11/01/2018 Outside Source


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11/01/2018

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LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Ross Atkins, welcome to

outside source. We have seen a

0:00:120:00:16

second day of protests in Pakistan

after the rape and murder of a

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six-year old girl. Local police say

there have been 12 similar murders

0:00:190:00:24

in recent years. This is footage of

the girl being led away and her

0:00:240:00:28

father has spoken to the BBC.

TRANSLATION:

If the police had done

0:00:280:00:34

their job properly, they would have

found her as soon as they got hold

0:00:340:00:37

of the CCTV but they weren't

interested.

0:00:370:00:40

The political surprise of the day

came courtesy of Nigel Farage.

0:00:400:00:44

Listen to what he wants.

Maybe, just

maybe, I am reaching the point of

0:00:440:00:50

thinking that we should have a

second referendum.

At 22 years old,

0:00:500:00:55

I bought my first house for £6.5

million -- $6.5 million.

That is

0:00:550:01:02

Logan Paul, he has made huge amounts

of money on you tube but they have

0:01:020:01:06

now cut ties with him, all to do

with a video he posted with a dead

0:01:060:01:14

person on it. And we talk about the

Japanese gang boss who was tracked

0:01:140:01:21

down after he took photos of his

body covered in tatties.

0:01:210:01:33

-- tattoos.

We starred in Pakistan, where riots

0:01:330:01:41

continue after this girl was raped

and murdered. This video shows a

0:01:410:01:52

large outline of a man and this

young girl. She had been on her way

0:01:520:01:58

to a Koran class. She was abducted

and she is holding their hand in

0:01:580:02:02

this second video of the larger man

whom you can see outlined. Her body

0:02:020:02:07

was found in a rubbish dump several

days after she went missing. They

0:02:070:02:12

now's father has been speaking to

the BBC. TRANSLATION:

It's like the

0:02:120:02:20

world has ended. I was away in Saudi

Arabia and only came back last

0:02:200:02:23

night. I have no words. If the

police had done their job properly,

0:02:230:02:30

they would have found her as soon as

they got hold of the CCTV but they

0:02:300:02:33

weren't interested.

There is your

ree and grief on the streets and it

0:02:330:02:38

is the same on social media.

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Zainab was abducted in the east of

Pakistan, in a city called coz and

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police there are saying 12 similar

murders have happened in the past

0:03:070:03:12

years and that this suspect is

linked to five of them. There is

0:03:120:03:17

palpable frustration that these

murders are continuing to happen.

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That's what we are seeing spilling

out onto the streets. This is some

0:03:200:03:24

of the footage that has come in to

day, whether it be more clashes

0:03:240:03:30

between police and protesters and

attacks on a local government office

0:03:300:03:37

as well. The latest violence took

place after the funerals of the two

0:03:370:03:41

men who died in yesterday's

protests.

Let's learn more. People

0:03:410:03:49

are very angry because this is not

the first time a child has been

0:03:490:03:53

abducted, brutally raped and

murdered in this city. People are

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tired of hearing government

complaints and the novel strategy

0:03:550:04:02

that they use, we are investigating

and we will find out who the culprit

0:04:020:04:08

is. It has been many years since the

first case claim to surface in 2015.

0:04:080:04:14

Initially, they said 300 children

were manipulated and strangled and

0:04:140:04:19

died, then it came down to only nine

and then 13 people were on trial in

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that case but only two were

convicted. All the rest of them were

0:04:250:04:29

set free because there was lack of

evidence, so people are pretty angry

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because the situation is not under

control in Kazur, and people are

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worried about their children, sons

and daughters, so Zainab is the

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child of the entire nation. There

are two sets of protests going on in

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Pakistan. One is on the streets and

Kazur, where people are damaging

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government and private property. On

the other hand, there is a social

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protest going on with the hash tag

justice for Zainab, where the entire

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nation has come together and they

want the government to finally take

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some action. Earlier in the day we

saw that the government has

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announced a 10 million pound reward

for anyone -- a 10 million reward

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for anyone who gives information

about the suspect and promised they

0:05:260:05:29

would not be revealed, but this our

tactics to calm down the protests

0:05:290:05:39

which have spread all over Pakistan.

Let's head to California now whether

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death toll is now 17 and eight

others are missing. As we discussed,

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the most affected county is Santa

Barbara and the town which has borne

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the brunt of this is called

Montecito. This is an aerial shot of

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one raid in Montecito before the

disaster and this is a photo of the

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same area after it. The difference

is astonishing. You can see the mud

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for yourself and some of these huge

buildings either washed away or

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buried in mud and debris. As well as

these stills, more videos are

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emerging. We spotted this one which

was released by Burbank

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firefighters. Absolutely

astonishing. That car is not

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driving, it is being swept down the

hill along with huge amounts of

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water and mud and sizeable rocks as

well which we have seen blocking the

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roads towards the bottom of the

hills. The BBC's James Cook has said

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this latest report.

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Turn around!

0:06:520:06:53

The flash flood is right there!

0:06:530:06:55

Get out of here, go!

0:06:550:06:56

This was the moment it began.

0:06:560:06:57

Oh, my God, Mom!

0:06:570:06:58

And then panic.

0:06:580:06:59

Close the door!

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It was a million miles

an hour in slow motion,

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if that makes sense.

0:07:040:07:05

I clicked in survival

gear, survival mode.

0:07:050:07:09

Wake Dad up!

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Every second, it is just roaring

and banging against the house

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and the most vicious and violent

sounds you have ever heard.

0:07:130:07:19

Montecito is only just beginning

to grasp the scale of the disaster

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which will bear its name.

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For this idyllic little town

of just 9000 people,

0:07:250:07:27

recovery will be long and hard.

0:07:270:07:30

This was somebody's driveway.

0:07:300:07:32

There are three cars destroyed.

0:07:320:07:33

Buried inside that rubble.

0:07:330:07:37

Looking at this house,

it is difficult to believe anyone

0:07:370:07:39

on this street survived,

but many did and their

0:07:390:07:42

stories are remarkable.

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People walked their dogs

through here, there are trails,

0:07:450:07:47

my kids have grown

up riding their bikes.

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Noelle fled with her three children

just before the storm.

0:07:520:07:54

But many of her neighbours did not.

0:07:540:07:56

Two young boys were swept

out of their home,

0:07:560:07:58

along with their mother.

0:07:580:08:01

In the middle of the night.

0:08:010:08:04

And the dog is gone.

0:08:040:08:05

And they are lucky to be fine.

0:08:050:08:07

It is like a war zone here.

0:08:070:08:10

There are homes that

are just missing.

0:08:100:08:11

And I walk down the street

and I see balls, and toys,

0:08:110:08:16

and bicycles and shoes and socks.

And knives and hammers.

0:08:160:08:20

It looks like people's lives

are just washed to the ocean.

0:08:200:08:23

Much of the wreckage ended up

clogging the main coastal motorway.

0:08:230:08:27

The mountains above are scarred

by rivers of debris.

0:08:270:08:29

Southern California was once famed

for its agreeable climate.

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These days, it reels

from drought, fire and flood.

0:08:330:08:41

James Cook, BBC News, Montecito.

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Now, we talked about Logan Paul last

week, a big U-tube star, and he

0:08:500:08:54

posted a video of himself in Japan

laughing against the body of

0:08:540:08:58

somebody who appeared to have taken

his own life. Today, the company

0:08:580:09:02

have told us they have cut business

ties with him. It's a big decision

0:09:020:09:07

because he's a serious player, with

over 50 million subscribers on

0:09:070:09:16

YouTube. On Facebook he gets about a

per post, on Instagram about

0:09:160:09:22

$80,000. For more, first of all,

0:09:220:09:25

here is Gigi isn't it.

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The video, which we can't show,

featured the dead body of a man

0:09:350:09:39

who appeared to have

taken his own life.

0:09:390:09:40

It had been viewed millions of times

before Logan removed

0:09:400:09:43

it from his channel.

0:09:430:09:44

In a statement, YouTube acknowledged

it had taken a long time to respond,

0:09:440:09:47

but that it also had been listening

to comments and criticisms.

0:09:470:09:50

It added that it recognised

the actions of one creator

0:09:500:09:52

could affect the whole community

and it said it would soon announce

0:09:520:09:55

steps to make sure any similar

videos were never circulated again.

0:09:550:09:58

I have made a severe and continuous

lapse of my judgment and I don't

0:09:580:10:01

expect to be forgiven.

0:10:010:10:02

I'm simply here to apologise.

0:10:020:10:04

YouTube said that they would

put on hold projects

0:10:040:10:07

with the 22-year-old

and that they would no

0:10:070:10:09

longer feature his channel

on the Google Preferred programme.

0:10:090:10:12

Effectively, lowering his

advertising profile with top brands.

0:10:120:10:18

Logan Paul isn't the only

one being criticised.

0:10:180:10:21

Anger is being directed

towards YouTube with questions like,

0:10:210:10:24

why they didn't take down

the offending post initially

0:10:240:10:27

in the first place, why it took them

so long to even issue a statement

0:10:270:10:30

in response, and why his channel

is still up on their platform,

0:10:300:10:33

allowing him to make

money from advertising.

0:10:330:10:42

To get more information on the

financial relationship between

0:10:420:10:46

YouTube and their stars, we talk to

our correspondent.

YouTube uses its

0:10:460:10:55

top 5% of stars and it uses adverts

on them to target younger members of

0:10:550:11:00

the demographic that will buy the

products that it advertises.

And I

0:11:000:11:04

guess the challenge now is that it's

not just the platform, it's a

0:11:040:11:08

content promoter and a content

creator in some cases and its role

0:11:080:11:12

is starting to evolve?

That's the

thing. Broadcasters have to adhere

0:11:120:11:17

to certain rules and YouTube doesn't

have to do that. They said yesterday

0:11:170:11:25

they recognise Logan Paul reached

their community guidelines and it's

0:11:250:11:28

going to review those and ensure

videos like the one Logan uploaded

0:11:280:11:35

when circulated again and it's worth

noting that Logan removed the video,

0:11:350:11:38

not YouTube.

He is a big player on

many platforms. Can he survive this?

0:11:380:11:45

Only time will tell. We haven't

heard from him since the 2nd of

0:11:450:11:49

January when he apologised. He has

declined to do any interviews, so I

0:11:490:11:53

guess time will tell what will

happen.

Thanks to Daniel. Now in a

0:11:530:11:57

few minutes on Outside Source we

will talk about plastic pollution.

0:11:570:12:02

The Prime Minister of the UK Theresa

May has made a 25 year plan

0:12:020:12:06

announcement today to reduce plastic

waste. We will get into the details.

0:12:060:12:15

Patients are dying in hospital

corridors and accident and emergency

0:12:150:12:21

departments in England and Wales

because safety is being compromised

0:12:210:12:25

by intolerable conditions, the blunt

warning made to Theresa May signed

0:12:250:12:30

by 68 doctors who run accident and

emergency departments. Doctor has

0:12:300:12:39

garnered from the Royal College of

emergency medicine describes the

0:12:390:12:43

difficulties within the NHS.

There

is always huge budget in January,

0:12:430:12:49

February, March, what we call

winter, but unfortunately in the

0:12:490:12:52

last few years, we have got steadily

worse in terms of the pressures

0:12:520:12:58

facing not just emergency

departments but the rest of the

0:12:580:13:00

hospital. The reason for that is

that we have not got enough beds in

0:13:000:13:04

our hospitals, our social care

funding has decreased that we have

0:13:040:13:08

got huge challenges. Think. What we

have been putting forward as a

0:13:080:13:12

college is a range of methods both

short-term and long-term to address

0:13:120:13:17

those issues.

0:13:170:13:19

This is outside source lies in the

BBC newsroom. Our main story comes

0:13:270:13:35

from Pakistani, as protests continue

after the rape and murder of a

0:13:350:13:38

six-year-old girl.

There are reports that Japan has

0:13:380:13:44

summoned the Chinese ambassador in

Tokyo after a Chinese frigate sailed

0:13:440:13:49

near disputed islands in the East

China Sea which Japan controls,

0:13:490:13:53

though China also claims them.

The Burmese military has admitted

0:13:530:14:02

for the first time killing some

Ranger Midlands.

0:14:020:14:14

And this is Kazuyoshi Mura. He is 50

years old and he has just signed a

0:14:150:14:21

new contract, having first signed a

professional contract in 1979.

0:14:210:14:28

Now, an unexpected development on

Brexit today. Nigel Farage is a MP

0:14:280:14:34

who did more than most to confirm

Brexit and today he asked for a

0:14:340:14:44

second referendum on Brexit. It is

not a new demand but it is almost

0:14:440:14:49

always made by people who want to

stay in the EU.

My mind is actually

0:14:490:14:54

changing on this. What is for

certain is that the Cleggs, the

0:14:540:15:05

Blairs, the Adonis is, they will

never give up. They will go one

0:15:050:15:09

whingeing through this process. So

maybe, just maybe I am reaching the

0:15:090:15:13

point in thinking that we should

have a second referendum on EU

0:15:130:15:18

membership, the whole thing, unless

you want to have a multiple-choice

0:15:180:15:23

referendum that would confuse

people. I think if we had a second

0:15:230:15:26

referendum on EU membership we would

kill it off for a generation. The

0:15:260:15:29

percentage that would Vote Leave

next time would be very much bigger

0:15:290:15:33

than it was last time and we may

just finished the whole thing off

0:15:330:15:36

and Blair can disappear off into

total obscurity.

Now, one of the

0:15:360:15:41

business people who helped fund the

Leave Campaign agrees with this.

0:15:410:15:44

Aaron Banks has said today:

0:15:440:15:48

this is a constipated issue. This is

Peter Whittle, a senior member in

0:15:590:16:04

the Ukip party and he has tweeted:

0:16:040:16:11

the Ukip party and he has tweeted:

0:16:110:16:11

speaking of Mr Adonis. He has

entered the fray. He is a supporter

0:16:190:16:23

of stay in the EU. He said: let's

hear from the BBC's Alex Forsyth who

0:16:230:16:35

has been covering this from

Westminster.

It is a strange

0:16:350:16:40

alliance we find ourselves looking

at here, Nigel Farage, the man who

0:16:400:16:45

advocated Brexit, pleasing some of

the people who want to stay in the

0:16:450:16:47

EU. It's a little baffling but

obviously the motivations are very

0:16:470:16:51

different here. Nigel Farage is

claiming a second referendum would

0:16:510:16:55

settle the question and stop what he

calls the Remainers, those who want

0:16:550:16:59

the UK to stay in the EU. On the

other hand, there are those that

0:16:590:17:04

want the option left open because

they think the British public might

0:17:040:17:07

revisit this had come to a different

conclusion. It's worth saying that

0:17:070:17:11

the opinion polls since the

referendum are not clear what would

0:17:110:17:14

happen if there was a second vote.

Some suggest that some people regret

0:17:140:17:18

the Brexit decision, others suggest

that some people, even those who

0:17:180:17:22

wanted to remain, now just want the

government to get on with it. But

0:17:220:17:25

both sides think that they would win

a second time round. What is also

0:17:250:17:37

interesting is that most of the

criticism for Nigel Farage's

0:17:370:17:39

comments have come from leading

Brexiteers, even members of his own

0:17:390:17:41

Ukip party who say this question has

been settled once and for all. It's

0:17:410:17:44

worth mentioning as a final point

that number ten Downing St are clear

0:17:440:17:46

on this. They say the British public

have decided, we will not be

0:17:460:17:49

rerunning this fate, there will not

be a second referendum, but I bet

0:17:490:17:52

that doesn't stop people talking

about it.

And if you want more

0:17:520:17:57

analysis on Brexit, the latest

edition of the Brexit cast pod cast

0:17:570:18:01

from the BBC featuring some of our

finest journalists is available

0:18:010:18:08

right now, just search Brexit cast

in any broadcast software that you

0:18:080:18:15

use. Now, let's talk about Walmart.

It's the world's biggest retailer

0:18:150:18:19

and it's reacted to the recent tax

reform in the US. It's going to

0:18:190:18:24

increase wages for more than a

million of its staff, up to at least

0:18:240:18:27

a $11 an hour and it is also

expanding maternity rights and

0:18:270:18:34

parental benefits. There will also

be a one-off bonus of $1000 but

0:18:340:18:40

only. You've been there for more

than 20 years. Remember, we have

0:18:400:18:43

covered this a lot. Donald Trump

reduced corporation tax from 35% to

0:18:430:18:48

21%. So, the companies are liking

it, some of the employees are liking

0:18:480:18:55

it, but I guess it means less money

for central government?

Well, yes,

0:18:550:19:00

and just to point out actually be

same company, Walmart, has also

0:19:000:19:05

today announced that it's going to

be closing down some of its stores.

0:19:050:19:08

It's Sam 's club chain, to be

precise. So that also means that

0:19:080:19:16

hundreds of employees will be losing

their jobs, so you have got a mixed

0:19:160:19:21

bag of news coming out from the same

company today. As far as the bonus

0:19:210:19:24

announcement is concerned, we have

heard similar announcements from

0:19:240:19:34

other companies, but the big

question is, this is a permanent

0:19:340:19:38

reduction in corporate tax that has

been brought in by the new bill. It

0:19:380:19:41

will mean billions of dollars and in

some cases tens of billions of

0:19:410:19:45

dollars over the course of the

future. The amount they are paying

0:19:450:19:51

their employees today, it amounts to

about $400 million. The Republican

0:19:510:19:55

pitch was that this money would come

back into the economy in the way

0:19:550:19:59

that it expand the economy here, so

it will create jobs and people's

0:19:590:20:04

wages are going to go up in a

significant way and if that happens,

0:20:040:20:09

then you could sort of see the

government owning war by way of tax.

0:20:090:20:14

-- earning more by way of tax. But

there are no indications from this

0:20:140:20:19

particular bonus that's been given

and the wage increases, there are

0:20:190:20:24

many states in the United States

where the amount it has been

0:20:240:20:28

increased to is the minimum wage and

a lot of companies were already

0:20:280:20:32

paying more than that amount. It

could also be competition which has

0:20:320:20:36

forced them to increases wages.

Thank you for taking us through

0:20:360:20:40

that. Let's switch to South Korea

because they are considering banning

0:20:400:20:46

bit Queen and other crypto

currencies as well. It's justice

0:20:460:20:48

minister has said there are great

concerns regarding these virtual

0:20:480:20:52

currencies and the Justice ministry

is preparing a bill to ban crypto

0:20:520:20:57

currency trading through exchanges.

Here is the Asia business

0:20:570:21:01

correspondence.

The decision by

South Korea which has said it is

0:21:010:21:09

planning to ban crypto currencies

such as bitcoins bruited exchanges

0:21:090:21:13

should not come as a surprise. South

Korea has been an crucial source of

0:21:130:21:21

crypto currencies and many countries

around the world have been trying to

0:21:210:21:25

find ways to regulate them,

especially bitcoins. The South

0:21:250:21:31

Korean justice minister says virtual

currencies like bitcoins are causing

0:21:310:21:38

the government great concern. This

crackdown in South Korea comes after

0:21:380:21:42

many other Asian countries including

China have also tried clamping down

0:21:420:21:47

on digital currencies. The

authorities there, the government

0:21:470:21:50

there, is worried about how long

investors, regular retail investors,

0:21:500:21:56

are piling into these currencies

attracted by potentially high

0:21:560:22:00

returns, but regulators have been

saying given that these are highly

0:22:000:22:04

volatile assets, they are also

unregulated, no one body oversees

0:22:040:22:10

them, they are extremely risky

investments and as a result should

0:22:100:22:13

be approached with caution.

Now, we need to show you this video

0:22:130:22:18

from Las Vegas, part of the consumer

Electronics show in Las Vegas. This

0:22:180:22:25

is a drone demonstration organised

by Intel above the blood your hotel

0:22:250:22:28

on the strip. It's quite something,

all preprogrammed as the Intel

0:22:280:22:37

member of staff can explain.

Everything is preprogrammed. We know

0:22:370:22:42

exactly how the drains are going to

fly. We have positioned the drains

0:22:420:22:46

so there are 1.5 metres around each

other. We know they won't collide.

0:22:460:22:52

This is a drone built for safety. It

is made out of plastic and foam with

0:22:520:22:57

a pop cage to make sure all the

props are encased. Interestingly

0:22:570:23:02

enough, the Intel shooting stars

Owen doesn't have any cameras or

0:23:020:23:05

sensors. It has a really good GPS

and then it has a barometer and

0:23:050:23:10

other sensors integrated for

precision, but it only has an LED

0:23:100:23:14

payload.

Very impressive. Now let's talk

0:23:140:23:19

about plastic waste. As I am sure

you know, it's becoming a potent

0:23:190:23:23

political issue around the world and

today, the UK Government made its

0:23:230:23:26

play. The Prime Minister outlined a

25 year plan, including a further 5p

0:23:260:23:36

plastic bag charge and the reduction

of plastic waste. Let's hear by --

0:23:360:23:44

star by hearing some of what the

Prime Minister said.

Its goals are

0:23:440:23:48

simple, clean air, clean water,

plants and animals that are thriving

0:23:480:23:55

and a cleaner, greener country for

Russell. Together, they add up to

0:23:550:24:00

something profound. A better world

for each of us to live in and a

0:24:000:24:04

better future for the next

generation.

I have a number of

0:24:040:24:09

responses to play you. This is the

reaction of Greenpeace.

It is

0:24:090:24:15

policies, not promises we need. We

don't think it is decisive or

0:24:150:24:21

detailed enough. Our oceans bear the

brunt of our plastic habits to the

0:24:210:24:25

tune of a truckload of plastic every

minute. They can't wait 25 years. We

0:24:250:24:30

need policies that tackle the

producers and manufacturers of

0:24:300:24:35

plastic, those architects of this

culture of throwaway plastic that we

0:24:350:24:39

have. They need to take

responsibility for the amount of

0:24:390:24:44

waste we produce.

Next, a spokesman

for the plastics industry.

A lot of

0:24:440:24:49

work going on in this space because

we want to get all that material

0:24:490:24:53

back and recycle it. In fact, I was

at a company today that could lead

0:24:530:24:59

to a breakthrough in recycling in

this country. So there's an awful

0:24:590:25:04

lot of work being done in that

space. In terms of biodegradable and

0:25:040:25:09

compostable is, they offer certain

benefits but they are not the

0:25:090:25:12

solution to litter. At the end of

the day, we have got to stop

0:25:120:25:16

material finding its way into the

wider environment and we've got to

0:25:160:25:19

get it back and put it to work.

For

more information on the extent of

0:25:190:25:24

plastic pollution around the world,

you can get a lot of data from the

0:25:240:25:28

BBC News website. Last week on

outside source, we covered the fact

0:25:280:25:31

that huge amounts of plastic waste

were delivered into the oceans by

0:25:310:25:35

ten of the world's biggest cities,

one of them being the Ganges and you

0:25:350:25:39

can find a report all about that.

Later in the programme with the help

0:25:390:25:45

of BBC Arabic, we will go back to

Mosul, one of the biggest cities in

0:25:450:25:49

Iraq which last year was recaptured

by the Islamic state -- from the

0:25:490:25:54

Islamic state. We will be seeing how

life is going now.

0:25:540:26:00

Hello once again. If the truth were

known, it has been a mishmash of a

0:26:070:26:12

day across the British Isles. At its

very best, there was plenty of

0:26:120:26:16

sunshine on offer across parts of

the South West of England and one or

0:26:160:26:20

two spots elsewhere, but the truth

of the matter is that there was a

0:26:200:26:23

lot of cloud to be had and some mist

and fog lingered on through the

0:26:230:26:26

course of the day, one of those

leaden, January days. There you see

0:26:260:26:30

on the satellite imagery that there

were some decent islands of

0:26:300:26:36

sunshine. Through the evening and

overnight, we will find that the

0:26:360:26:39

cloud will part in one or two

locations and that will lead to some

0:26:390:26:44

fog, a bit like we had last night,

and where these guys state -- where

0:26:440:26:51

the skies stay clear, there could be

thrust, especially in the

0:26:510:26:55

countryside. Here we are, Friday

morning, I think no great issues

0:26:550:26:59

with fog across the north-western

quarter of Scotland. As soon as you

0:26:590:27:02

drift further east or down into the

Borders, here there could be a bit

0:27:020:27:07

of an issue. Northern Ireland, not

so much of an issue. If there was

0:27:070:27:10

fog overnight, it would be blown

away come the commute in the

0:27:100:27:15

boarding. Quite chilly start in

western parts, and this is where we

0:27:150:27:18

will see the dentist of the fog, at

least, part of East Anglia, of the

0:27:180:27:25

south-east. I don't think it will be

much of an issue here. A lot of dry

0:27:250:27:30

weather to be had on Friday, there

will be breaks in that cloud, but

0:27:300:27:37

again, it will be another leaden

sort of day. As we go on into

0:27:370:27:42

Saturday, we freshen up those winds

which will help with this fog

0:27:420:27:45

situation that we have had the past

couple of nights in a number of

0:27:450:27:49

locations but it's just freshening

up that wind ahead of a couple more

0:27:490:27:56

weather fronts, with a wet start to

the day in Northern Ireland on

0:27:560:28:01

Saturday. Taking the prospect of

rain into western Scotland, western

0:28:010:28:04

England and three Wales as well.

From Saturday into Sunday, join the

0:28:040:28:10

dots. That's the old weather front,

a new one showing its hand across

0:28:100:28:14

the north-western quarter of the

British Isles. Not a bad day on

0:28:140:28:18

Sunday, not the coldest of days at

all, make the most of it, because

0:28:180:28:22

when that weather front comes

through during the course of Monday,

0:28:220:28:24

the rest of the week is much colder

and it could turn more wintry.

0:28:240:28:31

These are some of the main stories

on the programme.

A second day of

0:30:120:30:16

protests in Pakistan after the rape

and murder of a six-year-old girl.

0:30:160:30:22

The local police say there have been

12 similar murders in the last two

0:30:220:30:25

years. This is footage of the girl

being led away and the father spoke

0:30:250:30:31

to the BBC.

If the police had done

their job properly they would have

0:30:310:30:34

phones are sinners they got the CCTV

but they were not interested.

Nigel

0:30:340:30:40

Farage is campaigned to get the

Kyoto of the European Union for

0:30:400:30:46

years, this is what he said he would

like to happen.

Just maybe I am

0:30:460:30:51

reaching the point of thinking we

should get a second referendum.

And

0:30:510:30:55

a Special Report from Mosul going

back to a city that what must

0:30:550:31:03

horrific battle between Islamic

state and a US coalition last year.

0:31:030:31:09

Before we do anything else let's

talk about the Iran nuclear deal

0:31:210:31:24

because there was an important

meeting today, and if the treat said

0:31:240:31:31

anything to go by, the talks went

well. He says, there is a strong

0:31:310:31:36

consensus in Brussels today and Iran

is complying, a reference to the

0:31:360:31:42

many things they are obliged to do

as part of this nuclear deal. In

0:31:420:31:45

this picture, shared that the

meeting, you'll notice the

0:31:450:31:50

distinctive haircut of the UK

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson. It

0:31:500:31:55

was a major meeting of EU foreign

ministers. It was arranged by the

0:31:550:32:02

EU's foreign affairs chief and the

timing is no coincidence. Donald

0:32:020:32:05

Trump has long been a fierce critic

of this deal and on Friday he will

0:32:050:32:09

decide whether to extend sanctions

relief for ran. Top officials say

0:32:090:32:15

they expect him to impose some form

of new sanctions.

European Union

0:32:150:32:21

remains committed to support the

full and effective implementation of

0:32:210:32:27

the agreement, including to make

sure that the listing of nuclear

0:32:270:32:31

related sanctions has a positive

impact on trade and economic

0:32:310:32:36

relations with Iran including

benefits for the any union people.

0:32:360:32:40

The agreement has allowed for deeper

co-operation and continuous dialogue

0:32:400:32:47

with Iran on all issues.

Donald

Trump wants to either amend this

0:32:470:32:53

deal or withdraw from it, bear that

in mind when you listen to the UK

0:32:530:32:56

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson.

I

want to stress testing conclusion

0:32:560:33:01

that I don't think anybody has so

far produced a better alternative to

0:33:010:33:07

the JCP or a as a way of preventing

the Iranians from going ahead with

0:33:070:33:14

the acquisition of nuclear

capabilities. I don't think anybody

0:33:140:33:16

has come up with a better idea and

it is incumbent upon those who

0:33:160:33:22

oppose it relate to come up with

that better solution, because we

0:33:220:33:28

haven't seen so far.

And in

Washington this is the response of a

0:33:280:33:33

Democratic senator to Donald Trump's

imminent decision.

I am hopeful he

0:33:330:33:40

will take seriously the advice of

his national security adviser and

0:33:400:33:43

secretaries of defence and state in

the interest of our vital European

0:33:430:33:49

allies and he will recertify

continued participation. I am also

0:33:490:33:54

hopeful he will announce new

sanctions that we can impose on

0:33:540:33:58

their ballistic missile programme

and human rights violations or on

0:33:580:34:02

their support for terrorism in the

region, and there is nothing we will

0:34:020:34:06

have enacted within the next few

days. We need to continue this

0:34:060:34:09

journey with our European partners

of constraining the nuclear weapons

0:34:090:34:13

programme. We can and should work

together to address some of the

0:34:130:34:18

future challenges that we will face.

And when Donald Trump makes that

0:34:180:34:23

decision we will tell it to you one

BBC News. Last year on outside

0:34:230:34:27

source we covered the fierce battle

of Mosul. Eventually recaptured from

0:34:270:34:34

the Islamic state group but the

remains huge doubts over how many

0:34:340:34:39

civilians died. Amnesty

International is now estimating that

0:34:390:34:42

figure could be up to 10,000, ten

times higher than the official

0:34:420:34:46

estimate.

0:34:460:34:50

This used to be the beating

0:34:540:34:57

heart of the old part of Mosul.

0:34:570:35:08

Even for a country which has

seen many battles over

0:35:110:35:13

the years, the destruction

here is unprecedented.

0:35:130:35:15

Months of fighting to drive

so-called Islamic State out

0:35:150:35:17

of its main stronghold in Iraq has

left large parts

0:35:170:35:20

of the city in ruins.

0:35:200:35:23

Still, corpses of IS fighters

are lying around, buried.

0:35:230:35:31

And for survivors like Ahmed,

the struggle has not ended.

0:35:310:35:34

TRANSLATION: This is

the city that I grew up in,

0:35:340:35:36

and we were proud of it.

0:35:360:35:39

It's a shame.

0:35:390:35:44

Look now.

0:35:440:35:45

Nothing is left of it.

0:35:450:35:46

Especially in the west side.

0:35:460:35:47

It's completely devastated.

0:35:470:35:50

He has lost eight members

of his family here,

0:35:500:35:52

but he still hasn't been able

to find and Barry their bodies.

0:35:520:35:58

TRANSLATION:

IS came

to my family's neighbourhood

0:36:000:36:02

and asked them to leave,

and replaced them

0:36:020:36:04

with their own families.

0:36:040:36:10

The first one who died

was my brother-in-law,

0:36:100:36:15

when it was time to bring

water from the river.

0:36:150:36:17

He died from mortar shelling,

then my sister-in-law,

0:36:170:36:20

who just fell sick.

0:36:200:36:25

At that time, IS were removing

people from house to house,

0:36:250:36:28

so they didn't want to have someone

ill with them, so they killed her

0:36:280:36:31

and threw her body into the river.

0:36:310:36:33

Those who survived the air strikes

remain marked as possible

0:36:330:36:38

IS sympathisers.

0:36:380:36:40

For some, it's impossible

to return to their homes

0:36:400:36:42

without an authorisation signed

by the new rulers.

0:36:420:36:51

TRANSLATION:

This is a dilemma.

0:36:510:36:53

These people should go

through security checks to make sure

0:36:530:36:57

they are not with IS.

0:36:570:37:00

There are not very well-known

IS members who we can only find

0:37:000:37:03

through the people here.

0:37:030:37:04

As local people know their faces.

0:37:040:37:06

So we need first to identify them

before we are able to let these

0:37:060:37:10

people go back to their houses.

0:37:100:37:12

The task to rebuild Mosul

and clear the city of this

0:37:150:37:17

rubble will take years.

0:37:170:37:26

Driving IS fighters out

of the narrow backed alleys

0:37:260:37:28

of the old city took many months.

0:37:280:37:30

These same streets and buildings,

with plenty of remaining death

0:37:300:37:33

traps, are now proving to be

the most difficult to clear

0:37:330:37:35

for Iraq's defence units.

0:37:350:37:43

In some parts of Mosul,

the smell of death is pungent,

0:37:430:37:47

even after months since the battle

for the city ended.

0:37:470:37:50

The bodies of many residents

are still trapped under the rubble.

0:37:500:37:55

And there are people still looking

to find out what happened

0:37:550:37:57

to their lost loved ones.

0:37:570:38:01

Efforts to rebuild

Mosul have started.

0:38:010:38:06

And the new authorities

are in the process of clearing

0:38:060:38:08

all visible destruction.

0:38:080:38:14

But the bigger underlying scars

and wounds will take

0:38:140:38:16

much longer to heal.

0:38:160:38:21

Police in Thailand have arrested

this Japanese gang boss on the run

0:38:250:38:29

for 15 years. He was found after

pictures of his tattoos went viral.

0:38:290:38:38

At a police station he took off his

top and showed his entire upper

0:38:380:38:44

body, cover them tattoos. One other

detail was tattoos's little finger,

0:38:440:38:54

that is a punishment often used in

the gang he operated in.

This man

0:38:540:39:01

was a member of the Yakuza crime

syndicate in Japan, similar to the

0:39:010:39:07

Italian mafia, although

interestingly they are tolerated as

0:39:070:39:13

legal in Japan. This particular

gentleman, Shigeharu Shirai, was

0:39:130:39:21

wanted for the murder of a rival

gangland boss. He has turned up in a

0:39:210:39:30

sleepy village in Thailand.

Apparently every day he would go to

0:39:300:39:33

the market to get food and play

chess with the locals and he would

0:39:330:39:39

like to have his extensive tattoos

photographed. That is what caught

0:39:390:39:45

him out and these were posted on the

Internet and went viral, and seen

0:39:450:39:49

thousands of times, and spotted by

the Japanese authorities. These

0:39:490:39:54

tattoos marked him out as a Yakuza

member. These gang members often

0:39:540:40:01

have elaborate body art, often

painfully put on them. He also had a

0:40:010:40:08

missing part of his little finger on

his left hand, and that the time

0:40:080:40:13

authorities were notified and they

went and arrested him and he has

0:40:130:40:17

been detained and admitted to being

part of the Yakuza crime syndicate

0:40:170:40:21

but not yet admitted to the murder

he has been charged with.

For more

0:40:210:40:28

information, the BBC website is

where to go and you can find this

0:40:280:40:31

story and hundreds of others.

0:40:310:40:34

Six years ago, these young Syrian

girls were horrifically injured when

0:40:370:40:43

a shell at their home exploded. They

went to Georgia where there have

0:40:430:40:49

been treated at a special hospital.

Caroline Powell a first met them in

0:40:490:40:56

late 2012 and recently she went back

to see how they got on.

0:40:560:41:08

She beer remembers the day six years

ago when a shell slammed into their

0:41:090:41:13

bedroom. -- Bierley remembers. Her

hands were so damaged she needed

0:41:130:41:19

help to feed and dress herself. She

was so distressed by her appearance

0:41:190:41:24

she could look in the mirror. Her

sister Rahaf was also badly burned

0:41:240:41:35

but today they were on their way to

school. It has taken immense

0:41:350:41:41

strength and courage and countless

operations to get to where they are

0:41:410:41:43

now. This was the two in Syria

before the war. We saw them

0:41:430:41:54

receiving surgery in Georgia, where

the family fled for treatment. Two

0:41:540:42:01

years later she had to wear this

mask to help another skin graft

0:42:010:42:05

heel.

0:42:050:42:06

These days they spend much more time

in school than in hospital. Syrian

0:42:100:42:16

refugees, in the afternoons and the

kernels love it. -- girls.

0:42:160:42:22

Amma has had to get used to how

other children reactor.

0:42:470:42:51

They are teachers worked hard to get

their classmates to accept them. She

0:43:020:43:08

admires Amma's bravery.

0:43:080:43:10

Her parents worry about the social

stigma they are daughters will face

0:43:340:43:38

as they grow up, will life with

their injuries be harder as young

0:43:380:43:42

women. When the children draw for

us, Amma's first pictures of her

0:43:420:43:50

dream house and then she draws a

mosque.

0:43:500:43:53

But Rahaf has now been discharged

from MSF's hospital. Amma is waiting

0:44:060:44:13

for more surgery but with all the

conflict around the Middle East the

0:44:130:44:18

hospital is inundated with new cases

and the waiting list is long. The

0:44:180:44:26

most important global stories, we

have heard from Jordan and Pakistan

0:44:260:44:29

in the UK and US, next on the

programme, back to Tunisia because

0:44:290:44:35

more than 600 people have now been

arrested during the anti-austerity

0:44:350:44:38

protests. We spoke about this

earlier in the week and for the last

0:44:380:44:44

three nights they have been

demonstrating not just in the

0:44:440:44:46

capital but at least four other

cities, but to see what happens

0:44:460:44:52

tonight we know there are big calls

for protests on Friday. Anger,

0:44:520:45:01

dissent and the frustrations boiled

over into this. A public bin set

0:45:010:45:08

ablaze on the outskirts of Tunis.

Police firing tear gas at

0:45:080:45:14

demonstrators and also reports of

looting. Elsewhere, there are

0:45:140:45:20

reports of a national security

building set alight, some 2000

0:45:200:45:23

soldiers since the Clwyd in several

cities and towns. Security forces

0:45:230:45:30

have now arrested over 600 people

across the country this week, they

0:45:300:45:36

are accused of sabotage and bet but

some demonstrators accuse the police

0:45:360:45:39

of a harsh response. One protester

was killed in clashes on Monday.

We

0:45:390:45:47

would like to send a message to the

people protesting peacefully. No

0:45:470:45:51

matter what the government does its

top priority is improving the

0:45:510:45:55

economic situation of the people and

returning to them trust in the

0:45:550:46:00

country and its institutions.

This

is a starkly different scene from

0:46:000:46:05

what Tunisians witnessed overnight

in the outskirts of the capital as

0:46:050:46:08

well as cities and towns across

country. There is a heavy police

0:46:080:46:14

presence and weird in the heart of

the capital Tunis. How did Tunisia

0:46:140:46:20

get here? In number of factors

combined, the looming deficit, a

0:46:200:46:26

hard tourism industry since 2015,

and some would say the government is

0:46:260:46:32

also lacking a comprehensive

economic reform plan that crucially

0:46:320:46:38

does not affect poorer sections of

society.

0:46:380:46:40

In the capital, anger with

politicians and how they are

0:46:400:46:45

handling the economy but also

weariness that instability protests

0:46:450:46:49

can cause.

The protests can be

peaceful and the price hikes are

0:46:490:46:56

real and the cost of living but we

can't treat these issues like this

0:46:560:47:01

when criminal gangs come out at

night.

The price hikes are

0:47:010:47:07

problematic but the youth need to be

aware today there are people taking

0:47:070:47:12

advantage of the instability to

achieve negative things.

They are

0:47:120:47:19

with them, fear with the people who

took to the streets spontaneously.

0:47:190:47:23

Where are we headed to?

The trust

that officials are looking for is

0:47:230:47:29

difficult to come by these days. It

has been a painful economic Germany

0:47:290:47:34

for Tunisians over the years as they

try to engineer a path for a

0:47:340:47:38

smoother ride.

This is the global head of the World

0:47:380:47:48

Health Organisation, the first

African to hold that post, and he

0:47:480:47:51

has been talking to the BBC, seeking

to emphasise how vital it is to

0:47:510:47:57

detect disease epidemics hourly.

This is some of the interview.

The

0:47:570:48:01

are some improvements but the

weakness is still out way, so we are

0:48:010:48:10

still vulnerable. We have to really

tighten up. That is why we are now

0:48:100:48:18

building on what was built before in

order to have a very responsive

0:48:180:48:24

system.

Sudden outbreaks of disease

are common in Africa and if we take

0:48:240:48:30

Madagascar is one example. Last

August that was how it by pneumonic

0:48:300:48:33

plague. This was the World Health

Organisation's report on that, and

0:48:330:48:41

bought 2500 cases and over 200 died

but if you read the whole report,

0:48:410:48:46

what they are saying is this is an

example of how an outbreak has been

0:48:460:48:50

successfully contained. He and his

wife.

The response was really good.

0:48:500:49:01

-- here is why. All parties were

mobilised, but the most important

0:49:010:49:05

thing is that the government itself

contacted quickly and mobilised

0:49:050:49:12

support.

It moved quickly so the

credit goes to them.

This is a

0:49:120:49:23

collaboration. They have to work

together because the World Health

0:49:230:49:26

Organisation does not have the

capacity to be any chant every place

0:49:260:49:29

across the world, so they have to

depend on the countries and NGOs,

0:49:290:49:40

MSF, and they came and criticism

during the break of Ebola, but the

0:49:400:49:48

WHO took time before they admitted

there was an outbreak and by that

0:49:480:49:51

time it had really spread across

three countries, so those were hard

0:49:510:49:55

lessons to learn and that is what

the Director General was saying.

0:49:550:50:01

There are still a lot more that

needs to be done. They are making

0:50:010:50:04

improvements but not yet at the

position where they can confidently

0:50:040:50:08

say that they will be able to deal

with an outbreak of the nature of

0:50:080:50:12

Ebola that we saw in the West

African region, as effectively as it

0:50:120:50:17

should be dealt with.

And as we were

saying we have an African in charge

0:50:170:50:23

of the World Health Organisation for

the first time, is that making a

0:50:230:50:27

difference to the way it operates?

I

asked him his priorities in terms of

0:50:270:50:32

dealing with health because across

the board, Africa has a

0:50:320:50:39

disproportionately higher disease

burden compared to the rest of the

0:50:390:50:41

world and that the same time the

health systems are relatively

0:50:410:50:44

weaker. The countries are some of

the poorest in the world, so they

0:50:440:50:49

have so much against them, but the

new Director General says that his

0:50:490:50:54

top priority is Africa and he has

already sent up a strategic plan in

0:50:540:51:00

how to improve the health care

systems in Africa. One of the key

0:51:000:51:05

things he is focusing on is

universal health care coverage. We

0:51:050:51:12

are seeing already success stories

and bland and Ghana but he would

0:51:120:51:16

like to see it across all the 54

countries.

And he has got that

0:51:160:51:21

strategic plan but does he have the

money to put it in place?

That is

0:51:210:51:28

the big issue and the World Health

Organisation constantly has to go

0:51:280:51:30

back to the donors but also working

with the countries to try to

0:51:300:51:34

encourage them to spend more money

in their health care systems. This

0:51:340:51:40

is a continent where even heads of

state do not have confidence in the

0:51:400:51:45

health care. We saw four African

heads of state going abroad last

0:51:450:51:50

year for health care and bat is a

huge statement on the nature of

0:51:500:51:53

health care that people can receive.

Nigerians are some of the wealthiest

0:51:530:51:58

Africans we have and they spent more

money seeking medical treatment

0:51:580:52:03

abroad than the government spends

per year on health care for that

0:52:030:52:07

country, so there's a lot that isn't

working in Africa and they are

0:52:070:52:12

having with many other partners,

including no the WHO, to try to

0:52:120:52:19

focus on what really helps all the

people.

Health care is that the core

0:52:190:52:24

of development.

0:52:240:52:27

This is quite a story to begin with.

Police in Italy are investigating

0:52:310:52:36

people behind an exhibition of

paintings by Modigliani, because it

0:52:360:52:43

appears most of them are straight.

It opened in March in Genoa but then

0:52:430:52:52

had to close in July because it

became clear something might be up

0:52:520:52:56

and six months of investigations

have discovered something definitely

0:52:560:53:00

is up.

Modigliani's style is instantly

0:53:000:53:03

recognisable. He would paint

elongated, languid figures

0:53:030:53:10

preferably doing nothing more

serious than sitting in a chair. He

0:53:100:53:16

himself died in 1920 but his works

have continued since then painted by

0:53:160:53:21

forgers hoping to cash in on his

popularity and those forgeries have

0:53:210:53:25

got everywhere. It now turns out

that almost an entire Modigliani

0:53:250:53:32

exhibition held in Genoa last year

was made up of six. -- fixe. Art

0:53:320:53:43

historians believe 20 of 21 on

display were not done by the artist

0:53:430:53:46

himself. Suspicions were raised at

the time of the exhibition and it

0:53:460:53:51

has been under investigation by both

experts and the arts police. The

0:53:510:54:03

carabinieri have impounded the

pictures and put under investigation

0:54:030:54:06

the curator. The works themselves

once proved to be thick will be

0:54:060:54:15

destroyed and one consumer rights

organisation in Italy says that

0:54:150:54:17

everybody who paid money to go and

see that exhibition last year should

0:54:170:54:21

now be given a refund. Thanks to

James for wrapping up today's

0:54:210:54:28

edition of

0:54:280:54:28