07/12/2017 Outside Source


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07/12/2017

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LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins.

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This is Outside Source.

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Yesterday America recognised through

slim as the Israeli capital. Today,

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this followed.

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More than 30 Palestinians

are wounded in Gaza

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and the West Bank in protests follow

President Trump's decision

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to recognise Jerusalem

as the capital of Israel.

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Meanwhile Israel's Prime Minister

has said others will

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follow America's lead.

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I have no doubt once the American

Embassy moves to Jerusalem, or even

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before, there will be a movement of

many other countries embassies.

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As expected, Democratic Senator

Al Franken confirmed

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he'll resign because of

sexual misconduct allegations.

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But he went on the attack. I am

leaving one man who has bragged on

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tape about his history of sexual

assault suits in the oval office.

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China's anti-pollution

plans are in reverse -

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it's backed out of a decision

to move away from coal -

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because millions are

without proper heating.

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The virtual currency Bitcoin

is defying its detractors -

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its value has increased by 15%

in the last 24 hours and is now

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worth $16,000 a coin.

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That volatility is causing problems.

We will accept that from New York.

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As you want to get in touch, the

hash type is BBCOS.

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We have

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seen a violent reaction to President

Trump is 's decision to recognise

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Jerusalem as Israel's capital. As

you can see from some of these

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pictures which came into the

newsroom, protesters have been

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burning tyres and throwing stones.

Israeli troops have fired tear gas

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and rubber bullets. These protesters

have come all the way from downtown

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the Mahler weather was a central

demonstration that called for more

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support from the Arab countries. We

have sensed a bit of disappointment

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from the Palestinians who say we

expected a reaction, a bit probably

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not from the Arab leaders but the

Arab nations who have some sort of a

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relationship or a strong

relationship to Jerusalem. You could

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sense the disappointment. This is

just to point out that around

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hundreds, maybe 400 to 500 people

have gathered today here. Also, the

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leader of the Islamist group Hamas

has called for an uprising against

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Israel.

Tomorrow will be a day of

rage and the beginning of a wider

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move towards an uprising, which we

will call the intifada of Jerusalem

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and freedom in the West Bank.

We'll

so saw these pictures of a mural of

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Donald Trump on a security barrier

in Bethlehem. It is being painted

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over by Palestinians. There was a

message for Mike pence, who is due

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to visit Israel later this month.

You are not welcome, they wrote on

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the wall. Donald Trump says the

decision recognises the reality on

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the ground. He says Israel has the

right to select its capital, as

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other countries do. The Israeli

Prime Minister agrees with that.

I

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have no doubt that once the man in

embassy moves to Jerusalem, or even

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before, there will be a movement of

many other countries embassies to

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Jerusalem. The time has come.

No

sign of any countries following the

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American lead. The daily Star

newspaper from Lebanon, the headline

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reads, no offence, Mr President,

Jerusalem is the capital of

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Palestine. As we were talking about

yesterday, Palestinians want East

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Jerusalem the capital of any future

state of theirs. That critical

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sentiment has been replicated across

the region. There be played this

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report. -- let me play this report.

Jordanians are attached to Jerusalem

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on both levels, a grass-roots level

as well as an authority level. This

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is one of the protests here today.

In other cities they are taking

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place to condemn the decision by Mr

Trump yesterday to relocate the

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American embassy from Tel Aviv to

Jerusalem and recognised through

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some of the capital of Israel.

It

is, as Jordanians, we have the

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closest relationship to Palestine

and the Palestinians. We support

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everything that relates to

Jerusalem.

Jerusalem was Arab, is

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still Arab, and will remain Arab. It

belongs to Palestine.

The feelings

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are very strong here today. Barbara

is live from Washington. Yesterday

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you were describing the domestic,

political reasons for this disc --

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decision by Donald Trump. Also the

influence of donors on the decision.

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Not just donors full to the critical

base that Mr Trump was appealing to.

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He wanted to keep his campaign

pledge to a particular constituency

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that voted to him. That did include

a man who is an American Jewish

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billionaire and has donated to the

Republican Party and to the campaign

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of Mr Trump. This was a very

important issue for him. It was not

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just him, it was evangelical

Christians who had carried out an

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intense campaign to try to sway Mr

Trump's opinion, which was very

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important to them. They see it as a

connection through the Bible. They

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had a strong advocate through Mike

pence, a very committed Conservative

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religious believer. You could see

also when Mr Trump made his

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announcement, Mr pence was right

there. He was beaming away. Those

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were some of the constituencies that

Mr Trump paid attention to when he

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decided to take this decision

against the advice of

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national-security officials who felt

there would be a violent backlash.

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This is a decision he made based on

domestic political considerations.

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Let's talk about the United Nations.

The Security Council will discuss

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this tomorrow. I saw President

Erdogan and President Putin

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discussing earlier about how unhappy

they were about it. I don't

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understand what it will add up to

when the Security Council comes

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together.

It will add up to a

statement, many statements,

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repeating the view of the Security

Council on Jerusalem. That is

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something that has been for a long

time, since my 248, the UN has had

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Jerusalem and given it a special

status. Since the peace process

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started, it said its final stages

should only be resolved through

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because she oceans between Israel

and the Palestinians. In fact, it

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agreed a resolution about this time

last year saying it would not

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recognise boundaries that were not

agreed in negotiations, including in

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Jerusalem. The Americans went along

with it, or at least did not veto

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the resolution under President

Obama. There is an international

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consensus about Jerusalem the UN has

signified and which it has carried.

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The people who called... The

countries who called for the

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emergency session 121 and they have

heard the Secretary General speaker.

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When he spoke he talked about a

moment of deep anxiety. He said, I

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have consistently called for people

not to take unilateral steps that

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jeopardise the peace process. He did

not specifically call out Mr Trump

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in the US that he was talking about

them. We will hear more about that

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on Friday.

We will stay in

Washington where Barbara is on

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another big political story. The

Democratic senator Al Franken has

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confirmed he will resign first he

has been facing multiple claims of

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sexual misconduct. Earlier he spoke

of learning about the allegations.

I

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was shocked. I was upset. In

responding to their claims, I also

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wanted to be respectful of the

broader conversation. All women

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deserve to be heard and their

experiences taken seriously. I think

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that was the right thing to do. I

also think it gave some people the

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false impression that I was

admitting to doing things that in

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fact I have not done.

This is a

major blow to the Democrats. Al

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Franken was seen by some as a

possible 2020 presidential

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contender. That looks very unlikely

now. In this speech today he

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described himself as a champion of

women. Not a phrase the women who

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accused him of groping and sexual

harassment have been using. At that

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very moment that Mr Franklin

confirmed he would resign, he

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attacked President Trump.

I will be

resigning as a member of the United

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States Senate. I, of all people, am

aware there is some irony in the

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fact that I am leaving while a man

who has bragged on tape about his

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history of sexual assault sits in

the Oval Office, and a man who has

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repeatedly preyed on young girls

campaigns for the Senate with the

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full support of his party.

President

Trump was asked about those comments

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not long ago. This is a short clip

but I will play it to you.

Senator

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Al Franken made some comments about

you earlier today.

I did not hear

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them closer.

It is about what the

message should be on sexual

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harassment.

With that the president

had gone.

He gave a resignation

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speech today that it was a defiant

resignation, if there is such a

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thing. -- but it was full stop he

said some of the allegations were

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not true. This was very reluctant.

It is remarkable how quickly Al

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Franklin passed like position

eroded. Only three weeks ago was the

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first report of sexual misconduct,

along with a photograph of him

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reaching to grope a sleeping woman,

which was particularly damning.

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Yesterday there was dam breaking

their female Democratic senators

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came out and called for him to

resign. By the end of the day of the

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several dozen Democratic senators,

the head of the Democratic committee

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and that made his position

untenable, I think full depends his

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speech today.

It is hard not to

notice the difference in approach

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between the Democrats and

Republicans.

Yes. I think now is

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perhaps the reason why the bus so

much pressure on Al Franken, because

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Democrats have their eyes on Donald

Trump and the allegations made

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against him, and in particular the

Senate race in Alabama. There will

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be an election on Tuesday.

Republican nominee has his own

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allegations of sexual misconduct,

including sexual assault of a

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14-year-old girl dating back years.

A lot of people believe that with

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the resignation being announced, it

is easier to accuse Donald Trump and

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others of embracing someone who has

a cloud hanging over his head. They

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can turn that into what they think

may be a potent campaign issue.

We

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have all been focusing on the of

arithmetic in the Senate. With Mr

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Franken standing down, is there any

possibility that Senate seat could

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come into play in an interesting

way?

First and foremost, when he

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resigned, and he has not resigned

yet. He says he will resign in the

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coming weeks. When it is formal and

his successor will be reported by

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the Democratic government of

Minnesota. At some point there will

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have to schedule a special election.

That is a test. Right now it was

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relatively easy for the Democrats to

turn their back on Al Franken

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because they know he will be

replaced by a Democrat. It will not

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be the last person in the centre of

a sexual harassment storm and some

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points the Democrats they will be

tested where they have to come out

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again. Someone facing these

allegations and it could lead to

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them losing political power. That

could be the real test of their

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principles on this matter.

We

started in America and in a minute

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we will turn to Australia. That was

the moment the Australian Parliament

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supported same-sex marriage.

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Brexit talks over the Irish border

are intensifying as negotiators on

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both sides push for a breakthrough.

We understand from sources there is

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some new language being put into a

draft agreement that has been put to

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Brussels, to the Irish government,

that has been shared with the DUP

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this afternoon. Certainly some

positive nods, a hint there is

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movement, but nothing confirmed yet

from the Government. All they are

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saying but Number 10, is that there

has been progress but no agreement

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has been reached. We have heard from

the European Commission's chief

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spokesman within the last half an

hour or so, saying that Jean-Claude

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Juncker, the president of the EU

Commission, has been on the phone to

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Theresa May and the Irish Prime

Minister and that progress is going

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on. Expect talks to go through

during the night and a possible

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meeting with Jean-Claude Juncker

tomorrow morning. There'll be a

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statement from Donald Tusk in the

morning as well. So far, where we a

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little bit of movement but nothing

confirmed.

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We are live here in the BBC

newsroom. Violence has erupted as

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Palestinians protest President Trump

is my decision to recognise

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Jerusalem as Israel pulls back at

that. These are some of the main

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stories from BBC World Service.

Democrats have voted overwhelmingly

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in holding talks with Angela

Merkel's Conservatives. That makes

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the possibility of a grand coalition

between the two biggest parties more

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likely. That is on BBC World Service

radio. BBC Hindi is Senate people in

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Nepal are voting in Parliamentary

elections. Tanner has been

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substantial. -- turnout has been

substantial. This painting believed

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to be by Leonardo da Vinci is

heading to the Louvre in Abu Dhabi.

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Reports say it was purchased by a

Saudi prince. China had some grand

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plans for getting people to use gas

rather than cold to heat their

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homes. The aim of this was to

improve air quality. These plans are

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being abandoned in some places. The

Ministry for the environment says

0:16:210:16:25

keeping people warm in winter should

be the number one principle, and

0:16:250:16:28

that means more coal. According to

Chinese media reports, some 28

0:16:280:16:36

northern cities in the country have

been affected by this new

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regulation, which was brought in

initially in 2013. The Government

0:16:400:16:45

wanted to transform China postbag

energy supply from a coal powered

0:16:450:16:49

economy to a Green energy powered

economy. There does appear to be a

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long march towards a greener

economy. We have seen reports today

0:16:530:16:58

that many households were left

without any heating because the

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coal-fired instruments are being

switched off and new instruments

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have not been replaced. The

Government now is telling northern

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Chinese cities that if you have not

finished this process yet but just

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keep burning coal. That sounds like

a decision it will take quite a long

0:17:150:17:21

time to implement.

Yes. This episode

does tell us something really

0:17:210:17:25

adjusting about how the Government

in China works. When we talk about

0:17:250:17:30

the Chinese government we normally

think it is monolithic. In fact,

0:17:300:17:39

this order came from the central

government back in 2013 and it still

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has not been done yet. Something

must have been going on. By map of

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the reason this was suggested in the

first place is these cities have

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major pollution problems. --

The

reason. It is a short-term fix and

0:17:540:18:00

does not sort the long-term problem.

The Government intended to sort the

0:18:000:18:05

long-term problem. The whole process

is really, really long in this case.

0:18:050:18:19

It does appear that it is not very

smooth in the process.

What is the

0:18:190:18:26

weather like in this part of China?

How cold is it?

It is December.

0:18:260:18:33

Usually in this kind of season, the

temperature could drop down to as

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low as -10 degrees.

So, it urgent.

Is

The Government Minister of the

0:18:390:18:44

environment issued a statement,

telling Northern Chinese cities, if

0:18:440:18:50

you have not done that yet but

please let people get heating and

0:18:500:18:54

keep burning the cold.

Let's talk

about more craziness going on with

0:18:540:19:01

it calling. It has reached $16,000 a

calling, up 15% in the last 24-hour.

0:19:010:19:11

This is a graft of what the value

has been doing. You will see a

0:19:110:19:18

similar pattern. It started

reasonably flat. Into the back half

0:19:180:19:23

of this year it has been going up

and up and up. Why? What is going

0:19:230:19:30

on?

There is a lot of interest in

Bitcoin. As we have seen in the last

0:19:300:19:36

few weeks, just how much it has been

gaining in terms of its value. It is

0:19:360:19:41

creating more and more interest and

more and more people want to bite

0:19:410:19:44

into it. It is also getting more

legitimacy from the financial

0:19:440:19:51

community. -- buy into it. Different

exchanges are offering features. It

0:19:510:19:55

is a forward looking way of how much

it will be valued. Bitcoin is a

0:19:550:20:05

volatile kind of currency and so the

future may not be very indicative of

0:20:050:20:12

where it will trade. That said,

there are some people who believe

0:20:120:20:16

that having these financial

instruments will actually give it

0:20:160:20:21

more legitimacy.

Do not go anywhere.

As soon have mentioned volatility,

0:20:210:20:26

that's talk about that now. Bitcoin

is a digital currency which is

0:20:260:20:31

designed to be spent. That is tough.

This is an article on the BBC

0:20:310:20:35

website about an online gaming

service called Steam. It is not

0:20:350:20:41

accepting Bitcoin anymore because of

high fees and volatility. This

0:20:410:20:44

analyst says it is ironic how the

wild success is causing Brexit to

0:20:440:20:51

fail for what it was designed for, a

currency for payments. There are

0:20:510:20:55

concerns about how it is being used.

The UK Government is saying

0:20:550:21:02

anti-money-laundering regulations

should be updated to include Bitcoin

0:21:020:21:06

and also the issue of security. This

report from the Guardian has $64

0:21:060:21:10

million worth of Bitcoin were stolen

in a cyber attack. Lots of pressure.

0:21:100:21:17

Any normal currency under this kind

of pressure might see its value

0:21:170:21:20

fall, but it does not seem to be

having no impact at all.

With

0:21:200:21:25

regards to some of those articles,

there are different schools of

0:21:250:21:31

thought into what temple Micro is

meant to do. Whether it is an

0:21:310:21:35

alternate currency or an investment

tool. -- what Bitcoin is meant to

0:21:350:21:40

do. If you think about some

companies here for some stores in

0:21:400:21:50

New York which accepted Bitcoin as

payment for a sandwich and they will

0:21:500:21:55

probably no longer take that anymore

because the value is so high.

0:21:550:21:59

Probably someone is not buying

$16,000 worth of sandwiches. This is

0:21:590:22:04

a currency that is getting a lot

more traction. Though there are some

0:22:040:22:08

big people within the financial

community that are really sceptical

0:22:080:22:12

of this, it is something that big

financial institutions are having to

0:22:120:22:19

pay attention to.

It might look to

the untrained eye that this is a

0:22:190:22:25

fear of missing out but it is really

a bubble because there is nothing at

0:22:250:22:29

the centre of it.

You have taken my

word. I have been saying that.

0:22:290:22:37

People just wanting to cash in. Even

as I came into the building today, a

0:22:370:22:43

colleague from another publication

stopped me and started to ask

0:22:430:22:46

questions about Temple Maffeo

because his friends had made so much

0:22:460:22:49

money on it and he felt he was

missing out. -- about Bitcoin.

I

0:22:490:22:57

suspect will will be discussing that

again. We will turn to Australia in

0:22:570:23:01

a little while. No, we are going to

talk about this now. There was an

0:23:010:23:05

extraordinary moment in Australian

Parliament earlier. This was the

0:23:050:23:12

moment it supported same-sex

marriage.

0:23:120:23:15

CHEERING AND APPLAUSE

0:23:150:23:21

SINGING

0:23:310:23:41

Here is our report on the story.

After years of division and dispute,

0:23:410:23:47

in the end it felt inevitable and

emphatic. As Australia postbag MPs

0:23:470:23:53

voted in favour of legalising

same-sex marriage. Campaigners in

0:23:530:23:58

the public gallery applauded

politicians who applauded them back.

0:23:580:24:01

The vote marks a victory for them

and the Prime Minister, Alcan

0:24:010:24:05

Turnbull, who could not hide his

delight.

What a day for love,

0:24:050:24:12

equality, and respect. Australia has

done it. Every Australian had their

0:24:120:24:16

say in they said it is fair, get on

with it. And the Parliament has got

0:24:160:24:23

on with it and we have voted today

for equality, for love. It is time

0:24:230:24:29

for more marriages, more commitment,

more love, more respect.

It follows

0:24:290:24:37

last month postbag yes vote in a

national survey on legalising

0:24:370:24:42

same-sex marriage. -- last month's

yes vote. Pressure was put on

0:24:420:24:47

politicians to deliver this before

the end of 2017. Australia joins a

0:24:470:24:52

growing list of countries, including

Great Britain, Ireland, the United

0:24:520:24:57

States and Canada where gay marriage

is already legal. There has been

0:24:570:25:03

filed in reaction to President

Trump's announcement yesterday that

0:25:030:25:08

America will recognise Jerusalem as

the capital of Israel and will move

0:25:080:25:13

the American embassy from Tel Aviv

to Jerusalem. As I was mentioning

0:25:130:25:18

earlier, over 30 Palestinians have

been wounded in clashes on the Gaza

0:25:180:25:22

Strip and the West Bank because of

clashes with Israeli security

0:25:220:25:26

forces. There have been lots of

pictures coming in during the day

0:25:260:25:30

showing protesters burning tyres and

throwing stones but also the

0:25:300:25:34

security services responded with

tear gas and rubber bullets. If you

0:25:340:25:37

want more background on the Middle

East peace process, you can find

0:25:370:25:46

that online right now. I will see

you in a couple of minutes.

0:25:460:26:00

Hello. Strong winds, fire, and some

snow in this forecast. Another lip

0:26:060:26:11

of the weather around the world.

First of all we're off to the United

0:26:110:26:15

States where we have some strong

winds at the moment. They are caused

0:26:150:26:19

by an area of high pressure. The

winds get squeezed over the

0:26:190:26:24

mountains. In the West some strong

gusts. Also very low levels of

0:26:240:26:29

humidity. That combination of

weather factors spanning some

0:26:290:26:33

significant wildfires and they may

well continue to rage as we go the

0:26:330:26:37

weekend. Outbreaks of rain across

the south-east of the United States

0:26:370:26:45

and things turning colder as air

begins to move in from an old

0:26:450:26:49

westerly direction. Across the Bay

of Bengal this area of Cloud is a

0:26:490:26:54

depression. We have been monitoring

it for the last few days. What is

0:26:540:26:59

interesting is it is wrapping dry

air around the circulation. As it

0:26:590:27:03

drifts it's Wayne northwards, some

of the power of the weather system

0:27:030:27:07

will be taken out of it. -- its way

northwards. So, although there is

0:27:070:27:16

some forecast rain expected this

weekend, for North East India and

0:27:160:27:21

Bangladesh, hopefully, it should not

be too heavy as the dry air begins

0:27:210:27:25

to evaporate some of the heavy rain.

Storm Caroline has been making the

0:27:250:27:29

headlines across the UK during the

last 24 hours. It has been working

0:27:290:27:35

its way into Scandinavia bringing

strong winds on Friday. Gusts could

0:27:350:27:39

reach 80 miles an hour. We will have

battering waves to the coast

0:27:390:27:44

bringing the risk of flooding. Cold

air follows. We will see snow

0:27:440:27:48

showers coming in. Overnight we

could see some significant snowfall

0:27:480:27:54

eastern France and Germany, getting

down to quite low levels, for

0:27:540:27:58

example in Munich. I pressure is

blocking the progression of milder

0:27:580:28:03

winds across from central areas of

the Atlantic. We have cold

0:28:030:28:08

north-westerly winds and proper

Arctic air with us bringing snow

0:28:080:28:11

overnight and into Friday as well.

The wind is not changing direction

0:28:110:28:16

and some areas will see a lot of

snow. The amount will vary

0:28:160:28:21

significantly. Nevertheless some

significant falls are expected. In

0:28:210:28:25

Northern Ireland but Wales and the

Midlands perhaps ten to 15

0:28:250:28:30

centimetres by Friday. In Scotland

may be blizzard conditions to start

0:28:300:28:34

the day. The totals of snow will

mount up during the day. Ten to 20

0:28:340:28:39

centimetres of snow by the time you

get to Friday. Away from the snowy

0:28:390:28:43

areas, there will be some sunshine

but it will be a freezing cold

0:28:430:28:47

feeling day. Temperatures struggling

but the main thing is the snow. We

0:28:470:28:52

will see some significant transport

disruption across northern and

0:28:520:28:55

western areas. There is the weather.

0:28:550:28:57

Welcome to Outside Source.

0:30:060:30:10

These are some of the main stories

in the BBC Newsroom.

0:30:100:30:15

More than 30 Palestinians have been

wounded in Gaza and the West Bank in

0:30:150:30:20

protest, following President Trump's

decision to recognise Jerusalem as

0:30:200:30:24

the capital of Israel. Israel's

Prime Minister believes others will

0:30:240:30:28

follow America's leave.

I have no doubt once the American

0:30:280:30:33

embassy moves to Jerusalem or

before, there will be a movement of

0:30:330:30:38

many other country's embassies.

Al

Franken confirmed he will resign

0:30:380:30:47

because of sexual misconduct

allegations. He denied them, though,

0:30:470:30:50

and attacked the President.

I am leafing while a man who has

0:30:500:30:56

bragged on tape about his history of

sexual assault sits in the Oval

0:30:560:31:01

Office.

And we report from one of the areas

0:31:010:31:06

in California, devastated by the

latest wild fires.

0:31:060:31:19

Let's start with the wild fires in

California.

0:31:210:31:24

Let's start with the wild

fires in California.

0:31:240:31:26

Residents of Los Angeles' wealthy

Bel-Air neighbourhood have

0:31:260:31:28

found their homes under threat

after another wildfire

0:31:280:31:30

erupted in California.

0:31:300:31:37

Strengthening hot winds have

been fanning the flames.

0:31:370:31:38

This is Bel Air.

0:31:390:31:40

The fire destroyed several homes

in the exclusive area,

0:31:400:31:42

quickly spreading over 150 acres.

0:31:420:31:51

It's not just in Los Angeles where

the devastation has been caused.

0:31:510:31:55

There is Los Angeles, and up the

coast to Ventura county, it's been

0:31:550:32:01

affected by the fires as well. I can

show you this report from a

0:32:010:32:06

colleague at CBS on the damage

that's been caused.

0:32:060:32:08

colleague at CBS on the damage

that's been caused.

0:32:080:32:10

Well the destruction and the

devastation is truly astonishing and

0:32:100:32:13

hard to believe when you see it

first hand. Neighbourhoods like this

0:32:130:32:17

one, where I am standing at now, it

is safe to say that half of the

0:32:170:32:22

houses are no longer standing. All

that is left here is a mini van in

0:32:220:32:27

the der driveway. So many people

left with the clothes on their back.

0:32:270:32:31

If they come back, they will find

there is nothing left. In terms of

0:32:310:32:35

the wind. The good news is that the

wind expected up to 70 to 80 miles

0:32:350:32:41

an hour, we have not seen that. That

is good when it comes to fighting

0:32:410:32:45

the fires but the bad news, we are

talking about 96,000 kerbs, that is

0:32:450:32:52

about 140 square miles in Ventura.

The fire has made its way through

0:32:520:32:58

this neighbourhood. And here it is

just 5% contained. This is very much

0:32:580:33:02

an uphill battle for the

firefighters on the front lines.

0:33:020:33:07

To what degree has one street been

affected and the next not. Are we in

0:33:070:33:12

a strange situation where we are

seeing what we are seeing beside you

0:33:120:33:16

and a few metres down the road it is

normal life?

It is extraordinary to

0:33:160:33:20

see. I don't know if we can pull

back to zoom in on this house there

0:33:200:33:25

but really, there is one side of the

street where homes are devastated,

0:33:250:33:30

levelled to the ground and nothing

left but the foundation and on the

0:33:300:33:34

other side of the street, I don't

know if you can see it from your

0:33:340:33:38

point of view but a house that is

completely untouched. A house that

0:33:380:33:43

people can return to. But here a

series of homes are levelled. There

0:33:430:33:49

was a cul-de-sac where six homes

were down to the ground. And nothing

0:33:490:33:53

left other than the metal.

Behind me, all that is left the is

0:33:530:33:59

refridge rater.

0:33:590:34:08

Huge moment in Greek

Turkish relations today -

0:34:080:34:10

Recep Tayyip Erdogan has become

the first Turkish president to visit

0:34:100:34:12

Greece for 65 years.

0:34:120:34:13

This is a delicate

relationship for many reasons.

0:34:130:34:15

MAP One is Cyprus.

0:34:150:34:16

The north of the island

was invaded by Turkey in 1974.

0:34:160:34:19

That was in response to a military

coup backed by Greece.

0:34:190:34:21

Another issue was the Greek

Supreme Court blocking

0:34:210:34:23

the extradition of Turkish soldiers

who fled to the country

0:34:230:34:26

after allegedly participating

in last year's failed coup.

0:34:260:34:28

President Erdogan spoke earlier.

0:34:280:34:34

"We also discussed the matter

of the extradition of the coup

0:34:340:34:37

plotters that have come to Greece.

0:34:370:34:47

What I told Mr

Tsipras is that it is possible

0:34:470:34:49

for these coup plotters

0:34:490:34:50

to be returned to Turkey.

0:34:500:34:51

Turkey has abolished

the death penalty -

0:34:510:34:53

it's not a country where torture

takes place, and therefore I believe

0:34:530:34:56

the Greek justice system

will hear our request to extradite

0:34:560:34:58

the ten officers."

0:34:580:34:59

BBC Turkish has been looking more

in-depth at this issue.

0:34:590:35:02

This Cagil Kasapoglu

in Thessaloniki - with people

0:35:020:35:04

who fled Turkey last year.

0:35:040:35:08

The Mediterranean has seen many

people cross to Greece in recent

0:35:080:35:12

years. Now, a new group of people

are taking the same journey. They

0:35:120:35:18

are members of the Gulan movement,

labelled by the Turkish government

0:35:180:35:24

as terrorists, since the failed coup

of July, 2016.

0:35:240:35:36

Rights Watch said that they had

credible evidence of torture in

0:36:070:36:12

custody but Turkish officials have

repeatedly denied these accusations.

0:36:120:36:21

Turkey uses its diplomatic efforts

to remove members of the Gulan

0:36:210:36:26

people. But so far it has not

happened in Greece, instead, more

0:36:260:36:31

people are arriving and trying to

build a new life.

0:36:310:36:37

Another Gulan supporter, crossed the

border only four months ago. He says

0:37:010:37:06

he spent six months in prison, where

he claimed to have been tortured but

0:37:060:37:11

later released. Then he was charged

again for having an encrypted

0:37:110:37:16

message on his phone, which is the

Turkish authorities deemed to be

0:37:160:37:21

used by the Gulan movement.

0:37:210:37:27

against the Gulan movement ongoing,

many more are expected to arrive

0:37:420:37:45

here in Greece.

From that report from Greece to a

0:37:450:37:53

report from Italy, because pizza

makers in Naples are celebrating

0:37:530:37:58

their skill of pizza twirling. It

has been given UNESCO heritage

0:37:580:38:03

status.

It's a familiar sight to most of us,

0:38:030:38:08

served up in restaurants and take

away shops around the world. But in

0:38:080:38:15

Naples, considered the birthplace of

the modern pizza, it's a ritual

0:38:150:38:19

handed down through generations.

Here, the locals have been

0:38:190:38:24

petitionening to have the pizza

making process added to the United

0:38:240:38:32

Nations heritage process.

Pizza has become such a universal

0:38:320:38:37

heritage all over the world, many

people don't know it is Italian. So

0:38:370:38:43

the recognition from UNESCO will

establish once and for all the

0:38:430:38:46

truth--that pizza is a global food

but born here in Naples and born in

0:38:460:38:51

this oven.

This oven, considered to be the

0:38:510:38:55

place where the first ever pizza was

made. For these masters at creating

0:38:550:39:01

the perfect pizza, being added to

the list is recognition for the

0:39:010:39:04

years that they have spent honing

their skills.

0:39:040:39:08

Going to school is not enough to

learn how to make pizza. You can

0:39:080:39:12

learn how to handle the dough but to

learn the art, you have to spend a

0:39:120:39:18

long time handling that dough in the

Pizzeria.

0:39:180:39:23

For now, they are celebrating a

slice of Italian life that is near

0:39:230:39:27

and dear to their hearts.

At this time of the programme, I

0:39:270:39:31

would tell you about the BBC website

and coverage of the stories we have

0:39:310:39:37

on Outside Source, I'm not sure that

the pizza story has made it to the

0:39:370:39:42

website, ball of the other stories

have.

0:39:420:39:44

There is news on the Brexit

negotiations, there is news shortly

0:39:440:39:50

on the West Bank and Gaza.

BBC.com/news is the address or

0:39:500:40:01

download the BBC News atp -- app.

0:40:010:40:04

Big row in Nigeria -

22,000 teachers have been sacked

0:40:040:40:06

for failing a competency test

that was meant for their pupils.

0:40:060:40:09

This was in Kaduna State -

the BBC's Is'haq Khalid is there.

0:40:090:40:19

How are you, class?

Fine, thank you.

The future of these children is in

0:40:190:40:25

the hands of their teachers.

But only a third in Kaduna,

0:40:250:40:32

including the ones that we filmed

passed the competency test.

0:40:320:40:37

The government decided to take

action.

0:40:370:40:41

The government cannot continue to

have these people in the classrooms.

0:40:410:40:46

They are cheating the pupils, rather

than teaching them.

0:40:460:40:49

Of course, when we reported it to

the governor, he directed that we

0:40:490:40:53

should replace them.

These sackings of teachers is

0:40:530:41:00

unprecedented here. It is proving

contraversion. The government says

0:41:000:41:06

it is sacking nearly 22,000 teachers

as part of efforts to tack 8

0:41:060:41:12

problems in the education system in

order to guarantee the future of

0:41:120:41:15

these kids.

But Labour unions are opposed to the

0:41:150:41:21

situation.

The unions accuse the authorities of

0:41:210:41:25

not following the proper procedures.

The governor has no right to examine

0:41:250:41:30

a teacher. We have the teacher's

council that is backed by law. Why

0:41:300:41:37

not give the teaching council the

opportunity to test the teachers.

0:41:370:41:41

Unsurprisingly, those who have lost

their jobs are angry. Including one

0:41:410:41:46

woman, teaching for 20 years and

became a head teacher. Talking to me

0:41:460:41:50

on the condition of anonymity, she

said that the tests were not fair.

0:41:500:41:56

Sincerely speaking the result of the

competency test came to us as a

0:41:560:42:00

shock.

Some of us were really disappointed.

0:42:000:42:07

Devastated, not knowing what to do.

There is no doubt, education is

0:42:070:42:13

Nigeria is facing many challenges,

and whereas the wealthy opt out of

0:42:130:42:17

the government system, the poor have

no choice. The question now is

0:42:170:42:24

weather the mass sacking and hiring

of new teachers will address the

0:42:240:42:27

problems.

Kaduna, northern Nigeria.

0:42:270:42:33

If you follow the news on Monday you

know we are reporting on Brexit

0:42:330:42:37

talks between the UK and the EU. How

it did not go to plan. The sticking

0:42:370:42:43

point was the Irish border, Theresa

May had to find a deal to satisfy

0:42:430:42:51

the UK, Ireland and the DUP, whose

support they rely on Westminster.

0:42:510:42:56

The Democratic Unionist Party did

not come on board on Monday. Since

0:42:560:42:59

then it has been quiet. But things

seem to be moving.

0:42:590:43:07

Here this statement: Laura is

tweeting that things are moving.

0:43:070:43:18

Laura is not the only BBC journalist

looking at this.

0:43:200:43:34

Let's bring in another.

It looks like tomorrow is the day

0:43:340:43:41

that there will be an announcement.

The government have been trying to

0:43:410:43:46

get the DUP onside. No official

confirmation on agreement but it is

0:43:460:43:51

understood that is former words have

been formerly agreed. It has been

0:43:510:43:56

put forward. Theresa May is trying

to get the negotiations put forward.

0:43:560:44:02

The d'you cup the DUP not saying

much but it looks like the Prime

0:44:020:44:08

Minister could be travelling to

Brussels tomorrow, we know that

0:44:080:44:11

Donald Tusk is making a statement

and we could get the break through.

0:44:110:44:16

The DUP were unhappy with the idea

that Northern Ireland would end up

0:44:160:44:20

with regulations similar to the

European Union, while the rest of

0:44:200:44:23

the UK had something different. What

has changed?

That's the main

0:44:230:44:26

question. What form of words, what

precise language has gone into this

0:44:260:44:32

draft agreement that is then to be

circulated to EU leaders. Remember

0:44:320:44:36

this is all about getting Brexit

talks on to trade to the second

0:44:360:44:40

phase. But it centres around the

issue of what happens around the

0:44:400:44:45

Irish border. Ireland are clear that

they want to see Northern Ireland

0:44:450:44:51

remain in and it yep regulations, in

tandem with Ireland after Brexit.

0:44:510:44:56

That will be Britain's frontier with

the EU after we leave. But it is

0:44:560:45:03

playing with sell antics at this

stage. This is to nail down the

0:45:030:45:06

language of an agreement. It is not

the final details of agreement as to

0:45:060:45:10

how the border looks. It is only to

get a form of words acceptable to

0:45:100:45:15

all sides so that the EU can say,

"yes", we are satisfied this looks

0:45:150:45:20

like progress and talks can move to

trade. It is less than a week before

0:45:200:45:25

a crucial summit of EU leaders

decide to give the green light to a

0:45:250:45:30

second stage of talks. That's what

the sides say that they want.

0:45:300:45:35

Getting the DUP, Ireland and

Brussels on side is crucial.

0:45:350:45:39

I wanted to reiterate, something in

your answer, this is not the deal,

0:45:390:45:43

just an agreement of how the deal

may roughly look?

We keep talking

0:45:430:45:48

about crunch points. This is a key

moment. Trade talks are the

0:45:480:45:53

substance of the Brexit

negotiations, the future

0:45:530:45:56

relationship between Britain and the

EU, and we are not on to that stage

0:45:560:46:00

yet. All of the talks have been on

the divorce matter, so the

0:46:000:46:05

separation issues. The main being

the Irish border, the other being

0:46:050:46:10

the divorce bill, the money that

must be settled and the rights of

0:46:100:46:16

citizens living in the EU, those

abroad and those living in Britain.

0:46:160:46:21

But in the initial phase of talks

all that must be agreed is a form of

0:46:210:46:25

words acceptable to all sides. Then

the main substance of the

0:46:250:46:29

negotiations on trade on the future

relationship, on how things will

0:46:290:46:33

look down the line, only then can

they begin.

0:46:330:46:38

Thank you very much for taking us

through that.

0:46:380:46:42

Of course, expect much more on

0:46:420:46:45