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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,
this is Outside Source.
America has become the first country
to recognise Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel.
Israel is a sovereign nation with
the right, like every other
sovereign nation, to determine its
As you'd expect, Israel
has welcomed this.
Arab countries haven't -
nor have the Palestinians.
These actions are a destruction of
all the efforts to achieve peace.
The decision is tantamount to the US
abdicating its role as a peace
We'll be live at the White House -
and Lyse Doucet here's
in the BBC newsroom with me.
We'll also talk about the
Democratic Republic of the Congo -
more people have had
to flee their homes there
than anywhere else in the world this
year - including Syria.
We'll look at the
conflict causing this.
Time Magazine has named the women
who spoke out against sexual abuse
and harassment as its Person
of the Year.
Donald Trump came in second place.
And look who's decided to run
for President, again.
BBC Russian will give
us their analysis.
Donald Trump has kept
his campaign promise -
and formally recognised Jerusalem
as Israel's capital.
I have judged this course of action
to be in the best interests
of the United States of America
and the pursuit of peace
between Israel and the Palestinians.
This is a long overdue step
to advance the peace
process and to work
towards a lasting agreement.
Israel is a sovereign nation.
With the right, like every
other sovereign nation,
to determine its own capital.
Acknowledging this as a fact
is a necessary condition
for achieving peace.
America will also be
moving its embassy from
Tel Aviv to Jerusalem -
though that may actually
take years to do.
Mahmoud Abbas responded
to the decision a short time ago.
These actions are destruction to all
the actions to achieve peace. The
decision is paramount to the US
abdicating its role as a peace
mediator. These measures will be
looked upon favourably as by the
extreme mixed groups that operate in
Israel's Prime minister though,
has welcomed the news.
We are profoundly grateful
for the president, for his
courageous and just decision.
To recognise Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel
and to prepare for the opening
of the US Embassy here.
This decision reflects
the President's commitment
to an ancient but enduring truth.
To fulfilling his promises
and advancing peace.
The President's decision
is an important step
For there is no peace that doesn't
include Jerusalem as
the capital of the state of Israel.
This raises many questions, one of
them is why President Trump is doing
it now. Here is Barbara Plett Usher.
I think the main reason the
president made the announcement was
pretty clear in his speech, he said
previous presidents have failed to
deliver on campaign promises to move
the embassy, I am delivering so that
is what is behind this. Its domestic
politics, he made the promise and
wanted to do it. But because of US
law the presidents every six months
had to sign a waiver which will keep
the MC in Tel Aviv for security
reasons which meant every six months
Donald Trump would have to confront
the fact he was not keeping his
promise and that frustrated him very
much so we understand that is what
drove this discussion for
recognising Jerusalem as the capital
of Israel and basically he wanted
this very much despite the advice of
his national security officials who
were worried about security
I understand the
general idea of a candidate wanting
to keep his promises but his
position, the embassy being in
Israel, why does that matter to his
core supporters in America?
was responding to were strongly
pro-Israel groups, evangelical
Christians who are quite a big force
and American dues on the right-wing
the spectrum. And some wealthy
donors. It has a certain amount of
power he was responding to. Also
Congress is in favour of this, they
voted for this move to take place in
1995 which is why every six months
the president says we will not do it
for security reasons. It's a
bipartisan consensus. Broadly
speaking I think most Americans are
not walking around asking why the
embassy is not in Jerusalem.
Israel has always regarded
Jerusalem as its capital -
but no other country has recognised
it as such.
That's why you'll find embassies
in and around Tel Aviv.
East Jerusalem is a
It was annexed from Jordan in 1967
and Israel has built dozens
of settlements there -
but it's not recognised by other
countries as part of Israel.
For their part, the Palestinians
want East Jerusalem
as the capital of a future
Here's Yolande Knell
in Jerusalem with more context
on today's decision.
Jerusalem. This ancient city lies at
the very heart of the Israel
Palestinian conflict. We have seen
many times how just a small change
on the ground here can quickly lead
to a flare-up anti-violence. So what
happens here really does matter.
Jerusalem has got great religious
significance of course. Head old
city has some of the holiest sites
are Muslims, Christians and Jewish
people but it has great political
significance as well.
Most Israelis see Jerusalem as their
eternal undivided capital. Not long
after the modern State of Israel was
created in 1948 years early
Parliament was set up in the west of
the city. But it wasn't until the
1967 war with neighbouring Arab
countries that Israel captured East
Jerusalem, including the old city.
It later annexed it in a move that
is not recognised internationally.
Israeli leaders often vent their
frustration that there is not a
recognition of full Israeli
sovereignty over Jerusalem
particularly from international
Of course Palestinians see things
starkly different play. They want
East Jerusalem as their capital.
That is part of the long-standing
international formula for peace year
known as the two state solution.
Basically the idea that an
independent Palestinian state would
be created alongside Israel, along
the boundaries which existed before
1967. It is written up in UN
resolutions. About one third of
people Jerusalem are Palestinian,
some of them coming from families
which have been here for centuries.
And there are lots of ongoing
tensions particularly over the
expansion of Jewish settlements in
the east of the city. They are seen
as illegal under international law
that Israel disagree.
For decades the international
community has been saying any change
in the status of Jerusalem can only
come about as part of a negotiated
peace deal. So for now all countries
with embassies in Israel keep them
in or near to Tel Aviv and they have
consulates in Jerusalem.
Reaction to this has been as strong
as it's been predictable.
Saudi Arabia says it's a "a flagrant
provocation to Muslims".
Egypt's President is urging
Donald Mr Trump "not to complicate
the situation in the region".
And the leaders of Turkey
and Jordan addressed the issue
at a joint press conference.
There is no alternative to the two
state solution and Jerusalem is key
to any peace agreement, it is key to
the stability of the entire region.
Nobody has the right to
play with the destiny of billions of
people for the sake of personal
ambitions. Such a step will only
play into the hands of terror
I spoke to Lyse Doucet our
Chief International Correspondent
about what this means
for the peace process.
The history of the peace process and
it has to be said failed peace
process is symbols matter as much a
substance. When it comes the symbol
is no greater symbol of the attempt
to find a solution to one of the
most intractable conflict anywhere
in the world, Jerusalem. Jerusalem
is not, it is not just one of the
most coveted and controversial
pieces of real estate anywhere in
the world, it's also a symbol of the
desire, you had from King of Jordan,
the two state solution, to have an
Israeli and Palestinian state side
by side with each having part of
Jerusalem as the capital. But the
way Israel describes it is the
eternal undivided capital. They want
to say it will help the peace
process but for now there is only
anger and anxiety, this is not how
you restart the peace process. Will
it somewhere down the line? There
have been so many setbacks and this
is just another one but it is huge.
Mac with a bass seeing this means
America cannot be the mediator any
more, but critics will say they have
always been towards the Israeli side
There has been one constant
in the peace process and that is
America, it's the only outside power
acceptable by both sides because
it's always been seen by the
Palestinians, notwithstanding the
criticism, that the tilted towards
the Israelis,, that they had the
will and the power to do something
about it. I think this decision will
make them think twice. I think in
the long run they will find it hard
to find a replacement because Israel
will not accept anyone else and
after this move today they will not
accept anyone but the United States
is the main outside player.
talking to you in Saudi Arabia,
Donald Trump would have known this
would upset them, how damaging do
you think this is?
working on this process, he has
been, he made three secret trips,
did not consult the State Department
about it, had talks with the Crown
Prince of Saudi Arabia. We
understand most of it was to discuss
the ideas were peace process. New
ideas. No doubt he would have been
told about this decision. It's
especially tricky for the Saudis
because the Saudi king is the
custodian of the two holiest shrines
for Islam and the third one is in
Much more information on
the BBC website. We will bring the
up-to-date as more people have had
to flee their homes.
The Brexit Secretary has been
accused of gross negligence
after admitting that the government
has not tried to calculate
the effect Brexit might have
on the British economy.
Speaking before the Brexit
committee, Mr Davis said
the usefulness of such assessments
would be "near zero"
because of the scale of change
Brexit is likely to cause.
Do not draw the conclusion that
because you used the word impact you
have written an impact assessment. I
took it, that they were looking for
a quantitative economic forecast and
that is not there. We haven't done
that. What is there is the size of
the industry, the employment and so
on. That's important and of course
it describes the effect of the
policy. The government of course is
looking at the effect of the
potential policies but it hasn't
written an impact assessment.
This is Outside Source live
from the BBC newsroom.
Our lead story:
President Trump has overturned
decades of US policy and recognised
the disputed city of Jerusalem
as Israel's capital.
Let's get some of the main stories
from the World Service.
More than 200 countries at a UN
conference in Kenya have signed
a statement saying the use throwaway
plastic must end.
One of Brazil's most-wanted men been
arrested in a security operation
in Rio involving 3,000 police
officers and soldiers.
Rogerio Avelino da Silva is accused
extortion and murder.
France's most famous rock star -
Johnny Hallyday -
has died at the age of 74.
He was inspired after seeing
footage of Elvis Presley -
and he went on to sell around
100 million records over 50 years.
Here's something I didn't
know until today -
more people have had
to flee their homes
in the Democratic Republic
of Congo than in Syria,
Yemen or Iraq.
It's estimated on average over 5000
have done so every day this year.
The Norwegian Refugee Council says
"It's a mega-crisis.
The scale of people fleeing
violence is off the charts".
It's because of violence -
primarily in the provinces Kivu,
Kasai and Tangan-yika.
These are pictures from Tanganyika.
They show a burnt out village.
The violence is springing
from chronic political
instability and competition
for scarce resources.
A delay in holding Presidential
elections is increasing tensions.
These are displaced people
who've been sheltering
in a church following attacks
on their community.
Such violence has prevented many
families from accessing their land.
In fact over 7 million people lack
a reliable supply of food -
and a cholera outbreak has
killed 600 people.
On top of this, very little
international money is being pledged
to help these people.
Here's one of the victims
of the violence.
I spent three days in
the forest before reaching a
village. People had fled from the
village I reached, I did not know
where my husband and children had
gone. Three days later I found ten
of my children but I am still
missing one of them and my husband.
There is more
The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza told
us more from Nairobi.
the problems are not new, this
conflict has been going on for
several years and it's simply about
militia groups trying to control
We have seen thousands of
internally displaced peoples over
the years and this has intensified
over the last few months because of
the uncertainty surrounding the
elections which were supposed to be
held this year but the president has
now pushed them to December next
year. Many militia groups have now
targeted government installations,
they have been targeting government
officials and all this violence has
led to this massive displacement.
Time magazine has announced its 2017
Person of the Year.
In fact it's people of the year.
They're all women who shed light
on sexual harassment and abuse.
The headline reads
"the Silence Breakers -
The Voices that launched
There's the activist Adama Iwu,
actress Ashley Judd,
singer Taylor Swift,
strawberry picker Isabel Pascual and
former Uber engineer Susan Fowler.
You can also see here the arm
of a woman who came forward
but chose to stay anonymous.
The article reads: "The women
and men who have broken
their silence span all races,
all income classes,
all occupations and virtually
all corners of the globe....
They're part of a movement
that has no formal name.
But now they have a voice."
Those making the selection not
unaware that if these people came
first the person who came second,
Donald Trump, boasted of sexually
assaulting a woman.
And third, Xi Jinping.
Nada Tawfik's in New York.
I was saying it is only two months
since the Harvey Weinstein story
came out but it feels like a lot
longer because of the profound
implications which followed?
absolutely. I along with some of my
colleagues here in the office
predicted this would be the
selection because unless you have
been living under a rock the last
few months have seen such a powerful
iconic men across several
industries, whether it is Harvey
Weinstein in Hollywood, Charlie Rose
in media, Kevin Spacey in Hollywood,
powerful men across the political
spectrum, Roy Miller, Alf Franklin,
Republicans and Democrats, being
accused of sexual assault. Men and
women coming to the forefront, they
spoke to dozens of women across
several industries and they all
expressed the same emotions, first
the sense of shame then the sense of
empowerment, that it was not their
fault and they needed to speak out,
the anger and feuding which led them
to break her silence. It was
interesting to read different
accounts from Time magazine because
you get the sense this is not just a
moment in time, it is a movement. We
have seen that today as well, it
will carry on to have repercussions.
I think it was a choice which does
not surprise many that they went
with these silence breakers for
Person of the year that had the most
how significant this choice is,
people really do care about it?
is a choice that has implications of
two affected events in this country
for better or worse. So President
Trump for example won last year, he
has been very vocal in the past
about wanting to get on the list and
people have mistakenly thought that
is an honour and that's not
necessarily so. Adolf Hitler and
other controversial figures have
been on the magazine. But it does
put a spotlight on those they think
are the most influential and if you
look at the short list for example,
you had Kim Jong-un, Robert Miller,
Colin Kaepernick who started the
National campaign against police
brutality in this country, it is a
nod to those who are the most
Thank you, toxin.
This skeleton has become
known as "little foot" -
and today it's been unveiled.
It's over 3 million years old -
and is one of the oldest
It found in caves,
north-west of Johannesburg.
And it's thought this
was a young girl
who fell into the cave.
This was important because it shows
our ancestors lived across a far
wider area than previously.
The other well known skeleton
of this age was found in Ethiopia.
It became known as Lucy.
Andrew Harding has this report form
South Africa on what else we're
learning from these skeletons.
They found her skeleton in these
deep caves outside Johannesburg.
She'd been lying here
for almost four million years,
trapped in the rock.
Today, Little Foot finally emerged -
after 20 painstaking
years of excavation.
These bones had a very,
very fragile, flaky
surface, many of them.
And it was like trying
to extract a pie with flaky
pastry out of concrete
without damaging the pie.
We had to do this properly,
we had to do it slowly.
Yes, it took more than 20 years
of my life, but I feel younger
and stronger for it!
So, these are the caves
where Little Foot was found.
The theory goes that she was walking
along the surface, fell
down into the caves,
and was covered
by sediment and rock.
Millions of years later,
scientists in the 1980s and 1990s,
in a series of extraordinary
across her remains and slowly
managed to piece them back together.
Her skeleton shows
she was in her 30s.
She probably lived in the trees,
and crucially, she was more
like us than like an ape.
So the pictures you see in books
of our ancestors gradually getting
up off of all fours and walking
along in a stooped manner,
that's all nonsense.
They were upright when
they were in the trees,
and they were upright
when they came down to the ground.
And now they're us?
Yes, now they're us.
Unearthed in these caves then,
a vital addition to our own
complicated family tree.
Andrew Harding, BBC
News, South Africa.
Ford is attempting to crack
the Chinese market - again.
This time with as partnership
with Alibaba - which is vast
online retail operation.
The idea is simple -
Alibaba will help Ford
sell its cars online.
Sounds simple but I expect it would
be more complicated than that.
certainly will be but Ford has
already made a big commitment to say
they will push electric cars in
China, the biggest market with the
biggest appetite because China
themselves have said they want to
start having a lot more electric car
is on the streets. Enter Alibaba. We
are talking about trying to disrupt
the way cars are being sold and it
is interesting because it's a
conversation which often comes up in
the United States, people saying we
need to change the way we sell cars.
I think a lot of people will watch
this very closely.
In terms of
American car manufacturers and their
performance in China have they been
able to get a sizeable foothold in
They are trying but
there is a lot of complications.
There are lots of success stories
but the complexities with which they
have to do work in China, we saw
Tesla saying they will not partner
with a Chinese company locally and
will just go at it alone which is
something we don't really see often
except, in fact, we have almost
never seen it when it comes to car
makers in China.
thank you, we will be getting more
details on that arrangement between
Alibaba and Ford on Thursday so we
will watch out for that. That's the
first half, the lead story here that
Donald Trump has confirmed what we
were discussing yesterday, that
America will recognise Jerusalem as
the capital of Israel and will start
the process of moving the American
embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
I will be back with you with more of
the biggest global stories from the
BBC newsroom and a couple of
The United States looking at its
first significant cold spell of the
season, bitterly cold conditions
penetrating as far south as the deep
South and Northern Mexico. They
called air behind this area of low
pressure which swept through, this
active cold front cleaving south and
east and as the called air moves as
far south as Northern Mexico it is
likely to turn some of it into sleet
and snow off high ground, you can
see the extent of the blue
indicating that cold, there will be
showers and Lake effect snow across
the north-east, rain sleet and snow
into parts of Texas and New Mexico
and across the West it is dry and
sunny but strong Santa Ana winds
across parts of California fuelling
the devastating wildfires. In south
Asia a more dry picture across the
North West one or two showers left
in its wake but other than that it's
a dry story. We are keeping a
watchful eye in the Bay of Ben
Balfour that system which could
develop into a tropical storm and
move north into the direction of
north-east India and parts of
Bangladesh. You can see emphasis on
dry and sunny and very warm weather.
A cross into Europe high-pressure is
the dominating feature, a lot of
fine and dry weather, mist and fog
problems in places but also strong
winds tracked across the north of
Europe with an area of low pressure
bringing disruptive winds, a lot of
marine transport being interfered
with. Another area of low pressure
moving, storm Caroline which will
bring disruptive winds to the
Northern half, Thursday and Friday,
tightly packed isobars as the
weather front clears southwards,
unlike away from the south East
winter showers, single figure values
across the North and the West,
double-figure values until the end
of the day. Blue colour is taking
over as the storm moves away and be
open the floodgates to the Arctic so
it looks very cold as we head
towards Friday and the weekend,
bitterly cold if you add only wind,
significant snow showers but good
spells of sunshine, 3-6dC, add only
wind and it will feel cold. Storm
Caroline could bring disruption then
it turns much colder to end the week
with the risk of snow and ice.
Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,
this is Outside Source.
America has become the first country
to recognise Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel.
Israel is a sovereign nation with
the right, like every other
sovereign nation, to determine its
As you'd expect, Israel
has welcomed this.
Arab countries haven't,
nor have the Palestinians.
These actions are a
destruction of all efforts to
achieve peace and the decision is
tantamount to the US abdicating its
role as a peace mediator.
In California, huge wildfires have
destroyed hundreds of buildings
and continue to threaten
over 12,000 homes.
We've got a report on the Alabama
Senate candidate accused of sexual
misconduct and the evangelical
voters standing by him.
Is there any single thing a
conservative Republican candidate
could do that would make you not
vote for him? I haven't heard that
Your questions are always welcome.
#BBCOS is the hashtag.
We talked about the California
These are latest pictures.
First, this is from Ventura County.
You get an idea of the scale. And
you can see the commuters on the
motorway not far from the flames.
The flames have spread
over 50,000 acres -
strong winds weren't helping.
Over a thousand firefighters have
been deployed in the last 48 hours.
Luke Cann see them going about their
dangerous work. -- you can see them.
Hundreds of buildings have been
damaged beyond repair and tens
of thousands of people have had
to leave their homes.
Others are awaiting that
James Cook was there.
The wildfires are exploding
with terrifying speed,
driven by ferocious desert winds,
whipping down the dusty canyons.
This blaze ravaged the beach-side
city of Ventura and last night,
it jumped the main coastal motorway,
causing terror for drivers.
This is literally like 15-feet
away from us right now.
This is the cross.
We're at the cross.
OK, hold on.
We need to get out of here
as soon as possible,
that fire is right there.
Only one thing could stop the blaze
- the Pacific Ocean.
Each fire leaves a trail of physical
destruction and emotional damage,
scores of families have
seen their homes reduced to ash.
All too often there is
nothing left to save.
All of a sudden, I see
from the other side
fire came to our side.
I don't want it
to happen to anybody.
Thank God to the firefighters.
It's not over yet.
Unless the wind dies down
or the conditions die
down, it's too fierce.
These winds are just
indescribable right now.
Another fire stopped the suburbs
above Los Angeles itself,
raining ash on the city of Angels.
Millions were warned to stay
inside as smoke filled the air.
Well, these firefighters have been
working hard all night
and into the day trying
to save these houses.
The battle was unsuccessful
and the reason for that is the wind.
It is still whipping around
here with ferocity and it is driving
this fire further down
into the valley.
This was how the fires looked
from space, thick smoke
streaming out to sea.
And the outlook is not good,
more intense winds are forecast
in the coming days.
It has barely rained here in LA
for six months and you can tell.
Many scientists say climate change
is driving more frequent and more
For California, this is yet
another grim wake-up call.
If you were watching yesterday you
would have seen pictures from
Ukraine about the chaotic attempt to
attempt the former president of
Georgia, Mikheil Saakashvili. This
is what happened.
Law enforcement officers went
to the former Georgian president's
flat in Kiev to arrest him.
They had to drag him
down from the rooftop
from where he was calling out
to his supporters.
He was brought down to ground level.
They then shoved him
into a blue van as crowds
of his supporters tried
to stop them.
Despite the police and their pepper
spray, the supporters managed to get
Well, overnight there were violent
clashes at a protest camp outside
parliament as law enforcement
officers searched among
the tents for Mr Saakhasvili.
These were the pictures later on as
police turned up to search the
protesters and also the tents for Mr
They couldn't find him.
But the BBC's Jonah Fisher did.
Last night the security forces were
looking for you. How did you avoid
Apparently they mistook my
tent. That was first might guess
that they confirmed they were
looking for me because it made no
sense to beat up regular people.
you were in the camp here?
then everybody woke me up so we
moved away. Then they specifically
with the special troops came to this
tent and looked inside and did not
find me and went back.
This was a
treat from Jonah Fisher... -- tweet.
We called Jonah because we wanted
more context on this story along
with the other material he had sent
in. He got out of the car he was in
and recorded this.
Saakashvili's relationship with
Ukraine has been a real
roller-coaster ride. He came to the
country in 2015 on the invitation of
the Ukrainian president Petro
Poroschenko and was given
citizenship and a job as governor of
the Black Sea port of Odessa also
that relationship with the president
soured rapidly and after 18 months
Mr Saakashvili quit his role as
governor and became a leading member
of the Ukrainian opposition, an
outspoken critic of Petro
Poroschenko. This year when Mr
Saakashvili travelled to the United
States, the president took the
opportunity to cancel that Ukrainian
citizenship that he had given Mr
Saakashvili. Undeterred, Mr
Saakashvili announced he was
determined to come back to Ukraine
and did so breaking through a border
crossing between Poland and Ukraine.
That takes us up to a few months
ago. He started supporting a protest
camp in mid-October outside the
Ukrainian parliament calling for
anti-corruption reforms to be
brought in and he has been leading
demonstrations at the weekend,
rallies through the scent of TF
calling for the president to be
impeached -- through the centre of
TF. The prosecutor general here says
Mr Saakashvili is a wanted man
because of alleged connections
between Mr Saakashvili and
businessmen linked with the
Ukrainian former president Viktor
Yanukovych. Mr Saakashvili denies
all about and says he is being
pursued and forced to live in this
tented camp, hiding here, by
Parliament and is being pursued for
political reasons and they want to
arrest him and detain him because
they are worried that the protest
movement that he has been a big part
is gaining momentum.
Like a lot of
the stories we cover here it is as
important as it is complicated which
is why the alert you to access the
BBC's huge network of journalists
around the world as well as the
World Service is here in the
newsrooms like BBC Ukrainian and
Russian. You will know these people
come onto the programme all the time
if you watch regularly. This is from
the Financial Times...
Not a huge surprise but it was
confirmed today. But if you want any
more details on any of these
stories, the BBC website is a very
good place to start. The status of
Jerusalem, the significance of the
announcement from Donald Trump,
moving the US embassy from Tel Aviv
to Jerusalem, that is on the BBC
News website or you can download the
app and act like -- access all the
Now, Vladimir Putin had
some news for us today.
We could have seen it coming.
I will put forward my
candidacy for the post of president
of the Russian Federation.
That's for the election
in March next year.
If he wins, Vladimir Putin be
in power until 2024 and that
would make 25 years as either
President or Prime Minister.
You would not bet against it.
This is Olga Ivshina
from BBC Russian.
I think we should pay attention the
date he decided to announce he is
standing, the next day after it was
announced that Russia will not be
allowed to participate as a national
team at the Olympic Games. It is the
message he is trying to spread, that
he is a strong leader and is able to
unite and lead the country at the
moment of hardship and he is the man
who is going to sort of give a path
to Russia at the moment when the
whole West is united against the
Some people might think
that all the controversy around
socks she could be politically
damaging for Putin -- around Sochi.
The state media was quite successful
spreading the message that all this
is purely political and there is no
hard evidence at all these things
and Mr Putin again said today that
we gave them a chance but the
decision was completely unfair,
politically motivated again and
again. He tries to show himself as
the strong man and father of the
nation who is able to lead the
I'm assuming there is no
possibility of him losing this?
Anybody with a
chance who wants to beat him?
is a famous opposition leader who is
strong and his permanent opponent
but quite possibly he will not be
allowed to participate because he
had standing criminal charges
against him. Many say they are fake
but still he has those charges and
most probably he will not be allowed
to run. And to be fair, polls show
that Putin is supported by a
sufficient majority of the
population. Many people save those
polls are not representative,
probably not 70% but a sufficient
amount of people.
And as you said,
he wanted to talk about the
controversy around the Olympics,
what did you make up what he said?
He said that he is the leader of the
country if Russia would not prevent
sports men from going to the
Olympics under the neutral flag and
he said it was their choice whether
to do so or not but the final
decision will be made on the 12th of
December. You should also bear in
mind that opposition voices and
critics of power is not properly
heard in Russia so it is hard for
people to make informed and balanced
decisions in those circumstances.
We spoke to Barbara Plett-Usher
a bit earlier in the
programme about Jerusalem.
Before that, though,
she sent in a report on the Senate
race in the US state of Alabama.
Roy Moore, the Republican candidate,
received quite the boost this week
after President Trump endorsed him.
The Republican National ,
he aslo resumed their support too.
It's a U-turn from a few weeks ago
when allegations of sexual
misconduct came out against him.
But as Barbara reports,
many evangelical Christians have
stood by Judge Moore all along.
On a Sunday morning in Alabama
almost everyone goes to church. And
more than half of the state's
Christians are white evangelicals
and for them it is about being saved
by faith in Jesus and holding the
line against moral decay. But they
are standing with Roy Moore despite
the allegations of immoral
behaviour. Karen is a long-time
supporter. The actually --
accusations of sexual conduct sound
to it like a political smear
campaign coming one month before the
I think people are
trying to label him as a paedophile
and that word is trying to spread
like wildfire and I just don't
Would you change your
support for him if they turned out
to be true?
If there was proof. But
there can't be, unless he admitted
it I guess.
He certainly has not, in
effect calling the victims liars and
he is using the pulpit to issue the
denials. They are not looking for
proof here because he is one of
their own, a champion of their fight
against issues like abortion and
same-sex marriage. Abortion is
immoral you think?
not sexual misconduct?
I do but
again these are accusations, very
old and people change over time and
what Roy Moore is today is what I'm
If you are going to
be public in your testimony for
Jesus expect opposition.
once Roy Moore to take his mission
to Washington and he believes
political power is needed to restore
American Christian roots.
seen our country go to the left
believing things it never did the
first 200 years of its existence and
I think a lot of that is fed by
Hollywood and things like that but
he is one of the few that I have met
and I think I have ever voted for
that you could count on when he gets
in there that he will do what he
said he would.
Roy Moore has a loyal
following here in the Bible belt
because of his reputation as a
crusader for traditional values but
there are plenty in Alabama who say
he's not kind of Christian. I
diverse coalition of Christian
leaders felt compelled to take a
stand in response to the support.
This pasta is one of them.
my job harder. I am proud to reach
people who think that Christianity
is a hateful and bigoted religion.
It is hard for you?
This is what
spiritual warfare really means.
this evangelical Christian it is a
battle that involves both candidates
and he cannot vote for either.
only reason we having this
conversation is because both
candidates are extreme in one or
He is talking about
abortion. Roy Moore's opponent Doug
Jones support no restrictions at all
but Colin is also frustrated by what
he sees as damaging moral
compromises made by Moore's
The real question for
conservative evangelicals is, is
there any single thing a
conservative Republican candidate
that could do to make you not vote
for him? I have not heard the answer
The election has become a
showcase for the links between
religion and politics and the power
of this has to shape Washington. But
it has also forced eight spiritual
debate about the essence of
Christianity in America's
Where have we got to with the state
of this race, Anthony?
A couple of
polls in the past two days put Doug
Jones up by four and another blood
Roy Moore up by eight. It is a tough
race to get a gauge on -- put Roy
Moore. It will boil down to how many
Republicans crossed the island and
vote for Doug Jones or stay home.
Alabama is very conservative as
Barbara showed and the fact that the
Democrat is even within striking
distance is pretty remarkable and it
shows the unease with Roy Moore as a
candidate for the Senate but the
feeling like they need another
Republican vote in that Senate, they
can't turn their backs.
Another story to ask you about
concerns Al Franken, the Democratic
senator, because now at least two
dozen Democrats are calling for him
to resign after a sixth woman made a
claim of sexual misconduct against
him. Where have we got to on this
one? A statement coming tomorrow?
There is a statement from Al Franken
coming tomorrow and he will have a
press event and many people are
expecting at that point that he is
going to announce his resignation
although there has been no certain
word but it is remarkable how
quickly this happened. A couple of
women Democratic senators came out
and said that he needed to step down
and it became a landslide, about a
dozen Democratic female senators
coming out and then some male
senators as well to the point where
we are now at almost two dozen
including the head of the Democratic
National committee and you have to
draw this in contrast to the way the
Republican Party is treating Roy
Moore where the National committee
poled out after those initial
allegations and now Donald Trump
comes in with both feet by Tim and
the Republican money is putting
money back in and that is a
contrast. The Democrats feel they
can make that because they are
taking a firmer stand on Al Franken.
It is -- is it reasonable to say
that they are making cartilage and
not just connected of these
individual races but to do with
their pits in the midterms in a
little while -- their pitch?
has to be something that they are
thinking about them it makes it
harder for them to make the case if
someone like Al Franken who has a
steady drumbeat of allegations
coming out is still in the Senate.
Although you have to remember that
he and John Connors yesterday, a
senior Democratic congressman and
member of the House of
Representatives also announced his
resignation, they are from safe
Democratic seat and will be replaced
by Democrats but Roy Moore is in a
fight for a Republican state. It
would be interesting to see the if
it were reversed and Democrats were
facing the prospect of losing Al
Franken's seek to a Republican, if
they would still have this
principled stand. -- his seat. I
expect in time there will be a
chance for them to prove that they
really stand by their principles on
this, I don't think this is the last
politician who will be swept up in
these ongoing sexual harassment
Thank you, Anthony. I
want to end the programme with a
report from BBC London.
Report now from BBC London on calls
for tighter regulations
better protect au pairs
in the UK from exploitation.
Most are from EU countries
but they are not classed as workers
and so they are not protected
by employment laws.
That means some girls and young
women can be vulnerable.
Alpa Patel is the reporter.
Some on this march are strangers,
almost all our foreign au pairs.
They have come to support each other
and make a stand against
exploitation and abuse. We need
Ellie, not her real name. We have
disguised her face and changed her
voice for legal reasons. She tells
us about her previous host family
also the family were very violent.
They were violent with each other
and I felt really uncomfortable and
unsafe. I also did 14 hours a day,
seven days a week, it was too much
and I left.
We also spoke to
Isabella, again we have disguised
her identity for legal reasons. She
says she worked up to 70 hours a
week for just £100.
I started at
seven o'clock, I tidied, three
washing machines, I cried after the
first day, my husband told me to go
to the room and she said you work to
me. After three weeks I escaped. She
was scaring me.
homeless in a foreign country but
luckily she was put in touch with
Maggie. She runs an au pair agency
in Hampstead and found her another
host family but only after she
provided a clean criminal record and
two references, something not
required by the current system.
of them are working all hours. She
said she was working weekends
frequently, seven days a week. Au
pairs are entitled to two completely
free days each week. But they get
really bullied by families, some of
them. It is unbelievable. They talk
about slavery getting so much
publicity at the moment, some of it
is going on with some of these
families and the way they are
treating oh pairs.
says is an au pair is the victim of
modern slavery it should be reported
to the police. According to
government guidelines, au pairs are
not workers and so are not eligible
for minimum wage or paid holiday.
They are meant to be treated as a
member of the family and given a
room and meals. In exchange, they do
around 30 hours of light housework
and baby-sitting a week. In return
for what is called pocket money of
£70 or more a week. But we found
online adverts that went beyond the
recommended hours, adverts asking
for excessive household tasks and
even proxy parenting.
The title of
the advert appear is up there carer.
Rosie Cox has carried out extensive
research and has been trying to
raise awareness about open-air
expedition for over a decade --
about au pairs exploitation.
cupboard needs to be firm about what
this is, whether they should be paid
minimum wage but at the moment
nobody knows where au pairs are, I
don't have to be registered, they
are this unknown population and we
need to think about how vulnerable,
and almost all young women we are
talking about inside people's homes.
Not every single au pair we met had
a negative story. Anna is Spanish
and looks after Isabel and Rufus in
For me, from the first
minute I arrived here I feel like a
member of the family. I always have
the weekends off. I have a lot of
time to know London and for me it is
amazing living here.
Her host family
work long hours, they are one of
many families across London who rely
on au pairs to help with childcare
but experts warn without tighter
rules, au pairs I left open to
exploitation with few people to turn
And that report and this edition of
Outside Source. Thank you for
watching, there is more information
on the main stories we are covering
on the BBC News website. I will see
you tomorrow at the same time for
more of the biggest global stories.
Thank you for watching.