:390:31:46

motorway not far from the flames.

0:31:460:31:48

The flames have spread

over 50,000 acres -

0:31:480:31:50

strong winds weren't helping.

0:31:500:31:53

Over a thousand firefighters have

been deployed in the last 48 hours.

0:31:530:31:58

Luke Cann see them going about their

dangerous work. -- you can see them.

0:31:580:32:03

Hundreds of buildings have been

damaged beyond repair and tens

0:32:030:32:06

of thousands of people have had

to leave their homes.

0:32:060:32:16

Others are awaiting that

instruction.

0:32:160:32:17

James Cook was there.

0:32:170:32:20

The wildfires are exploding

with terrifying speed,

0:32:210:32:25

driven by ferocious desert winds,

whipping down the dusty canyons.

0:32:250:32:29

This blaze ravaged the beach-side

city of Ventura and last night,

0:32:290:32:33

it jumped the main coastal motorway,

causing terror for drivers.

0:32:330:32:39

This is literally like 15-feet

away from us right now.

0:32:390:32:41

This is the cross.

0:32:410:32:42

We're at the cross.

0:32:420:32:43

OK, hold on.

0:32:430:32:46

We need to get out of here

as soon as possible,

0:32:460:32:49

that fire is right there.

0:32:490:32:50

Only one thing could stop the blaze

- the Pacific Ocean.

0:32:500:32:56

Each fire leaves a trail of physical

destruction and emotional damage,

0:32:560:32:59

scores of families have

seen their homes reduced to ash.

0:32:590:33:01

All too often there is

nothing left to save.

0:33:010:33:04

All of a sudden, I see

from the other side

0:33:040:33:06

fire came to our side.

0:33:070:33:10

So scary.

0:33:100:33:11

I don't want it

to happen to anybody.

0:33:110:33:13

Thank God to the firefighters.

0:33:130:33:16

It's not over yet.

0:33:160:33:18

Unless the wind dies down

or the conditions die

0:33:180:33:20

down, it's too fierce.

0:33:210:33:25

These winds are just

indescribable right now.

0:33:250:33:29

Another fire stopped the suburbs

above Los Angeles itself,

0:33:290:33:31

raining ash on the city of Angels.

0:33:310:33:34

Millions were warned to stay

inside as smoke filled the air.

0:33:340:33:40

Well, these firefighters have been

working hard all night

0:33:400:33:43

and into the day trying

to save these houses.

0:33:430:33:46

The battle was unsuccessful

and the reason for that is the wind.

0:33:460:33:52

It is still whipping around

here with ferocity and it is driving

0:33:520:33:55

this fire further down

into the valley.

0:33:550:34:01

This was how the fires looked

from space, thick smoke

0:34:010:34:04

streaming out to sea.

0:34:040:34:06

And the outlook is not good,

more intense winds are forecast

0:34:060:34:09

in the coming days.

0:34:090:34:11

It has barely rained here in LA

for six months and you can tell.

0:34:110:34:17

Many scientists say climate change

is driving more frequent and more

0:34:170:34:19

destructive wildfires.

0:34:190:34:22

For California, this is yet

another grim wake-up call.

0:34:220:34:29

If you were watching yesterday you

would have seen pictures from

0:34:360:34:40

Ukraine about the chaotic attempt to

attempt the former president of

0:34:400:34:45

Georgia, Mikheil Saakashvili. This

is what happened.

0:34:450:34:48

Law enforcement officers went

to the former Georgian president's

0:34:480:34:50

flat in Kiev to arrest him.

0:34:500:34:52

They had to drag him

down from the rooftop

0:34:520:34:54

from where he was calling out

to his supporters.

0:34:540:34:56

He was brought down to ground level.

0:34:560:35:00

They then shoved him

into a blue van as crowds

0:35:000:35:02

of his supporters tried

to stop them.

0:35:020:35:10

Despite the police and their pepper

spray, the supporters managed to get

0:35:100:35:14

him out.

0:35:140:35:17

Well, overnight there were violent

clashes at a protest camp outside

0:35:170:35:20

parliament as law enforcement

officers searched among

0:35:200:35:22

the tents for Mr Saakhasvili.

0:35:220:35:25

These were the pictures later on as

police turned up to search the

0:35:250:35:30

protesters and also the tents for Mr

Saakashvili.

0:35:300:35:34

They couldn't find him.

0:35:340:35:39

But the BBC's Jonah Fisher did.

0:35:390:35:42

Last night the security forces were

looking for you. How did you avoid

0:35:430:35:47

them?

Apparently they mistook my

tent. That was first might guess

0:35:470:35:56

that they confirmed they were

looking for me because it made no

0:35:560:35:59

sense to beat up regular people.

But

you were in the camp here?

Yes, and

0:35:590:36:09

then everybody woke me up so we

moved away. Then they specifically

0:36:090:36:15

with the special troops came to this

tent and looked inside and did not

0:36:150:36:19

find me and went back.

This was a

treat from Jonah Fisher... -- tweet.

0:36:190:36:33

We called Jonah because we wanted

more context on this story along

0:36:330:36:39

with the other material he had sent

in. He got out of the car he was in

0:36:390:36:44

and recorded this.

Mikheil

Saakashvili's relationship with

0:36:440:36:50

Ukraine has been a real

roller-coaster ride. He came to the

0:36:500:36:53

country in 2015 on the invitation of

the Ukrainian president Petro

0:36:530:36:59

Poroschenko and was given

citizenship and a job as governor of

0:36:590:37:02

the Black Sea port of Odessa also

that relationship with the president

0:37:020:37:09

soured rapidly and after 18 months

Mr Saakashvili quit his role as

0:37:090:37:15

governor and became a leading member

of the Ukrainian opposition, an

0:37:150:37:21

outspoken critic of Petro

Poroschenko. This year when Mr

0:37:210:37:26

Saakashvili travelled to the United

States, the president took the

0:37:260:37:30

opportunity to cancel that Ukrainian

citizenship that he had given Mr

0:37:300:37:37

Saakashvili. Undeterred, Mr

Saakashvili announced he was

0:37:370:37:40

determined to come back to Ukraine

and did so breaking through a border

0:37:400:37:44

crossing between Poland and Ukraine.

That takes us up to a few months

0:37:440:37:48

ago. He started supporting a protest

camp in mid-October outside the

0:37:480:37:56

Ukrainian parliament calling for

anti-corruption reforms to be

0:37:560:38:02

brought in and he has been leading

demonstrations at the weekend,

0:38:020:38:08

rallies through the scent of TF

calling for the president to be

0:38:080:38:13

impeached -- through the centre of

TF. The prosecutor general here says

0:38:130:38:19

Mr Saakashvili is a wanted man

because of alleged connections

0:38:190:38:24

between Mr Saakashvili and

businessmen linked with the

0:38:240:38:28

Ukrainian former president Viktor

Yanukovych. Mr Saakashvili denies

0:38:280:38:35

all about and says he is being

pursued and forced to live in this

0:38:350:38:41

tented camp, hiding here, by

Parliament and is being pursued for

0:38:410:38:45

political reasons and they want to

arrest him and detain him because

0:38:450:38:48

they are worried that the protest

movement that he has been a big part

0:38:480:38:52

is gaining momentum.

Like a lot of

the stories we cover here it is as

0:38:520:39:00

important as it is complicated which

is why the alert you to access the

0:39:000:39:04

BBC's huge network of journalists

around the world as well as the

0:39:040:39:10

World Service is here in the

newsrooms like BBC Ukrainian and

0:39:100:39:14

Russian. You will know these people

come onto the programme all the time

0:39:140:39:19

if you watch regularly. This is from

the Financial Times...

0:39:190:39:31

Not a huge surprise but it was

confirmed today. But if you want any

0:39:310:39:39

more details on any of these

stories, the BBC website is a very

0:39:390:39:42

good place to start. The status of

Jerusalem, the significance of the

0:39:420:39:48

announcement from Donald Trump,

moving the US embassy from Tel Aviv

0:39:480:39:53

to Jerusalem, that is on the BBC

News website or you can download the

0:39:530:39:58

app and act like -- access all the

same information.

0:39:580:40:04

Now, Vladimir Putin had

some news for us today.

0:40:040:40:06

We could have seen it coming.

0:40:060:40:12

TRANSLATION:

I will put forward my

candidacy for the post of president

0:40:120:40:17

of the Russian Federation.

0:40:170:40:21

That's for the election

in March next year.

0:40:210:40:23

If he wins, Vladimir Putin be

in power until 2024 and that

0:40:230:40:26

would make 25 years as either

President or Prime Minister.

0:40:260:40:31

You would not bet against it.

0:40:310:40:32

This is Olga Ivshina

from BBC Russian.

0:40:320:40:36

I think we should pay attention the

date he decided to announce he is

0:40:360:40:41

standing, the next day after it was

announced that Russia will not be

0:40:410:40:46

allowed to participate as a national

team at the Olympic Games. It is the

0:40:460:40:51

message he is trying to spread, that

he is a strong leader and is able to

0:40:510:40:55

unite and lead the country at the

moment of hardship and he is the man

0:40:550:41:00

who is going to sort of give a path

to Russia at the moment when the

0:41:000:41:05

whole West is united against the

country.

Some people might think

0:41:050:41:09

that all the controversy around

socks she could be politically

0:41:090:41:12

damaging for Putin -- around Sochi.

The state media was quite successful

0:41:120:41:20

spreading the message that all this

is purely political and there is no

0:41:200:41:25

hard evidence at all these things

and Mr Putin again said today that

0:41:250:41:29

we gave them a chance but the

decision was completely unfair,

0:41:290:41:33

politically motivated again and

again. He tries to show himself as

0:41:330:41:39

the strong man and father of the

nation who is able to lead the

0:41:390:41:42

country.

I'm assuming there is no

possibility of him losing this?

0:41:420:41:46

Hardly imaginable.

Anybody with a

chance who wants to beat him?

There

0:41:460:41:53

is a famous opposition leader who is

strong and his permanent opponent

0:41:530:41:58

but quite possibly he will not be

allowed to participate because he

0:41:580:42:02

had standing criminal charges

against him. Many say they are fake

0:42:020:42:08

but still he has those charges and

most probably he will not be allowed

0:42:080:42:12

to run. And to be fair, polls show

that Putin is supported by a

0:42:120:42:19

sufficient majority of the

population. Many people save those

0:42:190:42:24

polls are not representative,

probably not 70% but a sufficient

0:42:240:42:28

amount of people.

And as you said,

he wanted to talk about the

0:42:280:42:32

controversy around the Olympics,

what did you make up what he said?

0:42:320:42:36

He said that he is the leader of the

country if Russia would not prevent

0:42:360:42:40

sports men from going to the

Olympics under the neutral flag and

0:42:400:42:44

he said it was their choice whether

to do so or not but the final

0:42:440:42:50

decision will be made on the 12th of

December. You should also bear in

0:42:500:42:55

mind that opposition voices and

critics of power is not properly

0:42:550:42:59

heard in Russia so it is hard for

people to make informed and balanced

0:42:590:43:03

decisions in those circumstances.

0:43:030:43:09

We spoke to Barbara Plett-Usher

a bit earlier in the

0:43:090:43:11

programme about Jerusalem.

0:43:110:43:12

Before that, though,

she sent in a report on the Senate

0:43:120:43:15

race in the US state of Alabama.

0:43:150:43:17

Roy Moore, the Republican candidate,

received quite the boost this week

0:43:170:43:21

after President Trump endorsed him.

0:43:210:43:29

The Republican National ,

he aslo resumed their support too.

0:43:290:43:31

It's a U-turn from a few weeks ago

when allegations of sexual

0:43:310:43:34

misconduct came out against him.

0:43:340:43:35

But as Barbara reports,

many evangelical Christians have

0:43:350:43:37

stood by Judge Moore all along.

0:43:370:43:38

On a Sunday morning in Alabama

almost everyone goes to church. And

0:43:420:43:46

more than half of the state's

Christians are white evangelicals

0:43:460:43:49

and for them it is about being saved

by faith in Jesus and holding the

0:43:490:43:53

line against moral decay. But they

are standing with Roy Moore despite

0:43:530:43:59

the allegations of immoral

behaviour. Karen is a long-time

0:43:590:44:07

supporter. The actually --

accusations of sexual conduct sound

0:44:070:44:11

to it like a political smear

campaign coming one month before the

0:44:110:44:14

Senate election.

I think people are

trying to label him as a paedophile

0:44:140:44:20

and that word is trying to spread

like wildfire and I just don't

0:44:200:44:24

believe it.

Would you change your

support for him if they turned out

0:44:240:44:28

to be true?

If there was proof. But

there can't be, unless he admitted

0:44:280:44:36

it I guess.

He certainly has not, in

effect calling the victims liars and

0:44:360:44:42

he is using the pulpit to issue the

denials. They are not looking for

0:44:420:44:48

proof here because he is one of

their own, a champion of their fight

0:44:480:44:51

against issues like abortion and

same-sex marriage. Abortion is

0:44:510:44:56

immoral you think?

Absolutely.

But

not sexual misconduct?

I do but

0:44:560:45:03

again these are accusations, very

old and people change over time and

0:45:030:45:09

what Roy Moore is today is what I'm

concerned about.

If you are going to

0:45:090:45:14

be public in your testimony for

Jesus expect opposition.

This past

0:45:140:45:19

once Roy Moore to take his mission

to Washington and he believes

0:45:190:45:23

political power is needed to restore

American Christian roots.

We have

0:45:230:45:26

seen our country go to the left

believing things it never did the

0:45:260:45:31

first 200 years of its existence and

I think a lot of that is fed by

0:45:310:45:36

Hollywood and things like that but

he is one of the few that I have met

0:45:360:45:39

and I think I have ever voted for

that you could count on when he gets

0:45:390:45:43

in there that he will do what he

said he would.

Roy Moore has a loyal

0:45:430:45:48

following here in the Bible belt

because of his reputation as a

0:45:480:45:53

crusader for traditional values but

there are plenty in Alabama who say

0:45:530:45:56

he's not kind of Christian. I

diverse coalition of Christian

0:45:560:46:00

leaders felt compelled to take a

stand in response to the support.

0:46:000:46:05

This pasta is one of them.

He makes

my job harder. I am proud to reach

0:46:050:46:12

people who think that Christianity

is a hateful and bigoted religion.

0:46:120:46:15

It is hard for you?

This is what

spiritual warfare really means.

For

0:46:150:46:21

this evangelical Christian it is a

battle that involves both candidates

0:46:210:46:24

and he cannot vote for either.

The

only reason we having this

0:46:240:46:28

conversation is because both

candidates are extreme in one or

0:46:280:46:31

another.

He is talking about

abortion. Roy Moore's opponent Doug

0:46:310:46:37

Jones support no restrictions at all

but Colin is also frustrated by what

0:46:370:46:42

he sees as damaging moral

compromises made by Moore's

0:46:420:46:45

supporters.

The real question for

conservative evangelicals is, is

0:46:450:46:50

there any single thing a

conservative Republican candidate

0:46:500:46:53

that could do to make you not vote

for him? I have not heard the answer

0:46:530:46:57

to that.

The election has become a

showcase for the links between

0:46:570:47:01

religion and politics and the power

of this has to shape Washington. But

0:47:010:47:06

it has also forced eight spiritual

debate about the essence of

0:47:060:47:10

Christianity in America's

conservative heartland.

0:47:100:47:12

Where have we got to with the state

of this race, Anthony?

A couple of

0:47:190:47:25

polls in the past two days put Doug

Jones up by four and another blood

0:47:250:47:29

Roy Moore up by eight. It is a tough

race to get a gauge on -- put Roy

0:47:290:47:35

Moore. It will boil down to how many

Republicans crossed the island and

0:47:350:47:41

vote for Doug Jones or stay home.

Alabama is very conservative as

0:47:410:47:46

Barbara showed and the fact that the

Democrat is even within striking

0:47:460:47:50

distance is pretty remarkable and it

shows the unease with Roy Moore as a

0:47:500:47:54

candidate for the Senate but the

feeling like they need another

0:47:540:47:58

Republican vote in that Senate, they

can't turn their backs.

Thank you.

0:47:580:48:06

Another story to ask you about

concerns Al Franken, the Democratic

0:48:060:48:11

senator, because now at least two

dozen Democrats are calling for him

0:48:110:48:15

to resign after a sixth woman made a

claim of sexual misconduct against

0:48:150:48:19

him. Where have we got to on this

one? A statement coming tomorrow?

0:48:190:48:26

There is a statement from Al Franken

coming tomorrow and he will have a

0:48:260:48:30

press event and many people are

expecting at that point that he is

0:48:300:48:34

going to announce his resignation

although there has been no certain

0:48:340:48:39

word but it is remarkable how

quickly this happened. A couple of

0:48:390:48:43

women Democratic senators came out

and said that he needed to step down

0:48:430:48:47

and it became a landslide, about a

dozen Democratic female senators

0:48:470:48:54

coming out and then some male

senators as well to the point where

0:48:540:48:57

we are now at almost two dozen

including the head of the Democratic

0:48:570:49:02

National committee and you have to

draw this in contrast to the way the

0:49:020:49:06

Republican Party is treating Roy

Moore where the National committee

0:49:060:49:10

poled out after those initial

allegations and now Donald Trump

0:49:100:49:14

comes in with both feet by Tim and

the Republican money is putting

0:49:140:49:17

money back in and that is a

contrast. The Democrats feel they

0:49:170:49:21

can make that because they are

taking a firmer stand on Al Franken.

0:49:210:49:25

It is -- is it reasonable to say

that they are making cartilage and

0:49:250:49:28

not just connected of these

individual races but to do with

0:49:280:49:31

their pits in the midterms in a

little while -- their pitch?

That

0:49:310:49:36

has to be something that they are

thinking about them it makes it

0:49:360:49:41

harder for them to make the case if

someone like Al Franken who has a

0:49:410:49:45

steady drumbeat of allegations

coming out is still in the Senate.

0:49:450:49:49

Although you have to remember that

he and John Connors yesterday, a

0:49:490:49:56

senior Democratic congressman and

member of the House of

0:49:560:49:58

Representatives also announced his

resignation, they are from safe

0:49:580:50:01

Democratic seat and will be replaced

by Democrats but Roy Moore is in a

0:50:010:50:05

fight for a Republican state. It

would be interesting to see the if

0:50:050:50:10

it were reversed and Democrats were

facing the prospect of losing Al

0:50:100:50:14

Franken's seek to a Republican, if

they would still have this

0:50:140:50:18

principled stand. -- his seat. I

expect in time there will be a

0:50:180:50:22

chance for them to prove that they

really stand by their principles on

0:50:220:50:25

this, I don't think this is the last

politician who will be swept up in

0:50:250:50:31

these ongoing sexual harassment

allegations.

Thank you, Anthony. I

0:50:310:50:36

want to end the programme with a

report from BBC London.

0:50:360:50:42

Report now from BBC London on calls

for tighter regulations

0:50:420:50:44

better protect au pairs

in the UK from exploitation.

0:50:440:50:46

Most are from EU countries

but they are not classed as workers

0:50:460:50:49

and so they are not protected

by employment laws.

0:50:490:50:51

That means some girls and young

women can be vulnerable.

0:50:510:50:54

Alpa Patel is the reporter.

0:50:540:51:03

Some on this march are strangers,

almost all our foreign au pairs.

0:51:040:51:09

They have come to support each other

and make a stand against

0:51:090:51:12

exploitation and abuse. We need

Ellie, not her real name. We have

0:51:120:51:19

disguised her face and changed her

voice for legal reasons. She tells

0:51:190:51:22

us about her previous host family

also the family were very violent.

0:51:220:51:29

They were violent with each other

and I felt really uncomfortable and

0:51:290:51:34

unsafe. I also did 14 hours a day,

seven days a week, it was too much

0:51:340:51:41

and I left.

We also spoke to

Isabella, again we have disguised

0:51:410:51:47

her identity for legal reasons. She

says she worked up to 70 hours a

0:51:470:51:51

week for just £100.

I started at

seven o'clock, I tidied, three

0:51:510:51:59

washing machines, I cried after the

first day, my husband told me to go

0:51:590:52:02

to the room and she said you work to

me. After three weeks I escaped. She

0:52:020:52:08

was scaring me.

Isabella was

homeless in a foreign country but

0:52:080:52:15

luckily she was put in touch with

Maggie. She runs an au pair agency

0:52:150:52:20

in Hampstead and found her another

host family but only after she

0:52:200:52:25

provided a clean criminal record and

two references, something not

0:52:250:52:30

required by the current system.

Some

of them are working all hours. She

0:52:300:52:36

said she was working weekends

frequently, seven days a week. Au

0:52:360:52:42

pairs are entitled to two completely

free days each week. But they get

0:52:420:52:46

really bullied by families, some of

them. It is unbelievable. They talk

0:52:460:52:51

about slavery getting so much

publicity at the moment, some of it

0:52:510:52:57

is going on with some of these

families and the way they are

0:52:570:53:00

treating oh pairs.

The government

says is an au pair is the victim of

0:53:000:53:05

modern slavery it should be reported

to the police. According to

0:53:050:53:10

government guidelines, au pairs are

not workers and so are not eligible

0:53:100:53:14

for minimum wage or paid holiday.

They are meant to be treated as a

0:53:140:53:17

member of the family and given a

room and meals. In exchange, they do

0:53:170:53:24

around 30 hours of light housework

and baby-sitting a week. In return

0:53:240:53:27

for what is called pocket money of

£70 or more a week. But we found

0:53:270:53:34

online adverts that went beyond the

recommended hours, adverts asking

0:53:340:53:40

for excessive household tasks and

even proxy parenting.

The title of

0:53:400:53:44

the advert appear is up there carer.

Rosie Cox has carried out extensive

0:53:440:53:51

research and has been trying to

raise awareness about open-air

0:53:510:53:55

expedition for over a decade --

about au pairs exploitation.

The

0:53:550:54:00

cupboard needs to be firm about what

this is, whether they should be paid

0:54:000:54:05

minimum wage but at the moment

nobody knows where au pairs are, I

0:54:050:54:11

don't have to be registered, they

are this unknown population and we

0:54:110:54:15

need to think about how vulnerable,

and almost all young women we are

0:54:150:54:19

talking about inside people's homes.

Not every single au pair we met had

0:54:190:54:26

a negative story. Anna is Spanish

and looks after Isabel and Rufus in

0:54:260:54:30

non-head.

For me, from the first

minute I arrived here I feel like a

0:54:300:54:37

member of the family. I always have

the weekends off. I have a lot of

0:54:370:54:42

time to know London and for me it is

amazing living here.

Her host family

0:54:420:54:50

work long hours, they are one of

many families across London who rely

0:54:500:54:56

on au pairs to help with childcare

but experts warn without tighter

0:54:560:55:01

rules, au pairs I left open to

exploitation with few people to turn

0:55:010:55:06

to.

0:55:060:55:08

And that report and this edition of

Outside Source. Thank you for

0:55:120:55:16

watching, there is more information

on the main stories we are covering

0:55:160:55:20

on the BBC News website. I will see

you tomorrow at the same time for

0:55:200:55:23

more of the biggest global stories.

Thank you for watching.

0:55:230:55:26