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Hello, I'm Ross Atkins, welcome to
outside source. We have seen a
second day of protests in Pakistan
after the rape and murder of a
six-year old girl. Local police say
there have been 12 similar murders
in recent years. This is footage of
the girl being led away and her
father has spoken to the BBC.
If the police had done
their job properly, they would have
found her as soon as they got hold
of the CCTV but they weren't
The political surprise of the day
came courtesy of Nigel Farage.
Listen to what he wants.
maybe, I am reaching the point of
thinking that we should have a
At 22 years old,
I bought my first house for £6.5
million -- $6.5 million.
Logan Paul, he has made huge amounts
of money on you tube but they have
now cut ties with him, all to do
with a video he posted with a dead
person on it. And we talk about the
Japanese gang boss who was tracked
down after he took photos of his
body covered in tatties.
We starred in Pakistan, where riots
continue after this girl was raped
and murdered. This video shows a
large outline of a man and this
young girl. She had been on her way
to a Koran class. She was abducted
and she is holding their hand in
this second video of the larger man
whom you can see outlined. Her body
was found in a rubbish dump several
days after she went missing. They
now's father has been speaking to
the BBC. TRANSLATION:
It's like the
world has ended. I was away in Saudi
Arabia and only came back last
night. I have no words. If the
police had done their job properly,
they would have found her as soon as
they got hold of the CCTV but they
There is your
ree and grief on the streets and it
is the same on social media.
Zainab was abducted in the east of
Pakistan, in a city called coz and
police there are saying 12 similar
murders have happened in the past
years and that this suspect is
linked to five of them. There is
palpable frustration that these
murders are continuing to happen.
That's what we are seeing spilling
out onto the streets. This is some
of the footage that has come in to
day, whether it be more clashes
between police and protesters and
attacks on a local government office
as well. The latest violence took
place after the funerals of the two
men who died in yesterday's
Let's learn more. People
are very angry because this is not
the first time a child has been
abducted, brutally raped and
murdered in this city. People are
tired of hearing government
complaints and the novel strategy
that they use, we are investigating
and we will find out who the culprit
is. It has been many years since the
first case claim to surface in 2015.
Initially, they said 300 children
were manipulated and strangled and
died, then it came down to only nine
and then 13 people were on trial in
that case but only two were
convicted. All the rest of them were
set free because there was lack of
evidence, so people are pretty angry
because the situation is not under
control in Kazur, and people are
worried about their children, sons
and daughters, so Zainab is the
child of the entire nation. There
are two sets of protests going on in
Pakistan. One is on the streets and
Kazur, where people are damaging
government and private property. On
the other hand, there is a social
protest going on with the hash tag
justice for Zainab, where the entire
nation has come together and they
want the government to finally take
some action. Earlier in the day we
saw that the government has
announced a 10 million pound reward
for anyone -- a 10 million reward
for anyone who gives information
about the suspect and promised they
would not be revealed, but this our
tactics to calm down the protests
which have spread all over Pakistan.
Let's head to California now whether
death toll is now 17 and eight
others are missing. As we discussed,
the most affected county is Santa
Barbara and the town which has borne
the brunt of this is called
Montecito. This is an aerial shot of
one raid in Montecito before the
disaster and this is a photo of the
same area after it. The difference
is astonishing. You can see the mud
for yourself and some of these huge
buildings either washed away or
buried in mud and debris. As well as
these stills, more videos are
emerging. We spotted this one which
was released by Burbank
astonishing. That car is not
driving, it is being swept down the
hill along with huge amounts of
water and mud and sizeable rocks as
well which we have seen blocking the
roads towards the bottom of the
hills. The BBC's James Cook has said
this latest report.
The flash flood is right there!
Get out of here, go!
This was the moment it began.
Oh, my God, Mom!
And then panic.
Close the door!
It was a million miles
an hour in slow motion,
if that makes sense.
I clicked in survival
gear, survival mode.
Wake Dad up!
Every second, it is just roaring
and banging against the house
and the most vicious and violent
sounds you have ever heard.
Montecito is only just beginning
to grasp the scale of the disaster
which will bear its name.
For this idyllic little town
of just 9000 people,
recovery will be long and hard.
This was somebody's driveway.
There are three cars destroyed.
Buried inside that rubble.
Looking at this house,
it is difficult to believe anyone
on this street survived,
but many did and their
stories are remarkable.
People walked their dogs
through here, there are trails,
my kids have grown
up riding their bikes.
Noelle fled with her three children
just before the storm.
But many of her neighbours did not.
Two young boys were swept
out of their home,
along with their mother.
In the middle of the night.
And the dog is gone.
And they are lucky to be fine.
It is like a war zone here.
There are homes that
are just missing.
And I walk down the street
and I see balls, and toys,
and bicycles and shoes and socks.
And knives and hammers.
It looks like people's lives
are just washed to the ocean.
Much of the wreckage ended up
clogging the main coastal motorway.
The mountains above are scarred
by rivers of debris.
Southern California was once famed
for its agreeable climate.
These days, it reels
from drought, fire and flood.
James Cook, BBC News, Montecito.
Now, we talked about Logan Paul last
week, a big U-tube star, and he
posted a video of himself in Japan
laughing against the body of
somebody who appeared to have taken
his own life. Today, the company
have told us they have cut business
ties with him. It's a big decision
because he's a serious player, with
over 50 million subscribers on
YouTube. On Facebook he gets about a
per post, on Instagram about
$80,000. For more, first of all,
here is Gigi isn't it.
The video, which we can't show,
featured the dead body of a man
who appeared to have
taken his own life.
It had been viewed millions of times
before Logan removed
it from his channel.
In a statement, YouTube acknowledged
it had taken a long time to respond,
but that it also had been listening
to comments and criticisms.
It added that it recognised
the actions of one creator
could affect the whole community
and it said it would soon announce
steps to make sure any similar
videos were never circulated again.
I have made a severe and continuous
lapse of my judgment and I don't
expect to be forgiven.
I'm simply here to apologise.
YouTube said that they would
put on hold projects
with the 22-year-old
and that they would no
longer feature his channel
on the Google Preferred programme.
Effectively, lowering his
advertising profile with top brands.
Logan Paul isn't the only
one being criticised.
Anger is being directed
towards YouTube with questions like,
why they didn't take down
the offending post initially
in the first place, why it took them
so long to even issue a statement
in response, and why his channel
is still up on their platform,
allowing him to make
money from advertising.
To get more information on the
financial relationship between
YouTube and their stars, we talk to
YouTube uses its
top 5% of stars and it uses adverts
on them to target younger members of
the demographic that will buy the
products that it advertises.
guess the challenge now is that it's
not just the platform, it's a
content promoter and a content
creator in some cases and its role
is starting to evolve?
thing. Broadcasters have to adhere
to certain rules and YouTube doesn't
have to do that. They said yesterday
they recognise Logan Paul reached
their community guidelines and it's
going to review those and ensure
videos like the one Logan uploaded
when circulated again and it's worth
noting that Logan removed the video,
He is a big player on
many platforms. Can he survive this?
Only time will tell. We haven't
heard from him since the 2nd of
January when he apologised. He has
declined to do any interviews, so I
guess time will tell what will
Thanks to Daniel. Now in a
few minutes on Outside Source we
will talk about plastic pollution.
The Prime Minister of the UK Theresa
May has made a 25 year plan
announcement today to reduce plastic
waste. We will get into the details.
Patients are dying in hospital
corridors and accident and emergency
departments in England and Wales
because safety is being compromised
by intolerable conditions, the blunt
warning made to Theresa May signed
by 68 doctors who run accident and
emergency departments. Doctor has
garnered from the Royal College of
emergency medicine describes the
difficulties within the NHS.
is always huge budget in January,
February, March, what we call
winter, but unfortunately in the
last few years, we have got steadily
worse in terms of the pressures
facing not just emergency
departments but the rest of the
hospital. The reason for that is
that we have not got enough beds in
our hospitals, our social care
funding has decreased that we have
got huge challenges. Think. What we
have been putting forward as a
college is a range of methods both
short-term and long-term to address
This is outside source lies in the
BBC newsroom. Our main story comes
from Pakistani, as protests continue
after the rape and murder of a
There are reports that Japan has
summoned the Chinese ambassador in
Tokyo after a Chinese frigate sailed
near disputed islands in the East
China Sea which Japan controls,
though China also claims them.
The Burmese military has admitted
for the first time killing some
And this is Kazuyoshi Mura. He is 50
years old and he has just signed a
new contract, having first signed a
professional contract in 1979.
Now, an unexpected development on
Brexit today. Nigel Farage is a MP
who did more than most to confirm
Brexit and today he asked for a
second referendum on Brexit. It is
not a new demand but it is almost
always made by people who want to
stay in the EU.
My mind is actually
changing on this. What is for
certain is that the Cleggs, the
Blairs, the Adonis is, they will
never give up. They will go one
whingeing through this process. So
maybe, just maybe I am reaching the
point in thinking that we should
have a second referendum on EU
membership, the whole thing, unless
you want to have a multiple-choice
referendum that would confuse
people. I think if we had a second
referendum on EU membership we would
kill it off for a generation. The
percentage that would Vote Leave
next time would be very much bigger
than it was last time and we may
just finished the whole thing off
and Blair can disappear off into
Now, one of the
business people who helped fund the
Leave Campaign agrees with this.
Aaron Banks has said today:
this is a constipated issue. This is
Peter Whittle, a senior member in
the Ukip party and he has tweeted:
the Ukip party and he has tweeted:
speaking of Mr Adonis. He has
entered the fray. He is a supporter
of stay in the EU. He said: let's
hear from the BBC's Alex Forsyth who
has been covering this from
It is a strange
alliance we find ourselves looking
at here, Nigel Farage, the man who
advocated Brexit, pleasing some of
the people who want to stay in the
EU. It's a little baffling but
obviously the motivations are very
different here. Nigel Farage is
claiming a second referendum would
settle the question and stop what he
calls the Remainers, those who want
the UK to stay in the EU. On the
other hand, there are those that
want the option left open because
they think the British public might
revisit this had come to a different
conclusion. It's worth saying that
the opinion polls since the
referendum are not clear what would
happen if there was a second vote.
Some suggest that some people regret
the Brexit decision, others suggest
that some people, even those who
wanted to remain, now just want the
government to get on with it. But
both sides think that they would win
a second time round. What is also
interesting is that most of the
criticism for Nigel Farage's
comments have come from leading
Brexiteers, even members of his own
Ukip party who say this question has
been settled once and for all. It's
worth mentioning as a final point
that number ten Downing St are clear
on this. They say the British public
have decided, we will not be
rerunning this fate, there will not
be a second referendum, but I bet
that doesn't stop people talking
And if you want more
analysis on Brexit, the latest
edition of the Brexit cast pod cast
from the BBC featuring some of our
finest journalists is available
right now, just search Brexit cast
in any broadcast software that you
use. Now, let's talk about Walmart.
It's the world's biggest retailer
and it's reacted to the recent tax
reform in the US. It's going to
increase wages for more than a
million of its staff, up to at least
a $11 an hour and it is also
expanding maternity rights and
parental benefits. There will also
be a one-off bonus of $1000 but
only. You've been there for more
than 20 years. Remember, we have
covered this a lot. Donald Trump
reduced corporation tax from 35% to
21%. So, the companies are liking
it, some of the employees are liking
it, but I guess it means less money
for central government?
and just to point out actually be
same company, Walmart, has also
today announced that it's going to
be closing down some of its stores.
It's Sam 's club chain, to be
precise. So that also means that
hundreds of employees will be losing
their jobs, so you have got a mixed
bag of news coming out from the same
company today. As far as the bonus
announcement is concerned, we have
heard similar announcements from
other companies, but the big
question is, this is a permanent
reduction in corporate tax that has
been brought in by the new bill. It
will mean billions of dollars and in
some cases tens of billions of
dollars over the course of the
future. The amount they are paying
their employees today, it amounts to
about $400 million. The Republican
pitch was that this money would come
back into the economy in the way
that it expand the economy here, so
it will create jobs and people's
wages are going to go up in a
significant way and if that happens,
then you could sort of see the
government owning war by way of tax.
-- earning more by way of tax. But
there are no indications from this
particular bonus that's been given
and the wage increases, there are
many states in the United States
where the amount it has been
increased to is the minimum wage and
a lot of companies were already
paying more than that amount. It
could also be competition which has
forced them to increases wages.
Thank you for taking us through
that. Let's switch to South Korea
because they are considering banning
bit Queen and other crypto
currencies as well. It's justice
minister has said there are great
concerns regarding these virtual
currencies and the Justice ministry
is preparing a bill to ban crypto
currency trading through exchanges.
Here is the Asia business
The decision by
South Korea which has said it is
planning to ban crypto currencies
such as bitcoins bruited exchanges
should not come as a surprise. South
Korea has been an crucial source of
crypto currencies and many countries
around the world have been trying to
find ways to regulate them,
especially bitcoins. The South
Korean justice minister says virtual
currencies like bitcoins are causing
the government great concern. This
crackdown in South Korea comes after
many other Asian countries including
China have also tried clamping down
on digital currencies. The
authorities there, the government
there, is worried about how long
investors, regular retail investors,
are piling into these currencies
attracted by potentially high
returns, but regulators have been
saying given that these are highly
volatile assets, they are also
unregulated, no one body oversees
them, they are extremely risky
investments and as a result should
be approached with caution.
Now, we need to show you this video
from Las Vegas, part of the consumer
Electronics show in Las Vegas. This
is a drone demonstration organised
by Intel above the blood your hotel
on the strip. It's quite something,
all preprogrammed as the Intel
member of staff can explain.
Everything is preprogrammed. We know
exactly how the drains are going to
fly. We have positioned the drains
so there are 1.5 metres around each
other. We know they won't collide.
This is a drone built for safety. It
is made out of plastic and foam with
a pop cage to make sure all the
props are encased. Interestingly
enough, the Intel shooting stars
Owen doesn't have any cameras or
sensors. It has a really good GPS
and then it has a barometer and
other sensors integrated for
precision, but it only has an LED
Very impressive. Now let's talk
about plastic waste. As I am sure
you know, it's becoming a potent
political issue around the world and
today, the UK Government made its
play. The Prime Minister outlined a
25 year plan, including a further 5p
plastic bag charge and the reduction
of plastic waste. Let's hear by --
star by hearing some of what the
Prime Minister said.
Its goals are
simple, clean air, clean water,
plants and animals that are thriving
and a cleaner, greener country for
Russell. Together, they add up to
something profound. A better world
for each of us to live in and a
better future for the next
I have a number of
responses to play you. This is the
reaction of Greenpeace.
policies, not promises we need. We
don't think it is decisive or
detailed enough. Our oceans bear the
brunt of our plastic habits to the
tune of a truckload of plastic every
minute. They can't wait 25 years. We
need policies that tackle the
producers and manufacturers of
plastic, those architects of this
culture of throwaway plastic that we
have. They need to take
responsibility for the amount of
waste we produce.
Next, a spokesman
for the plastics industry.
A lot of
work going on in this space because
we want to get all that material
back and recycle it. In fact, I was
at a company today that could lead
to a breakthrough in recycling in
this country. So there's an awful
lot of work being done in that
space. In terms of biodegradable and
compostable is, they offer certain
benefits but they are not the
solution to litter. At the end of
the day, we have got to stop
material finding its way into the
wider environment and we've got to
get it back and put it to work.
more information on the extent of
plastic pollution around the world,
you can get a lot of data from the
BBC News website. Last week on
outside source, we covered the fact
that huge amounts of plastic waste
were delivered into the oceans by
ten of the world's biggest cities,
one of them being the Ganges and you
can find a report all about that.
Later in the programme with the help
of BBC Arabic, we will go back to
Mosul, one of the biggest cities in
Iraq which last year was recaptured
by the Islamic state -- from the
Islamic state. We will be seeing how
life is going now.
Hello once again. If the truth were
known, it has been a mishmash of a
day across the British Isles. At its
very best, there was plenty of
sunshine on offer across parts of
the South West of England and one or
two spots elsewhere, but the truth
of the matter is that there was a
lot of cloud to be had and some mist
and fog lingered on through the
course of the day, one of those
leaden, January days. There you see
on the satellite imagery that there
were some decent islands of
sunshine. Through the evening and
overnight, we will find that the
cloud will part in one or two
locations and that will lead to some
fog, a bit like we had last night,
and where these guys state -- where
the skies stay clear, there could be
thrust, especially in the
countryside. Here we are, Friday
morning, I think no great issues
with fog across the north-western
quarter of Scotland. As soon as you
drift further east or down into the
Borders, here there could be a bit
of an issue. Northern Ireland, not
so much of an issue. If there was
fog overnight, it would be blown
away come the commute in the
boarding. Quite chilly start in
western parts, and this is where we
will see the dentist of the fog, at
least, part of East Anglia, of the
south-east. I don't think it will be
much of an issue here. A lot of dry
weather to be had on Friday, there
will be breaks in that cloud, but
again, it will be another leaden
sort of day. As we go on into
Saturday, we freshen up those winds
which will help with this fog
situation that we have had the past
couple of nights in a number of
locations but it's just freshening
up that wind ahead of a couple more
weather fronts, with a wet start to
the day in Northern Ireland on
Saturday. Taking the prospect of
rain into western Scotland, western
England and three Wales as well.
From Saturday into Sunday, join the
dots. That's the old weather front,
a new one showing its hand across
the north-western quarter of the
British Isles. Not a bad day on
Sunday, not the coldest of days at
all, make the most of it, because
when that weather front comes
through during the course of Monday,
the rest of the week is much colder
and it could turn more wintry.
These are some of the main stories
on the programme.
A second day of
protests in Pakistan after the rape
and murder of a six-year-old girl.
The local police say there have been
12 similar murders in the last two
years. This is footage of the girl
being led away and the father spoke
to the BBC.
If the police had done
their job properly they would have
phones are sinners they got the CCTV
but they were not interested.
Farage is campaigned to get the
Kyoto of the European Union for
years, this is what he said he would
like to happen.
Just maybe I am
reaching the point of thinking we
should get a second referendum.
a Special Report from Mosul going
back to a city that what must
horrific battle between Islamic
state and a US coalition last year.
Before we do anything else let's
talk about the Iran nuclear deal
because there was an important
meeting today, and if the treat said
anything to go by, the talks went
well. He says, there is a strong
consensus in Brussels today and Iran
is complying, a reference to the
many things they are obliged to do
as part of this nuclear deal. In
this picture, shared that the
meeting, you'll notice the
distinctive haircut of the UK
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson. It
was a major meeting of EU foreign
ministers. It was arranged by the
EU's foreign affairs chief and the
timing is no coincidence. Donald
Trump has long been a fierce critic
of this deal and on Friday he will
decide whether to extend sanctions
relief for ran. Top officials say
they expect him to impose some form
of new sanctions.
remains committed to support the
full and effective implementation of
the agreement, including to make
sure that the listing of nuclear
related sanctions has a positive
impact on trade and economic
relations with Iran including
benefits for the any union people.
The agreement has allowed for deeper
co-operation and continuous dialogue
with Iran on all issues.
Trump wants to either amend this
deal or withdraw from it, bear that
in mind when you listen to the UK
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson.
want to stress testing conclusion
that I don't think anybody has so
far produced a better alternative to
the JCP or a as a way of preventing
the Iranians from going ahead with
the acquisition of nuclear
capabilities. I don't think anybody
has come up with a better idea and
it is incumbent upon those who
oppose it relate to come up with
that better solution, because we
haven't seen so far.
Washington this is the response of a
Democratic senator to Donald Trump's
I am hopeful he
will take seriously the advice of
his national security adviser and
secretaries of defence and state in
the interest of our vital European
allies and he will recertify
continued participation. I am also
hopeful he will announce new
sanctions that we can impose on
their ballistic missile programme
and human rights violations or on
their support for terrorism in the
region, and there is nothing we will
have enacted within the next few
days. We need to continue this
journey with our European partners
of constraining the nuclear weapons
programme. We can and should work
together to address some of the
future challenges that we will face.
And when Donald Trump makes that
decision we will tell it to you one
BBC News. Last year on outside
source we covered the fierce battle
of Mosul. Eventually recaptured from
the Islamic state group but the
remains huge doubts over how many
civilians died. Amnesty
International is now estimating that
figure could be up to 10,000, ten
times higher than the official
This used to be the beating
heart of the old part of Mosul.
Even for a country which has
seen many battles over
the years, the destruction
here is unprecedented.
Months of fighting to drive
so-called Islamic State out
of its main stronghold in Iraq has
left large parts
of the city in ruins.
Still, corpses of IS fighters
are lying around, buried.
And for survivors like Ahmed,
the struggle has not ended.
TRANSLATION: This is
the city that I grew up in,
and we were proud of it.
It's a shame.
Nothing is left of it.
Especially in the west side.
It's completely devastated.
He has lost eight members
of his family here,
but he still hasn't been able
to find and Barry their bodies.
to my family's neighbourhood
and asked them to leave,
and replaced them
with their own families.
The first one who died
was my brother-in-law,
when it was time to bring
water from the river.
He died from mortar shelling,
then my sister-in-law,
who just fell sick.
At that time, IS were removing
people from house to house,
so they didn't want to have someone
ill with them, so they killed her
and threw her body into the river.
Those who survived the air strikes
remain marked as possible
For some, it's impossible
to return to their homes
without an authorisation signed
by the new rulers.
This is a dilemma.
These people should go
through security checks to make sure
they are not with IS.
There are not very well-known
IS members who we can only find
through the people here.
As local people know their faces.
So we need first to identify them
before we are able to let these
people go back to their houses.
The task to rebuild Mosul
and clear the city of this
rubble will take years.
Driving IS fighters out
of the narrow backed alleys
of the old city took many months.
These same streets and buildings,
with plenty of remaining death
traps, are now proving to be
the most difficult to clear
for Iraq's defence units.
In some parts of Mosul,
the smell of death is pungent,
even after months since the battle
for the city ended.
The bodies of many residents
are still trapped under the rubble.
And there are people still looking
to find out what happened
to their lost loved ones.
Efforts to rebuild
Mosul have started.
And the new authorities
are in the process of clearing
all visible destruction.
But the bigger underlying scars
and wounds will take
much longer to heal.
Police in Thailand have arrested
this Japanese gang boss on the run
for 15 years. He was found after
pictures of his tattoos went viral.
At a police station he took off his
top and showed his entire upper
body, cover them tattoos. One other
detail was tattoos's little finger,
that is a punishment often used in
the gang he operated in.
was a member of the Yakuza crime
syndicate in Japan, similar to the
Italian mafia, although
interestingly they are tolerated as
legal in Japan. This particular
gentleman, Shigeharu Shirai, was
wanted for the murder of a rival
gangland boss. He has turned up in a
sleepy village in Thailand.
Apparently every day he would go to
the market to get food and play
chess with the locals and he would
like to have his extensive tattoos
photographed. That is what caught
him out and these were posted on the
Internet and went viral, and seen
thousands of times, and spotted by
the Japanese authorities. These
tattoos marked him out as a Yakuza
member. These gang members often
have elaborate body art, often
painfully put on them. He also had a
missing part of his little finger on
his left hand, and that the time
authorities were notified and they
went and arrested him and he has
been detained and admitted to being
part of the Yakuza crime syndicate
but not yet admitted to the murder
he has been charged with.
information, the BBC website is
where to go and you can find this
story and hundreds of others.
Six years ago, these young Syrian
girls were horrifically injured when
a shell at their home exploded. They
went to Georgia where there have
been treated at a special hospital.
Caroline Powell a first met them in
late 2012 and recently she went back
to see how they got on.
She beer remembers the day six years
ago when a shell slammed into their
bedroom. -- Bierley remembers. Her
hands were so damaged she needed
help to feed and dress herself. She
was so distressed by her appearance
she could look in the mirror. Her
sister Rahaf was also badly burned
but today they were on their way to
school. It has taken immense
strength and courage and countless
operations to get to where they are
now. This was the two in Syria
before the war. We saw them
receiving surgery in Georgia, where
the family fled for treatment. Two
years later she had to wear this
mask to help another skin graft
These days they spend much more time
in school than in hospital. Syrian
refugees, in the afternoons and the
kernels love it. -- girls.
Amma has had to get used to how
other children reactor.
They are teachers worked hard to get
their classmates to accept them. She
admires Amma's bravery.
Her parents worry about the social
stigma they are daughters will face
as they grow up, will life with
their injuries be harder as young
women. When the children draw for
us, Amma's first pictures of her
dream house and then she draws a
But Rahaf has now been discharged
from MSF's hospital. Amma is waiting
for more surgery but with all the
conflict around the Middle East the
hospital is inundated with new cases
and the waiting list is long. The
most important global stories, we
have heard from Jordan and Pakistan
in the UK and US, next on the
programme, back to Tunisia because
more than 600 people have now been
arrested during the anti-austerity
protests. We spoke about this
earlier in the week and for the last
three nights they have been
demonstrating not just in the
capital but at least four other
cities, but to see what happens
tonight we know there are big calls
for protests on Friday. Anger,
dissent and the frustrations boiled
over into this. A public bin set
ablaze on the outskirts of Tunis.
Police firing tear gas at
demonstrators and also reports of
looting. Elsewhere, there are
reports of a national security
building set alight, some 2000
soldiers since the Clwyd in several
cities and towns. Security forces
have now arrested over 600 people
across the country this week, they
are accused of sabotage and bet but
some demonstrators accuse the police
of a harsh response. One protester
was killed in clashes on Monday.
would like to send a message to the
people protesting peacefully. No
matter what the government does its
top priority is improving the
economic situation of the people and
returning to them trust in the
country and its institutions.
is a starkly different scene from
what Tunisians witnessed overnight
in the outskirts of the capital as
well as cities and towns across
country. There is a heavy police
presence and weird in the heart of
the capital Tunis. How did Tunisia
get here? In number of factors
combined, the looming deficit, a
hard tourism industry since 2015,
and some would say the government is
also lacking a comprehensive
economic reform plan that crucially
does not affect poorer sections of
In the capital, anger with
politicians and how they are
handling the economy but also
weariness that instability protests
The protests can be
peaceful and the price hikes are
real and the cost of living but we
can't treat these issues like this
when criminal gangs come out at
The price hikes are
problematic but the youth need to be
aware today there are people taking
advantage of the instability to
achieve negative things.
with them, fear with the people who
took to the streets spontaneously.
Where are we headed to?
that officials are looking for is
difficult to come by these days. It
has been a painful economic Germany
for Tunisians over the years as they
try to engineer a path for a
This is the global head of the World
Health Organisation, the first
African to hold that post, and he
has been talking to the BBC, seeking
to emphasise how vital it is to
detect disease epidemics hourly.
This is some of the interview.
are some improvements but the
weakness is still out way, so we are
still vulnerable. We have to really
tighten up. That is why we are now
building on what was built before in
order to have a very responsive
Sudden outbreaks of disease
are common in Africa and if we take
Madagascar is one example. Last
August that was how it by pneumonic
plague. This was the World Health
Organisation's report on that, and
bought 2500 cases and over 200 died
but if you read the whole report,
what they are saying is this is an
example of how an outbreak has been
successfully contained. He and his
The response was really good.
-- here is why. All parties were
mobilised, but the most important
thing is that the government itself
contacted quickly and mobilised
It moved quickly so the
credit goes to them.
This is a
collaboration. They have to work
together because the World Health
Organisation does not have the
capacity to be any chant every place
across the world, so they have to
depend on the countries and NGOs,
MSF, and they came and criticism
during the break of Ebola, but the
WHO took time before they admitted
there was an outbreak and by that
time it had really spread across
three countries, so those were hard
lessons to learn and that is what
the Director General was saying.
There are still a lot more that
needs to be done. They are making
improvements but not yet at the
position where they can confidently
say that they will be able to deal
with an outbreak of the nature of
Ebola that we saw in the West
African region, as effectively as it
should be dealt with.
And as we were
saying we have an African in charge
of the World Health Organisation for
the first time, is that making a
difference to the way it operates?
asked him his priorities in terms of
dealing with health because across
the board, Africa has a
disproportionately higher disease
burden compared to the rest of the
world and that the same time the
health systems are relatively
weaker. The countries are some of
the poorest in the world, so they
have so much against them, but the
new Director General says that his
top priority is Africa and he has
already sent up a strategic plan in
how to improve the health care
systems in Africa. One of the key
things he is focusing on is
universal health care coverage. We
are seeing already success stories
and bland and Ghana but he would
like to see it across all the 54
And he has got that
strategic plan but does he have the
money to put it in place?
the big issue and the World Health
Organisation constantly has to go
back to the donors but also working
with the countries to try to
encourage them to spend more money
in their health care systems. This
is a continent where even heads of
state do not have confidence in the
health care. We saw four African
heads of state going abroad last
year for health care and bat is a
huge statement on the nature of
health care that people can receive.
Nigerians are some of the wealthiest
Africans we have and they spent more
money seeking medical treatment
abroad than the government spends
per year on health care for that
country, so there's a lot that isn't
working in Africa and they are
having with many other partners,
including no the WHO, to try to
focus on what really helps all the
Health care is that the core
This is quite a story to begin with.
Police in Italy are investigating
people behind an exhibition of
paintings by Modigliani, because it
appears most of them are straight.
It opened in March in Genoa but then
had to close in July because it
became clear something might be up
and six months of investigations
have discovered something definitely
Modigliani's style is instantly
recognisable. He would paint
elongated, languid figures
preferably doing nothing more
serious than sitting in a chair. He
himself died in 1920 but his works
have continued since then painted by
forgers hoping to cash in on his
popularity and those forgeries have
got everywhere. It now turns out
that almost an entire Modigliani
exhibition held in Genoa last year
was made up of six. -- fixe. Art
historians believe 20 of 21 on
display were not done by the artist
himself. Suspicions were raised at
the time of the exhibition and it
has been under investigation by both
experts and the arts police. The
carabinieri have impounded the
pictures and put under investigation
the curator. The works themselves
once proved to be thick will be
destroyed and one consumer rights
organisation in Italy says that
everybody who paid money to go and
see that exhibition last year should
now be given a refund. Thanks to
James for wrapping up today's